6 Nisan 1862 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 4

6 Nisan 1862 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. J Ait! 10 9 t.ORDON BENKBTT, KPJTOR AND PROPRIETOR. OF/. h N w. CORNER OP FULTON AND VASSAL' ST.S. 7 l'i " <onh fii ad ra n e. Money >< nt by matt Kill be at the ?.* ?? miry . None bu? II ' i/'s *u > .t in Sew York taken "I If I 11 IfEHALJb two rente p> >i?y. $7 per a * num. 7 '.LKL V H Eli ALL, ere> y ,<ntor J iyt at ?ix rente ]?er / ??r $3 i> jfA .* </ ' ' KU.tion , /1/ WW , A?y, a-' - f pe\ copy '"hum to on'/}*irt a/ Greut o ? , 12any part o tk < .J%'*,{/, f<} 'm l>t. yc, the. Co' < nm Edition on : let, llttmnd 2i t'v/'ra A fi nth, it bit r ? VV,?" I- 75; -/ ?/< ? ?<. / I.V/il' ilKItALUy on \V >hu - Aiy, a.' /our ante per CO v r> c.? i"*. ?*#)?/.-<. I Oi. ? VTAit V 'O Kb I P0yi)EX< Ki cont'd/tiny important 9*-'<es, >'-rite I fr on any quartr of the v-, 1J: if uj"l% mill /*> ft' l\%j' JI^OUK FolC IU.N i'OUKfcSWD&NTg All PALP Liki.tR hw t? i ID TO 9k . t. ALL L~m.fc> AMi Til K? A>.r. . ,1 NT I V A ' yoTlit; tuken if anon ytuouM eorrtejHmdtnicc, Wc do not return ierfrd roiat/iunidation .. .4 /' i A- f'TISEllENTS i enticed ' << .'/ dm/: ndreirtit&uirni* in* Mt t d l?- ' WEKKLt KkRALD, *FaH1LY UlkALP, i/l /Ac < Ihonw I / Europe*m Editions. t h. Volume 93 AMUSEMENTS TO-MORROW EVENING. ACADEMY OK Ml'SIC. Imag I'lace.? ItauaS OrtnA? i. l tlu' i ata. MbLO'8 GARDEN, Broadway.?Tur Rivals Black Emu WINTER GARDEN, Broadway.? -run.. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 844 Broadway. ?S cans W 1.111 .w>0? I*. . LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?Tua MaCABiwr; on tiii- Fair or Pay. NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?Dcel is rut NkW too.man-Kk.., i.uvai;. MARY PROVOSTS THEATRE, No. 485 Brou I way ? TllW ilt'KCllHACK. BAK.NUMS AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Co*' N'OTt-LniM . Wfiiu. AC., at a.t holes.?Hoc O Mr I uu? , afu r.ioou and . veiling. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. Mechanic' IIa.lt. 47.' Broad Way.?Wu i S-.ki. ? i ill. 1'at i . o>. MELODEON CONCERT HALL. 539 Broadway.?Soxca, da>rk?, blrli.juies, Ac ? i umkauhu i oxvi .mii's. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL. 585 Broadway.?Sottas DASCAA, BLUI tsiu'tJ, Ac.? ,vi> (I.MIU. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 61G Broadwav.?Dhawihq Rook EsTBHtAisatsia, Ballet*, Pa.mokikks, Fasces, ac. AMTRICAN MUSIC HALL, 444 Broadway.?Ieu.gim Dakkkh?Halload?Collision? jolly Millkua. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT UALL, No. 15Boiverj. ? SSoaus, Lasers, Ac.?. if a.? a roi. PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, 563 Broadway.? Open dany from 1U A. M. till 111*. M NOVELTY Ml'SIC UALL. 616 Broadway.? Bcblisqdii Bert.-. Daa'Cei, AC. Bcw York, Sunday, April 6, 1864, THE SITUATION. A despatch from General Wool was received at the War I>cpartm3ut la-t night, stating that tiring was heard during the da/ at Yorktown. lie states further, that from information just received, the Merritnac was on the dry dock at Norfolk, bul would come out yesterday, with two new guns mount d, one of them of heavy calibre. General Wool say? that "all goes on smoothly," and that he docs not think the Army ol the Potomac w ill havo niauj of the - ucm}- to contend with. There is no news of importance Irom Island So. 10, except the details of intelligence already published. The river is tailing rapidly, which will facil iu?ic in- lanoing 01 troops at any point on the bunks The firing from our guns ou Friday niglit com pletcly disabled the rebel dotting battery; one Bhcll striking it directly killed three men. The rebels erected a battery on the same night oppolito Point Pleasant, and opeuc 1 tire on our works yesterday morning, but it was soon silenced, and 8 warehouse on the Kentucky shore set on tire by our shells, consuming all its contents. Our troops received no damage. Our Mississippi river correspondence to-day contains some highly interesting accounts of the late capture of Union City by our troops. General Geary had a brilliant skirmish on Saturday last at Middle! org, Va., with a force of three hundred of the rebel cavalry of Generals Stewart ?nd White, and a body of infantry. He drove the rcbsls at tho point of the bayonet clear thr<>ugb the towu in great confusion, knapsacks, overcoats and blanket* being flung away in the flight. The rebel* attempted to make a stand !n a hollow beyond the town: but the rifles of our troops, and the continuous fire trom a gun planted in th^entre of the town; soon sent them flying from their position. General Geary's command has scoured the whole Country as far aa Aldie. Our latest news from the belligerent armies in the Southwest left them within six miles of each Other, near Corinth. Gen. Grant was nearly pre pared for the grand battle, and the members of tus staff who were in Cairo bad all been ordered to report for duty immediately. Gen. Buell was on the line of the Nashville and On atur Railroad, and was soon expected to join his forces to the main army. We give to-day a map of Corinth, accompanied by a description of the place- Public attentiou is now fixed upon this locality as the iccno of a grsat approaching contest, but some days may elapse before we arc in possession of th" detail*. Graat activity mark* the conduct of General Bank*' command. On Thursday afternoon the enemy luimasked a section of their battery, threequarters of a mile from our right wing battery, Under Captain Huntingdon, a mile to the west of Edenburg. The objact of the enemy was to drive in our picket* beyond Stony creek, and to retard Ihc operations of our bridge builders. Captain