THE NEW YORK WHOLE NO. 9174. HERALD . ? ? ' - " 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE REBELLION. Important from Virginia and the West A Fight in Progress Near Fortress Monroe. The Potomac River Closed by Rebel Batteries. Particulars of the Battle Near Leesburg. Gustavus W. Smith, the Rebel Com mander, Reported Shot. Large Reinforcements Sent to the Scene of Action. Gen. McClellan aud Gen. Banks with the Advanced Forces* ENGAGEMENT AT FREDERICKTON, MO, Defeat of the Rebels and Deatb of Tbeir Leader. BATTLE AT CAMP WILD CAT, KY. Bepulse of the Rebel Army Under Gen. Zollieoffer, Ac., Ac., Ac. OCR SPECIAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHED Washington, Oct. 22,1801. ?TFORT OF GENERRL BCOTT TO SUPERSEDE GENERAL M'nt.gT.T.AH. An effort Is making, under the superintendence of Genera) Scott, to supersede General McClellan with General Halleck, who is on his way here from California. This change wonld create a new revolution in military and civil circles, where tbo greatest confidence is enter, tained for General McClellan. THE PURCHASE OF ARMY CLOTHING ABROAD? COR RESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE BOSTON BOARD OF TRADE AND GENERAL MEIGS. The following is tho despatch received by the Secretary of War on the 18th instant from tho Boston Board of Trade, and tho answor of General Meigs, United States Quartermaster General, thereto, -which supports the posi tion ;U;en in this correspondence in yesterday's Houu relative to the purchase in Europe of woollen goods : ? Boston, Oct. 18, 1801. To Ho*, Sjmon Cameron, Secretary of War : ? Sir ? lA'arn.ng that an agent of the government has been sent to England for the purpose of procuring supplies of clothing for tho army, the B>ard of Trade of this city, believing this step to be entirely unnecessary and preju dicial to the government and people, will immediately communicate facts deemed conclusive upon this subject. Tho undersigned requests that the instructions to said ?gent may be revoked or susf<hided until this communi cation mado. CHAS. C. NAYOR, Chairman. The following is a copy of reply sent by telegraph : ? War Department, Oct. 19, 1801. To Ciurlfs C. Navor, Chairman of the Board of Trade, Huston, Mass.: ? The Secretary of War has been absent for ten days past, and your telegraphic despatch has been referred 10 mo for attention. The government, with every exertion, has not been able to procure woollens to clothe trooie suffer ing in the field. They till the hospitals at great expense , of life and of money. The government has instructed its agents to procuro, not largely , but only enough to meet the immediate and pressing demands of the service. The foods ordered will bo mado up in this country by our own people. This supply, with what is now making in tbo country.it is hoped will relieve the distress among the tTOOpa, and it is believed that lull employment for an cur manulactories will yet remain to provide for the wants of the government and the country at large. The g vercment would deserve the execrations of the poople If It permitted lie defenders to suffer whilo waiting for Increased productions bore "to meet the prossing wants of the iifmy. You may rest assured that the policy of the Secretary and of this bureau is altogether in favor of using home manu factures, when it is possible to be done without positive Injury to the men in the field. If you can aid us In this natter we should do glad to have your assistance to this end. M. C. MEIGS, Quartermaster General. To enable Col. Thomas, tho disbursing agent, to exocvite the abovo order a warrant of eight hundred thousand dol lars passed through the Treasury Department on Saturday last, which amount is to bo deposited with Baring Bros., subject to the order of Colonel Thomas. BARBARITY OF THE REBELS AT BOLIVAR HEIGHTS* Cor. Geary reports that the four men who wero killed at tho battle of Bolivar Heights wero afterwards charged upon by the cavalry and stabbed through the body, stripped of all their clothing, not excepting shoes and stockings, and left in