10 Aralık 1861 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

10 Aralık 1861 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK WHOLE NO. 9222. NEW YORK, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1861, HERALD^ TRIPLE SHEET. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE STRUGGLE IN THE WEST. Strategic Positions Held by the Rebels to Resist the Advance of the Union ists Either by Land or Water* The Feeling in Kentucky and Missouri at the Present Time. The Rising of the Tennessee ans Con firmed by Correspondence Dated An terior to the Battle of Morristown. Map of the Vicinity of the Contested Ground. A UNION ADVANCE IN PERSPECTIVE, Ac., Ac., Ac. MAP OF KENTUCKY AND TENNESSEE. Vhe Union and Rebel Positions? The Ad vance of tile Union Troop*, and the Place* Selected by the Rebel* a* Point* of Reuistancc? 1 The Bridge* Destroyed by the Loyal Tenneueeam, &c. In view of tho importance of the struggle now going on tn tbe West, we aro Induced to present our roaders with ? clcar map of the States of Tennessee und Kentucky , In cluding much of the surrounding vicinity, taking as a central point the rebel position at Bowling Green , which is situated on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, at ,the Junction between that and tho road leading to Hem phis. The strategic importance of Bowling Green is made apparent to all at a glance, and its possession by the re bels gives them tbe command of the most advantageous means of reinforcement both In men and the commis sariat, as well as a ready route to the Mississippi in the ?vent of the advance of tbe fleet from Cairo. At troops ?re continually pouring Into Louisville (nearly due north C Bowling Green) , and General Rosseau's Union camp uated at Muldraw's Hill, several mrfes nearer tbe rebel camp, and on tb* railroad, tbe rebels to prevent khe advance of the Union troops ? and which advance' must be apparent to them ? have destroyed the railroad bridge across tbe Green river, so as to interfere with tbelr transit. Union ramps are, however, locat ed at Panville, Lexington and Somerset, on the road fsora Cincinnati through Covington, from which places good travelled roads lead into Tennessee via Cumberland Gap and at a point farther west and higher up the Cumberland river. These points are guarded by tbe rebels, and doubtless will be warmly contested i' attacked. From Bowling Groen to Memphis it is appa rent that tbe rebels have occupied all positions on the railroad likety to be attacked, and, as several junctions break in upon tbe main Hue communicating with Nash Tlllc, Hickman and ColumbNS, It is important that they Should not lose the possession of any part of the road, so a* to enable them to immediately concentrate their troops at any one of tbe exposed positions. It is also as important that the Union troops should gain possession of somo of these branches, or even of the main line ItselX. Another Important feature is the terrific efforts that arc being made by the rebels to further fortify Columbus ant: the many blulfe aad points of the Mississippi river, so as to resist, retard, and perhitps annihilate, Hie IJent about to start from Cairo. Whether they can do tlir la-t or no1 Is a question of time; suffice it to say they ^certainly did not succeed in doing so at Hilton Head, Hatteras Inlet or Tybee Island. The railroad lines before noticed can con vey troops to All those Important points, and, If beaten at tbe first, can hurry tbem to tho second, third, and so on ontH they reach Memphis, or even New Orleans. A1-' though we hold l'aducah, tho troops cannot as readily be transferred as can those of tho rebels. The Cumberland Mountains are important, containing, as they do, several important strategic positions. Cum berland Gap and Winter Gap have been so often pr?t Tiously mentioned that nothing is rurther needed than tb | map to show their exact locality. Fussing. therefore, to the south, we notice the railroad to Richmond and the main line of communication between tbe rebel forces East, West and South. By reference to the map it appears that no less than five bridges have been destroyed by the Unionists of Tennessee, thereby cutting off this communication and retarding the advance of troops from Virginia to Memphis and the Mississippi. Further than this, wo have recently received the news that Acting General Parson Brownlow has taken posses sion of a part of the line at Morristown ? a point situated nearly duo south of Cumber laud Gnp. Tli at tho mountains of East Tennessee and Western North Carolina contain strong t'nion residents there can be no doubt, and that these men are rising in behalf of tbo Union we have abundant proof. These Tacts, in con. section with tbe Mississippi fleet, make this the most im. portent part of the struggle at the present titne. GENERAL BUELL'S DIVISION. OUR LOUISVILLE CORRESPONDENCE. Long mu, Dec. 3, 1861. Military and Legislative. Intelligence ? Nashville A rws Sig~ nijh anl ? Zollicoffer Still at Cumberland Gap, Which it Strongly f\irtifl,-d ? A Panic in Memphis ? The Mxvmenis Towards Bowling Orcen ? No Forward Movement 'Jt F.x. pected ? The Meeting of the Kmtucky State Legislature ? A Strong Vnun Keolution Be/ore the Senate ? Relief J or Ireland, <Cc. , rfc. /Southern papers, without containing much ne.ws.are significant, particularly those of Nashvillo dales of the 18th Novoniber. Cumberland Gap, It appears, tins never been evacuated Dy 7/oUlcoflur, and any attack which may have been made upon it by General Thomas would have been exceedingly doubtful of success. The point has heretofore ^oeu con. ?Mured of much importance, and In the beginning of the war was partly fortilleil. Immediately subsequent