27 Temmuz 1860 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 4

27 Temmuz 1860 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. 4AIKI QURDON K II II KT V) EDITOR AND PR0PR1KR0R. VTIC1 M. V. OOENKU or MAMAO AMD VTLTON 8IU. TMiiM\ rath 4n mdtanr*. Mnnry tmU bt/ mi" ?#<1' at UW rt?t qr <*? MMkr. Potto*/' ttj/m.pt mot rtomd at tuitocnptkm DA1LT HKRA ID hN will pm ropy. V per m< ?. TUM WHtlKLY HLKAl.P, tvrry Satur-lay, at rU rmUptr ?ar 93 per Uiwium. <A? Eumpnut Muwt. tvery W'-Jnetday, ott.lt prr erpy, $4 prr annum l.t any pari of Great HriUtin, m W* $6 to any t?ir< </ th* OkmHivnt. Ktlh to inrlu.le no'tay; On California liiiii-m >? (A* IrfA ami WtA of *>cA uui.. m at til emit Mr oopv, or f 1 BO (V* <W >! <<?. rflt FAMILY Hf.UALD on WtJiu'day, a! four comtt ptr 0PV, or R prr VOLUNTARY IXJUBKSPO.VnKJfrX, rnnt.iinxnq important WW, toHcited from any qti*rUr a/ tA? toirlH; if u.ft, ttill ot , Uborally paid for. ttf I >0R Kokkioh 00B?B?r0.-?D*?iTt i?? rinwouut Kmomtu to liu all Lnnu an* r*o?**JVT) NOTICE taAxn of anonymont corrtrpoifUn"- **' 'to not rtturm r<yrrttd rmmmu/iira: wnJ. VOIbib* * ?? ??? MU8KMKNTS THIS KVKNINO. tmturs UABDKN. Broad* ?y.-An?DI* M *?? Wo*Mini Lamt. ______ WTMTKR OAKPKH, Bro*dw*y, oppodl* Bond itreet.? OoMCKtrr?Km OEoinnoa. WAM<A(TI THKATBK, Broadway.?Doxn't axo Ho?? Niaciiiaroui Aknis. ( AURA KKKNK'8 THKATBK, Ko. CU Broad way.-0p? AUUOU COOUM. KKW BOwitKT THKATBK, Bowery.?II aml?t I-lsr ! ???MllMCUT CoxsriRAtou. BARNTJ1PB AMKRTOAN MTOKTM, Briwidwuv -P??y Mid Knmlng?Fnuoriax bosoa, Dacu, Bciuxs^vls, Utikq Cvuomtms, Ac. NATIONAL OONCV.RT SALOON, National Tfcealr?.Bo?c?, Duirri, BvuvHicri, Ac. PALACK OARI>KN, Fourteenth atreet?Vocal a*d 15- ' THOME KT41. COIOIM. OANTKUBURT OONCKRT 8ALOO.V, No. C6i! Broadway.? oftoa, Dacti, BoBU-ViCia, Ac. M?w York, Krlilar, July '47, Ihoo. The New*. The town of Occaquan, Virginia, lias been the scene of considerable excitement for some'days, in consequence of on attempt on the part of certain parties to demolish a liberty pole erected by tlie j black republicans, from which floats a flag bearing 1 the names of the republican Presidential nominees. The'republicarm of Occaquan determined to prevent the threatened demolition of their flagstaff or die in the effort, and accordingly despatched m?s Bengcrs to neighboring tonus for arms and ammunition. They also notified Governor Letcher of tlie state of affairs, and he assured them that they should be protected. The Governor ordered General Hatton fo call out his command, but it is said the General resigned rather than obey the order. At last accounts the military of Alexandria were expecting I to be called out to preserve the peace. Occaquan, the scene of the disturbance, contains some three hundred republicans. It was the residence of J Underwood, who was ostracised by Iih fellow citizen* some year* ago because of his fanaticism. Underwood was a delegate to the Chicago Convention, and lias recently written a letter to Miss Barbour, a lady of Virginia, who contemplates emancipating her slaves, which could hardly fail to reawaken the indignation of his political Opponents. The California pony express lias r?commenoed r>perutionj?, after a Fispenaion of sereral weeks, caused by the hostiliiics of the Indians on the Plains. The expiesn which left San Francisco on the lltli inMant reached St. Louis yesterday. The Mews is (our days later, and a nummary of it may be found under the appropriate head. The Sonora Hailed f/om San Francisco for Panama on tho 11th instant, with 2'.'9 pa.s?engera and fi?33,0<)0 in trcawire for New York. No mails were tuketl by the Sonora, but letters nnd newspapers were despatched by expre*s. Quite a number of vessels wort loading with produce at San Francisco fur foreign ports. The Vistula had cleared for New York with a cargo of wheat, pork, hams, hides, dr., valued at flb0,00<>. By Uu bark Pyrmont. arrived at Baltimore, we ' hare received files of papers from Montevideo to [ June P. Dr. Velez, the Buenos Ayreau Commission- ! cr to the President of the ArgentineConfederation, I had arrived at Hosario. Gen. Lopez, e\ (Jovernor j of Santa Fe, wn? in prison at llosario for an attempted revolution. His nephew and a few per- | ftonol friends attempted a rescue, but failed, and were them^elrc* locked up. Iu the inelce. the for I tner, who is an c.\ Mayor of tlje city, wa* wounded. ' There is no other news. Additional files of Vera Cruz, pipers to the 11th < inat. have come to hand. Miramon had succeeded l in getting ba< k I tra. where he was at < latest dates, with a littl < over four thomnud men, ; with whom he was keeping at bay at least three i times that number, under Oga*m and others. I Tlie IVnce of Wales embarked on board the < fttcamei Hero, at St. Johns, yesterday forenoon, and at eleven o'clock ?ailed tor Halifax. We give an account of the Prince'- movements in anotier column. The ateamer New Ynik.with the United States 1 natrouomk al party sent to Labrador to observe the 1 re ^nt eclipse of the sun arrived at St. Johns, N*. ' F.f yesterday. The Board of Aldermen m*t yesterday. \ra<wn i the petition* presented was one from member* of \ the New York I/Ocal Preaching Association, aAiug , permi*uoa to expound the Owpsl lo the open air, ^ and ?Uo lo erect tmt in Jackaon