TH NO. 5179. Affairs on the Other Side of the Atlantic* A (ilanrr at llif State of Ruropr, (Kroni the London Kxaminer. July 15 ] The |iecuiiar characteristic of (lie political fermentation which at present pervades nearly the whole of civilized Europe, is the simultaneous developenient of its democratic and national ele- j ments. While most of its States are involved in an internal struggle for the extension of political rights, most of its races are engaged in an external struggle for the recognition of their several independences. Europe was never so stirred before ?certuinly not by the reformation, and hardly even by the invasions of the northern nations. A reaction is at once raging against the arbiury distribution of political power maintained by its govern- j ments, and against the the arbitrary, unjust, and ; unnatural territorial distribution made at the Congress of Vienna. Europe, in a word, is in labor with the twin birth of constitutions and of na- i nationaliies. Of its five great powers, one alone ! is partially exempt. While nature lus drawn i round Croat Britain boundaries more lasting I than those of the diplomatists of lr?15, hereon- [ stitution has been prepared by recent ame- ! noraucus lor ninner extension, and strengteucd , against the storm. Russia, if enjoying the internal ; repose temporarily secured by the semi-eastern barbarism of her scattered tribes, has for years been wasting the blood of her thousands on the heights of the Cuueasus, is now secretly intriguing \ for more extended conquest, and is already mar- : shalling her armies on tiie banks of the Vistula, | for (as we firmly hope) assured defeat and dis- , grace. Prussia, battling with her pedant monarch in the streets or his capital for her long-promised rights, is seeking to round the territories of that j great nationality which she hopes eventually to sway, with a few green pastures torn Ironi the Scandinavian peninsula. Austria, that anomalous agglomeration of repugnant races, a prey to central anarchy nnd provincial rebellion, and already bereft of the iron crown, clings with blind tenacity to the territory of the Doges. France is yet wailing over those who have jullen in the deadliest of sociul stiuggles. Her cities are beleaguered by her own armies, and the streets of her capital are as yet their battle field ; but who that knows the proneness of her people to clamor for foreign conquest, and of her statesmen to seek a vent for social and political agitation in her lust her national glory, shall say now soon the young generals who now sway her counsels, may not seek a field for their own ambition, and a solution of their financial difficulties, in a war of aggression?how soon the eagle or the cock, whichever the emblem of the hour, shall pounce upon the heights of Savov. and seek to spread either wing to the waters of the Rhine and of the Gulf of Genoa! Of the minor States,few present a more trnnquilizing picture. The half-appreciated liberties of Spain, trodden down in the streets of Madrid by the iron wheel of Narvaez, are finding a voice in the provincial risings of her factions. The throne of 1'ortugal rocks under its infatuated occupant. The troops of the XenpoliUn Bourbon are bivouacking at once on the banks ot the Adige. the heights of Calabria, and the flags of the 1 oledo. The Vicegerent of God signs in the Vatican declarations of war dictated by the burghers of the Corso. Leopold of Tuscany is fain to merge the interests of his father-house in lhe rights of Italian independence; and Charles Albert drowns the cries of internal sedition in the ' din of a national war. A dozen of political volcanoes are in activity. Such, at this moment, is 1 Europe ! Without a doubt, this fermentation mu-t result in a new distribution of territorial power as well as of political rights, and it is oi'th? first moment that thiv distribution shall be such as may guarantee a permanent and natural state of European peace?a peace that shall leave no excuse for the waste of national resources in the maintenance of monstrous standing armies, but shall enable the various States of Europe todevote all their energies to the developement of their political and social well-being; such a distribution, in fact, as shall leave the great changes which the future has doubtless in store (changes far grenter than than those even contemplated at present) to the peaceful and natural developement ot the affinities of races, tongues, and institutions. To bring about such a settlement, assuredly no iaith is to be placed in a European Congress, from which all our experience has taught us to expect, net peace-making, but mischief-making. Just as little trust is to be placed in diplomatic mediation. tet impartial and judicial advice from our own nation must have its value: and the heated combatants may benefit by her counsels, if given in the spirit ot i'ustice and impartiality. At the present moment, the case which most urgently calls for wholesome advice, is Italy. A temporary lull of central anarchy has enabled the government of Austria to reinforce ihe army of Kadetzki with 25,1)00 men, and emboldened it to lav down as the basis of any settlement of the Italian question, the retention of the Venetian territory and the Italian "Tyrol. Lord Palnierston has discreetly as well as generously refused to undertake a mediation on ulty such Impracticable basis. Assuredly,the resolution is a wise one; and we trust that no endeavor will be spared to combat, by the most earnest counsel, an infatuation which, if persisted in, would in all probability let loo-e the flood-gates of a general European war, and without question end in the .ignominious relinquishment by Austria of these ! territories, without even that adjustment of her financial burdens winch some may consider that she lias a right to demand, and which she is now in so fair a position to enforce. It is painful to see an intelligent journal and its intelligent correspondent, advocating the adoption of an arrangement, which would have no other consequence than to leave both to Ausirians and Italians a perpetual inheritance of heart-burning, without a single correspondent advantage to either. We can make every allowance for the not unnatural indignation of the statesmen of Austria at the successful enterprise of an ambitious rival, and for the still less unnatural desire of her generals to retrieve humiliating defeats, which would dictate an adherence to their \ preeent determination: but we most earnestly | deprecate the settlement of the Italian question upon any other basis than the entire abandonment ; by Austria fof purely Italian territory?of every j sjiot where Italian nationality and language are established. The interests of Europe?and, we firmly believe, the true interests of Austria herself ?imperatively require that the kingdom of Northern Italy shall at once assume a strong and definite position among the States of Enrone. The port oi Venice is indispensable to the lull and free development of the internal resources of Lombardv; while that of Trieste is more than sufficient for the wants ot Austrian commerce, even increased, as we hope it soon to be, by her participation in that great nationality which is now struggling into shape, and by the retlux of Herman civilisation through its channels towards that East fiom whence leutonic barbarian (lowed. The interests of Europe require that Austria shall withdraw within the line which divides the Eit orale, lllyira, nnd the Austrian Tyrol, from the Venetian territory, and from the properly Italian Tyrol. When I his arrangement is consummated, she herself will soon discover that the vulgar traffic which consists in exchanging salt and iron, silk and hemp, and wine and cheese, will be more to her honor and advantage than the rule of unwilling strangers, maintained l?y the brute violence oi Croats and bristling fortresses. Freedom can never flourish 011 the hanks of the Dannbe, if the same i?eople are to maintain a hateful tyranny flint . ?.f li;? .Urn, ' 1 JntfmlliiK Uelwlo on the French Constltutlnr?Tnic Nomination for the Presidency The bureaux of the National Assembly are beginning to nnme their delegates to confier with the Conmiiitee on the Constitution. The tour following gentlemen have been already