i i) FIRST NATIONAL BANE or TAMA CITY. %. A riMl 1 v IOWA. all, arren, Pres. G. W Cashier. oughtonII. A. L. Asst. Cashier. We 1-efe to all of our Customers. *^dti ork Correep indent, Chatham Na fUnal Bank, Chiengi) Correspondent, Manufacturer*' WtionalFank. [iT .MABBItOM. B. t.BALL, iAMACOUNTY BANK —or— Iowa. ttAllim. SALL 4.WA2H3N, BAHEEES Correspondents: K^untie Brother*, New Y«tk, and Tliir National ISauk, Chicago. WN. H. HARRISON, feeneral Insurance Agent, •01,*DO, IOWA. ftsprssents Ik* CHARTER OAK LIFE INSUEANCE CO.. OF HARTFORD, JL93ET3 SlO.OOO.OCJO And lh* fellewing reliable Hr» laserarrc Cliupanitl: Jltaa, of Hartford, assets $3,000,000 T1 ia«, of Haw York, asseti 5,000.0(10 tlastford. of Hartford, ansets 2,750,000 ^lissnii, »f Hartford, as*«ls 1,735,000 Sptsial attention will be given to ilium- K t)WBf,LlK(lS. I5AHNS in I CONTENTS against Flftg and LIG IITNI SO, for a pari 4 #f "n#. T)irat and Five rear*, and a/ fllM »i l»w «J any int fan potsibly git*. OFFIL'B—la Tama County lUnk. 4-S __ II HHHI JACOB TtlBEB, BF.RSER & YEISER, (fla«s*fs(rs to T. K. Atras'.roag Wheleeele ill re**d dealers is X^=L XJG-Sf MIDIC'IMS, aaJ CilK.VllCAI.S. PAINTS, OILS, VAUNISUES AMD l»ts stuffs, KAMI'S, PUTTT, GLASS, As. 3R o 37 rxi ©2? 37% ft«Ai«. TOILCT PRKPARA- TTOXS. TlBSHlS, SiOULD**-B* ACIS, At., ft« tihacoo. CITY sxurr. A Hll OlQ-ARa. HWM8 ef an kinds and stvlss, and every thing esually kepi iu a flisi-jlass Stora. HT Pliysisiie's Prawnipiiona carefully eee^caaUJ. •j i'OLKDO. IOWA. BLOSS, A N K S V N K E K 7 S 7 O A Quit Claims and Justice* Blauli at Iba Cur.emci.ic Office. »o want Tot a Mipei tor ai i icm- olj Wool- Ian Yarn and •ome extra In avy I"1 in eels lri«m tl:o German Mill*, iIteu call at tli* UNION M'oKK. Y©» aim some new plain or figured Optra KUnnel, heavy Water Proof, fancy Scotch Plaids, Merinos or oth er serviceable Dress Goods, call then at the UNION STOKE. Yob wait s lome ^ooil Jituwt, hsnvy Sitinet, firm Caaaimcrr, Broadcloth, Alaska Cloth, or Heaver—yon will And lh«m at the UNION STORE. IPO Y«« WA»T the the nclehrated Whitney Boo*, for men or boy«, or wool lineS Boots or new ntyle Alaska ot'emhoee, Water Prool Gaitera, Ki«l, Calf or any other *hoe, clhow your way iuto UNION STOini. DO fx. want norne fine suit* of good Rtanlial Clothing, lotne choice Groceries, or a line ot best Crocke. y, donjt buy them until you have ex •mined (jooils and figurea at tha UN ION BTOlltt. DO Yor not know that the above Damed goods and many others have just been newly purchased, and are of lered to the public at the vury lowest prices, at the UNION STORE, To ledo, Iowa, by thu proprietors, Wieting Bros'. M. CAMERY, DEALER IN Maehinary of all kinds. Pumps, Sl)c Solcito TABLE POCKET BOOKS & STATIONERY, Memorandum Books, School Books, Blank Books, Pocket Books, Playing Cards, Rulers, Slate*, Chalk Crayons, &c., &c. BOOK STORE, ToleciO, m* m, m, Iowa. NOW ON EXHIBITION 1 MAMMOTH ST00I For the Fall Trade! DOMESTIC DltY GOODS & DRESS GOODS, LARGE VARIETY. READ -MADE CLOTHING, BOOTS AM) SHOES, HATS AND CAPS, 18 5 loq«H ng Vol. VII, No. 3. TOLEDO, TAMA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JAN. 16, 1873. Miscellaneous Books, GOLD PENS. Toy Books. Writing Paper of various descriptions, INITIAL NOTE, Pets, Ink, Pencils, Mucilage, Ink Stands, Pap Weights, Paper Cutters, Ink tfrasers, Pen Racks, Clips, Stationers' Gum, Visiting and QUEENS WARE, HOSIERY & GLOVES, GLASSWARE. WJHTE GOODS, LACES, iNOTIOXS Aiming to keep pace with all movements whose object is to make low prices, and to encourage the handling of Goods of supeiior manufacture, I solicit tin examination irom the best judges and the closest buyers. H. GALLEY. DEEDS, MOETGAGES &c For Sale AT THIS OFFICE. THE PEOPLE'S STORE W. F. JOHNSTON &r CO., Have now open and on exhibition, the Largest £tock of General Merchandise in Tama County, ztsroTicosrs i'aina CouiiLy Goods ot the SHA^ LS* CUTLERY, GROCERIES, TOBACCO, d-c., &c. Gonsisligg ol Domettic and Fino Dress Goods, Ready Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Glass and Queens