6 Haziran 1848 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

6 Haziran 1848 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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X JljL WItltl* No, Blin, THE GREAT IltlSIl DEMONSTRATION AT THK BROADWAY TABERNACLE. ADDRESSES TO IRELAND, ENGLAND AND THE VNIISS STATUS. Organization of an American Provi ( sional Committee for Ireland. >, A meeting of the friends of Ireland, of unparallel ed magnitude, and exceeding in numbers and en thusia&ui unytliing of tin* kind, perhaps, ever before witnsssed in this city, was held last night a tin- Tabernacle, on the requisition of a large num bor of our mo^it influential and respectabli citizens. Before eight o'clock, the hour ap pointed for meeting, the immense space of thi: large building was completely filled?there were at ill? lowest calculation, 5000 persons in the build imr lii'siili's hundreds in the oassaures and at til doors, who could not gain admission for want o \ room. Shortly alter eight o'clock, the committee c { arrangements, the requisitionists, and other gen tlemen, forming an imposing and highly respectabl cortege, were seen making their way along th< dense crowd to the platform. Several eminent ani distinguished citizens were in the group; amonj them we noticed the Hon. Mr. Hannegan, of In dian:t; several members of Congress, whose name we could not learn; his Honor the Mayo of New York city; the Mayor of the cit; of Brooklyn; the Mayor of Jersey City; tin lion. U. F. Hutler, U. S. District Attorney ; Johr Van Huron, Esq.; John McKeon, District Attor ney of the city of New York : Robert Emmett Esq., and other distinguished individuals. J well appointed band, which was present, played in the meantime, some animating and patriotic airs; whereupon, the music haying ceased, Dr. Hogan called the meeting to order, and. ii a few brief but appropriate remarks, proposed tlia his Honor, \V. F. Havemeyer, Mayor of the city should take the chair. Wm. F. HAVEMBvr.il. tho Mayor of the city, upoi taking the chair, returned thanks to the meeting fo the honor it had conferred upon hiin. He (Mr. H. I felt it indeed to be a great honor, to lie called to pre Hide over such a meeting a* tho prcsent.and upon sucl an interesting occasion. Ireland is now engaged in i struggle to repair the injuries of centuries, which hai been indicted upon her by misrule and misgovern ment. Her condition and lierefforts were such as ex cited the deepest sympathy in the breast of every ad vooate of freedom, who longed to see her restored t< legislative independence, and to see her take her plac< again, among the nations of tho earth. It win worthy of us. and it was due to her generous soiu that the encouragement and support of a city such a I this the emporium ol a country which was the onl; example of freedom in the world, should be extended t' (such a people, a people who, though long oppressed yet had never been subdued (Immense cheering The bold and free spirits which animated her ancien chieftains in her ancient struggles for freedom, stil animated her brave and noble sous of the present daj But especially now at this crisis, in the midst of the ditrading elements of Europe, the hope began to dawn c h'T attaining hi'r desire, a dissolution of the union an< of establishing licr independence. The present spirl of Eltropo gave a p*wer to her just deinauds which he present rulers would uot be wise if they should disre gard. It \va?-gratifying to him (Mr. H.) to witness th spirit and the sympathy of such a vast assemblage ai that which he had now the honor of addressing; an he did not doubt but this sympathy would meet witl an enthusiastic response from every friend of freedot i and humanity. I.oud and enthusiastic plaudits re sounded throughout the immeuse asseiub.a^e at tU conclusion of this address. Tho following gentlemen were then proposei and uu iniaiously accepted to act as Vice Presidents o the meeting:? Francis IS. stryker, May- Phiueas C. Dummer, or of 1? ronkl y n. M ay or of J ereey City. Theodore II. De Forest. Niel Gray. Junes S. I.lbby, Amos F. Hatfield. Itobert. Swartwout. Thomas Carnley. Kdmund Fitzgerald, Thomas K. Downing, William \dauu. Dine*Carotin. Frederick I) Kobler, Linus W. Stevens. Morr>s Franklin, Washington Smith, William J McDermott, Clarkson Croliu*. t Jacob L. Dodgo. Moses M iynard. Jr. After which on motion of Mr. Dkvkreux. editor ? Frteinen\t Journal, the following persons were appoint ed to act as Secretaries of the meeting'? Jtobert Kmniett, Terence Donnelly, Dr. Wui. H. Macnevin. Jaiues W. White, Robert Hogan, Dr. William Power, Charles O'Conor, John T. Doylo. At mention of tho name of Emmett, In the above lis of gentlemen, the applause of the whole meeting wa loud and most enthusiastic. As so->n as the above bu nine-.* was disposed of. the cries for " Emmett" on a sides were di afeuing The chairman, however, rost and having procured order, introduced Mr. Horac Greeley, one <>f the committee, to the meeting, who pro cecdod to read the following address to the people o Great Britain:? TO TILK PEOPLE OF GRKAT BRITAIN. He a d Bi ph v i:- -The pa ?ple of tl llnHed 8liM% will out Uistiucuon of sect or party, have neither sii|; rra?e4 nor di pusid .he > y.niMi'liv which fir years has been awakened in thei bre.ists ?.y tne condition and the woes of Ireland. Apart from th gen r. l ap]M?il which the spectacle of human soft-ring address* t ?everv I'liild of Adam, the t 04 of blood and kindred, the test mony of frio ds and of r.eighbors who have experienced and He fr? )n tl. *e a' 1 ?es. have deeply impressed the general heart. M ? at mainly descended, in no remote or doubtful H ie, from British c f'om irifh ancestry, and the mingled bloo<?d of Celt and of Saxo flows in the veins of very m inv of us. In disregard, moreover. < pome nn toward causes of alienation and di>like. many of ns clw r sli a filial affection for the countrv a.id tne raco whence this n gb?n wa^ ?l -nixed, ami whose genius in art* aud prowess in arm we trust have n-.o '?een discredited by their American descendant We l?elieve t*?at th proverbial energy, love of liberty and n?gar for order of the tiritf*h race, are not witliout witness among neti at S|k 4 l,v Milt'n. ami UtMndMin to us not ffnisifl ers, but kindred aud countrymen? and that whatever impeach* the justice a d humanity of'Britain is master of intrnffetto he kindr d i th-> New World. We claim, therefore, to sneak to vo and l>e heard by you. not as strangers aud adversaries trot as kin: men aad ir en-Is. Vet not alone as intercessors for otltertdo we claim your atte r lion The nifforings of Ireland are diffused to other lands, an< especially to this. Our iieonle are daily exposed to die, an a num l?er of them have already died, of contagious fevers gen -ra te from Irish mi erv. Each week witnesses i long procession < fugitives from Irish destitution debarking on our shores, of te weakened and wasted beyond the hope of futuro us?fnln?*?s an inde|H'udence. When by*such objects of pity, our charities, pul: lie aad private, are exhausted, while our tuxes are swelled, cs y .u ii'UMtiou our right to mjuire into and protest against tli eauccs <f Mieh unparalleled wretchedness? If a portion of th immigrant* thrown up?n us by Ireland's distresses com wholly tineducatori, and thus inefficient in anv but tin rudest anil least recompensed departments of Industry, shall w n ?t. while pitying and supplying their deficiencies remonstrat with those whose plain dut.f it was t?? have provided for their in striiction and enlightenment? When the wail of a famishing pe? jib* i hearl across the broad Atlantic, and every billow, as i breaks on our shores hear* an urgent appeal to our human it; from perishing million*, who shall say that we may uotinquir into and pronounce upon the remote as well as the imiiK din te rames of such wholesale starvation? You, people of Grea Kritain, have said much, aud said it vehemently, of the wrong and horrors of American slavery, which we stand not here 1 jus ify. nor yet to deprecate your indiscriminate censures: br the race unhappily held in houilage in another jsirt of this Unio have never Ikjoii hwent away by tar line and its consequences, no cried to yon for bread. Do "not repel 11s, then, as impertinent an obtrusive, but hoar and act a< conscience and Christianity sha dictate. For wo know by observation and experience that the confider assumption of your leaders and rulers, that the woes of Irwlaa have tlfteir origin in the character aud genius or in the faith of tl Irish peoplo, and are ins?|>aiahle therefrom, is uufounded an delusive. Coming anion* us. as they mainly do, unletten'd an d.?stltu:c, and struggling against the immense disadvantasres an iinediment" ?hence resulting, there an* verv few among them wli do not steadily and speedhy achieve a position of eomfort and ii dependence. Though of diverse race, and cived, and speech, froi the gie.it msjority of tl ose among whom they must seek emploj mi -it, and finding a serious impediment in the great number \ competitors for rude manual lal?or incessantly laudir 01 our sin r.'S they yet generally succeed in finding work, hecaui nothing honest and useful is too liard or too humble to lie accept* by them. Among our eminently energetic and hard-w orking pri pie they sturdily make their way; every cana* and railroad is i good part the work of their hands; ever}' village rises and cit expinds I earing witness to their induflry : and the proportion < idlers and drones among them is Probably less than among an other class of our people. Do not tlicse notorious facts signall refute the idea that their destitution and inissry in Ireland ni the results of their ow n slothfnlncss and inefficiency, and then fare not to lie attributed to inisgoverniuont and want of opportv nitv ? I?.it not merely In the domain of industry aro the native vi*< an I elasticity of the Irish character indicated amengus. Whil manv Irish emigrants, through Infirmity or incapacity, are t*?i tonally objects of charity, com pa rati velv very few of their ehilore are so: and our countrymen of Irish descent arc. nowhft iuferh in energy or thrift to their fellow-eitisens generally. Many whm ancestors wer?? resident s of the most w retched Irish tenements a 1 . I I I ' ... I iii1n.nl * tliAf fill flio iiiAal ihi;i'm? ? |tti credit nii<1 umifolnea*. \Yea|th, honor, inflnene< nr^ acquired l\v tin-inn- readily ?? '>v ether*I and everywhere O Renin* of the frMi rnee FCcm* to \indicn'o lti*eif, nitc in Irelun a|on?, There oi.l.v d"C* that in Htainate, implore. and fumiili there >>nl> doe? it breed peatilcnre, to aeourge and appal maiikini Tlicie !a<t?, |?