27 Ekim 1848 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

27 Ekim 1848 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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I ' TH NO. 5259. TIIK ELECTION OF THG PRESIDENT OF THK REPUBLIC OF FRANCE. TUC CDC AT OPCCPU rtC I AM ADTIMC. i ml uni.ni ui lkvn ui Lniiiniiiint; ITS EFFECT IN PARIS. The Position or the Candidates for the Pietidrnefi dir. iVc. die. The most important question in Paris, at the last accounts, was thnt of the Presidency. There were lour candidates in tlio field, namely:? M Alphonre de Lamartine. General Eugene Cavaignuc. Prince L>>uis Napoleon Bonaparte. Marshal liugeaud. It is supposed that the election will take place on the 15ih of November, one week after the election in the I nited States. It is to be hy univer.-m suffrage. To give the American people some idea of tinstrength and position of the above named candidates, we give the following speeches and opinions ;? The Position of Ijaniartlnc. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. Sitting ok Oct. 0 ?M Marrast, the President, took the cbair about one o'clock. ??????* The order of the day wa* the adjourned dlscntyirm on the ronstiiution. (Articles relating to the election of I Preddent of the republic.) M. Ledlonu, at come length,but in bo low a voica tn to b? FO ircely audible, supported the election by the Assembly. M. de Lamaiitink ?If every spenker in to experience ? mbarra'pmvut in coming to diacutm fiora thi* trlbu um a question go complicated, and one 011 which opinions are so much divided, it in at least pletsant to appreciate and admiro the men whom lie comes to oppm>. jmovemenr. j Numkhots Voices.?Speak louder. W? cannot bear. M de Lamaktink.?! say, that independently of th-? embarrassment which a political man teels ?bi,D ^i vinif bin opinion on one of the questions the most waveriug, and the ui<?t undecided, iu tbe opinion of the couutry, and in our own. there (a something painful i n opposing those he uppr< hiatt* aud admire*. 1 *h?il. huwever, endeavor to put a?ide these pre-occupitiond T.'ifl Jh>n representatives who yesterday and to day spoke on this question, lime, 'ouiy tir<-iat regret, r.onfoun 1ml in the dit.enHi.ion the live articles which, injthe drat'c of tbe constitution, tend to coun'itute the executive power; I am compelled to follow themjfor a moment, in the generality ntid in the specialities of their argnIments Th-* qu^atirn h?s h^oo, for the last two day-", not only to decide whether the President of the Republic (hall be elected hv the people, oi by th* National Assembly. but also whether there be a P:esid*nt; what tbal) be the form of hi* government; uhrtli r it shall be in one or more band-; if it shall be arbitrarily subject to the cpinion of the majority; if it shall be triennial or quinquennial. All these points have been called in quer.ticn Just now it has been reonnuiende.d to us to enn^itute a temporary and trAn?ito*y power, deficient, from that very cau?e. of all tho.ie conditions of fixity necessary to terminate the revolution, wbieh is now becoming unravelled, and which we n ><r constitute. To the question whether the republic ball or tbftll not have a Pre'ident. I shall only reply to this by % very fe>? words I refer to history, and I ree that all French Assemblies?all those who have seriously wished to constitute a go. vernment-bave admitted, and sought to carry iato practice, that distinction of function*. I set aside tbe word powers, which is nut a proper expression. for the power must be unitary; but you have it here The question is of functions, and they must de distinct ? | MarVs of adhesion ] I sue. on the other hand thn lopg parliament, and the convention taking in hand not only, as was just now recommended, the legislative ard the executive power, hut also the power indispensable to o mplet? tyranny, thejudicial power, and thus giving an idea of what ha< been called a unitary power I invoke that example, and I will tell yon- if you think that the necessities of the country demand that t> rrible intensity, that power which is to be met with, not as an appeal, out as a scarecrow. in our nutory: 1 will tell you?go to the end. assume al?o tho last the juJiotal power, and tben call yourselves by your true nam.-; call yourselvas the Iteign of Terror, i Agitat'on ] You will nt-t do so? the country doe.s sot wish it and it i<? right. [Cries cf'Hear, bettr.'' and renewed agitation J I will now nay something of another form of govern mei t, that of committors. The danger of that form in its irresponsibility; an ln>.?pon?ibility terrible, because it Is anonymous and which U lud away, not only in our time, but in history, to such a point tbaf we who have read, and who have written, the history of the groat epoch* of the revolution we are obliged to adroit that it is impossible to attribute to whom it is due, the remuneration of gratitude, or of honor, whioh any particular act may deserve, and which we cannot say if it proceeded from Collot d'Uerbois. from Barriere. from Robespierre, or from Danton. [Agitation ] The government of committees has another Inconvenience, which appears incompatible with that which I have just mentioned, and which is not the less real : governments with several hi ad* are always weak Krom a natural consequence of the clashing of convictions and wills, the government directed by several heads, is composed of rtciprocal concessions, of delays, of compromises. and is not that which suits great epochs, or the period of crisis in which we live. [Hear, hear ) I now come to tbe question whioh has more particularly exrited my attention?the form of nomination of the President by you. or l>y the country. I yesterday listened with sincere and conscientious anxiety to the t remark* whieh wtre inadn by an honorable repreienta. tive, (M. Parieu ) but the considerations developed by that honorable gentleman are not new to me. I have nUo read and studied the constitutions of other nation* in which racnarchy has recoiled before the forms (>f liberty I am acquainted with the United State*, with Venice, and Genoa 1 nui aware, in our own history, cf the sygtem of'03. I have seen that combined loerbsnirm according to which tvrenty-Gvs candidate* wer:> pointed out from amongst whom was to bo chosen tho l'reild<-nt of the republic I have endeavored to Ten Jer to myself an acco'int of all these systems, and I dec are thnt I h ive there found no Information, no rt.iin evidence, no application of a great und feniral principle .whit b coul I enlighten our minds. M Faritu yesterday adduced the example of the I nited States, of Switzerland, and o! Holland, where the nomiuuti >n of the Presld-nt* ??< made by two degrees even by three degree", in cne i f those lepuMles: but, he nm r t. lo# roe to observe, that. that example applies as lnj.y to the q lestion of tbe nomination of tn?' presideit. a< to tbat of tho Ingle ( liMiiil . r Those r- pub'iv whijh hare been cited to vis are Federal State-; what was toby personified In their presidents ?a-> n?t the expression of individual value, but of r fedi ;atl?n. That is the secret of the constitutions of tho>.e cMir.tries Cut Krinee has nothing analogous to tri s> federations. whlnii are held up to usas exaii>pli-.5. without tin '?r-tai dinx the uaturo and th? necessities of i ;tr country Oentleaien. I nm tempted to leave the o hi 'orieal p insMertMons. and which are iret?lj accessories to theqiies': >n which is submitted to us. and to enter into those whioh uo* engage the attention of the country. \ -? genti *ni mi. I ntn tempted, wben I think ol the rell jlonj utti-nti' i which isgi\en in thl* \.-n>mblv to th n?o?(.?-! vited |U( .?tiors wlii u I think to what iiotirtrstandlnirs ! a-'diess myself. 1 ant trinoted. 1 say. to sr?eak witli ope.i miore jon una onorp in* oomrry. iftn- n i tmn *>* only to (Ji tt rmlrp on mch or meli ? "wH. nlr.il oor.bii.atlf n. it w.'iild I p ? > n donp. 'A'p hhinll n?_v ut onrttl'N. tlii* which pir-Ated L1 ernvolu lion of K?brtiaty l> unitnrv pnr r.ri rlltner: It l?. th?r? tire from it* Itoftt in that *hotil | rrooeed. not th" Jivi h cti of f(*ir f?r if 1? repuirtiant to my fpelln;'* i upr th*t i'xpr> i>ior. but th*?t iJUtlnitloo of funntlon whloh (hp p?i rtl'ntinn r?T,nir ? 'I hp p"op! , h> it ?fmoinhired. were jealou* such at all t!n? their D?