Huntingdon shelled them out in a short time. During the day the enemy concealed his forces in the ravines, but his videtUs were in sight and verT active. Detachments of the Sia'al Corps, under Lieutenant Rowley, have discovered the rebels encamped (tear Mount Jackson. A corps of pioneers and bridge builders have been ordered forward by General Williams, and will be organized and gqnipped immediately. The positions where our advance batteries t w rest, commanding all ths elevations beyond Ctonjr creek, were selected by General Ranks amid the hottest fire of the enemy on TueHday. They arc unassailable by the enemy. The milltu-y force under General Jaekaon is principally compoeed of impressed men, who refuse to fight the Uaited States. Those from I'age and Rockingham counties Lad retired to a point between these countiea, where the* arc intrenched, and defy Jackson'a attempts to compel thegito join him. There are lamore of some quarrelling between them. By a deepatch received ai ChUago yesterday are learn that our gunboats Cairo, Lealngton, Taylit vmvvi J*'Wi wit > u?t* I noUsance as far a* Florence. Ala They met with I no resistance on tLe way. and onl) discovered oue fort deserted, where the nemv bad nine guns planted. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS In the Senate of our Stat-1 legislature yesterday, the hill incorporating the State Convention of Cmversa list* was passed. The bill providing for payment of the State's quota oi the national tax was ordered to a third reading. The bill to establish h fund for the bene tit of ilie ^toi kbridgo Indians was reported for the considers)'on of the House. A conrnmnication was presented from the commissions* appoluted to codify"the civil code; also one from the Vuiversity ItegeuC, containing a report on determinations of longitude. A memorial on the Usury laws was received from the Chamber of Commerce. The Congressional Apportionment bill was made the speciul order for Tuesday next. In the Assembly, considerable time was consumed in discussions ou bills of little general interest and in unsuccessful motions and propositions ou other bills. The bill to suppress the concert saloons was reported complete and ordered to a third re'iding. A number of bills received favorable reports. Nearly all of them, though, were only local or private in their nature. A report on the proposed enlargement of the Cliainplain and Erie canals, sufficient for gunboat navigation, was made from the Committee on CanaU. The report urges the importance and advantages of the measure. It was made the special order for Tuesday. Bills reported from the Miii" tarv Committee, authorizing the charter of vessels of incorporated companies to government, and to promote military education in the schools of the State, were made tbi special order for to-morrow. i ne Dill to allow alien* to now real estate was taken up and debuted, but the House refused leave to the committee to consider the bill further, and it was thereby defeated. The Supply bill was debated. but no vo.. on it was reached. The committee appointed to investigate the alTairs of the Institution for the Blind made a report. Captain Wencke.of the bark Washington, which arrived at this port yesterday, reports that on the 27th ult., latitude 3t< 53, longitude 60 03, saw a si dew he el steamer, painted black, showing the American ensign at her peak. On her foremast she had a red flag, with a red one below, and a red pendant beneath. She appeared to be one of the Charleston or Savannah liue of steamers. Captain Wencke thought it might be the rebel steamer Nashville. She was spoken, but made no reply. Abram Wakeman. Esq., our new Postmaster, has been in oflice since Monday evening. He lias dovoted the week to learning the details of the working of the establishment. Mr. Wakeman will this week commence the work of remodelling the different depaitments. and continue to do so until the whole establishment is altered to suit the views of the party he represents. In th? Supreme Court, speciul terra, yesterday, before Judge Barnard. Mr. Edwin James moved on the case of l>avis vs. Hackley, the s.reet cleaning controversy. After some brief observations on the part of Messrs. Garvin, J. T. Brady, Clark and others for a postponement, and a strenuous and meet vigorous protest from Mr. Edwin James, the Judge decided that it was only reasonable, in consequence of the illness ot Mr. Hackley, to give the defendants an opportunity ol'setting forth their <lef< nee by the affidavit of Mr. Hackley. and he accordingly adjourned the matter until Saturday next. The stock market was better yesterday, anil thoie was more business done. Tbo impression prevails that the public may "act as though tliey had heard some very Stood uews." Money was in fair demand at 6 a " [>sr cent. Foreign exchange clo-ed dull at lit!.'* a Hold was in better demand again at a small advance. The Assistant Treasurer of the I'nilsd States recti; ed from Washington yesterday four millions ot' the new domaiul notes. He will continue to rtcoire eeroral millions tajiy for some time to come. ? The cotton mt'ket was less active yesterday, while pries continued to be sustained, the weather was inclement and few spinners were on band. The sales em* braced about ;pv) a doO bales, in small 1-ts, within the ramie of 21 i.e. a 28e. for midd'.iuc uplands. Tb>- Hour market wis dull and heavy, especially for the common grades of Slut? ami Western, with limited sales to the home trade. Dealers were disposed to await the re. ceipt of private letters d ie by the Niagara's mail* Wheat was dull and tales were quit# limited, while prices were nominal for most descriptions. Corn was lesa buoyant and active, while prices w? * no,huuged, with sales made to a fair extent, closing at 38c. i 61c. for Western mixed, iu store and delivered. Purk war steady, with -si-s of new me-ti at $1" a $13 island Western pnnio mass at $13 50 a $13, and new prima at $10 2' a $10 M. Sugars were firmer and in good request, jnl about ,'?c. higher, with salea of about 2,000 hhds.' including some iota of Porto Ric?f, but chietty Cuba mui ovados. CotTee was s'endy, with -aloe of Toe bags of Bio at p. i., and loo do. Maracaibo, 22}?C.. ana 100 mate Java at 21c. Freights were iuactire sod heavy, cspei iaily tor Liverpool, wnile engagement.