1 Nisan 1850 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3

1 Nisan 1850 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3
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?? ? ? other parts ot the world, because of the w*ut of r?v torn freight* of home production, for the vast number of veaaela which will *rri?c with ?u Theae vessels, however, imk'n/ uo calculation* on return cargoes, will esiitn*"* ihe eatire profh of the voyage oo th?-ir outward freights, *nl b- cone, on their arrival, williujj carrier* for a comparatively small consideration. This teudrncy in the course of trade, it would Mem, must make San Fr?nct*co a w?rehou?e for the fcU)>f>ly, to a cerium extent, of hII the p >rts of the Pacific, American, Asiatic, aud the Mauds Almost tvery article now exported by them find* ? ready market in California, mid the eatablian meat of a mint will brin* there aU<> the silver bil lion, amounting to more than ten millioni |>-r axnum, from the went coast of Mexico, and, perhaps, ultimately from Chill and Peru, to be assayed and coined. Vessel* bound round Cspe Horn, with cargoes for maritets on me American exist of the Parific, can, by taking advantage of ihe souihenst trade winds, aod * Mund'ng broad-off ihe Cape," mike the voyage to San Francisco in as short a tun- as they can to Valparaiso or any iK?rt sooth of California. Vessels have sailed fn>m our Atlantic ports to San Francisco in less ihan one hundred * . -L L I ,k Otyi, KIM lllty nave urru, 111 wwc iiiiu ii'ir 1114 ' stance. over one hundred and twenty days ia g nag from Panama to San Fraocisco. This astonishing ttiflerenre, in time and distance, was caused by trie cour?e of the wind*, nud the " gull stream" ot the Pacific, mentioued in my remarks on the climate ot California. The vessels from our Atlantic porta t<H>k advantage of the winds, by steering from the (/ape as far into the Pacific as to be enabled to take a course vreet of the gulf stream in sailing northward, thut availing themselves, fin-t ot the Mni'ti^ast, then ot the northwest "trades," and uvoidiug opposing currents. The vessels from Panama were k*pt hack by Calms, adverse winds and curren'a. It will be perceived, therefore, that there can be no inducement lor vessels bound round Caim Horn, w.ih mixed or assorted cargoes, to stop at Val.armso, Ctllao, Guayaquil, or unyoiher port on the west coa-t. because the exi<ortu of all ih>?se places wi'l M en a market at Pan Francisco ; and ihnr supply of merchaudise, as return freight, will In- tM vt-r. d at less expeuee than it c-tn br by vessels direct from Al? Isutic ports. Americnn < r bump< an. This ten frtn-y of trade to conceutrjte at c>*n Fiaucisco will be aided by the course of exen .nif. Gold diift is worth hu1 $17 per ounce in Chili. It Is worth j,?8 at the United 5?tan-? mint If, therefore, amerchant of V?lpar*i?<> his ten ttiu isiud % ounces in Sio Fnnoi-co. rec-iv-d in payment lor > lumber, barley, flour, or other i.roduce, and d?-s p-s an invoice of Ki?odi t' o ihr I' .ii>-tl .St*iesor Bari'pe, be will ci-.in $10,000 m the outset, by rending his gold to N?w York, besides s iviug something on the fr? and insurance, uud tit least cue month's miens'. The covn'r e* on the w st coast of Amencihtve po exports ?hu h tiud < m irdet hi U11114,or omer parts of Aria Sm Fratioi-co will ih-relore n come not i>o'y the mart ot tit.-*.- exitoitx, bat also of the p'or'ucts mid nun ifictwes of India, required in exchange for them, wh?eh must !>? pud for, principal!)', in nofd com or i>o'd du-t. Neitfter go!d coin Dor cold diisr will answer as a reniittfica to Chins, tio'd, in China, i? u??t curr< oev in any tliape, uor is it r cfiitrf in pivhi-mI of im> >rt do* tiea, or Uxeson mud, or ou the iudusiry of the p *0M Th value of pare u?i|(| m ('(tint is no'firfrnn *11 the ourre IIcuc, thr im^nter ot nunufv:tures si d proifuctioif Ld'a 111 r >Siu Pra-ieisoo will remit the |;?.'!d coin or du-t direct to Mrw York, for investment in sn?-rl<i.ie bills ou London. I'lievs lulls will lie em to London, mot pi-ced totli- er? dit ol the tires III (;nin t troiu >vno n tli>- in-ron indue lihd bem rrc>-i* i il, mill who. ou I -ir<i>n'f of thr reroitt liter havi. n i;imi<- inr* tH 10 thrir a*(rut*, will dr*w n \ month*' Bi^h' tuli fur 'he amouut, which will ell hi rhmt a' iiw ratrnl four abiding* jind two |K-uce or thter ( Mice i>*t i! l,:r. I have u s.r?trm lit t?? i.ir?- rue from one of the (ininrnt merchant uud b u?ker? of Nrwr Yo k, who wan for many yrut* rntfuz'-ri e?t*n*ivetv Ijr in thr India tr*?v, who-h ho* ?hat ihr profit or train on ten t!i iu?anti ? ut.'oi* ?>f th i< rrmii'rtl, wm.ld [i? ....... . *tl,l'.I II And thai tl.r lo o on thr mmr nuantity, ecnt dirrct to China, would be . . . 15 600 00 Total MfrtBCf in profit ind |i*? in favor c l thr remittance In NV <v \ <>rk. . f ">0 Oil 41 It will lima be pereetveri, th it nature h*s ?o arrapged the wind* and current* ?>f the Pari fir, and din^'d of In r vast trrasiires in thr hnl- tn ! moin'H'im of Caiiforon, im ?o yivr to tlir hitbor of San 1'ianrueo ihr control of ihr commerce of that ocean, aa fir as it in.iy be counected with the west c<a?t of America. Imiortant a* the romm-rce of thr l\iri<5o undoubtedly i . and will If, to GtUwaU, it cannot now, nor will it ever compare in mtv'nitudc and value to thr d"tn*?*>C trade between btr and the older Statea of the I'nion Two yejira apo California did not probably enn?mi nx'te than tifiern iboimmid i>eo,ilr. Tn?t porlion ol it til.icti h.t.t aiacr brtrii ao wondrrfu.lv |>ro]>led by American citizens who, comparatively, without inhabitant*, wuhout resource, and not ?upt<lied with the common ci>mforta of abetter aflotned bv a fore?| country. Kotwiihatanuinx tbe grrat distance* emigrant* have b? en compelled to travel to reach the territory, it ere ihnn one hundred thousand have overcome nil <1 llicultx a rind reread thcm-clvea over ita hilia and yhiw. The* have been atip,?lied Irom diktat cea a* great aa they tnemaelvea hive paaaed. with net ml) the eoeM^rwr, hut the comfort* and many of the luxuries of life. Hmi.ru have tx-m imported from China, Chili, and tnr Atlantic State* ol the I'Mcn. Ail the materiali required in haildin< Citim and townahave been added to the want- o| a Leojde -o niinx roue, deautute, and remote from ?aMMMiw <>i tnniJu Thent wunta will cxt?t a? Ion r an emigration cnstwvtn to ll<>w into the country, and Ubor rmployed in collecting gold oh ill be intre pro*iuhle than ita to agriculture, the tnfchiuic arte, and tlie grent variety of puratm* which ar? foatered and au-'.ainrd lm other civilized coinmumtira. Thia mav be ahown, by m>-ationing the pricea of a tew arm Ira. I.a?t mmm-Tand autumn. hmer was told in #an Krunci- o at f.'WO io$X)J |>er thouaand fert. At Stockton and Sacram- nto citjr. at f 'M) to fl**). At theae yricea, it could be made to the tertitory, and many peraou* were entfwjed Id the bunn?a* 1 perceive, by recent Meuuu'a, that tbe j r.ce k id fallen, at S in Fraactacft, to f 7">; at Una i<nc*, tt cannot be made where Ub<>r la from #10 i ? I"- ' r day. and ihe dilftcii'iea aiteacinc tu maiiblacture are much greater than in the Atlnntic Hiatea. Lumber can be HHi* re?l m oar lar-je lnni!?er market* (or nn average of the v*riou? <iualiti( a, of f 1??. and Ire'fchteJ to 8*n Kranciaco for ?21, makiau #1" per thouaand leet Th'a price would cnuae th< manufacture of it in California lo Id abandoned We may add f'20 per thouaand, to meet toy increase of price in the article Itarll, or the freight, nod the price would !>e the aim'. It la probable lint tie demand, tor arvrral year* to come, will not be l>-n than tweuty million* of feet per annnm, which, at ftO uer thouaand, will be Mon <?*V U hen California com?a to have a population of SOU.OliO, which ahe will luve before the H.>?e of the |*tc*eat year, ahe will require near half a million of barr? la cl Hour from a?me quarter, and no country can anpHy it aa good and chtap aa the old .