11 Aralık 1861 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

11 Aralık 1861 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

OUR RELATIONS WITH FOREIGN POWERS, The Protest of the Secretary of State? His Ob jections to the Belligerent Claims of the 1 South-The Employment of Privateers- | The Difference Between War and Rebellion? The Union Must Be Maintained, ?c', ftc., Ac. TUK HEORETAHY OF STATU TO MIM.STKK DAYTON Otfj'AHTMKN-l I'K Sl.MK, 1Va-MIM.T(i.\ , .IllDf 17 ISlil' o,v?n . V',Ty i"stn,c""" ""s government lias Riven i) its representatives abroad. sinco the renin ('r ?.ln,lBMr?U.? look has ox, n^od o"r ??.fi ?,7"!Ui "vurtUrun the Vnion should ob tain a ii| ami assistance from foreign rations, cither in tin 0 ? rw.gu,ii?n of their pretend ,M ? " ?:,:r z k;;;rr,rr; mmmm i;ower ?l!m 'tttnith "r ?f W","1 "f tow?r<'-' lorrfgn rx?- jssss^ w"dr wh ? ii doubt,. Vh, ? httV1' blended 110t, t0 ioave SSSFS'S'^fc&aS S'H- 'r ^ aV purpot-* what ?*" tx eihifd On theoiluT Iwirnl, wi- not at anv v'i'i' -I, inWihirii!.1 ?f| peculiar circumstance's tnifcht excite approbcu i ins ou the part or com " '!> saietv of their subjects and Sr ve 'aaf,,' i,,,hr.CO:',!l<^ T1";" lnl??" ?'? "IK ., h. ?m * between the f0l,v, 0f the lolled States mm tuose nl the insurgents. iho ("rutcil States havo never declaimed the eniolov mcnt of letters of mar,,.,,, a, a anjof n,iritim, w V Th ' insurgents early announced their mtotitl.,n to com' v i>s, toijud under them, and win th r the emJil not trabau, , <n subjects ol su, I, imm,<ZXiUi' ln.tti r iiittscatiiiii when found in vesse's , f , ui^ld Wi. that it hail only ia.icd to be twceMed by U.e rS II Watt-. 1, 'caiisc fore iy n nations had refused to acvn ?n ndditi >>:al principle promised 1? v tliw L'uvernm, ,o J I more just and human, than am which it d^Ho uamoly that the properj* ?f',,,ival" rir ^l "'iun ^'^ri^r^i.^'r i llio d tto ,f ,hu insll, ,.ti(,u, xVhich Mr S r i L?0:, to submit to us. Wo have ev,.r . l'ro|*wed s?&aai?^rwS r S? K5JS? ?" S'll'jecl'rrom It was under them circumstances that on tl.e ltd, , ? I auswored that, owine to the ?? "I tile t ,iu s i could not consent to au o!Bcta|, r^1'""''<'H * a, 'ter7,i!d w iUl""! ,U''61 !n? lAoIr cha fr.nikiii' s put me .'.'?spatchi ?"! 1 'Tv \ ''V"h < n,iro preliminary osammatio:'.. 1 i'.v in^ ' ' ' "n, " nieati'd to this K'lvorninent ?Vl .L be11ofl" '?lly commu tton tins aa,We??V, Srw, ^',uU"W8- " 1 $ ?>u now iho reusni < r?r i,; . ll'is Course rcjjai d to the 'iU at 'b i"0"' [?"' ,'"r tlmt you may c mm.tniuato them to the Kreneh n""1'1'' men , _ you ,ha I n,,d it t.e. essary or exi od." , 8 Vet.-rsbu'rg'that ua unZr^.X'' had?,beI>nS2n0nt "n ^y ^ "aouiS* ^ of th.. ^tic^^SS cZtrVrnw e,!',bJrt JHBslfile recojfuition nl the iMurgeatT a toMr l!5 x Zvx ,ivr,j !'>? the French Minister for Forw?\,V?'r''d' T,"'1 J^rd John Russoll to Mr. Italia.-, our late Miniiter ',n"r y >tlon. rbe avowal in each case tireceoded ihJ n, ? f"r i'ur n >wly appoints I Miaisters n, k, trot, I w tl?7h?ir k ruclious lor the discharge of their re-t?vi,? . On receiving thoir avowals I nim.ni i ! ynrsolfan 1 Mr. Adams - that ii!!i'? instructed tr: !:r, V'rrs/s r,zv:S'H,rv vre shall deal I ^ereafu",^ he?tS ?" others, wtth ea,h Cr iZ^y ",1iLCatrfl'ta^in ?gi'? Miii'tit for concerted action i,,., , V. "'0 ?t all .uauenc. the course we'^houTpur'te'" ^ cert thus avow, Hi hxs been carried out i he \l ' ?'n" i ntne to me together- tho instriicr innu #?/, Ministorf Oilier form, but are counterparts i:. l^t,""0pSCd 'M '?r Kraocc, ? ? do not m.ko '^ Z^r u ii'imst ,i,cc?. a reason for declinitii; to hear In, , ttou with which Mr. Mercier is charged '"c IVnver , but tiiat thfs nX I rS'r ,?nC which Oils government is one. France propos^Io t ',t f "gnlxjuce ot both parties as balligcrenj ,.! | r,? k,; "explanations This m" t on "n'??'.""r>M-r mhiing thts government not ^ ?,z&thstuA''? Err? r a arT^ * g?** ~ s. s&sns^sst j n ' ? N f01[nffn nutumx are ctmcrnrd and that b^nrw : Jzvma*nary **?<<? ***;*? ? jr/.Z ^Z l:i ibe spirit of this understanding of the ease wo sre not mily not wishing to seek or to gire offence to France, but.nutho contrary , wo desire to preserve peace and trmud.hlp with that great 1'owor, as with all oilier nations. Wo do not feel at liberty to think, and do not liiink. that France intended any want of consideration t iwards the I'nited States in directing that the instruc tion m question should bo read to us. Outside of that ? .apor we have abundant evidence of the good reeling and Komi wishes of the Kmjieror, and even his anxious solici tude for the same consummation which is the supreme o.n"> t of our own desires and labors, namely, thu prefer vat ion of the American Union in its full and absolute in tegrity. ItouhtleM the proceeding hag be<-n the result of Iliad vert'Mi'T. We feel ourselves at liberty to think tliat it would not have occurrod if wo had been so fortunate a? to have be?'ii heard through you in the consultations ol the French government. We think we can easily see bow Hie inadvertence occurred. France seems to have mistaken a mere casual uud ephemeral insurrection here, Much as ts incidental in the experience ol all nation*, because all nations are merely human societies, sti' h as havti sometimes happened in the history of France her self, for a war which has flagrantly separated this nation into two coexisting |>olitlcal powers which are contend iu< in arms against each other alter the separation. It if erriHimi*, to fur an fureiijn nation* tirr concei Ti-tl . to ?n;ipov thill nny war rritt.i in lh' United Stat't. < '? rtoinhj t'<. r' ? afiunt ti'D belligerent 1'oicert whnr there it no icttr. rtiere i? here, as there has olways been, one political Power, namely? t he I'nited Mates o'f America ? < oni|ictetit to tn.ik" war anil (>eace, and conduct commerce and nlli ?tncis w:t!i all foreign nations. There is none other, either i'i tact or rocogt.i/.od by foreign nations. T. ten it. i /?'??</. en itrntfi fihti'n imj lu oivrthrotv the join iimetit. mid the ./oii ' rm nf it rni)Ai,ijivy inili'ary owl micnl fortes to rrfirru I Jut the " fads do not constitute a war present inf two ti?lligerent I'owers, ?u i modifying the national character, rigbtsand r*K|n.ni'ibklUi<'s.or the characters, rights and rosponsiblliti' s of foreign nations. It is trie that insur ruction may rtpen into revolution, and that revolution tb'H ' ipened may extinguish a prev lously existing Slat- . or d : v idv it utoone or more independent States', and that if such -'ales euutintie ilieir strife after such dlvisl< n. then th'-re 1 k ; sis a stat e o| war allectiug the ctiaiii< tes. ni'ht? and duties of all parties concerned. But this only hap pens when the revolution tus run its successful course. 'Hie French government says, in the instruction which has boerj tendered to us, that certain facts which it as | sunias confer upon the insurgents of this country, ir. the ' eyes of foreign Powers, all the appearances of a govern- i nieut 4* facto, wherefore, whatever may l?e its regr-t?, the French government must consider the two contend ing parties as employing the |. ices at their disposal in conformity with the laws of war. Iliis statement assumes not only that the law of na i 11 ns entitles any iusutruotlonary faction, whrn itestab ' I -lies a lie facto government , to ho treat'"! as a belike ' in , but also that the fact of the attainmeni of ,ta. /-?? is to be determined by the appearance ot it jt, the .?yes of foreign nations. If we should cot cede both of . lie -a positions, we should still Insist thut the existence of a Jr facto government, entitled to belligerent rights, is not established in the present case Wo have already heard I ron; most of the foreign nations. There are only two which sum so to const' ue appearances, and France in oue of them, Arc the Jv< gitwnH t>? tfcesc t wo to oui weigh thi ne of nil other nations? Doubtless each nation may (udge and Hot for itself, but it certainly cannot ex pod the United flutes to aooept it* daclsion upon ? ques I kim vital to their national existence. Tho United States w ill not refine upon the question when and how 'ow na tions nro born out of existing nations. They me well aware that tho rights of tho Slates Involve tllolr duties mnl their destinies, and thev hold those rights to be ah Moluteaa against a!l foreign nations. These rights do uot at all depend en tho appearances wliicli their condition may assume Iti tho eyos of foreign nations, whether stranger*, neutrals, friends, or even allies. 