9 Ağustos 1855 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

9 Ağustos 1855 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

this reason. In a strictly educational jKi.nt of view, M ih ad* ieable to enconroge literary talent amongst those capable of writing that language, to provide the means by which au inroad may be made upon the mass of .guo ?ance which uufortunately lurks ami Jit the recedes of Aat country. No doubt it will be iro|rf>?sible to make any material progress in this direction until they are ??nversant with the English language. The London Chronicle of July 23 .says: ? Fx-President Fillmore vi-itcd th<' birthplace of Burns ?n Thursday, and embarked for Belfast, Ireland, in the ?vening. Mi. F. was to leave Ixmdon on the 118th ult. for Paris. t/alignani'* Metuntger of July 27. says:? During the last few days a party of men of color, of the deepest black, dressed in the newest style of Parisian fashion, hare tieen observed at the Universal Exhibition, the Jardin d'Hiver balls. and other putlic places. These ?bou gentlemen arc functionaries of the eourt of his im perial Majesty Faustiu I.? belter known as Soulouque. Among them aro General Count Klca, senator, Grand Chancellor of llayti; Viscount F.lca, his son : Baron Simon, ?enator; and the Count de Val, senator. The above per sonages, with a numerous suit, lodge at the hotel in the garden of the Cercle de l'Ex position. They are admitted Jo dine at the club dinner, and may be seen almost any ?v ening siuoking segars and taking coffee on the terrace. ? French steamer has boon sent to Malta for troops to aid the Bey of Tripoli. The insurrection In that province had assumed a serious magnitude. Two thousand l urks were deleuted by the insurgent Arabs. It is now discovered that the author of the celebrated war pamphlet, attributed to Prince Napoleon, is really bo other than M. Mirolawski, who ligurcd in the I'olish, Baden and Sicilian insurrection*. The Buke of Newcastle and Omar Pacha were nt Con stantinople ? the former in search of evidence to justify himself; the latter, it is said, to tender his resignation. The condition of Italy t" extremely unnatifactorv. Hu mors of plots and conspiracies pervade the whole penin sula. Cholera is virulent in l/imbardy. In Naples nu merous arrests of officers of the army have been made, and government is at present suspiciously kind to the ktziaroni ? an ill omen. The village town oi Cbamouni, in .Switzerland, has been almost destroyed by fire. Half the village is in roins. Subscriptions are solicited in Knglaud to aid the ?offerers. The Karl of Antrim is dead; he is succeeded by his brother, the Hon. Mark Kerr, a Captain in the army. The Peruvian Minister in Iaiudon has given notice of a ?eduction of 5 per cent on the Anglo-Peruvian debt (8 per ?ent on deferred), and President last ilia is much glorified m consequence. The new steamship llahana, to run between Cuba, Liv erpool and Spain, lias made her trial trip in the Mersey, running th<> measured distance of 2J^ miles in 19'^ min utes, with ">7 revolutions of Hie wheels per minute. The clipper ship lied Jacket, Capt. Millward, arrived at liverpool 25th ult., 84 days from Melbourne, with 138.000 eunces of gold, including two nuggets, weighing respec tively 4.1 ami 47 pounds. In the channel she came in ecllision v ith the American packet Huh raid, causing the F_ to put back to Liverpool with loss of bowsprit, &c. The gross amount of freight and passage money of the Red Jacket, is over ?12,000 sterling. The Board of Trade returns of Great Britain for the month ended on the 30th of June show that the declare 1 value of exports was ?S,lti8,5!)G, and the total for the six months ended on the same date was ?43,112.322, ag.iinst a total for the corresponding period of 186-1 of ?19,173,002. The Liverpool cotton market lias been quiet, at 'ad. lower. Wheat and flour quiet, and unchanged. Indian torn in better demand. Not much doing in provisions, lard firm, and dearer. Weather wet. Money was in more demand, but rates unchanged. Consols closed at 91. American securities active, but the recent advance ?n railways scarcely maintained. An impression is current that an advance of 10 per cent will Iki imposed on import duties, and Rome transactions have taken place with the view of anticipuliug the in ?reused tax. Cur XiCiutoit Correspondence. liOHSOl, Jaly 27, 1855. The N* w Colonial Iilir',\!er?Tlc War ? Arriral of Ow t/'d Jatf.et ? America arul the Pari ? Exhibition? -Aw rim and thi Sound Dver ? the Vl'-ima Ratio, <fr. A* I PTfeclC'l. ami as I inform*! you in u previous letter, Mr William Molrsworth has been appointed Minister for the Colenie- in the place of I/ird John Russell. Sir Wil liam will probably he succceded hy Mr. Ix>wc, member lor Kidrierminsttr. a very able man, and who held an under secretaryship before. The war it- '-till mo-t popular, and the Pinour pro/ire ofthe ?at ion U more interested than ever in the rapture of Se vastopol. That fortress still gallantly hoi Is out, hut Inch by inch the allies are getting closer. The French works against the Malakoff tower arc almost ?itliin pistol phot; a fearful struggle must shortly ensue. Ixiuis Napoleon has gone to the Pyrennees to join the Impre*". They will return together to receive the Queen Of England on the 17tli or 18th of August. The second rending of the Turkish ,I.oau bill took place last night vnn row. Probably some opp%ition will 1* aade on the third reading. f>?hf nvift there ia no news in Europe. The clipper Bed Jacket has arrived from Melbourne with adv ices to the 2d of May. The Timet in itp money article of this morning suys: ? Thursday evening an impression that the supplementary estimated to lie moved this evening will show a heavy ex penditure Veyond the amount contemplated by govern neat in the earlier port of the session caused general tuaviness in the tunda to-day. although there has been no serious decline. The continued rain, likewise, had un adverse influence. Another fitting took place at the Court of Bankruptcy yesterday, under the estate of Messrs. stratum. Paul 4 Bates, but the business was pi incipally confined to tlie reception of additional proofs of debt. An application was made on behalf of creditors w ho are claimants for necurities deposited to examine the bankrupts, but it was refused on the ground that it might interfere with the progics of other proceeding-*. It wag distinctly Mated that the eourl unci solicitor to the assignees are ptepa i cd to give every information for the purpose of aseieting the ttt element of clalnii. but that it is consi dered neci Miry to abstain from any public Inquiry un til the result of the criminal charge shall have been ascertained. A the balance sheet is not ready, an ad jouri i: it nl to the 9tli of ( )ctobor was agn ed to, and it Is projx >-cd . a t'. e 1. h of that month todeclare a dividend, an eu: '.y dis'iibu'.ii'ii being, it Is said, calculated tn fa cilitate tlie a'iminis' ration of thA O'tate. The amount of dkbts B<>w ilt !.? proved i* nearly ?..>00,000; and the total of claim . ofeveij kind, will, It Is expected, reach about ?t> \ 000. Tie bankrupts were in attendance in a piivate r.? t ,1 ivin;, been brought up in custody from tlie rtouM of i eti ? ' i> n. lh?i supfi i'i i current but week i)f an intention of the Chancc'.lof of the Kxch?<|tMr te propo e an increase often fttr c> nttn the duties on imported produce was rtrccgly ovived this in ning, and a large nnwber of payment* Wf e made at the Custom House on tea, sir- r, he., by deale s .'.c-i u of securing the advantage of tlie exirtirg n ,e\ Pariismi nt will probably be prorogue 1 on the 15th. Seme observations liaving been m:v!o that the Unit < I Mat" weie po> i !y e| re-' nte<l at the Paris Exhibition, M A:< ii Vattemare, tlie Commisslary of the ?U:i i.t \ e*i Tork, Virginia and South Carolina, to the Kxl.itiiSoi 1 I addre -ed a soft of memorandum on the nil,.- v,bi . ; -pun i in the official columns of the Parte Mkini' r. Itn vouthcdocumentforperus.il. 1 a.i'i,,i in i ? enf letter to the refusal of captains of An', i an v- . . ; pivtheH* !o and .Sound (lues. The cu /? 