12 Aralık 1860 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 5

12 Aralık 1860 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 5
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THE SOUTHERN CRISIS. Important Reports from Columbus, Ga., Baton Rouge, La., and Charleston. The Cotton States to Secede on the Third of Mar oh. Interesting Letter from Hon. John Bell, of Tennessee, lw.j lie., lie. IMPORTANT FROM GEORGIA. TH* PROGEAMJCK OF THE 8KCKHHIONIST8 ? TITK .'ID OF MASOH FIXED UPON KOK T1IK CATAHTHOFHK ? KKtilUN ATION OK SKNATOR CLAY. Col.rMBCS, Ga. , Dor. 11, 1M0. I have recently travelled through all the principa cities of Georgia, and ttud the disunion feeling every where overwhelmingly in the ascendant. Efforts are being made by leading men In the cotton States to obtain agreement on the following pro gramme ? 1.? Each Cotton State is to secede immediately upon ttie assembling of their several Conventions. 2.? They are then to confer the powers withdrawn from the federal government upon their respective Legislatures, and said powers are to be assumed by said l.egislatures upon a day nxed by agreement between the States. 3. ? The 3d day of March will be the day agreed upon if the seceding States consent to this arrangement. Senator Clay , of Alabama, has resigned his seat in the United States Senate, to lake effect on the 4th of March, provided Alabama does not secede. He is now in I />u isiana, in such a state of health that it is feared he may never return. A mass meeting was held in this city to-day and dele gatce nominated to the Suite Convention. They will be elected by au overwhelming majority. Columbus has hitherto been decidedly ultra m its Unionism. IMPORTANT FROM LOUISIANA. MEETINU OK THE LEGISLATURE? MKSSAtiE OF TDK GOVERNOR. Baton Roto*, Dor. 10, 1860. The extra session of the Louisiana legislature com menced to (lay. The Governor'!! message was delivered. He exhorts calmness and <lelilx>r:tti< >n. He says the elec tion of Mr. I.iucoln shows that the Northern mind is poi soned against the South; that the wise counsels of our fathers are forgotten, and the fratern.il remonstrances of the South are disregarded. He recommends a Conven tion, and says Ix>uisiana ought not to refuse to meet her sister slaveholding States in council to demand of the North the repeal of her obnoxious legislation and guaran tee aga.ust future similar measures. He says these ques tions should be met before the inauguration of Mr. Lin coln, because tho self-respec t anil honor of the State does not comport with her remaining under a black republi can President. A resolution recommends tho erection of a military board, and asks an appropriation of half a million for tho purchase of arms for volunteer companies. The members are not disposed to act hastily, but are in favor of preparing for any emergency. REPORTS FROM CHARLESTON. ACTIVITY AT THK FORTIFICATIONS, ETC. CiuiuwTO.N , Dec. 11, 1800. Four hundred men are said to be engaged in strength ening the fortification at Fort Sumpter. The heavy guns are being rapidly placed in position. Oastle Puickuey is being set in order. The activity manifested at all the harbor forts is viewed with suspicion here. Attorney General Black's letter has counteracted in a great measure the impression of peaceable separation produced by the President's Message. Strangers are not admitted into Fort Moultrio unless known by somo officer. The work is conducted so q i.etly tbat few here are fully aware of its extent. Midshipman F. M. Thomas, of South Carolina, has re signed from the Annapolis Naval Academy and returned home. The people hero are very anxious about the result of the Governor's election. The legislature balloted twice to-day Ineffectually. The leading candidates were pick "ns, Johnson, Kheti and J.imiefcon. A choice will proba bly be made to morrow. INTERESTING LETTER FROM HON. JOHN HELL. Nasuvtll*, Dec. 6, 1800. Dkak Sib ? Could I have flattered myself that any argu ment I could address to the mass meeting ap|>ointcd for the 'JPth ult. at Vicksburg, would contribute lu any im portant degree to aid you and vour c. unjMtr ots in siev ing the progress of the sentiment which threatens to pre cipitate your Mule into a political vortex, which in my judgment would be no less fatal in her own interests than ruinous to those of her neighbors. I would, at any personal sacrifice, have obeved Ike dmimons of my friends, but feeling no suet. c<*itid*ace in inv ability t? serve them as you ascribe to fue la your letter, I have yielded to the force of circumstances which claimed my attention at home. So far as my views and opinions may have any weight or influence in determinn g tlie course of any portion of the people of Mississippi in the pre-ent critical juncture, they may be stated on paper, and. I suppiee w > i!d be as rfbetire for the purpoee iut nd( d as they would be if oufnmumcaled in a s|>eccb. Tlie question of chief uu;>orUnce to be considered and answered is, whether the election of Mr. Lincoln to tho Presidency . considered in all its s g.i.Uc.tncv and Ix-ai ings, together with all precedent and existing g.'ievanc s, would Justify Mississippi, or any other State or States, in withdrawing from th" I'uiour In form til ? election was in strict accordance with the regulations prescribed by the constitution and laws. The objection to it is that it was effected liy a purely sectional party, organized upon the principle of hostility to slavery, and liav mg f >r its prime object the rcpreHSion of slavery as a permanent ad nunmtrative policy, with a view to 'its ultimate extiuc til* It CMM be touMM I An mm admimutrmrum of th* gam mount, bmtrl upon iku yoit | ctmi-i opertti* fmr wv>r* c/nimU| im brtmymf th* 'a'ynctvm nf ilany in Uu S-miA, tkrom?h trffi ami wrtaeeo* mmd pntronmy*, ihmn bg m ?? mnrt ill rrel m <*U a* a to- Jc. But it is clear that the federal government was estab lished for no such purpose or object . for. however strong ly inaa; of the frame rs of the constitution wore opposed to slavery, it is nntorioii^Tthat it was owing to th?ir for bearance to uiKist upon their objections to the clause in the instrument, providing for the rendition of fugitive slaves to their owners, that wo hare any federal I nl m. It was upon this question that the Cuavention was at one t ime upon the point of break irg ?p in confusion The policy of making the government an instrumentality lor the repression or extinction of slavery as is low attsmpt ed by the party which is soon to be in power, was never contemplated by the framers of the constitution. I have often expressed the opinion that IAi rwxu of a jntrtly $rrt*nmt party, o gnnwi up*n an, pnncif' t, MSti ?wn sr poivy, M i irony am?^nnum to i h* int-r?U mmd ten ttmm> I (if IV uprmimg nnH d f-aud m aim, w nut* &-p4 y imprril th* Vnum nor did I believe, until the result of the Octol>er elections tiecame known, that a majority of the Northern |?o|>le would ever so fir disregard the oounsels and warnings of Washington as to e.ect the can didate of such a parly to the Prof i lency Tlie election of Mr Lincoln. by a sectional part v. orraniiwd and sus tained upon the distinctive principle of opposition to slavery, as It exists in the Southern states, and avowing the policy of its repression, and tiual extinction (by pro hibiting its extension info the Territ>rl'*), was a bold experiment upon the temper and forbearance of the South, and upon the strength of their loyally to the t'nion. This experiment, if not conceived in a spirit of disunion, was made with a reckless disregard of rouse |iiene< ? No greater strain upon tho I gnneuis which bind the two greai sections of the country u>g -liter could be devised, than the altempl to sslablish or inaugurate a permanent government policy upon such princ.pl s rhe lute Harrison Gray Otis, of Boston, on? of the rr.<?>t dls tingmshed and able of New Knglan I statesmen, when called upon, In 1S96, to give the weight of his name and influence In checking the further progr- cs of a rabid abo Hi kd spirit. I>n b ginning tn diffuse itaeif ever Ma ?a ctiiis*tts and other siat?* of the Kast and North, n a spetH-h delivered in Fsncull Hill, dtd not htsil ??e to ex press the opinion that the plans .aid designs of the aboli tion societies, or, ?s they were then culled , anti-slavery is*. wis i <>fis. eooiemplitet such an interference with th.