to the retreat of 7ollicofler, who, according to tho Courier of Nashville, fell batk that he might be nearer his supply trains, the fortiflcatious were materially strengthened and heavily garrisoned. The natural advantages of the Situation have not been overlooked, and the rebel papers chuckle over the tact that it now separates the Rust Ten nessee Unionists from their friends, and shuts them out (Tom all aid from Kentucky. They claim that the Gap is now a stronghold which the force holding It can defend against 10.000 men coming from any quarter. This indicates that Zollicoffer hat made prepa' rations for the antii ipaleti attack in his rear by tie force* under Brovmtow, who apfieart to have lain down the prayer book of the parstm and the quill of the editor to take up lh' "shooting stick" of the soldier. It is stated also that '/ollicolTer has again moved forward into Ken tucky; but, as it is Raid to be by another route, it Is no1 credited here, He is reported at Mouticello, Wayno county, whero a part of Gen. SchoupfTs' brigade was until lately stationed. No fears seem to be entertained by the rebels that Cumberland Gap cannot be defended. Indeed, they anti cipate no advance by that route. Tho attention of the whole Soutl.vi.-si seems to turn towards Columbus and the approach s to Memphis. The denizens of the latter place entertain great fears of jr. n immediate attack from some source not named, and by despatches dated the 18th to Hie Nashville I'atrint I learn that the city ol M-mphls was In a fever of exciteieent and dis may In consequence of an impending conflict at Columbus. The Legislature of Arkansas ap pears to luivo been dispersed on the 15tb by news received from the nnrtnwi stern counties of that State. A doopiic'i to that effect is found in the Memphis papers of the ITih. What movement in that" quarter created this consternation is not slated, nor can It be imagined hero, nnless tho Mississippi army shall havo unexpectedly mni'o Its apiiearance in Northwestern Ar kansas. At any rate, ting consternation has reached Memphis, and extended over the whole of Tenne-seo and Mlssis-ippi, and every preparation b being mode to de fend CWumi'us. Troops lor especial duty 'at that t<oint i ?re being r ised in Mississippi and Louisiana. Important works ol defence are being constructed at Columbus and THE WESTERN SEAT OP WAR. The Important Strategic Positions of the Western War?The Advance Towards Tennessee and New Orleans via the Mississippi and the State of Kentucky? The Points of Resistance Selected by the Rebels, and the Bridges Destroyed by the Unionists in Tennessee. e/^^R,DGrD/sTwS5 r i c\N V \ above it, and every available moans are being employed to render the position impregnable. May it not be true, an h<w been suggested, that 'he Union forces in the central part of Kentucky are wailing for this movement , on the part of the Mississippi army, to engage the attention of Buckner and Johnston? A lar^o army ? fully 76,000 men ? Is now concentrating by de grees U|>on Howling Green. The movements are painiully slow, and apparautly wanting in rigor; but we are con tent hero to wait and see what is to be the end. Tlio rapidity with which troops arc moved here, and tho slowness with which they are moved forward towards the line of the enemy , are extrertiely incomprehensible. There are now not less than 12,000 men in camp at this place, which is seventy-live mites from the advanced posi tion. It is considered at headquarters that the appearance of I Zolllcoffer and other rebel forces in Southern Cent.? I Ken lucky, instead of being for offensive purposes, Is meant ?is a pr toct Ion to the right wing of General Ruck nor at iwiwiing l.reen. I am not aware of any oflhrts being made t ' for. o in the wing and rid tho country of the depre dators, unless fortl'ying can be called such. General I5j ei kinri'lgo is upon the left Hank of Btackner, to oppose the forward movement of General Crittenden. There Is kittle hope of a forward movement in this quar ter at nn early day. The State legislature met on Wednesday, the 27th No vember, but did not get to work until tht^Sth, a quorum not being present on the first day, amU'Kanksgiving Pay interfering on the second. By resoratwn it was pro posed to go into an election of a United States Senator in place of Breckinridge on too 3d of December. No pro vision appears to have been made for holding an election for a Senator in place of Powell, who, it is said, will take his seat in the present convened Senate. The Senate had bofore It and referred to the Committee on Federal Relations a resolution to the elfv-ct that, "as , Kentucky has ever cherished and adhered to the federal Union, she will cling to it now in the time of its ex t emest peril with unfaltering devotion; that , though at the beginning of the mad and wicked war which is being waged by tho rebellious State* for the daetructtoa of the government she forbore to take part, she has never swerved from her full and fervid loyalty to the govern ment; and that now, since her proilered mediation has been spurned, and her soil Invaded by the Confederate armies, she deems it fit that she should announce to the world that, standing lirmly by her government, she will retist every effort to destroy it, ano she calls upon her true and heroic trans to rally around the standard of their country, and put forth tho whole energies of the Com monwealth till the rebellion shall ho overthrown, and the .lust supremacy of the national government shall he re stored and maintained everywhere within its limits." Leave was granted to bring in bills for the, relief and benefit of the Kentucky volunteers and soldiers in tho army of the United