26 Mart 1862 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

26 Mart 1862 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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2 PrtT PC oeet la price in Guayaquil although the duties ? rUa and other provuuoiu. ha<l beau aholiahod. OLIVIA. There to nothing of much import luoe from Bolivia. f resident Ache had oflhra.i tx President Baizu $?,000 inOfdaa.ua which u? live, if ha would only stay abroad, nil ha daclioad. It is said that, having no conhdance la the stability of his power, Acha than proposed to General bauU Cru to return again to thu country. akcikntini conpkukkation. The triumph 01 General Mitre, of Buenos Ayres, ovar the Confederation, is otmplele. all Ihe prormcas having pubmittod to him. It is said that Hoiaiio will be the apltal of the government. General I'rqu.tt has sold Or Is sailing 800.000 cattle from b:s .slates, upon the pro needs of which. It la said, he will live in France or Spam IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. TWO DATS LATER INTELLIGENCE. The Neva Scotian at PortlMd and Edinbirg at New York. The Britith Plan for the Settlement of the American War. Hew Boaadary Liae Between the North and South and the Gradual Abolitioi 0/ Slavery. ALARM IN ENGLAND FOR NAPOLEON. Sadden Departure of Orsini's Accomplices from Dondon. Oar Paris, Berlin and St. Petersburg Correspondence. TDK FASHIONABLE WORLD IN FRANCE. Decline in Cotton and Breadstuffs. PROVISIONS FIRM AND STEADY, fclii As** As* The r'm?WT Not* Scotian, from Liverpool on the 13th, via Londonderry on the 14th inataat, arrived at Portland at four o'clock yesterday morning. The screw steamer Edinhurg, Captain Mirehouse, which aailed from Liverpool at four o'olock P. M. on the 12th, and ferom Queenatown on the 13th met., arrived at Maw York yeatarday evening. Our newspaper file* by the Sort Scotian wore forwardM through Boston and reached this city at midnight Themis IU will he here early this morning. Tha dates per the Nova Soutian are two days later than those already at hand. The etesunships Kangaroo and Teutonia, from New Torlt, arrived out on the 13th instant. The political news is unimportant. The Sumter still remained at Gibraltar on the 7th instant. The Amerleaa Question, naronran basis of a skttlkmknt op thb was. Tha Paris Patrie of March 34 asserts that a member of the BhgMait Cabinet recently declared to a deputation from the mannfaoturing districts that, aocordlng to information from Washington, an amioabte separation between the North and South will take place about Juno, and that the basis of the treaty will be as follows:? Missouri, Kentucky and Tennessee are to return to the Union. The two republics are to have no land customs line. Search for slaves is to be prohibited in all tha States. Slavery must disappear within thirty years. The London Time* publishes an article against any re vision of the msritime law. It argues that If England gives up the right to capture merchant ships she will surrender the only arm which has given her ail ahe has, end deprive her of ell that she has gained. The London lime* thinks that the victories recently gained by the federals will lead to a separation and peace between the Northern end Southern Stales. Our Perls Correspondence. Taws, Feb. 21, 18fl2. Mmpmukm of the Enecutive Agitation on American Affairs?Why tranrr and England Do Not Intervene? Direct Interference Napoleon t Lad Extremity?Important Union Services of the Orleans Princes and Their Gain in Prance?The Invasion of Mexico Not Popular?Mr. SUdell of No Imparlance, Rerept as a Purchaser of Venal .V?v*>papers?The Sumter Obtains Pinds for Coal from Parit, Ac., <4e. I announced In my last lettsra that no Intervention lng to confront tha danger or such a step unless certain of the aid of tbe other. But both dread the consequences should foul play be intended. For instance, were Kug lund to strike tbe first blow, she fears France might leave bar to fight it out aloue, while France has the same fear, and, besides, wishes the stigma of tbe aot to fall on other shoulders than her own. Fhe would come in when another bad cleared thoway.but she will hesitate long ere she alone attempt an act that tbe nation would not approve of. There Is now unprecedented distress in all portions of the empiro, and it may occur that to distract attention the Emperor \apolecu will make some attuinitto brsalc the bh ckndn and recognize the South; but it will bo at the last extremity. I am assured by those welt informed that England has on so more and tor the fifth or sixth t,me, flatly refusal to act in the matter as Napoleon wishes she would. There is one great reason that deter* him, and you nay rent assured that it is net ths least He is uware that llio Orleanists are pioased to find their loved princes defending the cause of the Union Were he (th Emperor) to atiark that cause the whole Orleans party would rn"S! energetically disapprove ot recti a course, and they would have with itiem in such au opinion an immense majority of the a Iberects of tbe empire Thus vot: will see that tbe Comte <le Pane ami ihe Ihika de Ihartrv* are rendering a great service to the Union by the mere fact of their enlistment among its defenders While upon this subject I may state that tbe Orleanists sre daily ga>n:ng ground now Tbe people, reeling deeply theetsg nation of commerce are exasperated The conversion of the four and a half reuiee is a failure, and has met with decided oppoettion, more especially ta th* proi e.res Ca led on to i?ay oel roooey, and yet hiving no more revenue, the little rentiers ere indignant Th*y all ery out against ihe government, refuse to give up their rente, snd have, one and all, become rosdy to ad<p any Mhtr/;rm -/g-ntmJnent that would attture them the safely of tljeir per cent. It is true that the Conttitutvnnf!, the fiyi and I'ntrv attest tbe contrary of this, snd show, by the statement of the Bank of France, that money is pouring in, but, alas for their theory it has leaked out that, wb?re the bank shows a large increase of money ou hand, it is boon use the Rothschilds -st ibetn have ssieral miliious the day* the aooouslt were made out, but draw them out again lbs next day All such tricks as this, is well as the attempted loan in London, lower tha government in tbe eyna "f tha public, and en i?a le.irt *t cb, 10 doubt, ?ur pass the real Jat.ge- to be mat It it now npv^ccn* that the psnple ars not in favor of tha Kranch expedition against Mexico. On all sides T hear m-rm.rr ol dl?ci>ot*nt at a proceeding ?h cb total's great aspen** upon the goearnmcnt. and wb.ch can by no legitimatem ana proO' It. I bare p.al Waco insured that Ppaln in:<>rmed thegorare meat of au intended ttouie-t >i? aug:n cutiun of liar foreoo lb Mateo. Tbia tnei wait an eoargalla refusal from franca, and 1-o'J Cow.ay ?*? uilwrmal ba should at <>oce r.Ma.u a lilts refute from tbs Cablrst of 31 'ernes It bts b-?n a?*orMil by several person* that Mr Slidall bad obtaium ac audience o' the tmparur Ihel'wie correspondent uf the I Miloa f i.il gars credence to lb* rumor. I cat n??urn you '.hai as yat Mr Plldell has nut bad aa and so. u of b s Majesty He has ?eeo M Tbouvseel, but not eeen b.m offlo a.ly Hi II creating no senaatioo Mara >n any political sausa Ilia rbiaf occnpat.on la, I haar, paying lorg# sums to thai portion of tha Par s press wbisb bt can gain over by big solid arguinsntt The Suietor n at tiib aitar, out of a mi. for want of aioast That 'a, aba waa a fair days slnco Pba bat oosr rasa'sag funds, and will af eouraa gal coal Tua money waa forwerdoa from Paris Tba Tttacarora la now watching tha Sumter. ft is i? be bopad tba wilt ba mars ejcoesefu. tbaa at Southern?, too. Pabis, rob 31, iSM A /h<r 9?rk ofCnilon in Prune t?Tht Lebor af .ffw MonUu Provided for? Tba Convocation of BiAopt to Home?An Pwplanotion Demanded from the /'opt?Prince ffapoI eon'I support of iKt Vnitod Slalu and Hit Diplomats Calculation*, Ac. Tbsrs Is much reason to ballere that aftsr all (hat his been sold of Krsoch urgency to respect to the Importation of cotton, Fracca pomoeaao a proportlonably?that la, according to bar loduatria! roqulremeuU?larger stock of U. i article than England. ??n tb# 1st of January this f u.sie war? la franca 120,000 bo'ea. reprematiog tin I NEW YOI U?bor of six month*; whereas It la notorious that, work log ah< rt tune, there is not in England enough cotton to Bud oooupauoa for a similar period. The C'onatinihomMi may be