**tatea ol the I'ninn Including freight and inauranee, thiamav be net down a* nn item ot about 13,000 tit). The article ? clnthinit, allowing to each peracn, would be f l,U00,00U. There in no pretention to accuracy in rt?e?e i tenia, and th?y may be cMimatrd too high, but it is quite aa pc??-ih'e they ap too low. We have no data?n which lo lound a calculation of what the value of the trade b? tareen tho Suirl eaM of the Ur< ky Ma intain* i>nd ("itUluruia will be during llie currmt yrar. I Wiil venture Oic -opinion, hew ever, that i? will not fall ahort of twenty-five miliona of dollar*. It may go far beyond that mm. At preaent, I caa p?rceive no , v omiae which will rrtarri <-r dim -h em gratioa II the movement ahall continue five yeara, our commerce with that territory any reach one hundred million.* per annum. Thia it doabtle-a a atariling anm, but it muat be borne in mind trial we *i?ie In I'ltlM mil Inmmm mlv rnn - 'i in r V fur Minlat, w?l for domestic pq'iwtri and ?avi?*ti<'n, nod all the multifarious article naed m nroTidtif the comforts and loinriet of lile, for half ? million nf i""!1', who will have tmn-l'fr-d themselves to a country which la to produce, cumparativrly, nothing except mineral* and the pre~'ioaa np-lala, and whoae pursuit* will enable them to purrbM'-, at any ooat, whatever m.y be ne;essary f.?r their purpn*ea. It ia difficult to im<ti lue or ralralata the efTet. which will be produced on nil ike industrial i>ur-Ullsof the |>. oplc of th" ol.l f:?l?aof Itle In'on, by thia withdrawal from tlx m of a hall a million of ptodurrts. xho, in their new homes and new pursuit*. will five e.xistcnce u> a commerce almxt fiiual in value to our fore go trade. f,?t no one, therefore, aitpftoae he ia not intercated in the welfare of California. Ae well may he believe hi* ntereeta would not be influenced by cl ?<ina oar ^ortu and cu "ng oil iatercojrae with all the Tlic diatin e rc unil Cap?- Horn is eo great thit breadstuff* an I - any oih^r artir'e* o| food detr lorale, and in" y o-hers are so p-rl?h?hle in tne,r S latare ihstih-y would decay o? the ,v,?a?te. Tbi? would be the case particularly with all kinds of rrgeubfca nnd limbed frum. I nnl some more rpredy RKxle of ronimualcttioa shall be rs**hli*h> fd by which prodose ru Im tranaterred, the farmers and planters of the old f*utea will not realize ihe (nil ralne of thi< new market on the Pacific Maay othrr important interests will be kept ???ek, especially the consumption of coal. The American a'enmers now on that oceaa, those on 'heir wty there, and oth?ra kh-.rly to be sent out. Will' ' Mr- far from oae hundred thousand '.can of coal per mourn The acareity of wood n California will bring co*l iaio general use aa fuel, as mkii a* it caa be obtained al rea?on<ible prices Suppose there may be, three yeara heuee, fortjr thousand houses, which ehall consume five ton* rMch per annum- This, with the steamers, would he a cont-umption of three hundred thousand tons If delivered at t20 per too, it would compete successfully with the coal from Vancouver'* Island snri New Holland, and amount to fti,0*0.000. The construction ot a rmiroad aero** the Isthmus c>f Panama would secure the market for those article a against all competition. Some id?-a may be formed of the demand for thrui from ih? prices pnul in S*n Fr*nc<aco last Muiumn Coal was Hold at $4i0 to $100 per ton; iiii'alce* flli per bushel; turnips and onions tor ?6 im 624 cent* each; eggs from $10 to $12 per C07HI. The distance from Cbasres to New York has recently been run in seven days Tu fame speed would carry a steamboat Irom 1'nnuma to San Francisco in ten d?>s Allow three dava to convey freight across ihe Isthmus, on a railway, aud both passengers and freight will be conveyed from New York to San Francisco in twenty days This celeiiiy of movement would secure for American produce the enure market of California, filing vessels may be successfully employed between cur Atlantic and gulf ports aud the terminus of ihe railwav on this side ot the Isthmus; and ciopellers from Pnnsma to San Francisco These latter vessels will be found peculiirly suited to that trade; they can use their steam through the calms ot ihe bay ol Panama, and against head winds and curtenu goint> north, and ineir s?iU with favorable wiiid* Hnd currento comiug south. Thepe modes of conveyance, in connection with theisilroad across the Itihmus, would l>e suliicieutly expeditious nr-1 economical to turn the tide of c- mmerce between the Atlantic and Pacific .States of ihe Union, into that Khanuel The tendency o( < ur commerce on the Pacific, t? rrom">? the emp'oyn ent of ocean steamers, is of mi'ch importance as connected with the defence of our extensive line of coast, irom latitude 32 dee to 49 deg , the protection of ihe whale fishery, and other branches of trade on that ocean. The establishmeut of a line ot heavy Meamers to China would promote all these c.bjects, increase our intercourse with tha' Country, and probably be the means of opening communications with .l^pan. Money, wisely em P <>y>d in promoting these objects, it is believed, would add more to the power and proS|ierity of the country than 11h expenditure on any general system of foitification, at rhe present prices of labor and niitertals. There is one point, however, of Mich vnfct importance that no time should h Io;>i in t> tog <hr nececsaty steps to render it perfectly iuipr>t!iiHhl<?that 10, the entrance to the harbor n( S in Francisco. (?u <he strtneth of the works which n?M) he erect- d to defend that pa^ai}*, w.ll defend the a'rry of California, in Mine o' war, with a nnrmtie power Permit a hostile fleet to anchor in the I aitci ?/? S<to tiaucibcoaud the country would he virtually CObquerrd. lie coast h<t? not been surve> ed, nor lus its outline hern correctly ascrrttiued. i'nrre are niiiiy rocks above ?nd below the water-line, and Mnall islinrts not mentioned or indicated on any chart, which render navigat'on near the land, especially at nijfht, extremely dauuerous. An accurate survey of the coast, to commence Ht the inert important points, the construction of Itires, aud the |>lacin" of buoys in |i o,i r positions, are objects of much impottanc**, and, it is l ot doubled, will attract the early attention of g(>vt muie-nt. JUTiUtr A!*T> MI!*IIUT, WKAf.Tlt. The pi ld region of California is between four nnd li?e huiiuied iii11cm lout:, nud Irom forty t<> t>t<> miles bioad, following tlie ln.e of ttie Sierra Nevada. Further discoveries ni;iy, and probibly wil', increase the ar> a It embraces within its limits those extensive ranueiof bills which rise on ihe thfetern bolder of the plain of ibe Sacramento eiid S?n Juai|Utri, and extending edstw.trdly froin !i0 'OIX) m>lr*, they aliam nn elevation of about I<l0() !'? ?. and terminate at ihe base of the main nd<e ol ihe Sierra Nevada There are niiiii',rnusBtre.ims which have their sources in the spriagn of the Sierra, and receive the water from its melting si.ow?( and that which fulls in rain during the wet m nHW< These streams form rivers, which have cut their chancels thiough the ranurs of foot-hills west ware') to the pUm, and dis> nnogue into the Sacramento and San loa<,uiu These rivers are lmm itn to fifteen, and probably some of them t w> iity miles ?i art. The ptiiictpsl formation, or substratum, in these hills, is talcose slate; the su|>er>tratuiii, aomettmes h netraiing to a great depth, is ijuartz. This, i n<'Wi ver, does not cover the entire tace of the cotinny, but extends in latge bodies in various d woiii ns? is found in mas.