3 Kasım 1848 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

3 Kasım 1848 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TH NO. 5266. ggg Our r-oiKton Correspondence. London, Oct, 6, 1848. Skntenct on tin Chartists?State of the L%rgc Pro. Vinctai IIXCTIS?t-umwy ?urrti</n?r.nuuicmcnt of Religious Establishments? Theatrical Doings?j&ltctric Telegraph Improvements?Reform dissociations, fyc.? Cobdenand Universal Peace. Wh?n I despatched my last letter, I informed your leaders that the chartist trials had net been brought to a conclusion, but that no doubt existed that the whole of the prisoners would be found guilty. They have now terminated, after a te* dious and prolonged investigation. The firtt batch included Cufli-y, Fay, and Lacy, all of whom have been sentenced to transportation for life. In the next lot, were something like nine or ten; amongst th> in was a man named Shaw, equally dangerous, but not so active in operation, as the three mst enumerated. lie has received a similar sentence, and the remainder are to suffer two years imprisonment, with some heavy fines. Until next sessions, chartism will be forgotten; out then, as there will be some more trials, it is fair to suppose there will be the same lengthened investigation, and I venture to predict a similar sentence for some of the rebellious eentlemen who may have the ill luck to figure intne felon's dock. I ikink it right to repeat that which I have before endeavored to impress on your readers, that the London chartists repudiate very decidedly the idea of holding any connection with Cufley ar.d his enne, and announce publicly, that those who nronmlirate " pIivsichI force" doctrines are enemies to the chatter. We do not hear a sentence about any diet ubnnces in the provinces. Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Leeds, and all the large towns, though not 111 the most flourishing condition, are not rebellions There is, I know, an immensity of misery and poverty in many of the nrweipal cities of England?evils which are probably aggravated by tiie stagnant condition of commerce, but, at the same time, will be found to exist, more or less, even if a nation is in possession of the most comfortable financial resources. The workmen, however, very creditably see that pt the present moment, a riot would enlail upon them especially additional privations, for mil's and factories would necessarily be susoended, pnd they are, consequently, contented with their present wages, which, tor the most clever artizans, is but little to what it was a few years back. Now that there is no Parliament sitting to give opportunity for people to debate, they keep nn a lively discussion out of doors upon commercial topics, the chief ofwhieh is the currency question. Free trade advocutes maintain that a g?ld currency will not work with free trude principles, and that, moreover, it is an unjust currency. Cer' tainlv the argument on this side looks well, and considering that all the London press (with the exception of the Timet and the Dispatch) advocnte the same view of the question, I do not thiik it at all unlikely that a paper currency will shortly be substituted. S:r Robert Peel, and Jones Lovu the emmer.t banke , are strongly in favor of the rml.I tint thf v wi'l b;iv? to {five wav to the nower tul stream of public opinion. How the government intend to act in the mutter is not yet made public, but Lord John Unwell, I heiieve, thinks a papercurrencv the most fair and equitable. A new two shilling piece has just been issued and named by Prince Albert a44 florin." A large meeting was held on Wednesday of persons antagonistic to the endowment of religious establishments generally, and Komnn Catholic colleges, ?Vc , particularly. Mr. Meuth, the editor of the Nimconjoimitt, v as in the chair. There was some very good speaking, and elaborate rearons were given in suppoitof the principle held by those assembled. After, the question had been fully gone into, they came to the determination that the recent events in t'ns country and on the continent have had h tendency to hasten the downfall of ecclesiastical, establishments. There can be no question that it is 8n injury to nny nation to have establishments of any character drawinglarge sums of money, which in ni ne cases out of ten are lavishly squandered; and it is oulv through meetings such us the one just quoted, that there is anv possibility of petiing a proper remedy tor the evil. I muM now h ave grave matter-1, and turn to subjects of a lighter character. Theatricals are tn'dine ti e lepd, meteor-fashion, ofall otherevents. Mrs Mow itt and Mr. Ihvenport are under an engng?ment at the Murvlebone Tlienfe, where they are drawing excellent houses, and impressing the English with a favorable idea of American histrionic talent. The Lyceum, with Madame Vestris and Charles Matthews, p.nd the Sadlers' Wells with Phelps as (.'onolanus, me drnwing good houses. The lutter performance is spoken of as being a nusterpiece. At the Princess.', several debuts have been made during the week in operatic entertainment?, but none of them of snflicient success to warrant specially being mentioned. At this house thev are running hard upon " Lucia di Lnmermoor," ? Thn llfart of Mid Lothian." and nieces of a similar character. As I believe, in America, you have the longest unbroken line of electric telegraph, the following interesting experiment will not he unworthy of communication, it whs tried at Manchester a day or two ago, the practicability of passing electric currents alone covered wires under water. The wires were niade of copper, wrapped round with cotton, and then passed through shellac, and coated outside with fnriia rubber, cold naptha being used to cem< nt the hitter. The wires were laid down in the Irwell, and mossnaes were repeatedly conveved from one side to the other, which is about half a mile in length, with perfect sucesa. This is, with us, quite n new era in the mode of conveying news, as it baa hitherto been found inipostib'e to use the wires under water. Since this experiment has been tried, very sanguine ideas aie formed of malting a line of submarine telegraph from Dover to Calais. The distance is about twenty-one miles, and uppears a tolerably formidable project for even an expectant person to undertake. Wlale upon this subject, I may inform you mat iiyaers ravway nuusr m xumcuu^ mtention ?moD<r contractors and engineers. J believe many of the new lines intend adopting bridges similar in construction to the ones on the Harlem line in your country. The main inducement appears to be the beliel that asm.d!er ouantity of iron is need in the sfructuie than under the principle m>on which our bridges are built The financial reform association is holding up its head. It is a new society, established for the purpose of reducing much of the expenditure attendant upon the State. The publications already issued by its members are extremely pungent, nnd satirical. Scarcely any whose services about the court border on the ' ndiculous.'are spared; maid.-, of honor, ladies of the bcd-chsm'>er, and trainbearers. all, share alike the merited cavitations. When the expense of the Presidency of the I'nited States is contrasted with the amount allowed lo keep up royahlv, it is really suipiising t!ie peopl here bear so heavy a taxation in the ine?k spint they do. The purpose of the financial reform ass nation is, by a constant publication of (he high salaries paid to list h -s ,st.,te functionaries,to dra w public attention to the matter, in the hope of obtainiuir a rediu I,nr. of llie number of these State lift* The ?rent reform league, of which I have written to >ou r? p< nterily, in rxc < ilinaly <|URl,owing, it is presumed, to the wi^h <>f not attempting to emItitriRPa tiie government in these ticklish times. Mr. Cobdfn, who is one of its prominent members, hun written a very long letter to Mr. Joseph SSturue, the celebrated hi.ti-slavery advocate, which hits found it* way into the public journals, upon the subject of universal peace. The letter is in reply to on invitation to attend the Congress at Brussels, nnd Mr. Crtbden states that he cordially approves of the expediency of recommending the insertion ?