9 Haziran 1873 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3

9 Haziran 1873 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3
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PRESIDENT FIGUERAS. Spanish Politics and Prospects as Seen by the Republican Executive* COMPOSITION or THE NEW CORTES. , A Herald Correspondent's Talk with the Head of the New Republic. ALFONSO OR POPULAR GOVERNMENT. Don Carlos Not the Real Choice of the Monarchist Leaders. PEACE AND ORDER UNDER THE REPUBLIC. * Sentiments of the Europeau Sovereigns and Their Interest in Spanish Affairs. AMERICA SPAIN'S BEST FRIEND. A Message Through tl^e Herald to Mil lions of American Citizens. Madrid, May 15, 187,3. Last night, at six o'clock, the general elec tions throughout Spain wero closed. The Assembly, which is to give a new constitution to this disturbed country, is now a rgality and will assume a working shape before this letter can appear in the Herald. Two weeks hence the 387 newly-elected Deputies will meet at the Congreso de los Diputados, in the Carrera St. Geronimo. It can be fairly said that nowhere and at no time have elections been marked by less excitement. The conservatives of all shades resolved to abstain from voting, and conse quently, in Madrid itself, only one-fourth of all the electors exercised their rights. There wero many provincial districts where a Deputy was returned by less than two hundred votes, and in one instance nine voters returned a repre sentative. In fact, the federalists alone went to the ballot urns, and the natural result was thaj scarcely any except federalist Deputies were elected. A few distant conservative ' localities, not sufficiently influenced by the partj leaders of Madrid, excepted themselves from the rule agreed upon by the main body of m the conservatives, and returned some twenty five Deputies of various retrograde shades? the only opposition elements the federals are to find in the Assembly. To these may be added, as far as the government is concerned, some fifty ultra-socialists, called intransiyentes (irrcconcilables), which are likely to give some trouble to Sefior Figueras and his Ministers. But, with some three hundred odd votes in an , Assembly of not fully four hundred Deputies, any government might have considered itself all-powerful, except a Spanish one. At all ?vents the President of the Spanish Republic, to judge from his own words, does not con sider himself safe in any way whatever. In the first place, it must be borne in mind that abstention from voting on the part of the various anti-republican factions means, in this case, much more than it means usually. It is a pure and simple re fusal to acknowledge the legality of the elections, and this implies, of course, at some future date, an open revolt against the legisla tion of the Assembly. Various protests on the part of the anti-republican parties had been already published and some of the leaders of these parties, who had all fled after the events of April 23, intended to form juntas on French soil, passing resolutions and mus ?< tering forces on the safe side of the frontier. THE MISTAKE or THE REACTIONISTS. President Figueras, on receiving me on Tuesday, said, with reference to this subject: ? "The representatives of conservative opin ions are acting ii^the most foolish and un ' patriotic manner. They seem to have learned nothing from past experience. It was at all times the strategy of the conservative oppo sition in this country to create a vaccuum around the existing power, and the invariable result was that when the powi r fell it was not to make room for those who created the ' vacuum, but for the party still more advanced than that which was overthrown. By creat ing now a vacuum around us they will not open a road to themselves, but to the dema gogues only; while, by accepting the existing fact of a Spanish. Republic, and by setting at work on the opposition benches they would have balanced the forces and havo done certainly more good to the country than they could, perhaps, themselves believe. They are almost sure to cause blood to bo shed now, while then they would have been almost as sure to lead the country to order and national regeneratiou, had they courageously accepted the Republic. ' ' Your correspondent asked the President whether he considered that the anti-republican party had many members whose services could be rendered available by the Republic ? "Certainly," answered the President, "though it is not particularly pleasant for a republican to make such an avowal; but I cannot deny the fact that the ablest statesmen Spain possesses are in the ranks of the con servatives and monarchists. DimCULTrt.") TO FB OVXRCOin. Oar