11 Temmuz 1855 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

11 Temmuz 1855 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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AFFAIRS Iff EUROPE. The ??? BwUhi Orgu la ?i waila We taw received ? oopy of the specimen somber ?f Le No J, the journal which baa been recently established in Bnueals for the advocaoy ot Rumian hViRita, as opposed to thoee of the Allies. That ear readers may understand fully the principle* on which H li to be conducted, we translate ita own Manifesto:? Russia baa never been properly judged by West ers Europe; bat particularly tinea the presa has bees dla ossing before the tribunal cf public opinion the event* in oowequence ot which war haa broken est, and those whoh bare occurred since then, seta ef accusation against this great empire bare suo eeeded each other, and numerous decrees condemns ton of it have been fuiminattd. Hithei to in this great political prosecution, the defence has been presented by some American or Gtrmanjcnrnnls: ft has not been heard by the nu merous readers who are only acquainted with French journals. We come to plead before them this cause as yet ill explained, ill-known, and iU ? appreciated, tench is the reason of oar existence, and that is why we have chosen the titla {ascribed st the head of our columns. We say it openly and boldly, we sie a voice of the North, a Crank and sincere voice, the interpreter of a loyal coascienoa. We aakthat the tiue people of all countries and all psitiea may judge us with the same impartial e in solence. That is oar rtgat and it ia our only am bition. H will be said? for all the wo'ld will not judge na sa we would ask to be judged? that we ate au org in ef the Russian government, fbat has been said ahead}. It Is not true. Our enterprise ii c >ncoivnd as?i executed entirely outside of official aitio.i and tefluence. We can only, in this raagett, make a estegoiical declaration, leaving the experience of each day to prove that ths real character of our paolieataen is ihat w^ich we noir indicate. To an ticipate questions, we will add, that on the list of osr shareholders the m?pri?y of the names are Baaaian. that, without doubt, ia rational and nor mal. We did no', know t.n&t * journal to be i npur tisl, and not to be an official organ of ihe Ru-iaian ceveromeut, must necessarily be created by Eng Msomen or Frenchmen, the French Journals, and moat of the English journals, have up to tms time endeavored to demonstrate that the well directed examination of the present politico si '.nation, and ef the facts which have been oreited, prove H lsui* to be in tbe wrong. We expect to demonstrate the error ot these journal*. We did not desire to mate this demonstration In Russia, because tbe dwianci which wouid have sepa rated ub from England aod irom Franca would not have pei milted us to respond in good tine to tbe ar gument* which we might have bad to refute, or to mate a correction of note, whor.e truth we m'ghi have had to establish. Mo one would oertaialy uave read our taidy replies to forgotten a-utlea. A'e arc thuefore resolved to establish our journal at Brus sels, in a great centre ot circulation, near the prin eipal em finance of si the western ways of conmu smation. The capital of a neutral country? the osoitsl of s people waoee truth and frankness are suivet tally appreciated- suited butter tban any where else our work of tmth and of justice, It may be, pet haps, said, even with apparently hesevoieut feelings? as it has been already said sttfler-ently? that we are compromising guests, and that Belgians mutt be little flattered with our speak in their midst, a language, which, however worthy and suitable, may well happen not to be slwava found to the taste of those governments, which on the West and on the South, are the nearest neighbors of Belglnm. Such as we will be, witi the haters of discussion which we will adopt, wa will not only not slve any legitimate right to complain of ?s, bnt we will he esteemed by those who contradict ns. If there are people fond of scandal, who, seeing ?or title appear, at a time wnen EngUnd and France are at war with Rossis, hasten to read this sheet, they will be greatly deceived; we do not write for sncb people. We address ourselves to the intelligent, aericus and lojal men of all onu'rias, to all men who know how to silence their passion sad lUten to pooi sense, who have not taken np a aide with irrevocable obstinacy, ant who deplore the present war ia spite of tbe recollections ot glory whitb it may leave as a shocking disaster ? oud to them we say : ? Between ose part of Earope on the one aide, end Russia on the other, these exists an evident mlsuu deistandiog. Ra^ia ie not known in Europe, and Bnaaia lost s by that ignorance; she haa not made herself sufficiently known. Living forheraeit, she ha* not sufficiently manifested herself abtoad. Toe travellers who have visited her, the writers who in jaurnala and books have made dissertations on her without having seen her, were ignorant even of the ausgeof the oonntry, reasoned upon data eu y talse or inoompltte, in floe committed the ?nor of placing her in a too western point ?f view. Then by the aide of these opinions n exact, bat prevented in good faith, are placed misrepresentations and f alse no ods. It has always been forgotten that up to the time of Peter the Great, Russia, altbcugh Bhe was not a barbarous reentry, lived apart frtm Earope, and that she only ?stereo into the European movement one hundred lid fifty jean ago. It would be ea?y to demonstrate ? but that i a not, and would not be, contested else where? that Rusala. during this century and a ha f, baa made immense progress, and that under more than one connection she haa overtaken the nation* which have preceded her in tbe waya of human pro pees. It is, therefore, a mistake, in appreciating Be men ana affairs of Russia, to impute to ber aa a ?rime every this g whicb stul remain* different be tween her aociai atate and that of the reatof Europe. We muat not look upon this empire, toll ot youth, ?f aap and of strength, a ? an idle and native acaool hoy refusing tbe teaching or his masters. No; tor Russia haa learned much in Europe, but she learns with a judidoua dia> riminailon, not desiring to make an trrefiective and servile copy oi anything. Russia has a history, a religion, a nationality, unite distinct from thoaa of tne rest of E irons, which has its history common, its origin feudal ism and Catholicism common. Russia ought, there fore, to have alao diB'ereot-ongtitueut elsmeats orits ?octal order; and theee are being developed logically, aooording to tbsir own nature. Bestdea, thai srntcn Roaeia does at home affects only herself. The rest of Europe on tula subject haa only to preoccupy itself with two qnestiooa? whether the nataral pro Csive development of tbe elementa of social or in Russia contain any danger tor Earope, aad whether three elementa are in direct oppoeitiou witb the aociai condition and civilizitionof the res: ot Europe Oar task will be to prove the nega'.ive, to enlight en aad reassure public opinion, ii wo succseo in attaining this end, we will certainly have donemich ?or the reaatabliahing of pea e, which is probacy the wish, and cirtemly tbe interest of all. We will indulge in Dissertations as little as piwibk*. We will seek to prove much : we wia prefer facia kto tneoriea, and we wilt aces ihoa to initiate tbe Wtst in tne affairs of Roaeia, in its organization, aociai, political, judicial and administrative, in the real tendenjies, and ia the internal ife of an empire wnicn occupies hall of the