NEW YORK HERALD. JANES G O K O O N BKNNETT. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. jrricc N. W. COHNEK or koi.ton and NAHHAU 8th. TERMS, eaah M advance. M'tryy vnt by trta(? trill be at V* ruk of under. Sum bid It**. *i!U current in Acta 1 'orb ^THM PAILT ItF.HA l.D, bsn <mtf per oopv, ?7 pot annum. IHft WKF.KLY UETIALI>, nrrj> Satu, at lO rnnUper a or $.> per armum; ihm f'urttpniH lUlitiu* everu WnirtceiCty, ret-if per aft, $4 per annum U> any pari nf Great H-itain, or %klc anypari a/' On Omtfuent, bath (<> inawU pinti<mt; Ote (Wyi>rt?wi JEmm <** rt' I*'* and 2lit <y* to-/, r^mlh, u? fix tn* M*r ,1/M, ?/ $1 HO ?*? THE t A MIL}' ur.tiALi', o<t \^"fdnauiay, at four cent* per ?V6?vVJZ<? CVh..!\ ^I'O yPEXCE, Oiw tuiiitruj important nrm, tokriud /ram ??iy quart r of (A* wuld, if i. ?<!, ui'l be l%ber*Ui pnul/tr ?*<>Lb PoUMCM Comi;.slT.M>!M.t tkt PABTICC1 AKI.T KK?1USSTKU TO Sl.AL ALL LlTITJtKi, AKU PA0K AbU> ?KNT C? A"0 SOTtC'M taken .y anmiyntou* correeponJlenot. Wt do not rfiym reieried rummtuiiniMtrttn. JOB 1'KISTISO executed i#uA iuuImh, rheapnwt andde tpaUk. Volume XXVI No. 65 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. H;i5L0'b GARDEN, Broadway.?Widow's Victim?Tun TOODtXt. WINTER HARDEN. Broadway. opposite Bond street.* OLnia T?i?t? Kathheinb am> i rtuuciHO. VAXAACK'B THEATRE, Broadway.?Chbtkal Paul IxAUBA KEENE8 THEATRE, No. ?St Broad way . Huyb* tLmne. _______ NEW BOWERY THEATER, Bowery.?Wu(j Speaks KlWtt?HaBU4V1K .'ACK? MtHKKALI. UNION TURATER, Chatham street.?!Eustaces Baudir? 1 (lODLTJ. THF.ATRB FB.AVCAI8, 685 Broadway ?Lrj Vnmama Paris. BAENUM'H AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway ? Buu, Hi<* I.ion, a?d otiikr CuBioimcs, at all hoitk*?Thm Osa ka, WoWAS I* WuiTC, ac 3 AMD 7)6 O'OLOCA P. M. BRTANT8 MIN8TREL8, Mechanic' HaB, 471 Broad way.?Burlkwim, Bokgs, Damcsd, Ac.?Jack Cask. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, ?S Hroadway.?Soxes, Daauks, BlULKSuLKS, Ac.? Dlltk'g Lamj. MBliODEON, No. US Briadway.?Sokgs, Dajices, Boa W-iCiUKh, Ac. RAND'S IIALJ*, Troy.?Umtwouth's M.Ksr:'.KLa i> Etbio PLAN HOMUI, DAMCKA, Ac. TUe Sewi. It is stated that President Lincoln will to-day Bend to the Senate for confirmation the nomination of Senator Crittenden to the bench of the Supreme Court of the United States, to fill the vacancy caused by tho death of Judge Daniels. Major Anderson, now in command of Fort Sumter, it is also said, will be nominated to the generalship iQ the army lately made vacant by the removal of Gen. Twiggs. A. Washington correspondent infers, from .he recent conduct of Senator Douglas, hia intimacy with the President and those in Presidential con fidence, and tho tone of his spccch in the Senate Yesterday on the subject of the Inaugural, that there may, at no distant day, be a place made in toe Cabinet for the Little Giant. All the three Commissioners from the Southern confederacy are now in Washington-Messrs For .yth and Roman having arrived yesterday, and Mr. Crawford on tho day previous. They have not yet officially announced their presence or object to the 'government, but are cxpected to do so soon. It is supposed President Lincoln will refuse to hold hay intercourse with them. The Senate of the United States was again iff ex tra pension yesterday. The business transacted was merely of a routine character. On a motion U) ,,rint extra copies of President Lincoln's Inau gural a debate sprang up between Senators Cling- , man and Douglas, in which Mr. CllDgman gave ex pression to hiB condemnation of the tone of the message, and interpreted it as meaning war. Mr. Douglas, in replying, regarded it aa calculated to continue peaceful relations, and as promising re conciliation between the sections. Our Washington despatches thi* morning flirniM. much information, of interest as well to the gene ral public as the active politicians. The new Cabinet has commenced operations, most of tho hecretarica having assumed control of their de partments, and a number of appointments for various positions have been made. The State of Texas is out of tho Union. From New Orleans it is stated that the people have rati fied the ordinance of Bccession by a majority of from 10.000 to 45,000. General Houston has re ? gned the Goveraortdiip. ? In the Virginia State Convention ysterdsy, the Select Committer reported that in their opinion there had as yet been no movement of armed men >n the part of the federal government indicating a purpose of attu king or ooerc<ng the South. Mr. Buchanet* left Baltimore yesterday morning tor his residence at Wheatland, near Lancaster, Pa. whither Le was escorted by the Baltimore City Guard. Tho turnout on tho occasion of hia depar ture from tho Monumental City was very fine, lie arrived at home last evening. Ex-Secretary of War Floyd arrived in Washing ton yesterday, for the purpose of appearing before vhc Criminal Court to answer the indictment found against him ty tbet.ranrt Jury in connection with the stolen Indian Trust Fund bonds. No intelligence has a? yet been received of 'UieCunard steamBhip Australasian, for this port from Liverpool on the ICth ult. Tho United States, from Glasgow on the 16th, is now due at this port; the North Briton, from Liverpool on the 2lst, via I Londonderry on the 22d. is now due at Portland; <he Bremen, from Southampton on the 20th ult., is iue at this port, an J tie N.agara, from Liverpool on the 23d, 1b also fully due at Halifax. From t*>me of these