party has still K> try its and to show its abilities. We Lave been aa yet neither Organized, nor have we even known each other. I know, for inatMioe, the repub licans of my province, Catalonia, and they know me, for we were the first to begin the republican agitation as far back aa 1R40. But we know scarcely any thing about the republicans of other provinces, nor they about us. C on sequently we have to make euch other's ac quaintance yet, and to try eaoh other's abili ties, for scarcely any one of us had occasion to show them? practically, I mean, for in the sphere of theory our party has dono some thing alreadv. The best contemporary Span ish writers belong to our party ; but the most experienced and skilful statesmen must be as yet acknowledged to be in the opposite camp." "Did the President not think that the new Assembly would be very violent, and render the task of the government a rather difficult one?" was the next question put to him by your correspondent. "Well, I think it will be somewhat violent," answered SeSor Figueras, "or, at all events, noisy ; but I lay gre%t stress on the social law, in accordance with which a given num ber of violent men being brought together for deliberation are, as a rule, often cooled down and become moderate. The first sittings of the forthcoming Assembly will probably be very stormy, and perhaps appear somewhat wild or ridiculous to Americans and English men, in whom the practices of Parliamentary debates are more sober. But that won't last long, I hope, and the Deputies will soon see the need of a more quiet way of transact ing business. Besides, wo shall not be the first to amuse you or call forth your disapprobation in that way, the present French Assembly having, I believe, given a fair example of the difficulty the represen tatives of the Latin race experience in delib erating quietly, without smashing everything around them. As to the difficulties in our way, they are, of course, incalculable, and I am not quite sure yet that they can be all van quished. But the most serious of them are not those presented by the general Btate of the country or those you seem to anticipate from the violence of the new Deputies. To my mind the greatest difficulties must come from the monarchists' and conservatives' proceed ings. They seem to have made up their minds to fight us to the bitter end. TTTTTV ARE CONSrrRIHG all bound. Almost every well-to-do house is the centre of some sort of conspiracy at the present moment ; and we have great difficulties in avoiding the danger of somo of the govern ment offices becoming similar centres as well. The bank, for instance, is quite unmanage able. It does its best to paralyze all the efforts of the government to restore the con fidence of both Spaniards and foreigners in the financial resources of this country. Still more is the behaviour of some of the officers of the army. They aro conspiring in broad daylight, notwithstanding all the changes that have been recently made in the personnel of various commands, and in this I apprehend one of our greatest dangers. I could not tell you all the sacrifices the government has made to avoid bloodshed ; yet they are push ing us to it still. I know for certain that, in many cases, SOLDIERS WILL SHOOT TFF.Tlt OWN OFFICEBK at tho next attempt similar to that of the 23d of April, and every one knows what must then follow. A final blow will be given to the dis cipline of the army, and no human efforts will be able to prevent the country falling into utter anarchy. And, supposing even that these officers had success and that their soldiers would obey them, how many men could they bring into the field? Certainly not enough to intimidate the republican bat talions of the National Guards and of the militia. And if they are not intimidated, as were the eleven monarchical battalions on the 23d, they will fight desperately, and there will be an end either to them or to the army. ALE THE MIN'ISTEBS DEMAGOGUES? The conservatives call me a demagogue; but I can assure you that I am no more a dem agogue than M. Thiers or Mr. Gladstone. I diflfer from them only in my firm belief that a federal republic is tho best form of govern ment tor Spain. But I believe just as firmly that a federal republic can be established with out any wild socialistic theories being brought forward. So far, indeed, am I and my col leagues from being demagogues that it was our sinccre wish to bring a hundred or so con servative deputies into the Assembly, to form a sensible and powerful opposition. The question was deliberated in the Council of Ministers whether we would be right in en couraging some of the conservatives to come forward and in giving them such support as wo