30 Ağustos 1861 Tarihli St. Mary's Beacon Gazetesi Sayfa 2

30 Ağustos 1861 tarihli St. Mary's Beacon Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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i • *' *”' " '”*> *' fpm •• >•-- r - r| . f _ | VOL. XVII. SAINT MARY’S BEACON § mUIUID KVBRT Til UK*DAT IT I f. DM * JAMMM 8. DOWNS. Tmm o Nnscmirno*.—f 1.50 per an mm, to bo priri williu six months. No lUßifiptiwi will be rewired for a uhorter except at tks option of the publhhens.***^ jpi per square f>wy —hflfuwnt insertion. Twelve lines hmsMtittfe a square If the number of iaNrfmii! be not marked on the stiver tiamuent, it will be published until forbid, P|;' md charged accordingly. A liberal de duction made to those who advertise by the year. REPORTING BY SOUND. The new artof I'honavtogmjthy it* thus described by an Knglikh weekly journal. It is a French invention. Such a thing, in the advanced state of science may be possible —we doubt it. however: Among all the uiarvela of mechanical ingenuity wbich are being daily brought to perfection none are more interesting than those which aim at the accomplish ment of some task apparently requiring intellect, in addition to more mechanical dexterity, for its execution. It id difficult to coneeive a mechanical operation which requires a greater exercise of intellect than that of verbatim reporting by means of short-hand. Yet even this art seems like ly, Ix-fore long, to he supplanted. For several years a French savnn, M. L Scott. has been engag'd in experiments on the fixation of sound upon a prepare*! tablet, in the same way as photography fixe* luminous images; and has met with con siderable success in this new art, which he has nam' d Fhonautography. At the last sitting of the French Academy of Science, s short communication was made by the discoverer, in consequence of the publication of some experiments in the % fume direction made by other gentlemen. Iw This communication was devoted I chiefly to a description of certain illustra tion* laid before the members, and would | be unintelligible to tbe general reader | without the diagram and a knowledge of what had previously been accomplished by Mr. Scott. The subject, however, beiug of immense importance, and likely now to attract great attention, and having ourselves watched its development fur several years, as well as having had many opportunities of iuspecting the phono graphic representations of sound a,utu graphically r corded by Mr. Scott’s in strument. a abort account of w hat has al ready been done by this physicist will per haps be considered of interest. The problem which first required solu tion was the artificial construction of an ear, by means of tubes snd diaphragms, so as to imitate, ss nearly as possible, the hutnsu car is its power of collecting sounds of every degree of intensity, and transmitting them to a delicate membrane placed at the extremity. After numerous essays an apparatus was constructed which possessed the above qualifications; the membrane wse seen to vibrate visibly, and la a different manner, with each audible sound or note; end if a pen or style wore fastened to this membrane its point would trace the wonderfully beautiful and com plicated curves and circles appertaining to the elements of sound. The next difficulty consisted in finding In sensitive surface upon which this style could mark the Imprint of Its movements; for the vibrations oSf the aerial pen were so 1 delicate that if any appreciable force were required to effect the transcription, the resistance would at ocee stop all move ment. This dtMfionlty was at last over come by employing a strip of thin paper, I upon which wee deposited a film of Ump tdaek chained from the awoke of bum tug bodies. This ssnaitive surface is carried along by doek-wosh agency, in front of the vibrating style, ae that the successive (movements of the latter shall not impinge| on the other, when the remit is a series of! lines written on the paper, composed of tbossost somplirated systems of curves, •ndforming* natural autograph of the producing sounds, manna tub tones or thb toicb. Of course it will be understood that the •bore is intended more as s brief outline; of the principle of Mr. Scott’s instrument! than as.an