10 Şubat 1861 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

10 Şubat 1861 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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nrrasracG from the east. Our Nankin, Hons Kon^r, Jeddo and i\ apisa k i icorrespondence. Curious Facts Regarding the Chinese and Japanese. RELIGIOUS PAGEANTRY IN JAPAN. Mauufat turinK Industry of the People. THE JAPANESE AMBASSADORS AT HOME. IMPORTANT FROM CHINA. PROGRESS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY PARTT. WISE EDICTS OF THE REBEL EMPEROR. tavaloabk Pr hilars t-onecded to the Baptist Missionaries* LETTER Ft 0*1 0\? OF THE MINISTERS, ??. J AI'AN. Oar Nugannkl (ormpmidrnre. Nagasaki, (Hit. 28, I860. SMmfie lomnclaitv Fettvvl <tf Ike Japanw?Magnificence of the IHrplaii?hhLtiJftan Con. imptton of .S'acA-?Hibi torj Prvpensitim of th- PlBfls?Japan Oner Fnkmattd? Jtanvg 7fcH?ry ?jf the Amrri <tn C'umU?Depreciation of For mm Currtf*,?Jnlrresttni} Account of Jojtnnese HalnL,? Ttuir Huh- of Atnnufacturiiiji Ncetlle.*?Xalu* Frvii?2he DeiiTrfirJmpr'iotimiit, dr., ifc. Not two month* l uve p ?-sed slnre a grand festival had converted the ii>hanitaBts of Nagasaki, for a number of dayR, (iobi a laboring into a saki drinking people. th it i? to s y, more properly, iato a more than usually puki drinkug people, for they never do without it, ami agatu tht- whole town and adjacent country Is celooratiLg a fo?bt. this time it Is In honor of a Sintoo god, named t-uwa, the p.uron god of this place, on whose tocount yearly eleven str<"-is of Nagasaki turn out In mag Uitic nt proo'. ssion, rat h mparate Htroot furnishing a Dumber of men au children in fanciful drensoa, ami ona grand dislgii, in form of a huge umbrella or canopy. Hy writers on Japan, who resided here many years ago, a description of this feast of "Matsuri" has b<>en give*. | But as it appears to have been conducted in a nomenCiat different way. 1 think it not out of place to tsay at least a ? few words about it. The eh&age of place where its per format en were executed from a large lovel square, now occupied by foreigners, tc the very other end of the city, half-way up the niounUun, the presence of the Governor hinwteU instead ol his representatives, the different ar rangement .n the order of jKTformnnr.es?all this has I wonderfully givea to the present MaU.uri a different I ai<pe< t. Ou lur morning of the first day af the feast the Gover nor of the imperial domain, sealed in n sort of lent, with th" greatest number of twivswordod men, take* a review ol aii tbe representatives of Hie eleven street*. I bail beard that Ins ElCtl'eDCy, or whatevvr li<- may bo, Cvduciio s this rev iuw al an early hour, heace I was at the i<ost In gnoti time to obtain u Man J on a |>laiforni arreted next to tbe t.uvcrner a lent by aomo apcculit. ing Jaiwnet-e. 01 cotiise as a fore.jmer 1 bad the |>artl cular bonor of p?j ihk for my placc Just about three timet* as much as a naiitei Hut as thu Is tbe case In regard to < very thing for which ouc pays money, 1 banded m\ cat-b without grumbling. Tin- stand gave me a view of the entire performance. It wan a ?trance spectacle to see tbe masses of human boadg oil terrace abivetorraco to midway up tbe mountain, where i the proeesr ion siart'd, and where oaeh Mparate street bail a kind of rein arsaJ before parading boforc the Cover Bor. This relic*. sal seemed to be more visited than the after per adu Seats v. ? re erected all around the place, rialng ne above the other, so that I fancied myself to It) In an sricieut anipbiltieatre. There, loo, were theatrical I<erforrnaiici'?, ibe aotorr all stepping an "ou high cath ?UTbs," the chorus was not wanting either, ibough. as far as comfort was c.ncernod, I should not have regretted its absence. Such staging, or rather recitatives, never pierced poor human iarn outside of this empire, excepting t%ina To attempt a description of it would be absurd ity?It must be beard, or rather puff'red, to bo appro plated. Eight o'clock in the morning the first street of ths leleven lepretcnliog out s this year made its appearance before tbe Oovornor. >'irst came the two magistrates of ?t, to make thulr obewicc b?fore the distinguished ?Dfliclal, tboo tbo repusi ntatlves in gorgeous array. Kach l?tre. t i'r. .i :j.- i and children representative* laciordu.g to si>me characteristic of the street, to thera ?ppeareda nurolx r drraw*: a* Chinese, they being front ftbe street in which tbe ("lJlnewe lue another number IWess.'d as liutcb selti.fr-'. bernnse this street runs [along Mm; another number attain as Usher 1 men, as tliey were from tha street where fish |are so d, ac.. \c H was wonderful to sen ths apirn vlth which cveiy thing w is gotten up. No expense was J pared Frerj thing was done most con.; *lely. Golden ?lace, velvet, s.lks, wore used w.tb the utmost profusion. ? >o one of the designs that most e<pt cialiy excited my l.tmiration an uigle was embroidered in gold and black ad white si I And so perfectly was l? ?,<>ne that at a kcrtclMam on< * >ul 1 kiiNMMtMwHUViM | eally a painting la tbe nndst of iht per "or man re a platform, ereei 1 *>po*lto tbe one <>n which I -mod, and wind) aw thickly owdeti with men. worii 'U and children, mdd.tnly give ay. Very fortunately but one person was r .i^htly h irt. at people around me t?cv:k.n to grow i.u.a-y about our m platf >r?< whi' h ct.ised me to., to ,-[??* t t a little re cloecly 1 found, tlcn, Dial It w.ts only held to f it her by ropes niaoo of straw Wbereupou I found it Ioore agreeable to leave it im many had don< before me. lut the proprietor of t bouse close by very pl<-asant w gave me a pl?ce on tbi- roof of hi" hou-<v v.-hero I Mid ae? atlii b- tt r und at the sau ?? ti-. if. t>.l; ? in a leak I For foil! houif Iho 1 ? .1" W. 1,1 on II* rn?>. r ?. Lane, when ;t w.m <*? i (? pr< It; |i?l lal parformanoes of t w men drwsed up liw. < , s- * lfcn lib. Gorerni . p t<?k dinner a;o fluton priests p*HS* <1 bj w it ti their go Is. in ? ' . at lull ne<, tha peoplB all thr< wleg monev to tb> ? . Iimk ' n specif ul wiss and ci-stieulstion" The ? is Is then luted Ibaltovernor and thep^ iIB)MM * e at an end was by this time fis.ro'cl?-k IB ih?- altera m* Kvery jody went home to refr ch iKhly and eoui by n g'-sl meal, there is much fear that more of .11 iris.,;j*f than of 1ng was carriod on At least wh<M? I returned after down from a walk out nto the <o'nt y I met numb I.' the country p.?oj?le retain ng ii ? r u arly all laaviiy laden witu sail It mile I ) ' 11 i i what wn.'irt ?!ru,k ng i- rarrl ? in tuts ciiuiit'} It but a few day i ?? 'alking on the tn*uiritnln ridge shore u > is riling m?t man and woman l>otb drunk, but the wile ibe worse of le two In |. u< tog ii ? hbe want -d t > rr ike me a bow. ut her head beun- uuupually heavy sb. fell forward, and ?a# only aavod Irorn a complete roll down the steep lge of thena'rnw i.?ib l>y h<?- husband s timely assist ?ce. I had not ;? ?ii > alf a m!te 'iirtlnr w lien I met a rty ?>f four wc m> a and several Utile children, and of sae three wotiH'u wr- t? a~tiy Intoxiuatcd. Ilila Is thing 'ar. r, j>t, -t?? 'iii". : ? p.iti>>nt, be it I marrie i l.-st ela??e- or ? i omir girl, l? MlfBd to ask sin t:.? r it.nrb saki is dru.in by Ilia respite- I re pers-n I.: .. t, 11. o,,,.,., ,| Irlnk, ?lib ' at eiceptl .n of mi" ? > .. . f T Mat .?? Ih busbaml hoae wile wiw ?? ver" m :cb ovi rpow. re l by salti I I Ju-t now htateil. merniv ,. | ,t |,^r mi| ?p, aad dnsnn' I,, i ari" It h ,i,,.v t,,t red iitiwaro.', suiding and bowing, u imppv pair I n taore and mori too ^bt to t i?p<n M be?n ov?r ?wtm.atei alm^v o, r.. .,!-ne baa bu n done b-> > -? * tb-lr b in t. nu, n r?r u ?ay could not or wo d not see it? maoy ilijip. b? hers, who have writieu frc ti a few ? <?t lB.p'eS',-HIS I VV lK-eri t lltM to- lr |, ' mn loid ??e - r th-- ? r? ign nun ? ^ r. ?t _d4a that be did not I*I hi* loWB d?y nr niglit ? bsnas la o<wieiusion whs .. "u< e irawa'hat tl V nxso lv>ne-i i> Ibe sui heard the aain. lime of III leg.oes of spies Hut inded Maame f <* gB 0dR< lal, niaklng it .. ^ get near htm Ik?l'i<*s, th're mm b iv, . ttra Meert t-ttk'i ?l<?- In.]-rial (m. i i i n.ti^t 'e highest ri pre... i.Utlrt ot at-eai> Vow.- M u .wer ?wti there lit! ? I ?? 'r. in 1 ', |y tW'tilv d?> K our ' f?"il b "< :.l V o l| ? ? ?, r, bbed fiVf li'lies \?)|. s t '!arms w. >% lb. nnmiliti If entered b?? own ?t piny aper'un i t ,<ei stole tb>* M'V?Uie< he b.trt i >ken nnd 'h i i ff-'ii tbo lad, very near h i o?d Such Is 'lie noii"siv of ft Janan'se wb<?e ?n ??? ? ?, m .. . ??ntly d?