could. And if we resolved not to do so it was only because of the attitude of the con servatives and of the obligations this attitude had compelled us to take towards their ene mies." CABLISM AND ALFONSIEM. Your correspondent asked the President whether he made any distinction between the various branches of the conservative party, and, if so, which was that he would have thought more fit to help the country out of its difficulties. "For me," said tho President, "there is only one conservative party? that of Don Al fonso. It is ibe only one which hag some real root is the country and which oouatu ib ite ranks really able men. The Carlista look, of Course, more active and more dangerous, and so they are, perhaps. But wo know, if strang ers do not, that Carlism means at the present moment Don Alfonso much more than it does Don Carlos. I would not be astonished at all if by and by the leading Alfonsoists ? almost all of whom are now at and about Bayonne ? would begin to. tender actual help to the Carlists ; and I know for certain that the leading men of the Carlist party, if they had been asked to ex press their innermost thoughts, would all de clare themselves for Don Alfonso. Old Elio, lor instance, knows better than any one how far Don Oarloe is unfit for the throne, and if ho still serves the Carlist cause it is simply out of chivalry and out of old-fashioned loyalty. He served Ferdinand VII. and "Charles V.," and he considers himself bound to serve "Charles VIL but had you asked him frankly to say whom he preferred to see on the throne of Spain, from the point of view of the country's welfare, he would certainly say Don Alfonso. About the same thing could be said of Dorre garay, Lizarraga, Olio and several other Car list leaders. All of them were officers in Dofia Isabella's army. Ali of them joined the Carlist party, not because they did not acknowledge her as their Queen, but because they did not wish either to serve the Republic or Amadeo. They would never have fought against Isabella, and would gladly accept her son. In fact, Carlism, properly so called, is strong with the populations of the northern provinces, and by no means with its leaders, who know only too well how little the debauched and weak-mindod Don Carlos is fit to rule Spain, or even likely to be accepted by any portion of the population as soon as he becomes moro known. You said Don Carlos spoke kindly of me and my colleagues when you saw him. I am, therefore, sorry to say such rude things of him, but I believe I am saying only what is true." Your correspondent asked the President whether he meant to say%hat Carlist generals were purposely concealing their feelings at present, and were fighting apparently in the cause of Don Carlos, but in reality for the re storation of Don Alfonso. "No, that I do not mean to say," answered the President. "They probably believe they fight for Don Carlos, but in reality they are simply fighting for a Spanish King against a Republic now, as they fought against an Italian King a few months ago. But as they have no objections whatever to the young Don Alfonso, and as, in fact, they must prefer him to Don Carlos, I would not be astonished at all if? should they be successful and the Republic overthrown ? they would find themselves at the head of troops bringing to Madrid Don Alfonso instead of Don Carlos. The rap prochcmerd which, I hear, is beginning be tween some of the Carlist and some of the Alfonsist leaders, is an additional ground for my believing a combination of this sort not improbable." "So that, practically, you admit the possi bility of the Republic being overthrown?" asked your correspondent HOPES or THE REPUBLIC. "As things are going on now," answered the President, "I must say that I would not deny the possibility of such a thing, though I hope it will not happen. At all events there is this much achieved already, that only two forms of government have henceforth become possible in this country ? either a federal re public or a constitutional monarchy with Don Alfonso. This is a great gain. A short time ago we had about a dozen combinations equally considered as possible. The thing has now be come considerably simplified. Yet Don Alfonso, though his chances of coming to power are great, cannot last long. His reign would rely a short adjournment of the Republic. In thinking this I do not lay stress alone on the pro gress which republican ideas are daily making in this country, .but also on some of the unavoidable conscquenccs of the Prince's coming to the throne. It will be impossible, for instance, to admit the Prince alone to Spain. If he 6bould enter the country as its sovereign his family would naturally come with him, and