23 Şubat 1861 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3

23 Şubat 1861 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3
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ewpmwe <# ?oDeettng the rerenue et each custon house , Mj, b. diminished ml Iraut fifty per cent ,,-T TO COMTIKUH III omoi IKK omolll OOSHECVaD mi, rue ooixaonoa or the costom* m t*b oo*r*D k,? ?TirM o? immici. . j 1 B? tt enacted by the Confederate 8UW of Amariaa, l .>? ir-eiiK a**embl?d, That the several ollleera to) at :in r of tbe adoption of the ^institution of the provtatonal ?i i lurDt 4if tbete State* held mid exercised Miy otboe soo si ?Ith tte collection of tbe custom*, duties and Imposts hp ?ever?l State* of thl* confederacy, or as aaalstaut rers, entrusted with keeping the money* *r?lug tbere ?<e hereby appointed to tne several oilioes which, at the date, tbev respectively held; an'! th?"y abali have the p iwer*. be subject t<> tbe asine dutW and be entitled to UK salaries, fee* and emolument* at act forth and > a in and b> the laws of the United duties of America, he first day of April next Provided tlia< tbe maximum /tpensation which each Collector ahall receive from all en .hall not exceed the rate of ?M)UO i*r annum v 2 fcacb collector *o aDpotn ed *hali wl'hln two weeks _i tbe date of this act, execu'e t? the C? i?feder?>e state* of erica a bond In the mme amount, aud subject to a like . dill' n, with Ins last bond to tbe I nlltd S'a'es of America, .tb itirt t'i* to te approved of by a Judge of nnv Superior or null Court of tbe -tate wbere *ucb collector I* located and a> b of the other olfoera shail. within one week after the ool retor *hall h?ve entered upon tbe discharge of hi* duties, xi euie to tbe Confederate State* of Amerii * a bond in the aiue amouLt, and subject to the like condition, with hi* ant ail) d to the I' inted ktate* of America (in case be reiuirel 0 execute a bond), with sureties to be approved by the col eetor of il.e port where *ucb oflioer is located Sec- :t. 1 lie said aeveral officer* s^all take an mitb before a ragfstrate well and faithfully to discharge tbe dutte* of bis >(|;i e and ,o rupport the constitution of tne provUl-nal nor ?rmmnt of the Confederate Htstes of America, whtcti said b shall be - ndorsed upon the bond, aud tbe bond ahall be , d in the oll.ee of tne Secretary of the Treasury, or In auch er piace a* he uav direct. TWELFTH DAT. Mo.ntuomsry, Ala., Feb. 16, 1861. Congress met to-day at noon. Prayer woe offered by tne Rev. Mr. l'etrle, of tbe Presbyterian church. Tbe proceedings of yesterday were read and confirmed. Mr. Bahtuw presented a communication from a oitizen ? Georgia In referenco to a patent, which, on his motion, Via referred, without reading, to the Committee on 'stents. He also presented two models for flags, which te moved to have submitted to tbe Committee on Flags. Ill agreed to. Mr. Nl'-hkt taid that the constitution which we have idopted provides for the "transfer of any causes which irere pending in the courts of tho United States <0 the courts of the confederacy, and for tho execution >f the orders, decrecs and judgments heretofore rendered >y the said courts of the United States; and also all laws irhteh may be requisite to protect the parties to all such mils, ordets, judgments or decrees, their heirs," Sic. therefore, lest the Judiotary Committee may not have xmsidered this subject, he asked leave to offer tbe fol owlng:? Krsnlrt d 1 hat the Committee on the Judiciary be In tri.. -t-d to reiairtan ordinance providing tor the trans:er of my mtisw w hich were pending In tbe courts cf the United oiiiiM. p. >hc courts of the con'ederacy, and for the execution k the oedei. and judgments heretofore rendered bv the fluid </nr'K tl e United s tate* for the protection oi purtie*, their leir* 'l.d assign*, and for the transfer of allot aucb decisions, dera and decree*. After some remarks by Mr. Smith, Mr. Hair mid that he Judiciarv Committee WW* BOW NMlM| the iden teal questiens it)volved in the resolution offered by Mr. xbet. Mr N. then withdrew his resolution. M-. T R. R Cohb presented the model of a flag from a It ol Uei-igia. It was retnrrel. Mr ?aksow presented a design for a flag rrom a citizen *i Touf'atia. Holerrei. llr Mhmmi'okr offered several models of flags; one un i-g Uiem be thought, wbb deserving of great consi leration by tbe committee. It lias the advantage of iavit.g the republican ?ri colors. He moved their refc ?eLCe to tbe King Onmniittee Me. WnitFHH said he h?d not bad time to manufacture ??"iiition* about the submission of ni'idela of digs, al boogh he hail received the flrst model of a fl ig which Hid been comniunicued to auy deputy, and which be laid he had tulten the liberty of referring to the Oum nittee on Kings. Mr. Mn k* said (as chairman of tho Committee on Hags) that there are daily a number of models of Hags iresi-nted to the committee without flrst being presented oCvtn c'B. Tbis statement, he thought, was due to the nuioter of patriotic ladles and gentlemen who have lent us those tasty und highly admired specimens of Iheir genius aud handiwork. Mr Hale presented a communication from Mr. John B Re id on tbe subject of m'sslles of war Tbo eotnmu lication was referred, without being read, to tho Mtli larv Commit tee. Mr. Ccavton, from the Judiciary Committee, reported 1 hill on citizenship, und prescribing uniform rules of latumlicatim. Tbe bill was not read. One hundred l- pies of It were ordered to lie printed. Mr. Rrookk o'ered tbe following:? Hesolved, That J. M. Waldron, a citizen of tli" State of Jeorgia, be, and he I* hereby, authorised to (lie with tho Attorney Ueneral * caveat, accompanied by suitable drawing* ind explanations, *ettniK lorth the d< sign and purpose tbere if, for the pnd>-ctlon of au improvement claimed to have *nn made bv bim in railroad *ivitcbe?; and that sa:d c.ivea.t, when so fl ed a* aforesaid, shall be effectual from this day in i -oteet hi? right to said invention, until a patent ofllce snail h> eat'bliathod. Provided, that us foon as said office I* esuib i*hed, suld caveat shall be fil-d with tbe Commissioner hereof, and such proceedings had thereon as lauy be autlior zed by law. iir. Conrad said he did not know whether it was the nderstaodlDg of the Committee on Patents, or tbe un it-ret? nd Ing of Congress, that the eognate subjcct of copy - tghts is included in tbt consideration of tlie Ommlttee i in Patents. If it be not so, tie moved that the committee I te denominated the Committee on Patents and Copy t) its. He made that motion beca ?se he had a document I bout copyrights which he desired referred to that oom- I nit tee. '. .e I'wcsiukxt asked tbe committee to state whether hey tegaided that matter as under their supervision. I Mr. Hrooke, the chairman, replied that the committee i ttrded the subject of copyrights as under their cogni ce. tlie oommunii-Atioti presented bv Mr. Conrad was then i red to the Committee on Patents. Congress then went Into s?cret session. 8EVKNTKKMTH DAT. Mo.ntqokkbt, Feb. 22,1861. OoogrfRS has unanimously passed an act decltriog the KUbllfchment of the free navigation of the Mississippi. It fives general satis'action. THE MEMBERS OP THE SOUTHERN CON GRESS. The Montgomery, Ala., correspondent of the Baltimore American gives the following picture ol tome of the pro minent members of the Southern Congress, under the bead ot 'remarks of the people:" Let us stand aside and nutu the delegate.* and the re marks that are made about them by the people. See tli'it tall, '*X)by looking fellow fro it the oumry, how h itareK at the rotund, burly frame of Cobn, or Georgia, as be waddles through the throng. "What a abort, dumpy nan he Is." "I'ity, isn't It, that hie wide brimmed bat Moceals the fen heaidt" "There goes Rhett, of South Carolina.'' says another. "What's the matter with hla nose?" "Living too high, I ?appose," la the response. "I)o you observe him. How fast be talks! What ve hement action." "Yes?there he's button holed Tcjmbs. of lieorgiu. Do you know Toombs'" "t?h, yes, I have seen him often. What heavy, dark lines ?< -r his tace. The corners of hla mouth hang dowu like toners I Cars. There 1s great similarity in tlie two Uces." "Toomtii looks more like a demagogue, how ever. Hi? tit.geo, fat, flabby cheeks seem as th nigh ae, loo, lived jrretty freely I do not see any great amount if intellectuality In the fare. There, be rats:* his Int. The forehead jici eye ? are excellent. Huw they relieve kbe h<M?t tcat'iret." "Who if that very small geatlctnan walking by him ae'.l ov.r th"if I heard him bid a ge itl. man goo.I m< ruin : nu-t O' vV i a we?k, womanish voice. Who Is be?r. Deloptt "?