4 Eylül 1848 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

4 Eylül 1848 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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I ~ * T H pw - NO. 5206. THE FORFICN ('ORB ESI'ON l)EK CE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD. Our London Corrnt|ioii(lenr?. London, Aug. 18,1848. Irish J (fain?Ihc Potato Disease?State Prosecutions?Guizot ? The IVcst India Colonies? The English Chartists?George Stevenson, the Railway Engineer. It is. unfortunately, now nc matter of doubt or speculation, that nearly the entire potato crop of Ireland Is lost by the disease of 1840. and that Great Britain may look forward to the approaching winter with dismay ana consternation, as to the certain and dlrefuj results. Starvation in its sternest form must overwhelm the land, should the itnptrial treasury withhold its timely aid. Providence, wise in ail its purposes, orders it for tlie best; nevertheless, the alilictions of the moment are difficult to reconcile to a patient submission. The weather that has destroyed one source of support now set xns to threaten the other; as the damaged state of tho corn crops are causing great alarm, and the markets are rapidly ri. iug It may now he certainly ssscrte \ tbuteven with moderately favorable weather for ri a ing and securing the harvest, a similar amount mu?t b expended in the purchase ef foreign grain, i government wish to save from certain starvation, onehalf of the population of Ireland. The machinery o; the poor law commission has alrendybeen put in move mer.t for ascertaining the actual state of the potato crop, and also of the probable amount of corn; and, so far as can be judged, the result is, that the resources of the country ars. as neariy as possible, in tho same posi' Hon as they were in the fatal autumn of 1846. It is therefore, obvious, that if the produce of that autumn proved insufficient, the same result will attend the present one, to be followed as certainly l>y u dialn of specie, to pay for importations Of food, which will cause a contraction of the currency, mercantile embarrassments, and whole. tale be iikruntcies ff raMional nrnhn>,ilif v fiMinri.,,1 oil the strictest analogy, can have any show of reason, these must ccme to pass?nay, more, the great possibility of a suspension of oash payments, and an explosion cf the present rotten monetary system, consequent upon an overwhelming national debt, it is certain thai God, in his inscrutable wisdom, never sent the prercnt blight upon the land to afHicthis creatures, without having a wise object in view j and if it be, by Indirect means, to destroy the present vicious stockjobbing system that holds ail Kurope in thraldom, it -will he cheaply purchased. The ministerial papers already see the dark, portentioua storm, coming, and one of them has predicted the realization of many items in the foregoing catalogue of events, stopping abort, however, before it arrived at the final crash which will not be the less retarded on that account. The evil day may be postponed for a short time, but it jnust come ; no bolsteriDgs up or declarations of confidence, cun turn it aside. The only alternative now open to the ministry is the raising a fresh loan, to mitigate Irish suffering, and add it to the debt, leaving the interest to be paid out of the labor and industry of the present and coming generations, as the ministry have no soruples about mortgaging the blood and sinews of posterity. This mode of relievl ng a famishing people may be just, accordicg to the emergency of the case, but its justice is much weakened by the fact that the whole money, thus bestowed, finds its way, eventunlly, into the {IWM'U vi iuc iiuu muuiuius. uy nay ui illustrating Ibis, it only requires to be remembered that, instead of the peeple being fed on the produce of the soil, it is exported lor the benefit of the land-owner, who leaves Otheis. better disposed, to feed their famishing poor, and to do, in acts of charity, what they ought to do as a matter of duty, at tbeir own expense None can be eo blind as not to see through their knavery, in their wvasions and prayers to be relieved from the necessity of feeding their own poor, when they gee any chance Cf others doing it for them It haB ever been their policy.'and will continue so as long, as there are fools in the world to be duped by Ihem. The question now naturally arises, how are the government to wake use of the victory they have gained ever the Irish rebels? it may in some measure answer this query,by considering how far the memorial from the ltoman Cath<lic hierarchy nnd clergy to Lord C-larendon. prayiDg for a general amnesty and a forgiveness of the past. will meet with attention. As it jhas not yet been presented, nothing can be really known, but it is worth remarking, that the first announcement of such a movement, claiming the royal prerogative in favor of mercy, w.h rudely attacked in the columns cf an official journal, which denounced It as a.miscLIevous interference that sought to dictate when "the prerogative of the crown ought to he exercised From these remarks the belief is inditoed, that a measure of full rigor will be dealt out to the effenders egaiuit royalty. Asfar as the Queen is individually concerned, it is not supposeu that she will exercise much opinion or discretion iu the matter, but simply iollow the course recommended by her ministers. Since tlie appearance of serious troubles in Ireland, the Catholic clergy have taken no pait in thetu. otherwise than, in partial instances. cautioning their flocks to abstain from any fmrticipation in tumult sml outrage that could only end th. iu into danger without any beneficial result. The bishop-, as far as their influence went, were opposed to the movement also. The adhesion of these divines to the cause of order, hae probably induoed the ministry to enlist their services the more effectually in their cause, by issuing an order that in future all dignitarit s of the Romau Catholic Church in (treat Britain and its colonies, shall he styh-d and titled equally to the Protestant hierarchy. The object is tranrpi i cnt. and to have made it acceptable the con is en art of justice done bow, it wan equally one that required being done then. Asa farther step towards the conciliation of this body, their endowment is now eaid to be a; ubject occupying the attention of the cabinet, as <>ne means by which they hone to tranquilise thccountiy. It Is feared however, with some reason, that th? y will not accept the offer, as they can only look at It as the enlistment of their services as a substitute for the huge army of polioe and military that overpowers the country at such a vast expense. Wore the endowment, of the priests accomplished for pure and disinterested purposes, it would bo favorably viewed i but the cloven foot shows itself too clearly in the affair, ar.tl its acceptance would certaiuly load to the alienation of the griat mass of the poople from them. Hitherto it has ever been, that in proportion as a priest was opposed to the Saxon government. fo was he loved and obeyed by his flock. 