surface oi Europe, and whose population ?enata one fouitb ot that of thia part of tbe woTid. At thfliame time wc shall carry into Russia Infor motions of every na.ure, notiona and example which Mi geographical tltnation a', tbe extremity of tbe European continent haa not always permttud it to seek, to find and to apply. We will thus net only reader a service to the political relations and mora'l connections of the nations among themselves, but will also retder a service to tbe commerce aad the induatry of Uw North and of the West In desiring to make Rnnia known to tbe West, we shall certain W have no wish to make Roseian propagandiam in toe policy of state*. We est out upon this principle, that every people ought to have, according to their distinct manners ana necessities, institutions and a nistlnct social establishment, and that It would be a e absurd to wiah to preach to-day in England or in France the form of government wbioh-euiU Rosiia, as it would be absurd to wish to introduce tnto Russia the form ot government whlsh is toe pride of England. We piac-u ourselves upon the ground common to all men of order and of prudent ooassr vsttsm ; we are tar iiom being hostile to any real and regular pragma, but witn that (his progress he accomplished without compromising anything which it suits tbe happiness of states to preserve. Wo are the advtnaifes ot all doctrineaor of all ?ntsrjwlsee which conceal under a Mug programme OT which shelter under a lake flag, the trouble, m ?em motion and tbe Claaateraof nations. We profess aa unalterable respect for all g ivern mants legally established, whether they have fo head a sovereign plaoed on the throne by legiumat hereditary right, or a sovereign chosen by the iu ttoo, or a chief magistrate Installed by virtue of tb ? taw*. We are not presumptuous enough ta offer advic ?o the people upon the mode of government whi ;h b heat suited to them. We will never di?3uss qusa tiona connected with the internal policy of any people, Aa to these questions, our rob will ha that of a simple report*, aad we will limit ourselves to make known the interesting problems of tbe inter nal pohcy of States, by extracts taken from the ?Ml sccredited orgais of parties which may deba'e th?tr solution. Our readers win constitute them salvos Judges of tbe debate. I* tSbat which conceit s International relations we will be for pear-e, for the maintenan e of ti* r.xuit tng equiHb.ium.for the reelect of the trea'Jre which have established it, and of those whi' o have gaar aateod the independence and regulated the political position of the secondaryfaUtes. In One, to leanme in one word our idea, we w'sh 4o be a feature of union between Western Eu-op ? ?d Russia. That Is to aay, that vi Jent polemi ?*, ? 'sonelitles, i? salts to natims or to ot, will never 2 ve access in < ur columns, and 'hat ws will not in % awuMUue* dbMMkxi Um lorsuol vraJtant erortasy which permit two penona of diametrical!* opposite opinions to disease a suhjevt together eSsF5-' *????# One obrarvMioa more before terminate * this snmnmry profession of faicb. The wrong situation of^ww, P^id be^V! *** ??"?-k?We !"S*B ,of PnWio opinion ia Europe, bv the ab y * Buroptan organ speaking a leoffuaaa ^derrtood almost ever, J&3mSSa ?8?& ainwiey sympathetic to Russian interests, has been, as we have said at the beginning, the determining cause of the foundation ot thia journal. If it has Uen often ?aid, ?' Russia ia a barbarous country," it ia because Russia bas tot been suffi lent!? careful to demonstrate the contrwy to the ignorant pernio opinion which thna qualified her. It waa a mistake; she r ught to regret it. ' !v "*"? , " that w*r ** nude on Rus sia at the cannon's mouth, a war of journals is alao Bade on ber, and it ia in thia l&tter fight tnat we present ourselves aa volunteers. Both wart, we nope, >n the intereat of numsnity and of civiliza Hon, wiJI toon have an end, but that will not be ns to disappear. Peace re-estab ?!f ? H i aubelst, and we st all continue ?o accomplish it. Te day we work at it, claiming from our adversaries only the respect which is due to a conscientious ooinion suitably expressed Afterwards, we shall doubtless ob ain from t&ese aoveraaiiea? become our allies ? ao efficacious sup ??n l??er'?i??Un? entirely the prejudice* woicb will atUl subsist against Russia, and in binding flimly the bonrfs which wiU unite together in a pesc* benoerorth assured, all the nations animated by the ssme d?Hr* of a tree and honored existence, of increasing ivihzation, and of prosperity. Mr. Dodge's arrival at Madrid. (Translated from the Paris Ch?rivari.l ? Mr. Dodge is toe representative of the United State* at Madrid. He w the successor of the herce Mr. Seine, who has left such ingubrioim reminis cences i? Spain. The ianabitaota of Midrld, wo know a J tost they have to dread from ttie invasive Amei lean dtmagocy, were impatient to know wnat ?crt oi a man this Mr. Dodge was, and whether bis habits of business promised anj thing good. Same peopte expected bo Innocant illusion, which wm soon dissipated before reality. It wm Friday lait, the 15th of June, that Mr. D dge made ms entry into the capital of ripain. The electric telei raph has hastened to announce thia event to t-",cse Pari* jourE&ln who^e speciality it is to wat<h over American a flairs. Mr. Dodge wa? mounted, bate backed, on a wild prairie boi?e, of tfco species called Mustangs. He canitd a rifle s!ung behind him, and ware in his belt a six f hooter revolver on one side and a scalp irg knife on the other. In fain right hand he br,nd isnfd atcmabawk, uttering at the same time tierce nit b. The secretaries of the embassy, the attache* 1 tbe pen onnel fo'Jowed in a iimilar equipment, ne of t be domeatlca. ? gigantic Kemn-kian, car ried a h&nrer.on which waa in^'.ritKd "Cuban an nexation. ' The whole ttoop uttered suoh shouts onti-eir way that it n>ig",t have been said the city wee taren by ns'auU by a band of Indiana. In an teltanttte curious who bad been attracted by the cortege disponed, seized with inght. Everywhere the shops ai d doors were closed. It was even pro posed to be at the roppel, to summon tbe national , "be Ambassador aid bis suite laughed in their sleeve at tbe terror which they caused, and to add to it they commenced to ytU the war cry of the ApAcNfi. Arrived at tbe ho'el, Mr. Dodge dismounted for a time. An hour afterwards he remounted hia tnree to proceed to the paace to present hla credentials Uitte Queer. He was at that time oompletelv dressed aa an Indian. Under pretext of having hu bear-i dreued , he had hia fa e bedaubed wita tae pant n?ed by thft Apicbe ludUns when they are preparing to tet out on the w? traik. Hla hair raises on tbe top of hia head, and hound by a rib bon, formed a eort of plume, pretty iki a forn'ture duster. Prom his nostrils hung two large goid .ff* 4 dzen old wigs were attached to hi* guole. Mr. Do<>ee, with that pleMautry peculiar to Ameiicata, exhibited these as tcains taken from the cm my in battle. But no one was doped by thia burlesque, no 1?fs odious than riiioukus. Itisun dtratccd that under this circumstance, he had not deemed it prtptr to part with his tomahawk and revolver. His chief secretary accompanied him. in like accoutrements. When they pteiented tbemaelves a', the palace gate the Swiss refused to let them pais. Mr Dodge, without any other explanation, drew his re volver fn: m bjs belt and fired at the Swish. Luckily the peor tellow was not hit, tut be let fall bis hal Utt and fled as qui k as his legs could carry htm. Mr. Dodge turned to pick up the halbert, aud fur nish* d with this trophy tie penetrated into