7 Haziran 1848 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

7 Haziran 1848 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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Inn it ' 1 xl. Wliole Ho. Bill. (rKEAT MEETING of run OLD GUARD OF THE DEMOCRACY or NEW 1Z03L2Z, alias THE B1RNBURNERS. II FRIGHTFUL CONFUSION. | A GRAPHIC DKSC'UlP'riOX. I At five o'clock yesterday afternoon, according , I to long before given notice, that a great meeting I of the barnburners was to be held in the Park, we | I; attended according to our duty, knowing that the i I' public throughout this vast Union would look to, |l 01 for all the information, and would expect to 1 find in the New York Herald a faithful transcr tp of the passing events, and commotions, and motions . 01 the day, in all places. 15nt, though we found the | public prepared and waiting, and some four or five I I thousand i>eople assembled in the Park for th?* pro-! i mulgated meeting, to our utter astonishment the || very persons who lmd called the meeting?the party which was to figure in it, which was to come forward and make its pronunciatnento?had either been asleep or quarrelling in the long interval bei tween the announcement of the meeting anil the h ur of its assembling; for, after live o'clock, the time fixed upon for meeting, while the public was all ready to hear, no place was prepared for the speaker- or the press, and tne carpenters were beginning to busy themselves with making preparations. This, we thought, did not look like discipline and good arrangement, or any arrangement at all in tbo Old Guard," as wo understand the party called barnburners is called sometimes. Surely, wo thought, these cannot be, us they are said to be Van Uuren uieu." or else they give the lie to the reputation they once had acquired for pulling all together, and planning all toguthor. and planniug every thing well. Wo wore little prepared for the scenes that were to fellow. or wo should have spared our wonder and admiration, to have expended them upon the scenes which afterwards t<<ok pla' e. Meantime, while wo were waiting, with the people. Inside the ediflcu which the aarpent-r* were erecting, till the parties who called the incrting should be ready to meet the meeting which they had called?and so far only to make fools of thein ?we amused ourselves with mixing among the im uii'dhc mroug ana groups 01 peopio wuu uau uasuuiuicu, | observing their looks. appearances and conformations, uud listening to their audible. anil we may nay. public conversation. A common feeling of excitemcut aud curio-ity seemed to pervade the assembly; audit might truly in; said of them that the ' greater part knew not wherefore they were come together." lleuce we were Jed to the conviction that the barnburner* are a sect, very little, if at all. understood or comprehended beyond the initiated of their own family circle. [ Candor and truth oblige u< to Hay this), aud it ttows not from party animosity; for we neither favor nor dinfavor. wo neither love nor hate, nor do we care many straws about one or the other of the many mere party sects whirl) are laboring to build themitelvcs up by jumping upon the shoulders of the people. We observed in the various groups the old familiar faces of hackneyed politicians ; men whoso whole soul, body and sp rit are swallowed up with one thought, oue idea, one single contemplation, which is. whether A. B . or C. I), shall win the stukes in the political faro bank. The u$e blasr haggard countenances of these political gamblers, betrayed theirfeellngs and their profession; they looked for nil the world like the cureless, easy, swaggering, anxious looking gamblers, who come on board the bolts on the Mississippi river, and who are ready to smile. and grin, and shake hands with every body, in the hopes that ultimately they may get somothini; out of them. There was a great deal of anxious talk and speculation about the next ('residency; about ('ass and Butler, Clay and Taylor, and the Philadelphia whig con' vention. We shall know all about it to-inorrow," said some; " Taylor is the man." said another; " Cass cannot be elected." said a third; "Hurrah for Cass." cried others. Tun srane was unite animated; and meantime, the crowd continued to increase, till it amounted to eight or ten thousaud at least, deusely packed on the City Hall steps, and round the rough box at which the carpouters were all this time engaged in hammering.? At length, however, before the place was fully prepared. before there was a seat, or a beneh. or a table, amoug planks and nails, and tools and workmen. a crowd rushed up the steps upon the platform. aud filled it in an instant. Wo never witnessed more confusion and never were so completely trampled under toot. It was impossible to make use ' of pencil or paper; and the account we shall give of the speeches will necessarily be chiefly from memory. In the midst Of this tumultuous crowd?pu-hing and elbow, iog each other, whenever we bent down and attempted to write, two or three stout fellows jumping upon our shoulders, pushed hither and thither aud swayed like a feather to and fro. by the dense mass which pressed upou us?a man at our elbow made bis way to the fruit board, against which as we were Violently jammed. v?u expected every moment to be crushed to death or preeipit ued by the breaking of the front plank.into the ileu.>o um.-s of human heads below and cried out that lie nominated Mark Spencer of the N'iuth ward, to preside over this meeting. Niw wc began toeutertian some hopes that it would be a meeting soon, though where we were it was nothing but a mob. and a mob of the rudest, most violent aud insulting description. We w.Te literally jumped upon, pushed about, elbowed, stuck in the rilx, and driven backwards and forwards, upwards and downwards, against men. ag.nust posts, against planks, and against our will, like a cork shuttle cock. We could hardly look up or about ?oar lives were in danger; while in the crowd below all was loleruble order anil quiet. Jf this, thought we. is tho way the barnburners manage their own business, how are they t i manage the business and government of the nation, af er which of course, like all parties, they a?pire.' Several names were then propounded as Vice Presidents cf the meeting. In the midst of all this remarkable confusion. i le Hon. n r. ( amuhki.kro then apprfirid. leaning by necessity -fur no one could stand?and pushed and jammed against the rough plank?addres*#ii the meeting H said hrlends and fellow citizens. I feel glail to find myi elf once more surrounded by the old gund; UK 11 who have fought and conquered in the various and great campaigns of the democracy; aud who h ivc never been defeated except once, and then it was by fraud. When we were defeated at the Baltimore convention it wav effected bjr the stratagem of the conservai ves. But, fellow citizen', we come again among you pure as ever, pure as the old democracy, aud nol as couservutives We have been Virtually banished because we would uot g? with the conservatives of the Sum h up to the high water mark. Why Is it. fellow citisens. that the conservatives among the democracy, are alone acceptable to the Soutu ? The reason is. becau-e they are the enemies of tho glorious measure? the sub-treasury system?a me am re which will forever immoftalise the name Of lilm who created it; and who by it was the first i fT> dually to separate the bunk aud the Siate from each other When we were voted down the old guard of the democracy was voted down, the I'nlon itself was virtually voted down Here we were completely overcome, and pushed down and about, and bad to sustain a load of inoitallty on our shoulders beside our own. Seeing the utter impossibility of taking notes in such a meeting, a well known and highiy respectable member of the press, who was present, iu a white bat. proposed that all the members of the press pre*-lit should leave th" meeting; and had we consulted our own personal feelings, and listened to the dictates of our own sufferings and indignation. and. withal, (a very necessary condition.) been able to get away, we would have left the tumultuous and disgraceful scene. We were very anxious to rep irt Mr Cambrel.-tig's speech faithfully, and fully?as he would have bei n glad himself to have seen it reported as we always report for the Herald?but it was impossible. An appeal was made to the nominal President to create some order; but he did not preside a mob presided over him. aud literally sat upon hiin and me.' him instead {of his presiding over the meeting Mr. Cainbroleng continued speaking, and commented upon the monsures of the administration. He said it had Iteen ougaged in President-making; the first roll qf tho drum at Palo Alto was the beginning signal for President-making; and that futuro President they had been lunking was /aehary Taylor. If he should he numicated l>y the Whig Conveutlun. he would be electcd by regulars and volunteers togel her; and for that resnlt. Mr. Polk anil the Secretary of War were to be thanked. But. said Mr. Cainbroleng. we are not here for the purpose of discussing the question of President-making; we meet for a higher and greater nurnose; to discuss the great and important question of freedom in fri>o State*- whether free States arc to be continued free. or whether Southern slavery if to he extended over Iheni. and deprive then of the freedom they have heretofore enjoyed, (Cheers.) Westand upon the old democratic ground. Our principle. our motto. Is "No interference with the existing Institution* of the Sontii. on the pnrt of the North; and no Interference with the cxi-ting freedom of free State.