appointed MM. Freslon, Herryer, Cremieux, and Chaull'our. The question of the nomination of the President of the republic- has given rise to vety animated discussions. Two systems are in nresence?one, to name the President by universal suffrage, und the other, by the National Assembly. The following is the opinion of M. de Cormenin on the subject M. lie Con mi nin.?1' I nity is the grand characteristic which delights the French nation. Krenohmen Tepulse instinctively all abstractions, subtelt'.as vague theories: we desire that others should comprehend us. and that, we should comprehend ourselves. But no one is ever comprehended unless simplicity marks what one does. To bo comprehended by persons of different habits from oura?who do not uuderst ind our language?wno are governed by diuereut laws irom ours?that is perhaps the secret of our irresistible empire ever foreign uations Thus, as soon *s the French people wi re tip erect, and said ; I ani the sovereign the only sovereign !' all the other nntlons, who were erouclud down at the feet of despotism, rose on their elbow, and, looking nt each other, said ?'And we, why should not we also '>e sovereign ' Why should not we be free ? The sovereignty of the people is no doubt only a word ; but It is a great word, and the word is the thing itself. The sovereignty of the people is the highest expression of unity, and it is in the logical order of unity that I proposed to the Committee on the Constitution these Ave great principles ? "1. The government re ides In the universality of the ritl nv and is inalienable and imprescriptible. ' 2 France Is a democratic republic-one and Indivisible ' ?. The sudrage i? direct aal uaiveral E NE MOKNING E .,4. The Krench people delegates the legislative pow< r to one pei nianent assembly. 5 The Kreurh people delegates the executive power to a citizen, who takes the title of I'resident of the republic. i "These five great principles contain all our new courier. i ney nave neon adopted by the Committee on the Constitution. and I have a firm hope that they will be also by the National Assembly. Already the bureaux have admitted unanimously tho declaration of the Inalienable sovereignty of the people, the indivisible unity of the republio. and direct and universal suffrage. They hare admitted equally, by the immense majority of 11 bureaux to 1, my proposition of one permanent chamber. It now only remains for me to dofeud the establishment of one l'resident. Is it better to govern by irresponsible committees, er by a council of ten. or by three councils, or by tire commissioners?to have the convention, or the directory, or the consulate, or a couimissloo ad interim? We answer no. Of what use would be to us tho tyranny of two, or five, or ten, or twenty-tour? It is quite enough to have it of one man, and the worst tyranny is a collective one, because it is the loast responsible. We do Dot say that tyrants do not displease us?they do, and in the very highest degree; but we say that all men love power exceedingly, not peihaps for themselves, but to rule over t lielr fellows- just see what will be said of me, if I wont the length of even saying that they prefer it to liberty. My proposition to delegate the power to a single person. as I anticipated, has not been set aside ; but several deputies have expressed an opinion that tho Assembly should itself name tbe President. I felt confident beforehand that such would be the case. What i risuvu />npi-UIIJljr 10 LHP I** WHICH (IOCS IIOK DU11CVS lCSClI ( permitted to do everything ? They make and unmake laws, and oYen go the lengths of making and u making themselves. But because they make laws and constitutions? ours for instance? well or 111, that is no reason why they should arrogate to themselves, under the color of omnipotence, the nomination of all that it is possible to name, and amongst the rest a president. 1 admire more than any one the power of our assemblies, yet I wish to see the stream, as it flows on. bear somewhat in mind the souroc from which it issues. But the sovereignty of the people is the source from which the constituent power emanates, and the more the people can be appealed to, the more according to the right principle will everything be done. The French people has delegated to its representatives the power to make for it a respectable constitution, and to draw from it its money, for good purposes of course, by all kinds of means more or less ingenious But it has reserved to itself the right to elect a head by its own free choice That such a choice may not be agreeable to the views- of some representatives.] ought to be expected But the people oare nothiug whatever about that.? Some representatives, or indeed all of them together, when compared with the people, are bu as a grain of sand compared with a mountain. I declare that before the majesty of that great sovereign all individual greatness or rather weakness bends down, and melts Into nothingness. When the people can act we have nothing to do; but the people can make a President just as easily as it makes a deputy. Who would dare to assert that it could not itself make the laws, if, in order to make them well, the Deonle was not ton nnmurnna f Its sovereignty has no other bounds but its inability to t not. Do not turn aside plain logical reasoning, by j tricks or ruses belonging to the moment: do not say, r you who are its subjeots, that you know better than 1 the sovereign people is suitable for that sovereign.? a Were you to say thnt you know better than it does, 1: you would be insolent: were you to say that you will ji do it better than it, you would be usurpers: were you t yourselves to nominate forthwith the President, you s would trample universal suffrage under foot: were you ti to nominate the President in default of the absolute ii majority, or without passing to a second ballot or by a t] relative msjority, you would violate the prinolple of d direct suffrage. Do not set up two equal powers spring- si iug from different sources; do not confound what the ir nature of things, law, and reason have always held fi pepavute?counsel is manifold, action is single. The ai President does not merely govern the empire, he re- pi presents the unity, the graudeur, and the majesty of n the people. You may nominate the personage of a ti coterie, a man thought great in the bureaux, a spouter c in the tribune; the people will choose the man whose w renown pleases it, the man to suit its own situation, a si man of its own ohoice, who very probably may not be ti yours. Do you suppose that the people will like bet- a: ter to be governed by your President than by its p: own 1 Let it therefore act. and on the highest sum- oi mit of our mountains, as well as on the most misty M shorts of the ocean, let the humblest peasant of a the most lowly hamlet be able to say, ' I was a serf. n and I am free; I was a pariah, and I am a sovereign? tl a member of the sovereign power, equal in right and a fact to any other members of the national body; and without leaving my home, I name my officers of the c National Guard, my mayor and my municipal conn- ti cillors, Bi> council-general of department, my jugt dc jiaix, iny Deputy, and my President." , c M. G. de Beaumont and M P. Paonerrv. supported Ii the same views. The partisans Of the nomination of c the President by the Assembly argue, that to nominate w him by univerral suffrage would give rise to much in- b< trigue. and to the play ofambitiou of every kind; and o they also expressed a fear that the President, when g named by universal suffrage, would consider his powers t1 at least equal to those of the Assembly. M. Leon tl Kaucbor was of that opinion. Several propositions w have been presented in the bureaux relative to this lc important subject of the nomination of the President? n: one Is. that the President should, for the first time. tl be nominated by the Assembly, but ever after by the a nation; another, that three names should be sent in n by universal suffrage, and that out of these the As- si aembly should select one; another, that in place of s< one President there should be three, or even live direc- $ tors. In the bureau where M. Thiers is president, it y was decided that the President may be re-elected v once, that is. to remuin