in a few days after the cere monies and festivities Madrid would have the King and his friends, a Regent or a Regency, with a party to it ; Dofia Isabel and her party, Dofia Christina and her party, the D^e of Montpensier and his party, and so on. They would all endeavor to have the upper hand in tho councils of the King, would all turn deadly enemies to each other, conspire against each other and equally con tribute, each and all, to the overthrow of tho i King and a now general flight of all of them from Spain. Tho foreign Powers are now ex changing diplomatic despatches with refer ence to the Republic. They are, of course, anxious to see a monarchy re-established in this country, because they don't kno\p. any thing about tho real state of our parties and the condition of Spain. Insisting still on a monarchy, they do not, however, object as strongly as they did formerly to a republic, provided this republic is called conservative and is copied from what M. Thiers has estab lished on the other side of the Pyrenees. The old gentleman has managed to reconcile the European potentates with this form of govern ment and has made them understand that a republic is not necessarily anarchy, and that it can even be the rule of an uncrowned chief of the Executive as deseotic as any crowned monarch has ever exercised. Bat what they cannot make ap their minds abont is the word 'federal. ' They don't know exactly what it means, but they think it mnst mean something very undesirable. They don't take the slightoKt notice when they are told that America and Switzerland are republican fed erations. They simply answer you, 'The cases are quite different there,' and they think they have said everything and refuted all arguments you may adduce. * SOLICITUDE OF THE C2E*ARS. "The other day tho two Emperors paying each other compliments at St Petersburg, did our Minister at that Court the honor of talk ing to him. They said they greatly desired safety and order should be rostored in Spain and bloodshed ended. Tho Minister answered them that tho Spanish government was doing its best to achievo theso ends. But I said to my friend, Stfior Castelar, on receiving the report of this conversation, that if I had been in tho place of the Spanish Ambassador I would have answered their Majesties that wo had as much safety and order as ever, and that we havo had no blood shed at all, even not so much as there was the other day in Frankfort, or as there is always in Russia whenever a dozen people assemble to discuss any public grievance and whole regiments are sent out to 'restore order.' "My poor friend Seiior Castelar, who is very impressionable, as you know, is getting quite nervous under the influence of the in formation he gets from our Ministers abroad. Tt looks as if we were going to receive somo strong worded notes one of these days on the subject of tho word 'federal' as com pared with 'conservative,' and I am very glad that tho Assembly will probably moot by the time we receive these documents." SeQor Figueras mentioned some of the measures already taken by tho government of the Republic, and which ought to have in spired the foreign Powers witlr somo confi dence in the futuro of Spain as far as peace and order were concerned, and his incidentally mentioning the recent publication of the budget led the conversation to THE QUESTION OP FINANCES. "This is, I acknowledge," said the Presi dent, "our weakest point; and, assuming that I speak to you not as tho President of the Spanish Republic, but simply as Sefior Figue ras, I would say that our financial position can certainly be much improved by ourselves, but that a complete financial regeneration of Spain is possible only with the aid of America. It would be too long now to explain to you my views on this question. The recep tion room at the Presidencia must be already full, and people must get impatient about my not coming; but if you call any evening we will have a quiet talk about this, as well as many other subjects. We all know in Spain that the only true friends we have are the Americans, and I know that talking to a TTwbat.t> representative is the same as talking to several millions of American citizens. So I shall always be glad to have a talk with you, for we don't want to conceal anything, and hope that the more Spain and tho Spanish Republic are known the other side of the ocean the better it will be for everybody. CUBA. "But do not suppose that, when I say that American enterprise and American gold can alone regenerate the finances of Spain I mean in any way to allude to Cuba. That island must be left quite out of the question at the present moment. As both Carlist and Alfonsist leaders told you, so must I