- were moderate. Progress of the War?President Linioln Handling (he Reins. Tie decisive blows in tbe battle tield to Jeff. iJavis and his Southern contederacy ate close a: hand. Thus we interpret tbe last General * irder from the War Office by direction of the President, tnakiug the great valley of Vi'-jr.ula a separate military department, under the command o! Major General Banks, and constituting, urxt, ''that portion of Virginia east of the Blue Ridge and west of the Potomac and the Fredericksburg and Richmond Railroad, including the Dist 'ct of Columbia and the country beiwoco the Potomac aud the Patuxent" (in Maryland), a new department, under the command of Major General McDowell. Tbe*e two militury departments, together with the Mountain Department of General Fremont, were all lately included within the Potomac Department of General McClellan. But thus cut down to the country between the Rappahannock and the James rivers, for the present, the army of General McClellan is necessarily brought within striking distance of Yorktown. and Richmond, the capital of our " so-called Confodcrato .States." We presume, too. that General McClellan. in order to devntt lnm?olf exclusivel v to immediate nvirrtifl. I give operations between the Rappahannock and James riven, line been relieved, at bis own request, oi the duty of superintending any other mov- mentg. The general supervirion of the Department cf tho Rappahannock and the Department of the Shenandoah accordingly devolveg upon Mr. Secretary Stanton, under the direction of the President. It is probable, however, that neither of these departments will henceforward be troubled with any very dungerous bodies of the enemy; but still the presence of General Banks in the Shenandoah valley, with a strong force, is necessary to guard that region, and particularly the Haitimore and Ohio Railroad, against such r"b#l guerilla bands as those of Jackson and Ashby, while a stronger Union force, under General McDowell, is wisely rotained nearer Washington; for otherwi?e the rebel General Johnston might doublo upon his traces, and, by rajud, forced marches, rush back upon our federal city and take it by surprise. But with Washington thus secured against all possible contingencies from any movements of the enemy in his rear, General McCleHan, with the bulk of his frond Army of the Potomac, commences bis field operations. We runout, in ? tb)?e bbsetrtUygs, firing %pj ' igfrfwjjuw NEW YORK IIERALD, useful to the ahem/;'' for certain Richmond uoi?spa)>eni, received here several days ago, pretended to bore intelligence that one hundred federal transport* employi 1 in bringing down troop* froui the I'otomac were near Fortress Monroe. From thut noighborhood, then, before the end of the present week, we anticipate the cheering news of some very looi.sive operations against this rebellion. We are strengthened in this conclusion by the extraordinary movements going ou in the valley of the Mississippi. There, in Northern Alabama and Mississippi, and at the western exft-niiiies of Tennes-.ee and tiieroabouts, the rebels are making the most desperate exertions* in mustering troops and in strengthening their defensive works, for a bloody resistance to our advancing forces. We expect, then, in view of the demoralizing cifect which tho exnulain.. Af 11.. A 1 1" ? jsi?iotvii yi me iuvci aiuijf anu iuu runei gvverninent from Richmond will produce upon the rebel armies of the Southwest at Decatur, Corinth, Memphis and Island No. 10, that Gen. McClellan will ntuke the present week of this month of April the most memorable in the history of the suppression of this Southern rebellion. President Lincoln holds the reins, and is handling them, as he has handled them from the beginning, with the skill and discretion of an old campaigner. After our instructive disaster at Bull run he availed himself of the practical military capabilities of General McClellan, to reorganise our army, and to organize the military departments and combinations esscnti..l for a grand and overwhelming campaign. Having discharged this important duty, General McClellan is sent forward with the choiceot army of the Union to give the covp d? tjract to this rebellion in its chosen capital, while the Secretary of War resumes the general supervision of all our forces. The President, in this special command which he has cntrustod to Geueral McClellan, relieved of all external embarrassments, gives him a golden opportunity to silence the calumnies of his abolition enemies, and we are confident that neither Mr. Lincoln nor the country will bo disappointed in the issue. We think that during the present week we may receive such news from the army of General McClellan as will create a carnival among the bulla of Wall street. Bill Bun Russell in Flight.?It is stated that Kussell, the war special of the London Times, being severely repulsed by the military authorities?in fact, drummed out of camp?is about to quit tbe country in high dudgeon and report the insult to his employers. Let liim be