-es and small fragni? nts on the surface, and seen aloni; the ravine*, and in the mountains overhanging the rivers, and tit the hill-sides in ita original beds. It crops out in the valleys and on the to,>s of the hills, and I form" a striking feature of the entire country over which jc extends. From innumerable evidencea and indications, it has come to be the umversalljri admitted opinion among the miners and intelligent ii.en who have examiued thin region, that the gold, whether in detached particles and pieces, or | In veins, wus created in combination w,th the : qusrtz. Gold is not found on ihe surface of the country, presenting the appearance of having been ; thtowu up aiid M ailt ml in nil directions r>y voica?ie action It isnoly found in particular localillrr, Mid attended l?]f peculiar circumstaucea and | indications. Ii i? found in the bara and thonls of the rivera? in ravines, aod in what arc cull d the dry diggings. The livers, in forming their channels, or break , ins their way through the hills, have come in contact wnh the quartz containing the cold veins, nn J by conatant attrition cut the gold into fina lUkra and dust, and it ia found amon^ the aaud and gmvrl t)( their beds at tho* pUcca where the I kwiftnesa rf the current reduces it, in tha dry ?fa??n, to the narrowest posnble limits, and where wi<i"' iimnem is, consequently, HI M ?'"ch aide, ovrrwliich the water rushes, during the wet aev ton, with preat force. As the v liTity uf some s'renma ia greater than others. so ia the gold fonnd in Hoe or coarse particlra. apparent by corres|xindmg to the degree of amiMt.n to which i: has been ? xpoa<d. The water from the til la and upper valleys, ia finding it? way to the rivers, baa cut deep ravines, and, wher# v? r it came in contact wnh the quartz, haa dissolved or crumbled it in pieces. In the dry neuron these channel* are mostly without water, ami gold is fouad in the beds and marens of many of inem in large qu mtities, but in a much coarser aute than in <he rivers; owing, undoubtedly, tc the moderate (low ani temporary conntuance of the current, which has reduced it t? month ?ha pea, not nnlike r? bblea, but had not inflW-ient force to cut it into llakes or duat. The dry dippings are places where q'inrtz containing gold Ims crop|>ed out, and been disintef:rated, ctumt>l? d to fragments, pebblea, and dust, >y ihe at'ion of water and the atmosphere. The gold haa been left aa it was made, in all imaginable fhajes ; in piecea of all sr/ea, from ooe grain to (several pounds in weight The evidence* that it waa created ia combination with quart* are too numerous and striking to a^mit of doubt or cavil. They are found n comh'na'ioa ia great quantities. A very large proportion of the piecea of g)ld found in these situa'iona have more or leas ?iuart/ adhering to them, la many specimens they are ao conibiaed thev cannot be aep?rat> d without teduc ng the whole mass in powder, aad subjecting it to the action of quirks lver. j t This gold, not having beea exposed to the attri> tion of a strong current of water, retains, in a great I ?.rr*< "* original conformation. 1 n? ae trguinge, in ?>mr piarrs, apreaa ovrr * ?, leys of cnnsiorrsble extrnt. which have the sp,"?earnnce of an alluvion, fcrmrn by wnahing* from thfl adjoining bill*, of decomposed quart/, and sit e firth, and *r*rtiblc mailer. I* addition to thr*f facta it la bfyosd doubt inc, j that Ktrr?l vt in minrs harp been diMOvrrrd in th? qn*rtx, from which aum<*mttsepecimeos h*ve r>erp taken, showing thr minute coanenion h'twrfi the , fold and thf rock, and indicating a value hitherto | unknown in gold-mming. The?e veinadonot present tb* app^aranc* nf i places where gold may have b*en lodfed by some violrnt eruption. It i* rombtaed with the quartz, ' in all tneginable forma and drgreen of rtchur-aa. Tb*- rivers present very unking, and, it would m, foncliiuve evidence resecting the quantity of Bold r? mainirg undiscovered in th? qu irt/ vnna. It te not probable ih.it the gold in th? dry dirfginffa, and that in the rivers?the lormer in lam?M, tne latter in dual- waa created by different prf.o-ases. That which is found in the rivers has undoq*>tpdlv been cut or worn frcm the veins tn the rncfc, with which their currents have come in contact. All of them appear to b* caually rlcb. Thi* i? ahown by ihe I<tct that a tailoring man mny c>ll?*ct nearly as n urh in one river an he "an In another. They i*ier?*ct nnd cut through ihe *old region, ninniog from eaat 10 neat, at irregular ftia'nncra of liftrrn to twenty, and perhaps aome of th-m thirty, milrs psrr. llrnce it appears that the gt.ld veins are rqn* If rich in all nans ol that most rrm-irksble section of II' .J ? ? nen fitrllltff nf ft#) 4 * "?n?irj w rir H n iBuur. > ?" ?" ol ikii in the n?im nod Hrj di*f inga, which um; fotmly ronfirn what nature m |>Uinljr rhvwa in lit' river*. For lb' pnrjione of forming aome opinion rwi*ft? inr the probable iitrtnunt or ralite of irea?ure in the (5?>W r??io?, ii will be i>ro,*r t? ?t?te the eeiinal"* which hare b? en made of the quantity collected imre i'? dlarnver?. (inld ?? ftr*i dl?r?wrfil r,n th? aonth fork of the America* ri*er, ai place called fitter'* mi'l, ?"? (>?loma? late in M*? or early in lane. HWi. i which conld nr rrlird oa aannunrltif thia di?co*err, wna not received la (hia city a jiil la*' In the following autumn. I No im?iifran?<B into <he min?a r<mld, therefore, hare nkfR flarf fro?>i ?he okl K'utrr, in lhat year i Tlmumberof mhrn wan, cMtar<jw?t?7, limited to the population of ike territory?baom five huadr?d men frini (>regon? Mexicans and other foren on* who happened to be 10 the country, or omr iLto it rurmt the tun nirr and autumn, and the Indians who weie empioytd by or aold their <o lo the whne?. li ia suppostd there were not far fr*m five thouMind mm rniployid in collecting gold during that w??on. If wr tuppose ihev obt?in? <1 an aviate of ue thousand Jdollara encl ?which in regarded by well iiifoirma person* an ? low ratimate?the ag{jugate amount will be $5,000,000. Inhumation of thi* disoovny spread in all direot;oi a during the following winter; and on th* n n ment'f ni? nt of ih?* dn season in Wtf, p^O|il?ci-nie m'o the territory from all quarter*?from Chili, Peru, and other States on the Pacific coast of Sottfh America?from the wnt coast of\4exico ? the Sandwich Islands, China, mid New Holland. The emigration frmi the United Stm^s came in Istt, it we rxcept these whocroestd the (?thmuw of Panama, and wrnt up the roatt in strainere. and h few who tailed early oa the voyage round Caj?e Horn. The American emigration did not come in by pes, in much force, until July and August, and |V> b# Atiiiilui.^ not k*>(itn V<\ arrtva until I he liiul dt AMV?t bnd fimt of September The Cliilino* and Mexuvna were early in the country In the month < t July, it waa supi>08ed there were fifteen thiutaid fnreiiDem in the mn>*a. At a place called ?onoranian camp, it waa beloved there were at leai't leu thousand Mexicans. They hud quite a city of tents, booths, and log cabina ; hotels, rea> taurants, stores, and shops of all deacriptiona, lurntthed whatever money could procure. Ice wna brought (torn the Sierra, end ice-creama added to numerous other luxuries. An enclosure made of the trunks and blanches of tret s, and liued with cotton cloth, i-erved aa a ion of aiiiphiuie<itre for bull tights; other amusements, characteristic of tlie Mi xirans, were to be seen in all directions The foieipiiers reeorted principally to the sou'hern mn es, w htch gave ihem a treat superiority in nun>eiicslforce over the Ameiicans, and enabled thi m to take possession of s< nie of the richest in that part of the country. In the early part of the MBionthe Americans were mostly employed on the foiks < f the American, and on Bear, Utia, and Feather livers. As their i umbers increased they spr?ad ihemtelvta ever the southern mines, and collitions wur thieatened between thein aud the foreigner*. The latter, however, for some cauee, either fear, or havinii aatisfitd their cupidity, or to'h, beeen to leave the mines late in Auuust, and bt the end ot September many of them were out of the country. It is not probable that during the first part of the reason there were more than five or six thousand Am-ricuis tu the mines. This would swell the wlole number, including foreigners, to about twenty thousand the begmuing ol S?