14 Ağustos 1851 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

14 Ağustos 1851 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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ave, by the strong arm of might, ad- 1 miaieteied the justiee which has so long been ' din nil iheni by the proper tribunals. The Vigilaaee Commit tee of San F raacieeo, eompoted of acme eight or nine hundred of the moat respectable adtiMnf. have acoomplished more good, in the detection and punishment of crime, than would have been accomplished by the oourts and police in a lifetime. Li aided by sound discretion, they have Meadily and pcrseveringly progressed in their eflorta to rid out city and California of the hord of oavicts from Sydney, and finished villains from every other quarter of the globe. My last despatch gave to the readers of the HemU an aocount of the hanging, at midnight, of a man named Jenkins, by the Vigilance Committee, for stealing $200. A similar scene was witnessed ea the 12th inst. A man named Jim Stewart, a Sydney convict, the leader of a gang of desperadoes, was arrested by the committee for robbing a house, and, notwithstanding the officers of the law attempted to get possession of him, he wai kept in ostodv untu tried, convicted, and sentenced to be hang tne same day The signal bell was sounde i, and the populace rushed by hundreds to the building of the oommittee. At the hour appointed for the executsua, Stewart was brought, strongly pinioned, and guarded by about 500 members of the couindtee, walking eight abreast, each armed with a revolver. He was taken to one of tne public wharves, followed by thousands, a rope adjusted to a tackle and it tor hnistini? iroods. and in less time than I have been occupied in describing the scene, he *u swung between heaven and earth, in full view of the assembled multitude. So solemn was the soene. that eaeh head of that immense throng was involuntarily uncovered. No attempt was made to rescue him, nor was there any other feeling manifested than that of entire concurrence. The execution took place about two o'clock in the afternoon. Previous to paying the forfeit of his misdeeds, btusrt made a full confession of his crimes, and ?ve a brief history of his life. The details estabh the fact that ne was the leader of the most desi erate gang of villains that has ever preyed upon Umfoommunity. Highway robbery, housebreaking, pocket piokmg, and tnurder, were prominent in the catalogue of crimes which have characterize J the Derations of the gang for the year past; and implicated in the commission of these offences were members of the city police, and othe-s who had maintained a respeitaole standing in the comrnuatty Their part was to point out the operation to he accomplished, and share the plunder with the more desperate. Already one police officer at least, well known in New York, is in the hands of the Vigilance Committee; and pursuit is being made for several residents mentioned in the conflmaion of Stuart. San Francisco is not the only point where summary justice is meted out?toonora is equallv prompt. A man named David Hill alias Jim Hill, was arrested for stealing a horse?tried by a people's jury? and, although subsequently rescued by Sheriff works, was forcibly taken from him by the populace, after a hard struggle, and hung to a tree, in the main street of the town. The thief was from Court'and county, New York. But the tragedy which has excited the most attention and sympathy, was the hanging of a Mexican, woman named Josepha, at Downieville, on the Yuba, by the populaoe. Having had some difficulty with a miner the evening previous, on his visiting her eabin in the morning to settle it amicably, she nabbed him to the heart with a butcher knife. The people immediately assembled, took her into their custody, gave her a fair trial, and upon onviction, sentenced her to be huag in two hours, A gallows was erected on a bridge crossing the river at the lower end of the town, and at the appointed Hour an immense crowd assembled, and alter bidding mho* and shaking bands with those immediately around her, she voluntarily ascended the scaffold, adjusted the rope herself, releasing a luxuriant head of hair from beneath it, so as to permit It te low free, and in a moment the oords supporting the scaffold were cut, and she hung suspended between heaven and earth Though she admitted the usucr 01 me i>eaieui-e, mi i peneci willingness 10 submit to ita execution, and even aiding with her ewu hands, such Rights are revolting: yet stern necessity demands that American justice should fail alike upon all. The Indian troubles in California, especially in Ike more remote portions of the State, are not yet nded. On the Klamath river, the Indians are in , pen war with the white*, and are murdering and , robbing whenever an opportunity offers. I'ne Indians hare sent off all the squaws and children, a fact indicative of their design to oommcnoe a gene- i ral war. On the Iftnh of J ane five men were mar- ' dered by them, and subsequently some three or four others were attacked, while returning from the mines, and killed. It is understood that the Indians within the region of the Klamath, Salmon. Soott, Trinity and Kogue rivers, have confederated for the purpose of carrying on the war twnator uwin leaves in the up river steamer tofot the Northern section of the State, with Ihe view to Cinvaseing for the approaching State election. He has made himself quite active since his return from Washington, and may l>? regarded as one of the leaders, if not the leader, of the California democracy A strong fight will be made by the two parties for the control of the Legislature, with a vie w to the election ofaL'nited States Senator. Whichever succeeds, a new man will be named fur xhe position. Mr. Fremont is scarcely mentioned, in connection with the office, on the democratic side; and Thomas Butler King, on the whig, stand* a better chanee of boing struck with lightning in n fair day, than of seeuriDg an election. Mark my word* neither of the men named will be sent to Washington in that capacity Let the politicians who look to the Hrrairl for reliable intelligence, in calculating the chances, set that down as a " fixed fcet." The propeller Monumental City, from Baltimore, nrrired about ten days since ; and the steamir Independence, from New York, to run in Vomer- i hilt's line, a week ago. The Nicaragua route is \ attracting much attention, and when onoe established. wui be extremely popular at this nod of the no Business has been a little more active sinoe the I aadiru of the last steamer: hut the immense mi an tit} or goo.is forced upon the markot, at auction, [ keep* prices very low ? Yours, Frank fan Fuajs< ieeo, July ft, 1851. | TV Fourth of July in ftn Jfawiseo ? (itntrai JvUnltt ? yiaxmfunU Itupiay of Firt IVorlu. Perhaps a truthful descript.on of the ceremonies ; and sight#, the sentiments and sound* which distin- j gut* h an anniversary of American Independence, on { the shores of the Pacific ocean, would not prove en- , interesting to your readers, or anentertaning to ! jowrsdf If I am right in my surmise, yoa can publish my letter; if wrong, why let it rest in the rubbish box, ami i the ghosts of its predecessors 1? J am tare I shall he the lust to complain, for if I eunr.ot write well enough for publication, I should kaee had better sense than to hare made the attempt You muft know, at the outset, that two or three f the prints in this city came out in opposition to any regular oelebratioa of the "'Morions Fourth"? pleading poverty, low spirits, d?solution, a'he*. MkiMii. act rum ?of them even int.muted the complaint, of which < harley Webber, u the Widow Maione, declared ?ho ww allmU 1? 