26 Mart 1862 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3

26 Mart 1862 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3
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enemy of the censorship, and be seconded by the new Minister of Finance, M. Reutern, who argues very justly that its suppression will uot only save a great deal of money, but afford government u pretest for Introducing a sump duty, which is likely to prove as fertile a source of revenue in Russia us in other couutnes. Michael Christopherovitch Reuleru, who Is a connection of tho pool JoukofTsky, the Emperor's tutor, is one of th" knot of young politicians who have been ushered into public life under the auspices of the (irand Duke Constantino, ?nd It is hoped that be will be mure successful in Ins tlnancial measures than bis predecessor Kiwjevitch. He is the author of several articles on political ecom uiy in the Morikci Slurnik and other journals, and his friends have a high idea of his capacity. It remains to be seen how far this is justified. Considering he has not yet been a fort night in office, bis proceedings are to far satisfactory: he has alroai'y gut rid of ono of the rieux /lermqiirt, M Hageineister, the Director of the Credit Department, who is succeeded by Nebolsin, a well known writer on financial subjects; and it is understood that Huron Stieglitz, the Governor of the Imperial Bank, which he administers very satisfactoi ily to himself, will aoon follow. uuionoi lumiuunnun returned iroin jiuinm, ???,?.?, was sent to sludy the telegraphic system.and will commence constructing tho Ainoor line in the course of the present spring. From St. Petersburg the telegraph extendi now us far oe Tumun, in Siberia; next year it will bo carried on to Irkutsk, and by 1806 wc shall, probably, have an uninterrupted communication with the western shores of the Pacific. The lime will theu have arrived to lay a telegraphic wire from Kamtachatka and the Aleutian Islahds to New Archangel and San Francisco; and as this route does not present the numerous difltcuUies Which the Atlantic cable bad to contend with, there is no reasou?always supposing the capital is forthcoming? why itshould not be accomplished by 1866 or 1867. It is useless to point out how much more advantageous such an arrangement would bo for Kussla and the Unilod States than a line beginning and ending on British territory. The English Idea of a Peace. [From the London Times, March 13.] It is very remarkable to observe the expectations which have been raised, not only in America but in (hit country alto, of the approaching end of the great civil war. On this point our private advices conUriu the representations of the New York press, and tho same impression has been acknowledged in our own Parliament by one of its most experienced leaders, liord Russell on Monday evening gave tut war just ninety ttayi to run, bring exactly the estimate of Mr. W. Seward, and, although the end anticipated by his lordship was cot that contemplated by the ledcra! Minister, the fuio luitrsmen ajijear, at any rate, agrtetl in their measurements of the s'ruggle. Yet there is certainly nothing on the face'of events to sustain this conclusion. The success at Fort Donelsou wus a great success, no doubt. All those prtsonors, all those guns, and all those trophies of war would have constituted a genuine victory in any campaign, and the prospect openod to the conquerors was, perhaps, more important still. But the actual result cannot be presumed. except by somn incredible oousequeuces, to atlect the fortunes of the war. Even if Teunessee were recovered for the Union? which is not yet doue?Tennesson is but a single Stale, and not one of the States originally seceding. * * The ouly question is whether they will be so resolvod, or whether tho North can now intimidate thorn into submission, or persuade them into acceptable terms of separation. The federals, beyond doubt, are gaining ground?not sufficiently to make a forcible reconstruction of the Union probable, hut quite sulhcienlly to give them an advantage in negotiating for au amicable partition. This was evidently the particular end of the war which Lord Russell had in view, and this expectation it would be very natural to entertain u we couiu suppose thai either or b< th of the belligerents mean somewhat less than they say. At this conjuncture we receive the addrees of President Davis to his constituents, who have just established n l ermaretit instead of a provisional government for the Confederate States, and elected their chier for sis years of office. If this document is to be accepted as au expression of Southern feeling, it is certain, as our readers will at once discern, thatthe war will not be terminated by the mlminion of the tectdert. The Confederate President can say little that is new, but he recapitulates the grievances of the 8outb?their insurrection against "the tyranny of an unbridled majority?the most odious form of despotism;" their efforts in the struggle, their past victories, and their recent disasters. "But," he adds, "in the heart of a people resolved to be free these disasters tend but to stimulate to increased resistance." If this is really the spirit in which recent events are accepted by the South, many "three months" must|pess before peace can be mode on any terms but those of compromise. On such conditions, in short, the North can never win. But cam I'raident Davit count on the support which he (Aim betpeaktf Are hi* coiutituents alt wctiieii at heart, and resolved at all hazards to achieve their independence? We cannot confidently say ; but by the ordinary rules of political reasoning wo should be led to answer in the affirmative. It is true that the Southerners are now for the Am time tried by reverses, which would have been borne, perhaps, with greater fortitude at the beginning ei lbe war, when seen trials must hsv# been naturally anticipated. It is true, also, that lbs presence of a large Northern fores on the iron tier of the South may be the means or evoking an expression of Unionist opinions in She seceding States; and when ws observe the extraordinary confident** which the invasion of Tennessee has pru ilicw in lue nwui, WW PMUIUU M JHSIIU?U| imiMJJB, iu expecting some corresponding depression on the part of the Soutli. If one side attaches such inexplicable importance to the capture of a provincial fort, why not the other? If the Northerners think this action decisive of the war, why may not Southerners share tbn belief? To these questions we reply, that nothing hitherto dis< rniblc in the proceedings of the Confederates can lead ns to suspect them either of irresolution, inconstancy or political discord, on the contrary, their unanimity and uetermiuation have always been remarkubly evinced. We have observed on former occasions that, whereas imputations of treason, sympathy