>f nil mbitrnlion clause in all international treaties, by which questions of ilisputu shall b'? settled by mediation : nnd be likewise wiifijesta thnt the (*'onyres? should endeavor to impress upon the world the enormous expense nnd waste lli.it in I'ociui<>ned bv standing armies. Mr appears to doubt the policy of establishing a commas of natims, to form an international cod**. 1 cannot but think that the opinions of a man of sicli celrhnty a* th? prime ngitator of the Utr anti-cornlaw league, will be rend with int< rest in Atneric i: and acting under this impression, I have introduced die Mihiect. The I(il*ernia reacliod Liverpool on the morning of the 2d instant, wuh tin- mails and a fair compbmenf of passengers. lfi r passage from Huston wan performed in II days 1H hour*. The Washington calm* into Oowes yeB?eiday, the 5ih, and after dropping the mails and landing Bom?' passenceriT, she left for firemen. .w:he hrougnt one duv's later news f rom America, having left on the 2>)fh. ?he had X'/M>.<K70 on freight for Havre, and a general cargo l?,r Ilrenien. Lord Brougham has been again pushing into nhaf he iiiiayiuis tc bo popularity. His lordship E NE MORI I must always be doina something to get himself > noticed. lie will, per fas aut ntfat, speak or write in order that lie may cmII down upon him public attention. He has just written a pamphlet upon the French revolution, which is very elaborate, and very prejudiced. His lordship's well known intimacy with the ex-king of the French, led to the belief that he would rush once more into print with an attounding mass of denunciations heaped upon the prime movers of the recent revolution in Pails. Nor are the people disappointed?he abuses every one save Arago, whom he terms his lllustiious Iriend. He speaks lightly of Lam.irtine and his col|e?gues, says that the men who moved France a little while bacK, to her senses, were lilted into power, being nothing before. I have not space enough to give a detailed account of the fauhshis lordship finds with every one save Guizot's government and the ex-kin? He rails at newspapers and their writers?Jas. Henry Brougham.who owes more to editors than any living man for his popularity lie stigmatizes the very brethren of that cralt, who have, until lately, always held liim on their shoulders. The papers here merely give Ions extracts from the pamphlet; scarcely condescending to pass an opinion on its merits. The mpity of the writer is apparent in every line?seeming to say, " I, Lord Bnrtigham, am speaking to the world ; be silent and listen." His remarks on the press are so ludicrous that I cannot help annexing a short extract " Among the jx-rnonn who hud brought about the revolution, and who bad profited by its i-uccesn. were an unprectdcnted proportion of literary men?not autb< rr of woiks whtch gave them lettered r?nown ? but rillKIPIUU uii?ir * ^ i*i '(iftiijf papers?ft class of men well kunwnforthe in(lu?ncn they i int, considerably above their merits, ample ns tliote are?an iuflut-nce in a preat m-'asure derived from the constant repetition of their doctrine, their famUi&r acquaintance with the topic* of the day. and their habit of partly falling: in with the filings of tboFt they address, partly lending them, a haMt necessary to the success of their tra jo. Hence It win observed that the press (it is ti-rnied. as if there was jio othu, and sometioneR the public press, as if a private one was constantly at work) generally speaking in Europe and America but also in England itself. almost entirely joined the came of the revolution. Some few most creditable exceptions there were ; hut I speak of the common run of newspapers; and I can (ako upon me to affirm that this snpport, wholly unexpected at Paris, had a most powerful influence in encouraging the small republican party, in silencing the voice of the country at large, aod in striklcg with dismay the royalist party, of whatever shade." We are pietty nearly frightened to death about the cholera, which has begun its ravages in many parts ol the metropolis, as yvell nf in some of the provincial towns. At Edinburgh pome serious cans are reported to have been brought under the notice of the medical authorit ies, and at Hull several deaths have occurred from the diseasp, which is said to have been brought by a J lambuigh vessel. In London, ns well as in the provinces, precautionary measures are beinc taken to render the f llects of ihe scourge as light as possible. The government oflices are prepared with an efTrrient body of medical men, in case any ol their subordinates fchould be attacked ; and the police commissioners as well as threads of all other lar?e ' companies, have made themselves particularly active in taking preparatory st^ps in the matter. The medical boards issue instructions daily respecting the style of diet that should be observed, and thesnnitarv commission endeavor to cheer the people by asserting, over and over again, that the cholera Is not infectious. Be this as it may, the : autumnal season of the year is about the best time | lhnt it could come; hut it is to be hoped that it I will be, after all that is said and written about it, but the periodical attack invariably noticed at the fall of each year. The Karl of Carlisle died a few days since, in conscquence of which Viscount Morpeth vacates his seat for the West Hiding of Yorkshire, and will be cu'led to the House of Peers by Ujs father's title, lie is the eldest son of the late earl, and his namemuft be familiar to your readers, from the indefatigable attention he has invariably paid to the comforts of the poorer classes, (in conjunction w ith Lord Ashley, and other philanthropic men.) He takes, also, a lively interest in educational esi tablis-hments, m the fine arts, and in literature; i he is an especial patron of literary and scientific i men, with whom he is apparently well pleased to i associate. It is to be wished that his elevation to | the House of Lords will not spoil him, as it has many other public men?Lord Brougham, Lord j Stanley, Lord Campbell, nnd hosts of other wellI known names. Lord John Russell will lose from ; the House of Commons an unflinching co-adjutor and tdmtmble debitor. I am enabled to correct a report which, if allowed to be urexplainpd, w ould be prejudicial to the good sense of Captain Paul fine. On his way to Spithead, be passed Osborne House, her Majes C? lllrtliiir irpiuciitv, nnu vv^iu^ m. o?um..u.u ?.j irg, falutfd it with his heaviest cannon. On passing Spithead, lie did not see the English flag on tlie king's bastion, nor did he know an admiral's flag was flying ; and, iiavini: no necessity to communicate with the town, lie did not ngain salute, go, nfter all, no uncourteous behavior can be laid to the chnrge of the captain of the St. Lawrence. The Sarah Sands left on the 10th, for the United States; but I did not write by her, as I do not much doubt that the United States, which brings tins letter, will arrive in port first. New for a little ^eatiical gossio. The Disten family hud their last concert nt Drury Lane, on Monday, previous to leaving for America, which they will do the moment tli'-y can make their arrangements for so doing. It w?s a crowded ! house, and