tell you, too, that no government will dare, at the present moment, to propose .any arrangement affecting in any way the^ in tegrity of Spanish territory ; and this was one of the reasons for my having put so much territorial integrity,' as you said, in my official answer to General Sickles the other day. Our enemies were spreading rumors that we were arranging the sale of Cuba in an underhand maimer, and I had to answer them. My private conviction is that Cuba is lost for us, and that in a quarter of a century every Spanish peasant will firmly believe thut Cuba's joining the States was quite a natural thing, as ho now believes it to be the most un patriotic and criminal idea ever conceived. But my personal opinions on future events have nothing to do with the political opinions of the present President of the executive power of the Spanish Republic. When we meet again we may talk a little more on this subject; but now I must wish you goodby, and if I add here our customary 'Esla casa estd d su disposition de V., don't take it for a mere formal compliment." It may be mentioned here that the Prestdent received your correspondent at his privote house in the Calle del Salud,at half-past six in the morning. Like M. Thiers, the President of the Spanish Republic is a very early riser, and his official hours of reception at the Presidcneia aro from seven to eleven A. M. He receives only very few visitors at his little private residence, which he has not changed since he became President for any of the numerous unoccupied government palaces. And the President's cabinet, where the inter view took place, is as unpretentious and quiet a room as that of a German student of law or philosophy, whose parents are able to give him fifty thalers a month. Hie Ht. IiOniB Drmatrh recently had a visit .'mm Win. L. Barry, of NashvUle. who wan horn in Lu nenhurg county, Va., In 1780. Ho m now nm>ty tnree years of age, and the Ptupukh nay* that ap to one year ago he had worked at the printers' cane slice 1798, or a verlod o I sevenu-flve tears. THE GVG OF THE DELUGE. Choosing the New President of the French National Assembly. FRANCE DANCING ON A VOLCANO. Prudent Parisians Placing Their Treasures Beyond the Reaeb of Revolution. IN THE CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES. Forty Leaders and Public Men, as Seen by t the Way and in Their Seats. IN THE PRESS LOGE. Dropping the Balls Which Elect M. Buffet as Successor to M. Grcvy. Park, May 21, 1873. Forty-seven years ago, when Louis Philippe gave a magnificent ball at the Palais Royal, while political aflUlrd, which so shortly found their vent in the Revolution of July, were almost at boiling polut, witty M. Salvandy described the exact position in his phrase, Nous Hansons sur un vol can (We are daucing on a volcans). If M. Salvandy could return to lire he might repeat his wttticlsm at this moment. Paris 1b lull, the boulevards teem with busy, brilliant throngs. Kvery possible American intonation, from the high-pitched sing song of the New Englander to the interminable drawl of tho West, can bo hoard In the courtyard and the corridors of the Grand Hotel; crowds of English men and women, alike conspicuous for the eccentricity of their toilets, hang about Meurice's and the Rue de Rivoll ; even the hated Germans are once more to the lore, and some of the finest equipages and some of the loveliest, golden haired ladies to be seen in the Bold are, you will dnd on inquiry, the property of gentlemen of Teutonic origin. The theatres are doing well; Mabllle and Asnlfcrcs are looking forward to an excellent sea son, and the pavement outside tha principal is bo' beset during the evening that it is with the greatest difficulty, and only alter squeezing in between the old Frenchman, dec, ore and reading the Temps, and the tall Briton, who er ders "Quelque cognac? brandy, you know? et un boetail de soda water." Yet you can obtain a seat. Life is here In its gayest, brightest, most sensuous aspect. En avant, mes amis I AUet tou Jours, la Jeunesse. Make hay while the sun shines? and yet? and yet? how about that volcanoT Let us look at what commercial men call the "per contra" side ol the ledger I Over to home life of Paris, net that expressed in flaring boulevards or teeming hotels, but over the domestic hearth, the mer chant's counting house, the sober citizen's home, bangs THE LURID SHADOW OF THE RED FIEND, bearing in one hand a musket, In the other a torch. In the ears of thousands of men, prudent but |not timid, provident but not terror-stricken, the first rumbling ol the volcano, shell-filled and petroleum-cbarged, is already beginning to sound If you can believe the rnmors which greet you in well informed circles, large