vesso.iwc may hope to receive Home definite intelligence concerning the fato of the Australasian. In the meantime it is Bafe to suppose that the missing steamer has mot with a trifling accident and put back for repairs. In another column we publi-h from our special reporter full particular* of the accident to tho teamer Mount Vernon 'Jie condition of the \es Ml at present, and Ler prospect* of safety. Iho eaptain thinks she ib safe, but thero sceia.. to bo ?orae reason for believing otherwise. The pony express, with three days later news from California, passed Fort Kearney yesterday. The news-is not v- ry important- Tho Legislature had taken no important action on the Senatorial question, cxeept a fusion of tho Breckinridge and Doogla* democrats in favor of Mr. Denver. Bu*i ? news vh slightly improving, especially in domestic produce. The tressuro shipment by the st tuner of the 20th of February will bo light. The Indian ti urlanccs hud turned oat to bo of a trifling j bature. In another column of thin paper will bo foond an Intt rehtinp correspondence which passed be tween the English ac l French naval commanders In the Gulf of Mexico, in reference to the recent -?scape of l.eneral Miramon. after tho overthrow of h! * power by the constitutional forces. Captain Aidham.the Hrttiah commander, did not vtew Ml ram on in the light of a political refugee, entitled to the protection of neutral Powers; but. in con sideration of outrages and spoliations charged to have been committed bj him on the property of the hnglu-1: Iteration, !?? considereu limas having been guilty of gross violation.1 of Intematiooal taw and of high criminal uff?nces. The Naval General Court Martial reassembled yectcrday at the Brooklyn Navy Yard to hear the defence of Commander Wulke. TV arguments in favor of the defendant filled a tnenfy-ioar page octavo pamphlet, widt h was read by the counsel, | Mr. P. Ha dlton. Alter having rented all the -orders ' received by defendant on the matter in juration, and taking a cursory review of the tea tiraony, tho document then showed that the first charge of "quirting his station" could not be sus tained, as the defendant hold Commodore Pender traVs order to proceed to Peiwf ola, and had ,ii his stalifrt ender that crdti. W itii tcgifi die cl.arge of "di*>obedi?Hu t of orders" the oae Kiid to Lave becu given by Commodore Armstrong li&d iiticr been received by defendant nor pro duced by the prosecution; and the one from Com modore l'endergnmt stated that the Supply was to iakt in a cargo of eoai and stores uad "than" re turn to Vera Crus. As tho Supply has been un able to get the stores at Pensacola, and aa she could not return without them, it wait deemed ex pedient to obtaai them at New York, and at the name time bring on the destitute persons from lYnnacola. Other arguments were Bet forth, of which our limited space prevents a detailed report. From St. Domingo we learn that the Spanish (lag flies over every portion of that republic, with the consent of the authorities. It is said that the desire of annexation to Hayti is gettmg stronger every day among the people. The suspension of the firm of Penniston & Co., an old established house in the inland of St. Tho mas, is announced. Cause?the crisis in the United States. The demand for beef cattle yesterday was good, and fall prices wore realised. Milch cows were unchanged. Veal calves were steady. Sheep and' lambs were in request at last week's prices. Swine were dull and sold slow, at 4%c. a 6%o. The receipts for the week were 4,653 beeves, 96 cows, 432 calves, 6,680 sheep and lambs, and 6,624 swine. H?e tf round for cotton yesterday was mainly from ppinners, who bought nearly 1,000 bales, al unchanged prices. No large lota could be sold, especially for ex port, unices at reduced rates. Ibe sales of flour amount* od to only 10,100 bbis., at former figures; while of wheat 72,600 bufhois changed hands at rathor easier quota tions, and of corn 80,000 buaheis at firmer prices. Itiere wore no important movements in provisions. Pork was lower and lard declining. The sales of sugars embraced nearly 1,100 hhds., mainly to refiners, at uniform rates. Ooflee, rtce ahd inoUsses were in moderate request. A hotter domand was reported for fifth oils end for linseed oil. Freight engagements were checked by the In creased demand of ship owners. Tfa, Question of ***** or War llnugtU to tbc Teat. The painful suspense in which the country has been bo long held on the queetlon of civil war, or a peaceful aolution of the secession of the cotton States, is about to be removed The inaugural address of Mr. Lincoln has not only tailed to clear away the obscurity, but has added smoke to tho fog. But we shall soon have light now. I IJy a telegraphic despatch, which we publtoh in acotlier column, our readers will perceive that Mr. Martin Crawford, of Georgia, and Mr. John Forsyth, of Alabama?Commissioners from the Southern confederation?have arrived at I Washington for tho purpose of demanding I rrom Mr. Lincoln tho withdrawal of all 1 tho United States troops, and all the fede ral authority in evory shape and form, from the Confederate States. Aa this demand is to be made immediately, we shall know in the coarse, perhaps, of twenty four houre. "whether we have a government," which tbo republican journals say is the itsuo of the day, aid which the ?'seoond Jackson" will quickly put to the test will then have a practical analysis of the amalgam of the inau gural. composed of the Chicago platform, Mr. Buchanan's messages, Mr Seward'e poetry and I other heterogeneous materials. Wo ahull have a reliuble Interpretation of those oracular re ?HUH which have bewildered and mystified &o many simple persons both North and South. A plain and a direct answer must be given to a plain question, which only requires either "yes" or "no." Neither evasion nor technical hair-splitting will suit now. Mr. Lincoln must lake the Southern buU by the horns, or bo iin paled on the horn of an ugly dilemma. 