stud to speak with something like official authority when it remarfcs,ou this hsad, ''that no human power can supply a complete and efficacious remedy to the situatiou of that portion of the population which depends on the cuttou manufacture for subsistence, and that all must depend on America." After this we shall probably hear leas of France's determination, coute qu'il c?ute, to break the blockade. The Jfoniieur of yesterday announoen that the Emperor's government has thought lit to demand i-ome explanation on the subject of the letter of the Cardinal Prefect of the Council at Rome, which convokes the bishops of the Christian world to the ceremony of the canonization of several martyrs. It appears that the letter in question was published without a previoua communication with the French government. Cardhiat Antenelll ha* replied that the letter was simply a friendly Invitation. Wherenpon the French government, through the official organ, "expressas ths idea" that the French bishop* had better net quit their diocesaea. Prince Napoleon, since hi* return from America, has never omitted, in season or out of season, to maintain the cauae of tha North. He has refused to listen to any suggestions of Interfarance, and energetically damonstrated that the government of the United States only needad that moral support which It waa entitled to receive from it* long standing connection and sympathy with Frano* to be ultimately successful in putting down the rebellion. "Think," he wud, addressing himself to Raroche, at a soiree given bj M. Fould on Sunday night, "what a petition such support will establish for France hereafter. 7he bitter hatred towards XtujUmd is taking irrevocable root in the hearts of the people, and when the day comes that they shall fed themselves again united and indissoluble, see shall hose in them ass ally of more importance than w? all her struggles France seer has possessed before.1' It ? certainly a time when it ia desirable that a stimulus should be given to slow dragging commerce. The Am< ricans who lormerly did so much for Paris- who come hero with coders full, above measure and flowing over, and spent their contents with a high hand, eutering the best society, receiving the denizens of the quartler St. Germain, and not contout with present luxuries, but giving orders for exports that made the fortunes of men who administered to their cultivated taste an t family commissioners?ore gone, gone. If any remains, and there a Tew, but "not enough to do their country honor," they are straigbtoued, cribbed, ca biued, confined, have no money, or ore under a wet blanket?are ushatned, so to spunk/to say "their soul's are their own." Consequently the imperial ministers and all depending upon them are instructed to invite, to accept . to buy. to stimulate m fact. A curious theory respecting comets is enunciated by M. Charles Nogy, a member of the Hungarian Academy. Ho regards them as mere luminous phenomena, analogous to tne aurora borealis. Light itself, though emanating (tun the sun, does not descond "ready made," but undergoes a variety of manipulations by frictiou, reflexion, refraction and electricity, by which its nature is essentially modified. It. Nogy propounds, also, that the barometer is a fallacy?that the atmosphere has no weight. The work, strange as it Is, has crested lafliilto interest among academicians. Poms, Fob. 28,1862. Beverly Tucker and Bis Value?Slidell?More Southern emissaries?The Traitors Depressed?A Mew Candidate for the Mexican Throne?The Moniteur Mud-lied, dec. Tho "confederacy" made an exceedingly bad investment when it parted with the requisite quantity of loose change to pay the passage of tlevorly Tuckor to Europe. Even were the amount paid tn Confederate bonds, the investment is anything but a judicious one, for there ore certain uses to which even Confederate bonds may bo profitably applied, while the value of the services which will b# rendered by the gontlo Beverly to the Southern confederacy in Europe may bo represented in e variety of ways, so as to bring it within the reach of all compre* hansioos:?Arithmetically, thus: ?: algebraically, after the following form: f j; classically, by nihil; elegantly, by ritn, and (ieriuauically, by nis. I suppose that Beverly induced the "powers that b?" of the bogus confederacy to believe that he vu a person of great inlluence In Europe, and that his elegant manners, acquired during his official rosidenco at Liverpool, would insure him admission into the "beet society," and bo a passport, perhaps, to the imperial presence itself. Now, the fact is that Beverly his no influeucs hrre, excepting, perhaps,upon the proprietor of the "American barroom," whom he way induce, by his winning ways, to trust him for lipior when his funds are exhausted, and among the elegant and virtuous females who frsquent the Casino and the Valentino, and who urealways proud to greet distinguished foreigners. So far as sustaining the character of tb# confederacy in the points In which he is strong is concerned, the business could not have been cmfided to better hi.uds than these of Beverly Tucker; for ho can drink moro whiskey In a shorter spacs of time, and pay loss for it, probably, than any other cbivalric son of the Sooth on the conlitinont. Outsido of this, however, it is grsaity to be feared he will not accomplish much. lie has already bad a private interview with the Emperor; but that was about three years ago, and under peculiar circumstances. It was during tho lime wheu Judge blazon was Minister, and wheu Beverly had come over t o represent the commercial in torcsta of his country at Liver pool. Bomg a distinguish. <.d individual, he, of course, received through the Minister au invitation to be preeemeJ to his Majesty on one of the regular presentation biglits. in order properly to sustain bis ottlcial dignity and that of his govcrnmeut in the e>es of the great ruler uf 1 ranee, it is related that Beverly fortified himself with a good dinner, washed down with hi* usual quantity of vinous accompaniment, to which, indeed, it it asserted, he added soma? took a little more than his wont?in short, to we a common but in this casc. at least an nmrassiva nhnis.i be "got drunk the crowd came together." Hi managed to entitle hmpelf through the preeentation c?rfiu"tijr; but after tnis was over, and the Emjioror had guno into the ball room, and Beverly had revived hia drooping spirits by the im hi bat ion of two or three punches at tbe buffet i ak ng advantage of a moment when the Emperor had stepped from ins seat to ivilk a little in the R'|u ire space n trout of the imperial platform, h" walked up to his M ijesly, hold out his hand and introduced him-el. to the Emperor of the French us the Ainoric.tu Ouiaul at Liverpool," and told lnm ue was "glad to ? e hnu Tho Kmperor, however, did not apprcc.ait the honor, aad probably mistaking (*) him for s ur.e drunkec'oaier, gave bun a wide berth, ttiuce then he has had no interview with his Mye.ty.aud prob tbly will n il have lor soiue time to come. As for John Sli iell, li nee gone into the quiet. The g Oii news which he has bean receiving of late has, it is said, made hint quita unwell, aud ho was nut present at the ball of the season, given by Count Waiawski, on Wednesday evening last. Mill, that may have been beca isc he received no invitation. It is > aid that a new b itch of So. it hern emissaries has reached here, for tho imrpuee of purchasing arias and gunpowder, and that they boast that tlioy caiuo by way of .New Yolk. Within lite past week or too ail the disloyal Amorlcana in Paris aro feoliug very badly. The arrival oi Slide! I, they had supjN ned, was to be followed by the recogaitn a of tic Southern confederacy, and even alter Win r mperur's speech they retained the hope that the Senate and 'lorpa Luifisladf would take action in the m .tier, and a; east make formidable opposition to the further con'iuuunce of (he neutrality. How bitterly must tboy have b on di.