1 i of tlii? day's dato devote* a long artf* rk to *h< tibj. ?. I li I, \t to your own appreciation. ft* arti 1" <?r> ludi a follows: The i a iiit of thi I nit> i -tates has solicited :lie ? mis-don to ?n il thi reaty ef commerce of 1(W. ingress has granted it after taking cognisnn -e of the diplomatic document* beai u r on the iiaestion. It is not impossible Unit shortly an pp- I will fo th? roho and that the pons of American m n ifwar w.ll, a? propo I'd by M. I p?hei m 1K44 en<n iTor to open the strait* now < lo-ed by lh?- guns of the Danish tort of J\ ronburg. it Ji'tsiU promises to return to thi* subject. Our Pnrio Corre*|?oii?lciiee Paris. July 38, UK. TV JF? Pi'nth L<" n?f'< Popt. la i ity?A m u.rtiui .tenia <r ^ ul . , it >ion Ofitc. ? Prinre yapnlem'* %'?* ?' i'i' 1 ?? Of III ? Imp, i-t?J Commixti'in ? Ltfi'imilt More m>Ti!. ? Kthil itu a < miuionerii in Trouble? The Hi ' / lm y Suit ? Hi, mi' Oreeltf ? fKi trie of A'luUery Atfuiint Prince yaiobtm ? Httmen-nl f'lv'i'ntrmmt if (fnem Vi ? kn'lt'J Pi' if to f'nrir. <fr., rf. The subscription f .r them w loan of seven hundred and fifty millloti". opened oil the 18th. will close on the 2?th. JIf?vy liets hire lieen made that it will amoant to mora titan four millions; but tlie/'n'ii' has positively eon tradleted ? report which was current on Monday, that speculators had sliemdy covered the total of the loan hy jiwans of subscriptions of fifty francs ami under Tlie PtUrie added that the whole of the latter subset iptton had not yet attained in Paris and the department* fifty Bi.lliM;- of capital It begins tn appear that the Condi lions of thi* loan are more favorable than those of the t Wttl loars l< r te fe capitalist# and Ie*? favoriibfc tbao they at first seemed for ordinary puraea, while the great diniocratic feature* of the . hem. have quite entire), flushed. The people," (to uw the word in it* Euro pean sense), have freely anything t., do with the loan except t? be burdened themselves nnd their -uccessors! with the additional imposition* which it must entail! Most ot their representatives in the crow.!* that have besieged to Mayors' office* and the Treasury Ilepartment in Pans, during the past week, have ?? made tail," as they say here, only as nominal subscribers, or even as mere speculators on the chances of selling in the morn | ing the place* which they have secured over night. In spite <y all the interference of the police, (who, one night, urro?tol nearly six hundred persons), this kind of business has been carried on to a Urge extent. Even Ihe prohibition against "making tail" before four o'clock in the morning has not prevented large crowds from passing the whole night near the approaches to offices where subscriptions are received. During the first night* of the week. men. w omen and children thronged together almost tnmultuously. Some had to stand the whole time, others hired or brought stools and chairs, and others still contrived more or less ingenious substitutes lor boils. But w hetlier standing, sitting or lying, they must have des paired of ilet ping, and the greater number contented them selves with chatting, laughing and singing, especially those who had taken the precaution to supply themselves liberally with something to eat and drink. Mauy of these people were of the sort that sell tickets at the doors of the minor theatres, or, within doors, under the chnn deliers. help create the fame of many an actor and play writer by well-timed (and well paid) applause. It is supposed that the success of the loan had been guaranteed beforehand by the Credit Mobllicr Society, and the great bankers of Paris and 1/m don. But several important advantages were sc | cured by a scheme so devised as to appeal to the pockets of "all sorts and con.Utions" of Frenchmen, fi om the Senator to the chiffonier, or scavenger. A banker In the rue de la Cliaussee d'Autin. who has sub scribed largely to the loan, complained lust Sunday morning to his porter that quite a pile of waste stuff from the kitchen and the bureau had accumulated in the court. ?' voukz 11/11 * ?>> replied the porter with u shrug of his shoulders; -the chiffonier has not come to clear it away for two or three days. I.ike every body else, he's at the Loan." Indeed, the past week has offered many scenes not unlike those described as having occurred in the rue Quincumpoix. w here the hunchback made a fortune by leasing his back as a desk for the speculators who rushed to subscribe for shares in Law's Mississippi stock. How this loan, with the other recent French and Eng lish loans, will swell the already round sum of one milliard <ight hundred and seventy-one millions two hundred and three thousand seven hundred and seventy francs, which, according to Baron de Helen, the celebrated economist, is annually required to pay fur the in terest and extinction of the national debts of all the Kuropean .States! If but half the sum which is an nunlly squandered l.y these States in destructive war could be devoted to the arts of peace, what a blessed dc velopement might be made of the system of public loans and of credit! You will notice in the speech of Prince Xapolcon at the dinner which was given to him and the Imperial Commis sion on Monday last by the jurors of the Exhibition, a | very distinct recognition of the democratic clement in French society. In effect," said the Prince, "we are a nation of democracy and equality, by our manners, our ? n" aml', nbov0 uil- 'he object at which we aim. With ii.n, the employe becomes a minister: the workman a manufacturer; the peasant, a proprietor: the soldier, a general: and the whole people crowns itself in raising to the throne a dynasty of its ehoiee." The 1 rince and his father, the ex-King, affect, you area ware, this style ot speech, and are constant to that old ? Napo leonic idea," a democratic and popular (I had almost added, social) empire. They Were not a little vexed at 1 ?Hch Marshal Onstellane, when O..T.W telegraph despatch brought him. as he thought, news ut the assassination of the Emperor is saul, while deploring the national loss, to have culled upon his ofheers to rully around the legitimate heir of the kings ot 1 .ranee Henry V. To 1* sure, this story is I officially contradicted; but where there is smoke there is [ire; end there must he some foundation for a story that has obtained such a wide circulation in Paris. ,i, I ? ?! Sai|'t Hcm'j wus religiously kept the other lay in the churches, and on the boulevards you met more than one legitimist dandy with a white flower in his Duitonlinle. The numerous iccent vigils or legitimists to Clermont, una of Orlennists to l'rohsdorf, have occasioned unea?v reelings , t<i I the imperialists. It is said (but 1 hope it is a (?lander) that a project is entertained of so ulterimr the line ot the fortifications that the chapel of St. Ferdinan-l the shrine of Orleanist devotions, erected on the spot where the Luke nf Orleans whs killed, must needs he razed to the ground. This will cost at least a million t nines, and would lie "paying dear for the whistle " A suit lias just been decided by the first chamber of the tribune of the Seine, in favor of the claim of Mrs Jltdgway to a portion of the estate of the late Duchess de nuisance, by virtue of her relationship to that eccentric and wealthy lady, whom Edmond About, in his recent work entitled "(irece fontemjioiaiiie," has made known to the world. Mrs. Ridgway is a brilliant American lady, who. as M. Hcrryer, the celebrated legitimist ori^L who opposed her claim, said ? occupies at Paris, thunfllHl i abovv nil to the elm nnsimd (rnicc^ oFl? * person a inngnitlcent position,'' Here is opulent he*, age united to an already brilliant fortune. L'eau iu a In nrure. 1 understand that u queer mistake was made the other euy. by it n American commissioner, who wished to nsk the Imperial Commission for -a fresh supply of exhibi tors tickets." but who. in his haste, omitted the word tickets, and thus asked for what is really needed ? ' a fresh supply of exhibitors." Another commissioner wax ar rest,,! on the sain,, dny ot the "buffet," (refreshment ta ble,) on account of a gold louis. which he hud offered for *hich,*UH ""''l to lie "light." His comniis sionci - ticket, and even his commission Itself with the Ing government ticket, did not save him from bcinjr pi omenailed between two gens d'armes the whole length "I the I aluce of Industry to the police office, wheie the Offending piece was weighed, "not found wanting," unit the commissioner wns liberated. cl'lrrvr1"*'.'