square, wherein to hold religion excrcUes. A long and auim.i'ed diiKUMiua enn.ed on the presentation of this petition. a report of which i? gtven in another oolumn, ' nod finally the paper waa referred to the Commit- ' tee on Street'. The financ* Commlttre reported < in fa?or of an L'sue of $.1,400,000 of floattn; debt I fund stock. and the report was accepted. A reso- 1 luticn ti? adopted directing the Ninth Vvenue | Railroad Company to run cars to the Central Park. ( The communication from the Comptroller calling for additional appropriations \v?.h taken up, and f >56,000 for printing and binding documents and 30,000 for Are eaeapca were added to the esti- | c males. A motion to ?Uik? out the ?.um oi tl0J,000 r for the Japanese entertainment w is lost, and thj a subject v m Anally laid on Uie ubie by a vote of * nine to k'ren. j At a meeting of the Hoard ot Supervisors h'Id i yeaterday. communication ws Received from the ( Comptroller asking for an addition il appropriation , Of 913.630. which wai referred to the CtiJiruittee on Tnxe*. The County Treasurer a report for the j week ending July 10 shows a balance of 1225,73J. A Urge number of bill# were then oidered to be |>aid, a full report of which will be found elsewhere. The Board adjourned until Tbui ?dav next ^ fit three o ilo. k. I The Committee on Finance of the Hoard or Al- i dermen met yeaterday at the City Hall, foi the ' trans*.?ion of business. Mr. Wdliams, Treasurer ? Of the < bildren'a Aid Society. appeared on Ik half c of that association. In relation to an appror>rialion Of >3.000 which was pas*e<J upon by the Hoard of j . Councilman. The committee promised to fcport | '' favorably on the petition at the next Meeting. Mr. j Smith. the Street Commissioner. appeared m re- ' lation to a communication of the Comptroller, aik- <' Ing for an extra appropriation of ti&.QQQ for the t] dm of the Street Department. Mr. Smith stated o that he had Been the Comptroller, and that they had ? arranged to reduce the amount to >50,000. After ' attending to aomc minoi boalawa, the cimmi tee m djoumed. In the 8np?rm* Court jenterJay morning I.*ri H. 0 Cbatfield aerred a notice of motion f<?r an injim.lion to retrain the Common C<>nn< ii from paying nj of tlie t>ilU for tlie Japanc?> reception, nn.l ' particular!)* that of the Mcaarft. I/oJand. The plain *i Ufl ?llcRf*. va iofoiMlion and belief, that uuui t< be*-* of Hit Couimou Couucil Ai ;?o-H*d of ticket.* for the ball at prices t.iagihi from 110 to 1100, *n J that the w hole expeuse of the Lclands diJ not ex cctd $10,000, for which it w*3 agreed tbc> shonIJ present a bill of $91,000, one third of the letter amount to be given to the Common Council. The Chicago Zouaves returned tj this city yesterday morning from Boston. >a t.ie ateupier Connecticut, of tlie Norwich and Worcester line, aud were received on tlu-ir arrival by the Second company. National Guard, Capt. Alexander Sh:iler, H^companied by the full National (luard band. As the steamer approached the dork a national e lute was fired from two bra*s field piece- on the steamboat dock. The two companies subsequently embarked on board the steamer Tamiaend, specially chartered for the occasion, and proceeded to West Point, where they visited me muuurj Acaaemy, nua aiiDsequeniiy gave ei liibition drills on the lawn in front of Coziens' Hotel, in the presence of the Hon. Jefferson I>avw, Governor Bunks, of Massachusetts, and Colonel Hardee, the military instructor at West Point. The Second company, National Guard, followed the perfonuer3, by giviug a specimen of their metal, and were warmly applauded. They returned to town la*t night, reaching this city at eleven o'clock. To day the Zouaves depart for Philadelphia . The Police Commi.v.ione? appointed at their meeting yesterday Asa Mills patrolman. No other businea* of importance transpired. The sales of cotton yesterday cmbraood about 1,600 bale*. clotiwg ou (be basis of quotation.^ c.veu ia another column. Of tbe Mock on hand, the propitious of cottons above tbe grades of good middlings wore I ght, Flour was i.friiiM heavy and lower, clo-.inh' at a further decline, cappri.illy for rommon and medium grades of SUta and Wrtton, wb.'c tbe higher qualities were irregular. Southern flour wassomo cheaper for common aud medium grades, while choice family qualities were about tbe same. The .lei were fair. Wheat was again lower, but actire at the concession, with the chief demand for ei po:t. Corn was without change ot mo meal, while the market w:it toU rably act.ve. I'ork was easier, w.th sales ol new m<- -s at H!>20 i $19 25 an J of new prime at >14 20 Sugars continued in good demand. Grocory good^ wore S 'Ktaiued, wliilo refining grade were about one eigfith cent lower. The sale? embraced about 1 ,.*>00 hogshead -and 800 box'-, at prices given in another column. Coffee wa* firm, while sales were light. A caruo of Rio, which arrived in I'hitadelphia vosterday by the Leighton, was sold at 15'?c.. ex thip. f reights had another decided advance yesterday, esjiccially for Liverpool, for which s?:ae 40.000 busbclt wheat were cngap^d tn bulk at O^d , and in sliip'sat 10-.'., 10?4'U. a lOljd., and flour at 23. CI. T<> l.on l >o. tbe shii> Esmeralda was taken up U> load with wiie-it at 101 , in bags; for flour, 3s. was asked. To Glasgow, 5.COO bushels wbea'. wer.