1 here is no eccape from the alternative. The crisis must be met at once, and receive its solution by peace or instant hostilities. Mr. Lincoln -ays 'In your hands, my duaatL-fled fellow countrjmen, and not in miae. is the momentous is-ne of civil war." But ho cannot thus shift the grave and solemn responsibility from hi* own shoulders. On hia reply to the CQmsn tioners from Montgomery, or even his refusal (o ritply, or to "treat with rebels," hangs peace or war. and the fate of the country tor weal or woe. The isaue is, therefore, in Mr Lincoln's own hands, and the people will hold him responsible. He h?s the constitutional power to remove every soldier from every Southern fort, though not to sell or give away the forte and other property of the federal goverament. If ho accedes to the | demand of the Confederate States there will I be peace; if he refuses to accede to it, or re Vases to reply, tho rcfu al in cither ca*e will be regarded as a declaration of war, and * ar I itself will probably commence within a week. It will not do for tho Treeident to say he cannot treat with the Commissioners because they are ??rebels;" bemiat treat with them*, and, according to the declarations of the leaders of the republican party and tho republican pro?s. and Mr. Lincoln's own declarations, there U only one way In which he can treat with the.m and that is by ordering their arrest for high treason. In his inaugural the President Bays:? "No State, upon its own mere motion, can lawfully get out of the Union; resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void, and acts of violence within any Stato or States, 1 ueains: the authority of the United Statee, are | inarimctionary or revolutionary, according to circumstances. I therefore consider that, in view of the constitution and tho laws, tbe Union Is unbroken; and to tho extent of my ability I shall take care, as tbo constitution itself expr.-Bsly enjoins upon me, that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the Statee." According to this doctrine Messrs Crawford and Forsyth are the emissaries of rebels and insurgents, and, therefore, ought to be arrested ae traitors to the United States government and brought immediately to trial. The ovidence against them is clear. It is fur nlshed by themselves, and thoy glory in it Moreover, republican Senators and repmson tatives In Congress, and all the republican journal in Ml chorus, from tha New York Tri'rr..' down to tho mean'."' little rovctry >lieot raised a hue and cry, loud and long, against Mr. Buchanan because he did not arrest the Commissioners from South Carolina when they came to demand the sur render of Fort Sumter. They, one and all. de aounoed tho l'r< sideat m "a traitor." because br held intercourse with rebels treating for other rebels, and did not seizo and baiid them over to justice. Now. Commissioners representing not only tbo rebel State of South Carolina, but *><: otb. r wind and confederate States, have arrived at Washington to demand from Mr. Lincoln t ie j inrrtnder of that fort and every other fort within the boundaries of th" entire Southern -ynfe<i< ration 'f Colonel Hayno as<) hi; col lepgue wre t?",cln a>'' traitors, how much mors so are tin,wuid and Forsyth ? aiv: il Mr. 1 f .ur, "| "'y r' d traitor for j v.ioy ing with the Scutb Carolina Conuninsioners, i jj wL?; Qk fciiuil sc uwiguaieM: Lucsi* h< does not arrest the Conimiasicners from 5 ontgotneiy T Thit- pjooediug aiudt be his very tir-L evep to " try whether we have a govern ment." If be fails in it, it is safe to con clude that, a? far at leatt as the Con federate States are concerned, we have no government lie has sworn to carry out the constitution and to execute the lawn of Congress liut a provision of the constitution and one of the laws is levelled againet high trt a*on. According to the President's own t-bowing, the Stated which havo seized the United States torts are gu ilty of that crime. It the President means to fulfil his oath, how can be avoid arresting the emissaries from tho?e " insum ctionary and revolutionary" Slates A soon as they present their credentials t We shall soon see whether there is any "Jack son grit'' in tbe composition of the great rail splitter, and how he understands his oath to maintain the constitution and to execnto the laws. We shall ulno learn the true intent and meaning of his daik inaugural, which, taken altogether, is as difficult to understand as tho enigma of tho Sphinx. Mr. Lincoln alone can be the iEdlpus to solve hie own" riddle. A very brief time will suffice to tell whether he means to loose the intricate Gordian knot by pcacctul diplomacy and statesmanship or to cut it, as did Alexander, by the sword. Miaioo Fortjfyino IlKP-dKLK Aoajlnnt South kkk Exfakbion*?The constitutional govern ment of Mexico appears to be exercising the power acquired by tho overthrow of Miramon with creditable