States. One exempts them from tho payment of county tax^s, another from attachment ol property, and a third from arrest and trial for the com mission of misdemeanors. A fourth bill, not read, and the minutiae of which is not stated, makes some kind of provision for Kontuckians in the regular service. A bil". was referred to the Judiciary Committee provid ing that no person now aiding and assisting the rebellion, or who has aided or assisted said rebellion against tbe government of tho United States, shall ever hold any office of honor or profit in this Commonwealth. Moro notice was taken of the "provisional govern ment" mo\ementof the rebels at Russellville than the insignificant effort deserved. Tho resolutions offered ai.d submitted to the appropriate committee declared that the attempt to establish a "provisional government'' over Kentucky is an open and flagrant violation of hor consti tution and of the right of her |>cople to govern themselves; is an effort to subve t and overturn the civil government of the State, and substitute a military des|*>tism in its stead; the work of disappoihled ambition; a part of the gi neral scheme to destroy the national government, and unprovoked and unmitigated treason of tho deepest dye; subversive of popular government; is deserving of the utter execrat.on of every true Kontuckion : must, and, "if Kentucky remains tho Kentucky of old." will be put down and the power of the Commonwealth vindicated. Attached to the resolutions was the following; ? "Wo therefore appeal ouce more to the o't tried bravery and patriotism of Kentucky to expol th. invaders from i ur soil, break up this 'provisional government' of traitors, sustain the national In ion of which she is a member, and defend tbe national government that so promptly and nobly defends her in this her hour of trial against the in vasion of her 'Southern brethren' and the jierfldous treachery of her own unworthy sons." In connection with those Governor M.igoflln is instructed to issue his proclamat ion to the people of Kentucky forthwith, fore warning them against participating in, aiding, abetting or in any manner giving countenance, aid or comfort to said prov.sional government or any similar organization in tended or calculated to subvert, counteract orobstnffct the constitution or laws of the state, and requiring those already engaged in said provisional government to dis band and desist from all further eifurts toorgrmize or carry it on. Tho Kentucky Congressional delegation was insu lted to use all constitutional means in liteir power to iiMuce Congress to afford, by appropriate legislation, relief to Ireland. Tbe charter of the People's Bank of Kentucky has been so amended as to allow a majority of the stockholders to remove it from Bowling Green to Louisville. The specie in the vaults of the mother bank, at Bowling Green, was removed anterior to the advent of Buckner, arid the main as^i ts of tho bank are thus and otherwise secured. A resolution was adopted Instructing tho Committee on M1 i y Affairs to inquire into and report whether it is '"I* lit and necessary to raise 2.5.O00 troops in Ken ck or any other number, in addition to those now in ^ . ? from this State, for a term of service not exceed ing o:.e year, to be organized and officered under the au thority of the State, and subject to the order of the com manding general of this department. A resolution was oflered by Mr. Burns, tho rebel repre sentative, demanding of ihe President of the United States the immediate delivery of Messrs. Morehuad, llarr and l urrett, now In Fort Warren, Into th? custody of the United States Court for the district of Kentucky, that charges may he preferred against them if they have com mitted auy offense against the laws of the United States, and that they may have a speedy and impartial trial, ri prescribed by the constitution of the Slate of Kentucky. The resolution lies over. Loctsvulb, Ky., Dec. 4, is<51. /ollioofrr at th^ Head of 8,000 Rrbrlt on CumJb-rrlnnd River at Grider's tbrrp? Colonel Hmlrins, trt '.th a ftw Union Troops, Defends the Crossing ? An Artillery Duel ? Arri val of a Portion qf General Schorf '? Brigatte ? Rtbels CtmyeVed to Retire ? The President' s Slaory Claim "flhi Message Condemned ? 1F7iy the Kcntuckians Otyect toll, dc. . etc. Oenoral Zoliicoffer h i* ;r?ade his appearance, at th head of 8,000 men, op the Cumberland river, at tho point in Pnlaski county crossed by the r< ad from Somerset to Monticello. This point is known as Grider's Ferry, and Is the only point available for crossing within many miles. Four miles down tho river Fishing creek empties into the Cumberland, and three miles above another stream joins the river. These streams, running south to the river, and nearly parallel with each other, renders it necessary that ZolUcoffer should cross at a point betwoen the two streams, consequently at Grider's Ferry. To defend this crossing, Colonel Hi skins, who had been encamped at Somerset, marched to the river, and with two pieces of artillery attempted to defend the passage of the river. On the 1st instf , a skirmish, or rather artillery duel, took place between the advance of Zollicoflcr'nand Colonel Hos kin 's force of an incomplete aegimont. A few shells were thrown among the stfbels, but with whatefTect is not known. Immediately subsequent to this reinforcements which Col. Hoskins had asked for began to arrive. Geu. Schocpff with a detachment of cavalry and two pieces of artillery arrived on the afternoon of the 1st of December, in time to givo the departing rebels a last salute. Four regiments wore to have reached Grider's Ferry on the same even, ing, but we have no information to that effect