31 Ocak 1862 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

31 Ocak 1862 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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I : T H WHOLE NO. 9273. IMPORTANT FROM SAVANNAH. Communication Between Fort Pulaski and Savannah Cut Off. SPLENDID NAVAL MOVEMENT. i MAP OF THE SCENE OF OPERATIONS. ki?i kc.| Ac* We have received some important news from Savannah tor the way of Richmond. It appears by rebel accounts that the expedition which has been Citing ont at Port Royal by Commodore Dupont and General Sherman has sailed from that point, and had succeeded in getting in the rear of Fort Pulaski, com pUMy cutting off all communications behoeen the city of Savanna li and that important fortification. "5 The rebel despatches are as follows:? First Despatch. THIRTEEN FEDERAL VESSELS OFF PKIDSAtTAY ISLAND. A MCOXNOISSAXCE?IK SHY DR1VTN OFP. AccrsrA, Jan. 27, 1862. The Savannah Morning JVttoj of this morning says that thirteen federal veeeols, soven of which number were steamers, were reported to be off Sklddawny Island on yesterday. Fifteen were also seen from Fort Pulaski, bound southward. The Confederate steamers Savannah and St. Johns bavo reconnoitercd Wall's Cut and found the oneray trying to remoro the obstructions placed In tbat locality. The Confederates discharged muskets at tho Yankees, who quickly fled, leaving ther provisions, bedding, blankets, kc. Second Despatch. INTERESTING FROM TYBEE ISLAND. CONNl'NIi ATJON BSTWVNX PULASKI AND SAVANNAH CUT OFT. Aucusta, Jsn. 28,1862. Intelligence from Savannah states that six federal vessels entered the river on yesterday, back of Little Tybee, and passed up to the north end of Wilmington Island, v therein/ cutting off communication between tort Fulatki awl AM fi'MI of SfawLixnnh. The enemy shelled Wilmington Island and fired on the Caere derate steamer Ida, bat no Injury was done. Commodore Tatnall's fleet was at Thundorbolt, but arrival waftaX Savannah. The enemy is trying to remove the . obstructions from the river. tort ruleuki ha* provuiont tHough to lati than tix month*. The Rebel Vlevr of the Movement. One of the Richmond papers consoles itself this wise:? [From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 20.] THE HEWS FROM SAVANNAH. A gentleman now in this city (Richmond), a resident of Georgia, and who is familiar with the approaohea to Savannah, suggests that onr telegraphic correspondent itin error in his statement of the effect or the present position of the enemy at the north end of Wilmington bland. Granting that the enemy has passed up around Little Tybec Island, and now holds the north end of Wilmington Island,still the communication between Fort 1'ulu U and the city remains intact. Indeed, it would appear that the fedoral steamers have not entered the Navatmah river proper at all. Entering at Warsaw Hound?into which St. Augustine creek (one of the numerous mouths of tho Savannah) empties Its waters?these vessels sought to turn the fort by one of tho ontlots of St. Angus tine crock. Should they succeed hi passing the batteries along this creek, they would have still to go some miles further before they would reach the river above tho fori. Until tbey shall have done this tho communication between the city and Fort Pulaski will remain open. The ships, it is understood, in endeavoring to pass aronnd tho ncrth side of Wilmington Island, are trying to avoid a battery which is on St. Augustine creek, sooth wardly from tho island. They had encountered obsta c;?a, an airenuy siaiec, wnicn vney were enueavonng 10 remove, and which labor may l>e ono or more difficulty th m in supposed. Kurt Pulaski is upon the Savannah river, in a northerly direction from the present position of the Yankee vessels, but between them and it there is an Impalpable nun sli. Should the Yankee shi|is suceeed in passing above Wilmington Island, awl proceeding on to the Savannah, they nave still most serious difficulties in the way. Fort Jackson is on the Savannah, Immediately above tlie point where they would enter it, while above that fort again there are batteries enough to make it a serious undertaking to proceed to Savannah. H'Aeit at Marunnah, what hate the 1\nkeet a'fei/i'if" The people there will bo'.d no intercourse with them Were the trading Rhode Island Senator thete with bis vessels, he would find no one to open a trade with him. There la, indeed, nothing there. There it <?o cotton in .Savannah, and the tytnki hare tra.wferred th' ir valuable* to the interior-, so there is nothing for trade and little whereupon to employ the other predominant passion of the Yankee-:?stealing. They may burn Savannah. Well, let them, If they can reucb it. It ia not as big as Kow York. When we do begin to letsiiato we con have larger citi s thnu Savannah to burn. Tlie Defences of Savannah. The importance of Savannah as a port of entry, pos saetn* n ..?,.lane K..U. an.l o ..A*w AC...I.I....I.la Ir.wl.t aot only with her sisters in the I'nlon, but with foreign ountritM, nnd the oonssqueut flo.iririhlng condition of the city and the wealth of Its citizen*. rendered it a nations' ec.'eeity to have the harbor jwoll defended. In January last the Saw York llrsjii.n laid before its readers a map fthe harbor of (sraasib, with diagram* and full do. Brriptrons of its defence*. We deem the subject of sufflnient interest at this time to republish a description of these fortifications, as considerable improvements have keen made to them, and the more particularly as In a few days Iteet may be heard of in that quarter. Wo also give a new map of Savannah and its surroundings. Annexed is a description of that fortification and of Fort Jack too. near Savannah:? FORT fl'I.tSKt. Fort Pulaski guards the city on Its soa approaches It la built on Coekspnr Island, fourteen mites from Sevan aah. ut the mouth of the Savannah river. Thesiteof the