!"* ?"* quickly from the clutches <>t (rench law. ills case has been postponed ul irili be "" on<" can '' 11 how """>>? more timas it 1 'rince Napoleon's lawsuit, the procr* Vernon, will nro iiT ."'"r* '"""ly ?1"1 quickly, if not more justly ,|e. .'i't f ? ho doe* not appear ambitious of win mS , I *' T!i il v'1" w"n ''.v ? certain ? ffiei I In the day- ol the Orleunist princes, bus preferred enforcing his marital rights to the chance of speedy pro motion. and instituted a suit aguinst the heir pre sumptive (if not presumptuous) to the imperial throne on the charge that the latter bus shown liim elf too amia ?ie to his wife, a neice ofM. Boulny de la Meurthc. ex ? ICC I IV. Ill, lit of the French republic. The ex-Vice Prc Sidi 111 I- a man of weight and gravity, at least in a phy sical -I nse but Ills niece stands accused of undue levitv. Ihe aft:. II will probably be pushed up within the w. lis ..I the correctional police, but tho eolouel is not likely to become speedily a general. The Prince is himself-you have not forgotten the fa. ?(? a general. ' ^ e lii ni that the I ?ul e of Cambridge is to return to the triniea as general! simo of the Foreign I^irion hut tl.e r, turn of the Krench prince general i. not vet aM,..?;..;!. Tt is singular that of allTlie nil iv." of fhe . ?li > < uptam. only one Bonaparte Is in Ihe Crimea a in in \y fi Iiittrrson, of Bull It i niiiKM imI that Victoria mny not. after all ??I I1>. to -ruction tin Anglo-Franco alliance, ami enjoy tie ? rlij.-httiil retreat from court festivities which his been ( ,, |.,,ri . for her at St. (loud. Hut the rumor is | r. Isihly Uiifouudisl. The frlr of St. .\a|H.li on will 1h* ?IiiIj el. I. rated alter all notwithstanding the iiupronria. 1. 11 . t fill ? laic nuids to th. relief of the wouii.|. | ol ? < : - ... the Crimea On i- Muilrltt Correspondence. Madrid, July 1!', 186&. Mk 'ins At1/ to }/'?>' lh< h'inaiirial DiffiruUi-i qf th r (i< r. rnmrnt? Jlu 1 "? r rn > f inn in I'tUiihmitl? Thr I'urlit'i ' nit th- S/tfininh Cltrgf- Th' .\ w .V/a/u' /i Miuitfrr t? H iifhiiigtin ? Affair if thr Html Warrior ? Th' 'Pupal 1,'fintr AUiiit tn I.n ii S] aiii? I mj i'iihrni llt of th' lsi<t < ill i mf. ?fc.. rfi . luii..' t< covi r the il< t'.cit ni $10 000,000 In the ertl* mate* of thi* rear the Cort'* hav rotrd and tin1 Queen In" Mitietinni I a mw eini**ion of Trea*ury bill* for $11 MiO MM). Thr<i hill* gain an intcres: of five per font ntmnnlly . and arc imied for ninety por cent of their no minal value nml will Ih' t.,ken foi their lull value In pay ment fur the land* ri.i1 property to lie *old under the new law i f relcaac from mortmain. II within thirty dnya after the publication of the bill* any pliould remain nn taken, tiny may then be distributed among the tax payeri, who p?y twinty-flve daUiri, and more dini t tnXi a acci.nling to their uu .in*, and mu>it t>e taken up by by tkeae favored partb ?*. We *hall eee, whether by thin i \traordinnry meHatire the government can avoid bank ruptcy, which i* now imminent. rtie in- urrerlion of tlie workmen of Catalonia ha* al ii nly terminated. The proportion* which tliln move n.i nt hud taken, Cau?ei! great apprehension on thepait fifth, government, but it ha* behaved with energy anil has offered the workmen to arrange the price of their la bor with the manufacturer*; and thi*, combined with another cauae, ha* restored outer and tranquillity to in dimtrioua Barcelona and the other large town* of the old principality. the Catalan wiu k men rine in ot>e<lienca to the machi nation* ot the t'arlint party abieh ha* made a atnall and riiliculi u* p. . uniary effort for thl* purpn?e. The Gtrlfct* hate not now, nor will 1liey evi r have again, the money which thr> could count upon during the la*t war ? be cau*e that experience ha* made many of thrir rich parti wrv* cauiiou?, and they have not the Mine desire to auf fer and to p> rt#h fur a cau?e which i? discredited al ready. ? N evert hel< ??. the r . rg\ b> ing more brutal and Cboti rat' ilif? II' t CfU'f to mJr WW up. n tie f>ivertrar r t io fvrry peiriMl *?;. Tt? pr ?< n?ff (aUUnie ?r? til ed with factious priest*, caught with arms in their hanis or with proofs of conspiracy in their possession. All the bishops of Spain, with few exceptions, iM-aostni of that dark society which they themselves call by the sombre name of "the exterminating angel," and almost all are at work throwing obstacles in the way of the execution of the law of release from mortmain. ?Ycfi tanyrre (JLrUtOi mrot, say the priests when there is any effort to deprive them of the means of their good living, which means, don't touch our pockets. The intention of Queen Christina and the rooderados, as well as that of the Carlist* and absolutists, is to foment every class of difficulties, in order to disconcert the liberal party and maintain a general state of inquie tude, in order to discredit the men of the party now in power. That other cause of the ceasing of the workmen's movement was simply that the honest part of them found out that they had many companions whom they had not bargained ipr, and whom they did not know. On a counting of heads and show of faces, the democratic por tion found that the insurrection was not theirs, but that a large portion were fellows who had been hired to set the thing agoing by the parties alluded to. So they con cluded to draw off, and left the mercenaries alone in the streets; and these last, seeing the thing was understood, finally concluded to give it up and knock under to the terms of the government. 1 must now inform you of an incident of thegrav?bt importance, which, although involved in mystery, has come out and is tolerably well known. It is secretly stated, but I believe reliably, that some hours before the one indicated for the departure of tlieQuevn from this court for the royal Heat of the B"Corial, General O'Don nell received a communication to the effect that various conspirators were stationed near the door of a church where the Queen would go to pray before leaving Madrid with the object of assassinating her. In fact, the garri son and the national militia were ordered to form at a certain hour; and the Queen, in spite of the formalities announced before hand officially, left Madrid privately an hour or more previous. It is said that many priests have been seized as accomplices in the conspiracy; but although the present news runs from mouth to mouth tluougli all Madrid, nothing has been written about it either officially or unofficially, perhaps in order not to produce agitation under the present circumstances. .-'enor Kscalantc will leave here immediately, to take possession of his charge of Minister Plenipotentiary in Washington. I have already said, in a former letter that this J-'nvoy owes his place to the decided protection of Mpartero, anil perhaps of his lady, the Duchess. Senor Escalante is very courteous with the ludies ? a thing which, if it is not worth much in business, is of value in the drawing room. The press prints ami the people talk about the settling up of the affair of the Mack Warrior and the arrangement of the business of thoT\vrccountries. saying that this is in no way owing to the fire-eating Soule, but to his Secre tary of l egation. Monseigncur Frunchi is decidedly going, though the Gaittie continues to deny it. This legate of the l'ope is off, and it is evident that Rome is drivelling with age, for she is preparing to make a fight to sustain her fantasma goric dominion. Spain, although slowly, is resolved to inarch on in the roud of progress, and 1 imagine Rome cannot stop her. The Cortes suspend temporarily their session on ac count of the hot season. The commitlee of the Assembly charged with examin ing the acts of the cabinets from 184a to 18.r>4, have pre sented their report, proposing to exact the responsibility of their doings first from the last cabinet before the re volution. The articles of accusation against them ure 44 in number. The evidence presented will be curious enough if it reveals the rapine of all the robbers Spain has seen with the title of ministers of the crown from 1843 to 1854. EL (3D. Our Vienna Cor*c?po"d*,,ce Vienna, Monday, July lf'' Mililn.n I.rnj in Ruma-Pruma ,ke llaUii ? Return of Prancu: V, ?