18 Mart 1849 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

18 Mart 1849 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TH NO. 5399. The Floods In the- South and West. TBSMKNDOUS DAMAGE IN THI MISSISSIPPI The accounts from the river above are not so favorable to a fall of the waters as we could desire. The Bayou Sara Ledger of last Saturday, says:? "Since our last, the water has constantly been on the inerease, and we can now, without the least exaggeration, add to our water table at least one foot, and reports from above inform us that we have not yet seen the "end of the beginning;" and it we may place any reliance upon the teati uiuuy in our posBcueiun* wo bimu uui uummeucc looking for the beginning of the end till about the middle af next August. We hear daily ef some new breach in ttie levee, on the opposite side of the river, which invariably work* mare or leaa destruction to planters, and from present appearances hereabouts, there can exist but one opinion in relation to still g-eater destruction on the coast." The St. Francisville Chronicle, of the same date, and almost cf the same paint, has the following:? "We witnessed on Monday laat the condition of the coast below. In the upper portiou of the parish of West Baton ltouge, a scene of desolation and distress is presented such as we have never before witnessed. The water from the crevasse just below Waterloo has almost entirely inundated the plantations as far down as Dr. Ira Smith's. Some planters had a portion of their last crop in their sugar houses, which has been materially injured, a large portion of their cistern sugar entirely destroyed. Should the river rise six or eight inches more, the plantations bslow will all be liable to inundation. The water is at present in many placeB at the top ot the old levee, and the fresh earth which has been thrown up on it will not prove sufficiently strong to resist the current in the event t a further rise. We learn that there has been a crevasse 111 me upper pari or me parisn ot rointe Coupee, immediately opposite the plantation oi Mr. Morgan. The grand luvee, it ia apprehended, will give way. Should it do so, there will be no calculating the amount of damages which the country in the interior will sustain.?N. O. Pica yune, March 8. The same paper, of the 9th inst., says:?The ste?mbtat Com. Ferry, which arrived here last night, reports that the levee had caved in six miles above Donaldsouville, opposite Philadelphia Point. Tne crevasse is saia to be from forty to fitty yards in extent, and when the boat passed the water was running through the opening with great velocity. The steamboat Gen. Worth, subsequently arrived, reports a break in the levee about tour miles below Baton Rouge. From all appearances the inundation will do an immense deal of injury to the neighboring plantations. [From ths Cincinnati Commercial, March 18.] BREAK 1M THE MIAMI CANAL. On yesterday meruiug, at 3 o'clock, a break occurred in the Miami Canal, between the corporation line of the city and Poplar street, in Millcreek, at a point w ere the bottom of the canal must be some twenty-five feet higher than the ground on which property stnndB on the west side. The break is eome thirty feet wide, and was sufficient to drain the entire level. It appears that in letting in the water, the embankment was not sufficiently strong to hold the water, the ground or banks being au made, but not of a material sufficiently solid to hold the water, at full head, although this is the second occurrence of the kind. On the occurrence of the break, the water flowed into the level between the canal and WeBtera Row?overflowing Western Row and escaping into Millcreek. through a natural ravine. The property damaged by this break was principally in the level above referred to, and in amount is estimated at $100,000. Gross It Detriek's tallow chandlery, ostlmatod loss at $30,000, principally in tallow and oil. game ton or twelve thousand pounds of oil, be , wore gotten off the surface of tbo water. The water rose to the second story of their extensive buildings. Mr. Moore, soap m-inufeaturer, lost some $10 000. Most of his business stoek was swept away. Hillman, soap manufacturer, and Mr. Veriek, do.; loss largo, but amount not kuown. Samuel Kohn, Solomon Kohn, Charles Kohn, and Mr. Wolf, butohers, loat 160 head of aheep by the overflow, beside* damage to meat and slaughter boose. Mr. Work'a lone la estimated, kv his nnlehluiM at anma 6 000. Mr. Ask?y, tanner?loll large, bat no estimate made. There were other louea, but at the time we visited the epot we could not ascertain the names or amounts. The place overflowed, after the water had stopped running from the canal. diuucd by the middle ot the alternoon, by the culvert passing under Western How. directly opposite the break. We are informed that it is the full determination of the parties injured, to hold the State liable tor the damage they have sustained, and we presume each one will recover in full. Of course a dam will be erected just beyond the break, and boats will'amve there trom Dayton and other points, and depart as usual, the goods being drayea to and trom town. This break can be easily repaired in a week or ten days, provided the right cours be pursued?and so repaired that no further danger need be ieared. Let it be so managed, by all means. TREMENDOUS FRKSIIKT ON THE MAUMEK?PERRYSHURtf AND MAUMEE INUNDATED?TELEGRAPHS ALL DOWN. The high water in the Maumee has carried away the bridge across the river, and with it both telegraph lines The ice is dammed up about half a mile below the bridge, to the height of twenty feet, and another dam two miles below this, nearly as high. There has been considerable damage done to the warehouses and shipping, and at two o'clock yesterday, the water was on the first floor of ths warehouses mPerrysburg; it had not broke away on the Maumee side so as to injure the warehouses, but it was supposed that the ice would soon give way, and it so the boatB and warehouses would be greatly injured. Theraai1) e across in a boat, and all of the stage pass g? i s; but it is very dangerous crossing, as there arc t h quantities of floating ice running. The ice in the t iver is breaking up, and a strong current, but it cauaot do any damage at this point. The Grand Creek bridge, between Toledo and Maumee, went oft yesterday morning while a person was crossing it, but he was not injured. The Delaware bridge, between Toledo and Maumee, on :he river road, will probably go off before night. If it should, it will be impossible to get to Maumee by either of these roads for Bome days. ?Detroit (Mich.) Free Preu. March 8. Later from Yucatan, [Correspondence of the N. O. Cresoent.l Valuadoi.id, Jan. 10, 1840. Yon may be somewhat eurprised by perceiving from this letter that I am at present in Yucatan. Nevertheless it is true, and I therefore seize this opportunity of informing you of my locality, and ih, tvrnln tkalh^vn IhIwIv trnnnmred here. After the battle of Tihosuco. which occurred on the 25th ult., we remained inactive until the 27lh, when we lelt the town by a road different from that we had taken before. This time our operations were more successful. We captured a town and a large supply of cattle, hogs, corn, honey, iteo. In this engagement, we had not a single man killed oi wounded. After having achieved the object of this expedition, we returned to our headquarters at Tihosuco, where we remained until the 4th oi January, when we commenced our march for this place, (Valladolid,) where we arrived in three days. On the 5th, we had another skirmish with the Indians, and took a small town, besides about