7V Cniteil States will main'ain and defetul thrir mereignty throuoh out the bound# of the rtjmUic , and they diem all other na Hum hound to retytci that sovereignty until, if ever , Provi' dence shall content that it shall be tucoessfully oveithrown. Any system of public law or national morality that con flicts with this would resolve society, Ilrst In this hemi sphere and then in the other, iuto anarchy and chaos. This government is sensible of the Importance of the stop it has taken in dudiulng to hear tho communication, the tenor of which has drawn out these explanations. It bolieves, however, that It neod uot disturb the goixi rela tlons which have mo long mid so happily subsisted be tween the United States and France. Tho paper, as undcistood , while Implying a disposition on the part of trance to accord belligerent rights to the Insurgents, does not nunc, specify or even indicate one such belligerent right. On the other hand, the rights which it asserts that Prance ex poets as a neutral, from the United States, as a belligerent, are even loss than this government, on the 26th of April, iustructod you to concede aud guarantee t<> her by treaty, m a friend, tin that day we oilered to her our adhesion to the declara tion of 'Paris, which contains four propositions ? namely 1. 'lhat privateering shall l e abolishe I. '?. That a neutral flag rovers enemy's goods not contraband of war. 3. That goods of a neutral, not contraband, shall not be confiscated , though found in an enemy 's vessel. 4. That blockades, in order to be lawful, must bo maintained by Competent force. We have always, when at war, con ceded the three last of these rights to neutrals a fortiori, wo could uot when ut peace deny thorn to friendly na tions. The first named concession was proposed on the grounds already mentioned. We are still ready to gua rantee these rights by convention with France, when ever she shall authorise either you or her Min ister here t? enter into convention. There is no re servation or dilllculty about their application in the present case. We hold all the citizens of the t inted Stales, loyal or disloyal, alike Included by the law uf na tions and treaties; aud we hold ourselves bound by tho same obligations to see, so far as may be in our power, that all our citizens, whether maintaining this govern m nt or engaged in overthrowing it, respect those rights in favor of France and of every other friendly nation. In any case, not only shall wo allow no privntcor or na tional vessel to violate the rights of friendly nations as 1 have thus described thorn, but we shall also employ all our naval force to prevent tho insurgents from violating them, just as much as we do to prevent them from vio luting tho laws of our own country. What, then, does France claim of us that we do not accord to her? Nothing. What do we refuse to Franco by declining to receive tho communication sent to us through tlio hands of Mr. Mercler* Nothing but the privilege of telling us that we are at war when we main tain we are at peace, and that she is neutral when we prefer to recognise her as a friend. Ofcourse.it is understood that on this occasion we reserve, as on all others, our right to suppress the in surrection by naval as well as by military power, and for that purpose to close such of our ports as have fallen or may fall into the hand- of the Insurgents, either di rectly or in the more lenient aud equitable form of a blockade, which for the present wc have adopted. It is thus seen that there is no practical Buhjcctof difference between the two governments. The I nitod States wtll hope I hat France will not think it uecessary to ad here to iind practice upon the speculation concerning tho I condition of our internal affair.- which -lie ha- proposed to communicate to us. ltnt, however this may lie, the United States will not anticipate any occasion for a change of the relations which, with scarcely any interruption, have existod between the two nations for three quarters o: a orntury , and have b en very instrumental in pro moting not in "rely the prosperity and g eatuess of each State, h it the cati.se of civil and religion.- liborty and free institutions throughout the world. This government understands eqrally the interest of friendly nations and its own in tho present emergency. ffthey thall pot interfere, the attem/it a' r<Tolntion here fill ceiise without inflicting serious rrih n^e.v foreign naluM \ All thatthiyean th.by any intrrfe.rnre, tci/A n view to modi fy our a i Hon . will onbi sure to )irnlung th<' present unpleasant conilitii.n of things, anil possibly to proiluie result k that w?uld In <is unirertally calamitous as they would b-: irre trievable. The case, a-- it now stands, is tho simple, ordinary ono that has happened at all times und in all < o mti ies. A discontented domestic faction seeks foreign intervention to overthrow the constitution and the liberties of Its own country. Such intervention, if yielded, is ulti mately disu.-ti'OUK to ttie cause it 13 designed to aid. Every uncormpted nation, in its iielibcrate movements, prefer* its own integrity, even w ith unbearable evils, to division thiol gh the ower or influence of any foreign State. This is so in France. It is not less so in this country. Down deep In the heart of tho American jieo pie ? deeper than the love of trade or of freedom ? deeper than the attachment to any local or sectional interest, or partisan pride or individual ambition ? deeper than any other sentiment ? is that out of which tho constitution of this Union arose ? namely, American indepen ience ? Inde pendence of all foreign control, alliance or influence. Next above it lies the conviction that neither peace, nor safety, nor public liberty , nor prosperity, nor greatness, nor empire, can be attained here with the saci ilice ot the unity of the people of North America. Those who, in a frenzy of passion, are building ex| uct it ions on other prin ciples do not know what (hey a. e doing. Whenever one part of this Union shall be found assuming bonds of de pendenc" or of fraternity towards any foreign people, to the exclusion of tiie sympathies of their native land, then, ovon if not before, that spirit will bo reawaknned which brought the States of this republic Into existence, and which will preserve them united until the common destiny which it 0|>cncd to them shall l>o fully und com pletely realized. lam, sir, respectfnlly, your obedient servant, WILLIAM H. 8BWARP. Wn mam I? Dayton . Est). . 4c. . &c. , &c. SWORO PRESENTATION TO MAJOR PARRISH, OF THE CALIFORNIA REGIMENT. Major llobert A. I'arrisli, of t lie California regiment, wail, on the eveniug of the Until of Novemlier, presented with a very beaut iful sword, elaborately finished and mounted In gold, by a number of friend*, tocomtucmo rate his gallant conduit on a trying occasion near Falls Church, Virginia. The [irt Dentation was made by Captain Charles Naylor, on behalf of Messrs. Parker, Keniiev and others, at the St. tawrence Hotel, Philadelphia, where a number of friends gathered to witness the interesting ceremony. On presenting the gift . Captain Xavi.ou said : ? Major Pakiiisii ? 1 have been requested by your fellow ollicers of the California regiment , and the friends of those under your command, to pre-eni tu you, in their name. Ibis sword ? r. sword whieh any soldier might be proud to receive, but much more proud to have earned, for it is not presented a* a mere compliment , but. in the words of i be ia.