- I donxwttc policy and institute us of th* South as would be I ? vMnt km both of the spirit and letter of the destitution, I and were, in fact, revolutionary in their cUaracter and | tendency 1 am not able to discriminate between the e'la'S f?r 'pirit and tendency <>f the anti slavery principle an I the elsvery <-efwe??ion'p' li y of the rep 'Ml. an parly, const dered'tai connection w ith the torrent of cttamiii ilory publication* and invectlvos against the <iom? tic tnstltu tious and soi ial relations of the South, which Is taily poured forth by repnhiican >mrnaL- an I orators an I the character, leiwlency and d?~ii'ns of the abo'iti.m > ie ties, and I he Ineenrliarv pnblteations wld ti ft i I their way to the public tinder their Mrpioev fh ???lijr essen tial dirtKenre 1 ran pereHve between the spirit an I l"n deiv y of the doctrines and avowed poln-y of the repub lican pr*rty and thoae of the dortrlnes an I avow ?.) p diey ?r?f the al>"llfl(/n ?oelelies. ts In the extent and dejfree of the m??'hlefs which may be inflicted upon the S- .tn by one or ibe other, and ihe deliberate fei lent ion kiinflloi them by Uie abolition so. letles. which it would bo unfair md ingiMt U> impute to the wisite ts^iy of tho rep ildleau party. B it both are obmut ions u> IIm clar?e of p.irsu fug s P"!tcy win li l? In violation of the spirit, if not of the letter, of the (is, a it iti hi. aud i ov' luii uary iti Its tendency. The poM -y of t- th ten-Is -tror.g ly to stir up internal strife in the .- - uthern Slate.*, to excite dlR'Otisi,.i,. and u.surrc. lion, am?ng ihe slave-. Ui produce iarm \nd a aetis- of insecurity, b< lb as I- III e ? 1 ii ? ' pr ? rt . mi-- < Hi ? wb"- p-n iiaivn (/ e- ery >? th' r*i -'a'' ?-i i "i' i' t ? -ill i .*n ?- 'li" wh do H'ufh to revolt ? i h t: \ eminent IV degree in ? extent "f Ih tn I'.ie' wh ? h III rep b an p.. ly nv?v be shle to inflict bv a'l ' ? -ivorv p. . ' - r . whieh I need md ??it- it will be r-vlily s.-kn-'Wie-ige I. W'l) b? lenf Id gre bai win Ji tb sb lit i 'D s ? eties have It in their |?'Wer to infilel. Tbal t <:?} not uignMly chanf th< r pub' input) with having adopted a policy which, in its character, tendency J and practical operation, is in conflict with the spirit, if | nut the letter, of the constitution, can be ma le mauil-st j In a very few word*. One of the important objects to j be accomplished by the adoption of the constitution, aa declared in the preamble, wan to "insure domestic tr.in quillity;" and the power was expressly Riven to the j federal governmant by that instrument to " sup press insurrections." The simple ntsnaynasmif to the putnie tha t a great party at tks North oppoted to ?'awry, hat rkcmW m electing iu oandMai* forth* , Priridmcy, duguis* II SI in mm), it well cat .Mlited tn ' raue mspeaatsmss mmm$ the stomas, sal ws vht lead to strriU insurrections in the Souther n Stat At. If tuck nn eirnt , which u more than pouMe, should really ha pprn, it j might become the duty of Mr Lincoln to restore the tranquility which the policy of bio parly had disturbed, and to suppress an insurrection which the same policy I had excited. In stating the exceptions which may be fairly taken by the South to the election of Mr. Ijucoln, I have purposely presented . in the strongest light, the dangers to which Southern rights and interests are exposed, that it may uot be supported that I had not considered or com pre bended the full extent of the injurious consequences which may result from the present menacing attitude of the North upon the slavery question, before I formed an opinion upon the grave question, whether the election of Mr. Lincoln, in all its bearings, together with all the pre cedent grievances of which tho South have a right to complain, furnish any sufficient cause to justify the sur render by tho Southern States of thoir interest in the rich and glorious heritage of the I'nion, and to seek safety and the undisturbed enjoyment of their rights iu a South eru confederacy. With this explanation I am now pre pared to say, unhesitatingly and unequivocally, that it would not; and the confidence I feel in the solidity of the grounds upon whiah I give this answer will bo justi fied by the following considerations ? 1. Mr. Lincoln, U u wtU learns* does nit hold ex feme opinims on the tubjf. of slavery It is certain that he has expressed a decided opinion that the South has a constitutional right to deiriand the faitnt'ul execution of the Fugitive Slave law, and that under cer tain circumstances he would l'eel it his duty not to op pose the admission of a new slave Slate into the I'nion. His declaration on this point is little satisfactory to the South; but neither that d-n:laratiou nor the opinion ex pressed by him on the subject of the Fugitive Slave law is at all satisfactory to the extremists of his own party. Vp-m the wh,>U, if Mr. Lincoln s j/uWt e declarations on Che subject of slater y are to be consutere I as the true tmpn nents of his future policy, and if he possesses the moral i courage to ad her r to t hem tn oppoettiim to the counsels of the i rstrrme men ot his part* < and it is just and fair to pre- i suine that he does (Nissess that virtue), no serious mis- | chtef need be apprehenaent during his administration, except the usual evils ai'snainy the perpetual citation of ths liamy issues. 2. Hut it is Hssnnied by some that Mr. Lincoln has dis guised his true seutitneiits; that his truo character has not been understood, and that he will be under tho control of the worst men of his party. I do not thiuk so. I have every confidence that his future policy will be found to he in strict conformity with his jms't declara tions. Rut apart from this, it is uow generally known that he will be powerless for mischief, except to a very limited extent, during the first two years of his adminis (ration, unless the Southern senators and representatives elected to tho next Congress should rashly, and, as I think, inexcusably resign their .-wvits or reuro from Con gress, and thus voluntarily surrender the control iu both houses to the republican party, which surely they will not do. H'ltA both htnitei oftftoteil to him, Mr. LxnaAnran not njfoint his I'abtnrt ministers or Jill any office* o f high grade without the ass ent < f the Senate, or indent of any infe nor grade above that if a cUrk or petty il ejruiij postmaster. If' will be able to carry no nun-tut e amnateil with th-- rul> ject of rlan-ry which does not rummer"1 itself to the SutUh irul th* conservative members from the Xurth. 3. As to any apprenensions that the republican party, encouraged and stimulated to further efforts by their late success, may be so strengthened in the result of the elec tions of senators and representatives in the meantime as to obtain a majority iu both houses of the Thirty eighth Congress, that is, during the last two years of 'Mr. Lin coin's administration ? wbilo it may bo well to regard such an event as possible, the strongest reasons exist for the confident belief that no such unfortunate result will attend the elections in the North, which are to docide the complexion of the Thirty eighth Congress. Of tho whole uutnber of votes cast for Mr. Lincoln In the recent election, from my own personal knowledge, ' and from information received from other sources, of the sentimw&ts of tho ,?outh, and especially of those of llie Middle States, and the States north of the Ohio, I am sure I hazard nothing in stating that a large number ? at least one-third ? are devoted to the I'nion, and. although opposed to slavery in the abstract, have but little sym pathy with the republican jwrly , and would be sincerely glad to see thi slavery controversy between the two great sections of the country speedily terminated. They supported the republican candidate m the late election, mainly influenced by their strong and inveterate feelings of opposition to the democratic party, believing that Mr. Lincoln was the onl;' available candidate in the held to defeat that party. I am also well satisfied that not more than one third part of Mr. Ijncoln > supporters are so extreme in their anti-slaverv sentiments, atd are animated by so intense a hn i red of" the South, as to be either wholly indifferent to the effect upon the I'nion of the policy of (he republi can party, or actually desirous of a separation of the free from the slave Staws. (if the remaining third of Mr. Lin<v>ln's supporters, I (lunk I am warranted in savin? tluit the) are attached to the I'nam. (hough auti-slavery in their sentiments. They Joined the republican parly as a retaliatory measure, adopted in resentinont ot the repeal of the Missouri Com promise, which they regarded as little less sacred and binding than (he constitution, and in further resentment of the attempt to lorce the l<ecompton constitution upon the people of Kansas. But now that they have so signally triumphed in the late election, and in view of the evils already iullicted upon the country , and the still gre iter evils to be apprehended, they will be coutent to cease the war upon Southern interests and reeling*. Hir the fvregoing cuutins I fetl confident that the Thirti/ eighth O.