exact description of its indi vidual details. In reauty, especially in the ope recently made, it i* far more com- j plicated than would be imagined from thin brief sketch; but the phonographs pro duced by ll are marvellously perfect. Every separate source of sound has an in- . diwluaitty of its own. Tbe sounds of • afferent nwiatl instrument*, for instance, are easily distinguished from one another and from the human voice. This Utter, j | moreover, gives different traces, according to its character—the sweet, soft voice of a f* mak 9 especially when ringing, being ny in the curves impressed on the paper; I in those prodin ul by tbe harsher voice uf I r mail, tnc carvce am Uig*r and more DEVOTED TO IJTEKATUKE. NEWS. AGIUCUI.TUUE AND GENEKAL INTELLIGENCE. LEONARD TOWN. MD.. THURSDAY MC rugged looking; whilst in a shriek or a I shout, or in the harsh, discordant sounds of instruments, the waves are irregular, ; unequal and broken up into secondary I vibrations of all degrees of amplitude, j An oration, delivered with varying ra pidity, and with the pitch of the voice greatly modulated in different parts, bus a ‘ very striking appearance m its phono graph. Rapidly-spoken parts have the I carves crowded together w hilst in others j they are widely separated. The loud tones of the voice arc shown by the writ ton waves rising to perhaps half an inch or more, in height, whilst the low tones ' are not more than the eighth of an inch ■ ! high; the modulations of the voice arc thus shown very beautifully by the vary ing height of what may be called the j • letters of sound. DirriCULTV IN BKAPING. Thus, then, the problem of the graphic ' i fixation of sound may be considered as ! accomplished; but. ijuw a new difficulty j arises—that of translating these ever-vary ing curves back again into ordinary lan guage. If each word or syllable, or even ! I compound sound, of .which our spoken language is built up, were invariably rep ' rerent**d by the same system of curves, * , the work of transcription would be coni ! paratively easy. This, however, is far from being the case. Not only does the 1 j impression vary with the tone of the voice, i ; the rapidity or loudness of utterance, but it has been found that tbe same words ut j tenil by one person are written down by . ; tlie instrument very differently from the, way they arc when spoken by another; • just as the hand-writing of one person dif fers from another. This, however, is a difficulty which will lx* overcome by prac- 1 tice, ami perhaps improved instrumental arrangements; even m*w we hear that Mr. ' Scott ia attaining some facility in rending off these natural stenographs. Tin: diffi culties, however, in the way of fluent transcriptions into written language are 1 very great, as the student in this new language has so many different forms prc-| sen ted to him as the equivalent for the' same articulated sound; the tracings not * being either a true synthesis of the words, nr a purely conventional sign like writing, which has, let us remember, no phetiome- i i mil value, hut is merely, to use a naatlic-' • j matiral expression, a function of tbe tone, j ! the intensity and the pitch. The fact of being able to make spoken sounds record themselves permanently on paper, is of itself most singular and aston- ' nthing; but if it ia ever developed, as the! inventor says it shortly will be, to suffi • eient perfection to enable it to lake down ; speeches which may be written off verba tim, it is difficult to imagine the impor tance of tbe discovery, whether it be in i respect to the unimpeachable accuracy of 1 i the process; the eutirc absence of trouble I and expense in reporting any articulate I i sounds; or the great saving of the time ’ and the exhausting Lbors of uur parlia- j lueiitary reporters. i " ■ ■"■■■ - —— ■ ■ ■■ 1 LIFE OF WOMEN IN THE EAST. • 1 . “. I The following description, taken from a ! work entitled the “Egyptian Sepulchres 1 and Syrian Shrines,” written by two sis j toys, tbe Misses Beaufort, is interest! ig: ► The gayest sight we saw was the • Sweet Waters of Aria, to which Lady Kulwcr kindly took us, on the great J day of the year—the Friday after Kour , ban Bairram. This is the summer i fyde i Park of Constantinople—the Sweet Wa-j lets of