> pic oflireat llrii.iin ! *? commend to your in derjlandlng* nnd your conioloncai. Vou are fearlnlly acconnti Mo to find nnd humanity fur their Ju*t appreciation. Trcinei dott* Id the re-ipoindMiltf Inured hy tlint nation which dare* t hold Another po.iplc *ut>j,K't to It* rnle?which nwmmo* Uie I) vine recreative or(invemnont over other*?which held* in cr f.irce.l thraldom tlio cncr<ie* and the do?tlnie* of a race. If you dominion over Ireland li*n lieenjqit, hinnane and beneficent, wh arc lt.? fruit* destitution, hatred, <irlmi\ mivry nnd dr?pnir? If yor dot v a< ritler* linn Wi-n fsithfnlit performed, why are your milijeel dc-itl'iite, turhnlant and miflWin* f Why la Ireland, In the vrr h art of uiylltifttion, harmlf reirocradfnc. a acandal and a ><>t row to Chrtatendom f If, a* your hUtorian AIIkoii and other* i yunr lead lie mind* na-ert, Ireland I* to yon an unxolvtd ami jv ploxiirt enlitna (though readily nolvud hy all ih? world In aide) why do you not leave her to her*'lfr In cm hmina that Ihey know not how to make the lri?h people conteA ed, piMieefnl, prospermia and happy, your Ktatennen admit tin they have not the a' ility to gvvera I inland, and therefor* ha\ no moral rlnlit to |*rsl*t in the attempt. W'a entrvat you, then f ire, to ahrdve ynraclves from fkrther re*pon?fMl|ty flir her win and her crime*, hy rellnquUMm tho dominion which the mj? E N E1 JNfEV r pcrieuoe of nix oenturk'4 has proved cal&mitnui to kor and therei r.,iv diwredituMe lu you. und thus test tier cuuaeiiy fur uilf-foy- ' >' er.iuieut. Cull thia an untried i-xperimrut. if you will; better tliii than an edliiMialied failure. Ile.ir us, ineu uud brethren. in ??' iiur earueet entreaty, and tempt uut the viaitatioua of that Uud Who, through minifies and through judgment#, tiruUght the chil- >'ii dreu nf li>nel out uf tlieir hrtidagi' iu Egypt, liy persisting ia en- " deavors to hold iu thraldom a jwuple who.a you eanuot truly ftOTeru, uud whom the "Word m:iy tilcuee and tea tier, but eaiuiot ?' eumfort, enlighten, elevate or Teed, We are your brethren iu lluiuanity, As the above masterly untl well-written addres* wan reading. the cheering, at souie of its moat emphatic tin points. was truly deafening and treincnduus ly The chair then put the question that this address be ?ilnnt?il a* tliM aildreHH of thu tieoole of the city of New York, which wax carried with rapturous applause. 1 ln Mr. ('axsnrly, another member of the committee to tiii draft au address, wan then introduced by the chairman. 011 who read the following address to the people of Ire- els land | [? TIIK FlllENDS OP IRELAND IN NEW YORK TO THE IRISH I PEOPLE: , j $ Frikn'ds in I rv.i.ani)! Acroaw the *d\ wc have watched in gi lonoe ami with attention the cwurge of event* in your island, unti" j ^ t the instinct* of our common humanity are no leuger to be re pressed. In the fullness of our hopes ana fears, we haMten : i?i new the relations of syin|?t.by and succor which early anil long l() > have existed between America and I re lanil. j Five years ago, this month of June, when Nature was Kindling into hummer verdure and beauty, Ireland, too, seemed burst Mix iuto the fulness of a new life. Tlie uulckoBlug impulse wa( lelt I H throughout this laud, and from the Mississippi and the great lakes i to the Atlantic, the whole country prowled forward with its en- I ?f ? courasemeul and aid. Success did not then crown our hopes; and . . after the mightiest demonstrations of popular force witnessed in r ! our age, aud the hottest ajtitatiou that ever shook an empire iu ,, e ; peace, Ireland was still a province, and instead of liberty and (l)j| c happiness, Slate prosecutions and a famine tilled her with despair. ^.0 1 1 H e cannot he mistaken in our belief that the present moment is ,f of another character, and teuds inevitably to a different result. j0 five years have made great rhangesiu the world. It is not the stJ time now in Europe when the people are conteat to make a lioli- j|)( day psrade of tliuir wrongs or their strength. That day is past. e They know tlieir own power and thu impotence of their rulers: : ? and the rights which they are able to take, they will uot stop long nj. to log. Onee learned, the lesson need not be repeutud; aud the j might of a people's will, rindieuted at firstly the aword, govern- ' meiiis forever afterward:* re<|>ect with prompt ol?idiencn. inj J Toe right of man to self-government is inseparable from Ms natuiv, and essential to his happiness. In the order of things on a|1 this earth, the assumption by any class or race to govern another, tj|| u can produco nothing but mauifold evils. fnJ lu our own history we did not choose to test ho>v far tho wrong ^ r might lie carried, or what were the virtue* of |iassivc resistance to ^ the utmost. As lias been truly said. " We drew our swords against Y a preamble, aud made war for a principle." A few years' struggle , gave us all that we could ask, aud mora than the most sanguine at hopes ventured in the beginning to propose. The oxperieuee of v0 I more thaa tifty years enables us to say, with hearts full of thank- m fulness to llim who holds iu His hand the destinies of nations, that a Republic based upon the amplest recognition of the right of every ' man to a voice in thu State, is the best form of human government. Ju I If this Republic, as we believe, furnishes the most s'riking exam- wi pie of the blessings of self-government. Ireland appears, on the wl , other hand, to furuish an examplo, equally striking, of the miseries ]tt inseparable from the want of it. _ For seven hundred years tho attempt has been made to govern II Ireland in violation of this principle. At this moment, by the Ju , aoimnon consent of the civilised world, the attempt haB resulted wl in failure tbe most frightful. This is tbe universal judgment of th I mankind?that the worst governed, most distressed, aud most mis- e0 erable country on the face of tlif! earth, is Ireland. Tous.estie- m eially. this truth has been brought honpe of late, by the famine _ which thrilled every hoart. and the iiestilcnce which the Irish emigrant carried with him through the land. For now tifty yean the remedy of this terrible wrong you have vh sought iu your own way?not with arms or bloodshed, but by the f(. moral force of a people combined in a peaceable agitation for their |a rights, Hud of the awakoned and concentrated public opinion of ('hristeiidoni. What success has attended tliU mode of driving for freedom need not be discussed. fo Neither is it ours to suy how far or how soon that policy should fo; bo modified. Although, Friends in Ireland! wo cherish the right W; to legislate for ourselves as tlie very corner-stone of our lllierties fi|! and happiness, so that to resist the first invasion thereof, if in- 111 vasion were possible, we are ready to draw the sword, as our 00 fathirs did?far be it from us to assume to suggest to y?? such a wi course. We venture on no such tremendous rus|M>usibllity. You to 14 alone can know wnat is the similarity between tho conditiou of 'fj s our couutry aud yours with reference to such a struggle. . )r Hut snce the same voice of civiliied man which adjudges tho 0 wrongs inflicted on the people of Ireland to be without parallel wl 1 for enormity and duration?has also declared that by the luilience KU ' with wldch they liave been borne, the Irish people have amply cr > purchased, if any people can purchase, tlie right to resist? it has m I grieved us to see tlie Prime Minister of Englaud, in the English II Parliament, solemnly and deliberately declare that he would r. " resist with his life" the determination of the Irish pe >ple to nbi_ tiiu at all hazards tho Repeal of that Union which they, iu fo - common with the rest of tlie world, firmly believe to be not only a at . momentous wrong iu itself, but thu |>erpctual barrier in tho way ei of all amelioration for thu future. cl t People of Ireland! be well assured this is a declaration which r no iliuibter, no King or Ouomi had any right to utter?and which at this age of the world it might cost dear to make good. ni , Very many of those who now address you are of your own flesh and blood, quickened by the same impulses, moved by thu same j,, sentiments. Distance lias uot blunted our keen and passionate , ' indignation at your wrougs; while freedom of speech and thought. I boundless as thu air we breathe, naturally shape it into the freest u> u words. Others of us boast somo strain of your lineage. All of us n? are nound to you by the strongest bonds of sympathy for your pa sufferings, and admiration for tlie many virtues of your national cliaructer, aud espucialiy of your national struggle for your liliertios. 