'With a support which has been far from securing a moderate competency, the parish priest has been contented, and it is not to be supposed at this moment of trial ho will forego the affections of Ins congregation, and the independence of his position, nay, of his exteteu e, to jdase himself in the power and under the lnflner.ee of a government, who may. at any moment, deprive liiin of his living, if his political subserviency does not meet their requirements. The result of the trial of Mr. Doherty, one of the writers of the late /n'sA Tribune newspaper, where the jury was discharged, without coming to any decision. lias gut n rise to a fresh effort being made by a part of the I n, lish press, to obviate the necessity of unanimity In the ! tiding of Irish juries. It is desired by them that a r >w h.w he passed, which will give validity to a verdict where twi -thirds nl lhein are agreed. This, It Is asserti d, will do away with, and completely frustrate the obstinacy'of the Catholic book-eaters, who are not allowed by these writers the credit of possessing either judgment or honesty in the ai-charge of so sacred a duty. In former easts, the non-agreement of juries procured the liberation or Mr. O'Urien and Mr. Mea gher; but. in the present in-iancc, Mr. Doherty was remnnde.l to prison innw iit n new trial, anil to hazard the r.lis net of finding an other jury more accommodating to the wishes of the Irish executive. Some, more lntolerent than these whilst, they urge this change, argue that In lend, at the present moment, ought not to possess courts requiring the aid of juries. but that a power ought to be vested In the hands of ths civil and xnilitaryautboritiee. to carry into effect the most prompt und numci: ry punishment on political delinquency.? Some Idea nmy be formed of the gigantic scale on which State proHt cutious are being carried on at the present time, by the fact of Lord John Husrell asking Parliament for a grant of halt a million sterling for this purpose In a?king for It, he did not evince auy humiliation nt the thought of prosecuting men who have been goaded on to the commission of crime by the operation of partial end unjust laws, which he, for one. has had had his fmI share In making and perpetuating Whilst the full sevirity and rigor of the law is being carried out against the humble delinquent, the great ones escape with impunity, if the public may judge from various rumors of the political intrigues of Monsieur Gutz.Ot. who has the reniltatlon of hsiinir haon n it only busily but successfully engaged In hatching pl>ts against the whole liberal Interests of the continent ? This fallen statesman Is said to he availing himself el the means of support, by helping to disburse the bloated wealth of a London pisne-fortn maker. Public indignation has frequently been expressed against this ind vlduai'.i conduct, end the general wish I.', that tbs provisions or the wh'g alien net should be put In Immediate operation sgaini-t him 7 he stale of the West I ndla colonies seems to be apSreaching a crisis, which It will he difficult for the ons government to meet, as the last accounts from Jamaica showed the colonial treasury unahle to meet its current payments It is hopeless forthem to expect the mother oountry will mak^g.iod the deflelenoy, whi n her un r>quin-ments are so urgent, though there is no d?ubt the attempt will be made. The system begins to hear strong evidence of a speedy <11 'solution. not only as regar.-s this island, but the whole golonlal empiro. Sir William Molesworth has reoent mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmammmmmmmmammmmmmmtmmammunBmmana E NE MORNING 1 1}-, in bin mot on on the c.Ionia! tutldltui clearly proved that every pounds worth of g >od< exported to theui England expends in the protection and government of such colonic*, the sum of ten nullling*. which shows clearly the monstrous misrule and impolicy o' the people of this country, holding them merely that they may furnish lucrative and almost sinecure places 10 the younger sous aud illegitimate children of the aristocracy. The same gentleman has also shown that the amount of English emigration aud exports to the United states of America is greater than that to the whole of the British colonies, without requiring from her the expenditure of a farthing. What | proof can be plainer than the above, that it would ^e ; to the interest of England to make them independent; I the more so, when, as at the present time, no reciprocity | of interest exists, nor is there any hope it ever will exiet whilst every thing is sacrificed at the shrine of . close interests. The stereotyped answer of the colonial ' secretary, for the time being, invariably is, that they (treasure market for our manufactures?a source of employment for our shipping, and a nursery for our seamen. '1 he fallacy of the two former presumed advantages have been already tbown, and as to the latter, the American mr.r<ou always commands our best seamen. because in it they are best paid and best treated. The rising of the slaves in the island of St. Croix lias been viewed hne with some interest, and the hope is expressed in eertain quarter* that the movement will extend to Cuba, and irobubly to the States. A paper, which is generally the exponeut of the West India interest, has viewed the intelligence as glvingsome hopes j of its bciDg the advent to a more prosperous state of things?not by raising fhe condition of tbe colonies by an improved cultivation, or a more vigorous management. but by a lowering of the condition and prosperity of their rival", through the means of a successful insurrectionary movement, ending in the abolition of slavery and tbe establishment of another sable republic in | Cuba However desirable the abolition of slavory may be, Itdoee nut argue well tor its accomplishment that motives of interest should dictute the wish. It is, however, in unison with ths whole composition of this interest, which is characterised as being constituted of a set of lazy, bankrupt, non-re lident proprietors, 1 who, having squandered their property in extravagance, look to the government to impose protecting duties to enable iheintolive in idleness and comfort 1 at the expense of tbe public. Tbe latest news from Ireland is pacific ; the only > subject worthy of note being tbe fact of Mr. Martin, of the Ftlnti, being found guilty, and the arrest at | Armagh of five well dressed Americans, who were conveyed to Dublin and there Imprisoned. They had .t'1,700 in their possession, which was seized. It I appears they arrived at Belfast on Saturday, from : Androssan in Scotland. The American sympathisers I have been unfortunate, for it appears they have no I sooner arrived than they hare fallen into the hand3 of the detectives, who have dealt very unceremoniously with them. There cannot be less than a dozen in prison, and two Frenchmen. The potato disease appears to have entirely destroyed the crop in Irclaud; and great fears are entertained for the safety of the corn harvest, and the same apprehensions may be attached to those of England. Lord J'al mere ton's explanations as to the affairs of Italy are satisfactory on change, it is at present a politioal chaos. The chartists have again made a Billy attempt at a demonstration, which the police have prevented, and arrested thirty-live of their leaders, who were armed at taverns, ready for some mysterious deeds only known to themselves. Various large towns have been the scenes of similar at'emptr, which in every case were suppressed, but at Ashtou, near Manchester, life was lost. The world will learn with regret the death of George Stephenson, Ksq ,the celebrated railway engineer, at the advanced age of 07. His loss, both as a public and private character, will be deeply deplored, as in him were united those talents and virtues which makes prominent position a satisfaction to its possessor, and an honor to the sge. Born in obscurity, near Newoastle-on-Tyre, ho commenced in early boyhood the humble drudgery of a pit-boy in a colliery, and In this occupation gradually advanced himself to the more responsible duty of taking charge of a subordinate part in the drainage and ventilation of the mine. Attention, compiled with various useful suggestions for the more efficient working of this department, secured for him the favorable notice of his employers, who did not fait to foster what they considered the indications of a latent genius. Those subtle fluids, water and gas, the twin dangers of the mine, ever difficult to restrain and guide, had. up to this, time held supremacy in their strongholds, in many instances restricting, whilst in more they stayed the operations of man. A barrier, so formidable to both piivate and national interests, only required the exercire of a mind like George Stephen! son's to mitigate, if not to remove the evil, and it I was in this pursuit and that of his daily avocations, yeurg as he was. and unaided bvany of those applianerg. which so * abound in the wide diffusion of science, through a popular literature, that he studied the nature of the elements that surrounded bitn. the more effectually to subdue them. Tardy as are sometimes the footsteps of fume in tracing and rewarding the ob-cure march of humble genius, the mining district, of which hie i phi-; e of action was the centre, soon gave proof of its due appreciation by the ever-increasing claims Biade on hisserrices Sub.