Ware, Hats and Caps, Groceries, Hardware and Agricul tural Implements, Umbrellas, Parasols and cxf all zkzihstids. Shawls, Marseilles Quilts, Wall Paper, fcc., to. which they are prepared to Sell at LOWKST ices lor CA&H. Aiming to lead in all movements, having for their object SMALL PitOFl'J'S and Quick Returns, and to Hest Quality ami Manufacture at greatly reduced marginal prutits, they would solicit an examination of their stock, con tident that they can give ENTIRE] SATISFACTION 24tf Both as to QUALITY and PRICE. iuruish lo the peopi« ol W. F. JOHHSTON AND CO. ^fht ^olnld ^hroniflc. Is publisliol every Thifrsilay morning by Wakrks HARMAN. tf puiil ttrintly in adeanet the subacription pries ot' t!ie t'liuoxiCLts will be $1.75 a year otherwise It will be $2,00, onl no auhscripiion will be allowed lo rua over two yearn unpaid. Office on High Street, Cast of Tana Coun ly Bin it. Cash Rates of Advertising. 1 Inch, 1 week ......$ 1 Ire I month 1 Inch, !i!OQl!is.....*i.v,. 1 Inch, 1 year Column. 1 year.......a. Colnmri, 1 year............ Column, 1 year Column, I year 1 Column, 1 year. ..y The Caliph's Magnanimity. A traveller acro-'s thu [desert waste Fiund on hii way a cool, palm-shaded spring, And the fresh water seamed to liis pleased lane, In all the world, the most delicious thing. Great is the caliph!" said he '-I for hioi Will fill my leatharo bottle to the brim Poverty, which Ho sank the ttle, forcing it to drink Until ihe gurg'c osafed in its lank throat believe that salvation Then started on once more, and smiled to continual sell-sacrifice think He bore tor thirst God's only antidote. iHya after, with obeisance low and meat lie laid his present at the calipi'a feet. spring wai And soon the issue of the you red In a gold cup, on who o embossed oat side JaWels. like solid water shaped a gourd. I'lie Caliph drank and isemeJ woll satis ed, Nay, wisely pleased, and straightway gave cammand To line with gold the man's wsrk-har dened hand: grftC8j Caliph ans '«red I throne, "Touch noithe water it is miue alone Tli* Caliph told his courtiers the inteat Of his denial, saying "It is base Not to accept a kindness, if it is pressed Willi no low molivc of self-interest. "The water was K gift of love to me Which I with golden gratitude repaid I would not let the honest givej- see That on its way, the crystal of the shade Had changed, aud was impure. And so, no less, Ilis love, if scorned, had turned to bitter ness. I granted not ths warm, distasteful draught To ask lips, because of firm mistrast, Or kiudly fear, that if another quiffe4, lie would reveal his feeling of disgust, And he wbe meant a favor would dvpart, Hearing a wounded aud dejected heart.*' Oh spring! of kindness in life's desert found O'ershadcd fendly by the palms of peace, Rise everywhere, and in each heart abound, Tint strife anl angsr in t/ dajline aud .cease No traveller need fear to give from thee, For ihere is naught can mar thy purity. —[Henry Abbey in Appi'-tont Journal. LIFE Itf The Miseries Depicted by .Miss Alex ander, the j»ult Lake Actress. Miss Alexander,who was *en years in the family ot Bngliatn Young, de livered a Jieoturo it: Chicago lui lence. In 1S ")S they joined the Church and journeyed to Salt, Lake City. In lsGD «hu roeeiveit the en dowment ceremonies. Within the walls enclosing the temple was an old and classical building where these services were peaiormed.— There tho obligations were made that joined them lo the Chureh, and where the plural marriages were per formed in utter necrecy, and with forms worthy the ages ot darkest su pemtition. From tliis elofe secreev Young avoids the possibility ot proof of his numeiotis mrariages, and boast ot it. Women thus married are dead, indeed, to all future happi ness. The first mairiagu ean be 6.t0 .801 2 00 4 oo: 1 "iade in publii but future alliatiees 12.so are consiiinin:it ed in this state ol see.re ey. To apostatize irom the Mormon 2*2.40 28.hO 41.40 80.00 I.