> engaged, in ship's bug . at 101 . aud 2 COO barrels flour at 2- 0 I. The Impending Crista?The Disunion Party at the North. Wo have already taken occasion to direct the attention of the conservative voters of the Middle States and elsewhere to the vicorous way in which the extreme Southern party is preparing fo'* the dissolution of the Union in the event of the election of Mr. Lincoln. We perceive now that the black republican press generally, in commenting upon the Keitt and Yancey manifestoes, take the grouni that the cry of disunion commenced at the South, and claim that the party which snpporte Mr. Lincoln is the only real national. Union organization. To show how absurd is this doctrine, we give thi' morning a speech by the notorious abolition leader. William Lloyd Garrison, delivered at a meeting held at Framingham. Massachusetts, on the 4th of thU month, and participated in by the Hon. Henry Wilson, a republican Senator of the United States. Mr. Garrison does not hesitate to awow that disunion has been his lifelong platform. For thirty years the cry of his faction has been ' No union with slaveholders; down with this slareholding government. Let this covenant with death and agreement with hell' be annulled. l*et there be a free, independent Northern republic, and the apeedy iiliolitlon of slaverv will inevit&lilv follow." So Mr Garrison and his republican friends are working to dissolve this blood-stained Union a? a matter of paramount importance." "Paramount" is the word. "Paramount''?that is, (he thing to be considered over and above all other thing-. The Garrisonian platform being taken and iccepted at the South as the only true black republican declaration of principles, the owners of slave property are forced into an antagonistic position in self defence, and thus the extremist* on either side of Ma<onV and Dixon's line lie upon their arms, awaiting the signal for battle. It is quite true that she spoils seeking action of the abolition party repudiate, by word of mouth, the Garrisonian doctrines. They say, in effect, keep quiet until we get into power, ;?nd then we cun bully the South with impunity. So Gurri-on, to keep well with the very black republicans, abusee I inoln and affect* to be c?ppo?ed to liim. All this is done to spur up the purely political republican* to Garri-on's immediate and unconditional abolition platform. It is a curious fact, also, that the Journal of (omwet. which was established by Arth ir Tuppan at about the time when the ?ntl .?larerv agitation commenced, is also doing Lincoln's work in an indirect manner. The Jvnn.nl (/ ii,'- c. although it hu' turned many colors and assumed many shades, is still true to its original in-tincU. The little nigger la* never got out from that fence. It is on account of this leaning to abolitionism that the 7f?. >iill of (<i>i*1" c now proposes that the conlerTatlre vole of the Stale shall be cut and ar\od up between two or more electoral tick- i ?. when it should be consolidated upon one. | nd thiit one the candidate who will have the , >est chance of beating Garrison's candidate, j thiamin I.mcoln. The Meeka of the Journal of [V ,< t arc u well awnre of thi* any one lse: but their game is to help Lincoln by watering the conservative vote. On the other hand, we have the repubiean pnrly inclining to the C;?rrisonian tlnUbrm. but too timid. aj Garrison mv?, o proclaim then>.?elvns in favor of it ["heir real position cannot be concealed by ophi?t;eal abstractions. They are no far comnltted to r:"lical anti slavery doctrine*? in fact, hey bare no other party capital- that if they hould obL.in power they would be obliged to ontinue the agitation, which would then go on intil the Soi.th would be compelled to withIraw from association# which could no longer ?e malutalned with honor. The election of i .incoln would be the first step and it is the j r?t step that cost.* towards the dissolution of | he l uion The proposition hi a perfectly plain ne. It is srstained by the fact* in the onse nd the simple logic of common sense. We have published the Keitt manifesto on one ide and the Garriaon pro*i"nd<tinithto on the thei in order to show the real state of feeling iat e.\l?ts between the extremist of both seeon? We have endeavored also to show that, iov.ld l incoln be elected, the Northern a^pres onUts would te?eire an important accession t t!#u monl nu'^rlfcl power, aaj NEW YORK HERALD, that, in all probability, upoa tbs first exercise of that power, tiie South would secede froa: the Union. Now we know that the ooaservative, order and peace loving citizens of the Middle States love the Union of the States, and arc prepared for anything but dissolution. All our material interest*, too, are bound up the maintenance of the solidarity of the nation. The only question is, how can Lincoln be defeated? We answer that by saying that he may be beaten by consolidating the conservative vote upon Mr. Breckinridge, who represents a party which has more or less of electoral votes at its back, while the others, except the repibcaa, have none whatever. Every true lover of his country, every professional man, merchant, banker or mechanic, who has anything at stake in the republic, should forget his personal preferences, for whomsoever? Douglas, Bell or Houston?they may be, and give his vote and influence where it will toll against Lincoln. If this is done all may yet be well. If not, we hare before us the picture of a once glorious Union, o( "States dissevered, discordant. belligerent, of a land rent with civil euds, or drenchcd. it may be, in fraternal blocd." Who will not work to avert auch a terriblAenouement? The way isBimple, and we charge all good men to walk therein. The Speech or thk Pbince or Walks.?