>U,*ft-. don't rmi recognise him1 1 hat's Stephens? A)' **n4< i ![ >? ph> ns, of tieorgla?one of me first men in* tlie re-ntry. He, with Cob? and other*, were great ?o<p r?tie. Nu. Iliey fought manfully for the Colon, hut were forced nlong with tho tide. Tu? is W. f. L"hlltO' . o; ila'iac a. wbo has tolued Mr. Stephens," "Judge (.union is a partner of W I.. Vam?y; isn t It a piiy bttls mei.ibeiK of the law Arm are not in Uon ffitW "Tis true, Vtvr ney ought to liave been sent here; b-it be is too impetmiue. He should have bouo kept out of the Stat* Onovenlion. It wua the policy or his friends, .nit he would not mind them. They kuew If be wta seat to the Convention he would never sit in the Congress. Hemaile manv enemies by his (iery temperament " ??Huw roughly Chl'ton dresses. His coat looks liKe a , 'aborer's corduroy overhaul. What an ugtjr snuff co or it | *v Had you not told me, I shoul I have I ikon I'm wearer i w a drayman " "I acknowledge the man is rather negligent in dress r' * "lii t hosorn, collar and cravat do look as If lie ha t ?pt In them: but thin tt is his ctreless hi hit If I po< nr."i his bra.ni I fhonid willingly doom myself to dree? , i meanly See what a banosome forehead?sri e an I Meep?he has. Intelligence sparkles In hi* mrgn eves. ie mouth, though. Is heavy. Tlie features are very gular and p*omment The face altogether is eminently .aitlcatlve of force of character. ??That group over there, near thn d >or, is cofliposed of \ R W. Iiarnwdl, I.. II. Keltl, C. 11 Memmger and James Cbesnut, Jr , all f rom Sou th Carolina I reoognlse them as Ninth Carolinians at cnce " "You are right. South Carolina has a fluo delegatim. j ftbe has dect? e-1ly sent some of her very best m-n Itarnwell and Ctossnut are weatbv planters. The iat- : ter I believe was educated for the bar, <nd did p a lice lor twenty years in his native State li s fa.tier is one of the wealthiest men in couth Carolina. He owna shore a thousand regroes, and can rule ail dav without 1 gying round bts patermil estate The sod h? served to the l ulled Stales {kmate. He Is. as yoo s?-e, ?ttll qUie i jromw, being not infcn than forty - Ave " "Mr Meuiiti 1 ger. with wbom be n?% converses, weirs a very fWman cast of features, but tilt i-kio of the fa<:e is wrtukled and look* 'ike pnrchinent." "I un<ieistand he Is ef German extraction. He wis | jbo;n in this country, though the comrary Irt* been av jHerled, where, quite )ounu,h was nurtured and edu ?rate" at that t.oblo iTisiiiutlou. the Orphan House, at IChar'eston. Hts e 'matton tvt* reeeiveii at th ? hard* of ex tJovernm llwnilt, of South Carolina, under whose root' the present stit sn an wax nared." I <<Ibat is Keitt, with the bushy head of curly black bair. is It' StV" "Very right. Hi? faee betokens on?rg\ (?,id lire, i wooder how be came by that deep semi cir enlar scai n 'he forebeail. It lo : i tH> vellmlf like he 1 td been In ft Col ege row when a mastering olade, and " nd bei-n struck over the sconce with a haUte." Such conversations as these gratified the curiosity or if people, an*1 sat stied th* m as to the personal ar?i?*ar oe of those Into whose hands tbe destinies of a new .upire hail been plan d. IrnatOTIWi 1*"iHT or I.aw ?We learn that write of at icl mem have been Issued against United <ta?.-s iir..jmrty I tie New Ci.S"m House, by the workmen formerly r Iloyect upon It We are also mitho-| iniveiy In'o-m'd it tf lie p'opertv attache?l b- tnsnfnck-nt it. ?o >n mpliited to atntch the Cttetetn House Hself ttf 3oi|. J(, die Plate lntetp"?ss no rls hi a?.d rnire-s th? building b<- toid, the i lhin>? ot the workm n w|i| bi> wtlatled.? hctUno* (fi. C ) Cmvr. WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY. ; The National Crlfbration of the Natal Day of the "Fatiur of his Country." Splendid Military Display in the Metropolis. A Salute of Five Hundred Guns Fired on the Battery. The Celebration of the Order of United Americans. THE ORATION OF MR. MAYNARD, OF TENNESSEE. Dinners, Balls, Receptions and Addresses in Honor of the Day. Speeches on the Perilous Condi* tion of tbe Country. The Celebrations Throughout the Country. THE HILITAET ME IDE AT WA8HIMGT0*. Trouble Between (he President and tbe Southern Peace Commtolonerg, i a#*y til) kit THE DAY IN THE CirY. The one hundred and twenty ninth aiin.vereary of tbe birthday of tbe immortal Washington was celebrated yisterday in this city w:>b more than usual ceremony. Heretofore tbe recurrent of this anniversary has been only partially oiservid, and then only and principally by the volunteer parades of our citizen soldle'y. This year, however, our own constituted authorities, both State and lo~al, were seized with a paroxysm of patriotism, caused per haps by the imperilled state of tbe country, which has led these dignitaries to bring to their minds the days that tried men's souls, and by tbeir orders th^ day was otE cutllj cc'ebrated. To every lover of bis country the name of Washington is thought of with reverence: am! to them also the Idea of the disintegration of this now perturbed country is only cot template^ with horror. George Washington, be it remembered by those who now court disunion, was the man who, at the head of an army of Ame Iran yeomanry, alter years of toil, privation, and the loss of many Decs, tested strength with Britain's choicest troops, and finally defeated thetn, and thus secured to America and American* the gl.iri ms principles which for over seventy ye irs have been freely enjoyed by us. It is right, therefore, iba'. the anniver ?ary of the birthday of Washington should he celebrated in a heconrng manner. The day ??'? usherod in by a most beautiful sunrise, with a clear and pleasant westerly breeze. Tbe Veterans of '76 tired a national salute on the Battery at sunrise in commemoration of toe day. The shipp.ng in tie harbor, embracing many foreign vessels, wus bedecked with llags, streamers, private signals ano buiitug. In the city the hotels, public buildings, military a>morivs, and indeed, every prominent place where the American dig could wave, it wa? delayed. The isgioae of stringing from the suburbs commenced early in the day, and early in the forenoon it was evident, even to an unoiservjig eye, that a great holiday was being celebrated. Our own populace appeared not the least behind tbeir country cousins in their disposition to give the day the appear acce and effect of a national holiday, and conglomeration of smiling fares moving to and fri made our metro poll tan city wear tbe appearance of health, wealth and general prosperity. THE MILITARY CEREMONIES. The principal feature la the day's ceremonies was the parade of the First division of our local cit sen soldiery, comprising one regiment of artillery, tiro of cavalry, one of riflemen and ten of infantry and light lnfanfy. The several regiments assembled at their parade grounds shortly after noon, and by one o'clock the strains of mar tial music were heard in various parts of the city as the troops were marching to the parade ground in Fourteenth street, the point at which all the troope were to coucen trate and be reviewod by his Excellency Gov. Morgan and Major Ueneral Handford. Ixmg before two o'clock, the hour designated for the division lineto form, In the vicinity of the parado ground, in Union square, Fourteenth stroct, University place and Fifth avenue, the balconies on the private dwellings wero filled with gayly dressed, fashionable ladles, all evidently anxious to witness the military pageant. The trees near the south end of Union square, though devoid of foliage, were covered for this occasion by a species indigenous to New Yolk?bunureds of ragged urchin*, with smiles peering through half washed faces. The plebeian adult masses were not abeent fiom the ceremonies on this oc casion . as the presen e of thousands semi-genteeliy dressed people of both sexes attested. The sidewalks were literally ciowded, and quite a surplus number, wbo were, by the constant action of the miss, crowded over the curbstone Into the carr.ape way, beeame the vic tims of the gentlemen of the locu?t, who, regard less of sex or conditioa, rojgbly forced the intruders back on to the sidewalk. At hull past one the tr<?ps by regiments commenced to march on to tho parade ground, snd the excellence of the music discoursed by the regimental ban-is appeared to intoosify the enthu siam of tboKe within hearing. At two o'clock all the troops were on the parade ground, when ?.