the apartments, flout iaiing it witi a victorious air. A master of rtremories met bim. Sir, 1 e cried out indignantly, what do you want anl where are yon gsing in a drees so unpreatn tabler I am the Ambastador of the Unitsd SUtes, and I come to pieeent my credentials. But this revolver? this tomahawk- this hslbert? I have ftcqnued it in conquest irom your Birisa, who objected to my passing. J Ard this half dozen of perrnqnes which I see at j your girdle/ P?r?nque y urself ! These are aialps, spoils of the enroiies whom I have overthrown in the war paib. Don t annoy me, I advise you, and felicitite yoniKlf on helug bald. But thu k, Mr. Ambassador, that etiqustte, cus tom, do not permi^ rt ta permitted to an Envoy of the United Statts. Ome, open th# door without anv more delay. ' The Maatcr of Ceremonies was afraid to embroil his government wito that of Washington. He in troduced the Ambassador, sighing and raising his arms to heaven. Unhappy Spain! he murmured. Here ti.e Ul. graphic despatch ends. Bat the Jmiinal d*s [hints will soon publish aa authentic and rery detailed version of tbe scene which took place betwfen tbe Qoeen and Mr. Dodge. It is only too probable thai tbe latter will show himself no more reverential than O'Doonell and Espartero in their ftmcua visit to obtain the royal enaction to A" tb?* ?? at Present I kx ewo to ? that Mr. Djd^re iefoaed, OQlaavioff.t3 i ictnrn the haibcrt to tbe Swiss, and tha-. be brought it to his hotel. I intend, he said, to annex this ob Jf ct, thereby making a coa' se allusion to the annex ation of Cuba. Frtnch Naval Lo?rn By United State* War Hlocsadc. Oalignssi's Muttnger of .lone 6th relates the Mlowing ?MM: ? RM imv.it foiots of tie Uulted States til America entabiintaed a blockade of Vera Cruz in 1R47, and aptureo a Franca vense!, the JmneN*lly,of Havre, Captain du Penhott, when leaving the Mexican port. The Jeane Nelly was ?honty alitr cin-t on aim* breakers and lost, but her 'tew whk aavtd by boats from the United H.vtei squadron. Tbe Use wis estimated at 4 1,2.5a dolUrs, add Captain da Perhoat called on tbe Frtsncb g> vernm? n? to ebtain payment of that aara from tna United btates, on the ground t at bi-i vc**l had teen, accoioing to is?ttrnit*o*j?l law, iiegtlly c%p tured, inasmuch as tbe ve.eaelse fleeing the blockade bad tot warned Dim tfcat it ex sr?d. Tbe govern mei.t entered into negotiations witb tbe government ft tbe Tutted States on the subject, but op to 1R53 tbey hud produced no r< suit. i'he captain BUbM fiu^ntly died. so. his Hlra, entertaining no hope of obtai' irg redrew from the United States, aopliod to the Council of HUte to dec are that tie French government ought to indemnify ttcrn for tbe l<>ss of tbe v see!? first, be au'e the Preneh CjdsuI at Vera Crnz had itg'e -ted, in violation of the consular re gu'atione, to inform tne captain of the existence of the blockade; secondly, heotuae the commander of tbe French Mmtnia off' that port had nut opposed tbe capture of tbe vcwel a? he ought to have done; and, thirdly, because tb* diplomatic negotia'-hna on tbe BuVject with tbe United State* had failed. The case was argued yesterday , and tie Council of St?te, after carefully examining all fie facts decided that the application mu?t bo rejected? on the first two ptounds, because it did not appear tiat either tne coniul or naval sommanoer bad neglected hie duty ? and on the third, because the government c&nnH be made responsible for the sue jess of any negotia tions which it undertakes. | Miscellaneous Foreign Items. An Kngllah Parliamentary return shows the num I ber ot men employed and the sum* of moaey ex pended in the following years, in the payment of foreign trcopa erapl )jed in tbe service of tbe Unit d Kiogo<>m, cstely:? In 1M)0, 13,076 men, and ?471, 128 voted; in 1?01, 13,01 5 men. ind ?303 31)1 voted; in 1F02, 41,3.12 wen. and ?.'>15,281 voWd; m 1803, i fl 1W men, and ?159,671 vMsd; in 1804, 12 559 men, ^id ?582,262 voted; in 1806, 17,386 men, and ?H51, 350 voted ; in 1H06, 22,939 men, and ?9h.;,<H):> voted; la 1P07, 21,473 men, and ?832 450 vo?ed; in lfcOfl. 22,125 n.en, and ?866,548 vcted: in 1*09, men, and ?933,654 voted; in 1810, 23,953 men, ard |%h 2\o voUd; m 1811, 24,989 men, and ?96tl, 225 voted; in IK12, 30,741 men, ani ?1 14<> 6.">2 vr ted; in 1*13, 31 259 men. and ?1,205,642 vised: la 1H14, 32,210 men and ?1 206,801 voted; and in 1815, 21,314 men, ano 715 Toted. Tbe foreign troM>s emplovtd inc mied keveral (German battalions, the Itourbrn r? gin* nt (oimed from natitesof Bwrbon, I>e Ro 1'* regiment, the ('hauteurs Britannia**, Ditlon's regiment, tie Greek light Infantry, tbe HI cilian, Meuron ard Wattevili a 4 wis*, the Crnioan rargera, li?,ht tcfantry, three Italian binds, tbe Maltese provincials, independent companies of fo rtlgreis, doer* ere from the French s'iny, tbe Kinit a (toman legion, the Duke of Rraaawiek'a infuntry, the Brunswick huasais, and Probfrg's levy. The Palis What* publishes two table*, aho?ng ?be irrresse of Ec flirt debt jsar by year fr?m 1801 to iris, being jeani of war, both inc ustve, and iti dtwtase ?b imgtuM wiUua it* xifteea je-rsof pe*e from 1840 to 1854. Io 1801 Ewtaa <ie ht ?ati represea ted by 1 1 176 087 226 fr. It' 1815 by 2:> 407 ,798 500 If. AugrontautH in fiiteen years 9 mil tarda 231 mil urn* 711 276 'r. which on average makes an ia mate of 616 millions 447,418 fr. per annum. Lsi o? place id face of these saojeesiva aumneatai'uti, ?he variations whi5h tee jebt bu undergone io the fltteen tears >rom 1840 to 1854. Ton o?n*olld&tel dtbt was m 1840 19,159 293 125 f. In 1854 18, 806. 156 ,800 fir. Decrease io 15 years, 352,836,352 fr., wbich m-tk-w t p an average a eimlna ton of 25 522,422 fr. per BiTum, or oi 4.14 per cen-. of the increase noted aV* ve for tbe peril d o? 15 yearaof war. In other terms, it * on d require n <t less than eighty tour years like hose from 1840 to 1854 for the t? ?mbnrsement of a single year of those from 1801 to 1816. " fabular statements presented to Parliament, in Et c'ai d, give some interesting statistics relative to edocation in Great Britain. Toe expenditure rom education grants In tbe year 1864 amounted to ?326,436, being an ii crease ot atxmt ?75,777 over tf e expenditure in 1853. The total amount exoeud ed hem 1839 to De ember, 1964. *aa ?1,633,384. Of the stun ixpended in 1864, ?209,871 was grants to cbu'rb schcols, ?31,681 no toe BrHso and Fv '?igi> Br, ho >1 Society, ?14,049 to We^leryan achooU, ?10,907 to Roman C^tnolio ajh tols (Great Britaia), ?19.193 to es'ablii-h church schools in Scotland, ?21,895 to tree c urch schools, and ?1,366 to Ep'a ci pal church Bch 'oig. Tne ba'ance ia hand on ton 31st Deceit b?r, 1854, amounted to '.he sum of ?92, 553. Tre total mm awar <eo in aid ot the erec Joo or ituproTwei't of ac'ool boildlogs,io 1854, amount td to ?81.378, of whlcb ?63,700 remained uoclat ned at the end of the year. The ptroeotage ot the ages of tbecbi'dren on tbe registers was: ? Under seven jtaiB, 27.63; between seven and eight, 13.67; be ta ten eight and nire, 13.84; between nine and ten, 13.62; between t tr and eleven, 11.34; between ele ven and twelve. 