«gal advertising, U'jral rates. For th.) use of larjxe cuts nnil wo»d type an additional iliai-fie. varying from 10 to 20 percent., will be made. Church is a sin from winch there i* no redemption. The punishments tor revealing the secrets of the en dowinent house were worse than detlh. There was no oath so saered among the saints as those joinii them to their chureh. Not one ot Prompt se.'tlcments willbe expee'ed with them cares for any authority ontsidi all time-advertisers, at. tlie close of each the chlircll. No clan.«0 in the Coil calender quarter. Transient advertise ments must be paid for in advance. stitutton of the United States, no American law is paramount, to the Church obligations, Tho question was atked what made the women re main in Utah? The Church sent every year to distant countriea its missionaries, who pictured in the most j!owiiig colors. Poor people, believing in these statements, are in duced to go to Utah, where ihey are kept by systems ol tithes in a stat« ill not admit of their leaving the country. Hy an in fatuation tho women are made lo lepends upon She believes that her husband has a peWect, right to a plurality of wive*, and that she is doing henluty in sharing domestic 'happiness with other wio'*. Tlivy were obliged to conceal their wrongs aud huiniliati.jns. They thought they were doing their duty by holding up Church doctrines, and consequently 'state to all strangers that they *r* happy. Thery was no opportunity i for them to earn money and leave Mot-monism. Apostates are brand I ed by their relatives as women ot bad repute. What was the induce I ment lor them lo break their bonds Without money, without friend* Hngliain Young understood this and The courtiers, now seeing the feward, held them in a state ot servitude that Fancied some unheard, Wv,nlrous virtue 'almost precluded the possibility ot escape. She herself had been an ob- The bottled burden borne fer their lotas i Mouwon spite. Sho had lorj i learned A profession upon which she And of .'he liquid gift asked but to ta.te:! "he could depend lor a liv The Caliph ans '«red frem his potent "'g-•»'"« »»ad been able to abandon thu hated region. She hail no doubt but that their enmity would pursue hei it it could. If they lettthu ('hurch, But when, soon after, tho humble giver judgments diru were bound to tol went, O'erllowing with delight, which bathed his face, low them, pernicious the evening of the lid, at tho Academy ol Music, on Moruion lite in Utah. It was the first timo that the lady had been before an audieucu iu thu char acter of a lectures*. Her debut was a suucesslul one, aud the quiet, prepossessing a ipuarauue of the lady won the sympathies ol the audience. Miss Alexander has a fine, clear, dis tinct delivery, good voice, a pleasing Bta»e presence, and withal ttie cle uienis of a suceesslul leciuress. Sue introduced the suhlect by stating that she endeavored to give in her
lecture but a brief outlinu ol her ex perience among the Mormons. The following is a Uriel synopsis of her lecture: She was born in Wheeling, West Virginia. Her father dk-d wlion she was too youug to know his face.— Her mother soon alter removed to St. Louis, where she (her mother) was induced to join tho Mormon Church. They did uot think at the time that she was devoting herself to the eligi' n, as tar as its indorse ment of polygamy was concerned.— She thought whatever her mother did was right and proper. Had she known what sho was oomuiiittug herself and daughters lo, che would mestio affairs The elders used all then powers lo bring punish- ment upon them. There are lew who could lace tho calumnies heaped up on llietn by leaving Utah. Young once said in the pulpit, that no virtu ous woman would wish to leave Utah He used to say ol Gentiles that they ought to "go to hell cross lots." In l!?t3o, by request ot ling ham Young, sho became an actress in the Mormon theatre. Together with this came a command that she take up her residence in Mie Lion House. She at onoo wished to avoid the theatre, but was aroused by the thought that by the study ot the drama sue might escape the marriage institutions ol the sect- During the first three ye/irs and a half of her tho at.rie.al experience tho company play ed without salaries, for tho theatre was a church organization tor the saints AH ambition in her pro es sion was subdued in various ways.