(i<ri> - ami i-u?r? ptllilf. for th?y hvl i> -? ti to rffpn ttetrtivriJ. Well. th>*n. let It not li Hfpri'ptnl In thin qni'ullon of th? Pre?l"l-o'*talp. to iiti? il>? people ri'Hdon to *u;>p->?? that ?t w?nt. t? i!r|.tl?p 1ti??n of ttit Ir rl^lit c.f eli ctlin let th it iijibt bp a-cPorded to them lar^e'v, fully, nn I Mu P<r?ly. without any retervntlou fit hoot any derm t, > l>i ep anything bank frrm them (l.oud cheer* ) In n republic, what ronntttnt** thp forpe of thegoverutu >nt 'I lj?' power inrepublic.* I? pntlrely In jiopu'avltr. rr n > pt a I ; not that fugitive and rmtlrm popularity w u;t depart* without re*?on. ?-lt pom*a wi'hout motive but. ilatotliir popularity <<f Inflexion which ao.Miuuil.itii on all the n?nit'? of the Nn'.tonal \*?rmhlv thi? -li^n of i-tii ngth ?n I the I.it? of tho ponntry. (Hear. hear ) That popularity g ntVnv n. the pntirp p iarnr: hut it pp*hlh'p thet ft ??iw f i tiii p." pvhau^t Itself nr h* hdaa'ray. If, In abandoning tli National \e-*embly. It nlpr ah'iiitj m the c m-cti! Ive ponnr, info wh:it ahy** wlil fall, I will not *ay the giv<ri"i"nt s?i in>' bit'-:i!J" the country Heelf? (Hear. he nr ) \ e*, gentlemen, til* li the w hole prr hli-m B?' iwtuireil that if th- proali'.ent of the repnM|? 1? elect- d ">? t National V'?tn;hly It w II be *atd that hw l? the l>r|vlle.> I turn of hi a-Fewhly hp thp favorite ?f thp parliament. 11.rml tnatk* of a?lli? >lon ) A Voick from tin- lliaht Tint it it? t'.iat ia It (^'t'ruo?rl? fr hi tba I 't ) M. I t iti tiM ?I a?Ki"l mvpplf. In fnc of auoU a ftat? 11 iI,IpKh. what must airivp fir ?*\?>r>tli" n?r p ii<fihle happpn.' 'utaipofan anitpinbiy whl-h has lost all It* popularity, that force which nipt.ort? it what would hn-nrrip of thp powrr wlilnh had p-nanatt l from It* own choipp * \ uii tee. xpnllptni'it, thp pxecntlfp and the h'Kiflatlvp power would <ilriapp< a.' at tlio mimp time. (lUur, hear > Wp ahould In fant. ?y : In PTpry natural oonetltutlon. all proper power ahonld have It prurofcatlfn (( rlcn of > Wh. yen \ ou yournelvp* i your prerogative In lh? conflilenoe with which to? harp been lnTei>ted by your fello?r.cltl*en*. Hut thla executive, thi* reeponalble power, It will not alio derlvn It* prerogative from the entire country, (lenllUH*) If, instead of being the elected of the oountry | : """" E.NE' MOR of France. the president <a only the eleoted of your- I selves, a'low me to say he will be do longer the governmen' This executive pow>r will be no longer the 1 beacon ot the nation?he will be no more than the 1 needle to mark the hour of your wills and of your < caprice*. (Loud applause) Since these motived do 1 cot find amongst as euy inxtinotive oppo?ltion. there 1 ia then another roMMn (Sensation) Wily, that in- < vincible hesitation should work not only on public opinion, but on yourcelves, whose mission it is to ! I direct it. This reason may be thus ret forth : | " You are g< lug tw review the parties which de- < v?ur rrauce ; you urn going to lane me great ocQHUt), < to recruit from all the autirepublic*n parties ; yo i art* ' going to UDitv Legitimists the Orleanists, eto ; you 1 are yoing to make this cen.sus, ami yet yeu do not 1 treuible ' I will reply to that objection, that Krance 1 and I have more impassibility, If not more courage, 1 than they who brinit them forward ; I reply, that it is ridiculous to feel any concern about some few votes which are thrown away on nauia* of men who hive lout their quality as citizens. 1 cay, I declare that thrfce ui-n will not pres ut themaelvex. What. ?entenjeu. do you not believe that tbo<<* men who resi le in a foreign iai.d would oonsider it as an abdication of their diviLe right it they were to come, and put.forward u oHndidHtefhlp of a few years a precarious candiriatci-bip ? (Hear, hear and load interruption ) What! that government, which had all the m>iitns <<f j poner. utid Wblok rnthrr fell of itself, than wa* over- ! thrown, would endeavor to return at the end of six 1 tn utbB, concealed in a Imlloting urn ' No. the thin# is Impossible (Applause) A Voick from thb Ltrr ?\nd Bonaparte 7 M. nr. Lamahtink?But If that in impossible with J rtgaid to the two dynaxties which 1 litv* ju<t ailuded to, is it Dot equally so for another ? (Hear ) Kornlnoo 1 you declare that Kuppohitiou ridiculous aud imp >~'iibl? lor ihote two dytiuoiies, you mu.it, therefore i jiagtne I inn int it it* m iiih otner loll. l will rairo the secret | veil which falM ovi r thi> rainds ot the Ahh^iuIj y. nn l | of tbe country. 1 will Jo it with all the reserve duo to < | honorable gentlemen who Bit in tbi.i AnsoiuViy and I wilh ibii fr?usuers which 1 owe to the greatest of pub I lie iutrrtittw. At another period, when we considered | th?re *?* spructhinj; Incompatiblebet?euu thef uiudaI lion of the licpubiio and its possiolo establHli-.neut, J and certain names whose i'nly crime, bt) it rornemb tred, in our glory? (fttolppgid MlUliM, and ortM of" Hear, heur.-') 1 beg tbo Ai-sembly to aVtain from th>s? inter) options. which not only break the thread of tbo I ' ditcourre of a t-peaker. but derange bi< idui and ok- j | pose biiu to my thing* less worthy the attention of th>? ] i Astembly he ic addressing I repeat, wheu we thought i that certain persons, whoso only peril, whoso only I c-in.o is a reflection of gl'>ry, were a danger for the re! public I proposed, myself, from this trihuue not an aat ?f Fevt-rity, f r 1 could never bo guilty of sucli a thiDg, | but a postponement of some mouths before restoring ' tot bote individual.! the complete enjoyment of tht ir | rights'. You decided other tv.^so, nud 1 hawed before ! your ?i'l. Uut what < cenpieaall minds is the fu \r that j the fanaticism of certain men may mistake a duty, cm], attaching themselves to the heirs?I do not say of ' other pert-oii*' glory. for jrlory is ii mutter to -which re, latiooship gives no rvht. but to th it f*me which oar; ties avay s<> ?a?ily a nation like ourr ? may create what I yi u m.d rbat I myself Joob on as a danger. Is such a danger real ' I cannot ray. Ic ia not given to me inoro ! than to you to li't up tbe veil of t,h>* future; but perI uiit me to pay, that 1 am convinced that the heirs of whom I spenk do not think of any attempt at u?~urpat on; they have declared it themselves in this tribune, and 1 believe their word, as honest men. No. they have no thought of that bind; bi't around them the *e ? are groups of men, such as are always ready to flutter t nlO.it Kunnriv'Mii an/I \ihn " ""i-1 * -* 1 ?..u??UU.UOTM?pUiPU I , to turn to the prolit of bad passions the greatest of our , k glories. Hut I say that the^e men woulil flud them- | ffWcM mistaken. To effect an 18th Brumrtire, two . thirgts are cecesmry?long years of terror behind, j and in prospect tho victories of Marengo and of the , l (Loud applause ) tlut at present there 1* j | neither o?e nor the other i Hear, hear ) The real r dinger of the republic of Kebrimry, i< it* passa^w c through the perilous reflux which follows all revolu- ? tions I will not nllirni tlia' ! 'ranee in not republiuati; E ; I urn perfectly convinsed, and I will analyse the mat- \ ter Lelore you one day. if you permit it, that if Kranne ? if not yet republican by her habits; if she is still mo- e nsrehienl by fcer vices, she is republican by her idea*. ^ (.Yovement ) Think of the monarchy falling to pi^oes , before a tribune not lar distant from that in which I c ] now speak; think of the enthusiasm of the puopU sa- b lut'ug the mH^tiillt'encM of the inauguration of the t republic. which tost neither 11 regret nor n drop of j blood aid which brought with it go many hopes to t be realized, not all at once, but *ith thi tlownrs* and , maturity which t IlVct great things tu life. That inauguration captivated ail hearts, and ir I brought t this ' tribune the confidential declarations of th' li"iliot' . 1 he grt (t monarchical parties, you would be convinced. ] at- I mil. that at that gri at period at which men elevate j themselves above all personal considerations thsre ) vasinall mind* but a single sentiment?a sincere. , lrjalant? complete acceptance of the republic. (Pro- , loi Red movement ) But for eo:us months bieJc. all , ' that feelicg has changed? the uuiversal oonfldem-n nt , 1ir: t felt has been changed into distrust?into a Kind . j i f disaffection. Whence aro*e t at change ' The , (Jays of May and if June, the embarrassment of our ] financial cri-is. the general distress, the difficult] s of j the sitvution. all served to bring It about Kvery on" , lOEtribuled to it?some wished to exaggerate their r*- j publican 7.ial--to carry it too far; others nai l to the j pn pie Heboid, the republic is the subrersiii of , laaiily tie* and property?it U calumny and violence j pursuing tho best citizens by their denunciation* " , I'icm ricpaitment to department, f.