energy and firmness. Sensi ble of tho rock on which tho Comonfort administration split, its attention has been at once directed to the reform of those abuses which have weakened the government at homo and rendered it an object of contempt and menace abroad. The overgrown wealth of tho church, and the desperate tenacity with which the clergy clung to their privileges, have always constituted the main obstacles to the establishment of a stable government in Mexico. No constitution that oould be adopted, however liberal its provisions, could resist the intrigues of & body rendered the overshadowing power in the State by their immense resources and intiuence. General Comonfort and his adviwrB were l'ully impressed with thin truth, but they had not the boldness to grapple with the evil in its full extent By rehorling to half measures they dissatistiod their own party without conciliating their opponents, and us a consequence, wore compelled to yield to ihe double pressure that was brought to bear agaiiift them. The Juan1? government seems determined noi to fall into this mistake. It is proceeding vigorously in ita reforms, and is reducing the temporalities of the church to the proportions adapted to its actual wants. < >ne of its first tstepe in thb direction -that ot compelling the nune gf Mexico to give tip all tbe convent buildings and grounds in the city not required tor their uccommodatioa, in order ^at they might be sold for the public account led to an attempt at revolt, which was, however, promptly suppressed. When it is seen that the government is determined to ontorce ita mea sures at all rh-ks, and that punishment awaits those who throw obstacles in thoir way, they will meet with but little resistance. The proverbial bad faith of Mexican govern ments towards the public <4\-diU?r-^w.i8 another of ;he causes that presented ar; ad ministration from lonp maintaining itself in power. The unscrupulous violation of their obligations in this respect bus always rondered the Ex<outivo helpless in presence of the threats and intrigues of the representatives of foreign governments. Mexican statesmen have been, in tact, too corrupt themselves, and too intent on providing lor thoir own interests, to care much for the credit of the country abroad. It has been one of the first cares of tho new government to reueeai honor of the nation from this reproach. Arrange ments have been already entered Into to pay back in four months the amount ot tho conducta appropriated by General Degoilada at Lagos, and tho money of tho HritLsh bondholders taken in the city of Mi ? ico is to bo refunded out of tfce pioperty of the persons who authorized the ?^izure. and which has beou sequestrated for the purpose. The difficulties with France have also been saoj-factorily adjn.'U.d, so that, r. ith tho exception of the quarrel with Spain arising out of the expulsion of fcignor Pacboco. iheJaan adminirtration is now on amicable termn with all the Luropt an Powers. It would, ptrhapa not be unfair to assume that our political troubles here have exercised some InfiuenC' in hastening the adjustment of these matters. The formation of a fciouthern confederacy involved for the Mexican govern ment so pressing and formidable a danger that it feels that It will require all the resources and moral support thnt it ran command to enable it to confront it Tin Mitbopoutan I'ouck Eskiosaok. The courso which the Superintendent of the* Metro politan Police bat pursued in transforming thai body into a general police force for tho country, and distributing them throughout the different Southern cities ao epiea upon the actions of the people, has been juntly stigma tised in various quartern; but it ia only fair to nfourae that bo ban acted under the directions of the I'olfce Commitioners. and tho responsi bility, therefore, rest* upon th^m. Tho police of I>ew York ure paid out of the pocket* of its citizens; their duty is to protect our lives and propt rtiep. und preservo the peace within the district, and not to act aa a standing army of detective* in the service of r.ny political party. Them in plenty of ocenpation for the Metropolitan Police in the metropolis itself, without extending Jitii valuable services to the cities of Baltimore and Charleston. Ou:rages against life and properly go undetected and unpunished every day in this community. The city is MvarmiLg with gamblers, and blacklegs, ui.d emigrant swindler*. Thero in a fruitful field here for the exeicine of police sagacity and activity it then? be any of tbono qualities In the force, and we hold that it is a monstrous injustice to our taxpajers and citiz-ens gene rally to employ tito police for any purpose out fide the diMrict for which ibey are appointed. It cannot be presumed that Mr. 8'iperinWn dent Kenned} acted in thi* matter without in stnictions oi the CommiifloneiH, because, in fact, one of thein whs actir g personally with him in Washington and Baltimore, and there fore we conceive it to be the duty of the State I egii-luturo, which app? nrn to talte po r. ich interest in the woll-bt ing of this miaropolif, to abolish the I'oliceComn.L'3ioners alujge"b< r Ixv fore the pre?*nt sew ion in conclude. That, is the (nlj way to r? m< ej ti:e c nuncc which 'he Wotript lium i'elice toituuUuc U* (fowc to tm, BlygrrWanblp tad IU