*? Pn^il Emendation of the Auslnan Zl rpeTol,?'of<M?ntalembcrt .n.1 J*n ?.pp Jng. as they KiitiHluction 1o the majority ?? *" v r # r^"?r^sssu^*-r,,ns: ?rr., ,???. <??? ??-. - *"?? ThfvX^plyto the Austrian proposal rank, aa been made public, its contcn J , i Uie .. four Prussia refuses her aupport to Auatna in lay g noints" before tbe Bund, but, at the same time. S t fitting that the confederate amy of < ema-y Zu ? maintained on , footing of war, ana inthto rcicect she la ready and filing to put forward her v,,,,e XVuna. '.bough the letter van roofed in Vienna ,m the 6th, no anawer baa at yet been returne d, or if it I,".! tbe matter has hitherto been Kept mos profoundly secret. What the course of Austria wi known, but it ia generally thought that .he will abandon Per nurpOfC ir "be be not aure ol a majority ? The Prince of Pru.sia has started on a visit to the Court or W. Petersburg, a fact stjatss iii- "T ???> ""*r- , ? probable it meet, with as great an n.nount ?f cred^t as that to which it is entitled. The Prince of 1 ruiaia, how ler it report be true, is said to la- hostile to Russia. toTntertaiii views totally at variance with those professed "J,n, ir.lT.W wrM ? . '"' yZT, w to be made in Uussia. Twelve more souls out of ry 1 COO are to lie drawn for military service, and those who have been dismissed alter twenty-BTe years' duty a.e called on to liear amis again. .^"^V'anOthe ruin luting ill tact for 8 r^vrl '?t" 1?- followed'!"*' several minor pie set by Austria ^ ^ruin the llaltic. and Mates. Prussia consider* herselt everything seems to Jnd cate , western ifi rm;;:.v ?* ^s'SS'X'iK M and lltli armies In t.al r ' on tl e c ^ ?,lVt<ses mid has issued an ordcrott . > condition of bis unqualified satisfaction at the VMn>? to floral the troops. He chief of tbe abo\e armies, and ll< ss. the commander-ta^hief <>t I ne i ^ u, tho offlcCl , 2rr^T;KS.*5R"S&- ?~ft~ - f" 'SJ'XZ take place in the position .?''^*Apr^|l'^"t(.u from tbe well known tfcit jthey PJg* ?. ^ ^ ?f poi?swion of land, and I ?*n ? ^ lately l?een i * ??? t ?l iiitf i v ffond education. ? . , uv* 0Ann> t^ad.antageuus to the State and meet with gen, r#\Srthschild. the g.'-at ^"'VT^ts^rn T:\t 'a^hiebbe made 'In Vh^o'ty . lo^ar ^ view niib the Austrian hu^ics of "otliers I t*ls* "aid that the reply ??- of a very satis^ t rie - character and Uie lkiron lm< consequently "m l chcirer. M .?.vl,ct-,r.M articles low m ^ ^ , -nml oe?s of the demand, [ra'.c in cotton. . sniril? somewhat fiat I be market mi- general!) dull. I encloM- tbe weekly Bonrre. (tnr Frankfort Carwipondrorf. I nANKiotiT. July 17 lfcv. A urtrin "" s",,r' "f "" r;,r"""" ' 7 <;,?/ hbrtiilfrfAwlrir?Sh. R. h, in #!?' rf Hrr Inil'iifi'm, "" ArWirr of lh' "I hnrop* 77,. Adrian Prfffnuilion* "" /'"*??* W,'h' ,lmvr? Th. War <:<?> n<i On? IHfl'im"' y Standing S.tU _ 77, , R'Orllion in Catalonin >urrn <"l. >< Although Austria has arrogated to h-i -If the prlvi of putting her o?n interpretati-.n on the tour points, it is now pretty w< " underatood tliat England and l ran- i will not quart el with her. especially when it U known that tbe Prllisli Plenipotentiary to tbe Vienna tonic , rnccs? Lord John Russell? was, at one time, himself a convert to the Austrian proposition. The truth. a? Whis peied among tbe cor,- ,Uy..mn/i,^ in tbi* dty. w that berth Itrouyn dc l'Huys and 1/irdJolin were converts t? tbe Austrian plan of pacification, and it is equally well known that if the Fmperor Napoleon had agreed to it. no great difficulty would have ls>er, met with in St. Peters t.urs | /irds Palmeiston and Clarendon m-iy still W r, ry warUke but neither the Queen ..f Kngland nor Prince Albert have the reputation ol l>eing martially inclined. s<? that the conduct of I ?rd .lohndoes not on close examina ti. n show *ny other weakness than a personal leaning * ?a.d- hi? sovereign and an sgreement with hi- Krench colleague, a ho. Immediately on hi- return from Vienna, resigned bis commission into the hand- of tbe Emperor. Unas natural enough for lord John to hold on to office, be ha- al?ay? done, a- n Worthy rep.e-entative of tbe Bedford fsmily, until it became untenable and hence there i? nothing new in hl? po?itb>n If be quits office now. it i? because the war t? popular in Kngland. and be cau-ethe WinUters of the crown are rc pon?ible to the Parliament, and not io the Queen The soul of the ?ar, now and from the beginning, i- and *ii* nobody tl"e 'ban Iiuis Napoleon, "by the grace of Oort and the national will " a? the impe-W decree- in the * niUur snnounce it-' 'Emperor of tbe Krench.1' Me d a few men in hi? in-.me<liate neighb. >rhood, Vnow why I p<in?ider? the ?.r a condition of Ufc and .afe'y to biw *blle there e a grant many Vrwhmen wVt* "? l" La trow a ?.n ol ?mtio?l inttne', th-nrb 'he, .re fc, from subscribing to his doctrines in rcgurd to govern ment. Even the French exiles here anJ in Belgium, praise the V nnperor for the jierst veri^ce with which he prosceuteH the war, and especially for resisting the ad vice of Drouyn do l'Huyi to dftnscnt to the proposi tion of Austria. So the wur will go on, and the peace ministers, Lord John and the clever little Jew just name*!, will remain in their retirement; the foimer condemned by public opinion In hia country ; the Utter, regretted by all the bankers, shopkeepers nn<l module* of Paris. The war ia more popular in England than in France, simply because an unshackled press, not suspected of servility, pronounces It just and national, while in 1- ranee, even truth is suspected when appearing in the livery of the court. The French army will fight well wherever it meets the enemies of Franco, but nation al enthusiasm in a thinking, reasoning and impression able people, cannot manifest itself and act as a motive power under gag laws. The manner in which the Austrian propositions Of Count Duo] were received by the French and English plenipotentiaries, who actually promised to "recommend and advocate them at home, with their respective govern ments, renders it actually impossible for either the Brit ish or the French governments to break with Austria. Not being able to agree with her, the allies will pu.isue the Mime policy towards her which she has been pleased to adopt toward them. They will still consider themselves bound in some measure by the Decem ber treaty; but the trrminux a quo will depend on circumstances and the eventualities of the war. Mean while the tone of the press in England, and the well-known antipathy of the French Emperor, plainly indicate that Ihe good understanding between the Western Powers and Austria would not be of long duration ? if they could help it. Here, in Germany, the general desire is for peace, and that for two reasons: first, because the liberal party know their weakness, owing to tho ineffable imbecility of those who ruined their cause in 1848; and second, be cause the princes and nobles are impoverished and in debt, and not in a condition to measure swords either with Russia or the allies. Germany, you may rely on it< will remain a quiet spectator of the war, though not an indifferent one. There is a fooling of apprehenslou throughout Germany at the thieitening preponderance of Russia, and a hope that something better may yet come from France. It is feared that Germany may even tually be Russianized, not by conquest, but with the con sent of her own princes, who, with lew exceptions, are partisans of the Russian mode of government. It is hoped, therefore, that if the allies are not able to " hum ble" Ru-sia, they will at least succeed in prevent ing her from acquiring additional powers and influence. These sentiments, however, are but cau tiously expressed in the German papers, and never otherwise than by indirection, so as not to pro