-om one country , oietriet to auothi 1. these declarations were mad* ; and , thus it was. by caiuminous assertions, that all enthu- , si .sin whs cooled, all slUction for the republic lessened. t And la it in such a state of things that we are recom- ) mended to declare to this country, in so great a pro ( I portion set ogainst the republic, that we deprive it of thc?xtri-ise of its sovereignty, that we banish it from t its own republic, as for thirty-four year* the nlneti nths of the electors were banished under the ^ monarchy ? If I wanted to disoredit the republic. I . , ' could not invent anything that could prove more fatal , to it ; but if I wanted to draw back to it th? heart of j ] every citizen. I would say to him: Iteflect. judge. and i , choose, jcurself. amongst yonr fellow.citizens, him , who inspires you with most con1denc?; he will not | be your master, but he will bo your highest person!- j t'eation?your head, yonr moderator, the regulator of ( your republican institutions, the guardian of yonr j honor, aod your fortunes." It has been said that we c want to place the functions of Tresldent too high, t and that bis influence will exceed that of the Assem- ] lily. I for my part maintain that the President nomi- r nated by the Assembly would not be anything else than t n part ot the Assembly, and not ft distinct function; and ( that the existence of such a power would still more tend < to weaken the respect of the people for the chief power j - universal suffrage alone can irive it strenorth Wh?n universal suffrage ncminatts a president. what pise Is 1 it than that each citizen ."-trips himself Individually of 1 his sovereignty to invest with it not a man. but* strong government Now look at the other svstem that of M. Klocon. Wore that adopted, the president, in place of j i?Filing into the open day from the urn of the people, would come f-rth in the midst of the Assembly hy a I majority of 00 or SO. or even ."l or 4 Totes. (Sensation ) ) I say that probubly he would be elected by some petty majority; his name would be inserted the next day in the yotiilrur. and all would be said. Are you aware ' what would happen? hnvy would come forward, and t ?i k nut the rrason of each of your rotes " Von," It would fay to one. ' you voted for the ('resident became | ! j on are his relative, and because you want to aggrandize jrurself by hi.? means." " You," It would cay to HTiotli* r. " gate bim yeur vo'e because you are his parI'clnr friend, and yon imagine that his high position will cast o lai on yourself " ' You." It would say to h third, "voted fer him becnufe you wanted an embassy." j (I 'Hid murmurs, interruption "j The Uonorat le prntlem*n here ni-pend<*d his remarks fi i tuof.r three minute" whilst the lustr?? were beln^ U t down from the cel'lng. M. in 1 a m a a i went on. I wn< remarking that the vote of the Aetetubly would exalte euspicioa 1 I. Hi th t.imly In tl.e incorruptibility ot the mas of the ritl; II.-. ar.d ou Die aihe. h?ua. I Line no doub' that euwoithj ir.ot vis Wi'uld be attributed to ihs members of the At->embly Would not that c nsldarati'U, weru it tin ut.Iv om l?e a pownful extenuation of th'- urgoir erl.- e the partisan* in favor of the n -iniu ti.>r? by ti e Aftat'luhlt? it hai be 'n objected that a I're.i'.Udnt i icanntlnt: I tiu the p pi/.arinffrage might become the f its d?r of a tyranny. What' you sp?ak of the bkgom .; f i- n-th In an exe.-ut'.ve poner wlileh su:oe ci< t? ii n ' i?rti Tn? d thr lieWho would even Uare to coil , J i iii id iwr. m n u?urj).vk/ii : .\a i UJai J"'. 4j j?.| , m n th*! in jlvi.;,: 11 ??ih < tb r1,'ht, t > t rh'? c lile hi ml >'nn ^"i litro a' th> s.iuih tltna th* rijtb ? ti jiiriyf Ht'l to putiith (Hiar, li?:?r.) I UO*f ( top. , pi-1.1Itnu ii, c< t b. Ciii'j I 1 . i? i i'.i.uit. .1 tl.n a ri ? of t dt i title, n i wti'ch I hnl to brini fur ward in - njip' rf | of tti<* opinion 1 difi-ml. but Iwratiiw tlin clock w ir?< ii ? to cc ii r to a I'lci't*. I t-l p. i|i(*rff.irt', J'c ?ri:u to ; ( ii t hi.t, :or ii v pin t I have ronliu tii u our r. p -b- . Hi- :n if i> rlgM- *h'(' It h.i (?:v n to ?l| cit!i?n? ami f In t'.< ti r^of ?"I'd" f hey will !? ?! In ? \fr. ialn* ihetn , Kor in \ T"ff- I barn tbi o n t nlii l hia it publiu uiy wtic-l , lit iu> ?ln'lff<nn hi I h* i I havn i,l Mtrii^lh iml I *M 0'<#' hi'M > llir'i !y h..;i \ that nil til*y v.'ii i , I iii) ti iiT:?f.??t.?Hi' 1 ?| |i ii?H r f pr .'lniiniii< wilh iii" > II ii'[ i'III'''" ti i r? ? II | r iti'rt it ?i h ml ihnir po? ; - | It till I.?-Il- I I ' llrllitill^ ll ' liiH-.-C. II tUll | ij.ii ti:inii) rii. 1 fi iimtid ni. I 1 i.tiiv w> flrill. > ) . I li I ? pt rt- Ii 'I ? (it \ . I > ") I V ,v p rli'K>? . 11 t >l.i iitii t r? r i1 SI in i i il-'i it ml v.- ?fili it, <r ft ,ii f ? i l.ilfu wllfi 1 i - c ii i1 >n il In ro.if Iii i. ii . h l , i,i n n : J,' . \.i! . Ca I " 1 Ii I p ?fi ri > ?ball , 11 < i t ji:i .. i tin aj ji'hii f wlt'i'h 11!i"l f??r <oin i , 1'Hf | , Ii i.< ti.? ti i> ii-l ai* t*n \ -11 uili j to.f. I I ! M(?.\? III Till; I'AIt I - I I: K- ?. ji rr-iii 1t c i1*' rfpiib'.jijh i) '' 7 i V <1 I. I mflrr ti ? piTiiCii h(i I I i.'iiv Im !i" I, i * i r N it * nil ?r ppo'lt- I -.w t> hi litht i.i rl>*j imd- ) 11 )iu? In < ii i%*il of .Vi i i I. r? t tini hi< in.\'If in ii il ii . (t %-clit h, u ?y It i.ot bo r,otr aaM th it M dr l.ii iirtlup f inmjf h j'fi ?'<Ji nt'al pni- f IM* a in*n'fi"-' > ?? i'h'iJI- | d,'i.?p Inn li d ti 'utl.i' trthiiiif \-?nr.iIly f u* | in.-ll y of 1n?*? |(i .1 ijrifiT tlli'Mm an I hi ihcMfj'ii* i 11 ), i f 111. ti i u i.1 * rt, ?i ir i, i'i I to inn - f ? i ' | el hi ii in i f.t* ti ii Id 1i?ih rri(.r? It ^|f|r.i*!i. i l,-ht | i , i Iir ro't t);M tin |O(f-tr*0l' I llftt tunafrly II. "n >1 11 lift i i(i.? tin ' ?rt- put i iiih?Ii lot tn - ik? -.m^itih- i if i 11 C i 11 |i! * to l'l tli.ll^' |l. U"Ui *f;ir) I i littc II II mtiii . f ii- f mhi i. tl?id ' i v _tir and /fit d 11:41 to i. pifirit lit I lit lifiid il t tn* llfpnh lit; i in a ui*n t>r piin- ? ?- |i?Hih-it la ri j?iIr. ?l M. il? l.nm iriin-. iiann it bj | ti t lot IT m>; h? la ton taftly Bi'tnl on- 100 vtrln'.lti lie ti la ilbt iliti 1 o' hn ti?' p". uliifh am i touml tn ^ n.at('T from uliich tide tbf wind b!?w?. , i W Yd NING EDITION?FRI] [> >0111 the Aiweinblue National* ] M de Lauartinu recurred with i?rro? to the taut month* of bis political life, and than bowed before the *ill of Providence in human ant* and d*nl?r?d that ibenoTereign people nuit remain marten of theirdeoLiniM. and that no one had the right and the power to stop them if they wiehed to renounce the reign of kur ui?rn, ?uu kw inuj u kv kuo u,,7 rhi* peroration produce'! a painful Impression on every heart and It bore tbe imprint of a feeling of deep discouragement. M. de Lamertlse completely absorbed by tbe sorrows of the present epoch, by the decay , )f liin work appear-d to think that, like all chosen natures who suffer there wan no longer a to morrow for bim Hie speech will be read, adopted and supportel, hy million* of electors. To with to brave thenonvlclions which he will hare deeply impressed on the public mind in to hurl a defiance at the nation; it in to secure tbe unpopularity of the President who may be elected; it is to voluntailly assume the resp'nslbllity of all the disturbance*, all the uiMortunes which may fall on our flue country. [Krom the Democratic !'acifl<{ue ] We applaud the deductions which \T. de l.amartine drew from that formula full of tbe future?popularity is the entire power. Yes. the sympathy of a grateful and enlightened people will be one diy the only conBecration, the soleforoe of the power*, and the government tbua consecrated will be stronger than tlie t>e-t m uied tyrannies But we separate ourselves from M de l.amartine when, even without taking into consideration tbe actual state of the country, he declares in lavor of the nomination of tho president by the elector* Citizens the most eminent, the most disinterested, and the most devoted to the country, may, without knowing it, submit themselves to the Intluence rf persoual situation. Did M de Lamattine, in eulrgi.'ing ttie understanding* and tho patriotism of tbe wbole electoral body, think be wa* himself one of the most wor'hy candidates for the presidentship, and that tMs csndidateship bad less chance within the Assembly than out of it .' In getting rid successively of alt tbe pretendi rs to hut post, or of all who were suspected of being so including M. I.oui* Napoleon, did he wish to clear tbe road for bimsetf! We can scarce)y dure to thiuk so; but there are many who will not hiSltutc to sav it? tliev will even urlil that Pe..?i. deuce.in ghiDg to M. Thiers xkilfulnens aud dexterlI v for htrokes of political addrens, and in endowiug M. de Laiuartiue with frankne.