thirty prisoners, of whom we hung six, shot three, and brought the balance to this place, which we enteicd very peaceably on the 8th inst. On the 10ih. we went on an expedition, and had a fight, in the course of which nine of our men were wounded. The Yucatecos had six wounded, [n this fight we took two towns, killed about seventy Indians, and wounded one hundred. You may Judge that this was a well contested battle, when I inform you that the Indians resisted us about three hoars. Major McHenry, and Captains Freeland _ and Mace, of your city, have reesigned, and will be in New Orleans in a lew days. I cannot speak in terms of too high commendation ol the conduct of Col. White, and Captains Xobtn, Crane and Young. They deserve the gratitude of the regiment, For the manner in wnich they have treated the men. It is true, we hardly get enough to eat, and have received no clothing, but for these things our officers are net to blame ; they are the fault the government. The Weather and Navioation.?We have a plenty of weather; but an for navigation, that appears just beyond where our imagination reaches at tins time. The weather is spring-like?rather wet?tolerably warm?exceedingly unpleasant; but till it wears the appearance oi an approximation towards the opening of navigation and summer. The lake is full oi ice, which appears to have been broken up, and in some places disconnected and scattered We do not anticipate an early navigation Nothing now indicates it here or above. Tlia ice in the stiaits at Mackinaw in represented as exceedingly strong and firm, and not likely to be ^;stuibed until well into April. We may look for eiX weeks dulu? ss here before commerce will Hiring to our wharves animation and business.? The ice is yetunb oken in Uuiialo creek.? Bvtfulo Exprcf, March 10. Pen. Wlllnrd Hutchinson of Coventry, Conn, was killed on the litn instant, by being thrown Irom tils UStfl D. E NE Movements Iter California. NEW YOKE. The Colony Guard, a company organized in thia city, under the command ol John McNulty, M D., took their departure on Friday morning, in the even o'clock train, for Fhilrdelphia, on tneirroute to California, via St. Louis, Independence, and South Pass. This company is composed of twenty-five picked men, well aimed and provisioned, dressed in the United States Army uniform. The principle on which they are organised is perfect equality, the captain no better than the rnvate, except in his official capacity. They are high principled and moral men. They hold sacred individual rights, and will recognise the Sabbath and the rites belonging to it. The company is composed of the following members John McNultv, captain; N. H. Fowler, 1st lieu tenant; Jamaa (llvna 2d do Wm H Rail (' n Rn?m n W. Boeklin, Charles Conklln, Edward Coker, 8 R. Fansbaw. J. Hendal, J. Hudson, C. T. Jacobus, N. Peelor. W. J. Kobinion, J. Rouke, W Rouke, A. Rlkar, W S. Sands, W. H. Sbarman, Vaaranoe, Abbot, Pelham, J. Patterson, Lndlov, Alsop, privates. The New York and California Aureliaa Assoeiajioo. per bark Susan. Capt. S. B. Lothrop, sailed on the 16th for California. Names of members, VIZ:? . s. B. Lothrop, D. O. MsCottee, Edwd. R. Grssns, Edwd. O. Anthony, John Lnpton, 6aorga Rusk, Ckas. Ballow, W. V. Seaman, Henry C. Sweetser, Samuel Braynard. Wm. 8. Dillingham, Darius Bassett, Frankly n Lothrop, John R Dunn, John C. Rankin, Edwd. F. Johnson. J. R. Field, O. V. Sawyer, J. L. Hates. J. MeElvalne, B. O. Wilson, J. Patterson, R. L. Hess, J. A Close. D. W. EUls?Total, 26. The bark Clarissa, Capt. Babbidge, sailed on Saturday, the 17th met., from New-York for San Francisco, California, with the " Excelsior Association," twenty in number, owners of the vessel, with a complete outfit, implements &c., and provisions ample lor two years. The following is a list ot the members :? Elijah C. King, President; James Nelson, 8eeretary; JiluM RitfD?v. Tmuupm: Horatio fl Hataa M H a# Ycakers, Surgeon; Wright Seaman, A Mayer; Horatio B.'Glll, O. W. Robins, William C Frost. Nathaniel R. Mi He, Alexander Thompson, Benj. K. Babbidge, J. L. Berrien, A. J. Biglow, Seth Bradford, Joseph Mount* fort, Eira T. Mountfort, Silaa Wheeler, David T. Van Orden, Lewis Pay son, Samuel H. Hoyt, members. Pastsogers? Abraham B Selover, New York; Joseph Austin and lady, New York; Q. Campbell, do; John Hasen, Brooklyn; (J. W. Lawrence. Meredith, N. H.; F. F. Pardee, Llmlra. New York; Eli S. Lester, Tallahasre, Florida?Total 28. Tine association was fitted out under the superintendence of Messrs. Jessup and Fox, and the pertect manner in which all lias been completed (not excelled by any), entitles them to the highest teelings ot appreciation. The following passengers sailed in the brig Dr. Hitchcock, Capt. Elwell, tor Chagres:? L. Southard, J. D. Lynde, G. H. Batehelder. J. Crackburn, J Morris, G. Gould, J. Hall, E. D. and B. W. Hathaway, E. F. Blake, F. A. Gushes, E. Y. and V. Hathaway, J. Cashing, H. H. Window, 1. Lawtall, C. W. Hathaway, T. O. Hewland, O. A. Fisher, W. B. Staples, J. Connors, J. Q. L. Clark, J. C. Eddy, A. U. Porlar, O. 8. Steers, J. B. Luther, B. Stetaou, C. B. Walker, C. C. 8plnk, J. White, D. O. Cook, P: Dean, J. M. Bufflngton, O. W. Monroe, W. Stetson, D. Tibheta, Dr. J. B. F. Fuller,C. H. 8. Hubbard, J. B. Sweet, O S Curtla, Haaelten, E. 8. Tllton, Mr. Tilton, two Meaera. Maoy.?Total, 46. j The ahip Salem, Captain Thomas A. Eldridge, ! sailed on the 13th inst., tor San Francisco. Sha took out the following passengers:? Henry E. Rlell, President; Joseph D. Hlggtns, Seere- i tary; John J. Benedlot, Treasurer; Joeiah Orlawold, William H. Waterbnry, Lyman B. Ovist t, John L. Kirk, T. W. Wethered. Dlreetora; and the following associates:?Thomas Thomaa, Robert Oilllea, John C. Colgan, Henry MoNally, John L. Kirk, David 8. Blair, William Joynt, Oren Joynt, Joseph J. P. Ourdan, Josiah A. Richmond, William R Shaw, Zephanfah Riohmond, Jr., Joseph 8. Carrie, Thomaa J. Mailer, William I H. Barton. Robert Roach, Thomaa O'Connor, Antheny Hemps, WUllam Wegge, Archibald Wallaoe, James J. Bowers, George K. Hatfield, Arthur MUler, Hugh O'Neill, James MeDavitt, Robert Thomas. Amos 8. Pitman, John Brady, Jr., Charles Quertpel, William H. Cortelyou, Phlletna H. Halsey. Martin Potter, George W Haleey, Stephen W. Foster, William Moron, Thomas Aylward. Coles, Coles, John W. Falconer, James Everson, Andrew Raflt, George Smith, Alexander Eddingten, Jacob Clement, Peter Golden, John Blacklegs, Henry V. Myers, John H. Vanderbllt, William Cusbman, John Mailer, William P. Elder, Moses C. Wadhams, Malcolm J. Norton, Belatt Sylvester, Oliver Nutting, Josiah Griswold, I??a?h D. HUaiaa Charles m vw*, carunian John K. Dodge, Frederick Friend, Henry Hall, Engle Friend, George W. Brady, Henry F. Gable, Timothy Mount, Erastns Holmes, James Campbell, Wm. A. Tomiinson, Nelson Webb, Louie Harpffner, Walton Rcse. Norman Wadhams, John Proven, Edward N. Wood, Owen C. Craney, John Healy, WUllam Healy, Samuel R. WUey, Jesse B. Green, Wm. T. Johnston, Henry Earle, John Gray Jr., John Kohoe, Henry A. Stebbins, George Pracy, WUllam P. Elder, James Roes, Namntl F. Noyes, Uldley Jones, George Klaber, James W Johnston, Phillips Weeks, Peter B. Smith, Wm. uoxey, Jcsepn uorey, Paul Turn, Kerdlnando Garufl, Cmtt Spotti, Peter Sb?U, John Buinll, Isaae 8. Halsey, George W. Brady, George Machine. William Lindsay, Paul D. Burbank. Furnas Shair, Thomas Thomas, George H. Ahrena, Andrew B. Rlell, Lewis O. Prinlle, Elijah 8?rme, Thomas Eastbrook, John Easthrook, Owen Cnrren, John Wortman, Thomas H. Clowes, James Ludlow. Robert Gedtoey, John Ryan, Isnao Pino, Abraham B. Bennett, Thomas Cobnrn, J. Doherty, Wm. H. Barton, Charles 