-ptenib< r Tnis period en.braced about hnlf of the seuson durum which gold may be successfully collected iu the V?ry particular and extensive inquiries respecting the daily esruini4?and acquisitions of the miners leiid 10 the opinion that they aveiaged an ounce l>er day. This ia believed by many to be a low est mute ; but liom ibe best iiifortnaiion 1 w is able to plot ure, I t in ot opinion it aoproacm* very near actual limits. The halt of the season, up to the 1st of Septmiber, would give sixiy-hve working ila>s, and to each laborer, a' $ Hi per ounce, $1,040 If, therefore, we assume J, 1,000 us the avenge c?l> lecttd hv ?ach laborer, we sbuII probably not go | bewnd tne maik. Tt tu ..ivo an manrmmt* of *'>0 IMIfl IkMl f?r the tili?t halt of the ttastu.?$ 15,000,OUU of which w ib pic IibIi!) collt cteii by tor* iptier*. During the l:ist lialt < t ill*- teuton, the muiibt r ot forM^iirrn wis very much dimim?htd, and, perhaps, did not exreed live th(>i>*Hnd. At this iimr, ihe American in m:gr?iiion hnd come in by land and tea, and the number of our fallow citizens in the milieu had. as wa? estimated, increased to between forty and tifiy tin utabd. They were moil of ihem ine*|?en?ncea in m iiirp, :>cd it is probable the results of their labors w re rot as great aa liaa been eetimated tor (he lirst part of the reason, niid experienced imnrri antuminfi that lh? average of hull an ounce per dny ought to te considered as reasonable, it would give an ngurei'iite ot about ?20,000 000. If tr* m iIhb we deduct one-fourth, on account ot ihe early commencement ot the wet aeaton, we have till estimate ot $1 j 000,000; at leaal five of which was colli e'ed by foreigners, who jinss'-Hsrd m*t>y eiivuntupee tiom their exp<ricnce iu turning ei d aLowlrd^e of the countiy. '1 tit ?e e.-tuuuw g give, as the result ot the operations id the mmea tor 1*IH and 1HW, ttie round rim ot (10,000,000?one half of which waapnw babiy coll*cud and carried out ot the country by fcifijiners. I-rmi the best information I could obtain, T am | j hd to believe th*t at leaM ?81,000,000 of ttie t to.1.(0,((O were taken from the riveis, and that i the ir inl.maa liaa not been sensibly dim<ni?lied, except in a lew location*, winch had early at1 tracitd !a??e bodies of miners. Tnis amount has I ptinni ally been taken trom the northern rivers, or th?>?t wh'ch empty Into the Sacamento; the sou-hern nv* rs, or those which flow into the 8*n I Jccpiin, having been, comparatively, but litile retorted to nntil near the i lose of the la*t aeison. These rivers, are, however, believed,by those who bsve visited them, to be n< her in the preciom mei ti I than thoie id the not them part of the golden reI gxn. There ia one river which, from reported i*ccnt discovni*s, and cot included in the description of thoee flowing into die ureal plain west of the Sierra Nevkds, is as rich in gold as any of tii'm. That ia the Tuni'y, which iis-s north ot the hrad' waters o| ibe Sacramento, ai.d discharges into | the I'acihc not far from the loriit th d* grec ot no. th ! latitude. There are, as nearer as my recollection serves me, twehe principal nvera in which g'?ld baa br*-a f< i nil; !>uc mokt ot the twenty millions in the above estimate wn t?ken tri m six or seven ot ll.em, white it was first discov* red and most ac< ' -nlile. I Adopting the hypothesis that th>' gold tounil in | the b<ds of theie streams has been cut or worn I turn the veins in the quartz throuah which they have forced th* ir w?y, and connJrring the fact that they are all rich, aud are said to be neatly tjuully productive, we may form some id* a ot the vast amount ot treasure remaining undisturbed in the vein* v Inch run throuvh the rn i??'i of rock in variera directions ovrr m apace of lorty or tifty nnlea wide, and near five hundred milra long. If ?f may h* allowed to lorm a conjecture reP(fc?in? the ru hneaa ?>f there ?m?? Irom ihe Uty ?-t lump or MM gold tonud in t.i- dry dmP'rc?, wh? re it a|?peara ;o occupy nearly the man" up? in>-?? it did of finally in ihr rock?Ha apecilic cranny being audit.mi 10 reeiat orJinarv moving eauttf?we ahall be l? d to no ruimaie alm?M b?-) cod ki.n an calculation and bellef Vet, aa far aa I can iieiceivr, there la do pUuaible reason why the velra which remain in ihe quart-/ may doi be aa valnable aa iboae which have become neparared frctn the der*>mpra?d rwk. Thia matter t an only be aatilactorily decided by actual diacoveri'a The cold r> c^on ol California having attracted a large hare ol public attention, it waa 10 be elected that vaiioua auygeMiooaand propoaitioo* would be made with teapect lo the proper mode of diapoaii | of it. The cMT'-nlty in arranging a auitahle plan haa been the want of accurate information on which a well conetoend opinion might be formed It* iN'taBce fr< m ih? aeat of governmen*, the coallirnnn ?'at> m< ota and reporta reapec'ing it, aerred only to I?w.ld? r and myatily the public mind, and tender a. thorough eiarninat-na rf it necearary to aereitmn whether |ta valor ia audi aa to render legirUfon neceaaary for Ita proper protection and m> rajitnent. If it appeal*, from the preceding part of this report, thai it im ?l(Tc mily important t? require Uwa amtid to the condition and development of ita weal h, we are necearanly brcnghtto the cooaideration of the ptoper rulca and regulat.ona to be M* ?(ed for iha: purp?<ae. The t urvey an<l *ale of that aectieo of conntnr, unr er oar pr? ?ent land vyatetw. or ?n? other mode which way be deviaed, would, undoubtedl*, cmiae vny ttriuna dtrrnnient among tho* who have ne, ?nd all wbo may deaire to en,there to collect po'd, ard a n???t unnec? -ear? and tmavoidahla ii, ?.i Ii'y in ibr dl?'iib?Mi' n of wealth ?rn<>ng the purrhatt ra. ec iota md par^a of rectior* of land having no lr< l< a'lfi a t gold in the (unfair, but pn*tceaing un:<> d irraat re in ihe howel* of the earth, m uht !>? m Id f"r p l.t wcii'd be i n? re tnfl.- in -ompirinnil their r? al value. Captahats would oveibtd iKe dai't /, atrorg armed day laborer, who had h'avtdihe ait rn .a of Cape Hum, or ihe privationa of a ji n'nr y actoea the puira, an I, b? the power j M O I Un.lMPtllOV) 1*1 iriourit P, ?? ?uni I"'"irr? ...? ma? l>eaol the tn4<m valuable minea which have been r!i??b*ir*it, init . rr| li>y -kii?i<l minora to examine ih? c? vmtry, wuh a* mtn h ?ecrery ** poa?ihle, lor th< 'ir|.fr?| mnkina ?' <b difonvftif? *i w. >iid rttUr the in. in a imat degree, to moonfolizr the tmit portions of in* country. Il in ninth ejioter to imagine than de??:ril>e the duct m? nf, prrhap* diwud* r, whu h would eiriiiB M(> Mt f f'B nn hundred ih<ni??r.d lrer-n?-n deprir-i ilt? |>M?ili ?/e of an equal enjovmeptnl, or p<rtn i I an* a in, ?h?t they hitr b? en in thr hkbit cf rrlarding a? thr r? ri m? n prnm rty of the i*?>i le of the * bote I'aitn I' i?, i ihajn, more ihn doubtful whether nrh ' "if uld be i a forte d. The iw>l?'ym? lit of rr??i(.* fir that pwr.ru- wmi'd nil ialy be odionft, but m ft-rmal tl ey wotiM be more likely to aet ?? e*. mfie if inrul ordinanon by de,eriif>n, thin to ii obedieaff in inhere 'I iie p. o|?le ? nn'd nnite wuh th? m in proHmriaf in il l ind I'lH.liifKn No ?yn> m, therefore, w h rh i not in arrord?nre wuh th~ inter'at* < f ihr | c^n l?e r?rr:? d la'o eiin e?e??l o jer<ti?n Ii ? alw?y<- fortunate when law* aie ?o fran?d * to h.aro < a>re thnne int'-reit* wuh ihe r-.|ie f aad rvtfif the foieenm^at. ! in b* lt? veil that may h< ?ee< m,.|ifh? d in iMa raee Uhi> r*rry An.rrran citizft ta the rn-ne* U I twin that be is on government property, ud wcnld consider any attempt to drive him *?w ? tt in of QMireMioB, hr at the iwnr time feela that wBiethinir ?a due from him for the privileges he eonod he would willingly pay a reasonable aum to have thoae privileges defined, and 10 be protect* d ia 'he enioymtnt of them. The gold in the rivers, the dry diggings, and the ravin**, is accessible to any man wno haa the MimfctB to uae a pan or wathrr, a apade and pick* *xeThe employment of machinery may, perhaps, facilitate itrt collection, hut it is not essential. E?ery man ia master of hit. own movements. The rase will be very different wi<h the vein mines,

