14 Mart 1855 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3

14 Mart 1855 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3
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Ow Canada C<i ru|a?<tnM. Qckibc, Uantk 8, 1855. JV Beignorinl Tenure Act? Revolutionary Publi cation* ? Commenctment of an Agitation for a Repeal of the Union with Great Britain, and the Annexation of Canada to the United State*? The Militia Bill? Split in the St. Patrick' * Society, 4-c. fc. Within the lut week a pamphlet lias made ita ap pearand from the printing office of Messrs. Bureau & Mareottee, of thia city, which ia creating no little sensation. It is upon the subject of the Selgnorial Tenure act, purports to have been written by L? Frere de Jean Baptiste, and bas for lti motto the words, "Pait, Pauvrt Pevple, Pait ." The great ques tion is, who is the real aut ior? some member of tie rouge party, without doubt, as its main object ap pears to be to applaud their Parliamentary speeches; but which ? This question I &hall leava, as one of no great importance to the readers of the Hkkai.d and proceed to a tew wordt on the production itself It is intended to nshist in the agitation which i'. isde term.ned to uia^o at the next election against the law of this session providing for the aboliti m ol feuda dues, and the t-tyle of appeal is so frsugot with in Btraction that 1 translate a few parage*. Alter entering very minutely into the d-Uils of the act and attempting to show that -he cemiaire liw baeu made the victim of a foulp'ot, ai-i will, if he resist not, tie made to pay dearly for his aupineueas, tie pamphleteer says:? "Beiold tie hi-toiy of tha pts ?5lKi?0r?. B?)gnorial law. riujh are the facts which I ht?ve deemed it important to expose to the public, to the end that th-y might know w 10 are their friends and who a'e their enenies. It i-i one of our political evils laii bare, t >at the JE??i^m!gH?th0?b6tter kL0* ho" t ley are da 22*i? P?1'11**. by me^ns of the famous resp in-ilble R? 'crnment, which is responsible to no one save fo *" mi Br"am> "bo u?8 our beautiful ff Political slavery may be used wherevar It exists. He denounces the union between Upper and Lower Canada in the most unmeasured terms M ??oheme on tlio part of Great Britain to "u5u' tmize tbe energetic demands ot the French C ana uian inhabitants, ' and oonticues : ? "Let us study for a mcment the recent history of Canada. See wnat tne diplomatist Durham recommended to i^ngland. Unite tha two Provinces, said he. Give them a new Governor; an Exacative Council responsible to Uie Assembly; a Legislative Council, the members of which shall be chosen tor life, and removed from the control of the people; a L?rfsla tive Assembly; and place ia the hands ot the Governor and his Ministers all the patronage of government, to the end that t ;ey may ia some sort control every election in the country. Give places to the i principal French Cauadians, and by this maans whiohycu may call responsible government, you will succeed in buying up the jhiefi, to lolling public XiS g0 "eJu Wt">n yw shall have aocompluhed this, construct a railroad from Halifax the British colonies. ^ Srov?5efl ot'Canadi, New Bruas Wick. Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, aid Newfoundland. By this means you may destroy J^enc?, Canadians, and relieve yourvelv^s of the most troublesome of your subjeoa." La Frere de JMn Baptiste recounts ia the most pointed man 5?', the abuses that hare arisen under the system. Be appeals to the love of the almighty dollar, talks of our imports increasad, our debt aug mented, our province Involved, and no help for it but "pate, pauvrepeuplt, pait." The spirit of disaf fection i runs through the whole, and the desire for P?rV8d? every page. "In 1837 we de molished the most execrable tyrannies, bnt since ?canl of utr^'agems, decsit, and en ticements, others have been imposed, walca, al borthensome in appearance, are not so in reality, and which are sapmng the very founia lions ot our public liberties." * * * * ? r<At eiec. Hons, by the Influence of government, the people ?end men to represent them in Parliament whom ?ney would render a service to the oouutry by bury- I W?^?htM^h?v? no legislative chsi- 1 her at all , as to have one, which, up to tats time, has nn2 u?nt,roi ?7* ttl9 Pa!?1(c interests, which to controlled by, intead ot controlling the govern nient. This is the naked truth. Tne Chambjr Is i ?f, "l"*? ? the government, but ue government to the master of tueCuamher. the master of the people, and God knows how sorely we have been whipped. Before 18.17 we were ill-treated *>? 4*7 we are betrayed, pillaged, so'd, ] abandoned by our own brothers, and that with a semblance of approbation on our part " ? ? * The people will learn the evils of our institutions ?niy when tley have felt the effect* of toem : and ?ne oay wi.l come when woun Is will be healed by ^ ^now, but the time will come wten the light will disperse the shadows." Tne Shh!i Ay ?S '^ce- royalty being established ia British America is playfully allud-td to, and tha re cent creation of baronets treated with the most cut ting sart asm. The people are called o^km to res jt ?he Beignonal act; the propriety of revolution is hlr.ted at mont broadly, and, by way of showinir how little Canadians would have to loie by euch a step, the pamphleteer thus urges them:? Bagland, who has withdrawn little by little the advantages wldch she gave us in her markets, while, 1 until very recently, preventing us from going elsewhere, has jimt recalled her troops irom Canada. It will be nec?Maajy for ua nowr t> gaird the oountrv for hsr, not for us, and pay the ?xper see of doing io. It it for this that our gov ernment would organize a corps ol two thousand men. a voluiiteer militia, to do this service, and that all the militia are to be armed in the ?priog. Wny all this? you will exclaim. Why, but W protect the country trom the Esquimaux of the North, or against those devils of Americans, who may soma day or other Uke it Into their beads to invade Canada. All thia will cost money. All this will augment the public debt. All this will increase the imports, whioh already bear heavily upon the 1 people, and to live will cost more. Tnen will ba the time to say: Pay, poor people, pay." The appearance of this p amphlet may be regarded as the commencement of a tenons and persevering agitation for the repeal of the Union and annex* Won to the United States; and, viewed in this light, it ia deserving of very parti :ular notice. It ! may not be generally known that the rouge patty evowed advasatesof annexation. In thefr published platform appears the following strong expression of opinion on the subject:? "Finally, and above all, the independence of Canada, and her annexation to the United States." Wnen it is remembered that no lees than nineteen members of thia patty occupy seats in the Honac of Aisemhy, and that even there they make no scruple about avowing openly their Opinions, the Importance of the movement and of the party who reprotcnt It, will be at oace per oeived. 