11 Mart 1850 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

11 Mart 1850 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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Our Cbtgrtl Curr?apoo<triife. ('hashes, Fi'b. 23,18&i. jlnirul r>/ Pa ?u it gut? 7>i? ?myue City?I m- 1 >'i froWNKot f>/?/i? I'lart?Marine A,fain?Accnm- . tnuilutumt?Dtath vf Stnor JtutiHjS?Captain N. \ < K. Tuylor?l\ir,ama Itu it mod, &r 4'' This notable place in the history ol California Ni emigration, und^r the regenerating auspices of the \ Yi Americana, is almost daily altering its dingy and gloomy appearance. The miserable bamboo huta M are decreasing in number, while good frame houses, ni brought from the United States, are taking their 01 places, and the old habits of intolerance and bU tl gotry rajiidly giving way to the influence of the a libtral demcci&tc principles introduced among t. the inhabitants by the constant and increasing g communication with the jeonle of the United I ^ States. I * A point ot land on the opposite thora, at the * mouth of the Chagres rivt r, embracing many acres, , is mow a thriving little American town, where the f greater portion of trade is carried on, and which j! Will rrrlniitlv hernlne. 111 h vf*rvfchn>r time, the principal mart on the Atlantic coast uf , Ist w Gmiiudu. Already there ate thirteen or fourteen hotels, ai;d j at many more public houaes, retail stores end v (Mellin^f, where every (saleable commodity c.hi v he obtained cheap, and democracy dealt ou-. by th" j enterprising Americans, tr-uis. Tlie inipiovemi-nTa * going forward, ou thia little point, in a social as * well aa political point of view, to bay nothing of , the abuudauce of u%uudente, and other good thia.:*, i ^ < onttantly en hano, I or 111 an itr<-n?cible magnet to ' (, the wandering nativtwho daily Uiro:>g in crowd* 1 ^ with ojen ni< u>hs- mid duteiided optica, closely ^ observing the biii-y movements of the Yankee. , The Empire City reached here on the evening of i( tli> 21it, ulter a boiourcm p't?*ge ofnlue days, J, ai.u vi, ill .il egain < a th-- -o-h. with ihe greater ; iwtt vt iht |... M-iisiei.- m.d *.oid oust hioughi down j by ili<' C.i ilonr.'i. The Philadelphia and the ?. G? ?rgia, fi< ni New York, are at Limon bay. Tin in- ? a brought by the California, you will , )n ? ive iliiou; h the umal cour.-e. _ j" 'J he brig t 'teeoUi, tioin N -vv York, with mate- ? liti It tor the i'anuma rnilr> id, i.- at Limon b.ty. The pi swricei* by Mr^rs How land ?.V A?pin- ^ v dir> i t< i-n ?r i'hiJjdel, hi.i, have all left tor Puna* j n.a. 1hit? by Georgiaare ycl on board. i 'J hf M.- .iiHi i is ai;ain ut her post iu the har- t bor, ha* i f . I It .rn, t.ii!'d t.i cariy out liie views of ? Opt. \ . lideibut and Mr. Morgan, on the river h SunJian r^he bus been chartered by these yen- ^ ilennn, .nd will be ^j-id as heretofore, waiting |( 111Kiit th#* wI? iiPif ru 1 he mo.-t imp< rtunt event which hus occurred b r<>r in i.y >ears to the natives of this place, is the ^ tii Hili i-f Liiior Juliun Ramos, u Spttmard by I Li'tli, wl o, for a loiiy period, through ihe influence of h ii>ni'i.se wealth, held absolute sway over the stu ifs of every inhabitant of Chsgres. lie j whs km w ii to every American as the King or Regent ot the li?n, und the greatest obstacle to American influence or improvement, while lo the di'eile r.ume, a perfect dttm-god. lie is succeeded iu Luhim !-s by his son, educated in New York. Our Consul, Mr. (Wesson, is recovering from his , ind'iri?>snion Among the ecquisitious we have hi d to ihe number ot pt rm iiient residents here, is Cspuin M. K T.i) lor, son of General Taylor, re- ' cently <iur Consul at Santa Martha. Young Tay- ' lor hHS established himself permanently in the tor- ; WMidug and importing business?a dashing, persevering young !i Ilow, who distinguished himself 111 the W.ir Willi Mriica. und hn? alr?u<li> tiiit<d h m*< If into the good gracra of tht: natives. t We have aho Captain Ackerman, of New Vork, r loiig u merchant tlure, of pome atandiug; he is f er? ctirif: a i-pai ioua ttorehotiae for tlie rcceptiou r of merchandise for the Pacific roast. Jt Ti e pattengers by the IJatk Whiting, eyenty in j nvnibt r. from San Kraaciaco, are here, waiting for v (MMfttltliN to the riiat' ti. i | , The workmen upon the Panama Railroad have jj mad*- a commencement at Gorgoua, and, I am in- ^ formed, in good earnest The company has again ? ci n rwici (I nergeticallv tin mncb desired work, || which it i? exp*ct? d will be so far completed, as v to r? nder communication witn the Pacific compt- B rativ< ly easy?a connection will be made between t| the toad, terminating, for the present, at (Vorgona, , and a new Mtumer now nearly ready for operation, j P'The mnila by the California have been })"tng i lie>e, in nu exp< ?< d condition, ?inre the lOih inst., j and the Georgia'* mail left for Panama, thitty-six j h< uro atr?r her arrival, ?ud would_probab|y reach u iti* I'autic Mdr live days alter. The mail agent, . who i* hu otiicer of the Grenadian government, authorised, iiciotdintr to contact, to supply th?* Anirrieau oHiier* wiih heals lor the maiL-i, failed hi rI.iy. h wt II ?s iu many other inntaacea, to supily the I'nited tes ayent, who was forced, on riii-1 ?u i?n?nmbil.ly, t" obtain the facilities from Captain M K Tijlor. Mr. Collamcr is certainly ( t n ull in nll< wii ! the New Urajiudun contract?rs to tiilJe with toe interests of the people ot the 1 i.ittd Mf tes, in the manner they have done, hi ? ? th? i.tcytion ol the treaty. There are Atnei .< -1 - I < ie, w lli eveiy tnnini at hand, and willing to im'? jvr th? ir nails. and forward them with de>, hi cuiii it now costs. ( r s??? is Ht present very healthy, but insufler ably ? at in Oar UsatiwiU CAr respondent a. (If atkm.m.a, Dec. 20, 1S49. 7+t P'Jk v t f England mrtznrd to Central A tit' run?7l.r Dr]4nrabk Stutr <>f Ajlnxrt in 6'iw> i mala? Kevuhtttims? Frtnch Jntrrfermre. Whatever may be the ultimate intention of the Rri'ith government in regard It* Central America, I he j ol cy pursued by its representative, Mr. Ciutfit Id, hai- b< en most d .-astroua to the general welfare, as it bus al>o ever been to the commerce of Kngland with the ( < mral American .States. The tit. tiring mtftf* rem e, by intrudes, claims, and bloiksuf > it)on the St.it>?, h'js kept on?* purl ol th con mm ny con-1 ,n?l) at w ir ?nil t;ie oilier, unul tb?- Mules ot Homlurar, !Sin Salvador and Nicaragua ate almost r.dtitiil to a state ol batharism; and In in "he rscen' sp?cimrns we hive had of Mr. ( haihrld'e foii'iiK t in <'o?ta Hum and ' . .lai'mala. ! ii lacriain ib it they will ehortly l>? reduced to tiie j| miii' cttitioii,uulrci the I'nited Stale* e < I AawtM'l IBoiiM ninety interference. j* and < h*? k the u ,'iit?<n? policy lo which t '< mrai |i an:i lien h?* bti ii m long .1 prey. Tfte great inter>*i, wliih iiiimt* iieelf unite and rnore every |( ?l?), 1 lie I'biitC S ale# have in the weltate of thi< | Country, is tor 01 v 1'i.pr ??f eaving as from tailing (?< merely undtr the lion'afMW 01 hnglnnd. j. Th* pitti tided alii, ser between Kti*t11 n<) and the u, Mingi > (ihr Mwqwhw) 11 but a farce. IJunUnd c< h. d 1.0 tin n riylit 10 nn.ke tieaiit * with them* aa- t| *age? ihan the h. a to enter the I'nited Ntatea In u iimkr ireati< t- Willi the Indima. Huddle John and 01 aM h ? nnuioiia out ut the Mur juitu cminirv. Mr n, catmi i simttf I w ith you. To do ao, would be to i^UKtif I w ith hia l?r? aa and butter. t ll, I gland, thtt'Ukh Ma irprt tentative, ha* e?er en- a denting in iiiaiikre ihe iBtetMi affair* ot Central pi, Aniinca, lor which a great namher of claima are kepi c< Mitintly < n hai.d, tohe u?- d w hen diaobedi(lire 11 Ri imlniril ia krr will. The occutwtinn of ,, i I if. the Mo?<|?iio country, atid, lastly, the Yala ni del Trie. n<i. tltr t Willi Hi. irter craainN trtoria to < ke? p the mn.if) in civil war, ia more than auffi- '1 unit evidi u e to ? v?tj n tfectiog mind, that the m ult'ttate intention u til' nr. u,r<ii?n ol the whole ?, entrain t f Central America The overthrow of w the i?dciwl t?.