which yet rem*in in ihe rock. To work them succetatully will require machine^ with horae or stesm |iower, involving an expenditure of capital id i'tcpoitloa o the extent ot the operations. No prudent man will make auch inveaimenta ui.til hia rights and privileges shall have been clearly defined by law. In the absence of all legal regulation, if man were to discover a vein mine, ai>d wturthe expense of erecting machinery to work it, any other person, ci'izen, or foreigner, might construct an establishment along-ide of him, deprive him of hia discovery, and destroy the v?lue of bit property Hence it will be pcrceivrd that any law prescribing the privilege* and duties < f miners akould be to framed aa to secure the rights of all. There ia some fertile soil in the gold region? b? sutiful valleja and rich hill-sides, which, under cireun stance a favorable to agriculture, would undoubt* f)l\ be valuable for that pur|a>se ; but at urehitit, end aa long as the collection of gold shall continue to reward labor so much more abundantly ihsn the cultivation of the soil, the important mailt r to be considered is, the proper mode of disl>ofing of the metallic wealth of the country. T he first step, in iry opinion, should be to reserve the entire region, where told ia found, from tie operation 01 me pre-emption laws, and irom tale, to thai it mny now be regarded as th*? com- i n on tr? asure of the American people, und hereafter t? rich inheritance to ?heir posterity. Then I roviiV for the appointment of a commissioner of | he n ir.ts, and a auflicien' nun.her ot assistant commissi* i era to carry the law into effect. Let the office of the commn-tinner he established i at m n e |'omt convenient to rhe mines, fay rtacra- 1 ii 110 city, and the oflices of his assistants ?a the prti.rij hI liver*, and in the most productive districts Provide that any arid every A m? rican citizen, on a| plication at the office of the commissioner, ! or ary of his assistants, and by pa)iug ?ue ounce, or * ! ?. or tuch turn us may be considered just t nd pr< per, thai] be entitled to receive a license or peln it to nig anywhere in the territory for one vear. Provide, alto, that any one who shall discover, i r purchase of the dircoverrr, a vein mine, ihall le entitled to work It, to a certain extent, under | ro| er regulations,on paying to rhe commissioner tuth per cent on the proceeds of the mine i xt nnv be a suitable tax on the privilege* granted. It w ill he necetwry als-o to allow the miner to rut j ai>d tire tuch timber and other building materials as his businesa requires; and, alto, to allow tlio-e ?hii *p k uiit'er |>ermitt the privilege of erecting cabins fur thelter through the winter. Authorize the c? mnnssioptr to layout sites for towns in eonv* 1.1? nt situations to the ni n?-a, and oflV-r the lott f< r tale, irtervln? the metals and minerals. so that ihoee w ho make minim; a permanent pursuit may accumulate around ihem the comfuit* ati.i eijotn ent* ot civilized life. Let those who desire to cultivate gardens or farm lots f?^ accommodated. It will be neertsnry also to authorize the Mle of i n ! rr and other material*. for buildinc and other piir| < aes. Thtre may he oiher suggestions which I i'oiot now ccuur to me, hrit no doubt will to tl'? ie who may he charted with the preparation of i i'tiym?n.ure which may be brought forward on this ti l? it 1 hate suggest* d one ounce, ?r JI6, as the price of a peini't or lie* ore to dig or collect gold for one year This 1 rrgaid as about the average value of ore day's labor in the mints Thi* tax, on fifty i thru-aid miner*, the probable numl>er next sumntr. will give ar*v?nue of $800,100. On one tit ndred thousand miners? ilie piotiable number of 1HM? it Will give fl.000,000, besides the |>erc?nlum cn the vein mines, and the sum rec? ivrd tor tow n lots, timber, 4rc , &*c., wh:ch would probably >?ell the amount to at least f2 000,000. Any variation in the tax imposed, w ill, of course, infinite <>r iliminitli this estimate. A tuitable amount of the money thus collected tlould be expanded in constructing ro.ir1* and bridges, to facilitate communication to and through the ii in i g districts Tfrse facilities will ?o reduce the cost of living in the mines, that the miners will gam instead ot lote l y pat ins the tax. These are nccommodilions w hi? Ii the miners th< msclves will n?*vcr provide, bi cnute of the want of concert of action ttrretig th? in tuflicient to accomplish such ohiecU, Ihut for which they will willingly pay any moderate contribution A libtral per centum should be silew rd out i f i!,:t mm.', ;i- .i ?< liool fund, and f >r the riti-Uichnr nt of an university to ett'ieate the m uth of California. J,rt it not bp consider d ih it il.it- will be doing i^uttici to the older Stinca of ( the Uiioa. Thiy will reap harvest nutfli irntly rich in their iDttrcourse with tli?ir younger aiatcr | on the Pacific, ?o juetjly the racut liberal courae of [ prliey toward# her. I I ba*e given $2,000,00(1 as the probaMe revenue for If 51, under the proposed system This would dirchorce the interr f>t on the amount stipulated in the treaty to be paid to Mexico for ('aliform i and j New M? *ico, j.r< vide f.K?0,0ii0 per annum for a tehool fund, and the ncccssary Improvements in the mininp districts, and create a (inking fund of half a million per annum, to pay the principal of the indt ninny to Mexico. An it-crrs** <f the number of miners, or el the price of permit*, would of course increase the revenue. If the veto mines shallbe found na extensive and productive as the be t informed perM I Iippmr, the ru|t to mil ili.-m, ,.ro(>efly ?ecurt d by law, and the opportunity thus oflert-d of >in(r mm hinrry to advuntige, will justify the collection of n much larger per centage on their uross product than it ia propoard to ri >i<tire Irom those ? I o labor with their own Iwnda in the use of the eimilr meana now employed in the collection of sole. 7 he amount, therefore, collected from this sruife may ultimately be aa large, perhaps larger, th> ti that for permits. If revenue ia an rbject. there can be little doubt ikit, ly lb? adoption of thin avetem, the amount coleett d id a few years will be larger tuan the entire duawt would mwmi4 ib rmdy money, if offered for aale: and tne interests and prmlegea ot thoie e it ployed in the mines will '>? ateured from tfce crasping ard monopolizing aprit of individual proprtrK ra; California and the whole l.'aion preM-rvid ftom i< t lira of anarchy an 1 confusion, if dot blood?h?H, which muat result from a enle of the mining r? jion to speculators, ard an attempt to protcct tbroj ia the en oyment of their pur* chares. 1 he ralnriea cf the commisaioner and hi> arsrstanta may easily he paid out of the am<"int received, in fixed turn*, or in the form of a per cent m. I h,.ve proposed to exclude foreigner* from the pnvihge of | ore harm? permi's. an'f from working sa ditroverera or porcBaaeni in the vein mines. My rratoua for recommending thia policy are, ihxt th? ?e minea b? long to, and in my judgment rhotild he preserved for, the use and benefit of the An eriran i?op|e. I m an, of eourae, all citi/> n?, native and adopted. I .1 -I 1 U Ilk - flllM C.( a ufihu Mir Hiinii'g p-nwn ui ? hi'm- t??n iho?ir>nnd forriimera, montly Mrl'cani and t'hlli noa, mme, in armed band*. in'o the nun hi* dia'i (t, bidding defiance to all rppo-ition, and fit. My ran vine out of the rrun?ry Bonf twrity millions (.1 doll tra' worth ol dn??, wbi? h belonged by pirn ha?.e to the people of the I nited .^tvrs. If not excluded by law, tbey will rrutrn and recomrrerr? if-.r work of | Nind'r They nnv, wuh aa ni?i h r *br, pnther th* h*ne?t in the thII-jt of the t>t nertirut, the < >hio, or M>r?i " ipri. No other ne?i< n, hnvirr the power to protect It, would permit |I^ I>n<ntii to be thu* C irr 'd w iy I would not allow thrm toptirrha-e p?rmita, or <rork ?ei? n ln??, I rrame (be cnntrilmtiona propo^d to r?0?ir?d are ao modem* that they will not rauae lb* li?hfr>t inroiiTf nirarr to l!i" m<ner-, and i?r? not rtrrlinrd ta an equivalent f. r theae privllryra For? ipnera, therefore, w?uld willingly par theaa ftr<ll ??iiria for pertni*aion to rollrrt and rarry HW?y million* of dollnr* in th'ii*. Tlie <>b; ct la not jtiIj a euifnh1e revenne, bm to pr'?et'e. lor the w 11 onr own fellow-utizene, the wraltb of that tepi n. '11'ii- f | permita wi" ? ke a" who p?r. 