-s. geueronity, and poetry iBbllhlltt, auil with ail ho jorable'Wnt of tan'., hue, notwiih*taudlng, giveu to the latter the better portico. [From the Bien Public.] .At this CiOroeut when the whole Ah.embly, carried iiwsy iu this toireut of eloquenoe. still vibrates with .diuiiatiou of one of the finest victories that loirio, Unit reiieon, inspiration, and wisdom had ever icbieved in any trtbunw, we feel all the reserve which rat old friendship fbr M di Lanutlot imposes on a*. I V en. ww who havu remained faithful to him through I ill the viciefitudes oi'bis popularity, iu his good and j riis aUveret) fortune, because we nee in him the liviui; ' dea of the republic, we cannot give expression to the mac ?.il emotion which we felt at this spwoh ; we \ :nn msrely Flute the tffect of it. The effect wa-s ind we do not fear a contradiction from any one ' ?ho ??i present, that that admirable discourse proiuced in the Assembly, not only admiration, but conriotion. [From the National.] Justly ul&rmfii at the perils which may lie caused to ' bn young republic, by the immediate election of the 'resident. we ure disposed to accept ? middle oour Re. i tiniporary measure, which, an we have already said, lunjures away, without any compromise of priuoiple, i he transitory dangers of the situation. We humbly limit that the weaknuie of our mind does not go the ength of saying?-'Perish the republic rather than a irinciple !" We do not, in fajt, believe that respect or principles should place in peril the government ibich in tbe object of all our view*, all our efforts; but, f it were tiue that such a circumstance should de iur ptipum-lllPlli; OI a prolaiiued fTuth, we should re^ltin ourselves to the case, | .s we liavu already done on other occasions Wu have id other thought but to preserve the republic, because t is the most perftot form of government that, we are cijuainted with; bfcause It alone appears to unto I ontuin the safety of Franco at present, and ltd deelopement and progress fur the future The general literest in one only moving power; and if we are demo- . iruts. it ls because our instinct and our reason have liowu ua that out of th?* pale of popular sovereignty here 18 'or nations only disorder or usurpation. What, hen. d.< we stek in the difficult question of the prusi- j leliej ? The conciliation of prlnolple and pirt. But hero is nothing to oppose that conciliation. The <\s?einbly dre'dex that the President shall be nominated by direct universal suffrage ; but on account of prtrent difficulties in the intTest of public safety. It QiCilitiif. it U moorsrily adjourn* the exercise of the right. We are quite aware that absolute minds reject these rotations iff rircanslancr; but general good * ? -e iccepts them and we consent willingly to be inlsti ken nilti it. It has bi?eu often said that reasoning carried lo txcess n aj lead to absurdity. In metaphysics an rror la r? parable; in politic* it cannot lie the ?nn?. Uinr.au rocirties live by compromises; they tend to ibsolute good; but they are governed by relative p >as(. bilities. Such is tbe intlrc.ity of our mind, that whit is rue in principle. from deduction te deduction, te-ni nates s'onjetinii a in tbe mo?t dangerous falsehood when lis applied in all its logical rigor The Assembly, trlth erpect to the ccuutty. lies under an iaimenje re >ponibility, ranged for the purpose of constituting the reiuMIc it has iee?ived an unlimited mandate; ami according to the use It will make of the full powers with chich it is inverted. France will pursue her brilliant areir. or fall into the hazards of new struggles and jew convulsions. I. et our legislator* rise super lot to ho consideration of persons; let thsni bring to this dniberaticn the calm and the reflection so necessary in I liis circumstance, in order to consider only on* thing -the interest of the repuhlln ? The nation awaits , .heir decision: confiding in them, it demands that they sf ou!d not compromise the present, in order to ooey with anxiety the rcsptot for a principle, the immediate ippllration of which may be attended with dapger. It rants to have its right guaranteed in tbe futare. and jeforo long That la all. By entering on this serious ind practical course, impatient ambitions will be dissontented. and secret and detestable hopes will be ;hwartrd What matter I Grateful France will never 'orget that her constituent Assembly, placed between he twoextieme systems, has declared in its conscience n favor of that which could alone safeguard the deraeiratic principle in its future developeraents. and ItsesHbiishmunt in actual circuiustauces. The majority .as fir duty to found the republic on true bases ; ir.ee that these bases arc inscribed in the constituion. It remains for it to render applicable the building 1 the monument. [From the Tressu ] The republicans of the Vriltt are afraid of uni\ers?l 1 ITrsge. Ihat biau uhal of their policy; they fear to ee emanating from it a name hostile to the republio lenry V., Joinville. or Bonaparte. They dread an lection, which weuld be a )<rand review of the parties rhlcli divide France- a sort of census of all the antlepubllcans. M. de l.amarttue. without being altoether rf-armrtd.de** not. however, share all these aprebmMons. He doe* not believe that the govern nent which was forced to depart, when having for its rpport all the constituted power*, would be tempted o retui n under tbe cloak of a vote in the nouular urn !? do** not either bulleve that a po*f>iutiiou!i faua'.l I-m ran prerent anyitreat dimner* forjlherty. bacsu"" t doe* not comprehend an IStb Drumalre. but with te reign nt turor behind and Marenff-* lit the front rappling with Intrigue, ha drugged it throug'j -lie nud HinitIM th? applause of almntt the whole a-fiembly II- told that body that all It* forne conidstfxl In t!>?> >cpu)?rity with which 1 ransa had enveloped it; an.I ie arkcil what would heroine of the executive poiver .aim J by it on the day when that popularity xliMtkl tii>e to exit*' lie denied that a I'reMdent, tlw U i lite of the Attembly. could have the cliizhtert Influi.re in a country *Uch baa looked at It* institution? i iiouMy and whieli certainly never anticipated t'i?f l.e t? voiutlcu would terminate in u pa:lla?eutiry an/un The \ M-iiibly allow el Itself to l.e led n??y >y the eloquent la upmiic mail; and whau he niiid thar he rretident. If eUctcd by ilie .Wemliiy, wanld only it the hmid of the dial to mark ili< will and cipric*-. f plunge buTht forth froju every part of the hall llui d. ile l.nmartlco w. vt on t? <how h^w envy wojl 1 ?t. kcU thi iu( tive'i of the pcrjous voting for the I'.v i [t lit-one. heciuir* he w.m a ttlniive; another, a liij.J, and ? third, he wante.l an rmb*."iy'. At tof i (i dn, >hontji of approt atton Uiued 'rom very l-m r J H r Afseit'.'y t>; by mi tlentrt.! m v. tr. V i'-bed rt nnd tbe lil'auiii di-putin^ ivilli ?aoh other, 0(jta?pthe hand f.f tin eloquent f^p"> U*?r; a"unn l e foremctt ?. I he'. l MM Ilue'en. tiarnlcr I n il l'u>.ni:rr We aUfl hl.ild-O. lu;ratitnje of o? n hrdtlTict c.f tie aeltinn ju!- ticni ral t av.ii.: iiir Vft n'r n? on hl< In ni-h, v'h re he wa"> ap.i ir> ntly it i:rd 111 If I ' t. (T BOti i>. wllUt M ' aria"I" It. ra>' w Mutuant. i la t; , :?ii . ftiiJ Uil tv renferni r ,1 * trf ' p-an'v' u in il e prc-Uli rtlal Vr now h?"nme a verltaVe' 1 I mi I?11"' ii sr We can coaipnhind the ettei" p-o. l >i) till- pint of l.e it ,\|. ile I..i martlue; It ? v Mi ii1 i cut'in ft that kind that < ioiiiw? II drov.* on' I e i. . mher? ot tb" rur p pail'mmi n' 'I be Hico -M i ,1 de I miiriine v.,.. complete, and th f|Ue-tn>ii ?if he I'll''! iiit may lie I'.snl.il in fettled It lit i-tild f l.t V . | iuci a u ill re I'; \ till d IV \\ hat hi. nan la ii ?](* .; I' ? i*?" r? ? to (i? Hian<l from tln< A-.i'inWvt'i n li'ni* fo ntiiv ffiil tt<l U> bhi'i* ih* l'( 'ilinti.ru *?hr V I li?rnn 1.'ipi ? tiar^cf ii < ifr 1 h 'T'? I t> ??* ' !' tbf '?iu' lio Ljr ill i I'm? *n<l m i ;11 ' i i- tlr* : 1.. w i-V"? on* !? <-i f i. utp h ' U ?>'.