voke the eye of the Censor. It is not the official opinion of Germany, ami serves as no basis of action to the govern ments. Austria and Prussia are both liont on preserving the peace of Germany for their own soke. Austria has suc ceeded in acquiring the reputation of a peacemaker, and receives credit for her good intentions, though she tailed in the attempt. The very small extent to which she is supposed to have aimed at the limitation of Russian power in the Black Sea, is nevertheless gratefully ac knowledged in Germany, whero Prussia appears as the ally of Russia, and the hereditary enemy of France. The course of Austria, however crooked it may appear to the allies, is still more national an I more honorable as re gards Germany, and in this respect Austria has gained, not lost, in public opinion. She has gained what Prussia has lost, for Prussia does not even represent tho opinion of Prussians. No where, not even in England, is the cause of Russia more unpopular than in the Hal tic provinces of Prussia, notwithstanding the mo mentary commercial advantages which these provinces derive from tho war. Whether the conductor the King of Prussia is governed by his relationship to the Czar, whether it is fear of the liberal influence of France and England on the affairs of Europe, or the old jMlMMTOff Austria, I know not; but even now Austria and Prussia are not going hand in hand, and the proposition of Aus tria to maintain in Germany the military establishment of last year meets with fee rot and unworthy opposition on the part of the Cabinet of Potsdam. Had Austria been sustained at the German Diet, she might have been emboldened to go further with the ullies; as it is, she yet dreads the material preponderance of Russia, and de dares through her official organs that she considers her self still an ally, with this distinction, however: that the mmiK tslli has not yet arrived for her. In this respect the Austrian government pays more deference to the public opinion of Gcimnny and Hungary, than Prussia does to thai of her own proiinces, and it isforthis reason that Austria is more popular at the Diet than Prussia. Iiad she a bold statesman at the head of affairs, and were she less afraid of revolution, she might have become the the arbiter of Europe, and with the approbation of France and England, the ruling Power of Germany. Instead of this she is content to temporize to keep on teuns with the ullies and with Russia, mid lastly with Prussia, herself. Whut she demands of the Diet has been so often modified, according to the objec. tion* made by Prussia, that it is doubtful whether she will mal e any proposition at all. This very morning it Was belii v< d that the Austrian Minister would make his propositions on the 10th inst.; but instead of submitting them to the Diet, they were first, iu the regular course of diplomacy, submitted to Prussia, (copies of the same having Is en pieviousiy sent to Paris and Ixmdon;) and because Prussia did not entirely subscribe to tliein. Aus tria was willing to modify : but unwilling to modify so as to suit Prussia, she may not muke any proposition at nil. She wanted money for the support of her troops in the Principalities. (This was a hazardous proposition in the present slate of affairs.) Then she wanted the confede ration to adopt the Four Points, as she understood them at the Vienna conference: finally, she wished the German States to keep their respective aimies on the war footing, ihis was meiely pro fiirma; for it was well understood that the unny registers alone were to lie kept on that tooting, and that tho smaller States Would be pei milted to grunt extensive furloughs. Insignificant ug all these propositions must appear in the eyes of a great country, they would, It' conceded, have hud their indu<ncc on public opinion in Germany, and prepared Hit way for future action. It would have been si metbing for the States of the Germanic confedera tion to lix any limit whatever to the extension of any Power in Europe lieyond which they fel: bound to protest with the sword. It would have established a rule of ac tion in certain easts; but flie German princes have no notion of committing themselves to any policy, foreign or domestic, and things will remain another year in tta'u quo. It really seems ns if luck were hound to do more for Austria than she is ever able to do wilfully for herself; tor even now she appeals ahead ot every government in Germany ? the only one which at all acts in her capacity us a Eiiiopeun Power of the first rank, and which, being howevi r remotely allied to Ihe West, represents the idi of progress. Austii.i. in spite of her vaiillatin.' policy, is still the only Power of Germany whim bus shown any capacity or disposition for ac tion at all. she ha occupied the Principalities nnd still holds them. She prevents Germany from hcingnnnllv < llussia ajfaiiii-l which the Pi usslan relation ship and tl.< personal disposition of the King of Prussia inlirlit fnrnish but feeble i'.,?rantces, and she manages. In spile ol her i ii< is ion. or rather, her lempor izing policy, to still remain the ally of England and France. This is tho light In which Austria and her conduct are looki I np >it here and *hrnugliout (leimany. Among the blind. the one-eyed is kin;.. Who would haic thought, when, in 18T8. the Emjieror of Austria was a lugi'.iv from his capital, that a few viars -ul-ci|iienl ly af'ti i In caking down lie -pirit of it hellion ll .-niih-i.out the Empire, he would he uh'.e tori pit -i nt tin ? i I ? i n I party in Germany ? the party ol ma terial pri fr< s. nt Imst, ai of national union ' The his torical reminiscences of Gi imany have always l? . :i in fcvnr ol An iiia the mi llatiaod mufti ot which Prince VetlerniiTi was one and Prince v'chwarzenlsTg another, were In 1 i ' e manner attached to ln r from l.a tied inwnids the upstart of Brandenburg, and now the national sentiment, which involves the lihctal sentiment of Germany. is also on her side. There wa< a time when tl.e House ot llapshurg increased its power l y niarrii'ge. i /'? Aiutria iii'l.'i) it now extends it by the blunders of all Eunqie, and especially by blunders of that Power, (I'russla,) which circumstances and tin genlns of one man, (Frederic,) hitil raised into a most foimidable mul it her own gates. The English press may now rav e ?t Austria, the I inperor of the f reuch m .y secretly curse her, Russia and Prussia may be bent on her dent ruction, her own fi II y may lead her to the brink of dissolution, yrt with .ill that she remains n great l owi r wiili nil Influence equally felt from the DUek Sea to the Rhine. Europe has had enoug! of the division of Poland. She nam BO ptofl illusion aild WWlld to WIHm bo obliged to resist the dismcnilieiiiu ut ol Austria .is unicli ,,s that of Turkey. There is no other great Power to pit ag nisi llussia in the I- . ? .1 Europe luit Austria, and if Austria will not . How herself to play such a part, her quii -? cure is still so .11 impi r ant hi object to the We. :ei n that important concessions will >?? made to it. IT e mine | rocc s is rcpc:,'ed in Germany, Austria prr ? ? is un|*ipuiur wi ll the masses but she is more popn'ir than Prussia, nnd there are no othi i European Powci i Gei inn ny I ut the two. Austi , i pm ?' wn liberty in II au gury and Italy but neither one nor the other is a German piovince. and tin ?i t appears less atrocious than tliut i en milted by German princes against their German sub jects. It is excused on the principle of self-preserva tion, if on no other one. Austria has no where suppressed Gciman nationality. She litis druwn the sword for it. She lias fought all her battles for German ascendency and appears now its only champion. So reason liernisn philosophers, professors, mid ilifihtmnln. and so reason princes, nohle?. editors and the people. It is unfortunate for Germany, and her influence on European politics, that Prussia in all her historical reminiscences -hould be so blindly opposed to France' It sei m? as if she saw no danger except on the Rhine, and that Russia was rather looked upon .is a fOrj.t , I , r?**m tl an a foreign power. It is said, that on a late occasion seme very offensive words were exchanged between Prince Napoleon and a well known Prussian representa tive in Paris. The battles of Jena and Waterloo were Introduced Into the conversation The Prince alhided to the foimer, the Prussian representative to tin latter forgetting that the battle of Waterloo was won by the Prussians conjointly with the English. Certain It is that If Napoleon. I mean the Emperor, should ever think ot turning his >agles against Germany. Prussia not Aus tria, will be the object of his attention We shall then -ce whether iTu-sia will be able to make her cause that of Germany. The preparations iir? renewed onslaught on the great Redan snd ti c MaUk ff tower are rapidly drawing to a clce an.' important r...