up to this time. It is known, however, that the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Ohio regiments, with four pioces of artillery, passed through Somerset. On the 2d of December the rebels made their appear> ance on the south side of the river in greater force and with several pieces of artillery. They opened in a brisk cannonade, throwing shells into Col. Hoskins' camp; but they were soon compelled to retire when the rifled pieces were made to bear upon them. Tho officer in command of tho guns was known to have been killed, and was seen carried off the field. Passengers by last night's train report heavy cannon ading in tho direction of Somerset on the 3d of reeem ber. continuing ail day. It Is thought that a battle hap been going on. Wd shali probably have more definite news to morrow. Considetable excitement exists here, grow ing out of the j distressing artieles in the Journal and Democrat of this morning on tho Presidential treatment of the slavery question. The language of the Message did not cause any undue excitement, but to-day the Journal's critique u[ion tho clause relating to slavery har started the loudm uthi'd, and it is being generally discussed and condemned. The confiscation law referred to by tho President has been a source of trouble In this State from tho first, and is likely t? do much harm in dividing the peoplo of tho State upon tho Cnion question. The Jourruil's articlo is very strung and emphatic. It looks upon the object lonable clause of tho Messago us the "expression of an indirect and unman ly concurrence" in the lately expressed sentiments of Cochrane and Cameron." that the passage Is virtually a hint to Congress to adopt extreme incisures. &c." Hy "extreme measures" tho Journal means "abolishing slavery." The Journnl thinks tho "adoption of such mea sures would swallow up the nation," that their adoption can only be prevented in three ways: ? First, by great anil immediate success of our arms, rendering the aboli tion of slavery unnecessary , second , by a strong conser vative opposition; or, third, by the resignation of the heads of the army departments. It calls upon tho I/Jnisla ture of Kentur: v first, and tho Legislatures of tho Southern Union -tatos, to take Immediate stops to op pos" the apt wi' . intended action ofthe administration. Tho Democrat so> s n the suggestion to the States to confiscate ,a\e property and turn the slaves over to the government only a commercial way of sotting them froe. and objects to it . arguing that the national govrrnment has no right to purchase slaves, and, instead of boing a remuneration. Is a tax upon the people of the State. It thinks tho riuht course of our legislature is to confiscate the slaves of rebels and sell th.'m to individuals ? not to the governmentl The question thori comes up, is the anti-slavery , semi-abolition majority i:i Congress willing to pay the expenses of the war by what they consider trafficking in bloodf The 'Legislature is doing little of importance. A bill has been prepared , but not presented, providing for the confiscation of tho slave property of rebels, and their din posal for account of the government. What it will end in, what distractions it will produce, cannot be foretold. The House stands about seventy -four to one for th" I'nion; but I think before the discussion of the confiscation bill g ended the majority will be considerably reduced. THE MOVEMENTS IN THE DIRECTION OF NASHVILLE. [From the Cincinnati Gazette, Dea. 2.] It was understood that the Camp luck Robinson troops wore to be moved across the country to co-operate with the column on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, In the attack on Howling Green and tho advanco to Nash ville. I:i acordance with tint design the troops inarched from Danville across to Lebanon, where they reached a branch of the Louisville and N'ashvillo road, and eoukl be speedily united with the main column. The Fourteenth Ohio h id arrived at Lebanon, and tne Seventeenth and Thirty first wore well on the way when, on Thursday last, orders came up to move hack to Somerset to repel a de monstration of Zollicofli r's. On Friday the Fourteenth was still at Lebanon, waiting to be paid before returning, and the Seventh and Thirty-first bnu iojI as far as Dan ville on their way back Hon??rsot in but twenty-five or thirty mile rom l/indon, where the troops halted on their Movement tow. d ? m ber land Gap. - liir tr ops, after marching ever eight counties and one hundred and eighty ml *1 ofbnrfro.i'' , are to aret hack almost to ili^ir old place. Zollicofl i said to bo making a democstra tlon against soraer.-i' i hence tho sodden ad vsnee back ward a^ain. GENERAL HAUECK'S DIVISION. VIFTVVR OF GENERAL HALLECK ON THE WAR. WHAT IIK THINKS OF THE FLAN OF ATTACK. CONCEN TRATION AND DEFENCE ? WHY THE TROOPS FELL BACK IN KENTUCKY AND MISSOURI. General Hallaek, the present commander of the De partment of Missouri, several years since delivered a course of lectures, in which be made almost prophetical rmarks applicable to this war. Ppeaklii? ur^u ofT, tic: war, ho sjtlrl " A war of Invasion may, however, have its disadvantages. Its lino of o)>erat long may become too deep (that is, tho end to be attained may be very distant from tho base of o|>eratlong), which la always hazardous In an enemy's country. All tho natural and artificial obstacles, such as mountains, rivers, de flies, fortifications, Ac., are favorable to defence, but difficult to be overcome by the invader. Tho local authori