-ei'iption on its scabbard, "lor distinguished steadi ness and valor September 28, 1801, near Falls Church, Virginia." We all remember the painful account of the events of that night . as furnishei by the newspa|iers. A reconnoisssnee by our troops, partly under your com mand . was then being made in large force, at midnight, when, by some sad accident , different detachments, mis | taking one auolhcr for enemies in the darkness and con fusion of the moment . o|iened their mutual lire:- against their brethren. It was you. as 1 understand, who dis | covered the mistake, aud by your "distinguished steadi ness and valor, ' at great personal risk, threw yourself between the emtatnu, prevented the firing I of a section of artillery, at short rarge, be longing to your (the California i regiment, and which I he gunners were in the act of discharging, in commen dation of the services then rendered t Ina sword is now presented you. I have no doubt it lias been nobly e.i rued, aud 1 am sure it will be gallantly worn and illustrated by its wearer: at all evens, I know it will never lie dis ho*ored. Military history is replete with mistakes like that of the 28th .September last, an>t in some instances they have been of a magnitude to decide the fate of bat ties, and even that of a war The man who can, intui tively as it were, detect and arrest t licm . and so order as to tiring the whole confused be d> iuto military harmony, must have a cool, "steady" head, and the distinguished qualities of a soldier. Having myself once been a soldier, knowing practically what war is 1 think I could ha\? re ceived no mark of distinction for any service* more grateful to my feelings than such as that for which this awonl is presented to you. The sword is a civilizer. and i imposes > n its wearer great responsibility. Throughout all tltne nation's and people have been found in con I ditlcns stub as to make au apnea) to the swerd ab solutely necessary. The philosophy of all this is readily understmd: but this is not the tuna or I the place for its disci ssion. It there ever was a neces fit y for an appeal to the swoid. that necessity exists n< w . ami exists on the side on which yon are embarked , and on which you have drawn yours, on one side n w?r lias been provoked and made for the piirfmse of etc fats shmg a civilisation upon a principle which carried i <i.t would barbarize and savagei/e the worlil: c-n the other side that war has been met by another principle, founded on man's claims to iqtial rights, intended to fra ternise. humanize and christian". liie world. In this latter category you stand, and yen ba\c Iteen honored by the stand you have taken, and for the acts accompanying its respotuiibilitj . by the presentation of this sword. Receive it. dear Major I'arri?b wear it and use it ,u the same spirit in which it has been presented, anil may the t;od of battles be with you. Major l'arrish received the sword, and m reply to Captain Nayh r expressed hi instil as foil' ?s ? I lar.uot sufllciently express my acknowledgments, m. plain, to yourself to the Conitnitlce -f lreiciitutn.ii and to your associates in tins curtesy. for so unmet :tc?l a manifestation of kmdn< ss. Il is true, that on the uccu s ion alluded to, It was my privilege tu have prevented the lire of my own battalion from adding to the contusion and disaster accomplished by that of ihr First It was also my great privilege ? f'.r so I esteem it ? to have pre vented our artillery from fir ng, at short and fatal range, 1. 1 ion the Califort. a reg mem. Cut thesowerc simple and obvious duties? duties rtlu<h J cuafiot but think are laigely overestiroat" d by a requital so gcneroiis as this. Our loss, of eight killed at id sixteen wounded was? under ihe lamentable circumstances ol the -ase ? must truly grievous. What it might have been, had iheata'chy gone on wo < an only conjecture. Hut 'he pers. mil peril, however great, which was necessary to slay tin* mul i i?ht and fraternal slaughter was nothing more than many of thu officers around me would have men cheer fully encountered. A life of |icril is the normal condition of a soldier. In accepting, however, so rich and beav.n ful a sword, I am not insensible to the obligations it tm poses. While it is ,i distiiigiii-lnni' hoie r. I m ist, never theless, also regard it as a perpetual adtuoultlou to prove iny?elf continually h ?render truly worthy of the confl dunce end trust of which it Is the* badge, peril shall ho my constant effort . my duly and my hope. And in thin spirit I offer you again, gentlemen, my uuaffected thank*. Tl?e Kuropesn D'tili, i Bm ok, Dee.. 10.1861. Th? steamship Canada will sa for Halifax and I l.iver|MKd ut about one P. M. to .orrow. ller malls | close ut tlit; iv -t OBn it et^^u a. k. THE ISSUING OF LETTERS OF MARQUE. The Position of the United States on the Ques tion?The Act on of England and France in Regard to the Treaty of Paris? The Final Answer of Mr. Seward, Ac., &c., &c. Hit. BKWAKDTO MR. DAYTON*. IlKI'AHTMKNT OKkh-AlU, ) Washington, Sept. 10,1801. J Sri? ? Your despatch of August 2 "i (No. 36) had bneii re colveii. I learn from it that Mr Ihouvonel in unwilling to negotiate for iiu acoession by tliu United Stall's i<> tho di duration of tho Congress of Paris eimcornlng the rights ol neutrals in maritime war. except "on a distinct under standing that it Is to have no bearing, directly or indi rectly, ou the question ol tho domestic diliculty n?w ex isting in our country,' and thut to render tho matter cor taiu Mr Thouvenel promised to make a written declara tion simultaneously with his execution of the projected convention for that accession. You have sant mo a copy of a note to this offoct, ad dressed to you by Mr. Thouvenel, and have also ropre senled to mo .in otliciai conversation which ho lias held with you upon the same subiect. Tho docioratlou which Mr. Thouvenot thus promise.* to make U in these words: ? nRArr or dei i.ahation. In affixing his signature to the convention concluded on date of th is duy between France and the United Slates, the undorsigued declares, in execution of the orders of the Emperor, thai the govermueiit of his Majesty does not Inlaid to undertake by the said convention soy en gagements of a nature to implicate It, dircctly or indi rectly, in the internal indict now existing in the United Stales. My despatch of the lTth day of August last (No. 41), which you must have received some timo ago, will al ready have prepared you to expect my approval of tho decision to wait for s|>eriflc instructions in this new cinor geney si which you liavu arrived. The obscurity of the text of the declaration which Mr. Thouvcnel submits to us is sufficiently rellerod by his verbal explanations. According to your report of I he conversation, before referred to, he said that b'dli Franco ami Ureal Itritain had already annouucod that they would take no part In our domostic controversy, ami they thought u trunk nnd open declaiation in ad v ancn of tho execution of tho projected convention might save iliillc dty and mi seoMeptM hereafter. He further said, in the way of specilication, that the pro visions of the convention standing alono might hindKhg hind and France to pursue aud punish the privateers of the South as pirat 's; that thoy are unwilling to do this, nod hail so declared. He said, also, I hut we could deal with these people as we choose, and they (Rnglatid and France) could only express their ri grets on tho score of humanity, if we should deal with them as pirates, but that they could not participate in such a course, lie added, tiiat although Fnglund and France ace anxious to have the adhesion of I ho United Slates lo the declaration ol Paris, yet that tliey would rather dispense w ith it altogether tlian he dlttwu into our domestic controversy, lb' Insisted somewhat |?>iiiledlv that wo coold take no just excoption to tins outside declaration, to bo made simultaneously v villi the execution ot the convention, un less we Intended that they i England and France) shall he made parties to our controversy , and thai tho very facts of your hesitation wus an additional reason why (hey should Insist upon making eich cotemporaneous deciara tion a3 they proposed. These romarUs of Mr. Tho-.tvenol are certainly distin guished by entire frankness, n .