\<tnni' Ui, Willi << uetal .Morazan at ft, ite h* ad. w-1- chum d t>> the Mine intriguing power. k< %a |ii< Ii in.i v K*> tat.* hf> ^ in ?*> r* t?*?i ?? t - ' - I" - ... v.nui ni All ?lien, without If nf M mntrrdirtion. ^ in n> lift. I jnuin outline ol on at lack j,, by the iutvra'ala on thia cit), in whtch *?? kitl-d th I i ? ? ii*-r. 1 u i.Ii:? -f, t>i./ni.ii . nut* ? mch, Ihry on , nt at k?tl C htquiniula, f*?tit* Kova, and N*Um.i, but h?*r ttirt wilh a H vrrr ? llii? im fitriit nt each ol tlr tl.ff r I lucre, having loat ninny in klllrd and woundfd l.ron l>? > ninndn, who C'tniinUrd ao many airo< ioua cnn>?a ui thr Antigua, *hot by I or< r of tin/ii nrr ai d A I'erex, a i-hort time preeicut to the M'tai k i n ihta city Thr lath r Inu aince !' d to n Ivador, to ? .? apr a similar tale. The P1' only renaming chirl in thr firId, *'ith anything i lik* rai>?hilitii a to carry on thr rrvolation, i? Ko- au t rio !:*? ? Hi* ? ham fa atr, howrvrr. al n dia- C(l ? | I . I; I n i- ' r-nv having taken aertout | alutiu ?i tli? r r-imt had lortnnr, and drat rted the Ut n. ii n! 'Ihr (MraMMI haa h??n very active " in ? uti i y i |t 11,i fu| , In ?,whu h hnvr m-^rly all t?rrn * ' ik' - it- of t**n Salvador t'uilrr , B" all i < hi un. tMi,c? a. 1 think the rrvolution will . i'ii' I- i I i-. lo wr vrr.atiil ntrrmely ( to ttrtai. N? h> r (ho trcM d* lir forwarded e(, tii in ihr ?? int-rrt without Hu ?>i'ort of armrd Ay ' 1 * ni i 'n> ral Carrrra, ntnr ?>f i i''! | i 'I i ' ' I \r itl- r> d imi'tifomnent tH m ' I i '*, H t I- \ i !/ aii.?-d thr inr ir,:> uta ae? ! 1 ?i 'I'M. ii ii 1'i.jr i)ir iiiiniht r two ''11 ??-!' ? i I <1 w II, |i,,vr tii,* r or ? n ?*' *il?d, ai.ti oihtra liberated, afur |>?>t(?if forrrd lim . hy far t> r ?rt ate r number of onr wralihy m-r- r chant* ate nihjrcta of iMd tS?in. ?h? havr ?uf. 1,1 it ii d, ftopi tin ? to nm-. arrat iti imtier irom the 1 V* ti >? inn ?i;t, nn h a? forn a Iohp?, A c , ,Vc. About a )? al ako, in th' nnd*t ?t a dillu iilit f thia kii'd, j|ir) |?tit i i.'d, in n aM, ihr Firnrh (Vn<nl, Mr J1'" I h, lUye, aoliciUBK hi* |>f otei I ion in an official ral*ni} , aliifk w?a gr*nted. Many hitler comma* 11 iucmh na janeed t>? rween him and the sovernrnent, , which reaultrd in hi? retirement from thr rottntry, but l r la- atntr h??n re^aced Mi a Umul Otao rhl irn I hnrgr d'Afli-.ira, Mr Foiircarde, who ta ( | notwi' n-iruc m * tn Ihr auh|?ct. Four or l(l f wf i k> i ii(therf?r< >d loan, a'the Miiitof lh> hay<m?t h- aaiial, hr< u*ht out Mr F in defrnce of ihe H^an ard*. wt.? n an unvrratanding w aa comr t . t' . t; it il > are pot m agata llio- , leatid dining the jading negotiaiivM. Our Valparaiso Correspondent*. 1 Valparaiso, January 30, 1*50. ry I Ate frcm Vulparaiio? Hints to CaHfumian > Aduixtuim?Hit Rcuunti of South Amtria, ic ire. ( When 1 eml aiked at NVw York, on the 13th of a dv< mber, I promised jou a serim of letters from i k)|>aran?o. to, lieie yo?8 thf f;rBt. A# you are c vare, 1 came out to Cha^res, in the beautiful earner Cretceni City, commanded by the veteran i\i{jcitor hr ti polite Captain Stoddard. We u?d n board ol3 pattrngera, mobt ol them bound lor i< 'El Dontdo"of the world, whote enjoyni'nt i d etiufoil in med t(i be the tole care of the cap? nn and his t'entbniMily officers generally. 1 take real jtleut-ure in speaking thu? of Caj>iuin Studaid ui?d bio i U';r?-!f, as it is but un act of bhter jbtice. To tl.ote <t my countrymen bound for ;alitorma, via the Ifihinuii, 1 would commend ihu tehiiir r, (not, however, ti> the dihiiarjyement ol iirti*.)h? our wormy mine oi tneir commence ncj ci mtort In rny judgment, a finer bhip never uaved liie fea 1 i*T fower and sea-worthiness it ic v.ell tt-fctt(J ? ll Cut.e Hatteras, on th? touith i.d filth dh> out, in a gale, through which sh?rude it culltuit style. Alter bic| | itjg at Port Royal, (in the Island of utiikicu,) a lew hoars, for mail j>urj>osed, we u lghed author ann cut acrobs the Carribean Sea, nth rrfilioad velocity, reaching (Jhaiites at 10 P. ]., < n the itth day In ni New York. 1 uu bee 1 am ivii.c \?u k curbory account of my journey. 1 do o fur the beiii fit ot those who have never takeu his travel, since )>ereoowl observation demontrates to me that many American* leave their oui try vviih very erroneous Views of getting to 'hlilon.ia. 1 wish to rei.der a service, by tending them a little gratuitous advic.*, eapeially nbout crobsing tiiiH much talked ot , nd niuch travelled Ibthmus. " Exjuritntta i .'</"ld a maxim as lull ot truth as it lb of eatf. Ai tl.tr mouth of ihe river (Jhaurra, the , ItU ntwect that strikes tiic sight la the old furt of , i ti Lorenzo, now iu h state of hopeless diluiiida- , >< ii, < tt cird by (lit- early fpamaids. Some of ttie j i i.s (f^lendid tpecirneii* <>l Cistihan skill!) have i !"d ii< v*u ir< m their lofty |>orition, and now lit* ( ?fluted, i.t the base ot ihe huge rock ou which ti* > ?i ic <'ii|:inully plant) d, in the palmier days of \ I <.i l-1 i couqueet Instead of exhibiting tile gilt- , rr ui d Uibirh. us m days of j ore, 10 deter the l.'iuder I it'll) It'll bold anil abrupt shore, they now . i i Mitute ilie tbifl resting places ol ihe weary , teiowl. C? u!d the walls ot that forllficatiou j ? k, il.i ) v i ,, >1 untold a tale rich with interest ; is- 1 circlrd nioitud it, 1 ujw a mulf or two brows- t ig mimedn. riy under its wo.-s-coverrd bastion*, , lice liit* footpath i'l ihe warlike Spaniard. I rei iud to lea in its history before 1 l>;t Chagres, | ut eucli ia the Btrutian ttut>idity of that people , but none could give me any account of that time- , torn pi It'. It tdkm its name trom the patron , lilt ol New CJianaila, tjdiut Lawrence. Ol , tacbing the mouth of the river, every Hung struck tie with the impression ot novelty. It was covered , k ith a variety ot wild fowl, of rare and beautiful . luuiaee, trom the broad wiuged pelican to the J my piiWlllet. such as are wholly unknown ill northern latiludes. lieing seldom molested by ( hat passive ptople, lliey are quite tame. We | diiiid the river high, and the current stroug. In the j !ry tthton (i ?. the months of January, February, , dar<h,ar.d the tirtt puit of April,) the water is , isually low, and it ia then a pleasure to ascend the ' lver. At all other seasoiis, you are expoaed lo , riti'.ular showers, and the consequences of wet , ii tin 11 -Ivilli: but four davs. to cross in tunc 0 take tht- British steamer at Panama, down the , roust, (which mils regularly on the ;?7th of every , r.oLth, at o P. M.) 1 at once bubied myself in se- , iini-g a canoe, to yo to Cruces. JSy the aid ot an >!<i Jammed iitgro. who ktep* a fort ot a hotel, , mi w ho it quite a p? rsonage there, 1 got one irn- , nedialely, manned w ith three men, for $10. This mi- xhout 7 A M. I was (old 1 should be oil' in mo hours and was credulous enough so to be- ( 1 ve. In decline ot entuaty und related (>erbua- , iti b. in the bhape oi additional dunes. 1 could not love Uiem b< lore 11 o'clock. By the advice ot tie American Consul there, 1 paid tbeui in ad- ( ance. li is bad |*>licy. l'ny thrni halt at starting, r nd hall ut arming. 1 learned, to my chagriu, > liat neiiher money nor any other dowe*r oa tins mth can make thofe people move until they get ] nicy. The word *'huuy" is >u uukuown word x 0 them. '1 hey will bamboozle you, by framing , it text after prstext, and go, in bnuil-hke strides, rem hut to hut, in search ol proviMous (they say,) uii 1 (he ?piril moves them, lie the necessity of ( our early departure ever so imperative, you have ? [> uwaii, with folded arms and clinched teeth, ? tieir will and jleaeure. At 11 o'clock, we net ( ut, in a long-built, thutched covered cuuoe, with , 1 uicely room to sit erect in. They cover the middle I the canoe with palm leat, to protect the travel- . r trom rain and the ironical sun. l or several ii let- we got on tw immiirply, but were swon over- | ikeri by tome tellow j aueengers, who had the na- . acity to get i mailer cantHs. Ttiey passed us , like a thiut! ot lile,"reaching Cruces nearly uduy tloie ine. When about eleven miles U|> trie river, ie stored at a Kiualid little " kraal" (a collection i t shanties), callt d Kitioon, to cive our boatmen a \ renthini: r|x-tl. They detaiu* d us an hour or two. , Uter pi> in ' ; rei'y tr? ely with rum and pro- J Met ?, we i pain dispell our oar, and travelled un- | iliwth^mmvi kuM up, and alapl till dawn. | Vt thi.