-The specch of the Prince of Wales, in reply to the addresses presented to him at St. Johae, is remarkable for two things which it would be well speakers in general were more careful to keep in mind?one La brevity, and the other good sense. It is short and to the point, and his allusion to freedom and patriotism augurs well for hw future reign. From this specimen we may expect a good speech here from his Royal Highness, and if he thinks England "a great and free country," what will he think and say of this when he sees it? If loyalty to a sovereign be "patriotism," what is loyalty to a republic, in which perfect equality is the basis of the laws, and no privileged nee cr castes exist? The difference between loyaltv to a man or woman, as in England, and to a principle, as in this country, is this: that the person may change. a.<< sovereign." have done io England, and paid the penalty; but a principle never change?, and loyalty to that is always patriotism, whereas resistance to kings is sometimes the highest duty of a patriot. Patriotism, therefore, and loyalty to a . sovereign are two distinct things. In the present temper, however, of the British nation, and in the practical expoaition of their unwritten constitution, which is adopted by Parliaments, administrations and monarch*, there is little room left for praise or blame to the sovereign. The theory that "the King ov Queen can do no wrong" is a happy invention for maintaining the duration of dy navies; but on ine oilier band it takes away all merit, as it docs all responsibility, from the monarch. In our government th# chief magistrate is held responsible for all hii official acts, and his ministers are not removable by a vote of Congress, but his party suffers in the eyes of the country from any errors <f which he may be guilty. In modern times in England it is the administration, and not the stvereign. that rule?. The sovereign merely signs document* as he or she is advised, and the ninisters alone are held to be responsible to the country. If they commit an error they are driven out of office by a vote of the House of Cbmmons; and if the House of Commons were eected by universal suffrage and vote by ballot, hstead of its members being for the most part the nominees of the nobility of the upper house, and I often younger sons of the Peers, the people would really be the ruler*. Practically. England is not a monachv. for the monarch is a mere cypher, which mly gives value to other figures when placed before them; but it is an oligarchy, in which the descendants of the Norman conquerors rule over the Saxon population, Imposing very heavy burthens on them and grievous to be borne, but in other respects giving them an amount of personal liberty which is not to be met with elsewhere in Europe. Hence revolutions in Euglaud are few and fur between. Pim.ic Heju.ti, tu?: Croin and AruosroEri< Piii .vohk.na.?During no summer, probtbly, within the memory of the living generation ha? this country enjoyed more uninterrupted good health than the present. In the metropolis the mortality leturns show a moat gratif/ing diminution of deaths each week from the tetania of last yeur and the previous yean; whiW throughout the entire county, from North to i*outh, not n single ca?e of epidemic disease of any kind ha* occurred. This is certainly very remarkable, and is something to t?el gr?t? ful for. In like manner the crop* were never before so good all over th*? continent ; and in connection with the*? eircimstancc* it is a curious fact that we nev? bt-fore had presented to us so many atmospheric phenomena as this year. The air aeeins heavily charged *,itli eleatrtcity; the northern lights have been frequently illuminating tb?> ski?--< with singular brilliuncy in various quarts: terrific tornadoe? have swept over the face ol the land: thunder storms have been frequent and violent: n comet is at present visible in California: we have had an eclipse ot the sun, visible nearly all over the country; and. to crown all. the greatest meteor thut was ever seen hat visited us. In short, we have this year the best health, the finest crop*, the heaviest tornadoes and the biggest meteor ever known. What connection these natural phenomena may have with the health and the crops of the country we leave to me icarnea punm? to discover. and It Is a very interesting subject for investigation. IIow Ttu; Law ts Anwtxi-m.iu ti is (Ju.iroRMA.?The manner in which Judge T?rrv haa been tried and acquitted in California for killing Mr. Brodcrick in a duel ia a remarkable llustrntion of the law in that State, in the first instance tlie venue was changed to another cotuity, on the ground that no man who read* a newspaper account of any public occurrence and ha* sufficient