-appoiutcd.theu, by the remarks of M. liillaull, on dionday. The negotiations with Austria for the accoptniiije of the Mexican throne having at present arrived at a complete standstill, arioth r caniidaie for royal honors has made his apneerauce. A poor, hall crazy fellow at Scemix, who has for the past leu years put hiinsolf forward as the " candidate of tininanity " for legislative honors. In which he ban b-. n singularly unsui cessfut, I.as publi-bcd a proclamation in which ho offers to take th? throne of Mexico, and says he will convert the country Into a terrestrial paiadi-e if Uio Mexicans will make him their king.' The MinUfvr i* eNcaodli.giy ' raix?d " in It* idea* ilf American geographv in iU " bull titi," .? few flay* *lnce, speaklnc of tho result of tbe Ihirtiaide expedition, it oiys, " tho federal army of Bornslde lende I auJ started toward* Wlr.aboth City, which *i> found to bo evec oated and burned by tba southern troop*. Kmtn there a detachment advanced up to the br;<ii(e of tho TtDiwMM river, and occupied u!*o tha prlucpal rout* bet won Memphis ant Columbus. Tim movement plan*. the troop* of Hurnm la di'?ctiy in tbo rear of tha grand Army of tba I'ofontnc " If 'br .Vjriif'ur i* official it I* not tufalllbio, and It I* evident that it* early adoration upon the gangraphy of Norlb Caro in a, Virg.ma ar.d Tanueesce was rally no|!nct*4 Pint*, Fab M, 1H2. Ktfar'jfrom (h? Hoyal ftmffy nf Engbim1 of H.mt sad on flic Cvn/in'nl, itc. From Knglaad, sinje tha death of the Prince Consort, ura bear J rumors which may bo takan its possible ana duart of eoratcg ovanta Tho Queen it tutjoct to Ut* of doprei'lon, wtilcb it fimat ran Jars It Impossible to ap proech liar. It it wall known that th* I'riuoa of Walea gives Utile prumtao of iiiiiag up tba void craatad by tba JxcaMt of hi* fathar. Hia laataa aro of a low order, and whenever ioft to bia owa dene#! ha la fond of bard lug wiib parliat uttarly unworthy of him lie is morbidly tutcaptlbla of Unitary of a grota kind, and hi* amours are all more or late of a vulgar oharantnr, Shortly bafore tba dsatb of tba PrlDoa Conaort II la woll known that ha 1 ron?er?al>on? he bad with the I'rluc# of Walea at Mad 1 dealer were of ao un?aliafactorr a nature aa to g\t* bim tba moll sarloua anxletf. On hta, raiurn to Windsor ha broodad e?er what aal panned to that degree that lit, pbyslclana remonitr ite 1: and only a ihort lima before hla daatb be a?id to tba I'rin> o?? Alice that th? aaawem ba recalved from bar orother were of a r.hara- ter eo low, ID depraved and vitiatad, that ba Inured all the paitil he had tiantowad' O bin education would l>afound to be vfn- ie then uualeM. It app-arn there in noma woman m town who exormnen great luflm noaOfer hun, and onoe or twioe i ttie Prince stole ???J from Meddonley unknown toiiio IK HERALD, WEDNESDAY Rruoe, his tntor. to m bar. Upon om occasion he m found out, but not till the tram had dt-pai t?d, whm telegram was despatched to W tiidaor. mad the Princ? wee somewhat surprised U> find at the station, waiting for him. on* of the royal carrltgee, with 81r George Grey in attendance, to escort him to the pater familial. Tho l'riuoesa ltoyal, too, who married the Crown Prince of Prussia, has, it appears. been united to a man of dissolute character. Some time ago her Royal High noes was said to hare sprained her ankle, when the truth wee that her husband in one of his druuken flu had kicked her down some steps. The Princeea Alio* after her marriage will live at Fr?gmore, and as she is supposed to hare inherited the talents and dispoaition of her father in a gnat degree she will be e real comfort to the Queen. Rut it is in the order of human events that a turn should occur In the tide of life. The Queen h is been so remarkably blessed, her happiness so continuous, her feeling* so uutried.that a change seemed inevitable. Troublous limes are looming in the dt>t.mce for her and the country he reigns over. Lord Palmereton is not to be disturbed, I hear, so long as his health enables him to wield the power he holds, so conservatives are pie 'ged to support him in any party straggle but death or disease may incapacitate him to-morrow, and then, with the occupant of the throne in Buch tribulation, trials of no ordinary nature may begin. In England much fault la found with the system tha has been pursuod with the Prince of Wales' education. With Eton close to WindBor, whsre the flower of proud liritam is reared, tho Prince was relegated to n forcing house, superintended by a parcel of old savins, generals and old woman. Nominally placed at the great Universities?Oxford and Cambridge?he simply resided at soma maison d* campigne within a few miles of these seminaries, having, instead of the youth of l&gland for his companions, the aforesaid old stagers, whose conversation was always to be of an "instructive, improving character." The wonder is?not that he profers the companions of the servants' hall; not that he loves kitchen maids and works of that school immortalized by Smollett?but that he has not been driven mad. Next November his royal Highness will have oorapleted his majority, and will step Into a earn of ?500,000, the savings of the Prince Coneort, his trustee tor the Duchy of Cornwall. It is not oasy to imagine a mote dangerous position for a young man so educated and so early deprived of bus mentor. All England will bp looking on and taking note, and many are heard to predict, In very high places, that he will be the last King of England. Paris, March 4,1802. The Emperor and the Corp* Legislatif at Loggerhead*? Threatened Revolution?Th* Student* Preparing a Demonttration?The iVrte Opera?theatrical Affair*, dc. There have been two or three tempests in teapots within the last week, and at times they have threatened, and still do, to boil over. The unanimous report or the committee of the Corps Legislatif in opposition to the project of the Emperor to great an annual dotation out of tho coffers of the State to General Montauban, recontly invested with the title of Count Paliakao, and the probability that their report will be adopted by the legislative body itself, has produced a condition of antagonism between tbe Emperor and the legislative body such as has not before existed since the coup d'etal. The rejection of the proposition is made upon the technical ground that tho constitution forbids the creation of majorat*; but there is a good deal of feeling back of all this. General Montauban was one of the companions of the Emperor in his Stroaburg JLatco, and it is said that it *s more for the purpose ef rewarding an old friend than for any other reason that his Majesty was dstirsus of securing tho dotation. Resides, the people and their representatives are becoming jealous of the creation of a new military nobility, and the Corps Logislatif .also likss the idea of having an opportunity to exhibit its independence of the sovereign. The Kmporor feels the affront very deeply. and strenuous efforts are being mode to secure the passage of the bill in spite of the recommendation of tho report to the contrary. A person In Parle, who obtained hU knowledge of local occurrences by rseding the newspapers here, would have very Utile idoa of the exoitement, of the noise, and tbe IMT or revolution wuicu nu prvvanou uunug uiv pasv week, and of the extraordinary precautions which the government has taken, end the number or arrests which have been mad* within the last few days. As U.. is not impossible that something serious may yet grotr oiit of the facta iu the cneo, 1 give them to you somewhat in detail. A week ego last Saturday waa tlie dAy annonncod for the o|>enuig of a coarse of lectures on Hob row. Chaldnic - and Syriac.pl the College <le France, by M. Krnesl Kenan, who had been recently appointed to , the l'rotVsaor'a chair. If. Rinau has always been know n an a liboral uuitded roan, and a "free thinker'' is matters of rciigiou, and the Minister of l'ublie Instracliou asserts that in a conversation with him previous to his appoinlmont, it was distinctly understood that lie wee not to touch upon religious matters in his lectures. M. Kenan alleges,on the othur haud, that the understanding was thai lie war. not to be restricted. A cabai bad boon raised aiming the clerical party ngaiust him and lite students of tlie Isitm Quarter?Jcur.eur dts Uric?who, as a body, are exceed iugly liberal in their opinion.:, and who look upon u row hs a nice bit of i.creation, determined to make n counter tnoremenl. On the day iu ipiestion, I wo hours before the lecture was to commence, the streets about tne college were crowdmt with poopin, about throe thousand, priu cifielly students, being prise ut. M. Kenan arrived, and proceeded with hut lecture, being uocaskiUMliy interruiiled by tlie hisses of the clerical party, which, however, wero instantly drowned iu the vociferous elculs of tlie students b dii within and without. When the lecture was concluded the students formed in prooerwiuti, and sli-iutiiig "Vive Itcuau," proceeded to his house in tho rue Madame. Ho had not then arrived, howevur,aud alter repealing the cIhh-is tlie crowd dispersed. Iu the lecture M. Itemui daitiuctiy denied tho groat foiiudatiundoctrineoi the Christum re igtou?