-equently,the duties imposed oil him as raining engineer to Lord Uavenwnrth's extensive collieries, led him to accomplish many improve mi nts on bis Lordship's railways, and to apply to them an improved locomotive power. At this early per led of of the steam engine's pio.rte?a,' as applied to mining purposes, it was marked by a rudeness of construction, und an im fllciency of action, which he did much to remedy. It was only about the year 1820, that his talent* began to be linowu beyond bis own locality, when bis aid was sought to superintend the construction of the Stockton and Darlington railway, for the 1 tram-it cf the mineral produce of the upper valley i of the west to the seaboard. Ills labors here were about I being brought to a close when the act was obtained for the construction of the Liverpool and Manchester railvay. The Directors, wisely considering practical experience essentially necessary to the proper development of their project, and the disbursement of so large on ou'.lay, sent a deputation of thoir body to view Mr. Stephenson's works, and if possible to secure his services. The mission of the deputation having proved satisfactory, the works were commenced and prose! tilted with vigor ; and it was towards their completion that tbe question arose, as to the kind of tractive lower that should be adopted in working its traffic, when it was ultimately decided that new powers sneuld be sought from Parliament, to sanction the npo of locomotive power. It wad In the battle of prejudtce and Ignorance against science, that Mr. Stephenson first appeared before a committee of tbe Legislature, to state bis opinions?some founded on experience and others mi conviction?as to thu capability of an extensive passenger and mercantile traffic beingaocouiplish.d by ibis lower, without its old appliances and at high vokoities The ridicule and contumely with which his statements were received, naturally caused him perplexity, which was heightened from his being in a position so foreign to his past appearances of grappling with r, al. and not tha imaginary ones, it was the obji ct and interest of the opposing barristers to suggest to his mind. The success!ul completion and opening ot this railway, whioh has been. In a certain iiim.um, the model of succeeding ones, will ever remain a) such, a monument of his eklll and industry. On the completion of this line, a new era in the transit of the country commenced and numerous important railways were planned and execute 1 by the same successful engineer, till his labors were lightened and eventually superceded by his son and successor, who is now carrying out a variety of giguntlc works worthy tho name ot his father. In the Improvement of the locomotive engine, to him must be awarded the chief merit. During the last ten years of his lite, Mr. Stephenson lias been developing tbe mineral resources of Leicest> rehire, in an extensive coalfield, of which ho became the proprietor, as well as giving occasional service to the various claims tbe practical advance of science turned on bis attention. There are probably some who still remember, about the beginning of tbe present century, the tearful oalamities that frequently spread desolation among the colliery districts of the North, by the fatal explosions of carburettod hydrogen gas in the mines. The claims of humanity upon science, at this time, were ao strongly enlisted, aa to call forth the mental enemies of me 11 v men of talent, to remedv the evil, which wee m Inst accomplished by Sir Humphrey Haver's discovery ei the enti ty lamp. The applause of the world, which Lad so often been won by the discoveries of thia great man , was again being bestowed, when public attention wan directed to the faet, that the mind of lieorge Stephenaon had run parallel to. and realised all, the features of the new diicovery, in the production of an almost similar lamp. A oommittee of investigation appointed to examine the merit* of the discovery, and the priority of it* claimant*, shewed, on tLe part of Sir Humphrey Havey, the pall, ut progress of inductive reaenroh. in the aonomplhhment ol his ofyect, and on the part of Mr. Stephenson, an utter ignorance of hi* rival'* proceeding* Such are a few of the work* and event* of nls life. At this point may the reader not pan**, and, for an instant. ie!!ect on the iuimeasureable benefit* that tli* lalur* of this great uian are likely to affect for tlie whole human race. It may be naked, are not the jealousies and asperities of neighboring nations being subdued, by the greater facility of intercourse which ! they have established ? .vre not the blessings ot com' meter, by a like means, being extended? Again, it ! may l>e asted, have those labors not advanced, and are | they not advancing the cause of liberty and order by the more rapid and extensive spread of public opinion, which restrain* the tyrannies of despots, and will, ere long, sheath the sword of the warrior? And, finally, I' may be asked, are the*e not blessings that ought to enlist the gratitude of a late posterity* The important achievements of railway enterprise In Ragland, associated as they wers with Mr. Stephenson's name, soon guve It n reputation over the ,,f Vnren.. III. I...... 11 ? listed by the novornmenti of Fiance, Belgium, , firm-any. Spain and Italy, to lay the foundation of r | the fame eyetem of tr&n-lt that wt< realizing encta ' linpoitant benefit* to the British public. Whilst fulfilling the Important duties imposed on him by theee undertaking*. it was frequently hie lot to receive fram the great the rrspect and homage due to hie talent* and virtue*. At the table of prince* and king* he ha* b?et> a frequent guest?a cubjeet often mentioned by hlin, to llluetiato how pirseveranee hoe bridged the wide gulyh between Ibe extreme position* ha had occupied In loelrty. The community among whom Mr. 8tephenion aeoomp I hi d hie earlier trlumphe, did frequent honor to hie t kill and private worth; and latterly, at apublle dinner g yen by them to him at Newraetie on-Tyne, he freely alluded to hie greatest dlfflcultlee In life arfalng from a , i total *ant of education Kaperienoing three almost on the threrhhold of life he determine d, whilst yet his | mean* wera restricted. and reaulred for the support of I hi* family, to tax hie hour* of repoee to procure the V mi m , ?? ?, - - 4*'wunr?r.-nix.?- .-nr*.w v n iDITION.?NEW YORK mci,ns wherewith to educate his son It is needless to any that a l.ature that could comparand H'-eojinlish such a noble resolvo. was a Kind and benevolent -inn. Three brief remarks may be aptly closed with the simp'e statement. that it was a prominent feature in his life ami rhavacter (hat be never forgot his own hutnhle origin, or the opportunity of doing good to his early friends ard companions. Our Krcncti Comtpundtucc, Paiii*, A g (i 1848. .Appropriation for the Blacks, at Martinique anil GuadaloupC?Grand Soiree by the President of the .Atsesnbly?Lanarline Demands of the Jlsscmhiy to be. Prosecuted?They Refuse?Departure of 700 Insurgents from Paris, under Sentence of Transportation The French receive unpleasant news from Martinique and Guadeloupe?they have already appropriated l,600,000f to support the blacks after their emancipation, and they now learn that there is much distress in these li lands, and that the blaohs are very idle and turbulent. The President of the Assembly has entered into his new hotel, and gare a soiree to five thousand persons ; a flue company of musicians, dancing, and refreshments, gave life and variety to the evening; he appearing to be disposed to spend all he receives, in the uitiun wuivu iua ransiftUB must nuuiirB, anu mi I lie press are praising big example, and urging others to give a like circulation to their l'undi. Yesterday, M. Bixio, M. George Lafayette, M. CorJ>en, M. Oustave