1 he pamphlet, viewed in any light, is tha merest clap-trap- Siarcely one of its facts are well founded, and it bases its enUre argument npoa prin ciples, which, however popular in the palmy days of Robespierre, we may devoutly hope may not be gener ally accepted now. But it is not in 'ended for the pe rusal of h; embers of Parliament; it ig designed as an appeal to the passi ins acd prejudices of the most unlettered of our population, and the very fact that abuae of England becomes the surest passport to inch passions and prejudices, is of itself full of sig nificance. Our system of government is open to numerous objections, but it is not chargeable with those brought against it in the pamphlet in question. It ia true that the government is supposed to control a parliamentaiy majority, but they can do so only ao long as they continue to act in acjordacco with the well understood dishes of the people; and whea they fail so to act, and fail in consequence to on trol such majority, they ceaa? at once to exist as a government. The defeat o: the last administratis furniah?M the most abundant proof of this. At the dose of the session of ls5.1, they commanded a large parliamentary majority. During the recess it trans pired that they were not prepared to go on at once ?1th the important measures then agitating the country, and charges of conuption were made aealnit certain of its member. When thiy called the Home together in .luue last, it ceased to be a matter of doubt that they had determined upon postponing ttie eettlemept of the Clergy Keserve qaes?.,oa. Tney were defeated upon the second day of ths session, and compiled to dissolve the lloaie and appeal to the count'y, when they fared no bitter, and were compelled to give rjp the reina in September. Tae CMe alone is a clear refutation of toe ctiarge of Le Fre e Jean BsptUte. I shall watch closely the progress of this movement, and keep jou duly advised cotcerning It. not ?et brought down their Mllifia Dili Bir Allan McN'ab, however, has ai nouncel that he will ba jrepared to lay it bt-fore the Hoa?e on Tuesday next. It ia expected to elicit very warm discussion, although opposition to iU principle, the mtabiiahmect or a militia force, will come solely from the rovgt party, who, for reason a sufficiently apparent from the formar part of thia letter, are applied to any aach organization. It u one or thoae oueitioui which will involve the di? cuseioa of the future military policy of this country. For the first time we feel ourselves called upon to iaatitate a corps of defence to supply ths pla?e f or merly cccu pled by the British troops, and it?<*ms almost like the first *tep toward- Indepradence. We are not, however, to be le't altogether deotitnt* of the red coats or our mother land. The regiments, or rather the detarhmenis, now in tho coantry, are likely to remain here for come time longer. There baa been a serious split in the St. Patrick's Society of thia city. It appears that cn iha oc. caalon of the election of officers, certain parties, led bo by Ream, of Gavazxl riot notoriety, beat upon the re-election of Mr. Alleyn . late mayor of the city, as President, and beHering that opposition was likely to be manifested towards him. took foreihle possession of the reom. and so overawed their oppo nents as te prtrnl Umq expreeeing aa epiaioa. The oMtittiu, hnrn. ra ait n (? b? pst down, and accordingly thtj adjoaroed to Mother building, elected a separate bated of offloert, and I protested iftinit the riolwt and Illegal coodoot of ike ADeyn and Hearnttea. The protest, signed by upward* of three hundred of the saaet reepecUble Irish citiaens, wae published la the eity ptpari, aid ?tnoe there haa been a general break up .of the party. The Coloniit, (Irish Catholic orgaa.) hit come to the conclusion that Irishmen are to ? Indie- 1 creet to be successful in politics, and that oa t'ie i whole It would be ae well for thtm to leave onblic matters to those who are more uhl-gnatic in tem perament. Good will oome of all tils. Supetlor Court ? Stniral Term* Before the full Beucb. MAH1NE INSl'E&MCR ? BKAWORTHIMCSS Of TDK VES SEL? WaKBANTV. Simeon Draptr vt. thr Commercial In uranrt Company ? This was one of foor suit*, til iuv ?t vi a the h vmo queetion, and arising oat of the same tic Simeon Draper effected an ins trance on t <e scanner Albatrcss in live different insurance ion nines. By the Court, 8l,osson, Justice. ? Thit the Ions of the vessel in to bs attrt-outod, primarily, 1 1 the negli gence ai d caraiessnesi of tbe crew, or of su;o par tion thereof as were at the tim? e-tp totally entrusted with its safety, we think in tbe evldeuc- twe can be no reasonable doubt? hut as t e proximate or immediate cause of the disinter was a p.-ril ion in against, the defendants <roul<< be have if not I* etiarged on otber groan if. (G ttes vs. V adis m C >. ! j Mer. Ins. Co., 1 Seid., 478; Mathaws vs. U ?rd Ins. Co., 1 K'Tnnut.) Tne true question. ?a~< '.be only one which we deeui it nec ssarv to onudr at , length, U, w etner the vessel was unseawortny at the commencement of the v->)age, by reason of too conceded incomfetency cf tne master, (Cii>t?tn Greene,) as a navigator, there being, a. vert ,hh?, anuther pf reon on boaru (C?ptain McNeil ) to w iom was especially entrusted hj the owner tne duty of navigating ti e ship, and who is admitted to bava possessed competeut skill fur that puruse. Toe question is entirely a novel one, and its solution must depend on a correct ap plication of the genera* principles upon which the dtotrtne of s*a?ivthl nessieeta. The implied wairanty of ?eaw irtaiu :as has its foundation in Boual prluiple, and involves the element of good faith as batveen ihi contracting parties. The considera ion of toe coa- i tract as rejects the insured is Indemnity ag-da.it extraordinary perils. As reipec h the insurer, it is the chan e of gaining the premium; aud to >-r,ao!e him to do this, tne ship mus. be in a condition, when the poJicv attaches, to resist o diaary p ? ils and to accomplish the voyage under o -diaary riiks; and so essential is this, that the law d ?es not ro quire any express covenant on the subjajt, bat ab solutely avoids the contract, if in fact ;nis -tate of seaworthiness does not exist. The law implies, from the very nature of the contract, an undsr taklng on the pait or the insored that tne vms^I shall be capable of performing the voyage, and the violation or breaoh of this undertaking, taciuic ally termed a warranty, and wblcb is. in effwt, a coali tion precedent, defeats and puts an end to ihe co i ! tract, whether the loss be attributable to t e u sea worthy condition of the ves-el or not. The whole consideration falls as respects the iatnrer, and la the intendment of the law the contract naver exist ed, the risk bad never an inception. (1 Marsh. Its. cb. 5, see. 1, 8; T. R. 192.) To constitute fciis sea worthy condition, the vessel mast bi tig it, stauQou ! and strong? she mast be equipped witn everything essential to her navigation during the voyage, an] she must have a sufficient crew, both as to nu nbars and efficiency; and last, though by no means letst, she must have a master or commanding ofliier of competent skill, prudence and experience at least to conduct the navigation of .the vessel, if not to nnet the rrapoi bibiiitles of those sudden and decisive emergencias in which by his own act he ofien de termitus tiie rights and liabilities or the parties to the contra t. (1 Marshall, above cited ; 1'ark las. ,cb. 11; 7 T. R. ltt); 3 Kent, 7th ed.. 356-7; 5 Mass. Hep., II; 1 Amour's Ins., 684.) Ia every definition of noaworthiness to be found in tae books, a master of competent skill is invariably included, it is contended in the presaut cm. and foi the first time, it ia believed, that if the sk ll be present, it Is by no meant essential to the war ranty that it reside in the master, and that it equally answer-) tuo