fortification was salaried by Major ltnl>oork,of the United fttatee engineer Cirpe, about twenty six years ago, but H was not till 1H31 that the work of erecting the present massive masonry fortification was commencol m earnest. In that yoar Captain (now Quartermaster IJcneral) Mtnafleld took charge of its construction, the fort was finished a few years ago, at a co?l of |M3.004. The fort is of pentagonal form, covering vera! acres. Its walls aro forty feet high, and preaent two fell* on the ssa approach, with ranges of tire ra dialing at opposite angles. Tha fort Is smbrosured on the front and channel sido for one row of guns, under bombproof casemates, with an additional tier of guns epen or, en tmrbcttr. The salient points and flanking approaches ob the rear of the work have no embrasures I?vi iicmj vbiiuvu| iiui o luuruwgm/ WT?rou vj onfUadieg musketry loopholes, which reader* a landing or escalad lag extremely hasardou* to en enemy. The full armament of the fort will oonelat en the lower tier, of glaty Ave 32-pounder* (Iron piece*), and the np far tier of Afty-three S4-pounder*,f0ur 18 pounder flanktag howttaara, one 13 Inch mortar, twelve 8 Inch colnmMada and seven 10-Inch mortars?In all 110 gnn*. The eolumbiadi are heavy and very destructive weepon* of Mag range and adapted to use spherical shot or *heH. They arc capable of an elevation or 180 degroen, and a vertical Are of Ave degrees, depressed to thirty-tlx deCreee elevation, The iaterlor of the fort It well supplied with maaelve furnace* for heating shot, dfelcers' qnergera, soldiers' barracks, and an immense supply of shot, powder sad aaneketa. A wide ditch surrounds the work, which, when dry, can he need by sharpshooters, or euld, If neceeesry at tha approach of en eoemy, be easily flooded. Beyond tho ditch is a glacis, or Inclined bank, which ! eadladcd by tho gnus from the tower or rascmata row of the fortification. The tall war jarrtsoe of the fort In eight hundred men, but one tn'.r 1 E NE that number could hold It successfully against a very large force. Vessels of any considerable size in heat nf up the channel to Savannah, are obliged to approach within seventy yards of the fort, and at this point many guns of largo calibre can be made to concentrate their fire. The fortification is pronounced by expert army engineers one of the strongest and most perfect of its kind on this continent. It covers a larger area than Fort Sumter, but has one tier of guns less. FORT JACKSON. This is a small work, built on a low marsh, four miles firom Savannah, on a site near the bend of the river, and commands important points on the channel, on the interior line of fortifications. It is built of heavy brick masonry. Its armament consists of ten twenty-four pounders /iron ?f!iniO. three field ninraa iiwa aI?>,? iiwt. zers,one'teu-inch mortar and one eight-Inch mortar. It cost (he government $80,000. There is also an exterior line of fortitications erected to protect the mouth of the Savannah on its sea approach at Tyboo Island. OUR (RON CLAD VESSELS. Lsnnch of tlie Ericsson Iron Steam Battery?Description of the Vessel?Its Armament, die, An act was passed last summer by Congress atif orizing tho Secretary of the Navy to advort -e for proposals for the construction of some iron-clad vessels-of-war, these making proposals in all cases to furnish thoir own plans. In order to provido for the building of such as should bo accepted, tho sum of $1,500,000 was appropriated, and the following naval officer woro appointe ! on examining hoard to look over the plans that should be offered, and select such as should be dcomod expodieut:? Ciptains Joseph Smith, Hiram Paulding a d Charles H. Davis. Out of many plans offered but threo were accepted, and (boy woro all of a different pattern. One of the designs accepted was from Capt in Ericsson, tho well known engineer. Captain Ericsson's invention? are many and valuablo. Ho has introduced most important changes, not only In tho naval service, hut also iu our in .'reliant marine. In designing the present battery he has tuken an entirely different cour.-o from that of his predecessors of other countries, aud tho model and appearance of the battery differ so much from anything before seen as to prove a great curiosity. Tho construction of it has, like that of the well known Stevens bnttorjr, been carried cn In secrot. We do not mean by thiB that tho workmen employed on her bad to take any vows, a* was tho case in the building of the olhor, but it was carried on in a house bnilt for the purpose, and the eyes of the public were oif it notil such time as it should be ready to launch. The work bta been so rapid on her that, to the astonishmo.it o" all, she wus d >< larod re uly t > enter her new element on Thursday, and accordingly everything was got in readiness, and a few minutes ai't;r the hour appointed THE LAUNCH t ok place; and it was undoubtedly one of if not the most important events that, has occurred to our navy, ushering in, as it des, a new principle in naval architecture, and forming the first step for the building of one of the finest navies in the world, and enabling it to successfully cope with the boasted vessels of Europe. The hour and day appointed for the launch was at halfpast nine o'clock yesterday morning; and although the day was anything but pleasant, curiosity appeared to be largely in the ascendancy, which was clearly proved by thcpreaencoor many hundreds of spectators, among whom wore many ladles, who, wiih a praiseworthy courage, bravort the atorni and cold, and patiently waited to see the strange shape glide into the water from the walls that encompassed it. As a reward for their courage, they had but a short time to wait, as, with an unusual punctuality, tlie battery loft its ways before ten o'clock. There appetred to be a general impression that tho vessel would submerge itself greatly, if not