<*,shtio' o< no ri " it .l ,0 our o ? i uatry, and wli nt? h -v'" for t^ g;?> 1,1 lv, Mlt protection <g ?' -I hi. - HI 'I II, - ? ,',|> the tieity ^ ill at i' .lis I . I. ? . , ,. I'l : , I, ?|| IBtoS', ltefclb-1'W, a id "?<n |..w r thsntbu I etiv>(itlon. however. Is iBad- o ' . , . o al, uds in nav) , aimv or miii imatic o irj.? 11, ?. n :?.| itted, i? propoi'.ioii to heir higher or lowor rank, to nrhunpc at the custom house n greater orsm iltoramo . er dollars ul Uk triply rate. So it hanpons that only we unfortunate people who wear no brass bull jus, nor any kiud of swords, ha\? to bacritloe about on? tbir 1 in every hundred weim liangt. ihe worst about it Ik, that no movement has been made jot to at I fast endeavor a < hauge in this matter, and that no hope exists for it* beiug done very noon The Japanese have, no doubt, a de-eided veneration f?r tho nun of ollloe. in.l tU'-y ought to have it, because it xcenM >s if the number of their of ttw.ilB comprired two-thirds or the people you m?el tu the nneet. T'bcy are oibl'ngtitalied, as eveiy one known, by tlu ir badge of otHu>?-the two swords. And in these ar ticles a great extravagance is c irried on Knormoaj are fume of lite pi tees pcid f'.r ? good sword Hut I litre si ea a lew winch would really excite anybody s a .intra tloo, as well in regard to the excellent qualities nf the bteel as lor tli extreme beauty of the hau ilo an.' scab bard. A Japanese acquaintance of tnine, who, by the way ,1s a .ledd.man, and, consequently, deep ssi every one not born in .loddn?bonce all Nagamkiaiis ?ahowe'i me a eword, in wboee scabbard was displayed the most ex quisite piece o!' lacquer work I have ever ?wa. It wris made of the balk of the cborry tree by th* lather of the otllrer, who was indeed the IIrat one to propare and use the bark of the cherry tree iu this manner. 1 have noticed ibat the newspapers have given much information on the sword question ; but I did uot see tint a very small dirklike weapou was mt nttoued, which fits into a plao" in tho scabbird of the laigo sword (kali na). and U called ko/.uka, aud is thowa at the eneuiy as soon as he tarns to lligbl?the aim being the back of lbs neck. 1 caid just now tliat a certain man from Jeddo despised every lx>dy not born there, this Is a common tenture Id all Ja|iK!je*c. The native of Jeddo considers it the only great place?its 1/uiguago and customs the only good ouea?while he looks down upon all other towns and ci ties. But the very same tiling occurs in all other towns. This shows that Boston is not th- only city that lias a Boston Common and a Fonoull Uall. And In this and a good m?ny other points la Japan I have had to confess, tout comro- rkf- wnui' I was quite amused and pleased to tlnd out that the Ja panej-o have the suioe popular custom us exists in our country of frightening n person by pnloudlug to have beard something vory derogatory to his character, when he is troubled?as Japmeso are as well as Americans? with the annoying hiccup. If desiring to indicate by a sign that two persons are on very intimate ti rme, hand and glove as we say, they rub thumb nod forefinger together: to express enmity, or merely difference. ibey place the backs of tho Augers of one hand against the other. At meals they will always refuse to be helped before tho host, until prensodto miller it, whi n they will do so with Somo expression of p ilitonem. They will also p'lt on a ftw airs before allowing you to fill their plates a so conil time, just as we have it at home. But ttiey again differ from our little ways in this, thai with ihena a little lett on the plate indicator that 1'iey would like to take some more, while a plate from w hich the last morsel is taki'U shows that the one who so scrupulously ci urod it of everything desires nothing more In taking pains to observeevan little thin^B like these ono la often richly ]iaid by finding at times a custom, unimportant though it may be, yet one that remindshim of home, where the same is practised. The pleasure such a discovery atlbrds to tho man fa' from his beloved home is great Indeed; hut it can even only bo fully ap preciated by men that have lived under similar cir cumstances In accordance with tho manuera of almost all, if not quite ail Kastern nations, th<? Japanese do everything sitting. Silling posture is not confine*! to the tailor or shoemaker; the merchant, tho blacksmith, tie" carpenter all work fitting It Is rather a ridiculous sight to see a man use the plane in such an attitude, and it appeirs to make the work more iiillcult too. Nevertheless, It is the universal custom. At iho foot of the mountain on whose side my dwelling stands is a street almost entirely inhabited b/ mechanics making ntndles. Kverything is, of course, done by band, and it is painful to seo how little children are put to work, from early until Lite, to round of!fhe end of the nee lie where the eye is with a fine Ale, or to see the grown man trilling iho ey' holesall day long, and often tial' the night, by a miserable light. All the noodles that 1 have seen them manufacture were quite large ones, but tbey make gome small enough to tax their powers of ) sight most severely. Our modern view, that iho greatest possible division of tho several parts of apieceof m? nufacture amongst the workmen, who have bi do all their lives only a certain part of tho whole, produce the greatest possible perfection of this piece of manufacture, ?aw which, according to the venerable Herodotus, wis r-vcu known and adopted by the old Kgvptians?this vie w iri, it seems also, to a great extent found in Jap-in. 1 have noticed, for example, iu the making of needles Bome men tirst draw out the soft steel iuto thicknesses according to ihoae of the n<-wiles to be made others cut these loun drawn out pieces into smaller ones, anil flatten one end of each smaller piece; others again sharp, n the points, then the eyes are drilled by another number of | workmen, and, after the part around the eye is well i rounded otJ wi:h a (lie. the hardening, in the :.ame man i r.or ss done by our own meehurn's, and polishing finishes j the process. In some workshops 1 have neen men |H>ltsb i each Miigle needle separately, while in others a great \ uuiuber of tliem are finish "d off together. a stronger iu walking through the streets of a Jtp? I rose town Is sr.en struck bv the great number of confec i tionery stores be iluds. The Japane?e arc universally ' fond of sweet things, and their confectionery store* con tain ihe most wonderful combinations and preparations It is really astonishing to see tho skill with which they Imitate in sugar almost ever) thing out of the great king douuuf uatare. There grows in Japan, os well as Inf'hiua, a persimmon, whii h they are especially fond of imitat ing, and in which they are especially tuoosaeful. This fruit is the only nice one we ran get here It is quite ditler? nt from our American persimmon, growing u* large .is an upple of moderate size, and not requiring a frost for ripening. In China only one kind grows, the SotIneraimmon, In Japan a second variety exists as hard s> m ajiple, while the soft is of about tho same oonsis tency as ihe American pcisimmon, if uot softer. Ofap pies I bavo seen none, though there are soma in the empire. 