Europe being only in fashion during the winter season; there is no beauty in the spot, save that of a few | J fine trees, beneath whose shade the wo- j i men wit the whole day. The place was i excessively crowded, and one could not j have a better opportunity of studying 1 i Turkish women; they did not secui to, jbe enormously unlike the pictures drawn jol them by those of our modern poets,' j who describe them as fair and modest j i pearls; sitting like snowdrops endowed ■ in one of W tnl'i patent sealed eases, : 'the damp dews on the inside of the glass; answering to the jalousies through which '* tiie almond-shaped eyes gleam "in half ’• veiled light. Here the gay flaunting flowers of the Hosphoriue harems were sitting ia a elorely-paeked mass upon tbs green sward. under the shade of the elm, the Colors jumbled into each other, like the ! pattern of s brilliant Parisian carpet. ; thrown up upon a groundwork of their; j white veils, almost dazzling in its eon fused brightness, while the harsh, bird like, ceaseless chatter of the ladies' , tongues was almost nil tied by the oc-, coriouai cry of a spoiled child or the | Hiueak of a Swaddle 1 baby. Each group of two or three women had their own mattress, godUeh (clay jar) of water, and an embroidered handkerchief, containing i their comestibles for the day—chiefly j raw encumbers, of which they eat from j ; morning till night—and most of them I were smoking uurgib-hs. The richer I ladies were driving ruuod sod round aim small meadow, seated in gilded and 1 printed something like our r.#yl state coach, only two or throe of which bad curtains drawn to conceal ihe in i mates. I Some of tbe Sultan’s family were there, each lady with a couple of slaves on the hark seat of the carriage, dressed at gaily, if not as richly, as herself; many •of the slaves are pelted up almost as much as tln-ir mistresses, and their slave dom is sometimes the extreme of luxu ry. Since the last few year*. the yas niak has ceored to be a “snare,” and has become only a “deluriou,” —once it concealed the features of its wearer, now it only sets off and enhances their beau ty— “ Like the iinli*:mct, golden and vaporous <lee>:e Which nnrrounded and hid ihe Ceicsiials in Greece, From ih* jlun-es of men," the single fold of gossamer gauze across the month and chin acting far le>s jeal ously on the fair faces of the Constanti nople holies than the “voilettes,” or the shady riding-bats of the ladies- of our own country. There were some beauties among them, and some of those more remarkable for i intelligence than the others, reminded :me of sweet gentle faces at home; but these were few, for, in general, they looked sadly insane. And yet we were assured on the best authority that they do not now by any means lead the en tirely vacant lives we are accustomed to believe they do; there is scarcely a harem belonging to a tolerably rich per son, where the ladies do not read French and play on the piano-forte, be sides occupying themselves with many kinds of embroidery, and some even sing and draw : one Pasha’s wife was mentioned to us who had lately played the whole of the “Trovatore” by heart to our informant. But these accom plishments are all learned from French governesses ami f> mints tic rhawhre, with whom they arc liberally supplied : ami with these accomplishments they b-irn also the morals, er rather numerals, of their teachers, who are invariably u very dis reputable class. “Progress” has indeed begun even in the Turkish harems, but it is the prog ress of vivc onl}'; formerly, if they had not intelligence enough to be useful and good, they were at. least in happy igno rance of many of the vices to which they are now addicted. Perhaps the sight of European women does them more harm than good: for when they see us going and coming and rejoicing in our own liberty, liny fancy that wc must use that liberty for only the same objects as they would : they can conceive no other kind of restraint upon ourselves than that of brick walls and strong locks, and they long for the fr e !