Motes from thi Suminrr llcaorta. OUR FASHIONABLE e()RRB#Po.\I)K\i-lt 1 lebanon sprinos, 19. i*.*) | 7111 Houmtunic VUUy und Liti-m n SfirtHift? ( Huw to mt There, and What ?/ * yet win I'neri < ?Stmery, People, and Acinmmiwtuti mi, J-c 1 Altogether, the finest ride from NVw YoiU tato I j the couitry, is up the Houaatouiu V.illcy, frn n ; i Bridgeport to Pittsfleld : and the moat d-lufhtful j watering place in the United Sut< *, in L 'uuwq j Springs. The great hotel here i* ?.io?v.lert, al- ? though a vast addition has just been c?uiiil<stedt ? which nearly doubles the accoinniod?*iouH. A H'nrrt abuut the w.iv of uetiiuu hrre?luruluiOjt ! -everybody makes a mistake in this resect Tne I majority come up the Hudbou.aiui run ?u hi I'uulield by the Hudson or Albany K.ailro?l; but a far more agreeable and beautiful route is t>> tne Housatonic Valley. The morning irnu, waich leaves Canal street at 8 o'clock, readies rt.i.Import soon afur teu, where the tiou*iu?uic ro?d commences, and connects the Sou.id witli me Albany and Boston road, aiPuislit-UI, <t ita'tuoe of about one hundred and fifteen miles tro.u Hi import, and one hundred and seventy from N v Y irk This train reaches Pittsfield at lour o'clock, vvtiere stages run over to Lebanon the same fvem.14 a distance of nine miles, one of the mo.it (<ioi .n^.-.| i<# districts of country I have ever seen Bjt ^runt* bly most persons would prefer to take to-- eveuiu< train, which leaves Canal street m o'tslo :k P. M., and gets to Pitistield the H.iine v^iiin^ between nine and ten. Ti is is one of th- m->?i rip'J trains in the United States, ami aiihoug 1 n- o,>-ej is so great, there seems to be coui^o-ie wou.i<y, for not an accident has ever happ' unl 1 or-h-ve, on the liousatonic road, l'hrre 11 u. oeeu ? ? collision of trains, uo running otl the irtca, imoo-iy run n??r iwit an Htm nroh 11. .mil it) i.'.ul lias I .. been in operation a considerate uu'ii'i rni years. i ,, But it is well built, and most rxc- liemty ma- u naged Every piecaution is token?iii<- aliirat ,, engine?r<?, conductor*, and u a, ar<- in- ! . ploycl at generoua price*; ami li< uo<- iiic >r.i>u*are (, alm<>tl always promptly at each i .viiii'i a minute or two ol tbe time; bag*ag>- in wl'ioui "ft, , loot, wr roughly hsndltd, and iue utui ?t c<ciii'*y ^ ia tk<* d to paatengers by evrry person m ttw rin- |, ployment ot the company. Tn'f-e ci'uv?-ni--u. e? are appreciated by travellers, ami the mi utv-r of ? puaaenttrrs ia very rapidly increasing, ?u 1 Hie tin to- ,, cial attain of tbe road assuming a iikii- U. rid md ? prosperous aspec t under the elficieut iimu igemeui | of Mr. liurrell, the 1'iesident But aside from theae convenience*, ih^ gr-**t at- (l traction for lovers of piciurecque ceu'-iy i? luulil ,| in the exquisite beauty of the Hon <.u>>u?: valley fc| 1 have never seen a river which, tor ? tmnUird n miles, took ita courte through sucti v iii^i ? .d r.?- |r mantle landscape*. The road lira <iu ift? oiuaa ? alipoat the entire distance, crossing therire^m at n frequent intervals, and winding alou^ Ha m-trgiu, u sometimes through freehly liiowu me?d.?*?s won their tall drooping elms and rows ??f ?li>i>-iii<ig u weeping willow*; and often, at th- ??.iu -lust tut, M the oar* sweep the foliage of a precipiiio'it inoine [\ tain on one aide and mirror th<*in*'v^i m me stream on the other. 8ome ol ih?* taini are bald, with hardly tree or ?hru>i, j, while, for the most ]>art, they are co?? rr<| (J with the thickest, greenest and riohe-t to- h liege, which ia now beginning to burro* hoim* of Hl the earliest autumnal hues Many of Hie hih? are ft cultivated, like gardtns, to th'' vrry top, winln Mount Washington (one of thr uonlr.->i mil. <u New England) lift* iia majratic (if >?1 1114(1 ovr-r llir valley, nud la arm in the wiuriioga or Hi* j llouaatouiu for upwards 01 (JO wiles Pu.i fUiici over 1 he Houaatonic kill*, is or-tmlul H'joid nil deacripuon. Aa we came up, a few evening* -ago, M teemed more be-iutiiul ihm ?*v?sr ? It bad heea a awelteriog, melon*, auitry <1 ?y in .New York, when a tingle braaiti of cool air would have bean worth half a world Tnrte n-tur* from New York took uaone hundred iniva. A glono i? ihuuderatorm had croaaed the H nl-.iu t?? itie^ouineapt, and went tweeping over the Tnkau 1 tc rtug . down the Houaatouic vallry Tm- * .il foreata gliatened in the aun. with *h -tug dr<?pa ?| from every blade and lea/. The ?htuow* wrra be- f, ginutng to grow longer and deeper, ami hu tily, ta the auu*?t glow apread itaelf nloiig ihe uill t?tM, we all caught a full view of Mount W nhm^t 10, ^ ?ff to tha weat. It had been Hunoft i>t <he vilify t) lor thirty minut;*, but the mighty brow or hit (| glonoua mountain waa llovdrd witi iimd-i ' v aptendor aull, and above it apreud gorgeous c.iuo- * |>y of clouda, which held our eyes till an nirivn- |r u.g mountain caat ita Mack shadow on ua, and |j cut oti'the view. Hat, rwtiitv mile* f,r'h?*r on, we caught one more gt??- of W idMt|Ma, " and the parting sunhe hii? were Mill pining oil nia head. It was aa appropriate name they (t?? that r noble menntain, lor the character < ( ??ur dmue . national deliverer can be illu~irattd only by the grandest objects of the phytic *1 uuiver?e d There were wow of our fellow ^twnki-rt wIm c had er before pawed up the Hou??i.>mc valley. ,| They coeld not find worda to express their <t?toaii-litnent, admiration, or delight. I have u?# idea * that one in an hundred of those who le<ve New | h York tor the north, have the tamtesi conception of 0 (be beauty of the Housatonic V illr); bat the number of those w ho now p,s? up it ia ripnlly iacieasing, and 1 doubt i.oi ia a abort ti n - it will he h one of the moet frequented pleasure route* in Mew ? England Thoae who are comtutf to l.-r>atmj j, Spnnga, should come or return by im? v*liev. Lebanon Spnnga ia in the iimUt of trie >, ne glo- 1 Flows scenery, wuh a succeraio i ?> hi lis and vai- \> leys, ia sll direction*, which can htruly fv co n- 1 pared with any other scenery in ih- w.mIJ Ii is ' not M grand as the Alps, but it ia more aweet, re- > fined, ruageative, ami home-like. li i? not wo rug- 1 ged and vest as the Allegbaiiira, the Wiute M>m- 1 (sins, or even some porti< us of (be Ontahilla; but it 1 is far more varied, exqmrite, and (if I ' m?y coin a word for my private u? ) Hull'* (itie only hotel worth s,iealiii?g of.) is built on tbe 1 outturn slope of t high lull, ami in 'he court- ] yard stanJs the Unions spring. Over it rises one ' of the mori magnificent md beautiful aycaul >r?? ' io the world, boinetiaie during ih- I i-t cu ury, ? gentleman rode up to the spring, on borwbaclt, 1 and stuik his new|y-cut riding wru,. into tnr ' ground, by the margin of the wnier. rhat twign J now IX) f? et high, and irs branches *ha>fe h ?lf of ? thi? immease es sbhshrneut. This sprme ns? tieen 1 famous and frequented lor a long ye no I; hut the ! |XeM>at establishment has (with contiiiu il improve- J liieiit*,) l>een ojwu for about thiny yesrs It u?ed ' to be the favorite watering ol*ce oft^e.* xitkCaro- ' liiiiane, when they travelled all the w? from 'heir IBl'flH*, in nuyr l'?tll4|jr(, Willi _ pwiillNii in li?enr. It tiaa been i ?.?r coscccuuff political intrifrvra Aaron Birr, Dwilt Cluilon, Mania Van liuren. Go* M my, r*il ?i Wright, and many other ^mwicm of in?* ha\e pitted their aummeri h-re lu ?i rt, ? * for i tupoie* of mere display, it h?a alw <ya '? en a fai tnor>-dt mrablr pla** of rnwiri ih iu WiliVi, and low, it aeema hkel/ to fairly ri*?i ?n ?i celefcntrd wpot Tha or* pari j tat com^'d - trpa?wr?. in baauty aud (M*mi'aer, any h-iiel 1 nrqiiaiaird with ai any of our w.irrui* mihI 'he ?iew from 'hr halconiea la proftthiy *he tiiof i beautiful in thia country. Bat I muat leave other matter* till in* n-*t. Tin* innn? nae |n>u?e never could Amniod* tiiore than half the iiumhrr h?f?rr, and yet ii n v-r wit full. The ininn? la highly rp-inithlf , and ra'l?cr Kay. L?a? .Saturday ev. nm* lh'-r? ?4i a hop in ihr ureal ?al<?