21 Aralık 1861 Tarihli The Washington Standard Gazetesi Sayfa 2

21 Aralık 1861 tarihli The Washington Standard Gazetesi Sayfa 2
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

Til WIUIIfTII mum v. ». omcui Pirn roc THE TERIITO«V. i|«U far the Standard. TV* fallowing a»mti gentlemen We satborited U receive ud receipt for meaty d-» on sibirr.p tin u th« STUUU : TIM BOTCI, S«B Fr*»cueo CAL O. V JNN. Vutroarer. V T.; Am S. iHUtlll. Oik Point, ft. D Butii«r<n. Montictllo J L. Nrrtini. Cowiitt; TM. J. CASTS*. ONY'I Haifcor . N. 1 OaxiwoLS. Pacific City ; A. ft. rnm—m W»IU Valla E. Mtratm. St»il»r«n—; Uuuti IttW, Seattle; Joss WSMTKB. Port Madison : Nun C. Wuaos. Teekalet, MAMSALI Buss. Sesbeck MT MOD?T can be tent THRONG t'ue mailt AT •nfTU. SATURDAY, DECEMBER S». IS6I The President s Message. The fint part of the Message discuste* the question of the probabilities of England's espousing the cause of the rebel Btates, with • view of obtaining their cotton, which is deemed so necessary to the welfare of the manufacturing classes of their people. We thinV all candid men, who wjll carefully read his reasoning on the subject, will agree with ns that we hare nothing to fear on that score, and also, that England will get the cotton 6he needs much sooner, aud more certainly, by observing a strict neutrality towards our gov ernment, than by giving aid or comfort to the rebels. He next recommends the speedy construc tion of a rail road that shall connect Ken tucky with Western Virginia and East Ten nessee, and other faithful portions of the Un ion, as a military measure. The subject" of treaties and commerce are next considered; and he represents them all in a satisfactory condition. Our finances he represents as being in a very satisfactory condition. No apprehen sion will be felt for want of funds for all the purposes of the Government, and for keeping in the field our present army. He compli ments the whole people of the loyal States for their manifestation of love for the Gov ernment in taking up tlie national loan author ized by Congress; and he congratulates the country upon the fact that the expenses ren dered necessary by the rebellion are not be yond the resources of the people of the loyal State 3. (By way of additional encourage ment to our eastern friends, we can assure them that Washington Territory will send them twenty or thirty millions in gold before the end of 18(52.) Our army are said to be in a high state of efficiency in discipline and every other way. He recommends what we have always been in favor of, the abolition of all distinctions between the standing army ftnd militia of the country, and an efficient organization of our whole militia force, under the supervision, as we understand it, of officers educated at mili tary academies. But more of this hereafter, when we have more time and space. The Navy is the largest and most com plete in all its. equipments that has ever been collected in the same length of time with so small a beginning, in the history of the world, and it is manifest from the tone of this part of the Message, that great results are ex pected from it. The President's recommendation of a re vision of our statutes is very judicious in our judgment, and will no doubt meet the cordial approval of Congress. His remarks upon the judiciary system are very sensible, and will, wa think, commend themselves to the under standing of all classes of men. We sre greatly in favor of relieving the Supreme Court from circuit duties, and impose those duties upon our District Judges, abolishing the distinction now made between circuit and district jurisdiction. We understand the President as recommending this substantially, ■ad wa think it would be a great improve ■sat sa the present system, and we hope Counts wiO adopt it. Hl* moamtsditioß of some more conve nient way of adjusting claims against the nzatioas delays hi obtaining justice, are ■asthj ef all ill and will cer tainly in—h in a lofecm of our preset slow ■j cumbrous system, which is a denial of jMtiss to all bat large and wealthy claimants. TV Psat Oftce department is represented as is • pi lapnnas condition. The District of Columbia ncrives his special at tsatisa. Ha itfiihsUs the policy of giving back to Virginia that portion of the District vast si the Potomac, aai urges a restoration He MKt eals attentisa la the lassrior De iasumerisa have greatly