*nn which would enable them to obtain the paradise of pas sing the whole day in endless coquetry, flirting uni admiration. PEKKIN’S STEAM GUN. The London correspondent of the New \ ork Herald, under dale of June 27. i speaking of this invention, which is old, says; | A committee of the British army and navy sat upon the merits of Perkin’s steam gun, and a majority, save one, were in favor of adopting it, and those who op posed, or were unconvinced, had nothing to relv upon as an excuse except the re port of-—whom ? Why, of certain strain boat or army engineers, who did not be lieve Mr. Perkins could do what he said ho could, because bo hud never seen it ac complished. Steam can be worked prac tically and safely up to J.UOO 11*3. to the square inch ami is wmrked up to half that every day in Mr. Perkins’ Steam Works, in Hegent square, London. The theoreti cal engineer, or artillerist, will tel! you that gunpowder has a pressure far greater at the time of ignition than steam has, but he forgets that almost the entire mo mentum of the bail from a fire-arm is giv en it at the time and in the space that the powder takes to burn, while steam is ex erting an equal force Uie whole length of tbe barrel while the missile is being pro jected. Mr. Pci kins declares that he is able, and will willingly undertake to throw a solid bull or a shell, with a steam gnu. from an ordinary war ship into a fortified town five miles distant. 1. The Perkins steam gun will fire from ten to sixty balls a minute, and cun be kept going night and day. us long as the ammunition holds out, or during the plea sure of the engineer. 2 The steam gun will have an affective range equal to that of the mo.-t efficient Armstrong or Whilhworth rifled gnu. throwing balls accurately from four to six mile*. 3. Any rifled barrel, the most efficient in use or tint can be made—Armstrong s Whit*ortu's, Wheatley 's, James’, Par rot’s, or any other—with any description of bullet that can be u>cd tu tire-anus, can be connected with the proper steam boiler and **tri as a steam gun. 4. The expense while in use is less than one half that of uruiuary artillery, the saving .in ammunition during twelve hours’ shouting of a twelve-pounder being at least fifteen hundred dollars, nr two or three times the cost of an >rdinary can non. o. TweL v of these gun? aui j. Uu- ING. AUGUST 30. 1861.

j j. dred meo on board a steam vcssc-l of moderate rise will throw more shot, and with gqtud effective. range, than can be thrown 1| half a dozen seventy-four gun shijKS, sb} carrying 1,000 to 1,200 men i Tfo ioar bm*. besides the rerffinary fireman of the ship, are only re quired to man one of these guns, whatev er its size, together with the boiler and steam apparatus. 7. The ordinary boilers of a steamer, if constructed or adapted to tbe use of this gun, can spare the steam and work one or two guns while the ship is in motion, and without any perceptive loss of speed, i 8. A steam gunboat of the ordinary size used in the British Navy, a revenue cutter, or a California or transatlantic steamer, with two of Perkins’ steam guns—twelve-pounders, with llij ordina ry boilers of the vessel adapted to the pur-! pose, or a moderate sized boiler, like that of a donkey engine—would be more than a match for a liue-of-battle- ritip. while a crew of two dozen men would give > a sufficient reserve for relays and casual-1 tics. U. Nothing is required except the rifled 1 barrels, the steam power, the solid or ■ explosive missiles, two or three men to at- ! tend, and a hopper to pour in the balls. j l Iff. Un board ship, in a fort, or in the field, there arc no powder magazines, caissons, or ammunition wagons or box- i es to be blown up, or create alarm or j danger of explosion, this calamity often • causing the entire destruction of the vessel and all on boar*!, or destroying the lives of all within reach. 11. The steam gun can be used in eve ry description of warfare—on board ves i sela, in forts, in the field with horse 1 power, or attached to a land locomotive— j in the same positions as ordinary cannon or field pieces. 