de Iieuusaint. M. do Cormenin, and M. Lacrosse, werechorcn Vice Presidents of the Assembly in the order here numed; the five first were numud by the three medium clubs, and the latter by the Club de Poltier. Al. Lanianaiso again asked the Assembly to order him to be prosecuted, instead of the grraut, who only printed what he wrote ; but agiin the Assembly refused his demand, and left the law to take its course. Yesterday, also, the Gazette de France was suppressed, but to morrow, certain journals which havo bean suppressed, are to be set again at liberty. Fmile de Gerardin says his press feeds and clothes three hundred families?has 1.600.000 francs invested, and Issues 00.0C0 copies daily. Of course, to hive it suppressed was a serious matter to him; but the government allowed him to go on till the third day of the insurrection, which was the most terrible day of ait, before it suppressed it. From some judications pretty significant, General Cavaignac has felt it to be proper to place a body of troops in tbe bouse opposite to bis hotel, which is Hue de Varrennes, which hud keen some time ocoupicd by Madume Adelaide. She was .Madame, for she had a secret marriage, and two or threo children, by General somebody, whose name I forget this I moment. . Yesterday, Ledru llollin demanded of the Convention that they should fix the time tor the discussion of 1 their report, and lie asked for next Tuesday; but it I was resisted, ucon tbe cronnd that it could not he printed, witb tlie testimony, by that time. How slowly work ia here executed, according to the number of men 1 employed! The debate is to immediately follow the i printing and distribution of the report. Already par- , ties are arrayed upon the question ? the extreme right for. and the extreme left against the report. ' England has Instructed her ambas.-adn? at Tarls to i enter upon negotiations with Franco for the achieve- i rnent of an armistice betweon Aiotrla and Italy. < Even an intervention is spoken ol' by these two pow- < ers. who have entered iuto the measure with a friend- ' ly rpilit worthy of these countries, and the great, very 1 great importance of the measure To-day, Too in,- i surgents concWuned to transportation, will leave Pjiris for Havre. A commission has been formed to decide upon the place and the manner of exccutlug this sad purpose. The courts are discharging nearly one-half i who are examined, among the leant implicated. Lamartine has done much to stamp the impress of mnrvy upon the French natton, or to give vitality and activity to the principle. The yacht i'atupsco arrived at Boulogne u few days since, and has created a good deul of lensation among the French. The authorities are upon the tiack of some secret societies in Paris and the departments. Senard is a noble officer. OBSERVER. Paris, August 7,1848. Jhtempt to Assassinate Thiers?Female Gamblers?M. ; Lurien Mural?Louis Philippe's Trunks, <j'C. fl rt a1tomn4 araa masla oo > ' ? ! - w?o an in rufjiwru, ill | assassinate M. thiers, at hi* house, in Placo St. George. j A little girl, eleven years old, sitting at his door, was ! shot slightly in htr shoulder, and her clothes torn by the bail, which was immediately found on the grouud, j where it had rested ; but there was no report, and after the most minute examination, no one could be deteot- ' ed. M. Thiers was, in fact, in the Assembly ; but a gentleman was entering his door at the time, who resembled him much in his dress. This incident has created a good deal of excitement : but suspicion fell upon no one. Immediately after his election, a mob un. dertook to penetrate his house; but these are days when musket halls arc somewhat to be feared by certain proniinent men. Yet the police is most excellent, and Paris never more quiet and orderly, by day or by night, under the reign of Louis Philippe, and that is saying much; for the order then was as perfect as it could be in so large a city. Seven hundred insurgents were safely transported to Havre, in the night; but their place of destination is not yet determined. The great railroad in construction, from Paris to Lyons, is arrested at this moment, for want of funds; and the government ore desired to assume the undertaking. I think the prospect is, that it will do so This work H or vast consequence ; Rome purrs or tne works are finished ; and millions have already been expended in tbe undertaking. But capital does not exist in France as in kngland, or tbe United States; nor does the , capacity to execute exist, as in those two countries. Tbe women, joueueet, are again to be excluded from the Bourse. Since the abdication of Louis Philippe, they have been admitted to the gallery; and by telegraphic signals, they ham carried on their gambling in stocks, with the brokers below; but they baro become se noisy And boisterous that it was necessary, on Saturday, to call in tbe police to preserve silence ; and they are again to be excluded from the galleries. In Kngland, France, and Spain, women gamble, 1 think, as desperately as tbe men. I have seen them gambling for hundreds of dollars at a sitting, in some of these places Tbe injunction has been removed from the journals suppressed, and certain of them are again before the public. Some of them are pretty angry ; but aa the city is still in a state of scige. it Is necessary that they be careful in their language and ideas The manager of the Htforme Is before the court for publishing tbe article of the'Tciiple Constituent,upon the proposition of M Proudhon. M.Lucien Murat, late from the United States has been sent to Home, by Iho government, on public business, the nature cf which is not known to the public. The Island Louvlen is to be occupied by an encampment of two battalions of troops for the protection of the Hotel do Ville. Lauiartine has been unanimously elected member of the municipal council of Macon. The twenty-third regiment of the line has arrived in Paris, to take the place of those sent to the frontier. There is tittle doubt that France and England are in the act of attempting jointly to co-operate to put an end to the war between Ansn-ta and Italy. M. M. Recci. from tho i abinet of Turin; (luerrlere. from l.nmhardy ; and A. Wolfe, from Venltt*, have arrived at Paris. and had an audience with the President and his ministers On Saturday, two immense oarrlage loads of boxes, trunks. &c.. Sto , filled with the private papeis of Louis rhllippe. his wife and family, were deposlted in the national archives, to be placed beyond the reach of the public. It required. at tirst, great exertion and care to keep them from the hands of the people, and for the first twenty-four hours after the revolution vast numbers were lost and destroyed. At the eoirto of M Marra?t. Madame M. and the lady of the Minister of Foreign \flairs begged eleven hundred Irsncs. for the peor of the fauhourfs. To day is celebrated tbe rervice for the repose of the soul of the late Areli Bishop. During the service, and until 4 o'clock, P. M.. his heart is to be exposed to public view. OBSF.RNKll Paris, August 8, 1848. Death of the President of the Court of Ji/ipeal?Tha nrpon Iy mc i/nnniHifr aj r. ni/mry? HaUrnaH from Pas-il 10 Lyons?The Hostile Attitude of Austria against Italy, ft. Ycrterday, the Government In oounoil, finally decided to join England, In offering their joint mediation to Auntrla and Italy. The condition* of thin mediation are yet not underetood; but the grand objeotofthii j movement In te rankc the moreinent effectual; and It U underntood, that if Auetria doe* not yield, the mediator* wi.l retort to coercive meanure* to effect their purpore. The death of the Trerldentof the Court of Appeal In to be filled by M. Marie; In which oaee Senard will be Mlnieter of Justice, M arrant Mlnleter of the Interior and I.amartine Pre Mdent of the A**rmbly, it bin friend* can elect him. The mont ample preparation* are making on the pntt of the Club de Peltier, to nuntnin the report of the Committee of Knquiry ; while it will be attacked with no le*n violence and vigor Thl* will become a purely party matter; and will agitate the country, probnbly, without any practical result. That there in evidence enough to have convicted ( nuridi.-re and Lul* Hlano. under clrcumntance* favorable, I* quite probable ; hut connected a* thru accunationa are ngatnnt I.amartine. I.edru Rollin. the provieional government Ac., the prorpect ie that the whole proceeding-, will end only in ?n angry crimination and n crimination The pre** A***nibly Nationale and liberty hure rea If; c an d, two or three other* will U" *o, end the re n Binder cannot find the mean* to make the necea ary depot it*. The debate U now going forward ?p?a > R K 1 , MONDAY, SEPTEM