8 72; between twelve and thirteen, 5.86; between thirteen and fourteen, 3 28; and over fourteen, 2.04. The gross total annual income of all tee schcols, of ail denominations, amounted to ?398,666, at d the gros* total expenditure to ?390, 811. Of the income, ?30,948 accrued from endow ment, ?149,688 from voluntary cont-ibvkjo, ?114, 711 from fcb< oi pence, and ?73,216 f-om o her sources. Of the auoi cisburaen, ?276.397 was ex pended on sa'aries, ?'25 667 on boohs and a jp>ir>*tus, aid ?88,746 <>n OjisceiWnits. The namberof hoboom to wt ich tftis tabie ratals <vas 3,456, aid the aver age attendance of children 431,378. The Shipwrecked Mariner's Saclety of England held its sixteenth annual meeting Utely. The report stated that during tbe first three month < of tbe present year the s 'or ma which swept tbe o?'fl of the United Kingdom exoteded in \iolenca any that bad beeu known in the mamoiy of mm. D.ir itg that short period 620 vesiels were wrecked, stranc fd, or foundered, witn tbe loss of up vara- of 1,000 lives. The gules in the Biajk Sea had lso been the ocsMou of greatly swelling tha list of the recipUnts of tbe ebarity. The total number of ships wrecked, indeed, reported at L'o?d'?, had baeu multiplied to tbe large number of 1.850, with tbe loss ot upward* of 3,000 live*; 987 of these, with 1.549 lives, appeared by the Adrairahy Register of Hbipwrei ks to bave been lost on tne shores and in tbe teas of the Uni'ed Kingdom. Tbe number of maiiiers and fishermen subscribing to the noclity, frrm 2s. 6d. to 3s. per annum, exoseded 40,000, whilst 2,804 vessels carried its distinguishing flag. Avoiding to an offi ial return just published, t io quantity ot foielgn wines imported into Prance In the mot th of Ap?il latt was less important than during Ibe preceding months, but the quantity of brandies and liqueurs was greater, the following are t!.e re'ums:- Ordinary wines, 26.796 hecto lines; liqueur wines, 2,423; brand?, 18,141. The total quantity imported trim the 30th of August., 1854, tee date of the Drat cecree reducing the im port duty, up to the 30tb April last (eight months) wat:? Ordinary wints, 256 I2t hectolitres; liqueur wises, 6,099; br-ndy, 111.531. The finance account* of tbe United Kingdom of Great Britain ard Ireland for toe quarter ending tee 5th of April, 1854, bave been ptibusued. It ap peal s that tbe total lucome ot the kingdom for tbe quarter in question (Including bolancet) amounted to ?15,096.746, the charges ot collect! >n htvrng osen ?1,125,243. Tre totU payments out of tbe income, in ifs prtgresa to the Exchequer, amounted a ?1 282,869. and the payments into the Exchequer to ?12,347,631. The totai Income (including balaioea) ft'iricg ttom ordinary revtuuea, amountnd bo ?13,449 400, aid that from other source* to ?276 374. TLtf custrms >ieloed a net receipt ot ?1 671,346; tbe excise ?2 131,521; stamps, ?1,702 026; taxes (land and a*f?*?aed) ?226,613; ii<o< m? and p-operty tax, ?2 636 634; prst office, ?698,534; acd cioen lan 1s, ?111 211. "lhfc total expendiinte tn thn quarter ap pearatotave amounted to ?14,052,107 (exclusive of nam applied to the redncti u or tne national deb>), leaving a deficiency or exjeas of *>xpnndlture ? ver income, amruntlng to ?421,606. Tbe total charge if the fur d to debt wan ?6,398,452, and of tie uj.fni.Gtd, ?159,588. The civil list fl<uftsd for 1100,092, annuities and cenalona charged on the O nsoiidated Pond for ?87,712, salaiies and alio* antes lor courts ot justloe tor ?251.115, toe army for?l 270,000, the navy for ?2.007 769, tbe ord lance, ?920,060, and tbe (.affre war ior ?30,000. Toe total amount of puDiic debt created in tbn quirter win ?1 C37 588, entailing a charge of ?7,882, and the debt c< ncunentl- teduoed ?3 876,440. The char^o on wbicb was ?132,807. The total unredeemed deot ot Great Btitam ana Ireland on the 5Ui of April, 1854, amounted to ?756.530,986, and tbe charge tberecn to ?27,317,043. Tbe worst enemy those engaged in service at the mtuihs of any of the Azoff nveia will have to en counter will he tne mosquitoes, whose Lombsra are tucb, and tbe vbuience'of whose atirgs is so great aa to constitute them a very Important elomsnt in tie moMaliiy. both of men and horses, in the Risaito aimy. The scldurs in tbe Kouban platns scoop hoi. g for themsr lvea in the barrows which are oom mou there, ana fill tbem with smoke even in the btats of sunnier, as a protection in aome slight de gree frcm this intolerable p?et. Tbe Austrian Navlf a'ton Company of the Durobe has recently published an account ot its m^vemeats duiicg tbe rnintb ot A^ril lust, whljh slows the importance cf that meana of comsuuicition for tae cjmmeice of Germany. Tue gioaa receipts for toe month of April smonnted to 885,000 florins (tue florin is 2tr. 60c), those of fie corresponding month ot 1854 having been only 655,000 fl >rius. l'be in cieue on the fiist tour monthH of tue pr?aent yet-, as compared with those of 1864, is 409,000 florins Tbe qusntity of merchandise waiting for shipuieat tor tre [Lower Duube is so great toat freigats are engsgeo several months lu advance. Toe shareboi j eif ot i he company, at their general meeting on th? 12th int., votta an lucreaae to their capital of twelve n.iiiior s of florins, of which eeven miUioos a*a to hi devoted to increase their floating matenil, and thi remaltderto tie cr>nstrnctiou of a ritisay from Pnrskircbrn on the lianube to tbe coal mines ot Mobacs, wfclcl will be the means of effaoMng a sa ving of 50 per cent in the expeoae of die for the steam vewela ot the oompany. Tbe Czar Alexander has published the following noti e in tho J,iurnal de St. Pc'trtbur/;: ? The diega of Pelwsu pol, in so tar as our seamen of the BU:k Hea are concerned, is attended with clrcumrfanoes whi h diaungnbb it from the siege of any o'.her na val fortress. A great many ot theae biave men bad hint ea of their own at Hebastopol, with furniture, utensils, provisions? in a word, all thay had been anle to save during their time of servioe. Waile sat rilicing their lives in ice Cefen e of ^ebistopol, the>e teroea lose at the aame time tbe property which they might have left to their wires aad om dren. Tbe necessity of sending the latter cut of tbe town also involved them in expenses beyond their means, acd so drove them into debts which they ate now unable to cischarge. Thus, the s<samco of Bebaitcinl bave rigorously sacriuced to their coun try their blood, their property and the inheritance of their families. In oroer to make good th we loss es as tar as postible, and to permanently asaist tbe widow8aid orphans < t those who have fatan.it has been fcundtpo?sible, without cnrtailing tie re stun ts of tio Admiralty, to dispose in their behalf ot a. me buildings belonging to the Palace ot the Admit alty. His Majesty tbe Emperor has sane lloLid the i lan.anu has rocstqueu'ly autbjriBtd ttc snJe ty an tion of two boosts in dt Petersburg, vie., tbe bitel of tbe dockyard companies and tne boul which was formerly a nautical school. In ex ecution of this topreme order, hla Imperial High n?s* the <;ra*>d Dak* Constaotine Nioolaitviton, the (irard Admiral, has deigned to entrust the state rout seller Oboler sky, director of the naval com missariat department, with this Hale, and hat ordered bim to n>ako arrangements for it tn the coutsa of tl is sun mer. Pernors desirous of p urch*' tug f;e*e lottlsare requested to attend at the r.fflca of th? raval victualling board, where they may iuspac . the plans aid title deeds any day between 10 and 3 o'clock. Three special dsys have been set apart for viewing tbe bouses themselves, vi?.., ?