requirements of the cojdi tion if it be round iu another officer or person entrusted with the navigation simply. It is said that this d >e? not dispense with the necessity of a coamandiug officer known as matter or captain; but that the du ties of the latter ex end to a variety or objects other than that of mere navigation, and that a vessel may be as well navigated by another person of o< , u %l skill as by the master him -elf: and that as the war ranty requires onh that the vessal shall be ia a con dition to acciniplish the voyage uudar ordinary pe rils, it is sut? t .ntially oomplied witn whea the re quiaite qualifications to successfol navigation a;e | presort, ho ?evei dis ributed as to persons. That, for example, a km? I is as seawort ny within trie mear.ing of the warranty, with a master unskilled in navigation, but with a competent sailing mattor, or other pi'wn to conduct the navigation, on board, uthough tLeaa.ttr were himself posses^d of all toe necessary qutlificatiOLj of a skilful naviKator as In the case at the bar. It may well be doubted whether it Is not a sufficient ?n. rer to this to say that a coo ; trary Uiiderataadiog of the aatura an i definition of seaworthiness having for a long time, If not always, prevailed, the partus may be said to have ex tracted in reference to the latter, and toat thr de fendants are now preclude! fnm setting up a cifer ent interpretation of their engagement. Bit apart In m this, there are consider ati ins which, in oar judgment, render ths novel theory untenable. It is as essential to sue jess ia the navigation of a vessel that the person, waoever he may lie, who is entrusted with it, should 1* clothed witn tie requi site authority to enforce his commands, as that ne f-honld possess the necessary skill in the science ltfelf. The nature of the employment requires |ier lect subordination on the pait ol the seame i an i inferior officft The exlgen ies or the navigation itself freqoflw require not onlv consummate skill and presence of mind on tbe part of tk:e person con ducting it, but toe oxer ise of anab:olate authority, which calls for, and can euforoe, Immediate and unquestioning obedience. Tie service in which ho (the master) In employed is one of unoommon peril, not only requiring great skill, bat often demanding gnat promptitude of decision and action, aad ad mitting no time or delay t r deliberation, reasoning or expostulation. Upon him is imposed tbe obhga tion to mee'. and provide lor thoae emergencies, and if therein not an insantaneoos obedience to his orders ir. may involve the lode of the ship and all who are in it."? (Flanders M 5, s.54.) Hence, it is r > S- te that both essentials- the skill and tht aa tv? shou'd be united in the same peson; other wise, In the emergency which cali.^ for their exer cise, the catas'rophe to be avoided might become { inevitable. Indeed, so palpable is this trulh that the able counsel who advo.ate' the doctrine in <}U6stion were forced to admit that with the nau'.i- > cal skill must be combined the power of disdjjjta-); but tbey contended that this power did ac tually reside in Mr. Neil, sct<-;g either by a deputed authority from (i ?ere, or by authority derived from th* ownrr of tbe vessel , and that disobedience to Mr. Nell contrary to the orders of Greene, would be disobedience to the master hunseir, and, of coarae, punls&able as each. There isnoevidene that Mc^'ei. actei by any deputed authority from Greene, even if the lav ter could depute such an authority. H s whole ' i>ower was derived from the commission which he held from Draper, the owner or th.* vessel. Hot apart from this, the theory or the plaintiff's connse' requires that Greene should acquiesce in, and en rorce, the orders which McNeil was to give; aad It virtually concedes that In the absence or such acquiescence, or or unanimity between them, the ?kiil might become inoperative from the want t f the i cceasary Authority to enforcs its orders. Until, therefore, it ia snown that (ireene, as master, was under a necessity or enforcing the orders which Mi Neil, as navigator, might gi7e to tbe seem a and subordinate (dlfter*, the whole theory lacks the only elernert whieb caa give it pi insibiuty. rtoot then being tie necewity of authority combined aitb skiii, in tbe p< rson entrusted with the iiaviga tioa of the vessel, 'he warranty, when it ca'ls for the skill , calls alif <oi tbe authority, and whoever be the offioer, or ptrs in, in whsm toe latter resides must be tbe one to rK r.*.'* the former within tie meaning of tbe contract, rhe law for the proles tion of commeice, with all its entrusted into mm of property and life, las wise;,' clothed one person, ana )>ul one. with all the authority requisite to the security ot those Inter* s's, and the su^cessfol dis ctarge or the haeardoas duties involved in the navigation or tbe veaael, aad that (terson is tlie master. Not only dors t*M general nnrit'me law pive bim this authority, but express atatates have defined and, in e>.me U stance*, enlarge lit, and hire, Bom-ver, iiresribed penalties for dis /bedi-nce, and establMnrd through the medium of shipping ar ticles or contract l<etwe?.n the muster and aeaaien, which create mutual rltrh's and obligations. (1 Ftat. at large, IT'.tO, ch. 29.) Am ing other things, these statutes provide thai a seaman w jo has net sigiicd these art Ues shall not be boned by the re guLatiots. nor hubjec; tithe penalt-es and forfeitures ccntain'd in the act, and which reguiitions, penal ties and forfeitures prescribed bv tie statutes, aii p hp hare thus pre scr.hed for the more effectual 1 prctection of the authority n{ the ma?tT, as well as t>e tights of the s<*m".n; n Ither coold he be guilty ? cf desertion within tbe m 'aning of the atatate, which deflnes that offeree to be tbe ahssntiog of himself by a teaman who his signed a contract for the voyage, without leave of tbe master, or officer ccn.rnvul.ng in the absence of toe master. Tnere are also statutes providing for the punishment of mutiny against the master, and for the panLinoeat or tbe master hinueir who, in a foreign p n-t, for ?s ) a seaman m above. (Act March 3. l"3.'?,voL4; Btat. at iwye, p. 776; net March 3, 1S2.>, aame vol. p. 115.) Tne shipMng articles are to declare the voyage aad the tune for which the seanen ars j ? hipped: and it has beea bald Uat in oase of a 4")' 1 ftMea in royafi ?g i ntm* by the cnv to pwforni Mj U justifiable, and mC a rwatt within tM meaning of the aUtate of 1835. (United States v*. Matthews, 2 Rnmner C. G. It 470; Ab^ot aa Shipping, Story ft Perkins' edition. 'J44 ) It is true, tbe coatrart created by the sttipuing article*, though entered into between the maater and ? ea rn en, is not oonfioed to the original master with whom the vojage is commenced, bit extends to any other who mav. in the cwrae of the voyage, be sub stituted in his place; yet the party so substituted must be oue succeeding to the entire authority a ad > office uf matter (United States vs. Casiidy, 2 Sumner G C. R. 582.) Tne power of panisbm*utre*ts, 1 under the general miriumela ?, ex lusive y with t ie master, while oo bard, nor can a mite or other subordinate officer Inflict punishment on the s?am?u w en the maater is on the vetsel, except by hit au thority, express or implied, and if such punishment should be icfl cted when the master is present a*id eTn prevent it.an'i d >e? not, In* is pers'iutllv respon sible (U.S. vs. Tay'.or, 2 Huinn*r G G. K., 684.; Fiauders on Shipping, 85, ? 