cool, und not act too hastily. The intention was of the most benevolent kind. It was to save him from striking on a snag; for such was the hostility eukindlcd against hiin among the rauk and file as well as the officers of the army, by his misrepresentation of the battle of Manassas, which lie never saw, that, as sure as his name is Bull llun Russell, Bonibastes Furioso, or whatever else ho may wish to call himself, he would never have returned alive had he beeu permitted to follow in the wake of our army. lie ought, therefore, to feel gratoful rather than angry, lie might perhaps be allowed to accompany the rebel army if he could ouly run f ast enough and if he could get a pass to cross our lines. But. inasmuch as his letters would be likely to become very old boforo he could send them off, we would advise him to make New York his headquarters, where he cun still write letters about the campaign. He need not go home so suddenly. He can find in the papers all he wants?much greater accuracy about facts, later intelligence and better ideas about the war than be was in the hubitof transmitting to Printing House square. He can uuvu mc uvc u&c ui uur uuiuiuiift. sou WW Will Dot even ask him to acknowledge the source of his indebtedness. By no means let kirn run home in a butt'; for everybody would laugh at him. He can make a very readable correspondence out of the news and editorial articles of the New Yokk IIkralu. English Ignorancx of Amwucan Affairs.? The ignorance displayed by English journals in treating of the political organization, the commercial and financial resources, and even lhe geography of this country, offers a curious contract to the generally accurate information exhibited by our own newspapers on Europeun affairs. It shows, to sav the lenst of it. a meat want of industry on tie part of the conductors of the foreign press. Even a pupil in one of our public schools would be ashamed to make such mistakes as occasionally appear in their articles. Whatever excuse may be urged for (fcein on the score of baste of composition, there can be none for a statesman like Sir George Coruewall Lewis, who, in a recent debate in the House of Commons on the defences of the colonies, made 0110 of the most ridiculous blunders in connection with this country that a public man could fall into. He said that the '-United States had adopted the principle of centralization in Its government, whilst England took a diTerent course. The latter had even local legislation, and did profess to bring its colonies witbin direct range of the central government.'' We should like to know in what respect we have laid ourselvos open to the above assertion. With the exception of the extraordinary powers temporarily conferred by Congress on the President, under the authority of the constitution. there is no change in the orguaism of our institutions. The rights guaranteed to States and individuals, even in the esse of tboso at present in revolt, will remain the same as ever at tho termination of the war. If there is n government in the world which is free lrom Ihis alleged tendency to - O ? / - ? centralization it is ours. So clearly arc the respective rights <if the federal and State governments dotined thnt it is impossible that any eucroacLment can be committed by the one upon the other without a complete br> ak up of our political syst?m. Why, it is this very arrogation by States of rights which do not belong to them that has produced the trouble" through which we are now passing. This is decentralization, if it is anything; and therefore the nucrtion of Sir George Lewie exhibits a remarkable ignorance not only of our political status, but of the origin and motive* of the rebellion. It is no wonder that British statesmen and journalists should have made each fools of themselves on the American question, when they hsvo so little acquaintance with even the rudimentary facts connected with it. If they would take the trouble to rowd the constitution of the United States they would perhaps obtain new views of the issues and results involved *?* P SUNDAY, Al'R'L 6, 1862. TK? BrltlaU Lion oa His Travels Tterougk Vuuki r Laud. -Eaop, the great philosophical statesman of Greece, the i'alroerston or Sewardof his age and country, tells a very pleuiuR story of au honest, shrewd, plain spoken donkey, who dressed himself in a lion's skin, mane and tail, before setting oil'on his travels, in order to gain that eclat and reeeive those attentions always conceded to a good coat, no matter what sort of a person it covers. The conceit is a wise and a merry one; but we have never hoard, uutil recently, of this disguise being reversed, and in that shape put into actual practice. It seems, however, that in these days of modern civilisation, the famous British Lion, fresh from the burning sands of India and the chilling snows of tho Crimea, has deemed it necessary to make a donkey of himself by donning the ass'skin, long cars and all, before daring to venture on his travels through this dreadful Yaukec land. During the flurry and excitement of the Trent affair ten thousand British troops, officered by the elite of the English army, were despatched

