12 Haziran 1849 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

12 Haziran 1849 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

lTinta la urope. Oar DabUn Corraapondaaoe. Dublin, May 4, 1849. Twmbl* Dartitution of the PtopU? (lovernmmt , Mttttmm of Relief?Royal -DuWta Society and California Gold?Emigration?Mr. GtBrUn't Care, ire. ire. Amidst the horrors or destitution and plagus, I writ* to inform you af the events which have occurred during the past week, and you will see by ths public papers, both Irish and English, that ths ascounta which 1 ahall endeavor to give you, of ths ' sufferings of the Irish people, are not by any means ; olored or exaggerated; neither are they, aa you j are well aware, given for unv other purpose but to i fulfil my dutiea us a faithful correspondent, well knowing that the sympathizing and discerning inhabitant* of the United Sutes will give their fnenda *t (hia aide of the Atlantic credit lor their patience and extraordinary siibmirsivenebs to the will of the Almighty. The accounts, an I suiil before, are heart-rending in the extreme; the public organs, of all aides, are teeming with letter*, written by credible and respectable witnesses, of the trials of the poor. One gentleman, the Protestant rector of Ballinrobe, Mutes that in the workhouse of his union alone 13b persons diet) last week, and not a much leas number the week before; the cause of those death* has been generally cholera and pestilence, brought on by famine. The deaths in Westport worknouse, for the same period, (Hi, whilst in the Fernioy workhouse the mortality, lor the last four months, has been? January .208 February 352 March 315 April 350 1225 These details 1 have gathered from authentic reports. But these deaths only include those which have occurred within the workhouses. Account! are daily received of persons on their way to those wotkhouses, who, tiom exhaustion and previous long sufleiing, they sunk to rise no more. This is owing to the workhouse, being far distant from the abodes of the suflerers. But, thank Clod, the time is not fur distant when a large number of those who arc now suffering will, I hope, he enabled to emigrate. Emigration is, I am happy to say, still progressing wiih rapid strides; and those strides are everywhere discernible from the very visible assistance it lends towards the noil-inhabitation and cultivation of large tracts and farms of land which, a short time u^o, were in the hands of the laboring farmers. This state of things is to be deplored, because, where u large crop could be gathered for those who remain and are not cut off, little, if Htiy, will be produced this year. In the county of Meath, a large tract of hne land, containing 6,000 acres, cannot now be set. It i3 not at all surprising ihal such should occur in other rin.fa ,l,?. I.,., ,k? ..(It., ..I. j'?a ic>v/? ?t?x- vvuiiii j* uuanucijiiii. wuuuij y? ?avn, which contains land of the first quality, is so situated, it is not a matter of surprise when other parts of the country, which are not equally favored, uru not cultivated. The rate in aid bill lias gone through the third reading in the House of Commons, and passed. It is now to be seen liovv it shall be dealt with in the House of Lords. The violent agduiion consequent upon its introduction into 1'ariiHinent, has, i:i u great degree; subsided. The new measure, called the incumbered Instates Bill, has been bused on Sir Robert Peel's plan, which 1 informed you lately gave so much satisfaction to all parties. 1 send you a summary of the proposed bill, so that your readers may judge for themselves; but it must be manitcat that the proposed measure, if curried out, must confer an incalculable benefit, particularly on those whose estates are dipped by incumbrances to the amount of their full vulue, and, in some cuscs. to much more than their vulue. It is now fixed tnut, on the 10th inst., the argument in the House #f Lords, in sum>crt ol the writ of error, is to commence in Mr. O'Brien's case. He has retained Sir Fitzroy Kelly and Mr. Napier. It is not known exactly who hus been engaged for Mr. McManus. No writ Iihs been issued for either Mr. O'Donahue or Mr. Meagher. It was at first supposed that the two first would be brought to Louden, to be present ut the argument; but it is now directed that they are to remain at Richmond TiririftWf-11. A aertmnwl nf th? Dublin .Society, was held on Friday evening last, when the subject of the " Discovery of til old in Cnlifornia, and its elfecu on prices in Great Britain," was ably discussed by Professor II indcock. In the course of his observations, the Professor stated his opinion was, that from henceforth silver should be taken as the standard of value. The reason ihut gold has been taken as the standard of value heretofore, was, that it was lound, of all metals to be the least variable, which can be seen by comparing the relative changes which have occured in the value of gold since the reign of William the Conqueror to the present time, as compared with other countries. lie said that the entire depreciation of gold during that period in England, amounted only to 3 per cent; whilst in llome it amounted to 24 ]>er cent; in Scotland to 26 per cent, and in France to 66 per cent; and he also stated, that extraordinary changes of prices were produced in the 16th and 17th centuries, by tha discovery of the extensive mines which tlien existed in America. The. prices cousequeut upon those discoveries were in the short space of 70 years quadrupled; and in the present day, from the facility of intercourse, and the promptness with which industrial undertakings were carried out, the same causes, if produced by California gold, would produce similar changes in prices in a much shorter space of time; undfbr those reasons, he stated, the government were bound to adopt measures to prevent such a change taking place, and recommended silver being used as a standard accordingly. The lfev. .lames Martin, P. P., of Graigow, county of Carlow, has published a very able letter on the subject of emigration, and the establishment of an Irish colony in the United States, and a few extracts therefrom may not be uninteresting. He states: " Emigration, it is quite clear, is our only resource; the best means of going out is in large bodies, bringing all the trades and professions, to be able at ouee to lay the foundation of a new town, and continence the cultivation of the land speedily. Meetings should he held in the several foealnes, to take die census of those who are disposed to emigrate, to ascertain the means they are able to bring; to name u central committee for the nuruose of corresponding with the United Slates Emigration Society, and other associations; to consult the latest works published in the States of America. A deputation of persons, in whotn ths country have confidence, ehould immediately proceed to view what are considered the niott desirable localities in the United State?, to ucettaiti u;>on what tcrnnt land may be obtained, its distance from the markets, tlie nature of the climate, Ac. Funds should he raised by subscription to detiuy the expenses of the organization; but these, and other matters of dvtail, to he urrnn ,-d in great part by the centrul coi>.mittce." The reverend gentleman also states" A v? ry large portion of tlie farming classes, even those who are considered most opulent, have finally made up their minds, but not without a struggle, to leave old Ireland." And again:?"All the able-bodied laboring population, who could reach the shores of the American continent with twenty shillings in their pockets, out;tit to emigrate; there is no home for them at home. Reduced by want and disease, they are no lunger to he considered nblclu died; their race is nearly exiiticf, a war of extermination, the most cruel and heartless, has been waged against tin in for )< ars." The weather, for tit last ten days, has been delightfully line; we have got summer now, and the sun has benevolently cast his be. ins upon us, to compensate us in seine tin a.