*, on the part of the South (Oreat applause.) This is our principle It Is the old principle of the old driq icraey. both Northern ana Southern; and those who oppose it ure the enemies of true democracy, and of nil the most acred principles of democracy which hitherto have heen held sacred In the democratic rank* ((front applause) The Sonth overrates Its own strength. If it calculates upon Imposing its slavery upon the free States of the North, or throwing it Upon nny other States which are free. No!?the Sonth can no more do this vgninst the North, than Northern oa- : pit allots could impose taxes upon the South Mr. j < anil.releng concluded an able, logical, and well ex- 1 pressed speech?which It was impossible to report, from the riot on the platform?by reading the following document :? TO THE |I*?(HJKACY OF THE COT'HTy A\l? STATIC OF NLW YORK. In liehalf i?f yonr delegate! to the lUltimnre Convention, we render an account of the manner in wluchHhey have (Uncharged ti.ejr duty, and of tho conduct vf the CoHvoaUon toward! tiic E NE NED Stale uf New York. We found at Li.iltlmc.iv, certain gentlemen, known an, conservative, contesting our st-ata. Knowing thai tuey were uot lent there by the democracy of our Stato, nor 110iHiding to any recognized usage ol the party, thojr hut utyeot ni ti> have yuar delegates rejected without the examination uf their credential* Accordingly, prior t? the meeting of the Convention, tlia conservatives, with Hum* of tlw friends of Gen. Caiu, :ind of the Southern delegates, consul ted together, and resolved to ' i?r the du ir of the Convention against your representative*, by proponing a tent before examining their credential*. The consorvauvon designing to "pledge" i heinselvei into the Convention, met on Holiday morning, ami reHolved to fulfil their contract with the South. The t uiuuiit'Cfl on Credential*, before even asking for them, proponed a resolution refusing " U> open tin) discussion" " until each party should pledge themselves to abide tlw decision" of the Luuvvution, aud to suppori. iu? nominees. T.ii* exirpordl limy resolution wan denounced hy gentlemen, North, South. East, and West, ok unprecedented aud dishonorable. On a diviaion, the vote w.a U to 14: but at thut critical moment, little Delaware :tpi?*urad aud caat her vole to jhut aud bar the door xganst ti e democracy of the Empire State. Your delegated would have been unworthy to represent you, aud faithless to the hljrh trust contldud to them, hail they nesliated for au instant to repel an lusult to our Stato, l>y proposing lo ua a condition, which had not been offered to the delegates of any other State, and which had lieen repudiated by the Convention. They immediately handed in their protest, declaring " that the delegates of the democracy uf New York inuat be admitted tu the Baltimore Convention ill!conditionally or not at all," and withdrew from the committee room. The conservatives took tlie plodge and the roinui ttec resolved, " that the delegates from tlie State of New York, de-igu>t?d by tho name ot the f-yraeu e and Albany delepi'ion, are entitled to scats >n this Convention." . This extraordinary report wasreuudiu.etl by tlie Convention. Wo WUregraiMoualy allowed to lie lie.rd; but, when we off-red our credentials, uhjecuoii was m ide aod they were returned to uur elialrin m. Not ilariug to rejear us directly, lioth delegations were t.d<.itt?d, l?i to lit. Uroateffurts new maile by the fr ends of Us i.i a?< to Ii.*ve tin;* voto recousiaetou; ?u. 11 i*iw oau?iiieii k<lu nn?ily by I.'13 lo 11.1 Although inia vote disfranchised our S ate, is was a set ere rebui e to the eoinu\Ut?e. S-nstor llaunegan, thotnoft in-live t'r end of (icii. Cas* in Uieuonven'ioa?then m*]? u Ia*t ?ilort, b offering the following resolution :" Th*t the dekt-catos of tho Syracuse Convention of New York are rightfully untitled ? oa.u Intel Stotal tjU of *aid State iu till Couveutioa." This. tho ouly d ro.it proposition to admit the oouseriative*. w.a, afteran other k^paal by Senator D ckinson to thfe South, laid upon the tabie by the decisive vote of li>7 to 9J. Tims did th* Convention, by a large vota, virtually deride that tlx- Conservatives wttu nut rightfully eutitled to St't tho vote of our Statt, UN admit that we were?for one or the other were un.|Ua?tion ?ciy dolegaun to the Convention. But our credential*. or the justice or our c aims, had little to do with the decision of the Baltimore Convention. We were, in effect, rvjeotud on two other ?rmind??we were not the friends of Cen. Ca s, and wc had dared to re-ainrin the iii>i> rtshable principle of Thomas Jefferson, re|>oi-teit In 17*4, mid voted for unanimously by Virginia. North Carolina, South Carolina and Ueorgia. that slavery should no-, lie extended to free territory. It wan r*l>eauid.y declared, in anil out of the Convention, and some of the southern delegations reaolvrd uiuniniuulsy, that, on that srouud alone, the ctica dcH gntesmutt be rejeeted, without retard to t'>e character of our credential*, or tliu indisputable jui'ioe of our cause! r?ad the patriots of the old Continental Congress from the South l?n delegates to the Kaltimore Convention, they would have been rejeeted by the modern democracy of most of the Southern Stat.M: nay, had Thomas Jefferson himself appeared, he would have been rejected ; aye, cveiAiv "democratic" Virginia! Phere was uo Nomocracy in New York but conservative democracy, which would accord with the mnderu democracy of tlie South?no others had niiv right to send delegates to the Htltiinore Convention. The delegates from almost all the nouilaveholding States stoml up >n the same ground that we did; eleven of them ha<l almost unanimously resolved against extending slavery to free territory, and in favor of non-interference with Southern rights and institution!: but Vow York mast, as in 1811, be sooriticed. Tne Conservatives have gained their point; tlwy have, by stratagem, kopt New Vork out of the Convention, and liavc, l>y that means alone, secured a nomination whioh never would have been made had it 1>cen a full Mational Convention, Had New Vork been represented, Oenerftt Cass could nuvcrhave been nominated. Another fact stamps the c .uracter of this Convention and of this nomination: while New Vork w as refused the riiht to cast her .Hi votes, a gentleman, representing a single parish or town, making one-seventh part of a Congressional district, was allowed to east the niue votes of South Carolina for Gen. Cans. Our Stute having been disfranchised, our democracy insulted, and your delegates virtually excluded without even the reception of thoir credentials, we declined taking seats in the liaUimore Convention, ami resolved on recommeoding to tii? dumoeny y of New Vork to send delegates to a Convention at Utloa on the lUd June. Ttio democracy of the Empire State can never with houor support the nominee of a Convention w hich disfranchises our State:?they can never, until they abandon the principles of Thomas Jefferson, vote for any candidate for the Presidency, who is pledged to veto any and every bill prohibiting the introduotion of slavery iu'.o free territory: and they can never, with >ut disgracing tli?u?*elves, unite ?ith the conservative-* of this Stute, who have declared in a < 'onvention of the Union, that they would never con ult, nor act in any manner whatever, with the representatives of the democracy of New Vork The Baltimore Convention ha* proclaimed to the world, that it can elect its candidate without NewYork: it his made the issue? et the old guard respond to this de elararation and meet the issue fearlessly aud triumphantly now, as tliey did iu in defending the iiuper.shable principles of Thomas Jefferson We have now discharged our duty, we trust, to th* satisfaction of erery sound and fearluw democrat throughout tlu State; and we have, a? delegate*, but one more duty to perform. We have told you that we presented our credentials to tho Convention, and that their rcce|?tion was otyocted to. Wc would not dishonor our Stale by offering them a second time: and wo now, through you, relurn them to the incorruptible and undaunted democracy of the Empire State. C. C. C.VURKKI.RVU. JOIIV A. KENNEDY. KOHEKT II. MAC LAY, MM. F. HAVEMEYEK, SAML. J- TILDEM. Mr. Di.-dlcy Kiklu then read the following addreu*: TO THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN ELECTORS Of THE CITY AND COUNTY OF NEW YORK. Tie freedom and equality of man are the foundations of republican government. The faction whioh striken at them strikes at tiie existence of our institutions. It must be overthrown, or they will perish. Such a taction exists among us at this moment. Its object is the perpetuation and extension of human servitude. It is bold, unscrupulous, and active; it wields, to a groat decree, the patrona^e of the federal government; it thus addressed itself to tho tears of some and the cupidity of others; and it has by these means got possession of tlie late nominating Convention, and proclaimed a candidate fot tlie Pwii^aiy, To this faction we will not submit. Wo will nover cease to resist it tiii it is effectually defeated. And we lake this occasion to explain to vou in a few plain words the ground on which we stand. \V*e consider ourselves not bound in the least by the action of the Baltimore Convention. 1'arty living merely a voluntary assooia Ion of persons btrini the mm general views upon political Mi'jects, consultation among its members is tho only means of murtaiiiM Um views <-i a majority <?r Um& reemeUitg the ummi of promoting their common principles; and if these views are fairly ascertained ami truly expressed, the minority conceive themselves bound to acquiesce. The essential conditions, therefore, of the obligation u! such consultation, are? 1st. Tnat those only are bound who are admitted to tho consultation. 