'Iff tjn rn police oflirer*. to m 1 n e??lndii.jc fro it the minra all who are t??>t en " l*-r? to, or who do not imnitf tbrm Thi? w II pre?r?t deaertera fr? m the arrr) and ni*y from Ic-inr hardwired and i n ! < ted in the mine* N?>t b' 17 n*,(| t? i'?r? hi permits the a?i?tant roimr-'inn^, "ti? d by the min'ra, would aoon dftrrt an I arr- ?f b? to !**tlora beloncinir to the metcto'ile marina ?<!ii br iji r?ctr(| m a ?r manner, and tbua p?? vi nird fr? m ?timing away. Tie c*?niT"-rce of ill* r^aotry wrmld he pr<v 'e?tedfr?m the diaa*?ron* roor>- |'t'T"?? r"? iHng i??m tnr nMixinnnf^pt of 07 'npir cr?w?, ^1? fl rfffMofil) Hiionurl (IHtJf tit on con *in ra. brrmitp wrt linnt", aa a mraatirn of 'IfH? t?n|ri?, mvitl ctiarrr ?? h hra** 1oa?*a on t?i?- r artora, mkI rt-mt-jt?? n'!y ihff Ml o? iho?* who nrtMw. Th* nrr?iy ?n<J nary wnold l?* wwd fn m f>?Tio??|i*HiifB, and pr^jwd for aerrica in if MPfhllf. Man? of ?hf pmijrnMa ?o California, fVCWtlf 'hrnr fr?>?n tbenratrrn ^l??ra, will remain and o?ni a rraidftf [cprlanrn ; Kit there wiH be ??p?'*ard ?r|?a of tbouaani'a ?;f yoonjj and m'ddlei?d ?r?Klnf?rrn, from all t?ri? ?l ih" Untoo, ?< b?. iri'l retort te the trenea for the pwrpoae of ? ?? Mfil ?he it'obii to wrfhurf a fi'w, or MaSliali h?rr'??l?ra li >nirf inrntiff ud m ?hw ?* ihfy hate uetm<f a mfTr m?- amount, will ren?n. ard rtietr |4?ef?wlt1he a')f>|>lied l?jr other* h?> wiM t? and do likewir*. IV:. pi ftp* baa already commenred. Many who ww out last spring have returned with us ample rewsid fitr their labors and privations. The ruaiket in California tor the products and manufao(Difi of the other States of the Union will enhance i>rice?, which, with the sold collected and brought home by laboring people will diffuse h degree of weulth and comfort hitherto unknown among tb? m. The quicksilver mines of California are believed to he numerous, extensive, and very valuable. There it> one near San Jose, which belongs to, or is claimed by, Mr Forbes, of Teplc, in Mexico. The cinnabar ore, which produces the quicksilver, lies near the surface, is easily procured, and believed to be remarkably productive iJiacovene* of other mines are reported, but no cettain information respecting them hos been made public It is, undoubtedly, a fortunate circumstance that nature, in bestowing on Cali- i fomia ruch vast metallic treaaure, has provided. almost in its immediate neighborhood, lnexhnusii- i ble atorea of quicksilver, which ia ao essential in gold nniiin^. The policy of government with reapect to these mines of cinnabar should, in my opinion, be quite (liferent firm ih?*t which I have felt it my duty to suggest for the management ol the gold region. Ah toon as ihe necessary explorations can be made, and proper information obtained, it will he well to rfler these mines for sale, and commit their development to ihe hands of private enterprise. It ia believed lhat there are extensive beds of silver, iroD, and copper ores, in the territory ; but j there is do information sufficiently accurate respecting them, to justify any statement of their exist* nee or value. I have alreHdy alluded to the propriety of eatalsfishing a mint in California. Thia is important in n at y rtspecie. At this time there is not coin in he country to supply a currency. Much difficulty is experienced in procuring enough to pay the duties on import* d gcoda. The common circulating medium is. therefore, gold dust, which is sold at fir. 60 to 916 per ounce. In the minea it is frequently sold much lower. The miners, the laboring men, are the mflerers from thia atate of things. Those who purchaaa and ship gold to the Atlantic Stales nihkf* large profits; hut tho-e who dig l?we what othera m;ike. I have estimated that there will be $80,000,000 collected during the current year. At l*r ounce. that sum will weigh a, 126,000 ounces. Cio'd, at the United Mates mint, is worth ?18 , per ? unce, maku a h difference in vslue, on this qnsi ti'V. between Shu l r ncisco and New Vork, of ,2C0,fH 0, wh rh would be saved to the miners b) the estahlithni* tit rt ? mint 1 h?ve also augfest* d its importance ns a meana of prrmotisg aid inc?e> sing our trade with ihe west coast < f M> lien ?iid ."MJUth America. It is iiot doubled that the construction of a rail- ' wi,y i-cross the Isthmus of I'mnmx, un<1 perhaps j ihe t s'liliiichm* tit of i ther |ir?s of communication l. _..ii it km || ht ? .. < ? t-n.'-, ~ .m ... .... and manufactures of ll:e o'der Stairs of the Union 0 n mai d cf the tratket of California. to ihe exclusion, in a yreat degree, of those of the west c< ast A mint will therefore become of the utmost imrcjtarn e, to give such marketable value to silver , bi l i< n i s to t Bbbh ihe merchants of tlmec conntr:<> to he? |i up bik! in'-rinae ih? ir intercourse wuh orr trine 11 :< 1 (.or* on tlx- l*a<?fic. The silver bullion vhiw-ed to Europe from the west roast ot Muto, amounts to more itiun ten nnllii of dollars |x r annum. From the coiintnet j hi the west icvm of South America, probably an | *tjital quantity. That frcnt M? xico poea to i>Hy for I European ini|>ortati(>ns into her |? rta on the At! uii(ti<'e. A market at Pan Francisco for this bullion, will be ibe mepna of subst tuiirp American and Chinese fabrics for ihore of L'ur"|>ean manufacture in all ihoe rountrie*. This w ill greatly increase the trade between C'li<na and California J have the honor to be, with greut respect, your most?bedient servant, fS.pned) T. BUTLER KING. ' To tho Hon Joii.f M. Ciuvroji, Strrrtmy of Staff. li?W ImelliK* nee, iicrFoRD, wuti nuiM corimr. ll?for? Jnftlr* Hi'brrt"*. T'.? Vnitri K'etet i ? /.?e/tic?~ d C IIryiutM# ? The *an.u a'ti n of this esie was rammed i n Saturday laat, it tfdlrid (ortil vlltfrfd w?r? etainlaed by Mr. M n u>> rs. on tbs (?rt or Mi* t uit*J 8'ateS. b; who?a test'tni ny the toll< lift faets ?tr? That Id ^ 11 last tba prl*?tsr who was posma*rar of tha 1 lare mads an a?sl jaa^bt of all bl? property, to aaruie a debt iIdc bl* la'brr-ln law ; that at tba time of tie asstebmrnt be also piLfen-ril a Judgment t> hi* own father towbu.i ba waa largely lodebreit ; tbat b< <b tba ass'ftti.eLt and jndgo.aat wem mailed at tba d< Indent's |.rst < Ore, on tlia 'ami Jay, (or the Clerk's ifl re ?t WHte P:a?a?. to ba raeordet, and that tba jueyirtnt aa* dttainsd and b.-Id ba k by the prwarr, l< t ll.a purpose, a* It s|Wg?d. of giving priority to tba ' asMgrn.tnl It appeared In r?ld? or, that tha aaaigai u.eut aas reer;d?d tlr-t. and that lbs judgment waa with) " Id till tba propatty waa sold by thi- a?Hlgo?.e?. 1 he defn re fntinduced allai aaas, to show that the lettar r< D'alult- the judgment waa rep.ulaily saat In tba n ail bi g, and that ll muat have W< a detained on tha wrt atd sl'Otlit iba prl-<>aer did a?t makauptha rail'>ia tba day tbat ibe littrr w<? int. Tba t??Mmoty of all tha almer'aa wa* rcMllatinc as to ilktaa. Tba rasa reeuplad ontll Tuaslay, wn*a It waa suwmaj up oa iba tart of tbedrtaaoa by lodga Mart, and on tta part i f tba I i.l'ed Statea by X'r n:.u.? ? Tba Judga wlli girt his i.'< el?|en In tba court* of a Irw day* I)r*th or Pa*>iu Mniuaatk Bittin a* Maun Va?t ?ii i ?Tb? rbll?1alphla Imfiirrt, tt tba js'.h laat , sajsWa Ira in ?lth ameb regret that Cbatlaa Carroll | Katard a ra#s?il '.'id-Llpmaa of tba t nital S at<s Narv. aad tba son t f a dl4tiF(ahhed el*l- -n of PnllaI dal^bia ('ltd at Naples, on tba >2J of Febrnary la*t la I tb? i'l'd )tar of bla a.-a. HU d a:b was >??aalooa4 by a ! wrvad ireelird ft.-en a stoca tbrrwa li m tbeara'.ar of \ rsatIns vfclla ha wa? s'andlair In rnmpany with o?ber ?tfears on tba *lda cf tba mcnatala Tbarruptl? n alluded to was Caa of 'ha m it brilliant and tra rtftns that has h??n wltnasurd lor many years. It i was *>rrrr?sr. mnarkally snadrn a- noaa i f tba usual i ?l?rs had praeadrd It A lattsr states tbat tha mnua| tain literally narsd with the sfli.rts It mads todtsgnrga Ittalf. The b? I?? waa ltk? tha Orlag of oansoa at ? a. ar d ?t ?irTJ dlrchaig*. there ?? throen tip a ina?? of lata ltd rorka. * hi eh at bight ln> H? J lika h*llt ot fir*, A gt.lile. who wii co tha mooo'aln at the tin*. nj< : ? I " Id tba middle i t tlx n> OBtala. towarda Hoicmi la an Iratant a grotto >u f?.rm?d ful! of*ta!astltaa of ?alt i and ntriD* rait I tu abont to gather acme pillion of It when tha (rrntto l>ej?a to open e<lf;ieil-r th? Infloarca ofcaitb.