hi the midat of a momentous crisis like the present, when thera is no knowing what calami ty a day may bring forth, or how eoon the rand fabric of ou^couHtitutiou will be swept away, and the arm of brother be raised agiinst brother in deadly strife, it becomes us to pon der gravely over the dangers that surround us. and, &b men and patriots, to combine iu the j endeavor to avert the worst of those evila by which our country is menaced. To the anti plavery prop:?gundism which forty yearn ago swajed so violently the people of Englaud, and thence fonnd its way into New England and the Congret* of the United States, and was years afterwards nurtured bo warmly by sooie ties and a portion of the press, we may trace all the causes that distract the United States. It ha? ever been a prolific source of disturb- | ancoa, riots, family feuds and national discord. It Las led to scenes which have diflgraoed our halls of Congress. It haB caused the proper objects of legislation to be neglect ed, and the general interests of the country to be injured and mismanaged, and by its per nicious agitation has engrossed the public mind to an extent that is positively lamentable. From its inception to the present time the question haa undergone three phasee. In the first instance it was a moral one; provoked by discussion and prejudice in England; in the next it was a social one, induced by the North ern States finding slave labor unprofitable, and, therefore, wishing to abolish it; and, in the third, it was a politico-religious one, which we may call "nigger worsh'p." In this last phase we find it now. It has become a pulpit theme, and diverted the stream of religion from its course heavenward to the stormysea of poli tics. We have a prominent example of it in the case of Ward Beecher. It has ruined churchcs, ruiuod parties, and now it is ruin ing the whole country. Anti-slavery fa naticism has stamped its character upon our Nor l liern literature, and led ft way the minds of those who had not phi losophy enough to withstand its subtle in fluence, which, for the thirty years of the forty it baa been in agitation, has been gradually un dermining tho comtitution of the republic and the beat interest# and liberties of our people. With the ncccbsico of seven States, and the prospect of the eight Border States adding to die number, it may be said to have.reached its culminating point What will follow is uncer tain as the wind, and it would be rash to hazard a conjecture on the subject. It may be the secession of tli? remaining slave States, and mayhap civil war. But the worst conse quences storing abolitionists in the face would not turn ono out of a thousand of them from their fatal purpose; for fanatics are deaf to rea son, and, like tho English Crusaders to the Holy Land, have only a single object to accomplish, aud that whatever may be the sacrifice. The disruption of the Union is not onough for these men; they want blood, and they would eal I lously exterminate every slaveholder, from Vir ginia to Florida, in order to realize their favo rite, and wo may add fiendish, purpose. And what is the actunl condition of the slaves over which tbe*e rampant abolitionists are howUng Humanely? Let them go down to the South ern State* and look at the four millions of ne Kroes they will find there, and see whether they are the ill cared lor, abject creatures that they would make the Northerners believe. Let them remember that, at the time of tho Revo lution, the colored population of the t-ome States amounted to less than an eighth part of what it is at present. The very fact of the immense increase of num bers within so fhort a time speaks for the good treatment aud happy, contented lot of th<* slaves. They are comfortably fed. boused and clothed, and seldom or never overworked. They present in ?heir condition ft favorable contrast to the white slaves of Europe, who live in the utmcst squalor, and are at onco balf sturved and overworked, and who only And rest in premature graves. Their condition is a far happier one than that of many of tho white poor of the North, who are driven to seek re luge from want in the workhouses, or yet of many even outride of their walls, who vegetate in filth and hunger In the obscure parts of our cities The heartrending accounts which are occasion ally given to the English public of the miseries endured by the London poor show a far more deplorable state of things than could ever ,-xiflt under slavery in America; and English ?rnvollers v.ho have taken the trouble of in quiring. by personal observation, into the state ot the slaves in the South, have acknowledged m print the superior comforts enjoyed by the latter over the white slaves of England. What the Garrisons and rhilllpsw, who pronounce the constitution ''an agreement with death and a covenant with hell," nny do next Is more than man cm tell; but they may rest assured that heir fanaticism, although it may destroy the I nion. will also destroy them. All that we prav for i.^ that we may be spared tho Uorrors of civil war W.i J. Thekk nr, Comrcion ?- One of tho Now Ollea&B papers of tho 27tb nil. contains the fol lowing t ttraordinary telegraphic clcjpatch:? IMTOMTAJT KROM WASBINOVON--NO ItLOCKAOK OF "?OITHKKM POUTS- SUKKENDtJt OK TllK SOUTH KK.N 1 OUTS. frumtantm, Ff V c?, 1W1. Ttn? '.nr. rr.'ns adKiatetratioa w.ll not blockade the port* rf the froedlng iHMof-, cor will it attempt to collect' dotiee in ItoutlMn pone It will rI*> vMuntarllv sur render the tnrm ruiO mUiary post* gtlll In the p""ae*aion "fU.i l?d< ial government, if they aro not uttankcri b? 