intellect to MB an opinion thereon If capable of sitting <? jury. And now. when the venue is changed to a place distant from all the witness, the case i.? aent to the i jury without any testimony, a* tho-e who had )?een summoned to give It did not arrive, owing i to detention in a boat, or some convenient ev I Ctise of that kind If'lie feeling ol the com < munity Is in favor of duelling, then abolish i the statute which makes it a p*nal offence: but I while the law is retained on the ataiiile book i to evade it in the way In which it has been i evaded ia t!?e ci e ' J* Terry i J, .c i fill Ic all concerned. FRtDAY", JULY 27, 1860. The C It}- Railroad CtrtaU. J .Age Ingrtihaai ha ring granted an injuneHop restraining the corporators of the Seventh Arenue. cr Broadway Parallel Railroad, from doing anything under the charter which was procured by them fcom our State Legislature at It> loat peseion. the said corporators are now required to appear by their counsel and show cau.70 why such injunction should not be made permanent. We rather think it will puzzle even a Philadelphia lawyer to advance any argument* that will avail in behalf of this great a/>Kam/> ftf nuhlic rnlilvnrrr rvuv ui> v* ? vwvi^i The corporators named Ln the bltl are twelve, six representing the interests of George Law, three representing the modest bhare of Thurlow Weed, and the other three being the compensation paid by the black republicans for the rotes of democratic Assemblymen and Senators from this* city. It had been the original programme of the city railroad mqp to keep Mr. Law out in the cold; and they had, as they thought, all their plan? arranged for this object. But suddenly the Senate slipped away from under their feet, and passed, without a moment's warning, the monstrous Law Gridiron, which covered at one fell swoop every street of any traffic ia the city. This forced the original lobby of the city railroads to come .to terms, and to just such term? as Old Law saw fit to offer. Believing thr.t half a loaf i? better than no bread, and being in terror lest Law should steal the Assembly from them, as an Irishman steals pigs, and as he bad already stolen the Senate, they submitted with whatever grace could be assumed, and the Live Oak interest was recognized a" beiiig entitled to one-half of all the new roads passed, together with a confirmation of the Ninth Avenue Railroad?then already, as it now i?. in illegal operation. Weed and the democratic corporators held the House, while Live Oak George showed himself in pot-session of urgnments available with the Senate. The compromise was therefore the best thing that could be done, though Law had the be*t of the bargain. For, in addition to one full half of all the city railroads, he was given the Ninth Avenue, pure and simple, " to his own cheek,'' and nlllln. kit, lurn? ll... 11 1 |rnuug uic a^mu.Tl luc nutail Ul of his fellow corporator? in the other roads. it will go hard with him if he cannot force them to sell out their stock to him on his own terms, either by indefinitely postponing the actual commencement of work under the various charters, or by placing the expenses at so high a figure that they cannot pay their shares. Dut all such speculations are probably premature and useless, as this litigation must last until the next session of the Legislature, when strong efforts will be made to repeal all the infamous and corrupt schemes which were passed last winter by the unholy combination between the black republicans and the railroad democrats of this city. It will be found, we think, that as the Senate and Assembly last fall were selected for nomination with special reference to their availability for such outrages, so the Assembly of next winter will be choseu by all political parties on specific pledges to vote for the repeal of all the obnoxious acts placed on the statute books of our State by its predecessor. As to Thurlow Weed, even then ho will have no reason to complain, tor he received democratic aid to confirm Governor Morgan's Harbormasters; the same to abolish the Board of Ten Governors; and, in fact, the city railroad democracy, headed by - that oily Senator," were always the most reliable forces j under Thurlow's command for nay republican emergency?their allegiance being secured to him by bis power to insert the names of their next friends in city railroad charters, and so forth. Both Weed and Law. therefore, may be reckrtni'il Rnfe nn mutliw ksnnunx tl>? democratic Senator? and Assemblymen, we fear. will be reduced to great pecuniary straits by the failure of their hopes, and whenever they next come before the people they will find the proud title of "railroad democrat" the very reverse of a recommendation. One of the honorable Assemblymen. we see, ha* been already so reduced that he is said to have committed a forgery on one of the corporators whose name he had procured to be inserted in the Broadway Parallel. Should this cause ever come to trial?which ft will uot - the disclosures would be disastrous. The Presidential fiuht being regarded as a foregone conclusion, it will be bard to get out the ftill conservative vote of the State, except on Home such live local iasne as the repeal of the ontrngeous legislation of last winter. Let the conservatives