perfect nudity. One was laid out in the form of crucifixion , with his hands spread and cut through the palms with a dull knife. Thte inhuman treat ment, says Colonel Geary, inoensed my troops exceed ingly, and I fear its consoquenoes may bo shown in re taliatory acts hereafter. THE SHIP THOMAS WATSON BCRNED BY TUB FLEET OFF CHARLESTON. Tho Secretary of the Navy to-night received the fol lowing letter from Flag Officer Goldgborou^h, dated Ship Minnesota. H \ M!T"N Koaijs, Oct. 21,1801. Sir ? By the Vandalla. which arrived here last night , I ?m informed by ''apt. Marston, of the Knanoke, that tho merchant ship Thomas Watson, on" of tiuise to which you called my attention a short tirno since, w.or burnt to the water's edge on thi 16th Inst. , while lying aground on Stony reef, by our blocks ling vessels off Charles ton. It was attempting U> get into Charleston despite of tbo blockade and tho pursuit of our cruisers, that she run on this reef. No arms were among her cargo. It was made upof salt, blankets, flannels, and a few othor things. She b id various national flags on hoard, and among them a Oonfoderate Hag. ?Respectfully, your obedient servant, L. M. GOLDS BOROUGH, Flag Officer. To Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy. THE COLONELCY OF THK TWENTY-SECOND MAS8A CHl'SETTS REGIMENT. Capt. Soston, Assistant Quartermaster General In the regular army, fe to command the Twenty-second regiment. ACCIDENTAL DEATH OF MAJOR LEWIS. Yesterday afternoon Major Lewis, of tho Twelfth New York regiment, was thrown from his horse, while riding to see his wife, and his neck was broken. He died almost instantly. ARREST OF Jt DGE MFRRICK. The residence of Judge Merrick, the Chief Justice of the XJnlted States District Circuit Court, was yesterday placed under surveillance by (he Pr?r/>st Marshal. At tho meeting of the Court thij mori.ng a communi. cation was produced from Judge Merrick, as "igning as a pita for his absraxco that ho was under guard, ao4 construing tho act of placing a sen tinel in fr< nt of his house as an effort ou the part of the military authorities to obstruct the course of justice on account of hiB entortalning a writ of habeas corpus against the Vrovost Marshal in bohaif of a minor. It is under stood, however, that there is a totally different cause for th> survi illanc . I he Judge is charged with stroDgsym pithy with tbo rebclliou, and tho ohjectof watching his bouse is to ascertain Home fans in this connection. THE LOWER POTOMAC. Map of the Potomac from Washington to the Chesapeake, Showing the Rebel Batteries from Cockpit Point to Mathias Point. If QUEEN AN??y HU/VTerfr+j*^!5 c. \ MILL f|?....4/ . . \t la --iar Su 4*,Q LEWINSI6 ) V; j ur . *?. SCMARi'eopQ] J/JwCRS I." r .. iRRINQ BAY>irj. N?\N MARKET. hOIJIHGHAM . / i M^7<lQ/Z VWSHJNaTOiU^ y^Ss*pT^^OArA V/Af U^esMAU.&^Xi \ ? UNION MILLS OBADLEX X HQLIAWAY PT mc?jr>% $oo<mM f/NDIAbl 'head ?roiu>N fiSift nSRtDERICK T. PORT * sTOBACCO fl/MWMT, 'B ATTEST > M&HBLUFr BENEDICT; P ? ?TSS ?BBEIbTS p ?STAFfDRD/^ ??LEONAjlDS AJPPAHANN Oc I MNA/**? X ^rw'i* >Qnaur -Aa/o y^i% X//vi:sal?s^ iy"^5^ncoWVC0'? - liiWiSi c wy T 42 BQWUNOGREIEN \O^POOHiiOQ.5E9 SfcAl/E OK.MILES/ 10 ' TAPPAHANNOCK WATERS - SOM A/. V. THE BATTLE NEAR LEESBUKG. ^ Desperate Combat and Heavy Losses on Doth Sides. Gnstayus W. Smith, the Rebel Commander, Reported Shot. Largo Reinforcements Sent to the Scene of Action, Ac., Ac., Ac. W-AsnreaTos, Oct. 21, 1861. The melancholy intelligence baa been received at Gen. McClellan's headquarters to night that Ool. E. I). Baker, oommanding a brigade in Gen. Stone's division, near Leesburg, was kilted at six o'clock to-night at the head or his column, while gtllantly leading a charge. ThiB news has thrown a gloom over the whole community, and has prcrved a severe blow to the President, who has always been a warm personal friend of Ool. linker. This will not only be a great loss to the military in this crisis, but will prove a sad loss to Oregon in the Senate of tho Uuited States. Col. Baker was about 61 years of age. Tho latest news to-night is