with with 'rebels" and Southern "proclivities," generally were current throughout the federal States, no bint of Northern feeling ever reached ue from the South. Ihe fedeials were not sale from traitoie in their own camps, where the Confederates appeared always to have fr lends. The expeditious of the federal failed uniformly In discovering my loyalist party at any point of Southern soil, and when we reflect upou the exertions which must have been required before the Bine milium*of Confederates could have confronted as they have done the twenty millions of fedora's for ten months together, It is impossible to doubt that the Southerners have been really in earnest. As to theeir-ct of the cami aigu and Its events, If a year's Gerce and not inglorious warfare should have brought the South to daa re a reconciliation with the North the phenumcnon will fcj a most surprising one. Nevertheless, tin.ugh reason would forbid us to ex* pet either the voluntary submission or violent subjugation of the South, yet the "termination of the war" by the method of compromise may possibly beat haLd, and the recent successes of the federals may facilitate this conclusion, not only by re-establishing the military reputation of the North, but by limiting to more acoept... IS. .I.n,.n,li ?f t tiA Smith If tk. M.U. mint tf Washington C juIiI secure the tunler 8,ales it might rreolrt to let the Gulf States go, rather than prolong, at a prodigious coat, a war which,on tbu boat of suppositions, could only en I in the ruinous occupation of a hostile territory. It requites, as wo know, 36,000 federal troops to hold the petty State of Maryland. It would take, we were told on rederal authority, 300,000 to save Kentucky, and if Tennessee, Viiginia and Missouri are to bo garrisoned on a similar scale, and the Uulf Slates to be iuvaded and occupied afterwards, how are such obligations to be supported? J'ouihiy, therefore, the federal leaders, in the midst ef their rejoicings, are thinking of a favorable negotiation. We done!profits Is hare a'i catered any such design in Ike reports which reach us, and which speak of nothing but unbounded and almost irrational conOdence in continuous victory. But, as continuous victory itself would bring no practical success eicept by the voluntary return of the South into the bonds of union. As this return, from ail we can infer, is utterly Improbable, and as the alternative, that of military occupation, can scarcely be aaid to represent a possibility, It Is but reasonable to think that some of the wisest among the Northerners must have contemplated negotiation and separation as a course to be ultimately pursued. That course tan be pursued now with advantages which could hardly have been anticipated two months age, and if the victory at Fort Donelson should have disposed one of the belligerents to some concessions, aud the other to some abatement of its demands, it may certainly lead to a speedy terminal ton of the war. Fraaee. Parsi, March 14,1M2. II. Tbcuvensl haa lent a not* to M. Ratazzi denouncing th* danger* created by the Italian Providsraenta Alto elation. The ?i eci* in the Rank of France ha* increased during the month riity-on* millions of franci<. Jules Favre, in the Corps Legisletif, denounced the Mezlcan expedition, but the paragraph favoring it In the address to the Emperor was adopted. Th* ordinary expenses of the year are estimated by the government at seventeen hundred and twenty-nine millions of francs, and the receipts are estimated at noarly sixteen millions in excess of this. Tit* Paris Bourse was heavy and drooping, the rentes being quoted at OOf. 90c. It was rumored that the English government had noti(led the French government of th* sudden departure from London of three men who were implicated in the (>rsini plot, and that thee* men were suspected of harboring d* signs against th* life of th* Emperor. The French pul.ee were on the lookout for the three men. Italy* The majority of the members of the Chamber of Deputies have resolved to support the new ministry. Th* details of th* first sitting or the General Provide, mento Assembly at Genoa bad been published. Garibaldi was most enthusiastically received. In hie speech he applauded the holy idea of a Ceatrul Commit tee ef the Pro* idem onto. The Idea of forming one society from all the liberal ItaUnn societies would probably receive the approval of all the representatives of those so ctestss. He was strongly in favor of such a Union in order to form?to express it in a word?the Roman fatccr. The Assembly bere rote to tbeir feet and loudly applauded the sentiment Garibaldi, when the applause subsided, resumed his remarks He said that he hoped Italians would also hold out their hands to all tho enslaved nations of the earth. The government had warned th* Provideinento Com mittee of Genoa to aasume a certain tone, otherwise that they wonld be compelled to dissolve tho association. Greece. All ports on the coast of Greece in the Gulf of Argolle have been placed under a strict blockade ,d consequeac* ?f the Insurrection at Nauplia. NEW iOK Praiala. The K ifig of Prussia ban declined to accept the resignalion of the Ministry, and dissolved the Chamber of Depu tie*. A meeting i f the left anil the majority of thedeputiee of the Prussian Chamber baa been bold, and they bave derided by a vote of to! to 4 to support the ministry. Rpaln> The Confederate Commissioner (Roet) liod arrived in Madrid, but the government refused to receive him. Commercial Intelligence. LONDON MONEY MARKET. London, March 14, 1862. Tho London Timet (city article) says:?The funds opened ytsterday at an improvement of one-eighth. There was u temporary relapse, but the advance was maintained at the close. Business in American slocks was restricted, pending another arrival. London, March 14?3 P. M. The I?ndon Timet of the I3tb nisi, quotes United States fives (registered), 1874. at 75 a 77. The London Herald of the 13th inst. Rays that stc*dl> ness is a feature in American stocks. The dealings are not extensive, and in several instances prices are rather lower. United States bonds, 1877, are negotiated at 76 a 76%, but the last quotations are at 75 a 77. Virginia O'sare flat at 56 a 58; Erie shares, 32 a 33; Illinois shures, 43 a 42 discount. New York Central, 83 a 85. Consols for money, 93% s 93%. Livbupool. March 13,1862. Cotton dull; sales of four days 21,000 bales, including 7,000 to H| eculutors nod exporters. Prices unchanged. The Manchester market is quiet but Arm. BsKinsrvsra Richardson, ttpence h Co. and Wakefield, Nash A Co. report flour dull and 6d. lower. Wheat de clined Id. a 2d., principally on tho lower qualities; red Western, 10s. 6d. alls. 8d.; red Southern,lis.?d.a 12s.; white Western, 12s. 6d.; white Southern, 12s.9d.al3s. Corn still declining and prices 6d. a Is. lower, mixed, 28s. 6d. a 29s. Provisions.?1The same authorities report beef quiet but steady. Pork dull and unchanged. Bacon Arm. Lard active nnd Is. higher. Tallow steady. pRODt'ck.?Ashes quiet at .'13s. 6d. for pots and 33s. for pearls. Sugar quiet and unchanged. Coffee steady. Rice firmer. Linseed oil quiot at 36s. Rosin?No sales. Spirits turpentine nominal. LONDON MARKETR. London, March 12. Breadstuff's tending downward. Sugur firm. Coflh firmer. Tea quiet but steady. Rice luactive. Tallow declining, sales at 46s. american SWTRmCR. Erie shares, 32 a 33; Illinois Centrals 42 a 43 discount. Livkksool, March 14, 1862. Cotton.?The Bankers' Circular reportH the sales of the week at 32,000 bales, of which 9,000 were to speculators and 1,500 to exporters. Tho market has declined onehalf of a penny per ixiuhd. The sales to-day (Friday) are estiniatid at 7.