>r, an') in fn-t ih-re i- .1 ?i?c- ! ii<V r?> n r>rmii( Mi-a B a, uf Hn4an, ?<a 4trrpr4 with e*irem?? chaateana, el?-g4nce ?od Mil.! Ik iiy, and ?*n?*d unn-ual <dimr<iiofl We arr in 'h-" iiri^hhorhood of fin*1 fishing and h tat* ' ! and trout aa?f woodcock cai Hr had fur ilia trouble of yo*ng af>er th?-m I h- m?h la anil h?r*, ad will hr for Mime tint* yet. The weather ta ?* Uratfly mild aid lavmnraiitig Oar Caaawlkat ( nrrrtpan4?nf?. |l>mi?<?r iiir, L't., Au< u, iw ^ajrpmrmmt and nttmmlum of br nifrptrl?f%* hmilrtmd Swiwn?TV i<?i k?ork\*%?? framtlun, iht ruthmrt of h-irn?m?it hf ??m a h-mb+t ??a f'.*???</o ?< vttw ?f th* mm Tin* chirming little city in in a highly (imapefMa 1 ci nditu n at tbia present time, miH, a* far *a I c?n ; jodge u|>oa ft w day* oSaervaimn, fur ihe luiure are aa |>romiMo? aa 11a hmhX Mii<>iine Citizen* can with. It* location combine* m uiy ad- ( ?>at?fta It la finely Mtuated for the trade 01 the [ tionaaionic and Naugaiiic *?ll?-?a? it 1 third* good 1 ftcilitie* for tta manufacturer*, ho are rajidly ?? <)iiirii g toitane*, and t* a mo* deatraMr r? aidenc* ' 1m (a rrou* <>f rneaii* and leiaare ludividu*l? who 4<*vc at paired foriuiiea here, remain 'nenj 1* ihritl, aiirt oihei* are attracted huh* 1 fmn *tiei iitici) Clinr^Kltly, We have many tine uimatoo*, m I he otiiw il I *|i? arani-e of the cit) ? Miawina more 1 ad ll.ole HtliWlltf. Theie are not. prohnldy, more than a half dote* loin'a In New Kngi n I al. winch m >re r ilioi.fi hueinr * ia iranaacte<| 1)1.11 at Mm pi toe 1 Aloul thirty piaeenger tram* ..rri r?- a if I d-(Mrt xlniiy, t?? **y nothing ?d freight Tie rulm<i| depot, which I* iucon??>ni" ally -null, la a aoeue of CooMri.I acnvil* ai.rt haatle |?i?-M(??iii KiHWior', and ih>- PoMmnater fter?L Nalhaa K H ilU fca?e ordered niiri?(m al ?m?* ?f I he celebrated eel^hliah ik n'? in ihia eitv, ?'*, Totulineoa, Wood ?V Co , wlci ire Hot e? ; tied hf *n> riii^'e fiim In the woild, ih the ^waaNty aa 1 ^nalliy of ihr rarriagr* turned <4i hy thin annuity. The knocking wint* *r* making *>iv- ?mguUr d' lin lotrallolie I ?? *(a>-rt- elill eualllHI- t>? aii'iwy tl>< Jte* i* rtif.r?- r i, oul are not aa ttoubVwme an they were + few weeks nine*. The ?iory puwlirhed in a paper in 'his city, to the eflV cl iliat u tcissork grind* r, who was pursuing his vi*E'-'ion in 'he viciniry of Doctor Phelp's liome, was :ak? n up into the air and tr<?nai>erted, with hu ratJhine, to W aterhury, a distance of twenty mi lex, s deemed by some apocryphal. I believe it to be illegorical?and that the eiid acisbors grinder sitn>1) got huh upon some of the bad spirit* vended it the neighborhood. Due of the first place* visited here by strangers, a lrauu-taij, the residence of P. T. iiirnmn, > Ksq. jfi us look at it It attinda U|K>n a Irv-I plateau, ibout hr If a inile west of the m street? > unique and magnificent building, in <ui oriental t>le of architecture?its wings, piazzas, galleries, lunacies and dome, giving it a light and airy ttpnrfironce There is a miniature lawn in front, vith a fountain in ita centre. The (jrouadJ are aid nut wi.h excellent taste, with the g.rd-u-r's 'ot.age, the greenhouses and stables, all in a style if aiciiiitciure corresponding sulficieutly to hat ot the mansion, without being stilF copies >t it, and disposed in the best in inner for a 'leading etiect. The (fates are coattaatly hM.wn open, and in pleasant weather viners may, at almost any time, be seen luting, or promenading through the grounds of hit- * aithly paradise, Is it th'is thrown open to f.?- }>.>rtiio from it love of ostentatious Uispi.iy ' X fniik not. It is Sunday evening, and the sun is iir-i truing. Grou|? ot gentlemen Knd ladies are iii?>i>ying ibe walks among the trews. The htrdn rkint! mechanic, with his wife and children, its-id in their best, are sauntering along the wilie, which are thickly covered with tiuv seatirll?, minnrins the flowers and rare shiubsthnt n'id?-i the walks. Some may be seen gathered iH?ut the hah pond, throwing crumbs' to the irI' s Others are gazing at the rare e*otius in the ml houses, und all enjoying, as really, the costly cues, for the monKui, an if it were their <>wn. he proprietor, if lie is at home, simply enjoys he inuocent pleasure which his establishment floras to others; and I really believe that, if he veie conditioned to hold it guarded with the exlubivenet-s which characterize* unite of the snobi-b aristocracy of our Innd, he would sooner burn [ to the ground. But the chance* are that, instead his being at home, stretched upon a luxurious otu, this Surdity evening, he parted in his bjggy t ine hour or two ago, 10 fulfil an appointment to ecture upon temperai.ce in a country village, lii-iaut twelve or fifteen miles. Ilia heart is homughty engaged in this reform, which, Heaven uftWh, is unpopular enough in Connecticut, and ie is constantly sacrificing his ease and money to r- moie it. Although not accustomed to public i?-uking. his addresses tell upon an audience in a n?>i effective m.inner. With many others, 1 ran once accustomed to associite the name of inrtium with humbug, hut the truth is that there no humbug about this man Barnum. He may '.ve taken it upon himself, occasionally, to satisfy >e craving for humbugs, which is one of the pasiimis of mankind; but be is a real mm, with t>le qiiiluit-B and ftelings, and no humbug. He i proving, in mnny wa>a inai me puonc Know o>lung of, that he is a man of benevolent feeling, ml enlarged view*. Thtt be posses-* s extrnordiiry tacl," business talent, and enterprise, will be rrity generally acknowledged by those acquitted ith bis history. Indeed tbia baa been placed Iw.ve cavil by his engagement of the "Swedish lightingale." for who in America could have iv^n to us Jenny Lind but Barnum 1 My pen hna run on al>o'it the proprietor of ranisian, much longer than I intended. I have o pertonal acquaintance with him, and am actu' d by a simple deaire to do him justice, and ?h*t others in removing from their minda such ilse impressions of the man aa ones lingered in y own. KinocpiKLD, Con*., Auguat IS, 1930. \ue Comfort?Splendid Srenery and liutant V'uwi?Cmvf of a Hermiteu?Levis Titu*, Proj/rutor of tht Menageru?Prairie among the Mountain*?Revolutionary Incident from an Aged Inhabitant?Tht Spot where Arnold'i Horte vii Shot intend of Him?Fithing?Gunning? Water from a Solid Rork?Samion't Ro<k? Vititeri?Distributing Herald* by the Waytxdt. If any of jro?r sensible readers would like to i>end a few day* in the enjoyment of real aolid comhi, (that it, a temporary reduction from a state of uidity,) let them take the Harlem Railroad to urdy's Station, from thence. Hunt's stage through ie town of North Salem, and they will soon pass ie old stone fence that divides the States of New ork snd Connecticut, and be ushered into the iid of hlfAflv hrff/f*. da well as atMfiv hit hit* lere let thtm take the firet firm house, or any irm bouK, from the fence to the town of Ridgeeld, where jrou can be so fortunate aa to find acommodations, and if fond of delightful air, beauti I scenery, first rate fishing, and first rate people, tift >our beaver, substitute old chip, loosen your ravat, and every nerve will vibrate in unison to he breeze. It is one of these heavens adopted, unfunded by trees of the richest foliage, soothed y the ceaseless sound of unobtrusive little streams t infant Crotons, which move onward and onward j their subterranean cells, beneath a city, that I mve selected for recreation, or re-creation, rest, njo) meat, and freedom ftom ignorant, moderni?tched, would-if-they could be, fashionable inruders, which are met at many of the watering laces, whvae manners and licentiousness are bei'iiiiijK no glaring, that true and genuine artsi>cracy will hurl thrm down from them with ighteous indignation, to that chaos whose eccennc ebullitions has accidentally disgorged them, here to remain, unless by some singular process .1 mtu a I and oocial legerdemain, tney be trans01 tued into respectable being! Well, about Kidgefield: the towa takea its ante irom two ridges of mountains, that esr ud through its whole length nearly pxral* I, northeast, they being a portion of the tikahsnies These ridges are called the Last iml West Mountain, and are about one mile aud i quarter apart, averaging from two to thr?