|lts mn?t ?.on follow. Dtplo mr. y is '?*. -ynh'f Kardlne -till t ? watch the progr. -s of the "??r nd the future .tepcfids entirely nn the sword. I i.e M~*iali-t reb- Ui.m in f, I i'oni? is *>ipnr???ed Tie ' luiV'ttl N J* |s |.le;,tifnl f. J (' lilt IX THIS WAR .AFFAIRS BEFORE SEBASTOPOL. The following are the daily despatches from the Cri mea : ? Ji i.t 10. ? flen. Simpson encloses the return of casnal tii'S to the 8th of July ; regrets they are ho heuvy In killed and wounded; states the general health of the army in g< I'd. und announces that at live o'clock on the morning of the 10th a heavy fire wan opened on the Retlan by the allied batteries. July 11. ? Gorts chakoff tedegraphs : ? The enemy ha* re newed a vigorous cannonade. Yettterday, at 8 P. M., Ad viral Nachimoff received a severe wound, and ha* since died. Until further order*, Admiral Fanfllnff is appointed 1o succeed the deceased ax commander of the naval gar rison, and l'ort und Military Governor of Sebastopol. Jily 13. The Time* correspondent writes: ? Last night the Russians kept up a tremendous lire. I am sorry to say that the battery which the French constructed be tween the Mamelon and the Malakoff, has been knocked to pieces by the powerful fire of the laitor fort. A colonel and thirty officers and men were put hurt <la eombat, and the siege works have received a decided check. In fact, bh the allies advance to the actual defences of the place, they must expect to meet more elaborate works and ob stacles heaped on one another with all the care which many months of preparation admit. Even now the ene my ure strengthening the Malakoff every day. It is not what it was on the 18th of June, and a fortnight hence it will not be what it is now. The battery at the White Works, however, still goes on, and its effect will be proved in a few days. July 10.? Prince Gortschakoff announces having made two sorties, on the 14th and 15th, before the bastion Kor nileff, which were satisfactory. Nothing of importance bad occurred in other parts of the Crimea. Jl LY 23. ? Gen. Pellssier telegraphs The enemy ap peared to have taken alarm last night, and opened a very brisk fire on the right and left of our lines of attack. Our batteries replied successfully. I have good intelligence from Yenikule. Everything there is going on well under the direction of Col. Osmort, who has taken measures to establish order at Kertsch. This day Gen. Pelissier inspected the French troops on the Tcbernaya. and found them in an effective state. July 25.? Pelissier telegraphs: ? "After a brisk can nonude the Russians made a sortie, about midnight, on the left of the little liedan. As we are now close to them, it did not take the enemy one minute to reach our gabionades. The Russians were promptly received, and were repulsed, leaving some wounded and eight dead; the darkness enabled them to carry off the others. General Bisson was on duty in the trenches. Jl'LY ?6.? Gen. Simpson telegraphs : ? Cholera has not increased since my last report, and the general health of the army continues satisfactory. FBOCJKKSS OF TIIE 81EOE. [From the Ismdon Times, July 26.] Although several weeks have now elapsed since tho oc currence of the last great events at tho siege of Sebasto pol, this interval of time lias undoubtedly served to con ciliate the position of the allied armies In the Crimea, to remov e many of the < auscs of apprehension excited by the return of summer, and to advance by slow but cer tain steps the operations of the siege. Of all these grounds of satisfaction the most important are the health of the at my, the success of tho sanitary measures adopt ed in the camps, ami the favorable climate we have found in the southern districts of the Crimea. Among the ex aggerated perils and objections which were at one time conjured up in this country to bring tho Crimean expedi tion into disrepute, it was roundly asserted that the cli mate was of Arctic severity in winter, and pustilential in summer: whereas it was perfectly well known to those who had examined the subject that this region enjovs the average temperature of the southern coast of Urcat Britain. The army has, of course, ac quired a degree of stability and vigor in campaigning, which was not to be expected when ttrst it took the Held; and we are confident, from the numbers, tho condition, and the valor of these troops, and tho large amount of their field artillery, that the allied armies are ablo to en counter with the most confident expecta'ions of success any force the enemy can by possibility bring against them. The delay which has occurred lias had the advan Inge of converting our invasion of the Crimea into an oc cupation of several of the most importont points in tho iwninsula. Eupatoria, Kamiesch, Ualal.lava and Yeni kule are now fortified stations, which wo shall hold during the whole continuance of the war. We apprehend that the Russians themselves can entertain no hope of renewing the attack of Inkermun. or of shaking off the grasp which tho iron hand of war has placed on one of the richest portions of the Imperial dominions. Had Sebastopol been carried last autumn by a roup ile main, we should at once have effected our primary object in the destruction of that for ties*, but we should not have proved in so remarkable a manner tho inability of the whole power ol the Ilus.-ian empire to repel the adversaries who have now established themselves on the Crimean coast. We trust, however, that this firm position of the allies will enable thein at no distant period to extend their active operations beyond the Belbek, and that it is merely a ijuesliou of time at what moment it may be most expedient to commence such a movement against the encampments front which the enemy still continues to throw reiuforcemeuts and munitions of all kinds into Sebastopol. '1 lie temporary silence of the batteries, which hits suc ceeded to the furious bombardments and assaults of the first half of the month of June, denotes that tho besiegers are conducting their approaches to the key of the (>oi tion with greater caution and regularity, and that we shall probably hear no more of a profuse expenditure of lile until our guns have lioen brought so near the walls as to subdue the fire of the enemy. The report of Prince Gortschakoff on the action of the 18th of June Is a care ful. though not, strii tly speaking, an accurate account of that operation. The ltussian General overrates the forces engaged by the French and Knglish armies and the los.es they sustained; he docs not clearly show that the failure of the attack by the French column was mainly caused by the wtnt of simultaneous action, anil that the engagement on the extreme right, in which (ieneral May ran tell, was, in fact, over before the columns under Gen. Brunet and Gen. Autemarre advanced. Ho entirely omits the lcmarknble fact that the attack of General Eyre's bri gade on the extreme left enabled a handful of British troops not only to penetrate into the houses and gai n ? at the bottom of the ravine, but to remain there all day; but. with these exceptions, the report gives a tolera. y connected view ot this action, and ii enables us to torin a morccorrect opinion on one or t? o points of the means of resistance ol the garrison. 1* cleaily appears, in the first plac e, that in ti.ia. as in all the preceding instances, the Russian* succeeded after the bombardment in re-establishing the line of defence of Sebastopol in its primitive state, and, though it is not denied that the works were severely damaged by the lire of the besiegers, means have constantly been found to repair the Ones and to construct new batteries, even under a heavy fire. This is one of the principal circum stances which di< tinguish the siege of Sebastopol front all other sieges iti history, and which show the nncominon skill with which the Russian engineers avail then, elves of the new system of fortification they have crealc I. while the Russiiin'troops.'ifpliyenunlencigy in the execution of these pluns. Sebastopol may be, -aid to bede iendodby the spadeas m;:ch a s by the sword, and repeated experience has now shown that in works of this nature the Utmost damage earned by a bomlsrdment from siege trains even Of unexunipled magnitude ard power m y l>e repaired within a few hour* by an active and resolute garrison. That, of course, Is a peci liar advantage which work < re vetted with masonry can never per -. and ih" i">n' a t. which has lately I con drawn by a writar in the Klinii ug Ri riiw between the speedy f?U of the lowers of Bomar -uni and the proti. .ted res! tauce of the earthwork.