2d. That thorn who mi admitted lit boai>) only the Mtfea of sucii as are thein.elves inetnl?ers. 3d. That all enter on u<|uai terms, ard ar? equally bound; aud 4th. That the consultation is fairly had m?OB rtrton ofall. Every ??nc of these QeMutionf was violated by the Baltimore Convention. Consider its conduct. A nominating convention is a meeting of delegates to select a candidate for Uieir constituents, because the constituents cannot attend themselves. What constituents are hound? Those^only whose delegates are received. The delegates ??f New York were not received. We say they were not received, because, though admitted within the bj?r of the Convention, they were not received as the delegates of New York. They were admitted as half delegate.*: each one with a spurious delegate attached to him?a neutralising adjunct to stifle his voice Aud paralyze his arm. It was the same thing as not receiving thorn at all This, of itself. is enough to destroy the value of the nomination; l>ut it is not all. A majority of the delegates from the other States, not finding delegates from one of the 3tatcr>, manufactured them for the occa si on. South Carolina had sent no delegate*?-had refused to nend any. One portion, however, of obe Congressional district?that is a part of one-sevuntil of the State, had sent a delegate to represent that part of the district and no more. This m.iu, the reposeutative of a part only of one-seventh of the State, was taken by the convent on,aud swelled into tlie dimensions of nine delegateM,soasto represent, not only the other |?artof his own district, but the other .-ix district1* of the .State, aud two State delegates besides. This was just as proper as if the Convention, not finding any delegate from naif a uoien Mates. h|d tikea a dependent from the >obbr, and slid to him : You sit here and vote for the absent States. Now. if our delegates had been in the Convention, neither they nor we should have been bound by a nomination effected by means of em h a manufactured delegation. South Carolina is n<>t bound by the nomination, because *he had no delegates there. No more should we, nor any other State t>e bouud, because it was not made by those alone who were memt ers. lx?t it not be said that the admission of these fictitious votos made no difference in the result, it was the vote of this man which rejected our delegates in the commit tec by a majority of one. The delegates from Virginia, Georgia, Alabama and Florida, entered the Convention and took part in its proe^dirts, with a disclaimer, on their part, as t iat of their constuuten < <, of being b >un i by its action, it it were not agreeable to them. TJie votei of nucIi delegates could not lay an obligation ou others, wh ch they refused to asiiuue themselves, aud therefore the convention moved and swayed bv them, imposod no duty on Us or on any portion of the democratic party, unless it be that of resisting"!*. Finally, the nomination was not (airlv made: it was nit madfc by the whole doinocratlo party. and for thn whole, Nit liy n faction for the benctlt of the faction ; It waa mail" not on national Imt on sectional grounds. This brings n> to t*ie (rent principle which lien at the bottom of tlii* contest. Attempt to disguise it as tticy may, the real truth canuot lie concealed, that the struggle now Is-gun, and about to be deoided, ii between freedom aud slavery ; between thoae ? bo seek th# spread of nbiv.-ry, on the ou< hand, and on the other democrat*, who, though willing to ab.de by the compromises of the constitution, and loavo slavery whore they And it, arc yet not willing to spread it further. To deny that tho qMatlon of slavery was tit* only.one that really, entered Into thu nomination. would li? to deny what it notorious to all the world. Wo know that tlie nominee obtained hia nomination only ?a tho price of th? moat abject subacrvieiicy t" the slave p ?cr; that our dulegatoa were i^leeMUKtin tlx) wore freemen, maintaining the right* and speaking tho language ol freemen ; that the representatives of the alave powur, 1>T means ol the public patronage, which they Itave he?n permitted to use foi year-,by violence and by fraud druooned and luislwldolezatesfrotii tint Tree States, ao ax to form, with thj delegatus front the South thu majority which the candidate Anally obtained. Knowing thin wo should bo false to our*?lvta, falae ta our c out try, forgetful oi the pan! and indifferent to the future, tf we did n?t declare, thai wo reject ami contemn thU nomiuatiou. t'ouaiiler what it ii tlirft the slave-holders demand. I'ndcr the pretence (hat oltliens ?' the State* have the right to emigrate' to ally territory of the I nion with their property, thev claim th.tt tho inatitulioui of tho tcrrltoriM inuat be overturned t? unit the inatitnlions ol each of the States, no matter how |-ecullar. If nficorgiau maj earry his slaves with him Into California, and hold them there though slavery I*' there abolished, ho may carry with Uim iwj other domestic institution of (leorgia; however rspo^nant to Call fornian institutions. Nor ia that all? the institutions of the ter ritories, belntf at the mervy of every single Strtto, a territory.ear have no fluid Initltntlona. In Oregon, at this moment, a iftan ii restricted to on* wife, and a child heoitnosof a^<* at twenty-one Itut according to this now doctrine, if Texas were tlie next year t< allow polygamy, and t i exteud the term of minority to twenty live, as do some nation*, polygamy would be thereby established ui Oregon, and four additional yean of tutelar wouldluiposcr npotiovery child heyond tho mountains. The argument ncresaari ly comes tu this, If it be flood for anything. There cannot Is- mil Iiiw for a cltiacn of Texas who emiirratea to the territory, and an other law for an (migrant from a different State as a settler al ready there. It one i.|:iveholiler iimy carry his slaves there, evt'M other man already there tnav instantaneously take slaves himself They greatly err, who, V-canse the constitution rtcnanlrr'i slayety in the old thirteen States, Infer that we are therefor* tf extend It to nil new countries which may fall willd n the spben of our influence. There istiothing in that instrument to warnui such nn inference?there ia every thing In the bifUtryof the Hire! in which it was made which indicates the contrary. 'Ihe convert lion which framed the constitution, and tho Continental Cm pro**, were sitting at the same time, in Philadelphia, in the saini building, tin the very day when the provision of the Ponatitu tlon was adopted hy one body giving a representation of thre llfths upon slaves, the ordinance of 17*7 was adop'ed bv tin other. Who ran doubt that tho two bvilios Acted in concert, am that t(ic patriots of that day.wlictlier from tlie North or tlie ^outh while tlvy admitted the rvpri'scntatlon df sUvM, Whet# slavery tlier etis.ed. Intended that sueli reprerentation should never tx extended: and therefore prohibited slavery In the only torrit >r1oi we then had, and thi ohly onoa theu supposed likely io conte irrtc the Union. Ilut the times have fearfully changed sinae then. The patriot! of the revolution did not think slavery a g od, or wiih for its extension. Ou the contrary, they hoped for, and thought they fore atw It) early extinction, flnt now, Grange to tell, there aru pane gyristaof slavery swarming thKuwh the SoWth; ami. stranger still thev have pandnrera at the North. Th* slaveholder* and tneir In atniinonts demand the eatahliahmvit of slavery In all tht> lorrltoil* we acquire from Mexico. They are even now demanding it* eat* hlishinent in Oregon; and the walls ef the Senate chamber an echoing with Mils insolent demand. Neither California nor Ore gon tolentei ilavery by lu law*, Bat the* men tint* thnt ( W YC V YORK, WEDNESDAY may Us carried and planted there, for lio other rea4oa rtian tha the territory l-tlonifn to tlie Union. The authority they invufce i tin' tla? of thf coiiutry, I bey degrade tliat liig fr>>111 a herald "o freedom V ? Itcrald of slavery. Tliey make it the signal, not o emancipation. bat of boodago. Wliai layyou tu thl* l*Upw Clti ' /on* of .New >'01W ? Tlie alurualu e ia Isjfore you. On "lie sidi vuu see the most stupendous aristocracy of landholder* which tin world vontoin*. imwpiu* at the new territories <|f the Union, am ready to divide H* free ?