-e hunIred fret in height from the plain, and from seven 0 tight hundred above the water of Long Wland ioiiitd. Seme of (he highest points admit of a distort view of the shore of Long Island to the disance of one hundred miles: also, the C?t?kill Mouiain, and the hast and West Hocks of New Uvea, lortv miles distsnt, besides a m-ip of imneinua little villages The Aopen I>dgse " or ks, rrsrmble urymuch lh?- Palisades of the 1 ud-on, Iwing slmo?i perimdicular, and thrre hunn?d feet high from the base. It was s heautilul ?rbe l.ist we. k, to see the lightning play, ud hear the thunder roll among these hills from ran to crag, whiiat ihe unrhainrd wind tffMMa . hr puisumg it on ihe wings of the storm. A'xiut *o mile* from the imKirwf ot Marry num. r,?q , ind by * direct p?rh I mm hia firm, i* the natural ?>f in rock, imiw almost hallowed aa being tha lire where the eccentric, though harmleaa, hermireaa >?nh Buhop paaaed manjr of the last veara >1 lirr life. bhe ?* aadered from I*ong Island duri ? h> revolutionary war, and took u, her abode a ihia cirrri, where M It Mid tk? bird* and wild m>iii.ala became ?o aceustome.l to see her, that >hey were murh Irw prooe to fty from her |>rescBre, bun ?he wa?i from the ught of a fellow creMure >he lived mos'ly oo rooU and berries, and w?i round ooe winter morning by a neighbor,*ut,-ende.l l?i?ien two riK ka, with one of her lege broken, ml dead; how ion* the had been tltere ii not known, a* ahe Wat Iroienanff when found A few ate)* (rem the dividing lis* between the two Htaten, and In the .state of New Yoih, la the mansion of the distinguished Lrwia Titan, ha t , the mainspring of the weit>kn<iwn nr*i of June, Titu* \ Angevin*, proprietor* of the celebrated menagerie, which han liiven more of onr ciiinrn* an ^ ortunitf of "seeing the elephant," than any ?tk> r scheme that han ever been started Near the nut ion, few rnilea fn.m hia house, ia an immense building, in which the eitenaive collection of animals will b# keui 'lining the ensuing winter months. Mr. Titos'* liowre ia built on high ground, of white grmite stone j it ia large and vety commodious. and aa it* eiitefpiieing owner haa a very proper appreciation of ib? qualities of the fair *ei, alwaya observing th I ditm'v i4 ririwrimeiit and deferential reaperi HiWatd ih?m. mi runrh admired by ail larfiea of tn?e r? htiem? tit, it m to be hoped he will, nrfore at oibei par pieee* over his head, avail himself of <>ne ?er\ justifiable liberty, lixl rh?t i*, to ask one of th? *e r.i enjoy hi* mansion with him, and such a one ma) woh perlect propriety accede to so restoriable n requrrt. I i?m ilie gronud of thia gn.tl' n h? Manila aee!?br*le| tree, which, from i'e greet h? ight, in ay be seen from the town of Pit.g S<rig. near thirty mile* distant, as well as tM'tn v<ht r i?>inr? of the c?>mi?iss to the same diat nee, ? h? te n<> higher land obatructs its view t*r? n 'be lir.d of William Hoare, Kaq , one quar >r of nntr nwr the Iiv in C?>Dnr< iMii', it p?tf'Ci of |*ain?, HD'l notwiilintHDHinf a vi-*w ol the rtiMant kill* on Ik* face of ifce ruuntrv (oofca hlr ih? ?nf? of ihe ae?, Mill Here. iii a vail**?, it a |?rf?rt < overing as area of twem?-?i?e of ih ity arr?? ?iil?' iinm* rtiatehr on ita ni tr?in ???ara the IrtiW "W f Mern Hirijr" to the height of i?*l f>el li ?rt on Ihir rkig' th>t thr Hriii?h ptMH-d from iJnfcfvr*. alter ha?n g deatroyed the acanty a*.ore? of tli* An.'-'irana at that tnw?, and th? n e l?> ithf ^ i<l the 2H?h at April. 1777 J nnil < a| lam Hiar.thf ag?d and *eneraMe father of thu Mit m> M*>*ied gentleman, n?? in Ki? aif hi jr. t r?i J ear, ?ho 'irea m the mw Hnn?e ?l?~rr h?? tip loir., atid nfnionile th?' mi'fa m??Vrii mnwion < f lita kii, |a inted mi to me the path, an-l I*miiIiiI ike rwmi ot that are ne, with Un/i aa IHi*?'h , ai d, fii ni ihe animation of Hiaordi:i <r ty 11 mm i I'kiiKiMMr, with a recollection ae ?i?n| \* it dearnhiig a wm acaroelj fat complt-ud Thi? ia the more remarkable, as the old g 'ntlemap'a memory of lerent events is almost gone j so much bo, that ou the Sunday following this conversation, when I spoke to him at ? hurch, he had no recollection ot ever *eewg me before, until 1 spoke of this conversation, and then it all cam*- to his initio. " Oh, }et>," said he, ' I can remember what took place sixty or seventy years bjjo better th*n what took place last week. 1 sat by the door," said he, " as the British passed, und one of iheni saw me, < and chlled me a ' young scoundrel ' " Heap <eof , seeii ; Washington; but we shall soon no more beheld the eye# which, in that hi.llowed age, gazed hi on the sauied form of our only Washing- ' ton. They will t<? n sleep t!ie sleep that iie ia 1 sleeping; but fortv?-r cheri-hed be their memory ! ! Ia the village of Kidgeheldi* nmikedout the spot wheie an engagement took place, as the British . ctme from Daiibuiy, in which about fifteen on ( r> rh side wt re killed ; mid the exact spot ia marked where, unfortunately, the noble horse of the traitor Arnold was kilUil by a fatal shot, which struck three feet below the m trk <>f the good-iutentioned | maiki-man. would unit ne iiiia Dad more prac- ] lire! Th?*n there are benutiful oonds of thr> e or j four m'les circuit, .iuch h? lVach I'onrl, Lung Poll. , it lid tie pictuiesque Alninauibeo, which are ail . well Mored with various kind* of Hsh ; ami as for , piinsf, it is plenty upon the mountains I h ive %1- ] r. *rlv gone to far beyond my intend* d limit, tint 1 hlt?i[ ouly refer to the spring which uushes forth < from the tolia rock, as if Moses had been at wotk ] with his stair ugain ; and lo the ponderous nv:k of 1 one hund'ed tons weight, poised upon three smaller , nues, where it has evidently been for ages, and would lead one to think that another venerable | old gentleman by the name of Samson had wrought j w me of bis wonderful feats there too, or else that i ihere were giants in those days. 1 can assure you, there are many other sensible j citizen* here, besides your very modest and nn<is- ] suming servant, including a very flattering re pre- j Mentation of that portion of animated nature which i- the diadem of man's existence. At the MM i house with the writer is the good-souled ei- Alder- , man James d Libby, of the renowned Lovej.iv's , Hotel, together with his interesting family. Ky the way, >he ex-Alderman, wiih others, are jieti- j uoning the Common Council for permission to rule the citizens of New York u|>on a rail, much to the annoyance of sundry omnibus proprietors, who , have drawn up an "omnibus hill,' and presented it , to the same honorable body, in which they mani- < tc*t decided apprehensions that it will be a serious , injury to their prospects of an early retirement with ] a fortune, although it manifestly favors an early re- ( tirement from their labors, without being encum- i bered by the latter appendage. Then we have < two