|i>ake and aa I fl<- I I f>uoJ that my elotbaa vara Imraed upoa m* bank Had I ant qritl* ened my ape?d my life wnold haae bee a aaorllcej. for Iniherama r.-r r.r there learn <1 t- rib a curr?i.t of lata forty palire In l r?efth-wbe?ioe aa al>o fi -n the crater. w?ra thrown rp b'ml>< and Itgb'otege. la taa DlDutM tba lata eiterded to tbe foot of Ncuibi formlag a bk tt woadrtful aad beautiful Maa. Iloaiiv, inb lliacm Oi thb Cnu?tri Taaurnr, ?*d ?u* I nn i<atn. - rh* fan,-d Mrt How. ard. wbe killed the paiaraour of bar buahaad. In 1 laclot all. tome tlma aloe*. I a?, ?laoa tba l?a'ti ot that hatband, ebtalaej i o?-e?-lt a ol bar chlliirea. .%c?or<tlM to' or liilnrtka'H'B ft* gained aree?a to tba ttttla girl, wbo waa at a by p'cdj:lo,i h-r w rd tbat aba would or* ao IllegU or loralh'e n>*au? to fat pi*, trrtlra of tba rlilld The roardlaa "f the M(M *aa sot at br&a when tba a?>plieati?a an oi ir at bl? rarld* Bra, bat nod- r thla aniaoia premlae. hia *dr co?pentad to iNKitpan; Mra Howard to tha ? Brant. W b? b they bad artlted th?re tea Ladv Ii^iiar by ra'joeet brorght forward tba elillj, ?h?a tba n> r, telrtng it, threw a?!da ber aha*l and air^ee.! a '-It of plftol* daclarlag t.r lat<-a*i< n to carry oft bar child at all baiarda and eeylng, "I bate klllai "ia w man aad I raa kill otbtra If I am nppiaad"' Tha laltea. attack with eraatirnatlcB made k? realatara aad ao?a after. Mra Hoaatd with bar ahlld, entered a aarilag* and departed Hrturiilng to tta bouaa of tba giiarj'aa, Mia. Howard, aad bar maa M?-ad - wb . Maril to >> a | aatlt* ?p. a'at' r of ih?t aa*i'ta( oo- *' *M tha ilttla bey al aa ha too waa tak> a p ???a#|i n of, aad oar?lad i II ll"aatd waa dlfaroae from b!? wl;a la 1H4?. la Kattnoay. at wblrh tlna tba court da?r*?d to him tba Raardianrtip <t hla nbildrati. 1 ha mother affr> warda >biaiaed il -m by ?tra'a<?ia bat fisaily rallnqiil>had tba toj t' bit ta b-r by tha r%i maat of i'4i0. Tba gtrl waa u-ra ractafly ob'aiaad from her la (III.liar c.ai atr - Hi. !* *<> (<tf* > M*r?* 1?. CoMwiaam* ow Cttiaa ?>.?iaaT Mi\n a,Mar<i*i J<l.? Tham>m(i<al ol Janaa Taylor Wbita, elalailag for atippl.aa by btm fatal'bad la l>le to tba Mexlraa garrla natAtabuaa halrg takaa ap for MMMarati<a, trgetber with tba pra> fk aad 4vaaaal? cnaarie.i tb>r*a|ib lb* U'aid oataa to aa nplnto* tbat tba alalm af 'te-aH l? o?e aot valid araii at tba repatiltn of Meilco, ?d tba >aira waa. aaaotdlrrly b?t allowad V ?a? m a7?VtB Otlal of I I.ary, claiming for Illegal Jatlaa a?ar??4 i*r.?fnpt Jadnial dn-l-'naa *? , In 1M3, 4 d"? a to 1140, m> tuhallt^l.fiibKfii, an'! ordarn In l)? rrnltf* "Iba Ditvnltl <4 A n.lr ? f wlfo. rt?;rr I'* ii r d?B.iirttg? r.| bdfautlaa via i I aad Icrlnaxll rbals rabl?. , i.l.irlttrd. atamfnad *11(1 r?,i?nt??l M>t < nt fi.ib.inK to ifc* rulaaof tha li ?r<l 1 fca iti< n cilal < ! HaB forth ? Mdar, 'latmlr 4 for a f r lr?l of t?a?i? d^llara at Mataata>a?. la li*, ?m ?ubnlitid aiaiMaad and nrdrra.J t> ba r?f. l??4 On an. til n Otd*r*4, ? h?t laaaa b? to ?ttbdraa tha ? ?< rial aad 1 apara < f Wllian S Mtawtwt la M l?f that Ih't B>ay bai nada to r >ri"iai t<< tlia ralaa <4 tha H.a>d Ordartd. 1 bat aba* tba Board tbla day ad jinrta It abail rtaad adjoarrad until lha h'.ar m an a rf tba 17th 0* Jot,a tiait Or4aia4, That Iba a-mr-nratio* if tba inr?r?t ?f tbta nurd ba at tha rata nf ?t*?n bb(iirt? d?tiaf> p< r B'lmm.to oouBt ft nr> tb? b??'?n ?n r>t tbla Birath aoeh balr 4 tba u<ual itnmpimiat'i? frr atatiar ??rtir-? la tba hurraaa tf tha Trwa>u>) lirtutawit. H'i mn or < Minibti-b l?nu?? ? I*aa~ faaraa a rar|.a?ttbi<* fa" Mar, aad pn-arhar at tba I t>ir?d Bratk tm 4<trd!titiot luian Ib Vli?o oavaty. lid.. *a< cm ally tr>rr?a?a? ib W4 abtlat rl>aptr>f by 'ha *44* ?f hit >U M?btnf tba Ibth lot It taaaaa tba*. a f?t d I'linl 1 lia ic? m I j opax.la(iha dnnr, ?bl-h aaa faat>t?d altb a para.lar tatrh that a atrancr to tba I naa a<n,M mH f?n aad ah ! *r. P. ?M *?t?ap, lar.M.da bl<.? ?|'-alha with a hatabat or loaa* haab ib. blada of altlrh <i.Ur?d lha brtllt and pro. crr*4 uaath ? aa taaatvl -*r botira aftar aarda. Tha lfa?t Mf. T ?aa a aH-a lalha nl(bt. 'tll'4 fntar kfHh??. ?hn aiaMr?fla| Ib tba 'am rri bi and a?k> 4 h'm H ha baard a nataa la tba bnn?a, f> a blab ha rapilad tbat ba h*ar4 a<iu?thiag Mr*. P. It'l frit nf bar huaba?4 aad f?ar.4 blBi atri>rc'<B( a?4 ir.ocpt.t ba tad A St ata* vhlah light ?aa bad tba < < ? t? tba kloaad o^ai, aad Mr P. toudai aa aha aa a'and aad atratgtlftt ta tba af nalaa M 4*alk K >r I nrc?? a ?aa arraatfart aa tba aaayaatad aadarar, at ha |r?*?4 ai. aliM?tbat ba a?a, at tba <taa a1 tha fcutoat. ala* BUM d? Ua. Oavrrdal, Mmr* IW Tfe? BuIm BotplMl *t ItaUa btu4. At tfca hhn for tb* laiwm *f i*r?Uo? ta tMa port U DOW MUMNi *b* Marls* Hoapltal at Itataa lalacd bteoBM an object of latarMt. Oar reporter ?Ult?d tb* Institution a few dayf ago, aid kw pr?aa*t 4 ua with tit* following r??ulU, wblob w* lay Ml* our reader*. Tb* Qaaraatla* Hoapltal. ft* tb* raeaptl? * atok KlfitiiU, at States Inland, 1* a ?ary extanalra aatab lUtmrut, eoa?UtlB| of tbr*a briok bolMlaga, hmr rbiatone ?tora roon, on* cook konN, tw* kltab_ tai. oBe warbhoura, offlea of pb jelolas. offlo* of apa4h* cary, ?lark offlea, ateward'a offio*. gate boat*, pbyai riaa'a realdeaaa, asd health oOear'a r?aid*BO*. **ide? tbeee bulldis?*. tba SMUtunt pbyalciaaa aad Ik* baaltb tfllcer'a boatman ara accommodated la boaaaa in tba Irlasd. Tba b< rpltal eoBtalsi 34 ward*, aad la under tba eBtire aostrol of tb* renldeat phyaloias Kermerly It wai under tba joist eoBtro) of tba b*?Ub * ear, tba ecmmiMioner of health. aad tha raaidant pbyritiaa of tba city. About two yaara ago It was pleeed under tba aontrol of tba Health Offlear aad tba <:*? ailarloserof 1 mtgratios. Tbla coordinate authority and divided responsibility vara fouad aot to work rery barmonlouMj, and a cbaBge wan mad* by tb* Legislature, la Apitl laat. Tb* b*altb oSner attends to tha ilililn* ?r uiula uJ tbe raaidaat pbjaician to tbe treatment of hU pv tlenta Ib thli be 1." aided by four aa*iataata. bat b? alone la responsible lor tba health of tba e .uitfraata.? It waa found, by abort eipt-rUnce. that tbe power* canfarred on tba pbyaioiaa were detest lee. and that, by the act of tba legislature. be could only treat the patlcnta? be bad no power to admit or reject, or discharge, or to salntala tba quataotiae la?a It waa nrceaaary. then fo e, either to bare a ?uperlatandeat, or to iBTeat tbe | bjau -un ?lth tbat office. Tbe latt*r ecnrra waa adopted a* tbc nioet eipedleot. tad tba* tba complete control of tbe establishment ia placed la the batda of Dr. F. Campbell Stewart No patieat ta permitted to leaTa tba hospital, uo<ler any air* cuu rtancea, until discharged; and no peraoa, aet even tba ualaraut pbjalslana, can Tlait tbe city alibi ut bh special pera iseltia ; and no p r?oo la friniilttd to rUIt tta .hospital hI bout authority tid pi t mint-Ion, only itven under rery pecailar Ircumctancea. The yellow fl?x la booted at tba leadr? the signal i f quarantine and a>ntagl >n Tha law f>-ntii.ee tba a'JoiiKMoue, on the pan ?> toe he?Ua Clcer to Ifcoae aOeuiad witti c>aU(ii>v< dl<aiM(i but It it* fcecearary to giet* it a liberal interpre'ati<>a ae la the Ibu'p.i nt stage it uiany dtsea-ea il is difficult ta de'etuilue ibeir cb*r?otrr and it le ?a'-r, tti?ret >re. tw risk tbe adn>l"i< n ut many p-rs< n? < uly lab >riu< aadir ci.Id or eulite iutlaniiuaUoo, tliaa to sand >ue (wr(i a. witb chip trier In bis Tell lotu tba sit) to spread disease and dea-h. iv lib all ibe care ur-ad, id tbie raepect such ca ea do earape obsi- rr?l 100. aod only devtlopr ibrnirel im *tt? r tba arriral nl t he et^uraut* In New li-tK llem-e It I* tb*t ?e h-Hf ul'cbotrra ao'l abip feeer on W ard Iem?d, wb re tho dastuita are aeut wbo arc auppi-si d to be frre tr-iu ?) c diara-e Motue idea mar be form* >1 of tbe great i < ?