-latk-u-duiry trait, utier being oui i"M? hours | rum Chagree, we tin.illy reached Ioug-looked tor | truces, i liis is a remarkable place?i tor raw- , toned mules and halt clad women. At eight the ; ext morning w e mounted mules tor Panama, at , t,e4aie < t nxieen dollars a head, reaching the lat- , rr city at 7 P. M. To describe to you the rough- , I'kfi u.it ri.cuiiiniii road, la beyoud the |iower of > ;v |ru li is twenty-one milts long, and, I pre- , ; inr, ihf rought?t in I 'hristendom. Ladies cross , i in iiidlr atuie, riding like the lords ot creation, uii air < bnged lu H? ad tour way through deviHr ien n>es mihI nurroM <|innns i t ro. k, fi .irrrly , (idr enough tor oik- to pits* through, caused, ] oiibllim>, I y earthquakes, and frequently rncoun- t i-r trains ot muli a a i|uttrii'r ot h milr long, laden | iiilitibis ol sil\er itnd boxes of gold dun. Vou , btn uie compelled to retrace your ?teps some- t in es tor mil<s, which rrt.adf, ot court'*, your ar- , ivul at the |?iiit ot di tiinuiii ii. As you approach j 'atiama, the road improves, Here let me advise , tie Uuvt II* r to uke mules, by all meaus, ia prefer- , tice 10 lu<ise?, which, however, ore scarcc. The , Vil er me ?ut?-looted, uud rarely fall; the latter , e>p,ciitl) . % i n the following day, I took the New Granada ( r \ alparaieo, vt here we arrived on the ijiii ot ( lec? n. ber, Col 1'otier, the United States l'on?ul, , ni'g ?ne ol the (Ntssengera. I tnid ttiat 1 aut rowii.v prosy, 10 1 will close this letter with a j| >< lul hint or iw*. Mv next shall be ot a more (l n tvi'M Irtl ( lulscier. I Wii-h lo i.(* ii the i )es ot ? e 4V nh Amencan to the wealth of f^ouih Aine- M ca, and the tu Ids ot tortuue itiat ate uukunwu to v ir jieople in ih? te d'-taut couutrus. 1 will coin- (l imitate ?iik you monthly. > ,, 'i he ni?n v ho aaila tor California, if he wish, m ? e tiri' place, to consult ecouomy, should convert f hnndied or iwo ot his money into dunes. Light ,, sstora dollar (mm Lhugres to i'nuama. In tne ,, tend place,,lie should n -t neglect to get suitable ,| mi elastic gauii'iiis, tor the lains, and the wear ,, id tear ot Handing In the third place, by all ^ e? ns, it you ? ish io get ou rapidly, select a small n n?*. ai.d man it well, with at Iratt tour oarsmen. j? i ui h no triiii, with which that country so b<>uu- ,( ully in rns. li i? an ? xj* rim? ni ol danger, l'ro? ? de y? uit-elt wilh a bottle or two ot braudy, to mix ith the water which you are obliged to dnuk n urn U?e river. When ai ulterated wuh brandy, it j, r|? otl tlie "Chagtea lever." In conclusion, le , nc** ite the tiavellsr to pursue the jiolicy ol tor t'( nrslice and concil ation towards tho?e semi-civil- () >d beings. A wclMimed song will get you up ,, e ri?er sooner than an angry scowl or a s< uMiug lb. I Car a*.!.!* * lata an lotr??p*nd#hf?, Mo*ftii?io, Dac. 27 tb 1149. ^ /nlrrft(my Itrmt. (|{ I ran ?? ?" y u that imltir< taking plara at tha it, a>p it Otlbaa atmy. ablcb Lu ba?u binding tlila b] lea for il|bt jrara. A fnrdact* cauad Ap111. hu raroltad klliod a '' a.bqp cf ami takra a pail) with him 10 Al*r. j*. J?a. a?ii taa pi m?miod < Mb* trwu ,, k?|yi? n;> tbat t*o tb?>uaand ?nan fr <m hlo . ?lu?, h??r Jotam him It.* Otliktal In tba banlagtng camp, bar* >?n Md?a agalait Hoaaa' trot.pa an t ara lining '' ity. t/i 1i fry la, ' I'aatb to tha Arf.ntli. ? Ituanna <i r-am hi t? n.a taailllaa bar* laft Iba ramp, and maa lot. tbla , i y for prttactna, aud ?iLara ha*a giaa t" lt?ici r?a _ ifcara I* fr?at aifltan ant b?t? and It I* Miaol . it aar ?in takr | ara with Htarti; ala* If traaaa ta r inaTrwaid t' a flat v.at??iom> ?lth an atiu-4 " ra that ( lib* aillanawlt tea at'y. aud tha la-iatl Id b* d< > I tul aa iba tr?<>pa la Ukt ait) ua kit I. I tba bunbar of tha latadara ca KLiltK UoifdioUkLVouiA ?The *hi|> Cali- ?, i.ta i'mbat got unc*r m*y tu thf tin. tit, rar y ,, tarda) rutting, at.tl Wtiil U? aa>* vrnlt a atunrl ? W wio A )i u?|( aiidlit?Dda? rnr laoy ? b* u't 4'in| i<> ma ilt, m t rrlialmia u>t rough iifcit til thr tup, id u baidcitai il bui a lore- |r?i ta ?4 * nat -hi viould have to < ntlurr on belong 1 t< )?^p, raaoiulrl) mala-led itj ??? ?> tr> t a?bi'ta with tbr |?|M, t?fc? la vain aKtiiiftrd JJt iiiaaur.ua bar, ttUwg her it waa a? nimtaitabir tin ttlit* kattlkt tlii|i in hia liflJe canoe, ,i mid-bay. itnt nothing ?cukl allrf l?rr re?oiillM?b, ( d '' * i1 1 b i.<> ( < i.- r fit into m c mat Ili4? 1 ( i r uBif d?et ibt' Irgii ibtp'i a il?-, d town 1 r"|riat.| wnha nt jjliw a, antl w*a mnaeyad j | n xy i ) li.i ta.i m |ii thr |>||| l l>.' ib hi ua h i?t imiutltg UNeiiy ? ? tn A* '|J,i , mt -?^i?wa?ct ???mam 'be DttUloti In tit* Great Gaines CM* ( N*w Orleama. [Fro? ibiN 0 Delta. Fab. 27.1 iyba clakk oalr*tb, complaina.nt, vn chiw amd KfciK, and otheks? in iqriTY. When 1 consider the decision ot the Supreme ^ouii of ihe United Statea, in the caw ol (jauiea nd "Wile vs. Patterson, (6 Howard) I feel the itmcst diffidence iu assuming, as 1 feel it my luty to do, the responsibility of examining <U i( vi) the merits of this controversy. 1 disclaim it>y whnt of respect for that decision, or lor he hi^h tribunal from which it emanated Hut t teel nust solemnly convinced, that the merits iii ihe jt? sent esse have not been fully and fairly it-til< d by thai deciMon. Apart from me new nets and circumstances develoi>ed iu the projiess ot the trial, which present the rights of lie panie* in u dillt rent light, the testimony of I'aiteifcon himself, who haa been exumiued aa a * imeaa, dirclosts enough to lead my mind irresisibly to ihe conclusion, that there was iio serious [ontist beloie ttie court li was a proceeding in which iti? perfectly apparent, that, whatev r might l>e ihe result, the defendant was to sutler no lots. 11 ib own statement shows ihat he is now iu i t>M>siui) ot the veiy property which waa the puli^ct of controversy In consideratiou of his ? illingritss to aid the coninlaiiiHiiis in obtaining a t'lftil*" "i nit ivuii ri mill; 11111 '\j i iuiii |m ihv i|'i' o it law iii their fn\or, be has beeu rewarded hy a ioMiiiouot tht* whole property Even (he routs inn eapt iue* incurred in the litigation have been . uui b> the vit loiious party. 'I lie couDbt 1 who argued the cause and the m una which decided it, weie ignorant of the private, Mi.liable understanding thai ex luted between :he parties; but this tact dot u not, in my opinion, relit ve ?lit- cube tioin h taint lit collueiou, whicti lenders the judgment itself of no limiting force as i* uojvduuia li ib impossible not 10 discern at a iltii ir the advantages so willingly suir- ndeied by ;hedtti lid ant b> bis it fus..l 10 joiu wuhUie oilier :lefn,danis in the re.-olute resiuunce they tiave uniformly nmde to the claim abetted by ttie comilmiuiit. And it is apparent from his own ttstimoiiy that 1,1 tiling tboit <>t u sa'ibtactory assurance that he Would become tile ga.uer itid ad ot he lour, by the | art he has a(>d, would ever nave <i| eratt d hu hu inducement to place himself u u lalte position lit lore ttie high tribunal whose ; Vi able retiet he bui nominally invoked. The complainant in ih.s c-it-e sues as the only l? t'i' mate i bud ol tie late 1 font* I CUrK, who died Hi line lily on ihe 13lh ol Allkllbt, l>rt the al< i iii In i 1-i ! that the r-aiit l'aii t1 c Urk executed i will iri If-in, in which he devised iind Oeijueatht d ill h's estate, ital and personal, to tier, me cornjlmoiilil, biiti "d;d ai.-o therein and tliereuy deLlaie her to be his legitimate daughter, and did ir.iike at d ordi r therein other disposition* and be^ut btsthat the will ol 1M3 operated a fall and I 1 i iri?i n vrr.MMin t?i mr i?wiiiri win nur^ru Hi li?ve bten made by th?