24 Ocak 1862 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

24 Ocak 1862 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TH i ?? ?? ? WHOLE NO. 9266. IMPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY. Additional Details of the Battle of Mill Spring. Desperate and Decisive Bayonet Charge of the Union Troops. Genera) Duel) Master of the Situation in Kentucky, Ac., Ac., Ac. CwojuuTi, Jan. 23, 1862. The Somerset correspondent of the Cincinnati Timet ays:?At seven o'clock Sunday morning the enemy drove in tbo pickets or tne Tenth Indiana, stationed nt tlie forks of tho road, eight miles from Somerset. The tenth were drawn up in line and moved into the woods, where they were met by the enemy,?,000 strong, who instantly opened upon them. General Thom.is immediately ordered up the Ninth Ohio, Second Minnesota and Fourth Kentucky to support the Tenth Indiana, the latter holding the enemy in check nearly half an hour before being reinforced. The First and Second Tennessee were ordered up on the right wing for the purpose of outltankmg the enemy. Standart's and Whitmore's artillery, in the meantime, shelling the enemy in tbo woods. After boing engagod nearly two hours the Ninth Ohio, Second Minnesota and Fourth Keutucky made a desperat" bayonet charge upon the enemy, drove them from tbo woods, completely routing aud pursuing them to their tntreuchmeats. In the h 'at of the engagement Captain Kinney ordered one section of his battery within sixty yards of the enemy's line, and opened a deadly fire upon them, which added greatly to the success of the day. vOcr advance arrived within sight of the enemy's intrenchments one hour before dark, and opened upou them with shot and shell. Night closing in put a stop to furthor demonstrations. At daylight the next morning a steamboat was ob served transporting troops across the Cumberland. Whitmore's battery of Purrott guns was brought to bear on the b9at, which la a fytt QitMltes afterwards was in Unmet. The fenth Kentucky and Fourteenth Ohio were ordered "forward by Goneral Thomas to advance on the enemy's breastworks, moving up in line of buttle. Scaling the hitrencbmcnts they found the camp entirely deserted, and everything standing as when occupied by the enemy. Bouses, tonts, horses, mules, wagons, baggage, caunon, ammunition and firearms were found in perfect preservation. Tbe enemy's forces in the attack were' led by Crittcn. den and Zollicoflbr, and wero eight thousand strong. The Union forces in the fight did not exceed three thou Yesterday's Ixmisvllle Journal says the instructions of General Buellshow that ho is fully master of the situation. It was arranged that General Thomas should leave Jamestown and General SchoepT advance from Somerset, thus hemming General 7ol!icoffer in from the west and north. Some rebel spy carried tho intelligence of Geo. Thomas' movements to tho rcbol camp, and Gen. Zollicolfer, mak. log a forced march (Saturday afternoon, reached General Thomas' encampment early Suuday morning. In the meantime Major Shepherd, of the (eighteenth regulars, Colonel Muncons brigade; tho Tenth Indiana, Colonel Harlan's Tenth Kentucky, Colonel Fry's Fourth Kentucky, reached General Thomas' camp after a forced march or twenty-live miles, an that he was able to advence upon the rebels and drive them before him, until they reached their intreochmeute at night. A private letter from Somerset says thai citizens and soldiers are straggling in, loaded with trophies of the battle. Oar bullets were ennt with unerring aim. Many f the rebela were shot in the forehead, breast and Stomach. The Union people here flocked to the battle field in droves, and are jubilant at the result. It is thought that Oen. Crittenden is taken, disguised as a surgeon. Washington. Jan. 22,1862. Jodge lfcCook hu received a den patch informing him that hie eon, General Robert L. McCook, was painfully tout not dangerously wounded In the battle at Rill Spring. Three balls passed through his horse, one through bis coat, the flfth struck him. Quartermaster Honk, in a despatch to Senator Johnson, from Somerset, says:?General ZollfcolTcr is killed. ' know it, for I have seen hie dead body, toe have achieved one of the most glorious victories on record. The rebels fled, leaving everything behind. We hare taken about fourteen hundred horses and eighty wagons. AFFAIRS IN CENTRAL KENTUCKY. OUR MUHFORD8VILI.E CORRESPONDENCE. Camp Wood, IfiNruKDSviua, Ky., Jan. 20, 1802. The Policy of the Goivrnment Tbwards the Slate*?Secretary Cameron's Resignation Giee* I'nfeiyned Satisfaction to Kentwkian*?Ike Course of Our Military Com man! en?The Contrabands at Camp Wood?llow Fiujittee Slarc* are Receirt<l at the Federal Outposts, rfo. 0 It is quite apparert, wheu we review the past course of the present administration, that, until very lately, no policy in regard to slaves had been decided upon, but all action of military commanders and legislative bodies bad, in this regard, been controlled by circi instances. Ills believed hero in military circles that at last the administration has decided upon a policy, and the dismissal of Mr. Ohio roll is received hp an indication (hut that course and that policy are in accordance with the wed known conservative views of (ic.uerai MH'lcllan. This decision has Riven unfeigned pleasure and satisfaction to those interested in the subject in this region and camp. Indent], nowhere has the treatment of the delicate subject of contrabands given more satisfaction than ill the Department of the Ohio; and, as the action here is looked upon as lliu practical working of the policy of the Commander in Chief, it dorives ndditi< nil interest from I hat fact. In this department atone has tieneral Met I dlon been enahled to follow unrestrictedly the dictates of lits own judgment, and It may serve a good purpose to glvo the result u little ventilation. When Gotieral McClellnn came into the command of the Department of the Potomac, his views on the subject of, and his previous acllou in regard to slaves, came hi conflict with the practice ot those previously in command. No regulat d and indexible policy had been pursued, and In ortab'.ishtrg his own views, and introducing his own practice, (ieinual Met'lull.in hid to subvert and alter them so as to, in |>art, accord with those of the retiring officers. As a natural consequence, the result of his administration on this suhiect In tliat department has not been as satisfactory as in others. The same may ho am id of tho de partment of tieneral Ilai'cck. 1 lie coarse of I.er.oral* Fremont and Hunter, in direct oppoaiti n to liis own views, and what was known of the adtnlnistra ti>>n'a, requited not only the removal of those officers, but, after tlicy wero gone, un alteration of his |>ollcy l>y tien. Mctlcllan. similar to the niodifli'Stion to suit practices on th - Potom ic. Ueneral Ilalleck's course cannot he said lo have pleii-ud any party at first; but it is plululy visible lli.it im|sirtatit changes and Improvements are being wrought in his department. It la not improbable that ticiieral Ihilleck would, If possible, renal hit^notorious lirdcr No. 3, excluding -laves from his camps, and admit tin in, as is done in this department. It linn been noticeable from the llrst th'it total sllitire lin.