VOL. I. HIE WASIII\(iT«\ MAMllllfl —e.'lS issi Kt» KH-NY SAU'MMY MORNINCI I 1Y — JOHN M. MURPHY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Suhsnipf ton Itntc*: l'er Anntini ot > •• Six Mon!lis - O'J Invariably iu Advance. . A<!i <>riisiii£ Kti(rx: tine Sonare. one insert ion no Kin'li additional insertion 1 00 Business Card*. per «[tuirti'r, f> oo liberal deduetion will lie untile in favor id'those who advertise four or upwards, liv the \ ear. 6«?f"Xotiee* of births. marriages mid deaths in terted free. p*>'" Blank*. Bill Head*. Card*. Bill-of Fare. Circular*. Catalogues, I'aniphlets, \e.. executed at reasonable rate.*. OITII'K — In l!arne*'s Bnildin.it. earner of Main utid First Streets, near the steamboat landing. tWy Al' eomtniiniealions. whether on business or for publication shonbl be addressed to the edi itoroftlie WASHINGTON STAMIAIIH. The HIIIR Jlj }l(itlicr Wore. The earth has many treasures rare In gems ami golden ore ; My heart hath tine more precious far— The ring my mother wore. 1 naw it first when I. a child, W :T" J'ITT V I TIT; bv h-F --i-U ; She to!,I me III' n 'twas lather's gift When she became hi< bride. I saw it oft in sorrowji hour* " WliKUjiwkcl the afler years, IMTTVtiininy on that sort, white hand, 'i'liat wipe:! away my tears. Ami. oh ! I saw it once again, When on her dying lieil, She lifted up her hand in prayer, And placed it on my head. lieside that lied where fell tin tears, The ring to me was given : She placed il on my hand and said, •• We'll meet again in heaven !" I kissed the cheek I oft had pressed. From which the rose had lied : And bowed \» illi grief. >-Wotl motherless Alone, beside the dead. Among the lilcst in realms above, Where sorrows are unknown; O may I meet my mother dear No more to weep nlone. Her dying words of luve and f litli I II i h- ri-h evermore Within the heart which hold so dear The ring mv mother wore. A si.Kt'itiiNc lir.MtNiseKSct:. On a winter's night, when the moon shone bright. And tin 1 snow wa; crusted o'er, With a m lid as f.iir as seraphs are, 1 slid from a hill down lower, lire we reached llir base, (like a horse on a race.) Our swift-sliding sic I ci.reened, And with tresses fair, streaming back on the air. JSiccd Xitl/ie ii'ehl ctwhifci• . ml.' Waifs. A Yorksliireman having occa sion to visit France, was dumbfounded to find, 011 reaching Calais, that men, women, and children all spoke French. In the height of the perplexity which this occasioned, lie retreated t<> lied, and was awakened in the morning by the cock crowing, whereupon he hurst into wild exclamations of aston ishment and delight, and exclaimed, "Thank goodness, there's English at last i" pictures without knowing anything about them; but I hate cox coinbrv in the line arts, as well as in anything else. I got into dreadful dis grace with Sir George Beaumont once, who, standing before a picture at Bo wood, exclaimed, turning to me, "im mense breadth of light and shade." I Innocently said, " Yes, about an inch and a halt."' lie gave me a look that ought to have killed me.— Siilnci/ Smith. "Didn't you tell me, sir, you could hold the plow ?" said a farmer to a green Irishman, whom he had taken on trial. "Arrah,beaisy, now," said I'at, "how the divil can I hold it and two horses drawing it away from me? Give it to me into the barn, and be jabbers, I'll howld it wid iunv bodv." gST* It was rather a cloubtl'ul com mendation bestowed by a brother cler gyman on the new ineuinbent whom lie was introducing to the people: "You will find him, my friends, to bo eyes to the blind, feet to the lame, a father to the fatherless, and a hus band to the widow." English woman is in her prime at thirty-five, while an American woman has usually begun to fade ten years younger. Keason: An English woman takes airs and exercise; an American woman takes m'ra and no ex ercise. Brown says the " State of Mat rimony" is a slave State. As Brown has a termagant for a wife, he certainly ought to know. .fIST" Sophistry is like a window cur tain—it pleases as an ornament, but its use is to keep out the light. The population of Washington ( ity lias increased 121.000 in ten year-. The I'nion -now and forever. / From our l'ort Townsend Correspondent. Captain Robert Oray. Now, that tlic names of the Colum bia river and Gray's llarhor are of world-wide notoriety, it is but proper for us. who are