| f.u from tW p >piil?r nun Pf. ktm ii,li1 vt? int m ii?hr iI'hjoh U t? Join In lint ?.i < y i.l tU*< x iT.n.?plr?lur I fri m tk? I nion ( >: <]? i Hii .' t i t in i' t*i w l fi "in onl';n?' ii iii 11*. IIIVi tilt.M ' ! I 'l T ll?' l 'TJ i(< r II ill I if p. lh. jt??irt'l>t I 'r Of On" Moiih of Kmrii-n llii Uiljht iii|. hi in-iifp.1 |ii? wm? bonnil t'i ilitpfOM. #lth i in In / V.tin, for Mil fi nr on l'i: Iriiti i> t? . ??l!m i i crlli c iik. not tn f v fV urd. W int. lh? Ir ol lii,'jl\ mD'I i f I in* VI V put }iii'??f.|m iimifll'irl" M < ?*Kl|(tiin. i.f unv nthfT n ptr.in' to thi" ).i;I I i nn i i ?; )*-tii*y : 'l h" liflr ol' lli'i.ry IV . uml i n'n V I V" di n'llnn fioui th'-ts ol laon ir?M11 pint !pV l'i Ii.??h Ji - rAinti ( i'lipi. I ?ilh (1) Ihuii' I "i' ' i i'I'lli Th^i'ii i mi tx* no m r.oii< fear I ili ' 'lli' rM'hMw lit rin't'iiif to tlo with the i.iiri I v ; 11 ! it. i hi >.t. In iIi.i. i wint r?If, i n i ii'lui.t! lo it.i ?i.'i ili? I'pnbllif. It wt? thi-n. to uj Ihrltui ii-i 'i m In ;>b(i'Ik* rpprt'Uvn'ntlni of thn i lit* i tlui'ip Pi t mniiiitiihy on tin lint of rami! l itm ivilm i in1? i ( He repulillo IJ.y avoiding tliin, I. tie l.mrartina wnulj l>mn 'paroit hlniMlf moM than lie jmimui tvuitiiir. It U In4?eri \arj painful to IRK I 3AY, OCTOBER 27, 1! combat tba peraon at whom birth the note of eongratulation wan eoundrd by that combatant. [Kroni the Reform*'*.] We bav? not time to partus a profound analysis of thia animated and eloquent ftpaeoh. even in it* error*; but we think that after the 8rut oharm and the Deduction* of a language which expands and falla like a aourea from a summit, the necessities of party, 'the fatal logic of interest*, the oaloulations of ambition, and the imtincts of fear will prevail against it. The PoKltIon of General Ca-viiltfiuu.'t | h'roni the Paris National. Oct. D.) A nf nKUl. .inl.n... in portion bm lift influence diminishes. yesterday directed I the most vindictive attackH on General Cav?ignac. i It in well known that all personal considerations would beef little consequence to us, compared with ijiies. i lions of principle Provided the idea to which wo I have devoted our life triumph!, provided republican ord< r trains strength. what matters it to us by whom ? I And we art*certain that the honorable m?n on whom I is Imposed the heavy task of govurument share our | seutlwenU in that respect. We think of the pepubllc btfoie thinking even of the republican*, who have 1 rendered the greatest seivices to car cause. And it J is precisely f>r tliat reason. that nutvith.Un ling our repugnance to interfere in question* or persons, we believe it to be our duty to point out and combat these hide attacks, the secret object of which is tbe overthrow of the republic That, no doubt, is a sy*ttm of tactics clever <jnough, which oon*i>t*in striking the republican government in the very men whr m necessity. and an almost unanimous assent, uiuch more than their own will, have raised to power, i in striking an idea in the instruments of that idea ! Certain persons tiatt?r theuifelves to get their hatred sgatnst the new order ot things accepted more easily. , by disguising it under the form of a simple s'.ruggie huh Dgst m< u But it is sutii -lent to point out such a | system in order to unmask and brand it with reprobation." [From the ltcforme.J Tbe ballot, which decides that the election of President of the Republic,, shall take place by universal kiilfrage, has scarcely closed, ami the ? ar of candidate ! ship has commenced. It is against Uener il Tavaiguao I that tba tlrst blow* are directed. (ieueral Civiigtuo, at the head of the Kxecutlve Government, seemed par| tlcularly deeigued. in the hypothesis of the amendment of M. I.eblnnd to the choice of th? Assembly. ; '1 he vote of Satuidey, without giring a solution for or (gainst men, has awakened certain hopus. and it is a cbeck which it is hastened to protlt by. The Premie y which, to believe it, would have dona a? willingly a-t I ourselves without a Piesldent. triumphs at. the Ivst | ballot with respect to General Cavaignao, with very unfortunate animosity. It already draws up the act of ucciisatiou against the <<en< ral; it makes out a case sgninst hint. not. only as President of the t'ouncil, hut ?s Minister of War: it reproach n him not only with v.,.:.,,. ..n.......i ti... i? ? >... ...? ft ..... .unui.rii l?u HI II" UHilCltBU. HUV with Imving, or nearly so, cncouraged it ; it reproaches liini in 11 word. with ha\ ing only acted with a view to the dictatorship, a dictatorship exercised against nil rights. ar.d without guaranteeing iny inter of. Oh. how grateful the bourgeois are ! The I'rene does nut stop there It searches the Muniteur to insult, a?i much ith depends on it, General (,'avaij;naB, even to the memory of his father?a sad proceeding, u hateful spo 'illation of calumny, which is of no time, nor of any boner, and of which those who employ it, make, at limes. an ablative us*, with the more security, from the fact that, owing to certain deficiencies of the flat civi.l tin y have no reprisal* to fear All the paper* of the rc-actinn have taken pari in tftts crusade. OtMMl C'avaignac in more or less outragail by them. Thin officer, who has risked all for the intere?te which they represent, is now rejected by the same interests, which only see in biui a wavering mind, and inspected revolutionist. Though they called him their savior yesterday. tfcey to-day dispute hi* devotedr.ess. even bis courage, and, until tliey shall send hiln to Vincennes, tliey endt iivor to cover his candiduteshlp and his name with ignominy. [From the Union.] Politics 1 ave sudden changes. Nothing proves it better than the immense ?vent accomplished in the fitting of yesterday A government which, on the previous evening, appeared absolute master of the revolution. a government the firmer and stronger establish d by the fact that It was almost a dictatorship, emanating sword In hand from necessity. has seen itself mddenly deprived of Its great influence. In a day. in an hour, in the space of tome minutes, necessary for the vote on the question of the Presidency, the chief of this government iound himself distanced by a larpe majority, which he recently dragged after him. It Ib a decisive blow ? a mortal attack on Heneral < avaignac. In the condition in which he is placed, sttpr an attitude so active, po clearly designed, so resolved, us that which he took both in tb* vote and :r. the di-cu.sion. hi.- governmental authority ij strickrn without hrpp He can henceforth only bring a j bununa i f authority to the Chamber. Let u?, how; ever. s?y. that if the quasl-dictatorshlp of General , ' ara'guitc has been all at once lost In this unforeseen * i eck le cannot and ought not to ac-nse anyone 1 ut himself. Ilia taciturn policy was the wor.= t thing, under present circumstances. A government canoot live long in the nud'-t rf the shadows, ttan mysteries, ihe <t''iibtiul veils in which be enveloped his ju l:cy in the present, and his schemes for the future. In the ejes of some, this impenetrable conduct is indecision; in the eyes of others a menace ; and neither Indention nir menace can suit the National Assembly, ci mi ojed en the one hand, of impatient republicans; on the other, of serious men, desiron* of knowing exaelly the ground on which thsy proceed The result of Saturday, v ith respect to General t'araignac, Ins. therefore, partially occurred hy the fault of bis policy. We will no?, lend the?arto the evident! v exaggerated snd improbable rumors which circulated on the subject ; we will not uccept the version, s* least hazardous. which sees in the abandonment of the chief of the government a certalu distrust of his natural leaning to the extreme left. Certalu it is. that the resolution of the ma jority and the check of the ,:overnment, are a great lesson, of which every one ought to profit! TIic PohUIoii of Prince I<ohU Xii|m>1<oii Bonnparte. [Tarls Corr. iOct 10) of London Chronicle ] The Assembly then went hack to article 42. wlrcli had been postponed in the first instance, and which lias reference to the exclusions On rhis article a vast number of amendments had been proposed, but the only one of real interest wa? that which proposed; the exclusion trom the office of President. or Vice-President. of the members of all the families which had at any time reigned in Krance. This amendment was brought forward by M Anthony Thouret, who. In supDOrt if it. contended that monarch* nil reniitillcunUm were incompatible with each other, nnil that, aa tho.Je ?ho ware uiembi ra of reigning familie-i must be ?uppofeil to ha\e an affection for that form of government It would be imprudent to allow the eauao of the republic to tun the rick of bavins xtich a peraan placed at th? head of it; and ha. thcr-fure. thought that the whole of tho inembera of atlch familiea ought t< be e\preMly excluded MM. Wolrhaye mi J Coci)Ucrel. in the name of the cora:nittee on the conctitntion. eppoaed the amendment. on the proutid that the i|iieation of the choice of a Proeitrnt ought to be lett to the good aenae of the crnntiy, and that it w a unworthy of the country to h?Te a clause of direct exclusion ?