reduced the receipts sf the Psastou Oftce. and the salsa ef the pahfe lands. Still the receipts of the land 4spartHMat ate two milKsns ever the expen- Ctmen. The ilrmauiTt of the pension oftce wShstogeij iactuassd by the war. gi that «aqr whs an the rscip naha ef th» iaangsata, or giving aid and rartfbrt to tlan, md he reeotmaeeds that the same* of all eurii he "trickrc fi<n the roll i Our relations with the Indian tribes are Kpmented as generally ftvnrlK and he • think* that when the rebels arc driven out ot the fpjltaw country, there will be no trouble with the Indiana. The establishment of an Agricultural Bu reau. is strongly recommended. He represents the eftnts which hare been aade lor the sappmioß of the slave trade 1 under the administration of the present Bec ' retary of the Interior, as being highly aa'is* factory. The Territorial Governments are highly satisfactory, all remaining loyal to the Gov ernment. I'nder the head of roisielLmeous. subjects, attention it, failed to the heavy losses sus tained by citiscns of th-.- District growing out of the rebellion. The President thee calls the attention of i Congress to the law confiscating property in stares nsed for insurrectionary poipom), and | asks then to provide for the large number now in the hands of the Government. lie suggests it so highly probable thst the slave States may adopt the policy of confiscating all slave property owued by tin**- *ho have joined in the rebellion. lu which event they wouid have on their hands a large number of slaves which they would gladly traiisfrr to the Government on some fair and equitable basis of valuation. He recommends the pur chase of a section of cnuutry suitable for th;- colonization of thou- that may hereafter come into their possession. This, and the lasl few. paragraph* of the Message, are by f.ir the most important por tions of this most able and lm<<iness-!ike doc ument, and will be read by all classes of our citizens with very great interest; and we think it will be very generally conceded that if the war continues, its effects upon the in stitution of slavery will turn out very differ ent from what was anticipated by the South when they raised their standard of rebellion. If it shall result in the ultimate overthrow of the institution, the South will have none to blame but themselves. | Governor's Message. We regret that we did not receive this very interesting and able document iti time for our paper of this week. The Message contains a large amount of information that will be of great value to ov.r eastern friends, who are looking to the Pacific coast as their future home. The Legislature have ordered an uuusual number printed, which will enablo our citizens to send it to their friends in the States, and thus draw to our Territory the thousands who go to Cali fornia, just because they have no reliable in formation of the superior advantages of our Territory for settlement. His recommendations meet our most cord- ial approval, and its concluding paragraphs will ho TOuA Ky oil lnjrnl r»it»ooncj witli great pleasure and profit; and we doubt not the Legislature will show their love for the Government by carrying into practical effect his suggestions. Time and space forbid our saying more at this time, but we shall call the attention of our readers to it more specially hereafter. __ r THE VANCOUVER TELEORATH. —The Telegraph (the lato Chronicle) is received The name of Urban E. Hicks appears as editor. Mr. Strove, in his valedicto ry, says: "It has fullen to our lot to be sharply, but perhaps deservedly, as sailed at times by some of our cotempo raries, and in accordance with a spirit of retaliation, which prompts every man under such circumstances, we were led to use harsh words and unsceming and acrimonious expressions in reply. In parting with them for a time, we do it with feeelings of respect and person al regard, and acknowledge frankly, that it was often more a wish to gratify prido than an equitable desire to do simple justice, which prompted us to bo vindictive." W ABHIXQTON STATESMAN. —The fil'9t number of the paper bearing the above title, published at Walla Walla, made its appearance this week. It is of the same size a* the STANDAHD, presents a a good typographical appearance, and gives evidence of being edited with ability. The distinguishing feature of the Statesman from all other papers published in the Territory is, the great number of home advertisements. Walla Walla is a small village com pared with other places in the Territo ry. yet it pays ten times as much to wards the support of a newspaper. The Statesmen is published and edited by Xorthrop, Reest Co. Succe** to theiu. THE LAMBS' Fain.