'ore it cobm into power and tho nejret.nt.oni to that end are complete* iu the meantime, r fear the feOrdor tatrn will accept any compmiiiiW. tdbrod to them, If It lx< nek ax to fiMt their people [Tbo above ori.pautij waa (uiilreewed to <?e nf onr moat promtaMt GOBtnerotel bouse?, by the head of which it was kiiidly Nrniehod to uh It ia fram a tuoet authorita tive ru'itcc, ai>d ciui bo implicitly relied upon.?Kiw. fta] TliIf 1a certainly curious news, and If it be true, as the concluding remarks in parenthesis would :?<*< rn to indicate, the question may well be ask< 4, 'what becomes of that line of policy which the republican party and its leaders hare heretofore so persistently urged as the true courso of carrying out the measures of the com Mutton'. What becomes of all the complaint 'hut wa levelled agaiivt Mr. Uit chanan for not inaugurating coercion and bloodshed In retaking Son'hern forts and ar senal?, and reinforcing federal troops on the federal property generally ? What becomes or the idea so industriously advanced by the republicans that with the inauguration of Mr Lincoln the country would hare "afjovrrn montf' If the Idea above foreshadowed be true, it indicates that the administration foresee the irrrcense difficulty that would arise from any ooerfltv* movement in the shape of a blockade, or an attempt at reinforcement, and that-it is yielding nnt only to internal influences, but to hose wbiclfbave come from abroad in the no* tfcpsrs.d to have been given by Lord Lyom ?o Mr. i.uchansn's government,that theF^^liph *nd th< other cofemsrcial tWm would not ItctgBlne aa imSVc'ual blockade. PohlCT OV TlilS lUWJBUCAM PlitlT?AWUST mkmt Wkm%v.?One of the chief arguments of the republican orators daring the late Presi dential canvatw wi?s that, when their party suc ceeded to power, the oonntry would have a wise, upright, patriotic and economical admin istration. We were told that the earl; days of the republic were to be restored and revived? that truth, integrity, honesty, were to rule su preme in the national councils. In fact, the republican orators took us up to the summit of a political Mount Piagtth, pointing out at the sume time the sweet fluids and swelling floods of distant Canaan. We put the case with a de gree of mildness which may be termed angelic, when we declare that the country does not seem to have bettered itself by a change of rulers. On the contrary, we are in a worse conoition than ever. The national treasury is empty. Seven States have seceded and estab lished a government of their own ; seven other confederacies threaten to follow the example of their neighbors. We have no army or navy worth mentioning, and the dominant party is divided into two hostile sections, with feuds H> searching and so bitter that they extend to the Cabinet councils. The anti-slavery crusade which commenced thirty years ago has culmi nated. The Unidn is dissolved. The President of tho United States sits in a hostile capital, and is helplessly tepsed about by a storm which he can neither lull nor direct. Such is the real condition of things as they stand now. The question is: what shall be done ? That question must be answered by the President, and answered by acts, not words. The republican party is clearly responsible for the existing trouble, and the republio&n party must remedy it. In some way or other, either by force or compromise or conciliation, they must bring the seceding States back, and re store the confederacy to its old position. No party can enjoy the sweets of power without incurring its responsibilities, and the republi cans cannot avoid meeting the new issue that they, and they alone, have raised. We have waited patiently until after the in auguration, with the hope that the party ia power would indicate its policy; but we can make nothing out of the inaugural. To use a familiar, but very expressive phrase, it is all bosh. What w? want now is a clear outline oi the administration's policy. That is what the country has been promised. All along during the winter members of Congress havo assured the people that as soon as the new President had been sworn in we should see a different order of things. Mr. Chase, now a Cabinet Minister, was for inauguration first and adjustment afterwards. We havo had the inauguration; Linooln is in the White House; his constitutional advisers have assumed their portfolios, and now we are anxiously waiting for the promised adjustment. We wait, however, as those without hope. It is evident that the only consideration in the minds of the administration leaders is as to the proper distribution of the spoils oi victory. The only vital rffcestion in Washington is who shall have this or that place, and like sailors who break into the ppiritroom when the ship is sinking, the republicans are already preparing to gorge themselves with such pickings as the White House kitchen still affords. If the re publicans are not ready to acknowledge that their piomises were made to be broken and that their professions are hollow humbugs, let them bring forward their plA of adjustment What has Mr. Chase to say to the cotton States ? Why not givo us adjustment first, and the divi sion of the spoils afterwards? Wiix Thkm hk a Blockadk ok thk South ern Ports??In reply to our despatch from Washington, stating that Lord Lyons has inti mated to oar government that the British gov ernment will not regard any blockade of the Southern