(XX) bales, including 2.000 to speculators and im oilers, the market closing unchanged. The authorizeu quotations are:? Fair Orleans 13%d. Middling Mobiles.... 12d. Middling Orleans.... 12%d. Fair uplands l'4%d. Fair Mobiles 13d. Middling uplands?11VKtiV-lf In rms?? nnttmela/l a* AO A AflAKaW of .uKIaK UU . 000 *r? American. BRiuDirtrm.? Flour still declining in tone. Wheat heavy at Tuesday'a decline. Corn still declining, and again (id. a Is. lower. PnovnioNH quiet, but steady. Loj?dom, March 14,1842. Consols for money 93% a 93%. American securities lirm. Bullion In the Bank, ?383,000. FUNERAL OF COM. URIAH P. LEVY, U.8.N, Itaval Procesaloa la Hoaor of Deceased? Services In Accordance wltls the Jewish Ritual?Sketch of the Lift of Commander Levy?Interesting and Romantic Incidents of His Career, dfc. The funeral of Commander Uriah P. Levy, one of our most distinguished and bravest naval officers, took plscs from his lata residence, No. 107 St. Mark's place, yester' day afternoon. The body of the venerable deceased?be being over seventy years of age at the time of bis death? was laid in the parlor of the house, enclosed in a plain rosewood coffin. Deceased being a Jew by religious persuason.no funeral ostentation of any description was used in the decoration of his rsmains. On the lid of the coffia were placed the sword, bet and cost of deceased, while a solitary candle burned at the head and feet of the same. The parlor whers the body reposed, and the ante-chambers leading thereto were crowded with sym psthising friends and naval officers. A large fnll length portrait of the Commodore hung upon one of the walls, around which were grouped persons who evidently had gased upon the original while the warm lifo blood still bounded through bis manly frame. None could help feeling, as they gazed upon that splendid portrait of the dead, what a brilliant ornament to society and sterling American patriot had been swept away by MM unflinching arm or death. All who know deceased during life pronounced the portrait to be an accurate one, and the high fo:ahead, open countenance and flashing eye, bespoke unmistakably tho heroic man and noble officer. Although Commodore Levy died not in action, surrounded by his fighting countrymen, and with the flog of which he was so fond fluttering from the masthead of the vessel which he commanded, yet the honors which are due to him as a faithful naval officer are nono the less to be detracted from. No one who knew him doubt, ed his bravery, or even hinted at the honesty of bis character and motives. That he was brave, all who read the sketch of hie life, here appended, can have not the slightest doubt:? Commodore Levy was connocted with tho West Nineteenth street synagogue congregation ofSbearetb Israel, under charge of Rev. Mr. Lyons. The funeral services yesterday were necessarily of the Jewish character, ar.d were very improssive. They were conducted by Rev. Mr. Lyons. At two o'clock everything being in readi ness for the procession to move, the officiating rabbi stepped to the Load of the coffin and read in Hebrew a prayer for the soul of the decried All in the room remained with their hats on, no Jew ever uncovering his head upon any occasion. After this prayer had been concluded, the coffin was borne from the apartment by several seamen to the hearse which awaited it. While the coffin was being thus borne from the house, the band played a dead inarch from Saul, the strains of which were melancholy in the extreme, added to which were the heart-thrilling cries of some female relatlvesof the deceased, who thus bade a last adieu to the remain" of htm whom they loved tenderly while on earth. A large crowd of persons were collected outside the house, who (ucu up<>n me solemn scene witn melancholy interest. Everything being in readiness, the funeral procession moved down Eighth street in the following order Squad of policemen. Battalion of marines?four companies. Bond of United States ship North Carolina, twenty pieces. nit mussns. rau nmikks Dr. Fori, U. S. N. A~~~~*Dr. Mann, U. S N. Lieut. Lima.U. S. N } Hoarse. tCapt. Gar land,U.K. MO. Capt. lleade,U. S. N apt Tliomsou,U. S. N. Guard of Honor of sixty sailors, under command of Lieuienant Tearce, U. B. N. Oltlcers of the Navy. Mourners in carriages. The procession died from Eighth street into Broad way, down Broadway to Grand street, and thence to the , Grand street ferry, where the procession proceoded on board the lerry boat for Williamsburg. The line of march was then taken up to the Cypress Hills Cemetery, where the body was interred a its Deal resting place. To those who have not often seen a Jewish funeral, the services in connection with the seme arc of a sinking and impressive character. The renin being lowered in the grave, three friends of the deceased, wilh spades, ars the first to throw earth upon the remains. Tb? harrowing and melancholy task <f helping to obscure forever the remains of one whom they at one time looked upon with prido and love, is, of course, attended with much Borrow and painful feeling. Th n. the grave boing completely filled up,and the lout ordeal due to dead humanity gone through with, members of the Jew ish pcrsuusiou walk around tho grave seven <oneecutive times, giving vont to a mournful and plaintive funeral chaunt. These notes are delivered in the most heart thrilling manner, and have a very doep eth ct upon all wh> maybe present at their rendition. When delivered In the solemn precincts of the graveyard, with ail the Solemn sembluiiccs of a dead house, and immediately over the inaunnate clay of one who was me both distinguished and honored in lifetime, the elfistt produced is more striking. 