post haste to Canada to defend that paradise of Bluenoses and subdue the audacious Yankees. The diplomatic settlement of that terrible affair left these officers without a chance to indulge in carnage, and with a vivid iinpressiou that they had been expatriated for nothing. To relieve the tedious hours of garrison duty in a provincial town, they fell to reading the truthful letters of Hull Run Russell, in the London Times, and succeeded in obtaining a very vivid idea that this country was ruled by mobs and bad the Anglophobia stronger than even France. This idea Russell himself continued during his visit to Canada, and incidentally mentioned, as a proof of his personal bravery, that he dwelt among the Yankees without fear, and was nover personally assaulted by ussa-tjins moro than eight or ten times u day. Alter Russell's return the British officers seem to have been greatly troubled lest Lord Lyons should be in danger; and, with that generous chivalry which distinguishes the English gentleman, a party of rescuo was formed to go to Washington, secure Lord Lyons and convey him safely to Canada, even at tho risk of life and limb. Colonel Lysons, Colonel Percy, Captain Gordon, Lieutenant the Earl of Dunmore, and other valiant gentlemen, composed this forlorn hope, and deserve favorable mention in any record of adventurous deeds and daring exploits. Sir Fenwick Williams, the General commanding in Canada, remembering how grossly we had illtrcated the Prince of Wales, warned theso valorous officers of the bitter hatred tho Americans bore towards Englishmen: and after several councils of war it was determined that as the Yankees wero barbarians the campaign should be conducted in the Indian stylo, and the party of rescue be disguised and curry no flag. Straightway the preparations were made. The hair of the gallant officers was clipped, their whiskers and mustaches shaved off, their print* tiirnpd nnbiidp in nnd thnir nnniiN pnrp. fully {minted off from their baggage. Instead of their own aristocratic cognomens, these officers assumed the names of John Jones, Dill Smith and Peter Brown, and practised sedulously until they could address each other by these norns de guerre without winking, and had lost the drawling pronunciation of the West End. Then, blessed by Sir Fonwick Williams, cheered by their comrades aud saluted by their soldiers, these daring representatives of the British Lion started off upon their perilous adventure, each clinging to his donkey's skin and donkey's name as if for dear life. They passod the boundary line which separates us from the civilization of Canada, and congratulated themselves that their disguise Was so perfect that the Yankee custom house officer did not detect it. They rolled on in the trains, seeing an emissary of Seward iu every conductor, and a poisoner of Englishmen in every vender of " Stewart's gum drops aud mixed candies." At every station they shook hands solemnly and gratefully, aud thauked Providence that thus far on the war path they were unharmed. At New York they furtively pur chased and perused the HKK.w.n.and felt a throb of joy at finding no reward yet ottered for their scalps. They walked from depot to depot, arm in arm, afraid that every hackney coach might be a prison ran to whirl them oif to Fort Lafayette. Fearftil of mobs, they avoided every rush for coffee and cakes at the stations, and secretly devoured stale crackcrd from their haversacks. In safety, after countless dangers, they at last arrived at Washington. There they fouud Russell stock gambling bv telegraph, and Lord Lypns hobnobbing with the awful Seward. There they were feted and dined. There they wero invited to receptions and reviews, and met the army without peril or loss of life. No wonder that the British officers were astonished and delighted. They cut Russell and became friends of General McDowell. They concluded that, after all, Americans wert> human beings, and almost as good as Englishmen. They began to patronize as soon as they ceased to fear us; and, as the ass in the lion's skin betrayed himself by his bray, so these lions in donkey 's skins showed their British breeding by advising McClellan to tell his soldiers that the British officers were pleased with their manoeuvres. McClellan and his soldiers care very little for such praise or blame, however, and the advice was not takenIn peace, without Lord Lyons and with their proper names, the gallant English gentlemen have since returned to Canada. We wish them joy of their reception. By and by. when another ifisop shall write his witty parables, he will find his best effort surpassed by this actual adventure of the British Lipn in a donkey's skin. We commend its moral to the London Times. Tur Danukrs of Democracy.?The jour nals of aristocratic Kurope represent this civil war as the downfall of democratic ir?titntions, and arguo from this crisis that democracy is a complete failure. Such a view of the case exhibits nothing but 4bo ignorance and prejudice of the European journals. Democracy has been fully tested in this country for seventy years p.ist, and it has brought us great national blessings, national progre s and national power. That we are now engaged In subduing a formidable rebellion h no proof of the failure of our Institutions. On the con; tiary, overy form of government is liable to the same crisis, and democracy, during this struggle, lias exhibited powers of self assertion , and self preservation which very few other ' forms of government c n equal, end which i none other can excel. The danger of democracy la not in destruction by this civil war, but jgtUcr in Ut? 5rbwinH InHufoge of stnal^ po'^ 4 tioians and the increasing tendency to corrupt legislation. These dangors are, indeed, not singular to democracy; for the same evils exist iu Curopo to a greater or less degree: but hero they are less hidden, more apparent and more on the surface. We Americans have a habit of dragging our dirty linen into public observation, not at all popular in Europe, where , they have quito as much dirty linen, but keep it better concealed. Still, tho evils 1 to which we refer are prevalent enough and J bold enough in this