1 We take it for granted that a very great social aud political C1 f change is at hand for Ireland. Attentive observers of the state of Euro|? with reference to Ireland, wc cannot believe that she til alone, that most needs and best deserves it, is to lose the benefit of fe the mighty revolution which is sweeping over the t'outineut. vj throwing down the hoary tyranu'es of ages, and restoring to the . iwople their long lost rights. Russia, entrenched in ignoraucc ' and brute force, may resist the new spirit of the age. Englaud til cannot. w; Ireland's triumph is scarcely now a question of time. Peace- ro uMv or fiipi'iblv. it is at hand. Kesist it with all tier liower. and England could onlv deity it for n brief period. M'e will not be- j,-( lime that burdcued with ? load uf debt wliieli bowseven her cuius- . Mil strength,?with a tailing Exchequer and a people taxed to tinutmost,?with her whole financial and commercial system tottxr- y< ing f r<>Tii recent convulsions, und I lie constant pressure of conti- t'M ,f uental commotion?with all Eur ipi ijuiveriugon the edgeof war? 01 iu the midit of all this we cnuiiot Iwlieve tlmt Kngltna will ventun.' on the risk uf a civil war in Ireland. She will nut purchase a short delay at such lrenieudou!i cost. l'cople of Ireland.' Friends and Brothers! do not, tlien, lM we li*)t of you, hazard aught by iinpa'ience or indiscre- l? tion. Keinuinlier, that in a nation's growth, to anticipate tin a fulness of time is to pwtpone it indefinitely. We w ho recognize 1,. freely the dirinc right of every people to resist oppression, det clare also our tlnn conviction, that the moment you aru able to J; obtain your demand* by force, tliey will lie conceded peaceably. To thin end, union! union.' union! among all classes and creed* rt' of Irishmen?among all parties and sections of Rep-Alert. Wlmt cl madness is it that drives men who are pressing forward with the ji same bright goal in view, to fall npnn each other by the way? Is y, the evil genius of Ireland never tsi be exorcised? ()? l'cople ut Ireland! did you but know how divitions among , yoursslvei deprns. inortslv, strike dead the energies "f yonr bi st 11 '* and most untiring friends, you could not harh.ir the thought, to The high hopes that am blighted?tiie generous efforrs and great l?t designs that are puralysed by the first sound of disunion among 5j, Irishmen! A street brawl?a new^aper wrangle?gives such m i- heavy blow sand gnat discouragement to Ireland s cause abroad -- as it is not in all tiie poacr of ini|>erial England to iuflict. ' r Inexpressible, therefore, is the sttisfaction with which we have ie hailed the many rocent indications ?f a union among Irishmen, pi upon a broader basis than heretofore, without reference to creed til i- or party, for the rights of Ireland. We give honor to the true |,| d sons or their country who atcriticcd thoir personal prejudices and , v animosities for her sake. >r The hour that completes such a union, achieves the lilierties of n Ireland! bl f This Is a contamination not to be put off by the machinations ti s- or aoanlta of power. Irishmen will not by any premaure Yio? ? lenco imperil the commanding potition of a jwojile content to w is struggle )Ma< eably for their rights, and taking up arms lor them s. only in tbe extremity of tell defence. On the othsr hand, for . d England to attempt by brute force to resist th? eontUtntlonsI pro. >1 - gre?s of the Irisli jieople toward freedom, would lie to attempt a.i w i- outrage which the world. In this age of victorious liberty, could gi :s not taniclv suffer. In the name of the fraternity of nation*, every |r r hand would lie lifted to re ist tlw outrage upon a people tliat have m so well earned the sympathies and assistance of maiikiud ; and the ' ?- retribution which would 'ollow would be co-exensive with the de greet of her powrr and dominion. V i- That such a crisis w ill come to yon, people of Ireland, we know in 1 not. It It certain that the best and wfcest of v?iir own friends do |n i- not reganl it as either impossible or improbable. Such we pre- ,;l d *un>e to lie \ our own conwutiont, else why this arming and orga>f ailing, of which, for montht past, the sounds have reached our n ears r * d Tint the crisis, if it should eomc, may not f.nd you unprepared, it i- is the tiope of the world?even of those who dcsiri most fervently bl n to see it averted. The same reaton which ileitis id" of you not to ? idace yourselves in the power of the oppressor by any rash out- ? ? breik. respi res you to lie thoroughly prepared against his aggros- , c sion. How you are to lie prepared it is not for ut to indicate ; J1 s though it is a prime article of oar political faith that to arm and It e organise in self-defence can lie no crime under Jutt laws, is simply I' e within every man's discretion. ^ I- That all war, but especially civil war, it a dreadful evil, lut not ? ? lightly tu lie encountered, is a truth disputed by none. Hut that ? t there are evils more dreadful than a people sr ted and united in a 1(1 j Jim mr rint ngnui, ii<ii mill) c.juitny inaispniaMc. we u e know <if no calamity that war brings. comparable to the in I * rv of fo i- * people wasted in body and soul by tlx' slow tortures of fontu- m t ries of inigKeyenitnen^ victim* of iwriodical famine and |?wti- n| ;a lence? without incentive to honorable toil?sunk In listless ana- . u thy or discontent?without cure for the presen 1 or III) I" fur the fit. it ture?w ith hate and discord furvver in tile land, mil pviv and 1:1 n |h iwpu |(jr ailnnra. r Thin in a rondiliou of thing* compared to which the horror* of w I war fail* into insignificance, and escape from which, la cheaply (; II |nirvliawd, on almost any terms. ,,, That tiiiii in the present, an it has boen the p?*t, condition of it * our conn try. iii a melancholy fact; and that it it to lie amended " d fur the future, English legislation affords no hop'. With you, re- "U ie mama to ajncnd it for yourselves. That you will do an liy the ma- hi d infestation of the strength of a combined and determined people, m >1 without being driven fart tier, we fervently hone. Should our hope* /1 d he dikup|>ointed, and England draw the sword for a civil war, to J io maintain for a few years longer, her power to misgovern Ireland, i- he asMttrd no struggle between the people and tyranny eould more m deeply, than that which inuat then en tuff, enlist the sympathies of c< ' the a'urld. No nation that loves liberty and hatea op|iressinn |r <( can look eoldly on while the effort is made once more to hurl hack WJ ig iuto tho degradation of axon, the people that have so proved their r w capability for self-go vatmnent by the patience with which they la<1 Iv.red for their right*, and the elevation of their genins by its rw wisest brilliancy, after centuries of misrule. America, linked to ?|! n you hy so many tins, will not he wanting. Whatever the friends II y of Ireland in New York may <to, as eiliiena of the republic, shall or >1 lie don* without stint. j,, y 8uoh assurance we may give yon now. Ilow much farther the y course of events may lead, time alone oan disclotm. t'oine what may. " re be certain that the heart of the American pontile is with you, to 01 e- the last. He hut true to yourselves?Ik> not diverted from jour ni i- pur|*>se hy force or fraud, by assaults from without or divisions ol in your rank*?noliher daxled by the display of England's ,,, r strength or her pomp, hy the threatening a I ray of her armies ' . Ie and mots, or the cheap condescensions of " Gracious MaJcjty" ? r- and the end is nigh. ' n In rtlis occasion of the world's emancipation, no power on ol r I earth, without your own lanlt, can debar you from your lights : ol ?e and the attempt will but haat?u vonr triumph. Ji Heaven ia over all; ami neither you nor we needvl the rev fluIe : t| in? of Kuro|a! to remind n? that its vengeance, armed to mnite ? by (he wantounen of power, is as sweeping and swift is it is cerie tain and omnipotent, " J. ' The reading of tills address, also wnn. at every em- J'J tl* photic part. Interrupted by burst* of th? loudest ap- ' i- plauso. Th? address having; been concluded, was , >- unanimously adopted, witli loud cheer*, alter which 1 .. ' the cries for ''Krnmett ! Kmmett !" wcro renewed with .. j" redoubled energy. Tho chairman, however. In pur- ' ' ,! nuance of the arrangement* for the meeting, then inir troduoed Mr. Ueele. who read the following address to y the people of the United State* :? !