&? divirim I nn wax formed, the right resting on Broudsray, and from theie extendlrg In one continuois mass to Etghta avetiue. At quarter pa?t two Major General Sand ford, ac ccmpanied by his full stall in full uniform, matched on to the parade ground, ercorted by Captain (J M. Varan's ex cellent troop of cavalry of ihe Ki?btb regiment. The General took a position on the right or the line, there to await the arrival of Governor Morgan and stalT, whi were to review the troops. A'ter a half hours delay, or fifteen minutes over the time appointed tor the review, Governor Morgan and bis full stalf, In full un:f <rm,all mounted on richly caparts >ned horses, rode on to the gioind, under the escort of a troop of ligbt dragoons, c< mmanned by Csptaln < Kto, of the First regiment of ca valry. Tho pi est ace of the Governor on this ocoa'too caused little or no enthusiasm. The Govi rnjr was eel corned by General ^anoford. the troops fninwi for review, with open rails, after wbb-h the Governor, accompanied by General ,-aidford, followed by th" r stalls, rooe down the line, iii?pectii g tl.e troope as ib> y pess-o, the bands ?? ijlng uat'onal airs and the regimental colors drooping esone was ?"'iy pratid and imposing Alter the re viewing ?>flt er? had proceeded to the eit'em tv of the lire tbey returned to tbeir original pns"iopsa'- the head or tho division The tris'ps wer> then bioken tatocolumn by companies. snn in this msnn'r t <ok up 'h? line of march i.owi, Broadway to <he l*srk, where thev were to be revleweo b> the Viator sno Ojmmon 'ouucll 'he stages were turned off Rrittdway by |ailicemeti win weie s'atit'Ue- a'oug the route, Ihe sideaatss of 'he gr- st h'irnuybfsre p. es> nted n? n-n mnsses ot human b - togs fron Fourteenth stieet to th I'u'k.an'i the hotel balconies and windows < f other huiidinv* all furnisood th< n qmtio' slgbt seeis tlie Governor iind (Mart r>de at ih< b>ao of tin ti-ojs. and no the route of marrh *ere r< >'|pi< nts of many bin iwrr-kie* salutes 'rmn ihe ladles, li e tioops c ntii tied thep ni-trcb around the I'a-k unti the light rracbed tbe east gate Here an.tbor grand rc* he Prok1' QpOO the pare of the M>ei tator sroiu tho ( It} Hall 'he AO er MS iM'gl ami the Oi po atlon (lag *ti>' fl> it 111 th" b e r" tr- n> every window in thai, erillre ?? -e set n Ptnillt g happt fites as '.In y stood >n tin r tip toes to v enr 'b> ceremonies belore ?h?m 111" Hah Slept and thetrwsi" the vlrimty of toe parade gnuim were en wdeo with In inanity, and one r?gyeti mile nrrbtn was observed quie'ty seated on the Ugly S'?:ue l?p| OS It* tbe'lty 1)41. known as Rooie B linel ob Ha bit gt?n There we e em bps that' mi tt>ou?and ?re< tat tr* ilrpaely p'CkrM 10 pri?iirt#> In tti City H?ll. tlie mnin rrtsil or pirli ib o .gh ?hl?li 'he military were I to parr was secmelt k' p' el f om intru-ers by aforee i ot tw> bu' drert pe lire men, iinde' thsfti? muni ot lrt*pe> I it.f | Mt.it I? nipckte' snd Capta'os 1 owli g Silve* and I liiiti t ins .h-i"' < "ttten tl org" -up* ii g ii" etivi hie ; p. sntoii IP fjivr i II rts to k. op O'der, uiseharnttd their i s?'t*s with e ? esfi e of |?li ru< s# , y-t w.w ??ooUttOB, i that entties tkei lo bot ' iaOle notioe *Ht f ?be b?-ed ol Ihr mH'ttn t I'HOn reached W?e east rsi> of the I'nrl the tiivftior entsf?d h-i' encaSI'tre, ?iid ro?*e up "? a po i' on in tin ceulre of th frtdllof tho fan Viri a here t tie st i 11? r'atl dlsmottlcrt sti i *ire rtrelvrd bt *t i i i Vn il ami -he ni-n'he-s ol both hr> i. b. a . i Hrlirmiiil MU c . ?h' n r.i. h |*i 'tea p>e i pst'd thtBrteiVrs to re'iivethe mnrcht' a sn'nte fron thet?x>pe. The Washington <>ray troop, the escort to General %ndford. and ib? light dragoon troni under Qtpuui Otto, touk pewt opposite the Governor aud Oku ? on Council. All being reewly. the troops svarcned pmst in review in the follow ilk orjer KUWT HXUUDtt? BKMUOIKR tiKMMUJ. 0. B. HTICRK. Rtfiimt tUn Men Second irguwit Col. G W P. 1'oninkins -W Sevtntv Oi si regtmmt, Col. A 8 VosburgU 374 Ktrst r< g'ment i cavalry). LieutMMl tel. Oerlin 171 Thud r< giment (hussars), CjI. S. B. 1'oniley 304 Total 1,<M?S FKCOND ? HKlelAMKR ?.I?KU.,I IWLARUM YAriV Kilth '< (iiini'til, <'?>! C. *cbwrtrz??*idtr 400 twelfth rsgiaieut, Col. Daniel Butterrtetd .'US Sixth region nt, CoL J. C. Pinckney .135 Total l.cru TMIKII llHICAUK?HKIIiAlllKK <.: > KH A I. WU U A M luli. S'ev. nth regiment, Col Marshall l<efferts S20 Nuiih regiment, tel. Van Buren 218 HgMh rHKiui.Lt, Co! G-orge Lyin 400 Fnty tilth regiuit.nl, tel. Kugene Le ?:*1 264 Tetal 1,722 rot hTH HHk. Allfc?HklCal'lCK COtONKL JOHN KWtM. Brigade lancers .'1 Kle venth regiment. Colonel Homer B?'wick 438 Sixty ninth regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Nugent... 2*1 7wi uty third regiment, Colonel Ravnor 30 Seventy-ninth regiment, Coionc. Ucl>eay... 284 Total 1,060 The troops looked uncommonly effective, and marched with the Hteadlio ss Of veterans. After the laist regiment bad patted the Governor and the Common Council re tired and the mil.tury corom? ti?e were ended. Tbo Veterans of U12 (0. B's), atilied in citizens' dross, with co kaeies and ewords, and accompanied by a martial corps mail e an independent paiado tbrougu prominent t-ireet* in the city. tbo Wellington ten'.lncn -il Guard. Captain G. Terranoe, aim) paraded. As they marched through the street* their unique uniforms attracted ge'tio rai attention. THE SALUTE OP FIVE HUNDRED GUNS AT the battery. The announcement of the firing of the usual salute caused a crowd of tators to gather together yester day m the neighbor nood of tho Battery. At half pant eleven o'clovk ye tterday morning the Fourth regiment, or rather Companies B, C and F, numbering about cne hundred and thirty men, exclus vo of commissioned bfficers. under Col Kdward Hmck^n, patted in front of tbo Wai-bington Hotel, and entered the Battery near pier No. 1, thi mtn mar- hi g behind oa. li piet.o of ordnance. They n-'Xt look up their position to the e?ts: of tesile Garden, planMng the thirteen gur.B?six poundor??be tween that nuilding and tbe Hag staff, about a little over one hundred yaros fr> m tho water's edge Tho crowd was kept back by tho police, aud formed three Rides of a equate, the water making *.bi< fourth. A:'ter manrru vnii.1 lor ? sboit ilmo, directly the tlrsr.stroke of :henoou Veil wan beatd 'be order was ?iveu to Are. The mode mi which Ibe tiring took plncu wao us follows:?The lirst I'.vo guns would e?cb discharge flvo rounds, the next lour would take up the firing and g.ve twenty live more di-charges, after which ttie rem lin ing four woui i do the same Ibe bring would tin n again be taken up bv the (lri-t Pv<- as before, smll cient time havi' g. bv this arrungemept, be jo allowed for the guns to f? ol. !ho Mmo oocupied between the llring of the Urs- shot and the g<ving of the order to "l.mb r up " was twenty live minute", >r an average of a d -i chiirge every three minutes. The last roun I, which r?r. the !i i gih dt '-ho line, wiift tired in very quick StlOOMSiOB, tht wh- i<s ihiiteennlfcharjjef ojeupyn^ooiy fl7eneooc In. rm the whole the salute was well given, although a gun would occ*Plo[.aUv m>? lire. ThM spectators were rerjr orderly, not a sirgie attempt bt ing made to bre.ik the cqi.are, altbougb only twenty M. 1*. 'h were all tbit were detailed to k-? p th'i - pace clear. Vol a single cbee* was give n either ber >ie, during, or at the end of the pr<?eed it gs Almost all the flogir-affs mastb?ads. in vie^w of the tintrery, hau cotoit flying, and tbe ?t nt'.ng sp-esud braveiy ?s it was moved bj tho br?t)ie, which ?a? fresb and heaitby. ANNUAL CELEBRATION OF THE ORDER OF UNITED AMERICANS. The celebration ot the ouo hundred and twenty-ninth anniversary of !he birthday of George Washington by the order if Vnited Am-ricaus to k p:a.e at Nihii's Carden at half-past one o'clock yesterday ifternow. The spactona amphitheatre waa crowded in every pnrt pit, boxcBand (taller ies swarming with the beaming faceB of youth and beauty. Tbe doors were thrown open to the public at baK pus*, twelve o'clock, 'he exurcisee being ar rat god to comixence at hal? pag-. one. In leva thr. an bour tbe ho lding was tilled, and a number of peraona amviDg too Ute founJ it .mposslble to get accommoda tion. The me*'.ln>; waa opened at a quarter to two o'clxk end Cbai>< ellor Gildersleeve called to :he chair. Tbe fvtiims addressed tbe aud?ncs in a brief ape* h, fhew.i g hpw tbe Order of United Americana hive rUwaya celebrate! this the birthday of the Father of hla Coun try, and alluded to tbe preaen: distracted atate of the I land, eipieaatag the hope that peace wouid once more prevail. Tbe band then performed the national overture ?'Wush ington's March.'