|f?in-t any ra^e or Intnily. M Lncaie <hen rote and said, he hail hop-d that the amendment would not ha?e been presented, lor that exclusion was the aure way to make pr?tendenta Th<( effect already produced by tlie attempts to exclude I'lince l.out* Napoleon from the A*aembly. on t) e ground of bin being a pretender, was, that he was elected by five different oonstltuenciea. These oonUntied ellufiona to him a? a pretender at length 1 nii'-bt Prince Loula Napoleon hiaiaelf inti the tribune and hia appearance there nrcited an immense fcrfatlon Silence wax at ouch established on all tidia?llic utnioat anxiety waa felt to hear the 'prete&ilaiit." and never waa e.urloglty morn disappointed. I'lince Louis Napoleon, la directing hia at?'P? towards the tribune, ebowed that be wa- overwhelmed with hia pi >i'.ion On bis milvitl there, he had some diilicu!t> in cou.menclr.g at. nil. mid at It^'Ii he cirne out. iu a Lt.italiug and unconnected manner, with tl.i MicaIii j: ?< rd> : " ".li.tn- 1 I" lint c tr.-- > f?r y<it ti ?; ?h? anKila.c*ti mliM| i iiim i*en m4Aeieaty ninnkil tn ee. i i n .* 4.11 ii y rialu* a* *<ii!;."e iu iitnrla ii a'y < ti ei 11t ii Ni : i i il" I 11 r. ' I.' l in i ill. 111 i i.t ./ i the c .li.i' n i I nil.H ' I li:ive * h l!'C ol |.-ct." It <1 th i n of 11.4' .i 'I im U?|f ?lio btt?e twice Ion lull. ? . ' itfltl|l>ll i I rti-avi.w tin- ,-t |<'l'?ti?a ef piutfL'i.'r, 'litui. .i t'yij i.' i> f? vr l aja net nir." '. t. tfcla point tfce lilrife topj-el Ii-- i h * 1 no 1 I pjiur>d Incited to go on. but nt length he *1.?- t. led tii in 11. tribute appari uUj ,.n stly dlcC'llcetI. and an.id t "?ili< < f great **foi;UhtDent on tin put of a p< it i n < f ll.e lut'liihera ? nil ofan uc;a ;i e un the part o| i tlicfa The (Jtrnmu .n cent, ih coofaalon. the yt iieue- and inanity ofthr wtrla "i the lib i r.( c i.l kll tli- h if m |> ^inlar "ta'or, had il>'>rm tl i'irwuiV. I rii i i u:a \*poleon lia I b^an warned i :? 1 ft t!. u* u.? rs -1 tt? lr.l)ttL.'.:inU tU warn t < luif 1. < u tlin w? away npi n blm I{? h.i-i mor? damage I l ip CSUIe > )' th;.< >fn:t Klt< mpt to rpe*!t tiinn hy ail tl'c | P.?t i.'il'i i f ltl? i.If. lli.i adversaria at ou <iw ;l> kJvMilng# ibt.v l.-ij jtMini'il. and proU'eJ liy i*. A'f*t n : 'h Tt o I - ii I at i< n t> itii M tiMiaril V.*i.lb.>ay Tl ?i H t ri i) >ind it) ? to in* ?>f euutempt whli'h w?i not i \ i ii ii, .u!.-i'ii. tie . aid that after th? Ihw 4mrt worili lie) liHil Ik'Mil In- *.i* n'llie rat I #*-:< l tbit kli frtr* I'm in I!.h |ftrbmlrt wiii) rxilforati'il. and that hi* 11:1 dJh.i i ?uk in?d!ei Mini that hi' tin rofi^ri* *'t hi.p w it. 'I i.' i.JinTTa'i n ??m recelfi'd with I.*11 & I hiu?iitn ircai all fldii> of the AMiinhty. exoeptln.: frotn thi>t upon ablrb I'rinre l.ouU Naprilean and hit liiendii w? re n ated t'lio 1/r/mlt My* that the word* ffokin 'iy Ui' ctati rieal notice produced a marvelI'll* it! <t. fir thnt thiyeet thw? ?hi> inMt fvnreil liiiii |uiT< ill tber iu-i \M. r'hlr incident \rt !- ?a* adop't l, ?? wm \tt. .6 <1/. kilt.., the I'le ldent Hl'xted f r f. nr year*, nu 1 ii i I'wible afcr i?n Interval i f the *atu? exti nt j'ln- I'loltlmi of Mm shnl IIugtMii<l> Ail tlmt m* ee iu refer-'are to Mernhal Lin^t-au I i* tbat hi- will probably receive the vot? ol the Orl mi t piirty IIIhconduct In Algeria 18 not without leprvHcli. Tin: Mormon Tempms.?TIic !hht fort Mudiaou Sdfdwm itjii that a company ha? fir :b;uc I all tbu Moimon propnty In the ban J* of A. W. Babbitt, tha Mormon iitmt at Nautno. tueltiding the walln of tbu Temple, anil that arrangement* liar* be.>a male to rebuild it ha noon ai por-dble. The prlci uai4 w.n f.12 000. The ?roe paper aleo *ay* that the cltl/en* of Nauvoo are about to, or ba?n already, arretted a person llvlag In NauToo, who b ?uppoie l to b? the Identical indivXual wko find tb? Tample. f_E ? A 348. BKZBCXILL ASVBOU 8 FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. _ I 'Will Nniltlx O'Brlin l?t! Hanged ! The following report of u meeting held in Dub- | I lin on the 12th inst , which we extract from S'nun rfcri' A'ttrs Lcttrr of the 13th, may throw some I i light on the intentions <>f the government, in ie- j j gard to the fate of William Smith O'Brien. Yesterday, a meeting for the purpose of promoting a public e?prefslon of feeling, in acoordance with the recommendation of the jury, in the case of Mr. VV'm. Smith O'Hrleu, ?tn held at the residence of Mr. Kichard Webb, Vo. 176tlreat Ilrunswick ?treet.ati ' o'clock. The requlMtlon oonvening the meeting exprefsed a hope that all who felt interested in the object would attend, without reference to sect or party. There wan a numerous attendance Amount those present were sbarnian Crawford, M I' , the lion Cecil Lawless. M P., Scully. M. P., James 11 might on, ltichard Webb. C. S. Kalpb, Dr. Mulliall, Iter Mr. Kleury, Rev. Dr Spratt. 4i<) The chair was taken by William Sharmau Crawford, Kk|. '1 he Chairman said he would wish. on taking the chair, to represent to thera the great responsibility i f their proceeding ou that occasion A rash word, or a rai-h expre?sion. might do infinite damage; (hear, hear;) and lie hoped every gentleman theru wouid abstain ftoin any allusion whatever of a political character and w<>uld conllr.e himself solely t.o the object for ' which be believed that meeting wan held, to consider the be t uienn.< cf mpporting the recommendation t? . nu rey which had been tendered by the jury in the I case of Mr. Smith O'Brien ile should now be happy ' to bear a proposition from any of those geutleun n \>ho were the originators of thr meeting. Mr Jjimj-4 Il.vLiiHio.v read a draft of a memorial to the I.crd Lieutenant to the following effect ' May it please your cxceltcrcv?We, Hie iintrrs.i>l, inlulii- | liiulnif I'uhlin. adiirert your y as the rep eumtiitlv# in ! Iielbml of her Most Uracinu:< Majesty ilic Queen. H'e tally e 11- j ur in the r> ocuitneniliition of the jury hy wh in M ill am Smith ] O'ilrien was found nuilty of Mil. tre.Hon. and we hum lily and , earnestly eutrrat tl ex' r,;iic ol lur ^i-icloui prctnjv ' ti\c of mi icy iu Ms favor." They hid endeavored to Make the ndilre** an short and as little liable to objection aH might be. and it wis for the meeting to decide whether that ?>< a suitable address, cv whether ono of a different character should > ur |Tvi'urcu. Mr lion UNO (solioitcr) suggested that the address | should commence with the w-riltt Nobility, clergy, gentry, nod Inhabitant* of Dublin.'" II? felt great ' pleasure in having to <-ay Hint there was th? strongest 1 oops tkat a rut number of the Roman 1 athollo nitarieH. and Hie Kail of I'iDEal.wbo were then meet- | login another part of the city, would co-operate in the objects ot bat meeting. if an address were approved of, oi the above short description. "I'lla Rer. 1 I>rn. Murray and Cantwe'l bad al-o promised to give ther tupport in such a cute. Mr. Wiiii k.?I don't kurnr if it be right to remind the ineetiog that the recommendation of the jury wan only in favor of saving Mr. O'Brian's life: and that they ought to consider whether the memorial ought to j go further than that. Mr. Laiikin augmented the appointrmnt of a committer to consider any proposed alteration iu the adi'ess, , and also that it should be for the comideration of the j ineetiog whether they would delay a few hours, until i anotker of the trials had been concluded, iu order to I Lave an opportunity of making the memorial more ge! neial t iiaiiim \n?I would recommend this meeting to j I conti ne itself to the one object which we have been ; called for. Von will ouly embarrass yourselves by en! deavorirg to extend It to the other ca-es. If it be the j wish of the meeting that the other suggestion a* to j I referring the prtpuraUon of the memorial t>> a commitI tee, should be put from the ohair, I will put It j Mr llu mi ton thoupht that such committee would have no grounds to go on until the sentiment* of the | meeting bad been (list ascertained. He would suggest tl at gentlemen should be very careful about bringing anything into the address that was not exactly to the point as to Mr. O'BHtt'l life. (Hear, hear ) They should bear iu mind that the recommendation of the jury did not enter into any question, but merely naid ibat his life 0tight to be pared. They (the meeting) j said nothing else If his life should be spared, either i through the exertion* of that meeting, or through the | lately atrive i at decirion of the ministry, it would be a J I happy circumstance; nnd they conld afterwards, at j the proper time, apply for tome mitigation of whatever puui-1.merit lie Vhould afterwards become liable to ? Mr. Haugbton theo moved the adoption of the inemotlal a* be had read it. It was fUggected tbat the words -high treason. ' ooruiting in the memorial, should bo omitted The t?