< I TO THK PKOI'f.K ttt THE 1'MITKD STATES. ' hi y Vtt.MW Origan*:?Why is it that the wn>nga and Bufferings ! hi of Ireland are regarded hy a |iortion of our people, w ith Issaaym- ||c >f pathy than the wrongs or sufferings o( auv other nation? It r. cannot he the nianlt <>f mere theological dllrercnees, since those ' p. existed with respect to Poland, Ura?ce. and the South American i i. republics, all of which, during their several atruaglee for Indi'pen- ; in t. deuce, were regarded by our people, without disiinetifn of ?ect or j ft kt party, with the warmeat and moat aotivr ayinjiathy. The fact I e tl.iit Ireland ia nearer to ua than any per lion of Europe wbieh has . , > I- ao ardently enlisted our feeling*, anil that manv thousands of our I ' fa people are'her children or the descendants of her ohlldren. ought 1,1 i. rather to have Induced a wanaw Intareit (a her welfare Uaa In that ; pi tv YC V YOKK, TUESDAY i> remote and unrelated races Hut ? portion of our |Moiile lia lerited the I'.ngliali prejudice* of their forefather* uiul kitidrt 0 luivo too long inistaliun the vices uud filling* eugenderwl I a of oppression and despair, for natural element* ?t tlio Iri ?rai ter, and wlio have imbibed the notion that the Irish* flt for independence, because they exhibit the effects of a/.e* jjugation and slavery. of thi? error, the history of that peoi every soil hut that of tlu-ir own island afford* the 111 OK t coucl o reluta ion. IreUml has at length resolved to atniggle earnea<ly for the I t?ry of hor freedom and nationality. The rohg ous and otli ids which have h> long distracted and urippled her, arc luelti ay in the tires of fraturnity and patriotism ller warring hi ti*, under tlio pMwre of experience and uflbfittg, are rrndiu blending into one |ionplo. The Iri>h nation seems about to I ns.itute itfelf, ?itli a view to the urent ends of securing it* o* ;hts ami radiesning it* own wrongs. A?d If *utfering* iuten ,d general, endured through age*-if destitution ao vaataud e erne as toeouvulse the world with horror?if generous ayiuf lui with he oause of universal freedom, and blood freely pour t in torrent* for the liberties of other nations, constitute ai tin to the ardent and effective ayinpathies of tho frjo, then ial rland justly elauil the countenauoe and favor of America lis 1 simple upoii wlueli aim is now embarking. h'ullow CitUuus ! If thero be any auionK you who eherlfh pi lice* against Ireland or her people, and on that account lu Idly ou her struggle for self-government, we beseech you to p ide such unworthy illusions, aud look at the whole subject a light of philanthropy and eternal justice. We ask uotlii ' Ireland that we do not earnestly desire for all mankind. Ill lievin;; that government resting ou the *uhjugatiou of one nati another eau never lie just nor beneficent?that the evils e red by Ireland for centuries are une.mailed in the history idem States?and that the MM devotion of many of li is to the cauiie uf American independence at the outeet of o tio'.i&l career, give her a peouliar claim upon the affection ai ititude of our people, we a|i|ieal to you for audi manifoatatio your sympathy with hor efforts as are demanded by the prim s. the institution*, and the history of Amerieau freedom. TI the very crisis of the Irish people. If they fail no sir causi may be deemed well nigh ho|ie|ess. Nev lore were the iultuencca of the time** so favorable, utlncntal Europe has arisen, from the Ilallio to t Mlitcrranean, to east away the shackles of old opprenion, a assert the righ a of man. Tho spirit of freedom has prov onger than the strength of thrones. The ayiniiathiea of fit in have carried revolution from capital to capital, without t mod intervention of oue people iu the affiiira of another. II a lie iu the cue of Ireland. The example and the ay mpatl other nations wi'l prove stringer than the bayonet of Engine t your sympathy, Americans, be eipial to your example. A niptly as well as earnestly, fellow citizens, and tJie blessings lliona redeemed from thraldom and famine shall he ynur c< a reward, The day is not diaUiQt when tlio electric current* enlightened and eluvatnd |iuhlie opinion shall govern the di lie* of nation*, forming a cheap and di.tcrimiuating lubatitu aimies, fortresses and artillery. Aid us iu tho inauguration i* new and beneficent power. whoso foundation! are brmid inanity, and whoso reign shall be as enduring aa the world. A Htraugur, from the body of tho meeting, after tl IUVC KUUivBB UilU lit "1 U rt'liu. li|)|il'uitru, lU u tut lice, to the chair, and said he begged leave to be pe itted to dissent from that passage of the address whlc presented the people of America an entertaining pr dices against the Irish people. He cordially agrei th the sentiment* contained in the other address liich had bo?n adopted; and also with those of tb at one. excepting only the passage tie referred to. garded that sentence, he thought it impolitic and ii dicious to send across the Atlantic Ocean any thin iich might lead to such an erroneous impression, n at which this passage in the address was capablo i inveying. Some explanations were attempted to 1 ade from the speakers' platform, but every voice ai ery word was aompletely drowned in the cries Knimett. Kmrnett," which rose from all parts of tl st and immense assemblage. It seemed to be tl oling of the whole meeting, that the names of Ir nd and Kinmett were synoniinou*. Mr. Emmktt then came forward, and began by i ruling the meeting that he would tlrst proceed to pi rm a duty which had been imposed upon him; whii us, that of selecting and nominating a number i and suitable persons to constitute a provision mniittec for Ireland. He stated that the names ] is about to read to the meeting were so arranged, constitute three persons for each ward of the cit lie purpose intended was, that these cominitto ould be in permanent and constant sessionitch over events and prepare every means to ai pport. and encourage the Irish people in the prese isis of their affairs; and to move as the occasi< ight require, and according to the news which mig rive; as this was simply a matter of business, he wou mtiuue by readiug the names of the persons select r this purpose. Mr. Knimett then read the nam nounting to fifty-four, composed of men populu nineiit, and distinguished in this city, who were institute a "Provisional Committee for Ireland." When Mr. Emmett had finished the reading of t imes of the " Provisional Committee for Ireland r. Titus came forward to propose an amendment. I id. he said, observed his own name upon the comm e ; but there was a name which he missed there ime full of recollections dear to every Irishman?t blue ?f a man in whose veins there flowed stream* itriotic blood?he need not say lie meant Emmet at name he wished to see placed at the head of tl numittee. This proposition was hailed with loi leers of approbation. The chairman then submitted to the meeting t lines read by Mr. Einmett. with the amendment i red by Mr. Titus; whereupon, the names of the ' I'l sionai Committee for Ireland.'" as nominated by \ uiinett, at the request of the executive committee I le present meeting, were accepted by the meet ii ith .Mr. Emmctt's name at the head of them, wi >uuds of loud nppluuse. Mr. Emmktt tlien addressed the meeting as follow llow citizens!?It was my intention on coining lis meeting to have addressed a few observations >u on the subject of Ireland, and in reference to tl iuse and occasion which have called us here togeth i this evening. But. fellow citizens. 1 now fuel in If obliged to say. that the warm, the enthusiast miner in which my humble, my unworthy name h en greeted by you, (cries of no. no. not unworth is entirely unmanned me; it has overcome1 me in su manner that I find myself almost incapable of c cting together my thought*. I feel it beyond 1 >wer to place them iu au intelligible form before yi id I van truly say at the emotion which your arde ceptiou has created in my heart, that ury tong raves to tlie roof of my mouth! (Applause) I a it. fellow citizen*, that this in a weakness. but I trti ju will forgivo it. I hope in the kindness and justi 'your judgment you will not think me dishonored (Applause ) It had beeu originally my iuteutti i have spoken upon one of the resolutions prepared ; brought forward for your reception this evenii it that resolution will now bo laid before you by o ,oro competent to do justice to it than myself. It w resolution touching the great object which li "ought us together this evening The spirit a irport of it is. that the friends of liberty throughc le world feel happy and rejoiced at the spirit !>erty which has awakened throughout the d rent countries of Europe, not only, as it h ^cu said, from the Baltic to the Mediterranen lit I might nay from the Caspian Sea itself, ev > the Atlantic Oceau. In such a promising aspr ' the world, it is impossible that the fifrto of Irclar hatever may be the result of the present raigh isis iu which she is immersed, should be a matter idilfercnce to the friends of freedom throughout tl orld. This spirit, roused at length in Kuropc to m irous life, now acts powerfully upon the destinies oland; and it gives the most cheering and gladdcnii rospeot to the sons of Irwlaud that at length the d ' hor regeneration is at hand. (Loud cheers ea. fellow citixens. we may hope that that d at baud, and if there is anything most calc ted to bring it about, to which the glory ni iccess of that event will most lie attributable, it te spirit of fraternisation?the spirit of union amo 1 the sons of Ireland, of whatever name or party! the sight of Irishmen forgetting their old feuds ai nrying them in oblivion. At this sight I for my p> eatly rejoice. I am glad to witness the dawn of tl nion. for in it 1 hear at once and for ever the deal nell of the long misrule and oppression of unhep eland. (Loud and enthusiastic cheers.) Kellow-citixe ve been brought up in a peculiar position with respr i Ireland; I have always had strong prejudices agair certain party in Ireland. ?I will not name it now >r I trust m God the dajr is eome at last when eve a me of disunion and discord among Irishmen is n< rgotten !?