they were most enthusiastically cheered. Almost nil the vocalists of note took part in , the concert. Covent Gardfn was opened th? same l evening, under the auspices of Mr. Bunn, and if a ; closely packed house he any indication of a 8uc1 cessful speculation, the manager h<is no reason to j complain. Harrison was there. Ringing, na usual, in his old port in the opera ot "Maritana." A Miss ! Wallace, sister of the c^mnoser, mide her rlcbut, I but with a very undecided kind of success. There was a pood ballet to conclude the entertainments. I Mr. P.unn promises some good novelties, of which I 1 shall tend you an ample account, should he fulfil ; his engagements. I The interesting sale at Stowe, the seat of the I Duke of Buckingham, has at It ngth concluded, ] realising in ail nearly seventy-six thousand pounds. ! It is not yet known how his Grace will uis|>ose of ! the house at Stowe. The subscription list on behalf of the sufferers j on board the Ocean Monarch, is closed, and the ' amount considerably exceeds the sum originally ! estimated. Amongst the subscribers are the names I of neatly all the royal personages at present 111 j Dnglurid, as well as many of the nobility. An lmj mense quantity of clothing his also been given to I the suflereis. The second October meeting is going on brisk IV, at Newmaruet. ine craiK rac?, cancu ine Crrsarwitch, has been run for and won by Mr. Crawford's Cur. There lias been pome shabby woik in withdrawing one of the best hows, "Lanr*borough." Surplice was all behind. Not much wonder is fell ut this, as he had to carry so much rxtru weight, as winner of the St. Leger j and the Dei by. Our KrcnrU Correspondence. Paris Uct. 7, 1843. Jpj raronrc and Conduct of the Jlwttnbly?Grand /lifcvfftm of the Presidential Question. The Chamber of the Assembly is a temporary building, if you please fo to call it, lor ll was constructed in haste, of wood, and in llie rear of the elegant Chamber of Deputies, which was not | spacious enough to hold the represent stives ot the | republic, though it answered very well for that of (lie monarchy. The nests of the members occupy both Nidea, und one end of the Chamber, and those ii| on the two t-ides twee each other, and those upon the tnd are of a triangular form, widening as they extend back, so that the members in the cornets c>l the rot m face the opposite corners, upon each side of the chair of the President. The tribune is diiectly in front of the chair, and is a little box, lour to six feet square, small enough, and high enough to niaKe the gestures of the sneaker of the moFt awkward character, leaning forward constantly, and keeping bin arm, generally the right one, extended in front, as it he whs trying to reach | the members, or to jump out, to come nearer to ' ihr m. Nothing should ever be placed in front of j an orator, es|ieciajly one who t|tenka cxtempora| neously. Give him a large apace, in which lo i move freely, arid if he is accustomed to apeak bej fore the public, he will do so gracefully. Coop inm mi in a box. and he is broken down. The I French speak pretty well; very much of ihe nune I prade na the legislative ora tors of cur own counI Iiy; some pord, and FOme inditl-renf. I heard, todtiy, the two strougett men in tiie Chamber?I>u(ntue, nnd Martin de .Stratbouig?upoD opposite side* of the .|tiei?tion. in fixinir the in< de of choosing the President ol the republic. Both were able; Martin is argumentative and pointed, keeping the Chamber in constant excitement ? boisterous with apin'auw or disapprobation, as the case may lie: whiit* JJufitire is aa clear and lucid as a run! ninp Mream. .Neither is an orator to be compared, \V YO YING EDITION?FRID for grace of manner, to a great number ol our leading men in Congress; nor have I seen, under the monarchy or the republic, any discussion which 1 think equals.'in power, those often elicited in the i United Mutes Senate. Still, as I do not understand the French its-well xs I do the English Ungual e, I am not so perfect a judge us 1 ouorht to be, to pronounce positively. Hut the French Assembly is the most violent and and excitable assemblage of men I ever Mr. They occupy near half of the time of every sp< aker, and mar his points, by theirclamors, vociferations, aeitations, and ejcclamations. Their bursts are like the explosions of fire arms, and they appear more like madmen than like reasonable ana considerate ones. There are a president and six vice presidents near the tribune, calling to order, silence, faites silence, continually?and twice as manv more officers, stationed in different parts of the chamber, engaged in like vociferations. For hall a minute, all will be silence?and then conies an explosion that occupies two or three to five niinuteB in suppressing, frequently; during this time, there are all the officers calling ! for silence, ar.d the president ringing his bell. In , the mean time, the orator stands quiet in his box; ! and. peihaps, the first sentence lie pronounces I brings about another such scene; it is indicative I ofilie French impetuosity and impatience, and un| worthy the character of a deliberate body. France | has n severe trial to go through, to advance her ri I nunc 111 i:.UH'|te, HIIIIIIIK iiiuiitiiuiiira, Willi u single bodyot sucn impatient beings as areFrenchmen; and I am not sure that, if they had a Senate, th?y would not pitch it out of the window, and tend the members to Vincennes. the first session. The qneition bat been fettled by a vote ot 602 to 212 in favor of electing n President by universal Bulirage, and my impression is, that as soon as the paragraph of the constitution, touching the presidency, has been voted, the Assembly will order j the election to be made; and, if so, apiieuraneett i ore strongly in favor of Naooleon?that i?, that he will have a plurality; una 1 should not be surprised if he should be elected. Vet, there are veiy few members of the Assembly who will probab'y support him. It is an unlucky movement for (ieneral Cavnignac to have an election by the peopli: h:s discipline lias been too severe (or the socialists, and he has been too republican for the hgitimists and their friends; both extremes will, I therefore, oppose him, as well as all the dtsafI fected. which is a pretty numerous body ; for, wilh almost any other man,there would he a better prospect ol overturning the republic; and it is very impressive that the different elements of opposition, and the fiiends of other candidates, will far outnumber any force that will rally round him. Resides, there is n jealousy ol those now in power, i - ?i i... ? i?,i . (I,.,. I?V WI1UII1 lie* IO BUI l I'UiHiru , wuuin nuiu men places; and others want them overthrown, at all events. There is crrnt jealousy against M. Marrast, notwithstanding liis magnificent soirees. Paris. Oct. 8. 