1 'ears prow quite abundantly around Nagasaki, but they are hard urnl only good for cooking purposes. For some time the greatest quantities of pumelos, or "sa buns. ' as the Japanese call them, have been for sale in the shot*, but they are by no means equal to the .lava fruit. The Japanese gather tliem in when not yet ripe only ?t.cn a Truil lirst comes into market?that n to say when It is least good and generally not nt all matured? they buy it and ^at It before a guest: as soon, however, as it i omes in in quatititiua it is no longer oflcrcd to u visiter. The egg plant grows here most abundantly and is of very superior quality, while the sweet potato hi* but an lnuifierent Uste. (Xrrots also are raised, bui of very small size. Ih# wheat, of which large harvests are gathered in. yHds a very good flour, and the bread the Japanese tuok'o of It, especially for the use of foreigners, i?. though a little dark, mast exoellent. I havegiren vou po far mist of the articli* of food we can obtain litre. Fish and lowl used to be all the meal within reajh but now beef ran be bought, and tome of it of very d quality. The nativea themselves begin to eat II and to admire its last* Th< y are astonishing :n tin ir retd: ?ie?s for accepting foreign way *, customs, notions and Improvements, and for this vorv reason have a greater future before thrm tlian the Clilneee Though at present far behind the Chinese in civilisation, they a<e destined fo rise as much above them before very long While the Chlreee in proud but foolish self conplacerwy >io is I still st a point where his ancestors bad arrive I centuries ago, and while he disclaims everything that is offered him for his advancement, the .iapines< with avioity avails himself of the least Ihiog that coulJ move him onwards in ihe road of civilization It is this p?tnt, and this point only. that ought to excite our synipstbies for this curi'us pi ople. And if wecouidgive a man excuse if he were to become euthuslaatic in regiro to J?pui on ac-onntof this spirit of progross, It !s certain ly worthy of the lushest admiratkn when a people, shut up for centuries within itself, and then brought tu cr*laH wlili .In rrfct of the world, without besilal M 'avs asM* all self ootupiacracy, all s?lfcotc*it neC'-ssarllv fo?ie*ed by a state i.f seclusion, and is ready to aci ept anvthin* good from other nations, a< know lodging thereby itsowi iiellciency and tbetr superiority And this adrnlra' ion l? Incr.'as. d. if we consider that It Is an unusutlly proud aa tiou which assumes such pmition But ravuncs at>oul tlia h 'nest .Ispaoese, and the truthful Japanese, and '.he faliti l ul Japanese, aud wli? knows what other kinds of .lana nesc, can certainly at tbu tin e Und not the fa.eat r-un dati' n. . Our Jedilo ( orrrsponileiaee. <?> lt)'?Kl> III Fsn AT* Vllti.lU,! Jumo, Nov. 10 ! H00 j A 'tital. "'-i'?v?.VornM al I'art.ny?IKe Ciiti of if* . fft \v. at length fcafely arrived at the Japanese me tri'|silis with the late American Kmbaasy, in good health and spirits The Amba^aadors exhibited a good deal tit ?motion when the br>ur for srptiatlon arrived, and many of them shed tef ? on leaving the great \mericanf> igite for the last time. All ex|iresied themselves high ly jdeased with the treatment they baa received during the time tliey were In charge of the Americans The city of Jeddo does not present s grand appearance from lbs Nlngars, but lb<- appearance of the bay Is of more than ordinary msgnitkei.ee, Iu shores are richly diversified by bills acd dales, while mountains in tho in terlor are v itiln, with their peaks rising several thou nind fcrt bleb ahd capped with snow. There are also owe or two volcanoes, and an eitloct volcano of 0.000 feet in ) <"glr whceo summit is brightened byeter i.ill snow. The , ,|mi.< -e bolteve th.s mountain to be the Teniple ??' tho .-<ua, and it ta re|ir. cer.tet on all their Urqiiered ware The g<-neral ini f rer#ifin is that the miiwion of the Kmbassy w ll not he attended wi h any results of im|>ortauee1 r od that "Toutni) r freesii m witb Americans will he paid for with Ins le nd W ith the exception of the tem I lei, the house of the Tycoon and a few of the houses of hi princes, "Ibore la M bouse in Jeddo largei than a -oulherli smok-e hVuse.'' IVigs crowd th- streets and are II Id .0 reverence by the people No presents have been ei eived from tbe Japanese In return for tbe many they wer Klveri l?V the Americans. When tbe officers of tlie N, tgsrs w ilk itt the strei ts of Jeddo tbej ore not per muled t< purelinse niore than three dollars worth In the dby. und only tor this r?>strli Hon many curiosities wm.ld bi put(hsaed from the quaint Orientals, fbe Niagara Is expect*.I to return to H?*ton oti the 1st of May Our Hons Kong Correspondence. I * 11 m> St 11 k- -Ti m I't.rruTfc N r> t orn ttrtM < f t\, f ,, MniOMIaf H? /Mri 1'irti -i [tit It, Jdiuntt "iJarftt th i'?"| " l"' ru irrp o' ? ;vi i frot.i Batavia, tbe Nisgafa am , eri nt this port < n tin 5tad (Monifay last i, all well. Tlie Japanese have a so Wis yed good health, und the pro^pec te of their safe r turn without Ions of life or even suffering from Illness are decidedly good, Tbis re Suit will lie m' st benefit la < ?> fnt i'e fore i*n Int. rc iiirse, aaltwiHi ' etnaili r< o\e ih? at onal preju flee that J*imt.ise ? ' nut ruble lotra> el ab'oad or to taix with foreigners. When they left their country they were looked upon as martyr* to duty by a great many of the old t'ogiee, who have the management of affaire, and it Is difficult to eay whether those great men wiH be able to perceive how they could ever have been at fault in their transcendent wisdom. It should not be supposed, however, that the return of the Embassy wilt be immediately followed by great changes and improvements to the benefit of foreign in tercourse and extension of trade. Those acquainted with Japanese customs anticipate a very different result. The most glowing accounts of the reception of the Embassy In the Pulled States have reached Japan, to the great sa tisfaction of the authorities there, and it is evident, therefore, that the principal o**icers of the Embassy will be immediately suspected of having reciprocated too much the very friendly fooling* in their behalf, aud that their soundness on Japanese principles will have to be brought to the test. After a while, however, this may wear away, and it Is not improbable that circumstances may soon arise when the services of functionaries who have been around the world, and must necossarily pos s<*s great experience of foreign countries, may be called into requisition, when there is little room to doubt that their influence will be beneficial to a considerable oxtent. Everything in Japan is u matter of time. The great news of the day?the taking of Pekin by the Allies?seeins to interest the Japanese but little, ap parently at least, though they no doubt perceive that a friendly demonstration In Japan by the victorious -ne nils, attended by an imposing suite, is not at all itupro bable. On the day before yesterday arrived at this port the I)atch war steamer Groniugen, lia--iug on board Mr. IKin ker Ouitius, lute h Commissioner in Japan. The dotes were Nagas. , October IB, and quite interesting; everything quiet, Nagasaki as safe as tho best regulat ed cooiiii 'nity; though at Kanagawa foreigners were still in the habit of going about armed after ?uosc-t. Tho imperial authorities did a'l in their power to insure safe ty of life aul property, and to protect foreigners. Affairs, however, were quite unsettled in the interior. The (iotairo or Reg<*it had died of his wouuds, and the murderers were in custody. The Prince of Sanooki had also been murdered. A startling piece of new* was, taat a treaty had been made with their old enemy, Portugal, und that the Prufsiaus no* out there had the greatest difficulties in getting theirs, though it was anticipated that they would ultimately succecd. A Prussian ve'tsel belonging to that squadron, the Fraueulih, was uppo~en to have been lost in a typhoon on the 8th mst ; a Japanese schooner, with twenty tour souls ou bouid. and an English brig, were lost in "he sumu storm. Business In Japui was improving and the prospects wore excellent, the Japanuso bin log more fre-ly. The cur rency question was still in abeyance; copper cash was gradually disappearing, and iron cash substituted for it A Low cobuiig had been coined exuc'Iy of the weight of lour it zebus, and tie- foreign merchants made no com plaints, which may be taken at. a suie sign tint things | worked to their satisfaction; it is to be hoped for them that tho a.