(loud clivers)?a day *h??n all irUhmon n urged in one same aalion tail b?m. wimiteil wl ae feeling. aiming at ou? common object? tl tppiness, the liberty ami the independence of lr uil. (Thunder* of applause ) Yen. fellow cltlxei; y ardent hope is that uim at Inn I the distinctlo Inch have divided our native land heretofore, betwe atbolic and I'rotentant, Orangemen andl'nited 111) en, are swept away and forgotten forever' {A ante ) (toil known 1 have had caUM. great cause. f ich a prejudice, (sensation.) hut here, before you all are, upon my country'* hop*'*, and In my country line, I renounce them?I lay them down foreve uimen*e and loud applause A voice In the crowd w ;*rd loudly to utter the name of Lord Norburv. line of frightful and terrific recollection*. wh( ill pled with that of Kmuiett.) I.ate event* eland are *uch a* are calculated to Inspire t arinest confidence that the hope* of Irislim c about *hortly to lie reali*ed. How did it f< erly happen there, when the crown in*tltuted.trii [ainrt her patriot* for alleged sedition and trea*oi eretofore juries were always to be found serv tough to briug in a *ure verdict of conviction. Hi jw i* it now ? How has it happened In t we of Smith O'llrienf (Knthusiastic applau*e.) Tlir leer* for O'llrien were called for, and the Immer ultitude ro*e and gave them in sound* like the rr thunder.) The government wn* not able to flni ry docile enough and servile enongh to convict hii tepeated cheer*.) So It wan in the cn*? of Meaghi hcse two ehampion* of Irish freedom, these heroes it Ireland, have lieen redeemed from the terrible irr.i ' tyrany and power, by the union and fraternity wlii ?wns at length upon our county, and I trust in < lat the next news which shall be wafted across t tlantic, will bring to us the glad and joyful tldin lat a third hero there?he who has dared and do ore than the other two, will, like them, by the spi Irish union and fraternity, come off from the indi< cnt which ha* been found against him. still mr iuniphantly than the other two. (Loud hurras, a ireo rlieer* for Mttohel, the individual to whom N minett made allusion ) Kellow citizens: If my prayi e heard on hi* behalf?If he shall come forth u atlied from the fiery trial ?it will be, I venture tos* le proudest day. next to the day of the declaration eland'* independence, which Ireland for many a d i* witnensed in the long course of her sorrows ai ilTerings. K*llow citi/en* : It truly gladden* r art to see such a meeting as thlr True, I know y< e not all of you Irishmen : but when I see so mai 'my American fellow citizen* joined with so many y Irish countrymen, it makes me doubly glad, an el doubly proud, not only of nry birth, a* an Iri* an. but of my adoption a* an American cltixe ,oud and repeated applause ) leu, all I see iiroui ie (111* my heart at once with emotions of joy ai rid*; I rejoice, and I feel proud that i am a ton of li )RK 1 10RNING, JUNE 6, 1848 vo land, anil glad and proud do I feel, also, that I am a American citizen. (Cheer*.) I give you. my Anu r 'i' can fellow citizen-* credit and thanks for the war leeliugs, the strung interest you have manifested in I ?i ror of Ireland. It is not true that there isaprejudic ilu here again.it Ireland, aud the gentleman who objected u- a paaeagc in the address on this account. waw quite in taken; it arose from a misapprehension. The sen ten in the address wa.i hypothetical nnd Intern gatory. It said, or meant to Hay, to tl ,o- American people, if you have prejudice!) again tl- Ireland, the*.; reason* which we lay before you will ra- sufficient to dispel them And now. fellow cltizei having vindicated the address from this misapprelie * sion. I think the best thing 1 can do wilt be to yif M. the stand to a geutleman who probably vlll addrt ed you. and certainly more effectively than 1 am capat ny of doing I will only nay in reference to the provisio W al committee which you have adopted, that it* obje lu is that this meeting should not be a mere empty ii moustrution Its movumentN are intended to be ina It upon a large scale, and not to be limited tothe action lit au ephemeral meeting. It in iutended to keep our ej in i uimn h.IT.l;n in Ii-?lnn.l to ?i-.i- .. -I - " ?"vv " "? ??? Fa 'RirT"n ?* ??* ? u* vatice. to excite a Himilar Hpirit which animate* you hei throughout the whole Union. We mean, also, toe: tend thin uctiou to the Uritisli colonies. When I si of a similar spirit, let me be understood. We do nut I icr any means propose to act in violation of the lawn "f the country; but our otyect will be. to keep alive, awaken, to stir up, the feeling which auiinate* all i ^ us here, and to contribute our help to the great oaus ,is lf| after all. war should be inevitablo?if Irish ind w, pendence cannot be accomplished by peaceful me er sures ? if it cannot bo achieved without blood?the ? lie it so; let it be by blood. (At tliis word, au i in mens 'J loud, deep, thundering burst of enthusiasm seemed ed animate the mass as one man. and the shout of appluu sj> which ascended whs loug. loud aud vehement). h? continued Mr. Kuimett, if argumeut should fail, if So cannot be accomplished by peace and reason. th< ,1,v let it be by the pike! (Again, nt thisla<t word, the u lcj roar of loud applause was. if possible, more vehemen ?f and almost frantic, passing description.) Aud no r. fellow citiiens, we see before us these two alteruativ uf ?cithar Ireland must obtain her independence fu r and peaceful means, or it must be accomplished I 'J* forcible anil warlike means' In either event, 1 pled M you all, and promise for all of you, that yon w standby her. (Loud cheers. "We will, we will'). ]R the one alternative should not occur, if J(j should not be by peace that this great obje T shall b accomplished, how shall we aid. how shall < here help our native country best f Not fellow-citkei e- ^y violating the laws of this country?not by mnki ,j idle military parade, hnd threatening to scud arm* ' ? men to Ireland?no; but we.will furnish Ireland wil |e the sinews of war?wu will fiud her aid. we will furni her means, aud give her the ineuns of procuring tl means for herself. (Jod grant that such a fearful cri may never be necessary?may never occur. I pri * sincerely it may never come to this; for as yi well know. I have had some experience?sol &(i knowledge, of what are the miseries and horrors I civil war! May that alternative, therefore, never necessary, aud if Ireland shall accomplish her ini 10 pendence with peace. I shall heartily render the si 1() cercst thanks to Heaven. (A dead silence pervaded t c_ assembly at these words.) Ves. I shall feel the utuu gratitude to Heaven; but if. on the other hand, if it not possible to accomplish this great and desired ei n* this object of all our patriotic desires, without bloc ,r~ shed and war?if it should come to this alternate :'1 then I trust in Gad that I am not yet too old to en myself among the ranks of those who shall be fou al Hghting for their country. (Hounds of enthusias be cheers upon cheers. followed this declaration, in t BH midst of which Mr. Kinmctt retired from the front y- his seat.) cs The Hon. Mr. McKkon spoke as follows It was I to pleasure, some years ago. to be associated with ma J- of you in subjects connected with Ireland, aud to hii nt witnessed many splendid spectacles, but never uo >n this moment have I looked upon such a multitude nt this. I have seen uiany congregations of men; but Id it go forth to the world, that never has there be ''*1 gathered together so many eminent and patriotic, ci e*- /.ens as this asveiublage contains. I speak not only r. yju, but 1 hope the press will carry it to all part: to this country, aud across the broad Atlantic, the f that this meeting is presided over by the chief ma| be trate of the first city in the Union; that among I," vice-presidents are the chief magistrates of I He adjacent cities, ex-members of the United Sta it- Cabinet, ex-tioveruors of States, and. In a 1 -a minutes. I shall have the pleasure rf introdi he ing to you members of the Congress of the Unli of States. "What docs all "this speak .' That the put r; sentiment of this country is aroused from the high lie to the lowest ; aud by what cause The wrongs p ad petrated by the lirltlsh government on unfortun; Ireland. Think you that their cause can be light, wti he the whole community is excited .' Can the British ( jf. vernuieut continue to perpetrate them ! Will, tk o- look back for six hundred years, and view the blo< lr. shed that they have caused, and the persecutions wh fur they have imposed; and let them ask if It is singu ig. that any country should rise up and demand of tt th government if they are to continue thciu Let me I the Rritish government that public opinion is now I s : vincible. Let the intelligence and patriotism of t to whole world be concentrated against them ; and if tl to won't do. let them look to Ireland, and there lie armed millions ready te make any sacrifice er the attainment of their rights. Will they si y. that it is impossible to graut relief? Relief i Lie be obtained (loud applau>e).be the sacrifice what as may. Are the thousands, mid tens of tliousai y) of Irishmen in this country to look on in quiet? Nev ch ( Applause.) l>o not the sons of Irishmen in this cot ,|. try owe something to the government that has driv iiy them from the soil of their fathers? What Auieric iu, is mere. inui uoes 1101 luel mere is soraetuing aim nt tlii! caane of freedom ? The resolution whioli I into lie to speak to alludes to the spread of liberty throilghi J- Kurope. You have sern the fire lighted in this coi ist try throwing its gleams across the Atlantic, aud j ce see a whole continent in a Hume burning on evi liy side. The banners of the church, with the holy cr Dti km an emblem, lends at the head of the column* of 1 to armies of liberty; and he who bo'ds the keys of ig. Peter, io now vilified by Lord Brougham, (hisses fi ne nil parts of the house ) treated,with contumely, beca a* he has been true to republican principles. It was las sagacious mind that perceived the spirit of the a nd and it was lie who first told the captive to iut tree. (Knthusiastic applause.) The spirit whi of lie waked has tlowu over Kuropc. and at the prese if. time tyrant* are trembling before it. Are we not ins hope that (he light of liberty will shed its genial m n. over Ireland, too (Applause.) It will reach it as si en as the sun will rise to-morrow. And when it does rca ict it. it will reach it to illuiniue the dungeons of the u id. fortunate men who aru incarcerated there, and I tri ty in <?od that its first light will burst on John Mitel of ?