ties and inhabitants optKise instead of facilitating his operations; and If patriotism animate the defensive army to fight for tho independence of its threat ened country, the war may bo long and bloody. But if apolitical diversion be made in favor of the inrcuhng force , and tit operations be attended with success, it ft ril es the enemy at the heart , paratyiei > all hit military energies, atui deprives him of hit Military r-jotwers, t/iuj promptly terminaling'the contort." TUB FALLING BACK OF TIIE TROOPS IN MI880URI AND kEVTt CKV. Several small bodies of troops have been for some time scattered about in various parts of tho troubled Stau s ot Kentucky and Missouri, and when they had, by order of the former commanding Generals, reached the neigliborhood of the borders of the secedod Status and apparently were about to advance upon the rebels on their own ground, they wore chagrined to find the new commanders give orders for thum all to fall back upon certain particular posts. Tho natural inquiries of the nun military roaler of the said Intelligence would be "What are they retreating for?" and "Why do they not advance and whip the rebels on their own ground?" Gen. Hallcck shows plainly that the movement is but a part of his own settled policy (and doubtless one that meets the cordial approval of tho Commander-in Chief) ; for he says: ? "The first and most important rule in of fensive warfare is to keep your forces as much concen tratcd as possible. This will not only prevent misfortune, but srrur<: victory, since, by its noco-Bary operation , you p >sscss the power of throwing your whole force upon any exposed point of your enemy's position." Some writers have made exceptions to this rule of General Hallcck's, viz: ? 1st. When tho food and forage of tho neighborhood In which you act have been exhausted and destroyed, and your magazines are, from any cause, unabio to supply the deficiency, olio of two things must bo done? either you must go to the place ^'hcre these articles abound, or you must draw from them your supplies by detachments. 2d. Small detachments should be sont out to feel tho way for the main body, so as to draw an attack, and so risk one body for the security of the other. 3d. Wliea you have complete evidence of the actual or probable Insurrection in your favor of a town or pro vince of your enemy, or of a division of his army, you must support this inclination hy strong detachments: and 4th. When, by despatching a detachment, you may be able to intorcept a convoy or reinforcement corning to the aid of your enemy. General Halleck, however, contends that these are ap parent, rather than real exceptions, td tho rule of con centration. SHOULD THE ARM V BE ALL IN THE SAME FLACK? On this question the commander of the Department of Missouri puts forth a decisive negative. Ho says: ? "This rulo does not require that all the army should oc cupy tho same position. Far from it. Concentration requires the main body to be in Immediate and support ing reach." He Intimates that the invading forces should be so located that an open haud placed upon the map of the country should represent their posi tion, the fingers Indicating the location of the several detachments thrown out on important strategic lines, and which should be able to bo as readily drawn in as closing the hand, upon the principal and central mass, preparatory to striking some Important blow. This doubtless accounts for the movement of the various bri gades scattered about Missouri by the formor command" r of the West to points upon the railroad lines, all within easy distance of each other, and readily accessible 'rem St. Louis. The same fact applies to Ken tucky, and gives a denial to the reports of a disastrous retreat of our army in that State. The falling back is but a portion of a preconcerted plan b.mcd upon authorities similar to the aboro. SHOULD THE ATTACK BK VIGOROUSLY FOLLOWED UP? All writers agree upon the affirmative in relation to this point. General Halleck say 8: ? Whatever measure bo necessary to open your routo to theso objects must be promptly taken, and If you mean to subsist yourself at tho enemy's expense your movements must be moio rapid than his. Give him time to breathe? and, above all, give him time to rest ? and your project is blasted; his forages will be completed, and his magazines filled and secured : the roads of approach will be obstructed, br: .. destroyed, and strong poiuts taken everywhere and left uded. _H?w piaiBly this short but important truism has been verified in tho present war. During tho engagements In Wer torn Virginia, but more especially at laurel Hill, Kie'i Mountain, Ac., how long did General McClellan allow b - enemy to rest after he first attacked him? Oompara Uvely no time at all. Attack after attack fell u|>on the rebels, until, in tho course of one short week, tho whole party were routed, their general kiljed, and Western Vir ginia saved. How different in Missouri. 's besieged, but no help was there by ordor mar> 'er of tho department. I'rico got possession nf the place and the Union troops, and, although the commander made a great show of advancing upon hlra, and oven left St. I/iuls with a boly or troops for the purpose, still ho only reached about half way, and there stopped, allowing the rebel general not only titno to breathe, but also to rest, and to escape. The encuso may be that he could not get his troops together In time, but, tf he hiid acted upon the proper principles of concentration a much Ijps time than he occupied would only have been nec ?ssary for that purpose, and he not only would have beeu able to have at tucked 1 'rice, bat would have saved the country tho expense or tho chose throughout the southwest or the State, and which resulted in the order tor the troopa to "como back attain" without having accompHshofl anything. Burgoyne, in 1777, by similar