or three young Indies from New York. Mr- Towsend, (the father of one of our talented New York Assembly-men,) with part of his family, are also here, whilst his won is doing the State some service, an one of the committee appointed bv the Assembly last winter, to investigate the affair* of certain railroad companies, in which the funds of the State are largely invested, and who, as his intricate labors re drawing to a close, will soon deprive us of the agreeable company of his equally talented sister, they intending together to make the tour of the State, in which they will, no deubt, meet with that courtesy and attention merited by their excellent qualities. lastly, we have a niece of the late Hon. Samuel L. Mitchell, of Long Island, (brother of the Hoa. Jud^e Singleton Mitchell, now living at Plandome, L I.,) in the person of Mrs. U., a lady of admirable merit, and a very agreeable writer, in which qniility she fully- sustains the rare talent of her distinguished and lamented uncle, to the trath of which the writer can amply testify, from a alight acquaintance of over live years' duration. I should not forget to mention that Mr. Hunt, the enterprising gentlemm at whose house I ?m ojourmug, is mail contractor for this part of the country, and in going from one Post office to the ( other, alwaya has a bundle of Herald* to distribute to your honest and obliged subscribers, who ira generally waiting for them at the gate. Oar laiaathaMtti Correspond <>?, Bkouklink, (near Boston) Aug. 13,1850, > J Tuesday Kvening, IIfc O'clock. J ' Af* Rrtreat at Hum*?'flu New York Herald? 1 Our Village?lit 8ctnrry?Itt Patriarch?lit 1 Jiutorical Pu\nt??An*cdott? about the Phut? Par a Jut, and a lHgrution on Priuctilet, tfc <Jv. Vou may think it perfectly ioeiplicable how it ia that I should direct a communication to you from this place, at thia time, especially aa I oarer wiote to you from any place before. I will tell you how it ia. Two houra since, 1 arrived here in the cara, (four milea from Boston.) I am not in a atrange place, oroaa aumnier tour, but at hotnr; my wife and children are on their toura, or rather are quietly situated, at affartber rrm?ve from tha city, enjoying their periodical ruatication, and I ant alone. After finishing the buaineaa of the day in the city, at which I had remained laager than usual, staying a train or twa later than when in anticipation of meeting my wife and little one*. 1 thought 1 could not better amuse myself than by inking with me yowr Humid of to-day?for in that. )uu iwiprrw CTcrjiDuiK inirrriuag, irom tac m<w rvml sook or corner of creation to tbe very cent re of commerce and of the nation, from the nails of Congress and the hauUof the Californiaas, from the land of gold, aid, I had almost said, from the regions of glory. Moat richly hare I revelled in your sheet for the last two hoars. The UtralH has amused snd interested me, as giving scenes from a great variety of places, and hat suggested the thought of giving iou a little account of this place, which mar not M inappropriate or uninteresting to aotne of the readers of the world-wide circulated Htruld. Thia is not the place of f?acy balls, excepting the piayiag ball*, or stalling hawls of the children or ha hie?, when at honu), nor of cannon balls, although the Dying artillery are encamped near by, in anticipation of, day after to-morrow, joining in llie mourning |*gesnt, to take place cny of Boston, in honor of our most deeply lamented Taylor. This is not a watering place, but it la a place of water. The reservoir of the Cochituate is here, and a perfect and beautiful lake it is, surrounded mostly by high ground, crowned with beautiful rural and elegant dwellings. Thia ia not Caps Island, or Cape May, or mr other Cape, nor caa 1 give you any account of tu capes or capers of sny of the ladiea. They go to the city ta get the former cut, and if, ia thrir *' chaste and moon-cold ltostonianiam," (to quote the worda of your K?rato<a ? orre?|*>ndf nt Ot Am; 10, in to-day s H'raUi,) they wish to ent the latter, they go to Saratoga, Newport, or aomewhere else, out of the puritanic atmosphere of Boston Thia ia not the Springs," nor " the Falla," although the apringa of Heaven are opened at thia iKi nient, and the rain now faila in torreata, on the tost and on the uninat, in thia place, for, althougli i? has been called Paradise, (asyou shall sea aaoo,) w? cannot claim to be all free from aia 1 hia place ia Brook line, not Brooklyn. It ia called thus, on account of ita northeastern Intundary i" ing urn muui, wn??'n miia into ? ninn Tirrr id ita aouth eaaternboundary brinf * iinill biook, ?r creek, thm fall* into Muddy n?er. Thflf are al*o aevertl other brooka running through the Iowa, one of which ia now playiog Ma beautiful, gurjrliog moaic in my rare la amn-ni day*, the |?rt of the town where I am waa called H<?toa Commoaa; the other part waa nailed M iddy Hiver Hamlet. Within the boundarira of thia town la a little two-atory wooden tavern, called the Punch Bowl The bowl of puach waa iavlttagly [wonted on ita aign, with lla beverage overH? w tag ita btim. Thla tavern waa of (?nn*w notoriety ia former daya, before temperance had oh cured ita glory and rauaed the ai^ccimea of art U|k<d ita Mgn to he obliterated. Thia towa haa been incorporated nearly one hundred and fifty yeara. There ia here, iit?on the old Aeptnwall eatate, an elm tree, planted aboat 17(10, which ia twenty-?ijk ieet in circumference at the aurfcte of ihe ground. Thia w?a the place of nativity of Joha Adama' mother, and while I'reaident of the United Stale*, he viMted it. remarking to Hon. Jonathan Ma eon, on whom he called ia Ht? oh line, that the la? time he had travelled over that nad hefote, he rode on hotwkaefc. raTying kia miiiKrr on a mllinn behind him la IHtIO there were about ftOO inhabitant*. Now there w hetw?ra two and three ih<?iMni The are* of the lava in mmII. In Downing'* " Hur?tl Arrhitectutr ?r<t ll*r<iculiDml worki-," will he found refer* ore* to ihi* place, a* the model (own i?r tatie and miiivanua. The late eeaerahle p**tor of thr First Church in dth IO*R, Nr? John Piertre, I'll. Wa? ih<- in triaich of the Unitarian denomination?a fr^at ?ntMlV?rtaa, Bud a remarkable man. lie ?! t'l. d in I7W7, and * ? vote ramtor ?l Mill rhiireh f?* fiftj V*'*. when he had a jnhilee. He lle*d ah.?it iwn jrara efter. ?nd di?-d in !h?- apring of 1*19, **ed <? year* Her Mr Knapp, the pf>-?c-ii staler, w?a?eltfe<l colleague with [H P a year or two hrfore hia death, and Mr Kn*p|i i? c?> i*in rn the He* H. W. IVIIowa, of the Church ol thr Ih?inr I'ulty, ia lirmdwHy, is vmireitv. I>r P. ?>a aatvrrva'ly lienor. H he nil d'nnmiti?tfci|ia in tbihttpon He ia *nd to h?ee h?r?e a r*mim ih'e r??? nihl?ii?e to ffcr Walter Mcott in Ma roaat# t-a*r? and icrtoa For rtmi.jr thinva I h-re it* of he t-arlji hta?ory of thia lown, am I ii?d--hti*d to h m I will pmbr thr following qiHit^tion from aa hr d# ln? r> d k> IMft, on the o,?r. m* of ? M W T"? B Hall: ? ?? Ineal ????.?rj, lor rleh fBitl?ntlon of I* t*| p*td?t>? aad gr-??hr>B** ^roaa'-ttnn* frr eonMr.??|tr | k> rr> -In* dmr!< ?? a?d *%+ In Ite |if1*a'? a-?a ??b II* t.?l<tl?i?? iko prate** ? thl* Itlile t??a .?*<! r*t ?id ?l4a Tl? l-araiit wf fallhfttl wlltor o( W|? tfcr p> (ih> 1I"B Jawe* ?*??) ptn%"nm?? I'.i' iHla-- t<> he lh? twaa*<f?l villa**. U x.? Kttwl?i 4 i hi- la hit mi n hn of th? ealUitatu ; **H?/*a*a b) peiaan* at ta??* an1 oK?^?f?tl"a I A medeiB r* t (R??. Wm. B Tapt>?a. lately ' dect ntrd) has tkua suug the praiaea of our Ih'uuu fuI town:? " I bate ru-vi.?it*d thy ?ylvan acenca, Biooklin* ! in th'?. IBe summer of my day. Attain ii?vt* itvelltd in Iby lovtly vafea, And ftaritd vlnlon on thy jjlorloua hill.-, Aa once I r< veiled. t*n?ted in the cpriurr Ot carrlxM- happy boyhood. And I've bo*?d A^atn lb> ttcuple and have beard.