'hall I My II*?" Religion aad wmi " Indeed, the latter half deferred K'?? eeaelderatiee, for ymi to ft ere thin he aware, that ihr* aghoat the *'jraca<*r month* a eoid north weeter it the terror and the wourge of han Prnncieco. Hat a few determined arid patriotic pirite reeol red not te he *o easily afnghted from all propriety?*o a few evening* prtvione to the Fowrth, they ae*'tabled at the Coanty Clerk'* office, appointed a ?ommit'?e of *rr?ng'tr.eote, an rat'ir. a reader of the Declaration, and a chaplain 7bey drew ap. tow. an order of pro 'fdingi, an-l p?hti*hcd a praeiaintioa in which alt tie world were invited to atlead, and aeciet ia the eeremoot** Having arrived here jo*t after the g'i?a' Sre of May, at d witaeened that of fane, I enafd* 1 felt na? apprebin*loM that the Foartb might be ?erioacly injured hy an ?nwi*? attempt at di*p ley i Thin, all ? round iad abowt me, wa* I felt a national pride ia the day, and looked apon it as an old friend, r%ncti6e<t by big gao* aid pop- j acher*. *ky rocket* and eh itnpagne, banner* awl oration* fr <?i th >-art n pri il w wra >ry I wan fearful, therefor*, lent it, f?|, ,, ,u./ht be hart hy a barleeqoe. or tu ch* * ebamed hy a failur#. h_ ... I .1 . . ? i H'liiu-j nerer m pmaeantIy -!.? >"< I?aybreak ?M oejeomed in by the merry peal of err re mntroae WeU in the c <T-?umnee aaiuted by tfc? booming rmnnon -meridian | domed by ?pler did oration -en n 4 ill u<t rated ' by pymUcbr.ie dirplsy. Prone ?tio*. and banner*, rnud ?t< pa nri-l rooy cb? ??, on-ml h "i0 i.|f do hot* - to the day I he rhipe u (?rl?d their I flag*. foreign "oneul* dreeerd up in r- 4 eii- ?' , |aif women daaoed their Indian rilkfl. and their ('bine<e ibawl#; wbibt I'addy took a bumper too ran h, and John Holland Hrother Jonathan aot'itlly pie l?*d t?. each "their lieee, th< ir fortu ie?, and their 110red konor," nerer to go to duty cuffe again. Karly in the day, I took my neatin tny offir?j, whieh i# r ot eery lar from the Grand Pla a, hintad the windcw, atd prepared rn?"?l# to take notea ? and. if rou are willing?to print "ein." Toward# 10 o'cloek, I heard a drum and fife, and tum * (Lrtaiice. is >vfto?fd thdvctf foil Bj t.fi u./ V ?ar the measured tramp of drilled battalions. On they came, and preeenuy defiled before me in full view. They were not soldiers?if only they are soldiers who carry weapons of death. These men walked proudly, and felt in their hearts the independence of well-requited labor. They bore aloft a most beautiful silken banner, on whose gorgeous folds was inscribed, " 76! ? Its deeds are fresh in the memory of the boatmen " Near the centre of the procession, a handsome boat was suspended, surrounded by a sea of painted canvass, so natural as at a little distance to deceive the senses, within this boat sat two pretty little boys, dressed in regatta oostuine, each holding two oars in the rowlocks. Quite a large number of dugs were display, ed, on all of which appropriate mottoes were emblazoned?one of them, 1 remember, as it struck me for iuCalifernianism. It run thus:? " Our spades are oars, our cradles boats, Our diggings in the bay." But they have turned the eorner, andhere oomes a mounted procession; what splendid horses! what bardy men! their bronzed features and sun tanned bands indicate the oontempt they bear for storm and sunshine. Nor are them soldiers, unless he be a true soldier who fights manfully for an honest livelihood. Why, it seems that the line is interminable. Just now jet black steeds were prancing by; behold ! these are snowy white?there oome the iron grey, and far away in the rear, the long-eared honest progeny of donkey the first, are approaching. 1 es, these must be the draymen?for behold that oar laden with goods,bores, and drawn by that tan(i 11 (II nf mkiynifihitnf mnK.a I A oriv fhno cri\ ' t.Ko wooden-paved, hollow streets, echoing the firm tread of their horses, like the distant bellowings of a summer cloudBut here comes a silent band?what a sober set of fellows. Yes, you guessed right?they are the 44 Sons of Temperance. ' Their nea, clean, pure regalia, corresponding so well with their motto, blazing in gold upon yon banner?41 Truth, Dove, Purity They are all young men; resolution sits, like a god, enthroned upon their brows, and they have just ! been listening to ao eloquence which oonvinoed . them, that the sons of those sires who conquered 1 others should have the courage to conquer themselves. God go with you, young enthusiasts, and may your efforts be crowned with success Again music swells upon the breeze?again the i measured footstep speaks of discipline- The ratI tling car in advance proclaim! at once, that those : who now approach are the firemen of Sao Francisco. How droll a fire engine appears in a prooesi sion. I never saw one before, that did not appjar i to be in a great hurry. Hero comes one, which, were it not for the flowers decorating every part of t, 1 should think, was going to a funeral It has a ubdued sort oflook about it, as though it felt out I of its element, and wanted to hear the cry that would set it in a full gallop, and fill its empty sides with its favorite fluid. But they have passed by, and left nothing bat dust and memory behiud?I must go too. Twelve o'clock?aye, there is the opening gun. To the plaza, to the plaza!?the world is gone before mo, out I'm just in time. Thirty-two guns have boomed their thunders over the bay, and received the farresounding echoes of Contra Costa in return. Around the platform, n <ar the libsrty pole, each procession has gathered. The noisy drum and piercing fife are silent; and, at a given signal, each nat is removed, and the chaplain invokes the blessings of God upon the assembled multitude and the great country they call their own. He prays for the President and the cabinet, the soldier and the statesman, the legisla1 tor and the judge. But his accents assume a more earnest tone, and his elo luence a loftier range, as he invokes the God of Washington to shield the constitution, and spare the American Union. The Mayor, then, in one of the neatest, concisest, most eloquent-like speeches 1 ever heard, intro duced the reader of tne Declaration to the audience He spoks of the ruins aroand as on every side, of the repeated disasters, the city over whose coun cilshe presided hid been visited?of the disorganized sreiety in which we lived. But then he contrasted, with admirable skill, the iniomitable re solution ot the American character?the glorious hopes awaiting our country in the future, &n<l the long line of illustrious deeds consecrating the past. He placed his hand upon his heart, an f testiiiod, how utterly impossible it is to curb the American's love of country, and assured us, what each one felt before, that no circumstances, however untoward?no misfortunes, however dire, conld blot from the American heart its memory of the Fourth of July. The oration followed, and fullv vindicated the good sense of the committee in the selection they made for orator. For though 1 have heard far more eloquent speeches far better delivered, yet I never listened to one more appropriate to the occasion. As it will probably be published, 1 will not detain yon by any attempt at an analysis Suffice it to say, that it was cheered and applaided throughout, and that the orator wound up in a perfect blare of glory Then followed the sentiments?then the dinners; and lastly, the fireworks 1 saw the stars 'fall in 1NK1; but it was reserved fur the 4th of July, 1851, to rend them up again Oh. sir, you never beheld anything half to magnificently splendid as the flight of iky rockets from Mount Aventine From every part of the city they rose into the heavens, and burst in glory at every point of the hurison Some shattered themselves into brilliant stars, and gracefully floated by tbe ride of their sister luminaries; others dissolved into meteors and "streamed along the sky," i whilst others agin a rose in majesti) curve, and ! burned a fiery rainbow on the brow of night, j But the plaza w is the sp it for fun and frolio, and I danger, too. Koman candles were discharged into the doors and windows of every house in sight; serpen* whizzed about everybody's ears, and popcrackers exploded in everybody's poekets. The boys bad a perfect jubilee. About midnight, they set a cask of oil on fire, whose bright red glare illutninatsil tka a??lM ail. ka. . ~.l kUkla.J. TkU ?