12. Nothing but metallic balls and steam being used, every discharge- lubri cates the gun, fouling is rendered impos i rible, while there is all the cleanliness, 1 safety, regularity of action, and durabili • ty of ordinary steam machinery. Gen. Lyon’s Presentiments The Springfn-ld correspondent of the New York Jh-raid thus speaks of Gen. Lyon’s I i conduct on the battle field, and bis previ ous remarks: . , For two or throe days before the battle, Gen Lyon changed much in appearance. , Since it became apparent to him that la must abandon the Southwest or have his army cut to pi* ces, he had much of his former energy and division. To one of his stall he remarked, the evening before i the buttle, “1 am a man believing in pro s aliments, ami ever since this night sur prise was planned I have hnd a feeling I! j cannot get rid of that it w’ould result dis astrously. Through the refusal of govern ment properly to reinforce me 1 am oblig-, | o*l to abandon the country. If 1 leave it without engaging the enemy, tbe public will call me u coward. If I engage him, I may be defeated atnl my command cut . to pieces. lam too weak to hold Spring- 1 field, and yet the people will demand that ■ I bring .‘.bout a battle with the very one .my I cannot keep a town against. Il**w ; can this result otherwise than against us?"’ On the wav to the field I frequently rode ; near him. Hu seemed like one bewilder ,ed, and often when addressed failed to give !any recognition, and seemed totally una ware that he was spoken to. On the bat tle field he gave his older* promptly, and seemed solicit ions for Ihe welfare of hie men, but utterly regardless of hU own: safety. While he was standing where the , , bullets flow thickest, just after his fator- ] ito* horse was shot from under him, some jof his officers interposed and begged that he would retire from the spot an* 1 reck one i less exposed. Scarcely raising his eyes from the enemy, he said : “It is well enough that I stand here.— i I am satisfied.” W Idle the line was forming for the charge against the rebels, in , which he lost his life, Gen. Lyon turned to Major Murgis, who stood near him, and t remarked : t I fear that the day is lost; if Colonel Seigel hud been successful, he would have joined us before this. 1 think I will lead ; thi* charge.” lie hud been wounded in the leg in an : early part of the engagement—a flesh wotii|d merely—from which the blood flow ed profusely. Major Sturgis, during the conversation, noticed blood on Generali Lyon’s hat, and at first supposed he had been touching it with his hand winch was wet with bl.*o*l from his i leg. A moment after, perceiving that it wan fresh, he removed the General’s hat ami asked the cause of its ap|K*araiiee. — “It is nothing. Major, iiuthiag hut a wound in l.hc head.” said General Lyon, turning I away and mounting hi. horse. Without taking the hat held out to him by Major I Sturgis, he addr<-wed the iouaus he was to command wi'h— t'urtvard mk /i / I u ill lead ynu /” Two minutes afterwards he lay dead on the field, killed by a rifle ball through the breast. j*sl above the heart. In death : Ins features Wore tl*- same troubled ex pression that had bw-cti fixed up -u them , lot the pa*, week. Gen- Thomas J- Jackson Wc find in a late copy of the Richmond i Enquirer the following sketch of Geo. Jackson of the Confederate Army who distinguished himself at Manassas: Thomas J. Jackson is s native of Lcw • ia comity. Virginia, and a relative of the l numerous and influential family of his name in that portion of the State. By I the death of both his parents, at an car ly age. he was thrown penniless upon i the world. When yet quite young, be exhibited a manly self-reliance, and an energy and a force of character, which ! gave his friends a satisfactory assurance !of the success that wa? in store fur him in after life. Through the aid of gentle- ; ; men who took n deep interest in bis wcl ! fare, he entered the Military Academy at West Point, as a Cadet, about tbe year 184 J, and graduated with high honors just at the beginning of the war with Mexico. J >uring the whole of the term spent at West Point, he never failed upon uu examination or received a mark of ! demerit. | Young Jackson entered tbe service of ( the L*nitod Bt;tcs ns Brevet Lieutenant J under Gen. Scott, at Vera Cruz. In the ) j memorable campaign from Vera Cruz to I Mexico be achieved honors of which a f voter can officer might well have been proud. In addition to his regular promo tions during that campaign, Lieutenant Jackson was brevetted a Major for dis tingniriied services at the battle of Che- j pult* pt-c. At