- said I "aniel Clark iu 1411 ; hoi the taiu will ot 1811 ought to be bet aside, and [lie . Hid will of 1813 t titiblihh* il uud confirm'd ; ji'd the real and personal esiate it mid Clark de.lititd to be descended to her, the complainant. " in," continue* the bill, '-your oratnx, by the tdvice ol her counsel, hereby declares that, tor the i urposes of this 6uit, she will not insist upon ihe said will of the said Daniel Clark, made n 1813, except for the purpose ol availing hermit if the device therein contained in her lavor, but or the purpose ot availing her?elf as far as in Uvr it is competent to do, as a declaration ot her father, the said Daniel Clark, ot ihe legitimacy ol our oratnx, and lor establishing her pretensions, in this bill set forth, as the totced heiress of the aiii Daniel Claik, and an such forced heiress, her rights to ihe legitime ot tour-tilths of the estate of raid I'aniel Clark which he held at his death." In ? pieteoing part of the bill it is alleged that ihe Mill of 1M3 alluded to, was " trauuulently concealed, suppressed or destroyed" by the defendant. liichaid liell, .and the revoked will of 1811 proJutfrd and |>rocuud to be admitted to probate, n? he l<st will of the paid Daniel Clark. The will of 1811 is id the following words:? "lu the name ot Cod, Amen' I, Daniel Clark, .1 iNew Orleans, do make this my last will and t Mo Hit lit:? lht. 1 order that all my just debt* be paid. 2d 1 leave and bequeath unto my mother, Mary 'l*ik, now ot Germautown, in the State of Peun>i\MiiiH, all the estate, whether real or {lersonal, Ouch 1 n.by die poesesstd ot. 3d. 1 hen by nominate and appoint my friend*, !iihard Keif and licverly Chew, my e*ecutora, tuh power to aettle everything relating to inv full. New (>tleant, 2vih May, 1811, Signed, J'Miiif 1 ( lark " This will wan duly admitted to probate, and letera testamentary granted to the executor* therein amed By virtue ot these letter* testamentary, and lsc> t>y virtue of a full power of nttorney from Mary ,'latk, the sole heiress and legatee mentioned la he will.it is coutenued, on behalf ot the delenants, t hat the property in controversy was sold and urehased. Without noticing minutely the varioua allegaiou* in the bill, and denials in the answer, 1 shall rtiteed to examine aome ot the most im.ioruut ssues which have been distinctly presented by the leading', and argued ? ith great ability at the bar. The tiist ai.d tuoat important of theae issue*, inrolvea the legitimacy ot the complainant. It haa been raised bv the positive denial in the answers M the defendants, and it is incumbent upon the mi laiuant to prove it She allege* that her iath< r, Daniel Clark, wi>? married to Zulime nee Larnlte, in the city ol Philadelphia, in the year ulld that plie IS llie leilltlliii.lr ?n?t lh? i ^Itlllinte lllsprilig ot that ninrirage. The deteuiiitits diuy itmt 1 mnii'I i Uik was married to said /.ulinn- ui ill*- lime and place alleged, or at an. ulitr itine or place. and they aver, that at ihe tun imO mainline is nlle^id lo have taken place, the aid Zulime was tlie wile of one Jerome Lvi. iangr. l'bey ul.'o deny that the complainant was the chtU .1 1'mil' I ClaiE, and aver that it she be, she is an idulteious bastard, and incapable ot inht riting the iri Mtt) ol her lather. 1 he first question to be detrrmined is, does ths videiiie on this record establi*n ihe marriage of Miuel Claik and Zulime Carrier* 1 It hua been nv own desire to be relieved from the res|.onsU uliiy ol deciding tin* question, by directing un tsue out of chancery, to be d< leritiintd by the verlict ot a jury. 1 have regarded tills question as >i.e peculiarly proper t* be determined by a jury, t is *, |?n nt to any one, who will look at Uie rein d, that the evidence ot the witnesses is of the ii< m lomrtidicionr character, anil 1 have thought lint in a ca??* where a conflict ol evidence i?remtrd aiv barrier to the attainm* nt ot truth, it las peculiarly the province ol a ury to aid tne i umenie ot the court, by passing u^iou the crediilii) <i the w :tnei???? who buve bieu examined u the cauie. "\\ hen tacts are to he decided," says Greley, n Ills Tieatue on th?- l^w <1 Lvidence in Courts 1 hiiiiiiy, (p 622.) "which. Iroin th? ir n?une, denaiiu publicii) lor their trial, as a question whether l?ity I* the htir at law ol au wt> stale estate, or > In re *i me person lutert stt d has a priialiar right i> the tulleM inves'lgatloa, (as an heir wiio is cestiinmg a bill; or when thr Jucge rea'ly feels oittcuiiy too jjieat to be removed l?y tile mere ulwtitulii'O of the m..fUr's opinion lor his own; r where he thinks it belter that ihe responsibility I d> c.i ipg should be throw n troni linns* It upon >al tVnMtteul tiibnnut, a jury)-in these, and titer caaea, ihe C?utt ot Equity calia iu aid the < n inni Law tribunal, to dtclaie its opinion oa a alter of lact. Bom mars have, ot late years, mii gianted almost ot course, as an issue tn try >e validity ol a modus, or au u?ur ot rfiruuril eat liW." Inarmuih as it will not be in my power to avail >)?? It ot ihe assistance ol a jury in the present casa, >r the want ol a concairencc ot a lull couit ,n ihe rcnuty i l ? -ii?! (( hu) ihmii' of Iti'l <>ui <>t cliani r), I fliall procrrd l?> ihr Jkumuation of ihr rvi* mee ? M the n ctild, with that caudor winch the u|(iil?ac? id Um ?? ? ?? ini(>r rativi ly diin<idi. oil 1 ?(mil go m>, fully d with tin < i?rri-cliif <>l ihr ii m?tli ul Mr i>lr>lry, in hu Trratiar i?t Citrd. (p IW.) that iiic cri-dn which ihr ubM w ill yitr to thr trktinicBy ill an individual ni.rtf, or in thr wltoli- inara coCulilfcrd, vain a po iliib, that llir ad v liability ol tlaininiby lh- in and ir toxica ol til* ir examination, fnu*t l>r dictated I tbr faclr, rij* inner, mil common *rnar " It.r di?r.o?uiilrgr," hr continue*, "under winch ir ci urt imivI Hiwa)? Inlior, with rr?|irct to tiirrti, ot,\uu?; it i* <|iiaiutly ci|>rraaid in thr Treati*r thr Court ol Mar t.h*niber, tnu?: 'Muw, coniiniiy ihr >>* rioo* ol Wiinetai-r ex?minrd lu court, mi |ii at iiiifutatii u to our hnglirh Couitr, that llimilin j.tivawly produced, and how b irr or ii ( i# ii* vi i ihi y be, tlihiiuth ih> > hr t<ttr? itutbmt, yrt th?y tuakr n* good a round, tKing rrad n t l )N|m r, hi- ibr tirri: yea, though a lewd and Kf aiiy ii thkr mj '-ii d m the nainr ami irrMiM ' >.ii hi ii?st tuan, and br onvatrly examine J, thm *y?u?iiy hr ovrT^aarra, not maily found oat; t;i ii at, in Kit ImuiiIchI ( ourt , thr wtturaiuiiiiat iworn id eovrt, in |>rr?rnce ol tn> jruciorol tlir In r ndr *1 i? art ' " 'liner nnnikaofa Irarnrd and mgrnintia ani<t, < I'l *|1> *1' 'I to by ihr nblr solicitor* ol the ii.| ln'tmit, trggtti the tii c???ity of great carr ii tau'iwi, on tbr j ^rt i t n* ( h.tuctilor, in 'i hll g lf'r Ii ktltlH l<y i f W itnieera Who air m i ii i ii tbr c< uit. and who, ar it haiv^ua nh trlrtrrirr to maiiy ?ho?r tittiu.ony a,ye>ii? (In let oiii ol ihr cair ton under tMndrrttim, r lnyiifl ifcr |>n>iCM of ibr couit, and apeak a irnii language. lli i? w unri-r w horr Walimony is rrlted on I totr thr fact i t tlir niarrmgr 11 Mr I lark wnh Inr (uttnir, i?-Murtrito I>--|m(i (hr aunt of r- (i n.| iair.ant Mir if, at leaef, thr only witwuhoiv iaic to ihr lai t f(om personal know- ' je. llir t.rtiiMi) bar l>r?n tnkrn it thrrr lit t< rt t>inre?outc in I Nit), oner in It-13, and am in l>49. In IKI* ehr myr:?" I waa well nciiiminiiii with late I vnil I Llaik, rl Mew t hl-aiif; hi- w%? irrnd in rhi!adri|>bia, in INKS, t>y a t.atholic | tktj ltirrpnMOi at lint u..u..age; one child > wai- bom of that marriage, to wit:?Myra Claik, who married William Wallace Whitney, son ot Gen. L Whitney, ot' the Slate of New York. 1 wan pretent at her birth, and knew that Mr. Clark claimed and acknowledged her to be hia child; the was born m 1K>5; 1 ueithtr Knew, nor had any reason to believe that auy other child besides Myra