*? m ibv ruviiv vuj, umj auvi uigu ftUUV 1 Ull eemed to be the grand* timiif, and, with the reit of the world, 1 retired by it.-> light to my humble 4u.trterv, and in a few moments more. 1 *u traversing the brilliant promenade# of New York and vi-iting the 1 eenea of my boyhood, forge'.ful alike of exile, California, and the Fourth of July. W. H R. Sa.n FtAJtcnco, July 13, 1351. 7V lntffinmcy of tht and tht Fig dm net Cnnmutir?Exttniimcf a Botany Bay Convict named Junto Smart *ali is William Stams, jr., | ' ,^f The current itcamer bringi vou the account of the iv.mmary execution of a villain named Jainei Stuart, by the hands of the people of .San FraneiscO, and M it will be undoubtedly proclaimed a* a notable in eta nee ?f mob law, I give you the tub. joined statement of facte, by whieh you will fee that lb if execution waa not characterized by any of the ueual incident* of mob law, aud was not per" formed by the mob at all. About two year* ago, the "hound*," a* a let of miecreant* were termed, were tried at San Francisco home were hanged at Stockton, and the rtst were baniahed from the State. The gang waa broken up, and the stricteat order prevailed for many month* No theft*, no burglaries were committed; property waa *afe everywhere, and gool* were tecur* if left expoeed, over night, in the street or on the plain. Cut during the long and rainy winter of l>v4f*-50, a new order of things aroee. The convict eolonie* of Auatralia vomited firth upon as their horde* of certified villain*, thieve*, and burglar*, who here met their fellows of the ?ame craf; from Lond-.n. Par - Naw Y.-,-k *n.i Philadelphia. Kobb< ry became frcpent; burglary common ; end murder ly dragging, the pitUil, the b'.wie knife, and the elung (hot, an often r<-caninir incident of city new*. And ja*t at thia tune the l>egiel?t?ir?, in the plenitude of it? wiedom and power, adopted,ae oar r<-d? of erimiral urirpttidenee, the penal code prepared by the late hdward Lteiagaton, for the ^tate cf Loaiaiana, but whW-h tba' "Hate had the good eenae to reieet. and which, although reported >y the Coa>x.4iian?-r? jf Practice of the Make of New York, ha* not yet bwa adopted in that .^tate Thia code, however eontiatent, and pwwibly practicable in a eett'ed, well orget ?aed and highly moral "oa.rnnr.ity, where witnrrae* ere not transient, where the ma'hinery of w.ciety workr <teadily and eare'.y, and toe law* are o'taiix I by the annaiiaona aentiw ot of the whole i-ciaBWitj. i? b >t p.-.rly adapted to the actual wants of < alifornia Mere the popu atlon iaalmut wholly eompoeed of adventurers, not in the eenae of had persona, bat if th?*e wbe do not intend to reside here permanently; eve.-y o'?e i? on the more, and almnet every one may pi perty be regarded in the light atf a transient person The coaatry ie new; buiMwig ie c?p??aive; we have hardly had the tine, and aae certainly have not b*>n able to raiae, by direct taxation, toe mean* of h*. r?. ? - : ? -IVL'ii.T " But** little war tin Tim nal rule adapted X> the actual conditionof thing*, aid fj, pirciy theoretical a w?fk wa* it. that, un fer ataman 4 0 fee earing in the moat perfect manner the right* of in iir. Imlr. it per tn it led the m o?t extraordinary d Ur* to ncnutod perron*, aadrr preteaee of g ring them an adequate opportunity of preparing n t tr.al; delay*, during which the *>< urcl either -JT^ded in rpinVing away the witneue* ig t!n*( him, or ther departed on their own bur.n'F* of their own a eorJ; or. if 10 d ?p"ed, the prisoner quit'ly bored h < wiy oat. of the w iodaa oell in wbisb he e*i eonfinc I If he iiroi -rr, t to ftaod hit trial and take the ehante >,f a a< i iiltal, he po ire*F..d the tolerably sire rem-V/ f '1 mfc hit way through the plank* cf hi* pri? 1 ien af'er aoartr'lod, and after being renter) ed, in -I mi:d Fpi. it of the criminal code, ti mere imT n< - t for off it .iei wh b. ia a community like | tu . oap 1,1(1 he esiiialed 0/ death The latt I .1 f .1* bad the good aer.-e lo rernvre nituy of "hi e di fect;lij ih?. exi*ti;ig lawi, and to enactpro- ! uu n* ir the more rpeedy trial of offender*, and ;he ftsaity t, fttd fa a?ry cf tit __ .a ore aggravated offences. Bat, MUfhlle, oar ooial state had beeoine disorganiied almost beyond description; orirne, in every form, was rampant in oar midet, and murder, burglary, and robbery, "sulked unavenged amongst ua." The instinot of self-preservation was aroused, and it was seen clearly that it would not do to wait until the now laws came into effeot; bat that the organised band cf ruffians who infested our towns, and who were more than susuected of having four times burned it down, should be purged out from our midst. Accordingly, more than a month ago, a number of our prominent eitueni organised themselves into a ( Committee of Vigilance, for the prevention, detection, and punishment of offenoes against life and 1 property. They added to their numbers until the : committee numbered upwards of 500; they organise 1 perpetual patrols of police; they established a : central, and numerous local polioe stations; they rai ed funds for their own support, and have since re' mained in perpetual session. Minor offenders they hand over to the regularly eonstituted authorities. Offenders of the most aggravated description, for whose condign punishment they adjudge the existing laws to be inadequate, they reserve tor their own adjudication. The first exemplary villain who fell into their hands, was the man Jenkins, a notorious Botany Bay convict, who was caugffi in the actual burglary of a safe with its oontents. He was tried, convicted, and executed, as you are well aware. After this, numerous offenders of a lighter dye were arrested, and delivered over to the authorities, together with the evidence which had been collected against them. But the committee assumed another jurisdiction, which has had the most healthy results. It was to notify men of notoriously bad character to leave the country, under penalty of the consequences. If it was ascertained that there resided here a Svdaey convict, of notoriously bad character, inhabiting a Sydney crib, and without any risible means of support, he was forthwith notified to leave the country within five days. This mandate was generally obeyed without resistance. Some half a dozen attempted to disobey it, but the committee took them into custody at the expiration of the fire days, and shipped them back ag itn, to rejoice the hearts of their compatriots, in the next vessel bound for Botany Bay. The committee also took the liberty cf boarding every vessel which arrived from the same quarter of the globe, before she landed any of h r passengers ; and those who could not prove their good character, were politely informed that they oould not bo permitted to land, but must resume their voyage to the "right about." Many a convicted thief, burglar, and murderer has thus been denied admission into the " land of promise," and has returned to Australia I with but sin unsatisfactory glimpse of the sandy hills which border the coast of California. As I have said before, this committee had been , in full working organization for a month before ! Stuart fell into their hands. At first he gave his j name as william Stevens, and gave a pretended history of his life under that name; but as the ' proofs accumulated against him, he discarded his aliases, and, in a full :onfession, revealed his true name and character. I have taken the