that the whole of General Stone's column has crossod the Potomac and is in full pur suit of the enemy , and that General Banks' column had reached the banks of tho river and would speedily follow and support General Stono. Full details of the engacement near Leesburg to day have not been received , or if received at headquarters are not permitted to bo published. Information received late to-night from General Stone's command announces that the fight was a desperate one, and that large numbers wore killed on both sides. Al though tho enemy was much stronger than General Stone, he was falling back before the advance of our troops, and would have undoubtedly been totally routed but for the fall of Colonel Iiaker, which producod a sudden confusion among tho troops and ted to a halt. General Stone ordered his troops to retire In good order > until reinforcements reached him from General Hanks' column. The latter, at the head of his forces, soon ap' pea re J o? tho eastern slopes of the river, preparing to ford. "Hie last despatch announces that Gi neral Stone is now well supported, and will be prepared to give the enemy battte in tire morning. Besides, heavy reinforcements of cavalry and artillery have been sent up from this city in season to be on the field at day break in the morning General Gustarvus W. Smith commanded the rebels, and a private despatch asserts that he was shot from hit* borse and carried off the field. The Bign*ls of tho enemy indioato a failing back from the position he occupied to'day. General McClcllaa and staff are exceedingly busy to night. The prospect is that we shall have warm work to-morrow. WismifriTON, Oct. 22, 1861. So far as can be ascertained, there has been no renewal of the flght at Edwards' Ferry. The indications plainly are that the military author /.tics are assiduously engaged in strengthening our forces at that point. The informa tion received thus far is presumed to be of such a charac ter as not to entitle it to credenco in all particulars. General Banks, with his command, is now supporting Genotal Stone, and being a Major General, is in full com mand, l.uneial Mc. lelian left for General Banks' hcud'iuurujin in the add this morning. We shall have some warm work soon if the rebels <k>n't run. It is a subject of regret that General Baker should have engaged the enemy , when, accord ing to report, he wai ordered to make a roeonnoissance only, with strict in structions, if attacked, to fall back and not to fight. Ho disobeyed orders, which cost him his life. General Baker's body is expected to arrive in town to-night. It will bo taken to tho rosidence of Col. Webb, where d?coase(f boarded, and from whose rosideweo the funeral will take place to-morrow or next day. General Raker made his will on Saturday last, de posited it with Colonel Webb, and when ho left for the field be saiil to the latter, "I shall participate in battle in forty-eight hours. If I fall, I roquost that you will tako charge of my body." A despatch states that the body of General Baker was pierced with six Minie balls, showing that the rebels have their sharpshooters to pick off our men. Tho funeral of Genera] Baker w o ild fake place at the White House, but for the fact that tho cast wing is about being refurnished, and hence is not in a fit condition for such a ceremony. ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS OF THE RAT TLE. I'Hir^DKLrnu, Oct. 22, 1861. Tho Washington Star of this evening publishes tho following additional facts of tho aflhir at Edwards' Ferry:? Tho Star says it is a mistake to suppose that General Stone was repulse 1. Ho was eminently successful, hav" ing effected his object, although at sotno lugs to bis right wing. General Banks is in person on the Virginia side and has assumed chief command. Colonel ('oggswell , command ing the New York Tammany regiment, is among the missing. He was formerly Cap tain in the Eighth regular infantry. Lieutenant Gilonel Ward, of tho Massachusetts Fif teenth, was wounded in the leg. Gon. Baker's command consisted of portions of the three