63, arid 1W, ?72 3 ) It is true an emergency ma) occur, in wnich fur the g'onral sa'ety ic m?y become nrcesiary that a nob- 1 o d'ia'e officer an iu'd enforce immediate ojednace to h'i own orders by the exercise h viol* Bt or f jroi i ble means but (iq tue Igog'iagR of .Iutl<e S-o.-y) j ' this is tirtpouiu h a pu&is&mict for the cffoace cf disobedience ms a ne esasy means of com rolling ti e peformance of au'.y at tue viry , moment when it is necfsary ti> c.f >r e prompt snd immediate obedience." Neither can the mater delegate to any subordinate oil ;er a general autbcri'.y to inflict putii*hm<!Dt at bis ova pleasure for the cffitces of tho crew; tie mvtor ' fctacds in some lespncts in tbe relation of ? parent *o tbe new, "and is bound to exerclae bin o*a ju Ig ment as to the time>, tbe manner, a- d f?e ciroaau h'uuccH under which punishment is t ibsinflt ted rn tf's crew for any pa-tt m ^demeano'h or auy present misdenuan-rs not immediately au : miteci a <ly aflectirijr tl e ship's ?ei vice or s-cuHty." Tne ! power of oitmissing or iimoving a teaman rests wholly aith the muster, (3 Kent, 7 Ed., 237,) and it is bis an'bcrity, directly or HObjidiaatelj, iu the inferior rfficem, when on duty, to which they owe obedience. Nor is tbis power or removal confined to the Cise of the suatnea oiily, bat in a proper esse toe mauler may rcaoee the subordinate officers also. (Thomas ja vs. Uaoh, 4 Ws*h. C. C. It., 338 ; 3 Kent, 237.) This authority of the martor over the ctew awl * ib ordinate offine:s reas not alone upon tho neoea?ity ol preservitg discipline on board the ship, nor ex clusively upon the contract between liiin-olf and ?ne seamen by virtue of the shipping articles, hut it has ita ong.n partly in the fsc?. tliat the nisater is himself |>frflor>al)y lesponfflble t> hii owiie-s and to others for bia conduct a-t master for any iojQ'y or loss to the ship ->r cargo, by reason of kus own negll cfto< c or mlsoondact, or that of the me a whom hs employe. Thia responsibility attachhi to him by viitue of tbe supremacy of hie office, and it U truo of no other officer in the ship. It hu ita anilogy in the responsibility which attaches to tue supreme bead In all government*, and, aa in tbe ci* of the latter, find* its compensation in the authority which accompanies It oyer those for whese conduct tbe responsibility ex'sts. (3 Kent, 236. AbbH, 231. Flanders on Hhlpplng, ?'M>. Htooe ya. Kelland, 1 Wash. C.C.',R.. Hit.) If su h to tbe nature and au thority of tbe office of muster, an! such the reA tiocs between himself and crew; and if it to true, as most evident, that the Hkill and the authority must t>e both united in the same person, then U U manifest that the warranty of seaworthiness is not complied with, when the authority Is all in the master, aid the skill in a subordinate person. This would be true, wer? such subordinate person known to the law , huch as first mate, the next higher in authority ; but the truth of the proposition becomes more pa pablv manifest when the person in whom the skill rot ides occupies so anomalous a position as that held by Cipt. McNeil. Ilia duties were those of a sailing master, an office familiar In the laval service, but entirely unknown to the mercantile matins. In case of the de?th or absence or the matter or th*? occur rence ot any event by which ha is rendered it competent to the discbarge ? f his duties, the jight and form of the ofli e devolve on the nexl ia command, the drat mate, an office kiio*nto and vecosbized by the law. (Cowkod va. T&e New Kng aod Marlce Ins. Co., 2 M rtcalf, 4 12.) Tho Htbuian ships subjoct to tbis very contingency, and well knowing and undersUnding, and assenting to the rule; but the nondescript office of *a:llnie master he knows nothirg ot, and is not bound to tecopnise either bv the ussges of tto service, the B stlnte law. or his coutrait with the master. This vtry vessel wasprjvidei with a tlrst aud sec >id mate, upon whom, in order, woul 1 hwe devolved tie navigation and command of tbe ves.*l in the event cl the death of Contain (J ?ent. ttuppoee tbis contingency to bave happened on the voyage, could UcNei! have claimed the right to succeed bim? Could he bave contested thW r ght with the chief mate ? Alowin^ that hw commission gavo bim some rights, tbey gave him u? end rlxht as this. Tee law of the marine, with which alouo ttie insurer has to do, give* the right of succewion to tee next < fficer in rank, and no private >trrar gemant between the owner and McNeil, not known aud assented to by these defendants, could 1 bate affa Jted taeir iiglis ?h?t. l'ie cBonld Or suo cetded by a competent officer, c thed by law with tbe ntce?*ar> authority to en'orce dis inline. M: Nell would have occupied iu iespect to the mate, precisely ihe position which ue Ud maintained in re'ation'to the master. O'oed<once won'.d have bean due not to Lim, but the niate, and his position would continue to be what it had been from the first? an anoma'cus post of duty, with out responsibility or power. If this vie* bi correct, and if. aa it stems to be oaceyd. the mate was a competent seam in, then in what respect, aa regaide seaworthiness does the casa difle from wi at it wsuld have been had t >e ?es-?). left New York without McNeil on b?ard^ The skill to navlgat-! would have bjen equ \Uy present in the p< non of the mate, and with tie advaOag* of bis posses sing some authority, and th<! right to claim tne succession in casj of the master s deoeaae; and jet, ran it be pretended t:.at the vessel would, under sucb clicumsUnte*, b?vo b?eo d?einei sev wcrthy witliln the meaning tf the warranty? But there is a broader aspect in wfclih I tblak toll doc trine of sea wortluu?"se, as re-pects the master, way well be regarded. When tbe powers and duties of thia office, apart from the exorcise of mere nautic*! skill are tsken into consideration, some of them In volvisg tie power of ilxlug the liahi ity of the iosu rer himnelf, it Is clear to my mind that the parQ*, when tbey enter Into the contract, contemplate in the wananty of aea worthiness, In its application to the master, not merely a skilful navlaator, but a person of sufficient experience in bis cilling, and or adeqnaVe judgmi nt and prudetoe, to to equal ti ti, cite emtrgencbs In which, bv his ofllciil act , be may dtte.mire the U?bili'ie? of the parti s. Take, for illustration, the fair.lUar l:>stwi'..-s of a technical total 1 ss and a j<jUI-on. In the first, It U within the power ot the roaster to sell the vessel, which he must exercise upon his own jiidimentof bis owr.er's ele-tion to abandon. I mtv i rece nt a c f>f extreme tn* iiiaTOr is called to act, n<t nfon oertalntie*, but upon probabilities; and if he ?tt? npon a correct estim ue of the?e probabilities, h.< would be jontiH^f te sbftndon'Dg, although the vessel be afterwards repaired at lesH V an the cs'imited expentw. A iettUon, properlv made, fl*>s the 1. ability of tho inuirer lu geceral aveiage; thepr ipr'.ety ol m?king it is lo be d?tcrmiae<l by tae master atone, although he is at liberty to co-. suit with bia ( fficers. Tbe <rew have no authority in tbe premi'es; It ia a right the ex srci?? sf which reejuiree great jnc'gm'nt in detwmining the degree of necessity. A mwtsr may be a ( ompet?i?t seaman , so far as skill In navigating the veiael is concerned, and vet totally destitute of that iodgm-nt ' whi h would make him equal to a crisis llks eltner ol tbose jnst referred to; aod wh.le It may be almit ted thai t#e mere absence of a high degree ol join menl and discretion in the masujr, who U n. v rrtlw .'ess bcsatsted of genera' nautlcil skill, wou.d not of iUeif render a ve**l unseaworta/, u?.; nec^wity of tbeae qualities as a means of protection to the in surer shows that the warranty In quesr, >i is with him a matter tf aubsUncs and n?.t of torw sod tha . it tmbraces a raege ot qnallflcati' ? #f * 'r-1' ral skDl, while It may be toe most indu; ensabie, is nrvert eless not '.hi oniv one. 1. 