(iiediviuiiy ot the saviour?speaking of him as --an incomparable man." Many events have recently conspired to estrange the ciorgy irom the governmeut, aud ibu pennu-siou of Uot only auli-clmrcli but anti-C'hrmtiaii docli loos lo be taught by a salaried professor in a government school woold b ?v? widened iimcU ntoee the breach which now exists. The second lecture was to have taken puce on Thursday last, and in tho JfniiVur of that morning np (wared a paragraph to llio c.Toct tb.it, as M. Ilct.au hud expressed opinion* calcinated to. wound Hi- feeling* of Cliristions.and that the continuation of hi; lectures nn.ht 1 give rise to reiaouble occurrences, they were die- ou- 1 linuod unth furlhsr oi tiers. Notwiliistandn.g tins fact, at the appointed hour be- ' twoon two aud inrto thousand siudcuui congregated in ' front of the college tor tho purpose of creating a demonstration. Hero, after shouting and crowding for an boar, ' they were dispersed by the police, not, huwovvr, with out a considerable aluw ut [urn. tin y ralli d ogam, however, and sucieedeJ in forming a pro* >.-?, v. ill. Hi# intention <>l' procoedtug again to the bouso of M. itcnan. Wlum near tbo church af St. Sub aco the police made a deScent upon tbeiu wiih drawn sword.-, ariclo! some hfty of them, wounded several, and, m the stude.it* nay, killed one, The rent dude* Uicu separated. The n-xt day 8 line live or six li :Hired gulllurod on I he Itoul Vard ttebaalopoi, in front of tile K'ouluiue ?1. ihcbol.aiid Cue# of Vivo in Kcpubiujue" Wert- mingled wnll huzza* for ifi'iiau. A number of arrests w e. < ni.idc Here, ana tile naiuu day lliurn v. as a gathering of dUcout Sutcd tvo. kinoa in the faubourg at. iiiil.duo, whore the cry ot Vive ia ilepub.ap.e" ut. tdao ran id. and whore some iU'ty arrest. wcie ni id#. Sine# tiieu tlicrv has b on a gn at excitement among the students, wl. , a. .m l as the Wutkuieu iu llio faubourg rit. Antoineli-n gr .dually b? "ii ire tad minis movement by leaders el 'In rcputiilcnn |a.ty,aiii a g.acd douionstrution ua> li >u prepared for to-d.y. Ihn i.i i/uiiti U'K, tb ' I a* I day oi carnival,anil mi this oil.) tbo two days piece-ding ii all I an.-, is in tbo street* lo-dc hi:; at lbs proevsamu of ill - 11. :.{. (jrui, -uid persons uro par Oil I tod t'l appeal in ulegai.iL's and liiaiA". it ban boon arranged to take advantag. of tins ocrasinu f.r ibostoUantr to prm evd in prouesc'ui to lliu l'laca dc la Bailie, and there bang black wreaths cu ill# railing winch sur rouud the columu ni July, afur which, jaliiiug with the disonuloiitod Wciklie u of the- neighborhood, Uiey are to raise th? cry of "Vivo la republican.' Too liuleetof 1'uiico. however, received iliiornui'imi of lie: plan us SiHin as H was ooiiuociod.aud li.i# lasoD hi. preeadllur* accorduigly, so lb it if any deinoustratioii tokos plac-,U will probalny amount to iiolhmg. Tlie pollen um lias been doubled in tbo Qu in isr Latin, wh no ovory bouse is a hive oi Kind uls, und tire# or four js lie .-men always aa.s together there Dow. ibo MuniUur of Sunday denle 1 that any student had i b u killed; but the students still asrart mat this is ill : ! is i. Yesterday rn riiiup'ill# .Vcni.'c,or contained iho following;? The Minister of Public Instruction being informed thsl culpable mce-mres sre practised lor the purpose of exulting the youlb and inciting them (o m.iHifosiutiWis on aocount oi in odiously Invented statement. h*s just infor mod tb.i Vice Rector that those students who are found in any coved or process Ion will be immediately expe'i'd the Academy of Tans, and deprived of Ihoti' inae.-|p* tioUS. Uotinod'S new opera of "I.a Retne de Snbi," whirh has he"ti so long ill pi e nation, and from which upmi its Orsv rebeai sal the il ulster of State cat out an entire am, was nually produced at the Orand Opera on K'ridsy evening iasl. As the name indicates, the story is laK> n from that of the yueen uf Ahoba end Solomou, with some slight liberties taker with the sacred text The (J iecu oo'Ik-h to Ivr-Hiletn an, tn there dazzled with the splendors of the court of the Jewish Xing, an I particularly with tbe architecture, sculpture and decorations which Surround it. Abe cxpr'-si.'-* a -visli to toe th" muster ge liius uuuer tvno ? oye ai umh apieuuvrs wr? prooiicen and who?e nun l planned them all. 1'hiH genius is Adonirain, who seams to be a mysterious sort of a personage, ( and who is uot at all pleased with being summoned into tiie presence of the <jtie*n, as be is busily sngaged at the time upon a piece of sculpture, lie goes, however, and I j? Struck wi'b bor beauty. .She Is struck with his talent, and although Holomon hue p'acod the uitpllal ring U|?>ii her finger and they are to be married la a few days, abe manages to have private Interviews with Adonirain, an 1 st last, after ' ho usual Jt votu dime, shs agrees to elope witbbim. (Had there been auy newspapers in those days what a capital "elopement in high life" tble weald have made lor "UtkulttemsThe story cow becomes rathsr ridiculous, home workman of Adonirain, who ere on s strike, "blow db him ' out of revenge, and Solomon summons him to bis presence, and,charging him with bis perfidy, banishes him from his court, lie has n ba?ty interview with the Queen, and she agrees to Join b in After seeing Polomoa again, ami drugging bis liquor and plating him in a pro. four.J siesp, during which Rbs takes ths nuptial ring from ber finger and places It on bis, thus freeing herssl! from ber engagement, she takes her departure from the premises and gora tn gear-h of Adontrani. MFeuext see this gay deceiver in a blasted heath at the foot,of Mount Tabor, where the vengeance of his infuriated workmen still i>ur?ucs him, and ilnally one of tbetn kills hl'? by stabbing him to the heart, just as the go. <-n arrives She of coarse falls into tears and wrings her hands, whoa the curtain judiciously drops upon the lv srtrcn llng soeno. The nriy moral'' that I omld dlsi over front lite librnAto was, that men who want to elopt vt itii u us should pay their workmen good wages. Th# oior.t is producsd in splendid stylt, and there is t, me r, MARCH 26, 1862.?TRIP1 good most* la it. It la not of a popular rharaeUr, however, and the libretto la taauflferably stupid. It m said thai seme aaw instruction* have baaa recently given by tha Minister of 8lata to tha Committee of Iq. sprction, uDdar whoaa censorship all dramatic productiooa puss before thay ara produced, directing them to exercise a greater cara aa to tha moral character of tha piacao presented to Ui>*m There la certainly plenty of room for tha exercise of thu discretion. Tha two new theatres on the i'laoe da Chatelet?the Lyri ju? and tha Theatre du Cirque Imperial?are rapidly approaching completion. Thay ara to have an advantage possessed by none of the Parisian theatres at present?thay are to bo wall ventilated, air being forced into them by machinery. The "Grace da Dieu" at tha Porta St. Martin, a reproduction of an old domestic drama, upon tbestory af which the opera I.lndadi Chamounix" is founded,hasexeeo '.ed its one hnudrcth representation. One of its principal attractions, however, Mile. Viotorla, who represented the heroine, has been removed, aa she has gone to tha Gymnaae to play in a new piece. She is a charming and very talented young artist, s pupil of the late Roee Cheri, acd?a rare thing in a Parisian actress she is said to be as virtuous as she U talented. Paris, March 7,1802. Tit Rcvaiution Supprrtssd?ArrttU?1'reputed Amendment in tkt Addrtt ?Disappearance of Tucker?MclancKol]/ Conditioa of Uu I'arieian Rebel*?Mow Slidell Received tie Ann if Uu Capture <f Fori DoneUon?Theatrical Affaire, 4c., 4c.