-<s?y ol Japanese coin at the mint iti Phil idol phta will uot interfere with their calculations, as it is quite probable that that ussas will serve the government ol Japan as a basm in further regulating their curroncy, it nit that they will l>e guides: by it entirely. The Envoys have been on shore here once, for no other purpose than to uo their shopping and to g-t Chinese cu riosities 1 hoy pr< ferred not to receive or make any of ficial visits, and to remain unnoticed. The only ej cepliou to this rule was made in liatavia, where they met with a distinguished reception fr >m the Govennor (ieue ral in their official capacity as Envoys Extraordinary to the L'mtid Suites lhey had a friendly chat with our Minister. Mr. Ward, now at lh:a place, when they to >k occasion Otice more to express their gratification at the very coidial rccejitiou they hui' met wUh ia tho United states. Mr. l'ortman, the Interpreter, is engaged writing a nar rative of the Jafiauese I .in bossy to the L'nited States, with reference to tho official roport shortly to be sub mitted to th? government of tho Tycoon, In tho drawing up of which he aided, by furnishing explanations and translations embodied in it. The report will be u curious document and very voluminous, descriptive ol mtnners and customs, and of everything they saw. The mws to day is the shipping of a Japanese boy, Coney, wh ? is anxious to -ee his family once more, lie was tared from a wreck soma ten years ago, since when he was four years on board the Active, in San Krnueisco He cnnie out hero in the Ma l?. Rogers, and tho owner is Willing to give him up. The Envoys were greatly into rested .n the b y's fate, and requested that a awai^e to Japan might be allowed to biin, which request was promptly granted. l:vrt>.l> SlATKS Sir IMSHTV HaRTKORD, > H'?M. Komi, Nov. 2S. 1H60. J Ittf'TrAinj DtCfiptum of Allffcuaki?tlkt Inland ft-n? Curit ily of the Japaw.e?A'atire Coiil?Cultivation ef tin Mountain*? The Parks of Jmido?lht Extinct ToJ cam*?hi Jm mntie Ileiijht?The JV t jijara's Arrival?Ihe Vayapr to If<mg Kopfi, <tc.. dr. \?'c arrived at Nagu.-aki on the 9tli Inst., and remained there a week. The place ia constructed very much after the style of tho Chinese towns wi'.h the single exception that the streets are wide and clean. There are very few beggars, and those persons who cannot afford to dress elegantly du not go In ragi, as the Chinamen do, bat ai*o to be met with ilrejsed a la nature. We laid at Nug vakl one week, and then sailod for Yokohama, via tho inland sea. I believe our ship is th? first American tuan of-war that has been through this sea. Wo had to come to anchor every night, generally oil somo otf. The first place we anchored wis off Simona Htki, where 1 went a hore. A great many officers also went off f'ons the ship In two boats, and as we neared the shore we proceeded with much difficulty. In conse<|uence of the crowds of Japanese women who put off from the beach in boat*. Their faces were painted and powdered, and a number of them had their teeth dyed black. Th us were married women. Their boats completely surrounded us. As ^oon as we got on shore we were t :en in charge by the city officials, who kept the streets clear, hut would not permit the shopkeepers to sell us any thing Heme of us, however, succeeded In getting a few things. I think we were a greater curiosity to tho inhabitants of Simon* 8nkl ihitn the Japanese commis sioners were to the people of the United .States By the way, I think the Yankees tuadu gnat fooU of theriifelves thia time, especially the women, with "Tommy." This same Tommy ts now n< more than an tnterpnter. and is not held in re.ch greater reap t thaa a common C'?olie. Iu Jedd > princes are as pleatlffcl as pollieuieu In New York, ?ora of th< m be ng nimei.-ely rj. a. fhi;y count their wealth in tire Tlie richest pr.ace^m the empire has a yearl> mcowe of rtr<?valued at .'our and a halt million dollam I think f-o much rice would make a pretty big heap IHir cruise toroui'h thi celebrated Inland sea, between the islar.ds of Siphon aal Kinsin, was very ititerei>tie,c As 1 said he etc wo bad to anchor every night under banked 'ire? We used tne noted Japanese coal, w'liuli tortus clinker fron fret.li fires, in one hour, s*i or < ig.it inches thick, anU Mveriac the whole or the grae 1> irs We seti\ up ab"ut 70 per cent of ashes, Ins Scenery IftMhu the bank- ot the tuiaud ?ei. is a jout the moHt nenu tifnl I ever saw; the t&ouulaias beiuj; leirae. d for nearly the" whole helghth and planted with a variety of gr.nu ot difTi rent color* The var:ooa farms are ?livi'te<i by lou? aii I Da/row gro7es of trees, some up the slues of the tn? iiijtuius. oth< r? around the sides Among tno p.aces st Which we stopped I m?y mention luogo and Osaka, the lost named i? Ihe seaport town of Miaeeo, th- re*i deace of th< M>intuai Emperor snd th? piaoe whm Ihe lest lacquered wares is manufactured Onaka ts the Setood largest City m Japan ami will bo opened to com mates la tit joar 1M3 We tiled to land at oaaka, but the never nor would eot gin us the aeceasary p<'rmi'Sion. We tbereft re left on the iLId or October Tor Yokohama, aixj (I <rlc> IL?' passage made fourteen knots, un<i?< m l and team beiBg about th" oest tune w h-ivo jet made. I d d libt see much at Yokohama, as I was ort shore but a ?*T) short time On the 1st t? November I went up ^ lo and th* next da;, took a walk on nhore I firnt railed to see our (our i Mr. Harris, who la a v< ry tine to* tt g m?-.' White-it Yok >hami w. made several interesting pur cbasee. We s?w two CriiMStaB frigates there. fhiev were both old K.tigtish v<*Reh and compose the greater pari of thi Prussian navy, Uhe <s a steamer, the other a aaiitag ship 1 Ik re were Mao two amall Japanese *u ainern, very tise lot k jg vi--ela, snd ?? muigly kept in eic llent order At Jndd' we perambulated about the city a great deal Home or us bm . ndmi n u ?:li hill ?nu i'aoh >lie |>a'd a qas't'r for two enps of tea, the probable eost oi *bi h Upht ',?s'My be ooe tpiarler of a c ut. Kromthisele \ 'itlot we '-.wJ n bled i'ye view of nearly the wboie city, it?-i.' ?;? tht l')?:noL'< palace anJ a truly magnidee't sight .t is New Yei k raft'l bold a c uidie to Jeduo In p<diit ot "-ire 1hi p pulatioTi of this city, according to the Isst Japancee teoayfi, ts two and a half mihwna I'hs streets, ss a general tkT g, are wide and cle*n; and tu tboi where much business is transacted there are nuin r uis |iijK'r Isnterii*. placed at about thirty fe t apart I l h"u!d hav* lik'-d n uch to liavu setju them- ll|hM, I think the ? jfht woiH<i l^ate been well w<rth seeing The reason whv Jeodr. ctuef such a large area is th' g"at BtMnber of Inrite ;?rha There la one occupying three mde around ih" lyeoon's grounds Our Consul im taei i_. jiht arte- oi w(.?>dlaii<i ar. m'' h* resl lence.ao . ther ??? h'ltioredg of priiccs who have very la.ge p?rk , s e of tbi ' ne.ll aa egtei *'VC as that of thu f)0o >n him vl!, lu Wflking iineimh the city one cannot help fun' i Ii"?iS' if it. the covbtry on ac' ouat or the greon tie'ile wt) h|i|? kf thst meet \ oo everywhere He re i? iiO 1 'ill t that the gre.ite't s (tht to be :<een th ,J,ijiar> ? the Ti.net volcano .>l Kuaiama It i? ah. ut deventj miles wi si r?T Yok.diajnn mid on aclear day e?n h ? seen at a d.Mince ot i M hundred and sixty ml ex. It i* 1ft . ?fee' h gh, ?n<. almost a per'eet cone, and Ihe p-nk '< a n,.\s ct. ?" i d with snow The ,t*|niiese hare re(rresenta t*. f, ot th s 'i ount itii on their :><st lacquered wire Wo Je't Jspaa (oi t hina on the Ath ot N.>vemhsrand s"-|v. : it th> 11 e e (Hong K"n*) in two dsys after we \\ i% mau" a very gvii tun. under Mil, and I'igge ; tbitk n and s qua ter knots, making 270 mil ^ in one lb' ' ! Ce Niagitra hud COt nrrlvd wh?n we Inft, hut siie ?ri:e in in. ilavs afterwards and land>-d her Japanese >ir; , will ut ;ii fuss, seroltt? them off in simpiuc o? th" 1Mb of next month we sail lor M*nd ? aad p " ha| - t?.at i Vr W*.d goes toAdoe In the Nltgara, h < 0' re dore <"t*b!in( wUi he our Minister pr? t*m. CHINA, Oar Ntnkla (CbUt) Comnpondratr. Ni.mci*, China, Oct. 30, 1 -v?0. At ual at XcuU. in?Deicrxj-titm of the WatL and (J iU*? The HrKl f'mj>eri>r am<l his Minuter*?The Vie of O/ri im and T'xuro?GmJrr'iivj of a Hiyh SI Me Office?'hmrur <y hating ir^.d ?tmixty?The iVur-h p of Idnlt?Inter view vi"< tfi llyih MiniMer?."aj/titt J/iiiumariet lulled to China?t'.ient ui Iff Harvest?The Ile'jt'i Poet to IdiaXt% , tic., <fe. I wi.s m l a little grttif.i-d w lu ll 1 airivd at tbiK plikt-e on till- Kith ictil.. ufter a.-oi rney of flity three days from CaiiUn. Hio city wall through which we tirst j>as^o.l wad fcliout the tliii ku.ss of frum llfte?n to twenty yards, and there wei e three more waits and gates, not quite mo thick. The main wall wan very high as well an thick, with a wide canal or moat around the ouuide. making the city apparently impregnable to any native force*. I Wintdinctly to Chung Wangs palace, where he had previously invited m?, and wai kindly received by by U.n!e family, and a room and food given me. In tart, I have been ."baring bis hospitality over since I arrived. Chung Wang, translated "The Faithful King," acts as comnundoi in chlel of the army. Kow Wang 1b another of the Kings who nets an Secre