—Don't fkil to attend the fair ea Xoudav evening next. We leani that that the ladies intend hold in? a festival on Tuesdav evtnirg at ifce wne j kc< Washington' Hall. BrretXlO.—M. L. DrAta. Esq., of this place, returned from a visit to the Atlantic States by the last Pacf/fc. POSTAOB STAMPS/— Seethe notice ef Post master Williams in another column. ArusowiaoaussTS.—We sre isdebted to C«pt. Fleming as 4 Purser Finch to ass/ favor*. Much editorial aad other matter is crowded out of this week's prper. Legislative Proceedings—Hinth Season. acroßTCo cxrmtMLV t--a THC ATASNAAA. Council. MUKDAV, Dee. 3, 18431. Tliia Wing the day ireacribed by law foi ' the annual meetirg of the Lrgiditire .\s«cni blv of the Territory of Washington, the Coun cil convent tl and waa called to order by L D. Dnrgin, Chief Clerk of the M-aaionof IHJO-Cl. Upon the roll call, the following member* came within the bar and took tWir seats: Means. Biles. Pnrhanjf. Bhaw and Webster On motion of Mr. Shaw, the Council w« organized temporarily by calling Hon. A. K. Bur bank to the thuir. and appointing the fob lowing officer* pro ttm : I- 1). Dnrgin, Chief Clc.k; T. M. Hied, At ft. Clerk; D. P. Wal lace. Jacob Smith. Door keener. 'lbtiv King no quorum present, on motion cf Mr. Bil. <■. ilie round! rejourned until to uiorrow 10 o'clock. NI-TE. —The Council merely me* and *d joun.i'd from the 3d to the 18th, without transacting any business— part of the time there being no quorum present. WEn.\E*>DAV,Dee. 18, 1861. Conncil n.ot pursuant to adjournment. Present— Mes*n». Bile*. Bur bank. Clark, lltibbe. Bhaw and Webster. .Toumitl of yesterday read and approved. Mr. Webater moved that th» C.tun- i! pro ceed to the election of officers bv tit a toce vote. C arriod. Mr. Clark moved a call of tht Council. Can lt d. Present—Mi fin*. Bilef, Bnrhnnk. Clark, Iluhb<>, Shaw niid WcbattT. Pending the call Mr. Moore alto appeared and look liic« seat. On motion of Mr. Cliirk. llisUxrelL-nevGov. Turneycniiie within the bar and administered the oath of office to Meter?. Claik, Moore, Slinw and Webster, the new members elect. The Council then proceedid to vote for President. After the seventeenht ballot, resuliing in 110 ehoice, the Council adjourned until - o'clock, !'. M. AFTERNOON SESSION. Council met pursuant to adjournment. The Council again proceeded to ballot for President, when upon the liineteeth ballot, Mr. Burbank having received a majority of all the votes cast, was declared duly elected President of the Council. Upon the first ballot, T. M. Ileed having received a majority of all the votes cast, was declared duly elected Chief Cleik. Upon the seven ill ballot, Peterlield Turpin having received a majority of all the votes cast, was declared dulv elected Assistant Clerk. David P. Wallace having received a ma jority of all the votes cast, was declared duly elected Sergt-at-Auns, Jacob Smith, was unanimously elected Door-Keeper. By request of the Council, llis Excellency Gov. Turnev administered the oath of oflico to the oflicers of the Council. The President, in assuming the duties of (lie chair, and in returning thanks for the honor conferred, delivered a neat and pertinent Speech. On motion, tho Clerk was instructed to in form the House that tho Council was perma nent lyorgauized. On luuve, Mr f'lnrlc introduced C. J. It. No. x, relative to meeting the House in joint Convention in order to receive the Governor's Message. Resolution read first time, and on motion read second time; aud, on motion was con sidered engrossed, rend a third time and passed. On motion of Mr. Webster, the Utiles and Orders of the Council session of 1800-G1 were adopted for the temporary government of the preseut session. On motion, Council adjourned. THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 18G1. Couucil met pursuant to adjournment. Mr. Webster introduced a resolation rela tive to the appointment of n committee to act with a similar committee on the part of the House, to wait upon the Governor and inform him of the permanent organization of the Leg islature! and of their readiness to receive