>veiy Mon day, Wednesday and Pnday, from 10 to 2. An English letter fiom the camp bsfore Bthiv topol, dated May 22d, has the following rue. in ch?!y narrative: ? A sad trtprdy occurred this morniog at tbe entrance to tbe Karabeluala ravine. A boOy rt Frstch twpa was marching down to furnish tbe usual relief to the picket in tbe ravir e. Tbe rei'el waa compcaed of part it the 2d bttUlion of the 25th Rrgiment of the Line. On the way, Lientenart P lant, of the grenadier comi*ny, had occasion to cberk a S' Idler, who, being partly In Uxtcaied, was marching very irregularly, and giving exprestion in sngry <ectinienia in a loud tone, hcaretly bad tbe reprimand be?n giv?n wten tie roan repli'd, ?' Lieateoant , you've pun ished tt.e often enough- you shall n >t punish me any m?r? and on the insiant levelling nls mu'kst I e fired, ard shot him tbrongn tbe body. Tan nn foriiiM'a <fti sr. a nm ot powerful f.sme and ;<pnUr In tbe reg^ro*nt, at once fall. Ue waa car ! ltd I# I'BOVf ti*? En^uaJi hospitda pear a*, band, ' ?i d died itnoit immediacy after his arrival. The uorderer WMfftcured without delay, ud was being t* ken tack vtifler escort to the bead quarters o( nt? rrgiment, when a general murmur arose from toe nen for his instant pnniabment. The general io ccmmsnd of tbe tranche* *as m the ravine c ove by, b wo ftfur a brief oonsDitailan between him sad toe commandant of the relief, a council was held, and ibe man condemned to be at ot. About 300 yaria d iwu tt e lavine, and at * slight elevatuu'above it, on the side of Frenchman's bill, a small heap of store* was observed with a clear space before it. To tbiB the nnbappy culprit wss brought, while on either side the battalion was drawn npinconuanies, and he<e he received the fire o? twelve monkett from a party placed on tbe opposite side ef the ravine He fell forward pierced by eignt ballets. Edward Malone, an V ish soldier in the 5th Dra goon Guards, standing tlx feet tw > inches high, waa on the memorable 25'h of October, 1864, in two chargea: tbe first about 11 o'clock, in which a small body of diagoona charged through a large force ot Russian cavalry, cntt eg their ??y back again. In this affair Malone escaped. Upon re forming, the lat, 2d, 3d, 4tb, 5ta and 6th Dragoons charged se veral thousand of the enemy's cavalry. After this the men became a good deal scattered, and frequent instances of individual valour were conspicuous. Ma lone waa pursued by seven Raestan cavalry, the foremost of whom passed a lanoe at htm; by s&ifttog his position he avoided tt, but it entered the bdy of his corse, and both lay prostrate oa tie ground. Id alone, rtleaairg himself as soon as possible from his poor animal, sprung on his feet, ween he ia* himself surrounded by seven of the enemy's jancars. It momentarily occurred to him that, by keeping bin>ae)t in constant motion, he ahTold be a more difficult ot>ject for these seven to practise upon, aid he resolve! to sell bis lite as deadly as possible. Iu this unequal col teat his plan was to face as many as he could, strike the lance of the nearest upwtrdft, instantly thrusting his sabre into bis antagonist, lu tbiB manner he bad actually desDatched three, and was engaged with a fourth, when aisistanoe earning up, the others fled, sot however without having in flicted twelve lance woundson M&looe. As may be imagined he was ex aus?ed from loss of blood, mus cular exertion and tbe excitement naturally attend act on a man on foot coat* naing for so long a period with seven horsemen, during which time h? re ceived his lumercus wound'. Edward tfalone, afte beii g snpphed with some spirit from a (alien Ras sisn, railed, and determined if p-ssible, t j try bis prowess ore* more, and he .?ooi had the opportu nity, cn a Russian serge&at of ai fine slatire ai ulm celf, whom, alter exchanging a few safe, he felled to tl<? ground in the sight of several witnesses Edward tfalone bas passed through Fort Pitt to the invalid barracks, St. Mary's, tbeace to his boms. The Austrian Military Zeitung contains an in te> eating letter from Sebastopoi, under da? of tfav 13. Tho following is a summary Id spite of all tr>e e ffurts whicu tbe enemy have made, our bul warks stand as fast as ever. Long before tbe bombardment began, the journals of tbe west in formed us that our walls and forts were soesddy to be put te a new proof. rh<s made us redoub:e our piecautir ns, and we bore firmly the truly murder ous ( hollucht ,) fire which threatened all with de struction. Nevertheless, thousands were devotei to death, and it made one shudder to see the E - horns (tbe steamboat,) pass every two hours during the bombardment from tbe south to the north witn so many wounded that she oould scaroely carry tbem. while standing in bisthn No. 4? the bastion whloh suffered most of all? I forgot tbe danger to ?hici I was exposed in admiration of the com and stoical cor dua of oar sailors. They fell, and exp red without a cry, though racked by the most fearful agonies. Tbe southern side of our town ban suffered most severely, and is scaroely to bi re cog nized again; 600 houses have been totally destroy ed, and grass la growing on their ruins. The beau tiful tbestre no longer exist*. Though tbe upper districts of the town are not to much damaged, yet there is BOt a single bouse to be seea which doe i not bear manifest traces of tbe bombai dmsnt. X ae streets aie everywhere rooted up by slot, and tbe pavement is totally destroyed, while at every corner stand whole pjramids of tbe enemy's cannon balls andexpltded shells, which were d>tily collected be fore the opi ntr g of the fire. Iu many streets five ur six such py;&n<ida are now to be seen, each of them Irotn eight to tan feet high. Nevertheless, business is continued, and bootbs are opened tor tbe sa.e of goods. Prices, however, are enormously raised, and surer costs one sLver rouble (2-.) per lb. The supply of meat is more tnan abundant; but bread ]ia tx :eedirgly scarce. Tbe streets are filled with people, and crowds of children run to and (to, aasiatipg at the oonstru jtion of barrisadss, and p*l'ing each other with balls of clay. Our lite la Bebaatopol is agreeable to us, for nse ia a second nature. The greatest activity prevaila in tbe harbor of Ekateiin, where cauncn bal.s, powder, iascwea, sacks, and provisions, are landed in aatouadtag quautitie s, as they are forwarded from Ibe nawMKl torts. In a word, neither the thunder of the ene my's cannon, nor tbe siege of Sebastopsl, are suffer ed to disturb us any longer. We mourn over our adversaries, who are shedding taeir biood without teault before our brasen walls. A M amines paper gives the following asoonnl of Ruetian art ui entente at Sebas'opd:- Some days ago a put; of cffi era of the Russian gtniion seat a band or muaic to a chaming villa, at the head of a email bay at the bottom of tbe harbor. From tbe French batteries we oculd eee a party of elegantly dressed ladies and their partners gaily dancing on tte lawn before the boose. The natural politeness of tbe Faencb towards the fair tex, and their innate love for the ammemeat in which tbe offi ere and their fair friend* were engaged, made them loth to dis'tubthem. Onr artillerymen, however, thought that it wonld be jut as well to remind them tiai a pe- mistion from tbe French for their fete supsr eeded any authorization from Coant Orten Sicken or from tte Emperor Alexander himself, and in or der to do so a shell was put in a mortar, aod a* ned ? 