regiments: namely, thoCalifomiarcgiment , Massachusetts, Fifteenth and the New York Tammany, numbering in all about 1,800 men. General McCall's division remains in about the samo position. The main body was hold for somo days past from whence he may operate effectively in any direction. Its presence higher up tho river to support an Important movement of Generals Stono and Banks has not boon necessary, a* tho result proves. The Star t description of the fight says that both wings were attacked aa early as nine A. M., but tho enemy re pulsed whenever he appeared. At about flvo P. M. tho right wing found itself confronted by near four thousand of tho enemy, under General Evans, with artillerv. General linker gallantly essayed (ha charge in which ho was killed. The officer left in
command immediately ordered tho men to fall back near tho river bank, where they could bo supported by General Stone and the portions of tho army that by this time effected a crossing. The men obeyed in good order, carrying off all the dead and wounded. On reaching tho position selected, the right Witt# turned, though under lire of tho enemy, which gradually slackened until midnight when it ceascd. Throughout tho night the balance of General Fume's force crossed the river and Ihrew up temporary works that renifered his position secure, and enabled him t o protect the crossing of the division of General i!ank: lo be essayed this morning. 'ibo object of General Stone's dotohui wo> w ? . - his command, with General Hanks' division, lo be safely transferred to Virginia. Evans attacked Colonel Baker hi front and on both flanks. Colonel Coggswcll was probably taken prisoner. Our information so fur this forenoon is that General I tanks' army duly arrived at tho Maryland landings, Edwards Ferry, last night, and havo been crowing the river se curely since daylight. Information received here by private letters estimate the loss, killed and wounded, at ono hundred and seven ty-live. Great anxiety is manifested for the list of killed attd wounded, as tbo California regiment, which 'probably suffered most, is composed of Philadelphiang. THE POTOMAC CLOSED. Important Report of Com mander Craven. New Rebel Batteries at ffla thias Point. Six Miles of Batteries Above the Point, li?j kc?i lie. Washington, Oct. 22, 1861. Commander Craven arrived hero this morning on tho Harriet Lano, which is uow the flagship of tbo Potomac fleet. A large number of vessels bound down tho river have been stepped , and aro lying to under tbo protection of the flotilla at Indian Head. Nono except armed vessels have passed the batteries cither up or down sinoe night before last. Yesterday the Freeborn und Island Bollo went to Ma thing Point and threw several shells. Tho fire was re turned from the shore, and a battery of eighteen guns was dudoted, completely omnuimliivj the river. This morning Commander Craven, llagoflloer of the Potomac sq iiadron , reported to ttf Navy Depart mmt that the Potomac river u closed by the rebc.U, *> that no t yspI can by any pat. ilnlity paa. Yesterday he discovered a battery of eighteen guns at Mathias Point, which effectually blocks navigation, even if the batters* of this shle wcro of no effect. River men roport that tho rebels have a number of seine Iviats and Ihdr boats concealed in tho creeks and inlets bet woon Aquia creek and Oocoquan bay, and that they are busy building launches, apparently with a view either to crow tug into Maryland or to seize vessels ooming up. Ho rumor that a nnmber of vessels bound down have been taken by Kte rebels is unfounded. PniLADKLran, Oct. 22, 1WS1. The main portion of Gen. Sickles' brigade is now oppo sito tho rebel batteries. These forces are strongly en. trenched, and it is said they are preparing to act on the offensive against the batteries. OVB SPECIAl POTOMAC OOBMBPONIHMCK. Off India* Head, 1 roTOMAr RiVKH,()Ct. 18. 1361. J Accomranying this Is a topographical sketch of the Virginia shore, where the rebel batteries aro orected, from Cockpit Point to Chapawamsie creek, a distance of about six miles, with the Maryland shor ? on tbe o< Kite bunk of the river. The batteries are ten in number > ...a u. i .? . . iui .