< provided upon the sublect of slaves In the Department of the Ohio. Of Iho threo t>ri|^ti<ti<tm ffti hnvo hud iiiiiiiMnd of tUis department, hut one ha* bern guilty of h prcc aniatlm, ntiil In that (icDcrnl Anderson, by whom H was lestted, was silent on the subject, and bunco wo liuve liml no I'orashadowing of ? |<ollcjr on the subject. In I'amp Wood, ffom which I write, there are about ISHi blacks, who admit end represent thorn-elves to be elaves ut ma-tors living ill the pnrt of the Mtato occupied or threatened by the rebel*. As a general thing these m-n admit that they lied from tholr Ivmos for fear or bulug transport ud ntid sold by the rebels. Many claim Hi it. their masters advised thoin to seek hero the proteclion which th<y could no longer grant. Others sny their inastors are rebels, and wore selling their lellow elnves to no re rVvithoru residents, and, havlog no dls[K>sltlon to to "down South," Ihey l a I llotl. Varied and interesting nro the il< tails which are glvon, und often lm|tortant Is the Information which tin*v bring. Their ususl manner of obtaining admission to the camp, whore they aro met with so much in liileronc'!, Is dencrlhcd ss follows:?A refugee or stoiiliahund presents lilnirolf to the outposts, who, of ?o i s?,stop him ami demand the pass which ho has not In ills possession. The s nvn of course proceeds to tell bis mory. K being mum of the guard's business, he compels 111m to remain where he is until the relief guard comes ?ro uul. Then hs Is generally taken to the headquarters ?f the pickets, and here ma I* to stay until the force on stniy is relieved gnd returns to camp. He is taken along ?r 'h the force rn<lr|ng from duty a??l his caro )Tr?er.kd EN E to tb? brigade commander for adjustment. The Brigadier, b avtug no instructions, refuses to listen to the history or complaint, and the slave fall* into the hands o( the guard to whom be flret presented himself, and who, not being entitled to a servant nor having rations to spare, turns him over to his own captain or lieutenant, or to the officers of some other company, who on next pay day enter the'negro's name on the pay roil as a servant, and gel his rations allowed. Ho thus becomes appropriated, and, glad of protection and support and an opportunity to make by ext. a duty a few spars cents, de%Dtes himself to his duties of boot blacking,clothes brushing and running of errauds. When be sees a fuir opportunity for bettering his condition, the. slave, who soon comes to understand and appreciate Ins peculiar tiatiu, exchanges his master at will. Stall'and cavalry officers are particular favorites ' with the slaves. They enlist in their service with much satisfaction, and, when firmly established in thu liking of their masters ..look down with contempt upon the lesser lights that revolve about the touts of infantry officers. They make excellent grooms, and tako pleasure m attending to horses. To have excluded the slaves now in this camp would have been to put them into th? hands of tho rebels, who would have undoubtedly put them to work on their fortifications or scut them further South. To admit them is not only humane to them, but justice to ourselves. When they "are once in they are subject to military restriction, though not to military rule, aud cannot leavo at will. Becoming I ho private servants of officcis, they are not amenable to military duty,hut their temporary masters aro answerable tor tlieir good conduct. When claimed by masters who are loyal, they aro given up on sufficient proof of ownership, unless such masters reside within the lines of the enemy. As tho slave may ho capable of giving information, and as generally no reliance can be placed on his promises or < a'Jot, he is rctnined. But loval or disloval. a master r< siitent within our own lines no difficulty in reclaiming and obtaining bis servants. General Bueil lately delivered up a servant who rati away over tea years ago. and who had ventured as the free servant of a cava ry oflkcr to come iuto the State. This state of contraband an irs is due. 1 think, to the faithful execution by General Btell of Ibe commands of (ion. Meridian. There is no doubt that the results are entirely satisfactory to tlio most ultra pro-slavery men in the State, and only unsatisfactory to the rabid secessionists in our midst and the equally rabid abolition !slS*n you is. It is not improbable that tbe representations of the slaves as to bdng advised to leave home by their masters are in tho main true. While visiting the opposite sole of the river a day or two since 1 caine upon the hi-ad<|iikrters of the outposts. The officer in command pointed mo out a party of eight negroes who bad just been brought in. He aiso read me a letter which they bore, and which lliey stated was from their master. It was directed -'To any officer commanding at Munfordsville," and stated that a party of rebels bad the day previous taken all the stock aud wagons on his farm, und had threatened to return and lako his slavts. lie had in com o juence advised them to leave and goto Munfordsville,where he hoped protection would b granted them. I believe they wade their way into camp iu tbe usual way. I am told by the Commissary of this division that on New Year's day be visitod the town opposite, and there saw not less than 300 negroes, whose masters had taken them there for tho purpose o[ JbiliSK 1'iem ' /nfi'V iog year. Tb<} owiifr* desired to hire" ttcin to officers, who could thus protect thorn, but it was found impossible to dispose of them at any price. General Mitchell'* Division[Correspondence of tbe Cincinnati flnzrilo.] Gknksai. Mncmai.'s Division, 1 Bacon Cmek, Ky., Jon. 18,1862. J The bustle of preparation everywhere prevails. Krom the time when the reveille gun flros?which