As I suspected, the intended "demonstration" on the part of the students and workmen, which was sat for last Tuesday (Mardi Gras), did not take place. The precautions taken by the police were such that the slightest attempt at one would have resulted in tha arrest of all concerned. As it Is, about fbur hundred srreeta have been made), and all but the ringleaders have been already aet at liberty. There Is no doubt that leaders In the republican party bad fadten advantage of the excited condition of the student# with the Intention of leading thsnt on to an actual revolution. Among the arreels made, is that of M. Gregory Ganesco, the principal editor of the Courrier du Dimanch*. Gaaas. co is always putting the government to a great deal of trouble on his account.. But a short time since he was Sued ten thousand francs for an article which appeared In his paper, and a little more than a year ago a decree of the Minister of the Interior banished him forever from the Kmpire. This sentence, however, was remitted. Gaueeco is a Wallachian by birth, and a powerful writer, but very bitterly opposed te the present government and all it does. If, as is supposed, he has now been engaged in inciting rebellion, It is probable that the government will not omit the present opportunity of getting rid of a man who has always been a thorn in its side. | A number of the liberal members of the Corps Legtslatif. bended by tho celebrated advocate Jules Favre, proposed the following substitute in the address for the paragraph In relation to American aflaira. Not having, howover, a b sufficient number of voices to support it, it could uot be y entertained:? g France ought not to interfere in the civil war which de> Bolatoa the 1'nlted states; but she freely declares that her sympathies are with the Northern States?the da cc fenders of law and humanity. She ho|iee that their vie- w tnry will bring with it tho abolition of slavery, and that % thus once more it will be proven that the gravest crises are not dangerous to a people who do not separata damocracv from liberty. A An amendment was also offered deprecating the Euro- & pean intervention in Mexico, about which, by the way. It, we bear nothing now, and it is probable (bat France, & England and Spain have arrived at the conclusion that en the conquest of that country and the establishment of a monarchy within its borders will not be ao assy s matter as they were at lirst inclined to believe it. of Since tbe news of the capture of Fort Donelaon ar- mi rived, my friend Beverley Tuckor has not been seen. Up to that time he had boon very noisy and blowy in the cafes wbers (he Parisian rebel* congregate, but on the Pr day when tho nows roached here of this great defeat stl Beverley ''dried up," and has not made his appearaoce Ui in public since. Evil minded persona says it was too rtv much for his delicate constitution and finely strung ap nervous system, and that he was consequently obliged cn to ibrtify hitns 'if with such quantities of "old Bour- th bon" Ton tick at tha "Amvican barroom," to wl be paid for when the "confederacy" and hia Ln valuable services In its behalf is rscogniaod) that ha war co k*e:nd up (herewith, -and. forced to take to hia bed. th O'here, still more wicked, assert that certain old credi- ag tors have found htm opt, and that bo has been dodging them; wbllaptbarg again say that Mr. SIidell, not appro- at c 1.1 ting hia valuable servicos in Paris, lent him money Ui enough to |lay such whiskey bills a* ware urgent, and of M"ugh to get out of Paris, end that he liaa gene to pc Brussels. ol I droi.ped in incognito yesterday to an establishment u) much frequented by Southerners in I'aria, and I think I of never saw a more roehncholy looking fet of men in my life, 'lhcy were all endeavoring to draw " sweet conso- in lati in" from various colored liquids, and were coudoiiug at with each otber upon lbs gloomy prospects. One c< gi?-l, however, they seemed to think would grow l\ i ut of the recent overwhelming defeat of cc the rebels?peace would noon bo restored of and mall communications with tho South lie soon r>?- at established, and then they would get some money, for hi m*iiy of thom are really even hard up. I know of one af young man who owns a large cotton plantation in Ig>ui8iana, wlmeo income in former yearn baa been about yi twenty mimsaua nouars a year, wuo nan 1101 received a c?nl fur the last ?ix months, and whit live* l?jr borrowing 80 f. oni Knch friend* a* lire a little better provided than ha. en I have been informed Unit when the new* of the capture or of Foit TVmoleon ranched Slidoll he ivoluntarily gave Cc vent to tho feelings of Uia sorrow-stricken heart by nay- ve ing. "I am afraid we are crushed.'' Ha ban taken a leaac pr of bin apartments for three year*, and, in any event, will to probably never roturu to the I'nited Prate*. All hi* |ki eloquence, all his puwern of intrigue, are utterly ?t voluoloM her* now, in the face of -'the inoxnrablo logic co of foot." The idea of the Kr -noli government alitor- Kt tuning m the slightest degree tho idea ot recognition ti< now is of course entirely out of tho question; and if in such iimwb as we l.avo boon receiving lor the mat fort- u, night continues to ariive, the I net chance wills ion be th totwrtoil. ge Wo are having delightful spring weather, and tho sea- p? win prnrai-cH to be uu early one. In thy gardens the Co lb robs ar already beginning to bud, nod tlie chair: in p<> 'li-io niid 011 Hio i lumi# Klyswrs, .ore beginning to had m< i cnp-uit*. The winter ha-> been tin ui usually mild one, r? lli tc having ben but one really genuino i-iio* storm, pa whi' li look |dacc on Tuesday !a.;l, G-a>, while Uie |0| innual stupidity, tho procession of (he B.eaj)' (inn, was ,10 Rc-intr through the streets. Sp A billet, is ilh .1 curious plot, and which is, it is said, to p,, be transplanted to Paris, has just been produced at St. jUi Petersburg in magnificent style, the mountings costing ^ IIt i,(USJ francs or about $2>?,i000. It w called "Tho Mummy." A daughter ot tno l'har.ioh* has been lying in a oi Irani e for llsaisands cl years in one of th* pyr .nods of igypt. A young tiavi-ller falls asleop in her tomb chaintier. The genius of tho pymmid makes hi.t appearance md resuscitates not only I ha Princess but all liar court into 1 ho bargain. Old Kgypl is brought buck to us, with < ts many scenes, its tiger hunts and liscombatii f slaves. Ilia Princes* (ii is nut dhurly slated why) duos into the S'lie, and alter having fallen from the Hit- to tlio foot- ' ill tit*, through water, is made welcome by the riv er ' rod. who convokes all tho rivers and lakes, far and roar, ih fi rive her a handsome reception. Kiually, a water h.. i;oiit of real water bursting beneath her foot, sis"S tho rccuscitaicd mummy to life, iiuda splendid upo- w' h-o-i.', follows 111 which nli hands go up to hear en on .111 m< II iltlMl plane. l Aim great tiioatrirul cxcltemeut now tf a new fairy ipectacle .it the Clripio Imperial, called ' Khotntnago." wi I lin-- twenty live tableaux, which ?r really k;>1 nriid, ut) inil ihe prlncipel character n p.nycd by Judith F?rr?vr?, nrnicrly ol tho Varieties, untl one of the prettl el women unl most fWclnatini^actreeacs on the French stuje. So ?n. ,r ?! has Inren the run to see tins piece that tin i iini.nr- So . alien him beep to open an ?d litloTil horosu i!n . oe?tion, and the reals ore ail encased for n w-"Ir in ad iaix ". It is r.ol unlikely thai the new piece . Ill hive mi in' jr?pi a run ft* did the " i'l"<l du M eh n " at the pi rt? w< Martin, which ws'? played mor.> thin ihr'e li antral aippeetitivv nights and bronght in l wo miliums ol Irenes? about foor hundred thousand dnlinis- io Hp* neawiry, line of the most attractive pines in' ivort. in Paris sete w if tho "popular eoncorl" given every Si.nduy at tint (>f 1 irgve Napcltmn. Tho tonus* .s ol U?e Very best <Je criplion, ami the orchestra is composed of mom ih .ua lion Ji e-l musicians, all grtidujlss of tho couu*ivmoir>. The in selectioua are from the most celebrated compositions of Mnsnrt, Moynrbser, Mendolne hn mid other classical composers. Every Sunday tliu imnieuse cirovs, which h?'al? 1,1 iter three thousand f eople, Is erowdeil, and all the allies Si vnd doorways ire thronged with people who cannot oh- up ain -Htls. The prices aro cheap?fifty. twenty Ave and III torn sons. The celebrated r.omposai, Verdi, was pre- cn sent at the concert on Sunday last. dt 1'aoibcrhlt la to appear at the Opera on Sunday even- w m: next in Polinto. The celebrated pianist Lenpel 1 de M?y?r ia sliortly expected to arrive in P?r:?. 11 vv Our Berlin Correspondence^ '' Urri.iv, Feb. 19, IdCsJ. Mr. .tjicsrd'a .%t.'t to thp. I'rtn ian (Ion rnmnU?A St mmodd I'liitiyhlrj in fl. i 'iii?Mr. Biilltr?7%? Trtt?i Affair Oner More, ifr. The odlciul Brtrrinn (!a;rtt? publishes Mr. Seward's reply to Count isernstortrs note on the late dincrem.