| < online udation ws-agreed to. and tho meiaari*'?(I tend acccidiigly .Vr. Vu i >:i (barrister) raid It oooarrad to him that I Ibey ought to give his Pxoclleucv a specie* of Ind-nj intj fur < xrrolHng his prerogative by declaring thit j ike peoplo of Ireland?and. if possible, the p">pl?j of l I'ngbind, ooghf to be Included al?o?did not re<|ii're i that th? extreme penalty of the law -hould (>. c irri" ! , into execution against Mr O't;ri? n I' .r tii?ir e-vurity. j ! indeed. he (Mr. M.) thought thRt any in?n wb.i I. !?'< ? i | ! book on the events of the last *>x or two month* i BU.lt be catlffleil tint the government In wwtfectly welt ! ( secured? (a Ttice?e|UestioD)?and. therefore, it win | <|iiit? untifri f,?Hry. tor any public purr?o?e. to carry the | i j e unity of the law into effect ;ijr*Jn-t Mr. O' itrien. | .Mr. i S. l>Ai i'H?uid th?t ih" address which had j | Ih en read to the in by Mr HaiKhton ha<l been oon?lI deled N'iiand care-fully before it was broiubt forward; | 1 and innsmurh a* it bad uot. been assumed th it that i would be a meeting of conservative* or repealer*, or any other particular cla s of the community, their, | lit ar) It was thought beet to make the tirm< of the uie- ' I mi rial as general ns poffib'e. in order to include all | j cla&fe*. It wim clear th??. individuals in th ?t m??tiDg i might e ntertain strong opinions on* wav or another: but it was equally clear that if those opinions were in any way e> piesfed in th? proposed memorial. on? party i aculd kl;u it whilst another would object to doinc so. | To obviate that difficulty and to euccted in promoting the object rontetcpleted. namely. the preservation of i tbe lite 11 a unit honorable man. (bear, bear) the me| mi iini l ad been framed in a general manner, fo in to j include all persons whatsoever, irrespoctlre of sect or I | T"ty. TBi Ciiaii.ah's said it ?ould be much bi tter not to Introduce ."tiyfbing like the expression of a political ; cpinb n into the memorial. He (the chairmao) was of otie ( pinion, but another person, of a different opinion 1 from bun. might object to signing anything which might seem to bind him to opinions different from his 1 own lie (the chairman) felt such a deep interest and ' responsibility on that, on ??ion that He anxiously urged on the met ting to abstain from adding to the memoi rial an expri ssion e I any political opinion whatever ? i (Hear bear ) .Mr Mil i i > withdrew the observations which be had 1 w.ailc. it was re marked that if they saved Mr. O'Brien's life, they wou'tl do very little for liiin A Voi< ?: ? \V a will take it as an instalment. The < ii \ii:mam said that if they wished to have any snores", they n.Uft not attempt any kind of dictation. (Heat, hear ) It would take away one great induce- I ment to tin rcy on the part ?f the crown, if they or any body wbntevi r were te? adopt any course that could be , oon>idi nil a.? dictation to the crown in t'ie course It inlgbt fol'ow. Then f re the more simple the address wa? the bett< r The memorial ?a the n unanimously aiiopted in the fallowing r mi : ? | To IIin ivrn.i > n \ SB i. t'l.sr i-Mhi . I.o?i. LirrrKNAr^T AMI tl'l KH MIH III Mil A I. Ill I It e I-A Ml. I "Va\ it riij.?r l> ii F.M-ri i i vc\?Mc the iinilcrHinfJ. cf etietinf prinrii'Slly i f lslial'itsiitic.f ?n<l ii* vi<inlty, addn-ss your *x?tllency as the representative, in In land, of bur M -i t; t i i i ,t * I te tj'icfn. We ' til I.vft i" nr in it.u r"rt iniri nriaiior of the jury hy ? tiom William .-mitli O'Brien hae i ctt f. i'B'l imilty. and m humbly and earnestly i utrnt tlio exi rti i- iifl-.?r Vajriiy'ssrai ii us pu rgative ?f mtrcy in hie favor." Tbequeftion of oppointirg a committee to carry out i li.e objects of the meeting by obtaining *li;n itureg te the mi-iiioiiul. then came to be considered. Dr S'iiiai.i. eald therv w?? a report abroad that the exeovtlon of Vr. O'Hrien wa* to take place on ttaturduv t ext. The less time they (the ineetirg) lost the Ktti r. The lion Mr I.a t " ?ai l that it would be very expedient to appoint a imputation fr.tm that mt'eting to wait on the l.ord Lieutenant for the purpusu of ascertaining when It would tuitbi'l'.xcellency's convenle noe to re ceive another deputation hearing the memorial iuliy signed; and alito of inquiring whether there was any foundation in the iiimur that a warrant for the execution of Mr. O Drlen had gone down to the country. Mr Lawless also ni?ntioned that Colonel Dunn, an d Mr O'Brien, Vt fi i t a^bel. were anxious to pro mete tte r.rjfft of that meeting. and would act on the <i? putatiou. 'I'll* Lord Mayor ought alio be nominated ( to ect f u it A ?.u1> crmnilttttv rinirt?tlnsr of rharte.* S Italph. .Yattbva Hhite. .1 I'. iiolaC'l. Imnit-I Sullivan. William I.Ot)|0?ld, J, O OkluhatHJi' l>4 JtioliaiJ KngUnd. with power to add toft^elr number*. Wa* th> n nppolated to irorurt* r'i2Ditt?iri"< to the m< mortal The following deputation to wait oo hi- >'Xci||eooy Ihe l.ord Lieutenant, In furtherance of the object of that mit tin#, w?? then appointed ?Hon. Mr. I.aw i Urr. V. I': ( olonel Dunne. W. Sbarinnn < rawford. 1 A'dtrmnn O'Brien, M I ; Fraud* Sfullr M. r. ; Jan.ee Uaughton. mid the l.ord Major. It wa* undertocd thfit the mi ion of lhe abort' deputation wan to Aci-itrnln when' Ma t\ffl!t noy wou'd reinivo the ftioi/d deputation, witti the memorial fully pinned, iml lo lr...ulre lt;ti> the truth of the rumor reapectlng ll < viiTritnt ( r Mr f>'Mrier'? exeeutlon 'J be fuilonictf not# raealrtd from l.ord Cloni cutty ; ? Li i M rrtiiyl r* ' c'l ff.e tinneBi'u.i >n "f tbo jur? ii ii.v< r ei (itr > l? mi \\ ill . m SiuiUi < > U.-u i\ Vitrei ti U'l. Oi-n l?r." 'Jbe ehvlrtnan then v. rated the rT.alr, not th.n-i a' tote 11 thmi)i? wk pa^'eil to him : arid * vote of tlmt.k- v h' ?Imi pa-red to Mr \V? bb for bin klnlnr?a hi.?IU..dlrnIhf un < t h.-> ri t an 1 he t!t ] Mht'on then withdraw. f.>T t>.? pnrpoje of j ft ot'i t liitlir to tie ( <)?tle. 'lit etitli man who volunteirrd to ant on '.he *p?tliil t ii inltti t< r'coltrd printed eoplr* tf the ui". j u.t tin). ii tut n. r? tl.r. nj,h Mn I?t the purpose of ot>. tainirn atuies to It. At ft ttr o'tluck the d put<t!f-n return I Mr ( i oii.ii.iiki tiousetd that tbt1 deputation "at detairtd n r? n> Iderablf time In con e I'lerre "f hU eieellt l ry belefr c i:' hof on hi* retnril they reccleed a na^actfrun ii'm th?? I " uld receive th. >n. Tl?* Ben.eiiM adopted th rt that day bad pr. ?i u ly bt n felt In to hi* e*et lieiicy >V hen he received the drpu- I tiitIon he (\:r < raafurdl eaplained that the reason of their having cc?f to promptly wae. th.it a report had L D. . two cents. been mentioned at tb" meetlriK th?t a warrant ha<l Inme I for the execution of Mr O'Brien, for whlnh reason the meeting reqUenti-d that the deputation ohculd immediately ?ait on hie ?ie?IUn?y for th? F?,K..r.. ... .u<|>M>up, - iirill. r WierH WU ?? f truth in that report with regard 10 the warrant ; and feroudly. whe-ber bin exceilenny wnuld be pl-aoed to receive h deputation f>n * future d*y to present thememorial, after It bad received more extensive signa turn Hie excellency Id renly. Raid first he had no hesitation in i/ating that the report of any warrant haritif httn 1*111 Jnwti, vat entirely tall* anil unfuunHed ; and secondly. that he ihnulil he hufi/nj tit receive the dtpuliation In present the mrmortal an soon ai it t/ ?t ?ij?nrd to the ertevt th"t wot deHireii ; anj when he i should he iti/oitn?d of its heing ready /or presentation | hr. would himself name the time. Tin I.omi Mayor? It i.s Decennary to add on* word ? hie Kxcellency said he wat happy to lay that thtre\ jmrl nil a ili il to wan false Mi.. II?c<.in <in ?There also appeared in his manner n Hjii'ty to convey to u* that report* of vftrlou* kind* were circulated for improper purpose*. without tin re beinn any truth in them. An iiimii O'IIrirn? HU Excellency also mention ed tbut he hnd hud no offuiat communn ation u*itA 'Ai judges. hnjnnd a nine statement at to the verdict, without the usual uitiinolinrl in such rate*. Mr t iiAwumi I do not know that he faid thil ; but I understood him to s.?y that the point iva* udI t COB*)d< ration, and that lie would rule it according a* lie believed that the national interest aud public |>o I iicy ret) u I red. A ?