(applause which lasted some minutes)?ill freed i tie There is not a day when news arrives from Ireiand tl vi- I do not look with anxioty for intelligence from tl of country. Like the people of Ireland, I think it ca ng be worse, audit might, lie better. Here is evidence tl ay the people of that country have done with talk! i) They feel that the time for action has arrived, and ' ay government of Great Britain will find that there u- something more to b? done than listening to talk. I i nd for talking plainly to them. They have other trouli is |M-nding over them besides Ireland. That is their cli ng difficulty, ami has upset many of their administrate It Itutthcy have other troubles; and allow me to tell thi ad that after settling that, they will have something to irt with their colonies, as they had a few years ago with !iis I am not in favor of violating the law I cannot u ;h- self violate law; my position will not allow me to do py but at the same time I would suggest to Great Drlta us that they have some of their colonics In a very b ct neighborhood They have on this continent some ist Ionics to the north of us. that have cost thein a gr .? deal of money, and which serve to give nice sinecu ry to some of their statesmen, and I would advise th rvw that if they want to keep them, they had better ire Ireland go. (Applause) That country has troubles th home and abroad, and all we ask is, that they give he dependence to Ireland. Are we to believe that tl e- country is not capable of governing itself, is, they have so often asserted ! Why, Kngland hen ns is indebted for the most of her distinguished statesm en and warriors to the very country which she says Is ib- capable of governing itself. Is there not intelligen ,p- patriotism, energy of character, and virtue in tl or country, whlcb. If only relieved from oppression, woi ? see that country what she has frequently been vtat f'n to be ?"the first gem of the sea'*'' She will. If reflev r ' from the burdens of misrule, produce such a state as things as will show to the world that she Is capable a enjoying liberty, which is the right of every freem n and every nation In the world. (Applause ) I will i In | detain you. I am to be succeeded by some who i lie ! the pride of the nation; and I will have the pleasure en I Introducing to you a gentleman whose ac<|Uaintanci 3r- had the pleasure to make when In Congress, ten His twelve years ago. and who is as good a friend of Irela n * as breathes?I mean the Hon. Mr. Ilannegan. Menai 11. fx.,... In.li.n.. Mr. M'Keon then sat down, and rail* were mud* 10 Mr. Hannegan, from all parts of the house ; in ansv to which Hon. Mr. HtKitnatn arose anil spoke as follows llanneg.m Is the poor son of a poor Irishman, who 1 a the land of oppression when a l>oy. for tho land of t free, during the war of the revolution ; and. thou boy as he was. he lifted his rifle for American freedo (Applaiiso.) I did not expert to be called upon to i 1 dress you this evening. I declined the honor of t i invitation that was sent to me. but I felt in my hei that when the great pulse of America beats in the cl e of New York, that there was about to lie a demi stratlon sent forth to Ireland. I could not stay bar le I have come here to mingle my sympathy with your to add to my feelings a brief expression of them ai . j I am warned that my presence here interrupts t order of the occasion. To be brief. I have come hi slinply to say to you that if there is a man breathi r in this world who sympathises with Ireland. I i tie Why should I not ? My name tells my s cestry. There is no Irishman but knows that a I la ncgan must be descended from tho North of Irelai and wherever I hare been. In whirtever position I ha occupied, and under whatever circumstances I ha been placed. I never yet have found Irishmen or Irin women, that did not serve me to their utmost. \ sympathise with Ireland?and why ! Kor the oppr slon which sho has suffered and under which she ti groaned. f<>r many ages. Take a brief list, and I * point out to you three of tho terrible oppressio i- which Kngland has perpetrated on her. Kirst., thr thrce-flfths, four-flftns, of Irishmen are Catholics, ai Kngland taxes Catholic Ireland to support her Pi trstant clergy. She drains from these three-Art' re- fatal these four-fifths, their substance for t 3ERA] b ,11 support of a creed in which they Jo not be- | mi i- lleve. She charge* them with Ignorance The ho in Ignorant Irish" is hidk over the world, anil re| a why are they ignorant ' Because their very life-blood otl e in drawn from them. The income of her uobility. oh to Kouie two or throe millions per annum, (voice fal Is- in the crowd, nil) ia squandered on the con- dli ce tinent. When you drain a oountry of it* re- ea i- sources?when you take the lifeblood, and do not f*| lie supply the deficiency?must not fatal consequence* en- ar ?t huu ? She sends to lrelaud a standing army, not one gn he of whoui is an Irishman, and she governs her bva tfe is. standing army, and not by law. and she drains from her gi n- the money to pay for the bayonets which control her. O ild Yud the liberty of speech, which you love so well, has of iss been punished as a crime, or attempted to be punished, m ile in the persons of O'Brien and Meagher, ami the at- at n- tempt is again to be renewed; hut from the depths of in ct his dungeon. John Mltchel sends forth the glorious wl le- cry for freedom, and wo answer him. (Rapturous ap- at de plause ) It is not Irishmen alone that answer him Hi of America auswers him Vou think that the appeal m< es must be answered by this great city; but 1 tell you m d- that the great West will auswer it as well. I live tli re, on the far olT prairies of the west, close to the j bu c- setting suu. and 1 tell you that every heart. Irish, tier- wl ty man and American, responds as vours do her* to-night. , or uy I take it on myself to speak for them, because I have so Ti of often heard tllem. Whnll thu irrnit It'l nnniill tlmnunil nil to i agaiu. made appeals for freedom; wheu that ureal and mi of | nood rnau. Father Mathew. made progress after pro- ri| e. gress in; the cause In which he had embarked, we su e- had our country meetings there, and they were a* le a- ! enthusiastic an yours is to-night. But, fear not m in for Ireland?fear not for Irelaud. Her hour is ooe, ming when she shall be free. Our eyes will see it to ?our eyes will see it. Before there are live more se revolutions of the earth, tho mothers and daughters la If, of irelaud will play on their native harp, as did the tli it daughter* of .ludali of old. play 011 their timbrels, the te i'n freedom of Ireland. (Tremendous applause ) And I I < ! ,p- tell you more?and it seems to me that I speak to-night < d< t, with all thu faith of a seer, who looks on destinies?1 w w, tell you, Robert Kinuictt, (turning to that gentle- pi es man)?I tell you, Robert Kuimett, who flrst ad- p< by dressed this vast assemblage?1 tell you that your | ax l>y uncle's monument shall soon be built. (Tremendous iu ge applause, and waving of hats and handkerchiefs.) iu ill Robert Kmmett, from the Cove of Cork and Dublin foi If Bay. your uncle's monument shall soon be built, and In It in the tomb under it shall O'Connoll's heart be placed, fr ct [Thu meeting here arose?every mnu of them, and or ve waved their hats and 'kerchiefs, and fairly screamed m us. with delight.) Mr. Ilanncgan then sat down, and was V ng succeeded by ill i.'d Hon. Bkmjamin F. Butler, who addressed the meet- uj Lh ing iu the following language: Mr. 1'residunt and fel] In sli low citir.ens:?The duty has been assigned to me to | lie propose a resolution and support it with a few remarks alt sis in its spirit, but I can't stop to read it. My Irish blood th iy runs too fast. (Applause ) That blood which gives r'li nu me my name will not allow me to stop to read the rene solution. I tell you why it is; I wish to get at it to jj of speak of the accumulated wrongs whioh have been w, be hea|>ed on Ireland by Britain, and to say that they are le- unequalled in the history of tyranuy and oppression. w n- and I believe every word of it. and so do you. (Aplic plause.) Talk of the inflictions by the Turks on w >st (ireece? why, the Turks were barbarians. They bud a f(] be creed which taught them to apply the torch to all that ^ id. was wise, that was eloquent, that was rich in the trea- ju >d- sures of ancient loarning. Their creed taught them that r( ve. the Christian was an infidel, and that to win a high place ri.l In heaven they could do no better deed than immolate th nd the Christian. Who then will venture to compare tho F. tic atrocity of the British government with that of the "I he Turks? Talk of the oppression which Poland lias re- *" to oeived from Russia?wrongs which have now aroused, s't not only all America, but France and Kurope. And ny yet what are th?y to the wrongs which Ireland has th ny sustained at the bauds of (treat Britain' Itussia was, fr ive a century ago, inhabited by barbarians, or nearly so? itll great has been the progress she has made But what w as was Kngland when she commenced her oppressions to- o let wards Irelaud' She was a Christian nation, and so en was Ireland. They acknowledged the same system of ft itl ? faith?they professed t? worship, not only the same e to (iod, but they recognized the same Judge and the same t i of bead of the chureh--and yet from the time of Henry | act thu Second, the rule of Kngland over Ireland was by N {is- intolerant luws. as unjust as it afterwards became its when great differences of religion arose between them. i two For the last two hundred years, whut has been the x< tes rule of Kngland over Irelaud, and bow has that tyranny w ew been aggravated by the fact that during the whole j0 lie- period Kngland has stood at the bead of civilisation, of f( led scienoe, of letters, and in her professed love for liberty.' n, ilic And yet, with a rule of Iron lias she oppressed that p, eat people. And why f Chiefly because of differences of er- religion?aud how has she attempted to remove these ntc differences? By tho application of reason and convicicn tlon t By treating her with equal and exact justice! 