* Tbla waa followed by an appropriate prayer by the Rev. 9. A. Cfctey, of New York c ty. An orlgina.' aolo and chorus. composed nxpressJy for the occasion by F. WldJows, Ktq., waa 7ery wali aungby Mr. George Harrison. N. B. Mountfort, thee came 'orwarrf and stated that tbe invitation committee bad aent out numerous in v.tationa to celebrated gentlemen throughout '.bn en try . and he wouid reed replies from acme of the most prom Jient. He then proceeded to read "JmtR VROll H0l?. WM. n. BKWaRH Fel) 19, IM1. Goin ktikm?I have receded y.iur invHatlon to attend the celebration of the birthday of Wash ngton n the itty of Ne? Ycik by tbeOrner of t mted Americans, for which 1 b? g ) ou to accept n.y ibai.ka. I navoidable eogage nn ma requiring atten'.ion here will deprive me or toe pleasure of ?c :ep ing tt. though 1 heartily rejo. ;e to see every d< bi.'nitration that can be mw erif ad'.-ct m fir *lio I niiiD. and of reverence tor the memory of ibe rreateat oi Its founders. W:th much nspect, your obed.ent aervant, *?1UJAM H. SEWAKD. :anTK tom urrTWAsr i.rnrrai mrrrt Hkaik^'aki-kkh or run Aairv, 1 WiSBIXiiTOJI, Feb. 1?, 1801. J Hwk -is?I air requested by l>ju-nant General Hc.rtV ti acknowledge th? receint el tbe inv tation of the Order of t'Diteu Americans ??J in them at Nihlo's, on the 224 Instant, to ceUb'aie tbe btitbi ay of Washington. "t t? a source o? deep Kgre-. to Gen. tal Scott that tb? pressing nature of bm ?ngsgi menis n this ?1ty will not permit hm having tojfdn ip yiur cekb.atmn in New York, lam, air, very reaptctf .ily. your most obed* n' servant, E :J. KEYM, Mr o tenant Colonel U. j. Army. '.rrrt r ?r< m BO!*. ?j. wiamimp, or mss. Bnerow, Feb is, 1M1. GiNn.*ji?:>?T am compelled 'o di-l.uo y jut osiigti.^ invitation I. r the 2il but I thank > iu tor countxg me worthy to be included snrmrg tbe honored gueats of tbo occasion At a tmnentuf so o>ach n i t onal da treSK ami ilai ger an the piesert, I should shrink 'rom any oroltary festival But 1 njicetnat, ami all the anxiety ai d gl< cm whi:h pervadu :h<- iauii, Mm b r-.hda? ?I W.ifbina'in ? no*, a be foigovrn. 3ow ;oikl Nopoi-ey ot h:s haa brouubt u* to th abr nk Hih precepts ne"e'?n :our?ge>i sectionalism Hii pr i> etpks never miici i.neo disun m His example uerer (x untenat.. * d -- .r*ipt>n "r treachery K a career fnr W^bed no prec?let<t an'1 no apology tor raab peec p'tsany at " ne end >1 the counti ?. or for unc mpritmiaing obsti nacy ?t ibe other Hj* {?'arewell Adrtr?-sa, i. s.-.rujxnonsly ob'eivi d nnd followed w iitki have saved us trim ev>>rv evil to which wo arc mw exp<4t?d WeK tc?v we recall %t so.'b an b >nr the gr? at el^menta o his cnaracU'r? th t m ' vied mo-erat inn and flrmnt-as, tbat prudonce tha? to bearanc*, >h.t Integrity, :hat magnan m'ty, .oat patriotimii. which ma-'e him a Piwer ot strength to b a c< utitr) in every pertnd ol foreign or 1 m. stic |e*ri] No failure of uirs can .jist a clomt or asbwlow iver b s me moiy nia gto>y t- ev. n mi bar <e.i uy tb? reil>-cti<>i tl at we, in this ger^.atHUi, a-e banly able toaiippif vlrtto-anfl vak>r MHM gh t > uphold tb- nstitntinua which be snd bis eon-paM>< is were etinoai-d with the atill ty to rHat-Jtsh I^t. i s 1 op?- 'h**. son.e*bl'g of tbe sp rit of Wssbu g'on may animate tbe ? p? a iniiiitst'at.on of oi' geveiMiieiit and limy in boe it jrith wia<l<>m to extricate our unbuppy land imm the dai g'-ra or civil war on ite .n>e side,anit tif permaneiit disutii:n on ihe other, si 'hat, hviote ?i oihvr 2'in o' Ket<roary stiail .?om- round, tho <>ider irf ? l nned A?ericai,s." in a wider senae thin yon havr over givi n t> ihe nun>e, .it iy > nee mr. e embra-e a'l ah ? have heretofore rec< gi iteo the s'a>a and stiip a aa'h* i mbUm o a 'omn. n an" glormua country. caii sftora to aa<t for rucb a con^oninia't-n, and by a tion y ?th'Mtion of ti-r'u trance ci>nctll?t<on an I bti tb'fly ove, ?e may sticeed at Nst u w>n> ing b'Ck, I ben< a'h the (? Ids rit a coniuion flag, thoen whom 't would ' bi niitie?s to n tempt to fmce nto subtn eaioo rbo An>er can I'lil m cat not be ci-mented h> blond I'a ene niits n.?> be. It civil war ti.?st needs oom?, woe be to those h> whom it c n e? I ervy not h? p'aoo In ll'Story o' ttise ot whom it may ne 'aid if there be any such) tlat tb > svaried their fives from evcy "orn pr> nnse w i imo ihioii which their n?o loturnperaneo an- t x'rN vsgai ces o' spei ch and of set bad 'endured u?e?'?'a>5 'or the r?scu? of the rintmito But, *l ml events, we nnmi not foigot that ?? are *.o st I to feave a nainu) , howt vsr h.iiu? ed, to be cberlahrd IK a|i m;r b?irts nil'' deiended hy all our bands K'veu sltaiilit it be ? i Hit cd for a ioi gir or a shorter tlrue ti o?o ? n-it|i rg of the ?r?ldi-iir -if its pr< pill til IDS, It will ?til| I'llret't all ample thea'ie fot tbe g i ?t il|<i?tr?>iou of free t?pi bl'csi f *eii no ni. and <;iki g m. th?t ;h- bluer em lii nil iwtn g i ii*-t|i-neen! the preset t bour may pre %? n? i - nil ?n m ? ver again ?? rg? *.* t g tn?tlibe-t? l? no4, In i mioosi es?, tt at pi b-ic otl ce? are something higher tlisn party ?p i|?, ihnt sectmnHl pl.th rtna i re a (*s.r?nb t tnte f ? ib- c> istiti tii'h mid ifm ii*s, an tlat a fa ra'i al boni ity nin ? h.g ded ccvutloo t? Africm sluvirv aie alike ? mate nst? of my?lt> t.i tine.Can tree* im I sir gmt'imin. with "teweo tlisbk? fi r your frieu I y it v Italian, vi T) ti hji rtfi ll> , yotn obi-i , or.'" servant koB! i' WIN HHO0. Veasra. N. B Monr-fort, |Vij.,',ir, K. Hancock, Wm K I 'liki in y ' i Bil'ltti e Ac Ni ? V.fli, I)i ts ?ete i i n sroio ntr i r le'tert, b it their p i'tl'ca til l ?ni lil i Cco| \ |(Ml 5,|| h space ll? o nt-.r oi th? i n\ . th" Hon Unaam M*vv?wn, O' IiIMMOi M I' , win tt.eu Into d> C'd and Ileltvrei' aim 1.1 g by hi" n-1 ioefl. ? Itvi os'im H-said thit ni i rrs'nlis N it. tjij. Miortit fhe p<st is trtetrl vu Me Hi fntN-f t? ni o nan I en- ni- i me* wh*n it i i? p i i i ? e si d |iIsh i|.i lo ritr-siert tha one md I ptrwfx ? t the otter. Ofis! n? tbers have be-p, rati,. nor far remote, wo en Jt wou.d tuve given me pleasure u.deed to recur to the great evnt w*Kh baa mJdTtbta day Uiustrioua in fee^orti', caiendarl^totraoeit ?* kucwMmiy evolved ui our own . ventfol time and ii^SS" '?5sst if iva ci season puasibly for ever. Should our ^s h^ield to he erro.s of the.hour, and the ronutry . f w?k n?toT grave by the **t??rA of hig o?i. IVt.,m ? *. D, fiom ibe gn at Nor!hern tl* !ds of hL r ^(^orwvor bila'.Hg, Ui almo; t the lwnkimg,?r mu ??"# hopoyti eLkiidlej in the br^st ^ with a pail the holy a,k of the covenanf^r' "i? turn ins her grand and (.wliicg antbemi int.!Xk!^f V ?ud tht)1) let th(, k;, ? wb. rem be was bo,n. Let .?..>? peri*n daikncfs ax>d the shadow of deutu ?'tun it i*?*' i ? dwell up..,, it. The earth is no h?m w ?th 1 Aid let i,01 his lolly name be d. ur .i hv.!,??L ? 1? lips o|' de*> nerate men. While ihu/r , f"0 ug, and unill tt is clean gone la? u*,S?!? P?r?? >? "Pon ^.ob? ua to th? ^ n?w 7 add"' " 18 M A'n?r'-?#rttU^n.? toat'J'Se triotic ai it ia known to be KaiihE!f^.Vf< ^ p<t" your watch towers long a*.. descried a r.min^H UP" U and failed n..t to give >ou ,.(1 l"*"r' tliej were scofled at, and m-cked ai.d"derided"' v" heeded then, net. St* States C!alr? ... i ' ? V , , "u our great ontede-acy-a tSv ^vwh^ fr?m the civilizoo world large enough for L * ol8e 111 of ou, vast i calms no lL outderaZ ,? ?mi)lre old thine, n and four of our u.unjser .liwrs Tud th?v been acquired, instead of ben* i.wt ihl. . y woulo have rung with jov ami ?,?' *1 x WJ'?!?,nuticn u,. SU'K his oountrjmet, as OLe oi their irrnate.i h??\7 nailed by ram. d to tlieir bigbc? h-.n ,,7 ^ W,d not wanting ihoee who l?,k with suUen tlo1'""" are With .fleeted satisfaction. Texil uT?, ffSof the s.-u,Hwest, is preparing u, fo? ? ^ ??Wt of Arka^sa- the e.gbt cotton productog wb^ great ptapie feeds and clothes uro^unn d miil?,nr gives laws- to the commerce of the world Njr does tho gloomy wo/k or d^inu-gration Hto? here TboTsm L tbero are who would precipitate tne seven remand Mates ot the South into the san.o l,o t,?nl(vH ?o"u.xg Day by day are they engage, in their unhallowed work" lo Utile purpose baa bo studied bis country?a wreTch^i patriot and a more wretched ?ch.,lar-wbo has noTlearo^i ^'^"?S?.'^SS\SSZS^S% s weakr . hs. l. ko the two mn?><i. o. of m ' "I' whom one w-.s blind, th- other o?u a ctTr .le w ? a'?n-be puniest .? m.ght overpower ;h..m mt The,? combined f. rce borne u,k,? the IhK? ()f the' bid,,I and guiood bytho eyes of the crlpple^bdued an rescued mankind from monsters and tiery ,lr j,u i'u! d?-? the tublo wull?carry it home in ynur heart. n,,i ? tbf re no Loi?? of our dellveran^ey shall we sink into Hank dospairy U, th-re Both,?K before us hot tSf w?de desoato vistaoi an unknown Shall the w.?rk of evolutr n ne ver be stayed^ Can wo ?nd umbing In iho f? n ?a Virginia and of nuny otners each lookin? b.,?nT>.hf7^'",r h",m fr'"" fcbSM bten n the tkmneeg, tbo enlightened pairioimm t o e^ rLT/f"'"* P0'1110*1'diligence of the U-pi" in'what M called our hor.ier Suten, espertiall? th? ? . ^ "f Xl^ ^ < Ten ihf< Vni 1 ^onueHSee. rbe vote in a:| these ^ut. s n th' November eleot.on, taken in connection witb the is ?ues submitted for a decision, d-monstrald a Dnion ev?u? 