*" J with Kb;.'land. The cordial and dignified lingiage oi the American Secretary of State has made ofavorah'e u impression on the Prussian diplomrt'Sts, and the truth or his suggestion, thai the proper regulation of neutral rights may soon bee >me of greater importance to the Powers of Eastern Ktiripe than it is now to Amcricu, is fully recognized. A pamphlet appeared here lately, written by a Mr. Hudson, of Virginia, and entiUsd " The Seeond Leclara lion of American Independence,'' in which the cauM of the South is defended with considerable ingenuity, and au effort made to disabuse the Herman tuind of the Idea that the real question at taaue Is the perpetuation or abolition of slavery. Hitherto he does not seem to have met with m'Mh success, as the oaly paper I hare seen It noticed in, and that In not particularly flattering terms, Is the iVahonat Xeilung. Mr. Hudson was {Secretary of legation nt Berlin Tor a'phort time after the resignation of Mr. K. G. W. Butlar, and was subsequently present at the Prussian reviewa on the Khtne, whero ha was taken tor a United States officer, His predecessor, a chivalrous young Ixruistantan, who wrs especially proud of bin do srtul from a brother of (ienor.il Washington, h.?d roeidod hers several years, and hud numerous friends and ac? quaintaiices who were sorry to learn tflU he hud been hided lighting in the rebel raniu In one of the late a... jE sheet. .ton*?Belmont. I think. Re expected to rtture to th* Tumw capital on ambassador of tit. douthoru republic tut I'luwM yrvpote d Bio* <fcq?~?. Urn Jfugo-ifw/or Abrrwn Librnturf, on. of tho mort ' -poet aid. i'terary journals in Germany, conUlua ioim tricturee on the ooudui t of Knglaud tu the Ti out affair, sbich ar. of iulerest, m sin-wing th. opinions of inteili [ ul German* un this subject. "Nothing i* clearer," t| ya, ' than that, according to the international laws inrariably aoforoed by Kngiaud, America bad a right to ureal the two Southern agent, on board tb* British mail ' teamer, aud to confiscate the vessel mto the bargain, tut no one in England cared about their own taws; th* iraaa raved and clamored for revenge, and 1'almerston, rbo wanted a freah dose of popularity in bia gouty old lays, send* a thundering nolo and lota of abipa, by which he gentlemen at the Admiralty earned lots or money, n such things Palmcretou is always liberal; it coaia him ictbing, and he ia aure to be a gainer by it?in cash, in [lory, aud in popularity. The disuuited States of Ameri is, hard pushed by tho releatleas, implacable South, are ?oak?or,at all events, not atrong enough to risk a naval var with England in addition to their other troubloa. iud against the weak i'altaeraion waa always strong. Bo, vital does lie caro Tor tb* law? When Percy i* una til* to lefend himself lalstail' grows courageous; and, sure mough, Palatal?is victorious. Amsrtca gives in ai d bogs lardon fur acliug according to English laws. Kven if uncoln bad uot yielded, it would have been the height of nadm-ss tor England, with her thousand millions of debt tnd her increasing deficit, to bagin a war with America, )ut who knows what may yet happen? England perceives iha baa an interest in th. roienttoa of Canada and the ndependeuca uf the Southern States; she burns to be evenged upou America for her defeat in the Ksvolutioniry war, although, practically, nothing could have been nor* advantageous to her than to lose the colonies and loutinue trading with them without having her profits surtatlsd by the heavy charges of administration. But. is long as the .monstrous idea exists that th* welfare aud irosparity of' nations depend upon immenae territorial Msaeaaioua, political infiueuca, tremendous fleets and mormoua armlas, England will be firmly persuaded that he extension of her colonial empire: and, ir possible, the ssovoryuf tb* North America's Ikiuth, which they say rould rather b* incorporated with the old country than aunited with the North, would be a splendid stroke of iiisineas. It is characteristic, however, that while the English government appeared to bo following the safe wilicy of picking a quarrel with America, to get cotton for iitppiying the factories of Iancashire. tho starving work a en assemble en masse and pass resolutions Stigmatizing ? lie injustice and barbarity- of a war with their trans- p it Ian tic kinsmen in the strongest expression." The a ibovo refers to the great meeting of operatives in Mary- c ebone, l>ondon, on the 27th of January, the resolutions j f which have been sent to Mr. Adams l'or transmission t o the rresident of the United Slates. Theso remarks are y he more deserving of notice, as the Magazine is by no neans particularly favorable to tho couiso of the North, ( nd has another article in the same number condemning t he civil strife between the two soolionH of the Union in \ ho most unequivocal maimer, and even calling upon a luropean intervention to put an end to it. c Brrliw, Feb. 2?, 1882. ' Vashington's Birthday?Commercial Treaty with Prance? f Treaties with Japan and China?A Japanese Ambus- j sudor Expected, etc., etc. !i The aunivorsary of Washington's Birthday was eels- 7. rated by a supper at the United States Legat ion, In the j ictoriaStrosse, to which all the Americans residing at t! orlin were iuvited. Tho Stoats Antieger publishes ths treaties of friendship, fi immerce and navigation concluded by this country e 1th Japan and China. The former was signed on the ,. ithof January, 1861, by ths Prussia* plenipotentiary, pj >unt Fallen burg, and the Japanese dignitaries, Muragaki w vsdsi no Kami, Takemo Droshio no Kami and Kuekawo ^ itsin. According to a memoir whioh accompanies ni , tho Prussian Ambassador mst with a^any dilHcultiss in e course of his negotiations whioh it re quired all his rgy and circumspection to surmount; and, after all, he is unable to induce the Japanese te insert the natnos " the other Gorman Statos in ths troaty. The docu. nt in question consists of tweaty-thrio articles and a t of regulations for carrying on the trade botwsea ussia and Japan. The details correspond with the ipulatlons of the treaties concluded bj Jaiian with the lited States and Great Britain. Both parties have a Ck ;ht to appoiut diplomatie agents, and Prussia to cl| IKiint consuls, who are to have the same Jurisdiction as . o British. The Japanese government have siguihed c1' air intention to send an ambaasay to Europe- shortly, su inch will take Berlin on its way from St. Petersburg to in, >ndun ?ndParis; Prussia, on the uthor hand, does not u template accrediting a resident Minister in .Input for 111 e present, but will give the nomination of consular en onts her immediate consideration. The treaty |U, to lute elteot on the let January, 1803, the tempts of the Japuneso to postpone the time ted. for ratifying it having been bellied by the Qrmness ok the Prussian plenipotentiary. from that day the |jt irta of Hakadodl, Kanagnwa, Nagasaki, as well as any here to which a third Povror may receive admission *" > to the time, or at any subsequent period, will be ov /on to Prussian commerce. The treaty with China was signed September 2,1861, the name of all tha Gorman States except Austria, *n terliaviDg been long delayed by the refusal of the th liestials to concede th* privilege enjoyed by other aa /were of maintaining an embassy at Pekin. A sort of . unpromiae was tinally agreed upon, by which the King 141 ' Prussia is outilled to have a resident diplomatic agent wl the Imperial Court; but promisee at the same time tb >t to send out such a functionary Tor at least five years ter tho ratifies* ion of the treaty. Iho principle of ' Te lutlily beiug asserted, Prussia could the more easily thi eld to the urgent wishes of China In this respect, as (hi r dlpioinatic intercourse with the Celestials is not of . i much im|>orlanoa us to maxe any purtlcular didsrice whether she sends them an ambassador in live yesrs lib ten. or not at all. Tho right of appointing a p0 maul Gcueral for all China, and consular agents in the incus ports, is of tuore practical moment, uid will i/bubly bo exercised without delay. The Uansestic en wn.i are alliwed to have consuls of their own at the m iris enumerated in the treaty. In other respects its ipuiatious arc similar to those contained in the treaties >M> uciided t/y (liiiia with America and the three great "g iroiw.in Powers,and tho tarifl and commercial regula- v* >ns are tho esmo us those adopted by Knglaud. They elude liigh transit duties, which (lie Chinese governcut cannot take off, as Iho procee 1s ge towards paying of o war contribution exacted by Prance and Knglnml. It gr cms, h'/wever, that the representative* of these two wors have lately entered u.lo negotiations with the Hirt of P.