tin v i' crate to Teen Wang, the Kmperor. On Monday, October If', 1 callcd on Kow Wang. He received me in state, yet without much parade, being u old personal acquaintance. Wo were acquainted Mven years ago in Shanghae, and afterwards at Hong Kong, wbeie 1 kfw him under the name of Hung Jin. lie there was in the service of the 1/indon Missionary Society, under toe superintendence of Dr. l<eggo, at the moderate income of twelve dollars a mouth, as iui assis tant preacher. 11a now is second in power at Nankin (changed to Teen King), next to Teen Wang, tho Kmperor himself. lie is also a relation of Teen Wung, of the same family name, lie soon dismissed his courtiers, took oir bin ci own and robe, and invited mo into a side room to be seated aad Join him in the drinking of tea and conversation on various subjects. And, as he oll'cred me no pipe to smol(e?the universal custom of Chinese etiquette?that of course came up tirst and fori most by w ay of a)H>logy. lie asked me if I smoked tobacco.' 1 told him 1 did. Ho said Teen Wang bad forbidden it ami opium both. 1 told him it was woil he ha<i forbidden opium, as wo hold it a moral crime to smoke opium, 'or which we exclude from our church, llut why fboii/d w>- not smoke tobacco' What crime or evil elici ts wero there in that? Uo said it was transgress ing the Kmperor's command, and if we transgressed with impunity one command, that would leal to the trangres sion uf others, and bet.ee, while it continued a eommaud, nought to be obeyed. Tliis urgument was out hard to gainsay us it was to discover tho philosophy cf tho com mundment. jts an old ixqualntance he gave nut nu account cf his travels (itm Canton to Teen King, in which lie consumed about a jear on the way in overcoming aril surmounting the various difficulties that impeded his progress, llo inquired my di.-ogus and object in coming to the capital that he might report the same to Teen Wang, and get his assent. I informed him that my single dosigu was to ( reach the gospel of Jesus Christ to tho people, as reveal cd in the New Testament; also to distribute the Scriptures, and poseibly to promote a school system, in order to facilitate my sole object. Also, that 1 wished to extend tho work as far as possible by inviting others of my own denomination to Join me. At this enlargement bo seemed somewhat to demur lest we should not all plumb the mark alrea ly chalked out by the Kmperor; lest we should too tenaciously adhere to the Scriptures and displease the hearers, who believe iu the virions of Ibe Kostern and Western Kings. "lVrhaps," said he, "nine tenths of your preaching would do from the Scriptures, if you would mix in one-tenth of their stuff to please the people'." I told him I| did not know what their vUions were; I had not seen them, nor would 1 agree to preach tne fraction of such stuff, not even one twentieth part, that I woi4<t go back to Canton first. Well, be said, that us to myself I would bo allowed to stop, but as to the rest whom I wanted to in\ ite to come and help me, he could not say whether 1 might do so or not. llo informed me, furtbur, tliut T<-on Wang, the Km I?ror, bad several months since couferrcil on bis old re ligious teacher, Bo-lfow-Cbuen, a high oflicu of state aa a mark of gratitude and In, c, and wished to know if 1 would rcrcivo it. 1 thanked him lor his love and good intentions* but requested Home time to reflect on the subject before dividing. He invited me to a lay to dinner, and when it waa brought in ha bad It placed on u tihle In front of the door, pretty much In the way ibe ether CbiMte worship idols; then men kneeled down before it aud he prayed, which seoracd to be understood by blm and the rest of tha brotherhood aa asking a blessing on the food instead of our doing ao at tbe table where w? eat; for when it was thunce carried to tiie dining table be waa about to commence exttng without farther ceremony. Then ho miwlo some apology for offering his food and three cups of tea as sacrilicea to i-hangtl, whirh Is tin: name of their chief idol, but haa aUo been adopted by tbe English missionaries as the came for the true God: henoe oue portion of the people may worship him under the idea of the true God, and another portion, not ?o much enlightened, wor ship him as the Chinese chief idol. And I am roally atrald that a majority at preeent worship hm In the lai tfT rapacity for want of the Scripture* and more light on tbe subject. 1 think It a great pit; tbut any of tho mil alotiarUs ad"p?w<i the proper mm- gbangti for the true (>od, confounding the true with the false, In their trasta and Scr pturn translations, lint Kow Wang Indicated that it waa found Btwwy to hold on to this remnant of idol atry to direct th? minds of their stupid people when wor strppu.g. ih.t I trust it will not bo ao when they are better taught from the Scripture* by tb? authorized ml nisti rs at Christ, 1 hop.' then ih. ? will dismiss their sarr iie?a and wot ship Cod >n spirit and in truth. tin Tuesday the 18th of October, Kow Whin; sent for me again to m tlM farther inquiries before reporting ray ? Kri t" h s true and sacred K>id, as he cad* Teen Wang. Ho rejeived me quietly in priva'e, and inquired whether i intemied tbe Emperor Te< n Wang's appointment from hi ivenT to .tboot answering directly, I professed myself to be wall gratified at bis destroying dole, for which 1 ' id l"t.g [rayed, but queried whet hi r the destroynig of tb? worshippers waa not too severe'' He thought not; tlixt they had already worshipped Idois too long, and that II <bere ts now no other way to stop them tt is beat sun ply to cut off their heads. the subject of nu interview with Teen Wang, the Em peror, came sp Heaai'l that all kneeled down before bin.?kings and other oflcera, A to. :n fart, this custom ruteni.s from ih> Kmperoi downwind, every lower officer Ltieela to those above htrn I told him th it It was not ij,,f Western cust'w, turn wnftrU-emed t a species of WArship lutrij^r *dmosi?bl>. In the otH. ors or subjects of Him who is Ijird ol i/>rds and King ot Kings. t> w hum every knee Shall bow, and that w< ru 1 t> d'> so other mi?ri.onarit*i would Not, nor would ?ur state otficj--' an.11 feared lhat lean ( hMM hnu-oif wouldiibt Approve of my b.itring dowfi to any man. ana hence 1 begged to be excused. I return ed to my lodging again after oinmg with him, and upon mature red-ction I determined in my own mind neither lokreol to Teen Wang, and oi'c >ur.?n to none of the res., nor ae ept the State oloe whs h he has already con '*rred I think it most JeeiraHe to se|mrate Church and "?>iaie, nod by accept! ag thl? high 81 it" pllice | shruld I* rh?|.s cr>i.tribute to lha utmost of mv influence lo tmalicnmai'* them forever In t h na. 17 ? Kow Wang sent for me ngtin to day. When ! grt there he was Silting In state, w ith hi? rrown an I roy al robe on, !>? hind hu oflli'ial table?lust returned, I proMime. I mm T?en Wang's?the large doors open, the avenue clear to his throi e. and qu.te a number of men anu boye on each side of the war ! con Id nut imagine what was on hand, tut being (reckoned to proceed, 1 went up lo the tattle sitting before him Then he ad drained me by name, proceeded to .nform me that Toen Wang, in hm good pleasure, had preacated me with a h<>x containing abont $i:*> in money fnur pieces of crape, the creilentlala of my high ofllca formerly conferred (about aa btgb aa the lord Histr-p of l/>ndon), together with an official equipment, constating of a beau tiful g? Idea crown, and. for a court dress, a beautiful t?r ight vellow crape robe, of the beet quality of crape, lined inside with the same, an I a pair of bright veilow satin boots. When he had read over the schedule of these i/ od things, he requested me, then and there, lo km-el (!? wn ami return thinks for them This took me by sur prise. as he knew mv oppoeltion to km-elins down to hitn ? >r Teen Vang either I want d to know to wh"m I was to return tbe thank* : but ho \nded the tacts In the rase by saving to the Heavenly I athcr. I then assented to worship (rod, even then an I 'here, though I thought tt rather uulimeiy Rut since I i ave learned the far t that the custom la, the person who ?i Cflvi * a pre-ent trem tbe Emperor I* expected to do so upon bis knee*, I asked him when 1 was to visit en to ang!' He said that was not the right kin I of lan ftiage u, talk aoout visitmg the Emperor, but omitted to put tbe right pbraare ogy into my mouth, only ssld It ai,old be difficult to see him while unwilling to kneel, aa ? l? tbe other office * and kings do that aec him. lie said tbe partiality of admitting one to his pre sence nr> different terms f'-orn others was hard to over come. I suggested tb?t that difficulty nnvht he evaded h> teceiving me, not publicly, but la a private capacity. i>e ai irid ar>|iia!ntance sod fri ltd, ths? I had heard nt ."hni ghae that he wanted to eee and consult with me on in, -r tat t matters also lb 4 I had important mr'.ers to Consult with him rbout mm* 'nan I had yet ?p k' of. Kow Wang th ii observed, anything that I have to OommiuMMc I euuM tell "?ii toh m. and he would waivev it to the Kmp w Tei* ? it ng My mlhtf old not a(?