1th men precision that it fill just, in front 01 the l oute. No other was fired for the remainder of >he day. In the evening the champagne big*u t j procnoeito natural effect, and the moBic kc^t up mob tapage that no one could sleep. It wan neee** lary to put an end to the disturbance, and another iron messenger was p'aced ia a nortar, and careful aim being taken was dropped jast in tbe middle of the grasa plot. The warning was enough, as the party fled light and left. No one waa hurt. The floating debt of Spain, which on t ie 1st M*y amounted to 591,536,987 reals, rose on the Is*. Jane to 661,840,160 reals. The committee of tha Co tea on tbe tariffs bas resolved to propose to tbe Chan ter to atoliah all prohibitions, and ti declare thv, to protects g*duty should exceed forty per ceif. A Pails phjiictan has joat published a oamph'et with the dtie of "The Physical and tforai Peg-narv tici) of the Human Race < auaed by Vaccination." The startling theory that Jenner, who for mo'e t*iaa half a century ban enjoyed the reputation of one nf the greatest becefact r? of humanity that ever ex isted, was in fact the principal author of cholera and a best ot modern diseases, has been broi hed before, but without exciting much attention. Sow, however, tbe Imperial Academy of Madier* ban placed tt e subject on their paper for dia -ussiou. A monument to tbe late Daniel O'ConneU, exe cuted by Betizoni, at the expense of Mr- Btanont. the well known car proprietor in Ireland, hat just been completed, end fa to be placed in the church of Hant' Aga's alia Suburra, belonging to the Irish collece at Rome. The Inscription is in Latin, by Dr. Nenmao. A letter from L'Orient states that the second French floating battei y, Foudroyante, was to b? launched soon. The floating battery Lave will aoon b) ready to put to sea. She is 51 yards in length anair> in b;eadtn. Her armament oontists of six teen fifty pounders, worked by Uitt gunners; she will be mtnned by a crew of 200 men, and carrv he fides 200 msrlses; her sere* propeller is ot 220 horse power. The weight of these floating batteries , wbtn armed, will be about 1,400 tons; their iron sheeting aloee weighs nearly 400 ton*. Orders bave lately been received by the British Ordi anoe authorities to forward tbe arm* and ac coutrements for 'he use of the British foreign legion to Heligoland. Upwards of 1 ,000 uen are already on the Wand, and more continue to arrive dally. Het Msiesty's ship O .ter is incessantly plying be tween Coxbaven and Heligoland, bringing up tie the volunteers, who, notwithstanding tbe o. pceitixi of lome of the Ge>man principalities to their enHsi ment, continue to come down the Elbe in great Lnmbeif. Up to April 1 2th of this year, in twenty one shipi, about 13,264,600 |iounda of tea have been shipped to (ire at Britain from Canton, Chin*. Up to a simi lar rerk d tbe year before, in sixty foar shipt, 40,. 700 ponnn^; and In ln.vt, to same date, In forty et e ehlf ?, 30,549,000 pounds. Since the commence meat of the present year only four sMp? have been oespatcbed from Canton to Great Britain with teas; total (S beard of them, l,b9",P00 pounds. During siuilar period la?t year 14 232 600 pounds fouui despatch, and in 1853, 10,100,000. Tbe Tiibncal of Correctional Police of Met/, France, has been occupied lately In trying six em plojes cf tbe fctraaburg tail way, tor haeiog, by their Imprudence aid neglect of tbe reguUtitus, ctuscd two tratbs to run into each otter <>n the 21st of Apnl, between tbe stations ot Met/. and Cour eel es, whereby five pers ns were killed, and several others were seriously ir jured. Tbe trial ended bv tbe condemnation of ooe of the accused, named Collin, to a jeai's imprisonment and 300fr. fine, of Katbieu to tlx montba' impriaonm nt and 3000. fine, ard r.f tfce four otheis from six weeks to a tort night's tmptisonment. An old Irish pensioner, nsmrd Allen Armstrong, and bis wife, Julia Araiit ong, revived *19 stt.* linx at tbe Provincial Bank, "togo. lately, L-jm t e private ietar> oi the Emi>eror N*ooi*oc. Arm strrnt eervtd thirty j*a?? In th* Er.cl.sr. army. ard hapten. <1 to be on duty at St. Hiisoa w -de Nao> Itcn ike F lit ?u cosfiaed there. Per# ,'o'ia A rjt strong acted in the capacity of washerwoman to the Rmoeror for a length of tims; acd tola fact having been brought under the notice of toe present ruler of France, by memorial, the remittance of ?19 was ? he i en it Armstrong was in eleven battles stalest tbe late Emperor, and by a strange tarn in ibe ?be*l of foitune, he has received a gratuity from hi? successor. 1b tbe acocanta of the Austrian budget for 1854, just published, tbe total receipts of the Btate last jesr were 245,333,724 florins. (The florin is about 2 ft 50c.; In 1863 they amounted to only 237,136, 993 florins. The ordinary and extraordinary ex pemee in 1853 were 293 960,628 florins, and for 1854, 386,046 646 florins. The part of the budget which most attracted public attention was tie military expenses. They enly amount to 208 000,000 florina, wnicn is far below what was generally expected. Should the contemplated reduction be fully carried out, the above sunt will be decreased by about 68,000,000 Aortas. Tbe Minister of War at Turin has issued a notice declaring that the government will accept dona lions of all kinds sent In for the Pledmonteae army. A oops of Bbaksuesre's plays, the only one known containing the two leaves which were cancelled ?n "As You Like It," sold for ?163 16a. the other day, at a London auction. An American was the pur baser. Tbe customs receipts at Havre during the mouth of May amounted to 4 499,709f., having been only 3 ,304,185'. in the corresponding nonto of 1854, thus fbo?in; a difference in favor of May, 1855, of nearly 1,200,000 f. Tbe amount pf drawbacks paid duriog the month was 15,269f. to 8,064'. paid in May, 1854. Tbe late Emperor of Russia sent a letter to the Duke rf Devonshire congratulating hla Grace uooi bis recovery from bis recent illness The Duke thought it right to forward the letter to the Foreign Office, In London, it being a communication from one ot tbe Queen's enemies. .Austria, it is reported, is using all her efforta to prevei t tbe establishment of a Prussian naval port st Jabdeburjn, and that she intends to induce the German Owtdeiatlon to make a dsclaration on tbe subject. Tbite strategical budges have been established in Poland, ever the Vistula, at Twangorod. at the ci tadel Alexander, and at Nowogeorglewsk. An Erg'ish war ofiBoe return ban been published which shows tbat thefnatlves ot Walea in the cumh of Boyal Welsh Fusiliers are greatly outnumbered by tt e natives oi English counties. It appears that tbe lumber of Welsh in tbe regiment, exclusive of CM* mlwlcned officers. Is 247; Ergl'sh, 465; Scotch, 9; Irish, 110? total. 837. The British army in the Crimea, on the 17th ot Msy, including sergeants, drummers, and rank and fife, was 43 450 strong. Cavalry and Infantry uoder arms, (not including drummers,) 23,217 : sick of all ranks, 11 211. Bald Pacba, the Viceroy of Egypt, has given the re cesser y orders for tbe construction of a railway across the deaert between Carlo aud Suez, a distance of eighty-four mi es. The rails are to be brought cut from England, and the Pacha's own engineers, who are Frenchmen, are to carry cnt tbe works. M M. Dumas and Pelonze, the well known French rbtmiats, have been directed by the Academy of Scitnus to anaHzea specimen of gold ore lately trananltted by Marshal Vaillant, when announcing to tbe Academy, ss already stated, the news of the discovery of a gold mine in Algeria. Accounts from Archangel state that it was on' aider* d extraordinary that the Wfeite Sea should ahet dy be fiee from ice, being mnch earlier than usual. Tbe ancient fortresses were being rapidly reatored, and the batteries mounted and enlarged. Tbe amount raised for the various objects of the Free Cbtucb of Scotland in the United Kingdom, tcr the j ear ending March 31, 1855, waa ?308,050 9a. 8d. it ia stated that tbe old aoldiers belonging to Switzerland, who claim legacies uuder the will of tbe Emperor Napoleon, amount in number to 1.417. The Emperor Alexander has just ordered an aug mentation of the number of tbe police of Cronrtadl. A new work by the celebrated German romancist, Wolfgang Mailer, ia causing some sensation in Gei man literary circks. A computation, originating