liii; r,.]>?.rt of ibe committee, in ravor of ro<imrini 25.U0U franca deposit for each daily press, bearing ar interest of 4 per cent, I bellow, to the depositor, am to lie refunded at the teiniiuation of tbe existence o the journal One party J.s in favor of thin measure 4ieaded tiy the minister and a majority of the oommitlee ; another ia in favor of ouly personal liability and penal lane, und a third ie opposed to auy reitric tion. except public sentiment; but for the insurrection, and the etfloiont part which the press had in this offence, this latter opinion would hero prevailed; now it is UDcrrtain. Oeu Bedeau is again in a very dangerous condition. Tho 700 insurgents have been cutely deposited on board the chip l.'lloa. This a Spanish word and should bo Uloa. General Cliangarnier undertook to contradict Lamartinc and I.e (lru Itollin, in reference to ordering the bolt of the I'M 1>pel. but ban found himself contradicted positively, by Mariast and Gen Courtais. A commission line been appointed to take into consideration the projeet of assuming the railroad from t'?ris to Lyons, which is 357 miles ; thin route complete. the distance from Paris to Marseille*, GOO miles, would be travelled by steam. The committee have reported in favor of Imprisonment for debt, according to the old law. One of the authors of the acts of the provisional government is being recalled. A committee has just b< en appointed to detormi no whether the Chamber of Deputies, in the Palace of the Tuilories. shall be prepared for the future representatives ot the nation under the constitution] The news from Italy, that the Austrians are before Milan, has had a great effect upou the liourse ; hut I think that the decision of the government will reassure it. as it is eminently a peace measure. Vet, the success of the Austrians and the divisions of the Italians hove had a disquieting effect upou the public mind, as it is known that Krauce will insist upon the independence of Italy. The deaths for the last year, in Paris, amount to 3'i Stiff of which number 12.272 died in the hospital*; showing the extraordinary tact that more than onethird of the sick are carried to the hospitals, where tbey are taken care of at the public expense I have visited these hospitals, and they are model* of comfort ami convenience fertile sick; and noune fails to receive here the most assiduous and skilful attention. It is a noble feature in the h'rench nation. Nearly onp-half of the births in Paris take place at the hospital*, at the public expense, too. * uc .-uuixuifHiim upon me cna?uution iiavo nearly completed their labor One chamber will be reported; trim by jury in criminal cases only, with certain exot prions in civil suits. The theatres are in full operation, doing a better business than ever, since the revolution. OBSERVER. Our Jlcrlln Correspondence. Berlin, August 7, 1843. The Germ a? Union?Prussia ? Denmark?The Cost of the ll'ar?Milan. The excitement which prevails here, about the question whether Trussia is to enter the German Union, with cr without retaining her sovereign power as a State, has lately much increased. All other questions are for the moment superceded by tnis subject, and i>n it the attention of the whole country is rlretted. as the main point to be settled with reipect to the future pnbitiun of Prussia in Germany Since the revolution [here has not been so much agitation, politioal dissuasion, and disturbance in this city, than in the ireek past. Every evening crowds assembling under Ibe Linden, (the Boulevard of Berlin,) have been riolently debating the question yf the union of Prussia and Germany, and in dellanco of the orders of the . lty authorities, buve been disturbing the quiet of the :ity, in every possible manner, until a lute hour. Thtr police forces, consisting of a numberot constables. Iiave not been able to disperse these crowds, and aimost every night in the past week the alarm had to be Sounded to order out the Bnrrlwr iIiimH battalions of that body then sweeping through the Linden, and making prisoners of all who olfered resisteuce, had thus to restore quiet. Many imprisonments have taken place in consequence of these disturbances. among the leaders on these occasions were many students, and also some of the deputies to the Prussian National Assembly here. Of the latter principally, a Mr. Rodbertus, Count Kei< heubach. and Mr. Von Berg, all belonging to the opposition party in the Assembly, are nauied. In all olubs, po.iticul societies, and public places here, the question is coutioually discussed, what position Prussia should occupy in Germany. Meanwhile, the Prussian government lias taken decided steps to guard against any further eva aion of its authority in all matters concerning Prussia, from the part oi the ceuMai government of Germany. A Mr. Von Below has been sent with hi extraordinary mission Irom the Prussian government to the Archduke John, to give explanations as to the reasou why the Prusrian I r oops haTe not obeyed the order of the Minister of War ot Germ any. to dohomuge to the regent of the empire. He is likewise authorised to declare, tuat orders to lruesian troops ran only be given by the Prussian government. Though the King of PruseU had previously given leave to the Prussian troops to do homage to the regent of Germany, the order has been since couuti nun tided lu fact, the jealousy entertained by l'rt ssift of the executive power of Germany, is daily inci casing, since a prince of the liou.se of Austria has be<-n sleeted as the heed ef the German government, ami an Austrian lis prime lniuislcr. The breach between the north and the south of (formally, which has taken place principally iu consequence of this, just at the time when a firm union of all the States of Oer lio doubt that Fiuasia and tile smaller States Id the north of Germany following lier policy. will hereafter ot cupy a septrale position with respect to the other Stales in Germany. Prussia will likewise re.-ervo the right of sending her representatives to foreign courts, and receiving the representatives of foreign governments at her court Several appointments of diplomatic agents will shortly be made by the Prussian government. A Mr. Von tVillisen has been appointed minister to Paris. A great change among the diplomatic corps is taking place at the preaent moment. In fact. diplomuiiRts are as busy now as they always are, when there s some mischief to he played. 