any communication be may be pleased to make. Resolution adopted. Message from the House announcing tliw passage of a similur resolution. The Couucil proceeded to the hall of the House of Representatives, where the Govern or appeared and delivered his message. The Council having returned to their Chamber, the President announced the fol lowing Standing Committees: ELECTIONS —Messrs. Caples, Shaw and Moore. WAYS A.NO MEANS —Messrs. Biles, Clark and Simms. EDUCATION —Messrs. Webster, Biles and Cables. JCDICIARY— Messrs. Clark, Uubbs and lilies. CLAlM* —Messrs. »Siuims, Biles and Webster. MILITARY AFFAIRS —Messrs. .Shaw, Caples uud Moore. ROADS AXD HIGHWAYS —Mcs;r*. lloore, ijimniK and Webster. Enta.>ssED BILLS.— C-.iples, Hubbs and Clark. ExaoLLCD BlLLS. —Bilrs, Moore and Simms. INDIA* Arraias.—Bbaw, Himuis and Mouie. CoMMKßc*—Capiet and Ciark. PaiSTlso—Biles. H i Inter and Copies. CORPORATIONS— Hubbs, Clark and Webster. PIMAAT RSLATlOX* —lluhhs. t »pl*« and Moon. Cor*rie»—Moore. Sksw aad Sunm*. RI LIS AND Uturt-—Clark, Bile» aud f'aples Pt am OioriN A*»BrtLM»c» —Wrtiter. Biles and t»baw. A rvport was received from die Territorial University Cronmiaaiom-ra. Adjoaiaed., MONDAY. Dec. S?J. IWI —The li<W vu nllrd to order by t'hdw bm ikr Chief Clitk of the laat BMM. The following Gentlemen to tLrtr luunrtt: MMKIK Cock. I »ennv, Ferjruaon. llint-klev, IlulbraoL. I -otultanl. Mcl>-an. ittnh, Taylor. I n|uhart. Williamaou. Wilaon MM! Yanti*. A trmporarr nrpmir>iiuo WRN by the rlrdioo of tbe following officer* pro tem : Hon. J. L. KrrnMO. Bpriktr; I'bM. Kiipin, Clwl Clerk; Wa. Kiplu, AMI. ("Ink; H. IK William. Heqft-at-Anaa; B. Fruat, l)oar Kwp». The Uo«K adjourned frpm day to day. until lk» M, at chick liat a quorum • u present and •c ummiltr on credential* was appoiatrd sad the Hon** m>«md re meat an Monday. Dec. Kith. MONOAY, IVC. 16th. 1861. The caauahtoe oa Crrdeutiala reported UM following gntleßM aa duly elected and en titled to aeata ia this Hooar: M enure. Cock. Denay. Feignaon. Griaweld, Hinckley. Uol brook, Loiubard. McLean, l'age, Kettle. ttuth, Taylor. Thoradike, I'rqnekairt, Williainaon, WUaoa, Waibaaa and Yaatia. On motion of Mr. Cock, the Hon. Hocretarv of the Territory *w to attend and the oath of office to the members elect. The 8«-eretaiy apjware«l and adminiatered the oath of oflicc to the above named gentle men. Hotue adjourned. < TIK.«DAY, Dae. 17,1M1.

An anancceefeful attempt waa rndt ta org anize the Huom*. WithMt tiaaamtiM any htttturM the llouae adju—ud writ > a'alack. in the afternoon. APTBBKOON SBMMMf. The House organized mi iwamlly bjr tto diction of tlif following officer*: Hon. J. L. Ferguson. Speaker; Charlt* Ea grm. t'bii f CM.lk, William Kr.jtus, Assistant i'ltik; Tboauia Wnnvn, Kr^i-ant-at-Anns: IIOIM-II Frost. I»>vukw j* r. On n.<xiur.. th* Hon. .Secj-rtanr apprarrd nnd adtiiinist* r««l the oath to tb« oftdfl elrd. ll' adjouru« d. WEDS EMMY, Dec. 18. 18C1. The Speaker uuoutrixl the fallowing »:*iMliiig commit lev*: Election «.—Tavior, Aird. Duwth GiDuua. M'apt and A/MM Boaaith. Bale*. Bab cock. Beany, I'tupmu. Education.— Denny, Cork. Grinrold. Gar diner, Giiham. tiwr*/#«*.—Sfitie. Luuitard.Giiham, 11 ink IfV, \VtiU>r.t. .finite,art. —Cock, Wilson, Ilulbrock, Tare, aicCd!. Claim*. —Griawold, Lombard. McCafl. Memorials.- Lombard, McLean, Settle. Smith of Walla Wall". Smith of Clarke. Military AjTair».—~ Smith of Wulla Walla, Hut li. Taylor, Thornton, Tliorndike. I Hi hi tis ami High tray'- —llolbrook, Urtju hart, Williamson, Wilson. Enrolled Kill*. — Williamson, Worbass, Ruth. Indian Affairs. Poge, Aird, Bozartli, Wilron, Beatty. Commerce. —Urqulmrt, B rites, Babcoek. Printing. —McLean, Warbass, Lombard. Corporation*.— Wilson, Page, liuth, Bates, Beatty. Unlet and Orders. Warbass, Griswold, Gardiner. Agriculture. —Aird, McCall, Settle. I'itblir Grounds and Lombard, Page. Territorial Lihraary. —Bates, Yantis, Tay lor. On motion, House adjourned. TIII'USDAY, Dec. 19, 1801. Mr. Cock, chairman of committee on Cre dentials, reported that they had examined the credentials of Messrs. William, Chapman and Bates, and found that they are duly elec ted as members of this House. The oalh of ollice was (hen administered to the newly arrived members. Messrs. Cock, llinklev and Thornton were appointed a committee to act in conjunction with a similar committee on the part of the Council, to wait upon the Governor