8. Kastmond, John F. Bridgman, Thomas Cooper, John B. L. Cooper. Andrew B. Raynor, Wm. L. Orerhelser, Frederick Ltbrloht, Henry Kraft, John Foster, Patriok J. Honrnty, Thomas B Kenny, Thomas McFall, Meredith W. Lowe, Lawrence P. Taylor, Edsr Barn urn, Snedeker Baldwin, Channcey B. Scranton, John F. Fisher, B. Me Gee, James MoGeo, James Entenoe, Vinoent N. Leoomte, and the following passengers, vis:?John Miller. Mr. Madden, lady and child, and eight other ladies, wires of eight of the above associates.?Total, 105. Extract of a letter from one of the passengers of the bark Mara, which sailed on the 31st of January: Vf.ba Cruz, Feb. 28th, 1840. After a disagreeable passage of twenty-four days, we are now in this place; all the eompany in good healtfcand spirits. We leave to-day en route tor Masatlan.? m"o uo luuvn vi nuinn uu gucruiae on uu tOH> Bat, m our company oomlsts of Moid, all wall armed, we hare so reason to fear them. I will write from very city wo will pas*. massachusetts. The schooner Harriet Neal, Captain Johnson, cleared at Boston on the 12th inst. for Chagres, with the following passengers The Massasott Mining and Trading Association? Dr Alaason Albe, President; J. B. Judnns, Secretary, of Boston; Oeorge K. Wears, of Cambridge; Edward Winder, of Boston; B. T. Sbepard, of WUmot, N. H.; D. W. Stearns, Ware, Mam ; and A. W. Gould, of Roxbury,Directors; A. T. Dnnbe, L. L. Baker, Edw. Sanderson, C. T. Baldwin, L. ,T. Tyler, L.P.Brown, E. B. Theater, J. F. Lathrop, Charles P. Dunn, Ira C. Root, A. D. Hatoh, H. B. May, #r Boston; Caps. Osgood, O. W. Hay and 8. P. Peters, of Main#; L. Story and A. B. Story, of Concord, N. H.: Cba)l?e M, Hoi brook, of Wstsrtown, Mass.: 8. C. Loriag, of Bralntree; Wm. S. Hanieomb, of Chlaa. Mo.; Iretns Goods!!, of Lower Wsterford, Ms.; R. Psrehsr. of Morriston, Vt.j H. M. Carter, of Waterbnry. VI; J. 8. Bossoll, of E. Kingston. N. H.-Total, 80. The following is a list of the passengers in the schooner Horace, Capt. Randall, which sailed from New Bedford for San Francisco David Randall, of Mattapoisett, captain: Danlai Perry, Rodolphos W. Hathaway. James Mogul re. John C. GrlnneU, Charles H. Edwards, Joseph Watkias,Cyrenens Crosby, Joseph Foliar, Sampson 8. Word oil, Ebont-*rr Benson, Samuel Follows, of Now Bedford; Ansoi B. N't#. Ellis Niehtluirala. tluaiu, XM* u.mn.i . Otruj, SttpkiB Smltk,?( Stiiwlg'k; Jmm Corn*" ' William TB?IP" of Partmouthj Joseph B. brown, of Nsntuckat; tharlss Scoii, of sippican ?Total, SI. INDIANA. The South Bind Rtgultr, of the 1st inst. says: ?The emigration iromTerre Coupee, in thiscounty. to the gold washings of the Sacramento, started this week. Wt have been furnished with their names, as follows:? A. H. Frailer, E. Shuffler. P. O. Spencer, Dr. J. AverIU. James Uaton, Towner, C. Winkler, John Nacdbam, Charles Pierce, Wm. Curtis, Stebbins. Another team will star^ soon with William Garouette and Roland Benson, making 13 in all. OHIO. The Cmetunott Enquirer, of the 9th mat., says: ?A company of Caliiornia adventurers, seventy in number, commanded by S. Cislin, from Finlay, Hancock county, Ohio, arrived in this city on Wednesday, by the cars, and engaged quarters at the Railroad Hotel. They were to nave embarked yesterday on the steamer Niagara, for St Louis, from whence they proceed by land to the gold region. The Cincinnati Gazette, of the 13th, saysi The Caltloroian Mining and Trading Company, of Cincinnati, composed of young and enterprising men, left this city, Saturday night last, on board the steamer Bay State, for California via St. Louis. They will probably go as far as Independence, Mo., on ihis b?at. The names of the members of the company are aa follows J. H LsTrtlac.Prssldsut; W. B. Norman, Vise Presidsat; David Kinney, Treasurer; Samael T. Joaas, Secretary, A. A. Caltar, book-kaapar: Joa.Talbart, O. W. L M. Hnger*, Board of Finaieo; J. Johnsou, N Whitehead, T W. Kiaeay, A. O. Kiasay, M. West. G. J. Guilford. H. rrobaeeo, C. Mobr, fc. A. SUkem C. Loag, J P. fiarley, P K. Urnar, W. Karr.R W Coak, F. More land. ^ohn Ball, R. L. Magowna, F, Hamlin. J Bird Sam Withlngtoa, J. Graham, H. Ruffner, J. W Anders*"- J. D. Benadlot, A. T. Parry, T. A Blahop, Cha* t-bajla, A. 8. Voorhaea. Chrtslaphar Ball, W. WiliH*, A V Groan, J. Paaraou, H. Urnar, A C NUcr H. Ha'm. J. Kletnnr J King O. W. Foa WTO SUNDAY MORNING, disk, If. B. Diver, N. OrtTU, David Soott, George Martin, A. Jokaion: Fifty fine looking, hearty, able-bodied men, belonging to Col. Whiting's company for California overland, embarked on board of the steamer Silas Wright, for N. Orleans, to take passage for Natchitoches, Red River. Louisiana. From the personal appearance of these gentlemen, they are bound to have their chance at the gold diggings. LOUISIANA. The steamship Globe leaves this morning for Brazos Santiago, with the following list of passengers. umong which is Colonel Webb's party of 44 California Emigrants":? Colonel L. H. Webb, John W. Audubon, Henry W. Webb, Israel Kershaw, H. J. Bodens, John 11. Lamb?rt, . Ayrea, A. J. Lee, H. Brady, W. B. Barclay, J. C. Clements, David Hadsoa, C. M. Graham, A. J. Shipman, J. H. Bakewell, G. F. Van Bnren, W. A. Hntoblaean, John H. Plum, 8. H. Lneoombe, John B. Caverly, N. B. Valentine, Henry Cowden, J. Warner, A. A. Mix. G. B. Whittlesey, J. Wilson, J. J. Kinsley. J. 8. Watklneon, J. Brady, W. H. Llseomba, E. C. Graham, W. D. Mnlner, R. W. Sherwood. G. C. Steel, A. N. Nevin, J. Stephenson, John B. Lambert, E. C. Webb, Edward G. Osgood, J. Ely, Jr., L. H. Haven, D. A. Stevens, Jno. J. Bloomfleld, W. Dombleday, Geo. Weed, E. Power, J. H. Bookman, T. Hii-h? r v.i.xti-. w a r?iu a i n..*,.-. w H. Harrison, J. B. Valentin#, W. D. 8tevena, Peter McCeskney, T. Landretb. Biddle Boggs, J B Coultbrop, R Benson, H. Tollman. Luke Damon, L. L. Benaon. W. O Cree, A. H. Van Bono, Q P. Davie, JobnS Lambert, Peter Cerl, "William Dale, T. Ward, J. C. Rogers. A. Fallen,'-.W. Sloat, Jaa. W Sherwood, John B. Traak, E. A. Lambert, Jaa. Mltehell, J. Sumoer, John MeOowan, John A. Black, L. t. Hinckley, T. W. Fall, Jr., W. H. Perry, E. W. Whittlesey, J. H. Tone, N. J. Walah, L. 8. Webb, W. Ranney, T. Grant, Miller and wife. Jack and boy, Jamea G. Gardnier, E. Reeder, G. J.MoGrowley, J. L. Reader,Robert MoCrowley, A. MoCrowley. Thos. Mltohener, J. B, Rolfe, A. J. Stephenson. F. M. Davenport, Robert Turk. P. Friedlander, Loula Bornenan, J. A. Metcheyor, R. C. Metoheyor, Maater Clay, J. Morrla, S. Sebnellar, C. 8. Colllna, J. F. Ragidale, W. Doty, Teokett; and seventy-four on deck.?Total, 188.?JV. O. Picayune, March 4. The eteamship Alabama, Capt. Windle, left here on Friday, 2d mat., lor Chagres, having on board Col. Wefler, Commissioner lor running the boundiy line with Mexico, his suite, assistants, field men, Ac., numbering in all some thirty men. The following gentlemen formed Col. Weller's suite:? Dr. E. K. Chamblln, Surgeon; H. H. Robinson, Secretary; Col. Emory, Chief of the Topographical Corps; I Mr. Gray, of Texas, Surveyor; Capt. O'Donnell, Quartermaster, and C. L. Waller, Clerk.?N. Orleans Delta, March 4. The Mobile Journal, of the 7th inst., says:? Mr. John Kouth, of Tensas, Louisiana, is about leaving for California/with twenty-five selected negroes, to dig gold. Several others from that section nave taken servants along with them. i Trade Between the United Statw and Cana- i da.?The editor of the Kingston (Upper Canada) Whig is travelling in Canada West, and writes tor hiB paper of different localities through which he passes, giving some interesting facta and details in relation to the country, population, business, Ac. He Bays:?Vast numbers of cows are daily met with, m droves of one