-ngres* mil exhibit a falling ijf tn the strength of the rejuUiran party tneteiul if an im-rnw. 4 JU of the rmseing arievmcet of which the South ma y jiutlt eomflaim, cms be regretted in ths Union As to the indignity, not to say insult, offered to the South, of noiui nating ami electing (ho candidates fur the two hirhost offices of (ho government by a sectional party, on principles which practically excluded the South ern States from a voice In the election, con trary to ?stabliahed usage, and in violation of th<t spirit of the constitution tho> may b" pardoned for the sake of peace and harmony, and in considermtsm that the .South l??s not b.-en guiltless of having contributed, and Ihst in no small degree, to increase tho violence and it* pent ics ol the slaver) controversy between the two sec tions. In expressing the opinion that all grievance* maybe r<dress<-d in the Union, I tntended to exclude other greater oflt-ncra which liave been apprchendod from rep ib tcan domination and which are ol possible occurrence. How they shall be redrexsed . should they unhappily occur, will call for new counsels; out ''stitlicient unto the day is the evil then-of.'1 The existing grievances are the obstructions interposed by some of the n?n slaveboldmg States to the prompt aud faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave law. by wliat are called IVrsoual Liberty laws, and the refusal of the tjo V' ruor* of S"T?r?l of those states to surrender fugitive irotn justice from the slaveboldmg states in those cases in which (be crime imput*-d to the fugitive is the nbduc i ion or ktealiug of slaves Sinio further hglllallBII b. Congress may oe required to secure the surrender of such fugitives, but the dUf enforct inonl of the Fuiritive >lave law is all (hat is required to redriv-s the grievances arising from the escape an>l abduction of slaves rrotn the Southern states. The rrendmt U mr auA mjU^ienl power and means to mforce this law tn dejlwnce of all liwtrw'inns which may be thrown in the uiy t > *efeat it If he neglect! or fails to suit eaerulea, he is liable to impeaehmmt The next subject which 1 purposed to myself to notice briefly is the doctrine or theory of seccssxia, which, as I un ter stand it, is the right claim<>d to exist under and l?y the constitution, in the exercise of which a Stato may withitraw from th" I'nion, whenever a majority of the citixetis may dec ide to do so, for any cause whatever. For it is quit*- immaterial whether any grievance or wrong sustained at the hands of the c > States or by the action of (he federal government, Is set up to justify th' exercise of this right or not, masm ich as the p *>p|e of the secedltig -tate, under this theory, claim to be th ? ??o.e tribunal or Judg'-s to decide whether any such gre \ aie e or wrong has l<cen iullicted. and upon the tent and suAcwnc) of the wrong In fact, the theory of aecetwH'n implies the right of a State to di**olve its connection wi(h th? I'nion at discretion aud the whole question resolves itself into this whether the federal unn>n, as it now nbii, and as It was intended to be by its tramers, is anything more than a voluntary as?o i lation of states for common defence and other objects of vital importance pi their nterests sad prosperity , car r> *ng wiih it no binding obligation tipi? any on? of the states to yield < b?d ienee to the federal gotemtnent any longer than sin h State ?h uld consider it expedient. I propnee to enter into no elaborate argument to denv? -tr.ito tin' unsoundness o< (hi" th<siry and to show thai no sut h r ght was reserved by the > 'institution i ither t<i th" States or to the people. Tha( has often bee? done by abler pens. I must be permitted however, Mi say thai when Its nature is properly deltned and it n logical and necessary consequence* Ore c .ndidly stated, it* absurdity "inst strike the eomm onset understanding Its nnrea finablen< ss and folly, aside from its absurd it), wUI b" illustrated by a single example ? The po*-- -?i,?n *nd conirol of (he mou(h of the Missis sippl was held to be of *ui to v Ital importance to the mte i ? fit th' people inhabiting the Valley Of the Miss.s?ip pt, in hemg i he greai <eitl?t (o market <s (he rich pnsiucts i o( (heir sod, as to make it * *< quisition, either bv pur< base or conqucst , a great political necessity. The purchase was made bv the Cnlted States, for that reason, at a cost of nrteec millions of dollars It was slipulaled in the tp-atv of cession that (he Territory thereby acquired should be admitted into (he I'nion as a State, or States, with all the rights and pMvileg* of th? other States of the t'nlon. But can It be suppiwed that Mr JefleMs-n and the other great statesmen of that day, If they interpreted the Constitution as the sdvocite* of the theory of s>?e*si?n now do, would have been so hteffitbl) stupid and blind to e<w?equencn as t > have a < nied to such a stipulation? FarwU>erand better would It have been to have paid five time* lln> price and to have held the country as a subject province, hav ing first amended the constitution so as to authorti" s ich a holding. And should IsnnsietM now ???oed- from the I'nhm and set up an ixidep< ndent government, In the exercise of I be rlgh of aecesoion? <-vi-n suppemg lite right to exiat? "an ther - be any doubt thai the same oomm -rcial and politi ml i ecessitv which lead to its original acquisition ? mid load to its subjugation by the governm -nt of the I'nited Bates or by the stat <* interest-id In the ns.igati'jn | tho Mksftsstpp river and Its tributaries \ftrr ill," ' iminlcrntum if the herrrminq liefe rent- to the 0,11 Ion. if it hem, I am for red to th ? remrluHrm . that " etnrm u hut 'innther name for nn nrfnnised rmwtnnre />? it State t> the latin an ctmstihdrA an'horit n nf the l~n on, nr. nhirh t? thr rime fur renJitmn The theory ip pear* to r 0 to have been ooooei vsd and propatrttel in a spirit of .Itsaffi-cts n b the I nion, and ctn serve no other pnr|-'?e than to lead the ur. 'U-|**ting an I ore I'tlo \* into the fiipjmrt of the scheme of disunion, un ler the dgl'islye exi>ectat(ofi that the* w nl I only he thereby exerHllng a right reserved to Hiein un ler the c institution, an I thtt thev would be In no <ianger of inc irnng I'i* p nalties of t'ev hi, or nf ex|s<slng themselves an I their C "tntry to ttie r tlamlttee of civil s ir. In the pieeehnu pages of Ihis letter I have attempted to >.ho? that th* fiumiti of the Cmom tn the .?