-kiu to relieve trade from these onerous im- g. ?ts, and if such an arrangwnont is made the German urchantfi will havu the benefit of it,in virtue of a oepa- ' , te clause of the treaty. The document is si mud on the . .ft of China by Clmngluen, assistant of tbe ministry of ' reign .-ilfairs at l'okin, director general of public stores; . d < houg-hoo, honorary under Secretary of State, int>i>.(Ar-in.phiAl' of the* thrAc. Northern norm To ita bltcatinn ia the OJHeiat Gtuetie is a-pended an interost: review of the "diplomatic and commercial relations twocn China on the one part, and hnglsnd, France, issiu and ihn United Statoh on ths oilier, since the peace Nankin in 1842. ? Haaux, March 8, 1883. * m i.trfje in Prtnt A Policy?iVo Intervention in America? M Split Hrtmeen Ike King of J'rnsxia and the Ifoiute Of tl Oipntic-?I'rtitp rt of a C"vp d'Ktat?Princeit SieLmia rf Sen ny-The Pucheu of Mecllenbvrg, <fe., etc. }? Up ttia hint accounts received here from 1'aru it is clear n at the i^ilicyaf France in reference to tba United States 11 ? Undergone a nurked change. The ardent zeal with ti mh the cause of the South was advocated by the govern- h mt tsrass line suddenly cooled down, and in the T.egis- J' if <Y>rps,thn Minister tanr pt? t-feuille, Rillault, talks u' ih great unction about "the ties of friendship that A iU France to America,*' declares that a rupture between P n is im|K?-sible, and protests against ths Idea of fore- r, ; llie blockade In order to procure cotton from the k utliern ports. ? Such conduct on the part of France,'' 8 Bevs "would be perfect madness; and England, whose ? inreat* are more directly concerned in this question. ] nild not think of < ominitting an set that would sepa- 11 te her (.oticy from that of France, and be disapproved by the Emperor." It is strongly suspected that the b ;ti.? ... i.? .... T gans of the French government (luring the progress of ? ?j Tre.it adair, ?ere a mero blind to deludo F-iigland rl 10 ilio belief that. In th? event of a war with the United P ates, she would have the sympathies of France on hor 11 "e, which, of course, would not have pr< rented Louis b cpoleou trom pursuing quite a diltereut line of action 11 ter the war had actually broken out. In fact, nothing ' mid api>ear more Improbable) and moro contrary to the ri elates of Round policy than that France ehould really P ish to contribute towards the dissolution of the * r. 11 itii, and thus destroy the only naval rower Trom ? Inch she might exje-ct effective co-operation In a future " I'Mn'e aguinst (be msrllune supremacy of Kugland, ? m<>ng ex|?rivncod diplomatist*, therefore, an hnpres- ,4 on existed alt along that tbure wos a secret motive for < e uttitudo assumed by tbe French hmperor In the [' rent dllllcnlty, and Ibis opinion Is tonflrmed by the t irrnttt that bas taken place since the posceable ad. o sln.ent of that question. Lord Fslmerston, who is an Id fox, arid knows how far he may trust his magnsni j lO'is ally .has been prudent enongh to avoid tbe trap tl aai was laid for htni; and from the altered tone of tbe n a ling Itrttlsh journnle, which, with scarcely an excep- T i ?n, are more or less under his lulJuence, from tbe dIs- li ovcry Made so unexpectedly by the London Tinin that u !w American blokade is, after all, tolerably effk i-nt, s d.I from the determination expressed by F-arl Russell to tl if ,?ect it, they have evidently arrived at the conclusion but a war with the United States Is a dangqrou* luxury, pi rhu-b, under the circumstances, they had better not la- tl ?!* m. It may be tnkun for grautad, then, that Tor a n terlod at least the government of President Lincoln will p >e allowed to proceed with Its ellbrts for tbe roconstruc- ti .. n ,vf ?.? !*r>ii>n without bailiff ihriiAtnrr.l wilh r.Arai.m f< nterferenca, and at ovary mail from New York ia now ? >nngmg Intelligence of fresh aocoesses obtained by tba It er'ornl army, wo may bopa that the work of pacification 1 all) ba conautmmatod before this favorahl# tntor- c< ,-al la part. TLo rebollion once crushed, and tran- 01 lulllty restored. tho republic can jtrcat the in- tl .rignos of European I'oweri with contempt, h aid will certainly bo no longer exposed to thoir throats.4* | It wm observod very lostly by an English gentleman, at p th? fet, given by Mr. Jitdd in honor of th? 22d February, fi that aa regards tha UnKed (Hates tlioro warn thri-e par- l Lies In England?the aristocracy, who hate and fear ro- r publican histltuMona; the manufacture , who leverotton c better than liberty, Mid the great mass of the people, r who I ynvatln/a wiita America, for the same raw on that a I'm governing clause* dls:>ke bar. A similar remark i laol is good on tho Continent, with tha exception that as 1 f ^ I often is not of such importance Viere as ra England, lb# uiamsity to ttie Uuiled Mateo la ? hlsfly confined to U < lieu ami court flunkeys. The National a.n?> istion la sitting* again at Borlta aa4 aa passed resolutions intruded to aft >rd a moral support 0 the liberal party in tho Becuud Chamber. This la the tore utKieaaary aa tbinga hare now airired at a paao rhich w ill trj the courage of the liberals to the ulmoet. lciid and vascillatlng in ita foreign po Uoy, tho Prussian overnmeut is obstinate and uecomproruMag at home, lie report of the committee on the military bad get la bout to be preeeu ed to the House, and ttieracaa hardly e a doubt but that it will be un avorabbe- By a few in? cuaceaalona government might haoe easily ooaillated Ma op|Hinenta, but It will net yield an inch; the eproseutatlvei are to vote the enormous ssrvus demandd for the reorganization of the army, wtthuut a single uform being granted iu return, and still evvsry liberal leasure is paralyzed by the vote of the Lord*. If the miniates are refused, the King and his adviaom are doermiued to resort to the ultima ratio? to disoo've the louse of Deputies and to order now election*. I>erhup# veu to curtail the right or suffrage, as waa done iu 1840. <>ra< apprehensions being entertainad that the tdissoiu;on of the Chambers may load to dlsturbimcua m the apital, measures hare already been taken to repreaa hem by military force. The reserves Have been called tit, the garrison of Berlin has been reinforced, tho oldiora have beeu provided with ball cartridges, end overs lisvo been given to the commanding generals to .eep thum in readinass for instant aotion. Telegraph ie rircs bars baan laid down from the Royal Daises In the inmovable barracks, with which this, city is armed, n lattalion of troops has been stationed.at the arsenal? hort,arrangements hare been made to nip any popular iemouatration in the bud and to reetoro order by lire and word. Although the strictest secrecy was oujoiued, hese proceedings could not fall to attract public at tanion, the more so as there Is nothing whatever In- the tlltude of tho population to justify such precautions. k> fhr from there being the alightoet manifestation of n evolutionary spirit, aa acquaintance of mine, whole dinself one of the leading democrats, has assured' ma hat, avan if tho Chambers were dissolved, be would enage (o put down any troublas that might ensue with , corporal's guard of six men. Indeed, government ppeara to be rather aahamed of Its own fears, ad the semi-official organs have boon instructed- ts usiuuate that all those bellicose preparations are diocted against Austria and her adborents, or against lenmark, in case the former should meditate a oowp tit ain in Hesse, or the latter should reject the lest prodigals of Prussia In the interminable Schleewic-HoUteia .ffalr. But these subterfuges are too transparent to be real ted for a single instant. Tho truth is that there is n irofound schism betwoeu the King and the majority of he Second Chamber, and that unless ons of the two givn ray a catastrophe is Inevitable. On Sunday the Princess Bidonka, of 8axony, niece to the |ueen Dowager of Prussia, expired at Dresden In the wenty-eighth year of her age, after a short illness. She ras distinguished for her beauty uud accomplishments, tud although she died unmarried. had been within an ana if making the two greatest matches in Europe. In 1852, rhsn Louis Hapolcon was lonkiug out for a wife, ho ofm od his hand to the Saxon Princess, as