enjoying the results of the discoveries of the old navigator, to pay a passing tribute to the memory of the merchant-captain whose bold and adventurous voyages on the north-west coast resulted in the discovery of the Columbia river and Gray's Harbor,and gave the American nation the priority of right to the country we now occupy, and which had else been claimed and owned bv Great Pritain. Heroes who liave fought for their country, ami men who have added l»v their wisdom to theircountry's great ness, are reinenihered anions; all na tions bv statues, monuments, and the historian'** pen. Hut while it is hut right and proper to hold in remem brance the deeds of great men, we should not forget those unostentatious individuals, who, while in the quiet pursuit of their duties, work out great j benefits to their eountry in the peace ful paths of commercial enterprise. In 17H7, a company of Boston merchants, consisting of Messrs. Barrel I. Bulfineh, l'intard and Darby, fitted out the ship ('nhrmtrio. —a little vessel measuring only two hundred and twenty tons bur (hen, 'illd (ln> LJIIM [> XVashini/ton of ninety tons. The was placed under command of and the Wi.*hiw/fon undc:' command of Robert Gray. The two vessels sailed from Boston on the 30th of September, ITS", bound to the north-west coast of North America, to trade with the na tives for furs. This was the first expe dition ever fitted out by Americans tor the north-west coast. They tliil not reach the coast till Au gust of the following year, when Cray tliscovered the opening to the Colum bia river, and in attempting to enter it the sloop struck on the bar, and came near being lo>t. lie arrived at Xootka on the 17th of September, where lieiv maiWd all winter, making occasional short trading voyages, until enough furs had been collected to load the Co lumhia, when Captain Cray was placed in command of her and proceeded to Canton, Captain llcndrick remaining on the coast in charge of the sloop Washington. The (ohnnl/i'i proceeded to the Sand wich Islands, where Captain Cray was received with respect,and most hospita bly treated. Such was the confidence of both king anil people in Captain Cray, that he was permitted to take as a passenger the crown prince on a visit to Boston, full reliance being placed on Cray's promise to return him home again. The ship arrived in Canton on the oth of December, 1780, and having ex changed her cargo of furs for one of teas, sailed for Boston, where she ar rived on the 10th of August, 1700, har i:ifl carried the flag of the United States for the first time round the world. Some twenty years ago, an eve wit ness of the return of the Columbia to Boston Harbor, relates the scene, which was published in the Cincinnati Post at the time, lie writes: "The ship was absent upwards of three years, and had not been heard from ibr a large portion of the time, when, in the summer of 17SM), on a fine afternoon, a strange ship, bearing the stars and stripes of our country, arrived abreast of the castle and fired a nation al salute, which was promptly returned bv the fortress. The firing was dis tinctly seen and heard from Boston, but no one could imagine what ship it was bearing our country's fiflg, and do ing and receiving suchhonor. The in habitants were all in motion, crowding Long Wharf by thousands. AVhen it was known that the Columbia had re turned, the artillery were ordered out. and when the ship came to anchor, off the end of the wharf, the delighted mul titude rent the air with joyful acclam ations, while salvos of artillery shook the neighboring hills, and the aston ished people hurried into the city to join the general joy. "The ship having returned the sa lute of the city, the Custom House barge was manned and the venerable General Lincoln, Collectorot the Port, with the owners of the Columbia, re paired on board, ami after bidding a hearty welcome to C'apt. Gray and his princely passenger, they returned to the wharf together, when the air rung with loud acclamations, and the artil lery again poured forth its thunder. "The prince was dressed in a splen did costume, covered with feathers of j the most beautiful plumage, andin this i magnificent attire he took the arm of. Captain Gray, and a procession being ' OLYMPDW WASHINGTON TERRITORY, MARCH 2,1801. formed, they moved to the mansion of John Hancock, the Governorof Massa