>u.? , <fil>uviit.iy tfn to o.i il.o hills, in the background. The n'tr frmn Uatld's Ferry to thi battery ojij otilc u only one mile and three-quar ters wide, and yo'i will observo that the water, for a coup I dnrable length of tho rivur whore the-batteries aro er#ct ed, shoals for about one-third of tho breadth on the Mary land shore, in c.onse<|ueneo of which passing vessels can not avoid bring within close range of tho batteries. The position of the batteries and their number account for the scattered nature of theenemy'B firo on tho Pawnee on Wednesday morning. She was, in fact, completely en filaded. The Yankee, as I have been informed since I re turned on board tOrday, was actually opposite the two batlorus nearest t?> Cockpit Boint, and only one mitt from the nearest, when thePowMe was fired on, and tho enemy only omitted his |>olito uttentions to the Yankee In rx use<iuehce of her invisibility, and tho prudence of Commander Craven in not revealing his position by tiring on the batteries. I was shown on board tho Yankee to-day a twoniy eight pound rilto shell, fired from tho battery appoeit > Budd'g Kerry on Wednesday morning, which wan dug up In front of, and about ten feet from, Mr. Budd'g house. It was not loaded. The missile has txson sent to Comnian dcr Craven, on board the Harriet Lune. Tho rebels aro firing at everything that passes, and If they aro not die lodged speedily Posey's aod Budd's houses, on the Mary" land side, will be too hot to hold their in mutog. Yost<>r day tho party who wero digging up tho rifle Bhot al ready alluded to were exposed to a galling firo from those deadly projectiles. Last night a steamer and a schooner wero fired upon during tbn middle watch, but they fortu nately escaped without being hit. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. THE GllEAT NAVAL EXPEDITION ? A BAT TLE GOING ON. Kortrbkp Moyrok, Oct. 21, \ Via BaltimoW, Oct. 22, 1861. J A severe gale which has prevailed l.oro has somewhat retarded tho preparations for the great expedition. 'I'lve gale is now moderating. Two hundred and fifty men of the Massachusetts battal ion, who wero sent out from Newport News this morn ing for fuel , were attacked' by tho rebels and stood their ] ground. Tho First and Seventh New York regiments had been sent out to support them wheu tho steamer left for Old Point. AFFAIRS AT tllE BELIZE AND SANTA HOSA. Lorumut, Ky., Oct. 212, 1861. The New Orleans Picayune of the 12th editorially con gratulates its readers on tho succohb of Holline' flotilla on tire Mississippi, and particularly tho exploits if tho Manasses. It urges the Southern people to bo prepared to drivo the Northern invader* from tboir ports and coasts at every pacrifioe and exertion. The 1'icayune also Bays, two Union vessels were to be seen at the passes at lust accounts, supposod to be the Richmond and Vincenuee. The Niagara went oaetward before thg attack of Saturday. The Richmond and Vincennes aro afloat, but tho oUior sloop is not visible. It is inferred that slio wa suak. The damaged one is believed to be tho Preble. The lumber landed at the bead of tho pa.se* w?b not burnt. ? The Mobile Tribune of tho 11th, speaking of the Santa j Rosa affair, guys the "coup" was made at <?oi>>iilcrah;? . loss on our Bide, but doubtless the federal low much at eeedod ours. THE MOB AT TEKKE HAUTE, INT>. Tkiikr H*rii:, Inn., ( ct. 22, 1WI. The mob last night destroyed tho Journal otllcw and eight houses of 111 fame. Colonel Sle d w;is abg nt, but k.iicu Un return ho has taken steps V) piuibit tho riviurs. IMPORTANT FROM MISSOURI SHARP BATTLE AT FREDERICKTOV. Defeat of the Bebels With Heavy Loss. THE REBEL LEADER KILLED, &c., &c., &c. Pilot Kjkob, Mo. , Oct. 22, 1861. The following despatch was received here this morning and forwarded to headquarters at St. Louis: ? Fnao or lUrrta, > Kkkokrickton , Mo., Oct. 22,1801. / Til conjunction with Colonel I'lummor's command wo have routed tho rebels of Thompson and Lowo, oil, mated at 6,000. Their loss was heavy. Our loss was email, an I confined principally to tho First Indiana cavalry. Vfe captured four heavy Rung. Lows, tho rebel leader,, was killed. Mfynr C.'avitt and Captain Ilyman, of the Indiana caval" ry, wore killed In a charge on tlio battery. Tho command of Colonel I'lummor, re f.