action, reduced himseir to the no cessity or bleeding at every step without equivalent or 8UOULD TUB ASSAILED ALWAYS FIND 8KCUR1TY IN PLIGHT? Such a course must always tend to their disadvantage in the end. In giving inslructiors Tor the best means of conducting a defensive war, General Halleck makes the following remarks: ? "Instead of Ilnding security ouly in flight; instead of habitually rerusing to look the enemy in the face; instead of leaving lus march undisturbed; iu stead or abandoning, without contest, points strong by nature and by art. instead or all this, the true war or do f(.riCe seeks every occasion to meet the enemy, and loses none by which it can annoy or dofcat him; it in always awuke- It is constantly in motion and never unprepared ror either attack or defence." (In U'e"?lorl.?" cam naiL'ti of General Floyd, in the Kanawha Valley, It dots not seen, to bo his policy to follow this plan ol arrange ment m the slightest particular.) Aftvr describing what the attacked partv should do. the General concl'id.s his remarks in the following language ? "In a word by adopting the maxim that the enemy must be madet pav for whatever ho cams, it disputes with him ev?ry inch of ground , and if at last it yields to him a victory, it is of that kind which calls forth only his sighs. Such victory was Hunker Hill. OUR ST. LOUIS CORRESPONDENCE. St. Ixins, I>?c. 1, ISfil. The Reich Reported in Portion of Wanaw?I'tice' Army til Ototohi ? McL'ulloch Gone into Winter Viuirteri? Progrett oj the Miuiuippi Etjieilitinn I'reparatiuns? Miseelluneout Aeuin, <fc. A lady who arrived last evening direct from Warsaw having left that town on Thursday morning-states tha at the time of her departure thero were about six hun dred rebels In possession of the place. They were from Price's army, which they represented to be at Osceola, on Its way to Lexington and other towns along the Missouri river, thou-'i they did not all agree u|>on tho same story. A part of it.i ; l? averted that Price had not left Spring field , and would conic no further north until the return o! warm weather; while still others assured their listeners that tho rebel army was at Stockton. All agreed that McCulloch had not treated tiiem properly, having desert ed them us soon us tho Union urmy was wlthdiawn, and taken up his line of inarch Tor Fort Smith, whom he ex pectod to winter. These returned rebels say they have come home to spend tho winter in their own houses, where they can got well clothed and shod, and prepared to return to the field again in the spring. They claimed protection Trum federal soldiers or office holders, and as sorted, with much vohemence, that they could not be troubled after they had voluntarily loft tho rebel army. Fremont's treaty with General l'rice is the shelter under which they attempted to hide, and great was their sur prise and chagrin when they learned that It had been an nulled by Fremont's successor. It is, however, quite likely that they will not be molestod while at their homes, unless soir.o or their loyal neighbors cbooso to In torfere. The:, e returned rebels are thinly clad, and some are badly off for shoes, but the most of them appear in good health and confident or ultimate success. Thiy evince a defeated hatred and rear of General Siegel and would doubt ess ma:cn against him with much reluctance and many misgivings. General Sturgis was the least obnoxious to thetu of *11 our division and bi igado C?Sn'wnirast with our kind treatment and nonmolesta lion of rebels in our lines is the abuse and outrage heap rd upon loyal citizens of Missouri wherever the rui.or army is now in power. Yesterday I saw a Una of some thirty wagons just arrived from the Southwest and contain ing the lamilies and household goods of Union men whohad be n driven out in consequence ol thslr loyalty. Ih # .a* were but a small fraction of tho number 111 .it lias atreidy passed thr ugh St. U>uis to seek an asylum in ? "r iiic Korthem States, end they to?<l me tli.it there r;eVud ttn thou^nd now on' wa/hither. Many are entire v destitute, tie rebels having plundered thin of J^arlv everything of \ alue bolore driving them away I have known repeated instances of faiml.es depending l ha charity of the people here to ai l them ircrHslng the river and getting again on Lie wav The ladies of Itanium s Hotel 22 this morning busy In making collections of all tliu cast off clothing about tha premiS' a, with the view of distributing it among the more needy and thinly cl ul rnfugees. Thev Jiave gathered quite an array of c'lts paDts. dresses, and many numerous and nameiess etcutoras of ma:e and female apparel, and w ill make i . tlu, iinart of many .** poor, shivering outcast. A ton of p ch < >1<I clothing could bo distributed where it would do much g.K)d, among most worthy recipient, lie. polled or every thing, and driven dwlituto upon the wx,rld at the approach of winter, for no other crime than that of loving the L ilian, the refugees o! the Southwest b^oiii particularly deserving of sympathy. The guuboat Benton, which is to be th" flaghoat of the (let will bo in a condition to receive her armament in three or lour days She will not take her guns on b ard here but will proceed to Cairo for that purpose, us a.l the other gunboats have done as fast as completed. Tho most ot her sheathing has been put on, rendering her almost completely shot and shell proor. At a tittle distance ouo would hardly dare say what kind or crart she sho .Id be ,. Long. low, hlaek, with sloping sides, a convmt r,M)i completely non-clad, an. I w, Hi no whoolhouse or pilot box visible, one could easily imagine her to t o the li all or ?orao mammoth canal boat turned bottom upwards by