1818. Ct ant illy?The Ihi/ul Family?Camp of Julius Casur?Qprriirt*?Forrest s. Tc-dpy I have been to Chantilly, by railroad, about forty jiiiles from Paris, and by direct route, seme thirty miles only. It is the day of the semiannual races at that place, where are the most elegant stables, and the finest stud of horses, in Europe. The exterior of the stables equals in beauty and grandeur, any of the palaces in France. The Chateau at this place, is not spacious, but the grounds are elegant, and the arrangements of them aiein very fine taste. This whole property, as well as a large tract of the adjacent lands, formerly belonged to the Duke de Conde, who gave to the Luke d'Aumale, the fourth son of Louis Philippe, and who was found dead in about a week after the will was executed; the French people accusing, as I believe unjustly, Louis Philippe of participating in the tragedy. About a mile from the Chateau, by the running waters^BId with fish, and in a beautiful grove, are several small cottages, and among others, the dining room, the billiard room, and the "salon manger" of the Duke; and here, two months last summer?one jfrar ago?the king and all his family were accustomed to take their breflftf.ists ami dinners. It is a cool and beautiful retreat. A little further on, are several little thatched cottages, for the keepers and attendants. Each cottage contains only one room, embracing the entire Fence of the interior, and both exterior and interior are finished in a style to compare with the place mid the occasion. The king's keeper is still there, and wiih a politeness truly French, iniroduces the visiter to every curiosity, and gives him ihe nistorv of it. 1 snid to her, "Perhaps you will yet have the fumily here again." "God please, pethaps eo," said sne, drawing a deep sigh, and giving a meaning thrug with her shoulders. .She is a very intelligent woman, of about thirty yeurs I old. Standing at the corner of the dining room, is an immense tree, measuring near five feet ladia; meter, and as tall as the Pantheon, in Paris. This | tree is u part of the curiosities, as we!i as the antiquities. oftlus beautiful retreat. I went over the I field on which Juliis Cirsttr camped some two ' thousand years ago. with an army of some 80,000 I men, and examined the remains of his fortificatir.ns, recently removed oy the constitution of a bridge acro;s the river Aise, at St. Leu, three miles from Chnntilly. There, too, is the monument erected to the cenius of Napoleon, dnring the days of the empire, and lex Ca)ri^rea, stone quanits, from wh en are taken the best building materials used in Paris. This stone is so soft that it cuts almost as readily as very hard wood, and is carved, therefore, with the Greatest facility. This body of stone is some t?vo leagues wide, and six or eight long, and how deep I do not know. Some of the caverns are five or six miles long, into tlus-e quarries, entirely under ground, lighted only by flambeaux. _This species of flone is found m ninny pntts ot France, and in Paris iter If, in huge quantities. It is such a treasuic to France, and especially to Paris, as is bejond comt etition?without this, materials for btitldtrg would lie extremely scarce in Paris nnd France; and Paris rowld not have been "'hat it is now in beauty and st\ le, excelling any other city in ihe world in the elegance of its architecture. At C handily, there are some dx to eight thousand acies of forests; and like all the forests in France belonging to the loyal family, are elegant in themselves, nnd beautifully arrunged nnd preserved; delightful roads lead through different parts ol them, and any unnecessary branch, or fallen onp, ts tukfn away, cut into wood, and carried tc market?all, ot course, uie of a second growth? end there is no speciep of property more valuable than growing forests, for oveiy limb and twig, is preserved. When wood is worth fifty cents a hundred pounds, as it is in Paris. One cord of onrlarg* [ wood will weigh about sixty hundred, mikinj woi (1 about ?:!() per eoid here. Tins wood la eO in 'org poles, made into large rafts, and floater down the principal rivero to market, where it if cut and piled up in immense quantities t<> dry: nftei which it is sent round to tlie inhabitants for usiFrance :s full of palaces, royal ground*, forests parke, tX c., >Vc., where millions have been e? pended in ornamenting them. They are all pre^ served under iho republic, but they are of anti-republican tendencies, and powerfully so among * people of fo much taste for such elegant Htes, ai the French. In reviewing these different situations, the mint of man is leady to exclaim, in thinking of Louii Fhilirpe and his 'family, what a fall??what an awful chance of fortune The chunire cannot bf realized, without feeingwh.it he has left. With the (word and pur*c of Fiance at his command, oni would have supposed that it would have civen hill dellfiht to have employed his powers and means in meliorating tbe condition of the poor people in France, for everv thine that mortal could have in I .i-:~ .1.1 I i ui.,1, ,,| i,... I 11 I ? * Wl'li"!, l" <"?<?" IIIIII |m miu iiic fumily. There was i o n> 'lility in France, as in l.rpltind and If usfii-. to compete with (h?* crowned head. Ilerc there v as hut a step trom the crown to the people?and w hut the crow 11 did not want, one would have supposed would have delighted the wearer of it to nave distributed among his people, and to liave niade tin 111 love hint and Ins in in i ly. But a crown is a cu rue to the people, lieI cause it conupta the lieai t of liim upon whose head if rests?it corrupts, too, the people--and France is now rroniirchicnl :n her habits, her views, her I f< mis, her fashions, and her mode of thinK 'nrr and | acting, hnd time only?a long time, too?on v, nn produce a radical change in this respect. France i than we cm think in h monarchical o ie. It is j like attempting to think in a new language. From N \^sat\ N. P. ?By the arrival of the Fchoi ner Kli/a Catharine, at Charleston, on the 2#th, advices from Nassau to the ISth of October have be?n received There is little of news, excepting particiilaia of disaster# at sea in that vi* cmi'v. [Nee maritime intelligence.] Continued rait c have la lien sine* the late gale, and the pint) apples are in a thriving condition. IRK I AY, NOVEMBER 3, If ROUGH AND READV GRAND INDEPENDENT MASS r.ALLY, At VauxtiaJl Unrilcn, l.nst Kvt-ir.ng. Enthusiasm of the Whigs. Notwithstanding the tens and twenties o> t oufiiiulf drawn to witness the great Cass democrbtic i r< cession of last evening, the sa.oon of Vauxhu'l, the gardens and immediate vicinity, were well tilled by a large assemblage of citizens, 011 the occasion of the Rough and Ready grand independent mass rally, advertised tor that evening. | At the hour appointed, the Hon. G. FoUom was ' nominated chanman ol the meeting, and on taking the chair wan greeted with a round of loud and enthu! Maf-tie cheerr. Mr. KotiOM, on taking the chair, briefly returned tbanka to the nneting lor the honor done to bim and the worm greeting with whirh he ha 1 bren received. Though unprepared on thin occasion, and not having expected to be called to till the chaira jet he was al ways rougn auu reauy 10 support nm caura ui mi ? lunrious man whoie election to the I'rrrldentlal chair he believed would lead to thu salv.ttloi and political emancipation ol' the country. (Loud and reiterated ctui-rn ) tie believed the nomination of Old /auk (loud chccre) was fraught with tile highest an 1 deepest inlluences upon this great republic. When hi! shall be. colled to the Presidency, he (Vlr F.) felt oonvinced tl.at be would fill that high ollc.e with a single eye to the general and public good; he would be trie President of the whole people,?not the President of any party or faction (Loud and,tretneudous cheering.) Wuh these views, and with the intimation he bad been led to make of the hi^h character of General I Taykr, he (Mr K ) did not hesitate toavo>v before the world bin perfeot and entire confidence lu General