dive into the depths of the river altogether. To prevent this (tho first, not the last) from happening, two waterproof boxes were placed at her stern to buoy her up, and they acted like a charm, as she glided as smoothly and as swiftly as any ordinary vessel, making very little commotion iu the water. As site emerged from bor wooden walls she was received with the most enthusiastic shouts of welcome, which, of course, were responded to by thosoon board, but the party was very small, being composed of only five or six persons. Among them were Captain Ericsson, Isaac Newton, United States Naval Engineer, who has been assisting in the superintendence of I ho battery, and our reporter. A party of friends were waiting on a propeller out In tho river for her to como to them, and the moment she touched the water they Mcuimd towards Iter and towed her birk to the dock, where slio will remain until flni?h"d. Tho ways on which she was launched were Iho ones used on the General Admire' and llio Adriatic. AmoDg tho spectators of the inuch we noticed many of the naval officers una. lie** to the various vessels in port, and naval ae i captainsThe launch look place at (be yard of Mr. Row land, at Uraenpoint, L. I. THE IIATTKRY. We liave before published a full description of the Ericsson battery; but at the present time a sho. t and succinct history of it cannot but bo acceptable, as it will serve to freshen the public memory, and besides the bat tery will no doubt*b? In action in less than it mouth. It is a broad, lung, Hat bottomed teasel, with .vertical sides and pointed ends, requiring hilt a very shallow depth of water to II mt in, though heavily loaded with an imr>rrgnub;? armor upon Its aides, ami a bombproof deck, on which Is placed a sh<4 proof revolving turret, lhat will contain two very heavy guns. It is so low in the water as to afford no ta-get for an enemy, and every tiling and everybody Is beluw the water lice, with the excep t ion of I lie isn sons wot k ,us I he mm?, who ns urmlalfil before, r?ie protected l>j- llm shotproul turret. To kI\ e the upper p >rtl"it of the vessel tho proper powcis of locoinotlou. there is husjh nded beinuitli it another ooe of tern strength, sortie iriitly narrow and (loping at the aides tint if the enemy's bulls should p > -k lielow tlie ' liotproof tifipcr veasel those sides van only be hit si siu b kii acute angle that no harm shall ensue, and tn its lengih a|>prmcniug tho how ottlj so far that Its raking stem tray receive the shot ftresl front ilireetly ahead in Oiq same way, and at the stern giving still < i nt xpaco to pe: mil the allot coming from directly art to pass under the slmiproof end without hitting the rudder, which is absfl the propel'er. The ilies of the ve el urc Oral formed of piste .run, half an inch thick, oiileido of which is a:Inched solid white ?ek tweutyseix Inches thick outside of ttils again is rolled Iron armor live inches thick. Tho bombproof deck is supported by lief.y braced oak beams, upon which is laid plunking soven inches thick, covered with lolled plats' iron one inch thick. ill' turiet i insists of a rolled plato Iron ekeloton, one Inch thick, lowhii hare rlrutcd two thicknesses, of one inch each,Of rolled iron plates. Outside of this again are six plates of rolled iron, all tirmljr bolted log ihor with nuts inside, so that if a pia'o is started it can bo at or.ee tightened again, rhe top is c vered with a bombirnior roof pc: Pealed with holes. The low or part or the gun carriages consists of solid wro. ght Iron beams, ihese are pl-ncd t-erfictly true an I are placc.l paiallol In tho t irref?both oi the guns pointing in tho same direction, lite porta through the side of the tunnel are only large cno,,gh to iieinilt the mnule of tho gun to hu thru-d llnoii.h. Inside of them aro wrought iron ncntliiloin? whlelTcloee them oguinat the enemy ?? nn?n an the (f in recnlle. Two of the largoal llalilgron guae will lie placed on h a-d. The whole is ma lr ti? revolve hy it pair of atom engine* | lure 1 liemv.th the >1* k. Tho lower veraol la of Iron, otic half In h thick, ami in itio in the nnual manner. It will carry ihe inaehlnci jr. coal, fire., ait. ami forward tho officer*'ipiar tar a, ammonltlon anil atore*. Tho two partltlma of the re*?,el aro separated by a wrought Iron bulkhead. The offl. cira' quartern a>e very roomy and linmlaomc. and arc ventilated and lit by opening* from thederk. The machinery constat* of twu horlmntal tubular Imilera,containing 3.000 square (eel oi lire aurfaee,and two horizontal comlmaing onglm ? of forty Inch diameter of cyllmlora and twenty two Inch stroke of pNlon. The prfyellor la nine feat in diameter and aUlrenleetatroke. It bne lour bladca. For the batter ventilation of the vaaoel there are two fan blowera drawing air down through bomb proof grating* la the deck. 8he W aspeoted to attain a apeed of aeven tnllea an hour. Though not lutemled for a eea veaeel alio can prccaed to tea. or to any point along the ennat, without doing hor tha leaat Injury, she will carry thru-' moniha' pro via lout, and be uppl|e?r with a condenting apparatus for aupplying freah water. Aa an evidence of the rapidity with which aha has been completed, we would mate that her keel was laid on Ilia Of.lK nf (lnt.,I.A. 1Ddl ...I -a- ? a - ...... , ........... nivK.ii v? urn applied on til* aid of IHci>ml)fr tho suine jr**r. Phe wna luunehnd on th* :;oth of .Mntinry, and will proceed on her trial trip In about Inn dnya. "ho will bo ready for active service Id about thro* week*. Tho following ia a table of (ho aize of the different portion* of the veasel:? fM. Inch (t. Length of upper re*ee( m ? Heam of upper Teasel 41 4 Depth of upper veeeel & _ length of lower veeeel 124 ? Re*an of lower veaael at Junct ion with npper .14 ? Ream at botfem Ik _ Depth of lower ?e?