— When she had attained a degree ol ex cellence she was told that she acted by direction «f the Lord, and that if sho lelt tho Church sho would be powerless in her protession. It is considered most disreputable for a woman to remain single. Any woman could marry if they would accept a traction of a man's heart,and a vulgar fraction at that. She was glad that her spirit had been strong enough to keep her Irom entering the matrimonial state. She was called a lire hi and and an emissary ot the devil on this account. After a while it was decided to pay salaries at the theatre. She got £15 per week, §10 ot which went to Hrighain Young for board. Sim would have committed suicide rather than sub mit to tho odious requirements of the Mormon system. It was one ot their doctrines tho greater the sacrifice the higher the exaltation in heaven. There great teachings were: Obey your coun sellors pay your tithes. It was asked what was meant by tho blood atonement. Young was spiritually advised that some of his tribe were in a spirit of aposlacy aud their blood was shed to prevent it. It gave a person a fresh probation in eteruity, to take tho lilo of an upostate. As far as relationships were concerned in marriage eremonies, tfiero were no rules. Ono generous elder had offered to mt»rry her mother, her sis ter, and herstlf. Brothers were some times married to sisters, and she be lieved that Brigham Young had mar ried a man lo hi* own daughter.— The granting ol female suti'rge was a ohurch farce: it had been granted by the elders to help them carry out their schemes. Tliey had a right to vote iu the manner dictated. They were not allowed a voice in their do- have shrank Irotn it as Irom a pcati- officers took plaoe serai Annually- A The election of church dignitary of the church rose and said: -'Brethern and sisters, it is moved and seconded that Brigham Young be elected President and Trustee ol the Church." There had been no motion and no second, but no one dare vote iu opposition to this, and Bi-iirhani Young is continually re elected. People w»re misled in th'nr opin ions of the domestic and social rela tions it Utah, from visitors an cor respondents. But thay hid n chance ot ascertaining tho true con dilion of domestic affairs. The wo men were too well trained not lo de lend their religion before Gentiles.— The lady gave her an alFeet.ing ae eount of ti,o sufferings entailed upon her by tho Mormon system in hast ening the death ol her mother, through the man whom Ihey ha i looked upon as being a kind father taking to himstdi another wife. She also alluded in a tou.siting manner to the death ot her sister, whose child she had taken to educate aud sup port, and for which end she had en tered the lecture field. Mow Much to SeM "WIipi» are the buyers?" is the cry all over tho country. One far mer with a 200 acre larm, a dairy ol twenty cows, his ••••ribs crowded and his garners and cellars filled with grain and vegetables, his orchards We have therefore too many pro ducers ot food products in this coun try in proportion to our population. We have too little skilled labor em ployed in manufacture*. Too many are engaged in producing what we eat, and too fuw are employed in pro ducing wlia we wear and use to con tribute to our comfort and conven ience. in other words, tho food pro ducers ot tho United Slates are too far from the food consumers engag ed in other vocations, or the means of communication or transportation are too limited, which a mounts to the s»me thing. The boys are told lo stick to the farm an 1 yet tho farm does not need them, judging by the present status ot things there. But it the boys leave the larm they cease to be ifl-oducers, aud hero is thu mistake that is made. They engage iu traffic They help to add to the cost of all products as they pass between tli-? different classes of