<>il into van plantation*, cultivated hi slaves, to the exclusion of free labor: im the otlierehle, tru.i dmnu i raoy, carefuli'or tint right* of all, esteeuiiuf slavery a local insti union, wrhiiih the federal ami does not extend, and ini>i?tinif tha w here there Is freedom no*-, *la?er* shall not intrude?tint ou tut INK-itic domain shall lie eousecrate I to free lahor, and tli home of a free |ieople; that it* valley*, and It* river side*. ?lial tint I* covered with micro cabins scattered over slave plaHtatio.ua Lut ?)u?ll siuille with village*, raised by free emigrant* from ou own and other land*. Iirtlile tiuM id political regeneration over all tlie world, wlm old oppression i* falling to tlie ground, and man Is everyw hPr struirgllng to cninm ipatc himself And to emaaoipatc hi* foll n man. shall our dear land, lliu oldest of living republics, the mode of all the ra*t?alrnll *lie stand as the champion and the mlssinnar | of slavery ? l.ot your voice*, fellow citizen*, now, and your vote in November, give your answer?an answer that tlie jianegyrilt i mid promoters of slavery at the 'South will remember; that tli pimaerer* to slavery among yourselves shall not forget; that, wiJ ; show, that while we abide by Uie compromise* of the constitution wo will go no farther: that we will' nMra no compromise witl coiwcioneo, tier ninoiuiee out obligations tf> uur race and tu ou (ML The address having been read, the following resolil tiouH were th?h offered afid adopted :? ' I. Resolved, That the cnducl of the late Baltimore Convcn lion, in purposely excluding tlie vote* of tlie regularly nmiointe delegate* of the democratic Jiiirtv of the State 01 Jfew \ orV, wh I U'unl/t liiit** *mi?rtii ut*h neurit n >itr I > I ii i*urf i?f t lull. ImmIv. Wit ! mi effectual dismemberment "f the ( ouvei^tinn, w hich wholly <U f roveil iu vlmlily and authority?that the mlmliDitoh < f liiirmii to give the wli?'i> nine ?ut? of Sou lit I'uullut, wbct that,Stat I !i:t4 refused to mud any delegates?the determination manifest o tin- raoe ..r all the prooiedlngs, to exclude the delegates of Nei York, without regard to tli'-ir title? the exacting troyi them, l>y committee, an invidious au I duxrading pledge, not required frot delegate! tif fithof States?and this pledge exacted by niei w ho eaiue tlte re instructed " under no poli<ii:al necessity whin ever " to abide by the nomination of a candidate who was nf openly tiinl avowedly npp??ed to the ejcluslan of slavery feotu au terrjtwiefc wither bywct of Concrexa or by act of the people?til report against the regular delegates wi hout even tookfni St tliH credentials, merely liecanac tiuy would not humiliate tlumutelvu and their Statu by submitting to this insulting teat?tho linn ii|'>o1|ury of fcoelving thti true delegates, whilst at the-Mine timi au equal immber nf.unautlmiuod individuals went brought in wit them to neutralise tlieir action, and render them powerless?an those unauthorized individuals, know, as opposers of the roguls dntnocratic oriauuattou of thft State, and many of them freal from the moat scandalous desertion of a regular iioiiin&tloti which flm annals nf any party can furnish, and tlx defeat ol ojj of the nofcleit Uglkts of democracy which the country has eve r.nown?are act* which Violate all good faith?which strike a doat Id'rw st par'y ornnlmMon, -and which are so elewly. marked wit, iriaifularity> iiuttlt aud wroiij?that we should be unworthy tl\< name or New Yorkers, of uetnicratX of men, or If <v? Could tamel; Mtbmit, tn thcin. ... i llesoked, That tlic able and fearless manner in wliioh our d? legates dfiwTiafWd their duties at Italtimore, meets our entire a; probation? that we did not iwnd .them there to beg favors or mak duattding pledges, but to demand rights: ami the flririn'eSft wit which they spurtrod tho former and stood by the latter, is worth, of ourhigh admiration?that the willingness of the spurious dele gate! to take the humiliating plodgo. which implied a want nf in legrlty and honor, Is evidence only of tlieir desire-to gain, uvon b self-abasement, tlutl to which tliey knew they had no claim as matter of right. ' X Resolved, That the nominatiauayiuadeat B.dxiuiore, by the pqi sous who remained tliere after the Convention was dismemherei and by the aid of nine Vritos frcltn South OtfnHna ?Mi+ were new scut there, an ef bo validity or force whatever, for the jilai reasons:? T. Tliat Tfew Tork rtot hetng represented there orallnwed a voie or.voto, hut being to all intents and purposes virtually exuluile from the Convention, it is no nomination forlior. II. That as New York, a neeeaaarr and important integral man ber pf the proposed National Convention, was arbitrarily and put poaoly excluded, it is no nomination for the dAmocr&cy nf any par of the Union, Imt is clearly as void as an set of Congress would b< if passed after the arbitrary expulsion of the member* from an Srnte. . . 4. Kesilved, therefore, Tliat. the democracy of New York ar compelled to iiroucQ'l to nominate for themselves candidates fo President ana Vice. Pre.-Munt, wln.ni also they will present to the 1 fulluw democrat* of the I nibu. X Resolved, That wo approve of tho recommendation of th deiirocratlc dt-lejatea to the Hnltimore Convention that a " Con ven lien coropoaed ef one delegate from each Assembly district, b he Id-at the <uty of U tica. on 'J luirsday. the ?M uf Juue, for the pui IKjseof leueiving the report of the regular democratlo delegates t the National Convention, and expressing tllfciraentltfienU Inn gard to the'action of th^t body excluding New York fretn a part cipition In iM proceedings, and for recommending candidates fc the offices uf President ami Vice President, subject, to the deciaio of the Stato Convention regularly called for the 13th of Septembe! W? would respectfully urge the democracy of the seVi nil cduii ties to proceed to prepare for audi Convention, And in Vic of thw present imp irtaut crisis to elect as delegates their ables wisest, and truest.men; and that Stephen Align, William V. Hi vumey or,. Robert 11. J(iicluj\ Samuel J. Tildou, and John A. Renu dy, be appointed u committee to publish a notice "tlult meeting will bo held intlio several Assembly' districts In thia city to eta one delegate front each Assembly district to the said Couventioi Mi the litli dayrtf June instant, at ? o'clock in the evening, uulei the committee'of any district designate a different time. C. Resolved, That we spurn with indignant scorn the imputa tion, coin* from what ii&urter it may?that wa, who have been a unjustly and wrongfully deprived of our rights at Baltimore, ar hostile to the democratic pi^rty. The history of New York tiu the Uuion shows, eu every ft.ige, the strokes and sacrifices whlel have been made iu the cause of demot-ratey By those who havo boo thus rudely treated?that in every battle for the great principle au-1 measures of demooratio progress, their standards have wave and their swurds havo Hashed in the front rank* of the luunouu tie hosts?that, as the true aud only democratic party of Ne' Vork. our efforts now are to preserve the purity aud integrity c the orga-iiiatioa of that party aud of those principles for towo have so long and earnestly contended, which are de?r to us it 1 fc itself and wnleh, "under no political necessity whatsoever, will we abandon, 7. Resolved tluroCore, That we affirm our continued adhorenc to all the doctrines embraced in the tesolutions of the democrat! national conventions of lit J and 1.-41. acV >rdlh& to tlie r irue in tout aud luuauiug as designed and understood by those wit" frame* them S. Resolved, That on acconnt of it* peculiar prominence a' thi tim?, we renew and re-assert ont concurrence ill. ?u<l our adhesioi to, the seventh proposition, included in the declaration of prion pies of INC and I.MI. in which it is alhrmcd: "That t' oigr s ha ii j power under the constitution to interfere Wlh. or control, th domestic institutions of the several States, and that sneli State are tile sole and proper Judges of everything appertAining tu thei own stfairs, not prohibited by the constitution: thai all efforts <i tho abolitionists, or others, iua<l? to induce Congress to intcrfer with <|iiestions of slavery, or to take incipient step.- in relatloi (hereto, are calculated to leai to the most alar mi tig and itangcrmi consequences; and that all such efforts Iihvc an inevitable teoden or to diminish the luippincaa of the (uople, aud endanger the sts bility and poriuauuugj of tlm U11104, aud ought not to I*' countenanced by any friend of our pditlcal Institutions." Tliat we re ceivo this proposition now as *e received if when (lr?t piimmlgat e?l, and ill tlie son9e, and for the |mrp >*c contemplated l>y its frn tTK-rs, n imely, as designed to protect the citiic-is of the severs States in their property and doutuitic institutions within suel State*. against all e .traueoua interference. and as not at all touch ing. or intended to lonely the question oi the |>ower of lonpres t? prohibit tlie '-staolishniout or introduction of" slavery in' fro territory thereafter to "be acquired by the Fnlted HKltes-'-whle] question wrts not before tlie cenntry, either in I-'-MK wlnmihia pn position was first adopted-, or'iu ist-t, when it wa*. renewed iwid re iterated. ..... . , Resolved, That in. the judgment of this meeting, the powei of Congresft to prohibit the establishment, introduction, or exit tenee of slavery 111 tcrri olHts now fr< e, helOfcgiAg U Chile States, so lortg as siteh territories remain under the governmcn of Congress, which power has been exercised fronv tlie origin of th government in respect to the extensive region noitliwcst of th Ohio, uom firming tlie Sta:e?of Ohio, Indiana. Illinois. Mic!iig>n Iowa and Wisconsin, ia not leas clear a?d unquestionable. tha are the advantages aud blessings which ti e States refetTod t have derived from ita excreise. lit. Res dv'e-1, Toat If tlio law Bjltimnre I'onventlon. by repeat ing the a'lfire reeitod prop tsition, in tcudud thai the sauie shoiil Is- understood as denying the power or ipi<-sli'<niim t'W expudienc, of the prohibition by Congress of the establishment ur iutroduo lion of slavery iuio the territories of Oregon, New Miiico 111 Califurni 1, iu which territor.ea it d'ie^ not now efcfst, then woul the Convention moat Justly fnenr tlie indegoaiit eensnre and rt bnke. and deserve the profound contempt of all right minded mei by the fraudulent porreraion of language nut originally deaigue tooonvey any snch idea, tu tlie purpose in question, and by tli evasive and unmanly mode in wiuch thia purpo.o ia attempted t be accomplished. It. Resolved, That while we utterly deny tlie powor of Congref to inturlere in any manner whatsoever