porta, except one enforced by the actual presence of men-of-war before the ports blockaded, and that the French Minister in tends to give a similar notification, tho Tribune remarks that it is "all nonsense'' to say that any such "official notice" has been given, and that "it will be time enough for such notice to be given when steps toward such a blockade are taken by the federal government'' Now, we did not say that "official notice" was given, but that a private intimation was given by the official representative of Groat Britain as to the intention of Ms government and that if the blockade should be attempted, the Minister then would give formal and official notice. It is, of course, nonsense to say official notice is given about a state of things which does not yet actually exist But the news is just as important as if it were in an official form, because it emanates from official persons, and is only in keeping with the pnblic law of Rurope, the interests of England, France aad the other Powers, who have in all ton millions of lives depending on a regular supply of cot ton. At present the distinguished rail-splitter is too mnch engaged in the distribution of the spoils to pay much attention to foroicn politics or to the blockading of the Southern coast, but it is evident from the paragraph in tho Tribune that that journal foeis that tlie govern ment of Mr. Lincoln will never undertake a blockade. We may obwrve in this connection that no government can blockade its own ports. It may lay an embargo on goods leaving its ports, but it cannot legally and constitutionally pre vent tty ships of other nations entering its port* while it is at peace with those nations. As to laying an embargo on cotton going to England and Franco, we hardly think Mr. Lin coln will ever try that game with two powerful nations, who so recently cut their way to Ptkin to establish the freedom of their commerce. What their determination is the Tribuiv has seen in their journal*, including tbo orgin of the Emperor of the French. Bknkkits or Out Nkw Pounau Hkoimr ? We are beginning to realize the fruits, social and commercial, of the tri-imph of anti slavery principles at the North. The secession of the cotton t'tat??s has already seriously diminished the incomes of morft persons engaged in trade, whilst the business of our large hotels has been cot down more than one-half. What will be vbe (fleet when the othor Southern States with draw from the Union, which will probably be ir. tii'" eouire of a few weeks? Many who have been until recently lhlng In affluence will be mine d to the strictest economy, and perhaps to privations, while but few will be able to in dulge thcmwlves with their unual summer trip. The large hotels at Saratoga, Newport, and tbo other fashionable watering places, have, wo tear, haid times in prospect According to prcfwnt appearances, most of them will have to cl? e their tfcvrt bvi&re the iWCKfT is over. TUK CllBVALUB WkBB Oh Ttt.i RkOBITION O* tub Lkauocilll.?Tht) Chevalier Wotob u ia trouble ngttin, and scolds awnj in hia a*uat elegant maimer. He bat come to grief because we gave the Liacola inaugural a "con temptible reception." The phrase ia susoepti ble of a variety of constructions; but we pre sume that the Chevalier eh-ruf that we re ceived the inaugural with the contempt which it deserves. Thin would be quite Lmpoasible. We found that tb?> inaugural wtui siiaply a r# bach of the speeches which Mr. Lincoln mvde at the railway stations during his famout journey from Springfield to Washington?* sort of wood-and-water address, with more wa ter than wood. It would appear, too, <h*t we are not alone in this opinion. Wall street agrees with us, as the Chevalier Webb may m certain b^ running over the stock list The border State securities are rapidly deprecia ting, and it is quite evident that capitalist* have no faith in the new administration. How ever, we bear no malice towards our military and diplomatic cotemporary, and to prove t&ftt we are sinoere we intend to support him for the office of Surveyor of tbe Port?a fat place, with rich pickings. In four years he could make at least 152,747 62%, and he should n?t neglect such a golden opportunity. It will never occur again?there will be no more United States bank* for Webb. We are aware that a diplomatic position accords with the Chevalier's aristocratic tastes, but it is unfortunate for him that every republican newspaper office in the city has half & dozen candidates for first class missions. Signer Raymond is very anxious to go abroad. He has already distinguished himself in foreign parts, as the Auatrians who saw him run away from Solferino can testify. If Raymond goes to Berlin, Webb's uniform, with a little alteration, will suit him Another proprietor of Raymond's paper?Mr. L. W. Jerome, a Wall etreet broker?is understood to be ia the field for a foreign minion, and will probably bo sent to the Hague?a post which was very worthily filled by Mr. IMmont, the well known banker, and which now properly belongs to Wall street After filling up the foreign ap pointments from the other newipnpor office*, the Chevalier Wobb should b?? immediately provided with the Surveyor's office. Mean while it is to be hoped that the Ci ovalior Webb will keep hia temper. INSTRUCTIONS TO THK ADMINISTRATION.?The Republican Central Club lias taken upon itself the light and agreeable to.sk of instructing Mr. Lincoln as to his duty in the present