Ah ih'-i.yh llmft'a foottall bail I bi ?e yearn haen husboj Tby vhii:nrcli paftor'a lip*. like dew dmvil Utolie instruction. And the name in be, An H> yotnn love and rvvereaee be ?ra?. My rh< i-rlnl fri< nd benevolent, and nouil lli? raBitt tl>) bill* *H(i ania. (boas ckiu* lue lama !>t i li b OvIoDrr ; IUOU a* only b*nd ')?tr N? ? Knglacd'* infanry. arc tboae t* I i< b elmriuttl imagination. Thou are fair, And hraulllul aa rrt-r fancy d> cm* Thy met retreat excufu d the roniiuoa doom l!*uri d by llmlali. at il th?> Arrbiiect W'tn wilting by ?ue<h t-peulnit n, to iihow What Kdt-u in it? |iric>ni brai.ly wan " A singular sentiment was expressed by a seanrn u'? preacher* u thort time since, when, on a liot minimi's day, alter reg^liui,' himself in u tifhuiiiul giove, behind the liist church, in Mir eourte of his services in the house ot worship, hf suddenly exclaimed. "1 know not, my friends, how kou can help being Christians; tcr you already live ill l'ar?dibe." This town it* the summer residence of various wealthy families of the city. Th* Perkins's, Anion's, Ajplelons, Doctor Warren, the late I fun. I hrodoie Lyman, John E. Thayer, Ignatius 6argent, Kkj , ihe Lees, Benjamin Guild and others. A novel inducement for the purclitse of house Ids, has been lately held torih iu the advertisement of a wealthy speculator and auctioneer ol ibis town, in the statement, that it is the ouiy town In New hngland where pau|>ers die, leaving money in the bank; an old lady having recently died here leaving several hundred dollars in the bank, who had been sii|>potted by the town, and whose wealtli was not known until after her decease. Thert ?re tcarcely any poor here. Taxes are nothing, partly becausa so many of our wealthy people prefer paying on their large estates here, and leave Boston just previous t? the first of May, to avoid the city taxes All this make* land worth from 124 to 26 cents per toot for building. Tell the New Yorkers to ride through Brookline, not by cars, (for they do not ramble about and Dnly go to it, snd not through it,) but in a carnage when they come this way, and have leisure for recreation, and let them acknowledge that, if out .1,. n.., .....Lr.!.,..! fu. >..nr S.r^l f.i I lays,) " the true philosophy of dress," at least, lhat we undersiana arranging the robes of nature with a philosophy rarely equslled, and ol dreeing its kurface in ttie richest magnificence. I was interested in the communisation signed "An Englishman," published in the Hfrulti, aad 1 would like to tee morej of his communication* n m the nooks and corners of old Soiuer.-M-tshire. It was from ihis county that my ancestors c<tme tc this country, ohout 1636. They might htve had some superstitions, but not like that described ol the " 1'rinceites." Oar l'uruaa ancestors had jood qualities enough to overcome all the evil ingredients of any superstition that might have been in their belief. Old Somersetshire I suppose to be a ilorious place. It is represented by Campbell, in nisMirveyof Great Britain, as being exceedi fertile, especially Taunton Dean, the scene of th< Prince superstition, and that this fertility is only quailed by the industry of the inhabitants. Old Fuller gives this maxim as belonging thrrr, and ai xpressive of the pride the inhabitants have of theii iwn county:?" Where else should I be born than n Taunton Dean 1" as if there were no other plact 3ual to it. Fuller says, ' God make them worthy it." This does not agree with Campbell. Which s right 1 Will "An Englishman" telll 1 sead i ?rivate letter to him, to your care. W K. D. Oar N?w Jersey Correspondent's. ETeWogtoa/ and Tvfgraphical Vtrw of New ? Harnm.tl /WntM/Mt Pn?fiai^// Hoitodalx, Aug. 13, I860. By minute investigation of the secou l?ry forma' ion of this State, we iind that at Springfield, where be trap range ia almost entirely brokm, the termilation of the Newark mountaina occurs. The ;reen stone ridges here, some of which are of conliderable elevation, take nearly a ?outh-western lirection about seventeen miles, and extend into he vicinity of Boundbrook; thence they take a lorthwest course, for a eon&iderable distance, to a otnt at Pluckemin, the second mountain taking he curvature of the first. Green stone, of the ?erondary formation, is seldom fouud in ledges ol my magnitude; but it is exclusively the rock in lace of the aummii aad sides of both ridges. Th< oase of these hills, as ususl, is formed by the saad tone, which is found and siiuated beneath tlx greenstone, nearly horizontally, with an uniui(*or lant dip, and frequently alternating with secon candary limestone, very comptct, in small layers measuring from two inches to two feet in thickness yuite con?iderable quantities of prelum* has beei discovered near the foot of this mountain, in am>g laloid, with a greeastone base, in a sute of |...rn ? jecompoaition. It is embedded in the rock, iu co lumaa nearly parallel with each other, aad iu ibres radiate from the centre. Crystals of quaru, mlbite, irolite, aad corbonate of lime, are found it intervals ia the valley between the two moun uu>. oui|>uair ui u?i;m ia tuu ivuna associated Mrith caibouate of lime. There it a ruvr of moontaina which extendi ia i aouth-western direction from ^pnngtirld, winch in bees termed the Granite Kidge toy wme geooni*u, id consequence of I grey stone which iiu teen discovered in different placrs along its base; >ut s Isrger quantity of greenstone occupies the ntire rsnge, and which forms the summit ruck of ill the other rang> a in tta vicinity. The geurral lirection of the primitive strsu is north ??ia( and outhesst, in the same court* ss the Highland hsin extends; but none of the secondary ranges >f New Jersey pursues n course parallel with the intuitive An evrn sad level surface is preservrd i) the latter, in many places, for uumlur of mles, which assumes the appearance of table ?nds: but lofty eminences and elevations dot the Highland ridges, whieh ia a ehsractemtic of the ruiiitive foimaiion. The secoudary (Mm*, which <eglns in the immediate neighborhood of I'omo10a, and about half a mile from the Highlands, which exteada in a srmt circalar curve, iBtil it sgsia connects with them, favora very materially the abova hypothesis. 1 ha valley ensircled b> the gramfe, or, mure properly, green*toae idge, and ihe Hishlaads, la compoted of freab aaier alluvion, and thera ia no rock, ia place, ia uany of ita smaller bills. IWtweea the sources of he river and the Little Kails, an excellent quality if peat has been found in the valley. Thi* plain a well calculated to yield ahundaace of that irticle, being m many placra from three to four nilea in width Considerable quaatiti's have also >eea discovered near the Morristown an 4 Newark urnpike. The bed ia from six to eight feet deep 1 bsl broad and beautiful valley, comrnouly mown aa l'ompton Plaia, which ia about twrutyive miles in circumfeieace, la evidently composed f entire fresh water alluvion; fttll, the ishahitanta, a digging wella. have frequently faund strata of *nd, ?ra?el, and clay, without rocha in olaea. from ibe?e indication* it ia qoite plain, or, al leant, 'fry probable, that at umtr (ienorf, long ago, ihia hale vnlley w aa a lake of considerable ni?