*#l (1 0 Diameter of turret, Interior 20 _ Height of turret 0 ? Diameter of pilot houae 0 ?. Height above deck 6 ? Toe p lot bouee te only a few feet abevo the dark, the W YO NEW YORK, FRIDAY, THE NEW E Scene of Operations of Commotio Expedition to the Rt C?? %:?FY ^ ^ L -gl VVhawiltoU it f ai- t RED BM j '? ** fcTt/Wflrtf I Vf%ifioc?,\\ik lliiL Nt man staoiling on a platform below it It, with the turret, are the only things above the surface of iho deck. The trial trip will bo anxiously looked for, not only by the public,but by Captain Ericsson and Alban C. Stimers, Chiof Engineer United States Navy, together with Isaac Newton. First Assistant Engineer United States Navy. Under the care und superintendence of these two last gentlemen the entire vessel and machinery have been built, they acting on the part of the government, having bcfeu detailed from the frigate Roanoke for that especial purpose. IMPORTANT FROM MISSOURI. OCCUPATION OF LEBANON BY THE UNION FORCES. r.oi.U, Mo., Jan. 29,1862. The latest informal ion from the West is that our army is encamped at Lebanon In considerable numbers. Major Wright's hattallien is quartered in a house lately occupied by a secessionist, but the greator portion of the troops arc encamped Just beyond the town. No troops except scouts have advanced beyond that town, nor is it probable they will until other regiments en the way shall have arrived. From a gentleman who Iias recently arrived from Webster county, I learn that Captain Freeman, who has been carrying on a thriving business in Webster, Douglass, Wright and other conn, ties, was killed about a week siuco in a skirmish which took place in Webster county between some Union men and rebels. It was at flrst reported to bo Colonel Freem:in, of Polk county, which proves untrue. Tbo Colonel Is a more influential but no meaner man than this Freeman. tieneral Curl is and staff departed several days ncoto join tlie army in (lie field. This would indicate that (bo campaign its to be pushed forward with energy. tieneral Sigcl lias arrived from St. bonis, and it is understood bo will go forward with tbo expedition now under way. NEW FROM THE UPPER POTOMAC. THE RETREAT OF THE REBELS FROM BOLIVAR. SiSDT Ilooi, Md., Jan. 30, 1862. Since the retreat of tbo rebels from Bolivar tbo wea. Ihor lias been too foggy to observe their movements. Thero was a heavy snow storm here this forenoon. It is now known that oar shells on Tuesday were not wi Lout elleof. Several of the rebels were killed and wounded. The shells of the enemy were harmless. There are no signs of the weather clearing up at present. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. Foirnum Movroe, Jan. 29,1802. Some negroee arrived li?m at eovon o'clock this morn ing, having deserted In .malt boat* from the opposite shore. They were cook, in the Third Alabama regiment, which is encamped in the vicinity. The nrgmea report that the last of the iron plates for (he Merrimae was put on yesterday, and that .he was to bo lauiM bed to-day. A largo steamer, reported to be the llorrimae, bat probably erroneously so, made its appearance at Craney Maud yieterday afternoon. 'Die tr.iopfi at Newport NVers xteut en their arms last night. A flag of truce to day brought from Norfolk Lieutenant F. Connolly, of the New York Sixty ninth regiment from Columbia. The tugboats James Murray and E. II. Herbert, of Baltimore ,%nd Joseph P. Levy, Alert, Alhltt and Champion, of Philadelphia, sailed this afternoon for Ilallcrus, to join Bcneral Burnside's expedition. The Eastern State railed for llattcrna this forenoon. John McMahon, a recruit in company F of tho Cnion Coast (Itiard, shot Miehaol Iloinn, in the same otn|>any, tbie morning. The act wes done doltberatcly. The mcr live is said to htve been an old family grudge. Tho Hartford arrived from Philadelphia thia afternoon. Brooklyn A< xnauv or Miaic.?'The "Trovatore" was given last night loan excellent bouse, with Mies Hinklev. Madame Strnkosch. Hrienoll. M.tncusi. Suslni aad Itarili in tbo principal ruUi. Mlsa llinkuys laoitora waa, ao far na vocalisation la concerned, everything that could bo dcaired. She :'in< charmingly, and moritad the applause which abe reccivad. Ibe Manrlco of Urlgnoli la a role ao familiar to tha pnblio that it la scarcely ne. ? ? aary for ua to aay that it wm perfectly rendered. Mancnai'a Count da I/ioa waa lacking anmowhat in apirit, and wo could havo wiabod a heltar A/.ucena, but on tbo whole tha opera went off well. To-night the "Trovatora " will bo repeated at tho Now York Academy, and ou Saturday "Manha" will ba giveu at Brooklyn. Ootlaclialk'B flrst concert it announced for the 11th at Ntbloa Saloon. Court C'wlcmlar?Tlita Day, Connor Pnus?No. 128. Tho Maaaaclinaetta Leghlatnre, JtKADlNU OF THR BIBI.K IN TDK SCHOOL*, KTC. Boston, Jan. 30,1802. In tho Homm to- 'ay a bill In rolntlon to the reading of tho Bible in the schools waa paaand, t squiring that aonio portion of It ahall ba read daily, omitting tho words "In tho common nirl ah version,' ao that tho Donay vertion may be read If th S ho il < ommltteo require It. A eat>luti(>n w ia recalvo i irom the (Jovarnor concern- , Ingtbe enlistment of pera na In a cor|>s of Sappera and Min.'iawbi worn taken to HillImoro, where th y found 1 thev had i e?n deceived, and Hint the pretended officers had no authority for making a.irh enlistments. Thole- i gm'ature la called upon to prevent audi il.egal pro eroding*. I RK H * JANUARY 31, 18G2. XPEDITION. re Dupont and Gen. Sherman's jar of Fort Pulaski. 1 ; gCALE^EMlLES INTERESlTMrFROM THE SOUTML Accounts by the Rebels of Union Naval Operations Along the Coast. THE FRENCH LEAVING NEW ORLEANS. | The Case of the Schooner Wilder. ? Bevelopement of Gen. DXcClellan's Military Cordon. THE REBELS IN A TIGHT PLACE. A DYING WAIL OF THE REBEL TRESS,