Willi tlie ipiestiou "I slu very in auv of the duties in which it now exists, iiud siuccrcly ai sole unly aeuouncu as aiigerous, all ell>rts or iltompt* of aboli 1 tiouiais or others to induoc Congress to interfere w ith slavery ii any state" <>r to tnlite incipient steps in relation 10 slavery in an State, whtle we will faithfully sdliore to all the compromises e the t'onstitutlon, and maintain all the reserved rights of th Mates, we declare; since tho crisis has arrive 1 wh,-n that i|uestioi must be met, our uncomproiuisini hostility to ths esterfslon o slavery by any action or the Federal f!6v8Knmeilt, ilhto any terr : Ijry now free, whti'ih has already Is-en t?ei(?if?d, or whieh may b 1 heirafter scjulred by th? United tfwtus IS. liesolved, Tlmt we receive with deep satisfaction and wit profound gmtitudu to the Ruler of Nations, the iutelUgenoe, Is ' lieved to he true, of see with Mexico, and the cessation of sai; ' guinary strife, witli all the incidents of w?i*. so hostile In tbei tendency to the alms nn<i principles of democraey. At the sam tint" we otMin it be uniuindlul that this |waee brings under tlie g< veriunent of Congress vast territories now free from the curse < huuian slavery; sud the iiuestion is a'.mice pressed nome upon tu ooutitry, whetlier those territories shall be doomed to slavery t 1 preserved to frcedoln: and w1t>-lber the dlinity of free and hone; I f/ib r stinll i>e matntehml, or east down by adccradingeeiiipenioi shipw tb wrritude under the yoke and the I11J1. 1.1. Hot.lived. That while the cry of liberty is borne to us on ei r try brvete that sweeps across the ocean while the . Iiitins of bom r iigo an- diss- lv ng and every form of tyranny Is tottering to lt? fa throughout Uiccivilised World, and otir fellow men in other lan'l 1 are Ifldklfffc with hop., thrmittithe toils end pt -ilsof revolutsonjt this conntry for p eeepts and examples in the sauso ot hunnt , u"viu>> ?? MOUIU w rviTfuni w iin* " i trni' dummraey, ami to tlx hon -r f>f Ui? trpohlio. if *t could cm t ? ul t > Wr.'irtic Hie .nrr1ct*of nlttTi>if into th"r? eufc-nalv.. terr t'irir* wli eh havr fallen under ?nr may? ?t?l we ?ai unVly invok T Iflr di-nxx-ratifi lm-?l?ren. nut only ?f Now York, but ?f tnf ? ho] r I'uion. to pro* rvc our hitherto uu<iUli?d luinuor from no I,ml I stain. r . 13, Re?olyad, Tliat a CArra ponding Committee N) appMntfd ?i ' tlie Praaiile'iu of tlifi mowl.ns, to c Attaint "t thro.- per?"t>* frui , cnfh W.?rtl of tMa city, who ? dnty It almll t? to tomnnnicai r with <nrr friendain and <nh?r Stat**. ndt"tak<> audi moi ?urea *-> may U. calculated to adt.voe the treat pr ticipba I wliiob tli? Uigiaociacy of tint State of Now York arc iiitfcxilil I unvoted. jAirv Vi"* Bt'ur-r, or Jack. as U* was fumiliarl ' railed when he made bin appearance. by ?n?e peraou who appeared to he better acquainted with him tha J he wax with them. *iu then loudly eallnd for. and b dint of hard piialitiw reached the front of the plal form, much thinner than he wa? when hp ascended I and with the loj* of almott every button on l?i< oute garment. Our reporter, by uning the back of one ( the liatener* for a dcik. managed to gatl^r the fol j lowing word" of the great baruburucC , Fallow citizena?It h*? never btfen my fortune t appear Wore you. the democracy of till* ancient cilj 1 I but I hare known and heard from my childhood ' " yoi}. I have known and heard or your courage, an ' , jour constancy to the principle* of freKom. and th , ' xteadfaatnea* with which yotl adhere to men wh are ready to light during their lives fhr yoirr prill ciplea. The Independent Treasury Oill was fir# ' taken In hand hy the democracy of thin great clt; 1 ' nridei- circumstance* of great diicouragoment, an : I in the face of a atrong defection on thn part < , | the leading men of the democratic party; but th ? nnterrlfled mawes laid their hand- on it. and ke| ' It In their grasp until they eetabliahad that gre? rieasyre ("AJc, we did.'' from the crowd.) Th | den^mcy of this city and county a,.' e^wuly teni I clou* In the support of public men who devote I hoi lire* tu the maintenance of (he principle* which it , ^juire of thaw fidelity to axooute and carry out. I a lude. for Instance, to Dajtiel U. Tompkins, who. durin 1 fhe war of IR12. and during thu whole period of h ' chequered life, waa supported by them, aud who. In n urn. looked to tbam for atrength and succor. Tl ' MBM la tn?e of Bil?a Wright, (ap|>lauf?,) wbo, under a MPnNHVMMHMMHI )RK I MORNING, JUNE 7, 184 t circumstance*. brilliant as wus his career, and bitter * at were his enemies. enukl look with confidence J to the democracy i>f New York for support. Hut il is uot only In circumstances of prosperity, I not only under circumstances of power and u euiol uuu'.nL, thai I bo democracy of New Vork uianl1 festeil tliesu feelings A citizen of this State, whose t good fortune it w:ii to reach the Presidency ef the " l iiiUul States, and who experienced lu 1N*U a disav J trous defeat, when returning from defeat, and landing r in this city. was received by the true hearted democm0 cy of tills city with a warmth, the recollection of 1 which is U indelible in his heart. It Is with such an ' appreciation of the democracy of New York that It 1* r my privilege to address to them a lew brief remarks on B thu great question which is now agitating the public e tnlnd; and 1 don't kuow that I can do better than call V your attention to the remarks of un editor of PhUi^I delphia, iu the Spirit ?/" <Ae Timet of that city. After P a few remarks iu relation to the delegiitton from this * State to the Baltimore Convention, hu saya : "John * Van Uuren appears tu be at the head of the barnburuj ing disorgauixers." >te.. Sic. [The remaining portion i, of the extract was lost to- our reporter, us he bellitvee ii it wus tv all who attempted to take notes in the midst r of such a crowd ] This, continued Mr. Van Buren. is the opinion of the editor in regard to lue. as I tind it in - his paper. Now, let mo revert for a lew minutes to the political history of thU State, iu order to enquire of l- i you wnemer ino eiiitr?r hart aity grounds to make such il | remarks u{>on James K. Polk wan nominated President " j of ibe United States. A majority of the delegates who * ' were instructed to vote fftr Silas Wright for tnat office. T | ohotie to nominate Mr. I'olk instead. On tho fourth of o June, just four years u^o, the tirst meeting was called ii to respond to that nomination Aud what was the re* sponse-T Let m? read to you the letter of Martiu Van, *. Buren to A ho democracy of thin .State, road from thin " j place, just, four years ago to-day. [\tr. Van Buren t. then' rifad 'the letter in question, and continued:] it 1 Such wax the language of one of the individual* to y { whom tho Philadelphia editor alludes. There was nou thing in that letter hut a warm advocacy of the nomir nation of Polk and Dallas ; and not only that, but the 'L1 delegation wvll knew that the repugoanoe of 8Ua? v Wright to outer the canvass .bad been <jon<iuered. and Ii be was made a candidate for the gubernatorial chair <1 of this State, on whose shoulder* this Polk way oiected. lie was elected. It wax wine that be was elected ? Tl)ure were great measured determined by tho success 0 of tho oanvas*. and by lit* election, such a* the m?br treasury, the death of tbo United States Bank, and th<j h annexation of Texas. He came into power, and the h. principle bn which he came into power Was faithfully ' followed. Hut he wa.s uot renominated. It may be r because he did not-deslre a re-election; but the dixhonest people who claim the right to use all public men as policy dictated, did not desire him. and he had to e yield, (laughter.) and is about to retire. Well, Mr. !>' Polk was elected. The humble individual who Y addresses you, did everything in his power to * secure that election, by addressing the people v publicly and privately. The candidate of New York a insisted, in tbo letter just read, that his politioal career wan ror ever closed, aud that determination hai > been mlhvrwd to from that slay to-this. Letter after. I' letter has been addressed to him on tbe.aubject, but he u is no longer a candidate for public office. ''iTndir^tbtTsfe circumstances, U is for yojj to say how far the proe ceediugs of the Baltimore'Convention atothorlieeany luJ dividual to charge ou lilm a -persnnul motive in regard to that nomination. And in regard to myself, it in. a curious faot, that on the UOtb of May, 1 had never >t opened my mouth in regard to the Baltimore ConVen>, tlofl, and was not1 committed to take-any particular y course in regard to it. 1 claim to exercise no control over. the public., either by the press or l<y public men. and it ? Is preposterous to charge me with it. Anybody "familiar' ? With tbft democracy of this city-must know that nobody can vontrol them. (Applause ) Not since the time o when ??eorn? tho Third made an attempt to practise i- his discipline upon thamv have they been controlled. e They will have their own way., and no man living can 0 provent them?(tremendous applause)?from doing it. They have called a convention for the ~id of June, I. for the purpose of nominating candidate* for tbo 1'reir gidency and Vice Presidency. if it shall bo devined ad11 visable. They propose to elect an electoral ticket in ' September next. You can't vote directly for Ca*? and ? Butler. (- We can, we can.'V .No, we can't." from K the crowd ) I nay you can't. If you desire to make t. hiw President, you must vote for thirty-nix presiden? tial electors, and it is for you to say whether you' Will ' elect the ticket*whieh'Tammany Mall declares to bo re>' gular or whether you will support any of them ("Three ^ cheers lor Gen Cass "Put him o'it, put Uim out!") 11 The delegates that were supposed to Ue regular by Tammany Hall attended the Baltimore Convention, and i- they did not take part in the proceeding*. A gentlou man by the name of Mosen, from Florida, was nut en u the oommittec to examine credentials; and lie anf uounoed, before he took' his seat amoug the committee, jj that be had made up his uiiijd to reject one set of thetu. s [Von c.