'C 'nicnt deep seated and tine.haoKinK Whit eve prRition they may think it proper to take will not be ^?"ti'y or wttbout mature retleetiou; nor will it >>?? abandoned when once i.eiibera(ely taken. If tb.^ mo n tions of their prud>'n?. theuglitiul men expressive of in wW" Judg""ut be heeded by thl^nt.y all w.ll be caie The nations. Ila? will atalii flaunt to thn Z'TZ^r* ni" r'TLOU" Tand march will ? n' r m. n'kA",Pr'Ctt w,|| hurry on as before, to the ao c mpimhni nt ot ber noghty destiny. 1 h^veR?i,i tnat borderK.wi^h'sdlrtreMit'^ hour was In tlw- inwpie of the burd rStves. Their paat history is a cuarantee of their ^Tn"at,",;tw11- ,n a" ?"r UtD'? of'darge^they have rallied to th" preservation of the I'm.hi, and throuuh the.r patriot funs have ottered terms of ia>?re Mr mLn "*Bt Vk6' a8 reco*ul?:,'d *>y the American citiz.n, was that of -tbo great rw;iiica.( r" i n?erfWBS * t;re*' pacificator, beciuso hf ropre Hermlt te'^ h PMP','U Tl1" w "ds from tbo .leimitage. echrmg and resounding from everv hill t<-p and valley in the land, in one unbroken strain f patriot,c -I. tomwatkn, d., la,es. ' rhXie4? I "on it Sbaj be prcsei ved.' Jaikson was a stea<!laet friend' of rm I. ? ,D' . '? P"rulll*r emphasis of his (freat deela It n was derived fion, ihe answerins voice of Tonnes V^T^T. "P 'D "lajljmb''"'0 choruses along the val .< js anc niountain ,^es, the houses of the tr5?hwSd h.tif TLn % 8UH,d *ro"n,J him <n t he coo ' ? rampart of tiro. Clay and Jaclrs.^ to.Sh >? M#c",u0 ^*ve K"nc to their reward, but their k ibilmdilk^"P'11 m,'D- ""ly not more n.,blo inac in.y. and Ike them encourage! and Hunnortod hv -be sawie pa.-itic, truo hearted ind Pnion lovtnir rwvini.^ What th. y were to the country in 1812 in 1820 !n l^ ii an. :n mo I have ,a.tb to believe thLt th.tr I hft in the more in*minent d< rils of ikhi f# oi> . ? aoV*!'"**'??> j? ???tl5 f&SL that Mtcea si')n wti nrsi avowed in ,.n(< *t_ . . . practice by South Put'D States. wUc-Wornf, asitsr awr r* ,r?,r1 "z'Fsrh? m?t remote California atuf remams ^ * % tv, "?"w?rd bound constellation of em n- . p, c"I,ar rr?n,e ^ our government deriv mhi. ?! r**"? h> Bot'toni any central source o Dower pirnt butfrrmihe"* hM " ,OU rWH,e fn'? ">e toca pon*, but frtm the coherence and mutual inter denen. oer.* of ai] Its (au-ts, is admirably calculated as it ?r>a [ certebily designed for a rapid and unlimited eziwnslo^ Henoe the government ia as strong at Te mouthTthe On gon aa on the bank* of the I'ou-mAc and far Ktronrer Z in the harbor of Cbarie?on ??anrtu kT?! r!ll0,g1in oontradiattnetum from the ruled f. 'CP ^ flnv c Bs or bo<,7 persona inauthorltv* la with us a political sol.ciam hen<Ttho ImtrS^ o' the lnqu ry we constantly meet, have we a ^,nl^ m. nty <M c.'irfo we have not?yet, although there are lhoBO w,'? thlDk WB to have, M,7wbo ?*?*> r^prnt*"1 declarations, would wlllinBly' ? ^re ?I " "UbjeCl.t0 thp >?*?? ^e true quS is, are we a government, and if so, what la |u ffrJ-.t ? ?*Df o * w^roin dori 11 I1"* Ha strength abr.^I ? ote of the first lower a of the world, liot inourVart 'r!T ?ources. our wwe national domain our hieh L^i P>"/1IOD' an<1 military K. niua of our peoS^i eminen t f ?^T,ou" "?m nta of wional em men e. At home it ia strong only in ti,? ?flect.on. in the conaenting will, the com m d pmpnoH, the barmoniouH coutuwln of the people; divided ?n queetiooti if policy an I m<re adninUtration, hut united .n sustaining the honor, mud In a deter mination lo advance the general prosperity of the conn try. Iheielore, paradisical a? It may ap war, we aro able to wiib?taiid tlie civil /.ed world in arm*; but art- not able to o rrpcl the unwilling population even of flela waie or of Khode 1-1 nd. The ? courclon" of a State, to ute Ibe otinent pai lance of the tlrat>, la, under our r.ys t<m, a palpable contradiction in terms Wbo is to coerce and who are to be 'Mtercedf Manifestly the people in Doth aser ]f aS'ate. from Intolerable and irrepleviable grievance, or rrom mere caprice, engages in revolution, no d mv. OW ? tb< r ?ta'ej may, :f tbov thick proper, by the u??fec of nations make war upon her, and reduce her to tubj'-Mlot., then hold her, not a* a alitor State, but a* a 'nt-q jered prov.Dce The recusant Slate of South ? anliaa, tor ? sample may be overrun by tho proffered tioepa 01 Ma> ?< hi*-tt* and New Verk. Th**e may be rr>npliaHd by t'HiuaandH npon tlie hanks of the *i!ee and 'be Cooper tb? y m.ty lay waste her Oelos, ?>nrn dowr ler cltiea, carry desilatlon to every biartbi-ti.nc. and ?r#g Capinre home her moat honored :itii?n-?ht-r Hay us, her tirrs and her llemmingert. Hut what has De?n gained t liave you brought back the wandering ilar to her course? So, no; that star has ahot madly from iM sphere, gone, gone forever from oar con ?teHxtion?like the lost fieaid, aeen no more below. The ? tiength <>f our government, then, la cot aa the compact di ?? of '.he sphere, all of whose pointa t>ear a conatant re litif* to tLe centi e. nor yet as to the UrmniMtof the wheel belrf tngt-u-er by circumaerlbtng band* of Iron; but r?tb?r aa the aolldlty of the arch, rach separate stone at onte nphnldil g 'he OLe above It aud renting upon and ?upportn g ibe one her.eatb it, the whole depending upon each remaining in ita position. and rrambling and lall>ng d a single one '>e displaced l>et ua. therefore. look for the can?<? of oar pretest troubles <iee where than to the wide extent o' our territory The hafmory of society ri au t* <i< m the mutual depender re of thnee wbo are en gag'd In dil!en n' pursuits. au tbo completeness of na ih nai g">wth 4ri*?? rrom (be dependence "f tbn several paiia rimkrmr e.eh nereasary to all. To illustrate m? meaning more fully pet mi'me to refer to the actual Plate ot nir t ad?. before, it waa disturbed by the present political e< mmoiioia *?ur exporta for the Uutl year did not vary mm b fr im fiurbunortd millions. if which, I think it a?|e to My that n'. leact three hundred million* w?re of the p'<tu< t* o: the Southern Mates, the united niult jf Have and frte white lai>or The exchanges for ihi* va?t mmmetcml nygr. gate were received, for the an *t part, it, toe form ot foreign growths and manufar '.nits. at the gifat Northern marts of trad a, thia, the gtest metropolis of the W.-atern world, receiving the l<en * ?ha>e while the shipments each way weri to a vet) Ntg* exteir coMlnc lo Northern bottom*. These advantage* v '.be enaimro* of rbe North aro reaolly nndertte id But ih" M'lMiti >n mua' not aVip here. It ta tei?rairy to inq ilte r<ow the houth 1a ropnid lor thia rt in m<.ua *lp<rt*ilon of her great ? tap lea i?f oour^e, :be'i prrx'OCIiTi ?n?|m>y? h-r .pnal and ia>?or to an ex it n" wb'-.h lOHiea her I.'.tie tint* to ripply many of her b-till?> aa well hi sio?i of her art.3cial wanta. and ?o reai'rra her de|? ndtnt in a B'eat tt 'taure for tb-lr Mi|pU upon U ? oiber port,on* if the country. Po New England ?h'' 10 ka for her ahoea and he' cotton fa br a; to Nt w Voik Itr her imported merchandiae, to ft nt a> v it la Inrhif maonfa 'uret of .roo, and to ib* MMBt Nortbwi ?t lor her hotae^, tnii>a, p>?k and KimV Dtno?-a i In lo% iii g Hi m tide ahe requl'e* a ?brmaai d Mfctf aiticit4, oblaUit-o li< m wbaluvr part o' ti e i urn tt) Hw> 5 app' B tu b? yrodueeit r And tb'a ia t,?i ?il w l'n|!iuno f i her abee* and cotion :abrt a to rntn ah?o rtcnlvta p ??k from Mnc.naatl, and llturfrom h rago th'a? nufimodtiie* a?ain are exchanged fur im |n tteil meti bai'di?<, eMba, *>lka, teaa and valiat t I'.'rom Vfn V art, wbu h in itt?n ar>- p> d for w.ih otvin bilia itf eXebirge drawn up n New Orieaua, M bile r t'hulea ti n, at n tvnai a ail aiound ate ad) i?t?1 ,u gold f '><n the P?C'IKJ I.f an ntieot'hiai great ronr of a ipplf be ?ji (1, t"i be mu i be n bold hpt rnlat ir wh't witiH cin it -me the teeaii, >\i p the eo-t .n m lla ati* abetl abopa ot Kt w 11?l"n t, a';t mmi' an A'nerio^c 'ad would wan er'hn"a\ 'hr>'gb. alW'leaa and iiaro' ot ??!<>?" tbe i ran ie- nn tne<t tomaea >f tt.? Weat, and a' night h. ? tne ?o ?upi et'? a* 11 b>'d Cj' off '.IK grw liotlerD a't| l^nftve "i> tlie. ttmfiba if y i? #j|, tr's the ma n tptirr ot iht- ? I mat hu e a b'iken, and the ma< b ne the" i i't aral ly ruatged; or to 'ake ih? two atoll r* ? i.i 11 o t a -> t port d t" be nat."iMi<|i, gfjff tpmctilly in^ tag" ii a-> ??bt V'ttb and *he -'mob-^M '.here ,i % riii h'?' it? Of ini> reata b? '?een 'h nv ?m?tg th'- ?rni mnfa o' 'trtHoa uttom wb < h dnri-ie at mii ne' ? t g'ta? a 'imiitHlta tip." the unlo r>f a (iii n in 11*? k ?l?"?i hai hera' > f.>t tiloatrv ..->nj The lit at ?