in power six years consocu- o tiTely; but after that period should cease to fill the t office for at least three years. An amendment, tend- r lrg to exclude from the post of President all the t princes belonging to the families which had re gned in $ France was adopted in this bureau bya large majority, t In the 3d bureau the salary, which, according to the b draft, is fixed at OOO.OOOfr. a year, was raised to t! 1.000 OOOfr. ; and in the 16th, to 1,200,0001'r. a! The Prussian Monileur of the 18th says;?"The 1( Charge d'JlJf'mirtt of the United States declares, in a P letter addiessed to the 1'ienna Gazette, that the indi- a viduals who have offered assistance in money and arms to the German people on the part of the United a States, have not received any mission to that effect, P and that it is not even certain that they are Ameri- c cans The policy of the United States, besides, is 0 bared on the prinoiple of not meddling with other ? nations.'' *' ? a Horrid Murder.?One of the moat brutal and d horrid murders that we have ever heard of, was * committed between six and seven o'clock on c Sunday evening last, by a fiend named William c Bailey, residing in St. Teter street, between ti DtaplH and Burgundy, First Municipality. Bai- r< ley's wife was delivered of a female child about d half an hour before the fatal deed was committed, * and he appeared very much incensed at the time n that it was not a male child. Bailey went to a V coflee-hcuse near by, soon after the birth, and alter calling for some whiskey, remarked that his j, wife hud been delivered ?f a d?d brat of a girl, tl and that he meant to kill both mother and child, w fcjoon aft*r his return to his house, he seized the c< infi nt, dragged it from the bed, and dashed it on >' the floor, after which he commenced beating the unfortunate mother. He also dragged her from the bed, and stamped her under his feet on the t] floor. The nurse ran out in the street and called for assistance, and when some persons, who were in the room of (Jvide Debuys, opposite, went into hi the house of Bailey, they found him standing over tl the prostrate and senseless form of his wife. The inhuman monster was immediately arrested, and 11 is now in jail awaiting an examination. Mrs. Bailey expired in about an hour after receiving 'J her injuries, but the infant, although thrown upon t] the floor with great violence, escaped without serious injury. His examination, before Recorder A Genois, will take place in a few days.?AT. O. Delta, Auq. 8. Assassination in Boston.?At 11 o'clock, last s' evening, the watchmen stationed In Ann street, w hearing groans, wont in the direction indicated by w a continuation'of the noise, and, when near the <1 Green Gate, found a man lying on the side walk, u in great distress. He was taken up and carried to the house of Dr. Aver, who, on examination, found ,. a wound in the abdomen, running backward about seven inches, and injuring the abdomen as well as n the casings of the heart. In the course of the * night, he stated that his name was Hanciila Groves, * that he belongs to Dresden. Me., and came to Bos- j, toil as a hand on board a coasting vessel: that D while going through Ann street, with his brother, some persons attacked his brother, and he went to < see what was the matter, when he felt the entrnnce r of the instrument into his body, that caused the 11 wound. lie lias no idea who commuted tne net, beyond tin* supposition that it was one of the i>ersons who attacked Ins brother.?Button 'Dravtlltr, AvRvtt a. Fatai. Affhax?The steamer Ocean Wave, which arrived here yesterday, brought up the body of George Archn.the mate of the steamer Mohawk, who was killed at I'aducah, on Monday night last, in an affray with Mr. James Lynch of that place. Lynch, we learn, was chastising a ni pro belonging to the Mohawk, and was reprimanded by Mr. Archer. Between them some shatp words passed. Archer theatened to leave his mark upon him, when Lynch remarked that then was us good a time to do it as any. Archer at once began to pull oil Ins cont, and when in tne net ol doing so Lynch plunged a bowie knife in his side, causing almost instant death. Lynch had Ins tiial before an examining court, and was he'd to hail in the sum of ftl,'**)-?Lmitvillt Conner. trntrtllsnoiuia tobn Miiie;. l-.x.Mitiis'i-r to Cot Sevier, I x-< uii.rnl- . Dr. ' ? Mexico; Mid Jerome Napoleon llonaparte. west the \X hito Snlphur Springs, W I7 0 DITION.?NEW YORK JLU-iuonatrutlaii In Kmur of tlie Osnnlbint . Driven. Pursuant to call made, a Urge as'omblare of n -r- i sons gathered in the Park yesterday afterno >n, to consider the proieni condition of the stage (hirers in their relative position with the proprietors, and the rrI'.-lutions which hare been pas'ed by that body, for the (orernment of their future action. The meeting was organized by calling Kbsnim iwaert to the chair, and appointing Ki.uaii Hi i se retary. The call of the meeting was then read by the :bairuian; after which Jam?.s \V. tim ers, K*| , appeared and delivered a rery animated speech. tie raid : Kellow-citlsenj ?I do aot know, for my own part, why we should not adopt :he old ntaxim. that''charity beg ns at home;" ami I lo not know why the citizens of New Vorlt should not ntorest themselves for those who are oppressed of our >wn land. I hardly know what are the real objects of dils meeting; but I am told that the drivers of the -tage* feel that they have been wronged?feel tint. ,hey have not been treated as they should be. and :alled this meeting to lay their grievances before th [lublic; and there is no reason why we should not ex uress onv feelings of the wrongs of which they com- I 4ain. Aie not drivers men, and have they not rights, is well as proprietors? We cannot get aleng without ! them, and those who have determined not to sul/.uit .0 the oppression are a respectable class of uien. The inblio have called no meeting to express their indigua;lon of the conduct of these men. There Is something vrong. if not, then, why the calling of thin meetinu ?? , * ;han the drivers are licensed, and if they wi re not com- ' * jetect men they would not be permitted to pursue their 1 ( fecupation by the executive authorities of the city. ' 6 rhey are oppressed, and have determined that they ! ? vill not work for lees?and is the amount inordinate? ' rhesuraof^il 50 per day, and have entered into a J ;oinpact to that effect. But before this action oa tile 1 lart of the drivers, there was a meeting of the pro- c motors, and % compact entered into whereby a K iriver should not have employment, on auy line < " n the city, If discharged from one, without a cer- j * ittcate from the line which he left, under a penalty 1 ' ;o the proprietor so employing him. It seems tome j * .hat this thing if not fair. A very large numb r bare j jeen put upon the stages within the past day or two, , vho know not how to drive, and we are constantly fearing of accidents, and they have no authority to * Irive. It is necessary to have caioful men todriveth?se 1 dagos, me u who understind their business: for with ' ho very best, it is dangerous for children to be run- J ling in Broadway. Another thing, If nothing else 1 vouid justify this meeting, every man will act in venlieation of his character, when he is charged with itea'ing. I do not know whether they have dons tliis a ,bing. God only knows; and. without the proof of n heir dishonesty, we are bound to believe them honest. a am told the proprietors have bad some trouble with lie new drivers; and in two or three cases they have * men obliged to throw them down and make them dis- * ;orge the amount they had taken from passengers luring the day. Shall the report go through the city, 1 hat all the drivers are n set of thieves? Why. if n here was but one honest man among them, he would u all a meeting and assert his honesty. They, too, V lave long been blamed for things improper, which hey have done at the express command of the pro- j! Tic-tors. Wo are led to believe they are not the set of " uen they are represented to be b> the proprietors. Ve have the right to express our opinion, as citizens; nd what is the opinion we have arrived at ? We be- ? ieve thev have not been treated riirbt. and if la Knf ust they should hare a living for their nervines. Have