1 Wttb born of thbt marriage. The circumstances of her marriage with Daniel Cli>rk were these:-(By her, it ih of course presumed that the witness meant Zulime; though up to this point in her ted timouy che does noi mention h?r natm ) ?Several jturs atier hir marriage with De Grange, she h? aid that he had a living wife; our family charged h m wnh the crime of bigamy iu marrying said Zuluns; he at liist denied it, but afterwards admilled it, and lied from the country. Th?-se eircumttsm ea became public, uud Mr. Clatk made | mn'tbla ot marriage to my stater with the, knowIt ^(.e of all our laiiuly. It was considered essential, lirtt to obtain record proof of De Grange havii j. h living wite at the time he married my sister; to obtain which, Ironi the records of the Catholic i liUich iu New York, (where Mr IJe Grange's pnor murtiage wh# celebrated,) we sailed for ttiat til). On our atrival there, we found that the registry o> mairiages had been destroy i d Mr. Clark aitivtd nfier us. We heard that a Mr. Gardette, ihtn livii'g in Philadelphia, was on; of the witlieges to Mr. De Crauge'a prior marriage. We nroceeded to that city and fuuud Mr. Gardette.? lie antwered, that he waa present at the said prior marini^e of De Grange, and that he attrrwardd kiirw I >e Grange and Ins w lie by this nurrtaje; ibat ihib wile hud ?<uled tor France. Mr Clark then taid, )t>u h. \ r no rta:-<'ii loucf to relate being married to me; it will, however,!)'* nece?n*ry to kt-eo our mamnge ?> cret till I h?ve ot?Ulii<-d judicial pi oof of ihe nullity ot your and Lie Grange'* marriage. They, the aaid Clark and tlie e.tiu Zulinie ,weie tht n married. Soou afterward*, our MMer, M. dame Chi Have t, wrote to us trorn New ('iln-ii?, iliat be Grange's wife, whom he h id nurn< (i pnor 10 uiuriyin^ ihe baid Zulime, had arrived 1.1 New IVieun*. W e haetentd our lrturu tu New Ollrhiie. lie was urocet utf d tor bigamy, fatln-r Ar.toine, ot the Catholic church, taking i-^rt in the |)K ce< dii gs ^m11 1> Grange. Mr. DcGrauge wu.- condemned tor bij>- my in marrying th?? raid Zulniie, hud w..a c*st luto pn-on, from which he ucieily ercoped l?y connivance, Hnd was taken ot wn the Mit-fias.ppi river by Mr. Le Breton L>'Or^? mi!* wl.ere he got into a vest* I, escaped tioin lir country, ard, according to ih<- br*?t ol my ItDt wUd^e and beli-f, iifver att-r wurda reuin< o to Louipiana. Tin* happened in IfSKt, not a ^itnl while btiure the close ot fjie S-piuitti j< veil.ment in Louisiana. Mr. Clark told uk, nut bitoie he could piomirgiite bis marriage with my f isler, it wi uld be necessary that tiiere ahoulJ be biovght by n? r an action tu.aiiiti the narua of I>Grange. The auucipatid change of govern nieut cieated delay, but at Irugth, ?n ISOti, Mr James brown and Liligitis Fromentin, as the counarl of my t-ibttr, brought tun Hgmiibi ihe name of Detente, in the City Court, 1 think, of New Orban*. The ground* ?>t t-a:d suit were, that L)<Grttnge hod imposed hrnm-it upon her a'the tim* when be had a living, lawful wife Judgment in m<d hull was rendered aguintt said DeGrange Mr. Claik Mill continued to deter promulgating his nitrrittge with my sihter, which very much (retted and irritated tier teelings. Mr. Clark became a member ot the limit d Stales Congrr-es in 1-fOd W lillbt he was in Ccnmess. inv s-isirr brim) ih?i li HUH courting Mies Caton, oi lialiiiimre. She w.u niuch rlistp s*ert, though ^hr- could not belie ve tlie report, knowing hern-ll to be hit* wife. Mill, Ins bin nge conduct in deferring to promug?t<* his marriage with her, bud alarmed her. Sue nod 1 sail'd tor Philadelphia, to get proof of his marriage wpli my sisier. We coulu lind no record, and were told that the priest who married her and Mr. CUik h J gone to lielsnd My siMer then sent for Dtntel VV. Coxe, mentioned to him the rumor; lie answered iliut he knew it to tie true, that he, (Clark,) was engsged to her, (Miss Catou.) My sister replied, ilut it could uol be so. He then told her that ahe would not be able to establish her marriage with Claik, it he were discos'd to content it. He advised htr to take counsel, and said he would send one. A Mr ^mytli came and told n>y litter that the could not legally establish her mttrnege with Mr. Clark, mid pretended to read to her a It Her in Cuglitb, a language theo unknown to my i-isier, ftom Mr. Clark to Mr. Cone, stating be was about to marry Miss Caton Iu couoequepce ot this information, my sister Xulnne cm me to the resolution ot havini; no further connection or interecuse with Mr. Clark.and soon afterwards J 1J. / ' 1 _ ._ nL : i J I L uiaiiii-u ??n i miurur, ui irillitueipnill. 1 lie Willi* ts further Mates, that she became acquainted with DtCtange in 1793 11* was n nohlnnan by birth, ?i.d married Zuiime *hen abe wu thirteen )< #rh old Ziibme bad two children by him?a boy t-i d a (trl; ihe boy died, the girl la still living, (IK W); her niinie i* Caroline, and married to Dr. burnt-* W it tit w* whs preteni at the birth of these ilnldren. Th* marriage of Zuiime was a private ?u.e besidi s the witness, Mr L>oraier, of New Ot leapt, and aii Inth gentleman, a friend ut (Mark, li< lu Ntw Yoik, were present at the marriage. A Catholic pi ie*t|ierfi>rmed the ceremony. IV tore the detection of ihe bigamy of DeGrange, Zuiime hi d a ton who died, and a daughter called Caroiin?, which bore hi* name. Caroline was born in 1801; H'nseta * as j resent at her birth, as well at that ?f her brother. The uatural language of witness is l it n? li, but her ueptu-w la well acquainted wuh tbe hi<i.'li?h language, and when in need of a translator, the ap| lies to him." 1 have, in justice to ihis witness, stated all the ni?t*risl (acts detailed in her testimony taken in INiW, before 1 proceed to coni|mre it with thut subsequently taken in 1M5 and 1849. Her testimony taken in ISA it, for the most part, a repetition of wbat the stated in 1KJ9, with the addition of some fuels wbu.li may bt important in weighing her credibility. For instance, she states that the first time sbe saw Mr. Clark was in the latter part of 1M?2 She was shortly afterwards introduced to bun by ( liml li> llechas.-*e Zul me was married to Mr C laik as Miss Zuiime de Carrerr The latt time she saw lieCirangf was in 1803. In 1*49, the sa)s she was well acquainted with Dmiej Claiki that her acquaintance with hun comm< need about, or not long after, 1707. Ills marriage with Zuline, to tlie best of her recollection, took place in IM'3, although there are some associations in b?rni*morv which mak? her think it not impos* sible that the marriage_ ntay have taken place m 1K<2. Her impression is that it took place iu 1*03. Ii was, she r? mm.liers. a short time previous to Mr Claik's tiejmriure for Kurope. Let us fiist cvM>der thisevidence with reference 11. i'r*II aii'Lir II was lanrii hi inrrr (linrrrui penod*, and, wf mutt preaume, wm not given without moth irtintioa In the year 1*4.*>. the t*)*, that the k>?t time the a*w Liauiel Clark id the kt'rr part ol igni, and even then, had no acquaintance with him, for the w?i thotlly alletwaid introduced to hiin by Colonel ihrl^cbiHr. In IK4fi, the *ay*, ker acquaintance with him commenc ed about, or nothing atier, 17:?7. In IK3?, tl.? atatea, wnbout any qualification whatever, that Clhik wa* mauled in lt??3 In the again ttaW a ihit fact, and on botti occasion*, she rrlimin ntkrr farm with which she cough s this ui,|?>r'ant i v?m, mat to render it |<*rWtly cert? n ihat il? manage did take place at the tune aud ( lace Hated b> hT. For instance, in KW, ?he '*)?> that ihr propntala made by (M?rk to Zulime, wne ni?<:? i.l.?r ihe ii? taction of the bigamy of De Giange 'I hia she declare*, in unqualihrd term*, w*a in IN :i, and not a great white before the cloae i t il.e H^ibh government in Louisiana. In the again rata, ili.it 1> Grange ?U convicted of bigamy in IN 3 In IM9, in referring to the c?ovit iion ai d e*<a|* of I?e GTange, the, for the firat tui e, Malta to ttate ihe year, but aaya that it hma> tied not a grrat while before the cessation ol the !S ninth g?>v? n.ment in Louisiana In tins depon'lc i, i.t l?*4W, we find thia wnnc*a, lor the hrat tine,. i(ili wmm Ihr tlighteti doubt about i be marI *..