- of Silist ia and Seba tepol is a most Instruct!" o lc ? n in the art of defence. 'Jo rend r the bombardment of Sc'jast i pel i f nl v .se at all as a preliminary to the.osc ilt ? f lie plncc, it must lie followed In-'antlj by <he at icklngn ? fi.n.n ,, for th. inte vul of a single night has on more than i tie occasion sufficed to con ute balance the oiTe . ? < i one of tin e gigantic operation*. Cm the 18th of June, however, the lt?s<ian? e tployef another resource, '"or which they descrv it-id credit. Although the rapture of tho White W rks a the 7th of Jul o had ? .in' J the French on th : M.t to mi mand the Careening Boy, out allies do no; appear at th r time to have brought jii> ? t a heavy etUio* l.-cr t the port, lot ii (Stated that 's . ?-? t a u-rs- f.? . advanced to th< Careening Beiy point, at .. romio. ?< nu n of the action, and opened a 1 1 ?? Fni ii i" the i vine where their re ? i ve w p' ? e t. cen. Pelissier had al <'i.d !?> ' irvtini?t: ? in his report, and i inCi ate" -> .i- ingenuity on the part of the defence .hat this .. t ici ?? int f the n.. .-?! f -ei of the enemy should havi been thi.- employed. We have* ry little doubt tl a? belore tl e alts is renewed, but'i i o; a far gieater range will have I ecu established In inch a manner i> i i command the p at. and *h n i will then become cvacticabk to sink or burn from the heights these maritime auxiliai -set th" gcriseii. In fact, as we draw neari t to I lt?- < ? ? t. and avail our-eh ? of ti e ci inn, and of the <aat both . x'tem i of t "i<* lineT.f attack, the c lnmunieatiou oi to g.u rKon with the northern side ol tl e harbor, from which the g. rl?? 'i dni" s it- ni"st important supp i ? will Is c >m > more dlf fici.it. and the shipping which is - e ill aloat ought to i ? altog"iher destroyi d. Although none e.t the i i that ha^eyet b<en employed against tin i ac. at. : i decisive charactei ? and we are t r? ? ? to C' nil ' i tb i. tie i 1 la Is en tnoie nove lty of imen i' n in tin dc >n ? ? tlia < n the sidi e<| the attack? ye t e-ach ?I the tep I r ha be -en take n exhausts and k stroj s s"ine portion ol th- d IcuC" and this stueely progress of the Issiegers has n v r Is en thrown bsck by any iststtive succ < emtio p t of the enemy. 'Ihc only advantage, indeed, which tii ? Rursisns can bonst -I 1? that of tvlng .? i ted ir nt tai ls, but they have lieileel themselves in every i; rtie, in every attempt to !'? rce our lines, and in every attempt since the 17th October to subelue ejn? fire. Oar eiilltar/ efforts, like our political resolutions, feeiulre only to bo ci nducted ein the pi inciplo of Is rd 1.) ndharit's wise an 1 brave advice?" Persevere." <in many accounts the Cri mean expedition is highly favored by the salubrity of the country and the efficiency of the army; the supplies re quisite for the trot ps are now thoroughly organiied, and the lesse.ns of the past year are not thrown away. We therefore e-xpeet the result with pnliencc and ceinlidence, persuiiele'd as we are that the expedition only awaits the direction of its leaders to bring this great enterprise to a victorious termination. SEA OF AZOFF. DEfTHrCTlON OP THK BKIIX1K OP DOATf. A despatch from Captain Hewi tt, of the lirltish -hip Besglev announced that he had sent his boats to er amine the communication between the town of Genitchisle and Arabat Hpit. and found it to lie by means of a ferry of two huge fiats and hawsers. Both the hawsers were cut anet the fiats turned adrift by the ships' boats, (in July 3el a body ol Kusslan troop? eame to the beach and opened a fire of niu?ketry at about eighty yards, but without effect, while the ship* and boat* fired grape on the exposed troops and inllicte?d mach loss. The ltnsslnn* are fortifying the Spit of Arslstt. Since the bombardment of Taganrog measure* of de fence haee been sdopt-d. The arms of the IVin have >ieen . and retidere?| inaccessible. Batteries have- Le<*n trected on flic ecast, and a flotilla of gunboata estab lished ?n the river. TherelsaUoa s'rong bodyol'Cos j sucks and other troops, iid>1<t the orders of (Jen. Buo Tert, collected near Niooiaief. Strong fortifications are being erected at Kobtoff. and the channel of the Don is ob structed. THE PRINCIPALITIES. ntXPARATlONS FOR A CAMPAIGN ON TBI DANUBE. A letter from Hilistria, of the 11th lilt., states that Isnutel I'aeha bad announced to hi* troops the approaching open ing of a campaign in Bessarabia. Turkish reinfercenent continue to be sent to the fortified places on the Lower Danube, and the force now quartered from Hhumla t ? I'ubadugh is celled 45,000 men. The Russians do not ap pear to fear any attack in the Dobrudscha. Preparations were making at Yarnu for the expected arrival of a French and English force earl/ in August. The English I arc collecting large supplies at Sinope. # THE WAR IN ASIA. ITrom the London Times, July 27.] Of the three roada or lines of operation by which the 1"lTe hoped to advance for the overthrow or the Ottoman empire, two are for the present effectual ly closed against them. The time is a/ready long past ??. " .RuMlan army occupied the Danubian Principal! ties, and appeared to threaten the lines of the Balkan. ?inn fleet.' JET? J? "topped against the Rns ?,?* ???i ? ,wl'lct' UKed hover along the Turkish coasts, and might l.avo thrown an army into Roumelia or Ana 1^. !"' e,a"U'rn fr?n*leJ of AHi" Minor alone remains comparatively unprotected, and there it must be confess ed that a more powerful or energetic enemy might have assailed the Turkish territories with a strona prospect of advantage. The Turkish nnny collect en the frontier of the Pnshnlic of Kars has been throughout the war in a very pitiable condition Its commanders showed a total want of military skill and courage in the engagements which took place, in the last campaign, and they were most reluctantly compelled to submit to the morn I ascendency and superior activity of the Europeans, who had joined their camp al most as volunteers. The troops lost all confidence in their native officers, and they were scandalously plundered or neglected hy those who ought at least to have watched over their interests. Colonel Williams, who had acquired considerable topographical Knowledge of the country while employed on the survey of the Persian frontier was appointed by the influence of l/ird Stratford de Red' cliffe to attempt the reorganization of this force, but it has been found almost impossible to obtain from the Porte those reinforcements, stores, and supplies which V? indispensable to the prosecution of the war. The chief cause of the astonishment we feel In look ing to this remote part of the theatre of war is that the Turkish army has not suffered any more decided reverses. At the outbreak of hostilities Prince Worcnzoff proposed to tho Emperor Nicho las to march at once upon Erzeroum. which might at that time have been practicable; but I he Court of St . Petersburg refused to sanction this enterprise. Since then the events of the war have materially weakened the resources of Russia in the Trnnncuucasiaii province* Hie loss of the sea and of all the fort 1 roailH along the Circassian coast renders it difficult for her to maintain military communication wllh (leorgia, except by way ol I.'e rl end and the Caspian Sea. The pressure applied to every other part of the einpiro has of course rendered it far more difficult and dangerous to throw an important corps d'armee into an outlying province, where it was wholly unable to co-operato with the other forces of the Czar. Indeed, although it is still asserted that (icnera I Mouravieff commands ?n army of3ti,000 men, we suspect the larger portion of this force consists of the (?eorgiiin militia, capable, perhaps, ol defending it# ??nn against an undisciplined enemy, bnt wholly unable to undertake so great an expedition as the conquest of Asia Minor. The Russians in (-eorgia are. moreover, incessantly menaced by the highland tribes on their northeastern frontier, who have [ frequently ad\anced in their marauding excursions tothe neighborhood of the Teflis. This diversion has proved highly advantageous to the Turks, for more than once has it seemed probable that one of the border fortresses would have fallen, if Schamyl or hi.s followers had not called off the attention of the enemy. According to a recent report General Mouravieff lis s thus been again, compelled to abandon tho siege of Kars, and if this .