Ac., Ac., Ac. Tclearvanhlc Dripatchei to the Richmond * Dispatch. BURNING OF THE STEAMER CALHOUN?PRINTING OFFICE D18TROTKD. AcausTA, tia.-, Jan. 27, 1862. The New Orleans Crtftrd says that tho steamer Oil- ' houn entered a Louisiana port on Thursday night, whero she accidentally burst a boiler and became unmanageable. The captain, fearing a capture burned the vessel. The cargo was very valuable Shortly after the commencement of hostilities the Calhoun was llttod up at New Orleaus as a privateer. She made several trips, and succeeded in bringing in a number of rich prizes. Her loss is to be regrettod, but it is a matter for gratification that she baa not been taken a pri/.e by the enemy. The printing olDce of the Sumter Republican, at Araericus, Ga., has bcon destroyed by lire. SAFE ARRIVAL OF A CONFEDERATE SCITOONER AT rKNSACOLA?ANOTHER SCHOONER BURNT AND ABANDONED. Mobile, Jan ,26,1862. Th> Motoilo H-gitli? Mutes thnt a private dispatch from Pensaenla announces tho safe arrival there of a Confederate schooner. Tlie Yankees fired at the ecliooner, but she escaped unhurt. The schooner Jessie Richmond, while attempting to run the blockade, got aground. Tho captain and crew nban doned her and burnt the voesel, including about one hundred and fifty bale* of cotton on board. riPTKRN THOUSAND VEDF.RALS ACROSH OBKEN RIVkK Vt-SKLS -SI NK IN ItATTMHNAIK SHOALS. Nashvii lb, Jan 26,1802. Private despatches from Bowling Urecn announce that fifteen thousand federals crossed (Jrecn river yesterday. It is also understood that more crossed to-day. Acgvsta , Jan. 27,1862. The enemy have sunk four vessels, and have four more to sink in Rattle Hnake shoals. vrro OK 111K LOUISIANA COTTON MtLIKR BI1.L. Baton Koran, Jan. 21,1862. The fiovernor to day lent to tho Legislature his veto of the bill to kin lo the cotton planters seven millions of Stale Treasury notes. This gives the nicaaure a quietus as there Is uot sufficient majority for it tn either house to pass it over the veto. BIDTJFM rEX AND FOR TI1R WII.DFR?NINK FKPKIUI. COMAS TICKED VP ON TIIR UFA'II. Moan*. Jan. 2fl. 1M2. The Mobile r? tout*. stntee ih.it there have been uIn federal bodies picked up on (lie bca'b, killed by our men in Ihe taking of tbo schooner Wilder, and expresses the opinion tli.it at least thirty of the enemy wure Will- d on that occasion. The Ttrltish onsul at Mobile lias sent a messenger by O.ig of I ruce to <1. manil lh> liberation </ the ir keener IKtMc, which it cUiiinrd at a D. Huh vettrl. THE FAHTICI'l-AHS OF TUB CAPTVUK OK T11K Wlt.DKR. Tlio following particulars of the captuie of the slio> ner Wilder, returning from Havana with an assorted cargo, by the federals, Is from the Mobile Tribune. The schooner seeing the federal cruiser approai It, made for the beech, but bid no time to save anything before the cruiser camo wlthm range:? The feterals lowered their launches, boarded the si'lioonor, lowered the colors and commenced discharging the cargo into their launches within three hundred yarns of the beach, t.'aptaln Want of tbo Wilder says he had ret English colors before he left. Ai regards the light he says, lliat the enemy caine up In their lam ches. Koine if Captain Wm. C .tlrlll s scouts met them and Bred a few volleys, hut did little or no damage. A desnateh was sent to tho Captain, who oamo down ai IIMt e:g|u o clock in the evening w itli reinforcements, and weirt into thn engagement in good earnest, killing about twen ty-flve or thirty, that Is, ail that wern in one launeh. and sorno others In another launch. Tbo federals flrsd several rouudn of shots and shells from the steamer, ai d km several rounds from tho howltxers on the taunehi a end mnskotry, hut not doing the slightest, damage toanv one on our side, tine of the stemnera drew ofT, and her place was filled hy another, which also took part In the angngemont but with no enact. At night tboatenmer .1 ..... ..I? ..n.l II.. .<r - ..... ...... ........ ..... .....VIICI VII nn 'HVI1.H lapiain Cottrill'a men picked up oue of their unnll bnata, which waa pioiced from stem to ttorn with hulletr Dmlnq of Federal Odlcera?French Realdenta Lravlng Raw Orleana. The New Orlenna oorreapondenl of the Cbarlaali.n Onu ritr, ghoa tha following interoatlng parogrnpha uixler lata of the 18 th Inat.:? Wo Uavo a ntory If circulation,and It aenma to ha pretty wail authentic ited. Hint thioo ii|Tle?rn from tha cdcral ileal p it?l our city a oland'ut.ltM vtatt, dlagaiaad ?a oynta; man, on llio 9th What wt>a to be accompli* had E R A I by tho hazardous adventure passes onr comprehension, unless it was to communicate directly wltli tho station ary spies here, of whom there are many no doubt, and perhaps to witness the spectacle of tho celebration of tho anniversary, falling on Thursday, with a view of measuring our military strength. Rerore leaving, one of them dropped a note in the lost Otf.co ton military otlicer, with whom ho was formerly acquainted, bauteru g htm u|>on the laxity of our guard, and promising anoth r call at an early day, under circumstances not constraining n masquerade. The Captain ol the Fronch war steamer Milan, who was hcreafow days, has lert for Havana, to charter a merchant ship to carry off a number of French residents, who desire to leave in consequence of the difficulty in urocui inn omnioviuunt lim a 11- 1.1- ii, the collision cf tho federal war ship lie Soto with tho Milan, by which one wheel of the hitter watt torn away, could not havo been cthorwiso thau Intentional, and wag very much irritated. The desperation of the Rebel Cause. TDK FEDERAL MILITARY CORDON?A WAIL FROM RERKLDOM?THE WAR DRT7M TO BE BEATEN?PLENTY OP WOIUC FOR C'OIRT UOL8E AND CROSS ROAD ORATORS. [From the Richmond Enquirer. Jan. 27.J If tho pinna of McClollan are indeed now developed, and if he fiat bren placing a military cordon around ut, with a view to crush us by a simultaneous constriction, us the ar.a oLda crushes its victim, there Is one clement of resistance tho force of which he has not allowed for. The aery difficulties with whim our enemies hope