pains to arrange his confessions and the testimony against him, which are somewhat disjointed in the publication made by the Vigilance Committee, and which I transmit to you. It became apparent to the committee that they had in their custody the oaptain and chief villain of a band of ruffians, organized in ' our midst for purposes of robbery, burglary, and murder, and who coolly deliberated upon the burning of our city, as a mere diversion in their plans. By his own confession, be had committed no less than five burglaries, of such enormity tnat each of them deserved the punishment of death, for some of which innocent men had been already convicted on account of their singular resemblance to him; and the oommittee were satisfied by other evidetoe, that h? bad murdered Moore, the Sheriff at Foster's Bar, for which Burdue, upon the same resemblance, h%(l just been convicted and sentenced to death, at Marysville. What to do with him was now the question. Should he be remanded to the authorities here, who could only sentence him to imprisonment under the old law, or send him to Marysville for trial for murder, for the same offence for which another man had just been /?nnvi/>tnH 1 A ftt*r a Inn <9 HaliHanstinn t hn nn vi. ' mittee, in a full session, decided that he ought not ' to live, and that no chance of prolonging nis life ought to be allowed to him. They had been eng iged in nis trill for above a week, and finally, in cool j blood, without any passion, and witinut any ex- i cits stent, they adjudged him to dea h The decision was announced to the ass jmblel citizens; and 1 thousands there present, with but three dissenting voices, approved the judgment. At two o'clock in the afternoon, in the open day; and the clear' shn- ' shine, the committee issued from their ro>m, in ranks of ten abreast, doscly locked arm in arm, and files of thi-ty deep, some three hundred in all. In their midst was the prisoner, manacled and closely pinioned; a well built, intelligent looking man, with dark chesnut hair, a broad, high, Intel- ' lectual foreheai, and dark, bright eyes. He bore ! himself firmly and erect?there were men among his esecutiontrs whose features were overspread with a deeper pallor?and his sparkling black eye roved | over the multitude with an expression of curiosity, , which faded into that of inquiry, as if for rescue and help, and finally gave way to a fixed expression of despair. Slowly, and with a measured tread, the serried band took its way to the Market-street wharf, where a block had been ro re to a derrick used for hoisting goods from vessels alongside, and through this the fatal rope was passed. Arriving here, the committee opened right an i left, and the doomed man was brought forward. The rope was passed over his head and adjusted ; the realities of death were before him, and ne was heard to say? " My doom is just ; I am realy to die ; my confession is all true " Being asked if he was ready, ho replied that he was The request was then made : 'Hats off.' The whole multitude with one movement uncovered, and at the same instant, the wretched i man bang struggling in the air. After hanging half an hour, he was pronounced dead, taken down, 1 ..j . it. i'....... VV kUV UVIUUCf. Everything iu done with the deepest and moat } orderly -demnity There waa no disturbance, no j heotitg, no imprecationa, no noiae of any kind. I The men who did this deed were our wealthiest, our 1 most prominent, and oar moat respectable citizens, if there are some among them who are not favora- 1 bly known either here or at hose, it ia because this society sharea the imprecationa of all human so'ie' ties: but it is certain that these men lod their | level there aa they do elsewhere. Instead of tk ia being an organisation against "law and order," | it ia one in favor of law and order. The results j show this. Life, property, and all we hold moat valuable, have become doubly secure since the or. gani/ation of this committee. Kobbery has become , rare, burglary unknown, and murder onfre'juent. I It would be d jir.g the grossest injustice to our community. and to tne iuxens who hare patiently, laboriously, openly and fearlessly done these acta, to characterize them aa the results of "mob law." In the doings of this committee, the writer has neither act tor part. He differs from them in thinking that the courv* are inefficient, but places the origin of tbe evil deeper in the defect of the laws. He will not even pledge himself to approvo i the future action of the commr.tee, but reserves bis : judgment for each art as it lakes place; but, as a , calm and disinterested speetatvr, who looks upon ; what | r b in f r th 0,10 purpose of enlarging his experience, be feala bound to ray that, thus far. tie action of the committee has done mu -h good, (n't ban wrought no practical injustice to any oge; and t bat if the committer now prooeed to complete tdc jail with fundi raised by themselves. and then disband, at thry propose to Jo, they will bare dor.e an incalculable amount of good. In no event can their act* be ju<tfy cited to ibow that anarchy reign* at >?u Francisco, or that we live I under '.be rule of the " mob." i?r ?CTAT?a. The following is the covritsstoi. j T.eft England at about lb years of tg^; committed forgery, and w<r.t to New S>uth walct for life ; intercession of friend* p-ocured mancipation ; from there to N>utb Australia, Adelaide ; stayed some five years ; then went to Callao ; was about two and a half year* knocking about the sou'bern contirent; finally resrhtd Panama in the J. W. Offln, or went to Payta in the t.'olfin, and fro n ' th? ne< to Par,am in a launch; shipped in the Tennessee, and eame to "fin Francisco ; the dey I ar* 1 rived left fer -ar**m*nt?. n the Senator ; n*?t day went to Marysvtlle; fr m tlarysville to F'o?ter'? Par; joined the H'-eh Mining < otnpany, and went ! tosmrk; 17 in one *owptnv, and l'th < mployed in eu'.tfng a race; Worked in this company one month ; I hire! Jullivan, the witn'?? who appeared against ine, to work in my place for one month; then went down the river about four miles, and worked for myself, mining: w.,rked two weeks by myself; went up and hired a man to work in -ullivan's place, and took him with me: flni?hed his month out down the river, and for two days'eitra work | paid him 190, we then went to Foster's Bar to- I ffCkn* T than tftllffll* ftftlKa, ? -f ,U- a I ' wji ?ny, and paid i '100 for it; fought a life boat i for f ton'; eabecioently lent this boat to another ! ' com [-my, and they worked it on half (hare* a* a ' ferry boat; then went with Sullivan to Slate Hange, about eight miles higher ap: we bought part of a claim, and said each ; We Worked this claim for half of a <iajr: did not pay well ei*)Ugh ; I?ft tSilliTan there and returned to Foster'* B*r ; th' tight that I would return and work ia the ! winter; wer.t to work and Aniahod the Te*?, and turned tho rieer: lent the Missouri Compsny ftOO , to A' their business; the day the riser w .f turned, fo ind the claim would not pay more than fid ai l abandoned It; then went. down the rircr to the old place, and worked It three weeks or one month longer hid a row wi?h Col Prenti"; left and w it up to Foyer's Fur; two -.fui made a g?rd?o, and di l 1 I ter- well; built myself a house; eobsr quently did no work at lining 'e oh. I rK .it Jti p.<r diy f < m my , boat; I let the claim i pa'd fdfK> f .r go to rthrr?, | and the* gars me a share ftif nrlrilege to w< k it; | rfcsired irons |I0 to |I'd ter 'lay ft tn tbis; I then took a par'ner, Bernard l eather, a 'ierman, and ' tiiit keepir g a aj Uvue; war j,t%- j viously in the same company as myself, the Rook it Mining Company: did nothing for a week and bi b earn* tired or the life: couoluaed to stay aU winter, 6 and commenced building a house, the largest one U there, for boarders; did not finish it; the company to w whom 1 lent the $300 never paid ine; they left; 1 b bought of Daniel Casey, one of this company, all w the things the company had left; searching their ii house, 1 found a trunk; the trunk was open and full of r< clothes; 1 took them; I wore part of the olotbes dur- d ing the remainder of my stsy; one night afterwards w 1 went to Mr Dodge's house and had a game of g monte; lost, I suppose, that night, |h>0 ; oou- J