country to be called dan- , gerous. The intrigues of small politicians. , aided by and aiding abolition fanaticism and i Southern conspiracies, havo induced this war. ' The political contest between the Southern 1 politicians, who were trying to keep their ] power, and tho Northern politicians, who were trying to gain power, initiated the grander con- < diet of arms, to such bitter longths was it carried and to such an extent did it demoralize tho minds of many of the people. But even the , war, which acted like a sudden check upon everything and everybody else, has not stopped legislative corruption or dotorred political rogues from thoir knavish schemes. In addition to tho enormous frauds which have grown up with the war itself, and which have seemed to bo almost as necessarily and inevitably a part of it as soldiers or cannon, the old machinery of corruption has ground on, as usual; the old public swindlers have robbed aud cheated, as before, undisturbed and unpunished. The reports of Congressional and Legislative Investigating committees, and tho records of jobs now urged upon our attention from every quarter, show tho real dangers of democracy Gkkki.ky's Om.t Chance ok Safety.?Alas! poor Horace! if he was not, like Yorick, a fellow of infinite mirth, he was the source of no ordinary mirth in others. He has reached the length of his tether. Ho is to be brought up with a short turn. We are sorry for him. According to authentic intelligence from Washington, Greeley has been indicted by the Grand Jury of that city for libels against an olficor of the government. Like other old offenders, he is caught at last, and an example will bo made of him for the public good, unless he is speedily extricated by some extraordinary good luck, llis only chance of escape is by the intervention of his friend, Mr. Seward, and wo will use whatever infiuence we possess to aid him. The Secretary of State can arrest the arm of the law and remove Greeley from the jurisdiction of courts by simply sending him to Fort Lafayette till the storm blows over. There he will be safe, und no judicial process can reach him, not even a habeas corpus. As the Tribune is going to the dogs, if not ulready gone, free board and lodging at the same hotel with his friends the secessionists would not be so bad an arrangement for Greeley after all. 11c is encompassed with dangers on every side. Any port in a storm. If he will signify to us his wishes in that direction, wo will do our best to pilot him safely into the fort that stands sentinel at the entrance of the Narrows. Mayor Opdyke and the Shoddy Reports TO TUB KIUTOK OF TUK UtiKALO. Nkw York, April 4, 1sg2. In reading details of news, abstracts of documents, icc., appearing in the uewspapoie, I havo soinetiim-e takou occasion to compare the hoadings of such articles with the documents themselves, mal uow and thuu havo discovered great incongruity. It docs not often matter much, but occasionally, I notice, it involves greut injustice to individuals. Uno instance of this kind I noticed in yesterday's Hciun>. The report of the legislative committee on the ahoddy business had among its headings. "Wocd and Opdyko in the Shoddy i'ool." Now I happen to know aud ain perfectly well acquainted with the irreproachable character and history of the hitter named gentlomnu, and, therefore, feel assured that the intimation of tho slightest wrong on his part was entirely unfounded, unless on some garbled or misprinted testimony. CouarquoiUly I re id with much interest that part of the testunouy relutiug to Mr. Updyko, and was surprised to observe tbo absence from it of anything which could be cousidjred at all dishonorable, or in any way adecling Mr. up dyke's character unfavorably. It was shown that the cloth furnished by hun was good?the best?and that he furnished it to ono of the contractors in a perfectly legitimate und honorable way. Surely it is not tho intention of tho editor of the IIkkai.o that bis paper shall bo made tho instrument of calumniating by Loadings unjustillod by tho text. I should not havo written this, but that I see in to-day's Haaann tho ropeliliun of tlic statement, which, it soouis to iuo, must have been written lrom I no heading, aud not from the testimony. It has occurred toinu, therefore, that if your atiouti' n w is railed to this matter your own soma) of justice Wuald induce you to undo llio wrong your pi|>er has d.-ue (unintentionally, 1 trust) toouu o: our most incorruptible, aud assuredly honest and respectable, Citizens. A MKKi'IlANT. Tributes to the Oallantry of our Marine and Naval Service. Thero is on exhibition at present, at Tid'any k On.'a jewoiry siore, ill uro?uwsy,a 'juamui;' wrojgm suiia gold snutt box, which in about to be promoted to Lieutenant Worden, in command of the Monitor in bur late engagomeot with the Mrrriinac, by tha citizen* of Buffalo. This premutation is well deserved and timely wban it is t ak.m luto Consideration the gallantry of Lieutousiit Wordon on that occasion. 1'ba box in <|ueation is of pure gold, and coat the porcliosn mouny being raised by $A sub-cripliuns, am dig tbe citizens of Buffalo. It la four in lies by two and a half in breadth, und oua inch deep, on the ltd ia the inscription:? "To Lieut. John L Worden, Fronr clti/aiE* of BulTalo, New York.'! Underneath these writs is a good roreseritntion of tits contest between the Monitor and Jlerriinac, with the Minnesota and Cumberland on sillier side. The following words are al tlio tedium of this representation ? You beat the Morrimac and savad the Minnesota." A magniliront gold wst b, to bs pre.anted to Captain J. A Buigess, by the maiitimn Institutions of the country, lor important services rendered while captain of th ship Monarch oi the Seas, U also on exhibition. The watch coal ?