very criti cal condition of public affairs. Wc have no doubt that the patriots of the Club alluded to are quite competent to discharge the duties which they have so cavalierly assumed, but it is to be regretted that they cannot agree at the outset upon tho lino of policy which the admin istration should take. The Tribune, or Moud tain section, under the lead of a very distin guished member of the bar (General Sessions), hays that the "federal government ought to re take its own forts and ara'nals and other property now in the hands of the so-called se ccHBionirAs." On tbe other band, tbe Girondists, represented by the hero of Solferino and tho elbows of the Mincio, roar as gently as a sack ing dove. They declare that they have "entire and undoubted faith in the ability, integrity and patriotism of the President, and the most perfect confidence that be will adopt such a policy as may bo necofary to protect the honor, defend the rights and promote Ahe in terests of the people and the government of tLe United States." Several individuals, here tofore unknown to fame, participated in tho discussion of these propositions, and the upshot of tho matter was that both were right, and they were unanimously adopted, leaving tbe fight in the position of a drawn battle. Of course, thw is only preliminary to the grand struggle for the local offices. It is the old rtory over again?the spoils, always tho spoils. Orrunc Si:i:u<.;ty From Nkw Yoiuc.?No small portion of the office soekerg who are oa the U Ack of Mr. Lincola in Washington come from thin city, and it is almost impossible to telt bow many candidates there are for the spoil* of the Custom House, the Tost Office, the As* ay OT.ce, Marahalships, DLtrict Attorneyship*, anil so on; but we may form some idea of the number from the election returns. The vote cast for the repnblioan ticket ia the city of New York on tLc 6th of November was 33,290, so we may safely calculate that about thirty thou sand disinterested and very hungry patriot* fnun the metropolis are at this time eagerly pressing their individual claims for scrvioen rendered?some on the stump, and some with lantern on shoulder in Wide Awako pro' cmioni. How the President is going to satwfy them all may prove a seTere test of his statesman ship; but it is not very difficult to connt how many of them who now extol Mr. Lincoln's in augural as the most staUnmanliko document that ever emanated from a Chief Magistrate, will procbiim it a very weak, trashy and un satisfactory production, six months from thin time. That calculation, perhaps, may be ar rived at by aubstraotlng the number of offloM at the I*re8id 'nt's disposal from the total num ber of the applicants for the aforornid offices. Brooklf* City S?w?< iv>**r> or SrrrjiTmo**?Oico* a (i.nrr Hoca? UmL?The Boat*' of Supnrrlaor* for Kind's county mat j eetcrday afternoon. A etatsmcnt was presented ahow iag the number of prisonern Id Uie FUtbusb prcltenilary, u f /Haws:?Admitted durtoR the pMt mccta, male*, S#; f'-maleo, 64. toi*l,138. OvBi h-irrod, malor, TO, fomale?. 69. ReiCAlDtnr In the 'netltution, male*, 221. femalea. 16*. t?ta\ 370. The iUiemeot wan ordered on die. m* qtiettlon ot n site for a new Grontv Court t'mtita wan ;ii<vn called <ip, when a resolution was pro pped to purchase a piece of land from Mr. bounded by Lee raid Marry avenues, and Hoo, *r and Bewan BtreeU, In the Nineteenth ward. An arnonduxMt to purchaae the rtchenck property oo Fallon aronuo, noar the C'.tv nan, waa rul?d to be out of order. Thn on purchasing thr Ncliolea property wm put to toe v?te, and rfaulted in 13 ay<* and 11 nuea. rhu Pruuuioui rui?d that it was lout, for want of a tno-tbirde rots, bat ?m an nppeaJ, the decision wae reTorsed. an t tUeren.i'.u-foa pr*. vailed. It la the proralllnK opin.oo, horever, that Uie n-aoluOonwIIl bo rondered rold, cyan injunction. The purchase of tho propert> will boneUt II,e fo<-tuai:te owner, 6i t tli> Court II' u?i- mifht an woli be l<<cntcd on Oron? lpian.1 iw on the spot ?ectOert on, A > atti-rart U? ?pf* I it a IruidiDK committee was killed oli by aa adjouri-iiioi-t to u? lt week. Arrlrala and U* paHurin. ARRIVALS. rout AO rRiRC)??Hr!p laaboi Hearznnnn?V, H Kerrt". DKPA nTtnti;8. O.iak' trrp*--at',Airriilp .Snebtflle- F.ThTna*, Mr and Mr? Cob' n and 2 rhtMrrn, J ta\ rner, .1 Haird, Mr Cohrn, U Mor dceal, CM* t>a?'e, ,tr, Mre Dodffn, Wn McNaj, Jno ll WiwK Minwa fpbrn. N (.Vrroii and Karrlcttc n. R (' W? ?t and l/>d|r. K Cnllinen, J Fill .-wrick 1) lAnrh, J Mnrrh?"t), II Hb*lt"0, J t dlr.r, H l> Wolfe, I * mon. II 1/ory, rt Kxwbould, Rr/ Mr Van Dykn, lady mdrhlld, Mra Ka(" i and SehUdnM, I' l?of?u* .*kp IIat??'< ^'(^iMahlp K'-n?!ik--J'ibti Tyfe, W?? Inr.la, Jobu l<Hllcy, Mi and Mr* Jobn MslI 'Oiind Mia? ncU ? n, hrw Vo-k; Opt A Baio first W I ror neut, Na?"A<-; T r Muri'ny, llallfnt A b. l>oiiglam, Mr and Mn J?? ? Uninder ?ud m>ivant, Or h H ' nmniiTt' . fcd Oeliain. Mr ana Mra m I> 1! ?,'i'inb), Ncn ^ork; II W..4, I'bll KWpkla; 10 Kilap, ?-'a?rau, MlaaOatbenoe fin nnan, Ph''?a I'.hU; Mr and ff "*.l V II Fr ?l?>r, ."HewtKir^, Mr aid ' i? I'" U iha? anS i v> daujhtora. Ptainu lalanrf; ( n 1. S Hwan. B"enr*l*rj H?nn ^ ? ram, H A ')nu? id..? K, To-ki * ninrr. l'hllo^rlblila; Mr and Mtr ?!? ran ! D Adil-ou, N"? Votk, t?ai>t J W Carlw n, Kn4no:<t? ,'frey. - < utl pit ' ar llatai a Vk \a. Reat^'-ia?r ami Har, li '* w ^rtk Mr A d? S.d'rtl. Haranj . Ja? ?HVUa? ATthcin?. WvU, Jthu a Mscbfrto, New or*.