chusetts, who bad sent his Adjutant- General to bid them welcome. A splen did banquet was prepared, of which a numerous company of guests partook, and after an interchange of courteous hospitality, the prince with Captain Gray retired. A few months after, the ship having been refitted, again sailed tinder the same commander, and safely returned the prince to his coun try and friends. From this visit sprung all the friendly intercourse between the Islanders and the I'nited States, to whom they are indebted for civilization and the useful art, and the benefits of the Christian religion." The same incidents were related to me by another eye-witness, whom I met in Hoston three vears at; - o. It was on this second voyage that Capt. Gray entered the noble river, (which he had previously discovered,) and gave it the name of his ship, the ( '<> l ttUtl'Ht. On the lltli day of May, 1702, about sunrise, the ship crossed the bar, pass ing between the breakers with till sails set, and at 10 o'clock anchored ten miles above the mouth of the river, near Che nook Point, uh TO sh • rem: incd three days. (Iray then mailed some ten or twelve miles further up the river, on the northern shore, where he again an chored. The t-h:p remained in the river till the 20th, when a fresh breeze springing up they beat the ship out and went to sea. It was on the 7th day of May, four days prior to the discovery of the Co lumbia river, that Cray discovered and entered Cray's Harbor, where lie remained three days, trading with the natives, lie describes the place as '*a good harbor, well sheltered from the j sea by long sand bars and spits." Cray's May, on the Coluuib'a river, a few miles above Chenook, is often confounded with Cray's Harbor, which is on the coast, some «'5~» or 40 miles north of the Columbia, j The discovery of the Columbia river by Captain (J ray, or rather its rc-discov -1 cry, (for the Spanish commander Hccc | ta had discovered the entrance to the i river on the loth of August, 177">. al though be did not enter it.) and the subsequent settlement at Astoria by the Pacific Fur Company, with John Jacob I Astor at its head, were the grounds by i which our (ioverninent laid claim to j all that valuable region drained by the | Columbia river, and it was the aeknowl j edgment of the priority of (Jray's dis j covery by the British Government j which enabled the Commissioner of the i l T nited States and Great. Britain to : effect the treaty defining the present I boundary line. Captain Gray was the first to carry the American Hag around I the world. He was the first man who i brought about a friendly feeling, and subsequent intercourse with the Sand wich Islands, which has now ripened into a friendship of lasting importance, and Captain Gray, by his daring intre pidity and brilliant discoveries, has se en reel both Oregon and Washington to the possessions of the United States, and thereby .benefitted our whole na tion. Captain Gray's achievements I were as much thought of at the time of his return as were those of our more recent explorer, Dr. Kane, and although not accompanied with scientific research, yet the real, lasting,practical benefit to our country can be most favorably coin pared with any utilitarian result that lias or will have emanated from the voyages of the great Arctic explorer. The navigators and early discoverers of every other country but ours, have had their names perpetuated by some public act, either a statue, monument, or tablet. Although neither Congress nor the nation at large have as yet seen proper to place the name of Robert Gray in the niche of fame, it seems to me to be both right and appropriate that the people of Oregon and Wash ington Territory should contribute to wards erecting some suitable monu ment that will show the world that we at least are desirous to make such hon orable mention of his name that the memory of his gallant deeds perish not from among us. What could be more appropriate than a tall sluitt, erected on the summit of; the beautiful green hill at the mouth ofi the Columbia river, known as Scarbor-1 ongh head? The hill itself is one of | the most prominent and conspicuous points the voyager looks upon in enter ing the river, wild a monument erected