>00, and Is a lino piece of workmanship. fusideof I ho lid is the inscription:?. Presented to Captain J. A. Burgess, formerly of tbe ship Monarch of the .Sent, by the I ni?u, Orient, .tun, Columbian, Mercantile and Commercial Insurance Companies u! New York,SDd Merchants', (<usp?e, Commercial and American Insurance Companies of Providence, K. I., to mark their approval of ineritoiioua servtcos rcmiorod on the voyage fiotu Akyab to Liverpool during tbe year I?5S, Outside of the eve are the letters J. A B., carefully wrought lPdh testtnronials are manufai Hired by Messrs. TilTany A Co , and rcilect much credit upon that Brut. Billiard Tournament. MATCH BETWEEN MICHAEL POLHT AND J. pgERT POH FIVE lit NPKED DOLLARS A SIDE. The bilhard match, arranged at Cleveland sometime ago, between Mtch tel Foley nnd ,1. Decry, was played at living Hall on Friday evening. Tbe arraugemenl of the room and table was tiro same na at thn mutch on tbe eveni: f previous. The spectators were not very numerous uor the ex< it"moui intense The game was the four ball csrrom, one thousand points up, stakes two bundled and fifty dollars a side, and the same amount bnt on tho hlgnost run. Doery chose v Ralph Berjanilu,of New York, as umpire, nnd Foley ch se John Frswley, of Cleveland, his business psrtser. Chris. Bird, el Philadelphia, was selected as referee L 'Uis Fox, of Rochester, kept the gauie Play began at I ?igtlt O'clock, AUQ wni marwu uy vuv u,\irtuw? cautiua on t>olh ?ide*. F<<l*y, having dofoated Knvenngb the previous ( i voiiwg, wee I lie ob.-erved of all observers. He le ; ft slightly built, eliort yum* ru?a, with e very enlists, reserved expre*?ton, ?u J a broad, square forehaail. His unolunee In proverbial, and hie cautlou oxtrr-ue. I aery le a handi- mo young fellow, well built, with a 1 gnely fumed head, dark,.surly lour, and a very enpro fertlonul, aniftlo irlah look. 11* la more excitable than yolty uud im.ob tras reliable m a player. The game ?ai eo ovtioautior,* na to be very dull. ' M;-'e? and runs ol one or mr? were the order of ibe ' night, va wd by oocaeioual tei#, and iw otiee rftili Foley k'j?\ gifM?> ain creeping fthoa/,, nr?t lutie before twelve I ! uwiuck l e won the game and money .counting four hun- I filed and uiU'ly eight pr>^ft|,,, , ?_n \?i y had boat, I ftsonly good rune mad'# weie by Foley, whoeoorv j n ty-ibrea.eixiy mio.p'.iy six and "I e prtw# " J'.he | i hi Hoe \ NEWS FROM WMHINBTON. WaaonoiA APrtl #( 1 MNrot proposai) abolition or slaw* by in ton ?i?tkict or COLUMBIA. The very bisti with which the radiet ' agitators are urging ihii parage of llio bill for Iho abolitt )u of slavery In the District of Columbia niajr possibly a defeat their purpose It is probable tho President will decline to approve tho bill, should it be passed in Its proa *nt form, [t is known that ho will require a very material modi?, cation of Its provisions before ho will give it bla ?B?iion. Ho has expressed his opposition to auy a Interference wish slavery in this District without om' current action of the people of Maryland, \ also to any measure of emancipation wit4 >ut provision for the removal and colonization e the emancipated slaves. Tho abolition factloe ' are urging the bill with hut haste, not so much for th* purpose of rooting out the scanty remnant of slavery her* us to force upon the President the responsibility of veto* ing it, or signing it in direct opposition to ail bis hitherto ixpre-sed views on the subject. They expect, In case of a voto, to make a strong caso against the administration; but intelligent gentlemen, now here from various parte of tho country,statu that the politicians are far behind their constituents, and that the masses of the people aro with the President, and will sustain him in his course. tub buitisu vi8itok8 at tub capital. The rereut visit of distinguished Rrttish officers tothta country is regarded as aigniflcaut of the cliango in the tone of British sentiment in regard to affairs lu tlio UniteU Stuto.-i. Tho sympathy with the rebels uiauifostod In the English press and .public was greatly promoted by ibo representattons of tbo class of visitor); from that oountry, of whom Mr. Russell, of the London limes, is tho type. Now that the predictions of tluso sympathi/ors have been falsified, and their wishes disappointed,auotlior and infinitely better class of British representatives are found visiting our country. Among thorn are I/ird Edward Caveudlsh, son Of the Duke of i>evcinliire, and Lord Cecil,of the Utile Brigade, atatloned iu Canada, and Colonel Percy, of tho Northumberland Percys, now also stationed in Canada. Two eminently respectable Irish oflicers, who have resigned their pos s iu the Papal army, have also arrived here to join our own. They bring letters from Cardinal AntoneUi and other friends or our country in Romo. These visitors are better representatives of Croat Britain than the vulgar mouthed fellows who were sont last year to misrepresent the conduct of Ib^goveruuient and the progress of tho wAr, and to give aid and comfort to the rebellion. BULL RUN RUSSELL BN ROUTE FOR ESQ I. AND The Linden Timet correspondent, LL. P. Russell, left Washington this afternoon for New Y*rk,and will take the next steamer for England. IIo is thoroughly disgusted with tho War Department for refusing him the privilege of conveying Information to tho rebels respecting the Ermy of the Potomac through ills loiters to tho Loudon Timet, it is said that when I)r. Russell was sent ashore, his English friends present, some officers of distinction in her Britannic Majesty's