Taylor, not oniy as an illustrious hero and brave and 1 skilful soldier, but turnover as a great and accotnplbhed statesman. It was well known by the btitory | ot pa't ages that the military character wan not incompatible with the civil; gieat military ta'.enU were not incompatible with great civil merit and superiority. J This ta>'t was illustrated fully in all the pa^es of history ; but it wan in no instance more nobly and fully | illustratt d and exhibited than in the instance of our own great and distinguished Washington. (Cheers.) He began hi* career as a simple surveyor, but God had Implanted powers in hiin?which only required the opi portunity to deveiope tbem. This he did, and proved at once tbat he would be useful to hW country, tot only In the battle-Held as a successful soldier, but in the councils and deliberations ot peace as a skilful statesman. Such was the hero of ; cur great revmution. and such be (Mr. V.) believed wa' the man who was now our choice to till the ! Elation bo so honorably tilled?the man who wai I /-urwlidiLta tor the Prflniilcuov. fl.ouil cheering ) Ho (Mr K ) believed General Taylor to be just such a mau ax be had described? a man of Arm uitegiity of purpose, of strong natural intelligence, and a mind sufficiently .Treat, clear, and capaoiou*, to j make bim acquainted with all that wan neoessary to I be Kuown by the highest statesmen, of State affairs. (Loud plaudits ) He (Mr K.) believed that he would be an ornsment to the highest post it was the purpose ol the people to elevate hint to. and fill the ('residential clia.r like another Washington, (Cheers ) He therefore threw to t?hewindx the reproach that because he wan & military man he could not be a|*fcilful civilian It was I ii n idle aM-eition, without foundation or truth intact, or bietcry. The theory of our government was to look upon every citizen, it mattered not what might b* his butinets or occupation, as lit to be called to any aud the highest offices Such was lie believed, the acknowledged theory of our popular government. It was, therefore, of no effect upon his mind to say that, because the business of General Taylor's life Lad been military, he was. therefore, unfit for civil I unctions; Our system of government uiakes no such exclusions, it only excludes those who are unfit, when, after a tempoiHry occupation of office, their unfitness is discovered Again, it had been reproached against . our candidate, that he bad been taken up because liu wkit mailable This, in his view, was a re com mt Dilution in his favor. What did that mean? that he van available, but that he was popular'? that he wan the people h choice' that he nan the man whom the people would prefer, and whom they would in all probability elect before 1 at y other mcn ? He, Mr. K., would ank, uu^ht the voice of the people not to be regarded ? Wag it not ridiculous in a popular government such as ours, to 1 say that being available. that if, being popular, that In, beibglbe choice of the people, * a* a reason why a , u an shculd not be elected by the people ? Vet such a | charge, under the Mime of uvaiiabillty, wan made an a reproach against (ieneral Taylor. $uuh was the true ; doctrlHe which he (Mr V) hud stated, and now In few days the people would decide, and ue (Vlr. K ) beI lined thcv th??? ?xi?ted no cautuj whatever to doubt but that Zacbary Taylor was the man who would be feat? (I firmly by the voice of the people in the presidential chair of cur great republic He (Mr. F ) would not detain the meeting with any further remarks, not havii>g come prepared either for the honor they had done him. in appointing him to preside over thin assembly, or with any remarks adapted for such an occasion [l.oud ?nd enthueiastic cheers followed this ad' di i ES ot the chairman ] A number ot Vice Presidents and Secretaries were then nominated. appoiuted and continued by acclamation of the neeiiug l,< ud cri's for Mr Choate now arose from the a?semhled multitude The Chair, man raid that he r?greltt d to have to say that Mr i was not in the room. The Hon t.uther Brad i ifh whs then lntroduo<d by the Chairman, and rw! ceived with long and loud applause. Mr. Bkaihui taid?We have met once more, fellow ] citizen* in coureil. before the decisive contest of the j 7lb instt-nt and we have met together, not an a politii cal patty. but have come here thi* night hi an inlepencbm n.eel inn and aa the friends of lieneral Tuy' In. (l.oud.chters ) 1 n the recollection* of the pa?t. ; in tlie f iof p< cts of the present, in the hopes of the future be. (Mr 0..) raw everything that could possibly ' animate uh onward in our course of triumph and victory. We went into the battle, not like one of the opposirg parties. with a slavery banner, on a narrow plattoim. with a single idea, but our principles were great, vart. and knew no bounds. They bud no latitude or locgitude to confine tiiem either to the North or to the South, to the Ka?t or to the West, but in their ( cope they encircle all?the whole people, the whole I nion. arid the happiness and welfare of the whole. (I.md cheers ) The nomination of Martin Van ))i>rtn, and the adoption of him by another party .was an anomaly of the times another fresh sample of Kinderbook politic*. (Cheers and laughter ) He. (Mr. II .) hoped that the s&l.tn-y narrow standard of free soil, for freemen, would be able to best op but few recruit! from the whig party There was a waul of confidence in the flag .wising from the inconsistency of those who had raised it. and littio crt dit. could be awarded thee, who now rhowt d a *eul >or what they once opposed and maligned, beside-, there existed the suspicion, that when these movements shall have succeeded In drawimc olf some ai-afft cted from our party, their object will be accomplish?d, they will abandon their own movement, and re. turn to their old associates, and co operate with theii oiu trleuds He (Mr. B.) hoped that no whig finger* wiii'dbt burnt by beinic eun loyed to snatch hot ubust nut* from ih" fire lor othel* to nni?ticate theni (Cheernud laughter) But flupp<*ing Mr. Van Buri n and Lie frit ndfi to be tincere In Ihis movement; yet mch a psr'y founded on on ou? fungle principle on oce single idea auU a principle atiii idea ounmnii ' to many other paitieg mupt pas" away, after a niert ipLfUeli) exit-tenee. as trati?itory a? the motive) Wbiebkd teltt (matin. But wwwtyoa mtc i ndrpt th'K one idea. ihii one principle. what will you do? V ill you abandon ail your other principles. o? . will you trui-t theui to be carried out to Martin Van , Duron.' If whig* could be found wi-o would act thim, | ttej would, he (Mr B ) thought. U< ading In the spirit ?! the old fHble. wh^re the fheep #r? repre*?iitf d at ' mahlr.g the wolf tin Ir *l:ephera. The eoo'eqUfncci < yr.u nil kiow. 7 lu flock disappeared i;rariu?liy. beinH r devoured one alier t>.? oilier by the fihepherd w.>lt He (Mr B ) thought it would b? tru?t whig prIuciplen to he carried out by MMVt* V ? :.i:-n , I '1 he t.thjfpia? by not chaaf4lM> tgjjfaBor the leopard hie t-pou. (Load about* arapyVMNVa laughter.) Let ue. lb?rtfor?, Mid Mr B .not truit Mr Van BuI h n io eetah.iih a aoTernu.. lit on whig ?.rincip>P ; let 1 V* Ittt on tfcftt platter.n where we ar^ mf,>. ar.d lot uj 1 ntiiutour th? ol the ?.iiliut ti.ro ol Buena Vl>t?- the man who never dieeit* Ma flag, and I " aerer (nrTer.dei * ' (V loud and t.iiutn.; u> outi biiMt of eheera Bini applau-e tol>T."i thi-? f ) I L'Ud orlee of ' VVInttr.a " w? re then rained The 1 ebalr anncunri'l that Mr. WLitiii* ??> nut in tlie room Mr liir*rd was then called fi r, who emu forum d &ad ddncft d the hum tiojr. Mr. teMil.nlt?itdlow citizen*. I hav* b.'i n a? a mlFMOOMHte' U>? oauee ol General Taylor to New > KT.pl?i.d-mMa?4#ftha Pilgrim*. of the .-ohoolaiii-ter I and ('(the church nBk(Ml4 there I iiino aecoun t of you 1 here in this gn at Ra^tM, in the undft of your anioKe 1 i and toife ; an<l I tolaihem that h<-ra in New ^ <>t-k I there jwa* no iiiore jeny ery of I am for Caul, or I I Mn lor Spline, tut it on* universal nhout from J ti e whig )*rty for the gri at *tand.ird bearer Zaehary I liiyltr. (I.oud cheern ) Mr. O then proceeded in it j h'tibly animated and poetical atruin. to trace the I ci.nrie of the irii uiph uf (ienernl Taylor fV.1111 Stute 'c State at d to describe liow th* *uu at it? riMni( on ! the 7th InMont would wake up the dill' reut inhabiI tsnfsrt the uiffxrent lano* ami clituat?? throughout '1 1? ?