50- by benevolence towards her ' No. but by penal laws, 11 icy aud by pains and penalties. Is that the way to con- " r?d- vurt people from a faith which you believe to be errone- si ich oms ! We. who understand thu right of private judg- * ilar luent iu religion?would we be taken from our faith to o lat another by these means ? And yet the protestaut * tell clergy, for the last two huudred years, have been com- ' in- plaining that Ireland remains a Catholic country. I'ro- '' lilt tholic in Ireland. I never would give up my faith. (chee r?) I 11 see ?never would I give it up to an argument of a bill < ' for of pains and penalties, and the bayonet; and I marvel c< ly. much that Lord John Russell. who Ik descended from tl rill the great Russell who lout his head in the rei^n of 1 it Charles the Second, for his devotion to the principlu 11 ids which the Irish are now contending for?I marvel that h er. he should not comprehend what is to America the very r< in plainest of our political propositions?that man has tl en an inalienable right to worship < iod according to the ti an dictates of his conscience, and that any attempt by ni to penal laws to restrain that right 1< not only a crime w ud against the soul of man. but the highest crime that ii nit can be committed against (tod. Mr. ilutler then made * in- some statements showing up the i'rotestaut church ti rou establishment iu Ireland, by which four llflhs of oi nry the people are taxed to support a creed which they s< oss do not belive. with its archbishops at a salary of $<H).ut)0 si the a year, and its bishops at fifteen and twenty?the ti St whole amounting to live or six millions of dollars per \ on year drained from that country; and said, that p life if the I'rotustauts and government of Kngland i> his only understood the immense blessing* that How V ge. from religious freedom they would soon disconnect k go the church frc.rn the State. In conclusion, he adch verted to the condition of Ireland, and said he would b, ut advise Lord Jolin Russell to abandon the State pro- ? to seeutions. and commeiice to redress its wrongs, which ri lys Kngland has per|>etrated, aud is perpetrating on Ireire land lie explained to the audience why he had not <'l ,ch attended any previous Irish meetings, because his in- office and position would not allow of his so doin^ ; 1st but he admitted that his feelings would not permit him !' ael to be absent ou this occasion He was followed by 1 im. John V*s Bibk.n. fcsq.. whose rising was the signal lat of a few hisses, aud some remarks by one or two per- ' hut sons at a distance, which we did not hear. Silence " n't being secured-It is. in my judgment, said he. partihat cularly appropriate that this great metropolis?the '! ng. commercial centre of the United States?the capital of 1 the the North American continent, should on all questions ! is which relate to liberty, and when oppression calls for ** am sympathy flrom a people struggling to be free, this j' iles great city should be the first to respond to its call. lief and to assure the sufferers promptly, of its sin- w ns. cere and cordial sympathy. It ifl due to those who>in. ever they may be. whether in (Germany, Poland, or (; do France, but uiost of all in Ireland. (Applause.) Con- n us. nected with us. as they are. by the ties of association, ol ly- by friendship, and many ?f them by the 'ties of kin- r,. so, dred?that this great city should respond to their m in. demonstration, and assure them, as well as others. j,, tad that however perilous may be the contest in i; co- which they are engaged?however dark may be x eat the day of their struggle, there is a great army n] res of freemen in the United States, hoping, praying t, em and longing to help them (Great applause.) An let assemblage like this is a suitable demonstration jr i at from this great commercial centre of this free republic tl in- It may well be termed the throbbing of the great heart t, Sat of freedom, the pulsations of which must be felt at the as remotest points of civilization That the condition of ,.| It" Ireland is one eminently calling for a careful exainina- |, en tion, no good citlxen will deny. It has been my forIn tuue to be Intimately acquainted with her physical |j, ce, condition, having travelled over it duriug two or three lat months from one end to the other, and it was a source ' Id to me. not only of grief but of inquiry, that in the ^ ed midst of a people, like those of Ireland, distinguished. 'ed as every person concedes they are. for courage for wit of and industry, living, too, In a most salubrious climate. I of that that country was not only standing still but ac- I an | tually retrograding in prosperity Tills was my in- m *..* nu., mini. ..... . in... I iiii. . v..u.n.j wot ire conquered by fireat Britain, that a union was carried re of against which the Irish people have continually pro ai f I tested. which. It i? charged. w?* pissed by franil anil ni or corruption, which the ma-ses of the people believe I* w: nil not binding. an.I whirh they see has lieen followed by di tor continued disaster anil destitution The traveller ? finds a people agitating for a repeal of that union; for during the agitation a famine comes on the laud, and m rer you see thein supported by the charity of their neigh- le bors, anil the lilierality of the friends of freedom and 1 H :? hiioiunity throughont the world. Now for such a conn- U| eft try. so situated, the sympathy of every civilized man. he should be ciclted. and not alone his sympathy, but . gh the exercise of his best intelligence and capacity in re- 'V m. dressing the difficulties under which she labors, and In id- assisting her people in applying a remedy Now with be great deference, it seem* to me that one of the main rt difficulties under which Ireland labors, is want of ty concert among her people. (Hear hear) The professors of in- different religions are divided among themselves. The 1 'k , mamber* of the different order* of society, the nobility c< and the people, are divided among themselves. They II nd were so divided at the time I speak of. There was no I"' he concert la-twee n the leading men of the country, and 1,0 re the great difficulty to lie remedied at that time, was ng this want ?f concert, consultation and a mittnallty m im of effort among the leading and inliiieiitial oc in- men of Ireland itself. They all labor under wi n- the same difficulty ?they all possess the same property c? id, ?they are all subject to the same government- are of .ve a common destiny?and they nuist all see 'list that j(1 ve destiny Is total annihilation ; an4 therefore it is. that t|, lb- an effort at concert has brought them to that strong t)i Ve determination to have their lllwrty. and of a wil- lni j lingne-s to maintain It at all haaard*. which we now j, las see exhibltud. It Is to respond to that determination, '111 to assure them of our sympathy, to assist them with ns means, and with arms, as far a^ the laws of our conn- . in, I try will allow it. that this meeting is assembled. \nd ln id I geutlemen. It is for the Irish people there to do all ro- that they can, to bring about a concert of action h?. among the leading friends of liberty In that country C< iw I know that among the nobtUty then, there are , ? m L.D. Prlc* Tw? OmM. iny indomitible men the representative* of tb? old uses. which ntooii flrui daring the Irish rebellion; tho [ire*entntive*. of Kharlemont, of Ache**on. And lier*. who are thorough friend* of freemen, and who ght tn bring shout it ncert of action They Mr? so to their country If they do not There is another IBculty. that thure. mid here, anil everywhere, the uh of I'reedom net* into the hand* of leader* wha iiely imagine that they have a leasehold iu It, id that they have no trust to fulflll for the public iod. Now. no man ran ailinire more than I do ie Kruat a-rvice* rendered to irelaud by the distinii*hed patriot who I* now no more I allude to Mr. 