|i. ? ve of thai course M lien K"w Wani: had distuis-' d his ennrtters and we lei' retired in' ? an adjoining ilium, Were seated and en -ei d into more t .tnilia' Conversation, I Informed him of in> d< csion abom not reeefvi g tho office??h it, as an ami n?rai:or of di' u-t,a minister ?< theOoepel I ha I de ti i n> med not to reive ft, nad Wlfh it I re'-cied the ideal cown. one ct the prettiest thinim I ??ve' ?>iiw lb- aernred s?r|?rised and aim ?it tifflt'M at Ibl'i uni lpeitll'd rebtif? paid it was l > iklrg ntsrn the Imp ior light:y I bi jge I him not tocrrnsi'- ie it in that wav, hut t.? 'iiase f ir Hie the m >stp rlttn' ap iltnry no-isltile I to trcn w jig when he returned the crown and tho c >tn nun*ion. The kingdom of Chriit, o( wblcb I wunlrsiilf . M officer, waa not of world Jesus refus. o to be made king himself Ui this w,>rld, nod hence. aa I hut dutciple. ] must not receive li. lie bum! th<? j Emperur Lad already si>okwi of preparing for I me a Gull-moon, an offleial residence equ4 to tuy 1 rai.lt I told him that 1 did not wuul & G*U-imiob, 1 | simply wauted a l.inpi tuug?a chapel in which to preach I the <>ua|*l of Christ. And, M if 1'rovidouoe directs, the I very next day Cliung Wang, th? CacMsander a Chief, wliiio bospil-ilily 1 am now I'Dioyanc, returned, and of I his own accord oU'eied to advance the t'uods to Uilld me | a chapel, and repe ited the saue the nex'. looming, say- ! inf.'. ''Send for a torcigcer to build you a chap. I and I will j jmy for it." This is very good, g'-ierous and kinl. 1 lint to returu to Kow Wang. lie said liiat if 1 would receive the ollice it entitled uu< to ibe privilege of intor oourso with the Kingt- and officers. on equalfooting; ihit 1 could sit ui d converso with them, which was not usual jn the csS'* of ibe common people Hut 1 wow aware what brought me near to the high arated mu from itie low, and' to the poor the <iut>{>ol is preichod." I also thought 1 (M'/ieived a tendency in his ronverna tion to overrule the liberty both of the peas and tho pulpit, and by ' receiving this ollice 1 put Bij self and through me th? press aud pulpit more Immediately uud-ir tho thumb of Teeo Wang; therefore for ibe Gospel's ?akv and lor the good of Christ's cause in (luna, 1 perceived it altogether Important tJ | deny myself and reject this commission and crown, ' however tempting, In hoi>e of a crown of life that fadeth not away, which will be more glorious aud more perma ncnt. But to way that it was no temptation aud uo trial to my vanity to reject it. would be say it g more than the truth And especially when 1 recollected how illy 1 had been Ubed by tuitut) of rn? own denomina tloual brethren. In fact, wheu I first heard of iny official uppoiutmeut, 1 thought it only a suitable coun'erbalaiice to that 111 usage; sail to carry among the ballast of a certain slanderous report against me, adopted by a Southern convention some years since. But K?w Wang pi ooatdad to say, in relation to my m?M> ; to be allowed to invite other rui-'Hionarie* ot my owu Je- j nomination to join did in the work, thai loon tVaug had I decided m that matter that as he knew and had ciiniHenr-a in me, he therefore oonttded this trust to my chirge, malt- i nig his old religious teacher head of this aflfclr, a>> Ui.it whosoever he shall invite and ItlMOM ! the l'.mpiior promiRes to receive into his con fidence, and allow such to est ihliah themselves in his Capital or territory as the/ may choose. With this pro- | position I was delighted; it j'tM meets the exigencies of j the case, s<< that 11' my brethren of tho Baptist denoirn nation in the I'nited Stat.>s. Engl,mil and (iorruauy will now heartily co operate with me wo have a llr.st rate op portunity of doing a great work lor the Lord in Cliiua. And t'> this end Lthe invitation is now hereby extended nil missionary Bap tist* of like taith and o;der, sustaining a fair rUind icg in their owu church wborever this letter may come, to " come over and help us." The harvest truly is great, but the laborers are few--uoue hut the writer, of whom lie isaware, tbiouphout uli ieen Wang s territory. Every wallet city ought at least to have one o? iu iro irirssiona rles of onr di nomination located iu lis midst Naukin, l uodi w and four bet we- ii make six walled cities at oi ce thai oufclit to bt stippll* d, utid liow ninny more are in a like suteof prcpuiedneas for the (.o.-oel I have tiot >et asci i tamed, but suppose many It is altogether Important that the Scriptures be dis tricted sr.d the Co-pel preached to this people, bv which to ret tuy tli> it errors and save their souls. Ana Bow tbuio Iseviy opport'ii'ity to do so; tho ivay is open. And it Is a iaet that 1'e> n Wangcho&eeshi-' tin mos for yearly examinations for pronations oat ?>i the Scriji tur<s Oct' of ti e examinations lias just tr A!i?pi-ed since I arrived, whoset>.? mo va Noah's flood a';J the bow in the cloud Ai d, with ilii.; tact before us, none nee 1 inquire whi ther the .Scriptures wih be read throughout h 3torrl torv If they can he procured. But Kow Wang rays the intention is to make them tho hchooi btA'k throughout his kingdom. Does not this promise pretty (airly that a liLtlon sitall ho boru in a day; and i.s all tho kings, Miiiellnnk' more than halt ado/on, concur in th ? m< suro, niny wo not hope those are the ones illuceri to who should becom v nursing fathers in tho church of Christ? ' here is something peculiarly interest iLg in seeing one of these kings, to whom the mixers aud pi < pie bow down daily , take o.t his crown and his royal robes, as I have seen Cheng Wang do. sing one of tho SoBfltof ZilHI iu praise to God, and then humbly kneel down in prayer to lua Maker I May not this l>e tho source of hid strength in rverroming bin Idolatrous etieniles* They also breakdown idols, making ibe way clear for tho Cospel, worship daily, observe the .lewlfh SubU th on Saturday, oiler saeriticesas the Jews lns< me mfWtire, and K.me of tlieni Indalgoin polygamy, as Abr.ibam and .Tacob, llavid and .-siloniQii did. Hut these things 1 trust will Improve through instruction. We must not throw them nwiy for tl;w errors; thero is too mm h imiTi \enif at about them, the foundailon for further improvem?.at is too well laid, and Chung Wang especially lia' exp*e-?seo himself too willing to receive instruction to be disheartened iu this work. Wn innst pflrscvore, and. trusting in God, we shall overcome, and siicceeii, too But wo must have money and men Vraycr among our churches at homo, money nnii mi n hiie plenty,aud then we may look for a mighty wmkotcod among th revolutKKilsts. There never wn-. peihufs, such a Held for ??Hionury labor In tha world before this. Almost miraWilonaly prepared, and now callirg trom tho throne through tho humble mis sionary who taught the man the Christlou religion who "occupies the throne for laborers to cmo and enter into the work, giving them asmiranro of his confidence and protection; also Chung Wang, the wairlor, hn? lifted up Ms voice like a trumpet, and 80iitded the invitation th ough the I nttcd States and Eu rope, until it echoes and reverberates in various lan gua^es, calling tor nuss'onariis, as well as merchants, to come and occupy the territory whicbho li a i conquered by his sword. Then come, dear brethren, come; don't delay! But you that caunot come, please send mo a goodly amount of money, with which to print the Vow Testament with notes, aud religious tracts, for Ko-.v Wang lias not given me much encouragement to hope that I will get much money from government for tbeso purposes Chung Wang ia ?till extending hm territory. He left an army surround ing Chin Kiatig Koo the other day, hoping to retake it soon? they once had it. He has now been at home a few days, but expects to leave some day this week with his army for some further