- ? '? T?tlnf. anil it* lHf I IIH'D? iw n muiM ^ ' 7 . I fettirfr In the west. It wonld leave a d?y ot triumph unknown before to the IIfro cf Buena V I*! a. Mr. <; tl.cn i rrciedt il, In a strain of much witticNm. t > I dicruMi t?,p tne^lU of Mr San U.ir.n. and the new part J he had form. J hhJ decerned the meetmnof the onietitiou at Bullal". as like the "'f of Jh" I wltehe* in ? Macb th." \f:*r an a'.le difou-alon <fthe whole ftrmoil qneatton. au<l the uharan* tei* ntid claim* of N artin Van Bur.-n. Mr. ??. *ald. that If thi?y tcoK fi?*#? foil from Mr. Van Burtn, th?y would aluo have to take the tariff, the *ub trwary. nod all the nilfgoTt ruinent which they had endured for 1 ti e lant flve-and-twenty y<ar? Mr \ an Boren wa* tbo man who, In hi* iDiuguril iddWM In 1847. lild tl,a< If they da ed to abolmh elarery.iu the biatriot of i olnnibia, he would veto *uch a meaptire To tfcl*. the New ( Bilar?d?T? replied that he might have bIdch repent* d. To wt.'flh he (Mr.O ) annwered that of ail rep?rt?notp In the world, he iuo?t di*tru?ted political i<l>e uian?v (l.augbter ) II* had always been u 1'ay IERA 343. lor man, and after trying the old General In every point, be confessed be' uw and knew no man who wa? bo well ((ualiflt-d to nil thi-nitl -u to ?r?i<ih he | had been nominated (Cheers ) He then gave some instance*, to chow the power of General Taylor over the minds of men un>i onotod *1 '?v i?n r?.,ui ? on "i j them tbe necessity of redoubling thatr exertion*; Solng up to tbe garret, and down to tbe cellar, and ringing out every citizen on the 7th instant, to vote for their candidate, (ieneral Zacliary Taylor, and I make tbe wh'g tlug iriumiibaut over tlio laua. (I.oud cheers ) Col. John Win-throi'. of New Orleans, wai the next i ! FDcaher. lie caid that he *?< ucviil hv a (* v of Lh? i gentlemen on the stugv to give tlic meeting i few inci, dents of the domestic character of <i?u I'avlor He , hiiutell was a lawyer of New Orleans, and ()i;h Tay' lor wan bin client, ile was also a democrat; b it, not* j withstanding that, he would vote for <l?u Taylor. | (< beers ) He knew that it was the doctrine, now-adayg, to sustain part) distinctions; but he thought the time bad armed when party distinctions should bo forgotten, acd the whole people should rise rn maur and vote for the noblest work of God. an honest man. (CblWl) Alter tdttlll a few incidents reap"ctinn lien Taylor, which have repeatedly been told to the public, tie proceeded to read the following extract of a le.tter Irnni tien. Taylor. This letter was written to him from the camp near Monterey, on thu 3d of Juno, 1847:? " On the subject of the Presidonoy, while I can say, in tiuth. that I have no aspirations for that high ofllce, I will ray to you that 1 regret the subjeet should hare been sgitateu at this eutly Jay. Twelve months hence, it stems to me, would have been a uune appropriate tinif; bat the people must manage their owu concerns as they may think best; and if they think it will be for the good of the country to make ine a candidate, and to elect me, I shall feel boun I to serve them honestly, faithfully, and to the best of my ability. But th? election Is yet a long way oil"; and b*> i fore that peiiod very many important changes may ! lake place?so much so a" to uiaUe it desirable that feme other iudividi.nl. for the benefit of thu country, should be elevated to that high station. I u this ca'1 I should with pleasure not only a<!'|iilefce in sush an 111 ruEgeiuent, but rejoice that thu republic had one mote worthy p.nd better i|iia'ili>-d to till the ollice than myself I have no doubt there are many such, could tbty be btOUgllt out and eli-ctuil ' Such were the opinions, continued Colonel AVinthron r,f the uallnut hero, uuwards of a vear niro. anil the caine Bioderiy uud diflidunce which oharacturised liim then bud tiiM i r.guii-hid him since throughout his whole conduct He trusted that. on the 7th iust>int, the ueopie of the Kmpire State would he found at their pot ts. and place the viotor ('f Biwna Vista in the position which ItiH merits and <iUiUiilcutlons untitled him to fill. (Loud cheers ) Mr. Raymond then addres.ei the meeting at j;reat length, au gave a i?tune of the history of the Mexican war, in which the exploits of General Taylor were i again eomnjeuded to the approbation of the meeting, i and an earliest appeal made to them to rally for the | old General on the 7th instant. Mr Kkashi then nuns two Taylor songs, to tho great di li'.ht of the assembly. After which, Mr. Hahdk.milri.h and Mr. Sfow, who had been adi dressing the meeting outside, uiaje short addresee*, I when the mietlig adjourned. There were three meetings premised outside. The | first was held in the rear, at which Or. Win. flibbard I pri .\tded The ^eakers were, Lu<vis B. Heed, jun . i Mr. Whitney, oud John C. Brant. The second was held in front?Mr. Isaac Dayton, chairman; speaker*, Mr. George A. Ualtey. .vir. Warren llurdeubur^h, New Jerfty. and Colonel K. Snow The third was held In the side garden?Chairman, Theo S Draper; speakers Thoe. C. T. Buckley, and Mr Vail, New Brunswick. Law lutclllyomT. r*'?* rr.-lnl far Mm ili>r llll llft?* Illicit Qi>iia Forirni Day?Thursday. Ukitkp Stai?:? Circuit Coi r r, November 2.?Be- 1 forejudges Nelson anil ISmIIh.?Alter the Court organized. "lid the fcamt-H of the jurors were called over. the I prisoner's counsel commenced Humming up He Haiti I it would be uncandid to conceal from the jury the j emotion be felt ou this trying occasion?the Interest he took in the issue of this < aut-o - and regretted the circumstantes which compelled him to be absent the fir?t day of the trial. He then drew an affecting pic ture of the situation of the prisoner, and appealed strongly to their sympathy in his lavor. He contended | tl.at the evidence in thin caFe was altogether circuiu- I stautial, and in that view he besought them to give the pticoner tl.e lull benetit of any dotibU which, might be \ left ou their uiiuds by such testimony. He impressed i forcibly on tl.fcin the absence of motive, which must, ' if it ever existed, be the foundation of the crime with whith the prisoner stnnds churged; on the other hand, f motive could not be fhown. the prosecution could rot be sustained, and the prisoner was entitled to their verdict. He then took up the evidence. be^innitg with that of Stone, the steward, which be oriticifed with gieat veverity, and drew an unenviable picture of the character and morals of the witness. He j insisted that, ftparating the case from the testimony , nf Ihu iiovnril. the iurv had to deal with an isolnri ii : case of murder. Tliey would ask themselves what was i Lin motive ' No previous difllr.ulty waa shown to exist bitwetn the prisoner and the decerned. It did not appeur that they ever had any altercation ; tbat a .--ingle unplevarit word evtr pa?sed between him and the deceased, or between him and any others of the crew; on the contrary, 1: appeared that the b-Ht feeling and companionship existed between iheo; nil Where, then, he would a-k. wan the ' motive which the mate could hare for com milting no devilish a oriuie ? The testimony, and, indeed, I he | whole theory of the prosecution, is repugnant to our I reason and to our senses. hut above a'l. to our expertence of the human mind when it i-i bent on th com- ! mission of crime. He next took up the testimony of Huph .see. another of the witnessed and intitted that bis whole st^ry wa* inconsistent with the theory of the ptcfecution ; on the other Ride, it was perfectly i consistent with the theory of the deft nc? ; which wna, ' thatCarljle wks knocked overboard by a Mow from a hand-spike. when lie had drawn a knife on the mate. I lie next took up t*c testimony of the captain, and contrasted it with the testimony of Snow Hnd Stone, ai d endeavored to show that it was in conflict with their testimony in regard to the scene in the b?at ? lie also Hrgued tbat be ?iu coo traJirted by the three captains who were examined yesterday, on the part of ... J ' I- 1 K K,.I^ < llJtf Ot'irucc. iu ?o ?.?