sidered I was cheated, and thought I would be even t> with them; so 1 stopped that night up at a tent, h and saw him put his money in a cheat; when they a bad got to sleep, wont in and took the ohest; t opening the chest, found fi,3<X); had oue piece c worth about $1,668 ; another, $738; the rest in m dust, and about $600 in silver; I took all this, li and seoreted most of it In my garden; 1 then went a to work again as usual; worked about ten days d afterwards; I was then apprehended for stealing w the trunk; having bought all in fie house, oon- 1 sidered the clothes belonging to me also; was ad- v milted to bail in $000 to appear at Marysville p for trial, and deposited the money: three days af- a terwards was taken up for stealing the $ 1,300; o for that I was committed again to Marysville, I on charge of grand laroeny; the mob that night y wanted to hang me; the judge swore in'about n 60 men to proteot me; the next morning, Captain J Dodge, the largest loser, came to me, and said, h if 1 would give him the money he would let h me go, and see that I was not' hurt; another h party came to me and told me that his wife and u family were suffering at home, so I concluded to v give it up, and all but about $ 150 was found; allow- a ed 1 had lost this; remained with the Sheriff this b afternoon, and then asked the Judge about selling ii my things; called an auction, sold my things, and ti gave my boat away to a friend; my things brought k about $170; the hheriff kept this money in his w possession (Edward Barr, Sheriff); went out at night w to collect some of this money, and while gone, nis a cook came to mo and said, " if he was in my place si he'd go;" told him 1 couldn't well go without mo- t< ney; he said 1 hud better go without it; I consc- gt queiitly went; went about three miles that night, y; and took a mare; next night about 10 o'olock ur- E rived in tfairamento; sold the mare the next day; ei stole the mare; had no money to buy one; staia w in Sacramento about a fortnight; g>t acquainted d with two or three Americans and one Sydney man; w they did nothing but steal horses and mules; I used g to sell them for them; the cholera broke out in 3a- w eramento; the names of the men are "Dab," James E Peatc; Johnny Griffith was getting away from nj Srison brig with irons on, and was drowned; went gi own to bail him out; a boy told Griffiths there r< was a brig in the river with a good deal of money V on board?about $20,000; we went aboard of the c< brig and got all there was, about $2')0; went on tt board witnGriffiths (dead), Edwards,Brown(dead); B next day we agreed to come down to San Francisoo; hi Edwards told us we oould get some money out of a tc vessel in the harbor: a man came with us called w " Jimmy-from-town, (Burns); came down in the tl New World; " Jimmy-from-town" robbed a Span- ta iard board of thirty ounces in coin; " Jimmy from- r< town" was stowed away by me on board of the 1'ea- ai ! nessee; he gave me the money, and it was divided .V I among four of us; the same night we boarded this ja vessel in Sin Franusoo and robbed her; myself, L Edwards, Brown and Smith accomplished the doed; di the vessel was the J. Casket; had some hard fight- 1) ing on board; the captain was desperate and we left oi him almost dead; in the fight his wife came out of tl ; the cabin with a sword in ner hand; I took it away m I trom her; acted as eaotain in that mob; loft the fc other in charge of the captain; wo were all masked; ? 1 searched the cabin; his wife gave me up what tl | money there was on board; I then asked her if there L were any arms on board; she gave me one of S Allen's six-"hooters, large site; I gave the a money and the pistols to one of the party; do if not remember which; the worn at begged me not I to take her husband's life; I said I aid not want b< to do it if he would be quiet; I then looked in sa the oabin and saw that she had a splenlid gold st chronometer watch; she hoped I would not tako it, oo as ber inotherhod given it to her; 1 said, "on those ai conditions I will not take the watch;" the others ai ki.L.J - r - ...... l.: T .11 .1 f 1 - au bcu u|> a. ivw ivr uub btaiugi^ x burn mcui 1 waa in master; they had made me so, and I would ait as it 1 liked; tied the captain's hands behind him and sh shut him in the cabin; toll his wife not to speak for ar two hours, as I should not leave the ship; also tied of some bovs who were on board at the time, and then th went ashore; supposed we should get $15,000 or sa $10,000, and only got $170; he advertised a loss of ne $000; when his wile gave mo the money, she said ro she had sent it nearly all homo in the previous nao- th ket, or we should have got it, ao doubt; stayed in b< San Francisco five or six days; tried to rob Grayson wi It 'uild's store; stopped in it all one night, and t< found I could not ao it; wanted nothing but the hi money, but could not get it; the safe was too heavy; pi three or four days afterwards 1 went to Sacramento h< alone, stopped in Moor's house in L street; did m nothing but play cards, and won a good deal of m<> fn r.ey; sold mule* and horses for others as they were F brought in, in the name of Campbell; M >or died nt who kept the house; bought his wife oat for $150; re paid $<U rent; all the things stolen in Saerament.o Hi were brought to the house; John Griffiths, John tii Jones, big Bill Nelson "nd "(did Jack," were bear 1- th era of mine; a few days afterwards, Griffiths wn ar- w, rested for pick ng a man's packet of $i0G in an au<v K tion store on J street; on Monday he was oominit-tei th to the prison brig: was bailed in the sum of$1,500; M they were kicking up a row in Sacramento at this ft time, and would not go straw bail; so I took a team. cr loaded it from my house with itolen goods, and tb started for Mormon Island; sold all at Mormon cb Island and Salmon Falls, and returned to Sacra- fir mrnto county; went to the Sheriff of Sacramento, sa procured an order to go on board of the brig and eq see Griffiths; got on board, and found that the night cti before, in trying to escape, he was drowned; while I la had gone to the mines, some one robbed my house tb of every thing; did not think it worth while to open gi another house, and went to lire in a small house m near the burying ground; a few days after, was ar- bt rested for housebreaking, and employed Mr. Pix- an lev, he got me out of it by one of my men swearing I false; old Jack swore false; I gave him |20, and Mr. S< llxley agreed to get me outof the sera;* if I would st< give him fjO more; 1 told Pixley I was guilty; about r e a week or ten days after, was arrested again far M breaking into a house in a lumber yard; I v.