80 it was yesterday , nnd in this manner were concludthe last ceremonies of retipinn to the lumeoU'd Couiimuiilcr Levy. SKETCH or THE LIFE OF TIIE DECS A SEP COMMODORE. Iieceased win a native of Pennsylvania, and flrtten. terrd the navy on the 21Uli of March, 1812, in w Nch h, remained up to the hour of his death, boing a |*riod o( nearly fifty years, of which he Bfient fourteen yours and eiglit moi.tlis In acti^? sea duty, onl year and six months doing shoro service,and the remainder waiting orilors. lu his lust acting sea sorvue ho was In command of the Mediterranean squadron, Inn flugidiip being the sloop-of-wur Macedonia*. Heoeasti! was tt man of gissl personal appearance, iciined educa tion.and wns distinguished for many acts of persona biavory. In both public and private life ho was highly esteemed for his gentlemanly dp|mrtmenl and strict dis cipline. Mr. Lovy was born in April, 17H2. lie wai first of all cabin boy on a coasting vessel without tbt consent of his parents, his greatest desire being to N connected with the sea. Prom I8ti? to 1810 he was em ployed ill the merchant vessels of Mr John Coulter lie applied himself vigorously to the study or naval affairs aid having concluded his apprenticeship wes employed a mate of the trig Five Vetera, lie afterwards kuuahl K HBRALD, WEDNESDAY one third of the schooner George Washington, but lost it by fraud and robbery. At the age of twenty yearn be entered the United States Navy as nailing mauler. In the preceding mouth of June, war had been declared against Great Hritain. i To largely participated in the effort* of the United Htatee i Navy to put dowu the oppressive acts of the British marine. Amuug the mauy distinctive acts in the life of Commodore Levy?apart from his active duties as a sailor? which have set a mark of nobility upon his character and proclaimed* him a hero of the truest type, we may inontion one or two not general1/ known to the public. One evouing he attended a brilliant ball in the city of Philadelphia. At this time he was a very young officer. While dancing, in the course of the evening's enjoyment, he came in conttact, as it was supposed accidentally, with anrtber officer of the navy. Supposing that he was in fault he at once apologized and passed on. lie went on dancing, and it was not long ere he again came in contact with the same officer. He thought it strange; but again apologised. The dance continued, and for the third time he came in collision with the same officer. This seemed very much like a premeditated design on one side or the other, and as young Levy was perfectly free from any such intent he naturally concluded that it was some offence meant from the other side. When the ball was ovor he left the place, and in passing near a lamppost in a street in the vicinity be saw two men engagod meager conversation. He was at once on his guard, expecting some mischief; but although there were many reasons for knowing that these men Intended to assail him, he was allowed to pass on without interruption of any kind. It must be remembered that Com modore Levy was a very athletic man, uud had no fear of any attack. Ou loaviug those suspicious looking men lie went ou board his ship, and to bis great surprise a challenge was presented to him, at six o'clock on the following morning, to fight a duel near Philadelphia. This trouble altogether ha I arisen out of soino private grudge of the hellieese officer of the evening or the ball. I?vy was a dead shot, and was well known to be so. But although be had no desire to tight he deeidud to accept the challenge, and accordingly appeared on tlio field, with his surgeon, friend, Ac. The duel began, and the officor who bud challenged him tired six times successively without bitting bis adversary. Mr. Levy did not lire a single shot In return, discharging every return shot in the air. At length Levy said it was necessary to bring the contest to a close. He appealed to his second to see to this, observing that bo had Urod only in the air, although standing as a target for his antagonist for six shots. He now wished to make it known that he would be a target no longer, but that on the next round each iwrty should fire to kill. The second on the other side insisted on the continuation of the duel. Captain Levy then, fur the first time, Bred at bis antagonist, and, with the unerring certainty of a true marksman, made htm bite the duet. He at once delivered himself into tlio hands of the proper authorities, and ufter a thorough investigation ho was unanimously acquitted of all blume in the matter. Commodore Levy was afterwards retirod by the Naval Council of Fifteen, although on the highest and must reliable testimony ho was proved to be ono of tho must efficient officers in the naval service of the United States?moral, brave,healthy and in every way devolod to the service of the country. On tho occasion of the appointment of a commission to inquire into the claims of officers who desired to be reinstated in the foderal navy, Captain Levy went to Washington, and was in a chamber with a number of omer officers. Among me run mete was one young officer, recently promoted to the rank of Communtler, who woe In full uniform. Captain Levy woh iu plain citizen'* clothes, but, knowiug this officer, he politely addressed him. He had also known the young man's father, who hod, like himself, been an officer in the navy. But the young man, having imbibed some of the animosity against Levy, would not answer his salutation, but turned away to a window, near by. The other officers present were astounded. Knowing Ixsvy's strength oud power, they expected that he would have struck down the young mun. But he did not do this. Quielly walking over to the window whither he had retreated, he calmly lapped him on the shoulder and said:?"Young man, I spoke to you just now,-oud you were rude enough not to return my salute. My name is Uriah 1'. Levy. Your father und niyto.f entered the uavy together oud advanced together. 1 remember well when you Itrst entered the service, and 1 always felt an interest iu you and tried to help you utougjlpr which 1 have frequently received the thanks of yowT rather. Now you have attempted to insult ms in the presence of these gentlemen, and now (here Captain Levy, having a little switch in his hand, laid it oversach spaulslte of the young commander) you are a disgraced man. 1 will remain here two weeks, and if you wish to hud me there will bo no difficulty. After that time 1 shall return to New York, and will always be found at street, in thstcity." The matter ended here, for the young mau never rerouted hti degradation. Captain Levy wale, however, restored to the navy, with all hw honors, and afterwards promoted to the rank of Commodore. During his command of the Mediterranean squadron he aided in getting a British sblp-of-wnr from a dangerous position. He used all his elJlrrti to abolish Hugging in the navy, but was very much opposed by those who thought the privilege loo dear a one to be abolished. Altogether, Commodore Levy was a noble and distinguished man. He was always found on the side of right and justice, and, as a sailor of the United States, there were few to rival bun. He was the proprietor of Monticello, in Virginia?the residence of Thomas