<(( l-ik having Inken place in IHii.l Slitre) a, *'10 the bet'of my recollection it wm m IN J. nlilioiigh the te art-some uasoiiations in tny me tin iy wIih h niake me think it not imp?>?ail?le that the marriage may have taken place in INiri; n * 11 | ion. liowever, la, lhai .t took i .< e in IN ". Itwaaaihort befoie Mr. CUrk'a departure lor twrope." Now, it la evident that the doubt vu thua started It r the firtt time in the mind of the wiuieaa, by the etiorit which the defendant* were making to el < w ih. t it wat imp a-ible ihat the marriage could hate taken place in INtf, mat-much aa Daniel ClarK Wr* not in the city of rhil?del|.hia during the whole i.f that year. The effort* ol the defendant* on ihta point Were completely aucre**tul. ludaed, ihe solicitors tor the comilaiat admit that the marriage n.uai have occuned about the l?at ol 1901, or th* tilat o) 1*02 They admit that if it did not tune place between the rnoiiiha of November, Mil, and August, 1M'2, there waa no marriage ai all Till* la latittuie til iitoof which, I apprehend, the law*, ahuli aut in force at tne time tin* m.rrijgc i* alloyed to have taken place, would never nave tattilei ed In qu? st'on* involving legitimacy, the t n e < f ii.arriage wa* of the u?moM importance in nte* like ihe oi.e under conaide ration. With the h i llirttip eviilirre hefoie u?, w-e hm? all a-k, W t'? i Zulili e i eau d 10 Irecutie the wile of |>gtaiie, and when the legally became the wife of i 'na ! I^et n*, for in-tunce, tuppo>e th * the n aire re took pine, aa M dnme Detain h.i dei lai> dm tie ?f her dejosiin ns in |H()3, aoout the t me ihe^ !*| in eh government censed in Li \n-lni* Th a w know, historically, wa* h*nt the ?hfe ?>f 1H.3, and not, ** contended I lit ih? m I cttor of trje complainant. a? ihw date ?f ti e ireety of Bt llOphoi ?e, of IHOO. which i w at a * cie t lre*i), ft.d never known in Louisiana I II til * *fiort t n e (era the delivery of the country < It J?i *>r to thr I r? tichauthorities, by whom ii w,i* HW'tt inmediatr'y mi tendered to Ihe United < S?at< * wa have, then, most conclusive evidence i rat li e c< ir| Inmai i wa? horn in Jnne, 1W>4 And < the i M (<*ie, p 44, *rt Mh, w-huh on'aiu.? s ib- t *tatit'*i > |i f pr< vieien* of the ,*<pnni*li U\e, dr- i e'net ilat the- ihild who i* horn previou* to the ? ItOtii tit) of nurna|? is not presumed to be tne l child ? f such marriage. And article 9th decla "ihel U ? the ?aine, that id to ?ay, the same i tumption exists, with respect to the child bora dayfe alter the dissolution of the (mirrid^e, or al lenience of separation." Now, we have rec prool that De Grange was here in New Orleans late at the (ith of December, 1K05, and we h evidence of the sume character that the judgm afaiuet lum, which has been culled a judgmen divorce, though the record dot a not show ground* upon which it was given, wa^ not reade until July 24th, lb06 Wftut can be the objeci such legal presumptions, if the party who eta ri^hte, under a contract of marriage, can peiiiiuttd to fix the date thereof at aiiy ti within the space of eleven mouths! It time important in a controversy of this nature, and arguments show it to be important, tiien th* c< pluinsnt should be bound to tlx definitely ilie t of the marriage, by virtue of which all her ri: have accrued. This was in the contempUtioi the Spanit-h law, whose whole policy was oppo to cloLdt siine marriages, and required a regi cl iiiuiriHgeti to be kt-j t. If it be beyond th? po of the complainant lo fix detinitety the date of inarrisge in th s instance, it is a misfortune, which the authors ol her being, and uut the It nd?nts, were responsible The rule which been follow td in this case, is one which, in jud^meiit, is calc ulated to lead to dangerous c sequeuctB. Upon the testimony of Madam L)es alone, the Supreme Court of ihe United SiU have solmenW decided in ihe ease of P .uteri that Daniel Clark was married in Philadelphia IfcOo The attention of the defence in this c wits naturally directed towards that particular d and they have shown mott conclusively that marriage never could have tnk-n place at the t tit.ti place thus dtfiuitely fixed by the testimony ti e only witness who pretends to any peroi kiii v li d^e upon the subject. The t vidmce in the n cord show? most 8?ti=l toriiy th.i the c(<mplainant whs born while ( tango wuf in New Orleans, and beforeanyju ii t ill ol divorce was giwn against him; and tM'pitll.e c.l this State, in the Cise ot Tat? Penne, (7 .\ .s Hoi), have said that the la.v c Mt'eit the hubbatid ot the mother, as the tatlie nllthe cniluren conceived during the nnrrii Ji; c-i'n- ol voluntary sr^iiration, access is alw prtei i> < u outers the contrary be proved: the snmption ol paternity is at end, when the rein nerf ot me liusbuuo from the wife lto.8 been s il ut cohi. li u.tK ii has been physically inipoB.-fl -Cofeot 1H08, p 4o, art 7, 10 A: 11. " The Hence." hg.nn remarks Judge Porter, who livett-u the opinion ol the Court, "creates a | i-cmit:i: if hbteriC'' and uon-accfss; but v?ill i.ot do in "i^es l<ke th>9. The legal presu iifii ol the hu bund being the father, and ot aci btji.u piebuned in catt-s ot voluntary sep.irai can i.ly t.e destroyed by evidence bringing (impi's within the exception the law has create itjf ru!?-, namely, the physical impossibilitj <-< Di.ecrii n?nioial will not do. Now, that | HCitl hi.i ost-ihility cnn only be shown by pro* i.'.e lecitli nte ot the husband anil wife to bo remote tn.m ei:ch other that access was possible." Itiese principles of law, thus clearly recogni iey*l the prtsumption of the legitimacy of c pl.iitiMi.t, nought to be established by the testim ol JM ndt-iue iJt spau: and they will apply with gr er lon e to the merits ot this controversy, when hereafter examine the question involving the 1< Vulioj oi the tnairtage with Glatk, con racted tote an action ? t nullity had been instituU-d, to aan'e the iiimn.gr with DcGrauge. Let us now proceed to teat the credib.lit Mi dame Despau, by other facts" and circumst.ii precrii'ed by the record. She states that she liei S'aierZnlune weut to New Voik, to obtaiu len rd evidence of the former marriage of Grange; but that, on their arrival, they found I the records had been destroyed; and yet, there been ottered in evidence, on the part of thee pUinbiit, a ceititicate of the marriage Jacob grange, with one Barbara Orel, signed by U'Br; the very priest who soltmnized the marriage, dated on the 11th of September, 1806; and, li tins'certificate, it appe&rs that the original rec was 10 be found atjMg'* 43 of the register. Sur if this be genuine, the- records were not destroy when the witness and her sister sought for dented rec<>id proof, in 1811?according to the allien new aai-uriied by the solicitors cT the c< plaiuent? or, in 1M;3, according to the testinum lie w itni es herself. The ccmpUinant, thereti has Droved too mm h. Hut If I ue iurn to the acta and declarations b of Claik and Zulime : aud first, we will e*am thoee of Zulime. Whil?* procerdinn were pe m>! in the Ecclesiastical Court id this city, agai l?t t Grange, lor bigamy, she appeared, and took atlidavu Hd the wife ol DeGrauge; and, in this lidavit, declarer thut she did not believe that hu*buitd wkii a bigamist. 8 rong objections h turn urued against the record of thrae proceedi b?loie tlie Ecclesiastical Court, aa evidence, own opinion clearly is, tha< it ia evidence topi rrwi tptutn? lb?t ?nch proceedings took pUc ui.d thai Zulime, under whom the complain alto ciaiina, updated iu Court, und took an utii vit ut the Wife of iMirange, and that I)eGra. hi nice It waa present in New Orleans. This la poiUnt us mcoiiieBiible record evidence, show ?tioug gtounds lur the presunytion that Zuli had i>ot t?een pre viou.-)y man if J iu 1'hiUdeluhn l^nui i'lark. These proceedings before the cleMatitical tribunal took place aeveral months tei (us the co!ii|Jtfinant'a solicitor contends) iii?>i 11??^? waa < * It bra ted Madame l>espau sw< that L* Giai-ge- had lied from the country, wl CIhik made pio?