-hill be my effort to re ply to them with mod -iui n n and candor. In 1858 France, Croat itritain, Ilussiu, Prussia, Sar dinia aud Turkoy, being assoinhlcd in Congress at Paris, with a view m modify the law of nation.- so as to melio rate the evil.', of maritime war, adopted and sot forth u declaration, which i< n the following words: ? 1. l'rtvnteeriiig is aud remains abolished. ?J. The neutral flag covers enemy'w goods, with tha ex ception of contraband of war. 8. Neutral goods , with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's Hag." 4. Blockad-s, in order to be binding, must be effective ? l hut is to say , maintained by forces autllclent really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy. The States which constituted tho Congress mutunliy agrc oil to submit the declaration to all other nation-, and nn ite l hem to accede to it. It was to be submitted us no special or narro.v treaty between particular Slate, for limited periods or spoclal pnrpow s or advantage, or under peculiar circnuistuneis: but, on the contrary, its several articles were by voluntary acceptance of maritime Powers inruns'itute a new chapter iu the law Of nations, and each one of the article-' was to be universal and efor iial in its application and obligation. France especially invited ihel nited Slates lo accede to thoseTtrticlcs. An mvit a lion was actually tendered to all other civilizo I tui tions, nnd the articles ha\ e been already adopted by fo. tv one of the Powers thus invited. The IV. tod States hcisi luted, but only for the purpose ot making an ell irt to induce the other parties lo enlurge the beucliccnt scope of ilia declaration Having failed in that odoit, they now, after a delay not unusual in such great inter imt.onal discis sions, olior their udliesiou to that decla i atiun, pitro and simple, iu lb.* form, words and manner in which it was originally adopted and accept! d by all of the forty six nations which have become parties lo it. Franc.- declines to receive tliat adhesion unless she lie allowed lo make a special declaration, which would constitute an additional and qualifying article, limiiiug the obligations of France to the United Stales to a nar rower range ihjii the obligations which the Tutted States must assume towards Franco and towards every other one of the forty six sovereigns who are parlies to it, and narrower than the mutual obligations of all those parties, i unhiding France hot self. If we should accede to that condition, it manifestly would not be the declaration of the Congress of Paris to which wo would be adhering, but a different and special and peculiar treaty between France aud tho United States only. Fvcn as such .1 treaty it would bo uu cijual. Assuming thai Mr. Thouvctiel s reasoning is cor rect, we should. in that case, be contracting an ob'lga tion, directly or indirectly , lo implicate ourselves in uny internal conflict that may now be existing, or that may hereafter occur in France, while she would be distinctly excused by us from any similar duty towards the United States. I know tlul t'rauce i? a friend, and moans to be Just and equal towards the I nit <1 Stat ? I must assume, therefore, that she man* not to make an exceptional Hrran?eiiu'nt with us. but to carry out the same arrange ment iu her interpretation or i h? obligations ot? the dc l claral ion of the Congress of Parts in regard to other Powers. Thus carried out . ihe declaration of Paris would iie e\|:o,. tided .?o us |o exclude all internal conlllcts in States from tlie application of ihe artlclon of that ee!c bra ted declaration. Most of the wars of modem timet ? perhaps of all time- ? have been insurrectionary warn, or ?? internal conflicts." If the position n iw assumed by 1 ranee should ttnis be taken by all the oilier parties to the (I oi larntn n, then it would follow that the first article of that instrument, instead ol' l>eing. in lad, a universal and effectual inhibition of the print ic? of privateering, would abrogate it only in wars between foreign nations, while if would enjoy universal toleration in civil antisocial wars. With great deference I canuot but think 'hat, thi s mod illed, the declaration of t lie Congress of Paris would lose much of tho reverence winch it has hitherto received from Christian nations. If if were proper for mc to pursue the argument further. I might add that sodition, insurrection and treason would Iind in such a new read inu of the declaration of Paris encouragement, which : would tend to render die most stable and even tho most tiuuellceut .-v> lems of government iii-eci: re. Nor do 1 know on wliiif grounds it can be contended that practices more de-truc.live fo propertj and lifoou^ht to be tolerated in civil or fratri' idal wars than are allowed iu wars be tween independent nations. I cannot, indeed, admit that lb* engagement which France is required fo make, without the qualifying docla istion in question, would directly or indirectly implicate her in our internal c< nflicls. Hill if such should he its ef fect. I must. in the tlrst place, disclaim any desioftr such an intervention on t he part of ihe United Stales. Tho whole of ttiis loug correspondent c has bud for one of ii ri objects tl e purpose of averting au> s ah intervention. If, however, such an intervention would be the lesultof theunq a llied execution of the Convention by France, then the fault clearly mi s lie inherent in tho declaration of dm Congress of Parm its-lf. and it is not a result of any thing that V c United St tie -' have done or proposed. T ao n.oiives induced tl.em to tender their adhesion to Ilia1 dclaratiou ? c .ti'mw dexirrto cooperate with olltr.r firogre*.\ic nutionr in l'i' amelioration ?/' th- r\gortof null ilime nvr; ne ''Till, v it-rirr to rdie.ee France fnm any aiiprtiiemiem of danger to the. Iv'fi or ju(<p'-rftj uf her pecpic from virileine to occur in the cour'e of th' et'i-i/ conflict in ''?hiih ict art engaged . tyl giving her, Hna*l:edtall th'ytoiraii let inthat r's/jt't ichifh er* contailied intfv drrtarntion of th* 1'onfire.if of 1'ih i-. The lattei of these two motives is uow put to rest , I 'snmi cli as Trance decline* ihe guuran , l ??* we offer. t oubtless she is satisfied thai iUt>,\ are un necessary. We have always practised on the principles ' of the di'clai a'ion. We did m> long befire they were | adopted by the Congress of Pr.ii*. sofnrasthe right of ' neutrais or friendly States at o c< nccrned. While our re latint ? wiih Krauce tftiia n as tliev now are, we shall con tinuothe sane practice none the less faithfully than if hound to do to by a solemn convenli >n. The other and higher motive will remain unsatisfied, and it will lose none of it* force. We shall be ready to accede to the declaration of Paris with every power that will agree to adopt its principle* for tho government of iu> relations to us. and nhich shall be content to accept our adhesion on the same basis o|wn which all the other parties to it have arceded. Wc know dial France has a li gli and generous ambi tion. We shall wait fur hello accept hereafter that co operation, on our |>art. in a great reform which sl.e now declines. We shall not doubt that, when the present embarrassment wlm h cans' s her to decline thi-io opera tion stall have been removed ,as it soon will bp, she will then agree with ue to go still further, sad abolish the eonfiscat.on of properly ? f non belligerent citizens and subjects in maritime war. Vnwiil inform .Mr Thocvenel that the proposed de clarat iou, on the pa 1 1 of the Kmperor, is deemed inadmis siblc 1?> the President ol the rioted States and ir it i-hall be insisted upon.vou will then inform him that you are uittrucied tor ti e pr< -ont to des si fr >m !' .rther negotia tions on the subject involved 1 am . sir. your obcitia-nt Servant W1IJ.IAM It. Sl.WARli. Wm I.. I'ivton Fsq.,&.c. Arc. lie. The Kimuval of tlic Boston f*o?t Office. I JV'tmasier t/Clioral Blair, ID his report ti Congress, al ludes to the Heft, n Post O'tlce as follows- ? 