sums of money and valuables of all kinds are being sent dally, for safe keeping, to Belgium and England; In many families preparations for the immediate transport of women and children to the same retreats are compete. The Bourse is agitated, merchants shake their heads, declining to look at big ventures, and a deputation of bankers has waited on II. Thiers, telling him tbat If there is the slightest interrup tion of order and tranquillity it wUl be Impossible to find that last milliard of Indemnity money, the payment of which is to set the soli of France free from foreign occupation. If this cxpccted tragedy is to take place, its last act, with all its dread ac companlmcnts, will be played in the streets; mean while the scene of action now lies iu the Assembly, at Versailles. Let us take a glance at It. WAITING FOR THE TRAIN. It Is twelve o'clock, Tuesday morning, and tho station of the Versailles Railway (Rive Drolte) is humming like a hive of bees. Private carriages, hired coupes and Victorias keep dashing up and depositing their occupants at the steps of the pare in the Rue St. Lazare. But few persons in the con dition of him after whom the street is named ar? to be seen, but Dives is well represented. The foreign pleasure-seekers usually to be found here en route to Versailles or St. Cloud are quite swal lowed up In the immense throng of Deputies, jour nalists, secretaries and interested men of politics, who suige restlessly hither and thither, ticket taking, news-seeking, note-comparing. The train does not start till half-past twelve, but the know ing ones have gone early, some to secure good places, others to get a comfortable stare at the celebrities. 11a! a point of interest, at last I The crowd converges and forms a little circle round two men, who have just exchanged salutations? two men ol very different classcs, apparently. TWO PARTY LEADER8. Who is this fat, gross man of middle height, with reddish-brown complexion and decidedly red nose, with a queer louche, or cock-eye, which gives him a half-jovial, hall-sinister expression? this man with the curly-brimmed, grease-stained hat, the tortoise-shell double eyeglass hanging loose round liis neck, the shining coat and the full troasers, into the pockets of which his bands are thrust up to the wrists f This is Won Gumbetta, the terror or the Right, the hope ot the Left, the one man who is supposed to be akle to establish a real republic, untainted by Orleanlsm, lionapartism or priestcraft, in France. The gentle man with whom he is in conversation, the Due d'Audiffret Pasquler, the leader of the Right, dif fers from Gambetta almost as much In appearance as in politics, lie 1s a small, gentlemanly-looking man, neatly dressed, with well cut features and gray side whiskers. Fire and water are as likely to mingle well as these two men ; but they are polite and even pleasant to each other, and, with a Paillasse-line leer upon his face, the ex-Dictator pays his opponent a 'compliment "Pour mtri, it. to Due," says he, "si jamais je devlena quelque chote, Je ne oeux le devenir qu'avec vousl ? ("If ever 1 hold any position, Duke, I hope to have you In the same beat with me I") And those who hear the little speech laugh and applaud, and the doors are opened for the train, and the Doke t^kes the arm of M. segur and makes for a carriage. Ah I the charming influence of politics on domestic life I The Duke is the brother-in-law of M. Caaimlr Terrier, and Uves in the same house with him; and, during the last few days, since M. Perrier has taken office under M. Thiers, tfie brothers-in-law l ave not spoken to each other. NOTABILITIES AS 8 SEN FROM TBI OALLERT. Well placed at last, won ami l The railway jour ney to those who know it well is not amusing, and the long wait in that antlchamber listening to the monotonous cry of the ushers ? "Messieurs, s'U vou# plait , si vous n'aorz jpas de billets, dans la salte ifaUenteV? became horribly wearisome. Though there were types of cliaracter to bo seen even there? the fat French tradesman, probably epicier, who neglects his business for politics; the old lady with the red face and strong, gray beard ; the swarthy Gascon, who is probably a Gambetta sympathiser, and the trim waist ed dandy officers. However, we are 6ut of tbat purgatory at last and comfortably seated in the loot appointed for the use or the gentlemen of the press, In the very centre of the second gallery of the grand theatre of the palace, In which the meetings of the Assembly are now held. The vast central space of the parterre is appropriated to the {?eats and desks of the Deputies, while the galleries, divided Into boxes, are given up to prtvllegea spec tators. There are many ladles