-,tate nicnt be correct , we must inter that although the Turk ish army in Asia has been grossly neglectcd. the Russians have not strength enough To take advantage of its en feebled condition. If this l?e the case, it might be ?? pectcd that if the Turkish forces were raised to a state ol tolerable efficiency, either hy employing the Anglo-Turk l<n (i?illiipt there, or by supplying the primary wants v i 11 niiglit even assume the offensive, and shake the hold which Russia still retains ou these coun tries. The whole condition of Asia Minor, however, cannot fail to press more and more directly on the consideration ol the allies mid friends of Turkey. It is from the A?iatir provinces of the <nipire that the Sultans have continued to draw the principal elements of their revenues and their military power; yet, it is there that the decay of the authority of the Porte is most perceptible. The country is erce< diugly insecure. Kven the neighborhood of 1-myrnn is infested by robbers, who levy a regular '?black mail'' on the inhabitant '. The tribute ol' the I usha is unpaid. The '?onseription hns thinned the ranks of the male population among the Mussulman s. while the J* reek and Armenian races are agitated by the conflicting hopes and excitements which pervade the empire. Kor all the ordinary purple* of government we question whether there is a country in the world, unless it X' . pain, in which more hopeless confusion and weakness prevail at the present time than in the Asiatic provinces of Turkey. Even under our own colors, the Bashi-itazouks, who ore fierce adventurers collected treim nil parts of the empire to form ii legular trooi .-, 1. are recently broken through the re straint of military discipline, and are said to have com io ted sets of grist brutality which our officers were competed to repress by main force. It is by no means improbable flint as the war continues the tate of tbese Provinces will become still more unsettled, unless it Ik* found practicable to support the authority of the govern ment by the pre?euce and power of a more regular force. Rut, while we urge the importance of improving the military resources of Turkey in Asia Minor, we by n't mean*, agree in the view of tno.-c persons who have re commended the employment of Euro; can forcei on the southern shore of the Euxlne. 'Hie Rus-lans, we know, cannot make any considerable adiance into the interior ef the country, because they v told run the risk of see ing a detachment of the allied armies intercepting thei.i l'";" "l-eiations t,y Hn advance from the coast Hut the pos ilii.ity ot such on event suffices to pre vent its occurrence. On every account it Is most undesirable that any part of the allied armies should be diverted fr< m the greut object of the enterprise In which they are engaged, or sent, under any circumstances. te> make war up. n theKoorand the Araxes. Hostilities will be io u biles s cairie.; on in thnt region, but we believe they Will continue t< be of ,;n undecisive cnriractnr. War par tnl.es of the nattue of the country in v.hi h it is carried on, and it li r.me wild, irregular, ami struggling in a mstilct to which the t Ms of civilization have never yet penetrated, although it claim ? to be the cradloof tho hu min race. To c< nvey supplies, arms, ammunition, and leinforccment- to the Turkish army i? therefore all that ci.r e expe .-ted or eqnii.st. We hope the Porte will now Have the in. n- of nr. viding these necessaries. nnd that the Bi itl h nr. 1 ' i .1( |i authorities will take care to su perlntendtliL application of a portion of the funds to be ruisci f< r Ti . y to this purpose. There, more than any w here , tl e re ? " of the Turkish army should he em pmyed. aid lis a bo os which have heretofore pre vailed to an clan, .i g cx c:,t should be redressed. We find '11 the / endmet Hdge the following letter from Vienna. -Intel the -'Oth of July:? Whilst the i .es are di .cussing the cv podiency of a diversion < the I Danube, the Rtii- lans are execut liijt on* a, v. ? i ippcars to lie much more serious and more mennung ii. it i conscjucir es. The last ac count from UM. lai tii ,. pie oonflrtii my prev-ieus state mti't that mm ? I, /e um were H tlie rji-eafest dan fl V?m" ' '"JP* *fre B.'luing ground In . "e ?' t t" S,!' " ? , Moura r ,i , , ' '. "wiww mcn' bbi' k'ding Kars, r' '1 :,V ! ' ''?'Tnr1 n,;! npe.5 I'rzerouir " . i" , Turkish army, wli h should * ' ' l' ' ' 1 a I : . ? - oriii, was ' -'ven into the fortress roll V',1' "4! ' yr1o;; ^ General Mrod. Should Kars . 'n..V ' 1 , .u -..in.', the ci my of Anatolia '! Ip> .1 its arms or be ai .ihil'-ed Thegm 1,1 '' ' 'nt' exiied o,0's> ir< rt. The Ru? w, " - 1 houg'i not imp. ioT since tliey ' "? ?' eii' vcr he1 -? sufficient ! 'T.." 1 ' <"?V ' v 'i the i . P>icn< stnt< v ' . ' ' ' 1 "y cminfry ? -insidered .>(?"1 er li e so. m e ol il,e r. -v Minister of Win r"'r. ;1" V rt:.n? of i.eni ral WUMnmi i * ' ' " ?' | hieing it or a respectable foot II'R. A no ? St. I 'impaign of the Iln - ,ms in Asia . mor voiili! i \y j,, j.j ( , <1,^ Crimean i ?. , e. .ion, - io ( t! ?.< .1.1 oblige the alii. : to ^end to th< ,! ' ' ' i' i ? ,e:r. - in . able to thi a.iyls JK.rg.-.N 0| ? I. J>o?r, everyl . dy know* tha' t. . aoii - tin ii i -el . i have i!en andeti t e U troonstoun dertake, with lor e ch.nce of -ucc< an euternri-. which WO, ii, -ate for the fa ,, , tMr'ffi 1.. 18th ot. line. Ii the Ru-un-, <?i their side, are ef'l- mu "ti' has trnnsjJreil of their new Older I battle tl. , )| v.: : .ot ICS than nin< ??? divisions of in font. y cth. .. rm d Um north to .nth. fh' lit aud 3>I mv.-:"n ,"p ,,, |. r and the 2d inCs.u- rd Vine dl vi-1. ns. the e b. S;h, Utb. 10th. 11th, 1 Hi, 14ih.l?th snd , , ? ft"Vn,tl," ' wh' "' -H-.1 tly I- joined by the 4th. -. I. itul 7'h. IV?-ar?bia I- iided st this momently the l.'.th divide. The loih and 1?ihaie o|. .' eg I A-ia, at I ?he lPth. 'JOth. nnd .'l-t. which no longer behtfig to the active srmy, are Uk iml? stationed In Is nnd con -tit ute the special corp. ..fthe Caucasus, f veiy division of In! nt.y Is provi.Ud wbh cavalry am! rrtllfory. In nd. it ion to th are the fie ' who have hitherto pie ervc I a p: ??Ive altitude. | h? tir?t oivd-lor ' f,u"' "'"I ' nf r-ei .1 'ler. 1. em j loved In Finland, and the in.: , M ?M now n arching to the r. |f t? th, " aVI*e.'i 1" ' ! reserves of the corp of grenadlejs arid of the giia 1 r well a* fho?e of the aet.v. army an. tl" militia, it Will Ix found that Ru-ia in oppose on ( very point a icgj tcluMe fo; c? to her en' u.i* THE ATTITUDE OF AUSTRIA. There is reason to believe that at the pre ? ??t moment the attitude ot Ai tria 'K-essions semie snviety, If not positive disquietude, to the Western Cabin ' t?. I versinri the rupture ?,l the \ |< nnn Conference, the nonieroiis Rus finn njfi nts at \ i. una have labored with redoubled energy to detach Au-lria cimpletely from England and France I r ring the pa t fortnight much progress has Ifen made, b'it particularly during the past six or elgln days the r* ?nlt? are n. ore nnd inore obaei table. At St. Petersburg the most lr>ndly sneisl relstb^is are sgsln eifsndrd U> the Au^:rian Ambassador and his countrymen, who wtre f re . b usly treated wjfli more than luinlrur. Th' re Is no truth in the statement re ently put fort b that France and Knglsnd had sent a circular to the (Jer man courts announcing that the Western Powers no loner con-ider themselves bound hy the ti . aty of He c. ml*r, or the four points of guarantee. |? , oa^inenee e,f the rupture ol the conferences of Vienna. It is tr,u that what psssssl at those conferences is 'vir.leii i.s atn^w-as having never occurred, by reaM.Jrf ,h,,r rupture but the guarantees how gos.l ,n,i ,.e .tin rl. garded s- the b^sis of fatuie negotiations ?bee ever the <,me may c iue to n n- <? tfcem. Tlisj

Bu sayıdan diğer sayfalar: