SATISFACTION WITH lit MERCHANDISE I0VEHT1SED ?N THE fl&IBUNE IS GUARANTEED ^J^ast- the Truth: News--Editorials--Advertisement* T H E W#E A T II E R Showers to-day; to-morrow fair; mod? ?r?t? temperature; moderate so_thw?t8t winds Fall report on- last png? I LAAAIl i>o. '?j ,i 50 (Conyrlirht, ms. yew Yorh Tribune Inc.) TI IKSDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1922 TWO ?T.j?ts J 7I1?:k?; (FATS j rot n ckxt* _In O renter Vr?fork t Wliliin 2?H) Mites ! Flftewhere 50Dead,Score Entombed in Colliery Blast ei ftescuers Working Along Body - Strewn Passages for Survivors of Explo? sion in Spangler Shaft Women, Children Keep Vigil in Rain 30 Gassed and Injured Brought Up as Fans Suck Out Deadly Fumes eptria! Dispatch to The Tribune STASGtT.R, Pa., Nov. 6.?Between fifty ?nd sixty miners are believed to frira been killed here to-day, fifteen ?re seriously injured and more than twenty others entombed at the bottom el the shaft in an explosion of gigantic proportions at No. 1 mine of the Reiliy Colliery Company. / This 1? by all odds the greatest mine ??aster that has occurred in this dis? trict in recent, years. The explosion occurred at 7:15 this taorningr, just after the start of work. About 100 miners had entered the pit when a terrific detonation, due to the ?plosion of black damp, came from between the fourth and fifth headings, 500 feet from the shaft of the mine. The big ventilation fan of the mine was .?tabled by the blast, and it was near? ly two hours before it was repaired and git to drawing off the deadly gas. Relief Train Rushed Rescue parties were immediately rushed to the spot, and the local relief workers were augumented by J. J. Bourquin, Assistant Chief of the Unit? ed States Bureau of Mines, who was dispatched to Spanglcr in a special train with a staff of assistants, and is row in charge of the rescue work. The Red Cross has also sent a contingent, and has set up a temporary hospital in the scale room of the mine. Rescue parties which entered the workings more than one hundred feet below the surface to-night had re coveted thirty of the miners who were either iniured or gassed, most of them }ou_g men. Late to-night Assistant Chief Bourquin said that at least twenty of the men entombed at the bottom of the shaft were probably in guod sir e.r.d safe. "The ?odios of dead miners ar? ??reira "'??l rrtong the entries down there,"ho said, as he emerged from the ?Jiaft to-ni^ht. Nothing is being done witi the bodies of the dead as yet. All e*erts are being concentrated on get? ting out those in whom a spark of life may bo left. "A good deal of the mine remains to be explored." said Mr. Bourquin to? night. "If there are any live men in those sections it won't take us long to get them out." Partial List of Rescued Among those rescued were Joseph Glinski, Thomas Welch, Alien Hughes, .Michael Welch. Peter Galloway, Fran? cis A. Wyland, Albert Schrenkel, Joseph P. Lovich, Max Chernisky, Max Chernisky jr., a son; Joseph Chernisky, a son; ?be Craig and James Craig, brothers; Rudolph Korforta, Reuben Schlereth, Jay Fox, Sumuel Tronse, George Popcvich, Emaral Shopo, John 5 Minaresh. M. J. Christoff. Arthur Larnevence, George ??narish, M. J. Ponninik, John Ostrander and Craw? ford Nelson, a member of the rescuing party. Referee Jacob A. Snyder, of the Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Board, arrived here on the heels of the Bureau of Mines contingent and the Red Cross. Under orders from Harry A. Mackey, head of the board, he has opened headquarters here to he able to rule on all' compensation chums at once. The Reiliy company his compensation i v. surance covering *v?rjworkman, it '.-. said, with a Balti? more casually company. 't is raining here to-night, and wnile lights Hash through the darkness and from the impromptu hospital the still da.ed rescued men, pallid faced, stare out at the scene about them. The Bourquin and Snyder headquarters are being besieged with wan-faced women ?"d frightened, large-eyed children, seeking news. All Spangler and vi *wiy has jratl.ered at the scene of the faster. During the day the crowd ^s kept in check bv a strong force "i coal and iron notice, but at night ?11 six state troopers from the Greens owg barracks took over the patrol fluty. Canaries Sent Ahead , Tl}e rescuers, which include all the ocal physicians and nurses, as well as many qualified volunteer workers and ?ews from the Cambria Steel Com? pany and the Pennsylvania Coal and _f*? Company, went about their work quipped with oxvgen helmets, while "?-e canaries of the Bureau of Minas were taken along to test for gas fumes. _ (Centlnued on paje thirteen) Women Plan U. S. Law on Marriage and Divorce *ould Make First More Diffi cult, I ir?it the Latter to Five Causes WASH N'GTON, Nov. G.~Prepara? tion of ?> bill establishing , national marriage ; ~d divorce regulations for introduction :n the next Congress was announced to-day by the General Fed ?7,?