-ry near 1 got shot there, through my hat at alleve nt*;got taken IJ and committed aboard thebrig fortrial; previously to robbed a house on riundty night, corner of Front th and h streets, clothing store, with M it llopwood; w< goes by n tuie of Big Brutumy, ( Sydney man); got wi from tHOO to ffkXJ worth of property; about two A days alter I was on board the brig: explore 1 Mr. su Pixley again and paid him t-Vj; also piid him $o0 be for Hig fTruiumy, for robbing a worn in; twsdiyi Ih after I had been on board the prison brig, a con- lis stable came down from Auburn and identified me W as shooting the Sheriff of Auburn; two or three to hours afterwards two more constables c una on th< board?one from Fjeter's Bar, and one from Marys- wii ville; the one from Foster's Bir identified me as I ^ the man having committed murder at Foster's Mi I'-ar? one ('has Moore; one h?d a warrant; they went an on *htre to Judge 3ack>-tt; he give them an order mi to bring me ashore; took rac to the Judge's ] < ffiie in J street; Mr. Pixley appeared for Paj me, and would not allow the Judge to [ t it amine me; was then sent on board the brig again; the Judge then gave the Sheriff order to take me to Marysrille; Sheriff came for me the o. next morning, and Mr. Pixley told him that the wariant was not lege', and ho could not take me; ja 10 be bad to go to .dArysxilte for another, I then ^ ga*r Mr. Pixley my beg of gold dual to weigh out L.a ftiOO, and an order for fiDO,which be told me lie had v,, got and would j ay me next diy; the a mo night j | I made my escape from the brig; | walked that day ((.| to I>ry Creek?half way to Stockton; noxt day j.u got into Stockton, disguised myself and came to san Francisco on a iteumer?aomewhere in the mid- n)) die of 1 December; then went and stopjwd in Kd- , (l ward's boure in Sydney Valley; neeer went cut of gu the bouse during the day; during the night went to Port Philip Mouse, kept by Mc*>?rmick and SVhit- no taker? Edwards did not know of my e?caj>c; Jansen at that time lired next door to Wnittaker'?; . 1 Wbittaker bad got information of there being eight 1 or nine thousand dollars in a safe in a butcher's ! w* stop in Broadway; myself, J. Edwards, Wbittaker, amiGecrgt Adams, went, took the window off, gc?t ** the safe into the street, ar.d sou Id get it no further; 8" the next was Minturn's. there were a groat many in *n this mess; we got this Information from?? ; bs I gone several times during the three days pre- 'r Tioua, to inquire about the money; he was aeiju lint- *' ed there; myself, Edwards, Edward MeCorroiek, , (Teddy) Wbittaker, Geo. Adams, ??, Bob McKcnsie?wetook a boat with us, fall and tackle; *y made shears to take with us, put a feather bed in tbe boat, augers, saws, fcs., to eat a say with, and j ;, mil Want fssattw Olull arm/trl- wa maeiu *a<l In iSut ' " irrisle three or four of u*. knd moved the *afo dome- i wliat; made a few auger hoba in the floor, and intended cutting the floor a?rav; eoijie one cane to 1,0 the door; a falee alarm; we had to run; Mackenzie *' eptilcd it by not knowing hip instruction*: we ahonld , not have stirred for one man or two, with so big a ' haul; Mackenzie gave wrong figna a, an.l we jumped into the water and ewa n away: J*'1 outsile; the neat thing was a jowol- i ler'e ehop ha I eairnined; he al- : lowed that there war (JO/ftO or f*t,(XK) in dia- Rt code, lac ; we went, to look at it at night? a raelf h*'1 and hdwarda ; gave nay opinion tha'. we could not frl doit; too much ri>k ; eme four or five people la bR shop below ; g >va it up as a b ' job; the neat *' tfcirg got, for ?i wn M t indraj'i store; 'a' h" bod been watching it for a mcnta; ha told ua tbera were three Mice, an 1 a vault with lot* of 'or' money; aa much as w? could t*k-< away in a boat; r<'' c?>nie op in tbe night to do it, and sitne backed out, " 1 '.ns d* 'lr g the' there were t< .tie eleven men in the u" building; gave it up; the night alter, W hi t.iko? ,,r' informed u* of Janacn't place ; said that when "f'' la on moved he hail a big which he suppoeoi con- | j'i aintd (10,000 or |ld,QO0j w? agreed to go <;uJ get f; myself, Jim Briggs (from Monterey,) J M. (organ, S. Whittaker, Bdw. M'Cormiok, (Toddy,) 1 illy Kewee, ??.bid wards? all of us had been >gether for ton day*, exotpt Briggs and Morgan, ho had juet o sme up from Monterey; Briggs and 1 (organ won at Maeondray'i; had a falling out 1 ith Mackenzie, and ho had to go; Morgan went I lto Janeen's store first; the rest stopped in the i jad; Whittaker and myself stood at tne window i uring this time; I thought he was too long and , 'ouldget no money, so I went in to help him; I j ot half way up the shop behind the oounter; heard I ansen ask Morgan what he wanted there; Morgan ] old him that he wanted to look at some blankets; < e turns round and sees me behind the oounter ; ] lso told him 1 wanted blankets; he stepped about wo yards to show me some blankets ; (we had loaks on for a disguise); I hit him on the head rith a slung-shot, and knocked him down; 1 then , eft Morgan t? take charge of him, whilst 1 looked ! fter the money ; I only hit him onoe; opened a esk, and took out a shot bag conttining money ; re then carried the money home to Sydney Valley; j carried the money; 1 counted the money; there ! ran 41 fiHH in trnXA renin* ma /tStriilail It ... - * ?! a I V-? - vv.?, nw u**m?u IV 1U UIg UV arts, making f 196 each; we then came down town gain ; went into Mrs. ilogan's ; stopped there two ] r three hours and then went home again; Mrs. logan lived on Sansome street; next day there ' r as quite a fuss about town; ws did not oommit : lore robberies while the men arrested for striking ansen were under trial, as we did not wish them ung knowing they were innocent; we would ave shot Any men rather than they should ave been hung; we agreed that if the above aen were hung, which we expected they t rould on Sunday night, to burn down the town; , few nights after we agreed to rob a bank kopt g y Beebee, Ludlow & Co., on Montgomery street; 1 this we were to be assisted by and ; we ried two nights; opened the outside door by false , eys; watched it two days, and concluded there as not mouey enough to attempt the robbery, as , e observed the porter of the bank come each ' torning from Argenti's with bags of money dip> ted the evening previous ; the next night we went i the bank next to tho LI Dorado, in Washington J reet; Morris Morgan help to build the money . ault, and gave us the information; went down tho .1 Dorado steps; opened the door with false keys; atered and found two beds; discovered that there t ere too many people sleeping about there ; consi- . ered it too dangerous, and gave it up; ? as an accomplice with us; there were eight in tho ang ; was generally an outsider and done the atching; next night stole a small safe out of . merson k Dunbar s auotion store ; it was Sunday ight; there was bot twenty-four dollars in this ife ; Adams stepped out at the time of Minturn s ibbery ; next night stole a safe from Gla 1 win k , /hitmore ; took it up on the sand-hills; were dis- ! ivered before we had broken it open; I brought I is safe down stairs; Morris Morgan and Jimes r riggs were arrested by the polios in this scrape; J sre we lost all our tools, which were worth $500 1 i us ; then went to Mrs. Hogan's house ; Bill Hews e, ent home that night; not liking to see men go to le watch-house, I wanted the rest to come and , ike them from the watch-heuse by force, but they ) ifused ; they thought by employing Mr. Parburt id other lawyers tney would be cleared; next day ? lorgan was acquitted and Briggs committed to >il; next day 1 went to Gold Blutf in schooner B. J i. Allen; had twenty-seven days passage to Trini- j ad bay; I there saw Bob McKeniie, also saw abb, the horse thief, and the Jew Peet; they ime from Oregon; they said that five horse r lieves bad taken about sixty horses from Sacraiento City to Oregon, and there sold them; I ? >und Trinidad to be a bad place for me; 1 played c irds with Dabb, and won all his mouey, about iree hundred dollars ; I then came back in tho B. r, . Allen, and paid the passage of Dabb and Peet to ? an Francisco; arrived in San Francisco on " Sunday; Dabb threatened to inform on me I didn't give him some money, so 1 gave him $50; went to James Kitchen's house, and sent bim on 'amine scnooner lor my oeu Ana blankets; tbe . me Jay Dabb and a policeman stopped me in tie J reet; the policeman wanted me to go to the llerder's with him; I drew my pistol to ihoot him, T id Jie stood off; there were many people aboat, id I gave him (the policeman) one hundred dot- *. rs |to quiet him; I then went to Kitchen'*, and : jpped that night; 1 went and iaw Mrs. Ho(in; ? o told me there was a warrant out for Whittaker, id Ling Charier, for robbing a man in her house fifteen hundred dolla*s ; the advised me to leave ic town; laid the police were searching her house; id she had secreted Whittaker at the Mission xt morning, I.hired a horse at a stable, and ' dc to Monterey* At this time, I had just taken ' e name of (ferltsle ; previously, was called Camp- . :11; the day 1 arrived at Monterey, the men . ere about to be tried for robbing Monterey Cus- , im- house; my things were left at Kitchen s, and . ive been there ever since. 