at Vienna, places the cumber of tbe allied armies near Sebastopol at 160,000, viz., 100.000 French, 20,000 Eaglish, 15,000 Sardinians, and 25,000 Turks (without including tbe troops at Eupiatoria and in reserve at Balak lava). A Russian imperial ukase his been issued order ing that baptised Jews, who have hitherto been exempted, hbatl lurubhthirty recruits tor every one tfconsud Main to the Russian army. | Tie cholera has appeared in Cairo,. and alrealy numbers 400 amongst its victim*; the disease Is chiefly o i fined to tie natives. Same fe ? Ba re peans {about ten) hare, however, been taken a say by the di?eas3. Six hundred pound* is, it is understood, the price pu d tot Mr. Milais' picture of "The Rescue." "[he Order 01 Release," exhibited last year in Lot don, was sold to the same purchaser fjr three hundred guineas. The Oei manic Diet has rejected the proposal frcm Prussia for the suppression of gaming, carried on io most of the German watering places. The Communal Council of Liege has unanimously voted a sum of 60 OOOf. towards the erection in that city of a hospital for luuatlos. The London Htrnld has a report to the effe t tbst Admiral CirCnarlee Napier has lost most of his fortue by the failure cf Messrs. HaUord & Cj., (Sir J. Paul, Strabam & Co-; The Geographical Society of Paris has voted to Captain MtC ure R. N , tbe gold m?d*l, for his dis covery o> tbe north-west pasiage; and to Captain ln gletieid, R N., a silver medal, for hia discoveries in the Arctic regions. Mr. James Sheridan Koowlea has written a pam phlet with tbe object oi proving that "the Gospel attiibuted to Matthew" was composed by all the apostles together, who employed Matthew as a pen man. Not ore of the least remarkable signs of the times is the announcement by an exile, Alexander Herz-n, of a quuterly RuaUn review, to be published in Lor dun, as tbe oigan of revolutionary Russia. It is to be called IJElwlt Polairt. The first number will appear on the drat of August. Inter ding tourists in Italy will be interested to leain that a new route, by land and steam, has bee i opened between Rome and Naples, via the Nero tian port of Anzio. The Madrid Enpava states, on the authority of letters frcm R: me, that tbe Papal Court considers tbe cartyipg it to rffect of the bill for the sale of ec cleeiseticsl property, a violation of the conoordate, sue teat it c jTi* emplated breaking off relati ins with Spain end publishing protests ag ainst tbe measure. The Minister of Warhssde ided that tie depot of tbe first French foreign legion shall be removed fiom Gallipcli to A jacsio, wheie it will henceforth be established. Tbe tblrtj four monsstic orders which are to tie suppressed in Piedmont, in consequence of the new law, possessed 331 bouses, inhabited by 4,543 par sons. Cardinal Antoneili hss sdOressed a new note to tbe Piecmontese government on the subject. A difference has allien between tbe Papal govern ment and the little republic of St. Marino. Toe latter re'oses to deliver up certain political refugees pur sued by tbe Reman police. ! A large number of ornamental armlets for ladies, bearlig the portrait of tbe late Czar, have been imported into Munich for complimentary distri ca tion. The Journal dr St. Prtrrtbour/f contains a bitter complaint that Faster Monday was chosen for re opening the attack on Bebaatopol. f aey began tbe lnketmacn battle in a Sunday. The Russians have placed the mouths of the Pruth ar d the Danube in a good state of dofeuce. At tbe mcuih cf the Pruth there are eighteen gunb jets, ^ two war steamers of four guns eaci; near Killa there aic twelve gunboats and two steamers; near Tchetel, in tbe Biack Sea, twelve go n boats are stationed as an sdvacced pest; and at the mouth of the Sulint they have formed two strongly entrenched camps. The Emperor Napoleon having been Informed of tbe disasters csused by tbe inundations ia the seven departments of tie Lot efr Garonne, the Landes, Tarn-et Gtronce, Rant Garonne, Haut-? P?r?'-nn< s, Creuse, and Gtm, baa sent to tbe prefect of each of ttem a sum of 10, OOOf. to be distrt suted amongst the I cor it habitants who have so flared most br this calamity, i be Empress has added a sum of 10, OOOf. for tbe rsme object. Lac den has ordered the immediate mobilization of tbe Isndwehr. It is believed that tile measure ia can netted with the ne*ot ations newly entered into betaeen Sweden and the Western Powers, and witb the miiaun of Baton de Man tiers troern at Vienna. Financial circles in Paria are much occupied with a story of a quarrel between M. Perei a, tbe director of the Crecit Mobil er, and M. de Horny, which win. It Is said, lead to very important consequences, tbe ib mediate result is affirmed to be a treaty of close alliance between tbe government and M. de Roth*-* child. Tbe concession of the Pyranean railwaia is i xoected to be maie to tbe latter capitalist, and bis influence will als) reple:e teat of M Perelra io the manaiement of the Grard Central road. In virtue of an arrangement just cone'uded be twein Sardinia aid the Two Sicilies, the advan ropes ot tte existing treaty of commerce between tbe two rountriea are exte.. ded to ttaeir vessels and cargoes arriving frcm fo-eign ports, provided the rarpo. a prct-e'd from coontries which have conclud ed i iatfar treaties with Ifce above Powers. A Javnese paper contains tbe following matri B?e7i*i a*cv/U>;enjetl Marritd, Tttodore Poland, penelooed titular ooionel, knight of the tiro order* of tin Ns'berlsnds, to the mother of bis children, the Javanese woman Pien. Thle marriage he has contracted in gratitude and ae a n*ard tor the be roiem she exhibited in hid behalf in 1833, on hie retn n from tne fortress of A neroogen, when she res ued him .aire a Jy severely wounded, from certain death, by carrying Him, with the assistance of a ser vant, a distance of tbree furlongs, wrapped in a sheet and suspended. to bamboo, while pursued by an unmerciful enemy, and by sabaeqaently bringing him safely through the lines of the enemy, while she bet self was in an advanced state of pregnancy. ? Prince Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte has just pre Bented the chnrch oi the Invalids with a magnify j cent pyx in gold, enriched with predooa stones, ard eigbt lustres, mounted in gold and ornamented with crystal. General Ooont d'Omano, Governor of tbe hotel, followed by his staff and the clergy of tbe cburoh, received the valuable article*, woteh were S resented to him by General de Ricard, first alde e camp of bis Imperial Highness, and by M. Drat, bis private secretary. T.ie pjx Is one of the last art'des manufactured by tbe late Fromeat Mearioe, and is of most exquisite workmanship. A venerable and mucti respected Marabout, 90 ears of age. earned Ahmed be Dstoaden, was utied on tbe 19?h of May, at Constan'ina. About 4 000 of bis ccontr- men attend the funeral, each striviog for tbe bono of carrying tbe litter on which the body wae laid. After the body had been placed in the ground, the litter was broken up Into small piece*, wbicb were eagerly seized on by the people as relics. The sheet, with which the oody had been covered, was tern into stripe for the same purpose. From Persia wo learn that the bead* of tbe Khan of Kbiva and thirty-two o' his relatives and follow* erx, (among the former are said to be his brother and two sons,) bad tea hed Tehran , and had bean exposed to the publio at a grand ?alam held to com memorate the event, on the breaking up of which the head of the Knan was honored with a royal burial. Accounts from Damascus of the 17th May, relate that the recruits it tended for the Anglo- Cnrknh Legion bad bo disturbed the tranquilly ot the city that tbe Pacba had made very strong complaints. According to a circular of M. Aries Dufour, of Lyons the results of tbe new crop oi silk may be cs'ioiated as fallows:? France, a very ea'asfactory yield, floe weather having lately dissipated every cause of danger; Naples and Spain, a very short crop; Piedmont, auo an unfavorable return. With regard to Lombard? 