hey 110 magnanimity about them .' But a short time J' ince, a tirm in the staging business, by n fire, lost housands of dollars. What was then done? Alert- a ugs were called, the citizens gave them money, the * beatres were lighted up for their benefit, aud the , rivers were not indifferent. They mounted their P' ;ages and wrought hard all day for the benefit af those '' ion, to contribute their mite ; and the amount ? om each was equal in proportion to the largest mount given by any citizen. They gave to rich af roprietors who had something to loso. But * ow the drivers are poor men; they have nothing ?' ) lose, and a compact is formed to take from them , ven that which they have. The drivers sympathized 1 ith them, but where now is their sympathy ? I hope ich a gathering as this will have a good effect upon " ie proprietors, i would l>e the last man to stand here ud array one set of men against another ; but when " roprietors array themselves against the drivers, it is ar duty to sympathize with the oppressed. Me-srs. ?! lackerell k Simpson, and Berteeu ^ Co . have honorbly entered into the wishes of the drivers. They do ai ot believe they are all thieves, or they would not have j liem. They have made their money by the drivers. | F' nd arc willing to pay them for their work. ri Mr. Green retired amidst great applause, and re- | elved three cheers from the drivers, for kindly vulun- ; n string his services to their aid. elnunn Camp, , or the Police Gazelle, was next I ailed upon, who came forward and said Gentlemen? t is a great gratification to me to see so large a body of | itizens assembled to sympathize with a class of men. ! ho have long been trampled upon by those who should j) uccorandsustain them. The omnibus question is one j, 1 the most important connected with our city. The rievancesof the drivers are these:?They have many of hem been driving for years at a miserable allowance ; tl bey are engaged from morn till night, many of them di orkinc sixteen hours for one dollar ner dav. Now I - it us look at some of the prominent point* in this latter. According to the representations of some of , ri id proprietors, there are. at this season of the year, 1 cf bout four hundred stages running daily, each of which lakes eight trips per day, and averaging eighteen pan- , al sogers to the trip, makes an aggregate of 57.600 pas- fa rngers per day. and receiving for the same the sum of ol 3.000 per day. $25,200 per week, and $1,310,400 per . < ar. From this estimate, the business, it will secure, is net. and the profits must necessarily be heavy. They ei i-tini&te their expenses at $5 per day for each stage, j, bus giving a profit of $4 per day. Many of the lines . un lrom twenty to thirty stages per day, from which hey receive a profit of $160 per day. $000 per week, and ac 40,600 per year. Now let us look at the other side of y, he picture, the driver, and examine the condition of is prosperity. They are occupied from five o'clock in j he morning, until nine o'clock at night, making full i ?' Ixteen hours per day, without any intermission, except | ir meals, none for recreation, for the pitiful sum of $0 er week,upon which to Bupport themselves and families ; nd the big bnll leader or the combination against 01 bent, Mr. Palmer, who may be set down, far manners. , c] s "A No. 1,''recently attempted to establish a rule to gi irevent any driver, who might be discharged for any j it ause, or who refused longer to be employed on any ne line, from getting employment on any other, with- I ti ut first having a certificate of good character from his j n ite employer. This oonapiracy was most infamous. : ti nd tended only to degrade the reputation of every j ai river who might be subjected to the caprice of his ; m pi oyer it is an outrage upon human rights, and is rill be discountenanced by every upright citizen ? i ni In Sunday, the drivers, having no other time, 1 n ailed a meeting, and, avowing their grievances, de- J b Brmined to demand one dollar and fifty cents per day, I a it their services, agreeing to give their employers one it ay's notice; and if, at the expiration of that time, the pi sstrlctions agreed upon by the proprietors should ol ot be cancelled, they would no longer work, and call j M pon the public to sustain them. They have asked >r nothing that is not light, and it they had longer abmltted to the wrongs which oppressed them, would ave evinced a want of manly feeling. Let us look at le condition of the driver, at six dollars per week, and e ebnll discover that he has not a penny for any little omforts. but has just enough to keep him from starv>g to neath. without coal to warm his shivering arae. The drivers are right, and the public will suslin them. Mr. Lamp was loudly cheered by the drivers, for ie assistance rendered them, and expressed their ratification that they had the sympathy of the public I a a Davis, Ksq., also made a very spirited speech; 1 aving been a stage driver himself .he knew all the privaonsand unpleasantness to which they were subjected. The meeting then adjourned, when it was manifest lat the public, or those present, were all on the side r the drivers, and many expressed their determination 3 walk whither they wished to go. rather than encou?pe those who held to the oppressive measures against hem. not Iter Urn ml Uriiinnatrntlon of the KrlcmU of Irrlnn't. The friends of Irelund. to the number of ten thoumd. assembled last night at Vauxhall Garden, and as another of those enthusiastic demonstrations Inch, of late, have become so popular in the cause o own-trodden Ireland. There was quite a number o^ I idles present, and the true spirit of patriotism wa tost fully displayed In the liberal contributions to aid hat oppressed nation in her struggle for freedom. The leetlng was organized by calling to the chair, in the bsence of Mr. K.mmett. the nreahlent l?r n'Dnvvti.i.' 1 ho returned thanks for the honor conferred upon im. and warmly urged the necessity of the prompt pay- 'J aent of the amounts subscribed on Monday evening. Mr O'Flaherty was loudly ealledfor,when Bartholomew i* 5'Cowisoa. Keg.. rose and stated that Mr. O'K. was lot then desirous of addressing the meeting He was . inwilllng to Interfere with the business arrangements ' f the meeting; but wonld. in the course of the even- I ng. speak Vt e (snid he) are here this evening in one of he most glorious cause, The clarion has sonuded the ilarm, and it is our duty to goto work and aid our ( pressed eountry. The liiHiious have risen against | he thousands, and have determined liy the strong v tand to claim our own. Irishmen have no dastard eelings. and will manfully sustain the right* of their _i nuntry, It is now but about fifty years since ;i oo'.oiy shook off the yoke of tyranny, and uow spreads , iver a vast doma'n America and irelan I were both ^ he colonies of Kngland ; bnt America threw o'T j he shackle* which had bound her, and declared jj, lerselffrce. The principle was caught up by Fra nre; jit at that time the social condition of France was rot such as America enjoyed, and she failed in her at- ', empt. It gsre plaee to the career of Napoleon but lis power b:i- passed away. Mis was the power of phyical force, and, like the caged eagle, perche 1 upon the uin of his fa ne. Then < arae the ear t of O'Counell ie ihought the moral suative prlncple viu! 1 free Ire- ' and; but It has come to pass that nought but tlin itrong arm will throw off the tyranny which binds her tr \ voice hss coma aero** the Atlantic telling us that n sikiug must he done away witu anl the tints has ouie to tight. ( A delegation from N "it' arrived at this time, anl ( OOa their at.s upon the stand after which the cijiticu .if juje'f ripti was gone into, and the rum of ' iRK I , THURSDAY, AUGUS wbH tendered. ae a coutribution from the hininctt < lub, by the Newark delegation. Mr fiitrn. of the Kelon Club, roue nnd said he was braise, ami not In a condition to speak; but for the ratueof Ireland he was always letdy. A voice has rcuie aeroaa the ocean, crying for help; and should we withhold our aid ' Ireland is contending against fearful odds. The Saxon blond is arrayed against the Iri-huian. and we must render aid. They are contend- 1 ing against fearful odds of many The Kngliah care not tor