* if' Hititi il'Mveir.1 ii the late ia"->'l faat, bv nn? ot the H tt \,.tt|]i i ii e'vitna and ue-f the I eat oif mrn, md {iD^iwbe i t>y the wrutta r?qt.eat !' a iatP Northern Corernor. Indulge mtuoo-.r iwo extracts "ll M thesjstemof ui|io *lavcrj *bch d'w.od una fonrltl ( ?> of January, iq the jear of ou. Lord mi, ?r ra gn w gul'iy of hlfb crimes ud m *tai ?unors. ' "T,ei Hie go over tome of ibe c/unls of nu# usii-.uneM. lm prmis?I charge slavery with eacro-ohn >; ipun the holy tkiii tuary ul hounthold chastity, ant ti riging mixod bUKxt in to a lboua*n? families, debaucho / 'be ?<>u? and depriving the lovely daughters of sale auu puru belroth ments 1 chuige slavery with compelling masters, when they rail idlo d.cay, to sell their own and blood; their own sons ami daughters by wrong mothers, or 11 not ailv<u to this, till tlx y come to absolut" bauk ritpcy, there to fctuid by the auction block and see ihtm struck off as prime stock,' to 'he highest hlil dir." 1 turn next to another sermon, pre:icbel last month, by a learned Professor m the duo course ol religious instruction to the students of a North ciu ci liege, one of whom, a most estimable youth from my own State, sent me a copy containing tbo following passage, marked liy him with evident disapprobation: ? "Ti e North without the South, united, free, industrious, tianquil, law sbMtrg, cherts tug frte apeech, a free press, free schools aud Ireodi m of ocnscii dw?In oue word, the North adhering to the spirit of Northern In stitutions?thus the Noitb without the South were far richer, more prosperous, gioaier In all Material resources than tin North with tbe South, overrun with the morals aud manners tbat grow out of southern Instiiutions, go verned by tbe bowie knife and the revolver; 'ottered in tbougbt, and speech and action, and subject to peqietual fluctuations in business, to frequeit panics, bankrupt eles and rcpuolations, ibat sweep ell the pronto of uutuy years in a sii'gle month. And as to honor and great rnt-H in the estimation of loielgn nations, to which we are. perhaps, unduly sen-Mtlvo, wbo tbat has been abroad and seen tbe linger of scorn which Eu ropeans, and ex en Asiatics, imlnt at vbfl represen I latves ot I he great Rlaveboi-ung republic of the West, and tbus has beeu made to feel In every fibre of bis heart that sin is a reproach to any [ieople?who tbat has seen and felt all this, would not rather be known j as the citizen of a free North, or, If need be, of free New England than of th-se United States, saved from dismemberment by subjection to tbe arbitrary aud impe , rious rule of a slave holding oligarchy?" 1 hive not tho i time, bad I the heart, to comment on such matter as this. You would hardly be satisfied without the counterpart of ! this hideously di>torted picture?the Southern ?r'R popu lar conctpliou ol Die Yankee, as tb?y cuil th> people of i tbe tree Mates, without discrimination. A prison slight ly undersiztd, -mart, sharp, cunning, tiicky, mean, c< wardly as I'alslufl'and as btwtful, submissive to insult, win n It iioes not atN ci the pock. t; nnpudtm, mo Idleenme, <'P'uknatio, sanctimonious, unemotional, cold hearted ami stingy?a e>>irpt nation of I'aul l*ry, Master B11Q1 and l"'iah lie* p?u race ot ??orummert," sprurgfrom a gene ration ot pedlers, redolent of wooden nutmegs, white oak baik bams, born gun flints, and a general s wortraent of simulated merchandise, of whicu th<so articles are the expressive type. Would you be informod how such li.eus liuve been acquired?make tbe acquaintance of a cerium adventurous class who hive pushed their tor times "down South," and b",tr them ex ult over confidence abused, credulity implied upon, and b< spitality shamefully requited; b come Umlliar with ibe Southern "truck,'' and especially ?\itn tho manufac tures "gotten up1' for tbe South* ri> mm kit literature bus in this case alio lent ber h. :pmf. ? aud. F rom tho same accumulation as before I take another |iamphlet. It's by a LoutelanUin, convinced that "every uuhiassed and reflecting m?n must acknowledge the superior ad Vantages tint South possesses over tbe North." Speaking of a distinguished Nocthern Senator, he ?ays:?"Were 1 a Senator from tbisMate oud I came wi'hiu sc- nting dis tance of blm. even in the Senate cbai'ilmr. I ? mid (u<s n ii ce spitting, as 1 generally do win u I c-ioio in contact with a pulrilli.'d car* ass of curr'on. and I' he 'proa 'hed me to<> closely I would ?plt upon him, ao? it tbe Senate, in deft tice ol ils dignity aud -'eeo' um. thought proper to expel tue, I would cheerfully return home. In m vlBf my>elf and my State more honored thnn disgraced by such un expulsion. I consider no man worthy of my esteem who would treat hitn or bis confederates with tbe rgsp> ot due to a gen tleman," and so ou, in words of loti-oso loathing that 1 do not care to repeat. With tliuae mutual senti nu i ts between the people of the two sections, there was only teo much foundation for the assertion, made not ii?uy month:- wo by an eminent Northern ^nator In his p'tice, thi.t "there is realty no union between tbe North and the South, and be belicvod no two ti Ulons u[Hin tbe em lb etterU n m'ire feelings of bitter r itior towards ? in h oilier thun thoso iwo sections of the republic" It is lb s bitter, sectional hostility, originating tar hick in the old colonial times, fosterel and kept alive by bad men lor hud purjM*?*. that bas given us so much t>*ouble bereiotore, arid has now brought us into tbe extremity of cur present |w i il. Men in the North * in golden opinions and KiU'ii substantial honor* by the vigor of their a.s sai lts upon the South: men in tho South reap similar re wnrds acci rdu g to the ll<Tceiiess with which tliey reta liate. In the nu stit ime tlie people unconsciously hnvo tak< ti sides with their f?|HCllH champions, and now, wttbout i he sltghtes'. cause of quarrel stand lace to f-ico In terrible reliance, ready at ibe first accidental or In cu.diary shot to ei gnge in carnage such as the world has never seen. Mr. Maynard concluded by warmly advocating peaceful measures, iind wa-- warmly ami entnusiastically applaud cd by tbe audit nee. l-'x (Jovernor Hint beltg discovered am'ng tbe gen tlemtn on the platfoim, wis loudly culled for, and re spel.dirg, made a brief but patriotic speech. Ibe orchestra supplied somo excellent melodten, and n brnedlction bavlig been oflered by tbe Iter. Oua. W. 1 snmsok. chaplain of the New York Ilethel Union, the aMcmbly dispersed. THE DAY AMON(} THK FIREMEN. The flremin of our city always exhibit tholr interest In public holidays and anniversaries by a demonstration of some kind. Yesterday came in for Its share of observance by Mohawk Engine No. 10, who took advantage of th occasion to publicly teat their new and handsome appara tus at the fttmous liberty pole, corner of West Broadway and Franklin stnet. Tbo engine of this company Is rresn from the hancs of tbe manufacturer, and la a first class double decker. It was received on Thurs day last, and the foreman, Mr. J. J. filass, dealrou< of testing its merit, had it conveyed to the liberty pole yesterday afternoon for that put pose. Forty men manned the brakes, and shortly after four o'clock th trial was commenced. A stream was directed ap the pole, and alters few attempts with various sised pipes,ft one and one eighth inch nozzle was used, when the water was thrown ten feet above tbe pole, a perpendicular dis tance of 103 feet, a feat of which tbe company justly feel very proud. The horizontal force of tbe stream was then tried, and a distance of 219 feet attained. The company, witb their apparatus, then returned to their beautiful new boose In Heach street, where a collation of cbowdor and bivalves was soon supplied, together with liquid refreshments, and tbe party enjoyed themselves until a late hour in the evening. THE CELEBBiTIOM OF THE EVENING. PUBLIC BANQUET AT THE ASTOR HOUSE. A number of republicans celebrated the anniversary of Washington'* birthday last evening by a dinner at j the Astor House. The dining room was appropriately decorated for tho occarisn. At the end of the room, over the President's table, appeared a portrait of Wash ington, surmounted by tho American cnglu and tlie words, "Liberty and Cnlon, now and forever, one and inseparable." At the ether end was an unique model of Fort Sumter, fmm which thirty-four miniature guns were fired daring the progress of the proceedings, producing #Hne effect. The table was laid out in a very tunteful manner, and the !?t cf vtands ce mprUed all tbo choice varieties erf the r-ouMin. \mot p the palvtme i roamaMS were models m V.ount V'crn n and the White House t< mples of t'nkm I bert> undjits tice, a eiatue of Washington. snd othi r ?ppr*ipriate do Mute ItodwortKt Kami Interspersed the . ul- riu-u iiunl with a rut let." a *. Ihc lion. <-. >? j* WjH'tn presided. 