1* in the genera < at>s( 4y ex i?r. ei.ee, acd qualiflcatlonsof the m*sV:r, blsabl.lt* sa'tly to navigate' be vesee anjencoin tee the tuimlrfnt risks of his employment, aod hl< capacity u. nnderhtasd. shoose sni decide In tho^e txtieme issues, in which the decision of the ins tint detei nifties forever tbe liability of insurer, tha* the latter teiiea for the atUloacnt of tbe on'y o->j*' t which Inflceticea blm in enuring Into the contract, tbe chance of earning the premium. H d ? s no. cnlract (In the absence of evidence to tae oontrary ) to It sure a voyage conducted by a lar.lioi*! a? mssur though agisted in the tsvUa'ioi. by a ?k i lui pewon spooled for that purpos-; and e<p cial ? may It be said that be ca?m>t, with any sen hlatte of truth, to held to Lave so cootrairte.1 vhe c th# aa?l'itant In question occupies a po i of dutv oLknom V) cmmeriftl "sage and law, an! wfo-ly without autb' rlty ?^er the crew. An II competent master, with a powerlews wkv

?it a e not enough to satisfy the re i aire roenls of ttis condition, and It would to In t "n ing a danreioua prt.tple into the law of ineuisnce to bold the insurer under st^-h clreo? ?ts?res liable. There is not a particle of t< ?bow that the defendants In tfceee ceeei had the s IghUst intimation of the ( to tbe fmplo\Tnent of <?re?fie and McMetl, when th i vessel left the port of New ^ ork. Tbey bei so rev se n to expe t su< h aa arrangement, aad iedl pro >AbilltT wcnld have refuted to I mure Ha4 tbe? kn^nlt and tohold the warranty eo.nP?sd coder these drconu^aneee, 1 mol be geroos innovation In tbe weUandewtooJ of nsarlne ineuianoe, tot a vtolaOon good faith te fact aa re?pe<-ts Ihe 4efe?daats. Judgment ?uet be FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. KORCT lilKIT. Tubspat, March 13?6 P. M Btocka were fell up Again today. We have D'tlotd within the past day or two an active apeo ulative movement in tome of the fancies, which have for aoae time paat been very quiet aod much neglected. The upward movement in Raiding con tinues wilh unabated vigor. Nicaragua Tranait, to the extent of mire than three thousand aharea, void te-day at an advance. It la stated that thia company have made an arrange neat with the ; I'ai ana lice by which tbe price of passage will bo CMiaidtrably reduced. About |.r>0 wid be taken off | thco class of paa*. Dgera, which will give a g^at im,e tua to truv*4, ni>d be of benefit tj both line*. Wo al o learn that tbe two companies stock their grow rfCfiptK, anl divide th?m equally. Tbiaarrar^e rnent ntiat be highly favorable for the Nicaragua C'.miary,a; d will, no doubt, be for the bout in- j ten a sot t' c other lines in Panama. Thla acrree mei>t ib for a lunf t?-rm, ar.d we trust it will be ( ligldi} auhend to. Tue capital involved in the | lij.es of steamers which cjw act the Atlantic win j tie Pacific coast a counts to uiilliins of dodura aid tlx ?e who have embarked their uiuam in thtee er.tcrpr'ses eh,uld bo fairly rev muTtratf d l< r the outlay and risks. Illl cola Ct- r?tr%l lUilrcad bond* have beea quite actue during the past day or two, and luvi advance t rspldly. Ibe sales a', the liiHt board to day amounted to 141 000, at an improvement ran? ing iro? J to I j*r oet t, on time. We allude to the old bonuK The Ins'. i?sue hat not b.nja operated ia mu h laie y 8tate?*r>cks continue active and buoy ant. Indiana 5'a were not sustained ho well tyday an ethers, but the ?> ?1<^ were Urge. T&e t vo and a haifa command ilii* h be'.ter pricc* thin the livos, diflerei.c?- in intereat CMitidered. At tbe lira', board Virginia C's udvanced 4 per cent; Illinois Central i Honda, New Yoik Central 7'a, 4; Canton C>., 4; Nica'agua Tranait, 4; Cleveland and Toledo Kail road, J; luo-ber'and Coal, 4; Heading Railroad, 4; Chicago and Rhode lxland lUilioad, 1. Indiana O'h deelintd 1 per oent arid 1'uuama Railroad 1. Tho tiee in R? ading ia not a temporary movement. Those who operate with that impreeai >u will make a grunt j mistake. An imufnw quantity of stook lias be-*n thrown upon the mark; t at the advance, notwlth- j standing which prices continue to move steadily up ward. Purchaser* at current ratea are a claaa of capitaliata very dificreni from sellers. They are . mot eyed men, who have ciossiy investigated the affairs of the company, wad are satisfied, j if we may judge by the x'ent of their ia vestments, that It is <? a ol tbe be* i purchases in the market. rh< facilities o' the road for canyicg on the coal bu*in?-?' w re never greater or In better order than at this oi ?ruent. Its wharf property extends over a rn>le n tie Delaware river, on which the sidelings are ?utll i ?nt to aceomm > date the whele of the can anu enguei, extending In a direct line over tifty miles. The road tUeir is what is called a double track, although nine mi lea of a third track ia now constructed. The turnouts i acd sidelings amount tv nearly double the extent laid down in the regular way. It Is now ascortained [ that a third track can bj completed Tor a sum not exceeding one million and a half of dollars. Tha | company now owns the bridge across the Schuylkill ; river, and the railroad into the oKv, and through it I from one river 1 i the other. Tela bridge and road J formerly belonged to the Biate, and originally J i o*t or.e and a laif million of doLa's. Tue Heading Company purchased it fir a very small sum- about one-quarter, we believe, of iu first co it. i Tee company own* two squares of real citate in the city, uatd ss depots for puiengera and freight, it* property, independent of the road and appendages, J la immensely valuable, and <"iuld now be sold for mere than double its cost. Erie, Harlem, Centr.al and all tbe Weatern railroad st?cka, eon#nue dull and deprened. Mot ob of them po?aesnes the first | all irrnt of Improvement. All are selling for much more tUn tl e> an* worth, and aro sustained upoj an easy money market. AtWr the adj' urriirertt of the Hoard, the following u?Uh of bonds nod atocka were made at auction by .me on jiia|Mi: ? 1 17, COO Indiana Hate l>ori1i< lnt<-r<*iit aiW?d...?l 8,000 filuo aad Mlaaiaaippi KK S<1 waort , J > ... ',,l< 10^000 IlnJaon Hirer KK. M in?rt , <l<? ...U? 8 000 <!o <t? I'tdirort., <!a ...i? *^!<00 Indiana Caatral HH. 10's, ?i<> llo Ti.lfilo, Nor? ilK K Cl?v?* ItH. 2*1 naort .1 H' ,h?r. a ( lourt Intfint M*nuf*c?urlogO?. 3 Id) do Clt-vrlanil and Toledo Rlt 1*1 1.0 do Mlchigkn iicutliarn RH fl At tbe second board the mirket wan a little weak, j Thla might have been expe ted In some storki j aft< r the recent rap'd rise. Illinois Central Bonda Ml off 4 percent; Virginia </*, 4; Ni:iraxii* Tran. j Hit, 4; Kilo Hallr.ad, {; Harlem, i; Heating Rail , read, 4; I'anama Itai road, 4. The reported sale of i Pacnma looks to ns as though it should be reversed. I JnaWad of 10.'. shares at 100, it may have been in I teLdtd to read K?0 nharea at 10.r?. If the lirst la ( cornct, there has been tbe decline we notice. The tran?aiti3r.s at the Aasisiant Treasurers c flice, today, were a? follows I'aid na Treasury account ^ ' 1.9,411* VI e elre.1 C" . 