to surround us?the eery danger with which theu urge ut en ecery side?willadd to the heroism of our fghtirg and the enrgy tf our moeemcntr. Press the tear home ujton sir, cut off all retreat and all Umporuing, cause every man to se; and feel that his immediate safety de/andt upon his instant nun ess, and it will add vigor to our bUwt and an endurance to our courage that icill make every soldier count at least double. Pen up even a coward, and he will fight. Make a brave man desperate and he it irre.istille. History furnishes many examples of tho extraordinary prowess produced by tho presence of extreme peril,and of tho deliverances which a tow, in such circumstances, have won for themselves against tho efforts of armod multitudes. But we will not go outsido of our own records for an illustration. The army with which General Scott marched against the city 01 Muxico was simply "aforlorn hope." All its comm inioations with the seaboard and with the United Sialei were lost, and it was necessarily a self sustaining machine. Tho euomy was behind and before and on each hand. Our soldiers wore in on enemy's country, and comparatively thoy were but a handful. When they cut-red the basin which embosoms the city of Mexico, they numbered less than ten thousand men. In front of thorn was a city of oue hundred and eighty tho isuud inhabitants. It was admirably situated for defence, and was strongly fortified. Thirty-fivo thousand sotdlers, led by Santa Anna, with a hundred pieces of heavy ordnance so planted as to sweep the uppri aches, were there to ros st them. The Americuns had to tako the city, or suffer terrible disaster, tf not annihilation. They took It. They t'.ok it, hut not without terrible and bloody fightlug. They had won many previous successes, but they had not been Improved by their commander. Hoy hod gained little by tbem, save tho prcstga of victory, And tho demoralization which defeat hiH inflintrwl nn (ha ttam* Hut vat ih? Uovl. cans fought very bravely in defence of their capital city. The records of llio battle ileitis show that the American troops underwent a tearful ordeal and guttered a terrible slaughter. In generalship we made many sad blunders, in the opinion of military writers. The operations were marked much more by courage in executing than by skill in planning. It was the hard fighting of the men and tho heroic and unskilful lead of the inferior officers that won the war. The fortifications of Cherabusco were stormed?but it wes by a day of furious fighting, and the loss of no less than one thousand killed and wounded of our little baud. Among them were seventy-six officers. Mowed down by I he flroof the Intrenched enemy upon whom tbey charged, they fell in heaps; but they wavered not. Next came the terrible blunder of Molino del Bey. By Scott's order, 3 447 men were driven against a force of ten thousand, occupying a position of great strength, and defended by heavy batteries, that poured a cross fire upon the assailants. Our troopa made the fight almost entirely with the musket. They won It, but uter a protracted fight and a frightful loss. Killed aud wounded we lost 787 officers and men?almost one out of every four engaged. The above victories were thrown awsy by non-improvement, and our thinned ranks were again led forward to the renewed battle. Chepultcpec was stormed and the city taken by the 0,800 men who yet bore arms, wllh a l?ss in killed and wounded of SOS. We bare had no such fighting aa that in the present war. But it may come. Our enemy has not made such obstinate fight as the Mexican* made. We ourselves have not been In the urgent eiremn?tances which surrounded our army In Mexico. Hence tho battles have not been very bloody. If the enemy But round us and press upon uii the aheruiitiv.es of victory or death, success or subjugation, we. too. shall have our Churnbusooe and Chepultopnes. Nay. the name of Thermopylae may be won for some mountain pass, and tho legions of Lincoln, like the hosts of Xerxra, be made to melt before tho martyr courage of heroic men lighting for libprty and for home. In the threats that fall upon our oars, and in the great floetsand armies which they are sending to our various frontiers, our enemies are giving us a call to arms that should rouse every spirit In thu land. Their great boasts and small performances heretofore, in the true style of Mexican grandiloquence, have tended to make us careless aud almost lethargic. We have learned to despise our -1 .. j.r .I.u-u I.nu.il Klu T7IIOIUJ mWB/n ? OVMIVV VI umi|vi , MO !? m? >,m battle sound no often when thorn has been no battle, that we have ceasod to notice it. There i* peril in tlm. lint enemy knew that ?hat tliey pnrpueo to do they must now do quickly. Th";r own people are dividing. 8(MM ore weary of an inpl iri< n* and fruitless war. Others are iu despair at tha dilatory proccodInge. Th. fundsuro fast failing. Jiurope. too, it r earyof voiding, an I will io-m in. I'.rfrrt in beho'f of >k intern t of commt rce. The appearance of vigor h nb.olntoly necessary to keep the cottou manufacturers from outbreak. Hence M> Ctetlan if marina kit latent, and )io>eibty in earnett. Are ne ready? The war drum ihonld jound throughout our conftderary. The tear 1} irit mut be retired. We toon I war ipeecht* at our court koutn airl rrou road I. Our people clumld route up and organize at one man, ami pre/ arefor the mi ct determined war. See ye not the rirrle of fre that it uniting arourd vou ? Ifear ye not the tramp of th .m my'tad. Dancing Una, and the ruth of hit coming dtf-t f Toe thock of tremend< us ttrift i t >n*>n us. At a free and initepend.nl profile, we hare either to conquer or io die, and me are re. tolrrd not to die. The time it come when erery one who hat the ipirit of a man, mint thow it. " Tbe m?n who curried me to Mexico, arc th" men who have kopt mo hack from Richmond"?so Scott is reported to hnvo