is before ' flnvliirhl in ihn mnrninrr?nnt.il far into tha nitrht ovarv. body in ramp ?oom? to have his hands full of business, and, what is still better, everybody seems to be well pleased with this state of attbirs. The mon exhibit an alacrity und cboorfulnoss In the discharge of their duties which I have raroly scan elsewhere, and which, if carried with th-'m upon the Held of battle, as 1 have no doubt they will be, can hardly fail to sccnre access. To a person not observing closely there appears to be a continual roll of drums and blowing of trumpets; but by a little attention ho will dim-over that these bounds occur ut regular intervals, uud that each one iudicutcs that the time has arrived for the performance of sonio daily duty. Uenoral Mitchell la himself everywhere present, superintending, directing, explaining and encouraging; now correcting the tnovements of some awkward squad,'' now Instructing a number of general officers, new pointing the guns or a battery, now showing a privato soldier how to handle his musket. Yesterday be rode off with his staff, and reconnoitred the country for miles in tne direction of Colombia; but in a few hours he was back again, busily overseeing matters about the camp. General Mitchell makes his headquarters a regular school of instruction for the lleld officers, and requires them, iu their turn, togive daliy lessons to their subordinates. Many are now deeply engaged in unravelling the Hiyatoriea of t'cott and Hardee?mauy, iniftod. to whom the works of these authors have heretofore been sealed books, which .thoy lacked inclination or ability to open. I know nothing about when an advance will take pince, and neither dues anybody in tlx-ee camps, unless it be (icneral Mitchell himself. Any one elsa who pretends to know is cither a dupe or thinks he is duping others, lmm. nse trai s pass here every day, loaded wl?h mstorial for the repair of tho railroad boyond Green river, and this Is the most significant fact which tats la'.len under our observation. 1, for one, in view of the earnest, untiring preparation going on. am willing to wait patiently until all is ready, believing that when wo do move, our advance will be as resistless as the rushing avalanche. It is not on organized mob thai will this time attempt to plant the banner of the republic upon the bulwarks which Treason nan croctoa m may our marcn. An army ui soldiers is about to tako tbc tleld; l?t the nation renew its hope. The body of John Riser, Company B, Third regimeut Ohio Inrantry, was yesterday forwarded to his friends In Cleveland. His comrades contributed the necc.-sary funds. lie was a gentleman and a soldier of whom his officers speak in terms <C sincere commendation. I mention his death plrticularly, because I fear, from all accounts, that It was the rosull of his own carelessness, and his fate may be a warning to othrrs. lie wus said to be exre-oingly imprudent, exjiosing nimsrlf unnecessarily, bare footed and often without clothing in the severest weather. The consequence was a series of sinking chills, followed by a lever, which speedily terminated In death. The soldiers now engaged in the ra se of liberty should take tho utmrgt care ot their health, and it rannot be too often impressed upon both thein eirtl their friends at heme that thero is usually more danger of death from disease than from the bullcta of tlie enemy. Whatever is written to the soldier by parent, wife, brother or sister, let him in every communication be warned to tako the utmost care of his health that circumstance will allow. Many a vatuuble life would thus he saved to the country, us well as to the dear ones at home. The officers here exercise great vigilance with regard to their men in this re speel; but there are hundreds of Im; rudenclre which a soldier may commit and of which an officer can take no cognizance. Just as 1 was about to close this letter I learned that a general order bail been issued Hicpouding all recitations in military tactics, except such us should bo ordered by regimental officers. Of c >urvc many are ready to regard this as un indication that something imporlunt is about to take place, but I am not so sanguine. It indicates that (leu. Mitchell is more than ordinuriiy busy about other matters Affairs at Bowling Green. REPORTED ARREST OK flKNKKAl. IIINDMAN? KKMKKATION or UKNERAL Ul'CKKKR?Ht'KTKHINO AMONG THE KKIiKI.S, ETC. I.orisviiLK, Jan. 23,1802. The Journal loams that Hon. Hardeo has arrested (>'cn. HinHman for burning houses at Cave City and other places on the Xushvillu Kail road. It also learns, and credits, that Gen Buckner has re signed his commission. Tbo reb .'Is at Bowling Green aro suffering terribly for money. It is reported that Gen. Buckner's cbtldreu are running about there barefooted. General Hardee, second in command, could not pay a colored woman employed l>y him, una gave lier a pass through the rebel linea a? the only mean* bo liatl of liquidating her demaud. There aie no further particular* from tieuernl Thomas' command All quiet below. Disturbance* Among tlac Itrgroei In Ken* tucky. TIIB NKOROE8 PARATiK TIIK STREETS, SIIOUT FOR LINCOLN A NO (1 ROAN AT SKCKSH. (From th* FruDkl'oit (Ky.) Yeoman, Jan. 17.| We have Just learned from a reliable gentleman, of Newcastle, the clrcums lances of a very unusual occurrence In that place justtbrfoio Cbri?tmar, which wedcom it proper should be placed before the people of Kentucky. Some forty or sixty negroes, nil slaves, had been engaged In killing lioga fur one of tho citizens of Newcastle at night. About that time, and after tho work was over, llay paraded the streets of the town in a body, between the hour* of ten and twelve, uttering ull aorta of disorderly sounds, singing politic d songs and shouting for lJurolu. They seemed to take especial pains to make their unusual and disorderly demonstrations In front of tbo residence* of 0110 or two prominent FonUwrh rights citizens. Tlvy continued thetr tumultuous proceeding* for an hour or so without interruption from olther officers or citizens, ami finally dispersed of their own accord. Wo deem It duo to tho pence and security of the Commonwealth to give this information to tho public, lu order that other communities nmy bs put jtsti their guard,and prepare to supp: ess in their iticlpirticy all such dangerous movements on the part or the slave population. Wo also learn from tho same gentleman that about the same time, ?