1 have made arrangements by wh.ch Hie Post Olfco in the city "'f B< ?t' ii lias been restored to tie former site, in M.'tc Street, without additional expense lo the d< part ilien . It wax dene the mor>* cheerfully because it en ubled mi' lo signily my ropnd ali.'ii of the conduct ol a pub'.c officer using the iufiuet <e of Ins oftic-al position to promote his private end? . in dtsrt .',tr<l of tli? public in tereHt. This order it s al"> bcln i-d, m in accordance Willi tho ? I dies of ii dec'de.i niaj'u it;, of the business m - tercsts alTct t.-d by II la connection there* ?* V? \ was ab'.e | to termiDate the rlaim on the fund or fl-.'.Hix), formerly | depneited by certain j?ai ties, lor dm return of which, | after deduction of tin* expcn^ei of i>ne ronim al each way, i C?.i..;rej.-- passed an act approved March itdl The sum of h.? wu required to cover the double rent ac crued during the period when the first removal was sue- ; |,< tin I In my judgment this was to In. divln-Med, as il was expressly imderstood il should he at the time of th* indemnity. The settlement was effaeiod on this lias is, jnl the sum of *!,015 16 was reluruej under that provl ion .if law , and th.^ wco im c'.osed. THE MA80N-SLIDELL AFFAIR. The Official Report of Captain Wilkes- Reasons for Nat Seizing the Trent? The Rebels Embarked Uith the Knowledge of the English Captain? The Orders for Boarding the Trent, &o., 4c., CAPTAIN Wl J.KKH TO MR. WELLIB. (jNITKIt Mr AIM STAMEB Han Jacinto, 1 At Ska. Nov. 16, 1S01. j Sir ? In my despatch by Commander Taylor I mniined myself to the reports of the movements of ihis Khip and Ui facts connected with the capture ol Messis. Mason, Slideli, Kustis and Maclurland, an I lot) ndod to wrilo you ji.i i ticularly ro'ativo to the reason.. which induced lay ac lion in miking tlies- prisoners. When I heard at (Ttciifucgos, on the south side of Cuba, of these Commissioners having landed on the Is land oi Cuba, uud Unit they wore at Havana, and would d -j>art in tlio English steamer of the 7th of November , I determined to intercept them . ami carefully examined a I tho authori ties on International law to which I hail acct.se, vis: ? Kuut, Whaton , Yattel, boside: various decisions of Sir Win. Scott and other Judges of the Admiralty Court of (iioat Britain, which bore u|>on the rights of neutrals aud their responsibi ities. The governments of Great Britain, France and Spain having issued proclamations that the < on federate States were viewed, considered and treated as belligerents, nod knowing that theyorts of tireal Hrilain, France, . Spain tin t llallurul, in the Ires/ Indies, were open to Ui'ir v- sxeU, 0 fid that they were admitted to all th e courtesies tintl protection vessels of the VniteA Stales reoeived, euery aid awl a ttiiti'n heingginn them, proved clearly that they acted u|K>n this view and decision, and brought tliern within the inter mitioiial law of search ami under the responsibilities. 1 thcrifore. jeH no htti ation in boarding am! searching all vessel', of whatever na't n, J fetl in n i h, ami ha it dune so. Tho question arose iu my miud whether 1 had tho right t'> capture the |>ers< ns of these CommiSHionerp ? whether t hoy were amenable to capture, 'lhuio was no doubt I hail tho right to capture v us sols with written despatches; they are expressly referred to in all authorities, subject ing the vessel to seizure and condemnation if the captain of the vessel had tho kuowle go of their being on board. Hut these gentlemen were not despatches in the literal sense, and did not seem tocomeuudor that designation, ami nowhere could 1 find a case in ) olnt. That they were Coin miss loners I had ample prc.or from their own avowal, uud bent on miscblovousund traitorous i mnds against our country ? to overthrow its institu tions and enter into treaties and alliances with foreigu States, expressly forbidden by the coiwtit ti n. They hud turn presents'! I" tin Captain dwralof Cuba by her British Majesty's < 'on sol General, but the Captain General told me lie had not received thorn in that capa city. but as distinguished gentlemen and .Iran :ors. I then considered Ilium as the embodiment of de spatches, and ns they had openly declared themselves as charged with all authority from the Confederate govern

ment to form treaties and alliat.ee- tending to tile esta blishment ol their independence. 1 berauio satisfied that their mission was adverse a'nl criminal to tho 1 tn in, and it therefore became my drty to arrest iheir progress and ciptnre them, if they ha I no passports or paporslrom tli ' federal governtn'iit , ns provided for under the law of nations, viz: ? "That foreign ministers of a belligerent on board of neut'al s' 1 s are required to possess papers from the other belligerent to permit them to pass free." Report and assumption gave them the title ol" ministers in Franco and Knglui d, but inasmuch as th y had not been received by either of these Howe s, 1 did not con ceive they had immunity attache I to their persons; and were hut oscapod eonspiratois plotting ami contriving to o\ erthrow the government of the (fniio I States, and thoy were therefore not to be "cimsidnred as having any claim to the iuimuniti 'S attached to tlio character they thought fit to assume. As respect tho stenmer in which tliev embarked,! ascertained iu the Havana that she was a merch mt ves. .-el plying between VeraCruz, the llav.u aandSt. Thomas, carrying the mail by contract. The oti<iU of the re: , th ? s m of III e Hritih Consul at /fa vana , va. irrll aware of the character o f these jersnis. that they ftigayed their pnsnagr and did emttar!,- in the r. set; his father kaji vitiM th/rn . and introduced them as Minister* of Ih" Confaleratc States, on their toty to fm/'oni (in<( f'unre. Ihey 10 mi in th' rt'amtr with theknowMgeuntl consent of ih e captain, who endeavored afterwards to conceal thorn by refusing to exhibit the iiassengi-r :.-.t ami t lie papers Of t hit vessel. Tnrre can h* HO diubt hr kitnc thf 1/ were cttr ryivg highly im/i>rtaut desjxitchett. and were cnd.md with iiuirih liitnt inimi al to th? Cnitetl States. This rendered his vessel (a neutral) a good prize, and f determined to lake iKisscosii u or hei uml, as I mentioned in my report, s.'i (1 her ('? Key West for adjudication, who.o I am well -ialisfled Bin* would have been condemned fur carrying these persons, and for resisting to be can-hod; tho cargo was also liable, as all the ship]*irs were knowing to the cuibarkat'ou of tlio-o live dosiatcho*. an. I their traitor ocs motive* anil actions to tho Union of tho United states. 1 forbore to seize her, however, in consequence of my being so reduced In otlieers and crcw,aud tho derange ment it would cause innocent per?ons, thore being a large number of passengers, who wo id have boon put to great loss and inconvenience us well as disappointment from t lie interruption It would have caused them in not being able to join the steamer from Si- Thomas for Europe. I, therefore, concluded to sacrifice the interests of my ofl'. cers and crew In the prize, and suffitred tho steamer to proceed after tho iu>eessar> detention to cffoct tho trans itu* of these Commissioners, considering I had obtained tiie important end ! had in view, and which atlected the interests of our country, and interrupted the action of that of the Confederates. 1 would add that the conduct of h >r Britannic Majesty's subjects, both oflicial and others, showed but little regard or obedience to her proclamation , by aiding and aWlliay the view* and endeavming (o conceal the person* of the Con i mitsimers. I have pointed out sufficient reasons to show you that my anion in this ease was derived from a llrm conviction thai il became m\ duty to make these parties prisoners, and to bring iheni (?> the United States. Although in my giving up this valuable prize 1 have deprived lb? officers and crow of a well earned reward, 1 am assured they are quite content to forego any ad van tages which might have accrued to them under tho cir eumstances. 