else than arraying the Protestant against the Uatholic. and are no better than the atheist. Thejr 'are not for the blood of the l.ori Jesus. [ He was lere interrupted, when the announcement was made hat James Carrigan contributed $.">00 for Ireland ] iie continued;?There is one thing that I should like ;o impress upon this meeting, and that Is. that you ihould have implicit confidence in those who have the natter in hand; and though the subtle englishman nay use his nrts, there are men in the directory who till Icard the envenomed beast in bis den. John McKkok then rose and said Fellow citizen*. have ofteD told you. when called upon to speak, that he lime for speakiDg had gone by. If 1 thought there mis one man who wished to be convinced, then 1 tould speak 1 know that there is a stroug effort makng'Vy the Britbh authority of this city, to turn back lie tide of opinion. I ask them to ponder upon the tate of things in this country. They have possesions in India, and. Indeed, all over the world, and hey had better look to them in the present condition if Ireland. What security has Kngland for the safety if her provinces in this country There is Canada Clreat cheering ) I speak not of Canada for your ul.c lint fnr ??,. ?ulr? nf I i-u_ lussell says he will stake himself upon the question hisuB and groans) ; and if be does, he would very o( n find himself at the stake. A great deal la said ibout the power of Kngland ; but I do not believe in t, and there has been an instance of it lately. The uinister tf Kngland was kicked out of Spain ; and, if hey dared. Lord I'altnerston would have had a fleet II Cadis, bombarding the port. They have tried to top the excitement ; but the Americans have not forgotten an old debt, and will not forget it. We have a ight to meet every night, and havu the right to colact money ; and if we have these rights, what oan hey do ? They will probably call upon Ms. llutler, to lave us indicted ; but we will not break any law, and hey may do their worst. They may cut down the lisb ; but if they do. it will excite the execration of lie whole civilized world. Lord John Russell, my ritnds, could be here, and hear me. or anyone else, alk all night, and would not care,if he did not hear he eloquent sound of the money rattling upon the ables. The subscriptions were resumed, after which Mr. O'Klaiiertv was loudly called for. He arose, ndsaid?There has been so much said about British ministers, that 1 cannot refrain from saying something bout them. We wero told about two years ago, by a Iritish minister, that if the combined forces of the -orld were stationed around the shores of Ireland, '.nglaad would not recognize her independence. But minister once said the same of this country. When left Ireland, the most perfect organization bad been tade that could be made under a despotic governlent, and 1 should not be surprised to hear, by the rAv cvmuiiu, wiist tuc f^ircu iiu^ nan uuauii|$ urwr be castle of Dublin; and 1 hope, ero long, to see the 1 ag of Ireland and the stare and stripes of America eating together. He retired amid the mostenthu- j iastic cheering. The Chair then announced that $515 had been rceived troni Williamsburg within the past two days, hree cheers were then given for Williamsburg. HonACE',GKr!ELEr, Esq , was then called upon, who lee and spoke briefly, warning the British aristocracy i prepare for the contest. England is not so strong 1 n she was. Ireland has seven millions of people, and e had but that when we achiovod our independance. hope the people of Ireland will not split upon reltion or party differences, but combine and drive their , ivaders from the soil. Their shores may be girt with ritish vessels, but that is not so bad. Krnnoe has ruggled and Ireland may acquire her independanco i America has dono before her. We will give them 1 the aid we can, and they will do the work. It has ! >me to the point of slavery or a struggle, and they ave determined on a struggle. In every part of the nited States, irishmen should go to work in the cause i r liberty. The American peoplo will stand by the 1 Ish in their extremity. Mr. S. O'Connor was called for but declined speak- , i Ig. ! ' General C. Wai.ii ridge was called for. and appearing, 1 lid that he bad heard there had been nearly two ' ' jomand dollars raised, and ho hoped they would not j i Jj? urn until that amount was rained. There was another meeting outside' where several jeeches were delivered and a goodly amount of money tired. The whole amount contributed was $'2,000. The meeting adjourned in the greatest harmony, to ! tect on Monday night next. The Watering Plnces. Niagara Falls, August 6, 1848. I am here, where i can hear the roar and feel the wring of the awful cataract. During the day I have, j i company with Senator Beekman. of Kinderhook, | nd fiomn fri?nda frnm Rnffaln vUitnii I inaf. Inland nn ' le American shore, and Table Rock, on the Canada i shore; I have been above and under the Kails, and out all these points I have had a good view of this ter- 1 ble caprice of nature?this pitch and plunge of one I the noblest rivers in the world. Poets, and priests, id philosophers have described these Falls in a thouind ways, and the whole world knows that they are le of the most sublime and astounding evidences of le might and mystery of the Supreme Being that the ^ of man has over beheld; ail future attempts to iscribe them will therefore be inadequate, for it is opossible, from any description of them, to form an curate idea of their immensity, or of the sensations iu experience on looking at them with your own pes. Nature here defies man; nature here is so wild id so untameable that man can only remain a pasve and astonished spectator of her delirium ; man innot interfere here to improve nature or to fatten a her carcass; the soil is too rocky, the fissures and lasms are too deep, and the volume of water is too eat to beheaded up stream, or to be diverted from s course. In this country there is, after all, no place so attracve and beautiful as Niagara; and the aggregate umber of strangers who come here in one year is six nies as great as the number who visit Saratoga or tiy other watering place. The Cataract House at Niagara, a very fine building, crowed, jammed up to the caves, with adorable woien. who have graduated at some of the eastern semiaries. and who, after going through a course of humnir in the classics, have come here to imitate BsTnn. ml turn naturalists. Then* dear little creatures make , a rule to gat up very early in the morning, for the urpose of gathering minerals, all along the shore, and , f lookingfcat the Kails, and of rambling in the groves, , > as to coax an appetite for their breakfast. Ah ! hat pretty little philosophers ! The society at Nia- ( ua. is in laot wry fashionable and exclusive. 1 hare Qnjectured that nearly all the really fashionable peole who understand the rationel of afTairs. are acousuiii d to come to Niagara, and stay here during the ot months. I don't kuow how it is. but they tell me in-y never have any warm weather here, and that the lercury never gets above seventy degrees. Abiut ur hundred people dine at the Cataract House, every ny. and the other hotels are all full. I calculate that Here are about one thousand strangers here during tie season : some of them go off during theinterregum, but their places are instantly supplied by other trangers. The proprietor of this hotel told me toIglit that, he had not a vacant room in his house ; it i tilled tip with the most fashionable and elegant onipany. from the principal southern cities, and from a Hilda : the northern people, except those who live a New York, generally stay at home. The trip from Niagara to Lewiston. down Lake Onarin to tne St Lawrence, and thence down that no- \ le river to Quebec, is one of the most agreeable in the rorld. The scenery in the vicinity of these lakes and ivers. is wild, and abrupt, and astounding, and it is alculated to impress the heart with mingled emotions f awe; and wonder, and delight. The breeze from hose inland seas, is bracing, and healthful, and auiiinting; nn invalid with the gout, or rheumatism, finds hnt his disease disappears during one of these trips; nd it lias been ascertained, that in passing down the t. I.awrenee. in one of the river steamers cannibals forget their passion tor human flesh, aud savages lort me ie mild as lambs. K.very emotion that ever nitrated the human heart is swallowed up in this p?Hiimunt passion which takes possession of you on noklng at nature in undress?precisely as she was rented by the Master Artist. .Si vi ral times every day, a small steamer, of about jie size of one of the Vultou ferry boats, starts from a oint about two miles below the Kalis, and then runs ireetly up to them She is called the " Maid of tho list. and she runs up no close to the cataract, that er deck- lire com pint ply washed by the iniat or spray bicli fill* thp air. and which is thrown up by the >r?'p ot tlip failing torrent. From the deck of this lit at earner, you bare an excellent view of both all*: you ran perhaps get no bi tter position!; though lie view ftom 't able Hock should not be omitted. Ax ou pass up to thin Hock, you observe upon the edge f 'be precipice, a lnrge piece of bunting or canva-M. n winch is painted these word*: ''This marks the spot here Miss Hugg. c.f Lancaster. Mass . loot her life In ' Itempting to pluck a dower upon the edge of the preipicc " . 