>r shortly after, a party of slaves In Henry county, belonging | urtly to Union and partly to Houlherii rights incn made oil from tin- county, taking with them a wagon nnd hOrees, w it I) n l ull supply of provision* belonging to their owners and made their earape Into Indiana. Thay were tmniedlately pursued by their master* Into Indiana and overtaken; but tho owners were notified by the population that they abonld not nrr??t the slaves, ami, in fact, were themselves notified to leave the Plate without delay. A secoud visit of the same nnd other parties, with proper certificates, as Ihn gentleman who gives us the facts Is informed, wss made wllh the same result. We sre s'so informed that numerous houses and bsrna, belonging lo residents of Henry county, have recently been lirel end tmrned lo the ground by the nagrnns, ami that In eon?e?|iienes n general feeling of Insecurity pre vjtils throughout the tn'ire community W YO NEW YORK, FRIDAY, THE BURNSIDE EXPEDITION. Arrival of the Expeditionary Fleet in Pamlico Sound. An Attack Anticipated on Newbern and Roanoke Island, North Carolina. Removal of the Women and Children, ac., Ac, Ac. Fortress Mi NRor Jan. 22,M62. There has been no arrival from the Burnside exittdition as yet. Tbo Norfolk Day licfk of Wednesday has a despatch dated Goldsboro, January 21, four o'clock P. M., announcing that one hundred vessels of the Burnside cxpe dition are inside Pamlico Sound, and twenty large steam- I ore outside. Xo attack has been made; but the wottcp and children are leaving Newborn, where a tight ia expected to take place. The Norfolk papers of Wednesday contain the following telegraphic despatch:? OoiTwnoiio, N. C., Tan. 21?4 P. M. A large number of women and chddren hove arrived horc from Newborn. A fight in expected there. There is no other news. An express has arrived here from Newborn. He reports that at four o'clock yesterday afternoon there were one hundred vessels of the Burnstde expedition within Pamlico Sound and twenty five large transports outside ofHatteras lulet. Private information received hero says that the enemy will attack Newbcrn, Hyde county, and Roanoke Island simultaneously. Our forces are completely prepared for theni. The Norfolk Day Book of Wednesday contains the following despatch:? Savannah, Jan. 21,1842. The Norfolk papers make no mention of any reports, circulated by the secessionists, that some of General Burnside's vessels had been driven ashore. From forty to fifty vessels are inside of Broad liver, fifteen miles from Tort Royal. The Proposed Bankrupt l>aav. TO THK BDirOH OF THB HERALD. It lias been a subject of surprise to the. jurists of Europe thai a great commercial community like that of the United Statea should have existed so long without soma general and uniform system for liie compulsory ad-1 ministration of the property of bankrupt debtors. In the infancy of English commerce it was found essential to legislate upon tide subject, and as early as the reign of James the First laws were enacted which, although characterised by all the severities and penal enactments which disgraced the rule of the first Stuart, contained provisions which experience has proved to be valuable, and which have been embodied in all subsequent legislation. The bankruptcy codes ol' France, of Prussia, of Piedmont, and of some of the States of Germany, are many of tbetn of ancient dates, and have gradually been 'altered nnd improved. The attention of the legislature is at this moment mrst properly directed to this important question. 'fbc great struggle which (s impending; the financial crista which this country must undergo; the amount or taxation which must be imposed to moot the cost of what is called a rebellion, but which w in fact a war upon a gigantic scale; the pecuniary sacrifices which the patriotism of the people will be called upon to make?all these circumstances render it pre-eminently necessary to place the commercial relations of the country upon a secure and healthy bsels. The energies of this great country will surmount all the difficulties which for the present lower on tbo horizon; but her commerce and her commercial credit arc the lifeblood of the body politic, and it should be the rare of the statesman and the legislator to protect aud Pater the one, and to maintain the uuRullied character of tho other. A system by which the man who baa struggled against the tide of misfortune, who liassostainod lokiBM eoough to "bring a royal merchant down,-' is enabled to surrender ail his ratals for-distribution amongst those who have just claims upon him,and, having honestly dons so, to commtnce life unsw with I'resh energy aud revived hopes, is as advantageous to commercial enterprise as It is just and moral and hu. mane. A system by which the fraudulent debtor can ho prevented from dia-ipatlng the property of bis creditors, by which he can be precluded from transferring lo tho exorbitant and avaricious, or to (be favored or preferred creditor, those assets which belong to all, and should be roleabty divided among all, is essential to the best in' tmesis or commerce and In commercial honor :iad in tegrity. A system by which a strict and Marching invns ligation can he made ax to the disposal of property upon lie eve of insolvency, and by which il can be recovered for general distribution, is necessary lor the protection of legitimate trading. And such a system is only to be attained by Ihc efficient aiiuiiriislr.ition of an economical, practical, and well devised law of bankruptcy. I rend in your journal that a committee of Congi ess have now he:ore tluun several proposed measures niton this subject, and through vour colntni a I venture to oiler a lew suggestions qs to the principles upon which nti cller'ive lunkriipley bill should be founded. 4| projector a general bankrupt art has been prepared fiy some gcntleuion of legal eminence In this city, and lliuy did mo the honor to tian.-mit to ino a copy of it. As far as il goes il Is very ably prewired. The h'nglish net, which rnnie into operation in ttclober last. has been taken as I he model in all tho piovi*i>l>8 w hich it is pro is s >d to emiHxiy in tho now law, bill its dellciency appears to Ik) lh" ebseuce of the necessary machinery for ihc conduct of the business mhk li must becroalodin thtsCJwntry by llu; institution ul such u legislative mca sure. In order to he elleeliiul, A bankmplry lav should be geneial and uniform throughout the whole territory of the United Htates. II should ineliuio within its provision uon traders as well as traders. Iho pi ece -dings should lie as summary und expelltious as iseonsisient with justice to the parlies inters-ted. A ay.