-ion. of Women's Clubs, which has \v$?riK* Mrs- Edward Franklin !?h ' DoP"^' Attorney General of tw * t0 dra,t the bin an<3 a resola lv> a.m0endir>g the Constitution of the mm, ? Siates if such a course is neces TO to make possible a Federal marital Proy?sioris of th(J bin wouW make carriage more difficult, -the announee "21 ? st*t?d? and "would allow divorce .*" one of only five grounds, enumerated ??u Iow.s: ^fidelity, incurable in? ert,'?! ' ^?"donment for one year, "le? r,rihur!,an treatment, or con ".w*n_ ? an illf?"?oji? crime. Once ,?_-*' Sr,ch a divoi,ee would be valid div-I?* s?ftte- but neither party to a ??ree wouid be permitted to remarry iell. ?bc year after~ the interlocutory '>trl? T* canted. The bill would ri_?? /? that aPP?'e*tior)s for mar iri_r4 -iPBCS be P??tod two week? ???r to the ceremony. ; Fake Fire Alarms Ruled Out of Election Sports Election enthusiasm, $0 matter what the result, roqy not take the form this year of turning in false alarms. Fire Commissioner Thomas J. Drennan issued solemn warning yesterday that this sport of previous years is not to be in? dulged in. The Fire Department will sta? tion volunteer sentries at all fire alarm boxes in the congested sec? tions of Manhattan and the Bronx and will assign uniformed fire? men to each precinct to co-oper? ate with the police in apprehend? ing culprits. Two hundred fire? men have already offered them? selves for this duty in thAr free time. News Summary LOCAL Miller managers predict victory by at least 76,000; Tammany sbts noth? ing but huge plurality for Smith. Cohalan forces, confident of favor? able outcome, seek only an honest count. New jobs for Tammany peta will deprive children oJ free gardens next year. Banton promises Governor he will prosecute election frauds "on worthy evidence." Indictment of woman and two men predicted by Friday in Hall-Mills murders. Communist sent to prison for re? turning here after deportation. Thirty thousand school teachers asked to vote for Miller as friend of schools. Builders see no material shortago of large extent due to fewer freight cars. DOMESTIC Fifty miners believed to have lost lives in mine explosion at Spangler, Pa. Thirty dead found and thirty miners have been rescued alive. Miller arrives in Syracuse to vote and nails last-minute Smith election trick. Jersey Republicans forecast Fre linghuysen victory; Runyon says Democrats' empty appeal to wets has failed. Reports from many states indicate there will be no general overturning of Republics, majorities in to-day's election. . Atlantic and Pacific fleets to stage mock battle in protection of Panama Canal during joint winter maneuvers. Bridgeport yachtman missing, charged with embezzlement of $122, 000 as broker. FOREIGN Allies dispatch joint note to Turks rejecting demands for evacuation of Constantinople and control of Straits. Allies reject Germany's request for 500,000,000 gold marks loan and sug? gestions for stabilizing exchange. Turks' efforts to seize Constanti? nople may sway British popular feel? ing toward Lloyd George and have telling effect in forthcoming elec? tions. De Valera issues statement declar? ing reports of peace negotiations are untrue. WASHINGTON District of Columbia's minimum wage law held unconstitutional by Coui L of Appeals. President Harding and wife ai?d * Secretaries Hughes, Weeks, Wallace and Daugherty mail ballots to home towns. SPORTS Dominique wins sixth consecu? tive victory aad shatters track rec? ord at Pimlico. Fordham and N. Y. U. resume rela? tions in football game at Ohio. Harvard and Princeton start pre? paring for their annual football game at Harvard Stadium next Sat? urday. MARKETS AND SHIPS Stock prices slightly lower on profit taking as volume of trading shrinks. Marks at new low of almost 7,000 to the dollar; francs at 6.61, the minimum for the year. Cotton prices irregular as wheat advances. | Nation in 1923 to Spend Two Billion Under 1921 Treasury Official Savs Cost This Year Will Be Half Billion Less Than in Last EVANSTON, 111., Nov. 6.?Govern? ment expenditures during the present fiscal year will be $500,000,000 less than last year, Assistant Secretary ClifFord of the Treasury declared to-night in an address here. "For this fiscal year, 1923," he said, "we expect to run the government on less than $3,500,000,000, a reduction of $2 000,000,000 from the cost of govern? ment in 1921, and nearly $500,000,000 les3 than in the last fiscal year. "It is going to be hard to make further reductions, owing to th? fact that the interest on the public debt and sinking fund, relief of veterans of the World War and pensions for veterans of the Civil War total almost one and three-quarter billions a year; that is 50 per cent of our taxes for the present year go to pay for these things alone." WASHINGTON, Nov. 6.?President Harding and Director Lord of the Budget arc both confident that govern? ment expenditures will be considerably nearer $3,000,000,000 than $3,500,000,000, as estimated by Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Clifford, Administration officials declared to-night. ..., i ' f-' Pinehnrfft, X, C?Carolina Hotel now open Great sport event?. Thru Pullman, I Penn.? 2:05 P. M. dailr?A<Svt. Powers Unite In Refusal to Quit Turkey Solid Front Presented to Angora Demand in Reply Flatly Declining to Sur? render Constantinople Must Not Delav i Near East Parley Allies Agree Conference j is Essential at Once ; War Dancer Still Looms By Wilbur Forrest Special Cable to The Tribune Copyright. 