*? uu^ i?u, nun her position in the water in relation to tbe (lrownnnz niHti. lie concluded by sayiug that he left liir late of the ptUoner in their hutoN whom character, It appeajidfroni the testimony of the witnesses, wu. un>lr p*ached up to the pren nt time ; and if auy faith can be pliioed in the testimony of those witnefses, the crime with which lie n*w aland* churned in ivpiiis* tinnt to all the action* of his previous lite ; he (hereIcre would lely on the good ?ense, souud judgment, ai d Intelligence of the jury, to bring in a verdict of acquittal in ftitor of hi* client. lie was followed by the Senior Counsel, on the same side. who. after some preliminary renm.i k*. and stating to the jury thegr*at rer.pcnsibi.ity thai devolved unon ; thtni in deciding this cause, and reminding them that tb?i*su?*of life and death were in their hand<? the word which ti ey were to prononnce. w.v* either to reftoie tbe prisoner to liberty und to society with an uni bleniUbed cfcHracUr or to conf i^n hlin to an eaily ant) ignomincus gmve. H.- continued to say . fiat the prisoner ?U ft yourg irau. an orphan, just entering ' upon life in an honorable vocation. ami stood before 1 ! tbem trtmbliDg between life and death?It th"ref<?re behoovtd tbem to act with deliberation an 1 calnmcs* ' before the terrible word guilty was pr nounoed. No I I Mmni'H'?so "?ifp?cir>i).'?r.o doubt*?nothing but the j cl> areal testimony, could warrant such a conclusion i He Mated th?* crCi r in which he intended to submit 1 hiH views to the.jury He stated the crime as it was j charged in tbe indictmrnt. to make out which three | tbirg* u u?t be fl.own Kir<t, the death of Carlyle: ! ffcotd that it was occasioned by the prisoner; and Ihlld tl at it war done with malice aforethought, lie tin n divided tlia charge against the pri.-oner into two distinct acta ; namely, the Injuries alleged to have b'en inflicted by him on the deceased, at the bow of tl e brig and the aut of drownir<g, or entitling him to dtewn. by not going to his rescue with tbe boat lie then argued that tbe acts at the bow of the brig. ' cl arped on the prisoner, rested solely on tbe evidence I of Ste. which he contended wan altogether Irrucon' 1 rilaf'le with all the other facta and circumstoncea of the ca?e, the th?ory for which, he contended, was, that the prisoner went from the wheel to the bow. to give seme orders to the deecn-ed ; that a quarrel had eLSUed, inwhi(h toe latter bad drawn hn knife on *1 1?. llMlKll him lllh ' j UHpillVlKl^l.:.,.-.... 1 a haDdfpike. and he Ml over. He then want on to ' di?cr*dit tbn tentiuiony of Stone, the *tewa?J fle*aid i the cut? a I. U blood on ike rope* nn>J bowsprit had not b?en found until Stone hud l>een there in the mornlug; that he whh the first to call the attention of the ca| lain and crew to the.?e fact*. and that no rHliance ' ?nr>ti be plan*d on h k te?tiniony. .\fter which, he took up tbe boot ncr ne. and crltloiaed the testimony in nppcit of it. which be couteuded was not *trong n< ugh to eMab'.li>h the guilt of the priioner. lie concluded a very able peech of two hour* and a half, at four o'clock, when the court adjourned. The I nit. d States District Vttorney sum* up to1 iroirnw (thi> morning) fur the pro-ecution; after which, the cate will be given to the jury. Thavkt.i.rr*' Uiohth.?In tlie Court of Common I'lcHb ycsteri)ny, the jury gave a verdict in lavor of the plaintiff in tho ca^e of Michael (?arrtty vn. Setb G?*r, commenced <n Kriday Thi* wa* an nrtion to r? cover damage* for a.--<ault and battery, and ejection from a railroad car. It appeared that the platntld purchased a ticket for (iranita Bridge. a station on the Milton Branch of the Old Colony Kail- I road Tin- di frndunt was the conductor of the train, 1 and received the ticket*. After he had jsatheri'd thu tickets Irtra the passengt rs in the car where Uarrify | wiii* eehttd. he passed to another car, but subsequent- I I; returned and maisted that Uarrity hould leave the ear. as he had paid only to Crescent Avenu* (Jarrity ; raid that he had purchased a ticket fer (iraolte Bridge, ard should not leave the cam until he reached there. 'I hereupon Mr Ueer pel/ed hold of him. draffK'-d him to the door of the car. and attempted to throw him oil while the train wan in motion ifarrity. however, remained in the train until it reached Harrison Square, where he wan forced to leave < iarrity laid hi.-t damage* at f.70. andthejury sate him the whole amount Claimed ?Betton Iter The (' hrittian SrHitiitl, of the 12th initant, state* that 1< Watson, of I'ortage, lately deceased willed hi* entire e*tate. variously estimated at *26 OUO to $40,000, to the l/niverrftllst Societies of Otneaee Kail* and Nunda LD. TWO CENTS. grim mciLitiT riieiisiM OF THE CASS AND BUTLER DEMOCRACY. Four Thousand Persons in the Line# The gr.ind torchlight | rocession ol the h .nkt r democracy came oH last night. At an early hour the delegations of the*different wards bepan to assemble at Tammany Hall, which war brilliantly illuminated, and fireworks were kept constantly goin<f until the line was formed and the main body moved off. Thousandth of persons gathered around the old wigwam to witness 1 tin- sight, who took no part in the grand parade, j About mx o'clock, an elderly gentleman, from Westchester county, Mr. Ward B. Howard, who wan standing in the street, in front of the hall, wag knocked ^<>wn. and thu wheels of an omnibus pugged orer him, injuring him very peverely. At half-pwt seven o'clock, the line wai formedconstating of only ft part of the delegation*, and moved up Chatham street, In several plates of which fireworks were set off, and continued until the whole line pawed. At the upper end of Chatham I pquar? iievi!r?l oth?r delegation* wertt pouted to await the arrival of th? main bod jr. Keaohing that point tb? line formed in the following order of Flrat ("a * twelve t'orwim with torches, and. as wo understand two Druinniot .1 f.ighta; though of thin I .(it foot w? aru . jircu hv ie|Hii t, a? at ?".v litre, when vfaitle, only one aripearei; The Democratic General Coniniitt-o on floraebacli Oetnocratio Young Wen'i Committee. Tarn many Society, with their Big Banner. The General OmtnttU o ot uie Democratic Uermaim of New York Democratic Candidates and I r* i' "I Guest*, In Carriages. Following a Band of Mttg o, wan tlie Ti e Empire Cluh of New Vork. The New York Volunteer Democratic AwoelaHon. t.jot'n Yc ling Hiukory Ainxjiition, on horseback. Democratic Sous of '76, 011 hr.riwbaok?escort to the t.rici Mats'ial. TDK SKtoN*) DIVISION Consisted of the Third ConKrer*innal rtiitriot Then fol'owd the mnnnl, in oriler Twelve Pioneer* with torches. Rand ot Music. Officer* on liursehaok. The Cass ar d Butler D<mocratio Central Union. Hint M aid > ?' ??? i?uu?r .\?>oriationii. 5?oond Ward Caw and ButW Aaaort'tlona. Ihlid WatdCaas and tin tier Asanc'ationa. r-.urth Ward Ca*a and Tltt'lir AftaoriatioiiM. 1'ifih Ward Ciihh and Itutli r Aw? iationr. Voting Tamiia"}- 4ai">oiation. Diamond Cluh. TUIKD DIVISION. ftm-dntlcr of the Ki.urili ( nnjrr ?fional Diifrlcf. with Torches. Band. EUth Ward <!a?n ?ii<i (Sitter Association, i nii'l ofjlnuio. E xtli Ward Ctt- and Butlrr ilnnn^r Auneta'ion. Sovcntli Ward <a?