- tern of strict and ellteient supervision and control over assignees, when elected by the creditors, should bo established. I'nder the uumes of provisional or ofllcial assignees, competent and responsible pe;aons should b appointed and security given for the duly accounling lor all pro perty and money coming iuto their hands. There almuld be a uniform scale of remuneration fixed for the.r son ice-, to he paid out of lh bankrupt's estate. 'I liure should bo an accurate do fin il Ion of what nonet i lues un act of bankruptcy. Tim provisions of the bill should vary as to traders sud non-traders. In llm case of the latter ptinishmont I'm fraudulently oblniiiing g svls and tor not Keeping books lu their trede'shoul I be mailed. Power lo compel the attendance of witnesses to be ex nminod, ns to the dealings and property of the bankrupt, j mid to commit to prison in default of attending or refit-, I "ig to give evidence, should be vested iu the court. A right of appeal ou questions of Impoi lance should he given. Some trihunul should be entrusted with tho jiower of making general ordcis to regulate tho practice of the courts. In cases where the bankrupt or other* are charged with fraud, a right of appeal to a Jury should l>e given. As thorn is no publication analogous to the (forHtt in England, some method of giving public notice of adjudication in bankruptcy by advert iremente In loading journals oi the various .stair* must be provided for. The court, snd not the ere liters, should have the power of granting or iofusmg lb* bankrupt's certificate

of discharge from hi* debts. The moans by which e creditor, resident in nnother State, cen transmit the proof of his debt to the.State in which the bankruptcy is administered, sud can he eiamiucd if necessary as to Ilia dwbt. should be pro viced. The operation of the act aa to noa trader* should be prospective. Should tbs Jurisdictionniuler a bankruptcy law bo conferred upon the various district courts ot tho I'nlted Stales In which ihe debtor is resident, it will be essential to provi ie some new olliees lor tbe transaction of the justness whu h must arise. This will require gieat care. The Judge who is to administer the law, es[iecially in such cities as New Vork, Boston and Philadelphia, must have assistance. Home officer to arrange meeting", take de positions, examine the pr??>ls of debts, srr .Hni/n at tempts nt fraud?which in bankruptcy are fioqucnt? registsr aflldavlts, lavaatlgaie ami p.isa tho accounts of assignees and or llto bankrupt , must ho appointed, or it will be impossible that Ulo syg'cm can work. In thn Ktutltsh bankrupt law am b "Hirers are called "icgistrara," and are paid by salary. Without mlding to thn coal of the Judiciary, it la, I believe, quite practicable In make the adininii atlou of a bankruptcy law aeir-suppmlioi 'Iho Imposition of a stamp upon the forma of proceeding* would yMd aeon I'lernble revenue,and the but den upon the suitors would be Inconsiderable. Through Hie medium of your columns I von tm o to olfcr tlmee s iggeatioue, tbo result of some RK H JANUARY 24, 1862. experience in (bo administration of the bankruptcy luw in England, to tbeec wbo have the preparation of tba bankrupt bill. The apology which I offer to you for tbo ocdupation of so large a space is (he transcendent importance of some impartial and effective legislation upon this question to the welfare of ibis great country at tbo present crisis. 1 ain, sir, faithfully yours, KDW1N JAMES. No 263 Broadway, Nsw York,Jan. 21.1862. INTERESTING FROM BERMUDA. Arrlvstl of the British War Strain Sloop Racer at (luaraittlae. THK RECEPTION OF TUB RKBKL COMMISSIONERS MASON AND SLIPKLI, AT BERMUDA?THEY DINE WITH THE KNULI81I ADMIRAL, 81K ALEXANDER MILNE? 1'IIKJK PHI'ARTI'RE FROM BERMUDA, ETC. Tbo British war stenm sloop Ruccr.oievou guns, commander Algernon Lyons, arrived at Quarantine at half, past eight o'clock on Wednesday evening, where she oast anchor. On entering she saluted tlio batteries, which was duly acknowledged. She was also sal 11 tod by the Medea, which has left for Bermuda, with mails and despatches to Admiral Milne. Tbo Kacer, like the other British war^essels which pay us a visit periodically, belongs to tbo West ludia and North American stations, and comes here now to await the arrival of the Cunard mall steamer Africa, Bom Liverpool, t<> take despatches from Lord Lyons, the British Minister at Washington, lire British Consul in this city, and the mails or the Africa, after which she will leave for Bermuda about the 31st Inst. The Riunldo, seventeen guns, Commander Mewilt, arrived at Beniiudu on the Oth. and tho Racer loft on tho lTth, making I be parage from Bermuda here in live day*. She is a splendid war sloop, and the Racer it callad "like [Vide of the Island" by the Bermudians. Before the Rinaldo reached Bermuda she signalized the Admiral's ship Ihut the rebel Commissioner*. Mason and Slidel, ware an beard. On this fact being made known it spread like wiMllre, and the Camber dockyard waa aoou afterwards crowded to its fullest extent. After Ihey came to harbor, owing to the Hinaldo losing two cf her boats, and passing through such severe weather, the Racer was offered the Commissioners to proceed with en their miction, but the rebels preferred remaining where Uiey wefe. No public ovation was given them, with the exception that Admiral Milue, whore hospitality to the com-* wanders of the ihtglirh war vessels, on their comlag Into pert, in well known, invited them to partake of dinner at his house, with Ommianricr Hewitt, aumu other gcsUHMn,aipl Ujfl members of his family. Iktyand this mark of favor,verylittte attention w?e and had they travelled in any other vessel apart rruin a British man-of-war, tiiey would have been allowed to move along unnoticed. Curiaiity shine WW the occasion of the erowd being at the dock, and a desire to see the rebel CommisaioarTA who had ransed rteb heartburnings between this eocuti y and England. To shew how hum miuded some pdople are. there were pereerM found silly enough to persuHs Dm rebel Commissioners that their autographs would be va!naki~, T?':h they obtained at the expense of a forenoon's employment. It appears that Mr. Slide!) in Bermuda waa a blatent b'usterer, even at Hie British Admiral's table; but Sir Alexander Milne, who la loo old to be caught with bom bast, determined to nllow no latitude of (his kind, and took care to stop it when It bec'ime obtrusive. Mr. Mason is described