1'but 11 met hi ug of that diacription ia going on in Germany at present, there is no doubt. I.ord Cowley has just been sent by the Knglish government to Krnnkfort as it is stated on ati extraordinary mission with relation to the Danish war. Itnppears in connexion with this, what has been slated to us on the beat authority, that Mr Von llelow who has been sent by the Prussian government to the Archduke John, will likewise treat willi the regent ot Germany on the subject of the war with Denmark. Thus it is highly probable, if we considi r how anxious Prussia is to end the Danish war, that the I'russinn govt rument ia endeavoring toobtuin, through tile mediation of KDgland. a special conclusion of peace between Prussia and Denmark How very little aueh a step fioni the part of Prussia would help to promote the German national interests and to preserve the unity of Germany, we need not prove ; but it is evident <hal Prussia has the interests of her commerce in the Baltic, Buffering so much by the war more at heart than the establishment of tbo unity of Germany, by which she derives no material advantage. Denmark will he most willing to conclude an armistice, or peaec with Prussia, as she w ould then be rid of her most formidable enemv in Oer iu?ii). Meanwhile, however, another diplomatist, it is said u friend of Cavaignac. has been sent by the Danish government to the head ot the French republic, to ask its assistance for Denmark. The resources of that small kingdom are now exhausted to the last, and without the help of some foreign state, it cannot carry on the war. By decree of the Herman National Assem bly. at krankfort a part of the troops of all the different Herman states have been summoned to fight against Denmark, and the wur will be vigorously pursued on the part of Germany. Armies from Austria. Bavaria. Wurteiuberg aud other states, will now ninreii to fight, and it possible, to conquer Denmark. Thus, the ear in the north ot Germany will be couitnued with double force, and the end of it cannot yet beforseen The cost of this war to Trus-la. by whom it has. till now, principally been carrted on. from the part of German?, is estimated at four millions of balers and the damage occasioned by it to the i'russian tiadc in the Baltic at six millions. The war in the south, between Austria and the Kalian people, lias lately been successfully continued on the part of Austria. Though the Italians must eventually gain the victory?as th-y are fighting for the holy cause of liberty, and are determined to sacrifice all rather than bear the slavish oppression of Austria?still. the brave Austrian army, under Kadetzky. has again advanced in upper Italy, and forced the ens my to retreat The laiest accounts state a splen and their victorious progress towards Milan. A despatch. which has just been received from Trieste, brlt-ps accounts of the deftai of rharlei Albert, the taking of I'esrbi.ra and the capture of the Duke of Genoa The greatest, consternation existed at Milan All the preparations for the attack of the Austrian* on that city were made, and fortlflrations had been erected The progress of Radelxky in Italy is. in the present state of things, of the greatest consequence not only fbr Austria and Italy, but for tiermany. and perhaps for the whole of Kur<>pc The only happy solution of tho Important question coucsrn'ng Italy, will be. if a compromise can be obtained by which Austria will give up tho greater part of her trans-Alpine possessions In every other case, the war must he continued, and will shortly involve other parlies who have, rs yet, remained neutral, but will tie forced to take a part in It hereafter Kranee and Germany are both pledged to take an active part In It, if it should prove Impossible to settle the question peaceably, and in the manner just stated. The victories gained by tho Anstrian arms In Italy, will n*w make a powerful ally to come to the assistance of the Italians. The Intelligence, that a Krench army Is moving towards the frontiers of Italy. ha?, In fact, arrived alieady. Germany must then he prepared to drclare war to France. This is the danger which is tlucatfnli.g the peace of Kutope, at the present moment. and will not be turned off until this question is setthd The news of .he success of the Austrian army In Italy, has not produced thojoyful impression at Vienna which might have fx en expected of the public feeling In that ranltal. on such an occasion. The dlssppolntment which exists In that city, about the still delayed arrival of the Kmpcror, Is maoh preatir than rfho would be led to believe A gloom Is cast over ihe whole city, which even the life and hustle of a Parliament, consisting of the repmssntallvei of m> man) (lifl. r. ril nation* and people, cannot ril?|gl 1 be tni.ds I ave not risen In conwqutinne nl tut glorious news received from Italy, and are still im/ tvw. 11m Anlhli Jafea Mm lan ymii air LD. TWO CENTS. HERA BER 4, 1848. j ready. and had arrived at Frankfort on the 4th inst. i The Emperor has been summoned \,y the Austrian I Parliament to return to Vienna. mid a deputation of f members of I'arliami-nt hare been ?ent to Frankfort. , to urge his immediate return, it Is hoped, now. that he will he prevailed upon to leave Innsprilck. and ' that his presence in Vienna will restore public contl dunce. Our illntlrlrl CorrespouMnrr. The Ministry?French Demand I'aymtnt of the Debt of 1823?Report "J a Hejmbliean Movement, 4'c Mannm, August 12. 1SI8 M. Mon took the oath .yesterday as Minister of Finance. and returned loMadrid, where he immediately took possession of the ministry and appointed M. Sierra his under Secretary. The Heraldo denies all the reports as to a misunderstanding in the cabinet. The ministry is, it tays, on the contrary, <{uitc accordant, possessing the entire confidence of tlie crown, and the support of an immense majority in the Cortes. It to said that M. Carrajeria will, under the aupices of M Mon, resume his functions as Direotor of the Uank of Sau Ferdinand. M. EuwMo Maria del Valle having onlv occuilied nroviHlnilHllv the iinat nf ilieeetnr The | French Minister is raid to huve required payment of the debt contracted to France on ucaount ot the oocu. ! pillion of 1H23. which wan interrupted by the civil war, and has not aince been reHiiincd. The Trabuoairee at Siezu, and llainot de Ball, have sustained another check; they were attacked by the queen's troops, aud dislodged froui their formidable position A republican movement at (Jasteilau de la Piano, has been reported. It was only a miserable demonstration, which was immediately crushed by tile political chief. Letters front Barcelona of the 7tb. state that a band of 200 men, well armed and equipped, presented themselves at Masnon. where they disarmed sixteen carabiniers, without doing them nOJT injury, uttering a< the same time, cries of "viva la rintlitucionV Another band of 400 men presented themselves at Uadaiona After having taken all the arms they could Hud, they leit by the gate of Barcelona and went towards "y Mollnu de Key." it was said they were going to join other bands at Villntranca It is said that the insurgents now number 40C0 men, amongst whom are some persons of distinction. In Catalonia ngitation and discontent increase visibly. The facility which with the Montemoliuets make their marches,levy contributions, and lay new imposts ou blood and money, contrasts singularly with the indiiTereuce of government and its agents. Ma?sii> l)olra, August 12 -Three per cents, 197,, paper; live per cents, 11. paper, coupons 7, cash; passievs 4 paper Bunk ot San Ferdinand not quoted, : but the discount of its notes was from 5S' to 0 per I cent After Bolsa?Three per cents, 1914, cash; live per cents. It7,,, cash; passives, 3 13-10, cash. ! The ltcvolutions Among the Negroes?The Present tfingilali View of Slavery, &e. [Front the London News. Att? 7 J We seem to be approaching a crisis in the fate of the dusky natives of Africa. The news of the negro insurrection at St. Croix, and of the decision of the committee ot the American Senate, relative* to I lie admission of slavery into the late Mexican territories incorporated into the United States has been received within a few days of the breaking I down of Mr. Hutt's committee To the committee ol the British House ot Commons was delegated the task of reporting what are the best means | For the final extinction of the slave trade ; after a j protracted investigation, and after passing some I ten or eleven resolutions which are tantamount to | a declaration that the system hitherto pursued by ! this count)y to that end is utterly inadequate to ! produce the desired etlect, the members took fright I at the novelty of their own views, and separated | without reporting any opinion on the main question. The committee ol ttie American Senate was I appointed to report a bill tor the government of the newlv-ucquired territories, which should decide I whether slavery was or wns not to he one of their | "domestic institutions." The bill reported by the committee simply declares that the interim governments of these territories shall be forbidden to legislate on that delicate subject. British and American legislators shrink with equal timidity from action with