1320, N"\v York Tribune Inc. PARIS, Nov. 6.?Alarm in Allied circles, growing out of the menacing attitude of the Angora Turks, to-day brought about a resolution to present a solid Allied front against the Turk? ish demands for Allied evacuation of Constantinople and Turkish control of Allied warships negotiating the Straits. A common Allied answer to these Turkish demands went forward to? night, and will bo communicated to Hamid Bey, the Angora representative at_ Constantinople, to-morrow. It con? tains a fiat refusal to both demands. [The Havas correspondent at Com '?ntinople was informed yes terd..;-, According to an Associated Press dispatch received in New York, that the Turkish Nationalist government yesterday forwarded a note to the Allied High Commis? sioners at Constantinople stating that warships of all nations must seek authorization from the An? gora authorities to pass the Straits of the Dardanelles.] The Allies are agreed that the Lausanne Near Eastern Conference, scheduled for November 13, must not be delayed a single day, since it is ex? tremely urgent not only to receive the Angora government's explanation of its bizarre" attitude of the last few days, but to being as ivell settlement of the Near Eastern question before further complications arise. France Will Co-operate It was admitted here to-day in gov? ernment circles that, despite France's traditionally friendly attitude toward the Angora government, as evidenced strongly in Premier Poincare's inter? vention in the Turk's behalf during the recent crisis with the Allies, the French position henceforth will be one of close co-operation with the Allies, come what may. The danger of war in the Near East is now regarded by no means averted. i The aggressive attitude of the An? gora Assembly?which is regarded here as completely beyond the control of Kemal Pasha, and possibly incited by influences from Moscow?in expelling religious workers, including the Cath? olics, which have traditionally been protected by the Constantinople gov? ernment, has created extreme resent? ment throughout. Catholic France. Seizure of French banks, the closing of several French schools <~nd the bar? ring out of the French language from others, all reported here, have also caused something like consternation. The Turkish mobilization in Thrace and the action of Rafet Pasha, the An ; gora Governor of that province, in de I claring himself Governor of Constan ? tinople, are regarded here as audacious ? as the two notes demanding the Allies evacuate the Turkish capital and sub? mit their warships passing through the Straits to Turkish direction. The Angora Assembly's move to de? prive the Sultan of lus powers is looked on here as due to the influence of Mos? cow, and the French to-night are in? clined to regard their position as the parent protectors of the struggling An? gora government as one that could be summed up as comic opera if it had not become so tragic. From The Tribune's European Bureau Copyright. 1S22, New York Tribune Inc. LONDON, Nov. 6.?Flat refusal will constitute the reply of the Allied High Commissioners at Constantinople to the Kemalist demand for Allied evacuation of that city. Britain Receives Text The British government has received the text of the note from the Angora government, but is without other offi? cial information bearing on it. Some uncertainty as to the exact intentions of the Kemalists has been raised by the fact that the Angora government, in the first paragraphs of the note, specifically promises it will not send troops into the neutral zones, but fol? lows with expressions of the hope that the Allies will evacuate Constantinople ?in which case it is assumed that Turkish troops would enter that city. The British government has been in communication with the Allies on .this subject, it was stated this afternoon, and it is believed there would be no objection to permitting the Kemalists to take over the gendarmerie of Con? stantinople, conduct of which swells the Allied civil administration there; but the Allies will not go further than this, it was declared. No word from tne new Italian gov? ernment concerning its Near Eastern (Continued on ps?? elffit) ? V. S, Policy on Straits To Be Decided To-day WASHINGTON, Nov. 6.? State Department officials indi ' cated to-day that a decision as to the stand to be taken by the United States on the latest de? mand of the Turkish Nationalists, that the Allied military and naval