-No slavery delegations.] When auch a ii .\1ohus an this was the law giver on the occasion, it 1st l- uoay to Imagine what would bo the act proposed.? " [Laughter.] I hope that electoral ticket will stand to , the course they adopted. 1 think it Is their duty as J brave ineu to stand. When we are drawing up on the lield to fire, tUcy thould not By. I don't allude to such ineu as Charles O'C'onor, who will not stand unless It c is to unite the party. I don't allude to Frauds B. Cotu ting or Mr. Vail, who can throw back into the j teeth of those who delegated it to them, the commission with which they were (irovided: but s to tliose who are the siuk-or-swilii?the Albany-'oOgus electoral ticket, who will stand up and light and die if - neeessary and not be fouud under the fence after the J tight is over. [Much laughter from all present J J- Now allow me to call your attention to & question P which has agitated the public miud, and out of which ii has grown a considerable portion of our difficulties. I * allude to the prlQoiplu entertained by mauy of the people, the aonviction that it would bo wrong to introdue* slavery into territory now free, and thereby pre* vent the free white men of the .North from settling on it. That principle has been confounded with others to whicii it has no relation, and 1 wish to invite your ut1 tentioa to an examination of it fi>r a few minutes. I 11 believe, and always have believed, that slavery as it j exists in the States is protected by the constitution. and that no man should interfere with it. 1 believe Ii that slavery in the District of Columbia is protected - by legislation, which can equally prohibit it thcro. as if tbcie wos pu express constitutional prohibition; and believing that. I think thu'. those abolitionists who procoed under such circumstances to agitate the evils of j slavery in the States, or In the District of Columbia, t are unjust to their Southern brethren and unfaithful o to the true spirit of the constitution. [Applause | e It is for tliat reason that I have found myself Jj compelled to show resistance to the efforts of 0 the abolitionists to agitate slavery in those regions, or abolish it altogether. I pity from iny heart the condition of the slfiw. I have int imute companions and reJ lations ill the slave States, on whom unfortunately the f evils of slavery have been inflicted, not by their own j Volition, but. like a great many other evils which come il from the same source, inflicted on them bv Great Brii tain, and over which they have no control, and for i. which they are not responsible. But It is unjust, unJ fair, and dishonest to keep thein in a perpetual state of ? agitation, standing as they do on the edge of a volcano, " which may burnt and engulf them. Thomas Jefferson, w lames Madison, and others of our ancient fathers, all i- considered slavery an evil, and ?(At this period there !l *as a cru h n this platform, which pinned our reporter to the railing fbr a minute or two. during which time '! be could not lift his hand or make a motion of ,i any kind, to the sliame of the eommittee be c It told ]?And the offeet of these various acts ? was to enrrflno stavery to the States in which f it extstwd. ttf prrrltiblt the importation of slaves ^ from abroad, and to prevent, forever after tlio year 1787, the extension of slavery te any future territory, h no matter whether it.was previously free or not. (Aps plause ) That U.tlie urdiuance uuder which the great ?- states or Ohio, inuiana. Michigan. Illinois ana wis"[ oonein. with tbelr five million* of people, were admit'' toil into the Union; OMtablisbed. too, at a time when ,r the whole republic numbered only three million*; and 10 we want to extend a similar principle to territory that >r may hereafter he added to this country. We ask that tho ' territory hereafter to he acquired and annexed to thin country, whether it be won by the bloOd and treasure of, the land, or bo added by the peaceable pro|. com "of annexation?we ask that if may he kept 11 open anil free to the white laboring classes of I* the North?that tt be open for those who seek ? all aaylnm in thta favored hind from the oppre**ii?n* of " tho old world, that they may work in the field* in the open day. without degradation So for from till* being i- an abolition mea*ure. It 1* ba*ed on that grout priuoi? pie of association which prevent* tiie wbite man from working in tho field with the blank slave, it I* a que** tion between capital and slavery. Ol the one hand, anil v Uh.tr. on th? other, by the hand* of the hardy freemen i, of tbe North. Wo a.?k. therefore, that thia new eotinle try be kept open for mi. to that we may emigrate there, i? aud till It for the benefit of our children and our faint" lie*. a*ide from the evil* or slavery to the black popula tion. We a*k that the slave population shall not go into thia fertile rrgUn, that waa conquered by the y heart* and strong hand* of the Northern population i* No whit,e man will go there and work in the field by n the side of the black slave Ifwould be degrading tt y his sor'^l ami political condition to do so tt would 1- he enforcing society into a retrograde movement, to Uo t, so. Tbii i* wliat 1 call the free territory principle, (apt plauae from pome. and liiaaea from otitis aiui a ru*l\ if j toward* the platfoim. ? ? ?< Now. do-n-t I- push ao much d-o Keen quiet for a while longer ) deriving It* origin from *1 hwinas Jaffer*oii. and the ordlo nance of (eyenteeki hundred and (Valce?' ' Now. r; John. d'in't **y ao much; you may have to take if It all back." After giving one of Mr Van d Buren'* peculiar glance* at the person who fnado till* e remark, the spoakir proceeded]Let na build on o thia new territory a horn? fr the emigrant, wherd he i- may go and MH the soil without being degraded by a it aiave population. Thia I* what I consider tlm ordif, nance of freedom (applause and *ome biasing); and d great a* were tlm *ervinf* of Thatna* Jefferson. if hp f could bo alive now, and be present here among you e (or fifteen minute*, and sand forth in clarion tone*, hla it opinions, fie would dumore for tho cause of freedom it In that brief time, than he did In all his life timn.-re Daniel O'Connel!. tho friend 'of universal liberty, i- charged flie American Minister With being a slavnIr holder The Minister replied that he (Mr O'COnnall) ili.l not undi rstnnd our Institutlnns Ml If the p-;n?i I- pie which we contend for be not carried uut. a similar g charge, and with more justlao. o*i? be laid against the i* I nlted State* for extending* ala*< ry ovar a free. terri> *- tory acquired by u*. In a war. of the justlua of which, le however tnen may differ, I believe U beyond doubt, ,11 far With ma, when my government Is afc war with anj mmtmammjm mwjuu j IERA 8. ounffy. tile re I* but one junt side unil that Is my country'*. (Applause). But to go there ami plant the evil of slavery, would bo to commit a weakuess, would bo a piece of bad economy. aud would be a (tour of groat domestic danger. and Would be an ant of degradaliou aud ropjroacli to a fw people. . To thin, I own, I aui thoroughly opposed. Vow. gentlemeh. thus thinking and thus feeling. what barn we to do' ? Did wo at any time say to thono who Jillor froui us. you mutt come to our terms'' Did we say you mint beliw at we do ? No, novor We never made It a teat. It wu first introduced by Mr- Kwld. at the Syracuse convention, and wo never made it a test question. So It was at Herkimer. We wot delegate* instructed not to make it a test question. We informed them of our opinions, and ) hui free to say that if an honest man were nominated who had expressed i 110 opiaion in regard to that great question, I would have given my support. (Applause.) But it was not thiit way with Virginia or South Carolina. They i elected delegates. nnd directed them to nominate no Northern rnun. or unite in tho support of nny Northern man at tho Baltimore convention. General I'ass then I bi'c?n* tho nominee of the convention, and our delegates were rejected by It. South (Jaroliua, which sent no delegate!, was represented by one man. who 1 gave nine votes; and Now Vork. with her three million* of peoole, was represented by no oue. Willing as I aui to allow, under the existing state of things, one white man in South Carolina, by owning a certain j number of slaved, to count four, while I only count oue, I am utterly unwilling that one white mm there should connt nine?