>? a ?a<o?"f mi O'tpri' <4 "frfntrg rptrert from 'he /V'snt, nf "iwt I tnvfrtMMi I, and that the protpectt of heme a bU to i vert j the greater ones, uf which there My be torn* epprn?n? I turn m future, art to enmmrmgmg. thai it would to the mtrem* of rathnem and foUy to tunk of ruorting i to amy meant of t*4'm4 no- warranted by tht cm i iiiwviii What given me tho neatest concern at present | is the painful conviction that the movement in favor of secession in Mississippi and other State* of the South. is led, for the moot part, by men of distinguished ability and influence, with whom the expediency of so | cession in a foregone conciusionand a settled oouviction ? men who mn be reached by no argument or remonstrance ? men who do not want to be convinced of the insuffi ciency of existing grievance tojustify a disruption of tho I'nion ? men whose imaginations have been taken posses sion of. and their judgments led captive, by the dazzling, but. as I tlmik, delusive vision of a new. great, and glo rious republican empire, stretching far into the South. The scheme of disunion, as I have reason to believe, lias been long cherished by some of these leaders, and they have only waited a pretest more plausible than anf here tofore presented to attempt the accomplishment of It. What between the inllainuiatory appeals ami highly colored and exaggerated story of wrong and oppression already endured, and the still more intolerable oppression to be anticipated from the fanatic spirit of the North, on the one hand, an<l the glowing pictures and seductive re presentations of the grandeur, power and prosperity of the new republic ou the other hand, U it not surprising that ? body of highly Oiftrxt men, strongly ''jxi'ed and carried along by ihetr own famiei, hate been able to mislead Many ihou tandt of a peiuliarly excitable and impressible population against the dictates if their t-ber judgment!. And it is a sad retlection that upon the s|>eedy return of this class of Southern citizens to wiser and more temper ito counsels may de|>eud the late of the I'nion. May uo hope be in dulged that a little time for calm thought will suffice for the chungo of what seems to be their present purpose and determination? ? a little time for retlection upon th nature and amount of evils which are certain to attend revolutionary movement, and also upon other and tnor appaling continent evils, which may and probably wil arise between its beginning and consummation. I do not forget that I ani addressing, through you brave men who are ready to die in vindication of their honor or iu defence ot" what they believe to be their rights: I do not appeal to their fears. But whatover may be the iltial decision of the people of Mississippi upon the gravest question evor presented to their consideration, and which must deeply affect the re lations existing between them and the (sviple of Tennes see, and of every other Suite of the South. I can not bring myself to the conclusion, all the existing evidences to tho contrary, that Mississippi will take upon herself tho responsibility of doing an act that would expose tho peace and security of her sifter States of the South to direct and imminent danger, an I perhaps decide their destinies lor weal or woe forever, without provious consultation with them, and tlrst exhausting every peace able mode of rodress for the grievances of which she complains. In a community of independent States or sovereignties, if any one of them should pursue a course whirh would put in imminent peril the peace and security of the other States, without ttr.-t exhausting every means of peaceable redrons for any grievances of which she might complain, they would be Justitled by tbe law of aatiou* in making common cause against her, and iu pre venting h'-r by force, if ncoeeury, from pursuing su-h courst S^ch being the responsibility attaching to the action of one ot a community of separate and independent Mates, how much greaer voult t-e the rrjponii'iiiity in rvrrid by one ot the Southern Ttilej of this Union, in adopt ing the detperaL- meaiwre tf breaking up the Uni m, an. I Uureby putting in jropt ardt the highest and dearest interests of them all, without first taking solenn counsel together Jhfje interests are common to them all. and t\e griemncet complained of art common to all. Could the evil conso quences certain to ensue b? con lined to th' State adopting the rash measure of secens.on, the other States might not feel called upon to protest against it. But that cannot be. Tho consequences ? and who can foresee their extent* ? must be felt by all. Vi< wing the subject in every light in which it can be presnted, I am oonstralnel to say that by no principle of public law, by no code of morals, by no law of earth or heaven, would Mississippi, or any other State, be .instilled, under existing circumstances, in withdrawing Irom the I'nion. 1 amjuie ntly bel ere that the kappt&t ion fetjvmt v would result fron a cmferenre of nil fh e Sou/hem states. I a* confidently Mm thai a majority of the people of the North are this ilayprrpnreit to agree to any /air awl returnable plan of tufjustnint whith such a oe^ferenee <>f th Southern States uiruUl propooe. I purposely abstain from suggi sting what. In m> opinion, should be the ba.->is of such plan of adjustment. Alter what I hav? written on the preeodlng pages of this letter. It is scarcely nooeeaary to say that I am resolved to adhere to tbe I'nion. I will not say that in no possible contingency would 1 consent to a leptiratlon of the States. Hut 1 would exhaust every constitutional means for the re dress of our grlevaneee kef ore I would think of dissolv ing the I'nion I am not willing that one State should bo withdrawn from the I nion ? that one star should bo stricken from the bright cluster which now emblazons the national (lag. I have long foreseen th* probable occurrence of a crisis like the present, and shrink from the possible Issue of It; and I could never conUmplato the destruction of the I'nion without sensations not unlike those which I una gine would overwhelm id- on beholding tbe last going down of the sun. never t< rise again forever. With tbe highest consideration and esteem, I am your fellow Citisen, Jul IN 11K1J. To A. Bt rwkii., Esq., Ticksburg, Miss. TEE TWELFTH STREET MURDER. Retara of the Young Carpenter? Hi* History? Probability of lila Insanity 4h< About half past twelvi o'clock yesterday afternoon Clapt Otfli-ey, of the Firteentl precinct, returned from Suaqu* hanna with Alfred BucM&an. tho young carpenter ana pected of being the mirderer of Mrs. Sarah Shancks, at No. 2 1 Kant Twelfth street, on Friday morning but. The prisoner wax ronductoi. to the (General Superintendent's oHlce in a cloee carriage, anil there iilentilleit by severs witnesses. Rucbanat s hands were both badly cut , one of thiin appurently with a knlfu and th? other with ((lis*. He leemed eery much agitated, and 14 evidently laboring under strong mental excitement. THK t' AI'Tl'KK. From what ChpUin (liffrey nays, It appear* that the prisoner, on hi* arrival at Susquehanna. Inquired for a resi dent of the place named Springstetn. Kurh.inan knew a brother of Spring! te In who worked In the Methodist l!?ok t'oocern in this city, and thought through this ac quaintance to make himself known in Susquehanna Spring* tela, on hearing of the Granger's arrival, songhl him out and to<'k him to his bouse. Buchanan waa tliaiikful for the hospitality evinced towards him, and after supper on gumlay evening ho proceeded to an oulbouae to sleep. While there Springslein noticxl that tho stranger's hands were cut. and that upon his re moving a bandage tbe wound* bled afresh. Then- cr cumstiuices . together with the somewhat agitated appear ance, excited the suspicion of th" host . and. after duly weighing the natter, h?> arrived at the conclusion that he was harboring the suspect t*l murderer of Mrs, Sbaucks. He accordingly repiilred to the offlee of Justice A. J. Seymour, and, making the necessary affidavit against the prisoner, had him arrested. Win n taken Into custody tbe prisonder si ined greatly agitated and trembled violently. Ho was asked If bo was not the person who killed Mrs. Shancks, when he re plied that he did not know such a person. .Subsequently, however, he admitted that he knew the demaaed, but dented all knowledge of the murder. He was placed In f!