>o*als of marriage to Zuliin*-; i yet we fiud lntii here in New Orleans, appearing (irftnduiit iu ih? seproceedings,- iu tn? montn J"?lt<n,ber, 1M)2 lie was alto here w Claik wa? ou his way to New York, on the '1 oi June, Ittri, as appears by a letter addressed the latter to Chew 4c Keif, from Plaqu'-init In reference to a debt due him frurn De (?r:n he ?*> k? ' ] w ish you not to push Mr. L) lor f n.tbl, but wait, consistent With satety, such ti as he may find necestary. Miould he be mclii *? n*?nf ?nr ruin in | ttiu, vvu Ilium iu < u tr curtly." Hy h letter addressed by l>e c?r.* In ( lark, In in linrrieaux, on the 24ih ot July, ! " it i? evident thai the former wit* in Kroner ab the tune Inn wife rai in Philadelphia, not, i Mil milly belie %e from ihe evidence, tor llM ^ iwif n| procuring evidence of the lormer marm of iJe (iiaijgr. but ot giving birth to Caroline, 1 fruit ol htr illicit counection with I >aniel Cla W in ii we consider thia letter of L>e Orang r< uiL? d aa it la in the moat friendly language, a containing a warm rccwiimendxtion ofnia ?ilV the ku.d conaiaeration of Clark?in connect with tt.i Wltlimy af CtNi detailing the ctrwi atatici a of Zulime's introduction to him in Ph dtlfhia. rnd the birth of Caroline, which shoi folio* id, I comet-a I find little indeed to jupI the entbuainaiic encomia ao rejieatedly be?tu? by Vanoua ?iluetoee on this record, on the char t? t ol I lai It, aa 1.11 honorable, higivinindrd hi in 1 ut tin re la another fart which concluaiv show* thai the fsimonyof Madame IVapau ulatu n to ihe marrwk'e ol (Mark and Zulime.ci mi In relied it. I mmi wvmqm nil fav i rr?n>, which w?s instituted by Zulime apunst ( range aa her huaband, 011 the :10th of S'overm IHv.? three yeara alter it 1a alleged the marrii wii r?i|) mm/ed. The lolicitora for the compla ant have atieououaly reflated the introduction the record of thia auit, aa evidence agaioat I r? iii( lalnant 1 am unable to appreciate the foi ot thrae objectiona Nothing is more cominou if* court* of Louisiana, than the introduction furh vidtnce, to show the capicity in which patty has cho?? n to place himsell before a court as?ert a right. The general principle in the K< Iia-h law of evidence that allegatiooa in a bill ihaiiieiy art not evidence against the compUin? in tlir bill in another suit, rests, I apprehend, up trie ten that the Court* of Cham-try, in I nglai air i.< t court* of record. H?re, nil our court* h court* o| r?c?<rd, and it would be, in myjud iii?ut, a dnniitr?u? principle to introduce in our jun*pnid?-D<f, that a r>arty ih?ll be pi iiiiitid, id a ml* run judicial ptooeedinK, to i ?#rt a fact one day, i nd on aaother day b?lilwrty to d? uy it I am clearly of opinion tl the record in the auit lor alimony, i* good ei C?ncr to thi w that, on th*1 30th of Noveiub* IHft, Zal me DrUratir applied to the late Coun Court it OrleHna to award h>r t judgment for a mot y *ttmii?t Jer? me LM>range, a* h<-r huahan ?.td'l i ji ( f n in her favor, on U 2-tth if I?r. n ber. I9Q6 It wan only aa the wi oi 1 > tiifat ^ that ahe find a right to aak for a mi l; at tin hand* of the court, and It would I hi ft M find to May that the eminent c?ui*el wl H'd her fxtitiup, Hnd preaecuted the ?ult to tin ii(>n.'t t. wnukl have acted without authori In in the plaint.ti in ilie rauae The tf-tm 1'iiy uf Madame ]V?pau derive* i e'rrripth i?r n i fitmaM n frtm that of her *iate Muciirii" Cuiilavet. The statement* of th? tw wittiriret ate, tor the moat pat t, ronviatentljr wii each I'thir, tiut totally inconaiatent witti thoi f>-ci- wl,t?h ate c'eatly Mcertained, well eMil hah* d, and ab? ut which there run be do doutit c ihe n irid of n Chancellor. It i? only nereiailj t refer to a tr w facta ?tat? d by Madtme Caillivet, i >fi v 11 w in>]ff-ibhj it ie, conaiatent with trutl til fite cndit to ber teatimonf. Sh* state* th the ptelimtinrtetf)! tliecou'emplati d m.irri >v (. riaik rnd Xulime) wi r* aettled by the huaSand i witMM, at hi" hi iife, in ihe jear 1^12 or 1HM, i iff | p n n< r ?I w itn* ee. * ho * i nt to France *oiu lin.e alter the nud arr n<? n:?-rit*. but previous t the said n sirl. f ellid*Jto " Wtmei* haa cot Ftsntly r? e ?!?*1 in l'r*nce ?ir>ee ?he went therf tind ll r ti ttui.ed 11 re Withm the last fit're i*?ja Krw, the information i| thi* wit?ea? in t'l'iifie to important fac? connected witl I I tfc'f n i.niije, nin s to have (nereis d nine h< fret gate this tettiimwy. In her hat depo ' 11 >h?t fbi- I 'til from ( Ihrk h'in ?ii'hall'*, n rrud !? Zulime, and that'.lyn ? at I ?' r?'y l< ~ I' I c'tM And yet, in the en l? r c? f i?f w e ar? pUinlf tnld that ahe wea t l-iut ti afur Uie hi.iu ui; uU iur, b jt picviou % res lo the marriage i's*lf, and that she haa constantly >re- luidrii 111 Fiawr since she went there, until she 3UO returned within ihe tew daya previous to givug It-r her evidence. li?iw *Ke could have heard the ord declarations <>r Ft itrmeuts tilluded to from Clark, i aa it iti imp? i-?iliie to cay. r.a t-he doea not pretend tha' ave the ever uiei him in Europe. The solicitor for the ent ciniplainaut ha:* i xi'ltiued this part of her evi* t of oente, by Buying that the referred to her husband, the who lift fur France niter the preliminaries were red arranged '1 hr pi tin grammatical construction o< l of the sentence due* not justify this explanation; and itns it in tomeu lui lenihiki.ble that she aid not make it be hirtilt, ulien, in it subsequent deposition, ahe ime complaintd that her testimony had not been pro t>e j>erly taken down Other corrections were made, the but nothing ia mud in reference to this manifest not- mid i nlpuM*" < <<i;tmdiciton. late " Tlmi whit h tender* the testimony ol a witness ;h'.a dtul' tul," Liiio'rt, in hia work ou evidence,, i of (p ICO.) "is tbr attestation of the several cirj'*d ciin.'pt.M eir, Miid y?-t no proof of any one of these stry eiicumataiirt*. to fall in with what he attests, wer This ma) rentier tuch a witness (standing alone, tiie with? ut i n), i?i proof,) to be very much smfor |>-ited, aiut it te iiiuot be great confidence in the de- mt< g my and v? racity of tne man, to believe many han ciicunietaiicefc in one man's testimony, when, if it my were Hue, there iruglit he a multitude of coneur!on t'li' p><? lh to strengthen and confirm the evipan denre." ties " Another thing thit may render a witness *uelon, jected," coi.nnnep this author, "is in the person , iu him < It: a.- if he who were a party to the crime, tie swears for biM wn safety or indemnity; or be t ;ite, relation or frirml to the party." (Mad-mie Caillatne vet, lii<e MaUotiic Dtspau, ia an aunt of the commie plainaiit.) t <'f It it-1'i ( t-ssary, y?ys 1) ini.it, (b 3, lit. VI. 553, No. mil 15 ) to add t<> uli lit: e luleu, hi relation toproofsby u iu.trfci s. ii.iii (iM^tii iu i;on.>idertUeircondition, lac- tbtir nim.ii'i., then estate, their conduct, their < De integrity ; t:s? ir ir i ?t i ii; if their honor has rei<U ceived r.ny hli nu-fi tiy a condemnation in a court me of jtiriic-nture; 11 itiey nte in a condition to tell tho< v. truth w about i? t:iud io the persons interested, or if son- it i.?- tn h< ftiiiro ih-it iln*y ure und'-r some en?a:;rr of iiient, or hbvi Miiiit- inclination to favor one of the ige pi.itiee, i.s it they nc- ti o-nda or enemies to one n ays i tt)?-r ?'t' ihi hi: it ii:nr poverty or wants expose pre- ihi in to the ien>i>tation if mving such testimony as ote- niby he ngreenhif to ?'H?-of the parti-?, according uch as they have anything to fear or hupe for from him tile, if their tesiimoiiy .|veu)a to be hinoere witliou ?vu i. Ilk *? til inn . i?tl.- A. ../tkif tiiii^ h.-? nnnlnrm. ihl*? frwn?t> de- unother, aiid n^t conceited; it tile number of the pre- witnesses, tUt- coutoiiiuiy of tktir deposition-v that lomnion fame, m?d the piobability ofthe cucna* nip- stance* connun ib'trevidence; if their variation*; i-e?s their disagreement, liieir contradictions render ii>n, Uit in bUrpected; it the consequence of the facta be the t-ui li Ms-111a> r> qinir .