(laughter and good humor) ?and. . gentlemen, it was unfair and unjust to admit those ! delegates. It was the lirst duty of the convention to determine the question at issue between them. V ,, T . i Now such is the condition of the democratic party of this Stato?its organization ' dishonored and Its State | unrepresented. Having taken no part in the nomiu*I tion, a convention has been called in June for the i nomination of a I'roMdont and Vico President. Why, ' ii in inconceivable to mo that any person could submit to such a state of thiugs?to abide by the decision of that convention. They well feared the result. Now uiy object in addressing yon is to oxpcess my views, if you desire it. however unimportant the individual may be. To the causa which I advocate f hare devoted a great portion of my life -to that cause I will adhero. J will stand Vy the regular nominations of the democratic party of this Stale, and f Vrill abandon It oufy when its supporters turn receeant to principle. Nqw,^ I say. to you. ,th#t Thomas jUfah)e is wrong in assertiug that we are going to' divide froth'the democratic, party of the- Union t am only a new comer anionic you. b,uf. when a delegation is turned neck and heels out of a convention.' Is It not'nobsenslt to ask its members if they aw going, (I/aughter from all aides). We hav?. not separated from our brethren?they havo separated from us. Vou are going to cut away from the democracy of the Union, says be. Why they hare cut us off. and they have told us that they c?n do without the vote of New York, and therefore, the State of New York, small a* it Is by the side of Florida and Alalxima. (laughter) is to J>e cut off.. JMpw Jet us ?ee how t,he universal whl< party is getting on. They asseinble to-morrow In'convetJtion, and t tell-you that nominate whom they may I will resolutely oppos* him, They may nominate whom they please; hut the republican party of this State will adhere to its regular oTgant*atlon. A majority of the whig delegates are instructed to vote for Mr. Clay, but tliey wout do It. (l.aughterj. Gen. Taylor ha* recruited a regiment at tho south, starting with a declaration that he never will surrender, lie has been brought Imfore the convention and he is now about scoing whether they will surrender or whether he will come and take them by storm- ( Applause.) * My impression is that these muu who have been sayfng lt Here's to you Harry Clay." for twenty years, will ? <?. join the democratic party, to which many of their leaders originally belonged. Now, whatever thuy may do. they are in a difficult position. * * * * Now. I appeal to yon. whether the democracy are bound to support the nominations of the Baltimore convention ' If they have been nominated by southern dictation, the freemen^of this State will never support them. That is as true as you staud here, however It may be treated by the men lu power. Through the ballot dox they will be beard, and the nomination* rebuked. That you may rely on. Let not people suppose you can chuck the expression of the free people 01 this State. You may drive them from a convention yon may put on them a string of delegates, at oun end of which is Edwin ( rosweli. and the other Benjamiu Brundeth: hut it wont do. It strikes me. gentlemen, that H was aa unfortunate act. If the great State of Now l'wrk was to fa|l by the stiletto that pierced the heart of Silas Wright, it should havo been attended by ono of the regular faculty in its dying moments, and uot by a <(uack. (Great laughter.) They will decide for them what is their duty?twenty-four gentlemen in Taminany Hall?that they will snpport Gen. Cass. Voices?-Certainly. No we won't. Van Bim n?They are certainly welcome to do so Voice?Three choers for General Cass. Cheers and groans. Van Bijrnn?Don't, my friends. They will think that yon are whistling at a funeral if you do that (Tre mcuuous i?u|?nwr ana applause ) f tne meantime it in gratifying to kuow what these twenty-four guntloiuen think. The groat olijeet should be to defeat the whig*. and if you cau't do it by the uomiaatiou of Cass. ft can be done by the nomination of a man who will represent the democratic party. Vour delegates have been turned nut of the convention; but they have done their duty faithfully, and were true to the cause of freedom and the regular organization of the party, and you must Dominate a candidate who will represent your views. It i.H not for me to say who that man I*, but In my judgment he should t>e a nuiu who in true to the great quustiou of the age?the principle of securing human freedom In our new territories. We must not take a pig In a poke?he must not be mnizlod. Now .let me make a few remarks in regard to South Caroliua. Permit me to state that she has been consistent throughout. in regard to this question. She was opposed to us on slavery in the convention that formed the constitu. tion. South Carolina refused to be represented in the convention I see much to admire h> that State. I remember that on the battle fields ?f Mexico the citizens of Nuw \ ork and the soldiers of the Palmetto State fought sidt1 by sldA J The rowt of Mr. Van B'Jren's speech "ur reporter i could not possibly take, in consequence of ttie density i f the crowd around him. The speaker. hi:v;?.r. oon| eluded with a few brief remarks of ageneral oh.u-'ioter. | Mr Butlkk, l'. S. District Attorney, followed, and said he riyoiced to see such a number of democratic friend" as thou; whfch surround***!him on that occasion. [Cheering J They wore assembled upon ail occasion unlike anything that had ever before occurred in their political history [Here the crowd pressed forward toi wards the froutof the platform, audsome haif-dozou of tbe barnburners took possession of the small table where one or two of the reporters were seated, so as to I cause much aoufusiojx. The committee of arrangements left them to shift for themselves as best they I could, amid incessant interruptions find alt kinds of I noises and jostling, there being no accommodation of | ai?y kind iu any >|Uartcr left for the press, which was the subject of much just condemnation ] Mr B Con' tinned: Their Southern brethren were not content l with cxcludiug the New York delegation from the Baltimore Convertlon. but they should go further fConfui sion--Interruption ] Mr. B went on to say that they had the power to prohibit slavery in territories. Jefferson. Madison. Munroc, Jackson, and all their Presidents. nearly down to1 the present day. taught { them *o [( beers ] Mr B. here reviewed the course pursued by the Baltimore Convention on the subject of the nomination of Cass and Till tier, which he took ncca> sion strongly to dissent from ; and at this stage of his remarks, was Interrupted by loud cheering for "Cass and Butler,"' li largA ero*d having m?hed forward [ towards the front steps of the llall of Records, to attend the old Hunker meeting, held there, for a , report of which see below, under Its prrtpor head. ! He continued, that according to the images of tin i party to which lie had beep so ardeutly attach d. the I State of New Vork was fully entitled to have her voice heard in the convention, and the rejection of their delegation was an insult to the State of New York j [Loud cries of" to be sure it was." followed fw cheering for Cass and Butler] Mr B next rcferrcr! fo the I course pursued by the Virginia detonation in ; which he pronounced incunsistaut, iu rejectin the regular nominee, and putting forward his friend 1 Thomas Kltct^i". He. fur hiinsoif. would wait until the ; June, until he should have ascertained how bis friends would act. [Cli err] Mt. H ootfcl'mJed an elaborate speech, covering over the saiua ground as that of t le preceding speaker, aud that embodied in the address and resolutions At the conclusion of his ' address there were loud and re.terated oiiewrs for I ' Cass and Bulter." and symptoms of a r win the immediate vicinity of the platform. wl\ere groups were to be beard ami seen in various quarters discussing the comparative iue-rits of t|ie banibur ners and <4d hunkers. 11 mid much jostling, shouting, and noises of all oj; l? (icu 'rai Nvic.of Madison oouuty, followed, it Mng now nearly dirk. and spoke In favor of the n?*i>? r?l principle" of \he party an laid down by the preceding npeakem In the course of hi* ruuvtrk*. he wan interrupted l>y a Hturily. hard I'm tod old hunker. from the ftth ward, intuvd Bi-i'Kmnn, whn with llf* ihlrt *lc?TM tucked up. no coat or hat, an t in bis working drenn of ship-carpenter. wan elevated on the shouldern of noin? of the crowd who surrounded hiin. and placed on the window fftonl of one of the front windows of tite <ity Hall, where be took his place1, mid commenced to addraat tl)? meeting. This bad thu effect to thin off a (food Ileal thoe? who wero cot) greeted ronnd the platform. many of them being old hunker*, who cheered him lustily, lie wiid?I he ard there wan hlood hvrn thin evening and 1 came down froin the Srveuth ward (I.ond cheering "Hurrah tit CtM and Uutler.") I'hr cheering here wan most enthusiastic. After !i>udly cheering and offering ?nm? f?-w further remark" in (jvriMir of (;w? and Uutler. he waa immediately tak'ti down, and borne by a crowd towardn tin' other old hunker meeting which wan held at the Hall of Kocord?. where, on arrivlug, he was hailed with th? '.ktwont euthunia?m and applau.no. The speaker from tl\n s^nud. ncueral Nye. continued ht? remarks in *Mp|>ort of the object- fwr which they bad aiiMfjuyled. aud cqnoluded about o'clock, It i#eing quite dark, when the meeting aiij mrned SlrrtliiH of the 014 Hunket?. | While the speaking of h.irnkmner meeting was lu ! full Mast, hy a sudd?n and mysterious signal, a large portion of \ht crowd fu?ht 4 t?w?rd? the Hall of Ha i I Mil" i LD. flic* Two t'Mtt. eurds. where a box wai place 1 upon the vestubaU, which ?a< inouiited by Kdwskd Stuaiia?, It.s<| . in opposition to Um barnburners. He ?aid fellow citizen*. look upon thi? picture and look upon that " That gang, now holding forth in front ofthe City Kail, art- only trying to U'ii'i you astray; but you arc democrat*; they an* only railing ut disappointment in not obtaining such miin aw thi'y tlunired at the hands of tin* Baltimore Convention That convention nominated (ieneral Cass and William O Itutler.two strong an<l honent (leciocMts. . and an democrat* ?fe are hounii t'? support th?m What would httvw bi'?n the result, had the members of that faction, appointed to the convention, obtained thoir i-ats In that Convention! 