and in form him that the House is now ready to re ceive anv communication he may deem proper to make. The Utiles of last session were adopted for the Government of the House. Message from the Council informing the House of the organization of the Council. Also, the passage of C. .1.11. No. 1, relative to (JovernorV Slr^rage. Under a suspension of the rules, said res olution received three readings and was passed. Thn committee appointed to wait upon the Governor, reported him in waiting, when, the members of tho Council appearing, the two Houses went into Joint Convention. The Governor then delivered his annual Message, after which the Council retired to their cliaui her, and the House adjourned. AFTERNOON SESSION. House called to order by the Speaker, 1101 l called —lß members present. Mr. Denny moved to Lave 1000 copies of the Governor's message printed for the use of the House. Mr. Settle moved, us an amendment, to have 2500 instead of 1000 copies printed. Amendment lost. Original motion to print 1000 copies car ried. • After adopting several motions and resolu tions regarding the rules of the House, the House adjourned. FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 1861. House met pursuant to adjournment— l 9 mem bers present. Mr. Denny presented ths petition of C. C. Lew is asking a charter for a road and ferry privilege. Referred to committee on Roads and Highway*. Mr. Denny presented the petition of R. B. Johns for a road charter. Referred as above. Mr. Hinckley presented the petition of O. W. Grant to establish a furry across the Duwamish river Referred as above. Mr. Hinckley presented remonstrance of O. W. Grant againet granting a charter to B. L. John*. Referred as above. Mr. Lombard offered a resolution to employ a eliaplaiu. Adopted. Mr. Chapman presented the petition of John A. Packard asking a rharter for a toll-bridge ou the Xeaqually river. Referred to committee on cor poration*. Mr. Wilson introduced an act to amend aa act entitled an act to incorporate the Cascade Railroad Company, passed January 31. 1859. Referred to committer on Corporation*. Mr. WiWon iut induced an act to aairad aa an act to incorporate the 4 licgui Btm Navi gation Company, pnMrd Dt*. 19. 1860. Mr. WiUou introduced aa act to aboßoh the after of A—ma or la iSawaaeiek rouotv. Mr. Ik-nav introduced aa art to incorporate the I'alrermtv of tbr Territory at Washing ton. (Mend printed. Mr. Hat#-* introduced an act to locate aad ratablish a Territorial road from Walla walla to Fort Colville < a the Columbia river. Mr. Chapman intrnduo-d an act to aatkor ixe Johu A. I'iu k' rd to «Mnet andkeepa bridge nem»# the N ixjwltr mer. UffrtrM to rvimmitlee on CnmntM*. After ndopting aeveral wnlliiw totalling the (Vrgeant-al-Anna to procnir ■ewnpepm, buok». TT«TKIDMT. KU F.T tbr me of the BUM ben awl officer*, tbr 11MN> adjourned. 19 s The British Colonist at Dee. 2d, aave that fourteen Urea were loat by tbe ■inking of a large freight boat, at a place called the Three ttiflea, is Fra se r River. The boat araa attempting to aaeend the river; the tow-rope bad boen made faat ou the shore, and the crew were working at tbe eepelaa, wbea the boat took a aheer, ran rapidly serosa the river and eunk. The entire crew were waabed from tbe deck by the Hwift-rolling current, and awept into eternity in an iiiatant's time. FIBUMH —MAI. 1 Fellow-Citixnu H* Bam* | and Hmte •/ RtprttmUOiem: In the midst of unprecedented polit ical troubiee we hem cauee of great Ctitode to G<«d for Jth and moatabundantly iwf. Toa will not be aurnriatd to Inn that, ia the paanliar eiUwin atf the tinea, ear in teaeoa ma wfih tenigE nn tieoa baa been attended with pnrfblnd solicitude. chiefly turning upon onrdo-. meetic affair*. A disloyal portion of . the American people have, daring the whole year. I»eeu engaged in an at tempt to divide and destroy the (Jnion. j A nation which endures factions and domestic divisions is expected to cre ! ate disreapect abroad, ana one party, or ! both, sooner or later, to invoke foreign 1 intervention. Nationa thus tempted te interfere are not always able to resist j the counsels of eeeuiing expediency .and ungenerous ambition, al '.hough I measures adopted under such influencee { seldom Cnil to be unfortunate or inju -1 riou* to those adopting them. Toe disloyal citizena of the United Statee I who have attempted the rain of our country, in regard to