*und Rutlttr Afsociat.ione i'.;nth Wa'd Ci isi d li>iti?r iaaoeiation'. Tbttl"#nth W?fd ( ?*? nnd titular Aaaiciaticnr. WilMamslmritli B?mwriiH.? A?s o<atlon?. THE FOl'RTU DIVISION, IV u- made VI <'{ tl.u AH'?'.iaii"tio of llrooUlyn. W illiamn> orah, HiOimond Comity ?n.l Now Jemcy. hand of Huetc. Tlit Caas and Butler Union of Kins* County. Newark CaxtTid Butler Ann oiaMon. Jei?y City Uaas and 3iutor Annotation. au?.mAni) Ponntv Casa a d litderA-'ooiiit.infi. Fir?t WilllatnabiTRhl!niand iintkr Association. Record Willinn ol ? r?h 'laia tmd Ttntli-r Annotation. Brooklyn Second Ward Capaund Hn'lur Anaor.iatioo. Brooklyn Fif'h W?r>l < simnt.l Biitkr Association. Brooklyn Seventh Wnid Com tad HutVr Association. Brooilyn forty Aero hot. A? 'uuur. Brooklyn fl'*?h Ward Cass ami Butler Aw eiatior. Brooklyn Third wi"> "" 1 " 'Icr Aascoiation. FIFTH DIVISION, Bt itiR the Fifth Congressional Dintritt. Twelve 1'ioneers with Torches. Bund ol Music. White Eagle Chit of New York. (Thin Clnb hal a la/je wLihe Esp'e perehed n|>on * carriage.) White Eacle Artillery. Eighth Ward Empire Club. Eighth Ward liwm'l timkr Association. Hand of Miimk. Ninth Ward Cass and Butler Association, with Banner) ana Trarsparen' let,one of which ihowed a military cap and boot*, us the W hip Candidate. Fourteenth Wsrd ( kin and lintler Astoeiatior. ^ I X III DIVISION. iTwelvo Pioneers, with torches, fce. Hand of Mnslfl. Butchers Mounted. Catttnrn Mountel Eleventh Ward Cam and Hutler Association, t f?r itruti I v elalit hi i?f, eobiainimr the implementf if ii,? uadu of tli" K.nisineiirn in full blast. Twelfth Ward Cats and (IntKir Association 1 ittcrutli W uid t!a<s ami liutlsr Atflociatiun, Siili-' ?th Ward C'?a?and Bn'lcr Awocijition. W .r.l r?im and Butler Association. (Tl.it asscxl*. Wad a very iiaedtome re prut'*, tat ion of the uimj'e) nrd gmldft" nf liberty Eighteenth Ward l';ua and ButU r Association. The Sixth Division formed in th? lit avenue ?right on Houiton street, in the order of the wards named, and iearched to Kant Broadway, the head of the column halted rear Chatham street. Leaving the Park at the entrance opposite Tammany Hall, the procession moved up Chatham street to Bowery. up Bowery to (irand street, through Grand street to Lewis street, through Lewis to Houston street, down Houston to Bowery, up Bowery to Kighth stre?t. through Hghth ftreet to .Sixth avenue, down Sixth avecue to Carmine street, down Carmine to Hudson, through Hudson to Canal, up < anal to Broadivay. down l)n>ad*ay to the lower eud of the I'ark and around to Tammany Iiall. After passing through the varinm street* designated by their programme, the head oftthe precision raineup in front cf Tammimj Mali, in disconnected parts. , While one division wa? marching up Hroad sr.iy, from telow the l'ark. annther Blight bo seen coming down ' Brra<?way. with bati ners tlying. and with fireworks givirg out ici aniouHl brilliant displays of political pyroterhny The associations then di-Tii??ed or filed ' (IT for heme, and thui< ended the grand torchlight procession of the Cass and Butler democrat. Dntiurtt Accident, jin Po??imv Fatal?LfHt night, abcut eleven o'clock, an the torchlight procession wan moving along (. hamfcers street, a slight stoppsge occurred at the corner of < entre street, an] the ' large truck that carried the stupendou* blacksmith's apparatus with forge,&c in full blast, and Just an the i proceM-ion was moving on ?g*in.tipre-e of red hot iron was pullid frrm tfce lire arid placed on the anvil for I b?ating. This created a pushing back of those on the platform, which accidentally knocked olT a young man, by the Lame cf Jauies ltooney, eighteen years of g*. residing at No 'l\'i Kli/abetli ?treet, and before he cculd rtccver himself the heavy wheel of the truck pa?'t d up bis lett leg. commencing at the centre of his foot, smashing both bones in the leg, severing the tlesh in two pieces, cutting oil the thigh bone just above the I leaving it bare, sticking up ftonie twelve inches, exhibitltg one of the most beurt-Hickenlng sights that the nadir could poftibly imagine 1 he right foot of this unfortunate boy was likewise flashed with the wheel, dividing the tci'l and foot up a? high a" ttie ancle Olllcnh .Welis and ('arland. of tt>u Sixth ward police, preinply procured a litter and conveyed the poor m?fIrti-T to the city hospital, wher? erery aid will b? rendered tbat i'an porslbly be done In order t > relieve hi* Midi rings and Fart- his life, which at present, from the ssverit) of the wounds, appears to tie very doubtful. Dining ail thin tiuie the poor fellow wait perfectly sensible, and legged for I |Um of weter when lying In the amputation room, awaiting the decision of the t turgeons. Sea-Coa^t Mi*mon- ? We Hr?- i?l ?d r?> he-ar itia j ^xrrtions of a more direct kind are new b?in^ Dade, with a view to improve th? uiorai and religious condition of the vast featuring population in tbiapart ef the kingdom. Mr S. Welch, who waa formerly well Knownnaa preaching bailor, sailing to tbia and the turrtunding potts, and who has, for the pa?t tan or titclve yeats. been engaged aa a roi?sf"nary amongst leaiuen, in connection with the llritish end Foreign bailor's Socifty In J.ondon. mil ins Nratnen a Soclnty in Hull, ha*, within the laat few week*. commenced & elmHar course of labor* at l'oit?mouth, a<\, by visiting seamen In their ships, and on the ijuayn, diitrlbuting tracts, and preaching to them On TuMdtf evening lift. Mr Welch preached In the W>a|eyan i ha pel a: I'otH, and broupht the mhject before tht cong^'atir n vhich wan much approved of by them <?n Wed neMay evening, he held a rel'giou* service on b?ard the ship liuriiugton, lying at Northam ; and on Thur | ilny the Battel tiag wm wen flying at the ma*.bead of tlie Ametlrnn ft earner the I'nlted State*, no# lying in the Southampton Dock*, In the evening Mr Wttleh conducted divine s?rvlce rn board that *pl"Ddld ship. wh? n the captain and < (H ?ers. and nearly the whole of the crew (frft in number) wi re present the crew dressed in their clean blue frock*, which presented a Tery interesting appearance In all nearly 100p?r?on*, including thole from other ships and the shore, were I ositmbied in the apaciou* saloon Addresses were delivered by the Iter. ? Tw.-trail, Mr Welch, and the I second (flleerof the ship after wbioh, the Captain I re'uititd than1*a f< r the kind wttenti-m that had been j [aid to hlmmf and crew by his I-nglWh friend*, and I alto expressed Ms gratitude to hie otlleer* and met for I the scfcer condnet and becoming sympathy which they j had manlfeitrd during the painful occurrence that ! had brought the ship to thia port, and eanged her deti nf on here He paid, that during the wbule voyage, . . n< i ni4.n ha?l I V now n to h? intoiioated. or mi hour hbfent from hi* duty, although exposed to the temptation* of both Krance and ( ogUnd "fhe captain al:-? referred to the pleaalng Improvement thut bad taken p'aee in the obaracfer of American *e?nen ge lit rally, in the course of the last tan ?r tll'teen yew*, ac the remit of Uethel operations. The intimating feivice clued with prayer and ulnging the doiology ; and. on 'epnratlng the friend* of tl? two natloni ex . prein d their .jratitieatioi, at iu<-elng each other on the cccaiicn ? roih,m?u:S (F.?g.) Inilrpenthnt, On 7. From the River or 1'i.ate.? We have Buenos Ayro papers to Auguat 2?i. At that time there were no foreign ie?el* of war In port The merchant fleet at Ilueno* Ayre* confuted of ninety-thre* Teasel*. rf which eleien were Americana. Some lerere rKcckt (t larthjuake had been felt at Montevideo, which ha i b-< n felt by the shipping in the harbor hut no d^mah** had b?*n den?.?-Button Countr.

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