1 may add that, having assumed the responsibility, I am willing to abide the result. 1 am, very respectfully, your obedient servant. ( HARI.ICS WT1.KES, Captain. Hon. Gintr* W't t.ras, Secretary of the Navy. TitF. OBDKRB VOK BOAKDiKG THE TRENT. I'.M'rro Stacks Sikamkb San Jacinto, 1 AtSsa. Nov. 8,18B1. ]' Sip.? You Will have the second and third cutters of this ship fully manned and armed, and be, in all respects, pre pared to board the steamer 'l'reut, now hovo to under our guns. (la boarding her you w ill demand tbn papers of the steamer, her clcaiaucc I'roin Havana, with the list of passengers and crew . Should Mr. Mason, Mr. Slidell, Mr. EuBtis and Mr. Mac farlatiil be on board you will make them prisoners, and send tliem on b ./aril this ship immediately, and tak-> pes session of her ?s a prize. 1 do not deem it will bo necessary to use force ? that the prisoners will have tho good s?nse to avoid any no ees.-itytor using it; but, if they should, they must be made to understand that it is their own fault. They must be brought on board. All trunk?, cases, packages and bags, belonging to them, you will take possession of and send on board this ship. Any despatches found ou the persons of the prison ers or in possession of those on board the steamer, will be taken possession of also, examined and retained if ne cessary. I havo understood that the familes of these gentlemon may be with them ; if so, I lie;; you will oflbr some of tlie'm, in my name, a passage in this ship to the United Plates; aud that all the attention and comforts wo can command are tendered them, and will be placed at their service. In the event of their acceptance, should there lie any thing which the captain of tho stcumer can spare to in crease the comforts in the way or necessaries or stores, of which a war vessel is deficient, you will pleaso to procure them; t lru amount will bo paid for by thopaymas lor. l.iautenant .lames. A. lireer will takeehargo of the third cutter, which accompanies you, aud will assist you in these duties. 1 trust that all tlu-se under your command, in execut ing this important and delicate duty, will conduct them solves with all the delicacy aud kindness which becomes the character of our naval service, lam. very respect. I ully, your obedient servant. CHAR1.ES W1TJKES, Captain, lieutenant P.M. Uairsai, United States Navy, Execu tive Officer. San .laclnto. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Tck?iuy, Dcc. 10-6 P.M. The following is a eoinpaiativc statement of tho exports (exclusive ot specie) from the j.ort of New York to foreign ports lor the week ending December 10 aud since January 1:? lSiiP. 1X60. 1861. for the week $l.m;c.9(K> '.',147,413 3.404M,"i I rtvioi.sly reporicd.tl ,612.723 92 687, 716 124,&17.27ii g r.ee Jan. 1 f*i.j,A7S?.#.??2 94 ,($&, 1.9 127,922,228 This i* another heavy -shipment. nnd raises the I excess over last year to over *33,000,000, and over lfijO to over Itl 4 ,000,000. It is this excels of ex. ports whieli renders it so difficult a matter for the 1 speculators in exchange to keep tlie nuirket up for more thaw a single steamer. Our exports are really more than double ota imports. In the ffcea of this bankers decline to sell bills on I.ondoti tinder lOfl, their rates on Paris being lower, however- say 6*17% a IS;1;. The pros pect is that at wilier corner is being attempt) d, and t trat the speculators will run bills up to for the Saturday's steamer. This should cause no tiueasinestk Tha state of our foreign commerce justifies 110 advance in hills to {lie specie shipping pint, and if exchange docs vise to Vhfcl point, it may be taken for granted that, the advance is fictitious, and cannot . v-,t. All the bankers in New York could not manage to sell bills enough to ship u quarter of n million of gold u week, even if exchange rose to 110. Money continue* very easy, the ra* -ing 5 to 6 for call loans, and about the same for firs' class paper. Many capitalists are diaappo nted that the 8c ictar j t>r the Treasury does not otter theu^*H opportunity of lending thefr money to government at an exorbitant rate of interest. It is understood that very few of our rich men have invested in Treasury notes ; the forty-eight millions which have been taken have gone into the pockets of men of small means. Stocks open this morning rather lower nn the ge icral list, the advance of yesterday having in < u"ed many operators to realize profits. The Scotsman's story is vehemently assailed by the bears and Southern sympathizers; some of the boldest among the latter put out their options with freedom on the prospect of it* proving a hoax Pacific Hall, at the first board, fell off 1% per cent. Now\ork Central a4, Erie %, Erie preferred %, and the Western shares about % a % each. Govern ments and State stocks were firm. Alter the board the market was better, but business was limited. A* the second board Pacific Mail fell off %, Erie %, Oa" jena %, Toledo % , Rock inland %, other stocks be* ing generally steady. The market closed steady at the decline, the following being the Inst quota, tions:? United States G's, registered, 1881, 8D:,4 a 90; do. G's, coupon, 1881, 93% a 93%; do. 5's, 1874, 82:l4 a 83; Virginia G's. 48 a 48%; Tennessee 6'a, 41 a 43; North Carolina G's, 59 a GO; Missouri G's, 40% a 41; Pacific Mail, 87% a 88 ; New York Central, 78% a 78%; Erie, 32 a 32%; do. preferred, 53 a 53%; Hudson River, 37% a 37 '4; Harlem, 12 a 12%j do. preferred, 30 a ?; Reading, 33% a 34; Michigan Central, 49% a 49%; Michigan South ern and Northern Indiana, 18 a 18%; do. guaran teed. 38%' a 38%; Panama, 114 a 114%; Illinois Central, 81% a 61%'Galena and Chicago, 70% a 71; Cleveland and Toledo, 33% a 33%; Chicago and Rock Island, 63% a 53%; Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, 5H% a 59%; Milwaukee and Prairie du Chien, 19 a 19%; Illinois Central bonds, 7's, 87 a 87 Delaware and Hudson Canal, 81 a 81%; Pennsylvania Coal, 78 a 7*%. The report of the Secretary of the Treasury is the exclusive topic of conversation in mercantile and financial circles. Of course persous interested in existing banking institutions do not relish the idea of having to redeem their present circulation in coin, and then send more coin to Washington to buy stocks to serve as a basis for new issues. In New England, the northern part of this State, and other sections of the North, Mr. Chase's plan will meet with as determined opposition from the bank ers as the Proo Hanking law encountered at the hands of the Safety Fund banks in this State a quarter of a century or more ago. In course of time, however, the obvious advantages of a uniform and perfectly secure paper currency will outweigh all the objections of existing banks, just as the palpable merits of the free banking system overbore the arguments of the safety fund bankers. As, however, the contest will take time, considera ble anxiety is felt with regard to the methods by which Congress will, meanwhile, provide money to oarry on the war. Mr. Chase requires, in round numbers, $000,000,000, between this and the 1st of July, 18G3. In his report he merely states that this money must be obtained "by loans." lie does not indicate a preference for any kind of bond or Treasury note over any other, says nothing about the interest which tlio government should pay ? in a word, leaves the whole subject to Congress. Many of our leading bankers seem to think that Congress will find it a difficult mutter to borrow $000,000,000 ? say $35,000,000 a month for eighteen months ? before July, 1803, at any ordi n.iry rate of interest. The associated banks of New York, Philadelphia and Boston have already lent the government $14 1,000,000, and are under a semi-engagement to advance $">(>,000,000 more in January. Of this amount they have sold to the public, in the course of four months, about $48,000,000. How much more can they take? Will Congress offer Uuited States stocks so low as to invite competition from abroad? Or will the exigency be met by the passage of a very simple bill authorizing Mr. Chase, at liis discretion, to pay the creditors of government in Treasury notes bearing a nominal rate of interest, and rendered a legal tender by law? These are problems which are engrossing public attention in Wall street. The banks to-day paid into the Sub-Treasury $4 ,05G, 834 in gold and demand notes, being their first payment on account of the last loan nego tiated by Mr. Chase. The aggregate proceeds of that negotiation were (44,056,634, and to-day's payment leaves $40,000,000 subject to the draft of the Secretary. Orders have been received at the sub-treasuries of Boston, New York and Philadel phia to sell no more Treasury notes bearing date August 19, the public having absorbed about $18,000,000 of them. The following was the busi ness of the Sub-Treasury to-day: ? Receipts $4,911,034 40 ? For customs 99,000 00 ? On account of loan 4.633,4(17 44 Payments, including redeem'd6 per et. notes S0S,74tf 87 Ihilanc.e . 