in every district unite on honest men. williag to pledge their entire influent?, if elected, to the repeal of those fraudulent grsnts. and all other frauds of the same kind emanating from the same source, and we doubt greatly if the waning power of Thurlow can suffice to prevent the republican district organizations from adopting similar platforms und nominating men pledged to the *ame course in this respect, though differing on other points. Tlij~ i? the programme for the year, and on it a better class of men can be sent to Albany than have been in the habit of going there for many years. Amkrk'an Stmh.t lt\uwai* is Kvotjim? Although Knglufla has been very active in oontinff ulemn ruilroail* pv?r?nrh?r? thrnmrh. out the empire, tlic system of running horse railroad* through the streets of the principal citie*. which has worked ho well in thin courttry, has never been adopted by the English people. John Bull is proverbially attached to his own customs and notion*, however clumsy or inconvenient they may be. and is very ranch averse to innoTations. particularly tho?e of foreign origin. But in respect to street railways his doggedne?s has at length given way, and rails are now being laid in Birkenhead, upon which city cars are to be run for the first tiuie in Fogland. in about a month or six weeks from this time. Our Knglish friends are indebted for the introduction of this great auxiliary to ease and comfort to the perseverance and energy of an Ameriran. Mr. Geo. F. Train, of Boston, who succeeded in gettiug the sanction of the authorities of Birkenhead for his enterprise. We p< treive by the Kngli.?h papers that Mr. Train delivered a lecture recently before the British Association at Oxford, upon the subject of -treet railwaj# and hu project at Birkenhead, from which it appears taat there Is a prospect of horse railwa.i being adopted very generally in many British cities. Liverpool has reported favorably of them through her engineer. Several members of the Cotporalions or Manchester ir.d Gia?tffw bare examined Mr. Twin's uu?d? is und r? commended ^ trlsl in their sevet'tie* Forin rl npptic jSic >"b?vf be- n m *le to EiruiLoghuui tad Dublin for permkaion to lay down ralL? in thoae cities, aad a company in London has expressed a wish to give the proiec** trial. Tnua, before long, we ma/ expect to see the American city railroads in full operation through the leading cities of Great Britain, under the guiding hand of an enterprising Yankee. Tut Turk* Nt w Jersey State Contention's? Tin: Pitasmr.?The copious reports which we published yesterday of the three political State Conventions held at Trenton the day before will hare enabled our readers to form some opinion touching the chances of carrying New Jersey against "Old Abe Lincoln.'' Our own opinion is that this thing can, and moat probably will, be done. The proceedings of the Bell-Everett Convention show that that party are ready to co operate heartily with the democracy in any way best calculated to defeat the republican ticket. The only existing cause for a doubt as to the result of the campaign in the State is the ptand-eff, no compromise position of the Douglas faction. They have refused the oyertures from the Breckinridge Convention, and have net up an independent out and out Douglas electoral ticket They have followed up this movement with the appointment of the Douglas State Committee, and have declared by resolution that they can "form no alliances with any sectional faction like the Lincoln party." "nor with the Southern sectional faction, headed by Mr. Breckinridge, which declares the rights of property superior to any personal rights of free iuvii, nuu fvutvu nrvtro iw |/tuiu ur ivj jnr cip'rtate upon us all the evils of disunion unles> a Southern faction is permitted to rule the whole Union." It is thus very evident that the battle of the confidential managers of the cause of Mr. Douglas i-t not against Lincoln, but against the Breckinridge wing of the democratic camp; not for a victory over the republicans in I860, but for the whip hand over the Southern democracy in 1864, at the expense of a present general democratic defeat. Dut the question arises, will the masses of the Douglas democracy consent to play this suicidal game of a few desperate disappointed politicians, when a great and decisive victory may be at once achieved over this Northern sectional republican party? We have shown how Pennsylvania may be carried by a very handsome majority against Lincoln; but now New Jersey can hardly be turned over to Lincoln, even by the democratic assistance promised by this Trenton Douglas Convention. In 1856 the Presidential vote of New Jersey was? For Mr. Rncbanau 4d,MS For Col. Fit-moot 28,308 For Mr Fillmore .24115 From these figures it will be seen that if only four or five thousand of the American party of 1W6 are now ready to co-operate with the democracy, the State of New Jersey will be lost to Lincoln. But should the Bell-Everett party bring up to the rescue a force of twenty thousand men, at they probably will New Jersey will be aguinst Lincoln, even if twenty tnousana democratic vote?