1 went to Monterey trposely to attend the trial; went to the watch- ' juso and saw the prisoners; the second night, y horse was stolen from me; Dick Osman was st put on trial; Paibart went down from San rancisco to defend him, aud I appcired as a wit:ss in his favor ; Whittaker was also at Monte- C y; Kitchen arrived at Monterey in the stetmer; !t riffK? was then in custody; we all knew the par- n is were guilty; {although they took thirteen ci lousand dollars down from San Francisco, all that ll as fobbed wss eight thousand dollars, though n andall said be had lost thirty thousand dollars; el e fact is, that Parbu*t, McDonald, and Judge C crrlt, were counsel for prisoners, and < 'ol. Weller, 11 )tts, anl Wallace, for prosecution ; there was a ll est deal of sweariDg ralsely, and bribery; all a e money was taken from the prisoners ; the court ?'i larges, amounting to one thousand dollars, were b< st taken out, and the balance of thirteen thou hi I'd dollar* mv larlv* tHr>ii*an,l SnlUra rl ually divided between the prisoners' and prose- el ting counsel; the''prisoners then paid their own 01 wyers; Randall got one-half, and the prisoners ci e other half of the twelve thousand dollars: Mor- m in, Tom Qnick, and Ryan, were in jail, but Oe- w an was tried and consented to the divisiou; l'urirt told mo to let the prisoners out of jail, Vj id 1 hroke the door down and let them out; A then started oa foot from Monterey for the y\ uthern mines; reache<l San Jose; in San Jose ki tile a h ?rse, saddle ami bridle, but was captured in ar San Joaquin; got into a row with eleven exioans, who took n.y gun from me, stating that ai had stolen their horse; they took me back to ri ivirmore's pass; I gave them my watch and chain icleu.-e me. and went on foot to Sonora; from A1 cro went to Sullivan's, and worked about a k; did not liko mining; then went to Mariposa; irked there about five weeks; met there two uriH, who knew me; did not think myself p, fe, ai.d left for San Francisco on foot; arrived ire last Tuesday night; saw Kitchen in the HI trade; went to his bouse where he used to e: then went to end slept that night; N ednesday morning arose and went to the Mfai >n see in acquaintance, who livee at a bakery at r Mission; this same acquaintance preriously 'bed me to rob a Spaniard's house at the Mission; s'ent to see about robbing a Spaniard at the ssion; the acquaintance at the Mission is short; d had on a b'uek hat. [It ij known to our comttce who this friend is ] [ went into the man-ion hou*e and looked at the e, and to d him 1 would see him agaiu about it. ook the bills on the way back from the Mission i avoid being scon, and was arrested on the saol Is doing fiothing; 1 was on the way to North D< acb. In coming from San lose to Sun Francisco, I lit J" nuary or February, 1 came in the steamer New sr with one ."uiitn, who was afterwards shot in 1' cramento City, robbing a bouse; we went from in b rant ire o to ."an Jore on purj?oee to rob the 1 nr bes of the silver and gold images; we were i Id litre was a gold image weighing ten pounds, tec ctu'd n t find it. (lot Muck on a mud flit an the passage; in the irning all bar.Ua were called in tie ctbin. and told , at a i avenger bad been robbed ?>f (1,000 in gold { st; tncy took my gold dust, and thai of another ^ in a|a'scngtr; but 1 did not rob it, and know | '.king about it. I >n arrival here, I advised robbing tlie New Star: J* net Teddy Mc( or mack and John Kdwards. and nt down to the steamboat; I went on board, rned the window, and robbed the deck of about iiO; knew Jenkins; knows Wit deed; thinks he hni i J" ne out of the country ; knows Adams; d'>es not ! (>w where he is now ; knows Nelson and Wilson, | rst thieves in Sacramento Citj ; when I landed f,, hi the J. Caskie, went to Kdward's house : John j I wants has red whiskers; is an Knglish nan ; Ai fike into Smith's lumber yard about H o'clock at \ f? jht; Jem toy-from-town stole ? trunk frotn Mr. [ K" J Kllis's house; Jeinmy-from-town robbed iw's safe, and blew it up with powder ; gave J" xley an order for my money in the natnu of James I tupbell; arrived at K otter's bar about the midale April; hired Sullivan, Hunt and Hews to work Foster's bar ; nevce committed more crimes at ! sttr's bar than I bnve stated ; Dodge k. Co kept 0t (ambling bouse at Foster's bar; names of three ?,r nericsns and one Sydney roan, horse thieves, l0 ibh, Feet, and another name forgotten ; think I ow of everr robbery committed in Sacramento g, ion 1 was there; have w>rn a scrape and rode on jt,. rsebaek in San Francisco ; I generally board at f? Iwards'house ; some of my friends have boarded (>, the Port Philip House; John Morgan is known M1 re is John Morris, and li'es with nriggs; is 50 j, us old ; large, stout fellow, and weighs In stone ; vr ve heard hundreds reroar* here that the day 0f nld so?n cotne when this country would be ten by the Sjdney people ; we have hail so un- ( rstanding with polioe offlcera and for a n, ig time: they were concerned with us in the ft, ticry of Yr ung's Bwik, nex'to the LI Dorado; j, n't kiiow who BiaVes burglars' tools; liriggt ()V kes'ime; knew Otis, a horse thief; saw hnn , ctcd srd saw him on trial ; knew Pico; did I know Fisher, nor Hill, not Hull at Monterey; tl sn win the only one that robbed the Monterey r, stem iiou-e who leaned any benefit; 1 gave ,t, ticy an order for t H. on Lpwc ; lives on i rout yvi street, Sacramento City; house haa a bowfwindow in it; 'very pretty house; money stolen from Jaoeen was divided in Edward*' house, near Clark'* I'uint; a anarrel between and Whittaker A was caused because they did not equally divide tho money; we should certainly have tired the town in three or four places, had the men arrested fordrilling Jansen been hung; the men who oommittcd the jewelry robbery here were Georgo\dams and Teddy McCormick; I have been toAngel Island; generally stop at Daniel Wilder'* louse; think there are no robbers there; Mrs. Hogan's house is a crib for stolen property; sho wears my daguerreotype ; she knows all about owe notions ; Mr. liogan is innocent. Summary of vents. [From (be Alia California. July 15 ] Since the departure of the mail steamer, en tho irst of the present month, the only event or moment' which has transpired in our city has been the trial, lonviction and execution of a felon, known as Jim Stuart, by the Vigilance Committee, a body of citisens of the highest respectability and standing iq looiety. In Sacramento, Mtrysville, Stockton, and else* where, the citizens have felt thenaselvei compelled .0 act in their own behalf, the laws having proved 10 utterly inadequate in themselves, and their aininistration, by the properly constituted authorities, o lax. Men have been executed for offences of a criminal iaiure, in this city and in Stookton. The recent ixecution of Ktuart. in t.hia nitw .Milnnal n (nmnn ary exoitement among those who entertained ipinions antagonistic to the action of the Commitee; but it api>ears to be subsiding. His Honor tiayor Hrenham has issued a proclamation, deiring all good citizens to withdraw from the Vigiance Committee, or associations of a like character, md Judge