as being a perfect geullemni, and appears to bavesatisiled the English Admiral in every way. It Is u general rule with Admiral Milne, wherein he exercises his usual good sense, not to allow matters involving such heavy responsibilities to be talked over at the dinner table, more particularly as it was a spirit of generous hospitality alone which proinptod liim to Invito the rebels. On their arrival at Camber, and before leaving Bermuda. Mason is described as l iofcir.g depressed, careworn and dpiectcd?no doubt arising from the fact that be was now a world wide wanderer, after proving a rebel to tits country and a traitor to iis constitution. KlidcU wnru the appearance of a man iiosaeasing a stern, forward and tin controllable tomper, which nothing can daunt or nnbduo. On fbo 10th Inst, the Riaaldo left with the Oommiasinnent and their secretaries for tke Island of St. Thomas She endeavored to land at Halifax, but was prevented by tbe weather. They left Bermuda as Uiey came?without a solitary cheer from the crowd or the slightest mark of public enthi aiaam being tendered them. Tho officers of the Racer appear to enjoy their periodical tripe to New York, and express a desire that they may ta( continue. Owing to several changes which have taken place, sud a vacancy caused by death. we are requested to republish the following correct list of the officers, which ban been carefully prepared for our columns:? Oommnttdtr?Algernon Lyons. MwtflMMft?(ieorgc Hoi lose, Thomas H. Payns. Muster?Henry l? Keuy. Surgeon?George Duncan. Paymaster?John Fbephrrd. Assistant Paymaster?Francis R. Bavastock. Assistant Surgeon?Klehard O Toole. Suti/.ieuienant?Wm. Boteler. JdidrAipuuiii?Edw. Dugdall. Engineer/?Chler, George Lynch; Fecond, John Ker; Third, George K age, Fonrlh, Joseph Young. WardroomOgtrtrt.?(inDDer, Tboe. Shard.-D; Carpenter, Wm. Collins. Tho total wrrrk of the magnificent English screw liner Conqueror, 10ft gunt, in continued?oil hands saved. Rrwipaptr Acconnti. [From the Bermuda Royal Garotte, Jan. 14. j Her Majesty's screw steam sloop Rinaldo, 17, Commander Hewott, arrived at Ireland Island on Thursday last, with the IXinfcdarateCommissioners, Messrs. Slide!) and Mason,and thoirSecretaries, Messrs. Kiistis ami McFurland.. on board. Tho Rinaldo, It seems, left Now York for Boston on tin 30th nit.,for the purposen| receiviug the above named gentlemen from the custody of tho military authorities at Fort Warren, where they had been imprisoned ever since they were landed from the United Status Irigato Fan Jueinlo, which vessel took them from the Trent on the 8th of November last. The Riualdo anchorod in Pro\ incetown harhor, Cape Cod, on the following day, about forty miles below Fort Warren. The Commissioners were brought down in a miserable tug steamer, g' anted by a tipstaff and a parly o'' sol tilers. They had had hut Itali an hour's notIco of their Intended removal, and no tlinn to rti.tkn any |ier?onal arrangements. It is said that had the boisterous weather which soon afterwards prevailed commenced boforo Uu; crazy tug resulted tho ship, tho tbaoces were that they would all have been drowned. The person in charge of the tug, on coming alongside tho Rinaldo. addressed Coiituiandor II- well in the following truly down Knsl slung style:?'-I say, mau, are you the skipper of this ere crafty The wholo manner in placing tho Cotnmisslonorn under the protection of the British flag, we arc a surod, was quite in keeping with lite tenor of the Sew.trd manifesto. The Riualdo was to liuvo taken tho Commissioners to Halifax to unable them to take passage in the Cimard steamer which loft l hut |iort for KTtg'and on Friday last. Fho, however, having met with such exceedingly bitter weather, ice having formed in thick m-is.-os wound her hull, on her deck ami some distance up her rigging, *?< having had sovoral nt her crew frost bitten, the Captain, though at one time within fifty miles of Halifax, was reluctantly compelled to bear tip for Bermuda. On the day the Rinaldo arrived bore, tho naval Commard.tr In liili-f. Adnitrai Sir A eluiutee Milne, entrrlainril a party a> dinner, ami Commander Howell (or Ui" Ktaaldo) and the fuur Southern ginlkmen, hilgurnlt, an re, we un derfland, inrilttl lo Clarence Hill, where they tpenl the retainer The Ktnaldo left again ou Friday, hoping to roach 8t Tbonuui in tiino to pl.icc the Commissioners on board the royal West India matt steamer, which was to leave that island for England to day. MOVKMENTS OF TIIF BRITISH WBST INPTA FI.KKT. iKrnin the Bermuda Ruyul tia/ette. Jau. 14 J Her Majesty's gunboat Spiteful, A, Commander Wilson, arrived on Thursday rrom Havana, and left on Friday for thn Bahama* Her Majesty's steamship Donegal, 08, Captain Sherard Oaborn, C. B., sailed on Wednesday for Hie Bahamas. Her Maje-ty's screw ipm vessel Nimhlo, A, lJeulenunt D'Arey, loft on Tuesday for the Bahamas. Her Majesty's screw steamship Nile, 90, Captain Barnard, left on Friday for the Bahamas. Her Majesty 'sscrow steamship Hero,B9, Captain Ryder, arrived on Saturday last from England. Vho had a sur cession of head winds during the whole passage. Hor Majesty 's acrew steam frigate Immortallte was expected at New York from the South. Her Ma)enty'a ship Emerald is hourly expected from England. A ship-of-war will laave here for New York soon after the arrival of the mail boat fr> in Halifax, due this morn '?? The Prlr?teer Sumter. MOHK DF PRE PAT I OSS ON AMRRIC AN COMMERCE ? TBRKB VKB8FL8 BURNED ON TRR HIUH SKA S. By the arrival of the mail ataamer City of New York wo have received the Intelligence of the cowardly outrages perpetrated by tho privateer Sumter. She had arrived at Cadtx, where ahe had landnd the oreweof ihreo Colon merchant vessels, numbering in all Ihrty-two muti. The vessel#? tho ship Vigilant, bark Kben Dodge and the ?choonor Arcade?aha had deatroyed, after disposing of everything valuable The ship Vigilant was ucarly a now vessel, having been built In the latter par1 or 18AO. at Bath, Ma., where she was owned by Messrs E A A Sewntl shs was AM tons burthen. rsled A1 eopiwr and Iron fastened, and her dimensions were *? follow* ?length, 170 feet; beam, 34 fool, ami depth SKI (Ml. t?b? was surveyed at New Orleans lo the early part of last your. W?> are nnaoonainted witli Ibe history or description of t).e bnrk F.hen I lodge, and as there ere three schooner* of the name of Arcade, It is Impi'eslble at the present time to determine which of litem It I*. We shall sorni gel do tin It o information of the ve*eol* and a history of their capture from the Officer* themselves. 