* snould be tnrown away upon Mr. Douglas. We are thus of the opinion that New Jersey may be set down as one of the Northern States whose electoral vote will not be given to Lincoln. The Academy of Medicine ox the Poison Law.?Among the acts passed by the last Legislature there was one prohibiting the sale, by druggist*, of poisons, unless prescribed by a physician. The law, like many others which have been enacted by our sapient legislators, is so vague in it* provisions and so loose in its arrangement of detail, that it haa already given rise to a serious difference of opinion as to its proper meaning. At a recent meeting of the Academy of Medicine, a member made a motion that copies of the law should be furniahed to every druggist in the city. Objection being made by another modern Esculapitu, on the ground that the law was not sufficiently definite to be effective, the mover of the original proposition a-cailed the objector in true Congressional style, giving him the lie direct. Finally, after ' an evening spent in useless discussion" and the interchange of many discourteous remo rks between members, the Academy adopted a resolution requesting the College of Pharmacy to cause to be forwarded to every apothecary in the city a copy of the act referred to. on.:, t. <La a * it. *_ ju 19 w iur urvi uujc uiui iuc aovion in cou* gress iwrnblfd hare taken bold of any matter of direct public interest since the famous probang controversy, when the Academy stultified itself in the most remarkable way. In the present instance, it seem? to us that they have given another inatunce of colo.^al stupidity. The matter of the sale of poisons belongs strictly to the College of Pharmacy?an institution as useful and quiet as the Academy of Medicine is noisy and ineffective. The Academy of Medicine, in some re?pecta, resemble* tho Chamber of Commerce. Both are old fogy institutions; both have a much larger idea of th#'ij importance than any one eke. and both are fond of spending a great deal of time in absurd discussions. Thus we find the merchant* attempting to interfere wMi the province of the general government, and gravely recommending the abolition of the privateer system; while the doctors attempt to dictate to the apotiecarie* as to their course in reference to a law made expressly for the guidance of fh* latter. Then the opinions of ti:. ' Chamber of Commerce and the Academy of Medicine have precisely the same weight with the general public?that is, none whatever. As to j the ungentlemanly spirit which characterize* the doctors' dispute*, we have'a right to expect ' better manners from educated and cultivated men. If the Chamber of Commerce lose* its temper we are not lurprised. many of the mom- ; bora having devoted their entire attention to ! the pursuit of wealth, to the exclusion of t'd?' 1 cultivation of the proprieties; but the doctors have no auch excuse. They will do well to hold their sessions in private hereafter, and | thus preserve whatever reputation for dignity I and self-respect the profession may have with the people generally. Tin BRF(ki*ntik)k Qrnfrai. Com mitt kk.?The delegates from the Breckinridge ward commit. tees have organized their General Committee. and elected Captain CJ. W. Smith, the pnioot upright and efficient Street Comm^s'ionef. a? chairman Thin Ik a good more in the right direction. Captain Smith belong* to the young and liuty democracy that I* today m&a<er o) (be situation, and is not affiliated with the corruption* of Tamm.iny, nor the bickering* of < Meruit, hulls. Ili* reform and a4mini?tr;??ion ol the Hect iH-p'tr*?.";! entitle l\'o? t-j ft* | prai?o of ww; honest man in tku city; and if he mill make hia part/ organization M thorough and as effective m he has his department is tho city government, hU election m chairman of tb* Breckinridge General Committee will be aftother step toward* obtaining a good government for this plundered and prostituted municipality. We want an infusion of the filibuster enthusiasm and perseverance in our city politics, and Captain Smith, as one of the recognized leaders of the old Quitinan filibusters, to join whom he resigned his commission In th? army, id the very man to inspire it The corrupt traders and professional politicians that have got possession of Tammany, and through Tammany of almost every branch of the city government, cannot stand before an enthusiastic ami honest filibuster movement. The Great Eastern ani> Her Vurreno.? The Great Eastern will start on her trial trip to Cape May on Monday, and the crowd of visiters is increasing every day as the time for her temporary absence from the city approaches. Up tu yrsm-rauj evening hoi less utan 175,000 people Lad visited her since her arrival, and during the two days yet to elapse before she leave*, there will probably be thirty or forty thouaaad more rambling over her decks. Out of tha twenty thousand visiters yesterday, th? seventeen thousand the day before, upwards of three-fourths were strangers, who came to tha city by excursion steamboats and excursion trains, and every possible conveyance. Tha * consequence is that our streets are thronged with people, the hotels, boarding houses, and even private dwelling?, are full, and Broadway is literally flooded with sunburnt gentlemea, fresh from their farms and country stores, and village law offices, and with ladies whose cheeks are radiant with the mingled tints of the rose