th<- close of the war with Mexico, 1 i Major Jackson returned to his native 1 State, with his health very much impaired, ■ in consequence of which he resigned bis, i position in the army. He shortly after-! j warils accepted a professorship in the, { Military Institute at Lexington, which office he filled with ability and distinction till the commencement of the present war, , wlu-n he accepted the post of Colonel, i j conferred upon him by Governor Letcher, i j unanimously recommended by the Couu-; cil, and unanimously confirmed by the Convention. lie was assigned to the command of our forces at Harper’s Ferry, and continued in it til! he was supers ded ;by General Johnston. He then took com mand of h brigade, and was subsequently | appointed a Brigadier General by Presi- j tleiit Daus. During the manoeuvres of j ; the army in the valley of Virginia, Getter-j al Jackson held a eon-pienons posit j*ii,} and in the great battle of Manassas he j earned an en\table and never-dying di?l - His command acted a part in ; that memorable eng: genient which will not be forgotten while deeds of Valor, : and sell -aeriliee are remembered by the people of \ ngiitia and of the Confederate f Stales. J In person. General Jackson is near six feet high, with an erect, muscular, well- ( knit irame. He has a fine eye, brown hair and a full beard. His whole bear-, itig indicates a man of iron will and stern courage, ami marks him us one peculiarly , i “lilted to command.” The Confederate Flag. 4 A correspondent of the Charleston Mtii-anj tints suggests n change in the flag of the Southern Confederacy : U o believe we fj-eak the sentiments of) tbree-fourtbs of the Southern people, when we state that the Conic derate Hag ha* not, only failed to satisfy, but bus greatly disappointed them. Tin.- idea of u com-; mittee having been occupied for weeks in composing or selecting from a hundred i difieut specimens, a flag to be at once - original and striking, finally rejecting all | assistance from arSists and cthirs, who Lad ft rni'hed al un lance o ' ' good material, and adopting, as the result j of their labor, wbat?—the Union mv\ three ftrijn* of Lincoln's abolition flag. Mr. ‘Km-sill, in one of his letters, has well styled it “the counterpart of the L’. B.' Flag,” and so perfectly is it so, that in a culm at sea it is not distinguished from . it. But not only is it stolen from the U. i 8. Flag, it is also a theft of the coat of arm of another despotism—we mean the House' lof Austria, whose units are red, with) a white bur running through the centre.' Nur is this all. The U. 8. Flag itself was directly stolen from tbe British East, t India Company, with the poor addition of thirteen stars for distinction. Now, if the j coat of arms of the Confederate Btates be drawn with three bais horizontal, we pil fer tbe arms of the House of Austria; and | if wc adopt the plan of the United Stales, and draw the coat of arms with the lats jM ij*rndiryJar, we pilfer ths arms of the town of Beauvais, in France. So that., whichever way we twist it, we will be laughed at by everybody, and despised by those whose emblems we hare borrowed, not to say sl'Jtn We are living m.d. r a Provisional Government—may we not hope that this may be also a Provisional flag? Gar Congress is soon to meet, and we sincerely hope that this question will' be hi ought up by some patriotic and able member, and not allowed to rest until we obtain, with the yarrnnin*-n/Government. I flag to be retained os permanent also. We think the Southern people, generally, were anxious that the South*rn L’/om should have been conspicuous in their flag, , wha u Ijoi woUi- ... oacc Ui*pcn*v with the Union part of it, and all the stripe*, bj simply making the flag m/, triM a trJn'fr rms*, curtaining an %t the stars of Uue, thereby retaining all the -three etn j biema of Republicans, red, while and Net. i Bi.iNWNn axi> Catiiino Tiger* ni Coch in China.—Many of them obtain their live lihood by tiger-catching. They use a novel ; mode of ensnaring those savage beasts.