'j'o-niorrow I intend to visit the suspension bridge: i-niffht I have no room or time to describe tlie elegant ' kits which ate given at the Cataract House every eve- ' ug. or to say anything about fashionable society ere. It is sufficient to say. that there are n? luxuries fashionable amusement* ol wlueh the eoni)>any at iairsia is deprived Here the art of man la surpaa-ed gly by the art of Oud, which we call nature TKOl BADOl H. 1 Tut: Tklkubavh.?We received no despatch ' in our New Orleans correspondent yesterday, ml, therefore, conclude that nothing new had irispited in that city. W'f understand that the aerator in this city, yesterday, received the writ- 1 if; from Montgomery, Ala., plainly, thus proving DticIuMvely th t the m ijgnetic Hutd cut travel vet ei -ht Inin h <1 inMe- of >vire.? fVior/<\?/o?i 'ttntcr, jiui:. (f. 1 IERA :T 10, 1848. Lr?v Intelligence. St pkbior Court?In Chambers. Au,?U?t 0.? Before Mr. JuiticeSabdford ?Inrt Edwin //.iyi/??i rf.? In this matter his honor gave judgment thin morning .and di-ehaiged the prisoner, upon the following grounds, to wit that It did not appear by the evidence up >n which the warrant was Issued, that felony had b-en committed in the State of I'ennsylvania. and that tile accused had not fled u* a felon from that State An application wsh then made upon an additional aflld.v it to tako him into custody, which was also denied Common Pi.kas? In Chambers. August li,?Before Judge I lshoeffer. ? Ltitchat erd. The following name.I jer, ons. part of the crew ot the I . S frigate ('uinle-rland, were discharged. being minor." whenfthoy enlisted :-Vm. Meighan, John Duncan, John Ross. Robert (tibson. Stephen Kreeinan. and Thomas ColUna. I'mitkdST*Ta? Commi?jiom:*?' Osrirr, .August 0.? Before D. (iardiner, Esq.? Charge of .inanlt ami Hattery and Revolt.?The case of (ieo \V. Browne, first mate of the ship Iowa, waa called to-day. and after the examination of the captain of the Iowa It wai postponed until to-morrow (thia) morning Before (Jeo. W. Morton. Esq ?Charge of Revolt, ,\c. ?Win. llenry. late a seaman on hoard the bark Orbit, wan arrested yesterday afternoon on a charge of confining the muster, and attempt to create a revolt He was held to bail for examination It appeared that Henry brought a salt in the Marine Court against the master, for assault and battery, which was decided this morning in favor of the must, r ; after which the latter 1 urned round and procured the arrest of Henry. SrnaoaxTK's Coi ht. August 9 ?Before Charles MeVean,Esq.?In the matter of proving the If'itt of Catharine Schermerhorn, deceased. ?Wm. C. Scliermerl hoin recalled, (by contestants) and examined. I have the paper with me to which I referred, and from which B was partly copied, produced and marked C; it is my hand-writing; the column of figures and the I names opposite, are in my hand-writing; tha other | f arts are not. All the additions after the nuuies are I n my father's band-writing; the portion of it In my j band-writing was written some years ago; it was writ- I ten at request of testatrix, according to the best of I my recollection.partly from a similar paper having a previous existence; there was at ono time a paper unnexudj to Exhibit (J: by appearance there was more than one. 1 do not know what has become of the paper that wns annexed; it was annexed to my knowledge as lately as July, 1847; I had possession of exhibit C then, and had all along, except about three weeks in August last. In the early part of August last 1 gave "C " into the possession of my father, that ho might carry it to the place where the testatrix was residing; she wished to make some alterations.and requested me to send the paper in that way. She was then passing a few Uuys at the country seat of Mr Abraham Schermerhorn.at Yonkors; I was not staying there at that time; I left the city the same day, and was absent about three weeks; my father returned the paper to me when 1 reached the city again; iny impression is that the paper annexed was not on when Exhibit C was returned, but I do not distinctly recollect the fact. The writing of my father on Exhibit " C." wns written while "C " was out of ray possession at that time ; the erasures now on " C," were also made while C " was then out of my possession ; one line erased, as near as I enn make out. was "wife of John J. Stewart, (son of James Stewart,)" the figures, or number of dollars, I can't distinguish and cannot make out; I do not recollect that Exhibit " (' " was produced at any interview between me and testatrix, after it came back to me. and before I drew her last will, but she referred to it and the alterations ; to the best of my recollection, the substance of what she raid was. that she had caused those alterations to be made, and had caused the names to be crossed as shown, in anticipating some contestation of her will by the members of lier family ; I do not recollect that she related any of the conversation between her and my father, or between her and Abraham, while "C" was out of my possession; the paper annexed contained a request by the testatrix, and an agreement by the legatees, named in Exhibit''A." similsrin purport to the request annexed to Exhibit " B 1 do not remember the date of such request and agreement, but it was dated In the lifetime or John S. Schermerhorn ; 1 do not know in whose handwriting such request and ogreement were; they were written before her papers came into my possession ; when they came into my possession, a paper, similar in character to Exhibit ' C,'! was annexed to it; my impression is, the names n that list were generally the same as those in Exhibit ' C," as originally written ; Exhibit " C " was copied partly in whole from that previous list ; I do not know ahether there is or is not a difference between " and that list -, the avowed object of the testatrix in bav'ng Exhibit " C " drawn, was to have the list distinct, the previous one containing many corrections; the amounts of the previous list had been changed, and 1 have some of the names; I have no distinct recollection whether thev were made be fore or afterwards. When " C" wns drawn. I think It was annexed to the request and agreement and former list; I don't recollect whether " C" was drawn before or after the death of John S. Schermerh.irn ; I cannot distinctly recollect that Abraham. Peter, or John S. bchormorhcrn, consented that Kxhiblt " C" j should be annexed ; 1 have no positive knowledge that they knew it was annexed or was lobe annexed. I The testatrix was SO years and live days old. when she died, as lam informed and believe. At the time she requested me to draw i'.xhibit R, she did not tell me what her property was ; I knew well what it was. for I j had charge of it for several years. The amount of her personal property is now about thirty-three or thirty-four thousand dollars, to the best of my recol- i lection. The only real estate that she died possessed nf was about acres of land on Prospect Mill. Rrook- ! lyn ; I hold it to be worth about $5,000 : that is the whole of the estate to my. knowledge and belief. The personal property consisted of various