4,40? an 17 I ?Une* . ?. _ . 1 aid for Anaay , t*>?* * I aid ?n dialiureiog ??? | The Hh e and Leather Biuk >im purchased the Central Hank biildlng, on th?; ciroer of Cbamhir* *tiM t and Ifrovl ?,.y, fir $^'1,7)0, and wi'l move into it from their preheat lvailun, c irner of Wil. I.hdi and John ntrwtf, oa tlio l?t of Mty. Tb> pr're paid in aboat f 1 .r? ,0?>0 le w than the coat of tbe building. Tbe bu>k ha* already ha1 of :r? for bfliccc, which will give tho backing rojm f-ee fr >iri rent. The Hhoe and lather lUnk in one of the b?>t iia'ltiitlina in the city, aallU new lf?*'i#3 will give It a great accfeabn of bu*Ine*a. It ia a Ctinoua (a:t that leatter dei'eni are leaving the old Hwair.p and Ita vicinity aid going ov?rto tbe went i rn aide of the city. 1 > give an idea of the char* t< r and credit of tbia cIim of merchant*, we can Ftatt that the Hioe and Leather Utnk*nev r .'1*1 bad a note prottated. Tbe warrant* entered at the Trrwrary l>ep**t ment, Washington, on the lOih lent., were ? for tbe redemption of atock M 07 hor tin Tr???urjr det.t? 1M,IW 0' N(,ir (it tbl* amount Uie'fum of $'.'17 W> "!? ??? for ert>ertl?inr on ?'?count of tne ??r Tire (i.r the Port Mill ?? department.] for tbe Interior iMpartment 8,171 151 Kor the ? u?tom? 1 -171 Vt for<bew*r I '-jiaitm'Ot Wl.nfll 72 far the Nary Department SJ.TO9 00 for cnwriDii it. to the Ttmiuij from iu.ao*'.la coat oonrce* an<l from lan'l* 11 '? The atockhoideni cf the Weat^rn (KMatchowHa) Flaiinwd have voted in fa?or of tbe conatroction -J a second track fron Rjat Albany to BprlofMd. To meet thia and other #*tr? liebtlltl?e, the din ar* are authorised to iatae new nolle, or bond 1 at alx per cwnt., to the amount of ?l,0w>?) Tbe rUck or bjnda are not to be eold b- low p?r. j A b.ll ia before tbe l/egialtture of Maine V< require , fort igo !a*urao<? companiee d jing bj?ine?.i in fiat Hate to g ire boode for the perloroa ce of th-ir ob lige..' U. A bill baa alio beea latroduc ! >*Ing t<"rrc iwere to pay M-vf n [jer c*nt I iVrr A per anri irn ??.<-n the rate he* been agreed apia b* twe^r the pert.'*. Tie prieect legal rate in tbe Su'.e n i.i per cent. The pe ullar ore railed "frar. kJlotte,'" fooni very ab'.nduj'ly i? Hr.??e* county, New Jereey, to now ' irccenloDy eix.i>J'.>e.| in making b/th iron and * no \ j ? ne ' peration. The iron aeema very brilliant, anc I* of a eilverj white co'.or, or more nearly re ttBiblea antimony. It appear* to lie br ti!e in IU pnaent abepe, bat tbe wrought Inn cade from It i? raid to be nncomaoaly tough, eal to com uan-i tbe bigbegt prioee. The frankllaite ore w*? eojr P'j*ed to be alm'at worthleaa, bat now that IU re dncUcn lato two ineh valuable prod acta ha* beeiai i Lcfe*rfnly a?ywapli?be4, ita value no?t be ala-at .a' ai'tiiable, If lta eitoat aa a unaerv depoalt bai no' beea aver eattaatad Oa.y one foraart |? a', preeeat la oparatioa, bat two are moo to b* erf Wd, I of aofRHrnt oapadty to prodaee fifty tone par day, tyttoftUtf t wo pew?f?i tv?M| Mfmee, ?( ?w< hundred end fifty horse power etch, which moo* ready to be pleeed on the gronad. A large portion of the capital stock of the New Jersey Kreoktintte Company la owned by geotleoea In Maaaaehoaotta, of greet experience In the iron business. The annexed statement exhibit* the condition of the loading departments of the hanka ef New Or leans, for tie week ending Mar oh 6, compared with that for the prerloos week IUmkh or Nk* Ohi.kan*. Catk LiabilUtt*. Otjx'ttU. Circulation. Hanlr. Mar. 6. >W?. 2?7 Itar. ft. htb. 20. Uuiaiana.. .,$3,17lU?i ?;,U64.008 $I?.N,264 $024,204 I.eu'a (Stale. . . 3,100,704 3,Sn?,17? 1,142,1)00 1,1;>1,H60 Utissaa' 2.4W7.?iM ? ?,mmio 1.8U.2&8 (anal 1,042, M86 #(K,20* 1,018,160 1,1>?3,M0 Mech '? Si Tr'a. M1.1M 94MH $84, 1M -7ft, 1 I'nloo C1V1T 7W.1H9 ?li,HOO Ntw Otlfiui.,. 74ft h7'i 002,700 671.200 670,0*0 Southern ?J 2h2,Hrit> 268, t'<60 3IU,HMI Total $12,4*7,161 12, 142,41V 8,836,704 0, 001,631 <\uh Aiieli. 1/uant. Sfxcie. Bankt. Mar. ^ ArA 20. Mar i. Jfc6. 20 louiaian* 706 '<00 2,710,720 2,041,810 1,727,821 lou'aftate 670,861 ;t,191i,40> 2,100,0-0 2,043, *22 < !? ? ?. 8,908,682 8,601,i?M 1,023,230 1,748,898 < *ual 2,..64,;,4<- 2,600 064 1,100.148 1,188,034 Mechanica'.... 1,003 >40 1,020,207 67V-'" 07-.,f.4:> I Dion K1 0 <>1 J fcfl0,M4 400/482 723,20.1 New Orleana. 1 07.'!,rii4 l,o>0,4< I i<lft,H63 2't?,6fl? Kou'hetn :-.47,l 7R :!47,17H 210,000 210,000 Total 816,462,334 lft.478,878 H,776,Httfl 8,008,280 linn lot a! liotea ooun'.ar 1 u? apecie. . .1,608,800 7,701,71)0 Total eperi* $7,207,530 0,814,3*0 Kxibaaxe bel l by tue ren|ipctiva banks a', the en 1 ot the last two week* ? flunk of 1 oiii?iana l/iuiaiana Mat<- I tank . . ( itirrna' Catial Hank Mecbimle*' Iniua Itimk liaiik of Hew Or '.can* foutlx-rn Hank Total 84, 4H, '1,783 84,101,120 1*m due t<> diatant bai.la 83,370,(112 $1,003,002 Ilniance due New Orlei.ua banka, 83,10t,ljl 81,037,621 The returns for the 6 '.t of March, compared with thepo of thu pre* ious week, show an lncreaac for the week la deposits of $;;34,732; all increase in Hj>e. cie cl $123,150; la exehunKe, of $'i7,000, and an appnuntdecrfi.se in circulation of $*> >,930; bu'. an the note* held l>y the bunks amon# t.iounol vch bavo decieaecd durli /: the week $153,421, a real Increase In < Irculation <>I $1*7,444; a decteuw in loan t of $24,012. With on increase In specie for the next tSrte week*, ?uch as the banks hare bad for ths last three, their epe ie will he np t<> as high a mark mi at any time heretofore, and they will, In snch a condition, be much better prepared to lacihtato the la-feunouit of exchangee th\t they will, In the text tciee acouths, be called upon to aid. The banSiH of Nashville gave notice some time since that on aud after the lint day ot March they would receive no no toe of Iosh denomination than five dollars on deposit or in payment of debts. The Cumberland Ttltgrajih Bays: ? Tli*- great fiu Ik of the coal henceforth tt Ite m'ned anil ebipptd I ruin tine region uiuat be forwarded ta mar ket >>)i th<- < tiexajitake and Ohio rantl. Without a double trar.k to Baltimore, the Italtimore an 1 Obio llail roail will bot lie able to tran port over live buulred thousand tonn annually. I "r til the rom|iletl >?, ??vral yum lienci', of tbe AleiKiiilria, lomlon aii'l llain^ili.re hailiua<l. to acrfimnio'lal" ti>- tra'le of tlia Waaterop<irt rv(ton, tberanal Hillalloriltheo.il/iiiHaii4 of traruft to the eeaboarvl for the incmaae Ilia', in ijr occur each j 'ar. T'ie imp rtance, therefore, nf puttlnc tbe inant^eineat of tliie iaasD.ll jeu'. work into the baO'la of faithful, eflicii'iit and ern riretlc m?n it ajiptri-ot to all Hereto fore it hae not bet n controlled with wl? lorn Ita atfaira liafi- *ull> ted for tbe want of akU-ntmo on tlir |iart of tlioie liavini< the dirnctlon, i< much u* the/ hava iui Itred from inetUcienr/. lh? ra?ult ban beeu tlie abaenee ot colO''?bi <? on the |,?rt of tllOM 'linpoea l to patroone it l>7 inveatiBH rapital in boata and i t(x'k to pi) between Uila |iort and Al?xali'ltia. A* h UK aa the work remain* under th ? management of ni**n who fn I uo, or at Iva't but little, inti*r?*at in Ita eurceafl. contidi'iire will not b<* it -tore i. 1 ' will net do to ir.ake Ita office* and emolument a the reward tor p?!ll?an atrvtrea Ita wliole hlaiory ahowa that thia l.i) m i ii tbe cai-e One balf the pollticiaua in the Kiate liave b?e?i etliMudiarie* up.m 1'n tre.i?ury, without po? aa-eaitpt, Or il they 010 posaeae tbs ne neanry i|ii*lltl'-a tlone, wholly unlnclined to evert thi in to fui ther the wtlfare of the renal, Th e evil mint be remedivd, or thin K'*"' work, which co.t ao many mill una of trea iui'. will fail of ita purpoae. and the Mate ?ta(f*er alone under a heavy debt, and the p< <>ple ^roau beneat 1 the weight of e\n laating taxation. It ia abauluti-ljr in liap r aable tlia*. the beat of men ?