consumers. They do not add to, but take Irom the wealth ol ihe country. They he come leeches upon industry, and block the way beiwen producers and consumers, levying tax upon the in dustry of both. Our boys who leave oil producing oil the farm should become producers ot what the farmer cousuiues. True, iio It is therefore becoming a serious question to American farmers how they can dispose ot their surplus pro ducts. Shall tho consumers thereof come to them tho shape of labor employed in developing the manutu3 tures,of the country, or can the fac ilities lor transportation be increased and cheapened and their products thus be brought within the reach ot those who need them? It is a ques tion which every tanner in the coun try is interested in solving, one that should be gravely considered by every man who would have the workshop lor the farm, impressed with the idea that tho farmer's is tho only independent lifo that can be Ibd. It is plait! to us that the schemes tor securing immigrants to settle upon aud cultivate the cheap railroad lands ot ihe West and the i ioh soils ot the South ought not to be encouraged. We need more men to spin cotton, work our mines, forge our iron, man ufacture our uottou, lead, tin, aud Whole No., 315. nrme, expending upon the raw ma terial ww may produce all the labor that can be employed upon it to fit it tor our multifarious uses. This is what we need. Then our fanners will not complain ot too much to sell and too lew buyers. We sli&il have markets at our doors. Oar money will be retained among our solves, lixuhauges will be i ct Transportation monopolies wit! cease, end yet the local traffic will inunerato railway investments.^* Will cheap food and abounding nat« ural resources invite such iniinigri" tion —N'ic York World. A Much-Married Woman. There is a woman in Washingueft who has buried five husbands. It* cenlly she married a sixth. Upon the day of the wedding, a man called at the bouse of thu groom, asked for that gentleman, and then proceed to measure his body with a tape line Tho infatuated groom entertained ao idea thai this might, perhaps, be a man sent aroun by his tailor. Alter the ceremony in church, however, the husband was surprised to observe this same person standing in the yielding abundantly, with young titul lit—beautiful!" When tli lap stuck ready lor tho shambles, told us that since the 1st ot April last lie had not l»o«n nblo to selll worth of farm produce for cash aud yet lie is within twelve hours' ride of New York ami a less distanco from other large inland cities. Money is scarce we can get no money. No one wants produce there is no money to buy with." This is the cry which roaches us from all parts o! the country where the population is dependent lor its income upon the value ot the products ot the soil in market. It is a disheartening cry,— Tri e, it is a satisfaction to know that there is plenty of food in the country to oat. It may be a satisfaction lo know that there are plenty of men aud women somewhere on tho globe to eat it but it is not so assuring to know that there is no disposition lo move this surplus, or, if there is a disposition, there is no means tor do ing it. If the money was at hand the transportation is inadequate and litis inadequacy compels tho »y ineut of extiorbitaut freight tariffs, which affect the ability ol American producers to compete iu loruign mar kets »vith foreign producers. ves tibule aud winking furious.y at tlie bride as the party caria out to the I carriage. Just us they wero starting off the mysterious being put his head into Ihe carriage win low, and whis percd to tho bride: "Got a ready ma le one that 11 just suit him Bean* py man demanded the name cd lbs intruder, the bride blushed, and Kati she believed ho was some kitid ot aa undertaker. Then lio man was not so happy. lie was hardly happy at all, and a certain gleom seemed to overcast tho honey noon. Perhaps the undertaker was loo prompt. But still, we like to see a man take an in terest in his business. A Well-Kept Secret. Brailleboro, Vermont, tells