Campbell, of the Court of Sessions, on he 12th inst., charged the Grand Jury for the ounty that all those concerned in the execution of ctuart had been guilty of murder, or werepartictpa riminis. The Vigilance Committee still continued o exercise its powers, and is using its utmost enleavors to rid the community of the villains who iave so long infested it. Their acts are sustained >y a majority of the citizens. Organizations of a iuiiJar character have sprung up m almost all the irominent places of California, and the courts have >een forced, by the expression of public sentiment, o pay stricter attention to the administration of aw. The Indians arc still troublesome in Sacramento 'alley, and refuse to come in at the place specified >y Dr. O. M Wozencraft, one of the Indian Comnissioners. Col. McKee, also of the commission, i? it Benicia, preparing to prosecute his mission in the eg ion of the Klamath and Trinity rivers. Colonel larbour is in the vicinity of Los Angeles, intending o visit again the Indians in the Tulare Valley, who invo recently exhibited a disposition to break their reaty of peace and amity. The commission are toally without funds, and utterly unable to prose* ute their mission to a successful issue without adiitional supplies. A rencontre took place on the 1st instant, between Jeorge F. Lemon, City Assessor, and William H. Irabam, a yonng lawyer. Shots were exchanged, nd Graham was shot in the mouth and left arm. -emon immediately gave himself up; but his adersary having told him to draw and defend himelf, and wited the action to the word, the Recorder ischarged him. Graham is outand doing well. The Fourth of July was not celebrated with any Teat pomp, in consequence of the calamity whicn as so recently befallen the city. It was, however, bserved by the firing of guns, parades of soieties, &c. In Sacramento City, a most aggravated highway obbery was committed on the iHu inst , in broad aylight. Impatient of the law's delay, the people, y their united expression, induced the court and he lawyers selected to defend the prisoner, to go 3to a trial immediately, and at fclast accounts one of he partv was before the court on trial Tne Mormons aie making a decided movement awards establishing a direct communication from ho Salt Lake to the Pacifio. A large party havo ;cently arrived from Salt Lake through the Cajoa 'ass, about sixty miles from Los Angeles, with n expressed determination to settle in that sec on. i ney are sam to bo negotiating for tba archase of a very fine rancho belonging to Senar ntonio Lou go. Tbe intelligence from the mines oontinoos to ba strcmely encouraging, and a gereral spirit of conintment seems to prevail among tbe miners. Tbe effects of the late fire in this city are yet periptible, but the energy and enterprise of our oitiL-ns appear to bo unabated. Tbe "burned dia- " ict," although not entirely rebuilt, is pretty thickly udded with tenements of all descriptions, and rick and stone building of the most substantial laracter are in process of erection in all parts. or tbe particulars of evente which have transpired nee tbe 1st inst, we must refer to other portions f this day's paper. Crime In California, Lynching, &c. [From the San Francisco Picayune. July V ] It is now lourteen mouths sinoe the District curt went into existence, and during the period oiii April 20, 185(), to May 21, 1851. the whole umber of persons committed fir trial at that uurt amounted to one hundred and eighty-four. I is a startliug fact that of this number but nine main cow in custody, puyiug the penalty of their Bences. Seven have been discharged by the rand Jury, six have died, and twi have been anion ;d. ' Besides these nine, some few others of >e one hundred and eighty four are in prison waiting trial; but of the whole number, nine :dy are in custody, under sentcnoe. Forty have sen admitted to bail, and doubtless never again raid of. Sixty-one have been acquitted and dislargcd by order of tho court, and twenty-one have leaped, and have not been retaken. In order that ir readers may see at a glance the state of tba irninal calendar, we subjoin a tabular statacat:? b<.le number committed for trial at the Distrist Court from April -JO. 1160 to May ?!, 1861 1*1 T these, admitted to bail 4o l-cbarged b\ the Grand Jury 7 njuitted. aLd discharged by order of the court 01 irdomd 2 irahad and ntil ratAknn ?* i?d..... Of the number comrnittei, thirty-sevon have been laigced, tried, and most of theia convicted of Mous offences, as follows;? 1860. ug. '24?Orcgolre Cordsro, fraud larceny. 1 year '24- belli II Hawkins. 18 months. 16- Francis Murrey, assault and battery, 1 year. 24?Francisco Konlido, nolle jirouqul. 31?Thomas Curry. " " rpt. 0?Allan Cooper, grand larceny, 1 year. 0?Jatnes Bltcber. having stolen goods, 0 month*. 0?Jose Miguel. manslaughter, 6 months. 9?Pedro hogue. " ' or 19?W MeOreg<r. alias Billy Chapman, receiving Stolen govds nolltproinfui. ?0?Stephen llendrlckson. counterfeiting, 1 year 1 21?Wm Greenwood grand larceny, node pref fw. 21?Alex Hamilton, lorgery. bond lorfel'.ed. ' 21?Nicholas Unmet, assault with intent to kill, bond torfeiud. 22?J Hughes, robbery 7 years. '27?John 3mith, grand larceny, 1 year. 27?J Vt illlam*. assault with Intent to kill, 7 year*. '27?John MttcteJ, grand larceny, bond forfeited. 27?Catherine Byrne, " aolir prvtytu. 28?Jsmee Wilson, '* 29?Jemes Hamilton, robbery. 1 year. 29? Klrhard Hepburn. " " re. 3?Antonio Romero, grand larceny, n?Ut preteym. 1861. in. 29? Wm Welsh.grand larceny 6 years 2V?Alfred Irwin. do. 4 do. b 8?dpiers and Williams, nollt protri/ui. 19?Thomas lirown. assault with intent to kill, 3 yean 10- James Minor, grand larceny, aoil* prt+qut 12?Philip Kfti r. rape. 16 years. 13?Wm. Hiiion, assault with intent to Kb, 1 year; Pardoned. 13?L. Hie*se. do. do. do. do. 16? Jinn Baptists. giand larceny, 1 year's irapri soniuint. and after sards a new trial granted at d ti"Ut yrneyvi. ar'h 16?T Hurdue. assault with intent to kill, 14 year*. '2>'?J W indred. do do. 10 do. 24?John ilougbtls. grand larceny, nollt prosequi, ine *29?Wm Welkins. burglary 1U year* 21 ?Francis Brier, receiving stolen goods, 6 year*. 19? M O. Costa, grand larceny. 4 years. The following s re the mime* of those of tho ftbovo ho are now undergoing the jonulty of their oftiers in prison;? , I860 j*. 27?Jno William*, shooting, intent tc kill. 7 year* 3T. 29? 8. llendrlckson, passing counterfeit mi <.-j 1 year US 24?O CorderO eraml larrenv 4 ?ca?e lit. t-A Cw|itr, ? " 1 * " jf '27?John bmllh, ' 1 1861 n. If?M 0 Costa. rrand larceny.1 " " *21?F Hrter. rfnunK stolen good*, 5 year*. " '26? W Watkins, burglary, 10 year* Btnurt aJint Hurdue. assault with intent tC kill 14 years. Now, we wish to know what has beoome of tho here. Where arc tbeyl Why we they not in isonT By what process have tbcy been enabled, evade tho penalty if their crimes1 We bare at present no charge* or oemment* to uke We submit the above figures to the publin r their consideration, and we ash, do they not rnitb the tin at convincing argument in favor o' ic action of the Vigilance (Jouuaitteal Where ch wa* the adininietration of criminal justice, it not to lie doubted that some urgent and extra* tinary measure* were neoewary lor tho purnoso nrii f!,riK criminal' 10 justice. On Motitiny morning, says the Srvcramonto alow, about ten o'clock, Col '> 1*. tfhw kmr (l O. V. deftly, hie partner, left iilinoistoivn for pllrj'a Bur, oti the North Fork. After proceedg rutne dtRtunC', ft teumetef of thoiriu'imaintnnoo cttook their, ftui *e Blerkrusr and lie iy had bu', rtnule.thi latter jumped into the ?ijjon, and tie on to i'!i< tpa', twelve tulles t in riiie oi Ithoojwn. ( ol. H nil arriving as soon ae ihoy r* t'tii, (Italy rinoe to the contlu-ion that be bad j Ipfd by the way to grnre Lis niJe and rest, [ur Wft?ui)g abtuv twofevwie, ft L,fi l.d?