*????' ? r'*** J ?? ?*?w# tfa N'Uirn uli'ijl'l I c ?n trolled by em la aiadoui aaexi irler, a (eai'tiea, tint ita reaonnei rbnul4 be bu? ?anJed bj an enlluhtene 1 e> o n< my , tbat all nnntc?a?ary fi|?nn-a -hould be atrietly guarded a^* nit, and tlie lie.ula of all auparnnnierarie* nit oil without ceri mflny. 1' tbla alionfd not be done the aotk will never be In a condition to pay ite own i eb'e remunerate the Utate or induce perai,q* to a Ivrn tore U|bn -0 pre-.ailoiia a boiineM aa b'iatin< upon Ita aurlace. Ti e criu.a^e and d?poeit<t of the branch mint a*. New Orleans during the mouth of February, wc-e at enntxed:? Rb/.k ii at N?w OaLii.ia? HsrunTa t>t? CotSii.t <;old depoalta ? California gold 8'l8,ol2 From other ?ouree? 2,001 41 Total gold ilejM.aita $40,(518 41 Hi)v*r depoaita ? ^llver parted from < ahfornia fold. ll'M 20 riowi other tourcaa 084, H41 77 Total ailver depoiita ? ? f'Mft 017 0.1 Total gold and ni.ver d-po?it? 41 Gold eolnag* ? I >oubl? eagle* ? 3,000 pleee>* Gold dollar* ? 20.0W) p eeea Total gold coinage,,,. Hilver coinage ? Half doltara ? 2M),000 pi?"-ea . , . QnarUr dallara ? 178, WO p.e;?* . ' Tutkl nilfrr c</inmf? IIM.OOO'iO I Total u?l I > ri'1 tilver CO 1*f ? t.M.UOO OU Ti.e 1 arjre de|?oeita of silver I* a gratifying featu'o ' Id Uimm uUiriM, and we iri al?o ?,)*>! t > ?& ilm diver coiiug e ?o Urge. I.avd atociu are qoito ?ctl? in Hnltn, aad price* lully Hi.iUi'.ed. Waverley advanced (, but the market 11 w?ll aopp.led wjth stock at 4, a tfcooaand ninroa or mm l>< !n? for *?le at that fl^ore; lloiton W*ter Povir la *> ted a*. i Aogmti Water Powfr (preferred 4 bid; H*dl*y 1 FY!.* .Company 3?! to 3H, mi I l/r wlaVon Pali* ?>2 bid; Wuiniaeimniet Company (Cne aaa) i? offered at W jH?r nhare, the laat aalea being *0 at a?:ti>n. Tb'* par of tnla company \* only 60, aad tl.e aUn.k ha* mrii. for ab ut t^"0 wi'LIc two yeir*. Hinca that tiK<e. bowtver, a laud dividend of 1100 per a jar* bai been paid. The compiay have riot paid a caab <51* 'I' tlnoe July, I-il, ten from Jan.] up to I 'bat time they hat dlrlded > j>? r oetit In <aab. Tt:e debt of Texaa Cavilled In tosbralty with th<: requirement#1 of tbe act t > prov.de for w^ertaialog the debt of tbc late repub.k of Tf**a, e'.auda aa folioKi: - |?i ? ta*4?? Ottkui i'uim n ?? f\rt X < laaa lo |-?r <-t OmwKMt j t-;t rr*at<?l l.jr act >?Ju/ Wa/r I'nr Val ** JonaT, 1U7 |MI,1*7 49 TOeti. M Tan t+r m n? k*.? by ? Kiln t, )M? tUM'/i Mat* ivi'ju 00 <.? U( If act Fat) 6, I at" ... < 4 . Of / '/) 30 et? l;k ?oO 09 T?n et. Ii'iinr; ! VKft** tnl Imu>. j J'ia? )??"." tiy< 'Mi tV -ta .<>,?*? 00 T?u |? t ? t T r?w>a/y ? '??, 34 km, Jud? w, 1M7 V <rta lit.tM 00 Trraaary MUa ? ' I. fit lilMHt, J?? 1 ]?M .. ?v M! <T| ? I . i - ..... 1 ?; tb. roti,aM"'' ???? !.r ?!.? aav.raJ act* ? vibfiftt >'< '?>' a* I'rtt.' '<r. a lo?a ?>? li.i <? 0W> U> I . r II* i gat ? lal 0 H I aa>>i fiS J*:vO fk/mat Vi In adOIti n to tbe above are im Ad aad taird a a, elata II and a?. <nl cU*a K, making a total of til 1 ? 71, whi> b na, aa ?? a.'d by Tnaa at ? ) 15 fwtta, tO r?Bti?, M) c?nto, 70 ''?nta and 'A eai? la rtda'-'d V> I . 'AO fi'M, 'A', eoBn^-io^ni ly \h' 17 7M.4M awm ded by raaa, ahovld U?e la d.ar. daprvttUUooa aovxiat to II vi.l pa/ lie mditora ai ut t?>Uurda of u.?ir cit as TM Ull of tbt 1'iittd t*tataa l.'omm pioi ,d? f? tb. payment r* ??<?; o?Mat,oi>?t;y the ataiad ra?< a art la?. < aaad aod tbe b.goer de r *?? i Th i aol of Coagrtw maat e.r>?r sved by tie Tetaa L* gta;sUre,o( U>? ?eatsit>lloff ?' a"'b a Mrtkao' vbm Boatha ma*'. !># rm t.y tb ? < <r?f?or, vkaa, ?f afprwtd by tfcat k -dr, tkt t ">awif of tha Uat " Atfaa kiaiU.w?4Um (.r^HtOMW MMk EUfeMCfc Town**. Mare* U ||M $1MW) lad HUU $'?. N7t< it*> aha Hie TrCo kW 17 ^ intMO da... . hW *7 S 60 do * 1TK bouO do.. . . tW ?7i, 100 ??.... .bit if 11(0 do 87 100 do . ?3 l?% 1000 do 87'.' 100 do .10 l?fc 6600 Ind 2t,' p*r ct. 62 100 do MO IT 11000 do,V..... 6** <? <*? ** 1004 Virginia 6'?. . , V<\ 400 do.... >90 IKJOO do IHI'i 2oo do ?3 U\ loooo do... WO t#7 300 do ... MO 1IK 10000 du ...bl6 07 W N V Cob KR.btO NH ?sum do t>7 :i6 do Nl| I'**-*) Mo ?'* hoO WM. 100 111 Cob KK. *00 9tt( ISM do Hit, UftCtar and ToJ KK 71 H 10000 *o...,b30 'JUA Cum IW G>. . M M limotal 7'*. '70 Htfi; ft&O du bl 3d 10600 Frio lt*,'7.i.b I h 6 164 du e WM> d< b30 *."i ||)0 do ... bAO m* 6000 do bftO loo do..., blO 34 'J(0O Hud K I at M II lol', 60 Ki ir KR (3 700O Hud K Id M B* 74 U'l do bl UK 6<*0 I'm 1U 2d 1* lor, too do btO Mfc 2(HH) IU C RKli* a! " 7 ?i loo do s MV *2(0) ilo....?30 77", :.o du .... l? 10 41% 6<<0 do *3 77 do ? ibk r.ooo no *no 77 ?? loo lUri' iu tut b<y> asjg 2000 do 77', "U'l 4o..,..btM :ni? lMHO do >3 77 % 100 do b:io tuoo do l.iO 7 S Loo do *3 32 60(0 do ?.i0 77 JO do (imh III (' |(K Kr H. . 7o 110 (trading KK *3 k;i^ I'm o liar 1*1 M li* M I'O do ?o0 $3jf V0<)0 do V J 'f 'JOO do aftO X3fc 87CO N Y Ceo lUi lid* "1'^ MO do ?:? *6 A all* ll.uk id ('/mi ll>? 300 do. ...bit l>| lu Haul. North Am 1(0 4"0 do H 10 do 1'O'j ?.?mi do blO 83H BCoiii Ks llanlt l'.. ion dn ... b.MI 84 60 1 8 Iruht to 103 100 do t?l:> *4 lOOCauton Co.. ..*3 210 lo .... blO 84 U'2b do l1^ do alO HS)^ *60 do MO 21', 200 do... *30 83J? 200 Nlc 7r?u Co. *3 17 l:. Mlrli Oa l'.K . . . 7? '.?<*1 do 17t? lo Mich Houth IIR *0 li>u il l ... b80 17', 2fi Panama Kit .... 10b 60 do.... b;0 17', H4 do 104 100 4o >3 17 'a 2.'. ChicilUalan I Kit 99 200 do b I 17 V hbciiNR no v ii n. tbo?0 lad Btate ft'*. . H7 loo *U? Krl# Kit . . . . 4* 6(40 Virg'a fi'a l)30 ??:?, : <)0 do 40*? 4cvo do . WW, ir>o do bi ?(?;, IIHO 111 Cel. Itll 11.1. 77', t.'O 1 1 a r 1 ill KK 32 111" .1'. ' ? ' \ 40? do . blO 3?4i 4<?xi Hin) K 3d M IU 74 ?o N V (Vi, Hit .... HX 101 (id Mo 6'a.. . liK) W> \ t'ai ltoadin^ KK. . H3 IIO ?li? < VUilll'li Itk 00 t.'i'l do..,, b!0 Mk 4(<J Cauton Co ,.,.?3 2.'?\ 200 4o ll|| 400 do ?I0 36 I'Xl do ... a<W HIK fro Nil- Tr Co bO l'VV 6 Mlrh Huutb'a KK ?? 100 do II 106 I'anama lilt 100 10(1 o li. 126 CUr>- h Tol KK . 7I^? 2W) ilo.... ?R0 lot, O'.Mial A Chi KK.. . 00 400 du ?3 10 H CITY Tll\l>K 11KP.HIT. Ti moat, March 13?