forces withdraw from the Straits of the Dardanelles would be j reached to-morrow. It is believed that Admiral Mark Bristol, Amer? ican High Commissioner nt Con? stantinople, will have furnished Sufficient information on the situ? ation by tomorrow to guide the President and his advisers in framing a definite policy in line with that of the Allied powers. In high quarters to-day it was indicated that the American atti? tude would continuo to be one of strict enforcement of the neutral? ity of the Straits. ? Minimum Wage Is Held Illegal In Washington District of Columbia Court Says No Greater Calamity Could SefallWorkers Than to Have Pay Fixed by Law Board to Appeal Decision Justice Calls Act Paternal? ism and Holds It Takes Away Right of Contract From The Tribune's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Nov. 6.?Property right in labor was recognizer o-day, when the minimum wage law for the District of Columbia was declared un? constitutional by the Court of Appeals of the District. The opinion was by Justice Josiah A. Van Orsdel. The case decided was that of the Children's Hos? pital, which sought to restrain the Mininmum Wage Board from 'enforcing an order requiring it to pay its women employees not less than $10.50 a week, or $71.50 a month. Justice Van Orsdel in his ruling held that "no greater calamity could befall the wage earners of this country than to have the legislative power to fix wages upheld." While the law which was knocked out is limited to the District of Co? lumbia, the decision is of especial mo? ment because from time to time there have been movements in Congress to enact legislation on this subject of nation-wide scope. Advocates of mini? mum wage legislation have also pointed to the District lav/ as a model for the legislatures of the states. Will Appeal to Supreme Court The Minimum Wage ?oard will ap? peal to the Supreme Court of the United States, and the question ulti? mately will be fought out before that body. The decision affects over 12 BOO women and minors in Washington stores and industries. In the course of the opinion Justice Van Orsdel spoke thus of wage-fixing by Congru-rt "It would deprive him of the most sacred safeguard which the Constitu? tion affords, to take from the citizen the right to freely contriict and sell his labor for the highest wage which his individual skill and efficiency will com? mand. The laborer would be reduced to an automaton?a mere creature of the state. It is paternalism in the highest degree, and the struggle of the centuries to establish the prin- iple that the state exists for the citizen, and not the citizen for the state, would be lost." No Leeway for Discretion Justice Van Orsdel further says: "We are here called upon to weigh the subject?matter of certain legis? lation in the balance of the Constitu? tion?the , general power of Congress to fix wage contracts between private individuals. If Congress may estab? lish & minimum wnge for women, it may establish a maximum wage, or it may name a fixed wage. If it may regulate wages for women, it may by the exercise of the same power, estab? lish the wages to be paid men. The power of Congress to fix wages be? tween private individuals is either constitutional or unconstitutional. There is no leeway for legislative or judicial discretion. \ # "A fundamental principle is in? volved, and it does not lie in the courts to declare a law fixing the wages of women constitutional and a law fixing the wages of men uncon? stitutional. The moral stimulus in the one instance is no greater than in the other. If higher wages are es? sential to preserve the morals of women, they are equally essential to preserve the morals of men. "Thi3 lends to another angle. If (Continued on pago nine) Bridgeport Broker Is Sought As Embezzler of $122,000 Spectal Disjiafcfc to The Tribune BRIDGEPORT, Conn., Nov. 6.?James H. Havens, broker and yachtsman, has been missing since Saturday. A war? rant was sworn out against him to-day charging embezzlement. The amount involved is" estimated at $122,000. Havens was Bridgeport correspondent for A. A. Housman & Co., 20 Broad Street, New York. Checks which he made out to Housman & Co., to cover margins, were found to'be worthless. The warrant charging embezzlement was issued by Prosecutor Vincent L. Keating on complaint of Frank E. Lal ley, a creditor to the extent of $25.000, and Frederick Lalley, a creditor for $12,000. Havens is vice-commodore of the Pootatuck Yacht Club and owner of one of the finest power yachts in this city. His yacht disappeared from its mooring in the Housatonic River the latter part of the week. The first hint his clients had that Havens; was in financial difficulties - came to-day when they found his office I in the Curley Building deserted at the !