-rred to above, was on Friday morning last ordered forward by General Grant from Capo Girardeau, with instructions to move towards Fredertcktou and cut off tho retreat of Thompson and I>>wu'? force. This forco consisted of Marsh's Eigh teenth Illinois regiment, a section of Taylor's battery and Stewart's and Lehman's companies of cavalry, all from Cairo ; also a part of Palmer's Eleventh Missouri regiment, a part of Koss' Twenty llrst Illinois regiment., and a section of Campbell's battery, all from Cape Girardeau. The forco from this point was composed of the Thirty-eighth Illinois regiment, Colonel Carlin: tho Thirty-third Illinois regiment, Colonel Havey; the Twenty ? first Illinois regiment, Colonel Alexander ; tho Eighth Wis consin regiment, Colonel Murphy; tho First Indiana ca valry , Colonel Baker; Captain Hawkins' Missouri inde pendent cavalry, and four six-ponnders and two twenty* four-poundors, under Major S. Chaltleld, of the First Mis* souri light artillery. Tho following is a despatch to the fit. Louis fieptA. lican:? From reliable partioa who witnessed the fight at Freds rick town yesterday I gather the following particulars.? Col. Carlin, with parts of the Twenty-first, Thirty-third and Thirty-oighth Illinois regiments, ? Kighth Wisconsin, Ool. BaXer'a Indiana cavalry and Major Scotleld's battery r reached FYeilerlfk town at ninoo'clock^n tho morning, and at quo I'. M. wore Joined by tho Eleventh, Seventeenth and Twentieth Illinois, anil 400 cavalry from Capo Ulrar l domv They thon advanced in pursultof the rebels, under 3off. Thompson and Colonel Lowe, who had left the placo twenty-four Iioitrs before, and woro expected to bo rapidly ?climating ftodth; but a mile f?em tho oily tliey discovered tlie sBtiro *i?co of tho enemy drawn i?p in line of battle, partly posted to- open field and partly in the adjacent Woods, with tho four iron-ei^hteen pouaclers well plauted in tbctr front. Major Scofleld immediately opened flre? and to tho fourth round silenced ono of tho rebel guns. The engagement then became general, and lastod about trwo hours; hut after the first half hour the rebels loft tho Add in disorder and look to tho woods, closely followed by both our infantry and cavalry. fteforv leaving tho field tho rebel Colonel Lowo ws? sl?:t in tho head and instantly killed. Major tiuvitt received flvo bullets whilo leading a charge thirty yards in advance of Ills command. Captain Ilighman was killed in the same charge. Our loss Is reported to bo fivo killed, five mortally wounded and twenty slightly wounded. Tho enemy's loss is not ascertained, but it 1b supposed to be con siderable. At tho last acoounts tho rebels were in full retroat with their bapgage train, and our troops In pursuit. Two rebel surguuns came into Fredrick ton for Colonel Iowa's body. Tin y acknowledge a loss of over 2<)0 killed and wounded, but It must have been larger. 1 counted twenty-fit a dead bodies in one stubble Hold. Their cannon was badly managed. Jeff. Thompson got Information of our movements by rupturing a bearer of despafohes from Colonel Mummer to Carlin. W-iSiujtatOK, Oct. 22, 1801. Information was received at tho War I>eparlraent this evening that the Union forces, two thousand strong, at Pilot Knob, in Missouri, engaged the enemy, of about equal numln r , and after a sharp battle repulsed tho rebels with great loss, killing their leader, Colonel Lowo. Si details. INPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY. REPULSE OF ZOLLICOFFER'9 REBELS BY GENERAL GARRARD. Querns ATI, Oct. 22, 1861. A courier has arrived hero from Camp Dick Robinson, ?Oil reports a fight yesterday between Oon. Zollicoffer with 6,000 or 7,000 men and Ooloncl Garrard with 1 ,300 men, at Camp WihlC.it. Zollicoffer