Jelferson?which was tome time since confiscated by the rebels. On bearing of the action of the rebels, Commodore I,evy said that tho act ol conOscation was nothing. Tbat in a lew mouths the triumph of the Union arms would restore him his property, but thai the rebels had mode a serious mistake, as it was his munition to have lel't that property to the State of Virginia for educational purposes. During Mr. Levy's preaence in Brazil, in 1827, a little difficulty occurred between some of the officers of the Cyauc and the Brazilian authorities. A Mr. Moore came near being nearly cot down by a Brazilian murine, but Captain l,evy being by rushed in and leccived the blow on his hand, dislocating the little linger. The Kinpcror O! WT.7II aiwrw?n?i iiici m . jjjvj , miu ni^iiuitvu wub no Willi Ills brave anil gallant conduct that bo add ret* d him In tha French language fur over twenty minuter, and concluded by offering him the comnnuid of a new sixty gun trigate just brought out from the United States. Mr. I<evy'B answer was eminently patriotic. He expressed bis gratitude to the Kmperor for the honor, but

said that he lilted his own sorvice loo well ever to desert it, though he were buta cabin boy. Commodore levy Hollered ct mnderably from the vulgar and illiberal prejudice which at that time prevailed against the Jews, but which before iiis death lie euw gradually decreasing. The mass of hie enemies wero animated by no belter motive than this, and heiicc tho complete failure of every attempt to injure hnn. Tno names of private ciliz- ns and naval othcers w ho bvir witness to his gallantry .constant y, courage and | at riot ism are lagiou, and it wou'd bo impossible to quote them in ibis review of his II.e; but any one may read their opinions at full in the investigaten ordered by the government, from which the Subject of this memoir emerged so triumphant. All the testimony taken on that occasion went to prove that the persecuted officer was well fitted?morally, mentally, physically and in every other reflect?for the service of any navy in the world. Aa stated above, he was unanimously restorer), and died in the full enjoyment and honors of a Commodore of the United States Navy. He commanded the Cyanc, and afterwards the Vandalia, and, id the midst of tho grout est opto*it>00, made this ship worthy of general praise and commendation. The defence of Captain Levy took place before a Court of Inquiry, held at Washington in the months of Novcm bcr and December, 1867. Oar Hoadarai Correspondent*. Bum, Honduras, March 6,1M2. Important Commercial Change* in Bekitt? Remarkable Proeyerily of IM? Cbuntry?The Settlement Created a Britilh Cob-ny Under Jamaua?& airily of Logwotil?A Seat* Schooner from New Oi leant? The Colony to be Mad* a Military Station?Treaty with Great Britain and Gua temata, de.,4c. My last viaTruxlllo and Havana informal you of the assassination of the President of the Htate of Honduras, and also of the death of Augustus Pollen, tsq.,for many years lb* United States Consul at ()nma and Truxillo, in Honduras. I hare now to inform you that the legislative Assembly of this settlement, now in session, have passed a new tariff act, by which thsy have made books, rnntcd papers, fruits and vegetables free, and they have reduced the duty on all unrated articles from 8)i to 3% per cent, and have induced the duty on tea rmin 37K cents to 12,', cents a pound, taken off the duly or 60 cents per loo pounds <n rice and bread,and reduced tne duty ou soap 26 per cant. This Is a step iu the right way, and when you consider that it is done while we are making fortifications for the defence of our harbor and town, it shows state ot public prosperity which but few governments can do. I may also add. all of the nubile property Is In a fair ntate of preservation, and we have a balance in our Colonial Treasury over and abovo all of our liabilities of $66,000. This settlement has lust been created a colony under Ja rnaica Tor t he present. This act v irtually puts an ond to the famous Monroe doctrine, and henceforward the clamor against European Powers having |K>eeeartons on this continent will have to nemo to an end. This act of her Hritanuic Majesty s government, although it is now first pr<>c1ainicd, is not the work of the present moment, but lias been in contemplation for some time, and would have taken place at tba present lima even If war but not existed In the United Stelae. liar Ihjni; government ar* now contemplating making thia a military nut ho, anil willyxpend for barrarka and otbar mat li ra connected with the troopa about $600,000. her Majesty* government baa alao recently entered ntr> an arrangement with Guatemala, whereby a road will be built at the joint eiprna* of the two governments from the Atlantic to the city of Guatemala. Tina road hue already been survey ail, and will, it la believed, be completed during the year I MM. Mexico, Guatemala and Honduraa have all acknowledged tba territorial right of Great Britain to tbia aeitlemenl; while Franca, Spain, Sweden, Honmtrk, Mexico, ami Guatemala bare consuls or vice consuls here; and last, if not leant, the old grtiliron of the United States is now flying every day. and some nights, by a man named Raymond, who signs himself Maior General Raymond, United stales consulate of the city of Halite. Logwood la scarce ami is rising daily. All other proi dues is dull and falling. I send you a copy of the census rsturrs of British Honduras, and a schedule of the new tariff, which went I into operation on the 1st of March. There are no American vesaels in port. A secession schooner from New Orleans came In here a short time ' since. The owner was on board, end made an attempt ' to change bis flag for an English one by becoming naturalised, but was uns'tccessful. He hoisted his flag on Sunday, and, by way of a lark, had it hoisted on tlie itnlf of "Major . Georgo Raymond, the United * States Consulate," to the great amusement of a num i ber ot witnesses, wbo were on hand to see tho fun, while tbe Major was as men will some i times get who have good wine in large <|uantittes at din nor. Mr. Secretary Reward ought to send e man down k hereto lake care of I be Major, whose maternal parent Hi | not aware that the Major is out. , MARCH 21!, 1862-?TRIPI 7HOTHERR0UT OfTMIflS Splendid Victory of Major General Banks at Strasburg, Va. Terrible Panic Among the Rebels. Their Flight and General Banks' Pursuit. The Greatest Rout of the War. The Irish in the Rebel Ranks Refuse to Fire on the Union Troops. THE REBEL LOSS VERY LARGE. One Hundred of Our Troops Killed and Three Hundred Wounded. Ac.) Ac*. Ac. THE DETAILS OP THE BATTLE. Wdiciikm-er, March 25,1862. On Saturday the rebels advanced upon Winchester, under Ueuerals Jackson, Longstreet and ?mith, and drove in our pickets with their cavalry. They approached within three miles of the town,and, bringing up a