'l'hey could _,not have noinrhatfd Martin Vnn Korea. becasue there wan a largu majority for Lewis Cass; and If they had sacc?ed- > d iu dutaatiug fb? nomination a* made. where could they have gone' (A voUu "To the detlV'M No, not to so * warm a climate; we would not have sent them to a plane where they would be likely to meat with no many of j their liable frtend* of Kthlopia 'l'hey could not hare . taken J<4hn V. Hale, for he would not go down, They would have had to smtalt down to oblivion; what thuy, I as politicians, deserve. John Van Ouren has com*' here, with a speech written out, to (peak of the wrong* ef the barnburner*. I have no written speech; I have taken thin stand a* adeaieorat, and Intend to support thu nomination. The barnburners talk M nominating Gen.. Taylor; but If the Whig Convention which meets to-morrow should nominate him, where will they then be ? Then they could not go him, and they would be obliged to fall upon suue one else. (A velce?"True. Vox. tri?e a* thunder "'I C. U. Cambreleng. too, haa arrayed himself against thu nominatton?a man who ha* lived upon oflloe from the democratic party. What ' can he do Nothing. He has not a4dre<*ea * pdlltl" , cal meeting for four years, and his popularity i* now nothing. ' As'demoenats of thu old school, fellow oiti* zens, will you not support Cass and Butler? (Here there there was a general burst of approbation, and Mr. S. retired ) liORKitin B. Siir.rrAKn then rose, when three hearty Cheers were given He said :?This meeting has not i been oallud. An democrats you have assembled yoursol re* together, and yuu will support the nomination ui ino ui>iuiiii>ir uuumuuuu. i luii convention pmoeu before you the dudm of Lewis Ones ami William O. Butler, Ivm triml and true democrat#. That meeting I (pointing to th? Larnhurners* rftatitf) is gotten up by | men who ham grown rieh upon olBce at the hand* of the demoeratle party, and now live in tkree story h'lUMsH. Jobu V'nn Boron bat also come to join.in the j great effort to distract tho democratic party. I Wa* very much amused white Mt Van Bnren w?i speaking ju?t now Some ow eommenffed htastrrff, when' he said. " don't hiss, it reminds me of whistling noral.'' And. indeed. I thought the remark was very apropos: for it reminded me very much of whistling at tho political -funrfttil 'df fhesn very men,-who ware throwing tiru brands in the democratic ranks, tin spoke at some length, but so great was the confusion, our reporter could not hear except the concluding remark*, when he related the following anecdote:? Ho h%d been told by a gentleman, that some timo since a boy was discovered along a road, trying to overturn a load of- hay. On being told that if he turned it over, ho could not gut It back, he replied, '-d?n the hay. but daddy's under it."' and he thought tho position of John Van Buron wait rery like the bay and the hay. Threo hearty cheers were then given for Cass and Butler?three for the democratic party, and three groans were given for tlu? Barnburners. About this time, the meeting of the barnburner* dismissed, and they rushed In a body to the old honker's staud. when a general muler ? a* expootei. But ev.ery thing went on quietly, and there seemed no desire for an outbreak, other than a general confhslon. There were several others who attempts -to sneak, bat | could not be heard, and the interim was filled up by cheet+ng for the one atxl graining far tka oihat. . _ It had grow* quite dark. ?u4 the general crowd di?! pers'd. gathering in groups about the Park', disc (using the hopes of the nominees, and expressing great fears \ that Gen. Taylor would be the successful candidate of the whig convention, which would crush all hope of a democratic tjfetory. - i Washington, .Tune 9,1848. 1 Departure of Uen. Cuss ami Suite?Col. Benton? r Col. Fremont'? Map?Municipal Eltction. General Cuss took a farewell of friendA this morning, at the depot, and proceeded in the nars for Baltimore. .Metal*. Allen, Bright, and Han et,ran accompanied him. Being all "fifty-four foitv" men, they were well associated. 4) Farewell, General," said an old wornOut politician, " we'll see you here on the 4tii of March." " I hope so," replied the candidate for the Presidency, with u smile; und thin wiped the bead* of perspiration from his expansive brow. Colonel Benton was in the lobby of the House this morning, pointing out the great Salt Lake, and lulls, mountains, and valleys on a beautiful map of Oregon and Vppor California executed by Mr. 1'reuss, from iiotes and observations taken by Col. Fremont, who was also present in the half. Old Bullion seems as familiar with Oregon and California as though lie had lived there allliis life; and his knowledge extends almost as far as, if not beyond, that of Ins scientific son-in-law. A short time afterwards, lie made a move in the Sena re towards having it printed; but owing to the r^-nlesaness of that body, and the difficulty of retaining u quorum, the subject was laid over until another time. The city is in a ferment?it is election day.-?Four columns of the Intclhgtnctr nre occupied with cards of the candidates and curds of nominations. Some wags have gotton up a ticket, as a satire On certain exquisites who made themselves conspicuous in getting up a complimentary benefit to Miss Julia Dean; but it is too vulgar for our columns. Fhedkrk k, (Md.) June 5,1848. 7V Military Court of Inquiry. At 10 o'clock I wended my way to th? Temperance Ilall, where the Court of Inquiry is held. The court did not assemble for some time. At ?* iifci it IUUI uiiiurin Iiwur kurn npjirmaMUC?wur only Pwas inj lull dress, General Towton. The others were in undress uniforms. The two Generals and the Colonel, took their places at a table at the head of the room, and remained there tor a Ions? tune, looking remarkably grave; Gen. Gushing apparently asleep. The Judge Advocate is lolling at an ojten window, and the room in partially filled with wondering spectators. Whilst these interesting proceedings are going on, let me glance around the room, which is hung with a number of Sons of Temperance banners. Behind the" court are displayed three flags?two of them 1 having inscribed me words "[ova, purity, and I fidelity"?an appropriate motto, which I have no ! doubt the members of the court will fully carry out. The other flag displays a man at a well, apparently quaffing some very excellent spring water. That's not quite so appropriate as I the motto. Water is very good in its place ; but I the members of the court will agree with me in saying that this hot weather it needs a qualifier. ! At nil events Gen. Gushing 19 of that opinypn, as he.carries his wine with him when he travsls. To this happy quality may be attributed the fadt that J no ladiea fainted rtfter the railroad accident, as he 1 liberally, supplied with champagne all who desired it. j The statement that Gen. Taylor is coming here to I attend the court is a fiction. No question will come before it, in which Ins testimony will be required. Besides, the old General has ju*t been appointed to the command of the south-weatern ; division, with < renerala Twiggs and Brooke under him, and it is scarcely probable such an appointment would have been inade just- now, If his attendance Was required here. I see it stated tnat no charges are to be brought forward agaiust Gen. Scott at the court; this is also an error, Gen. Pillow's charges against him are tobe laid before the court tomorrow, and it is said that many of them are of a very serious ' nature. .? The court has just adjoamed over till twelve o'clock, awaiting the arrival of Gen. Scott, who is expected in bv the ears. P.M.?General Scott has j<ist arrived. He looks rather feeble. Your reporter will send you an account ot the proceedings in court. Dkk\?M'i. SfK \ mho at Eni'tmnM.wWe learn by 1 the steamboat J. W. Uussell, the particulars of a dreadful *team beat explosion of the boiler* of the iteambirnl H. Kinney, r. Miller captain The sad event occurred on Sunday. at one 9'dMk, P. M., it WllkluTi wood-yard. which we believe I* not far from Biadou Springs. on the Tooibigbee river. Both boilers were bursts*, tearing tbu bout in all directions, and sinking tier within a short time after the accident AmoD( the ' killed and missing. tlie following are mentioned: John Trlplett. John HolsteaH, Gen. Thompson (dwarf), flame* Station (pilot). W, T. Parker (flrst clerk), Charles Ustk-r, Alexander Of thesn. the bodies nf farker and Burke* have boon found. Tb* folUwmx are the names of the icaldad and otherwise will tided :?("apt < MUler. len broken; W C. Campbell first pagineer. badly sealded and thigh brokaa. W I NoblocJi, do, and arui broken ; W. Howell, also kadly 11..1 TV.. !.,! f..-., nll<rb?t? .Min.l.,1 .W Drnkn. M Barker, Vttrlrk ( only, Col. Terrv. Jame* ThnMp?on, P P. (.'ox. U < ollin*. and raidwetl. 'Phere wera threw <>r fonr-nthava, iuuims not known A negro boy. *?cond cook, miming The following an* the ollleer* and oftha H. Kinney: 'apt Mlltft Wm. Patrick (.'only. J <?. IIhuu?i'""I Wm, Nohloek, Wui ( ampbell. John I ,\U**v.JI. < Davison. The PClnney lef% Mobile on Si.tti?'hiv i'vcnln^. nt jovkfk. (br UmmvIII*, Waraaw and VUbbh, and hn<l a *o(*l upward freight Th? K. ounk In a few minute' after the explualon The wounded met> bare been eanTtyed to th? Mnriiw Hospital whote every attention aid the kut iiwdloal aarTice* are retictimg their anfTeringx M. *#.'< I 1 7V(4un?, ,Vuy 30, I ' J

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