'Conuell He wv a man of extraordinary intellect ? great genius, great wit. great eloquence, and Indoi table energy of character Ho wan a man of the m^t MOlute incorruptibility of the most unqualified dlsterestednes* He wan the leader of the Irish bar, at lich he was making ten thousand pound* per year, id which be abandoned for the cau*e of the people.? it would not accept ofltce under the British governent. knowing that, by doing so, lie would comproi*e hi* position; but, at the *ame time. I *ay. with ie greatest diffidence and respect, that, with the unmnded *way which ho po**e**ed over the eeuntry, lien he had assembled at the Rath of Mullaghmait, that monstrouM assemblage of a million of men at ira. willing to ant a* he wished, whom he could perlade from violating the law, and whom he could like violate the law if *o desired, that he did not then ;ht the accumulated wrong* of forty-eight years. It emed to me that then was the time to apply the coup t which he was so rond or tnaUliing into ma countrjm Hereditary bond* men, know yo not Who Would ho fru? tliuraanivss must itriko the Mow? Mr. Van B. next reviewed the count* pursued in ration to tho Knglish reform bill, and went on to My, utt there wax nothing in the conatitutlon of tha Unid States to prevent any man'* going singly If ha loose, to aid Ireland in her struggle for natTonal intpondonce. (Cheers ) Both the district attorney ho had addressed them that evening would admit thia irt. notwithntanding that thu constitution would not irmit them to organise a body with hostile intent ;ainst a foreign power ; still it would not prevent any an shouldering hi* musket, and going forward to aid such a druggie. (Vociferous cheering, which lasted r same time.) The British government, therefore, id but one election to make, namely, whether the eedom of Ireland, was to be written with the pea, *ritUn with tho pike. (Renewed oheoring and pturous applause, amid tries of " the pike.") Mr. an B. after further dwelling upon the importance of [lion in thu cause of the Irish people, and impressing ion them the necessity for vigorous action, concluded r moving the following resolution :? Unsolved, Tiiat the indication* of public sentiment around and out us, and the popular movements of the ago, allow clearly nt tho suspicious moment lion arrived for the assertion of the ;hts of the Irish people. Bold and skilful leaders ahould be ick to see and avail themselves of such emergencies, fora failure w to meet this crisis in a true and determined spirit, might ril for ages the hopes of Ireland and her friends throughout the. >rld. Joskfii S. Bosworth. Ksq., seconded the resolution hlch was unanimously adopted. Mr. John Van Brat:.-] hereupon again came forard. and said he felt much pleasure in seconding the blowing resolution, which had been handed him by r. John < riMlu. who wished him to move it for the loption of the meeting. He would take occasion to ad it us follows:? Resolved, 1'hst we hail with feeling* of pride aad tatisfaetioa, e triumphant liberation of Messrs. Smith O'Brien and Thomas Meagher, on their late trials in Ireland?and while we enrdily applaud the course pursued l>y these champions if freedom, ?l their respective juries, wo earnestly invite both or either of use martyrs to Irish patriotism, on a mission to these United .a ten, to uid in carrying out the spirit and objects of this meetg; and wo further invite Mr. Mitehel, for a similar purpose in ic event of Ills discharge, which we confidentially anticipate urn a Dublin jury. The President hereupon put thn resolution, which us carried by acclamation, amid loud cheering for |'HHen, Meagher, anil Mitehel. H. Ohkki.kv was next loudly called for. He cam* irward.and said, he did not ut the late hour of the vening to which they had keen detained, mean to respass upon them, but hoped every man in the meetng would give as he felt towards Ireland by his subuription. (Cheers.) Subscriptions were here banded n freely. His Honor the Mayor gave $50, Dr liogan 00, .Senator Hannegau $10, H. Greeley $10, and tveral other subscriptions varying from $10 to $& ere handed in. when, on motion, the meeting adnirned at 1" o'clock, determined to take action on a iture day to further the objects for which they had mumbled. The utmost harmony and enthusiasm revailed throughout. City Intelligence. A Fracas hetwkf* Justices.?Yesterday morning, bout 10 o'clock, the Assistant Justices Court, located n the corner of Third street and Bowery, was the :one of a funny fracas occasioned by the collision of lderman < roll us and Justice Haskins. The latter is ne of the Justices ssid tube holding over, having been uperccded by the election of Mr. Win. H. VanCott. t appears from facts in the case, that Alderman Crous.j being chairman of the committee of public offices, roceedcd to tho above court, for the purpose of placig Mr. Van Cott on the bench. On entering the :>urt. Justice Haskins was on the bench, and, of nurse, in-possession ; on the request beinf; made by i? Alderman, Justice HasEins ordered him to 1< ave the >om ; this the Alderman declined doing, when tbu ustice left his seat to eject the Alderman, by taking old of his collar. Both clinched, and a kind of ugh and tumble scramble took place between them, in e midst of which the Alderman's car came in eon> ict with thu edge of a door post, and as the latter wan inch the sharpest the Alderman's ear suffered somoItal from the collision. Constable Austin, after *om? ttle difficulty, separated the pugnacious magistrates, hen who should make his appearance in court but Jusice Van Cott. and took his seat on the bench by vlrtua I' bis slection. Justice Haskins disputed his right, sized him by the collar, und. after a violent struggle, ncaeedt d in removiughiin from the bench. A parley now iiok place between the parties, which resulted in Justice 'an Cott taking the beuch to call on a case. This was erinitted. and no soouer done, than Justice Van Cott rociainieu iiimseii in legai possesmon. anu promoted lr. Ilaskins to interfere any more. However. Mr. Haaius made another attempt to take possession. and in ) doing. Justice Van Cott exercised bin judicial power y committing Mr. llaskiii* for a contempt of court, ml placing liini in custody of constable .Austin. Dung all this intuit, no blows w<tu struck by either parIr, but merely a pulling and hauling for the judicial hair; und thus the matter terminated for the prerant. Scarcity or Croton Watkr ?(iri-at complaints are lade relative to the scarcity of Croton water, some ousesmid offices down town being unable to obtain a. upply in their upper stories. In reply to some of tho nmptuints. it has been asserted that the single pipe iow used to convey the water to the city from West hester side is not of sufficient capacity of bring the ecessary supply. If such be the case, is it not high me for those who hare charge of the matter, to stop lie use of the Croton for watering the streets, when bundance. quite as good for that object, could be umped out of the North or Kast rivers with a little ouble. instead of depriving citizens who pay for the ater for more important purposes. IIki.ikk to Broaoway.?Since the present Common ouncil came into power, the subject of relieving roadway, appears to have been completely lost sight r. How is this .' Of course it cannot be urged that lief to Broadway is less needed now. than it was some onths ago Is It. then, because some of the committee nviug the matter before them, or members of the ommon Council, are interested in some other project? lie subject is one in which thousands of our citiaena re deeply concerned, and ought to be promptly at nded to. To the property owners along tho roposed lines of a new avenue. It is of the utmoat nportance to know if anything is going to be dene in le matter; and if so. what, inasmuch as many eon'Uiplatc making improvements upon their premisea; nd wish, therefore, toent their coats according to their oth, or. In other words, plan their buildings to the nit advantage upon their respective lots, after tlMi ir and shape of the same shall have been clearly deli ed. Ki mors Daiviitn. -William Connolly, stage driver, a? arrested yesterday morning on a charge of furious riving in Broadway, ami brought before the Mayor e was tiued $10 and in default of payment commitd to the city prison. Reset mi mo\t Osowmso.--William Ryan, a ?*aan belonging to the United States navy, fell from er No 30. Kast River. Into the water. Officer Ahns happened to be standing on the pier at the time, id with a good deal of d'tfleulty rescued him He woa parly suffocated when taken out of the water He ns brought to the station house, and the urtial remees applied; after some time he recovered, and jtai nt on board his vessel. Aiothir Mai* KilLtn * tht Harlum Ca*#.?Wo uderstand that a mail whose name we were unable to arn. was run over yesterday, and killed by one of the arlein railroad cars. This ni?kes the second man killed l thl* road by the cars within the last week. I*4i k?t. -An ini|ii<**t was held yesterday on the idy of Margaret WMeley. in the New Vork Hospital, by oront r Walters Verdict, came by her death in coo<|Uenee of the ignition of some firework*. In building o. 13ti>i Mulberry street. Uw Intt-lllgriire. hi pikmi: Cor?t?Of<irbai Tkrm. June 5th.?The nirt opened ;it 10 o'clock, piir?unut to adjournment, on W. H. Shankland. of the sixth judicial district, enidiug, with tin' lion. lltrara (ir.iy a ml Soth Sill, asHates To-day being motion day. thn cane of Loitt vs. Tylee. in equity. was the first taken up, bnt ithing of' Interest, except to tho parties concerned, curred T -day. (Tuesday.) the general calendar II bo ta'<fn up. commencing with No. 1S3, and preceded with In regular order. Orm t"?i> Tr.rmi?o:r.~This oourt organized to-day, idge Edward*, and Aldermen Adams and Kohlar. on o bench The jury Hit was then called over, and e court a<ljourned The ca?e of Mrs. Barbara Wlddenyer. for the murder of her child, in set down for toiy, (Tuesday ) ( irccit CotJ?t.?This court was organited. Judge twards on the bench, and adjourned after the callg of the jury list. Court (Ui hbir-Thii Day? Supnior Cnurl?H. 23, . 39, 30. 33, 86. "W. 3S. 40 to t8 inclusive Circuit mrl 401. 1. 17. It, 11. 13. 19, 20. 81. Cammnn Plrmi 117, 137, 133, W, 23, ii, 33. 19. 33, 37. 4ft. 47. St, 50, a?.

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