battery of artillery, commonccd playing on our troops. General Shields ordered Robinson's Ohio battery to return the fire, and while ho was directing the operations the splinter of a rebel shel struck him in tbo left arm, and disabled it instantly. One man and horse killed, belonging to the battery, were the only casualties besides this on our side that day. The rebel loss is supposed to be twelve men. A few of our pickets woro captured. At night both armies drew up in front of each other, and awaited morning to renew the contest. The rebel force was seven thousand infantry, twenty-eight pieces of artillery and twelve hundred cavalry. On Sunday morning, at ten o'clock, the rebels roccived reinforcements, under General Garnett, amounting to five thousand more. The Union forces did not exceed ten thousand men, and, with the exception of about five hundred, were of General Shields' division exclusively. At half-past len the enemy made a feint on our left, commanded by Acting Brigadier General Sullivan, opening a heavy fire of artillery, while the real attack was directed against our right, with the object of flanking It. General Kimble commanded on the' right, where the- heaviest ' fighting was done. There the enemy Were strongly posted in woods and behind a stone wall, and the rebel artillery was posted on eminences on both sides of their left wing. Our whole arrtillery forco engaged consisted of four batteries, of twenty four pieces in all. The contest raged furiously till three o'clock in the of ternoon, tnc lighting Doing uone oniony ny too ariiucry and musketry, ut a range of not more tban throe or four hundred yards, and often much lose. The rebel infantry opposite our right now debouched from the woods and attempted to capture Dunn's battery by a charge. The first effort was nearly successful, but tbo heavy discharge of grape compelled them to retiro in confusion. A second and weaker attempt likewise failed, and the enemy lell baik, with heavy loss, behind the stone parapet. ( en. Tyler now ordered his brigade to charge the enemy's batteries on I be loft, and a most deadly encounter followed. Twice our men reeled under the storm; hut in the third oflort they routed the rebels with tremendous slaughter and loud cheering, capturing two of their guns and four caissons. Our loss in these struggles was heavy. Out of 300 men engaged in the Kighty-fourth Pennsylvania, twenty six were killed and eighty three wounded. Colonel Murray fell leading this gallant corps forward, and many other dashing officers were killed or wounded. TboKifth and Eighth Ohio shared the glory and the losses with the Eighty-fourth, and the Third Virginia regiment also suffered. Lieutenant Colonel Thoburn, commanding this corps, was severely wounded leading it forward to the last charge The enemy's killed and woundo l strewed the ground^ now in profusion, and their left wing was utterly broken and their centre wavering. On their side, the Fourth and Fifth Virginia regiments suffered the most. The former was terribly dec imated. Several attempts to rally the right wing failed, and to add to the confusion the Iritk battalion of a kundrrd and fifty men, wkm brought forward AM OTWttU WJirz H|wn Itc tnwn irw^r, rrrmiu w j%rx$ and a rebel regiment immediately drove this gallant lit le band foruard. but could not compel than to fart u/?u tbe Union army. AVr/y corpses of the hundred and JiJty aflar. ward* strewed the field. Meanwhile, the rebels gave way on tholr left and contre. with a kss of seven hundred killed and wounded, and two hundred and thirty*ii taken prisoner*. Desides these about fifteen hundred muakota were taken and many other valuable trophies. Our lost dors not exceed en* hundred killed and three Ausuircd wounded. The roar of musketry and cannon was iocessanl for several hours, and particularly between two and six P M. The rebels withdrew under cover of n.gbt in some confusion, and retreated about four miles towards fitras burg. Yesterday General Banks, at the head of a large force, pursued them, and at last accounts they are at Stros burg, losing everything in their flight. another account op the battle. Wiwcnawrm, Vs., March 26,1M2. On Saturday, at two o'clock In the afternoon,the enemy showed themselves mil* and a half from Win. cheater. The enemy consisted of 500 of Asbby'a cavalry and two gun*. They drove in our picket* and then skirmished with the Michigan cavalry and a portion of th* Maryland Tint regiment. . General Shield* brought up hie force*, and fired rounde of ehell, drove them hack and took eoveral priaonere. General Shield* waa wounded In the arm by the drat Are of th* enemy. Jackaen, the rebel General, had been informed by the inhabitant* that th* town waa deeerted by the Union troop*, and he advanced to retake it. General Shield** force alept on their arm* on Saturday night. Sunday morning at eanrtae, Jackaon being reinforced, attacked General Shield* near Rearnatown, three mile* distant. Th* enemy'* force consisted of Ave hundred Arhby'a cavalry, five thousand infantry, nlno piece* of artillery, with a reserve of eighteen place* of ar tiller y. Th* fight wan kept up till noon, when charge mado by th* Ohio infantry, ftrgt Michigan and first Virginia cavalry on their right. jK sheet. drove them back half a mile, when the enemy got their {una in position again in a dcnee wood, Hanked by in fantry, and drove ua back. A abort artillery engagement ensued, when General Shield*, through Colonel Kimball, ordered Colonel Tyler to turn their left flank, which was executed by our troops, but with terrible loea, the euemy being protected by a stone ledge. The Eighty-fourth Pennsylvania and Thirteenth Indiana eburged their centre, and the light becamo general, with a terrible massacre on both sides. Colonel Murray, of the Eighty-fourth Pennsylvania, was killed. The enemy rotired slowly, bringing their guns to boar at every opportunity. Our men rushed forward with yells, when a panic among the enemy ensued. Our troops followed, and drove them till dark, cap turing three guns, three caissons, muskets, equipments, Ac., innumerable. Our troops bivouacked on tbe Held, and the dead and wounded were sent there yesterday noon. General Willinms' first brigade, Colonel Donnelly, of the Twenty-eighth New York, commanding, reinforced Ueneral Shields' forces. General Banks, who was on the way to Washington, Sunday, returned and assumed command. Meantime General Shields'division, commanded by Colouel Kimball, pursued tbe enemy boyond Newton, shelling tbem the whole way. Jackson's men wore perfectly demoralized and beyond control. They threw overboard the dead and wounded to ligliton the wagons. It is noticeable that all the rebels wounded were shot in the head und breast, testing the superiority of our marksmen. The troops cngogedonour side were cbiclly Peunsylvanian, Ohio and Indiana troops. Those who conveyed