0 ERAI IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. Tbe City of New York Off Cape Race with Four Days Later News. The Surrender of Mason and Slidell Announced in England. Immediate Advance in Consols and Cotton. England's Position Previous to the Announcement. < France and England May Even Yet Recognise the Independence of the South, Three American Vessels Burned at Sea by the Sumter. She Privateer Sheltered in the Port of Cadiz and Bands their Crews as Prisoners to the Spaniards. | NEWS FROM CHINA AND AUSTRALIA, Redaction of the Rate of Digcount in England, Ac., Ac., Ac. Cit-b Raca, Jan. 23,1862. The steamship City of New York, which left Liverpool Wednesday viaQoeonntown Thursday. tHU iust., passed thin point at ten o'clock this morning. She waa inter, eepted by the news yacht of the Associated Press, nnd I the following important intelligence will be feiad m her I deopatehe*. The Cit/ 2? New York report# bavins experienced strong westerly gales dfrnt>$ -iV entire pa.wage. The King of Prussia is III. The vessels destroyed by the pirate Sonata* arere as follows :? Ship Vigilant. Bark Phen Dodge. And schooner Arcade. . The Sumter was at Cadis. Tbo United states gunboat Tusearora has arrived at Southampton, supposed for the purpose if looking after the pirate Nashville, which remained at that port ready for sea. The continental news is unimportant. The Parts Bourse was firm and higher, the rentes beta* quoted at 07f. 9#e. A violent earthquake had occurred in Groece. The steamship Kuropa, from Boston, arrived at Liverpeol on tbo Oth. THE MASON SEIDELL CASE. Reteptlon of Use Mews of Tlaatr Bwrreader In England. QritevsTowv, Jan.*8,18fl2. The steamship City of Washington, from New York, ban arrived. on the 8th. Both the above c team or* brought the announcement of thc satisfactory adjustment of tho Trent aflhir. The rendition of Muaon and Slidell to the custody of Lord Lyon* wm received with thegrmU I tatii/ach'oti, but some Journals complain of the ungracious maimer in which the Washington Cabinet proceeded. Others accord duo credit for the act. and the graceful manner with which the gott lenient was conducted. Consul* immediately assumed * buoyant tone, and advanced over ono per cent. STATE OF FKEL1NO IN ENGLAND PREVIOUS TO THE announcement. Pending the arrival of tho Kuropa there waa a feeling of great tiupen.it in England, but the fund* were but temporarily depressed. Homo journals arguo that a definite answer was not to be expected by the Kuropa, and think the cause of peace lose* nolhiug by delay. Others construe the delay unl's vornbly. The London thinks it diminishes the hopes of peace, and that the Washington government trill pmpotr a notnpiiomiie, but which will not for a moment be entertained. The L indon Timet asks why the decision should be delayed if favorable for peace, and says the immediate surrender of Mason and Hlideli would have been a greater blow to Ike Confriera'n thin a riinrg on the Potomac, and worth millions to the federal exchequer. The I/indon \ewt sec* nothing but peace. All the Journals publish semi-oflirial accounts of the proceedings of Lord Lyon* up to the 33d of December, whi n be had presented tho formal demands of tho Hritish government. A CABINET COUNCIL SUMMONED TO AWAIT MR. LIN* COLN'S REPLY* An answer was looked for by the steamer America, due on the lath Inst , and the Cabinet had been summoned to in et in council on the 14tli inst. PREDICTIONS OF TUB LONDON TIMES' CORRESPONDENT. Mr. Kuiscll, in his correspondence to the London predict* that the Cabinet at Washington will rel'uso to surrondor up Messrs. M.ison and Stidelt. He also says that victory over the Confederate army has become a political necessity. and that (ienera! >1 Clel. Un is belug pressed on all aides to make a forward movement. ADVANCE IN THK WAR KIKKK AT M.OYDfl. The advices per the Kuropa caused an upward tendency in war risks at JJoyds. TIIK CASF. CANVARARD IN FRANCE. The Paris Pair it and the Pay* Kay that the government at Washington offered to restore Messrs. Mason a:td Rlidell on condiHon that England would not recognise the Southern confederacy. THE ARISTOCRAT* OF ENfl I.AND, WITH NAFOI.EON, LtEELT TO RRCOUNIHK THE KKBKt.S. The J/union Morning Herald says that If the Slidell and Maaon aflhir ia settled, England and Prance have an inducement, en commercial ground*, to recognise the to* j earned independence qf the Confederate Slates, and that unless Ike step is manfully taken l>f the Ministers at ones, it is certain to be taken by Parliament on it* auembting. .Tha I/mdon JVeu-s aays that any recognition of tne Con federate States U too abborront to Knglish principle to be really a subject for apprehension. WHAT AVRTRIA THINKE OF THR TRENT AFFAIR. The text of the Auatrlen dcapatch to the government at Washington on the Trent affair, dated Vienna, Dec. 1*, had been published, ft fully justifies Ike rution of England, and aaya that tho Washington government can onmply with tho demands of England u-ilhout the least nu rijke of dignity. ENGLAND'S PREPARATIONS FOR WAR. ^WV>^v?wvvwvwv> I Additional batteries of artillery were under ordera to embark for Canada. The I.oodon Time* shows that by tha beginning of February the squadron iff Admiral Milne will number seven line of bsttle ships, thirty throe frigates, twenty live correttoa and atooprofwar.nod ?peculates on wbat ho ran do therewith. Tha ?hi|>mrnia of ammunition to the Atlantic ?<]ua.lron continue unabated. .Meeting of the Brltleh Pnrllnment. HloRritlah Parlinmrnt la aummxnod to naootnble on the 6th of February, but It ran bo railed enrllor if the ottjfiiriet of fbo raar etionld drnftwri it. - 4 fllBaa D. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE PRIVATEER SUMTER AT CADIZ. She ia Sheltered and Her Anerlvan Prla* onera Taken Charge of by Syaln. The privateer Scmter, on arriving off Ca<Mi, with Uu ollleers and crews of tbreo federal merchant vewola? (ship Vigilant, schooner Arcade, and bark Eb n Dodge as reported above. ed. Herald]?solicited permission ti enter the port. The American Consul demanded that tkf request should be refused; lu' it %txu yranUd, on ootid it l< I that the prisoners should be placed under the protevttoi of Spain; and the Sumter then entered the port without be ng saluted. It was rumored that the American Consul would leave on account of the resolution of Spain. Ktwi from China. an imperial coup ll'etat, and tbi ministry im l'risonko. Carton, Nov. 30,1881. A coup d'rtat has taken place at Pi-kin. Tlie Cabinet have been imprisoned, and a new Miutetrj rormed under l'rince Kun. News hom Australia. mklhoi'r.vu, Nov. 15,lfw#l. The shipment of gold, since the la t mail, amounts t( one hundrod and forty-nino thousand ounces. Flaaaeial and Commercial. london money MAHJtRT. LortoR,.Ian. s, 1842. Consols closed on Tuesday at P2'.f a D2J? for-money. American securities dull. Erie ltailwuy shares ,27 a 28. LIVERPOOL COTTON MAltRRT. The sales of cotton on Monday and Tuesday reach* ) 20,000 ba.es, Including 10,000 to speculators and exporters. The market was g.iuo ally uusettlo.l, ow.ng U> tlx non-reception of ''elicits advice* from America rjluli\? to tbo Mason-ijlldell aflair, and clcsdd quiet at unchanged quotations. trade retort. Tlie advices from Munch ster wore unfavorable, th? inn-ket lor goods and yarns being unsettled, with light transactions. liverpool breadhtl'pph market. The brendstiitia market mid a dociinkig teudency, except for corn, which ruled firm and slightly upwaji'. Wakeiield, Nash .u Co. rojion llo.ir dull at 28s. a 33p r bid. Wheit very dull: red Western and Southern, lis. 4d.al2s. 8<t.; white Western and bo-.therr. 14*. u l?s (si. Co n lirmor, and holders demand an advance mixed, 32s. a 32s. 6d. LlVBltrOOL provision market. Provisions generally are quiet and steady, lleef steady but quiet, l'ork unchanged in prici a: d quiet. Uocuii dull and declined Is. a 2s. Lard uas a downward tendency. Tallow dull. LIVERPOOL PRODL'CR MARKET. Sugar Arm. Rice steady and unaltered. Coffee steady. Ashes quiet: pota. 30s. 0.1.; pearl*, 3oa. ko? in?Common Is quiet and downward. Nptrils turpentine nominal. london markkt8. London, Jan. 8,1888. BieadstuOk dull and slightly declined. Sugar quiet. Coffee firm. Tea steady. Ktcu Arm. the latest MAKhMrE. Livkwo -l, Jan. 8,1882. Cotton?The aa!ei tc-day roael.of 28,000 bacs.uf wh cb 18,011(1 balee ware taken by speculators a d e .porter*. This market it highly cxcitu.i. consequent apsa tb* rater sbie news from America, and an advance of one-half a one penny per lb. has taken place. The breadstuflk market la quiet and Meady. The proy lama ma. hot la quiet. bcrnnta Tan 8,1C5? On?ola have advanced to OEM *?r money. The Lank of England has reduced Ma vain of mHsknam discount to 2>j per cent. * Ron-Arrival or the Nortle American. vohti-akd, Jau. 23?11 p.m. No signs of the North Aiuuru.au. , Arrival of the Hibernian nt St. John, R.B. tohtlaxd, Jan. 23,1082. Tha steamship Uibornian, fioiu St. Juhn.N. H.. where she IruidoU llritish troops, arrived lure at sta o'clock this morn lug. The Bohenaima Outward Bound caiv race, jou. 23,1888. The Bohemian, from Portland for l ndon.orry and Liverpool, arrived off Cape Race at half past two thlu a:tcrnoon. She experienced strong aaetorlp winds. james TATLUR, Pureer.. Tike foreign Malls. As the steamer City of New York will sot arrive at this port in time to take the European malls from here en January 88, the Hamburg and American Company's steamer Saxonta will,at the special request of the Poetmaster, be despatched with the United States mail of January 28 for Southampton, instead of leaving on the i?v vi rvui am j. NEWS FROM THE UPPER POTOMAC. Kunrjucs. Ju. 22.1802. So intelligence his been received here from tiener.) Lander'? divieton during the past forty cixht houi a, and everything here tn oar upper brigade* remain in statu qu?. The excitement and preparation* commenced on tlie news of Jackson'* advance apon Romney hivo died out. aud our troops are mainly employed in looking to then personal comfort. Inst Saturday forty condemned government bursts were Hold at auction by order of Inspector Perk in*. 'I be highest brought $70 and tbo lowest 26 cento. The average was $?1, being an advance on the estimated value. rnptain Collis, of the Bodyguard, has resigned hia seat as Judge Advocate of the General Court Martial, aud IJeutenant Brown, of the Second Massachusetts, has been nppointd in his stead. Oaring to the establishment of Brigade Courts Martial and a c >n?equent red ,i Lsm ol the number of prisoners hero, the co rt will probably adjourn ere many days. A very large number of cases have been examined into and findings awarded. IMPORTANT FROM CAIRO. General Smith's Forces Marching on Pattnra. Cairo, J.vri 2.1,1SC2 Captain Willurd, of the Cblr igo Light Artillery .arrived to-ilay from Calloway, aix miles from Fort Heury. Ha * reports that place garrisoned by <,000 or 7,000 rebels, with several heavy guns. The whole of General Smith's command started across the couutry for Paduca this morning. INTERESTING FRONT MISSOURI. Sa?AMA, Mo., Jan. 21,1M2. Two oom|ieuiee of cavalry, under Major llaldormaa, of the First Kansas regiment, le(| l-exlngton on a reconnoite. iug expedition on tbo night of tbo 16th, which resulted in Iho arrest of Csptain Whitney, Joe Slielby and several other notorious rebel desperadoes, and the capture of a large lot of horses, mules, wagons, onnimls sary stores, Ac., taken from Colonel Mulligan'* command and a considerable quantity of boots and shoes and otber article* taken from the steamer funshlne by the rebels sometimes since, all of which were turned over to the federal troops at Islington. Colonel Dietzler, of the First Kansas, In command at Lexington, announce* by a General Order that rebel assassins lurk In ambush and fire upon our yol diets. lie has therefore ordered to be arreeted a large number of wealthy and influential secessionist*, who give aid anil oomfort to General Price'* army, whom he holds responsible for the good behavior of their hirelings, and says the assassination of one mm of hi* emninani! in this manner will be foil iwed bv tbo shooting or hanging of these wealthy rebels. MiaiCAt, Maitxso?.Max Maretxek arrived In thin City from Havana on Wednesday last, with hta troupe. He la looking well and la In excellent splrlte. The reinforcement whlcli ho hrlnga to the artistic strength <f oar city will exercise an important Influence on operatic prospect* here for the remainder of the winter. Mr. (.ran also returned to town yesterday, and wm hney making nr rangemonte for another abort term of Opera, commencing on Wedneaday next. It l? not itnprohablo that a cotnbt natioa will bn effected between him and Maretxek, by whieh It will be indeonitely prolonged. Arnqog the other arrivals by the Columbia waa the^cl^typto* pl*uMt ttoitachatk. Active preparations W* jf k, ? Brooxit* ArantaT in MTmli i' at 11 | Sift i. I~ I opera, "Her rrelachiit*,t^l|ftS# ^ ^ Mn Academy 'h iWlH ifpi Ssssklh Inh!; mum