> m re exact conspiration ol d to what limy rendt r ilie wttnetaea suspected, mjj ir?. I of criminal 1'ioi-t i:ut!?i>?; or if the facia be ho slight >hy- that it it. not nn-ep.-ary to be bo exact in the in'ing quiry, as it the malt* r were only a bate action ol" 1 m Wander or 0? taniaiiou, in a quarrel between peri:n ton* of a mean com1 n ion Thua the right judgment tbn' is i? h>^ niadr of the regard which ought ied, to b>- had 10 ih>- depositions of witnesses under all ota- these vie we, defend* on the rule* which have beet: my explained, m.d on Mie prudence of the judges tc eat- make a right I'piilicanon of tnetn, according to the we quality ol ihe facia ayd the circumstances. :*gal The tepiniioii> ?>i Bf-Hfchaese, do ni'ichreliedon, ?e- is singularly inconsistent with the friendly retatet tiona which existed between himseii and the detenant, Kelt. lor nun) yenrs utter the death ot y of Claik. At- lute** l^&J. he writes the most friendly ices |? tteid to H? It, in w in? h we find not the remote*! and allusion to ih?- fraud, which, in his depoaitton taker ihe in 1NJ4, he sHrges w.is coiiimitted by the latter, m De- suppressing ihe list will and testament of Clark, that The solicitor of the <onifUmant, who last address Iihm nl ihf riiomiiti'il to ext.l<iin tflli mAnifeat oiii- ibcodfisk w?, b> saying, that immediately after De- ihr death ?>l ( lurk. Bellechasse could not have ien, kitown ?>t the coinmi>?i<>n ol any fraud by lielf. aad sr il thut the wnnw, in speakingof iliesuppression rom t'l the will, gave n?t his own, but the languige ot ord Pilot. A ?bort exiroct from the testimony will tly, khow, at u i<luiiif. lite error into which the solicied, tor ha* fell* 11 'Pilot," says he, as well ap th?" others. mIwh)* fp?ike w i>h the utmost indignation jt- of the fraudulent Mipprrrsion or destruction ot the jm- said last will of lbl3, ui>d the fraudulent substitu yof lion, in its place, ot the provisional will of 1811, ne, nil i f which ?e attributed to interested vlllany." And >?t ?e lino this aevoted and confidential oth friend of Clark, who thus sympathized in the inline dignatiou expre*M-d at the disappearance of the nd- ?ill, leniaiiimc on terms of cordial good will with inst he author of ine "villany" ot which he complains an and retoiting to no menus, either by word ?r deed, &f- to expote it, slid ihas vindicate the rights of the her child ot bin tircedi-ed friend. He remains silent ave upon the t-ubjeei until he is called upon to give evinjrs dnice < n behalf of the complainant, in l^i-1 My Equally itii-onsi tent with his eonduct is Hie tesove timony of Samuel H Davis. It is difficult to be e? jieve that the wituess has disclosed all he knew mnt in rrterrnce to whether the complainant wu idd- the legitimate or inanimate child of Daniel nge Cl.uk. From lim peculiar position, as the immeiin dinte protector oI tne child, during the lifetime ol ing the tatbtr, it la reaaom.ble to pit-sum- that he line po^et*(d advkiitat!*-* for acquiring information i to not eajoyed tiy the oihrr wunrsacs In tin* record Ec- and ytt he Mate* tio'hing definite We laft-t af- itom Ina evid^ncr ih?t lika own belief ?u, lhataht the was thr legitimate child of Clark ; and yet we hat urn him keeping her in utter ignorance ot the ctrcuni ben ktancrs ol b?r buth i.ntl true parentage, anc und inuk eg no rflurt to ><a->-it her right* to the larg fa* 'Miy, alirh, mi nutig to n tiatement he re of ?n?e?i |i< in ( Uik liimarlf, wa* eatimited a h-n ix'tiltCO On Hie 24'h ol June, 1617, as curato ITih nd hum ol Mjm, n thirteen yearaol age, h by iiirtituttd, in the K>rat Jtidicial District Court o irj. thib eitjr, a suit for alimony ngainot Chew ?V Kelt igr, executors ?l Dani< I Cl?rk lu the petition filed *> an hia b? bi l<, by Mi-wt* Davis aud Pierce, hi ime attorneys. Myra im expressly mentioned aa " tk ned uaturnl cuu^hfr ol 1 > n.< l C lark, acknowledge aiat liv h ni ? Mirh " lu bia te?iimooy, he dr uj/e clart that ilim* Mordaw?re never made uae ol <ul, w.tl his kno*l<(ige or consent It isdillicult t I out b*liev. that tie iitiormys who brought the su is I mi iiid h??e iiiinduiad mch an allegation in th iur- if tit h k, without authority. The testimony c ?ge 11? ratid'avik, one ?t Uie attorneys, repels any stic Lfl#? lift fc U 111 ?sl Mils iL.lh hi* lK-ttmi.nl/ l.m*I t rk. Samel It Dwiit, ?liow clearly that the actio e? ?>? hi*'iiiti* ii ilirr a cououlutioa with Edwar nd 1.i?ii>km?u ; hi d it ic ijuite unreasonable, if not at > to Mlultiynbcnrd.lt> aii|>|H?e lh.it tlidt dlstlo<uiahr ion juiiatwvwld h>vi count* ll'dih' lOMituiioo<>( iui im- lor it'him it) iii? it i), 01. b? ti <11 of a legitimate chili it*- Tt.r tt?iiuK*B) mI HoiMooiane, lir];( ctiaaar, an rthr Mi* H?r(rr, iu teUtio* to the laat will, are fo<: Aly oidy to thow Uik himarlf midc related di red rlaiatioo* ilmt M>m wa? hie legitimate chili ac- Ki*>in the vaio. fcoaatlul character <>l tho man, * ta ilraily (MHtra)?d Id ttu* record, I entertain r eljr doubt tiiat Irro made aucb declaration* to ,10 f?w lrie?d* lint wf have the mo?t concluait ?n- evid?arr ilia: he made declaration* to other friend ill- leadn k to a d ll rrui conclusion. Him decl*r<ttioi Lie to lua iiiiiiiiair and |?rttcuUr friend DelaCroi ?r, d'firr wildely Iniu ib<?i-e made 'o Bnufoatane, B? ife lulia-sr, ?r o Mr ll?r,irr The let t ra to Ooi in- ?ho*. ui.ilrr lua <>wn hand, that *o far from e* of havinv bt.n a married mm, he wan. aa la the ac 1ni.*v i i.d' 4V? m* in form .i niatriinoiiui allun roe with Mian ty'aii'ii, <>i Baltimore, a gMud-damtht in of Chaile* Cart<11 Ambitious aa he duubil' of wan, it can Imrdl) b' htiievt-d that he ever won i a ha?e n niiacwd a uiMiiiMut* witn that ladjr, if ihr to waa the alight* ?i ii?k ot hia being e.< ,><>aed to tl ijf- woilda* a lnv ii.^i. Ilia If lit r to hn ?i?tcr ol I I'tlai d, Hint luo ct>ii . li?in?n with Mr M i/urej int *11 (lit vi in, ikmi thi.i he w?a a in ir:ed m*n, on h?iil;r(i>m|t?ii<nitiW4i re^nrib-d by him to* id, < thrr hi.fit 1I1.11 *< hn? ill< (inmate child T ire dtclvilM* at Zulmir to Co?e, in PaiUdel?>f" If. ?l # n he lulotiii* <1 her ?'l tbe eimnf i-,.t ol < It i to to Mira UtNi >" roi.himaiory (it tat* view ol t * r. fUl i ri. Mi? r?|.li?o trial it ci';n. Mil b"io i*. ' iHik haii jiK'iiiif* 'i to marry ii<r. li ucl<*? nt iiihO) itit) itidritl not diluted, th it a few d? at |trn??rdt> t?he married IM IttrwtH. Vow it n- run liable, or r? ni.tiUble w lift coiinnoa deoep. r, o Mi(i|iMe that it tin' It male WM?*t tiiai mil' nt I* ltd lo Uantfl (talk, ?he would, with *t I ill lee It- n.owy or h< FitaiH ti. have IuiiiimI a uiatrtmnn d, aliifiite wuh t r ina?, ami iliai, I -i, ta vh He Itrn nt ike Uw? i t I'marylvmii, wnicti pint-ffe ?ith aetrrrtt) ihe crime id bigamy ! li. 1 iright here ot c<-<-i?t Iht c? ,-e on far'* a >a ciminietaineii rtie< k -en m the r^cor'" j hut il la d io to < otiiM I ihnimienl tie uu* of law p al m bled, thuaid he i?.iit # ,t t>y ihe court. ,f ?; An licM>k?n NiniiiM-On SubJh?, the :il io Mi?r h, ilun * - .'i?d?l Hr tin* wick, Mainr r? I la* k waniHti ? l * trmarkiible clurttrt r: and t r? wa? h'iMjr l.citi rrit at Her death. Her tialkbeap Lh wi re (??.v? ii'i r 1<? it | >uii!m|i, L>r. Lincoln, ol t * ?Ti-? ( ! ??? I. ( fm I Ji? i?-f - iw of vli'-ir1 b- I'lMf t I I . . k ikI npiI .!? .- , 1 Mclve ? 1 | , '1 ii. 11. . i i ' i it MImp, 'Vc ; and lo , nei|?l iti i,riie?? wer. He*. Pre 'lent Allto a i)i tail ill Ihe if t in, o| Notih im;>ton, M*t *hof,n com* ii.tle* to attend thr lun-ril J-. wi? Miiii In the alW?* of her friend Mr?. Al " f ami her daughter, M .ileville Alien. Mi* w-ia hi M ilM>n H* ?rr? w k. t?*ar Newark, N. J?B>< n 'ftavrlltr, Alitttk t* * . _ __________ ? rtrr?.vT Lit*, Wo?About 7 oVIo-k J i- >*t Ihi g ?lire hr> K> o.it in the s'one b . Iriin?, ? 'ti I . I, t ,1 V I . I ii,.:Ml by M \ I -f \ ( ttely n iiMin i rl. Mi A. A* Co. w*T* iMaufed n H e :< l.i H " on th?- ln-il? 11' wbn h, M t? Ihoutflit, ? H f M I f ?li? , 'I I i ' v. f i|. |r | . Si I. fl * /multigtr.rtt / / 27 t Hr.raeef; All** h?? arre ? <! a* f.jan. I iw tiUi>>| tU i Ul'itii m;?b?1imUi ail DjiI ,H I