the false intelligence to General Jackson, causing the disaster to the rebels, have a huavy weight of guilt to shoulder. It wns evidently known to many in the town that Jackson was approaching, from the holiday attire and buoyancy of spirits among men and women here. Gen. Shields' command being screened from observation on the east aide of thu town, led tho informants to believe that all our troops were ovucuulmg, and that Jackson would ntcr unobstructed. Good judges say the enemy's loss is over two hundrod killed, five hundred wounded and three hundred prisoners, including an aid to Jackson. Our loss in killed is 1 sixty-live, in wounded about one hundred and twentylive. OKN. BANKS IN PURSUIT OP TOE FLYING REBELS. Washington, March 24, 1802. A despatch received hero late last night from Win Chester says that General Banks was then at CedarCreek, two miles from Strasburg, which he intended to take to-day. THE UNION ARMY AT RTKA8BURG. Washington, March 25, 1802. Information received here shows that our army was at Strasburg this morning, and that (he rtlrtat of (he enemy it? JligKt. THE VERY LATEST. Terrible Blanghter and Complete Root of lbs Rebel Forces. Washington, March 25,1842. General Shields has received a desjiatch from Major General Banks, dated Five Mil as Brtord Strasbcrg. The enemy are still in retreat, and our forces in hot pursuit. The loss of the rebels must have been enor. mous. They have abandoned wagons along the road tilled with dead and dying; the houses on the route are found crowded with the wounded and dead; tho dwellings in the towns adjacent to the battle field of Sunday I ? .1 All... _.i.K Ik. Tl,n Ink.klt.nt. are uinu iuiiuu uuvu mm ? .............. aided the rebel soldiers in carrying off their wounded during the day, and in burying them quickly us soon as dead. Our artillery makes terrible havoc among the enemy in their flight, and the rout butt fair to be one of the mint dreadful tjf the war. Wixrimsncit, March 25,1H82. It is currently reported to-night that General Bonks has overtaken and destroyed two hundred of Jackson's wagons. WixnitSTKR, March 25?Kvening. Tho latest from Stroslmrg is to the effect that General Bonks, with General Shields, is there, with General Jackson in sight, and a battle was ox pec tod to-day. reparations were being mode to strengthen our forces. Our column is now Ave miles beyond Slrasburg, still in pursuit of tho flying rebels. All letters for officers and soldiers In General Banks' division should be directod to Winchester until further notice. ARRIVAL OF REBEL PRISONERS AT BALTIMORE! IUiunomc, March 25,1802. Two hundred end thirty rebel prisoner*, captured at the battle of Winchester, arrived here thii afternoon, and have been provided with quarter* in the north wing of the new city Jail, the most comfortable, probably, they have enjoyed for many month*. They are a miserable, dirty, and about a* unsoldierly looking crowd as aver were seen. They are all Vli riniane, with the exception of Ave or six Haiti moreen*, who left her* before the war broke out. On* of the prisoner*, on reaching I ho quarters, threw up bis hat,and exclaimed, "Thank God,I am in tho United States once more." Others congratulated themselves at the prospect of getting something good to eat, which they admitted they had not had for some time. ______ Death of Colossal Dlarray, Pmunn mu, March 25,1802. Colonel Win. 0. Murray, of the Highly fourth Pennsylvania regiment, wna k'Med on Sunday in the fight at Winchester. NEWS FROM FORT PICKENS AND KEY WEST. Cspt. Falrchild, of brig Yanken Wade, from Key West on the 17th, arrived yi-stcrday morning and reports Left at Fort Pickens lllh, brig Wabash. Arrived from Newport 10th instant, with wood, three masted schooner W. C. Mershos, from New York; schooner C. M. Newman, from Naw York, Henry Perkins, of Boston, from Plymouth. On the 9lh instant, one hundred miles aouthoast of tho bar, the H. T. picked up seven holes of cotton, supposed to have boon from tho steamer Magnolia, The sloop of war Vlncennes arrived on the 0th, with the gunhoat New London, having the mailt; but the tea being too rough, could not communicate, and left the malls on the W. C Mershon. Tb* Lulled Stale* steamer Mississippi had left Fort Tlckena, probably to Join Gen Butler at Ship Island. The Yankee Blade arrived at Key West the night of th* 10th, and sailed on th* ITtb. On the morning of the 17th ik. .teenier R. R. Curler arrived, with tb* mailt to tho 4th of March, from the North. (?n tho 17th tho ateamablp Niagara flr#4 a aaluta, probably on aeeounl of tho favorablo nova received by tha Cuytor Left at Key Writ United Stalao ataaaaara Niagara, R. R. Cuyler.bark J. L. Parte and aix or alght gnobaata. While c>ming out over tha bar aaw a transport aeraw ateamer, bound in, who communicated with a pilot boat and proceeded weet. Tha United State* chip Gray Feather (Mjppoeerf) went Into Key Weat on the 17th. There ware alao at Key Waet the achooaora Henry Finch and Mary Totter, two hermaphrodite briga and aereral other achoonara. Tha'impreaaion at Fort Tick ana wan that General (tragi had left Tenaacola, and partiee with glasaaa aaeert that th? gune of tha rebel forttfcattona are tamed Inland, probably expecting a vtait from tha Untonieta. Four contrabanda, who eocaped, aay there are trot three thousand traopa at I'anadcala, and they but poorly armed 3 IMPORTANT FROM TENNESSEE. Proclamation of Governor Joli ??"!-" Speech of Emerson Rtherldge, 4r. Clicioo, March 26, 18(12. Governor Johnson hag put newspapers under military rule, uud suppressed oue or two. He hits issued a proclamation uf a conciliatory character. He gays that ho desirss to win the people back to the Union, but shall deal rigorously with treason. Mr. Ftheridge has made a speech, in which he Bakl that slavery would lie abolished, if wo could not compter thena any other way. The new government was to go into operation this week. Warning has been given that Mty oao uttering treasoa will be arrested. The Union feeling lg gaining ground. Busineeg ig pretty much resumed. All the stores are again opened, and prices have been much reduced. IMPORTANT FROM MEMPHIS. Fort Pllce, sst New Orleans, Reported In the Possession of Union Troops?Abase of Union Prisoners at Memphis, Ac., Ac. Ciuraoo, March 26,1862. A special despatch from Cairo to the Chjcago Tribune States An arrival from Memphis says that the two hundred federal prisoners in Ihul city are uiada^the victims of much abuse at the hands of their guards. One of them had been shot fur looking out of the windows of tbo prison. Three gunboats are on the ways at Memphis, but it will take soma time to finish them. At Randolph thsrs are only four guns mounted. Fort Pillow, however, is a strong fortification, mounting twenty-flve sixty-four and thirty two pounders. Fort Pike, at New Orleans, is reported in our bunds. It was only a temporary