<*>e custody , and the authorities in this city were tele graphed to m relation to the matter as previously re ported. nt* mm nx wtm cat-tain cap purr. When Captain Caffiey arrived at Susquehanna lie found the villagers in a high state of excitement. and eager for all the particulars relating to the murder, lie was at Mice conducted to the hotel ?ni ushered into a room whero the prisoner was confined. Alter converging with Bucliauau a few moments the ottiei-r announced his determination to return to New York by the nrst train Accordingly he mi le all the ni-ceeaary |>re|?rations, and on Monday evening he started on his journey, accompanied by the prisoner TIIK r?tlHINBR IX BOCTK. t me of our reporters wlio was on the car' thus de scribes the incidents of the journey ? Tbe morning train on tlie New York and Trie Railroad Storied at seven o clock, as usual, at Port Jerv i?. e ght) eiglit rinlws from the city, lo allow the passeng rs time to bri nkiast. and It waa here thit the others came on board, with their prisoner ^oon al ter the train began to move it w.?a whispered ibo it aiu >ug the |>u*s.uig rs that a murderer, chained and manacle I, was In one of the ears. Kvcrybody liad been reading .Saturday's Haa?u>, which contained the full particulars of ihedreal fill deed, and every one naked his neighbor If the person in custody could be ' the young carpenter at Whom ! suspicion had pointed so strongly All doubt up>u this point soon vanished. The prisoner w as indeed ?the JOUIig r.irpentef." AN'KIRAM K Or TtIK fKlriONKR. The prisoner w?s waH upon the lorward soat if th ??r, with the officers on each sldo of him He waa *? eurely manaried. Imt In su< h a way as nott>mik bis position In sitting down uncomfortable and t > a 'low hitn the partial use ot his hands. H? was dr< saed in plain j dark colored clothe* and a very low crowned soft felt h it j Me is spparently about twenty years of ags, and trace of a beard are }nst beginning to he visible upon hi- chin lie has light eyes ai d hair, the latter ent rather elm*. Tliere was an expression <d restlessness and uneasiness In his eyes, whu h at tim -a changed to one of cttrnm ? weftriiwss but nothing like sleepiness was perceptible. He looked Ilk x one who had ''mirdere I sleep," a 'id to wbiwe eye* that ?? leom ? a i-it ant would lorn- b- % - a ger 11, r mouth is rather large, and the lips quite p-omi nent. Few persona at all nripninted with the ???len s of phrenology or physiognomy would fail t> he sti nk with the appearance of his coonten anca, even at the fi.st glance. |ts geneial spp'arauee indicate* the predominance of all the animal passions and pro pensitiee It has n dull, heavy, build 'g l?s.k. in I ill more the f see Is studied the strong ?r this Itnprp-'lm grows upon the beholder. Beneath th> re.itl"is and ub easy lot k ot the eyse, which w.< hive notiee,|, the*" is "a lurking devil," which ever an I anon shoots out lo a quick. Aery glonc*, an ! which It would apparently re qttire very little to arouse, file eves are very n arly "n a level with the lace, th ? eyebrows protecting much l<*s* than usual Tlie fore heal, tbe in- sit distinctive pirt of the face, perhafe, may lie s 'arched In Vain for any iudt cation of tlie tiohi.-r trails ofhumiulty. At once low, narrowandW5o.iing.it Indicate the p ?**>?* ton ol lar leas than tb? immi m?ri?c im of the mtellnctu ?l f ?' ittH*. snd given one an idei of cunning, trenoli -ry all I d<*"it Ihirlng the whote of the ymrn^y down to the city tha lip Oi the pri^.ocr remains 1 wile apart flvinf t? bis face a most singi 1 ir expression. His hands wero covers 1 With large woollen mitten* of a (lark otlor HIS CONDUCT AND (JKNKK.VI. DRMK \NOR. Without any affectation i>i- nonchalance, (be prisoner really aaemed, at i mica, entirely unnnM. Duiuig tho greater part ol the time be occupied himself In gating out of the window next to which ho sat and watching the quickly changing landscape. At times something very like toarh seemed to gather m bis eyes, but those he never wiped away; they seemed to become absorbed again, and hood disupiH'ared After a time ho drew off his nut tens, one alter the other, and examined bin hands with great interest and minuteness They wore both gashed and cut dreadfully and in

the most remarkable manner. The wound* wore not such ns would be Inflicted by a knife or a dagger, but rather such a> might be t?au*od to one who had dashed his hand through a thick glass window, or in whose hands a glass bottle liad been broken to fragments. Somo of the fingers had been rudely bound up in strips of white muslin. Home of the wounds appeared still to give him much I* in, and he picked at them as if desirous to ex tract some painful foreign Bubstance. The left side of his face wus aiso scratched. He appeared entirely disinclined to converse. To a few general questions be returned eva sivo and unsatisfactory replies, and had ovideutly deter mined to say as little as possible. UK RKAI>8 TUB PAPERS. At Turner's, forty-seven miles from the city, the news boy s came on board with the morning papers. A copy of the Hkkai-d was handed to tho prisoner, and passing over all the other mutter without a glance, he literally devourtsl tho two articles relating to himself. As h? read them the muscles of his face twitched convulsively, and his countenance turned to a deadly pallor. As the train approached nearer and nearer to the city his agitation became extreme. No ono could look upon him and not feel pity for his condition, evon supposing him to bo guilty. And tho question would intrude itself: How could ono so young commit such a horrid crime? All along the route the excitement among the villagers was intense, and tho utmost curiosity was exhibited to catch a glimpse of the young carpenter who had rendered himself so notorious in connection with one of the most horrible murders that was ever perpetrated. Captain Catfrey was afraid of some popular outbreak, and accord ingly kept the prisoner as closely confined as possible. On the arrival of the train at .lersey City a large crowd assembled, in anticipation of his arrival. He was imme diately placed in a close carriage, and drivon by a cir cuitous route to tho ferry, the crowd running along in tho wake of the carriage. HIS AiTKARAM'E AT FOLIC ? nKADQCARTERS. During tho ?tny Buchanan's lather visited the General Superintendent's office and hail on interview with the prisoner. The pareut seemed very much atfhctod by the situation of his son, and gave vent to his feelings in tears. Mr. Buchanan said that tho prisoner was absent from heme on the night precoding the murder, tliat on FMday forenoon, about 11 o'clock , he appeared at the house with his bauds cut and bleeding, his i.ice scratched, and his clothes stained with blood. His mother, who was alarmed at his absence, n-ked him whore ho ha I been the previous night, and what had happened him. He tried to smooth over matters by saying that he h:id a dilliculty with some man tn Mercer street, and that the wounds were received in warding off blows aimed at him by his assailant. His excu-'o seemed a plausible one, and nothing more was thought ef the incident until Saturday morning, when Mr. Fuchanan, seeing an accouut of tno murder in the news papers, at once suspected that his son was in somo way implicated in the affair. Accordingly bo questioned the prisoner closely in relation to his cut hands and bloody clothing, but the latter s toutly denied all knowledge of i he murder, and reiterated his story about the light in Mereer street. Towards evening on Saturday the prisoner made some excuse about going down town on business , and taking his departure qui. tly left the city. Nothing more was heard of him by his parents until the new-i of his arrest arrived from tfemquebauna, on Monday, and it was not until the parents were thus assured of his flight that they were forced to belters in his guilt. When confronted with his father, yesterday, tho prisoner said that lie was on bis way to see an uncle of his who lived at Chicago when he was ar retted. Buchanan had previously told this story to the police, and in relating it a second time he varied but little. how ii* Accor>T? for ma WOCND3. When asked to a< count for the m aimed condition of his hands by the police, he st.ited that he mot a stranger who asked him to drink, that they went into a saloon and alter partaking of several drinks were about to leave, when they were insulted by one of the inmates. A row then ensued, he says, when he drew a knife todciend himsi '.f, and while doing so cut his hands. His hands bear no less than six cuts, s. >me of them appearing to have been indicted with a knife and others with a jagged edged instrument such as a piece of crockery. 