service,were obliged to put liis luggage on the wharf, tho boat hands being employed exclusively in tho sorrice of tlio American aimy. It is surmised that after a breathing rpell in London, Dr. Russell will run tho hlockado and open n correspondence from the Southern confederacy. THE NEW MILITARY DEPARTMENT IN VIRGINIA. Tlio order of tho .Secretary of War, croating military departments for General Banks and General McDowell, is the subject of much comment. The onomiee of General McClella-i construe it as an expression of dissatisfaction with h.s course, but such is not tho fact. General McOlelian, having taken tho field at the head of the anny inobilo of the Potomac, ennuot bo expected to givo his attontion to that iiortion of this army left i eliin-1 for the protection of Washington, and tho absanco of Gcnoral lloC'loiUn made it necessary to create thoseparate departments nio:iti?ii'-d in the rccont order. RELEASE OF OFFICERS UNDER ARREST. A ppeci.il order issued to day from tlio War Dcparmont is us follow*:? (Jul. D'Utassy, of Iho Garibaldi Guard, New VorR Vftluntcors, and Ml the olli. on nf Gon. lllonkor's division wlio arc now undur arrest. are hereby reloasod from arrest.and will join th>-ir regiments without delay and resume their respective commands. REBEL TERRITORIAL OFFICERS APPOINTED FOB ARIZONA, Lato Richmond papers announce that Jeff. Davis hae appointed, and the Senate confirm*!, a full set uf officers for the Territory of Arizona. It thus appears that the lobe! government .8 in advance of our own, as the bill for establishing a provisional government for that Territory has not, as yet. beeu acted upon in Congress. TIIE FORTRESS UONltOK TKLKOKAP1I CABLE. Tho telegraph cable to reconnect Fortress Monroe with CapeCliarl*a will ho in working order soon, us the mate* rials are already thore, and three hours of uninterrupted labor, with favormhla weather and smooth water, will be sufilcient for the enterprise. PASSENGERS IN PIBLIC TRANSPORTS. Tlie Secretary of War directs that hereafter no person not belonging to the United States scrvico shall bo permitted to take passago in any public transport without the special permission of the Wur Department. REOPENING OF POST OFFICES IN VIRGINIA. Postal operations have been resumed with Martinsburg, Va.,an t tbe ofilce at Harper's Kerry will be opened next week, under tho direction of the Post OiUce Department. EMPLOYMENT FOR CONTRABANDS. Many of the contrabands who havo been temporarily subsisted by the government until employment could be provided are now usefully occupied at the several hospi" tale. A considerable number have b-eii engaged as eer vauts in private families. ARREST OF SWINDLERS. The Provost Marshal, Major Doster, h.*u arrested sunJrjr persons who wore prosecuting a nourishing bosiaeea by .to:lauding no! Here, under thu pretence of procuring dlsehargi a for thorn. Th<y are now in confinement at Ike central guardhouse. SPIRIT OF THI SOLTMftS. fcinco the rrcoption of the intelligence of the reoent victories, many of the convalescent soldiers in the hospitals seem suddenly restored to health, Judging from the crowds of them who daily resort to the Provost Marshal's office, asking to be rutnrned to their respective companies, and expressing a desire to participate la active military operations. MAT1I3 OF BOMHEliS. The fullowiug deaths of soldiers are reported:? Rennselaer Mclnt.vro, Co. E, Seventy-sixth N. Y. Volt. Private Fuller, Co. D, Second regiment Her dan Sharpshooters. ; A. V. McElroy,Co. E, Nineteenth Indiana Volunteers. E Burnliam, Co. B, Sovsuty sixth N. Y. Vols. Geo. Quarry,Co P, 107lh Pennsylvania VohiuteSH. John Hicks, Co. K, Fifth New York artillery. Charles H. lUni.-ey, Co. A, Thirteenth N. Y. \^ols. Wm. Barker, Co. C., Eighty first N. Y. Vola. Goo. Bsrmim, Co. K, Fifty-sixth N. Y. Vol*. Gso. Jones, Co. ?, Eighty-sixth N. Y. Vo g. John Greuk.Co. , First Pennsylvania f ,.|uRte?r*. Francis Vunk, Co. A, Eighty-first N. Y W ,i|g. Ilenry Nichols, Co. A, Tenth New Jorssp Vol Oil tear*. W. Storry.Co- A, Ninety-fifth New Yst k Volunteer*. Alonzo Sinter, Co. B, Ninth PennsyWa ,1a Volunteers. Myer Van Atiken, Co. F, Ninety sev? ltj, y. Vols. Henry Marcellous, Co. G, 104th Pew , y0iSi APPOINTMENTS COVTT gptp. nr. Usyes was appointed and tor nnne I yesterday aa Brigade Surgeon, not Brigadier I General, and B. Kills Martin, Instead of B. Ellis, via coof'tntd as Consul at Bruns tel.. APfOINXff ^fT. Joseph Willard, late of Wit* ,rjg Hotel, baa been ap* pointed a wuart- rmaater <a General McDowell'* staff, the rank of catitain.. J Tit* KKXALS KL9 iNTIUt'TIBI.i:. Mn. Greoubow anA Mr 4. Morris refut" to (to 8011th vtluutsrlly, understaedin g the decision of the Comtuieslnnere that they ar , allowed tncbuore between imprisonment and oaJim General Wadswerth ban determined to make ttan ? aenlenee compulsory, and ban extend od their timo >i# preparation two days, wbon they will be tout beyen/ the lines of our artny. COI.O^XL V4IS At jut's FAREWRLb OF I1IH RKGIMKNT. On Monday r 1#xt Colonel Van Alon Is to take formal leave of his *df gtment. Tbe ceremonies will bo very inleretting audit ,ro to be witnessed by a largo number of evitedg'oT .m, including several distinguished hdiee. KX SlNATOJt OWtM. II It r ,01 believed in prominent olreles that ex ;onator flwin' noa arrived at Richunoud,as announced from Torus/ , Monroe. .' ix pin si or rcrrLif for TtiRfatovAr, corps. Tbe estimates of tbe cost of signal supplies for Ave t hundred regiments it estimated by Major Myers, of lh> S'?nsl Corps, to amount to forty two thouesnd four baa dred and fifty doliara. Tor signal apparatus, fifteen thou, ear 1 dollars for telescopes,seven thouannd dollars, for I