time the market opened. Havens and ', his office force were gone. It waa : learned that Havens had dismissed his I clerks and severed his connection with ! Housman ? Co. Saturday. The office ; furniture and filings were immediately placed under attachment. Many customers of Havens besieged his office this afternoon seeking in- : formation as to his whereabouts and the condition of their accounts. The only light they received came in the form of news from New Haven that a petition in bankruptcy was filed in court there to-day, giving Havens's I liabilities as $122,000 and his assets as j $500. Housman & Co. are named as i creditors to the extent of $50,000, with i collateral covering that amount. Frederick F. Lyden, representative of' Housman & Co., arrived here this aft- i ernoon to look after the firm's inter- ? ests. Auditors will be brought in to-mor- ! how to go over Havens's books. Au- ? thorities were unable to-day to locate any member of the broker's family. ' Allies Reject Berline Plan OfReparation Flatly Turn Down Pro? posal for 500,000,000 Gold Mark Loan and Finance Commission Reply Cuts Short Further Debate Wirth Sharply Told Ger? many Has Not Carried Out June Obligations By Joseph Shaplen Special Cabio to The Tribune Copyright. 1922, New York Tribune Inc. BERLIN. Nov. 6. ? In a letter ad? dressed to Chancellor Wirth the Repa? rution Commission to-night flatly re? jects the German proposals for stabili? zation of the mark and rehabilitation of German finances. These proposals, in addition to asking a foreign loan of 500,000,000 gold marks, called for \ the raising of a large internal loan | in Germany, stimulation o? German production and formation of an Inter- ' national finance commission to handle the loan problem ns well as the prob? lem of stabilizing the mark. In to-night's letter rejecting these proposals, which is signed by all the members of the Reparation Commis? sion -and was unanimously approved by them, the commission indicates that the German government has thus far failed to carry out the obligations it assumed last June on the guarantee committee's visit to Berlin. The com? mission expresses disappointment that the German government has not come forward with a more concrete idea in regard to the stabilization of the mark. In rejecting the German proposal for the raising of a 500,000,000-mark loan by the Allies the commission says that this is not the business of the Allies or of the Reparation Commission, but of the German government. The com? mission asserts further that it cannot undertake the floating of a loan for Germany, since in so doing it would have to take over a guaranty for the same. The commission's letter is writ? ten in an emphatically sharp tone and does not indicate that a reply is ex? pected. The letter is therefore taken as indicating a break in the present negotiations. Charges of Sabotage From sources of the highest author? ity The Tribune learns that, prior to the dispatch of this reply, Hugo Stinnes and a group including other prominent German industrialists had been conducting conversations with members of the Reparation Commis? sion and that they had clearly indi? cated their intention to sabotage all proposals for settling the reparation problem that emanated from the Wirth government. Their aim is to force the overthrow of the present German Cabi? net, in which the Socialists play so large a part, and form a government with representatives of industry and big business, at the head. When this overthrow comes Stinnes and his part? ners will step in with a comprehensive economic and financial plan, which they say will be acceptable to France and all the Allies. That the position of the Wirth Cabinet is becoming increasingly dif? ficult is felt to-day in circles both friendly and inimical to the present government. With to-night's rejection of Ihe governmci proposals by the Reparation Comn? ion, on top of the continued, uninterrupted decline of the mark and the ever-growing cost of living?which in the course of the last week alone showed a rise of ten per cent?it is felt that tho reassembling of the Reichstag will bring about the formation of a new government, with the People's party occupying several important posts, particularly those of finance and national economy. Socialist Attitude Doubtful Whether the Socialists would con? sent to remain in such a Cabinet, com? posed l.vrgely of enemies whose in? tention is to wipe out the eight-hour day and a great deal of other social and labor legislation, which conserva? tives contend is responsible for Ger? many's economic troubles, is problem? atic. If they are not excluded the ?Socialists may consent to the recon? struction of the Cabinet in a conserv? ative direction and yet remain in the government in order not to surrender leadership entirely into the hands of Stinnes and those elements which, un? able to destroy the new order by direct attack, are trying to smash it through flank assaults, by means of organized economic pressure. This week, therefore, is regarded as pregnant with serious possibilities. Besides to-night's rejection of the German proposals by the Reparation