|Uention then ari'Re as to the expediency ot' 1 ? deputation wiiitinn on hi* (iraee the Anhhinhop of Dublin for the purpose of sollnitinir his signature, with that of other Member* ff the I'r^testaat Ohu >'h, to the memorial A pen tie ma" prenent mitfgopted that th? t'mvo?t md Fellows of Trinity ('oilesre bouid also bewailed upon for the fame object and mentioned that there lis I been irn.H disposition manifested wiihiii college ou wip |ir? violin o?y. ro an expression 01 i?ei:ilg similar to that of the meeting of that day. It was nilimn'fly arranged that, the <1 iguit.iry mentir i'i (l nbove. and also the most Itev Dr. .Murray H t'.C . Archbishop of Dublin, should be immediately waited nn in reference to the memorial Our Switzerland Corredpoiiflenee. Ns.l h iiaiki. Srttll hi.amd, Sept 15, 1(18 C'leck und watchmaking, one! of the principal braucbes ol industry of thin Canton, it entirely para lilted. I'pwurds of 4 600 journeymen watch and clocfcniskt re hove just emigrated from th? town of Veufchatol to the I nitrd .States, and u still greater trim her ?r? malting populations to follow them. Snvoy. Letters from Savoy, of lliti 'ioth ult , in tha v*?u?? ' >it g (Jaztlle. describe the public opinion in that oviiiitry ?h averse and even hostile, to the government of Sardinia, 'l he rieumontese are denided y disinclined to go to war with .Austria, seeing that no ad> vantage can accrue to their country from such a nensure ; besides which, they are much exasperated against the Lombards This feeling in said to animate both the population itud the military. There in still some talk of separation from Sardinia, and thn erection of a republic In Savoy, with or without annexation to Krance. Tub American Svmpathiskrs.? Peremptory initraetioos hats been received i>y the American Consul in Dublin, Irom the Minister In London, t> insist iijion the luanediat* release of the two American eit i/.ens urn sted some weeks ajio on their Ian ting In Ireland au <l who b live since been en lined in her Majesty's goul ?>t Newgate In this case the prisoners were cot only guilty of an overt net cf treason, b'lt, If ho dinposed they had no opportunity of ollending In any way against the law ot Holland. It appear* tliy information oil which they were arrested came from the oth> r side of the Atlantic. ?nd their arre?t and arrival in ibis country were simultaneous. Directions have also been given to furiii h the particular* and details connected with searches of American vessels ? Wi7?ier V Smith's y'i/Mi", Oct, 14 ltlmhcls. Haviik Markets, Oct. II - There has b>'eu a good demand iu our cotton market, and the sales from the5th to this date, have iunniiu'< d to 0.800 bales, at steady prices, say (iOf. for Now <Irlean* middling (Irti iirii?i?ir?), and 64t?. for lair (ordinaire). The import ii* 3.U00 bales. Our latest dates from New York are to 21st u',ticno, by the packet ship New York arrived on Thuftdny Some small sales of potash have taken plact at 641. &0 a o5 Laid sells at ($lf. a 0?. Tallow in held at TIT. Whalebone realizes If. DO a If. 02^. Ilice is dull, b.it prices remain Arm. lipon the whole, Iiieie has b>'>'n nusniruntion in transactions Oct. 12. ( otti n The rales of tin-day wi re 2 21)0 b<i'es at w. If supporti d prices. To-day, little has been done, only . iii nave ciiur,,'"ii limiilg I'tiii total *nl?a or tbn w<el. are 7.0C0 bale* a^-alue! 3,300 import*. Midillin; unlit Im- (iten ai iiiaiii?) an irorth f 59 t CD, ?nd ftir (/.?</./:hi . i) f.ii.'l a til Nothing ha* been d'nnln Am?ruiin t\[<it aitlcltn*it re jmierdny Ouri|uot&tiou? are ii" l( 'low* I'otli 5! 6(1 a 55 f In email lot*. Hi'? n .'i'tf I,ai d 01 h <ijf Tallow heM at 701 Whale hone 1 10 a 1 O'J'jf. Kit mi ii >? * r Liv? i, idiii., (lot, 13. ? During the past ?i rk Ireiithte have been in a declining Ptate, tha arrival.' I ?\ii,g b.fu numerous, and weight laari-e. In Pa?t ti|t' i? we have no change to notice. To New York- Deadweight is!)a. to 10?. per ton; fine i<ood* lfn ; haul Wire Id* ; earthenware 6a Boston ? Dead weight '.'if ; tine good# 'JO* ; hardware &)* ; earthenware 7a. I htlfl'lelpma?Dead weight 12* tid to 15s ; Ada goods 25rt ; lint J ware 'J Of- ; earthen vara 8l. to 10a. Baitim? le?Deadweight li!i< Cd. to 15*.; One good* 2&j.; hardware 26*.: earthen warn 10*. New Orlean* Dtad weight 10*. to lft?.; Mneifooda 17a fid. to 30*.; hardware 'JOs.; earthenware 7a. par ton. ? f'nkt 4r ft vt> Our Latest European Telegraphic Dcsuatcli* 'I lie following on^lit t?> have been |i,ibliaiie<l with onr Kuropeau telegraphic and social express despatch, in yesterday's AV?? York llcmlil. It did m l tf . i h us in tune, however, and we thereforo give it iliiv moriiinif. It wili he bet n that there iB a good deal of d*ubt thrown ovtr the report current in Paris on Friday, lit"1 13th in?t., that the Imperial troopa w>-re bomI nnling Vienna. Ihielirit l despatch is ttf considerable importance. lni|Mirlunt from AuatrtaWe row have account!) direct from Vienna, of the &lh iiift ?one 'lay later. Iliaiibi-ttle, DobblthiU and Kacn, hate baen appointed to fotm ii r.< w ni.nintry. The troops who are faithful to the ciiuee of the Kmperor, and the ton:t and diioi'try. af(<T being driven from tbe city, encamped near the Belvedere, ohioh coina.aiid.i the iinnii n.-e open plain that surround* tti^ citsdilof Vienua?the people being in ponession of ihe loan Very much vl the safety of tha oltj, and 'n fact, :be rrntnl of the future prospects of the i mf ire, d> pend upon the attitude takan by Jcllachlch* Seme account* state be wa- In* lull retreat j others, that he was nfd; encamped near Rub. Aaottur that he has been lorced to retreat into Styrla, panwil ly at; 000 Hunitarian troop*, and that an engagement, waa Immediately expected Oa the 8th, Vi?aaa was unnaturally <|Uiet. The Lnteit front Ireland. XVe haft jn?t heard tu it the Roman Catholic hl*hop4 1 ?H' refused to Intel ft* re fa nny appeal to the meroj of the government In the ease of Smith O'Brien The i>!?te prisoners at t Ion mil have addressed Mis" l ower, on ht r ronliin mint tor the national pju<?. [ Wa give (Lisas it was r?c? ived; we do not und<irs and It ? ( i>. lit mi ii.] Tin- Frrnrh I ii?arrectloiilat?. 'llu ? (the convoy if forced colonist* tor AI Re i la. which ?as to li avo l?rli on the l>th instant,) will make, together, a b:>dy of 12,000 men, chiefly rf tho-e who took part in the revolution of Jun? wi.ol.ave lieen deported 'l'liev will be divided amines5 the Mttltments or Algi r- ttran and t'<>n?tantlne A n a I I'm lii Pru??li\. Berl'n is unlet. but the Uiniocratio party are prep*rn>! fir a ^tand dtinonstmtioo. Tlic Cliolvra. Accounts Iioni Stockholm, datud -ItJi O . >Ut? th*fc the cholera hud appear i at K.>nU*tiur<, lr*?e?oud> Pillau. and l.ubeoK and (Mat uth-r harbn of I'ru-sla i ri per * re puf;ecti d JWnr'ii'l ltr|?ort?. Lomion Oct. 11.-The business In for?ign ejcc".i?n;r# yeiterday, was not e.\t?nel?e. Ilauibur/ n trill* lover than Issi po-t. ,\n.?terd ?m and I'arla U mr-e rennttiej ucaltir?d. Wilis ?|<oi* Nsple* In detcaLd , b it t!ierw was lit'.le or nothing iliu,' Iu paper upon Trieste or \ ? ona I nil ( ii m M*)'kkt. Out. 1.1.?The m.irdot t d*y < tii in. ai.d lull prices r uppr rted. Th?r? ? i> f?sn?(y sti) (leu at d for luUian ? urn, <0,1 prices oa'y luminal, at I?. ?? :.7? p?r nonrttr. IIami *i ii.- O'lr l.ut ? I viots state that t'le rate of exrl i t>i.e i n l.o/dru had ndraneed, and th i tlr prl, ? Cl g' ill ''SS I.".7. Mime J a'.UlnJ.ltit. Ik.s. J\KAn.M ?Tin entleman, wlio )< . < ii en ii t ii li e mi.i' Inf in in li.M'-isf, b it Dili -> > i iv? a> in ..nil hi. rtf v.r; ' 'ib Iwl wm reni.n.d itir-a <r i ? nj" rluee. 1-) ? ? y tag< ?. ta Ihi? r.?l tern - r a liU n.l U.t ei.iiu;..i i U expert uin' (.r ..ui w<? l|<i| till! I i l I i t ' 1 ' I S'e ,;t mull* I & !.,!" Of in ]> mu i : a I U> ili 1 ' a murk ?o>jir m..tii' 'a hie 11 iiuiUt ii ?? I ? tin X ii"pe? are eu.t r'.l o 'I >?itiiatit n to health.? Si. I. nil K'/niHn n 0%t li.

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