0? 4, c rwer# Mated Tharl* i 3i,! L. P., FrtiiMisi n#ijrmiainUtOut lege. Moses II ? .. -i?el, a?d lleory J. Ou tus leti the Rev. I : .*? lows, William M. kvirti i'redvridt A. < oockl'.ng. a.?aib?T e.i lingtess elect; i'linip I>or sb'imer, State 1 e?-urcr, Comptroller 1Li?? aa>i .1 S. lake, l uring the coutfc of the evening i."V?ruor Mor gan came in and occupied a fiat on the right of the Pmloent. After the Her. Dr. Hallows bad returned thanks for tho bounties of w'juh tbey hod partaken, and the cloth had I bei n rimoved, Ibe 1 hkmi.km' rose, snd, previous to Introducing the ' regular leisits, referred to the chaiacter of Washington. I I wtll remember, (fentlemen. he said, md I doubt not nun of you alio remember the occasion wbm the fiftieth snnlvrrsarv ol the naugnratlon of Wsehinglon as rresic.ent of tbn f'nited Mam wan celebrated in this city. 1 wenty.two years, wanting a few days, have since ?fa|?ed: but who of us that wax then prewnt does not r< member the ve n> rahle and distinguished orator on that '?cession?the old man eluquent, who, after filling with the highest honor tbe flrst office in the gift of his country, devoted hie d<riming \earh to tho aam<rtlon and | insintei ai.ee of some ot the roc st importaM principles of human fr* ? domv I need not say that I mean John Qutncy Adams. Til" discourse he pronounced on that occasion, ?p? y termed the Jut ike of the constitution, will not m? n be lorroiien by those who he-ard It. The Wittex nctl< n 'mis n.c*t striking, alluding to the scene "In the ipie Isbio ot the ttr?t ot K< man poets, ' where the Kutfteps moth'-r of .Kneas is represented as delivering to torn "the c?It itial srmor with which he Is to triumph over bis enemy and to lay the foundation of Imperial K> mo," the orator imagines the mother ot W ashington to Hppesr before h m in the visions of the night preceding In* :t>sii|iur?llem as first Pie-'trtei t of the Uiilte?] States, and In oider torb>iran<l encourage blm In the perform arreof tbe riutle* h< was about to assume, deliveroii to h m a stilt Of celt st Is I aimor, "a helme t,0"iislstlng of the pr'TM'ipies of p'e ty. ot justice, of honor, of benevolence; a Heer, studden with ihe self evident truths of the I>e ? laiatfen of lud'pei detif ?? a sword, the unit with which 1 hs bad led the a' mles of hts count* y through the war of fri er*t m, ati> , last of ell, ihe constitution of the United Mates, n shield imbossedby heavenly hinds with the | fntun hi-uiiy ot hts country. 'Yis, gentlemen." <?* clsltt *" tbe cioiiient arm or, "on tbst shield, the <:onstl II.til n ot lh< I'nited HlSteu, was sculpture*! tbe predos til ed and proj belie hMi ty tif the one c?mfec1orateil (?-o pie i'f i bo Not lb Anierli'Sti I'nlein " this olctureeif Wash itpteiti r<e< imig il.e n gls of tho ooLStitution from tho b iiieis e.f tits ve-' erst'd purei t, whi n alMM to enter upon Motility of practically carrying >ntoef1?>c? the provtsl>>ns e>f that tnst UR>ent tnav oe justly admireel. It was i n <' ut lOWdilMi w?n|.|0)jt(.n believed the future *lory "f h s country *mi o r"-'?tb"- omstltntion bindln?r to i H i i tt? M-ites and tb'1 I'nion glvlnir strength and 1 Uii'ct '.llty to tfes cer >tttum<n. It i? for ih< se reasons, 1 gei tler>ea,' hsve ne> foi.M the motto tdopt.d for thia eriltsi is " ?he (Mil and tie aneistttuti< rt," aa Inse- > I arabty i e I !?' e'ed nh 'be namem hpI- lngt< n. Will, the!e it tted> n? ry < h." rvatlci.h he ittioetue^d the j i; > n lwsB>??s "t tbe e> ei li i? Ihe tegular "c l we e te roll< ws ?? I Ihe t'rr? ill r'of the CMt?d ?t?ie?. (Cheers.) Music, "J'all' i ii n Wa v. i t.e t nr-n ref the Statsrf >et? Yarfc. it heers.t ?. 11site?tr?n I l.e oitl.e I ntled siaira 11 end < heera ) Mink. ? moi h<i e." j i he di ?. ?eeile'tate. ll |avr bl'th In Mm nfcom nil de lilM to ? a I tie l-ktur f US Coilliiry, Cl.eeit.l Music, Imle's Land. ft. The BUMry of Waahiagtea. (Drank In afleneit.) *uite, "A Pirge.'? 6 1 ho -.f'DkMuti'-n fit the I'mt. d ^tatea ' Fit on?nlm of the tplrit ane niigbi of a grunu null n 7 11 11 ikr?l ? ut' ti Alrgacy nf untold value froav oar hi nor* d father*; bkving nemd uu to our c*y tnd generation, ti will te burgm<lul duty to band it down unimpaired to |n k Icily. K W HchfngUiD'H (? arewell Address. A oobie leaeon of #1* III.Ill urtt uiilotliv, M? Of happily too rn'i-ly .tndled ?B<1 to little Eci di o Viukk', "led'penueoce Day" and "Auld 1. ft Li K Sv tlf, ?. Ihe I kthfrn (if tlie K> No honors can sqnai heir oii-nla. r u i u.t.g enhance iheir iiyue 10. The t oiivirr- of the I ni'ed Statea. May it ever be n.lndl ul nt lu rights m:d duties, and Hi inly and :allh/oliy n *11 11.1 II 11 a oin' in it i n 11 rut tie other. 11. The Aluoili'kD K'kf. "tK"1,1 at 'hut ?tandard "-heel, 'Hte bri ml,., tin 'tie, !iui fail* before us; >\ Kb IItfi in'k mil Im-neath nur l tn ? '"anner wovmgo'er uu, ' 12. The Ain.v and Navy. 13. The Pr*?* ' Win M. Kvarts, K?q , when aioouncei to respond to tlio foui th toast, win. greeted with 1 >t?il cheers At tbe outset. ill pay Bg homage t.i ih? tmihoiy ol a gr?*i oiiwt be raid they might pant* a tuomeut to rem*mber th* the i ui> greit thiugs iliat have * ve r happened m .hi* great country <>t ours have be- u the birtfuay k oi great m>-n. The brightest alar 'bat ii'uiniiiatid m tirnittnenl of the country was our V ashington vtr Kv ,rt, await .a iengt.li upon the cart er and character of Washingi-on rti. ll| tllit in lb* tlb'fr'Kr Of that great in?u wan puriui icm or love of rountry; and ibis feature was ti- auttfuiiy illustrated by tin* spiaker, who oied the loyalty of W atbingtan to the Uwi of Knglatid ?lieu b? was a lawful auMtet of the British Ciown But th? rhject With wh'cb bo cooiineoco'l but curcer wan t" hri'ult ii.iwn the tyranny of ibe Cr"Wu itnl the I'urlMmeLt and tiuitum the oon8iltuti..o, an) un doutteiliy ho cairleil hm ejpi rtatlona no further than to Hf< tiro the iibotieM thai Hritleb subjects uu ier ihi Hi it if h cotistit i)tl*'ii wee eiititle<i tit. But *ft*r our iBde penOi tue wuh KcureU bn proved his devotion to b ? o?u country without aty ficMouhI prejudice* whatever. At other grtal trait of hm charut'ter wad his perfectly Him uu.! intiepid adhered e to the pr ncipJea tb*t bo erpouFed, whti h |Miint waft alto tweit upon in an elrqueot manner by the speaker. Pho freat tft miiDiiinrrit Uhl'. we have of WacbiogtttB wiik that of wbu'h be I till the oormr stone himself when he Hgneii the ceustitutH u uf the I'niteU States. After reviewing the origin of the republ can parly, wbicb rpraug into exiftein n on account o* Krnat |?'.|nihir dis content, and glancirg at its progress, Mr. Evartfl proceed ?d tu ppeak of the policy which fthmnd be piir-ued bv Ibo lnoeming adaiiuistrattan. M I, he said, as a reputilieau, atu u?liO'i wbicu I prefer, a mutilHted territory or a corrupted constitution I answer Ibat the repulihcun party recognizes the ueoesttitv of no such miserable alternative; and >ot 1 do ?? , and I do mean, thai it the republican party cannot open lis com pre hension to the actual difficulties aim rerponflblliti*1.- of the occshUiii It will see ? ither a dlsmemlierroetit of tbe coun try traile very thremenipg if not abMouiteiy n ce-stry, or a conibication o\oi it* head and against it which ta to save the Union li.y th. corruption of llie con-Ututloii, and I say It stand* here in tbe uacied duty and trust ut pre serving botb by iMttriotlfi.i and iutrepidlty and Keuerous Mnciliation, which ttfllIIST made up tun character of Washington. We llnd a great many words us d tu this crisis, and if we will let nur oppom ntR choose th# posi tions In which they will place us, and prescribe them fir us, we are In a miserable oondition. We are toi t to com promise, and that if we do not capitulate, the ultimatum is to subjugate us; and subingatloti is the mujo they give to such a maintenui ce of the c itiHtitu'lnn of the I'mted SUiich us we suppose public dut} requires froai all its citiMM. Or, if a milder phrase be usel fir it, they called it coercion, and in this bard fought held we?tbe party whose success has carrie<l the d*y? are told tliut between capitulation on our part anil subju gallon on'the purl of our opponent* '.bero is no real alter native, and no word that will describe it. 1 llnd in the principles nt history, whether ot civil or miliury coulee'*, that the llrxt duty alter the. dual ciut'oveisy is Qf'Cioeil and all sides agree in the character of the con test?the ttrst duty is picttcaticn; aud that noes not imply surrender or retreat, t'. i.m ? nut tmpiy B'ib|oga tl< n or ni ci ssary coercion, but r, does require tuat the party who has g lir eo power