the daughter of 1 ho ise whose attachment to bis uncle had cost these unie of their finest provinces; but hor friends not thiukng him firmly enough established on the throuo to overMi his deficiency in royal blood, the offor was politely loclined. Soon after it was proposed-te marry her to ler cousin, tho Emperor Francis Joseph; but huppening to ay a visit to Munich, he foil in love with another cousin, h i Princess Elizabeth of Bavaria, and poor Sidonia waa -ft to wear the willow. A few years ago she had aa tier from one of the Czar's brothers, but this aho raised, as its acceptance was made contingent upon bar ^changing the Rout n Catholic religion for the Greek, notlier near connexion or the royal family of Prussia, to Grand Duchess of Mecklemburg, departed this life ait [ouday evening at Ludwigsburg, in oonsequence of hich the Court festivities?which had already beenansindod for soma time on account of the demise of the rince Consort or England?hare been again counter* ended. Oar St. Petersburg Oorreepoadeaee. Sr. Pkkrsbusc, Feb.15, IMS. \e AttenM,y of Ifobim at Moocom?Rt Smoiation* Cba ttihUimal Monarchy A Republic in Stuoia?Tk* insa. biy at St. Pdartbury?The Proto? TWywpA to tm A moor and California, 4c. Tho assemblies of the nobility that have beansitting roughout the empire for the last few weeks are bek? wed, one after the other. In forma thus there* ,cd no interest winterer, except among the privilege, uts who composed them, but now they have almost an med the character of parliamentary meetings, and .lead or confining themselves to the election of morals and members of the civil and criminal courta, they gage in political diaouseions so animated and ovea multuous us to remind one of the ancient Polish Diets. iU was especially the case in Moscow, the seat of the 1 Russian aristocracy, the Shoromatieflh, the Qa7. ioe, the Gagarins, the To is lays, the Mencfciflrf, bo., many of whom have domains extending or thousands of square versts, and who vays formed a kind of oppoaition to ths central gov imant at 8t. Petsrsburg. Undar the rslgn of Mioholab ess frondevrt did not venture to do more than let ott unusual squib or bon mot against him end his minis d, or show thoir dissatisfaction by feting some perssa id was known to bo in disgrace with the Czar, such as e late General Yermolotf; but times have changed ryrauoh siaee then. Although obliged to submit to s enfranchisement of the serfs, the nobility consider smsslvos deeply aggrieved by it; they would have en willing enoegh' to grant tho peasants their personal orty,as ths sxampls of ths Baltic provinose and of land has proved that liberty without land renders the aaaat more dependant on the owner* of the noil, end able# the latter to procure labor on cheaper term* ui before, but the cession of part of their oatataa ht inl that touchea their intereeta too nearly for them-td rce to it without a murmur ; and murmur they do la rv audible tonoe. At the Moscow assembly soma ere* ui t so far as to propose?indirectly indeed?the repeal the emancipation law; but, though advocated with eat energy by Count Orloff, DavydoiT and ltr. Beaolreil, tba leader* of the reactionary party, thia motion u thrown out. Their mora aansibla oolleaguee underand thet whan auub e measure is onoe passed, it is 1m- ' r-sible to roacmd it, end that they would tlna it mora Ivanugeous to make It the starting point of other rarim, which, while conciliating public opinion In thair vor, raurii , in the present elite of Russian society, oon* r u |ioliiicat power on the aristocracy that would only Indemnify it tor the social and pecuniary losses istained by the emancipation. In i i.uec'iuonce of this an addresa to the Emperor wan 'i>js?ha<l, in wbirh, after many expressions 01 loyalty, id an atsMof the daugerous poaillon in which the mntry in placed by the conflict of class internets, hia njesly is petitioned to grant the following di-mauds:? irst, the extension of the elective principle to nil local uigistratss anil officers of the )>roviiicial administration; tumidly, the introduction of trial by jury, "to protect 10 i?rsons and property of all the citizens (grathdane} tlie umpire;" thirdly, the separation of the lends ap> jrtmned to the peasantry and those retained by the -b.es to be eli'sctod immtdlulely, and the redemption loney advaucod by government; fourthly, the puhlic*ou of thobudg"t; iiithly, "free discueaioa in point of 11 -1 nest ions relet iv to the economical and admiais ative interests of the empire," or, in other words, berty of the press; and, llnally, the convooaon of a general assembly, composed of delegate* oinall the provinces, to meet at Moscow, to deliberate [*>u the best moans >.f carry Ing these reforms inte ofleet, i tor voting the address and re olecling their former rt>ln*litel (marshal), Peter l'eulovilch Voyclkoll, the Asmilily was prorogued on the 6th met. According to jgulation it will not meet again till next year; but who news what may happen before then! The least seni.iuc are pursuuded that by that tune we shall bsvs a institutional instead of an absolute monarchy; and tha mro decided partisans of progress even dream or a raiibbc. lor which, they aver, Russia is better prepared lan the nations of Western Europe, through Ins demoalii iiri'uiiMtiiiu of the rural communes that has ai.it kl in nil Slavonian countries from time immemorial, and y which any village forms a Httle republic of Itself, here If sums truth In this, and 1 hare no doubt that the a-anth will be quite competent to arrange their ows ;:iurs, without the Intervention of the nobles or the iimenir, but to give these unoducated masses a voice In olillcal questions seems to he rather a hazardous expert unit. lime, In St. Petersburg, the discussions of the Assem. ly, which was opened on the 28th ult., and cloned day nluro yesterday, were not near so stormy as those at lie Moscow notmm. a large proportion of the members ring gxvernment functionaries, who are, of course, raity to applaud auy measure proceeding from the ov ers that be. Nevcrtlieleas, an opposition was not ranting, headed by thu same (Jospodies llezobramft whs gured at the Mo<cow Assembly, and who is entitled to vote in ours in virtue of an estate aituated in this gubrrttun. Among the liberal members. 1'tatonofT, marshal i the district of New Ijsdoga, was the most prominent, ml displayed a talent lor public speaking that will ualtrybim to shine in a future Parliament or Cor ttit*,nlf of Kussta. Howovef, a motion Tor au address simt ir to tho vr te in Moscow wrw negatived, the Minister oi he Interior having given honorablegentlemou a hint that ho Emperor had bad enough of such addresses; that us of the points demanded?the publication ot the idgct?had been already granted; that thereat wars nder consideration, but tnat It would not do to hurry bo government in matters of such vital Importance,and hat If they asked too much they might perhaps get othlng at all. Of the provincial assemblies, those el ur and Kalouga have distinguished themselves by thetf b irality In passing resolutions by which the peasants re relieved from the burthens to whleh they art stlH ibjert, until they have discharged their obligations ts 'ieir former masters. After tho budget, It Is thought the first of the ' sts arts" of the Moscow charter that will be granted u fiat petitioning for the liberty of the proee. You must t Imagine, however,that It will be such liberty at eople are be customed to In America, and which no couat y on tho European continent has ever enjoyed, at least >r any considerable time. Should the censorship be bollsbed, It will bo replaced by a severe press law; sad this Is formed on the pattern of those existing Is ranue or Austria, our writers will have little reason U Oligratlllate mcmsfivHB on me adj ne acquainted with our Journal* will admit nat at present, despite tha censorship, tb?| ava much greater latitude lu publishing thevievrao! i lltical and social questions than In olther of those en* Irrs where the imprimatur of the censor shields hits cm flneor Imprisonment. In fact ,I might? wily monttrS wo or thrae of our papers whose tendencies areeoopeaH evolutionary that they would not he euffored hi maaj ' unti les where the priss Is nominally Tree. If oq| ulcrs are wisi), therefore, thuy will cling no longer to g , stem which exposes lliom to general odium,ami frort s deli th?y do not derive the slightest benefit. hiih'rr of Public Inalruction, M. Uoiuvum, la a decklM