amounts of bank ind State stocks, and one or two bonds and mortgages There was a bond and mortgage executed by my father, and assigned by him to her, and paid olf more than a year ago There is only one now existing, wh'ch I think is directly to her, for $5000 on a house an.I lot in St. Mark's Place. As her agent I received the interest on the mortgages, and the dividends on the stock. I invested the money I received, when there was an overplus over beri expenses ; her expenses annually during the last two years of hor life, while I had the agency of her property, were about $1600 per annum : I did not render ap account to her ; of my transactions as her agent; I kept the account u her name. When the bond aud mortgage my father lad assigned to her were paid off. she gave me no instructions about investing the money; she left j .hat to my. discretion; that "money was invested by me n Ohio State stock in a few weeks after the bond and mortgage were paid off; I Informed her of the investment at the time; she did not have, to my knowledge, iny statement of the stocks she owned, while I was j igent; she had no conversation as to her annual ex- , ] pontes. while I was agent, mere than to ask whether ho was spending more than her income; the bank an- , count was kept in her name In the Rank of New York; the moneys [ received for her were passed to the credit of that account, except cue or two small sums paid to her; those moneys were drawn out by chocks, signed by mo for her; 1 don't know that the examined the bank book and cneck book, while I was her agent; I I now recollect that the original request anil agreement annexed to Kxhibit C contained a clause that j they would agree to change the amounts specified in the lists. provided the aggregates should remain the same, that is. that she might make such alterations without consulting them. (?. Norwooo, rtaminril for cnntrstnnls?Was acquainted with teatatrix; it commenced in October; I be aided in the same house (Mrs Jessup's, in 8th street), from October until she diod; I frequently conversed with her during tbat period; I thought her '< mind was rather Imbecile; her general conversation led me to think so; they were generally on the subject of parties and operas; she selected those subjects generally for conversation; her memory appeared to be bad ; she never could recollect the names 1 of the boarders ; ray wife introduced the sub- I ject of religion to her, and :he seemed desirous to avoid talking ou the subject, which I considered remarkable for a person of her age; i I frequently attempted to introduce subjects of conversation to her, suoh as the revolution, anl the early history of New York, and I found her surprisingly ignorant ; she did not appear to have any recollection of historical events. Witness, on his cross-examination. admitted that she did recollect the revolution, and alluded to it in connexion with herself and her friends, having danced with llritish officers, at her father's house. MoffTonwKRv Ili'vr, tt'otniutd for conlntanls.?Is a Lieutenant in the navy; was acquainted with testatrix fiom last October to her death; hoarded in the saute house with her during that period of time, and conversed with her frequently ; the condition of her mind during that period was very weak, approsehlng to the mind, of ft child; she conver*ed fre^ncntljr of certain families. her connexion*, and seemed to think they were th? nioftt Important people in the city of New Y ork, and in conversation showonld call tliein by their given nam)*, without attaching their surnames, ; a* if they were known to every one; ?he talked very I much of the opera, and patties ; she had no memory j nt all of thine* that were doily transpiring about hur. ! hut recollected the events of her childhood with cer- | tainty Adjourned. Ukxerai. Simmons.?This court wa* opened yester- j day. (Wednesday.) about 11,'i o'clock A. M.. Judge ! Dtiy. of the Court of ' ommon I'lea*. with Aid Tin *n Stephen* and Adam*, presiding. A good deal of time was consumed in calling over the lists Of grand an J 1 petit jurrr* Several of the person* whose name* wore , called diil not answer, and not a few of those who did. applied to I)* excused. When the juries were formed, the Clerk announced that all witnesses who had been > summoned for that day were excused from further at- I lendance on the court, a* no trial would be proceeded , with till 11 o'clock this day. when the trial of Bator, [or grand larceny, would be proceeded with. The ( ;ouu*el applied to have the trial of J. K. l.yons. who is charged with bigamy, postponed till next term To [ this the District Attorney agreed after som? hesltation. The following gentlemen were thou ?wom on the Grand Jury;? Alexander Steward, Foreman: Alfred 11 t'levk Nicholas ( roit. Orlando I ish, Hobert Johnson. John B. Overton, Hiram Russell. Thomas Small. Isaac Tayi r. William Burnett, Wilmot Oftkle v, Mile* I hn hers. John Dunne. Benjamin Halstead. JohntT !! ' I'M) nni H O Jacobus. Jono ivic "semen j, uaipu ' rr * lu,( William Smith. Judge Duly than addressed the jury in a site tinet | and lucid ,manner, in explanation of th> imports n. duties they wwre called on to perform llesailth.t I heir office waa a mere preliminary, and era pro..d?l by the constitution. In order that no one would be put to the War to undergo a public trial but ?fco*e age net ,, whom tberf w?? a probable amount * a rUjjwafttn > t L,D. TWO CENTS. I matter, nen if acquitted, yet from the fact of beta# put oil trial nt all. a certain stigma would ever after attach itself to the person so circumstanced ifaeiClaincd the nature of the different case* likely to co'me eforc them for investigation. such ax lotteries. against which there i* a eperial law in the city and State of New Vork; a* alee against usury, and that any persou wha would take more than 7 per cent. Interest, aubJeeted himself not only to the ins* of the principal hihad advanced, hut aleo to fine and imprisonment He alsoexplained the law* relating to Are companies, fcc , and concluded by hoping that they would discharge thei- duties to themselves, the perplr. the traversers, by nn attentive consideration of such caaos as wr.Ul 1 be brought Wore them; anil that tiia District Attorney and the court would give them every assistance-in their powtr The petit juiy was thott sworn, after which the court adjourned bog l.nws. Mr. huiTos : ? (If ail pernicious, gutrag?im and domoralising laws, ever passed by ?ny legislative body in the world none, that I know of. is more so than the dog law lately passed by our rity fathers, and now in full operation under the sanction and proclamation of Mayor liavemcyer. If the wise nieu of (jothair had put their heads together, to devise the most certain, expeditious and infallible mode of rearing candidates | luiiimii giDK or inn gallows Ot adding. in t tin course j of the next ten year*. to the lists of vagabonds. thieves and cold-blooded murderers which already are no planI tiful in thin metropolis. thin dog law win the very act to pa.'H. The writer of thin likes dogs.good, useful, or handsome dog*?and keeps three of the race about his premises; yet would he willingly see these, and every other dog in the world destroyed, rather than that a single human being should suffer death under the horrors ot hydrophobia. But is it not equally badnay, worse?to destroy the soul as the body ' to rear thieves and murderers by legal enactment ' to pay a premium front the porkets of the people to young barefooted vagabonds, of six to ten years old, and enable them to supply themselves with liquor, tobaeco and cigars - to take trips to Coney island, and to indulge in vices heretofore only practised by blackguards of a bigger growth. I ntu not indulging in mere fanciful remarks, but speak of facts as they hnve come under my own observation and that of every person whose business or pleasure brings him often luto the streets. These farts have been detailed in all the papers, and have been commented upon; but 1 have not, as yet. s?en any journal which properly attacked the disgusting and demoralising Influence of this law. I will refer to a single instance that came under my observation on Saturday evening Inst, and will then take the liberty of suggesting a proper remedy. Passing along Wocgter street on Saturday afternoon, I saw live or six hoys, the eldest, perhaps, ten years old. on a dogkllling expedition They were all armed with bludgeons. such as policemen carry. They hud just succeeded in capturing a small black terrier, and ware dispatching the little brute. The biggest of the boys, who seemed to have the prerogative of killing, knocke 1 the dog on the head, and prostrated hint. The force of the blow was not sufficient to kill the snimal. yet. as it fell prostrate, the blood spirted from its nose an t mouth By J -s, I told you you could not fetch him,'' cried a smaller urchin, who now began to hammer away at the dog. At that instant, two ladies missed the mot Ifni- Itilsitlimutlnn nn>?i-.