'lho prisoner's laco is also scratched, as If with finger nails, and the injuries were no doubt' indicted quite recently. He says that these s< rati lies wi re also received in th<> barrix m tight, but his manner in accounting for the injuries was not straightforward or likely to i mpi ess the hearer with tho truth of the statement. During his detention at Police Headquarter-' Buchanan was visited by the District Attorney. Coroner .lackman .tint Mr. W illiam Smeaton, the son in-law of Mrs. Slianeks. At tour o'clock the prisoner was placed in a carriag" and conveyed to the Fifteenth prc< inct station house, where he was locked up lor lint remainder of the day. To day he will be brought before Onroner .lackman on the in quest and w hat disposition will be m.i le of him there r> mains to be s?.,n. Ilic feeling as to his guilt sgema to be universal. fThe evidence against him is purely circum stantial, but It is of such a iiatun that lew can believe the unfortuuato man Innocent. HISTORY OK Tint PRISONER, Alfred Ruehanan is a native oi this city, and is about twenty years of age. Ho is tall, slim built and light complcxioned, with a sini-ter am! rather bad expression of couut< nence. For years past he has been subject to fit*, and was much rcduceil in flesh in Moseqnenoe. His parent* reside at 137 Bast Tenth street, and have alwavs maintained an excellent character for industry and honesty. Iluchatian was i.i the habit of atteudlng lectures on psychology when he wis a mere lad, and (he effect upon him was extraordinary. He was invariably attacked with tits on his return home after attending these lectures. His maimer, too was strange and bor dered on Insanity Tilings went on in th.s way for a yi-ar or more, when the mala I v seeming to increasa Lis parents determine I to *cnd him to the l.unatic A.-v-. turn on lUnck well's Island. There he remained about four mouths, when he ? <u discharged cured, on being taken home, however, symptoms of insanity exhibited th "in selves again, and the fither and mother were obliged to keep a strict watch upon hie nwv.inim , About this time it was discovered that the prisoner had a penc&out for stealing, and cm one occasion be got himself into Iron ble in cousequence of a petty then which be commuted at a billiard saloon. At another time lie was suspected of setting tire to a carpenter s shop, an i alterwir is the police looked upon him as the author of .mother incen dia ry lire, involving the part lal destruction of a public school in the Ninth ward. Acarnnr or Mrsic? 'I* Figlia del Regglmente" will he given to night (la Italian), with Fahbri, Stigelli and Formes, a rare distribution. We would remind tbepnhlic that the artists are carrying on this season as an experi ment, that the company is an ' xcellent one, and that the tipera deservos to be liberally supported. 6 Haldta l>snr, FOR THIRTY DAYS ONLY. WIIOLKSAIJS nTOCK OF FANCY GOOD* AT RETAIL. TO MX ft, RON k MKLVAJN, No. t Maiden lane. New York. Me w In rent Ion ? Tile Dollar I'hoto h* Nnncrfcir elide. In colors, for at, Si Card I'l -lures HOIMfcH. Sw> Hnlldiav PifwXi. Tboae wtahln* to prt-aent to th?r frlenda 'hHr Photograph (for a holiday pr?went> rould not jet a more anltaMa or flnrly lil..?h??l aiylc Of portraiture ihan he leorytype made by J. OIK.SKV A M IS. fuT Broadway. Wr ??Tit*' the Attention of Oar Rrmlrrn to Mraara WII.LH A KI.MWoKTH H ??!? f rich rr*n<h rmiolBla. I*?n? I'?' J tin ijji ?ilr?r phlrrt iTarr Ac . to bo ?<>lrl at their auction rimma, Ht> Liberty atr-et. i.n Th'iraday ?n l ? i !>?? 1.1 MMl 1 4 The fale will ba per'-mpt"ry, arvi in I u to ault pun haaera. Thi- ?< i?la are now rraly for ? latii.nalHiu. Porkrl Mlphanla'a, or lln imlblf Wulrr pnof t ata, mantifarture.l by t'harb-a Maclatoab A Co, of I<ot)di>n ? A ?mail1n> iceof ih' ??? ?!??* rable Oarinrnta Juat r< ?-.lT' il by lll'NT A IM'KF.N HI.'KV, au. ?????? "r? tu Lcary A Co., Nna S, 4 and A Aator Hooae. A Ckrlilaiai W IIKHI.KK A VIUWlH'l SKWIHn MACITIffR, With impon*;.! im|>ro*'-m?*nu, a; redoaad rn n??. Will prrtre th* Koat arei-ptahle pp'WDl tliat uan oa oOrred lo lady dunnc th* < bnatn.au holiday i>?ee tuft Broadway, M. T. (iravrr A llnkrr'a frlrhratfil NoUrlfN Sewln* Ma' hlne*. $40 and tipwarda. 41*1 H road* ay, X. T. Toy a for th? llnlldaya-Hrtillrd at -TK AMHUROKK A Nl H.N 8', Maiden lam, Importer*. Hrrrlni'a Patent Champion Klre and flur*l?r Prosf Hafea, t&l Bn adway, cumer of Murray itreet, lio* tfork. Hill's llnlr Mlm-k or Rrowa. !>? pnt No. 1 Bar lay itrwt, and Wild by all DruggUla. voidavia Cream? Kor Prrarrrlni and beaiitlfjlng Ik' btfr. S ild only M W. A. BATl'liKUlK H B'-wty invented wig factory, 16 Bond alreet. Nlrlnway A Non'i 0*rritr?n( Brand and x.uara I'tanna ara now mnaMered the heat manufactured ; are ? arramed for five Waterman Band M Walker at Crlatadoro'a Hair Djra, Wlffa and Taa pe.a, the brat in the world, wholeaale and retail, and tba 1) ya privately ap( lied, at Bo. 6 Aator Hmiae. For Throat Olaeaara aad (onihi fa* BlH'WM'K Trorhea, whlrh are wild by all drugguita. PubUa a^-akera aad ainger* ah. old hare them. K. R. I'olrman A ftoa'a Kntaw llodae Baltimore, Md. an. I International lintel, Niagara Kail a, N. T Ma nil d? (?.'? Had leal Car* Trnaa.? onto No. 8 Veaey tlreet (Aator Hooaal, opposite the ohurrh. To Kw+ry Mother Who Has Children atiflerlng from any of the complaint* Incident lo tha DartoJ ot teetbir*. ? e aay, n-> not let ^iwr own prejudtcea or t he preju direa ot nllna >ta?d In tn? a ayol the reliaf that will be mre, ve?, ab?> liite!y ?<im~to follow the uneol MM. WlBHLOWH ?tH?TIIIN(? HTRITT. \illima Poalllrrljr Cnrert.? Dr. Hollo W AT nnreaorvedly |[uaianli?a that Ilia I'ltlta and ointment all] i ii wllh rnlafiilj If ? $4 tamiliHg In thn plain dire i tor a >rt iorth in hia |iamt'hioi ? aaihma. bronohttla, dllD< ult brrii hlng, <-14 > oujtna, A'\ Vtfilnhlr nnd Rlooil Pnrlf>-ia|(. Th' brr i urea l?i* In the ?<.rld la BRVNiiKr-TH ?> TKllRT tHI<B I'll.IA T' ate4 nnd m r> red i .r ||n ?.tra Be hp' ion 'he r tittin- XMd at tba TRIXrirAl. Off! kTSM ? ANA!. fTHF, KT . alw at >o 4 1 B on Mjtfuri . flld Maeeri , 241 llu'l? ?ui-ei> ? ?hh?I. h a ?Ai I lah'li nT-no", a no \ViigV. a, corner <4 Hgu.<Mi and Le* is itrtreW. DrmwlMi of R< FrMM'l DeUw?r? Lotlcrlffl Srsasi coxrtm, CLASS 396, Dm. U, ltWL 10, 3, 64. 36, 8, 23, 30. 6, 47, 35, <1, 29. Comsolidatbs Lottbbt, Class St, Dae. II. IMP. 1, U4. 63, 15, 33, 75, 42, 62, 17, 2, 10, 71. Circulars Mai free of ch+ri? by addressing rTTiujiob, Wllniaglou, b?U?iNi Drawlan of the Delaware HUte Lot* teries.? WOOD, EDDY k CO., Managers of the IIKLAWIKB, EKSTUCET AH D mssOCBI STATK LOTTEBIKS. Dblawahb? Emtra Class M9, Dec. 11. 1880. 1, 74, 30, 72, 20. 32, 75, 34. 40. 47. 31, 3. Dbuwirs? Class 690, Dee. II, IML 41, 73, 58, 13, 63, 18, 57, 44, 66. 66, 68. 10, 32. Circular* sent free of charge by addressing either lo WOOD, EDDY k CO., Wilmington, Unaware, Or to WOOD, EDDY k CO., til. Louis, Missouri I'nlon Now sml Forever.? Mo Hay the people that trade with WHITE the hatter, No. 218 Broadway. Shirts, Shirts.? HI* for 98. Elegant Robe* de Chambre at half price. Depot 106 Chatham street, corner of PearL Notice. 930Q.WU WORTH WINTER CLOTHING, Fl'RNISUINO OOODK, AO., bob MEN AND BOTH, To be sold off at an IMMENSE HACK1KIOK BY THE 1ST OP JANCAKY. IN TIEW OP THE CONDITION OP THE TIMP.H, We have concluded to dispose of our entire stock on haud at A VERY UREAT &ACRIPICE ON THE COHT. devjlTn, HI DSON k CO., SM, 388 and JS0 Broadway. Our New Hat.? We Have a New Hat Coming, and have twice stepped into tin' artist's (not the hat ter's) to see that wonderful work art in different stages of pro gress. It Into be light, durable, fashionable, handsome: and the unlit is, of course, KNOX, on the corner of Broadway and Pult'in street, who docs m>>re with his superb head coverings to niH ke people good looking than all the other hatters lu America. A Vermillion edict: see our Hat, when it oomes. Married. AriuruT* ? Uarston. ? On Monday, December 10, by the Kev. Chas. E. Harris, C. U. Appuriatb to Anxik K. both of this city. 1Ia.ni ky ? Pact . ? In Philadelphia, on Thursday, Decem ber 6. by the Rev. F. 1>. I Ad'l, Mr. William Mantky, of Brooklyn, L. I., to Miss Bkua M. , youngest daughter of Stephen C. Paul., of the former place. Kiiict ? Hiooi.ns. ? In thin city, by the Rev. Hi-nry Highland (iarnet, Mr. Wn. K. Kii ky to Mian Sarah Hui ount, nil of New York. Died. Atm30*>n. ? On Tuesday evening . December II . after a short Illness, Makoarvt Atkinbo.k, iu her 28ih year, a native of the town of tialway. Farther notice of tho funeral hereafter. Bkmujht. ? On Monday , Dei ember 10, Harold, youngest child of Andrew F. and Isabella benedict aged 1 your, 8 month* and 8 days. The. friends or the family nro invited to attend the funeral, this (Wednesday) afternoon, at hull past one o'clock, from No. 16 Charlton street. Browv ? On Tuesday. December 11. Wit.ma* Brow*, aged 40 year s, a native of Hultavent, county Cork, Ire land. His brothcr-in law. William Sweeney and friends are reapectfully invited to attend his funeral ou Thursday afternoon, at two o'clock, from his residence, 240 Nineteenth street. Carm.s? At Dayton. Ohio, on Monday, D-cembor 10, Kha.m ? CtMRk aged 74. Dki.a*.? At Morristown, N. J., on Saturday, December 8. ol i onsumption, .Ia.mkh, son of the late Win. Dog in, of I tlca, aged 23 years. Chit ago and I'tica paper* plea-m copy. Iiwvkk ? <?n Sunday , December 9, at his residence, N'o. 66 West Forty llrst street, John Dwtkr, in the 89d year of his age. 