sbail unnerniaud thac the whole ef its duty dot b not cm sist in ti^hting the Wat tie over again. (Cheers.) Wasnuigton aoopted from the iirii'orial bearingM of his ancestors, and i lv?d up m the bookrosc in bis library and in the seal ring th it no used, a motto which seems to mo to desiguato the practical prudence of bis whole career, and 1 tike It now u> aid in illustrating what 1 suppose id the duty of the incoming administration. Ue did not, as I understand it, llnd In this legend en-ouragement lor any such proposition us this, tbat wi I ul sel< ction of ( usitinn tud ltidillereiice to Us consequences otinod tny pait ol the wi?i>om ol hum|?ii aU?irs, but the m ato lie used was, "Kntur actoprcbat"?Hi-- is?ue approve ;bo action; and 1 give you, sir, this sentiment:? J he paciUcation oi tbe c mntry?ihe Urst and r-mcipil duty oi the n o miig admiiilstiuliou; may th* Usee ap piove its action. (ixiud cheers ) As the sixth toaht was annoui ced the guns of tbe m.c iatuie Kori Kuuiter '?p' ne.l tire and ttiu thirty lo ir dis charges, one for each state in the Onion, proouoe*! a v-ry happy eOrct.and a.otised the en'husi ism of thy company. All rose to their feet, cheered aud waveii ibeir baudker chiels ? bi'e tbe Hi n j_? was conttuued. Mr. JotHt A M. Van Out responded to '.he sixth toast. He said hisI'aith w?s loyal to make him b?4eve that tbe ooi stiiui ion and the Union wero still preserved, at lea*t the Stales which were loyal were yet in p ?en- HS on )f the Held, llie numo of Washington yet be onged to the whole country, iuiU tbe teat ot government t? tbe I'nhm, wtlb tbe Uag <4 thtny-lour stais still doatlng over It. He re pud la ltd tbe idea that a revolution on p.iper was a ? evoiuton In fact, and pointed out the oittijr. ucii be tween the Ami ric .n and British coustltut ions lie he lieveo lliat all the compromises necessary tu satisfy tbe people were found in the constitution, aud he woj ihere icru )<->?;. 1 to it as it la. K*-Judge I'KAiKiny resfionded to tbe nest tout jt an arpropr ate manner. anJ concluded by giving 'he follow n.p sentiment?"Tbe I nitio ot the states?in the ian gi uge of ihe ^atber of his (iiuntry, ? It is the m iiu pil iar ol your inunpendrnce, tbe suppot t of your tranquillity at heme, your peace abroad, of your safety, or your frospent; , uf that liberty whlcb you so biglilv p'lj?.' leaven bi< ssiiig our efforts, we will transmit, thm boon unimpaired to poeterity " Ihe next toest was responded to by Mr. H. J. Baymowb. Mr. K. ('. f'4iWMs spi ke ui tbe next t last and luvokeii Ibe spirit ol Washington, concluding with the seuti ?lent ?the North anu tbe 8<>uth?United by the memory pt Jhttes (itlR ?nn Patrick Ocnry,"whn flist moveii the nnll of the Itcvolution," cementeo by the deeds of W?sb ington, vhoto glory Is the rich Inheritance of our com mon country. Hon. Fmkiuqin* A. Oosi-m m<>, member of Congress elect fn.m this city, responded to the tenth toapt as fol Iowp ? Mr, I'ureiDDTT?Our rational constitution was ordained and established by the people of tbe United Statew "In order to form a morn perfect union, establish juitice, in sure demestic tranquillity. provide tor tbe common dc fern o, promote thi general aelfareand aocure tb? bless ingc of liberty tn ourselves and our |?nitertty.? (Ap plaute.) Ihis declaration of Its objects baa an especial reference to the conoitlou of things prevailing among tbo or glral lhiitur States, unuer tbo act or con'edcration winch, it will be remembered, *ai superseded by the pre-rw rit constitution Tbe fundamental dlfferanoe be tween tbe two sj sterna of eoveruaient consisted in tbif?tliut under tbe fo mer of tbem tbe powers of the Congrftl pre celled from and acted upon the State au thorities, and Mt upon the individual citizt ns, wbereas under the latter tbe authority of the general govern n ett piiceec* iron and acts up in the individual eiti ku, and him little or no concern with tbe states aa States. Tbe constitution ??? ratified, not In w%>rca only, hut in fact and in mlinai.ee, by tbe people, anu f t by tbe Mate* as Ular net |>oliti< ai coamuiiium. In none of thoeeaet* 01 ramication do. a tbo word siaf? occur, ex cept in the phrase ' people of tbe 3tat#." rne Cngreea, whlcb is tbe suprrnio pi.war of tbo 'nmo, never l.gls lati s or votrs hy States; nor do the executive and judi- * cial de) 'irtB-enva of ibe government eve'act ny Statee, < r in any sense reprrs?iit a State (Ap,.la i?e ) It is true that thi m outers are cbwien by in* *ev? rai 3tatra, hut us legii-LatorsX they never vote by Stated. Ibe House of Kepreae btaMvea, aa a board of electors, votis by Mate*, but aa a leglalalve bady neve#. In sboit, tbe States, aa j>?wers in tbe government, are ntu rly unknown How then can any man in sist that the government of tbe United -ta'es * a mere league o> sovereignties. each of which may, at Ita ple??uie, secede Worn the rest' (Applause ) rho great md radical vice of tbe Confederation, considered aa a ECteme of national government, nccordirg to tbe >V<i?rai ut, w?? In the pru cipie of legislation for Mates or go veititi i nta in their coip -rate or collective capacities, and as net traiiiiiliLguifbcd trom the individuals of whom they c?'t>i?t. " Jaeh state retains Its sovereignty, free 110111, oLd independence " lb. ?aid Statue hereby enter into a dim league <>! fiieni'thip with i a h etbei?rich war the langui ge of ih? article* of Confedentlon. The system thus established was therefore, but a league be - two u lie iiin Thirteen -tales, as distinct and in epen i i nt i* htli id lud w After a thorough trial ot the plan <>' confederation, both in war anu pear,-, the [?~jp'eof tbe t niti d States became satisfied that it was nut a ipted to their eirciiR.stai.1 <?* and i.ecesaltiea. and they accordingly iVtcrminsd to substitute another and radically different ti rm of giivemnii nt in Ita place, then It wa.* that tbe lawi of <b? 1'niii o States were maoo to take tbo place of the recti*??* xnd recomm* dilation* or the t'ongresH of tbe confederation. And yet the u< ? ption of a ie<gu? ? f Con federate Mates relit uta no discredit upoo the wisdom and loaning of nur Kevolunotary atatoemen (Applause.) In tl e tlrst place, It was tbe b?it that tbe rwalm s and ior tllctlig Interefts of tberepaiate Statu mve eigutles. then in the tbrn?s of revolution, wonlel pvimlt tbom to iceiirpiifh. lltsldes; tbe <v>tle<leracM?< of Free states which have flourish!d In ancient ar.n In modern times, enrh nsthi ee of t.riece of Ktrurta, the moth- r ami nurse ? f ltono. of ^wnzeriucd. anu Holland, ar? illiis?ri?as in hOt'ty, snd ha\e received the apptOTal ?f the most prtfiuiid wrlieis on political >cn ni? Mont-squleu >?jh that such a n'lV' rnnient Is lu m <laBgee, either irotn toreivn VM.Ieni-e or doo'estic corruption i(ni| m tbu* cletr i I nil defec'it? imttir g It does the Rtrcng h of * g'eat mm ?rchy, * ith a'l the ir.iernal novantagoa of a free Man . i ApfiUU'e ) In the onnstitii'l<>n irf tbe United ? tales thi |n weic of tbe Or gr.se are s mmel up to tbe po*r?r to m*k" all taws wb.cti ?ball be tieces?*ry and proper for carry ii g isto eisoutiMi the power ve<ied la ihe|*tertm*nt. or in sn? di parimebler offic? r ther"<?f. we took In \*m 'or sty |? ??i to ? ?iiipromise, and toast < I Mil t* n trj'rnr.in' ?i<h those citi/.?tis of ih? United ? tstc? wbasre M>vyiag wsr sgstti-t the govertimeat or cdf ertrg ro Ns en. nm s, giving them ai i and cmnfurt. Appisiiie I Congii*s bss ^ow?r "to raise and i.ppoit sim'i?, ' "to provide .iiki maintain aaavy," ?.ii pro*li e nr calling far?h the mtlitia lo e*fr.ute the law* of ih' I nu n, supi ress ibstirrectH'ns and repel tava ii r? ' ihis r.es ii t Sat get t com promise, but tho i I' i ia mil'i, h n?the Imal reason of kings, which la tun. ''in great leader the I'leptrienl etoet, as be c<m rr ci i eil lite tourney to the *ent of government, declared io h r tsltow citi7.< t s of Ki otiu k v , that he intended lo trenlthim as Wafh igun snii jeflerron did?W have tin tr. t?i ti sir quiet poreupa at d the inttitiitions of Uieir own e|t,ire. (Ap|l:i'se) Tan wo doubt that be will InlklW the tsmegn Ht exsinpl) IS in the trea'tnen* of rebels ? ti?J Irji t* tsv t'ftplame) Hn|.bir gton sent sn srair of t, tei ii f|? wami ti. ti to | ut wn the whiskey rsb^lhun, iini to ct lo f 'In laws i f tin I nlon jefleiron srrssted i i it tried lor high In i!?< t 1hi ?e n? m?tte' how elevated their |iantmi, who p'ofied di*urion, snd aMempud to r: i?e a nnes to ertnliltth a "WNrn ci Mederacy. He mitu 11- (if Inn ie Isve %efua to wor.i?er at V lint ihi V are i )? asi .1 to cni' tfe w.?kBe?s ur iiins..lotloB ' ,,r our g> vin n11' t.t ih i" wmu vwh'te. What go ' ownvrKD os n:vTH p tuK. j

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