conquest. I. J. R. Will BaptUt papers generally please copy this letUrf Treaty b?twrcn Rmila and ChiM> The Ft. I'rlerRburg (.'lUttte publishes thu text of a treaty concluded at I'ek'.n on the 14th of November last. bi twecn l'uwtm aud China. It was ratified at St. Pe tersburg on the lot of January, 1861, by tho Km per or. Central Igi.a'.iClT ucted for Kuasia, jud i'rince Kung for Cliiua. The treaty consists or fifteen article*. The substance of these articles I.h as follows ? Art. 1. Henceforth tho eastern frontier between the two empire* fdin!l commence fr<>m the junction of the rivers Chi Ika and Argoua, will follow the course of the river Amoor to the junction of the river Oussouri with the latter, the lai.il on tho loft bank (to tho LiOrth} of the river Atm-or belong* to the empire of Rurjia, and tho territory on the right ImujW <to the south) to tho junction of the liver Ourr jurl to the rraplroo* China. Further on, the frontier line between the two empires, from the ] point of issue of tho river Sou'gatcha, divides the lake Hi.kai and take* the direction of the river lielen ho (Tour), from the mouth of that river it follow* the mountain range t<i th< mouth of tho river Houpitou (II< vpto>'\ ami flom that point (he mountains situated between the river Khoua t shorn* and the se*, n* lar ai> the river Thou men kiang Along tin* linti, tqually. the territory on the east side t?< l< ug< to the i mpire of Hmtsia. am: that on the west to iba empire of Cbina. The frontier lino rests on the river Thou tuen kiai g at twenty Chinese vrates (Iti) above us mouth into tlie iiea. Art. 2 The frontier line i n the went Kido. hitherto tin fixed , will hcnr< I irth follow iho mountain riiri;e, the (oui of the great rivers. and the actually exiting lines of Chinese out|KMt*. Starting from I lie lu.-t lighthouse, called ( babin ilahnga, o"tnbh-h"d in 1738, after the treaty of K iklita, it will i un in a southeasterly .ilrootion as far us tlie lake rang and thence t,. the mountain* situated ?? ulli f the ink ? Wvk It" 1. and . ailed Ten gri clinu, V Aliitnu of the Khirgt ????*. otherwi ? all. d Thia^ fnnn N in Ion (gouth< i n ranges of the Celestial Mountain* \, and aiong tie ?e mountains to ihe pot< >escini^ of Kokand. Alt .1. H; urefortli al| ;rnttW ^,T?Us W?V"h taaf ar..-c ha.l be fcttltd * C >rdlng to tlx s( pulations of arti Cl* s 1 and 2 ? f the prcs?nt treaty, nrcl for placing Ihe h. miliary mark* to the east, (mm the iake ITinkai to the ri\? r Thou meii kiang; md t<> the west, from tho chahiu ? labaga lighthouse to the possesion* of Kokand, the Ril* sian and Chinese government*: chad appoint commission er*. Vor the Inspection of the e.iatcri frontiers Ihe com missinsei* will meet at the jnnr.tlor. ef the river fhis*.niri in the month of AJprll next. I'or tlie inspection of the Weftcrti fr. hlier the commissioners will meet at Tarlm u-atai at a period not v?t lined. Duplicate# of maps with ihe frontier line tnsr'. si ,md duly certified by the re '.prc.tive c nini ?sione*?;, Ate , will be exchanged. Art. 4. (la the whole frontier line established by arti cl?*l nn<l 2 of the present treaty. trade free of all duty or reatrictlotip i* established between the subjects of the two State*. The ks-?l auttiord tes are hound to give spe clnl protection to such trails anil to those wh? exercise It. At tho same tnne the enactments relative to traile es lahlirln rt by the second article of the treaty of Aigoun are confirmed Art, ft. In addition to the trade eri'tlng at Kiakhta, the IUl- i*ii merclinnt* will eps'/ tlieir former prlvtleffo of goii.g from Kiakhta to Oekin on commercial husinesa (>n their way they are also allowed to trad.' at (hirga and at Kalvan. without, however, being obliged to mamtaiu iaiie commercial Mtabliahments there. The Ituasian go comment will have the ngtit of keeping a con*ul at tmrga with suite, and of erecting a building there for that purjsfe. tor the re<pn*ite grounil an arrangement will be made with the incal authorltbe of Ourga The Chim-ee mercliatitH aro equally authorized to enter Knss a to trade, If so inclined llursian mereliants have the right to travel in Cliina at nil time* on commercial husiui ss but th"?y must not coo greaite together n a grtwMf number than two hundred m the Ki.mc locality. Moreover, they nj.ist be provided with a Hiifsian cert ideate on the ft on1 ier, denoting the head of th" llrm, the number of hi* clerk*, and hi* de*. tlnation. Pilling their Jonrnoy lhe*e nieroliant* are at liheity to buy or ?eli Bo they may cltooM. They mu*t pay nil llielr exi>enses Art. fl. a* an experiment trade is opened at Rachgar, on the same basis as at III and Tarh?gital At Knoligar the fliiticse government gruntn suMIcm di land for the erection of a factory, w Ih all (he necessary outhouse*, includirg storelwmsee.achiircti.An:.. also a biirlal-ground, and past'iraye. a* at lit and at Tiirhxtfatai. (irdor* wiH be immediately issued to the <fc>vcrnor of the district of Kar hgar for the concession of the snul land. The Chinese government i* not to bo heM reej?on*lble for the pillage of Russian merchant* at Kachgar, aboold siii h pll'iiKe ha* e been dotie by InOlvidua'* from beyond the t hincse eutposts. Art. 7. In the h.cilitie* thrown op-m ll? eommeree, the Russian* In I hin . arid the Chines. In liusaia may enter into all commercial transaction* witliout any hindrance from the local authorities; tbey may frequent the mar kets and sh. pe In petftcl llbertv . as al*o tlie mercbaiit*' houses tlioy may buy and *ell wh .leaale or reiail as b?*t snils tbeir convenience, on credit or otherwise, accordinc le the confidence tbey plae.e m each other I he length o| stay of merchants hi these lecil tl.* m entirely flependem hist themselves Art H, Russian me'cliant1- in t h ita ant tlim^ee nftr i bants in Rn?s a are placisl Under 'h<' s|s>ciftl prot oli"r? r* th - two fpivernments. )>? k ep a wateh over th ? m -r chant* sad prevent mii>tiD<lort>undings winch uiiglit ariie theta and the inhabitants. the Russian rfrnrm car uri ^r"i:lUKl est&b'.iah at v>oc consuls U Ka*. L lluld l2,^^1Ule ^ rf ""'^Uona adopt* ?Vhmca*J>oven"nei^ Diflv lilccwise, if it wishes it * *? ewSTfi at?! SSfrf8 ^?f,tl">r Pt*te W|U b* ?*lged in nu>tk)M at uio i.oei jftheir owu guvernment. Nnverihnliwn if it I suits ibt ni, they may relit 1 equality, 11 virtuo of tiK>*<'Con.i^irUrl^Vfh ?? i>vt{jCi I Tien-ufu. (Xtencos l vlba, T"? * settled by tho seventh artiri. th,*' J"' ?? stk ??' ?"" ?-<*? sat 1 o?TSSSW^5 "S?^ of which will bene!***'by'?' consuls and local auUwritieJ wiU ,|~t to procure an allocable setUfl??t. if t^nibta any responsihutty aj regards the cktlZ*' Wljh0Ul lu ca.io at written cngm'uiaaats, it will U the Jirfr a the same tnc??urod to euforce thj fulfllmeifi ?* Disputes which Jo not c.oes* under tho ijgid of "nom. morcial transactions.' im lawsuits, comaUmlH &? wilt ., settled by n.uUml consent of ?be cauul an<f .U authority, and the delinquents ruui.-jed ?,? coroMg to the Iiva of their own country. In oase of a Russian subject mi-Icing flicht lit the in tenor ,,f China, thecal authority, as XV/"; officially informed of the fact by the ???rt^Un ta*H ??????? 10 capture the Punitive and i if OVL'r 10 U"1 'tu^Muu authorities. Tho same is applicable to a Ctunese seeking ret use in Jlc.tait In the <uw4 of grd.ii crimes, as ir.urUer bcl-andaee manskechter, premeditate# itcendlariam, \t. * if t?j culprit is a Kpssian. he is to be sent to-r{iuuU.to stand hat irial according to Nubian law, if a (.'ntnawk!! i. ni.^5 at the d sposal of tho Chinese author H?<3s. placed In criminal cases, no matter how serious, neither tho consul nor thechinue authorities havaac.y rietit toin - areerate or |k>m sentence upon an indlviclaal not a sub' ect of ib> ir own government. Ait B IhiaartMto enacts, that iaconsequence of the present jraiy on the new frontier :ine, th-? enactment! of the treaties coachided at NertclUn k. saal Kiaknta a? superseded. lbl" tt/tk'1'' r(,f'"s singly to U?e restoration of rattle that way have str.yod hjyond tihe new frcutier a! t ii iw!1 wttradutjon of fugitives, as gfren a .oye. Ai t 11. lbi.M article vlmply r milsUw the transuvisaioa hnt^I n7i ^ 10 11 r'?,;l'rn3^ amicable footing betwaenihe auth< ritif s of tho ? spectiv? empires. l ,i .B ?rt,cl0.4oUle4 tliu l-katal arraiif?nu,'pti J>et?(?n tho two empires, ".sitors :md oarr. j Kiakhta to ?'?skin and .v? cu ? tc.leave a^folk)*^" Letters oticaa n.oritu lrom cith.