and the sunbeam. Not only are the hotete reaping a golden harvest from this incursion of ceutry folks, but the Broadway stores, and all the sight-seeLeg institutions are gathering in a rich crop of cash. When the monster ship returns from het summer trip to one of our fashionable wa lenug piaces. wmcn wui oe ia a tew days, we may expect to see the interest in her renewed. and the excursionists pouring into the city again. In all probability not less than a quarter of a million of people will hare been on board of her before she takes her final departure from our waters, and the directors will have taken in the respectable sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The Rkportkd Aboution connraucr is xa8.?The telegraphic reports which we published yesterday of the discovery of an extensive abolition conspiracy in Northern Texas are of a very startling character, and if they have any substantial foundation in fact we shall soon have a Southern sensation on the slavery question fearful to contemplate. The statement of this alleged conspiracy is to the effect that " white men. friends of the abolition preachers, Blunt and McKinney, expelled from Texas last year, are in-tigaton of the plot; that the plan was to lay the whole country waste by fire, destroying all the arms and ammunition that the conspirators could lay their hands on, so as to get the country into a state of helpleesnees, and then, on election day it August, to make a general insurrection, aided by emissaries from the North and partiM friendly to the cause in Texas." It further appears that " several white men and negroes concerned in the plot had been arrested." Numerous destructive Gres occurring simultaneously in different ports of Northern Texas are charged as the work of these confederate incendiaries. This is thn atnrv Wa KultavA U Ka ? - ? ? 'J ' < v VMMUVV WVIfVf V t? W WO wholly true. It may be founded upon facto. An abolition incendiary or two. or some horse thieves or marauding Indians, may be responsible for some of these late fire*: but if we an not mistaken, the ruinou* diought, f<om which Texas has been suffering for week' and months past, will account for many of said disaaten. At all events, it is to be hoped that such will prove to be the case. With the outbreak of the John Brown foray at Harper's t erry, it waa supposed that he bad a body of five hundred followers at his back; so, in this instance, the facts are doubtless exaggerated, evea if it should turn out that an abolition conspiracy has been at work. While awaiting further information on the subject, we are disponed to attribute this startling progrumme of a revolutionary abolition conspiracy in Texas to panic brought about by more natural causee than the overt acts of a gvneral combination of vagabond abolition bis. It is possible, however, lhat another gang of John Brown abolition martyrs may have been at the bottom of these mysteiiou* and simidUtneoua fires. Should it so turn out, then wo shall soon have a new excitement thrown inte this Presidential canva??. which will make it the hottest and the mont terrible in the hLstqgr of the country. But. perhaps. to the existing political excitemen a of th<> Juy amy be charged a? much of this Texas conspiracy a* to any other cause. We wait (or further information Po;>t Oilhk Oki?a? Import\sr to tto Pibuc.?To thofe who are in the habit of depositing letters for the mail in the lamppost boxes, or other boxes, the subjoined order of lliti PmimaalAr ta rvf a^mn po--t ofttft kl w yom, jiil) m, i mo TIjC F\> tmctrr <.en?-ra! ht' directed Ibal on? caot M charged and prvpuid on all <.?U?)U<d throifti Um Mrret Ih>*?? mid othfrwiM, an.! iak>'a In Ilia Pint (Mice to be trnnamittcd in Uir mail. AUjpMron# drpoaihog letter* f.?r the nuUf la th? U;apI*i*i Wneaor oiber bourn prarided bjr tlx- ( nited Suut, e? ?ept tho?f al the l*oat o(Im c. alxxild, In ord?r |o inaarc Uto U.infniiMiiifi of surh letters, allti to oarh a blue (on rent) itamp, m addition to tboktimp rr-fi.red to p?y Um mail poauge Ttie order of the PnatmaMer Oeaeral will law* effeet <n llie Ul of Ai'fui t pros. JOHN A. 1 ?IX. Iti?t;u'<t?r Thi? change i? made under tbe prorMon of the law which require* the payment of a carrier "a foe. " not exceeding two cent*." on aU letlcra collectcd thro?.j;h tlie street bo to* or otherwi-e. If lettei - tire deposited at Urns Post Office the one cent stamp ia not neceiM iry: nor are letter? Intended far city delivery HfTocted by the new arrangement: for the*? only a sing!* one cent atAtnp. a? before N required The rei?oa of the change which the P*M muster General, using the discretion rcited In him by law, now make*, h that since tlx* fee fot the delivery of mail letter* has been reduced from tiro Cent* to one the rattier astern cinnot ausUin itself, and it is found nece?*tr/ therefore to ch*rj|?? one cent for the ca: i i.ifce of a mail letter to the Post Office, as wt'll us one cent for carryia<j & mail letter from th?' Popt ? >ffice to the par*7 to whom it i* nddre???>d. Thf* we? reajormbl* enough. But it ia not wimple eiv.^b, how pver. It would be better to lur? ai.nifoia rat?' ot prntng*, aar focr ce it.i ct ffr? ffili fit ouU letter*, and no $xtr* chn.tg'? foi 4eU

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