-tire lor tlir excessive gloom which has prevailed for six weeks before. A fortnight ago, and six inches of snow covered several purls of the country. That in a great measure reitmh'd growth, but if this weather continues, all, I hop-, will go well. Accounts front those parts when the sow up has been attended to, stale that the crop; in pi-m-ntf look well, and if we could only battle out till August, we might expect better days. 1 am happy t? Vtate the trade of Ulster is improving, particularly Antrim, the cotton onerativcs beinir all ernnlov il "t.a .i-.i , r= , - i .? -' ? ?? ?nv M-1I.UJ'n uau/ | Jn receipt of orders from ?t horn* and abroad. Our llerllit Correspondence. Bkrliw, April 2.1,1*19. The Ml Verein?The Tobacco Trade ? The lt',ialien 'PiaJc ? JV'iwrt of the Chief Town* and Mam/factortri, Ac you liftv? always sdrocatod the great important)*; <af the trade of Germany to the United State*, and. In ' 1SC4. were almost the only editor of an American paper who took a decided intercut In faror of Mr. Wlleaton'i treaty with the /oil Verein, I prt>po?o. In a snrioa of letters, to glre you some account of the wool.cotton and j Milk trade of Germany, and of Kurope generally, and to giro you statistics and fin ts ivlitch may he of some interest to your agricultural manufacturing and commercial readers, niid. in this letter, will commence with the trade of wool and woollen*, which is yet in It* infancy with ua, and in which a large mid increasing , trade I* now going on between Germany, and iiclgium i and the United State*; hut. before beginning. H is 1 lue to the memory ol I lie lite Mr. W heaton. to state. I s-t-*' although our govt rmnent instructed every minis- | 1?r lin t m r a< nt to Kuiope beginning with Mr. Jefferson in I'H'.t to use every effort to got a reduction of > the enoimot'-i duties ou ti le ceo. not one of them sue- I cerdid 'I he tine t of i hi in wrote very lengthy and i le- | gant despatch' about tie- duties on tohaeeo. and their int Icing aide to person,le Kngland. h ranee orGer ntkny <0 ?>*? up n tit; and. when Mr. Wheuton at , la-1 micro ?l? d in getting thirty mllllone of German! (the greatest consutm rs i f tohaeeo in th world ) to redure. very ccni-idoi ably. llu ir duty on this arlioh twothirds of out Sena e could to l b- g-it to pa-a thin treaty although Vr 'J'ylor or I pslnir. Mr Archer Mr. 4.a ill ot ;i and li any i-llnT*. *uw t In ad rant age* mrl di-1 mli in their fowi r iu it* In tor. Now thu time ha* passed, ud there ti mere probability of the Germane Increasing than lessening tbe duty on tobacco. The manufacture ef woeUen goeda in the German Zoll Vereln ii of aurb magnitude. that ita annual production (without the price of the raw material), amounta to between seventy and aeronty-ilre mllliona ofPruaatan thalera (aach thaler la *">W runta, our currency) The Impart and export ef woollen goeda, inclusive of carpeting, in the Zoll Vereln, waa 1M1. 1M& IMS. Ixnorta fi7.7(? ?.WJ W.VO) ewt. Of 112 InjporM 32,034 3&.HU4 S1.W7 J gngliah puaada. Sfl.UHS art, I?7 SIM* The annual consumption of the inhabitant* of the Zoll Vereln is calculated at 18-10 lbs. of cloth eaeh. The cloth manufacture of Prussia alone, which is 27 UOOcwts (cwt. of 112 lbs. Kngtieh). is valued atsixteen millions of thulers.or between &60.iXX)and (it>0.00() pieces of cloth (averaging thirty Prussian elle); it is principally in the Khiue provinces, and 1 give you the numea ef the chief towns, as also the firms of the most considerable manufacturers:? AACHEN?( 'ft* U ChapfUt.) Bril l*). J. Van (iulpen, Basse Si Sou. O. Harts, Loonbard k Tratorlus k Protean, Son, Scbliuaoher kllothwiach, Dubois and Pauli, C. L. Krunhiuann. Wagner k Son. iiucxkswaosb. iii itm bi iij? (titar*1achrn.) W A. Jobaun AbllOC, J.Krken*. Son k Lochner. Gebruder Sobuabel. ni'?EN?(near JIachen.) khttwio. Letpold Scholler, J. W. Scheidt, F. Scholler k Pryrn. Brothers Scheldt. montjoif.?(near Jlachen ) wxkdf.iv. J IV Inmin Vorstmnn A. 11 nffinin H. W. Muller, Brothers Overhaul. J. H. Fibers. nr.wnaif. imoesbsbcw. Q. O. y.atn. F. Hurdt, okcni:hi.ik>. A.Anthonl. Forator. FUFSlV. KOTTIBVS. F liendrich. Lierson 4. Son*, lluffrr Mil Workiuwr, J. K. Weber, i.nwss.ss. J. O. Haebne, Jr., Fchuraion * Schroeder, J. O. Kubiseh. Wulbug 4. Son, ULLicHiff. mum. \V. Ilarrur, HaselofT h Co., F. Reimun. C. Brhmeti, ovbkw. L. Muller. J. O. Feller k Son, (inustuii. Samuel Schilef. J.8. Forster. li?<initx. Samuel Augsbach. S. B Buffer k Sou. KHOSHF.W. OonilTX. SchellTgrn k Son, C. J. Bergman. J. F. Zielke. C. S. Guilder. SCHWIKBTJS. TBF.nPIITZ. C. O. Krnupc k Co., \V. Oelsuer. Murkgrof it Schramsle. There are many other houses of respectability, and they ship cargoes to America, and also to China. The carpet manufacturers cannot rival I ,inland, and there are hut few. and manufacturing for the inland trade. The great superiority of Herman clot ha are iu the dying: thus, Ted cloth, even the Knglish and Kussiaui purchase in Germany, to seud to China. As Belgium is the great rival of tho Zoll Vereln In the article of cloth in the United States, I will now give yon a short statement ef the manufactories thore, which are principally in Vervicn, Disen. Uiege, Hodlinont. uud I'epinster. There are about UUU inauufaotories. wiili hi) steam engines of SOO-horse power in all, which produce annunlly about live millions of annus of cloth, in value about six millions of dollar*. In France the chief manufactories are in Rhelms, Ilheter, Tuaaany, Esonne, Paris, Amlena, 8t. Dennis, L carter, F.lbouf. and Sedan. The yearly production may he estimated at ten millions of dollars, hut th?y do not State*. In reviewing the woollen trade, or particularly in regard to cloth, there appears to be every probability that, in a tew years, we will require but tew Importation*. as even now they aro not large, except from Kngland. which Bonds us about fivn millions of dollars' worth. Kurope now sends lis laborers and capital, aud this u all we require to he tliu first manufacturing nation. AMtillJGAN US. Til* Canadian Troubles In England. [Krom the London Sun. May 16.) Nothing cun justify a precipitate condemnation of the course pursued by the government towards the Canada?, previous to the examination of those official despatches which will be laid on Friday evening before both Houses of the Imperial Parliament. Whatever may be the nature of the provisions made in that Bill of Indemnity which has originated the insurrection at Montreal, tho perfectly constitutional manner in which that measure has been carried through the Canadian Legislature leaves us, however, no room to doubt that the recent outbreak is the infamous result of a conspiracy on the part ot a lawless and unprincipled minority. "We may each of us entertain a dill'ererit opinion as to trie advisability or non-advisability of indemnifying indiscriminately all those I wlio may have happened to sutler pecuniary losses during the last deplorable rebellion. One may, another niuv not. conceive that aome definite dta tinction ought to have been made betvreen those individuals who were injured in their property through their sympathy for the government, and those who sustained losses from their complicity with the insuigents. Such is strictly a question of moruuty, of expediency, or of convenience, upon the merits of which the views of the multitude might remain divided until the day of judgment. lsut upon* this point there neither does, nor can there exist, any hesitation whatever? namely, that the Indemnity llill (good or had, expedient or inexpedient, convenient or inconvenient as it may be to individuals) has been passed into a law calmly,honestly, dispassionately, legally, constitutionally. No one can assert to the contrary. The faet is already notorious in both hemispheres. The bill itself is exclusively a Canadian measure. The mother country has not interfered in the matter to the extent of one tittle. The home government has dictated no policy, it has not even gone to the length of hinting a suggestion. The Indemnity Bill is, we repeat, an exclusively Canadian measure. It has emanated front Canadian intelligence: it has been sanctioned in principle and accented in form by Canadian statesmen; it has received the countenance of two successive adiiiiiii: tiations?a conservative administration nnd a liberal administration. It has been passed with large majorities through the upper and lower chamber of the Imperial Parliament. Those majorities were not enly majorities ofihe whole houses, but majorities of members of the British blood. Those majorities w ere not the packed majorities of a cabinet, they were the free nnd honorable majorities of Canadian representatives. Such was this Bill of Indemnity, winch, on its receiving the royal assent through the lips of his Excellency the Governor-General, was made the pretext for an insurrectionary movement, more dastardly and infanions than nny recorded in the annals of our colonial possessions. Finding that their prejudices went for nothing against the force of public opinion, finding that ,17.... I...J l I . .1 v.. .1.1 i~__ r iiict uiiu urcn umuujiiinitu vy me iiifinucrs ?H their own legislature?the rebel conspirators rose ?t ii preconcerted si:mal. Mind?these rebels are the toiy gang! They are that Orange faction w hose virulence and insoleneeare unfortunately not restricted to Canada. True to their audacious principles, they rose. Availing themselves of their accidental local superiority in point of numbers, they dcniineeii d over their loyal fellow-citizens. Montieul became n prey to their wanton brutality, j and some of its noblest adornments have irrepa- ! rsbly fallen under their licentiousness. The I'ar- | lianient House was burnt by incendiaries; the* pub- | lie records and state papers ware consumed in tha j conflagration. When a shout was raised that the ! Tiench representatives were so situated as to be j rendered incapable of escaping from the burn- j ing edifice, there was a yell of diabolical ex- j filiation. Before the match was set to the j woodwork, one rttfTis:n, placing himself in the ] speaker's chair, declared (after the fashion of I INT. Ilubcr) that tlie chamber was dissolved? | another attempting a miserable travestie of the me- j morable act ol Oliver, marched out of the hall with j the mace over his shoulder. I lis Excellency l.ord ' Elgin was assailed by the rabble of insurgent Con- j setviitivps (what a monstrous burlesque on the ti- J tie !)?being struck on the head with a pebble, and j on the face with a rotten egg. The houses of se- | veral ol the ministers were wantonly pillaged anil destroyed. The whole city was given up to the ; horrors of a rebellion, that, at one time, threatened a very serious effusion of blood. Such are some of j the most conspiguous among the excesses of the j tory conspirators against the government. And j p? to the certainty of the whole outbreak being J the result of a conspiracy, there is no lack ol tins j most conclusive testimony. When the mob lirst ' congregated on the Chimps <le Mars, there 1 was a general cry, "To the Parliament House!" j hen those who were already assembled in ' the neighboihood if the Parliament House, | heard the approach of the insurgents from tho i ( letups de Mars, there was u cry, "They come. ' So soon as the rioting was tolerably well afoot, clulis assembled for the purpose of erasing the name of Com! Elgin from their catalogues; meetings were convened for tli" purpose of inariu- ; factum g petitions to th- sovrreign, demanding the. recall ofifie Governor General as one incornp-fnt I to conduct the administration 01 afliirs in tho ; colony Meanwhile, ahovc the lev I of the rabble, | one or two individuals were brought out in ar.?'her conspicuous position, being thus id'-nttfc-d in the j plate of day with the excesses nnd atrocities of the insurrection. Colonel Gttgy was carried in | triumph on the shoulders of the rioters. One J'eiry stood out ao conspicuously among the ineeridiaii' a as to hurt been subsequently incarcerated under a charge of arson. Tito Hon. O. Moffatt, in like manner, occupied so very visible a place in the van of the movement, as to have been afterwards arrested on a still more serious charge?that of high treason. As a sort of climax to the impudent daring displayed throughout the whole transaction?the mace, stolen as we have already shown, fr< ni the Parliament House by one of the rutlians of the insurrection, whs ultimately found in the possession of Sir Allan McNab! < >ne course, and one course alone, remains open to i lie government. The nature ?f that course is peifertly obvious. The robbers, and pillagers, and inreiidisiies. who h?ve recently desolated the streets of Montreal, must be put down with the siting hard of the law, whose majesty they Inye violated. They moat bp compelled to make a bitter expiation. Their most prominent leaders must I ("subjected to summary and condign punishment. And t:> to the recall of Lord J.lgia, justice requires that the poliey of his administration should, first af all, be proved to hava been harsh, peremptory, or in any respect unconstitutional. Hitherto, the fault of his government (it such, indeed, can be called a fault), haa been its excessive leniency. That leniency bus, with thu Orange minority ef connpiiators, produced its own evil fruits. This must henceforth he followed by a rigorous suppresaion of those rebellious passions, which are only festered into maturity by the generosity of h genial administration This we maintain to be the only rational course open to the government, as a beginning. First of all, the infliction of a tremendous penalty en the insurgents; then the rcsumptien of a regenerative jiolicy for the Cunadas. Lie. fore that poliey, however, is again taki-n up, tlto cabinet muft act upen the followiug principle?In the presence of rioters, not one shadow of a concession. Affair ef Madame Cnrabjr in Paris? Adultery and Attempted Homicide. [Kroiu ttalignani't Messenger.J The reader will rt member the immense sensation which was created, several weeks ago, bra most lamentable care of adultery, accompanied by not fewer than three uttempts at homicide, in the house of a gentleman nmnrd Caraby, No. 80 Hue d'Anjou 8t. llonore. The three princip il actors in the drama?M. and Madame Caraby and M. tie L'oetloeon?were subsequently arrested, and, after a careful investigation of the affair bv the judicial authorities, weie ordered for trial before the Court of Assizes. This trial commenced 011 Monday, the 14th ult., and the greatest curiosity was manifested la hear it, the case, taken altogether, being perhaps one of the most striking ever submitted to a criminal tribunal. 1 he appearance of the accused in the dock exeitfd much sensation. Madame Caraby was ihr first to enter. 8he is twenty-eight years of age, vciy handsome, with brilliant black eyes; she w is fashionably diessed. Ileforo seating herself, she glanced calmly around the court, ller husband was placed beside her?he is ot middle stature, with large moustaches. De Coetlognn came next; he is good looking, with long moustaches, aud was elegantly attired in black In answer to the usual questions, the female prisoner said her name is Marie Ophelia Caraby; that she is twenty-eight years of age. and that she was horn at New Orleans The husband said his name is Calixle Caraby ; his age thirty-six, his position in life tlitit of a rentier, and his place o! birth New Orleans. The other prisoner said his name is IIi|>polyte Eugene Anatole de Coetlogon; his age twenty-nine, and that he is of no profession, but was formerly nn officer in the army. The indictment was then read. It set forth that the CarabyB were married in 1839, and had four children?their marriage was one of inclination? indeed, it was a runaway match. In 1843 they went to live with the wife's mother at Chalonssur-8aone; but, in 1847, returned to Paris, and took un apartment in the Rue d'Anjou St. Ilonore. The husband thought his wife's conduct in society was not becoming, and this led to dissensions between them, which ended in their living separate, though tinder the same roof. Caraby did not suspect his wife of being unfaithful to him, until 27th February last, when he heard Annette Trenet, the cook, say to her, in an altercation, " I can hold up my he.ui and you cannot!" The next day the bonne of the t i.. I- ..t vimureii, jLjuuifet" dclu, in rupiy iu suine uu?civ;ition he made to her respecting his wife, said, " Mon Dieu! I wish to say something to you, but I dare not!" When pressed by him, however, to explain herself, she stated that she had often seen a man in her mistress's bed-chamber; and she added, " If you would wish to surprise him there, you must take precautions, for lie is armed!" Tins information created a profound effect on Caraby. In a state of great agitation he went to the shop of Devi sine, the gunsmith, where he purchased a brace of pocket pistols, and caused them to be loaded in his presence. In Ins examination before the magistrates, he insisted that he hud only bought the pistols asa measure of precaution, and not with the intention of tuking vengeance on the author of his dishonor- After leavingDevisme's, Ctiruby went to his mother's house, and begged his brother Antony to accompany him home. He then told hirn the cuuse of the trouble which agitated him. Antony immediately went to the commissary of police to pet htm te go to the house to obtain formal proof of the commission of the adultery ; but, as that tuncuonary was not ai nome, hp xnociten up me concierge of his brother's house, and told hint ts be on the watch. Antony then joined his brother, who at that time had wrth him another brother, named h'tienne. The three brothers arranged with the sennnf, Louise, that she should wutch Iter mistress's chamber, and give a signal whet she should see the lover enterlt. Whilst waiting for this signal. Caraby threw himself, fully dressed, on the bed in his own apartment. 1 he apartment occupied by the Carabys was on the fourth story f No. 80, Rue d'Anjou. and it had a balcony on which the window of Mmc. Caraby's room, and ' of two other rooms opened. At about a yard from one end of the entrance was the window of a garret, which garret De Coetlogon rented. It was from this garret that he wus in the hubit of passing, by means of a gutter, into Mine. Caraby's bedroom; and in order to facilitate his access, he had sawn through the iron bars at the end of the balcony, so ns to be able to remove them at will. The pnssoge from the garret to the balcony was not without danger. No one had any idea that the lovers hud this means of communication. At about eleven o'clock, on the night of the 28th February, Louise being, as just stated, on the watch, heard a bell ring in the room of Madame Caraby, which was responded to by another bell in the garret; presently she heard the bars of iron fall, and almost at the same instant saw a man pass along the balcony into the bed-room of her mistress and close the window. She tmine- j diately informed the three brothers; they waited for about a quarter of an hour, and then Caraby putting on his great coat, in the pocket of which were his pistols, went by the balcony to the window of his wife's room. He was followed hv his brother Antony and Louise ; Etienne went to the j door of Madurne Cnraby'n chamber. Caraby saw . that two lights were burning oh the table, but the emotion he telt prevented him from distinguishing 1 any thing in the room. Antony, however, saw a j man lying in bed by the side ol Mine. Caraby. and 1 reading a newspaper. Antony recommended his brother to be calm ; but Caraby, not able to restrain i himself, ran for his National (itiard musket to j break open the window. On his return, aliiAst at : the same moment, bo broke two panes of glass and cried " open !" The man who was in the bed pimped out, and advancing to the window said, "(iive me time to dress myself!" Jlethen returned to the bedside and consulted Madame Caraby. The husband heard her distinctly say to her I lover, " Take your pistol and shoot him !" j ("Aune-toi et tire sur lui!") Coetlogon disappear- j ed for a moment behind the curtain, and then 1 opened the window ; but as soon as Caraby made I u step to enter, he di: charged a pistol at liim, | end wounded hint in the arm. Thereupon, | Corahy pulled one of his pistols from his j picket, and di charged it full in Coetlogon's breast, seriously wounding him. Coetlogon j stepped on the balcony, but owing to the intense j datkness, Caraby could not distinguish him. Pre- I sently, however, the latter heard another report of j a pistol, and rushed into a loom to avoid ins assailant. Louise immediately after saw the man j pass ficm t he end of the balcony to the garret. | I amby V brothers, finding that he was wounded, I attended him and sent for a doctor. The doctor, informed of wln t had passed, ami being told it wan not known what hud become of the aggressor, recommended ('araby to go to Im; mother's house, I' M he should be again attacked. Caraby, hi* hrolliers, and the doctor accordinalv descended the staircase; this was about half or three quar- | tcrs of nn hour after the scone just described. On ! arriving tit the foot of the staircase, a young man j named Borgognon, vvlio had been passing the even- i ing iti an Knglish family residing in liie house, | was seen descending the staircase. The wife of the tori iV/'ge, on teeing him, cried, " There he is - the iia>a>sin !" and Antony ("araby exclaimed, "It is lie! i recognise hiin!'' Borgognon was tiiiiiadi'strly roughly seized bv the brothers, and all Ins remonstrance* were disregarded. At length ('amity, excited to fury, at the sight of the man ho considered the accomplice of his wile, di*charged his pi- ol in his I ice, whereby his aw was snialied. Borgognon, notwithstanding lii.-. wound, was then dragged to the oilire ni the cf tnniissHiy < t police, and was subsequently conveyed to the. hospital Bragjon. It was only the next day that his innocence was proved. Whilst tlu.. rcii j. eviiig Madame Carnby had disappeared; ai d it i ubeeqiiemly turned out that she had followed Coetlogon from the balcony to the garret, end iu in ihci.ee had gone to his residence in the line tie I I nivrrsite, where Goetlogon had also retired. The physician called in by Coetlogon < lieu d her s bed in Ins house, which she accepted, cert the next day she went home to her family. Alter having set forth these facts at some length, the ii di? tmciit entered into an elaborate examination tf the explanations given by the three accused, and concluded I y staling that the charge against the Wrmnn ('araby was tlmt t-t adultery; against Cretlegoii of In ing an a en inpl.ee in the adultery, nnd of having on 2Sth I'ebruury committed am atte 111pt of homicide on the person of Cnruby; and ugi.intt (.'araby^of an attempt at lionncidc on the la rs< n ef Borgognon; oflenccaund crimes punished h) nil;rles 2, tiO-1, X>7 and 'X]S of ihe 1'enal Code. The first accused, Madame Curaby, was then questioned by ihe President, and the said: "1 was I i in i?l New Oilenna. My lather nnd mother are living. I was married in IKS), and have four childu n? the eldest six years of sge?the youngest i two. My husband and aiyst It lived at Paris from ! 1K B to 1H4, and afteiwards at ChSdons. It is too . true that there were misunderstandings between ! us. (1 lie prisoner spoke in such alow tone of voice j that the President proposed tlut she should go j nearer tliv bench; hut she said elm would endaavor j tospesk louder) The neglect of my husband was j often u cause cf quarrel b: tween us. llo wa.a often I away froB home under pretence of business at Paiia. We came to Paria in 1847. Oar disunion afterwards became atill greater. Mjr husband waa frequently absent; be did not aajr why. That CHUaed me sometimes te suspect that he had utmi fuilty tininw, but my suspicions were unfounded, do not remember that my husband reproached tua witli my couduct in society; we never in fact weat into aociety. All intimate relations between my hmbsnd arid myaelf had ceased for seven mouths pievious to February. My husband was accustomed

to come home late; 1 reproached him; that vexed him; and ut length he never came near rue when he enme home. 1 le did not refuse to take me into society, biu once in January la--t, after promising to take me to visit an English lady, he refused." 'J iik f'uksipxnt.?At what period did your relating with Coetlogon commence!?In March 1818. W here did you meet him!?At the Tuileries, w here 1 went to take my children for a walk. W here did he teaide?? I did not ascertain his ncdress lorn long time after; but he resided Hue de rUviverute, 20. You went tlieie several times!?Yes, sir; several tin.es, I have never denied ihut the porters kuew i*. It was during a long and serious sickness which I hud from November, 1818, to the end of January, that Coetlogon took the room near my balcony. Puring my sickness, I signed at my husI at d's" lequest, a renunciation of some of niv uialtrimontpl rights, in order to facilitate the sale of a home at New Oilcans I was always ignorant of the r tali' id lev lim-band's atisirs. Tiik Pkksioknt.?The house iu which you resided, and iliui in which Coetlogon was, wi-r; separated by an iion railing. At what period did you learn ihel he had sawn through the btri to get access to you 1 Towards the end of January, lie one day presented himself unexpectedly on my balcony. You wrote letters to him 1 Yes, and gave them to my domestics; hut never told them not to let my husband see them. I never took my domestic* into my confidence on the subject ot my relations with Coetlogon. J deny formally that the cook ! Trenct ever said to ma that she could walk with lu r head high, and that 1 could not. It is not true that the giil Louise found Coetlrgon in my clumber, olid that I, in consequence, forbade her to come in, without knocking at the door. Mud you not u signal to summon Coetlogon to a rendezvous ! 1 rang a bell, and M. de Coetlogon replied in the same way. On the 2tSth of February you notified to him iu that manner that he could come 1?Yes, sir. Did he pubs the night of the 27th with you 1? No, air. On the 28th your husband came to ask for the key of the bu net??Yea. It ia impossible that 1 could, as has been stated, have afterwards sent Loiiite to see if my husband were asleep, on pretence of asking for tlm newspaper, for I had the newspaper. 1 did not tell her to take care to fasten tiie doors to prevent him from coming into the room. 1 have already said that I gave a signal to M. dc Coetlogon that he might come, and that ho answered it. W'hut time was it when he came to youl Half mifct r?V?lri/'lr \ou were in bed"! Yes liy the side of your child aged two years??Yes; lie was in the little bed which 1 made for him \* bsnever M. lie Coetlogon was to come. 1 made thin bed with a pillow on two arm chairs. J>e Coetlogon got into bed to youl?Yes. Yon heaid your husband err on the balcony " ()pen, open! 1 have witnesses?" _ M. de Coetlocon ha. been twenty minutes with me when I heard?(here the accused paused for a moment, and then bursting into .'ears, exclaimed)?but I beseech you, Mr. President, to spare me this recitul. 'J he statement she had made to the examining magistrate was accordingly read. Hid you pronounce the words "Take your pistol and shoot him?" This is infamous 1 If Jvl. de Coetlogon had wished to kill my husband, he might have done bo; he had a four-barrelled pistol, and my husband fled before him. Coetlogon hud told me that he had pistols, but that they had no percussion cups. I did not see his pistol on the zSth February. It is false lhat I said, " Take your pistol and shoot him!" Coetlogon usked me what ne was to do. I said, "Ho what you will; how can 1 tell? how can I tell?" He cried, " Wait until I am dressed." When he went towards the window, he had the pistol behind Ins back, and it wss pointed towards the ground. 1 heard a detonation when his pistol wus still in that position. 1 did not remark that CotHlogon was wounded. He fired in the air. I learned afterwards that my husband had been wounded in the arm; I did not see him, it was so durk, and 1 was so troubled. My husband did not enter the room. You say that your husband fired first!?Yea, I think 1 And that Coetlogon responded by firing in the air 1?That is my opinion. What missed afterwards 7?De Coetlogon went on the bulcony. My husband cried, " Come to me, Antony; lie wanted to kill me!" i do not know that Coetlogon pursued my husband on the balcony. What I know is, that M. de Coetlogon returned to my room covered with blood. He recommended me to leave the house, but I refused to quit my children, and 1 caused him to leave by my supplications. 1 then went to look in the children's room. I suw my husband with his brothers. He was in a great passion. I re-entered my room, and placed my child in the bad. I then took the direction that M. de Coetlogon had done. I passed through his chamber, descended the staircase, called for the suter door to be opened, and once in the stnot 1 threw myself into the first cab 1 met with, Hnd drove to the Kue de I'l'niversite. I did not hear any r.ew detonation when I was descending the staircase. RI. Caraby was then interrogated?I never, (he fluid,) whilst we were residing at Chalons, was absent at Paris on more than two or three occasions, mid those were on ianiily affairs. 1 had to reproach my wife with her conduct in society. She wanted to go into society, hut we were too poor. I had no coat, and had only got one made a few days before the events. Our apartment was too dear for our means. My w ife entered at irregul ir hours to diaiu r, nut! I was dissatisfied at it. She always received me badly, and so all conjugal relations censed between us. Although I was not satisfied wun ncr conduct, it whs repugnant to ni^"to cause her to he watched, and I only knew of her relatione hy the observation* already related hy the cook, aid the Mutcment of the girl, Louise. Notwithstanding the denial of my *\ ite, it is perfectly true that the cock said to her that she (the cook) could walk with Iter head Inch, whilst my wife could not. < ii the '->th of February 1 a.-ked my wife for the key of the buffet, not having had anything to eat lor a long time, and J found that her manner was vety |x culmr.?The accused then stated the facts already mentioned in the indictment, of the communication made to him hv the, servant Louise, of his pirn hat e of the |iistol?, of his begging hts br? tin r to accompany him, Arc. lie was very ii an h agitated at this part of his statement.? lie then went on to say, that after Louise hid < i n maturated to him that Ins wife's lover was with her, lie threw liimselfon the bed, and to Ins n i pine, slumbered for a time, Louise having told 1 in that it he presented himself at once, the man would escape, He continued:?On going to the I . !( cry, and looking in at the window of my wife's mx m, l whs so agitated that T said to my brother Alitor ny, "look lor me." An'oonv looked in, and said, "y es, there is a man in the bed ofyour wife!" 1 broke the glass, und dtied, "open! open!" The mnri called to me to wait till he was dress-d. Win n lie e: me to the window, and at the moment at which I was about to ent-r the chamber he discharged a pistol at me, and 1 received a ball in my clothes. 1 then fired, but in an oblique direction, because 1 would not fire on my child, who wasurh r p. The man went away, and I entered the tot.in of my children, wheie 1 said to ivy brother, "Ah! jou are lu re! Ian: wounded in the anii!" 1 hud pursued the man on the balcony, but owing to the storm which was raging, had lost sight of him. < b> descending the staircase I h mil the ety of, "Thrie is the assassin!" nnd I fin-d in) pLti I at a man who had jii*t descended the 8t.iirci.se. 1 did not know what I was doing, iny in it'tion wi s rogre.<t; und, besides, I saw hint put lm? hund under In.) coat, nrid I feared he was alx.ut to lire on mv young hi other. I declare that I heard a second ni.-ehnrge of a pi 'tol at the moment lit which I Clip led till! room nf'?.v ..oil Irrn. The 1 Vfider.t next nuked Cost logon wlmt ho had to toy, i mi lie requeued to he allowed to make a Mali lie nt c| the aflilir. lie t'lien epokf lis follows] ? The firstlime 1 enw Madame Caruby wan at the Tiiilciiea. I n ni lliat liav I loved her. I followed hi i, i i d did the mine tliu next day and tlie day liter. Hie then remained fifteen day* without (i t ;i,": end v hen I aaw her again I lollowed her to hi r d< or. She did not return, and changed her l-rc re.i m dr. ] w? nt to In r door and followed her to the J hi (I in die I'lurites, the Luxembourg, and w het ever ft he went to avoid me. .Seeing that she could in t succeed in avoiding me, she returned to the Ttiilrriea. I wrote to h'-r several times; my lettriM were rejected and left onanawerod. "tie di.y I spoke to her in the street, hot she received ii e vi iy I Hdlv. That did not drive me to despair. Another day 1 saw her alight (roni a hired earrings nt tin rule of the Tuilrrice, and I went and hired the vi hide, pa) ing the coachman in advance and tolling him to wait for nte. I entered the Tuileriea. Madame Cnroby wished again to avoid me, and wi nt to the gate. It began to rain, and she went to the vehicle in which die had come. The coachman raw me behind her, and hesitated. 1 ntude a sign to him to act as il he had not been engaged hf me, and Madame Caruby entered the vehicle. The mi.chimin whipped ins horses, and nt that moment I jumped into the carriage, and so found myself with the woman whom I had so long puifui d wtih so much ardor I was as respectful as possible, and I conduct'd M"* ine t'n|bvt<? her houae. Things remained in that state to June, IMS. I was always following Iter stsps. Oue day I went up to her; she wu disposed to try out, but I frightened her by represent tng to her tiie scandal which would bo caused. Finding that I was always , fallow tog her, and lecling that 1 thereby compromised her more than she would be compromised j in coming to see me, she cunie to mv residence, but it wis at rare intervals. In November, 1 learned that she was ill. To be near her, 1 took a small chamber, at No. 14, opposite to her house. 1 saw by the moverneut of persons in her room thai she was ill. 1 wanted to net still nearer to her, and to make her know that l ws* near her. 1 accordingly toon a room which enabled me reach the balcony of her bouse. It was, hswever, impossible for ins to get on to it, ihere being iron bars. 1, therefore, bought a hie, and sawed through the bars. 1 could then pass whenever I pleased is her residence, but 1 rsinainrd for two months without being able to intorni her that I woe there. At length, in January, I knocked at her window; she thought it w.is same one belonging to the house, and 0|>ened the window. .She was stupihed at seem" me there. Site was about to cry out, but 1 made tier understand that to do ss would be 'dungerous to both of us. File believed,perhaps, that I^poke of ihe danger to ' which I exposed myself in goiug to her. S.te received me. On tl e ifitli February, m the evening, i was with her, when a oaiie of glas was broken, and M. (Jarahy cried, "Madame !open! I have witnesses!" 1 then said to Mad. Curacy, "Do not stir ? 1 will open the window." M. Caraby repeated his summon* two or three times. 1 wsiit to lum. ii.. -..i .1 i i -i:.i -i i nr uiu ut/i niiruicii, .inn i ma inn uispiuy my pistol in order not to alarm him. 1 opened the win- i dow, and received tint discharge of a pistol in my j breast, and a blow on my head. I did not see M. : Garaby, b? ouu?e 1 was in u room lighted up, uud | he was in ilie dark, idid not tire at him ; if 1 had ! seen him, 1 should have called to mind that I ought | not tire on linn, lie was very much ufraid, uud | ran to the room of hi* children, crying, "Couin to i ilie, Aiuoony ! lie wants to kill me!" He appear- i ed bewildered. 1 returned to the room ot Mail una j Cui?hy. My face was covered wilh blood. 1 re- I commended Madam* (Jurahy to leave the house. | iShe would not do so on account of her children. I 1 told her that she could always see them, whilst 1 j being wounded in the breast, hud not perhaps two houib to live. 1 descended to my concierge, iuid | tlnew myself on Ins bed for u few moments. 1 : hen id another report of a pistol, and feared a new j misfortune. 1 heuid a cull fur the cordon, and , thought 1 recognised the voice of Mine. Garaby. The concierge said, " It is some oue belonging to the house who is going out," und 1 heard the wheels of a earrings. 1 was attended to by a medical man, and afterwards conducted to the flue da rUniversiie, whete 1 was Died, which relieved me a good deal. 1 afterwards saw Madauic Garaby, who hud arrived there betore mc. Jn answer to questions by the President, Costlogon siud, that the four-burrulled pistol which ho took on ilie 2lkh of February, for the tirat time, belonged to M. de l'lotns, with whom he resided. The pistol he had with him on previous occasions wus unfit for use. H? d*aied thai he had been the first to tire, lie dcclurid that he had not fired at M. Garaby at all, and that his wound must have been occasioned by the rebound of the ball after stiiking the wall. lie said Madame Curaoy was mistaken in euy ing,that, whcnM. Curaby appeared at the window, lie tGorllogon) had cried, " Wait till I am dressed !" lie hud, on the contrary, only Bald that he would npeu the window, lie denied that he had fired a second shot at M. G traby. He supposed that his wound on the head was caused by a blow fiom the pistol of M. Garaby. Ho was laid up by his wound? to the Match. The ball was not yrt extracted. 'WitneMes were then called. Annette Trenet, the cock, said that M. Ouruby had struck and kicked his wife in h<*r presence, 'l'iiey did not live happily together. She had suspected her mistress, had teen her followed !>y (,'uetlogon, and lmd carried letters from her for him to the post office. In a dispute with her mistress she had told Iter that she (witness) was quite qh good as riie was. Louise iSecu, the banne, staled that she had seen a tnau in her mistress's chamber: that her mistress had confessed to her that she had ffiit dft t-?tiffs; that the (witness) had communicated to ('aruby the secret of ins wife's misconduct, and that on 28th February her mistress had directed tier to fasten the door of her husband's roi in to prevent his going to her. Witness also desribed, as alrrudy stated, what subsequently took place. Madame Caraby declared that all the girl's evidence was false. Antony Caraby gave an uccount of the events in which he participated with his brothe r. The brother-in-law of Caraby stated that 10,000fr. was oilered to M. Iiorgognon for the injury unintentionally done him. but iiad not been aocepted. Two witnesses declared that Coetlogon had always protected against the bupposition that he could have attempted to kill Caraby. M. Iiorgognon described how he was wounded on descending the staircase of Caruby's house ; but he asserted, to the astonishment ol the court, that it was not the accused Carabv, but his brother, Etienne. who had fired on him. On this, Ettenne cried :441 solemnly swear to God that that is not true !" Another brother, Eugene, declared that the pistol was really lired by the accused. Several other witnesses were examined, but their testimony added nothing to the information already given. It was remarked with pleasure that M. Borgognon's face bore few traces of the dreadful injury he had received. He announced his intention of making a liberal present to the hospital in which he had been carefully attended to. xVIedical witnesses described the wound of_ Coetlogon as very grave ; that of Caraby was not important, but a ball lodged m his clothes. The trial was then udiourned. *The trial was resumed yesterday. After the examination ol Home witnesses, whose testimony was of no importance, the public prosecutor delivered his reuuisitory, in which he insisted that th* offence of adultery was fully proved, and he dwelt on the peculiar infamy of adultery committed in the husband's bed, whilst the husband himself was in an adjacent room, and whilst mbinfant child wia deeping near. He then insisted that Coetlogon had lired at Caruby, before Caraby lired at him. As respected the latter, he left it to the court to ray whether his attempt to kill Coetlogon was not excused hy the fact of his linding him in adultery with his wife; but, with repaid to the attack on Uorgognon, made in the belief that he was Coetlogon, the learned gentleman submitted that, considering the time that had elapsed, t'araliv might to have displayed more prudence and moderation. M. Paim.kt, advocate of Mme. Caraby, entered into an examination of the facts of the case, in the course of which he read an affecting letter which she had written to her father and mother in ixsn, to implore their pardon lor marrying Caraby with Mill im.il Luiicnii. aufi inu'.lllij tier meeting Willi Coetlogon, uul dwelling on the pmererini attacks which that pt-is???n made on her virtue, and which the stoutly resisted (or som- time, 31. I'aillet arriving at the ntlkir of 2Sthr February strenuously in.-isted that Mine. Caraby had not cried to Coetlogon, when Iter husband was at the window, "Take your pistol and shoot hint!" She hid, he said, always strongly denied it, and she now authorized him to declare thht it was an infamous accusation. M. I'aillet took some pains to show that the child was, as Mine, Caraby had stated, really asleep in a bed formed hy two ann chairs, not lying by her side when she was in bed with OoetIrgcn. lie then ntade an earnest appeal to the husband to pardon his wife, the mother of his children. M. Wki.i.oc pleaded lor Coetlogon. He chiefly insisted that it was not his client who first fired on Caraby; and lie dwelt on his honorable character. M. ( HAUt d'r-u ami, for M. Carafe* in a very rUqnent speech, descrihed the affection which Caruhy had borae to his wife, and the pecuniary sacrifices Us had made for her. lie attacked Coetlogon in strong terms for the means hy which lie had succeeded in seducing hsr; dwelt on the infamy of compromising a woman hy peraecit- i tions in order to master tier virtue ; denounced his audacity tn commuting adultery in the very chamber and very bed of the outraged husband, and ' whilst the woman's children were near her. lie also noticed, with eloquent indignation, the atrocity of Coetlogon being armed in his criminal rendezvous with Madame Caraby. He insisted that Caraby could not be condemned for tlie attack oa Horgignon, as it was clearly a mistake, and a mi? r. kc, under such circumstances and when he was in a state of dreadful agitation, was excusable. With respect to the cry of, "Take your pntol and shoot him I" M. Chaix d'Est Ange said that, for bis part, he. was convinced that Caraby trust have been mistaken in supposing that his i wile had uttered it. It was not possible, ho declared, tl)Ht the could have done so, because he w as lie r husband, und her child was near her! rJhe 1'i.i.siPKNT thin summed up, nnd, nfter iii i t.? ttu 11*1111 n iji ruinnir ii, uir jury i^i/urntMi n. vi rdicl ?>f " guilty" on ihe charge of adultery, and "not puilty"?? regarded all the. other churgra. M. Ciituhy wee consequently immediately act a> liberty ; and the rourt condemned Madamo Car?by and Coetlngrn for the adultery, enrh to two yem*' in;| meat, and the latter to l,000fr. fine. Midnrr e Caruby was very pale and greatly agitated. When sentence wuh delivered she l>urat into tenia. f-'he then fixrd Iter eye? on Coellognn, but lie teninitied intpaaaible. After thanking her advocate, l.y warndv pressing hia hands, ahc was taken i.wny by the pend'arnis. Cortlogon'h friend gnuped him by tin* hund as he was led away. T.aisn Fi.idk in Mai.nk?(in Wednesday morning last, a lot of land estimated to contain aotne twenty-five ?< ri s. elmstut near a small stream, about t)v?- miles from Portland on the "Paine roml," fell In wtih a t r?itn t il' as < rash whieli was beard several milea <iff, and frlabtetn d those alio beard it terribly Tho land war pititly wood land and paitly moadow; In soma portli ns it bad sunk as tar as sixty teet below its oHplrsl suitare. It Is supposed that the stream referred to lie' t ien grs'lunlly uo'li i milling the soil In that neighborhood for soma Mini pest flnttun tlrralil, Junt 8. ^ I MeRennal was killed at Memphis. Tenn on tba ."( lb ult, by ,'suiom ioiny, who shot bliu daad with a ' pistol. ' AiKnw tm lk? CtikolU (Utw *f Iumh Th* Minister fbr Foreign I (fair* hu addr??**d ta the Catholic Stat** uf Europe a diplomatic oiroalar, "t It 1* In th* following term*:? The Roman question, which up totbl* tint* had *nl)r a political character, aaaumea now, thank* to th* assault* mad* on Rome, a religious character; w* therefore addret* tkaCatkoUn world which i* all alike iatereeled In It, with word* of frauknee* and candor. Combined Kurap* come* to impose on three million* of men a newer which tbey ha?* declared (alien for ever. Sine* this power represent* the elate of iuLereot* whieh ceueed tbe Divine Master * *ay that hi* kingdom wi? not of thi* world, all the State* which protect *uch internal*. and lire in hope* that can oul* be realiaed beyond tin* earth ought to rtx their eye* attentively ea the grand and providential drama which it being uurolli d amongst u* I'pon them weigh* all th* reepotu fibility (a terrible responsibility!) of the fact* w hiah are being accomplished; upon them the judgment* *f posterity will deecend. Revere and Implacable The (toman question. thou i* no longer, we repeat, a political question only, but i* mad* a religious que*tion. An entlr* people, reuniting the tradition* of It* roil, and drawing inspiration* from whatever i* m >*t grand in it* hi-tory. hae declared the temporal d iminion of th* I'ontiff* ineoaipatible with the glory aad (ho dignity ot that Italy which 1* tired of loitering drowsily the laughing stock of the ualiou*. and which lie* el length then to those aoucuption* that malt* the lift- of a p< ople holy u?d gencrou* If thupriooc ivhont Europe would impose on us auew wera.^kn *o many other* the vulgar heir of vulgar privilege*, the struggle might be more < r lee* ?angunmry more or lee* ferocious, hni its conrequeuce* would be restricted to the fall of a larger or smaller number ot victim* If the undertaking on which Europe wi-ihe* to enier, regarded only the indi prudence or the servitude ot a country. hucI* hd undertaking might lie more or in** execrated, but the moral interest* of the human race would not ba priHKrn out wun inn omoe wrncn Kurope gn* assumes. all t.hn fouudatiori* of ih? edifice of religion are con Till. Id taitli well* a?Hy in ? thousand hearts. scuptici m and tiotilil* insinuate themselves iu a thousand brent* which heretofore ardently clung to the monk august principle a that can cnnnhln and purity the heart of ii an The id.tile ltouiuu State ha* voted tho abrogation i f the teuipoiul power of the Houtilf; the eutiro State, by the organ of its club* (circnli). it* Assembly, its municipalities, ha* declared the existence of such a power among!t. u.* to he absurd Under the impression (and the feur too. iu many case*) ot an linmudiate invaeiiiu of Krencb. Austrian*. and Neapolitans all the municipalities (those conservative representative* of every eitj) have deelareil with uobto euiuUlion. that tlicy protest 1< udly against every entorprlso which has for its end to restore a power that has become incompatible with our Institutioui) I'll* adhesions. Mm pretests, of tin* various bodies throughout the llomait States, will hn iu a short tium printed aud disseminated overall Ktirope, then, will Kurope bo able to say that it is hut a Isction which oh-tluately persists iu opposing the di minion of the Pontiff hero ! So great ? blindnerH on this point, so great a pertinacity in the wicked (tritti) counsellors of that Prince, in wishing to reconquer an inauspicious domination, embitter the minds of men. and make them prouo t? ' desperate nut breaks. Many already ask, if a dominion which the founder of that religion said was not of thin world can he sought by Iimi who is the guardian and representative of the religieu* interests of the human race by the arms of i ioleuce. shedding streams of hlood aiuijhi aping up corpses; and by the facility which exists for confounding the doctrine with the apostle, the priesthood with the priest, many begin to doubt of a creed w hich sucrillccs their most holy aspiration* to ends altogether worldly, which docs not shrink front planting, on a miserable pedestal of chalk, those interests which ought to have for their base only clemency, moderation, and that divine precept of abnegation and resignation which makes ot the religion of Christ the II "k vn WI i ill" |F|<?i:nei u ? lull mill,HI ulllie SUHOrcr, inO consoler of hearts. Many already ask if a religion which redeemed tbo world from slavery ought to bo converted Into tin instrument to reduoe froemen to slaves; aud men's minds, soured by such an inversion of things, siiid by : tich a disorder of idi-as, imbibe inferences fatal to that eulholici.