made three different attacks, each time being repulsed with consider able tone. Tlio I'uiou loss amounted to fout killed and twenty woundod. The courier met Reinforcements of one regiment and artillery on tbo way. , THE REHEL ARMY OF THE FOTQMAC CON CENTRATING IN KENTUCKY? N Locovitx*, Ky., bet. 19, 1861. \ A gontleman has arrived here who Imparts highly in teresting Information A f important movements at and about Nashville. From bis statement ? in thu entire truth of which I have implicit confidence ? there can be no donbt that tho rebel army of the Potomac is being rapidly transported to Kentucky. The retreat from before Washington wae for that purpeee, and General McClellaa Is undoubtedly (fin* decoivnd by the trick. Trains, crowded to cxcees wiUi soldiers, pass directly through the city find are conveyed to Kentucky. General Hardee joinnd liuckner with fully ten thousand men, and the relKsJ army in Kentucky, at Bowling Green, will now amount to fully forty thousand, with daily arrivals. Thit it is the intention to transfer tlie war to Kontucky In- Uls little doubt, and such is thu common talk in Nash vill". Goueral W. T. Ward, at Grecnsburg, has been threaten ed for several dayK by a force under liuckner who have marched on him, and yesterday wero within twelve miles of hiin. We shall probably tiavo a fight in that quarter in a day or two. OUR BALTIMORE CORRESPONDENCE. JUiximohk, Oct. 21,1861. 1 have seen to-day and converged with a gentleman jUBt from Kentucky, who is well acquainted with (ho state of affairs there, and with the position and force of the opposing armies. He says that thore is no reason to be. I iovo that the Confederates intend to m*ke Kentucky the main theatre of tho war ; but, at the same time, there Is no doubt that their preparation for thu fall ?nd winter campaign 1 1 iere have been mode upon the largest scale. This Is evident from the numbers u*d disp < it ion of tho Confederate troops. At Bowling Green, Gen. Buckner and t<en. Hardee have JWiOOO . at Oolumbus, Gen. Polls has 16,000 : at Hickman, Gen. Pillow has 12,000 . at Lon don and Manchester. '-en. Zollicoffer luis 20 000 ; and at the Cumberland Gap there is t hew ,000 troops detached by Gon. Joseph K. Johnston from his army at Maiias sas. In addition to tin*.', John Breckinridge linn a body of 8,<)00 Kentuckians at I'rcstonburg, in Floyd county, near the eastern extremity of the State. It has been stated that they are without arms or ammu nition; hut, so far is till* i'r 'm true, that they are well armed and abundantly supplied with ammunition. Tlie object of Breckinridge is to march north to the mouth of tlie Big Sandy river, to seize the fleet of boats now sailing down the Ohio loaded with winter clothing, army stores, equipments and gunpowder , and making a prize of these, to retreat rapidly southward and join Zolllroflfer'S forces near the Cumberland Gap. There is a small Union force at Oredo, at the month uf tho Big Sandy, and a regiment from Western Virginia at Louisa, which is only twenty miles north of Preetonburg. William C. Preston and Humphrey Marshall are also both at the head of different bodies of rebel troops at Hazel Green, at a plao>< south of Lexington, and at a pla<? abent the middle of the State. The number of trnot* under their orders cannot be ascer tained , hut it is probably not less than ten thousand. It would lio impolitic to enumerate the preparations made by tho federal government to deliver Kentucky from the dangers that thus menace her. It is enough to stay that the army at Washington is now so numerically strong that twenty-five thousand men can easily be ?pared there fur service in the West, an 1 that the ad ministration has taken all the Ebeps neccssary to savei Kentucky for tho Union. I enclose a Richmond market roport of this day week from the Riehn? 'iid tfrn/uirer of October 15. With prima butter nt 30 cents, tlie best flour at &'> to $7, wheat at K) cent* to $1, oaft wood at $6 50, au l the best beef at $? per 100 lbs. and plenty, there can be no scarcity of tbo I uoc.gsariis of life there.