on Its summit wonld serve as a beacon to the mariner, and an evidence that Captain Robert Gray is still remem- j bcrcd. I trust the press of this Terri-: tory and Oregon will take up this sub-1 ject, and bv their united voice cauco an early action iu this matter that will re dound to the credit and patriotism of us all, and prove that we are not behind other nations in paying a tribute of respect to departed worth. JAMES G. SWAN. A South Carolina Traitor—Pass him Round! The following perfidious treachery of a South Carolinian, in the 17. S. Reve nue Service throws the treason of Ben edict Arnold into the shade. Such a wretch is a lilting instrument to serve the conspirators against the Union. This modern Jtultts rejoices in the high sounding title of Napoleon Costc. Lieut. John A. Underwood, late the First-Lieutenant of the I'nitcd States revenue cutter WiHimn Aiken, has kindly furnished the following particu lars of the disgraceful surrender of that vessel to the secessionists by (.'apt. Xapolean (!) Coste. About two weeks prior to the pas sage of the ordinance of secession by South Carolina, in conversation, Capt. C oste stated to Lieut. I ndenvood that he would not serve under Lincoln, and in case the State of South Carolina speeded he would resign and place him in command of the cutter.- Lieuf.Uih denvood then consulted with Lieut. I'orter, second otlieer of the Ailni, as to the proper course to be pursued to protect the rights of the (Jovern liient in the vessel, and asked his opin ion as to whether it would be better to take the vessel to the North, or to place her under the guns of Fort Moultrie. The shortness of the provisions on board, the reduced complement of men, and the inclement season, were consid ered grave objections to going to the North, and Licet. Underwood decided that he would place the vessel under the protection of the tort, until lie could communicate with the Department for instructions. lie then asked of Major Andei.-'on ilip.r, in case Capt. Coste re signed and placed him in command, he might find protection under the guns ot the lort. Maj. Anderson promptly, and in the kindest manner acceded to his request. A l'r.v davs afterwards, the vessel was hauled alongside the southern wharf, for the purpose of having her hotto:ii cleaned. While lying there the ordinance ol' secession was adopted* On tin 1 <lay helbre Maj. Anderson evac uated Fort 'Moultrie, (Dee. 20,) the cut ter was hauled into the stream and an chored. The following day, Lieut. Un derwood, at 12 o'clock, went on shore, leaving Lieut. Porter on board, Capt. Costc in command, and the Revenue flag living. In the course of the after noon "Capt. Costc called on Lieut. Un derwood and stated that he had paid oil' the ollicers and crew up to the 20th of December; that he had hauled down the Weveiiue ensign and stowed it away, 1 and had hoisted the Palmetto Hag on the cutter, lie also stated that he »'ax . aecoiintaOle to the authorities of the State I for the rewl and all the jtrojn /•/// oil board. 1 Finding himself powerless to reclaim i the vessel, or to obtain any control over 1 her, Lieut. I'nderwood left Charleston ' and proceeded to \\ ashington, where he reported the facts to the Treasury .Department. The Aiken is a fore-and-aft schooner of eighty tons, and is one of the fastest | vessels of her class in the service. sl,- ! 200 were expended on her in Charles | ton last Summer for repairs. She orig inally cost the Government $5,000. Her'armament consists of one twelyc pounder brass howitzer, working amid ships, and a quantity of Maynaru rifles. At last accounts, ('apt. Coste was still in command of the A iken, the other ot licera having reported to the Depart ment for orders. A WARNING TO KRCIIRE PLAYERS. — A young man in this city, who is very fond of playing euchre, and also very foud of the daughter of a " pillar" ot one of our popular churches, was tak ing tea at the house of his adored a few evenings since, and had some truit eako ottered him. Being somewhat confused on account ot his situation, as the cako was held out to him, he cried out, " 1 pass." The father hear ing him and having played some in his younger days, was horror-struck at tlie young man's infatuation for the game, and thought lie would teach hini a los fon, and spoke bluntlv: "You pass, do you '! Then I order you up, and there's the door." Tho young man sloped, and the last that was been ot him, he was endeavoring to make a companion believe that women were trumps, but querulous old fathers took all the tricks bv playing lone hands.