hundred and upwards, on their way to Kingaton, thers to cross the ice into the United States. Since the ice bridge was formed over the two channels of the St. Lawrence, this trade in cews has been carried on by American traders with much vigor. On the most moderate computation, upwards of two thousand cows have been purchased since Christmas by the American dairymen, between Kingston and this town; and for what I know, as many of these useful animals will be procured and sent across ere the ice season closes. The average price paid is twelve dollars per cow, and none are bought except those between the ages of four and eight years. The buyers are chiefly from the counties of Oneida. Herkimer and Lewis, and some cows are bought for the southern range of counties in the Stats of New York. The opening of the cheese trade with England has given an impetus to the dairymen of New York, and hence the desire to buy all the spare cows of Canada. "It is an ill wind that blows nobody good. The want of New York is the gam of Canada. A few thousand cows will be exchanged for hard cash, here so much wanted; and in the coming spring as mcny calves will be saved from the knife, to make up the deficiency in the fanners' kine yards. Thin want nw wrkcro i? ??t a casual one. Whils the sale of American cheese in England remains profitable, so long will the demand i or cows continue ; and lttherefore behooves the Canadian breeder to be up and stirring, and strive to make the most of the market while it remains sound. The American dealers are buying up other things. Timothy seed is in great demand with them ; and pot and pearl ashes find a ready cash market. Railroad timber is also engaged in great quantities; and altogether the only money now circulating in this section of the country is obtained from the Americans. Did the reciprocity aet prevail, a higher price might be obtained in CaBada; for in that case, the twenty per cent ad valortm now paid to the United States custom houses, would go into the pockets of the sellers. Alabama BnTXirnisx.?From a recent letter from Shelby county, and from a most reliable source, we glean the iollowing interesting particulars in relation to an iron furnace, Arc., situated some four miles south of Columbiana, and about eight miles from the Coosa river, in that'county. The letter says"Our furnace is in full blast, and bids fair to do well. She is operated, as you know, by steam. The boiler is at the top of the stack, where wa control the waste heat, and thereby dispense with the necessity, expense, and use of woca, which is a great aaving to us, and shows that steam can be used in this with more propriety than m any other business. We are mating irom ten io iweive tnouaand pounds ot pig iron per day, and will soon be ready to do any and all sorts of casting. We desfgn, also, the coming summer, to erect a pudling fire, and go at once to making bar iron, which will be more profitable than the cast iron business, especially should any of the contemplated railroads be built. Our ore yields from60 to 60 per cent., and is wholly inexhaustible. Had we means of easy transportation, the business might be extended until halt a million was invested in machinery; but this, with us, is the difficulty. Our only chance is to go down the Coosa in flats. We are now placing our pigs on the river, and will be at Montgomery and Pratt* ville the first tide. Will you, if convenient, say this much te your foundry company." Alabama is abounding in untold licnes. not only in her soil, but in her beds of iron, coal, marble, and all the mineral wealth valuable to any State.?Mm/go* miry (Ala.) Jomrnal, March 7. SiNanr.An Lakb.?About ten miles to the south* et st ot Saratoga springs, N. Y., there is a small lake, well worthy the attention of the curious geolegist. Around it, for a considerable distance, stretches a valley that shows many indications of having once been full ot water, but which has been drained by the bursting of its southern boundary, towards the Mohawk river. In the centre, deeply shaded by woods, lies the present lake, not more than a quarter of a mile ta width, butaboq; three miles in length. Thq ii,ape i? Serpentine, and, though several small Streams empty into it, Its outlet hat never been discovered, very slight changes only are perceptible in the water-mark, even at the period of the spring freshet. No sounding has been made in it yet, although deep sea lines hare been used. The shores ire bold and perpendicular aa, a wall, descending downwards thus to an unknown depth. The mightiest ship that ever floated could touch the shore in any place with safety. Its surface is calm as a mirror, for it is seldom touched by the boisterous wind. The water, though seemingly clear, looks black, from the great depth and the shadow of the trees on the shors. It has nothing of the dish shape usually pertaining to lakes or to seas and oceans. It seems like an immense crevice in the solid crust of the earth's surface, thrown open by a convulsion in nature, as an earthquake, long centuries ago. When our planet was young, it underwent shocks such as would crumble the mountains that now bustle along, and to one of those awful convulsions this curious lake probably owess ttorigin. Nnw HAMrsnins Election.?We have received I * Aiimka* a! vnftirnn A>asm l:? s uunm ? nuii(?nire. containing election intelligence, from which we Satber the following results. There can be no oubt of the election of General Wilaen to Congreas, by a majority el from two to five hundred. The Patriot, which is never liberal in its conceaaions towards whigs, admits his majority will be at least 200. Mr. Tuck is also unquestionably elected in the 1st district, by from five hundred to eight hundred majority. The Patriot also concedes his election. The vote of Exeter has been published erroneously. A letter from a friend in Exeter gives the vote thusTuck,378; Kittredge, 191. As before published, it stood : 298 for Tuck; Kittredge, 191. This places Mr. Tuck 77 better than betoie. General Peaselev and Harry Hibbard (democrats,) aie chosen by large majorities in the two other districts. The delegation will ftand politically in the next Congress as in the last. Mr. Dinrmore is elected Governor by about lour thousand majority. The legislature will be strongly locoloco in both branches ?Hut:<m Altai, Munh 17. RK E MABCH 18, 1849. Law Intelligence. IV'tlltl CSVMT OP THE UftlTKD StiTII, Mirth 2.? John W riraeon, Daniel Bowlj, Huhb A. Risley.aad John Hone, Etna., of Nov York, E. W. Cullen, J.B. Benjamin, and J. H. Thompson, Eaqs., of Louisiana, E. A. Hanaegan. Esq, of Indiana, Franois Brown Mayo, Era , of Mo?ohuaetta, and Ooorgo Lindley, Esq, of Connecticut, vara admitted attor 1107a and oonnMlloro of thla Court. No. 88 Prtny Cutler vs. Wo, A. Rao. Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States from Maraaehuaette. Mr. Chiaf Juatioo