a story of a well-kept secret. The story goes that a boy way back iu 1811, made a kite and attach'-d a paper lantern to it, in which he put a candle and arranged it so that when the caudle had burned out it would ex plode some powder which was iu the bottom of the lantern. He kept the secret entirely to himself, and waited lor a suitable night in whnsb to rai*o Ins kite. Tho boy got hM kite into the air with jut being dis covered, for it was so dark that noth ing but the colored lantern was visi ble. It went dancing about ia th» air wildly, attracting much notice,, and was looked upon by ignorant people as some supernatural oinen The evil spirit., aw many supposed it, went bobbing around for about twenty minutes and then explode#, blowing the lantern to pieces. Nefct morning all was wonder and excite ment, and this lad, who had carefully taken his kite aud hidden it alter the explosion without beint: found out, had his own tun out ot the matter.— The people ot Bratlleboro never had any explanation of the mystery un til nearly sixty years alterwaru,when the boy, who had become quite an old man, published the story in a Brattleboro newspaper. An English journal st tes that tho greatest comb manufactory in llie world is in Aberdeen, Scotland. There are thirty-six lournaces lor preparing horns and tortoise sh ell lor combs, and no le^s than one hun dred and twenty iron screw presses are continually going in stamping them. Steam power is employe to cut the combs. The coarse coinba are stamped or cut out, two bein£ cut in one piece at a time. The fins dressing combs are cut by fine sawS^ some as tine as to cut forty teeth Ml the space of otto inch, and revolvir times i one minute There are some twi live thousand limes iu the space mat ter what their vocation, they continue to be consumers but what lliey con sume is takeii out of the granaries of tho tanners aud the manufactories without adequate return. They be come mediums ot exchange but it tho commissions paid ihetn lor their supposed services cripple either ot the parlies who they serve, such ser vices can well be dispensed with. thousand varieties of cotnbs made, and the aggregate number p-oduced, of all tl. ese different kinds, is 8,000, 000 annually—a quantity that if laid together lengthwise would extend about seven hundred miles. can nual consumption ot ox-horns is about 730,000, and th'j annual con sumption of hoots amounts to 4.OC0 the consumption of tortoise-shell an4 buffalo-horn, although not Knl it»«. U correspondingly valuable. A hoof undergoes eleven distinct operations before it becomes a finished cotnb. A singular fatality appears to have attached to the new building of the Young Men's Christian Association, as no less than eight sudden deaihS have occui ed among the artists, occu pants ot its studios, and ot those in timately connected with them, with in a peiiod of a little more than IWO years. Edward J. Kuntze's death occurred first, shortly attn the open ing of the building Edward D. Nel son was killed, a few hours after leav* Ing his studio, on the Harlem Kail* road. Adolph Vogt died a fe* mouths later, very suddenly, ot smaUr pox Mrs. Trait, wife ot the ai tis^ Tlied in her husband's studio last win ter. Ames, the portrait painter, wit stricken down in iiis studio while working before his easel last summeafj and died a few days later. Mi§« Vincent Colyer, wiio ot the artia|| was drowned at Daried Connecticut, in October. Mr. Kensett's death o0» ante, spin and weave our wool, flax, 'cured suddenly on the 11th ot lilts hemp, and jute, work up our ramie, present month, and betore the ei||* spin and weave the silks ol Calilor-1 i,|i ma, produce essential oils from our ni3 1 mourning were removed rom his 8tll(llo (loor) Mr hobs and flowers, ean and preserve pitman, the art puhlishsr, was slriofeV' our fruits, make wines from our en wiih grapes, distil liquors fr.)in our grains, died before he could be removed |A mdeed utilias ell our reeoroes hare at' Q^o^, •, appoplcxy in his siore, ai|4 his home This is a bad rocord.