9,842,816 41 The exchanges at the Bank Clearing House thi morning were $18,253,200 49, and the balances $1,552,927 67. The Boston Traveller of yesterday says: ? Tho Boston Clearing House to day re|torls tho specie holding by the city banks to be $8,850,000 in gold, silvers and copper coin, which is much tho largest amount yet attaliiod by I hem institutions this year. At least ono million more is d ic'from New York. Tho Sub Treasury also holds Ave millions, which will soon be paid out for the public service. The weekly statement of the Philadelphia banks, made up on Monday afternoon, presents the fol lowing aggregates as compared with those of the previous week: ? Dfi1. 2. Drc. 9. Capital stock $11,970,100 111,970,150 Loans ;;o.o4?,or?i: 81,100,603 ?Specie 7.404,630 7,266,912 Due from other banks.... 1,697,944 1,418,447 Dtte to other banks 3,624,251 3,025,010 Deposits 23,047,331 22,991,036 Circulation 2,243,828 2,237,409 $1000 III cou bds, '79 82, V 11000 111 cou bds, '69 82 1000 N Carolina 6's lOOOTenn fl'H, '90.. 9000 Missouri 6s... 22000 do 15600 California 7's.. 4000 Chi SN'ltl m COCO do CO shs Penn Coal Co 100 l'ac M SS C'o,.bl0 415 do 00 do 1-10 loo Hudson Ri\ er KR 60 do 25 do 150 Harlem RR prof. . 1100 N Y Central RR. 00 do sl8 oo do.. slO 200 do S30 3<M> do 50 do blO Stock Exchange. Ttkhimy, Pec. 10. 1861. 16 shs Krie RR pref. 53T? 50 do 830 63# 100 Harlem RR 12 V 150 do 12 V 200 Reading RR 33V 100 do 1)10 33 V 126 Mich Central RR. 49 V 60 do slO 49,V 50 M 8 k N la gu slk 38 \ fio Panama RK..sl0 114'a 124 do 114,'i 100 III Cen RR scrip.. 61 V 160 do 330 Clave S Pitts RR. 10 do 160 Clove k Tol RR. . 200 do slO 200 Chi k RW I RK... 69 V 43 M 41 40'? 82 38 V 38 J; 78 88 88 >4 37 V ? 37' 5 3?V 78 V do. 50 K0 50 210 100 60 do. do. do. do. do. do. ? ?10 .blO .860 .slO ..<30 10 100 do kIJ 78.V 150 Eric KR 32', 400 do 32 'a 100 do 32 >J 200 do SlO 32'j 100 Erie RR pref ... . 63 V (SECOND BOARU $10000 I' r5 6 s '67 ... 88 100 sli 15000 1' 8 6 s '81 con inoo Mtcb 8 w'k wis 5000 California 7's. . 2"00 X Y Cent RR 6 s 2000 H K RR con bds 30(H) M S2dmlgas'd 10# Rhs Pnm Coal pref 75 Pac Mail 88 Co. . . 5 do. ISO N Y Cent RR .... *0 Erie HP. loo do blO 6 Mil 4 P du Ch RR 23 Mil &PduClst pf 16 Mil & Pdu C 2d pf ?1 % 16 l.i V 33 V 33?,, 63% 63?, 54 63 V 54 54 54 19V 1?H 76 fi(t'4 60 81 81 '4 67 4 V 87', Krie RR 100 do . 50 Krie KR pi if. ... 200 Harlem RR pref. . l*8i Reading RK 100 Mi. h (cntRR 49 V MI M < JfcNI r'lln U 38 V 50 Panama RK.. l.:io 114!, Tim ill l eiil RR scrip. 61V 100 Clave it Pitta RK. "00 ? lev.* A Tol KR .. 100 do MO 460 Chi Ac Kit 1 RH . 32 31V 68 V 30 34 16 33'i 33 V 53 V t'lT V COM >1 KRC1 A I. REPORT. Tcksday, J>ec. lo? e P. M. Amis? The n.jirket ? as steady, with limited sa!? of pots aiid fails lit unchanged prices. P.HKiosivvFS. ? Hcmr ? The market wrvfi less attire and buoyant, while sotae brands war* etis.er, and do. ed at a doclro of about '/ a 10c. per feH., espeotaliy for common brands. The ukU s footed tip about 18,000 bbls., closing within tho following range of quotations: ? ' S\H>orIln? State f j 40 a 6 60 Kxira to fancy State 6 62l?a 5 85 Ertna Western 5 40 a ;> so mon lo choice extra \V?<toru 6 70 a 5 85 Lilian 6 <15 a 6 80 ^ Southern mixed to good uui>erfine r? 7.? a 0 2."> Extra do 6 HO a 7 25 | (icod to choice family do t a S 00 ,7 vo flour 3 15 a 4 50 c<;ru meal, Jersey and Hraudywiue 3 00 a 3 :?> ClU1on''',n flour was la lair demand, while prices were lower. ThO ..""l1'* cwbrucod about l.SlO bbla. , clusiuf within tlie range ,h" above quotations. Southern dour wan less activo, whll?' I'f'WF were steady ; the sales em braced about 1,100 within tha above range of Ugures. Kjre flour Was steady at our priccs, with Hales of 175 bbla. Corn meal wan tirm at quotation*, with galea of '200 bbU. Huck whoat flour wait Helling at $1 TO a $1 85 per 190 lb* Wheat was llrmur, and about lr. higher, especially s"""1 winter red. The sales embraced about 106,000 bushels at $1 50 for white Kentucky, $1 34 a $1 40 for winter r?d Western, (1 35 a #1 ;>7 for red Slate, $1 31 a $1 32 for Canada club, $1 40 a $1 41 for while Canada, $1 42a $1 40 lor white Ohio and Indiana and |1 45 a $1 50 for white Michigan. Corn was rather llrmer, with a good de mand front the trade. The sal en footed up aboul II'J.(mn) bushels at 64c. for inferior, and 05c. a 05! jo. for Western mixed for shipment, and at 07 V. for Western yellow. Harley was in good request, with -.-ales of 17.500 bushels at 70c a 75e. for Canada Kast, 75e. for good Slate, and at 75c. u 80c. tor Cauada Went. Kyo wis timet and prices were iturli uigod. Oat* were heavy and lower, wilh sal<-s of Canadian, Western .md State at 43c. a 44c. Cot-nu: ? The market was firm and sales w.ere limited. Holders demanded higher prices, which buyers weie uti willing to pay. Meters. Win. K.ott & Son give tho follow ing account of stock sales, 4c., in their weekly circular of to-day : ? Stock of Kio and Santos on the 3d December, 1H01. 54,305 hags: received since to date, 8,033 ? total, 02,338; sales for consumption ostimated at 4,700. St' ck of Uio and Santos on the 10th day of December, 1801, 57,038 bags: Java, 1.200 mats, U50 government bags; Ceylon, 6,132 mats, 240 bags; Marnc.tibo, 13,130 bays; I/Oguayra. 310; St. Domingo, 300: other descriptions, 27f? total mats and bags, 82,181. The stock ou Dec. 7? At Haltlmore was 18,000 baas; at Philadelphia , 3,800 at New Yo^k, 57,038. Cono.N,? The market Arm ami prii-eB unchanged; the *alcs embraced about 1,800 bales, part to spinners, clos ing tirm on the ba^is ol 31c. a 31 Uc. per lb. Krkiuhtx.? To Liverpool 34,000 Duahols of wheat were engaged In bulk and ship's b.iga at 7?,tl. , 3,400 IiIi r Hour til os. it ml I'iO boxes bacon at 30s. To London 1,000 bush els wheat ware engaged at 9tjd. in ship's bags T<> llin le 4,000 bbls. flour were engaged ut 70c. and 30,000 bushels wheat at 18c., shipistr's tings. A vessel was tak'll up to load for Cork and a market with svhoat hi 7.- 44. per quarter of 4so lbs. in bulk, "lo Antwerp tl.Oi'O bushels wheat were engaged in a British ship at 11VI. in ship's bugs, and 100 bbls. oftallo.v at 35s. Hay ? Was in good request in part on government no. count, with sales for shipment at 70c. aud for city me at 75c. a 80c. Hom. ? All prime qualities were firm, whde comun n were more buoyant, wc quote fair to probe as 17c a nt. old hops wore firmly held, whilo sales were limited. The exports for the wnek have been, to London 150 bales, to Liverpool SO bales, total for the week, 180 bales; pre viously reported, 17,363 bales? toial since January 1, 17, M3 bales. Mic a*-)?* was quiet and prices wero unchanged. Naval Stork-'. ? spirits turpentine wa.s steady at $1 36. Common rosin was hold ut $0 75 a $5 87 'j . uud No. 2 at $6 25. I hovj-ions. ? fork ? The market was heavy and for some kinds rather lowr; tho transactions footed up about 700 nfiOO bbl- . , at $12 25 a (12 75 for old and now mess, and $S .'