Commission, the issuance to-day of the Reichsbank's report for the last ten days of October has added to the general feeling of pessimism. The report shows the issues of 59,500,000,000 new paper marks, making a total paper circulation of nearly 470,000,000,000 marks. The mark opened to-day at 6,200 to the dol? lar. The closing was 6,400. Late in the afternoon the free unofficial rate was 6,850. m "Help Wanted" to Check 25,000,000 Tax Returns Salaries From $1,800 to $3,000 a Year Offered by Treasury for Probable Permanent Jobs Confronted with the task of checking up on 25.000.000 income tax returns since 1917, the United States Treasury Department hung out the "Help Want? ed" sign yesterday to catch the eyes cf possible job hunters. Salaries ranging from $1,800 to $3,000 a year were the inducements offered. The qualifications were "at least the rudiments of theory and practice 'in accounting." Examinations wiil be held November 15 in various cities.. Since 5,000,000 new returns are added to the pile each year, the prospects are that the jobs will be permanent, ac? cording to internal revenue service offi? cials in charge of the work. Thirty-five hundred accountants are reported already engaged in checking up tax returns in the field divisions outside of Washington, in addition to the staff of several thousand auditing reports as they are received at the capital. A Both Sides Confident in Miller-Smith Vote To-day; Contests in All States Pivotal Raule in Ohio Between Fess and Pom erene for Senate es -5e!ll]lLin Doubt Lodge Victory Seen In Massachusetts Reports From Pennsylva? nia Indicate Overwhelm? ing Majority for Pinchot ?o general overturning of time honored Republican majorities in to day's national election is indic3at"d by which it has been believed ^ I? ? 1 would be close. * ? C?nte5ts ia .??''*?? Pre'ident,aI '*?*?.?? *W?h s also voting on a proposal to amend the Vol stead act, is expected to pro vide a close contest in the Senate race AZ Pme0n D- Fe8S' BeP?"lic.n, and Atlee Pomerone, Democrat. Fess's supporters are claiming 8 piuraIity for h m of 100,000. The Democratic ?? 250,000. ^ ?nS?St He WiH r0lluP Chicago Offices at Stake In Illinois Democrats admit a prob? able sweep of Republicans down state but indications are that the Democrats' will make strong inroads on the choice Chicago offices. e Pennsylvania promises an old-fash oned Republican majority, with Gif ford Pmchot, Republican nominee for Governor, sweeping in ivifv, fi, ticket fey 250,000 to 300 0O0 the Gntire Missouri offer?? a /.l?.,? ' tween Senator J??V R^Tna *R t Brewster, with th? t> R- R night claii?rn? Reed wm^Crat8, kst by 25,000. U be "-elected for\nd?aena? w?th &?*ttadl* in ?tor. bert J. Bev?rTdle R^,US,POrtera of Al for the S?Mt?r?la?X _avI^miBKe iron? 30,000 to 50,000 g Ct0ry b? ChAan?tgnHUtCo*CS S?0/ r ^r? ?r Cjbjt Loedg0 ?Sf^f^, SipflSS.15 8n ?S8Ue ?n the Gov^nor er? MW__CPn?iinfth! rerel?tion of Rob. tit*.' ?u FfoHett! to the Senate, as well as the election of n nc Republican R?r! resentatives, is generally conc?de IS" cmlists assert Victor B?r? "win be re" LeenafstSctCOn?reSS fr?m the ?^u: Report* from every section indicar? A'S?$ Cff0rt t0 get out the voat? sonfJ?fS summa.ry of conditions in some of the more important states fol? lows United States Marshais to Guard Polls Special Dispatch to The Tribune CHICAGO, Nov. C ?United States ;puty marshals, for the first tin Chicago's history, will assist to deputy marshals, for the first time it, Chicago's history, will assist to-mor? row in guarding the polls from elec tion frauds One hundred deputies chiefly picked men who were used bv the government during the railway shopmen s strike, have been sworn in for special duty, armed with John Doe warrants and supplied with automo? biles in which they will patrol the elec? tion districts. The Federal officials will co-operat" with the city police and county deputy sheriffs, principally in the "Bad Lands" wards, including the old "Bloody 19th," where Federal, state and city laws are given scant regard. Despite claims by Democratic man? agers that they will sweep the State of Illinois-to-morrow, a careful survey of the field to-night indicates that the down-state voters will return the Re? publican candidates to office. The Democrats have centered their fight on the State Treasurer as the fattest plum on the tree. Peter Bartzen, the Dem? ocratic candidate, admittedly will poll a heavy vote in Chicago and its sub? urbs, but the down-state voters are not deeply impressed by his claims. Democratic Gains Conceded In Chicago it is conceded the Demo? crats will make important gains. The Republicans hope to save the County Judge, Coroner and one or two more important offices from the wreck, but even if they do so it will be by a close margin. In the state at large there are no indications that the Democrats will make any important gaine. It is thought the soldiers' bonus and the proposition to modify the Volstead lfiw will go over