said to Lincoln, Lot kJcCtcllan's experience bo mad* as bitter. | Hcott is o traitor to his State, klot'lelian is a traitor to thu principles ho formerly avowed. <Vini|>auiots in infamy, let them be consigned to the follow ship of defeat. Lot* of the Atiatrlon Brig Olerglato. urn rtlTinit cn*w. CONSISTING OK THIRTEEN PER nONS, DKOWNKU?111H VESSEL UOE8 TO FIEtEH OFF HARKKUAT. A despatch dated Manual) ^ukin, N. J., appeared nnd?r the h*nd of our shipping news y aster clay, stating that a vesaol came oil abora on Iba nlgbt of the 2ith liutant, about six miles south of Rarnogat, when alia almost Immediately want to pieces, w ithout a aingle person on board being rascuad from the watery grave which awaited then). A portion of tba wrecked vessel still ra. mains In the surf, and Dumaroua pieces of timber and water casks have been washed aabore. On the lid of one of the latter articles was found painted the name *' Giorgieto,"' which leavca no doubt that thia was the name of the fated craft. Added to this, a large quantity of corn was w.isb?d ashoro, the Giorgieto being laden with that article before leaving this port. The Giorgieto was an Aiuti ian brig, 420 tons burthen, and owned by Sieuel Giovanni, Slight h (Initio and Uoluhrlch Kruncowo, of Biccai I, Austria. She was built tn 1854, at rscchioi, and her estunaled valus Is $25,000. Win arrived in tbu p rt on the a> c?nd of D -comber, laden wtth ballast Irom Antwerp, Itclglum, and *v ltn. mediately supplied with twenty Ihoreend bnshels of corn by Mossrs. Craig and Nickel,of this city. The tilorglclto took her rrparture from hO'ice on tho ltlth of January, nn<) ban not since been hoar.l of until litem** arrlvo.1 lYom Itnrr.afrat announcing her total lose. Tho most lamentable portion of the whole nlt'alr lathe Irowiiing of the entire crew of ibe vowel, there remaining not the remotest hope of their safety. The hrokete In thie city were Merer?. Hollombe *Co., No. 72 Iteavnr ?tre?t. The follow iug la a list of her uffl< era ami crew A'oai". AVinVy. t'nttaio.f. Piimlttb ? Fit at Mute, t J. Verge tlospleh. A. Mi left Iiermmle. M la/ah falarett. A. llarkarlch Kunne. T. IJrretch Oortren*. O. loniaii-b Veloeca. M. React!Ich (Tortrena. A. Totnnrrlch Volocea. V. Sllglich Rtegllno. C. Vaglcim I-crooo. M. Tmo ieii Venecia. A. Sparagwlch. I1ie lo?t reaael waa bo'iml for Ihiblln, end tbn estimated loan, including cargo. In epwerdnof ?AO,000. The Parana Ontward lennd. ILttirax, Jen. 90, 1902. Tlio oteamahipParana will aell fttr Liverpool te morrow fFridarl evening. Hor malla will be made up and closed I hi>0111 ?ix I*. M. Dcopatchea left at tho Commercial Agency of Mr. tteorge fttoker, No. 146 Broadway, New York, up to lour o'clock on that afternoon, will be eent out ia her. The oteamah'p Adriatic will leare North Pydney far laverpool noma time next week, of which due notice will he given. The Amgle-Baxem'e Mailt. Booto*, Jan. SO, 1M2. The mailn per tho .tnglo-Haxon from Portland, together with tho newopiiver bag fbr tho proa*, loft In tho half paat eight o'clock train to night, which la due In New York at an early hour to morrow morning. fp % iD. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE BURNSIDE EXPEDITION. The Official Despatches of Commodore Goldsborough. > SATISFACTORY PROGRESS. News of the First Blow Daily Expected. MORE RRRTJ!T. AflflftTTWTfl. Their Exaggerations and Preparations, &c>, Official Despatches front Commodore * Ooldsborongli. W.'.^namox, Jan. 30,18(12. Official despatches from Commodore Goldsborough, dated January 28, addressed to the N'uvy Department, arrived this morning. Seventeen of the naval vessels were at that time in the Sound, ovor and beyond the bulkhead, under iinmediato command of Commodore Rowan in full readiness lor operations of any kind. General Hurnside was preparing ids forces to move in connoction with the fleet. Commodore Go! dsb< rough says things now look hopeful, and sincerely trusts ho will soon bo at tho enemy. Any decided approach row to this quarter on the part of the rebels, with all the force they can muster, would, to a moral certainly, result in tlion- speedy capture and destruction. In addition to the despatch from Flag Officer Goldsborough, private letters to tho government, undor date of the 28th Inst., also received tc-day, give the moet cheering intelligence relative to the progress of the military and naval farces, then in full possession of Pasilice Sound. 11 was oxnected that a blow would be struck in about two days. The men under General Burnsido, and under Flag Officer Goldsborough, were nil anxious for a a dash at rebeidom, and the opinion exprcssod by both military and naval officers is, that the expedition cannot but prove a success. It is probable that ere this a demonstration hoe taken place whlce will prove of the highest Importance to tha government. THE REBEL ACCOUNTS. The Burnsido Fleet. * COLONEL SINGLET ARY'S REC0NN0I88ANCE?THE FEDERALS THIRTY THOUBAND STRONG?ONE IIP WIRED AND SEVENTr-FIVE VESSELS?WHERB THEY ARB STATIONED?THE REPORT LN GOLPSBOHO', NORTH CAROLINA. PsiEaiBtBO, Jan. 28,1602* The Newborn Pregrtn of yesterday states that a portion of the Bnrnslde or other federal iieet Is at HatterOE and In Pamlico Bound. Co'.one! Smglotary, who commanded a reconcile ring expedition,informed tho oditor of ?lie Proyrtt> that he arrived at Portsmouth, North (Carolina,on Wednesday even ing, alter trie storm set in, rendering it Impossible to make observations himself: but be saw 3*niu?l Tuition, Mr. Williams and others. all reliable men, who bad boen applied to by the directors of the fleet to art as pilots. These gentlemen assured him that the fleet is at Hat to rss, numbering one hundred and sovenly live vessels They represented the federal forco at thirty thousand strung, one-third of which was in tbo Pound on Tuesday, one third In the I toad*, and onethird wns outside bn?y in lightening vessels