mistake. Of course a specific ami detailed description or Hi llagbont of l lie iloet would not at this time l>" Judt ClouH, Up to the hour of my writing there in no news of any battle hnvlnv occurred In tliu Soul liwest, and since tho return of McCulloch to Arkunsis', anil I lie rumored lotour of Price in tho direction of Raima." , the chances of an engugomont between the rebel and the Union armies in Missouri have grown exceedingly iimall. The troops at Holla are engaged in building wl ter quartoi s, and I learn that order* hive been Isued for the forces at 1 1 'ton and vi cinity to ilo ikowise. i'lie soldiorsn >w under instruction at 1 teuton itarraoKS liavo lately bouo furnwhO'l with stovo*, and are getting along ipilto comfortably. There are seve ral reginc-nts in our Western a my ih it have not yet been supplt al with overcoats, and la 'go of tho soldiers sleep and shiver ni duly under blankets of tho flimsiest lull le. (lenoral Hall ck is putting mattnrs in order as fast as possible, and promises to attend in duo time to tho iwrsouul wants of the man. John A. Thompson, Kh>i - > of Oranby, Newton county, Misso r I , h .s lalc'y receive! a commis si) u as capt in in the Kivhteenth United State* infantry, and Is ordered to report at the headquarter* ol' Ins ri>; i inei it , at Columbus, Ohio Captain Thorn sou wastormi-rly City Attorney of Chicago, and the auth r of tho " Municipal 1/iww" of thit thriving lakeopoli*. Three yea s ago ho removed to Southwctt Missouri, and was extensively engaged in looit mining at the tiino iho rebellion opened. Karly in the summer he was compelled to tlee to i scape the fury of the i eb-l hands then organ ized in the lead regions, and came to St. I/iuls, leaving his worldly |?issessi ns at the mercy of the traitors. A g"i d lawyer ami an enterprlsii g lead miner has thus lieeu metamorphos d into an officer of Hie regular anny. Considering his relations with Missouri, it would seem propei that Captain Thompson shoild bo in the s rvico within tho limits of the State rutlier than outside her borders. Ih river is steadily falling, and within three days there wi l be less than five fi el in the channel Iw wen this city and Cal'O. Ice ig already running past St. Jo seph mid Dunleith , though none is apparent In front of this city. Old steamboat men are leg* fearful of acl"Hn or navigation by cold woath.-r than thuy were a few days ?loco. St. IjOimh, Dec. 6, ISfll. Vigomus I'oliryof CirnrraX HatUck in tKf Treatnuiit ' f Kehtl Otitraw ? Ihr JCfiiti f rom Spriiyjirld to be (JuarUrei! on Wi altliy HchfU in St. Louis ? I'dfjan'ci qf the Camp JarJuon I'risonerf ? Interesting Items, <fc. General llalleck glveg evidence of a vigorous pot Icy to wards tho lebel traitors of this State. For some days past the unfortunate sutrercrs of the southwest isirtion o the State, who liuvo been driven out on account of their Union sentiments, have linod our thoroughfares and present! d many of tho most painful sceneg of |Hivorly ami affliction ever witnessed In thig city. Only a small portion arrived in proportion to the thousand* who left Springfield and vicinity in company with Oeneral Sigel's division. Their appearance ? half naked, benumbed with cold, and hardly able to stand has oxclted the livelioftt > ympathy, and it is evident tbat something must be done for tbeso destitute paoploor they will dio outright of starvation. Yesterday (ieneral llalli ck Isguod an order on tho subjeot, which ha* struck consternation into the hearts of the secessionists and at the Homo time provides an tlTectlve remedy. It ig as follows: ? I ho law of military retaliation has fixed and well es tablished rules. While it allows uo cruel or barb iroug nets en our part in retaliation for like acts of tho eucmy, it permits any retaliatory measures within the pre scribed limits of military usage. If tho ene my murders Mid robs Union men we aro nut justified in murdering and robbing other persons who are, in a local sense, enemies to our government, but we may enforce on them the severest penalties J .stifled by the laws of war for tho crimes of their fellow rebel!. Tho re bel force! in the southwestern counties of thig State have roiil). d and plundered the peaceful non-com hai ant inhabi tant!-, lakuig from them their cloth ng and means of sub sistence Men, women and children have alike been stripped and plundered. Thiamin 's of such persons are finding their way to thig city barefooted, half clad and in a destitute and starving condition. Humanity and justice require that these g ificrings should be relieved, and that the out' ages committed n|sm them .-should he retaliated up on tlio enemy. The individuals who have dlsectiy caused tliese sullerui-s are at present beyond our reach; but there are in this city, and in other places within our linns, numerous wealthy secessionists Who render aid, aa n o -lance and encouragement V> those who commit these outrages. They do not themselves rob and plunder, but they abet and countenance lb s- acts in others. Al though less bold they are equally guilty It is, there lore, ordered and directed that the Provo*t Marsha b im nio I lately inqnire Into the condition of the iiersons so driven Pom their home*, and rh it measures b ? taken to quarter them in the houses and to feed and dot hi them at tin ox|<enso of avowed secessionists, and of tho; e who are found guilty of giving aid, assistance and et>> ourage m?nt to the enemy. The above order Is tho tenth section of General Order No. 13, the balance of which comports with the extract. The other section provides that all spies shall be arrest ed and if condemned as spies shall be Ahot, without re gard to gex. Tho vigorous to^ie employed to give expres