*ailude. rhf watrra from Loa* 1'ond, Peqaaaaock, a ad he Kamapo rn era, hud an outlet through it Unch of the plain ia niceedingly marahy, am>rariag about fitleea hundred aaiea of *imm< peat aad. Oraaular argillaceoua onda of iron ia fouad leia alao, and omipiei a rpace ot nearly '?o tnndrrd arrea The ?reet and uonhweat bo m lary ?f the plain ia formed by the Highland*, " whtrh in xh<r direnioaa ia bordered by the Farg?aae mi uatain. pnramng a nerpcDtine eourae from Vonh 1'ompton to the vicinity of Morrtatown, >eparatiDg the wide alluvial ptaina watered by tha IVmpiofi and I'aeaaic ri?era The aummit rocb, n place, upon thia raage, ia ohaerved to poaaexa a ili.gular uniformity, and ia rornpoted ot a dark, lerortdary, fine framed greenaton', which haa lha ippearance of b? mg in a aute ot rapid dreompaaiioa la auch a at?te they form lwaanf.il mural *ecip4eee, in mme plac a. of con?idT?hle ele ration; and, at th? ir aidra and tuar, a pftijr |foo?l luality of xiii<*ii>n'm alao found In thu raB|<r of notm'am, ihr awn* ralogi-t or tbr lapidary cam had uffirieLi in'? irn to a*auagr Ion rurioniiy, hjr nmiming ihr largr quaafitira wf zrolilr, chalcedony, gat*. MtlnnK, prraiir, amrth)af, ja*i?r, i-r?a<l? of quarts, and irmi of aatm ni?r. Th' ?!?"? rr fif vnrm.ia mzt?, from ihai of ain>?ll tfiaina of and. i?> nearly two or tfirra pound* in irarlj chalcedony. In on* or two IMxtc). ifc* ortih? ain>n, or eyed agatr, h<a fwi-n dt"Co?rr?-d firrr. Jik'k<- hiawy, it i? Mid, u?a>n tt""4 ailiioiity, din ird a mineral of ihia kind, whi>.h n#arly aflfrrn ?nd which <: " ata^d agatr, while quart?, and ame'hyat Thru hi him'I her rani(<* of hot ?f I Ira- quantity aad inferior qua'ity, utiMird 11 Wrre?i valley uudrr roii?idrra'ioh, which ita riae prut ?>a lipri', ard run* in a w??terlf 'Wfion for atom irn milea, <allrd I, >n* Hilt Iftlhta ri^ge the ?<<rha never a|>|?-ar in pi ia n?i?('"of of ila*- fih|> Imihk id a elate of i|lmmi|in iihui There arr raur I |?r*ci|der? ne-.r IV Nliddlf r?l rhi* kill, ronifo-m of a Mirt o? m?II riw-h, ^ aavkxl rrreiiihliag thr ml' (<"i?d <5 tha Kniwaa Thia aeci.udarv fornmi"n f?i|owa the M%fei*t.datn i??e l*l?w?r>- n?er lta pirrrrj f?y >?trial bfokm ndtm ia awny f?? the an * ii>|i char ictrr which wr h?w j iat il'icfiM. 1 hia ia tf.r caar wiih tb? N ohiiiu: or Kocky Mortmain, unit I* poin'firn't f ,IM, thr h-'^ii* m th-winm of Noahs Hill, H rr*? rtt"Wu. B-T?iH?nf, I>a*ihrrivi|ie. ?ei Wi?m4vii> Nnr PniftiK, Hi ki? Ri<??iiiia, thr aiaiMi<t> >t?tl> ra q'litr na>'? ri II) fu.ai 'hal fouiwi en ikr I'a-MM In ritra i> n la niMfcirt la a in'i mm lir<a'ion a? far aa the firai pna i'ivr riHge, norih of Cl-iung <*?, n*4 awn r?**? wHl < # tba raJley lyttf brt#e?p iba ??-? - a- I? ? - i ridye and Hock) Mill. It ie fnmewhat of a darker ' w red thall the a'one f.und at New?rk, bring quite si pruiuloH; and, whtrii it is breathed nprn, it einiU in ? strong aikillac? oua odor, and by ex^^iny it to lii bu a Ml noiMuie, it readily drcompaara. It iaa t?| coni|<und of aluniine, j>on noil uilex, with an in- * conndeiablr quantity of Milplihxr, and may be m called frnugiiioua thial. It i? a very brittle rock, II leyularly etiaiihtd, and into very thin j to > lunui.tr, and, in all probability, in ninny plict-H, it goon irrrnoiir. otiu1111 nn hi ima riugr, i Mud near Princeton, however, there are quite excellent ted and while freestone. somewhat similar to that found in the Preakne** Ridge. An mllu\imI elevation of the secondary formation, I) ttif.' bet?? fii Brunswick ami Kingston, like the li Jli< cf the Ktvisii.k, i.~ composed ot white sand and ! colon d clay, which contain* beds of ferruginous s ud mid piidumg t iim- At Trt-nton, the sotith??hi? 111 |4irnoii of this district, there is Home primilive using through the second-try into craggy locks, which ussurne agramtie chaiacter, and vary In in loose micaceous shale to granite of a hard 1 aiid mas-ive natute, composed mostly of hard and ' comiwct gneiss Thr fulls of the IMitware at the , heat! of tide are formed l?y this rock. It then ex- . J tends10 a southwestern directic n through the State ,n 1 ot PennsyIvania Large and beautiful specimens J', t of 7iicon have been tuken foin the bed of the I> la ware near Tien ton, forms a mast of this rock. 'J!* 1 We have now desciiiied the most |Mi|>ulous, and no doutd, the niott weslihv poriion of the S'.ate of !'" New Jersey Uf course the soil U not so gene- ''j1 rslly productive as the limestone of the primitive and ti. nsition regions; but it is well cultivati-d, 1 v and divided into neat m.d numerous truck farms, l'r< 1 frum whfh all kinds of excellent produce is ??-nt *1* ' to the niarkela of New York and Philadelphia. | The manufacturing -slanlifbuicnts, also, furnish a * vasi sniount of wealth, slid utiord a tolerably good X rrnnket for farm productions. ' In enumerating the ditterent kinds of minerals | in this division, we have not mentioned that of ' cop^r, which is found in ibis secondary formation ; in considerably large quantities Nearly a century j*u 1 ago, several lunipe ot virgin copper, which weighed )tt ! iu the aggregate, upwards of 200 pounds, were ploughed up m a field belonsiny to ii gentleinm 1 namtd Phillip French, neir New Brunswick This rel led to the discovery of quite a ?i iss of cupper ore j in a mine. A company was formed to work it, but *"' 1 they never were very succes-ful in their operations. I<>r 1 The stones everywhere atouud this mine are J11" j highly colored, and beautiful copper pyrites are 'rh. ! found in the adjacent quarties Another mine, I I u?ii^;n? .1.- r>..J . .. j: J old ?' n" ?'ii uir a iin?nit , woo uin-uvriru iu 1 1719, by Arrnt Schuyler. This mint; was never rX| | woiktd vrty tulvith'agr-eiitlv, and after panting ov< J through the hands or several companies, it was . finally abandoned, and baa not been worked for 'J1* many )ters; although the ore i* of good quality, and niipht, with prudent industry, be mined in 1 Quantities sufficient to yield a handsome profit. 'in There are many veins which might se worked ! with profit, especially those which lie near the sur- f?1 ' face, and which is said to contain stamp ore. The "I most valuable vein of thU ch*Mcter, is embedded "" 1 in a stratum of frees'one from twenty to thirty , feet thick, and ir called a pipe vein. It dips about 1 twelve degrees from the honzon, rather by an irre- ?' 1 gular inclination than a straight line, andiocreaaes "' | in richnesw with its d?-| th The ore of the princi- ?l pel veins yields from 60 to 70 per cent of copper. It is said that this mine coutaiux s good quantity of w< ' silver ere. There is ?tilI another mine north of 1 Sonierville, which contains, according to Doctor | Toirey, " native copiwr in irregular masses, phosphate of copper, carbonate of copper, green, red 1 oxide of co|>per, the massive variety crystallized bo 1 in octahedra, native silver in small mattes, green th< ' quartz, chrysaprase, porchnue," tee. 0f 1 These form the genernl geological features *?f at| 1 the secondary formation of ihe St*te of New Jer- N, wy, and my next letter will contain a description cu of the third and last. D. W. B. nil I Oar Caaallan Corr?a|M?nd?nce. ^ , Tobomti), Auguat 19,1830. un Doingi of tkt late Parliament? Local Affairt? i>h< Railroadjre , > A bill was before the House Inst week, to incor- nu . porita the medical profession in Upper Canada, and liu to regulate the practice of phyaic and surgeryt . P^" which, after a lengthened dissuasion in committee, pJ and when on the eve of passing, was lost through ou an attempt to procure for the contemplated iastitu- uti tion a monopoly, which would have injuriously affected a private institution, which has been for nil several years in existence in this city, called the mi "Toronto School of Medicine," from which, from ,U| f time to time, have issued a number of students, j.