reference to the extinction of negro slavery and the negro slave trade; and in the meantime the negro slaves in St. Croix set before i the eyes of their race an example of emancipation , , accelerated by means which promise to give the j I world a Danish Haiti in addition to the French , one it already enjoys. The problem, whether it he possible for the ' African negro and the man of huropean race to 1 j co-exist in the same society, on a tooting of I equality, has reached a stage in its progress to- ( wards a practical solution, that forces the full i amount of its difficulty upon our convictions. We I have no wisii to call in question the dictum that all the powers of the most civilised races mny 1 exist in h latent state in the yet uncivilised Africans. We nre as earnest and anxious in our desire, that the Africans should experience the treatment of fellow-men, as the most zealous member of the Anti-Slavery Society. But we cannot shut ,, our eyes to the faet, that between the civilised and i uncivilised man, there yawns a gulf which no I tribe, or race has been able to cross, in less than I the lapse of centuries, and we might add, without J having the breed so crossed, by intermixture, with I wholly or partially civilised races, as to render the legitimate descent of the civilised from the unciviI lised race somewhat equivocal. There is no re- i I r-nlH nt ii neon!*1 mviliee/t urraii/hiin tin*!**' la nil t | record of uny considerable number of individuals, i J ?>I an uncivilised race, raising themselves to an en- , tire ei|iiality vvuli men of eiuliaed races. And all ( j experience shows the difficulty and danger of rivi- j | lised communities admitting large numbers of any | uncivilised race to a full participation in the rights i ol citizenship, lavages? uncivilised men?are ! > beings with the intellects of children and the pas- i sioris und physical powers of grown men. They I | are incapable of the motives which habitually ac- j j tuate men c f civilised races. They require oth?r j restraints; they can scarcely be trusted with the ' ' same immunities. | In the llritish and French colonies alcne, can I the experiment he said to have been fairly tried ! of placing a highly civilised race, and a race corn) paratively uncivilised, upon n footing of perfect j equality. In the Trench colonies the result has I been a Haitian republic, where whites, and even I men of mixed blood, are all but proscribed, and i where perpetual anarchy prevails. The English I experiment is too recent to enable us to predicate its results with confidence; but the diminution of productive industry, and the destruction of capital attendant upon it, would seem to indicate fhnt flip mmmnnitipa in if hnsi hp<?n insfi tuted, will have a hard struggle to maintain their place among civilised societies. Tiie lull difficulty of the experiment mast be j frankly admitted, for only thus h ive we any chance ] of means being discovered and adopted adequate to carry it out to a successful termination. And upon the practical demonstration ol the possibility of the lees civilised negro rac-, and the more civilised European race, living together in the same society on terms of perfect equality, depends the possibility of finally extinguishing the nefarious and inhuman slave trade. The leaders of the anti-slavers long ago recognised the great truth 1 I that only by the suppression of negro slavery can J the negro slave trade be suppressed. The evi| dence given before Mr. Unit's committee amply i corroborates this opinion After nil the exertions made by Ureal Britain, for nearly half a century, to suppress the slave trade, the number of slaves exported from the coast of Africa in l&ft, falls short only by n few hundreds of the number ex "lur*- Tl.. _l ... .J.. u... I rnc) to throughout the dominions of Great Britain, ! France, the Uhited States, of every power almost ! save Spain and Brazil But wherever its sunpresaicn has been effected, we find, either that slavery had previously ceased to exist, or that the country in which it continued to exist is dependent upon one w here it has ceased, or united under a common government with States equally powertul where it has ceased. In Brazil fhisis not the c lse, and, in despite of all our eflbrts, diplomatic und warlike, slavery nnd the slave trade have thrown inB107.il, in exact projiortion to the growth of its industry and w ealth, till the slave trade of Brazil alone almost equals in magnitude la 1848 the slave | trade of the whole western world in 1807. The abolition of negro slavery?the d vising ot some arrangement by which the l< s-? civilised races, who alone seem com|>eterit to labor in tropical climes, can be ensured the rights of freemen without endangering the civilisation of the community ?is necessary not only as a pre-requisite for the abolition of the slave trade, but as a guarantee for the morality and permanent pros|>erity of the communities in which these inferior races exist. The tendency of all slavery is to degrade the master as much nlmnst ns the slave. Slavery as it exists in those communities of Kurnpean origin where negroes alone are slaves is an aggravated form of sla- , vety. Domestic slavery as it existed among an- | eient nations, and still exists in Turkey, was and , |smitigot?d by domestic ties. But negro slavery in Brazil, and wherever the masters have been*Kuropean, engrafts all the worst characteristics ot slavery upon a factory system, more regardless of its drudgei- than ever the worst enemies of the worst psits of ourrnrlierlactory system dreamed oftn this country. Wherever it is combined with unlimited tmporttaion of slaves from Africa, its natural and nr c-eeaory tendency is ro such a catastrophe as has been witnessed it. Haiti,and seems about to be acted over kgain in St Uroix Brazil may reat in the fate of these two colonies its own future fate if it perset vena in its ytatsnl syatom. From the evidence before Mr. Hull's committee it appears that in many provinces of Brazil it is now rare to find men ot purely white race. Where this is the case a Italian ilcni.uemrnt could not in any circumstances be far oil", and the contagion of example will undoubtedly accelerate it. The present aspect of the relations of the European ami African races, wherever throughout the i world they are brought into contact in the same 1 communities, is such us to increase the reasonable anxiety which nervades so large a portion of the J world to have full justice done to the African. But J it is also calculated to awaken n wish that the ami* I dct nuirt, instead of contentedly jogging on in the Iru11less system ol operations they have hitherto 1 pursued, would open their eyes to the necessity ot modifying their measures in accordance with thewith the lessons of experience. Iniu stkioi sCtt.mans.?A letter in the Grand fiapids F.a^te, Irom ilie colony of Germans at Zeeland, in that county, gives some interesting particulars of the settlement of tin- place. About one year ago the final tree was telled, and now there are nearly 250 acres cleared, and 150 in crops of various kinds. Potatoes are growing, Vlucn, lust Moreh were in obi Unit . ?