present, but, as Is usually the case, the study of politics does not seem i to Dud favor with the real belles, in the first bai 5 ?oy, Just below ua, is a group of officers in unf form ? Coant Do Be&mnout, brother-in-law to Mar* shal Macttahon ; Admiral KraQi.ua Colonel Favre. on the extreme left, and close to what we must call the stage, alts an old man In clerical costume, with a wrinkled benevolent lace and white hair combed over hla foreheaJ. This U the celebrated Monset gnear Dupanloup, Bishop of Orleans. He is talking with an elderly gentleman who evtdeutly makes the best fight he can against his age and feebleness. In a cloaoly buttoned lrock coat, a neat gray wig and smooth white mustaches, this man scarcely Rives you the Idea of having at one time wielded immense power and Influence. He looks lite some elderlf flaneur of the Boulevards, not what he really Is? General Changarnierl Against our left-right (which Is, of course, to the left of the tribune and the Pres ident's chair), immediately at the foot of one of the rolnmns, Is M. Ranc? a republican celebrity, just elected for Lyons where M. Barodet was re turned for Paris? a grave man, with pale, bloodless face, thick dark hair, short grizzled beard. Just passing him by la little Louis Blanc, much bentf and aged since we tirst knew him, an exile but a welcora guest In London saloons. In contrast to him is the imperialist, M. Koulier, tall and burly, with a certain amount of dignity and gentlemanljp bearing. Gambetta is seated on one of the fronfc benches, with his hands? when in repose?on hla stomach. When in conversation he flaps thena here and there, like the flns of a turtle. nnoprivo tub balls. While we have been looking around the Deputies have been caUed npon by the Vloo President, AL Be* nolt d'Azy, to proceed to the election of a president! by ballot. The urns stand ono on either end of that tribune. Each Deputy as he ascends the step* taken a balloting ball Irom the clcrk, drops it lnonfli of the urns and descends the steps at the other end.' The contest lies between M. Buffet, the conserva tive candidate, and M. Martel, who Is openly sop* ported by the ministry. Among the Deputies are* two gentlemen of dark comploxlon, one with longJ white hair; tho other, an unmistakable "colore? brother," grizzly wool, lark heels and all. These' arc irom tho colonies. REPORTERS COMPARING NOTES. While the tedious ceremony Is going on there ISf much amusing talk lu our "reporters' gallery,'? the most noticeable occupant of which Is a man with a heavy face and an immense head of hair* This is a certain M. Germain Cause, formerly tha favorite pupil of the Pfero Lacord&lre, who, Indeed, addressed to him his celebrated "Lettrcs ft un Jeuno Home." But M. Casso has lorgot teal his priestly instruction and cast aside his former faith, and is now one ol tho most noted contributors to bucIh journals as the Rapptl and the Corsaire. M. Cause* U. Robert Mitchell (a Frenchman, though with aocti an English anme) and their colleagues have plenty of aneodotes to relate and persons to discuss. One declaresthat In his new electoral project M. Thiers decrees that no one shall be President who has noil attained forty years of age. This Is accepted aa directly aimed at M. Gambetta, whose age Is thirty seven. Another has been that morning with 1L Km lie de Glrardln, and heard him say that tha great fault of all the French leaders, from 1C. Gulzot to M. Thiers, had been that they occupied! themselves entirely with the Assembly and gava no thought to the country; like actors, they, provided the pit applauded them, care nothing foe the storm which may be raging outside. Tha newly appointed Ministers receive their share o4 discussion. M. BCranger, the new Minister ot Public Works, is said to be an eminent lawyer, bug quite strange to his official duties. M. Wadding, ton, just created Minister of Education, Is slxtyw two years old, a philosopher and a professor In tha Ecole Normale of the College de Francs. He U considered eminently unpractical, and baa no aa thorlty in the University. OnOlCJC OF M. BPFKBT ? POSTPONEMSNT OP T?U( CATASTROPHE. Now the balloting Is nearly at an end, curiously enough the last man to record his vote being tha Minister, M. Casimir Pernor, who as he crosses tha tribunal is received with sHouts of "Ah, bah! tout jour ? en retard (always late) I voilii un Mintutr4 i Vitourdial " The balloting urns are then handedl over to the scrutineers, and speedily we learn thai M. Buffet has been elected by a large majority. M* Dufour then ascends the tribune, and on behalf ol the Ministry adjourns the debate till Friday, so that we have still forty-eight hours, daring whlcH to dance on our volcano. EDMUND