sion to Getioral Ilalleck'n determination to deal witfi the rrliels with an iron hand, is what causes tho latter the grestest uneasiness. Upon inquiry at headquarters this morning, f learn that the above order will be strictly enforc ed. Tlio disposition of the matter baa been handed over to the Sanitary Committee, composed of Mossra. Yeatman, F.lllot, Partridge, (Jreoly and Johnson, who have been Invented with full power by General Hil leck to use any build ing owned by a rebel in the city (hat inuy he needed for the shelter of tho refugees from tlM Southwest, to seize blankets, Ktorex, bed furniture, and, in short, everything needed to make tho exiles com ortaMe, without regard to cost or cotisoqucnce. The Provost Marshal has already turned over to tho commit tee several hundred dollars' worth of property , consist ing of blankets, clothing and medicines, kc , taken from Hie baggie of the Camp Jackson captives lately s"Qt South as exchanged prisoners. It was remarked as a curious fact, that if Ceneral Hallcck wishd to use a "seeuah" building for sheltering tho exiles he could commence upon tho one occupied as hit own headquarters, the building being owne I by a rampant secessionist, 'Ihe entorci in ? -nt of the order ia an easy matter. There are are plonty of empty build ings owned by BCceHsi- nists within reach, and other arti cles noe'U 1 to nmko tho stiffen rs comlortable will not bo long fort1 nomiug. lie I i ture of tho Camp Jackson prisoners for Cairo by st anibnat was to them an unexpected alteration of destination. Tlieir propamine was to pass the federal Hues at S? ialia aud forage through the country till they rea. h>-d Trice's lines. The sudden change in their route w.i j a severe damper upon that inlerest itig programme. It is a good thing for Ihe city that these men have left. For more than two w oks they travelled around the streets dressed In the recog nized uniform of rebel soldiers, and flaunting tr> ason la tho faces of loyal people in the most object! nuble man ner. 'I hey tried all sorts of dodges to obtain advantages DOt laid down in the taw for tho exchange of prisoners. Oueof their schemes was to app- al very vigorously to the military courtesy of the obliging Provost Marshal. La*t Tuesday General Fr< st, tho kingpin of tho cainp .lacKSon gang, and Ma'or Henry W. Wi liama. who, In part, arranged the terms of etchaugo, coruerod tbe I'rovost Marshal in bis office , and endeavored to persuade bun thut courtesy required him to permit them to carry va' ious coiitrabrand packug s to their fi lei.ds in the South. They urged that some day horoafto iho C ?nfodeiates might be in possession oi St Louis, and that he ? ( apt. I^ightou ? might be in ti eir fix, and re iiiiring favo g at tho hands of the victors. But they could not convince the gall iot Captain, and he told them plainly that they would be re stricted t" tli i ? |iersonal efforts, recognized by military usages; so tho rebels will have to wait awhile for their packages. It upi ears that Ka1 sas City, and, in fact, all the c >un try w st of Ledalia, from the Missouri river to the Ar kansas line, is to be giveu up entirely to the rebels, (.en. Hunter boa ordered o?l. Jamison and his band of Jawhawkers to return to Kansas. .leiiniS' 11 evacuated Kansas city day before yesterday , and by this tirao la sale In leaven wrtii. It is genera ly believed, sol um informed l>y agentlemau Just arrived here from Leaven* w rtb, that a |>ortiou of Price's army intends to attack that point, an extensive preparations are being mad- 10 give them a warm reception. Kansas City will soon be depopulated by the Union men and th ir families. Mer chants are moving their goods by steamboats and by wagons t<> Leavenworth as rapidly us |>ess ble. Families are emigrating to salor quarto, s. and a general alarm pre vails. Tho telegraph wires between Kansas City aud llide|ieb enoe have already been cut in several plaees , and it is designed by the telegraph company to immediately close tho office in Kansas City. Th ue will doubtless lio many outrages on the property of Union men which cannot be removed, and a little furthor reta liation in St. I /iu is will bo necessary to make good tbe loss of Union property la that vicinity. President Lin coln s Message was received here with pretty geneial aatisfacti' n The radicals on the siavcry quest. 011 of course wish for a more decided policy en the emancipa tion qui stion, but nine tenths of tbe p ople, excluding the secesh, think Linco.n is right iu dellning the principal ob ject of the wa to tw the restoritli n of the authority of tbe Union. The s iCrsh take particular delight in compar* ing the late Message of Jeff. Davis, aa a literary effort, with that ot Hone.-t Abe. _Jeff. Thomson's men are returning, as well as Price's, to the!/ homes for tie winter, in squads of live or six at a time. An officer who cuine in from PHot Knob last night says that the t'nlun scouts r?port the return of many of the rcb ? s who were iu the Fredericktown light. They are in a destitute conditi< 11 gene ally. The Lieutenant Colonel, Chappelle, who was Jeff Thomp son's aid, and wko lately arrived at Cain' with a flag of tripe, i.sktie permission to go after Jeff, ihompson'a. wife, was formerly an employe on the Pacific. Railroad of this State, and lived at AlieutiQ. He only Mi horq Iwt summer. St Louis, Dec. 8, 18CI Hare. Political Cotrip Averting the Cabinet, I'nit/d St iUi Ornate and Supreme Court ? How Stnabrr I'olk is to bt OuU'd from J fix Seat ? Judge Haletto Rtsign? Sutfcrip (?. nt to A'atianal Iran? yew f'umjikcalitmi, dk.,<tc A rare piece of political gossip Is In circulation berc? and is told with such strong asseverations of truth as t