> mobility devolving rn tb> healt h ottleer. and the diftiqaity attmdl'K tbe diecbarga < t bi? dutiea, wbeu It Is <ttnxt tbat in Ma? I.ft tbete aera 13MHt e:ni?rauU la tela ly Injs t"n> t Li r at tbe t^uaraBUna, no tl<e ..itta?r b'ai0>Ok? inery a? si renty or entity vaaa?l? lu a '< tl??le day. '1 be Ire* of tbe h-nlth oltl<-ir. cb>r{e'l up'a taob toitlLi bt nt?;a. ?ti la^e tr<'tn ot o to a u o *t per aDl-utn. Tbe Hospital le supported by >1 J>0 eoiaInutatii n money. psld by tbeoau-ra or eapraio nfaana I teasel. for ereiy emigrant ttiey laud, wftiea of couraa, Ci mea ptrilmiM} out f tbe p< -ulirta of -tbe eojig'aa'-a, IncreaclP)! their paa.'ege mi ney by tbat a u nia>.? 1. ! .1 tti.I II ill I Inn imi.ll ai.d It ?ikl |>r< bably ta rain-d to *2 or 60 l'n? rmi^ra'tl iDotitutii n la row daaply In drht; but It u?*i?t im tahi-n Into acri nut that'and ha* b?ao nurt-ha-* 1 and tulItftBf a araf'i d- as riproac It will aot !>a n?0'i"*rj! to Iticur again Kt'*M and u.? iltc in?? >r? prorl l?4 t>? taa ri-i|iiiilil'>iif (I tta I'bj'lrian >>ot wrakly to tha itltcnof tha i oioa;l"locat of KaMgialtxa. it ia n*a-'m%rj not only to | roa'.d> l?<0 anu ni.mocr. tut rift rn?n/? f clttVi'm IT tie <l?-tl'.uia M>-k All patiru a aia >? ijairid to d?lltar up wbiifTit iaocay tbay ti?r? ..u *?latir,* the koa|ltal; It l? oouu'cd to rbair pr-ma-. l?brlltd ai.d fti t to tba ultlia <1 tha I .>iii-nit<|no*ra of I ii.t-'aUi n It ttay cot>raal tlirlr tu t *) and a'>oul-t attrrwaxla l<n It bv auira* ?* otkar?ba. tr.ay ?r? tail wiib< ut '1 ba t.mc Ij ar.h wl.iot. oua of tbriv r< ?r paoj la r. taiti tbair ia<may l?<'Url')u*aa?ui(ti. An ciil man, ?b< rt lima aiaoa w?. J lutn tfca b"aj>lt?l aid bt-lrg a-k?-d wkctiar ha lial any motay k? <illtd It tt'at nadntnljr, Id th? pr vf> ??f hia ulcknaM, oiia of tba Biir.in ?i-( to ?<*a a ball I ?n til* pamon. which *u taken fr> in hi ji aoi f'uut o | c Mala Tl? poraral n? rarh alitcfcad la aaparatoly I'na I i Id luan aubmiaanil) ?|<?d A uuitnli n"l p-r mitt-4 to tiicb worry I. mm If lla uturl ri|><>rt u ta ih? otraa.d a bo ta km clarn" <t It Tba lapcttar fuitad a??ry b f|lt?].anl ward and (fl ra r0nn<rtad a Kb tla la?'ituilon, aud ?a* lilf'ily cra>l(!< d altb the pirf.ot pl?anllu>i tad frytna ion ol tfca B| artira|jt.< It-a rji?r!l?i r? of tLa prnat td tba gtiia:al romfuil ut tn? r?tlat?. ililw dt.T'pl'ii" |tats ird to a *? ry taB>atkahl? d< *rra an I tba wbo'.a appaa'ni?p? ?f tba |iara wu? iu !i?a'iaa of rata atw&oin. and a ri^'d aafura-iura' .( ml-a. Without tl.'W rttlct dlr ip.loa In poah an ?<(al< uU!>> ot a'l ?i u'd l>a ?nti1ii?t< n aid di?ord<-r "Ifcabco of tba a 'ub.t*l n.?Bl e'? ha?t ailt'igi-rat racc'.ailty at.d (ti cl/loa. rb> ?? I.a larg b'.r.k In o ah lb* iam?a it all tha p?ii>ti'? at- ?nt?ra4 t?air dUaarrp abd ?hit La* b-eaaia ct tham Kl-ry ?a<k tba a*?i-taBt pby?lalali? raa'a tha t'turtia ftCB tba C'fl t< lit na'd* to thi ra??J?tit piy?lci?p, l.y ?lilcb I c out a |B?aia' rata l S i a lh? Li iiital rmnir llhd. r |L< r IV < ( t lp - At lotto tMrbviinlirntUsei la? em? mui nparalit a. on Ibr X d of Apt!! l?'t t'll Itn- .'.l-t ( iK'iiik, ' thara bt'? l.??n I.*j Iff In' >n* wb r|. aub IWll i b'pff.al at lt? tlasa, rr.l r a ??, wi ..J a |, o In n?? ; twrnd tlira warn f -U,'J diatbaad f0? ill*4 lOiaa I faavlrg abcut 7(0 In boapiral at. (lir b l*'0'jW( ?f tba aaw jrar. Ao'?P(r lh-?i- a<|iaf?'l"a* t*i r? ?-ra BO oaraa rf fypbua ta-*?r. ard 112 death*: ?od S91 <*a?aa n{ tbf Ttiy ?i rat rbi l'*a at J 171 In' ?*. rtr a'r la peculiarly m'nbii n* a: n i-Ur.J a< d rar* fa<or?Va to tta rrcoyrtj at f-rar p*U?n:? Dr lirtirt ha* t> <m fnm.t uily tucr* ' I. Wa > una lamartablalna naaa of O.* ?uoraaMf tr?a'rni nt In tha h> apttal. John V|.?or?. an lrl*b | IMl ba I In - '.*.< MMMIMH wvak* pra?l>.ia to bU arrival, by tliw r< litu? ul a ?a'?r afaiaai blin In a atorru) and thn<>gb It rnnalipd ?l'. that r>i?* taut Ik* l?,* * > b>al?i| and tli- irn In ric<ll??t baal'b In fix a.akF. Or. |irr? io- irifi-at credit lot tba nnfa, I) bl< aaaU'-AO*. Ur. i;ru?aiogiaai'P, ULiirr ab-'f* r Jiarg tbl* patient (at ),-*a 1)1 Tba atinber ?.f ailciiMi'.mi Int the bi-pictl fir tfe* l?l*t?k, wan )< :. tba numb r tU*chargt1, 61, tba hiin<li?r mbo dli d only 11 a | rrni'Mi r? la a^n' a mtla aal ? b\lf t.?m tba ti ?| Hal. latrl; tbi r- ?n tba u<?t ? id-lit ^rn|? l'M aKainM alt'ivit* th* daa J to b- Ikttrtwl in th- rrriaeta. .Vaellri *??a b?l<t, at. i l.yneli laawaa t)raat*??a4 a(ata?t lb* la*Uiiiti n. 1 bai f -lia< la ai? rr?i>?a4, and In rrd-r totsclia It |lr?la a< p.aalMa tba ?*f???l ara ?l??)i la'.eried t?*/ t? dtfhfi*. in tha , ?otn:rg. Fi> ?tn i<g aaa lb* pra/Mla* acaiu*'. tba koepltal. at d thi- liar ?.f <v n ?io?i, itrk a ti n*< ina edncit'd ?ad r?*i ao'abta tha'. It l? nn'y vitMa a '? ? n?atb* ai d aalng' > thr ju I1 M?ia m?i a<??-u* ol l>r dtawart. ik?t lb-j appi<n li'd if *. alt r?ra -w* * h??ti fi < I < !' u If- ! ti'ai- H w Mild tal? lb? tx*t |l|?Mlail? IOU'i. la <;id*rt> aull f. Ma? -am' at tba n<?t rr?(*c.all' | r'" r" >ba I iaud ?l It tba d'.Mi r and 11? fanii.jr fi.- jn>'Ltly, aail t.i-y Lara luat all f< *r of rvarartai*. la ectf'tDfira tf it* prr,ui;m that vraasra* tal'an b? tba <- a-ta <>( p?r y ?a U>? ! lard to I a< Iba lM?tlk |i? r?<no*. d ' < Kn lf Hnd. and tf ? L<|Ulatura va*lbdto bak* a ! '? pi'pllatlfli |rr til. pij-rl a<a 11 :?od and tba tlMtlna f ball ding* la ti a til i? - lamibl ma N?w Jm?) l.'rl'latBi* abo kara a *il< In tba aaat! r. lirr | at ttor'r ?>to ii<>ou it aad th? .j ia'?' tt'?a l? Dial; b' rakl't ahrrf It I* tba pia.' o.-r? ir uu^ht tola, fisii; !' ? It f?-r many i?a? '? wond Im an t?e'ttinliBt *ad If |.f p. r . ?<' M iba aula* h ?>ital. and If It n>atli>ti?? tn h* in*1 (*<] vi s -a aa e?ra aiid riuM'-n 'bat ar* " i>l<*'Ta<. muM tba labihilant* 4 St?i?ii IrUtd. ?' r < I tbia nf? i. al tdtain lb? rl'glifr-t a;>^-?Lati?l a at dam<-r. ! ?h?' ?n?l4 ik' < ? tnirnul*/ ha>a bon If tkt ?,tfO admlttrl IS? bn-pifat. bit he*e "?W'r>i| o*.f *t?? ettr ?nh lb* aaafarf rt?i<?aaat Bit rr <1I*H?** 10 llla>r TiUla 1 at Iba' ntW la i mall r-n>pat?<1 witk tba arrlaa . aail tba er? *4*4 Ilau nf it* ?? at* In ??M. h tha |>?a*?*(ara ata en*. *aja?l IB u? trrM !??' 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I a Am ' * iaa*a la aar itflaia itl?ll?iliK<l<>l;M) liditltkMii ?t Kar'afw !? <? rrt?4?'i?,'a. la b*r a** ra It at ?lt i * I* ,r?t l?*fW ' ? *? tnar tnafc b?a* * laniium. ? a'* I It' ( la ?<>< ? a< p-alt< r I?.k ? n< t.f ,> n? r a mat ha 4a* n?k . . . * * i? u. # -f ? h 4**-aai?r I * > *** trial 4lf harja la tha <alA '>rp?ra?:*a tra tf aaa rial aaa fcaak of Ia*<lta4*? a I fail t* lltcM t'? f rae< tiara ?l the ?ai4af Hna'oatlrr n( itu t"'it?itl'?l?!|'>?.Tiln< >? Hi a aa , a ??<a k*f <il i Ma I- rj Ur tha'ami ' i alt a?--> m|> < aaatba. | alikrat at.?.? latraMtrt ?? t?a fc-arl, >* "*?? k* ?? *i-t>4 irt m U ? ) P< t vl iw - h if. >iaa at tlia pl.?*ara af ?ba k*at4 k?a. \ tl?a ? t alall tab?if<a? i*?r4l*?alf. f i art: r Saw Yoaa.f ^ i !) *??. t I I at* ? i>?i 4 II ? fTtr?'">r ai'1! aa "it^aal af i'? l?a?*la<aia < i ?!>:? Mr? ?a < I* la ''? *< ?* *a4 #a a-*-a* 'iiuii <iial >ii hran * mm i *?* in tluMtaa.m4 . ih? *1 ?'* ' ?<< r ?tl a _ tl?* ?-0<r?? ? .* r in* M? 4 * ! *f a**?, ik* ?ltr rt All ?a?, M < ia'? l ?'?"i 4af ff ar-b, ?aa aba ??r4 ilfli I 'laif** *"Tg. it. intuitu**. O ?. fi-l'Htf at At*la. N(.? T?? I <? TI?A ftillr*i"< Nil kM pa**?4 b ik | b*n?.a f? lb* I ?rl?la??r*, ba? )T' kak>| kaaaai* a ' ? A a Act la ?'( ! Iba " *4 I'.aliuili f?tarJ ta Uaaaaaaaai nl if ?" f"a ' *?l?ta. If** Vtfl* ' '?f a/ N?ic V#rb, rrfrnnM to A>*nfr ?* lnfwW|, 4?iaarl ai It II '* : a??. I. >rrt.?? Jta, liila *' ?( art'a* ?? ?. xkayka* kMrtiaa, part' rat. *f iba *??? ?< *utat?a, la kar*aa iaialiC , kf aaair* ibaaata tba f-ll^wtnf -- la *?aa My |>tok paataaa*4 af a?*b pi'ru'aal .??ts Mil raalAa, torlag aaf paaf la vbirb taaia aaf k* Ia*la4. la tva ar mar* *"?aUaa rf l*?aa. I la t?*44aara far il.a rary-**e aa? w.*?a a*a weatoe tl itb ifrtia*. Aall latoaai ul k*IA i aba- b kba a <aat? a* ** a la vbtak I la ?tiaa'r?4 kaaiaaM afcaU bara baaa tWWIillb"