structure, mopnting three or four guns. IMPORTANT FROM MISSOURI. Sliarp Skirmish Near Independence?The Bridge Across the Blue River BurnedDestructive Fire at Kansas City, Ac. Kansas City. March 26,1862. A skirmish occurred between a detachment of the Sixth Kansas regiment and Quantrull's band, near Independence, Mo., en tho 22d Inst. The latter woro routed with seven killed. The Unionists lost ono killod, and captured eleven prisoners and twenty horses. The rebels killed two of our men uud burned the bridge over tho Little Blue river the same day. A fire occurrod in this city last night, destroying three largo buildings on the laves. The loss is estimated at thirty -five thousand dollars. The fire Is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary. IMPORTANT FROM ARKANSAS. Movement! of General Curtis* Army* Cko-8 Timhkh, Ark., March 20, IMS. The following is ? special despatch to the St. Louis Democrat:? The supplies of forage and provisions having becomn exhansted in the region about Sugar creek, the insy made a retrograde inarch of thirteen miles yesterday to this place. The enemy are recuperating, probably being reinfoseed by fresh troops. Ws have information that a large body recrossed the Boston Mountains with the intention of attacking us again, but this may be only a strong reeon* noitoriag party. Our troops are in fine spirits and anxious to grapple again with the foe. The wounded have mostly been removed to CassviUe and are doing wall. Colonel Clay Gaylor has arrived from the rebel camp, bringing Lieutenant Colonels Herron and 8ands, with proposals for exchange. Two rebel captains and seventeen privates were captured yesterday on Indian Creek. , NEWS FROM SANTA FE. Reinforcements En Route tor the Union Troops?Another Buttle Expected, Ac. Ramus Cirr, March 25,1M2. Passengers who have arrived here by the Santa Fs stage bring the following particulars:? Colonel Hough, of Colorado, had arrived at Fort Union with 650 men, marching one hundred and sixty miles in four days. They intend forming a junction with Colonel Canby, who was still at Fort Craig on the 7tb inst. The advance guard of the Texans was at Algederos, forty five miles from Mania Fe, on the 4th inst. Another battle was expected to take place on the 1st of April. The stage started from Fort Union, and brings no mails or papers from Santa Fe, the stock and coaches having been taken off between Fort Union and Santa Fe. Durluff of the Boatiwaln of the Congrtu lu the Fight ut Hampton Roads. Among the many interesting incidents of the late naval battle in Hampton Roads is the following, which we copy from the Baltimore American of March 12:? Mr. Charles Johnston, boatswain of the Congress?a fine specimen of tho thorough seaman, who ha- been in the navy some thirty odd years?greatly excited the admiration of the officers by cool, unflinching courage. Stattoued in the very inidsl of the carnage committed by the raking fire of the Merrimac, he never lost his self possession, and not for a moment failed to cheer an and encourage the men. Blinded with the smoke and dust, and splashed with the Mood and brains of bis shipmates, his rheeriug words of encouragement were still beard. After the engagement, front which he escaped unwound*.i hi. kindness and care in providing for the removal of the wounded were m conspicuous as hie previous bravery. General Wlffell In Richmond?PaMie Feeling There. The Richmond corree(rodent of the Sew Orleans Cmcent writer ? Yen will naturally desire to know how the people of the Confederate metrojolte stand these trying time*, fait ie evident that we are m>t safe in tlieee days of light dralt gunboats and high water. 1 answer, in the main, we stand It very well. Home, to t>e sure, are downhearted, and nobody wears as broad a grin as they dM the day after the battle of Leeslmrg. Still, there Is a universal determination to do or die?to go down, if need be, with our harness on, warring like a brave people to the last. I passed General Wigfall on my return from dinner, and asked bun If there was any newt? "No," said he, "1 dou't believe we have been whipped since dinner; I expect ^linuyh, to hear of another defeat in the next Ave minutes." Somehow I een't help thinking of Hatleck's asaerlion by telegraph to Mctlellan that "the I'uro Hag It on the soil i>r Tennessee, never to be removed." Thie is brag, bet the Yunke.s have, up to this time, stuck like leeches wherever they have effected a landing. 1 hey < intrench themselves, and at the first spadefull of earth thrown ap by them, our generals give right up, and say all is lost. They hav# attacked tie re|ieaiemy in vrencnvw nnn ram, and rarried th? laller invariably, while wa, with Um exception ol the 81. Nich'daa all'air and a raw other*, hava not dona a daring thing through the whola war. Another noticeable thing lietween tha Yankraa and ouraalvaa Is that lhay follow up their victoria*, while we equal down In our trai k* th* moment a battle t* ended. Thin in a ehamefnl tact, which diaheartena ma more than anything el** I hava no hope now in anybody but God and Heanri'gard. Weight of Cannon Balla. It ta not generally known or recollected that the weight of apherea or balta doen not increeee proportionally w.th their diameter hut much morn rapidly?or that the weight of a hall of all inehea diameter ta not double but eight ttmea aa great an that of a ball three inchea In diameter, but eo It la. We are, therefore, etrongly inclined te the opinion that belle oy '20 Im-bee diameter (the introduction of which haa recent ly been euggeeled) would be rendered of little uee by their weight alone, without taking Into eonntderatton that of the cannon large enough to propel them. Aaeuming the apeciAc gravity cf eaat iron to be T 1 ilk (7 207) timee that of diettMod water, and that the balla are perfect aphere*?their weight will be m follow* in pound* and tentlie ? fnchtr WeifM. jnrhel. 8 pound*. 3.7 9 pounde. 99 4 4 8 7 10 136 3 ( 1T.0 11 1?1.4 8 ' 29.4 11 336 8 v 46.7 16 460.0 90 1090.3 A* Aonmrrr Cant in Aia>rr ?The Kmrktrbottti of the 18th ln*t. eey* ?1"Con*)derable??rltement wen oraaatoned laat evaoing. at the Central Railroad depot, over the arreet of two men named Samuel Jencke and Vn. Culver. The partiee were fighting fur the poaaeaeton of a aaichel Captain Hrannan took th?m to the -nation houae, whan a woman appeared on the < en*. .Irnck* Mid ehe ws* hi? Wife, and tn*l snerau i? vny won .h?ir residence in Btephentown. Uenrsotaer county. Mr*. Jenck* made b statement which showed a wide de|*rUir* from m*riUl proprlety-among olhere that Jenck* was not the father of her child. :-ho expressed a dec ided preferenc* for Culver. The charge agamat Culver and Jenck* being trivial, they were discharged Culver and Mr* Jenck* left the elation drm In ai m, am Id a crowd of follower*, while Jenck* pursued hi* way alone. Jenoke and Oirttr are kett charcea) peddler*. \