*' , who, upon examination by regularly constituted th , boards, were found well qualified to discharge the * . duties of their profession. J s During the consideration of this subject Severn t(' attempts were made to exclude this school from the nu operation of the bill, to provide that nothing therein al contained should bp construed to interfere with iu > existing privilege*, ud that its tickets, certified in u[ ihe different causes, should be deemed good and *c valid for the purj<oa<-s and provisions of the act, but 'iu which were aa uftm negatived by amall majori "> ties. At length it was movrd that the further coo- ut< | sideration of the bill should be defrrred for six " ntooths, which wss earned ia the affirmative by a no majority of thirty-one to tweuty-thrte; and thu?a K? rood bill was eveutually loat by a fwitinacioua adbereace to a narrow minded aad exclusive policy. *hl Among the items of the estimate for the prearat year, tbete was s sum of ab?>ut thirty thouaaud *IU dollnts for the payment of th?- mouated police of Montreal, which it waa ineffectually proposed to '* n dace to eighteen thousand doll*rs, and that ihry *'?? be diabnuded at the ead of the present month, tha ' * n otion having been loat. It wa*contended, dunng n,e the debate, by Mr. H. J Boulton, who# legal ?t- 1 tainments no one will dilute; that this body is "ni illegally organized, and that if any of those wan "" compote it were hilled in the executioa of ordrra 101 under which they were acting, tha parties who committed the act could not be convicted ol mur- >,u der. )" Ths mounted police waa orgtnlxed subsequent to the bunung of the psrliament house laat year, ' at Mcntteal, and, 1 believe, have since lieen stationed at La Prairie, popular feeliog running so * * strong sgainst them that they cannot intke ttieir ,UI appearance at Montreal. Indeed, the police foioe jm in that city are totally inadequate for tii*- ?np(>r>-awon of tumult and disorder, aa was proved when V" Mr <.. 1 *> referred to, when they ran awajr tr<>m the inoti, and *' which waa only protected from complete pillage and deatruction bjr the prraei.ce r f the military, *P* which waa called out on that occaei.n I am totally at i loaa to account for th? Minf 1 which wan rihibited on that occaaion, and with '?? which penona, even here, apeak of the Rebellion J"1 I^'Wi bill, which waa the cauaa of aueh extraordmary e tenement, nnleaa it haa ita origin in a deep- " < root*d hatred of the French of Lower Canada It certainly did not originate in any eicean of loyalty, all which, if ane m<fht Judge from their convention, when any interference of the imperial government I"" in alluded to, aeeina to lit aa looeely about their coa- me k( lencea aa " a giant'a robe u,M>n a dwartiah thief." ret Abillwaaaleo pa?aed to incorporate a company to conairuct a railroad between ifytown, on ih? < >t- thr tawa, and Pfrereott, on the St. I.awrenre river, to uh< meet the American line from Lake (. ham^am to vie (Jgdenahutg, immediately opixwite the latter placa. ll a peraoa were to foim aa e?timate of the ejient >t railroad ronimtinn-atH-fi (hroii||hout Canada fn>rn the nume roue acta auiknrniin their formation. whuh appear on the ?taiute tMwk, he would infer J that the entire province waa welt aui plied with that (**aeriptie?n of travelling accommodation; yet no- wb thing would be more erroaea?>a than auch coaclu- 'ha Hon, aa, with the e?cep<M>a ol a abort line hetweea St John, on Lake ChtmpUm. and Liprnrie, I ' ba?e MWIMel ?itb a railruad in Canada, and I "*n believe no atl.er eiiate. ' There ia no part of ihe province, however, whera n impfovenient in the meana of travelling in mora ,ukl required?the roMil* in that eec'ion of the country rtt having been much neglected; and, when laat at d*' Hyown, I lnuad it preferable, on every account, to ' drain ft the Ottawa and tahe one of the M. Law- '*" rence ateamere, rather tban croaa the country ha- I*' twr>n the two nvera; and dnringmy travels through )" ihe I'nited State* *nd Dritiab province*, 1 never had a more dangeroua ride than Ironi Brochville u> i I"' IVrh. U bile an thia auSject I cannot bat allude to the total failme oi ihe Hideau canal between Kingat<* aad li)town, which waa ronatructed at great eil? ine, M the ina'ance of the imperial government, to '* r amid ihe IM, Ijawi*nce, on Mccount of ita prtMi- 'r imMy to the United Slntea, between which ami. ( .J4 ll furnia the knumlnrt line in iKal nimiln lol At pte?eat there 1a rmljr a#i atramer natng ub?/ the ? ??? !, l|R iiihfr?therr hfinj at one time two? k'1 hem withdrawn for wxit of r>m|>l?yRtent ?< The i'i>d*-tukti.g nnf, Ikfrrlvt>', kt roiiirftnd ? * r? mt leir Ulltne. r?> Th?r* are mmi aninaing Item* in the en- "? pei.?tnnra of the e, to only tarn of 'h< kith I ?tiall al pteaetit allude. ?>ne la the "" vote ?if to the rh-tjlmn of the L'trial tli*e '''? (' uttril tut re|?-at>r>fc the diily |*i liameat?ry prajr- I'" ??, f?r which ll Nova flroti* ?n?t N?-w llrtinawirk ih?' oHiret tectWfa of t?nt)iDvr praimii. r,< In the Houae of Am* tnMjr tkejr go pr*yerle?a to "" weir. A gentleman one inortiii p fcmnd the iMke of ftt?a?* trading ike Hthle, and, having ??nce. ?e<| ?*' hia aw wtpt at the oer*nrrr??a, waa told hy Ilia JM' K< >al flighnraa in rtpijr, thai the man who apenl <" ai> hi ur i\? ty moron u in ?ke pertiaal of the acfifv tniea ? ould prnhahl) ha governed hf th?ir pfecyta '1 dming the* remainder of lha day In the Hnntf f A'HiuMy, aa 1 aaid, they go pcnyerleaato work. 1 ? kirk n ay vernal fc>r th# n im* roua acr?p*? ia fhh the mamhara become la'olved The dw> |>? nnlatfa hetwren th# Roman Catholic and I'rrv td tea'aat rr?f da w ptohaMjr the ranae of the a?<Hd- ?*1 j a are of arm J ft* in the lower hraarh , and it haa W ' mxurudumetJMlUiMdtfficuJijr might be otmtw4 *" erf tome verses, which are chaunted bv iheVholh ?if one rt the public schools in England, aet to usic and rung every morning by the member*? rt>t in Hnalixh and then in Preach?|u?t ?? thi ,? hUer submits u motion that ia put into his lituda, hich, us ihey embody a fine rule of life, I am ire will he acceptable to the fair readers of the mild, who doulxlesa |ieruae itscontents very much their rdiKcatiou, I (-hull venture to tnuucnbe ' Now that the nun la beaming bright, Iniplore we, bonding low. That ih< u the uupn-kU-il light, Will guide u?t? w? go No wicked word, uo d-ed of wrong. Nur thoughts tbat idly rovo, But *im pin truth to on uur tougaa, And in our heart* b? love And, mr the bourn in order flow, Oh, Christ iieourely lence Karb gate beleaguered by the foe ? The gate of ?re?y reuse And grant that to (by honor. Lord, Uur various toil* uiay tend , May we begin them with thy word, And with thy service end.'' rhe other vote to which I refer, ia that of $S,000 did of the penitentiary library. Since 1 have II in Toronto, I have endeavored, without efri, to induce the committee for the Provincial Li>iy, which was desnoyed by the Vaadals at luiieul, id pure lute that of Mr t>ineu at aavanli, il he would ili?po.-e of it, and which haa cost 11 ^21),(XX). And 1 would suggest (hat it be purat> d lor i he use of I he students in the penitentiary. Yonder if ihey confer degress there? This sort of jvihion for its amntble inmates, reminds me of a tech the foimer Chief Justice of Nova Scotia ib iu the habit ol makiug to everv rogue be was dul to M iHt nee. "John Sulrn, he would ssjr, ou have had an impaitial trial, and been found iliy by a jury of your country ; ami 1 sentence u to three yearn ccutiueuieut in the House of irrection, where you will be well fed, well >tbed, and well inkm care of; and if you coaci yourself property, whatever sum you may ve earned at the expirattou of your term, beyond tat it coals for your keeping, shall be paid you." 