-m of which the origin i* belied, and which is no longer the worship of tho victims but that of the oppressors. I.et Knrope beware i.f puricverine; in this (lorcn contest lteligioti is being ruito d. and it is with the manlie of ri l'gion that she covers herself. This is a people of freemen, and the republic which they hare inaugurated is hely. Ood has blcseed it with a llrst victory, and it will be impossible to destroy it, but with the exj tinctieu of whole populations. Three millions of Italians have suorulo bury themselves under heapsef dead, und to burrow in the ruins of their oity. rather than desirt tho glorious principle which has raised them to the dignity of man; aud tho people ol Koine, that pi opie now singular in the annals of Italy for loftiness of purpose and tenacity of will, for Talor aud for power, guide it in the glorious struggle. Lot Kurope reflect; the strife ia 110 locgei'one of army with army,? of men with men; It is a struggle which embraces a whole moral world of id?as, of hopes, of faith, which mny have an echo in the latest generation. If she persists in the struggle, we too?we swear it?will persist; and <iod. who was always the god of the free and the brave, will once more cause his light to shine forth upon us, to set the seal to the liberation of our people. " Tho i\1 inister of Foreign Alfairt, ? Home, May 7,184V. ' CAIILO RUSCONI." Spain. THE BULL AND TiltKR FIOIIT. Madrid. May 18.?Long before the appointed hour for the commencement ol the huha de fitrut yesterday, 1 every seat and standing place at the Plixa do Toroe was occupied. The circular barrier, or cage, as tbey have termed it. constructed for this occasion nil f??k high. of wood work, and iron bar* 0 inches apart.) being placed some I'd feet witbin the uiunl barrier, tlu place beliiuil the latter iiad been opened to tUe public if standing planes tiie evening before, at 30 reals (tie.) < aeb, and ever; ticket issued waa disposed of in ua hour Twenty men. arniod Human fashion, with helmets and pikes, were placed at intervals round tha railing or cage, to assist in preventing the escape of lb# , tiger, should ho attempt it. Four o'olack was the ap pointed hour tor the performance; but, entertained by the music of several military bauds, people managed t? wait with tolerable pulU-ucit till a quarter past, at which hour tliu Hidden striking of the royal march announced the arrival n! her Majesty from Aratijues. ami she shortly after entered the ro>al box, where Uunerat Narvaei and other ministers were in attendance, with the Political Chief, aad various members of the household. The tirsit part of the performance was stated to lie intended to show a regular stag hunt to the curious Madiidencs. as the Queen had givun a deer from one of the royal parks, but the latter was an unfortunatu little animal without horns, and fi II a prey, within two minutes, to nbout a dozen dogs let in after it. and who were styled by courtesy greykouncU, one or twohuviug In fact more or less affinity with that race. Great indignation was excited by this spectacle, and cries of Jutrti. Jnno.'n (otf. oil.) resounded on all sides. After the digs had betn driven out, and the deer curried out, M. ( bark s, the animal turn r and proprietor of tin tiger, entered with his two hyenas. Railing each with a chain, and proceeded to perform certain feats, nut very novel h? re. A3 ho has performed them everyday for some time, but showing the control ho lias over those animals, struggling with them for piece* of meat i.c. M. Cliarlig's pi rformauc* received some appluuso. 'ihe next performer was a whilo bear, announced as from the ley Sea. end which was attached by a long chain to a ring that had been scoured in the centre of the area Six large Spani.-h " perrot ile prma," a cro.ns, I believe, between the dull-dog and the mastiff, were seat in after tiie l? ar. and they very soon mustered him. The very first dog got a squeeze, but it did uoi. prevent hi* returning to the attack, when th? attack* of the rest had earned tho b -ar to let go. The latter was completely exhausted At last, anil lay like a log on the ground, on winch the dogs were cutled'and forced off and bruin, having beeu soused with several tails ot water and vlnewar. was cot back lata hla r.Age with uo ostensible wound. his thick hair preventing tbo dog* dulng him very serious injury. All atlections were now tlxi'd upon the last sad ehlrf pact of the performance? the combat between the bull aodthu tiger 'i he former, a noble animal, black mid with must formidable bonis, was introduced into the area at one side, a moment or two before the tiger, which was let in on the opposito side, making n bound from his cs?r when the door was opened toward- the gate opened In the iron ratlii g (or the purpose On seeing the bull he moved slowly towards liiui. crouching down as If seeking an opportunity for a sprtug. The bull did uot sea tin tiger at lirst, but wliou lie did he made straight towards him ; but they were still a pretty good distance Apart, when the tiger suddenly turned and made oil amidst the derisive Hhoute of the spectators, anil cri-s of Jliaro. toro !*' The latter, tindiug no em my to attack, remained staring about, wtiiie tha tiger ran slowly round the area close to the railing as if looking foT a point to escape at, as no doubt ho was. * '1 lie bull was however, roused from his immobility liy RSslitants, who went round waving sobered li.-ndk*rcklefsoutside the barrb-r, nud lu this way was got near to the tiger, ivh in, seeing in motion, he agnin ran at : and tliis time the tiger, as the bull neared him. tried to spring upon liiai at close quarters, but the bull received him on one of his horns, and threw him over his head inflicting a severe wound under the lower jaw. and the tiger, on getting up, made i It . to tile further side (it the area, and stretched tilia-a elf out by the barilor, and nothing could induce I im to combat again After n short time lie got op, and having recognised his cage, he went to .11 Ilk (mil VI mn umri.T, to get nut ; DUX iiot being able to do ?o. he stretched him,-elf nut and lay ijuito still. Tlii) bull wa." drawn towards him rovcral times, but as he lay mntlniih .on thu bull >?sr?d without attacking kin. and nridc for the middle of the ari a, where he remained. Cries were now h. ard from all | atta for doge to sot at the tip r. as they are at the hull when ho refuses to come to tho scratch, atul aftor a long delay this wa? conceded It was necessary first to got the bull out, wbtch occupied half an hour, and ess effected by moans of < xi 11 with bailors and bell*. 1'he Queen had left in th? mean time, ruturning direct toAraujuos with licr suit Light or ten " perros da pitia'' soon overpower) d the tiger, who made a Tory |nr fight, and tluy did not leavo him till they had killid hi in after which every body that chose It was let Into the su a. nod many carried off pieces of tho skin, claws, teeth, &o , as lelies, so that, as tho Rspma says, between them all tha body of the tiger almost onin|.leti ly dl-appeari d. It is calculated that not less than 12.000 persons wire present, and that tho getters-lip of the spectacle will have Irom R 1 CO to KM.'iiO dollars aftor paying all rxpenes. ol which profits, however, they must pay tea err e<n< towards the dotation of tho new ' Teatro Kspanol." lutn, r,M.? The F.port of last night asserted that it II had beet, agrei d. in a council of .Ministers, that a tariff I clot 111 hill should he definitively brought forward ai t * II any p> rsons wrrit to the Congress to-day In expectation ol the Introduction of the bill but up to this tlm 1 the house has boon occupied with an aumadim-nt o." Estior ( Hinpoy to the vote of authorisation, ho desiring to strike from the estimates a sum of seven millions o is tile. Included to Indemnify the Ouarda Costa Co.nI any for losses sustained some years haok. Ssnor vlIsio was left opposing the amendment on the part or the comndttee on the authorisation bill; and lienor F.ey. preside nt of the committ.eo. had pmvlou-ly given 1 IhiihiIoiis on a personal ijuestiou Scnor Mon aal other ministers were present, hut not in uniform [ '1 bree per Cents, 25V sellers, and after the close It-lfl buyers; Live per ( tints . 10 , buyers; 3 8 sellers; Coupsns. 0 sellers, Passive llebt, buyers; 7 I tellers. Exchange in London, tu 44*. '