# f . M AMlin>- -Vii? ijolat, without rhai>K? la lirioao IIki IMR1 i Kl"iir TkO Md uin and r.uaiaita bra?4a of Htat? flour wrra acarn- aod firm Tl?n lalna footed *0 at out 6.1.00 a fi.COO hhla., Included in nhirb w?r? tafa rUir tocuinmon and eliolca 8tato at j>nc*a rao|ia< froa $1 H7 a IU 62. ronim"H to jimxI Wcntrrn, $0 'ii a ?? #lj and $'.? *7 h 111 A2 for M'ra, and |l I ft" a >12 60 foe a* tta tirutaf* 7 licra waa ln?a doing In Cauvllan lnoiuda4l in th? ahotf wan- al>uut 800 a 000 b'iU , dut/ paid, which kold at ID ;;7 a I 1 11. Houtli'-in rootlaard wttk dlmialahid ?al?a. About 1,000 a I, WW bbla wrr? Iadu4 i?d in thr daj '? traunactl ma, at 1 1 a I'J 47 for lafartar to choica, and $10 a $11 for farny and ntra Kya iaar waa at $0 26 a $7 2V and rorn meal $4 31 a $4 37 fac Jar wjr, and $ t (|0 for lirandjrwiaa Whaal? Tha aalaaaa l iai i'd 4,200 buabala houlhcrn whlta, at $2 36, 2,000 4a at 42 30, and 2 ">.0 do. do at $': 211, (irsroa waa haU a* $2 70. turn Tha aala? r?acha<l about ^VH.'JOO a 40,009 btiitila. Including noma lot* for aijiort at 04c. a 06e. f* muni SitiMirm b7 > c a for jrallow do a a. I Jar any. A ?rn?ll lot of Northern round jallow, a aorta* foroad |ii)Klue, tu Oil all tugag eniei.t, aaa mtda at $1. Kt? *a< more actita, with i-a t? of alxiut 6. WW buakal^ at $1 37 a $1 30 for Jri-rj and North rl'cr. Ilart^f langeil from $1 20 a $1 2W lonut. ? Tlie uiarl.fl ?a? ngaio actire anl flrin ThO aitlea I IT braced a cargo of Klo, eoo?l?'lng of about 2,04V haga, mi Marlon, and o( fair 'jualitjr at lie , wk4ab Hl'loaled an adranoe of c. a ,c 300 do , <?nnaoa, at lfc., and 160 do. , piluie ij nal i t jr , at 1 1 r a 1 1 ',c , J0C biig? I'orto KIcocju prlrate tarma, and U60 uiata Ja?a, ab t iHIuk ?Till nilUI wan actlre, with aal?a of 7,00# ha I" a ?t.oiit half of wlilrh w?ra for aip?Tt. Tba oiarlat elo-ed firm. r Knuoiito.? Shlppara weri' waiting tha recalpl of laur foreign tewa 7 i UrerjUKil, 1,000 balaa of eo(toB war# Ul?u at vt- to (. :?2 I. ; about >0,000 buabaU bIi?I from atora, and In j.art to lilt up at 3kd a ',1, !? ahtp'a bnga 120 hotta bacon, at 10a. M b?'f waa afc 3a , and |.oik at 2a 7 hare ?a? no ehah/a ta no tica >? rata* lor l^>ndou or llaw* To llr?in?n, 6*0 bbla r lala wi-r engaged at '/a. , and 00 toua m?-aaur?n?ut < >->da a% 17a M. Knurl ? 71. e mar'aet waa without eh?nge f<<j0 bwiaa illy ralaina wtie aold ty au"t*on at li 40 a $1 W, 109 do , tialtea, at $1 61', a ?l f.'. . HO k?ga at $'4 37 a $:i r.2 and 00 diuma Hin) rna liga at 4 v,r a 1e. IIaV Tha aalaa em ti acid about I'aj a 6i?i halaa, at $1 c a H' c. H, i.. ? Kale* of laat year'a wera nivl? at I7e a 30?. |ko* ? About 1"0 tona hjotch pig wcia aol 1 at $$9 ? foO 60, aix iiioritha Moiaie. Tha aalaa aiubrac?d about 60" a 4?W bbla. .Sew Orl> una. ( art ui w cargo of pilui?. at i:d?,c a 27a Navai Hi' >p ' i'* wi la In Id at 4 b an I Vh bUa. roalu war# a?M at $1 #2',. ( li 1 1 | it iaage.1 fro?a ** a 13e , whala aal ,r..?. . .mm .k?? tha *lew? of btt/eri I hi. l-io-e- I'orW waa again firm and aalaa of abawt l.illOa I Mio bbla wera nivla, in iuliog abu<it 1.2M oil me>i at 411 an l lot* of m-w ditto at $16 $7 % $l> IjiIj ii? tb" forenoon 10" bh a old m?aa ware aa!4, at $14 i ? Ivef ? A Unit l<" tl?roaa luiuaa rnea* warw arid, wlUi n the old itnf of price. Cut meal* war* ?t?adj .'.I I *. * en abort mtdllaa ?rr? ?old. at 'Ve.; hama and ahouldera altlout luatarial ehaoga lar>4 ? '.00 a <-C0 bbl ,, lu b>ta ware reported, at W*,r * "'*a. 1km I ?*7*ii ,H?ha by auction I I >t anl th'bilM li v* tbi ret n, i n tba eaat ab'a of Tanth aeaaua 40 feat 6 inchea north of f blrty eighth atraat, $ I 400 I lot aarMi rule o( T> lit ? nth all' et I f. at eaat ol ? ' aaanlk a Ten lie '.'&?{i.(< 6. t'rif I lotadjo nlng laat, $1 IW 1 do. do , $1 ill" hoaae and lot north atda of VurtT tftk *tre?t oe*r hiath aeen ie $1 I'w do adjo'niog. $1 WH. do $ , HoO do V * (anal 9r " do 2rtd and 2^4 c, ' 'a a *4 atieet $7, a'ora an I lot Ano *traM, 10*77 $4,2M 3 story br < a biro*a and bit, 7aath *ira<?l, 'Sn fawt we. t of at ?ni e A '? I l"0 1 b>t on the a'trtfc ? aat corner of fourth *?*0 I* and Thirtf fifth atraat, li Will". ? ><60, 1 do a' ' In ag I- I lot aaat a>4? tit 1 eg ngt' n a f enua 40 f***t aoutli o' Ttilfty fourth ? trert ".ot:ii 11,640 2 I .ta n??t adjoin ng la?t, ">itk, )* 4il0", raeb 1 gore lot, l? 4 front, .il ft r<*f, III 1 0*1, H ? I bit on north a. la Ihlity aarantl atraat, lofi feet >.aat of > urtb aaanoe, .'fi i $2,660 ^ lota a4 jolnli g laat, 2?i? ">.'J e?> h $'J,4 o, I lot on aaat (Ida at > if f la aianoa to fe*t ih.uUi of fhirt; *i*tb atrMtt, 24 6s ]i o $!?"* I lot on ??*t abla of I'tb arena*, 74 ft 4. In loulk f 71. My f.i'.rtb atreat, 34 itlfiO, $lft 909 OM 4 ?t .ry broan a tona bouaa an I lot. *4o 1 ^ Haat llirtf fi. irth alieat W-oaa 14 * . 36 lot 10 OiW !>,$'< 11^ ef ' *l!e rf Mn'li a ten a, 26 fltloi. $to0, 1 lot oort* ai .e I yhty foul tb ?t , IWlM aaat of Ninth a* . 26il0i t, l.i^o 1 g**re lot a/ joining laat .0 d Irofit, 'it ft r*ii, fci 1 Vi 2. I V lota I 11 aat *ida S'ln'h aeenua, 7ft * aortii or Ughty thud atr-.t, 2-. flllOO. ea^h $J7$, I lot ad om.ng la?t, $400 1 lot we*t iwla Ninth aaanua 61 laat acti'h of I gh'y fourth *tre. t, 'ii ' . 100, $' V? 1 lot neat ?4)*in r * laat, eouth, $10 1 lota, aa?b$ieA,IIA ?Oi.ln ? la I. 4 !| y 'had *tr*et, 1'/) feat w*t?f N.ntfc arenua, 2!.?lf>2 $.'.'" I lot n??t ad '.mlng on laat waat, $i:li 2 loU Mi nth ab'i ?D/hty tblrd *tr>et, W fae( aaat of N In til annua, '.fn I0J 2, aa< h $264 2lotan?it?4 totniB* 'aat h*? ng t >g. tfiei a Iront of ?'< til'/-.' $439, Ti e plot of ground on heteuty ninth and ?gbtu*h atri-e'*, batwtan Tlaird aB'l .rth aTen?*e ba? n? a fieri', of 1 ? ' feat on Hiiid'i a rith ?'raal lit fael aw Ughtlath ?'f"*t, tegatl er a 'h a lao ?tnry ant a'Mc hogaa, $7 400 I four atory brick boa?a aal l?t Ki.r'h ?bla 7b fly tbird atie*( l^twean Siatb ia4 Tenth a**nn** boo*# It 19t, iJ7, lol 1$ I'm 47 ft $ v?; 1 do *eit a^t) .inmg tha laat $ ? I do do, $i I four *tor y I. rick houaa and lot notVbwaat earvar Urn ?? nth aieot* an 1 Kurt y ninth atr- ?t I t . '? ? *0 ? .199, 1 do ne it a>1 o n ng laat iatha aeenu* l'n*i, |l '4, I lo' da do Il"i ? .O I lot do do. $>?. I four aUary u . I.oaaa anl b.t la.th frame bai? "8 r?a r, *?a M H*a( Ki.rty third rtraat 160 fait aealnf 1**lk?"a A .'nl'-i, 9 4, -->*? 7b* lot with fraioa l>o i la fraat a?J < n r?ar *?. ' 44 Waat fur' J ai ith (traat la'weaa Taete and Heean'*! aaenoa* yi?tl'<), $7 lif* iirawliyn yew party ? 1 lot on I " ?* atfa* t, "J feat fi o *t?i t* VOi 1'*' $l'f 1 'rarna houaa an I l?t "a M ~'* ?t"", MOT ?tm4, X6|f00 $700 I boa*a ??$?*?? Aaalla Itr'et ]<X| faat from I"' at?a*?, IviliaJ, $1, *U 1 I.' ?*e and lot on l<e 'or I a.aa ia aaaf 7*yVw aireet i*?< llo' nHn"1"*' ) fa*l aa*t *f >ortb IJeaanth *iraal, '.til'". $' p i aa. ? ?? re a ada at4'?< a 6a Tb? n .* i k et '? atlno'd ?'?> * -4 talarab'y aatiaa Pro - - A ea> ?? 10 l<g* p-wat n wat mat*, *4 IJVi an l? caaaa ?utn.*g. at $??. ri . .?? 'i> t? llaa !n en?e??r of U?a e>i',b?, aa'aa ?? re l.n.l'ed *? ' nly Hear ! ?>( * /t?* M a 09 k k4* ( oba m<-" ?' * a 4', a v> - 7V I araa'. wa> lr*/'..?e cat we '#?* y |,. ,14 .,f * aat* "i 70 bbla I'tla- in .at V' 7/11' ? Iha aalaa ao.b' m-i aboi< ' ? ' *** randaiad. at |U , aa4 6 <M 4* aifa a? pn?ata W*. I or# Inn In h? ??. }t f, r A Ml* "?' *? > x* A n.m >'mti l>M llta ti.iit it t */?* t^rtl t? '.rant l??f Cidi'Ij ? ft r l? ia?H ?'??? MkIn. I*f?a4 It ir ? it it' 1 i'i ki< b*?? (. ? ?) at <? ur t< i', ??!??* ta ??r la?' , ? ? r? ( ? ? . i ? j ' ' r>? ? ? ,t? TV* w ?arp '*?11 if atk TW itMl; at airt't <? la ?mm W 4? !/.??'? f?j " ??('? ? r ? .atafcaaa ???*? ia If, I>?1 11m ?*l'? <*m ?"? kMa ail- j. iWl' 111 tr i i ' .? ata.ai* t. ? H' *'1 ' ?'f? w* l.iff a> ? ?# ? r,-L HM>* ' )'. *>J , l<t U 1 ? J V? ?n??' ?' tbr?? <?((??> rl II la l?<" >>?? A*'* ?-' tba if ?1 ft f H/?r? IK ???. a o?r '&*? ?, ?? I- id -1 ?? - aaU, i-as'ui j 4 ,i ,,M?a(Wt '>' ??>??; fr*?i I *? MirH> m >M ?a? j?la *4 at !>?? , at wh.'k pnt> vtL?f t '. ? of mm u|? ba?a Man t^aaal lla ? - t>.?,f. ||av ? : M '?r ? > ? '?? ??4i a' T4 IaH ? l?.l trtiu f-iaa M-larf-i; ? la-? ??? |.u??4 at a (t'M/ln.liftl I.- ?* t'gaat ?at!?c taia kf*a?b( ?W| i VI Matt ?ra: utr, la L??a M*?fVt Xta a V< ''J ? I* ?>(* 3* M Mmtf MMtt Park.? TIa M aaaaa, <rar. a *4 tint i ?h..? Oat aappif It aatpte p? ??'? ?Ma v ??a--rl Ha.' -IU.m a' *? U ?, ? "?9 ? * lni'ttitbaaMrtaMttat ?? ua $??????<. tfca f l?| iiIm ??lla It 4t , Mlbt tl !?? a*l?IIWal I'M (4 -lb M al'.t N a ?*> l?| ?? tr Tal.iwa -?t U? WmH ?' m l auafktat ? Yaa^ata ? K>> aa?a ia '?p?4 M W *1 * *** P* **?!,