'hank you, my lord," the lellow would reply, in urn for hia intim ition of till* novel description of iiishnieut. Had the Legislature of .Vova Scotia >n equally munificent with that of Canada, his dt-hip might have added, "and you may come : well uualitied to follow any of the learned proMOU. always thought it would be something extralinary, il the lJuflalo ftlt went oti without any lemion of iuvidious feeling Now that it is rr, however, this is beginuiug to ahow itself ; i at a recent Hireling of tlie Corporation, one of > members introduced a series ol reaolulions resting upon the Governor Geueral, foruotiovit* ! the members in a body, iutiuiatiu< at the same le, that it is probable the invitation would not ve been unani noualy accepted. That to the nvention of editors, urobsbly taught theharlof gin a lesson as to at-aing bodies en main The air is alluded to in the Olubt of Thursday, with 1 isate, 1 conceive ; aa it must have been his di'hip'* wit-h that ssch an ebullition of petty >eninient should have been passed by iu sileuce. I it kt-t-nio u/ hi i tiu/i 1*. ft f he i r m ^ r.im the government Iiuuik, and the compliment must ive been very ? iif-tal, when w? find that up?rda ol five hundied guest* were present. E. W. iitro*uMkal OiiMTtrlM. [From ttir U. i.i?s?ut'? roueut address 1 Among the mote recent diacoverie* within the unde of our o*u s> inn, 1 cannot omit to meatioa Obe of our di>ung<jirh>d countryir.an, Mr Ltaaela, Liverpool. By menus id" a 2u iret reflector, con'ucted by hiuuK ii, lir detected i he aateilue of rptune, and more i> ceuiiy on ngliih satellite cirlatuig round Satu.u? a disc<i?ei* which waa de on the very Mine day hy Mr. uond, director the olwervdtory of Cambridge, in the United Ktra. Mr. Laaaeln has ?tilt more recently, and der singularly favorable ai.ite of the at no*> ere, observed the very minute, hut extremely ick, shadow of the ring >t Saturn on the body of r planet. He obreivedthe liue of shadow to ba iched, aa tt were, ?od almost broken u,t iuto a e of dot*?thus indicating mountains upon tha ine of the hag?mountains, doubtless, raised by e aaute internal force*, and answering the sain* d aa those of our owa globe. In passing from ir solar system to (he frontier of the sidereal uverse around us, we traverse a gulf of incoaivahle extant. If we represent the radius of tha lnr system, or oi Neptune's 01 bit (?hichU2900 illions of miles) by a hue two miles long, tha lerval between our systmi, 01 tha orbit ol Sep. ue, and the nearest tixed star, will be gr?-at?r an the whole circuuiMence of our glone?or ual to a length of 27,000 miles. The partllaxof e neareat fixed star tieiug supposed u> lie oaa cond, its distance from ihe suu will he nearly 2 370 times the ramus of ihe earth's orbit, or i,74(i limes that of Mrptune, which in 91 time* aa r from the aun as tne earih. And yet to that stunt zone ha* Ihe genius of man traced Ihe error's arm working iae wcudei? of hia power, and II using the gilt* ol hia love?the heat aud light of n?? the necessary ektaenia ol physical aud ia? lleciusl life. It I* by inr*aM?ofthe gigau'k! teleope of Laird Rome that we have become acsinled with the l?rm aud character of thoae great stmMagea of star* winch c<hl|nmj the sidereal iiver e. Drawings and descriptions of the mora maikableol these iieba*, aa rraolved by this Ide instrument, were coiumuuioated by Dr. ihiliNMI to Ihe last meeting ol tne association ; 4 it la with peculiar a<ti?faction h?t 1 am le to stale, that many importaat diacoeeriea ve been a>?<ie by Lord Ko?*e and hi* aaint, Mr. bioaey, <tur>ng ihe laat year. Ia ny of ike net>ui*', the peculiaritiea of structara vmy remarkable, and, a* L<?rd K?**e observe*, 'em* even to ind ca>e the presence of dyuamical raalmoet wiiluu our grasp." Tha spiral arrangent aoatioagly dev?lop?d in some of the nebula races hie mare or |e?a disiiai ily in m?ny; but MMe frequently," to use Lorn Roue's owa word*, iere ia a neaier ap|>r<>ach lu a kind of irregular, iliupled, annul.I dia|*>?|tioo of the lumiiiaiia iteiikl,thau to the rrgularitf observed mothers;** i hia lordship ia of opinion that those uehulai ara nptoni* ?f a very sunihr nature? aeem rnurn'or a perfectly and variously placed, with reter?nc? the line of *ight. In re-examining the more reirkable of these objects. Lord Koser inlands to w ihem wiih the full light of his six fe*l speeun, undiminished by ihe Kcond reflection of tha all minor. By thus adoring what i* c?lird tha ni view, he will, douMbs*, as he him?elf exis, di-cover many new fe .tores in thoae interifkA ftlilPi ta It IB III III** in iri<ucf a if I .Ikni H ' i itiitir that ?r nrr u.daln>-<1 for ih?- hn<* n Hfciinf rM i>|tp of Mr. Laat* If, ot which I h?rr allrady km; ami it la hi ll, iIhi, th>t ?f ut? iimhrr rwc.|ir, which, ihi ugh ft unknown l<> wirnc#, in bound iBthia yiacr r aerially i<> notice I atletuthe rr fleeter r?CMiily owairtiotrd hjr Mr. it '> Na?a>) th, native of K.lmhnrtfti, (hut for i?) >ram pa?t, nf ibe Hnd*?wairr foand'j, Pb' loft.) alrrarty diMingtiiafit it hy ln? inn hiaical rtMloM, and one of it family wrll kio>?a to M , and occupying high \>l*< <hii>hi| ih* irtitH r?? inland I'll I a Mnnnrll h?? Ita grrat ri *) t?et IB fiM-al Irnnih, and t) lai.-h'a in dialer; hut it diH*-ra from all olh?-r irlraco|*a is the narhahle facility with ?tht<rh ii ran he ua?*?f.? tufw n??'T?B vertically hpob h?il?w tmtaioee, mifll which the e?'roeoiitnf, aeaird la a little leiva'ory, with t nlv a hortmwlal motion, caa w at hia raae ??rry |mn of Ik* he??rna Ui'h^rthe aai|oii< ntrr haa d"? obliged * ? ?eat hinv F rt ihr o;?|>?r end ># hia NratiHiimi tH*ae???ie; I 1f no <Hhrr oNnwr will a-knoarir-d^- iha kwardaeaaaad iitaeciinly of hia piivl'ina, I caa rIf *?U( ll tor II* H-ntfrr. Ii. Vlitg f?tl?-n fr'HM ?ry *r of Mr Ramajf'a JO fe*t |r|ra<-ojat ' it waa directed in a |? iii B?t very far from leuuh Wtaii'm Kiiji in Cvm ?A letter from dnd, iliinl lite Slat nit , Myi? I mni inr ^nirrii am ocirnt o? inr it* mania ?.f ( utia, fcrt4 hi>?a imi I n* i>y ih" iron u of of us pro c?n?ula, (ml yt Mini iUIH f?y reit f Trill,, ha* Hi Imfflh twn U|Hrii?f4 in a mmnii lairljr ('ortiitiuniroteif u? iIk i(i>vrrant 7h? niani'rrtii li?* hrm Mfnrd hy a |r*tl r of thr m?M and w.-?lunr?i ?m? of Ike ialand Nothing. hoar. vrr, hi) as I HaMyiM ax l" lh? n-mrr oMhf -oin.iUtnt* ?iini* roaiainnl n tkf mtmfrriii, if.l'i ud in a countty Knhrrto ?tittiin?fr*-4 hf law*, and mMrrly d<,|Ki?ml, la fie', of > light ot (vtinon 11 i?. jir.ih .Ma it una of ikf (tpami wfugm mnifiuf d of mi ' iii'Wmortal, Kill lni|?ilnin an I M*a?d?loHa ci? n I'f Bi"k n,g lh?* laland vr an a aorl of r*-rt*?-d ki in enMrh th* favoriirauf ,?.?. rlnl in#-n, of the try mian tin of a niml ^hhiM awrh h* ike ii.daiii'ii ?.f thrae i ?nit?, iivir i i|.rf(?na i) ?l all r?rn'a mdrr nn,?.rian'arrrio-m ih? n r (ov?rnni*nnt, o???ninir tta ry* to tM I Minna *hii>rii for akick 4 iwiMi^pirl " ""If font d la ikr hra'al and ern?l a?arn? ?f ilk okl r<4|U? lata i'f thr N'? Wi>rld, ami ki^N l?*d to vmanciuntion and i'a dta?ti|i?iwi from thi? moir rirtintry fl * h?? kmwn ihii a ht*h r>n,.tof t?t tn I he P,.nn?h nl >?ii? ? ?a a a?rt "f mil j?.?a at aialil on thrir inhahiuuila m favor of ih#t [ky individual. ?lo. In nmi, h*? in m ik? arajr M<nil* Iif?? favnntr of th* Vmr, who a Wait* hi* -oi?i|*im* f?r pnhttc or iifiTaii- a?r?wra mik* kwnr Tiff kfi'ter, a? ia arrll kinao, ?ncid rarh oibrr nrry ftnir or hvr vrira, ih<i their ''Ml fti?) nr IIIW ?- |rf?n, nrr^i, nn? i?M> jwi dnrti** TM?? nrrxmi mum ?o M,?ia mar**!!* ua aui? ?'f r>,4?iu>a. an<( iH?- Irani ?o i?rt ")<>?? in Cuh? proonm* ?o r?rh in forif ? ( Iri'in tHirtjr lo forty million* of iwtli (*>.'<* u.ximim). Fit* Prpf h?? rmiriil a .lirrct cnv'r* lifK>? to I* t lohrd tn 'lie R, man J. ?w**i < ' lh" I<?*M FalntriMon, Willi r??4f?l ?? M? having m for l.orrt Minio llui ih? nfli< i?l Kn?li?h i hr proHiir? ? rt?-a( airhra whi. K i*?l H h??y?nrf aty <Uh U?ai few UwUarM rery t?4 ' NT*