<! ?U?. choice, early kind, and are growing remarkably well ; and they have a greut variety of garden vegetables and Ho were, brought troin the old country. which are entirely new. There has been an audition to this settlement of somefiOto 60families, numbering in all nearly 400 souls, who liuve located some H sections, mostly in 40, HO. and 120 acre lots. Many of the settlers are wealthy, and hrve in contemplation the building of a steam saw and Hour mill. The settlers were principally from the province of Zeeland, an island on the north of Holland; their number was about 400. Heing without teams, their houses were mostly constructed of poles, such as four or six men could carry : the lumber for rooting, flooring, Arc-, was procured at the mouth of the Kalamazoo river, at a coBt of some $10 or $12 at that place. < >ver :l,000,000 feet of lumber has been used, at a cost of $13 per thousand. The crops look well, and promise a fair yield. A few years will show this one of the finest improved counties in the State. Anarchy at IIomk.?A letter from Home, duted Auir. 5, says:?" We are in a statu of complete anarchy ; at the moment at which 1 write to you, it is said that the Civic Guards are making common cause with the heroes of Vicenaa and the other tactions; thut they havs rejected aud tramuled under loot the nontilieal cockade, ike. God only knows what he reserves for liome, Many persons are taking measures for putting themselves out of danger, and already have several of the cardinals who were most threatened left the city. Httll 1 believe that 1,000 faithful soldiers, commanded by an energetic man, would suHice to maintain order." Political Intelligence, NKW V OUK. The Hunker .State Convention meets to-morrow at Syracuse. Wo have board Chancellor Walwosth'a name mentioned as their probable candidate for Governor. oino. The whigs of Hamilton county have nominated X. 0. Pendleton, for Presidential Klector, and Thomas J. Slrait for Congress. ILLINOIS* The Chicago Democrat, a Cass and Butler paper, sayB " It cannot be denied that there tsconsiderable defection from the democratic party in this city, and that Gen ('ass will not receive bo large a majority us we have formerly given at the Presidential elections." michigan. It is said that the following whigs have repudiated Taylor since the UutTalo Convention :?Hon. J. M. 1,amti. Hon. J. W. Gordon, Hon. Henry W. Taylor, Hon. Austin Blair, and Hon. Joseph It. Williams. The fermer was lately the whig candidate for Lieutenant Governor: the second, whig Lieutenant Governor and whig caucus candidate for Cnited States Senator; the tbiid. late whig representative in the Legislature, and a former whig member of Congress from tha Canandalgua district in New Y'ork ; the fourth, the whig leader in the House of Itepreeontattves in 1847, and the fifth, a whig candidate for Congress, and delegate to the iate Philadelphia Convention. Letter from GraaiT Smith.?It will bo seen by the following letter, that Gerrit .Smith, the land reformers' Candida's for the Presidency, does not withdraw from the Presidential contest :? A fortnight ago, the newspapers were saying that I had written a letter to toe Bu'tulo Convention, advising the nomination of Sir. Van Burtn. 'l'liey are now sayiDg tint I have writteu a letter reftninv to withoraiv my nanio from the Pnaidential nanvase. Permit 11 ? to inlormyottr reader* that I am entirely innocent of both these dsllnato and foolish tilings, of which the new,papers accuse me. J stood ill no suoil relation tothatcon......... .. ? j ... ... I, | .linn. ..... en it, with if. ml .. ?? I he withdrawal of my name from the Presidential canvass, that. If it be done, must be done by those who pat it there. I neither {>ut it tl.erc nor gave the in my ruuecnt to put it there, Moreover, hough they are note handful, they ere distinguished for their wisdom and iutivritj, ami are, therefore, vicnpnent to determine thi 'r duty. (iEKRIT SMITir. ' Peterboro, Aug. lid, 1MIA Gen. Gushing hn t been elected a delegate to the Democratic State Convention. at Worcester, which convenes on Wednesday next. The Hon. Andrew Swing, of Tennessee, has written n letter to the Nashville I'nion, announcing his determination not to support Taylor. Some of the women of Rochester have organised a society to be called the ' Woman's Protective Union.'' Police liitclllgencei Situling a 7Vunt.--Officers Loan and Olmsted, of the Third ward, arrested yesterday a man by the name of Robert Drown, on a charge of stealing a trunk, containing $28 in mom y. together with valuable clothing, the property of Patrick Kitzpatrick. The trnnk was picked up from on board of the steamboat llip Van Winkle, by the accused aud carried off. The trunk was recovered, and the thief committed by Justice Timpson for trial liubbing a llaom Mule.? Ofllcor Crawford, of the Third ward, arrested yesterday, a man by the name of Charles Dougherty, on a charge of stealing from the pantaloons pocket of Thomas Dully $1 25. while Duffy was asleep in bed. It seems they both slept in the same room, at No 77 Courtlundt street, when Dougherty picked the complainant's pooket and cleared out. Justice Timpson committed the accused for trial. Charge n) (iroud Larceny.?Officer Wogan. of the Fourth ward, arrested yesterday Patrick and Catharine Leonard, on suspicion of having stolen $35 from Mvron Balls. The magistrate, Justice Timpson, committed them for a further hearing. Law Intelligence. Marims. Coi rt, Sept I. ? Before Judge Watorbnry? I'ajf and Wife vs. Moohn,?The court gave judgment in this cause for the plaintiffs, for $40. Common Pis as, at Chambkki, Sept. 1 ?Before Judge 1 bshoeffer ?Discharged.?John C. Kelly aDd Andrew C. M'Brlde. two recruits from Governor's Inland, were brought up by wilts of hahta. corpus. and discharged, on the ground of being minora The cases of Moses Kerchenar John Trimble. Matthew Sheridan, and John Seery, also recruits, were adjourned to the Uth instant. I'ommos I'i.raj?This < ouit sits on Monday. Two Courts will be in session?one of the Judgps will sit in one of the Supreme < ourt rooms, and another la the room formerly the Vice < haurellor * court room. The first ten caiues on each calender will be taken up. StritKMr Coc ht?General Term ?The September Term commences on Monday, the 4th last The presiding Justices will be Hurl but, AtoCoun and Edwards Special Term-Mr. Justice Edmunds preside* in the Oyer end Terminer and Equity Courts, whtoh alto commences on .Monday On the Ciroult Court rallender there are .'>17 Jury trials j on tho Kquity calender. 2#!? causes and mi the motion calender 160 special motions. b>sides the Oyer and Terminer business, No jury trials will be taken up until Tuesday. SursRMt. Cottar.--The argument term of this Court commences on Monday No Issues of faot will be tried during the term. sl'rsr.mf ' oust?July Special Term, before Judge llurlhtit ?Mary J. I.uddingtou John It Luddlngton Decree for divorce- a tinruln matrimonitii l.'mr?i> Statra DuTr.ii t Co st.- The September Term will he opened by Judge lletts, ou Tuesday, and a grand jury sworn. Court oi Apprai.??The September term of this court will commence in Albany on Tuesday, the Alb Inst., at tliui fti.it oi IV- ftiv- h mimlwr nt ruu-es flut on thscs. lender ?No. 1 Joniah L. Dow, pl'ff 1 n error, r* Jonathan Kent,det'tlu error 2. tieorge Burr, pl'finerror, ti John 11. W ood, deft in error. 3. Cornollua M. Van t.euven, pl'fT In error, v* Thomas O. Lyke, at al deft In error. 4. A?a llarvey, pi IT In error, va Mary Dim *t?ad and other*, deft# In error, 6. Stephen Van Renarilaer, plff In error, Jew J. Jewett, dert la error. b Stephen Van Renaaelaer and other*, ex'a, ho , respondent*. va Jew J Jewett, appellant 7 DavidS Wendell, pi'IT In error, va Leland Crandall, dert In error S. Eli aha Huchman, pl'ff In error, va Royal Coweil, deft In error ? Lovel W Chapman, appeilant. ve .4mo* * . Sunford. adin'r, he., respondent. 10. Philander v.ott, pl'ff In error, va Paul Palmer, deft In error. 11. H alter Butler, et al appellant* v* Abraham F Miller, aherlff. ho., appellee. 12. Albert P. lleartt, appellant, va Dan'l Gardner. ap'lee 13 I.evlnua Van derhejden and Wife, appellant*, va Joel Mallary et al rtapoudent. 14 1 he .Mohawk a lludaon Railroad Company, jd'fTs In error va Joha J Hill, et all defta In error. 16. Richard Roe. appellant, va John Doe, appellee. IB. Dexter Brlgbem, Jr , pl'ff In error, va George L. Fowler, deft In error. IT. Philip Slade, appellant. va Perry Warren, jr., et al reapondeat IS Robert Danlop, raapondant, va Cadwallader C. Clate, et al appellant* 1$ Gerr't I lloughtaling, pl'ff in error v* George IV Kvlderhouae, def't in arror. 20 The ( ohoea company, reap'ta, againtat John M. Tremain, appellant 21 Henry Wriderwa*. et al reapondenta, v* Ao*on Bingham, adin'r, ho., appall*'l 2*2 John Hay. reapoudant, against the Coboe* Co iny, appet lanta 23 Mary Martin, bv her next fi .id he . appellant, v* Norria L. Martin, respondei,, 24. Helen tluaekrnbnsh. et al appellants, va William Bradley, ot al respondent*. IS James Stewart, pl'ff In error, va Myaard Deyoe. deft in error.