— Later from the Atlantic Bide. NKW YOKK, Jan. 17. —The Commer- I rial's Washington dispatch says, the Committee on Commerce by a vote of three Southerners against two Northerners, has decided not to report Mr. Melntyre's nomination for Collec | tor of the l'ort of Charleston to the i Senate. The President, to-day, sent to the Senate the name of Mr. nolt as Secre tary of War. Confirmed. CHARLESTON, Jan. ID. —Lieut. Talbot arrived here last night with gloomy tidings. The Governor and members of his cabinet were in consultation to the hit ter part of last night, on the intelligence communicated by Lieut. Talbot. Hon. Win. Aiken ofsSouth Carolina, has been forced to contribute $40,000 to the revolutionary government, under threat of confiscation of property in case of refusal. NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 19.—TLIO steamer Alabama from Pensaeola, yesterday afternoon, arrived ami reports the navy yard in possession of 2,000 men, and that troops were arriving from all direc tions. MII.LKDGEVILLK, (J a., Jan. 20th.— The Ordinance declaring the secession of Ocrrrgia from the United Slate*, passed the State Convention at 1 o'clock r. M. yesterday. Ayes, 208 ; nays 1»8. Judge Linton said tlmt, while he ap proved the Ordinance, he saw no rea son for its adoption now ; lie therefore would not vote for or sign it. A motion to postpone the operation of the Ordinance until the 3d of March was lost, l»y about eighty majority. Alexander IF. Stevens and 11. V. Johnson, arc among those who voted agiiiust the Ordinance. l'ariflc Railroad. Jan. 18.—The Pacific liailroad bill has been several times up in the Senate, and is not vet disposed of. An effort was made bv Mr. Itice of Minnesota, to have the bill indefinitely postponed; but it failed, more than two-thirds hav ing voted against the postponement. The bill was amended so as to require the consent of the States and Territo ries through which the road, passes: and Congress to have time to ratilV or reject such legislation. There arc no further hostile proceed ings in the South to report. Matters are more quiet in the country. C'lnrk-C'rittcnden Amendment. The IT. S. Senate has adopted Clark's amendment to Crittenden's comprom ise resolutions, declaring that the Con stitution is amply sufficient for the pres ervation of the Union—by a vote of 25 to 23. The Senators from the sece ding States did not vote. Mr. Cam eron of Pennsylvania moved a recon sideration of this vote, which, on the 18th was carried by three majority, and Ciittenden's resolutions were post poned till January 21st. Petitions still pour in favoring it. The House on the 18th, passed the army bill. Senator Davis, of Mississippi, has forwarded a letter to Governor Pickens urging the abandonment of any policy which would involve hostilities. "WASHINGTON, Jan. 19. —The ques tion discussed over Holt's nomination was whether ho was a co-operationist. During the debate on his nomination his friends denied it, and maintained his earnest desire to prevent bloodshed, and maintain the laws by every possible means. Mr. Crittenden is said to have taken the ground that ns Kentucky is now a central State, enjoying all the prosperi ty consequent upon the present Union and form of government, she would never content to the breaking up and the formation of a Southern Confeder acy, in which she would he a border State, exposed to nil the losses of such a position. It is stated that he was much affected during this portion of his remarks, and the manner in which he upbraided the Southern men who defeated his compromise in the Senate, was very severe. He took the position that the Union must be preserved at all hazards, whether by peaceable means or force; and that it force were used against the lawless citizens of a govern ment, that is not the coercion of a State. Dr. MeDo .vell, of St. Louis was con tinned as Consul to Lyons. Tho message of the Governor of Kentucky recommends a convention ot the bonier States to meet in Baltimore early In February, and opposes hasty inconsiderate action ; submits the pro priety of calling a State Convention, but would leave no effort untried to> restoro fraternal relations between the States; advocates the Crittenden Com promise, and opposes the employment of a force against a State in