Taney delivered the opinion of thla oourt, reverting the dieision ot the aald Cirouit Court la thla oauae for the want of jurisdiction. No 338. E. Holt at al.ee. Doremue and Nixon. On the motion of Mr. J. R. In* gersoll, thla appeal from the Cirouit Court of the United Statea from Alabama waa dooketed and diamlaaed with eoata. No. 162. O. B. Udell at al , plaintiffs in error, ea. Alexander B. Davidson. The motion to diamine this writ of error waa aubmltted to the oourt on minted arguments by Mr. Campbell In aupport of, and w< vvav iuubi, uii iuia no. 11. atniovi votsit) appellant, ve Nathaniel L. Willi*** et *1. The argusaent of thif o*um mi continued by Mr. Gilpin for the appellee*. March 6. John 8. Hager, Eeq.. of New Jersey, ni admitted an attornej and oounaellor of thii oourt. Mr. Chief Justioe Taney announced te the bar that the oourt would adjourn the term next Thursday week, the 15th lnatant. March 0. Robert H. Shannon, Jeremiah W. Blydenburgh, John Sherwood, and Hamilton Morton, Eeqs., of New York, and Wo. D. Ely, Esq.. of Conneotlout, were admitted attorney* and counsellors of thla oourt. No. US. Cornelius W. Lawrence vs. G Allen et al. In error to the Cirouit Court of the United State* of New York. Mr. Justice Woodbury delivered the opinion of this court, reversing thejudgment of the said Circuit Court with ooets, and remanding this cause, with directions to the Circuit Court to award a venire facta* do novo. No. 26. E. K. Backus, vs. Wm. Gould et al. In error to the Cirouit Court of the United State* for northern New York. Mr. Justice McLean delivered the opinion of this court, reversing the judgment of the said Circuit Court with costs, and remanding this cause with directions to the Circuit Court to award a venire fsoias de novo. No. 70. Wm. Emerson et al. vs. John Dogget. On the motion of Mr. Webster, setting forth that the matters in controversy had been settled and agreed between the parties, this appeal from the Cirouit Court ef the United State* for Maine was dismissed, each party to pay hi* own costs. No. 41. 8amuei Veaslo, appellant, vs. Nathaniel L. Williams et al. The argument or this cause was oontinued by Mr. Gilpin for the appellees. No 42. Wm Hardeman ot al , complainants, vs. B. D. Harris. This cause was submitted to the consideration of the oourt on the record and printed argument by Mr. Nelson for the respondent. March 7. Wm. ffurnlss, S. V. R. Mallory, and George Gibbs, Eiqs., of New York ; Joseph Story Pitman, Esq., of Rhode Island ; and Abraham Lincoln, Esq., or Illinois, were admitted attorneys and ooun seuum ui *1111 court* no. oo. jonn V. flgl'fl Idmlnietrator, vs. "It. K. Page. Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for Maine. Mr. Justioe drier delivered the opinion of thle court, affirming the decree of the laid Circuit Court in this eauee. with coats. No. 39. W. and ?. Sadler, complainants, vs. Thomas B. Hoover It Co. On a certificate ef division from the Cironit Court of the United States for Misilseippi. Mr. Chief Justioe Tanej delivered the opinion of this court, dismissing this cause, on the ground that no point was stated, agreeably to the aot of Congress. No. 43. B. D. Harris, plaintiff in error, vs. James M. Wall. This cause was argued by Mr. Clifton for the defendant in errer, and submitted on a printed argument by Mr. Nelson In behalf of the plaintiff In error. No. 40. Wo. Lewis, plaintiff, vs. Thomas Lewis. This oause was argued by Messrs. Lawrence and Lincoln for the defendant, and submitted on a printed argument by Mr. Wright for the plaintiff. sursrmk Coviit Usitbd Statbk, March IS.?Hiram Leonard, Lsa., of New York, was admitted an attorney and counsellor of this Court. No. 42. Wo. Hardeman etal., complainants, vs. Benjamin D. Harris. Certlllcate of division from the Circuit Court U nited States for Mississippi. Mr. Chief Justioe Taney delivered the opinion of this Court, that the complainant's exceptions eught to have been overruled. No. 119. The United States vs. Rufln U. Stirling, and No. ISO. The Ti T.nvia M Khaltnn innaale IUam District Court United States for Louisiana. Mr. Cbiaf Juatlca Taney delivered the opinion of the Court, dismissing the appeala intheae caaea. ffo. 162. Grant B. Udell et al. fa. Alexander B. Davilson. la error the Clroult Court of Winnebago county, State of Illlnola. Mr. Chief Justloe Taney delivered the opinion of the Court, dlamiiaing thla writ of error for the want of jurisdiction. No. 230. rhlneaa Bradley, admlnlatrator of David Ott, va. the United States. In error te the Clroult Court United States for Washington, D. C. On motion of Mr.Glllet, counsel for the United Statee, this writ of error was docketed and dismissed. No. 178. Hall Netlaon, (U. 8.) plaintiff in error, vs. Wilson Lagow. The motion to dismiss thla eause for t he want 5! W?,B1 w KVlSSiSS SST.' Rule ok Court? Ordered that no counsel will be permitted to speak In the argument of any casein this Court, more than two hours, without the special leave of the Court, granted before the argument begins. Counsel will not be heard, unless a printed abstract of the ease be first filed, together with the points intended to be made, and the authorities intended to be cited in support of them arranged under the reepectlve points?and no other book or case oan be referred to in the argument. If one of the parties omit to file auch a statement, he cannot be beard, and the rate will be heard, ex parte, upon the argument of the party by whom the statement la filed. Tills rule te take effect on the first day of Deoember term, 1840. Usitbi) States Surarsiit Couet, March 13, 1849 ? Charles H. Stewart, Keq., of Washington, D. C., and Hiram Walbridge, Esq. of New York, were admitted attorneys and counsellors of this court No. 3d. Thos. Townsend vs. llobert Jamison. In errorte the dlatrlot eourt U. 8. for Mississippi. Mr.'Justice Woodbury delivered the opinion of this eourt, affirming the judgment of the district court in this oause. with costs.? No. 37. Tbos. Ap. C. Jones vs ths U. 8. In error to the circuit oourt U. 8. for Virginia. Mr. Justice Daniel delivered the opinion of this eourt, affirming the Judgment of the olrouit oourt In this eause. No. 49. W. and H. Massing!!!, plaintiffs, vs. A. C. Downs; certificate of division from clroult court U. 8. for Mississippi. Mr. Jnstioe McLean delivered the opinion of this court, that the right of lien olalmed by the plaintiffs under the judgment, is paramount to that of the defendant olalmed under the mortage. IVo. 43. Benjamin D. Harris vs. James M. Wall. In error to the circuit court U. 8. for Mississippi. Mr. Justice Orler delivered the opinion of this oourt, reversing the judgment of the circuit oourt In this ease, with ooets, and remanding the ease, with direotlons to award a venire facial it noro. No. 40. Wm. Lewis, use Of N. Lcngworth, plaintiff, vs. Ths. Lewis, adm'r of M. Broodwell? certificate of division from the oircult court U. 8 for Illinois. Mr. Chief Justice Taney delivered the opinion of this court, that the statute of 1827 begins to run from the time of the repeal of the saving clause in 1887, and net before. No. I. The 8tate of Missouri vs. the State of Iowa. Mr. Justloe Catron delivered the opinion 01 urn oouit, eaiaDiiebing tbe old Indian boundary line, known for many yaari aa Sullivan'! Una; which la in efleot a daolaion In favor of the State of Iowa. Covbt or ArriiLa, ScmewrcTAnr. Mar oh 8.?Pretent, ail the Jndgea ?No. 105?.Ionian J. Sherman and othtra, appellant!, ra. Stephen A. Daggett and othera, reapendenta. Mellon to dtamlaa appeal on Tneaday; granted without eoata (decided yeaterday). No. 4? Henry H. King, appellant, va. Joaeph Denote, reapondent. The argnment of thla oanae, which waa commenced yeaterday, eonoluded. (Not on ealondar]? Kit7a A. Vrooman, appellant, ea. Jamea Jonea, appellee. A motion waa made in thla oanae by appellant, an Tnetday laat, to open a default taken by the appelle at the laat January term; granted on termi. No. 8? Franoia At matrons, et al, plaintHEa In error, ra. Livlngaton Compton, defendant In error. The default of the defendant in error entered; and plaintiff In error haa leave to furalah tbe oaaea. and argue tho oanae exparte. Mr. B. Davia Noxon, oonnaelfor plain* tiff in: error. No. 9? Dante) Walrutb, pUi?tiSih erro*, .a. Dariln Thorn pa* fc, defendant in error. ArIned. Mr. N.Hill, jr., for plaintiff In error; Mr. B. lavia Noxon for defendant in error. No. la?Called andreaerved. No. 11?Jullua Candee, president. ho., appellant, ra. Ruaaell Lord, et al. reapondent*. Argument eemmeioed. Mr. Hiram Donlo, for appellant; Mr. C. P. Klrkland.fer reapondenta. The opening argument not eonoluded at the hour of adjournment, 3 PM. March 9 ?Motion day ?[Not on oaiendar ]?Chaa. O. Lake, reapondent, vn. Jamea Glbaon and Robert 11. Ulhaen, appellant!. Motion to diamlea appeal, (held under advlaement.) Mr. N Hill, Jr., for reapondenta, and motion; Mr. George K. Comatook, oppoaed. [Not on calendar.]?Joalah J. Sherman una other, appellant!, vi. Jabea Fait and othara,reapondanta. Motion to diamita appeal (held nnder advlaement.) Mr. N. Hill, Jr., for reaponoenta and motion; Mr. A Tabor oppoeed. No lol?Loulaa I.lvlagston, appellant, t?. John P. Radoliff, reapondent. Motion to dlamiaa ap Cal, (held under advisement.) Mr. Samuel Stevens r respondent and motion; Mr. A. Tuber oppoeed. No. 100? Gaylor Sheldon et nl., appellants, vi. Krederink J. Bernard, et el, reepondent*. Motion to diemlee appeal, (held nnder advisement) Mr. Otla Allen lor reepondente and motion. Mr. K. J. Sherman oppoMd. (Not on calendar.]--Arnold Barnee, respondent. ve. John P. Harris, appellant. Motion te dismlea appeal, granted with costs of appeal and motion. Mr: Wait for respondent and motion; no opposition. The argument of No 11 (commenced yesterday) oontlnued ? not eoneluded at the hour of adjournment, S P. M. March 10.?No. 11?The argument of this oanse was concluded. No. 3? Sylvester Crofoot, appellant, vs. Haien W. Bennet, respondent. This cause was submitted upon printed arguments and points. N Howard, Jr., counsel. No. 10-William Kimball, at al. appellants, rs. Amos L. Ferguson, administrator, fcc., respondent. Argued. Mr. Samuel Beardsly for appellants; Mr. Joehna A. Spencer for reepondente, Cocst or ArrnsLs, ScHEKtcTAor, Maroh 12.? Present, all the Judges.-No. 16. Minor C.ltory, plaintiff In error, re. Band Howell Shtdmore, defendant In error. This eanse waa exchanged (by consent) for No. 8. and argued en the loth (Saturday ) Mr. I.. R. Marsh for plaintiff in errei ; Mr. Charles P. Klrkland for defendant in erior. Judgment affirmed on the opening argument. The Court announced the follow lag decisions upon motions made on Friday last No. 104. Gaylor Sheldon et al. appellants rs. Frederick J. Barnard at al. respondents. Motion to dlsmles appeal, granted, without costs No. 101. Louies Livingston, appellant, against John P. Radcllff respondent Motion to dismiss appeal, granted, without costs. [Not on Calendar ] Jo?lab I, Sherman and others sppsllants, against Jahca Kelt and otheu. 1 [ERA fernondente. Motion to dlimUe npponl. granted, without ooete. [Not on Calender ] Charlee O Lake, appellant, to. Jmh Qlbeon nnd othor. reepondent*. Motion to AJaadao npponl, granted, without ooete No 12. linno Piatt ot ul. plaintiff* in error, to. The Trnatoee of the Firet Congregational Religion* Society In the town of Franklin, defendant* in error. Argued Mr. Joehu* A. Spencer, for plaintiffa In error - Mr Soninel StoTono, for defendant* la error. No d.j*l dedleh Miller, et nl plnintlffe In error, t* Henry p. Scnerder, defendant In error. Argued. Mr. Samuel Stereno for plaintiff* In error ; Mr. A. Tabor, for defendant In error. The argument not ooneluded at the hour of adjournment. Court or ArrraLe.?Schenectaot, Marok II.? freeent. all the Judge*. Nos. 19 and 'JO.?The argu ment of thaae oauaea, (eommenoed yeaterday), eon eluded at 2 P. M. to-day. No 6. Almeron Thome* appellant, agalnat John Auetin and othera. roe do n dents.?A motion *u granted. dtsmlssiug the op pee in this oonto wltbont oooto, on the 13th instant, 01 the motion of respondent's counsel, without oppoai tion Mr. J. Mnilln, eonnsel for appellant, appearec to-day and mode application to bo hoard on the mo tion dismissing the appeal, wbleh was granted. Anc the rule dismissing the appeal waa vacated, and th< eonnsel permitted to argne the oause, which was oom meneed. Mr. J. Mnilln, f?r appellant; Mr. Charles O Myers, for respondents. The eonrt annonnoed that after to-day, they would hold two sessions a day opening court at 0 A. M and taking a reeesa from 12); to V. M. Court of ArriALS, March 12?Present?All the Judges. [Not on Calendar.J?Jaoob Carpenter, appellant. vs. Mary 8. Carpenter, respondent. Motion to dismiss appeal, denied for defeotive papers, without oosts and without prejudice. Mr. A J. Spooner, for respondent and motion. Mr. Edward Sanford, opposed. No. ? Almeron Thomas, appellant, vs. John Austin and others, respondents. Motion to dismiss appeal, (made on Friday last.) granted without oosts. C. O. Myers for respondents and motion. No opposition. No. 6?liaisey Rogers, applicant, vs. Kphralm Newland respondent The default taken in this case on the Oth, dismissing the appeal therein with oosts, opened by eonsent, and motion argued on both sides. (Under advisement) D. Duel. Jr , for respondent and motion, N. Hill, Jr., opposed. No. 13?Jedediah Miller rt al. plaintiffs in error, vs. Henry P. Soberder, defendant la error. The argument ot this oause (oommeneed yesterday.) eoneluded. No. 14?Called and passhd. No. 8?Franols Armstrong ti at plaintiff's In error, vs. Livingston Compton, defendant In error. Thlfl AAiiaa Vli irtfind 11 Nn 1 ft hnvU>v Kuan saw changed by consent. B. Davia Noxon for plaintiff* in tror. J. A. Spencer for defendant in error. Singular Divorce Case.?The jnry in the divorce case hare rendered a verdict declaring the marriage of Kate Meadows to John Proctor, both belonging to the atage, null and void, on aceount of a prevleua marriage to another woman having been proved. Kate applied for the divorce, on the gronnd that Prootor, at the time that they were married, had agreed merely to paaa aa her husband, without claiming any of the marital right* of hie petition, but bad sTnoe Inalated on violating thi* portion of the eontraet. Hence ahe brought the writ to obtain a dlvoroe.?New Orleans Picayune, March 9. A Wiij) Woman.?We know not but our reputa" Hon for veracity may sutler Ly the following state' ment; but as we have been laying otl tor the las. two yearB to give it, we think there is no use o waiting any longer. It will require some creduli* ty to believe the story; but we can assure the read' er that what we shall state could be established by the testimonv ot)somc of the oldest aud most respectable citizens of our neighboring county of Jackson. For the last ten years there has Uvea and inhabited the thickets ef the Navidad bottoms in Jackson county, an animal universally believed to be a woman, and though diligent search has frequently been made, not a living soul has ever been able to see it; though on one occasion, several years ago, a party driving cows through the bot torn, came so close upon its camp or dsn, as t< compel it to drop a kind of basket or trunk, whicl upon examination, was found to be a perfect cu riosity, containing a most astonishing variety o: little trinkets, such as pins, needles, kniveB, brush eB, and several articles, whose uses were entirel) unknown, and all of the most ingenious and eX' quisite workmanship^and also a small pocket Bi< ble, with "New York" written in it in a smal beautiful hand-writing, together with twn crima one of which it had stocked?having stolen an old gun barrel from the settlements. The principal reason for believing it to be a woman, arises from its track, which has often been seen, and which resembles exactly that of a small and delicate female. It frequently visits the nejffhhnri*# Sou of nignts fui the i>ui|>oseof picking up such articles as it can lay its hands on?clothing particulaily, of which, it is suppoeed, from the quantity missing iiom time to time, it has enough to set up a respectable millinery shop and clothing store. About a year ago, it went into the house of Sam A. lingers, when he waB absent, opened his medicine chest, took a portion ot all the medicines in it, carefullv putting buck the stoppers, and committing no other damage besides that of taking several articles of clothtug, which, after going to the edge ol the bottom, it uppears to have sorted out, - I u?u ?V * DUUII aiuuito uuiigiug U)JUil & BUCK ilB II did not seem to reuuire. It also came to Mr. Ilodg1 era's place recently and brought back a wooden bowl taken about a year since, and a trace chain that had been missing for eight years. These are but a tithe of the many eccentricities of the man, woman or animal; but they serve as a specimen. So sure are the people on the Navidad that it ts a wild human being, that we understand a reward of forty cows and calves has been offered to any one who would capture it. It is supposed by soma that there was once a man and woman, but that the man had died. How true this conjecture is, we cannot say; but there can hardly be a doubt but a wild man or woman has inhabited the Nat idad Mustang bottoms, near Texana, for many years.? It cannot be a negro, male or female, because the track forbids the conclusion. We incline to think it a Mexican woman ? Victoria (Texan) Advocate March 1. Verv Late from Cai.ifor.ua, if Tkue.?We have seen a private letter from Wan Francisco, datedlthe 30thof January, which contains the latest news from the gold region. The writer was a volunteer in Col. Fremont's expedition, and was taken prisoner by the Indians, and retained in captivity nice months?his lite having been spared, and niB liberty finally granted him, as he says, on account of his having been discovered by the indiuns to be a free-mason, of which fraternity, it seems, many of the red men were members. The writer had been very successfully engaged in the gold mines, and had obtained gold enough to satisfy his highest ambition. His statements in respect to the extent of the gold beds and the purity < t the metal, rather exceed the marvellous descriptions which we have heretofore received. He speaks of still further discoveries, and of still richer mines, which might lurnish profitable employment, aa he thinks, for all the young mea in New Esglsnd. He is so confident in respect to the golden promise of the land, that he urgea hia friends nere to go at once to the mines. He speaks also of silver mines, in which he Bays there is M abundance ol ore; but this inferior metal seems to be an object ol minor regard among the fortune hunters. The writer of this letter had left the mines to recruit hia health, and to await more favorable weather tor carrying on operations. lie was at San Francieco, which place he describes as being full to overflowing with persons awaiting the coming spring, to commence or resume operations at the " diggings "?Botton Traveller, March. 16, P. Af. [This letter was published in full in the Boston Signal of the 16th, A. M?Ed. Herald j Lati and Important from I'krnambi;co.?Dupi.ratt Battt.k [and Loss of Lifb.?By the arrival at this port, yesterday evening, of the bark Navarre, Captain Veacock, we have dates from Pernambuco to the 8th of February. Captain V. reports that on Janunry 22d, in consequence of the suppression of a liberal journal, many of the cittzensjoined the country party, in opposition to the government and foreign residents. A desperate default was made by sight hundred of the insur gents, and at the same time, by signal, a corrra ponding attack at a different point was made by about three thousand of the same party, who contemplated, if successful, not only the extermina tton of all foreigners, but the sacking of the city The government troops, to the number of foui hundred men, were called out, and immediately ?...L a? ? i ? - luaigru wini urc tna sworn, ana though every inch oi ground was fiercely contested, the insurseats were ccmpletelyrouted, leaving two hundred killed in the streets, three hundred drowned, and lour hundred taken prisoners. The triumph of the government party tended in restoring confidence in commercial a flairs, and a revival in all branch's of business was gradually taking place.?Philadelphia Jtit/uirer, March 17. Gold Powk*less ?The Boston 7traveller of the 11th Inst, snys " A letter from San Francisco, of Dec. 24th enys, that in consequence of the wintry weather at the mines, that town was crowded with gold diggers, many of whom are totally unable to procure shelter. The verandahe of buildings, ( ut-houses, and even hen-coops, are eagerly taken up as places of shelter, by persons whose blankets are lined with gold. Several forgeries hare recently been detected In Boston; bnt open the aeeaesd party refunding the mosey obtained, tbe matter wee hushed up. He le raid to beve been rather t prt mlaent member of the fath onsblt icoiety ot ibatuity LD. TWO CENTS. Marine Affkiri. TmbCasc or Shi r luinim.-'l'klifoNBM^tkiMte of Mr. Job* W. Crafts, charged with combining with Jad. W WlLton to oause tho ship Franklin to bo diobljll, cuit up for examination boforo U. S. Commlaotonor C. L Woodbury. Tbo complaint is medo by Samuel Uuinoy, C al?b Curtlo.ond John L Dlnunook, of Boston, underwriters? that Jos. W. Wilson, of sold Boston, on tbo 26tb day of July, IMS. did ooaspiro, asmbins, and oonftdorate, with one Jobn W. Crafts, of aid Boston, wilfully and oorruptly, to proooro lobe east away, burned or otherwise destroyed, > Franklin, of Boston, with Intent to Injnro tbo Neptune, Hope, and Warren Insnranoe Offloes. Messrs. Dimmook, Cubtis, and Quince, of the Warren, Hope, and Neptune offloes, testified to tbo negotiation cf three poltoiee with Mr. C. eft, on the dtb ot , 'V1- fot $6,000 eaeb, through General John acous 'd' 8 "aacqualnted, personally, With the i /A""" Davis-Visited Cape Cod to see tho wreek . of ,tbe "b'p 4th; went for ander. writers; the Franklin was satirely broken up; pieoe of wrvok nearly due east from osntre of Welfleet Villages ? nuiabtr of ihrclcleH htd cods oq ihotn: tow sooiDOe toidto oonUin tbo body of C?Dt*in Smith* hanyrf Af toe body being round, and sent a sailor to ltfsntuV'lt; sent It to Boston, in aocordanoo with Mr. Craft's request, before 1 left Boston*, have in my possession a small leather valtie, marked with Captain Smith'a nan-e, also a broken writing desk, and arilolee attached 1 to the body; valise was given to me by a man named Isaiah Hatch (several letters were handed to witness); hays seen these papers before; have been in my possession; were delivered to me by Mr. Hatoh; Mr Hatch said they were in the valise saved from the earf; when 1 first saw them they were oat of the valise, and had been dried; have the appearanse ofhavng been web and dried. The valise was then identiifled. The District Attorney then pat in the following letters:? Boston July 25 1848. Captain Smith Dr Sir I thought 1 would write yoa this letter and give you the oopy of the insoranoo policy on the ships; $7,600 at ths Boston, $7,600 at tho Merchants their is $6000 upon the freight to Coasters oflloe. all the insuranos cost $726 the insoranoo ends at London I send you this account for your instructions Mr John W^Craft and myself has every oonfldpnoo in your prumiiei and hops to see you in BuiIm in tho shott time of thirty rfuys I have been thinking tho beet way to abandon ber, let her leak and whaeh your opportunity to leave her and before you leave roll a Barrel of the Turpentine into ths oabin and fire ber however w< will leave all tbie to your own but judgment their was a ship left Boston three