— | Two Malays generally go in company and j travel over many parts of the country. — Those who follow this business regularly have chops, or permits, from the Quong of Saigon, allowing to build a hut for their use in any place they think fit. The hut 1 is built on the top of four bamboos, from fifteen to twenty feet high, and as the ti ger cannot climb those, the two men enu remain in it and watch their snares in safely. The snare consists of large leaves, : and sometimes pieces of paper, about six inches square, covered on one side wi:!i a substance of the same nature as bird , lime, and containing a poison, the smal lest particle of which, getting info the nn , imars eyes, causes instant ami total blind ness. ! They arc laid about thickly, with the bird-limed side upwards, in the track of u tiger ; and as surely as the animal putrid* paw on one of the treacherous leaves he becomes a victim; for finding it sti< k to bis fu-t, be shakes it; he then pro.-ably j rubs his paw over his hi ad, in the attempt I to ril himself of those leafy incumbrances, but they stick to his head and face ; hu then perhaps rolls himself on the ground, when he becomes fairly covered; and j while scratching himself to get free, some )of the poisonous bird-lime gets Info his eyes and blinds him. He growls ami i roars in agony, and this is the signal for his captors to come and dispatch him.— The Malays then skin the animal, ami take away parts of the body that may he 1 valuable. They leave the carcase, well ; strewn with inorfr leaves, as n bait for other tigers. Other animals, and birds lulso.jhey ensnare in the m mm wanner.— Tfruvnet Advent urea In ('or/tin China, Tne “Boers’* Government or Misror- Ki. —The Columbia Statruuuut, a Union I paper, refers iu the following language to , the new governim nt: j The services of a Provisional Govern or, for the sh it lime int rv. ning between I this and the i b etit n in November, can ■ not, we fear, be worth what thev may cost the people iu domestic strife and fraternal war. There may have been a lime, even a few weeks ago, at which the experiment might have been tried with less* peril of the public peace : but it may now >ml in fiutcrual Hood and in promoting the scheme of secession. We hope, therefore, it will he abandoned. 1 The Missouri Tt!> t also Union, .-peaks thus ; ; The State Convention has unwittingly, t hut effectually thrown up a mashed bait- - ry. from behind which the .M-eos*doni.-:.s ! and revolutionists may overwhelm and nl • timately carry the State with the Southern j4'oiifidefaey. Was this designed? Tin* ; only thing necessary to ncempli>h it U. that the f-coplc re-elect the very t.flje* rs that t c CVnveiitio has a.siumd to depose. Ihe history of this Governim ut presents ■ nothing parallel to this Ligh-hauJed. rev olutiunary act of unc ict of the people’s servants attempting to oust from office an , other set, and then filling the highest >f offices thus vacated, with .*omc of their own number, whose political sentiments might have l>eeii a barrier in the way < f any such choice by the people. Will the people swallow this prepared dose, or will they re-assert their original and seven igu , .Loice ———-•-- - - - - Mifcili ankoib Items.—A firm faith is the best theology; a goi*d life the best philosophy; a char confidence 'ifie best law; honesty (he best policy; and temper' atice the best physic. Grapple ever with opportunity. Aud r as you do not know whe-n opportunity will happen along, keep your grappling-irons I always ready. I Mourn not that you are weak and hunt' blc. The gentle hreeac is better than , the hurricane. . the cheerful fire of the healths lone than the conflagration. | Domestic jars, when concealed are half reconciled. ’Tis a double task to stop the breach at home and men's mouths abroad. Men spend their lives in the service of their passions. in-maTof employing their passion iu the service of their lives. The r< awning power i* the corner-stone of the intellee’ual building, giving grace ; and strength to the whole structure. A pleasant jest in time of misfortune is courage to the heart, strength to the arm, and liigcsiion to the stomach. • If you employ your money in doing goudyoupui.it out at the biV hter>. A punctual man erne always find leisme, a negligent one never. ■ — — - For life fu general, there is bat one degree; youth is blunder; manhood a struggle; old age a regret. He that can keep his temper is 1 ettcr than u„ that can keep his carriage. NO- 34