any form.; George Washington on the Union. As we must obey the Constitution of the United States, if we are to preserve the government, wo ask attention here and now to the Report of Gen. Wash ington, transmitting the Constitution of the United States to Congress, on the 17th of September, 1787. Read it, men otall parties and in all parts of the country. Read it and seek to imitate' its spirit. WASHINGTON'S REPORT TRANSMITTING THE CONSTITUTION TO CONGRESS. IN* CONVENTION, Sept. 17, 1787. Silt:—Wo have now the honor to' submit to the consideration of the Uni ted States, in Congress assembled, that Constitution which lias appeared to us the most advisable. ' The friends of our country have long seen and desired, that the power of making war, peace and treaties, that of levying money, and regulating com merce, and the correspondent executive" and judicial authorities, should be fully and effectually vested in the General Government of the Union; but the impropriety of delegating such exten sive trust to one body ol men, is evi dent. Hence results the necessity of a different organization. It is obviously impracticable, in the' Federal Government of the*e States, to secure all rights of independent sov ereignty to each, and yet provide for the interest and safety of all. Individ uals entering into society must give up a share of liberty to preserve the rest. The magnitude of the sacrifice must depend as well on situation and circum stances, as on the object to be obtained. It is at all times difficult to draw with precision the line between those rights which must be surrendered, aud those which may be reserved; aud on the present occasion the difficulty was in creased by a difference among the sev eral States, as to their situation and ex tent, habits and peculiar interests. In all our deliberations on this sub ject, we kept steadily in our view that which appears to us the solidatiou of our Union, in which is involved our prosperity, felicity, safety, perhaps our national existence. This important consideration, seriously and deeply im pressed on our minds, led each State in the Convention to be less rigid on points of inferior magnitude, than might have been otherwise expected; and thus the Constitution which we now present, is the result of a spirit of amity and that mutual deference and concession, which the peculiarity of our political situation rendered indispen sable. That it will meet the full and entire' approbation of every State is not, per-" haps, to be expected; but each will doubtless consider, that, had her inter est alone been consulted, the conse quence might have been particularly disagreeable or injurious t> others'; that it is as liable to as few exception?' as could reasonably have been expected; we hope and believe ; that it may pro mote the lasting welfare of that country so dear to us all, and secure her flee-' doni and happiness, is our most ardent wish. "With groat respect, we have the honor to be, sir, your Excellency's' most obedient aud humble servants, (JEORAE WASHINGTON, President. - liy the unanimoui) order of the Convention. His Excellency the Presideut of Con •> gross. MIL. BUCHANAN NOT APPRECIATED AS. AN AUTHOR. —Owing to the state' of public excitement in reference to tihe conduct of President Buchanan,, wo learn that Mr. Robert Bonner, of the N. Y. Ledger, has felt called upon to' release himself from his engagement to' publish a series of essays on public top ics from the President's pen. Mr. Bon ner, it is alleged, says in justification of his course, that he lias received orders in advance from many hundreds of the most prominent newspaper dealers' throughout the country, and from many thousands of his regular subscribers, to discontinue sending them the paper from and after the issue of any num ber containing any article or essay writ ten bv his Excellency, the President. An exchange has the following us an excellent system of gardening for young ladies: "Make up your hods early in the morning; sow buttons on your husbands shirts; do not rake up any grievances; protect the young and tender branches of your family; plant a smile of good temper in your face; and carefully root out all angry feelings, and expect a good crop of happiness." Persons aspiring to supreme power, like poots, should not be crowned till after death.- A fat kitchen make? a lean wilt NO. 16.