YATES. THE FLAMES RAGING. Half a Sosen Serious Fires Yesterday in tb# City? A Lost of 8160,000 on Sullivan Street and Minor Amounts in Other Localities. A lire broke out yesterday morning in the rcav of Nos. 72, 74 and 76 Sullivan street that caused! damage of about one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The building was totnly destroyed, in volving a loss of about fifteen thousand dollars on. the sonstruction. The houses in the rear belong to the New York Pla Manufacturing Company, and the loss upon then* is estimated at $6,000; insured. The flames caughti the building No, 70 Sullivan street, a three story frame building, the property of Mr. Brooks, and caused a damage of $300; insured. Pron? there they travelled to No. 216, rear of the sarna number (216) in Spring street, and burned the prop erty, valued at $300. No. 22 Clark street, a three story brick building, the property of Andrew Clakely* was wrapped in by the names and damaged to the extent ot $&<V). No. 24, in the same street, the prop* erty ot Dr. Glbbs, was injured to the extent of i.'hjo. No. 26, belonging to the Corporation of Trinity Church, was damaged to the amount of $300. No. M Sullivan street, a four story brick, owned by Mrs. Watson, sustained a supposed loss of $ 200. The first floor or this house was occupied by Thomas Meurtha, whose loss Is estimated at $?oo; insured for $1,500 in the Exchange. Shortly alter the Are broke out superintendent Matsell arrived on the ground and took charge of the police. Ha. sent Captain McCnllough to the block on Macdou gal street with a squad of men, and the property on that side was protected. Or the thirty-seven' horses that were in the stables when the Ore brok? out but seven were saved. The carcasses of tha other animals wero buried beneath the smoulder ing remains yesterday afternoon, and made tha point ot attraction of thousands of visitors during; the day. Most of the horses were burned in tha stalls, and the sutTerlugs of the poor creatures were agonizing in the extreme. The greater num* ber of them fell as they stood, and their skin* were burned to leather before they died irom tha suffocating heat. Fire Marshal Sheldon arrived aS the Ore shortly after it broke out, and directed the movements of aids in obtaining the extent of the losses and Insurances. The pTe bakery, in which the Are broke out, was In the store on .^ollivaa street. An alleyway led (Tom the street? the man ufactory proper? aud through this entrance all the wagons and conveyances or the establishment had to pass. It is very narrow, and great difficulty was at all times experienced la getting the earts out. The public in tho neighborhood denounce tha Fire Department fiercelr. It Is said that owing t<* the non-ringing of the bolls nothing was known of the Are lor some time after It broke out, and even, then the engines were slow to arrive at the spot. One most distressing feature of the conflagration Is that the most severe losers are the poor negrv families living around the pie factory. Their rooms and furniture wero Injured by Are and water, and they are entirely, uninsured. A most suspicious clrcnmstancai In regard to the lire came to the surface last nights but Fire Marshal Sheldon did not make any arresta^ hoping that the testimony be held was sufficient at any time to bring the proper parties into th?* case. He will open an investigation this morning^ Captain McCollough, with reserves from the Four teenth, Fifteenth, Twenty -eighth and Fourth pre-, cincts, was on duty during the fire, and protected the property from molestation. Other Fires. A Are was discovered la the dry goods store 0|[ Canal street, yesterday afternoon, that caused ai damage of $100; Insured tor $6,000 In the People's^ or Pacific, Insurance Company. The awning at 72 Second avenue cauirht flre yes? tcrday afternoon, and caused a loss of $100. At twelve o'clock yesterday Are was discovered in the awning in front of 133 Liberty street. Th# damage done amounted to fiflo. In the tenement house 4?a West Twentv-seventl| street a flre broke out yesterday afternoon tkaf caused a damage of ftfio. A Ore broke out yesterday morning on the roof of No. 333 West Twenly-flrst street, occupied t>? Thomas Fitzsim?ns as a livery stable. Damage $ wj A flre broke out yesterday afternoon at No. C Amity street that caused a damage of $6a At ten o'clock yesterday morning a ire broke on j in the three story brick building No. 75 East Kilty* second street, that caused a damage of $300. A Are occurred yesterday, at 410 East Eleventh street; damage f 100. . ? A Are bw>Ve out yesterday morningat Ne. I Maiden laue that caused a uasMge 0/ $J?00U.

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