.0 a f for prime, and at $13 a $13 50 for Western prime me-.s; city printo moss was al $14 a $14 25. Hot f was active and firm, with sales ol 500 a 00O bbls., at $1150 a $12 for plaiu mess, aud nl {13 a $13 87), for extra. Sales of 300 bbls. India mess w ero made at $2 'j a f-j:;. Beef hams Were steady . with tales of go hhds. at $15. Bacon was iu good demand at stoady rates, with sales of 700 boxes at 7'4c. for long city, and 7 '^'c. for long clear, tleliveruble w ithin the present month. Ctit meats were stoa ly, with sales of 150 packages at 5c. for pickled shoulders, aud 6c. a 7c. for hatus. Dressed hog* were in fair demand at 45,c. a 4\c. Lard was less buoy ant, but the muiket was active, with sales of 6,000 a 7,000 packages, on (be spot, at K&c. a 9 >,'c. , and for .iauuary delivery at 8?^c. Hotter was firm, especially for choice Stato, and in good demand at full prices. Cheese was uncharged, while llio demand was fair. Sl'OARs were held with so much firmness as to restrict sales, which worocoullned to about 212 nhds., including 60 lihtls. 1'orto Rico at 8*.{e. Tho remainder emb aced ^ubos. 7'^c. a 8VC-, and 24 boxes at 8c. , and a small lot of melaaO ;it priv:jts l$13Ps- Messrs. R L. A; A. Stuart have establish d the fofowlntf pflccS for 1 lie if refilled gootls: ? Best quality loaf sugar, lie. per lb.; best quaiitjr crushed sugar, lO^c; circle A crushed s igur, 10 V c . ; granulated sugar, lO'^c.; ground sugar, 10 ';c. ; white sigar ? A, 10J,c.; yellow sugar ? C,10lae. Wiiiskkt. ? The market closed with more firmness, atul sales of about 500 bbls. wero made at 20 '4c. a 20.;?c. Tora<co. ? Stocks of Kentucky are very small, prices very lirni, and transactions -in consequence more limited: the sales wore 278 hints. Kentucky, lie. a 14c.; 14s bales Havana, 36c. a 42c.; 101 casus seed leaf, 7>?c. a 10>?c. SHIPPING NEWS. AI.MANAC roll NFW TORK? THIS DAT. (UN RISKS... 7 l.'i | MOON SKIS 1110111 1 M ?UN .SfcTS 4 S) | 11 tun WATKH morn 3 Ti Port of Ntw York, Dcrtmbcr 10, 1801. CLEARS). Stoamsliip United Kingdom (Br), Craig, Glasgow? F McDo nnlil A Co. Steamship Kat link (Br), LcMcattrler, Nassau and Havana*? E Cunard. Ship Linda, Kavnrln, Valparaiso? PahbrI & Olianncy. Ship Queen of tlie Kait, , Panama? Crockcr A War ron. Ship Star of Acadia (Br), Wren, Liverpool ? O E Conk. Ship Oriental Queen (Swe), l'rytze, Queen stow u ? l'niicli, Melni ke A \\ eodt. Bui k Young (Jreek, Taylor, Shanghne? Basseti, Bacon A Co. Bark Flamingo (Swe), Toglrhjohu, Qiieeustown ami a mar ket ? Kuneh, Melncke A Wendt. Brig Helena, Buy, Gtiaduloupc ? II ,1 A (' A Dewolf. Brig Lucy Darling, Louper, Nassau? .1 Eneas. Brig Uartba Jane (Br), Corbetl. 8t John, NB? P 1 Nevlua A Sun. Selir Seguine, Elliott, St Croix? Maillcr, Lord A Quercau. Sehr Florence Rogera, Beatty, Havana? N II Brlgham. Srh r I' lilane (Br.', Crane, St Jago de Ouha ? II J A 0 A Dewolf. Selir Tom Saycrs, Dai ison, Halifax? J F Whitney A Co. Selir Col I.eKter, Dc'anov, Key West? 11 Bonner. S-lit- Francis Elciiotc, Smith, Baltimore? Van Brunt A S'acht. Sehr Belle, , Baltimore? J W M 'Kce. Selir Wide World, Adams, Baltimore? MeCrcady, Moll A Co. Sehr Enterprise, I,ewls, Snowhtll? A C Havens. Sehr A B Jacobs, Jones, Snowhtll? A C Havena. Sehr Mary Patterson, ti ilfrrv, Philadelphia? ,i W McKee. Sehr Ella, Packard, Philadelphia? Baker A Dayton. Sehr I. I, Sharp, McEiwidl, Philadelphia? Master, Sell i' >1 Achorn, Creed, Sandy Hook? Master. Schi John WllL'ht, Clark, Portland ? H S Rackett. Sehr Mary Maiiktu, Beeis. Boston ? Master. Sehr Cabot, Lambert, Boston -J W McKee. Selir Sterling, Ilill, New Haven? Van Brunt A Slaght. SehrTarlfl. Provost. Stamford? Van Brunt A Slaga t. Selir Dnrt, Johnson, Stamford? Van Brunt A S bight. Sehr M M Krainard, Dibble, Clinton ? II S Rackclt. Steamer Ellon S 'I'eny (US transport), Cliaptn, Locust Point. Steamer Jersey Blue, Chadsey, Baltimore. Steamer RarUan. Slover, Philadelphia. ARRIVED. Si hr Maria Jane (Br, of St Andrews, NB), Crosby, Havuua, 16 days, with sugar, to master. Selir Three Slaters, Gray. Berlin, Md. Selir Mary P Burton, Couwell, Delaware. Sehr Ainytla, Oookln, Elizabothport, and sailed for Boston. Scbr Cornelia, Mackey, Elizubcthnort, and willed for Fall River. Selir D M Moserole, Brown, Elizabothport. Selir Lamartiiie, Lowell, Eli/abclbport, and sailed for Canibridgoport. SchrP F Brady, Ball, Eli/.abethport. Bclir Henry Wolcott, Wolcott, Elizabcthport, and failed for Oceanporu Sehr Mary, Boyd, I.nbe.c, 15 days. Sehr Moro, Mitchell, Providence. Sehr Ella, Packard, Sandwich, Sehr Cat-oil lie Grant, Pressor, Rondout for Boston. Sloop lien Lewi*. 11 ubliard, Elizaheibuort, and tailed for Norwalk. Sloop Franklin, Avery, Elizabcthport, and sailed for New London. Sloop Suffolk, Sinison, Elizabothport. Sloop 1. Price, Shrockmorlon. Ellzabethoort. and sailed for Red Bank. Sloop Isaac Blauvelt, Moirell, Elizaliethport, and sailed for Darion, Sloop Mediator, Bostwick, Elizahclliport, and sailed for Biidgeport. Steamer Win 1' Clyde (U 8 transport), Laughlin, Loctia Point. Steamer Jersey Blue (U S Irausport), Chadsey, Locuat Po'nt.Hn ballast. SienmrrCoiiimerce (U S transport), nunter, Locust Point in ballast. Steamer Concord. Norman, Philadelphia. Steamer Mars. Nichols. Philadelphia. Steamer Anthracite, Janes. Philadelphia. Steamer Comet. Jonea. Philadelphia. Steamer Westchester. Jones. Providence. 8 A II. ED. 9lh? Ships Aurora, Celestial Empire, Constitution, anil American Union, Liverpool; Siena Nevada, San Franeleon; barks Oriental, Hong Kong: Kduard (Prus), Roller um; Lisette (Prus). Autwerp; Ang?Iina (Sard). Cork, A Peiulcc grasl (Br), Lisbon; sehr E G Knight. Moulego Bay. Wind at sunset SE, very light. Mlirella nt oHi, The steamship United Kingdom, Captain Craig, sailed yesterday afternoon for Glasgow, with twenty-three passen" gera The st< amship KarnaH, Captuln Le Veesurler, sailed yea. terday afternoon for Havana an4 Nassau, NP. She takea out one hundred passeiifci rs. Hit Bark Aunks i*aki ami (previously reported ashore on Quogue i, Is full of water. Oil cuska have been put Into her, and It is expected she will dom oil tirst spring tide. Brio MaXsasii i.a, at Portland from Matmz.aa, report* on night of 80'h olt. in the South Channel, the wind blowing u gale from NNE. l"e mat**, Mr Richard I*ane. (if Boston, was lost overboard; durit g the sen e gale, the captain was knock ed overboard. but regained the ve-eel by a line being thrown hint. The bi ig lost main boom ami jib. Baiu Jos Paw*, burn' by the privateer Sumter, was 214 tons register, b'-tlt at Prospect, Me, In ISIS, owned in Boston, and rated At. Brio Mat VrtKH?TL? ?|i?is and rigging, and a small poi* to n of the ? h -go of bug > Q;cen. ashore on Naiit' c!i' l, have been saved, and SS'i'l'il il.e weather ? atin <? favorable, more of the , aino may be got 'lit, ;n ill, li in a di>m..kcd con dition. Thr v esfel |? i.lmi'ly will b?- a toul 1 >ss. Bit Scmt Arm u. Tla't, fr'-m Mifa'it'an t. r N' "V York, with mahogany and ceilw, pui i? o I'l i'a.letiihia tub inst In di? tre-a. Rei hi ih l.Vh ult. in the i I of Me?|c,., dm in-, a vio lent gale, sprung Rtaliima*t and b ?? *; : It, ? m i ied away fi ie gull, audloal jib atitl llytag jib. anu aistiuned otkif.r ihim.t,:e. ?Sciir Strahcu? Pori laud, Dec ID? Thes hr Stiangei, o! Cranbuery Isle, from E.ist|? it for New York, with a cargo of f sh and laths, la badly nalnire <m Peuka Island, neat he IT, ntid will pwibftbljr be a total [oaa. (By tel to Ellwood Wain r, hf t fteccrtary ffnard of I'n lerwrlters.) It was the sehr Dtinh I Tro.v m idge (not Ihe bug n' that name ' that was bin ni it h? the privateer Sumter. T!>e D T was IS! tuna register, built at Fntrhtiven in 1836, owned in New Haven, and ruteu The DTlntda full inhtarii caigu, antl a diH'k load of cattlc, sheep and liovses. principal | part (if hi* inboard conslsied of pork, tiour,ebt?se?tid hums | llAUfAX, NR. Dee!)?' The hark Eleanor, vrKm New Vork? : with n catvo of grain and Hour for O oitcesit r, lias put in here I lei;k> tint' cargo shifted. Had to tii,"tr\ uverboaid tiart oi 1 cargo; w ill have to dlti'iatge. (C.V tr! to EHwiOd Walter, , Esi|, Secretary Bisird of Underwriters ) Ship Anwl (llbbs, of Fulrhaves, MO tons, rccenily arrived from Cumberland Iniet. was ^f,|d at auction at New Bedford 7 i:i?l, hv Ma i. Uourne, lo.tfltias Roitme, Jr. of New Bedford i i'or (11, Uki. AUo( CI bat k Benj Cutontlni-, "f Dat w