by a big majority. The dry forces are advising their ad? herents to refuse to vote on the wet dry proposition, so the result of that (Continued on next tmje) Election Service By The Tribune The Tribune has made arrangements for fur? nishing complete re? turns on the election. Extra telephone opera? tor? have been provided and they will be ready to answer all inquiries. The returns will be flashed on a screen out> side the Tribune Build? ing. In addition to the bulletins a motion pit-, lure show will be given, i he Tribune's election extra will be issued, as usual, early to-night. Vote Early and Your Vote Will Be Counted To cast a fraud-proof ballot, vote early. Indications of a plan to use repeaters and election thieves to? day have multiplied within the l??t week. BYour ballot cannot be cast if you find on arriving at the polls that some one has voted in your name. Play golf, or drive into the country, or divert yourself any way you choose on Election Day, but only AFTER YOU HAVE VOTED. This is a tremendously impor? tant election. It must not be ! carried by the votes of repeaters. Polls open 6 a. m. to 6 p. in. i-?-_-j Coh?lan Forces Sure of VictoryJ Barring "SteaP j Concede Second Place to] Tammany Man, Declaring! Coleman Is Figurehead j in Murphy-Koenig Deal j C. A. Flammer Indorses! Former Judge Says Bench j Must Be Unbossed; Sena-! tor Reed Urges Election! _ i Workers for the re-election of Sur? rogate John P. Cohalan were certain last night that, barring crookedness, their anti-machine candidate will be elected. They conceded second place to the Tammany candidate, John. P. O'Brien, and declared that Coleman, Koenig's figurehead, would be-a poor third. The Murphy-Koenig combination, they asserted, had SO ?planned the cam? paigns of the two machine candidates for the office that the votes would go to O'Brien. The failure of Coleman, ostensibly the man Koenig wants to see elected Surrogate, to direct any criticism at his Tammany adversary during the campaign is said by Cohalan supporters* to be proof of a Murphy Koenig agreement to give the seat on the Surrogates' bench to Tammany in exchange for the General Sessions seat coveted by Morris Koenig, brother of the Republican County Committee chairman. Cohalan supporters are confident, however, that if illegal voting is pre? vented and an honest count enforced their candidate will win by a plurality that will be an emphatic rebuke to bosses who attempted to use judicial seats as currency in their bargaining. Indorsed by C. A. Flanfmer Campaign workers swarmed through? out the day at Cohalan headquarters to receive final instructions, and in i every case emphasis was put on the I necessity of honesty in the polling places if Cohalan was to be re-elected, j All were cautioned to see that unused ballots were counted when the polls were closed nnd that election inspec- ? tors stole no votes from Cohalan or anybody else. Letters continued to pour into head? quarters from voters eager to combat political bossism, particularly as ap? plied to the judiciary. Former Judge Charles A. Flammer, who gave up the Republican nomination for District At? torney in 1905 to insure the election of Williams Travers Jerome, then an independent candidate, came out for Surrogate Cohalan. "Political bosses should be rebuked," he said, "when, as in the case of Sur? rogate Cohalan, they attempt to con? trol the courts. "I am a personal friend of Mr. O'Brien, the Tammany candidate for Surrogate, and as a Republican I am embarrassed by the candidacy of Mr. Coleman. But principle makes a higher claim on me. I have been de? voted to the principle of a free and unbossed judiciary for so many years that perfcr.al considerations must take second place. "The same reason which caused me to indorse and support Mr. Jerome in 1205 causes me to-day to indorse Surro? gate Cohalan. The public cannot afford (Continued an next sag?) . Showers and Qoudy Is Election Day Forecast Muddy Roads May Confront the Farmer When He Starts for Polling Place The weather forecast for to-day is "Cloudy, preceded by showers in the early morning." j Although the forecast is for eastern ! New "York only, it was said at the local j office of the Weather Bureau that jiioi ! lar conditions would probably prevail j throughout the state and overcast skies 1 and muddy roads probably would con | front the farmer when h? considered | whether he should drive three or four ! miles to the polling place. WASHINGTON, Nov, 6 ? Election I weather ir. the Eastern half of the ! country will vary between fair and ? showery, according to the Weather Bu i reau's forecast tonight. Clear skies were indicated for the Middle Atlantic states, Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the lower lake region, while unsettled ! and showery weather was forecast for I New England, and local showers in the South Atlantic and East Gulf states. Republicans Depend on Up-State Plurality to Wipe Out Democratic Lead in New York