over the swash. As th-y cleared the Koads by entering rnni'.ico, others would come from the outside. Tlioy said the Yankees wore anxious to g't pilots for Croatan Sound and rivets, which inducts the belief that Roanoke. Kdenton, Washington, an 1 perhaps other p'ttces east of Nowhcrn are to be nttacked. It is rendered certain that Nuwbern Is to be vis I tod, from the fact that the vessels the Yankees wete lightening over could not altaclc any other place but that. He uUo learned I'roni the Yankee* that they had lost tlircu vussela and three men since reletting Ilattoras. They also state .1 that New Orleans was t? be attacked simultaneously with the attack on the sound. Tbeenertcif the storm on Thursday "and Friday upon the Yankees must have been severe. P- rtsmouth was completely covered with water. Nothing of the condition of the Yankee fleet been Icarno'd later than Tuesday list. The Ooldsboro' Tribune of to daysiysth.it a gentletnau who left Portsmouth on Sunday morning slates thut on the day previous there wore nil ely-flvo vessels, sail and s eumors, that could bo scan at lliUeris from the lighthouse. Tea or flftem appeared to be ag ound. Twenty vessels wore in tha Found. Only ono steamer had * steam up, and appeared to bo trying to gel a stranded vessel off. The pilots, who were released, and left JTvtera* on Tuesday, the 21st, reiiort that they were told that a reglni?nt we missing, and It was foaro.l was last. A vessel, with one hundred persons ou board',had bceu caM athoro at Chicamacomico. [From the Richmond Plspatrh, Jan. 29.] ixx-KAtima ClUWIUt Wo are glad to hear tha'. <unkm r**u!t an-1 o'htr o6atrue ii ,h? (inir'em jwuoi: in inc cn inn i< near /i ani.hr it,min. awl in tuiuiiy ?>K:r inatert. If the Kappuliantirclc ADd olher 8trM-.ii* wliirh present easy accere lithe enomv am not similarly ob. li noted und lined with torpedoes, it ought to be done without delay. I BOM ROANOKE ISLAND?TUB PAWNKX A?AIN. [From the Rienm uul Dispatch, Jan. 28. | The Norfolk Pay Rok lewne that on Thursday last t wenty-one of the enemy ? ve?wU wore inside the bar at II. tiers* In>t. They wero trying to lighten the i'awneo over the liar into the sound. She was fust aground when the storm set in. FRIGHT OP THN ItF.HFI.S. Nonroi.K, Jan. 27.1882. Information was received boro t? night, which s-cma entirely reliable, that from twenty live t thirty g<:nboat| worn in I'ntnlicofrmi.ti. The pei He of Hlr.ntv-Ui t. Ity, Fdent >n, he., were ."ending nway the women and children and servants. One family ai rived here this evening front Kit? iboth City. RETORTED Sl'ltRENPEIl AT HATT.tBAA. The Norfolk Pa i Pooh of the 27th Inst, s iysi? The rnmor so frr dy circulated here ye? terday we And gains credence In well informed circle." a* to the federal garrison at Hatteraa having been forced to abandon their Bsitlon during the late gale, and go over to the mala id for e?curtty. wh? re they delivered themselves up U the Oonfedt rate authorities as prscneraef war. The storm i ago I with uueb *nry that tho water rose to their waists. F ndlug their msga/ims ai d prortslc.g submerged ar.d ruined, And the gain so furious ss to prevent a-sh tanc?from the vesee's, they succeeded In fastening together a quantity of lnmbcr,old I ghlers, Ac., making three large rafin. on which the who'e of them embarked for the main t,nd. which thev reached with out nmtert.il Injury. only a few of them having Wn lout overb?a;d In I ho eflbrt. Thoy ap| a.iro I. It i.? raid, to bo willing to meet any fits In th worM in order to recapd the alow torture and certain death thitt ewaltel thorn at lUtteraa. They are reported to bare surrendered to Ota. Gallia. Tito Wjretrrlowd DUappenranre af Caa* fleltf, the Brooklyn Rttvtdort. TUB M1F9IXO BOI>T FOt XB IN TBI BIVHI. John ( antli ld, the man who ban boon mliming from bla home la Rapelyaa atreel, Brooklyn, for some day* peat, wan found drowned by a fisherman In tha bay yesterday afternoon. The body wan recovered In a itnhlng net. It war removed to bla reeldeuce by order of for oner Norrie, who will bold an Inqm at at one o'clock to day upon the body. Mr a Schoontnaker ,al whose houae the deceaaed was last seen, and at whom the finger of auaptotea Id pointed, la atlll bald to awall the raauH of Ike Inqwaat. No violent marks, however, were found upon the body. An additional arrest, In the perron of Timothy VoUa, the young man who, with Mra. Hchoonmakor, accompanied Canflcld to the Hamilton avenue ferry on the nlgbl ef hid disappearance, waa made yaaterday. and reunited le the prisoner being committed fbr examination. JaaMtd Connolly, who haa tbe matter In charge, expraaeea bid determination to examine all the fetry hande, foe tbd purpoa# of teellhg th* credibility of Mra. Pchocamthae and her young friend Volla. Canlleld waa well kuowa td the fbrry maatera. being in tbe habit of crnaatag twled every day, and If ha flim over we rirer on iim nlgM at tto boar Mrs. Srhoonmalcer My* to dtd.ttoy will probably be ablo to rememtor tto < Ircnterttye. Detactire Bcnnutt end officer Coy le. of tto Flrat preeteet, aro buaily engaged In hmi|lni op tto avldenca. Ttoro doe* not appear 10 bo aoy onoplrloti agalnat Mr*. Achoonmator. beyond the fact of toe baring (antold' gold watch In her poe.??erlon. If ato oan eatiafy tto mafia* trate that the brramo tmese-scd of It bauoatly, wa ap* protond there will to no tronblo ahont tor dtoetargc. An Krarrto* or ma Anamcan TlunMm Cowraar.?At a atochholderi meeting, told on tto 8#tb teat., tto M> lowing direr tort were unanimonaly elected ?8. f, B. Mor?e. Am<* Kendall, '/emit Harnum, Fr ancle Merr*. William M. to ate,John M?Ko-a-n, Wileon (4 Hunt,Mtrnai O Al len, .Into H Portly. Kdwarde A. Aanford,OtabetdM I.lringeton.Caleb A. Purge*", Marehall I alter te,aad mb* eminently, Meaer*. K. 8. Panrord, Pieeklent, r. Wrrlfi Treaanrer. and tAmhrldge Llringaion, conceal and Acer Itary, were nvaalmouely re elected