'Ihe relatives and friends of the family are requested to attend the funeral, tbia (Wednesday) afternoon, at one o'clock, llis remains will be lakcu to Calvary Ceme tery. Elliott.?' On Tuesday, December 11, Mr. A.ndrkw El liott, aged 46 years. The relativea and frlenda of the family, and those of Patrick and Wm. McCagnoy, are respectfully Invited to attend the funeral, from his late reaideuce, No. 333 West Th.: ty-Hrotid street, on Thuisday, at twelve o'clock, without further invitation. Hbmi.vway. ? On Wednesday, iHvember 6. at Terre Haute, lnd. Kdwin H. Hkmdiway, late of this city. lliimrv ? On Monday morning, December 10. Mary Katr, vonngest daughter of Enoch and Anna l<oui*a Hidden. The funeral will take place at the residence of her pa rents, No. 72 St. Mark's place, this (Wednesday) after noon, at one o clock. Tbo relatives and friends of b"r immediate family, anil those of her brothers in law, Wtl Haiti H. W' bl>, Henry M Stevens, Dr. Augustus K Gard ner and Charles T . Kuynolds, are invited to attend * ith out further notice. Jouaw ? On Mot ?'lay, I December 10, In this city, at the t-t. Nicholas Hotel, Mrs. Annua M. , wife of Samuel F. .lohlu>ou, of CUarleatown, Massachusetts, aged 37 years. Mt'RDocit.? In this city, on Monday , December 10, of consumption, Kijia Clark, wife of John Murdock, aged :ei years ami 0 month. , a native of Onolcush, county Tyrone, Ireland. "ller ri laiiw* and friends anil the friends of his uncle, John Henderson, are Invited to attend the funeral, this (Wednesday) at ternoon , at one o clock, from her late resi dence, N<> 141 Elisabeth street, without further notice, ller remains will be taken to Greenwood Cemetery. Mjcau ? snddeuly, in Newark, N. J., on Monday. De cember 10, Mr. Bumamim Mi ui. iu the 81st year of hia age Hie funeral w ill be attended from the Central M E. Church, in Market street, on Friday morning, at t'-n o'clock. Hie friends of the family are respectfully In Vited to attend without further notice. The relatives of the deceased are requested to meet at the residence of Dr. J. D. Anniu.No. 17.". Market street, at ume o clock. Interment at Greenwood Cemetery. O'Caoior. ? In Hrooklvn. on Monday, December 10, Fj> w'kii Fraxw, young'ft sun ol Michael aud Marg ?rot O't Oii. r, Iigid 1 var ;u?d * months. The tuic iai will take place trom inv . ?1.1. ,,f hi* p.r. nls this (Wednesday) attei n<K>u, at liall pa.-t one o'clock. pATanx;it ? (>n Monday, Deflember 10, Fimikt S P? TUnsiR, aged 65 years, ills friend- arc respectfully In vited t?> att? tid the funeral, from the residence ol C. F. Runner, Esq., 182 >juit Twentieth street, this (Wisln<-a day) aftermsm, at one o clock Pratt. ? 4m Saturday, iMcember S. at Kent. Ooon. . I"k tv k 1'katt, M. D. , late of thla city, in the 6<uh yoaf of his age. Kouiona. ? In Pmoklyn, on Sundav. December #, after a short illness Uiiijam Wiijuir. ?ni* son of fleo W. and Amanda C. Rollings, ag d 2 year*. 1 months and 22 days. Dearest M line thou hast left us, And thy loss we deeply fi el ; Dili tl- (iud that hath Itereft ua lie can all our sorrows le-?l The remains were interred lu Greenwood Cemetery. t-Nimv? On Monday. December 10, at Rye V< esiobes tcr oonnty. N. Y . Mr. Wujjam aged _'h year lli? fre-ods are invited to atteud his funeral, this (Wed i esday) altern<on. at ball past one o'clock, at the Motho i 1st Kpis?"pnl church. K)e. Hisaaua ? In BriwJclyn, on Monday, Dn>rtw 10, Jnw At i.rxTrs, youngest s -u of . lane s II and Franoes A. Mt> b blns. agist 7 months. HI'TTiaji. ? (la Monday, December 10, Mra. Manoaiui Sttdab, aged R8 years The relatives and Dien<h of the family are respectfully Invited to attend her funeral, from the resident's of bet son. Daniel R. Snvdam. 180 West Twenty secood street this i Wednesday) afternoon, at two o'olook, without for the? in\ itatkm. Toarxtxs. ? 'm Monday. December 10, Marv, wifo of pjmuel Tompkins The friends of the family are invited to attend the fii neral. frtitii the n sidence of her son In law. Henry <l>r nell. New Kochelle, on Iriday afteris?>n, at half post one O'clock. Carriages will be in w tiling at the New Ro cbeile depot to no-et the twelve and a quarter o'clock train fr< m the city. Vt>IW ? At Mount Vernon, We tchester county, on Saturday. I'eceml'< r 8, of eons'imption. Diibra. wue ot James West, rn, of Tiverton, England, aged 30 years and 4 months. City paper* please copy. Vis ,?ii ? ?m Friday, fweemlier 7. Aji>k Twmm Yotrim. aged 2 years and 7 months, daughter of (ieorge B and Ann Kliaa Young, of New Orleans Ihe relatives and friends of the family are Invited to attend the funeral, without, further notice, fiom the home of her grandnudher . Mrs Richard Tweed, Sr , No 2T17 East Broadway, thla (Wednesday) afternoon, at one o'clock. RIRCILLAIIBOVR. A CARD - OfTISO TO Til E DIHTt'RRF.n STATE ?>F 1 h f nmntre. ami a arnrral atacnatloti in htiamcM, M RUHR* SEMMOMR A CO, (h I 1. 1ST OPTICIANS, flW, Itroadwar, und'T I.*f?nr? llnuaa. Harp determined to arfl krlav rxH 1/ lnt?irlMlnii Inablr and ?itrti'lTP ??"k nt ? ptlral m ?)?. < onaiatitiK of UOLU, Htl.\ Kit LID stkei. HPKCf ACI.F.s, OOI.D rfjATF.D, STKKI, AMI TuRTOISKHIEU. KVR ai.AMBR, OI'F.RA (ILASSEH. MICROSCOPE*, THERMOMETERS, FIELD GLASSES, MARINE OLAKftES, TELESCOPES, BAROMETERS, HYDROMETERS, ETC., ETC Tfca i*l?bra?#d Fnahah TH"*-''.|iWi, rhowliif oh)w?a <li?. tltu'l* at tki** and ? half mlnn. ? 11I1 mi mm nu> ?l Ki r Pl?-r??, UllM, Frw Srirw. A<\, will ala>ib>. ai.ld at mm. Am tb? abort- mi ai b* >lia|?.aad of bjr tha mld'lla nf .lHn>iarr *r wold mil >h- attention of tbr publl< ami drnlara in an aar'j HMptrUu* ot thla aplrmtld atork of opt,, ?i * ? d? N. B.? Rtntt ?nd liTMr, with Ftiluraa, for A I.I. vrmi WAST A RIJCF. HEAD Of HAIR f*R THE J\ ralrbratfd Frrnrh MvparaUon, Cnlff?rtn.- It m .*<_? dm dnilf, Imparta a rich *t"aa Wi thr h?lr for aal* t'T l?F I ASM A CO .. *t Naaaan atrvat, 612 Mr.artwaj, and by all rr ai<rUbl< driicgtata Walckaa A T "'"hop a rein-h7 rrrrn aitoue hotel. ?. rlrv at !h? I writ iv. -w.lhl* prk?n At HtfttlOP A RKlN S, fifth A"tii" Hotel, Wa m"k't< at Importer*' ?b'.l.*aal<> | r?va RIKHOP A RKIN, Fifth Arm u< llntrt, iBiportrra of Jaw. alr\ lilainonda and W atcJxa ll<ua" In Parla No &H ru? da la >?-mrta ( oral .1. w.lrjr at ?fr?ntlonaBjr I"* prWa at BISHOP A KFIN'S, Fifth Armtia Hotel ImfxirijUi.fi direct fr.in Bapk-a. l>UM?sn JKWR un ASH WATCIIfix, IMPOBTATIo* DIRECT. RF ST (JOODS AT Till? LnWKsl I'ONMRf.F PRfi Fs AT BISHOP A RF.fN 'A. _ Firth Arann? Hntfl, (Brantliof Vlror B *ti u ?w.l<n tone.) ncmiraw. ATTENTION ,H. RESPECTFULLY CALLED to ?dTerUnomw.i ij. iUe aastiea column o" the lArjjs h_ ? 0. nuau/Mt^ri lI%o?{UbyULA"iW"Ui ___ BHowKE a vicaau. AT $4 fiO? NAPOLEON TAI* BOOTH A k*FW i'Jp at JONES', Noa. 10 and 12 Ann ?trent n B -fU tai soe them. AT WM. EVBBDBLL'8 SONS. WEDD1NQ CAKIW Envelope* of the latest styles. lot Fuluw street Now York. Established U14. A IX THE FIRST CLASS BSWHO MACHTNB4 19 let, with or without operator*, di for sale at uMf?. tu rent' prices, with the privilege of exchanging rar aaoU kind If out suited, at 710 Broadway, by J. A- WHlTMOItS. At everdell'h old store, an bboadwat. Wedding Carda engraved In the highest style of Um art . See specimens. ABEAL'TIFl'L PICTIRB.? CINDERELLA AND HBB sister*, painted by Van Lerlus, Royal Academy, AM? % coutinttm to attract crowd* at ftcbaus gallery, Broad? s BCRDSALL'S arnica liniment, When all elite has failed, cure* More Throat, Burns, Stiff Joints, I'lcera, and all external pain* and aches. Price ? dA 34 Hoekman street. ^CONCENTRATED LEAVEN, CONCENTRATED LEAVEN. CONCENTRATED LEAVEN, Fur making all kinds of BREAD, ROLLS, HI EH, PASTRY", CARES, 4a. Light, sweet, and wholesome, m<>n' digestible and nutritioML bits au agreeable, natural taste, U leas liable to sour, aud wS retain its moisture longer than bv any other prooess See direction* In curb m kai(e for tnaktng I^*f Bread Rook wheat Cake*, Sponge Cake, Corn Cake, Cup Cake, I a<U>? Cake, Webster Cake, Boston Brown Bre.id, Iiumpltng*, Chum bcr* atreet Cake, Jumble* .Election Cake, Soft sugar llniger br. ad, Hard Sugar Gingerbread, Silver Cake, Doughnuts, Bat ter I'uddlng, Johnny Cake, Gold Cake, Japanese Cake, Apple Pudding, Highland Cake, Union Cake, and every variety of Pastry. For sale by all the principal Oncer* and Druggists. GBOBUE H. BATES, Wholesale Agent, No. l*? Pearl street, New York. / 1LARKK, TAILOR, 116 WILLIAM STREET, BErNO \ about to secede from the old spot, will sell off all hip go< d stork of ready made Clothing at ruinous prices. A $S> Ovcrci at for $15, *1-' bunlnei,* ('oat for $'J 00, 4c. Finest goods lor custom w ork, as usual, very low. C TUPPED HANDB, PACK, LIPS. 40. ? CERTAIN CUMI and pwentlve. II Eli EM AN A CO. ?a Camphor lee, wttk glycerine, If used as directed, will keep the akin soft In tB* ooldest weather. < inly &'> cent*, rvtit by mail for 30 oeula. 11EUEHAN A CO., Che.mista and Druggists, 161, :*?, 511 aud 756 Broadway. flORNR, BVNIONS, INVERTED NAILS, ENLAROD \ J Joint* and all disease* of the feet cun-d without )>aln *a inconvenience to the nailent, by I>r. /.AC1IAKIK. Surgnea Chin podtst, TO) Broadway. R?fera to physicians and sar geons of this city. rlORNfl. ? THE ABSOLUTE EXTRACTION OF CORKS J and Bunions. Instantaneous and eflicaclouscures, wRB> out cutting, pain or bleeding. Messrs. KENDALL (late M Regent street, London), 42."' Broome street, N. Y. Oflloeboafa In in II A. V. to 3 o'clock P. M. Applications for residentarw > li.lt* Immediately attended to. Refers to Dr. Dlion, edits* of the Scalpel, and others of the faculty. D IAMONDS, WATCHES AND JEWELRY. SELLING OFF UNDER COST, TO CLOSE THE BUSINESS, Diamond*, Pin*. Earrings. Brae-lets, Coral Sets, Be. : El and Swiss Watches, all celebrated makers, warranted. D. C. PEACOCK, London, and tot Broadway. 1)R FOOTF, 48 TWELFTH STREET, NEAB BROJ way, cure* Dy*)>e))aia and Indigestion. DON'T FAIL TO STOP AT ? DAILEY B CO.'S to day. Their great sale of Dinner and Tea Seta, at half ptiea, begin* this morning. Sse advertisement in another column* } EXTRAORDINARY ANNOUNCEMENT! !i SECESSION!! SECESSION 1 1 ! In con*e.|nence of the depression In the c! thing huslneaa* caused by the j n sent POLITICAL EXCITEMENT, I have determined. In order to clear out at once the whole stork, TO SACRIFICE, AT ANY COST, my entire new snd besattful stock of MEN'S and BOYS' WINTER CLOTHINU. NOW IS THE TIME FOR BARGAINS AT DEU ROOT'S OAK IIALL, &4, fWandWt Fulton street Open until S?, I'. M ; Saturday*, II P. M. JjlsTABl.lSliED ^IXTY YEARS. J VEER'S CABINET FCRNITURE WAREROOMH, 33.1 ami :136 Fourth street, northwest corner of Broadway. Superior Parlor, Library, Dining and Bedroom Furniture ?ff every style, Kjom the plain and substantial to the elegant and expensive at rea?>nable prices Interior Decorations, Pier, Maatel Olatses, Be. Goods | acked and shipped to all part* of the worM. (TREAT BARGAINS. r GREAT BARGAINS. LESS THAN AUCTION PRICES FOR CASH. FOR CASH. We will offer nn Wednesday, December 12, and each saa ceedlng business day. I NTIL ALL ARE SOLD, #00 w bite French China Tea Seta, containing t4 pieces, for $3 76, worth $4. 200 white French China Dinner .seta, containing I4M places, for $29, worth $M. 500 gilt band French China Tea S'-is, oiuiitinliig 44 pieces, for $t 80, worth $B 300 gilt band French China Tea Seta, Containing 44 pieces, for $< 25, worth $ML XO gill snd painted French China Tea neta, oontaiuing 44 pteoe?, for $rt. worth $14. 100 gilt band Frenrh China Dinner Sets, i-ontaining 167 pieces, for $44 75, worth $4B 20 gilt and painted French Chum Dinner Set*. oontainins 167 pieces, for $?0, worth $ML 30 gilt and painted French China Dinner Seta, containing 167 pieces, for $C0, worth $ML 15 gilt and painted French Chirm Dinner Seta. containing 167 jilccea, for 170, worth $MIB. 10 gilt and painted French China Dinner Seta, containing I67p'ece*, for $*0, worth $1 IB ?, .~4 I '. 'cd Frvaoh China Dinner Seia, 'tw^Web ' wifi,for*"*' an extcnat e variety of Fancy Vaiea, Bronte Figures, ParttA Ma'ueltes, Bohemian ii'.a*f?are and >ther aruclaa suitad far holiday gifts. Alto, SILVER PLATED WARE, TAllLK CUTLERY and TAHLE GLASS at greatly red tired price* An eiam nation of the article* above enumerated wilt ona vince any one having a knowledge of the usual \alue of s idk goods, that our present rav> are more than THIRTY' illilEE PER CENT below cus' maty puces For further particulars I^HlK AT >*ni| les of the g<s>ds, with pne-i sttsrhed. In our front win dows. W J. F. DA1I.EY 4 CO., <11 Broadway. ENI'INE IH'DSON BAY SABLE CAPRS. VH-PO " 1 rlncs. MulT<and Cuffs, at retail, at 00 per cent 'low 'Sit, at the Hudson Bat Fur Company's warehouse, M Br>?<k MARK J. KINO, 54 Broadwoy / * RF AT SALE OF CHINA, HI ASS. BZOX7.F.S, HOC SB I I Kurtiisliing <?<?4* and Holiday Pr>'*ents. by bRO^CRB .NH'HOi.s, Auetionters, ho 15 Nsaasu slr> et, this ? Wednes day i nvnilng. at lit1, o'cl>s k. and each day roU.iwIng, until llie entire atoek la aold. Thla One lot of d>'?lr*ble g?>d? "?** consigned Inr the manufacturers to E V llaughwoai 4 C?, for the Houtfiern trad. , bu> lo saaaafasaas "f ih" truahtss in tbst motion, wtll be aold on manufacturers' account, srlihoat reaervs, for cash Retail numiaaera ?|?x (ail) Invllod. S?S large advertisement In aueiion column BROWNE 4 NICHOLS. nOt'SBKFRPERS c\N sF.t I RE AN OI TFIT 09 Glasa, t hlna and l'latr-d Ware and llolMay l*reaeats at less than co*t of imj^Ttatl <a, by st'endlnc t ie great aui ttoa ? ale of BROWNE A MCIIOI.S, No .15 Naaaau str?.t, thla (Wedn< ?<iay) morning, at In', o'cloc k The ladies are respect - fully Invit' d to insix't thia asle II thev do not wish Ui par chase, as It will be the rirlnat and nnart ?'lab- 'rate as? >rt meat of (i>4la ever offered before at auction. HOI SB FUBNIHII I Nil GOODS AT PANIC I' KICKS Our usual Southern aales bsving In a great measure bM stopped by rraaoa of the present poUtlcai troubles, we an pi' l and to offer, for < aah. f tui.nn wi rth of CHINA, GLAHSWakK, SII.V KK PLATED GOODS, CILA NDELIKRS, BRONZES, CLOPKN and FANCY OOODS, At prt' ca hen t 'fore nnknown In this market. Th' *e roinple'e sets iI57 plec#?i French i-hln* and rich eat a 1 1 t engraved Olaasw ?t? are at II further retined to $M. Wa Invite Immediate ? lamination of our gisvis and prices E V. IIACGIIVVol T 4 CO., 4IM, t(0 and tH Broadway, corner of Broome atrsaL T ? DRI GGlMTH. D S BaRNk'"** nldD*"41 Prices " A i enenu!''' l*rt of M ?? ' Alteratives, Plasters. Hitters . ,?'?U Purtfyers, Balsams ffiTTTJi Panamas. Confection* i ",r Ur** r'ito. ?'stli. I c< na Jn?lforator? Salves, C' d I.l'ver ri'in Miwr?es?as Ija'aapariUas. jj'l'es, rtenH Terms? Nat l ash ? ledem aSieit^l and prrJZ,. ai,^ l lsr/f I* *? b HA&NBS St i'.Q New York Dee In MS? 'Wslte Astor lloa^ rr UK < OVdl WI'TIVfB FHIf'.NH I rot i.iif, < nut. KAiiiMi Hi/mo, rAiir ijc tll? CI UK ANII NMKAMT, ki\ The* and . inlliif r. mplalnU ar# nw?t certainly nir?l l?T HV ATT M I'ttltiixiilr Hniaam Tho I'ulaaontr Rtlmin to daU* curlnjr the w rat < awn nf tl,ra* rntn plaint* li in rf d Mr J II ?l<4lwln of pain In th* aide, braaM and ?|i|itli ?i>f bl'wd. after he had bean ninirtrd for year*. an* ?<?? rinii'in to the laat atafea of aaahneaa, and rnnMd'rM bermd ihe rraeh of nvdlrfrwi *lr Oodaln'a oll?e* to at 114 Klltabela atn et lie la now in the rnjoymant ol perfect health ^ l'l Ihr Kir let. * roll and aiw him Depot SMI Grand ?l rrmt. *1 i?nu par botiW*. Thk urrat hai.f or rKKwrn china dinnkb and *1 ^a Kela miiii?ik?? a< DAII.KY A CO H . , lodny rrl -a col d a n nearly ??<> half Re+ ?dmr1ii??M? In aooihrr column ________________ $1(1(1.(1(10 " ? H KMTI'KE AT A UKKAt SACRIFIC*, it DP.iiKAAr * TA\U>R. Ow nf in ihf r"al d< ellna in mir ?<"ilhem trad', iMHiiffi an im.enaa ?ur|? u? Hr?k on hand. coacluM,'* r#' r Ihf a hole AT KKTAII,, AT ( OCT. rop iim kbit Tinrrv oath. At i-'lhff cf our thnw at?r*a, *T Wr MB I'fart #? and at til IW>* *rj