City Call Betting Odds Ruse of Tammany ?y \ Governor's Friends Set 75,000 Margin; Party Hopes to Sweep State The gubernatorial election, in which New York City combats the rest of the state, marshaling its Tam? many votes for Al Smith against the up-state Republican plurality for Governor Miller, will start at 6 a. m. to-day and will be waged for twelve hours without respite. Both parties are confident of suc? cess. Republican ieaders expect Smith's plurality in the city to be smnller than it was in 1920, and point out that the falling off of 200, 000 in the city's registration was, for the mostvpart, in districts wh?re Smith was strongest. George K. Morris, Republican State chairman, estimated last night that Governor Miller would reach the city Une with a plurality of 340,000 and that Smith's plurality this side of th? line would be less than 300.000. Sam? uel S. Koenig, Republican County president, said Smith would have a plurality of less than 270,000 in the city and that Miller's up-state plu rality would be safely above that figure. Pell Hopes to Sweep Ticket Herbert C. Pell, Democratic State Chairman, said Smith's vote in the city would equal that polled by Mayor Hy lan last year and predicted victory for the whole Democratic ticket. James J. Hoey, campaign manager for John J. O'Brien, Tammany candidate for Sur? rogate, predicted a plurality of 11/0,000 for his man. George Gordon Battle, chairman of the Copeland campaign committee, prophesied that the Health Commissioner would be elected Senator by 250,000. , i Tammany prophets e::pect their can? didate to surpass his achievement of two years ago, when he had n plurality of 340,000 in this city, although de? feated by the up-state Republican vote, and declare that with a metropolitan plurality of 400,000 or 500.000 Smith can await the up-state returns with j equanimity. The betting odds last night weie 3V? to 1 in favor of Smith and 6 to 6 in favor of Copeland. Republican lead? ers declared that this was the result of heavy and reckless betting at the be? hest of Tammany Hall for the purpose of infiuencine: votes and was without signifiear.ee otherwise. Miller Given 75,000 Margin The estimate pt Republican state headquarters in Albany was that Miller would win by 75,000 votes. Governor Miller himself was confident of success, as he lias been throughout the cam? paign. Reports that Republican leaders in the southern tier counties thought the voters apathetic were discounted by the Governor, who said reports to the opposite were reaching him. "The result is with the jury," was his only comment as to the probable outcome. His opponent, former Governor Smith, issued the fallowing statement: "On the night before election, with ail the arguments in, all the points made and the record laid clear before the people of the states I am satisfied that a Democratic sweep all the way from Buffalo to Montauk Point will elect a lull Democratic ticket, giving us a Democratic majority in both houses of the Legislature, sending a Democratic Senator to Washington, as well as a greatly increased delegation of Democratic Congressmen." Hylan Held Accountable Strict accountability for actions of the New York police at the polls was placed upon Mayor Hylan by Governor Miller at Albany yesterday, after he had been shown Mayor Hylan's letter to Commissioner Enright directing the police to permit no "undue delay or interference" by special investigators while voting is going on. The Governor said: "The Mayor's letter to Police Com , missioner Enright plainly puts him and his Commissioner in a position of re? sponsibility for whatever is done by the police on Election Day. The let? ter is obviously a covert bid to the police to resort to strong arm methods, which are not unknown in New York City, to assist lawlessness and to in? terfere with those rightfully at th? polls to preserve the purity of the bal? lot and not to give persons rightfully at the poils protection. If such acts should now be unfortunately committed we shall know whom to hold respon? sible." Miller to Vote in Syracuse Governor Miller and Mrs. Miller w?U cast their ballots in Syracuse and re? turn to Aibar- immediately afterward to receive the election returns at the Executive Mansion. Mrt?. Smith, mother ot the former Governor, will vote at Public Scu-v.-,1 8. Hicks and Poplar streets, Brooklyn. She will be accompaned from her daughter's home, 9 Middagh Street, by Mrs. Mary Glynn, her daughter, and Mrs. Heien Fraser, a neighbor. Her son spent the night at his ramnmr hotnc H$ Sea Gate and will vote this morning with his wife and son at the public school in Oliver .Street. John R. Voorhis, the Nestor of th? Board of Elections, completed his piase for the day yesterday and retired con? fident that every emergency had been provided for and that difficulties which might arise from changes in the 'aw would be smoothed out swiftly. He was confronted with severa! n?w problems this year, some general in 4