-r point; parrels ouca every two months from Kiakhta jlor Pekin, ;.ua or.cr, every three months from F. km to Uiakhta 1 wenty du>s are al ow d .'or the ti-aupmisg'cjior lot torn; forty ci*yg at. the oijiu.Uci '*uf paT^eli}, t-boiild the merchants d< ? m It advisable to ;?tabli?h a. po^.I coitiiuuniea ion of tJjjir.owfc, thev ara U liberty la. co so ul. their own cost an i ri-1;, iy notifyinr thsir lnu.a tiou t<? the r?4sp? riivo ttutauriUQ^. Art. 1 i The '.Hillary . irrtv,.- ndenco of the MitUt&r ?vi ,^ei i11 Atla!r^ 01 Etu iia for the sirrcme councf (kink.kucl:ouj of tlio e; ...im ta rsinjc, am. thono' of \m i Governor General of KaWein r >hv, u ffr th* same couii / , or for the (ourt of |-or. Elation* (li-iau y. una), w ,j' be sent by the ore in try post, but witho. . bein/' rsiuf . w to the Uxe i iH?rioos of :t- departure In case of i, ' poitsm brsinc-s tt Mi U(r<i*itches w .U be c-nt **bv m. special K<lR?iati eourU ' ? During iheMtjourn or tio Hussian navoys nt Tekj? despatches of spec:!., iir^ortunre may f.bo be Tcr-ward ,/ fcerviee!'"8la11 ll"ic''',tmar> <ipreesly ;.j-pointu. for such mSmw'1' may a0t bc 3toprKjd or by any rJsrrsXT^J*,lh &UCh must boa llie departure of a Russlun courier must. l>s nimounrm! twenty-lour ho.,:, iMorehmd at Si^htaU shiner to ihe Dwceut. hei (pou-youen), aai at fekm br theRnss.sn Wi.^k)? to the Military Court j.ii.? f i t'. ,B "1,! f,|nl?'warR the -vuiisian Covonwr . of Kastotn Not m to conclude any additional arrance menu with the frontier authowticaof i nature to facili ^S.?V?S"r?W' /' ,lw ti010 ii?onH/mi, thoT?L artirie *?f lb* iroaiy of Tien-tsisw Art. 15. Thw articlo eiinvlv tau? tluil Aftnr ih? /-? thai ge of ratiflcatlons tho truaty w U be in full force lSBQ* "d 1,0<ia "U tb* l4Ul November. 1Se0- ' NK VI^S WNAT1KKR ' JI" C?'? publishes the protocol'of tbe oxchaauie of copies, duly signed, i f Mie nbova treity.of wbLh t?n copies are debited at Pekin, in the arch^ee oi the r 's man KcclcBiastioal Ool^go. MefllBK of Telegraphic Operay?m. ,, "KJiT}1 ?'' J'M| Mrmnui jk. ?, , nK 1,10 f'P?ratOr? and clerks of *ho Ammri o'hH,,hu' ,,r |'a"y!d "l *b? ae -n New YoA 1 hiladeiphia. WIlnuBgtoa Btitlmore and Within^'on in wmpliance with?call from thn Washington office 4ip A. R Talcott, Manager of the V'ash n?- a olilca' w^a -JJdJ. U? cm,, aw Mr. W. r. M-fAISWB The Quirhiinnouncod lo the mevuinir ?hn.u ?fc^ mk.wicmi.j,.. .i??JiJr3St&S!2 roJlMM.'i'"'""' lh" ?"?Mpr~?No?4 Whereas through the wisdom of an omnipotent God our much belowd brother operator James Mitchell Jr ' lias answered his "last c*|l, - aad while w" know fail 7n6rt r i, receive,! waM a happy one to hlin "A S!Tf.S' "? """"" br^hi ?13 5 srsssvur funeral >#' M many w attend SI Rt?olved. Tliat tho secretary of thia moeting bo re 0nested to transmit to tho family (i| the deceas* d a copy ?fresolutions, and all despatches recelve<l from to ttolr^Uol01rU'* 'l"1 da7' ev>'"">ce of their respoct si^ni^hi iK cP?r*t"r and sympathy for the famUy, signed by the operators and clerks, and. so far as nractV cablo, that the same b. published in the local paperH, and Thfl r ^t0, forwai'Uvd to the Washington office. Xn? resolutions were unanimously adopted, w. F. M^rrnutv, SecreUry." AlCO"' ^.rmaa. [from the I'hiladelphia Inrj iirer. Feb. 1.1 The manifold uses and blessings of the telegraph have bo< n the frequent tlieme of the orator und i>ocl ard ret we -juestion whether its chords have ever been swept with such notes of sympathy with hum^o emotion as thev were last evening An ordinary despatch in y.-sterday i Inquirer annoui c. d tho death of Mr. James Mltrhell Ir operator of the Washington office. He had endeared him! self to his associates in the tpilet mission of his prof.-e sir n, winning the allcctlon and retard of those who had fC/ "7 .m' , W 0,)ly bis character by th. gentle natureof his conversation ns it throbbed ovw ..'.'iW L"' !il Wa" " UM,ct,iu? spe< tacle. the little groups gathered in the respective offices of that vast establish U! .".i, *pl'a * continent, with nr. sound hJ iiIl 'n i.'l "T *ro??lo?'ful instniment, understood by then all. while those fingers which had so often cbal J^Dfccd theirs in frU nlly interr<?ur.<e rented from their accustomed offices in U>* gtlll, colli rigidity of tleaih. Obituary. IjEATU OF F.I-NOVKKNOR n ARRIS. IV Providence Jimrnal of the 4 b inn says - -Our cftl retm were surprised mi l griov.-d on Saturdty moaning to li?r of the death of Hon K.iimi* Hakim*, of Coventry. Ilo had been corn upon our streets as usual until within a low "lays II* b'?d for a long time auflcred from catarrh, but laM week b'3 lungs beoanio seriously afTfltid, ana manifested tli" lu rntstakeable sy mploma "of the disease kbown to men ic.ii science sh cmo'jysemi of the tuugs Ho rapn ly Kink t? n? ath its [owcr, and on Friday night, at ton o'clock. lie riti d In quletni ?s and injieacj Mowaa In the : eventleth y?ar of big ?MV-i in (Vans ton, auo. was the elde^ |ffl iu^ who died a I'S. *Ij % ^ * wry groat ago., Hr wu? oesc'udo.1 frifri wTTiam Harris, who wu om of the Kit associates of linger Williams In the settlement of Rhode Island Tbe laiper portion of h'.s life li?a been spent In maiiuraciuriiig a' the plac? in which b<i died, ffud which iwar.' tho name of llarrmvillo. Ho may bo sal I U* hare discovered tbo water privilege, which has since prond so fruitf ul a source of wealth to him w b ?? the ait* of tbo now flourishing village was au unbroken forest be explored the Mrenin took levels, con viocod himself of tba va'ue of the privilege and purchased It. His carefnl and sagacious nmni<g< mi nt, his unflagging Industry, his wise economy, hie suavity nnd integrity, rendered bin micros sure. Kvery acijuixition became fhe fwuia of new ac quisitions, and bi-i neat and tasteful and Winding village has pone on steadily expanding and bis an cumulations have continual to increase without interruption. Hut his wealth ha* been made a bleming to others a?: well as to himself He hus made littoral bcnefactloiiK to various educational and roilgioiw institutions, boib in this State and elsewhere, which ar* under the charge of lite Methodist denomination of < hristisns. Me was himself a prominent, act-vo and ia UticDlial member of thai communion Me was univoaal ly riKjwcud I if his unflinching intogritv. bis unafTVated modesty ami his * inning amiability of spirt Me shrank from p i)C's of p ibitc trust rai.ber than sought them Hut ba**s Inrncod to serve s<" eral terms in the Ceneral Aa srmbly In 1H46-'V lie tilled the office l.leuteuant <Jo vernor, and durli g the two years soocee 'ing that of Go vernor Mo ulsch .rg< d the dntlo* of these ruts in a moot acceptalde manner He also served as one of the l"re<rt dentlal electors In the recent rlectioo. Ho acted with the whig parly ho I' tig ?? that |iariv existed, and has b< en ? very earnest republican lis ha< for many yeara been Prwtdent of tb' ilank of North America In '-very posi tion be ootnRMbrted the ies|iect and esteem of his (el low citisens, uiul hia 1<>w will be deeply felt by a large circle. The Rev Pr Mi'RRat. the authorof the celebrated Ktr waii letters and tho opi>ononl ot Archbishop Hughes m argument* c ?noerning the validity of the Protectant died siiildeiily on Motntay it Klilat" ih. New .lersey The deceased w*slmin in Ireland early In the century, and a few years sub*mnetilly set sail tor America, where he became converted to i'i ? t' sMM.tism lie gradu4ted at William's (Vtllegi nri'l studied thetdogy at l'rlnc?*ten, iJter which he entered the aervtc* of tbe Aoier|i-an Tract Society. !"? Murray was distl???tished for tbe xtrength and logic oi his sermons and for Hie eagerness with ? .iick be sto. d forward to d? fnid the reitglon of his adoptmu Hon. .Ic-m w Riix.r wAY, a member of Congrem frrmi Ohio for six vests, commencing with Ih;i6, ami fot many vesrs a prominent loudness man iT tV>lumlius, died in that place on the .'list ult . sge I *ev?nty sevi n Hon WntiA* Oar, an Associate .lodge of the (luirt of reinm'>n I lea? ond'T the o|ii constllntion. and one of the pioneers of saithenxtrra flhlo, died at Cjfrleville <m the 'Jflih ult., ared ?ixty ciKht. Supreme Court, Heforn Hon, .fudge liniiutil. fll'KMffl OK NTRKKTH Km 0?Reports i f 0'mrri??loneruif rstunstrs and As sewnient* w< reiecelvod in fhe follow Ing east? ?K<ir open ilig S'r ?nt> fifth ntreid Iroin Kifth avenue to Kast river; Seventy nixih strret from rtfth avenue to Vjkut river, Nlrety muh atrect, I'l ^n.lrg' \l" 'oad to tbe Hudson flvwr.