days before you. and has been lost on the Bahamas bound for New Orleans Mr Crafts and myself are anxiomty awaiting tor your return to Boston ar not bnpeteee but u sure and (rue as ths sun rose this morning; the ship l'elasso of Westoaaset 7 mohtbs old 473 tons lies at Charleetown at Mr Caswell's wharf laid up for the want of business tho owners will sell her for $2000 $6000 eash, $6000 $ months, $6600 do do $6000 do do Dr Br this letter has been wrote with eonsent of J W C and myself, hopeing to receive Your answer in return on reoelpt of this now; while 1 writs wo are conversing about the matter. I remain Yours llsspeotfully J W W P K WritH vnvir tn J W The following la in penotl mark:? Captain Smith plese to distruer the letter aa eoune as you Hide dlt Boaton Aug 13 48 P 8. Capt Smith-Dr 8lr We hare at laet eeen your arrival after a lang paeeage We were in earn* hopea to ner (never) aeen your arrival J WC was almoet prostrated when he aeen yen reported out, but I insure him that leaving port on our eoaat It will ha Idone and settled to the aatlafaotlan of all according to your Promises; a note oomes due on the 10th Sept for $2400 whloh their ia no means te pay but should wa see it reported of your loss, the parties would be satis* fled Dr Sir, we want to see you in Boston, the first of next month Dr Sir this will be tho Eternal Making of us all, If not It will damn us forever, but that oannot i be, we know you will do everything to your own satisfaction and ours writeus on reoeipt and let us know when yon will be able to get awey. Remain yoars respecfully l J W W fc J w c | Dear Cast. Smith?I went to puot my letter in tha > poet offloe and before I sent it In i received yours of tha - 20, You cant tell bow muoh good it done om to rer oeivs another letter from you 1 am glad to hea* thatyou are so well 1 hope that your health still eon* tinues for en that all depends Dear Capt I hopa | that yon will exouse me in expressing so muoh anxiety in rela'lon to the ship I oannot help it 1 have now I doate but what you will doe everry thing strata, but if you should be siek or enny thing happen ts you it 1 would all be over so these thought make ma feel bad, I but f will trv to keep the best side out and trust in providence I know what mere I ean say in relation to the " sapper" or aney thing else, doe as yon think keeS i nmm* So mj so much that i hardly know what tm itv an rinn aTniiaa mil nw v?. ?nw s-n -- # ? ?J WIMMUV& M VUI W1HI IKU confidence J W C (In pensil.) It this should come to hand la huob for yen to write to me, else writ* when yon are In hopes ef ooming to Boston it will afford me a deal of comfort to know, but mora to see you doat fall If possible, A line from you charm me more than all my present '-oon" P 8 1 hope that your passedgo to London wont exceed 46 ower Thomas Durrv, seaman onboard ship franklin, was then oalled? The Franklin was lost on Cape Cod March 1st; was at the holm at the time; anofoied at 4 o'eiook In morning, wind light at time: the captain took the lead and bora it; told hew mnok water there was, and said she would hold; he continued to hearo the lead nntll ship struck at six o'olock; bad an anchor down at first in seven fathoms; about six o'olook the anchor was let go; we ooad see Cape Cod at halt-past five o'oloek; I heard breakers at three o'elock, and called the oaptain; he said It eeuld not be breakers At three o'eiook, there would have been no dlffleulty In keeping off abore, but at four o'eiook. when we anchored, there was scarcely any wind. When the oaptain first eame on daok, he gave ordars to keep her off? the wind was tonth east -when she struck, tha captain ordered more ebain to be paid ont- the main mast was cut away at half past six o'olook?tha wraak did aot drift mach from the plaoe whsre the sseond aashor was let go. After the mleen mast was eut away, the main topmast and foretopmast were eut away- the but war ka wera cut away and tackle rigged to get out the loan heat. The captain looked at bis almanac, and said that It was high water, and that at low water we ooold get ashore without drowaiog- -the vessel then breke, and tha captain gave up getting out the boat; tried to get lines ashore, bnt oouid not; could see people on shore: they were trying to get ont a whale boat, but could not; it ewampod twiee a. uts o?pi?Ju goii ton out CI ID? OftOlft) ftQd placed tbem forward of the windless?the M waa breaking orer the ship very had?wo feund that th? captain waa wrong about the tide?after this six seamen, the captain, mate, and ene passenger got Into tbe boat, and then the captain cried ont to ant bar away?some in the veeael said : "No, let otbera get in" - one of the tailors In the boat then cat her away ?eh? went two length* of the ship and tben oapeised?think i 1 saw the captain for a moment after this to windward ?a pert ef the*# en the ship were taken off by a whale boat, and other* walked ashore ? Botton Traveller, , JtfarcAie. TxxAS.?OurTexas papers, by the Palmetto,came to huiid yesterday, we make up from them the following ituns:? General Worth has sent a party of the topographical engineers to survey and make out (he route to Paeno del Korte. Colon* 1 Harney has concluded to establish hie p headquarters at Austin, and nas rented a house* with the intention of removing to that city immediately. Mr. J. C. Kolbe, of Columbus, Colorado county* the Corresponding Secretary ol the comnany Buiag out at that plsce tor California, publishes a communication in the Matagorda Tribune, in which he suggests to persons in Western Texas, who design going to Caluorma, to tit out with light fourmule wagons. He gives, as reasons, thai the route from San Antonio by Chihuahua has been explored and travelled by wagons heretofore?the certain and easy means of conveying the necessary tood, water, baggage, bedding, instruments, and smelting apparatus?and says, besides, in that land of no houses, the wagon will answer the purpose of a dwelling, as a place to lodge in, as well as a depot for food, raunr nt, Arc. lie ad vises that each wagon hall be lurnitihcd ?nH urr?nfJ??H with fmir men.ana that the email parties goiug from the Western part ol thia State concentrate at some common |>oint before starting, in order to strengthen and assist | sach other on the journey. A company hits been organized in Shelbyville, Texas, lor California. I The California emigrants at Lagrange held a meeting, a lew days since, and about forty euroll-d their names as members of the companr. They ' intend to start for El Paso on or about the first ui r \ve have received the first number ol the ffirs\ Ityttnjfunvcr, Chau ncey Richardson, editor, published in Houston. It is devoted to the advancement of the religious interests of the Wesleyats Church, and evidently brings both zeal and ability to the cause.?JV. O. Utllu, Mann 8. Socialism In Franch?A Paris correspondent of the London A'lut writes :?All our socialists are rn i/t n.vtt. Proudhon is completely killed by a vaudeville. Cabet has fled, sonie say to Iciri i, others to a cottage in the plain ol St Denis, where it is reported he has buried his treasure. Aud Ceorge Sand, the mighty and the fallen one, has retired to no one knows whither, having been literally tor some time chased with pitchforks by the bravest jxiytant of Brittany who anew her, not as the greatest genius of modern times, one ot the most sublime writers that France produced, but only as the fine Paris lady who went about in men's clothes and wrote naughty b oks which Monsieur le Cut6 had told them would corrupt their wives and daughters, and who would brm< a curse upon their ?ms it she were sutlercU *.o remu.u * :t3 herder*