'he accounts are conflicting, but *uch cases of fallow as are rep-wed appear to be looai. In the markets, both at 8'. Etlenne and Lyons, the transactions continue very aitive, and prices are well maintained. The federal council of Switzerlai d baa recently patsed a decree on tbe following fact: ? citizen of tue canton cf Unwished to mirry a woman of the canton of Glati& wco had been divoroed, and who belonged to the Pr.testant church; bat be met obstaoles, for, as a Catholic, he conld not ia bis Canton wed a woman whose hnsband s'.ili 0ved. Tbe Ursiian, to attain dIb object, acquire! a rig it of citizenship in ti e canton of Zorioh, and there wedded the Gl&ronaise. There wen no obstacles bete nor on the tide of Glaris. But tbe asthorities of Uri refused tbe newly matried woman the right of residence in the canton. Her husband complained to the federal council, who decided that the pair being lawfully united under the Zuriohoiae legisla tion have the Tight of domicile anl of living to gether in the canton of Uri. A magnificent fete, at which the Archbishop of Paris sssieted, tock place on tbe 31st of May, in the Cathedral of Chartr es, on tbe occasion of the coro nation, by a delegation from the sovereign pontiff^ of tbe image oi the Virgin Mary, venerated from time immemorial In that old basilioon. U is a very antique wooden ttatne representing tbe Holy Vir gin ieated,atid hclding on her knees thamfent Jesus. A specitl train was despatched from Parle conveying a somber of pilgrims desirous of being present at tbe jilt. An idea may be formed of the magaitnde of the musical assembly which was to have taken place at Lille on tre 17th and 18th of June, when it is con sidered that in tbe choral part, alone the number ef performers was to exceed 5,000. An interesting discovery has been mide in France with regard to engrafting fruit trees. Instead of making use of a graft, a slip la taken? from an apple tree, for example? and plautelina potato, so that a rouple ct inches of the slip remtin visible. It soon takes root, developea itself, and finally be crmes a handsome tree, bearing fine fruit. Tuts method is doe to a Bohemian gardener. An Egyptian frigate arrived at Marseilles on the 1st of Jone, having on board a young female hip ikCpol&Hns, as a present to the Emperoi of toe French from Halim Pacha, brother to tee Viceroy of Fgypt. The animal was to be sent to tbe Parte Museum of Natural History. Tfee bones of tbe Portuguese po<t Camoens, t*ie celebrated author of the " Lualade," wiiom his un grateful country h*d let ale mlse ablv In ahospital, nave been receuly , by order of tbe government, disinterred from the cemetery ot tbe old C invent of St. Anne, or Lisbon, wBere they weie laid in 1695. Tbe remains were ponly collected and placed in an ebony coffin, in presenoe of tbe ministers and members <f tie two legislative bodies, and of tba mot illngtiU ns pe aonages of Lisbon. After 'he religions service the charge of the precious coffin was ccnfidsd to the Superioress of tbe C invent of St. Arne until a monument be prepared to re ceive it. A creditor in Solssons has availed bimsslf or an excellent plan to mike his debtors come np and settle. He has posted up in a conspicuous part of bis inn a list, on which Is affixed tbeir nam * with the sum due by each. The plan works well. &???? by the Stalls. ? boat i&Cfi for on) thousand dollars mil take place in Boston r n the 18th InsUm, bet wen the tight oar boats T. F. Meagher and the Maid of Erin, the latter having won a prize in the regatta on the 4th or July. Tue oUtanceto be rowed ia nine miles. In Macedon, Wayne county, New York, the Con snsMsttbal baa found a woman but twenty-three j?&js of age wbo lathe mother 01 four children, the oldest ot which is twelve, the tncond eight, the third three, and t- e last one. The ester sive iron foundry of J. B. Tompkins, of PbilHpsburg , Ps.. was destroyed by lire on the 5th !Dbt. Less, $70,000. Be Ten ilaves belonging to Wm. MoC.iy and others, of Pendleton count;. Va-, eloped a tew nights ago, tach one tskii g a borse with him. They are douot less making tniir way ta Can ad*. A c >nsider*bld lumber bave roa away from Pendletm and Hardy wit bin a fear or two, and some of thmn who are in Canada are in the harnt o* corresponding witn tQuir friends in tbeir o?n neighborhood. We learn tVat up to noon on the 2d isstant there had been tight deaths by cholera at Lexington, Kj. The la al c*nes were all Irish and blacks. Lieut. Morrison, who was attacked, was in a fair way of recovery. We lrarn from tbe Nil folk Transcript that on tbe 6th irstsnt tte stores of Meesrs. Sbtlds, Nash. Bluiote, Riley and Bird, with all their oontents, were entirely destroyed by fire. ToUl loss esti mated irom 175,000 to $100,000, nearly the whole of which was covered by insurance. Tbe lumber of white males in Petersburg, Va.. over 16 years of ago, is 1,881, and tnennnnero! slaves over 12 is 3,068. Tie Danville, Va., HegUtcr says, thtt Hon. Dr. Averett, late representative from tbe fliMtax dis trict, in Congress, came to bis death bv accidental burning. On the 2l>th nit. he retired to an office la hie yard, aborUv after supper, and lay down on the bed, with bis clotbee on. By some means or other tbe flame of the candle communicated with the bed clothes, and from tbem to tbe clothes of the deceas ed. A neighbor pacing by dls:ove'ed an nuutally brilliant light in tbe room, rnabel to tne oBice, and cm entering It he found Dr. A. standing in tbe mid die of tbe room, with his person envelopei in tUmea. On extttgufsbing tbe flsmes, his person wm so burnt snd ebsrred tfcat he survived only a few min utes. His daughter had been married tM day be fore. A new Sunday law haa been passed in St. Louis, Mo., by which ad *tor*s may be kept open the whole of Sunday, except places for tin s*?e of liquir, which moat be clmd from 9 o'clock A. M. until 4 P. M. As a procession was peering through the streets ot Detroit, on the 4th tost, the members of the Printers' Unlrn, wbo were In it, with a Bag and I tinting press, wete hlsied, intuited, aid finally at tacked ny lbs hsnds working in several newspaper r (flees, known ss " rat#," from their beiog opposed to tbe Union snd its miss. A general riot etuoed a bleb for a time broke up the praoewion. " side t ticks," clubs, pistols, knivee, Ac., were freely used by tbe enraged printer* of both parties, until HcmJly, tbe "rata" were worsted, several of them being taken Into custody by the police, and bound ever formal. A man in I<oui*vii:e, Ky., haa cfTtirel a wager of $1 000 that no gsmber baa ever been imprisoned in tbe Kentucky ptnltentlary for tbeft. BrLLtra roR the Ckimka? The Bittionre jlmtriran na>s that tbe sbot tower in trat city has bad for some months a large force employed in the n anutactnre of bul eta. Teere is no positive know ledge as to tbe destitution of these d*ath deaiiag articles, but aa there Is t o special demand for th m in this oenntry, the probability u that krf> /{?fined for tbe Crimea, both intlde and oitslds of BeUstopoL One luge order fl'led In Baltiaiore was for a Greek bouse, rendering it mors than probible Oat tbsy have already been used by tbe Ctu a eroojs*

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