< in broad daylight, and on the sidewalk of a muchfrequcnted street. a fa t which reader* out of the city will scarcely believe), and the eldest of the two. on perceiving the Hcene, turned away in horror and disgust, staggered, and fainted. The eight of the dog the bloody weapons in the hands of the urchins, the language they used, all wag enough to sicken a atrouger constitution than that lady's; for I confess that I uiysulf fell sick at the sight. The second lady ventured to remonstrate with some o? the boys, anl was met with language too obscene, profane, and outrageous for repetition. The boys now dragged the dog along towards the 8tl) Ward station-house, at the corner of I'rincc street ; and as the brute was not yet i|Uitc dead, the leader of the gang commanded a ' halt,*' for. as he said as long as them spasms lasted. they wout let us take him in." The party renewed their pounding the dog. until''them spasms" were over, and the animal was dead. Kroni the conversation of the young blackguards during the death struggles of the dog, 1 learnt*! that their band was fully organized ; that several dogs had already been despatched by tnem that day ; and also heard _their plans regarding the expenditure of the funds "thus raised. Coney Island ai.d Hohoken for the Sun day; segars and ruin, sueuied to form the foreground of their plans. One little fellow could not go. he said, unless he made more than his share of the business thus far amounted to. as he had to bring that much to his father, who had provided him witli his club, and taught him how to " fetch" the dogs. " But, by J ? a," he added. I am hound to go to-morrow, any how; and I'll be d?tul. if I don't raise the money, dogs or no dogs " And how would he raise the money for rum. segars. and Coney Island, if he killed no more dogs' I will let the reader guess for himself. I have related this single incident; hut hundreds of a similar, or even more disgusting character. can be daily seen In our streets. Sundays not excepted; for the fifty cents premium is paid to juve other day. How would hi* honor the Mayor, or any odd of our city father*, admire it, if on hi* return from church, or nt any other time, he met a young sou or grandsnu of his, with bloodstained hand*, bearing, instead of hi* school-book*, a bloody bludgeon in his hand, and savage, bloodthirsty joy and avarice, beaming from bis eyes. And yet. these same city father* pay a premium from the people'* pocket*, to get the children of the poor to do these thing*. They pay at the rate of fifty cents a lesson, for their education, in a school for cruelty to animals, ararire, intemperance, and all the other vices that follow in the train, even to murder. Von perceive that "I have not alluded to the killing of valuable dogs, the stealing of the same from private premises, which is practised, in consequenoe of this law. Only a few days ago. gome of these young vagabonds took a pet kid that was quietly resting ou the steps of a private residence in the Oth Avenue, and killed It, mistaking it for one of the canine race. I have only endeavored to show the demoralising influence of this street butchery. And now, as I said above, I will suggest a remedy, and one which will answer its purpose tully, and prove an income instead of an expense to the city. 1 would suggest a dog-law similar to that in operation at Hew Orleans, and which has long been tried and found to work well. Let owners of dogs pay a tax of about $2 per year for every dog. and compel them to nut collars With the owner's name upon every dog Let a large dog pound be constructed in the outskirts of the city, aud a number of large receiving carts (one-horse carts.with large square boxes upon them, with a trap-door at the bark, large enough to receive a dog) be made Threw or four persons, under the command of a responsible (tflccr. are to go with every cart, through a certain district of the city, early every morning during the hot weather, and once or twice a week during the rest of the year. These persons are provided with large iron instruments, a kind of tongs, with which they can easily catch the dog by the back of the ueck, (and in such a manner that be cannot turn upon them.) and throw him into the cart Such is the practice at New Orleans. All dogs found about the street* are in this manner taken up. and brought to the dog pound, where they are kept a week. and. if not reclaimed, are destroyed. Should dogs of value be found among them, unreclaimed. they become the property of the officer who has taken them, and who is then compelled to pay the dog license for every dog he wishes thus to keep. If reclaimed, let the owner be fined Ave dollars, two of which are to be considered his dog tax for the current year. Of course, a register of dog license* has to be kept, by proper persona. During the hot weather, all dogs must be muzzled as well as collared, and the tine for not muz/.ling a dog Is, during that time, to be live dollars, even when the licence has been paid! The menemployed a - dog-catchers (not dog-killers) receive a portion of all tines thus collected. The operation of this law is easily seen. Persons who own valuable dogs are certainly willing to pay a license, and go to the expense of a muzzle and collar, to have them protected Dogs of this kind are usually well kept and taken care of, and are not likely to run mad ; and the muzzle, in hot weather, will beprotection then as now. Worthless and masteries* curs will be destroyed and seen no more Disgusting scenes of dog-kllling by vagabond boys or men in the street*, will no longer be >een. and the expense t<> the city, of fifty cents a head for dead dogs, will be chaugedinto an anuual revenue of two dollars a head for living one* besides the fides whirh will yield a surplus to the treasury above all the expenses attending it. Let the city authorities well reflect upon the pra ticability and excellence of sucli a measure, as well as upou the wickedness ani demoralizing influence of the present mode, and we will have hereafter no more cases of hydrophobia, an 1 see no more, old or young, professional dog-killers. 0 (,'*i tion to nou>tkha?The Paymaster (ventral is ruptdly preparing roils, aud will send paymasters into the ?everal States, and, tor the convenience of claimants, as tar as practicable, to the places of company enrolment, for the payment of the three months' extra pay authorized by act ot Congress ot the 19th July, i? iw i.. oil volunteers who have served in the w ir w ith Mexico, and have been honorably discharged, and to th? heirs ol such as have died in service ? It i.? earnestly recommended to all not 'o sacrifice ilieir chums, the depmtmeut bring determined t<> .settle the claims without delay, indsecui* to the claimants the full benefit of tn -lav Th * regulations governing the deparime it in th? payment ot this gratuity are in preparation, and wall be published and - Mit to the ditlereiii e?t itea, to.the infortnatioii ol all interested ? ll'n in*'m I nion,A*fpitt9. Kt rcmic Ts'.tui:Afit t v 1111, kr 0 l ?tl.? av? Fa'ihj:r I'oi n r ?We luxe to - ute (hat t.ie ane jt electric telegraph brtweep fueaec and Fattier I'oint i? n?v hei'n.T work -d, and tint communicaHon-can t> tnn -fintt i betwe-n the i*specftv? stations. The turtll ot tharg's. o at present est*bli.-hcd, is extremely mode, tie, vt2 ? Toiarrrdu S.osip. far la ?orl< l? !)> , A u 1 for every additional I) ' TS't Toi aUrr Point, far 13 > \ulfotcv r. additional !' " l< 'J curie nth appl) to conn tuaicatioaa ti vx*. it : J (! . . I - L'o.:i'. nrj Hive; Ju l*oup.