aid and comfort I which they have invoked from abroad, have received less patrouage and en couragement than they probably ex pected. If it were just to suppose, as , the insurgent* have seemed to assume, ' that foreign nations in this case, disre garding all moral, social, and treatv ob ligation*, would act solely and selfishly 1 for the most speedy restoration of com merce, including, especially, tho acqui sition of cotton, those nations appear as yet not to have seen their way to their object more directly or clearly through the destruction than through the preservation of the Union. If we could dare to believe that foreign na tions are actuated by no higher princi ple thun this, I am quite sure a sound argument could be made to show them that they could reach their aim more readily and easily by aiding to crush this rebellion than by giving encour agement to it. The principal lever re lied on for the exciting oi foreign na tions to hostility against us, as already intimated, isthe embarrassment of com merce. Those nations, however, not improbably say from the first that it was the Union which made as well our foreign as our domestic commorce. They cvn scarcely fail to perceive that the effort for disunion produces the ex isting difficulty, and that one strong na- 1 tlon promises more durable peace, and a more extensive, valuable, and reliable ' commerce than can tho same nation broken into hostilo fragments. It is ' not my purpose to review or discuss these matters with foreign States, be cause, whatever might be their wishes or dispositions, the integrity of our gov- ! eminent mainly depends, not upon | them, but upon tlio loyalty, patriotism, 1 virtue and intelligence oi' the Amori- i 1 can people. The diplomatic correspondence itself, i with the usual reservation, is herewith 1 1 submitted. I venture to hope it will ' appear that we have practiced prudence and liberality towards foreign powers, \ avoiding causes of irritation, and with firmness, maintaining our own rights I and honor. Since, however, it is np- ' parent that hero, as in every othor State, foreign danger necessarily attends do- ' mestic difficulties, I recommend that ' adequate and ample measures be adop ted for maintaining the public defences ' on every side. While, under this gen eral recommendation, provision for de- 1 fending our ccast line readily occurs to the mind, I also, in the same connec tion, usk the attention of Congress to our great lakes and rivers. It is be- ; lievea that some fortifications and de- Eots for arms and munitions, with bar- ' or and navigation improvements at well selected points upon these, would be of importance to the national de fence ana preservation. I ask atteution ! to the views of the Secretary of war, as expressed in his report upon the same general subject. INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS. I deem it of much importance that the loyal residents of East Tenneesee und V\ estern Virginia should be con nected with Kentucky aad other faith ful parts of the Union by railroad, acd ' therefore recoramen'i, as a military meaeure, that Cor/reae provide fur the 1 construction of Mich a road as apeedily 1 aa poaeible. Kan tacky will no doobt co-ojterate,and throogrh herLfgielatarc, 1 make the mat jadtcione lawetins of i the line. The northern teraaiaar mnat enaneet with MM axiathig railroad, and whether the rmta ahaU ho from | Lexington or Xidndaeville to Coaahar bind Uan, or froos l.shaaon to the Tea asssn line, in the direcrim of Kaat- 1 villa, or eoaM otheratill iifcrant rente, can caailjr he determined. Ksntacky and the General GevanNaest co anaen ting, the wurk can he unplitil ia a short time, and when doae it will ha not only of vaet prseeat aeeAalaesa, hat also an iavalaahle pn man ant iayww mcut worth ia eaat ia ad the mis. treaties iP imiii the ia tarsals of uamamaa, aad, haviag no grave political iasportaaee, have been nefotkad aad arW ha aahwMad to the Bsaala fbr their caaaUaaattaa. m hm frilH la iadaea aomeof the mmmmS* ZJMTZ adopt a desirable adhpfiaa of the rigors of asaritima war, ara hava thaa Car removed all the obetaaba froa the wqr.axeaftaadhaaareMahrtMapa. ™»wi vi BvvKßwfu I invite eonr attention te the com— otfyvTlfiaiater, aacmSTtedto'tkS erumeat, and the Beeieteii of ajT relative to the i-ntim of*tb« iSS SSftSSS tkfcdetention waa aiwlumd bjaa 4 nJntfeonadraatln we»ho«!r J? 1 ■MI BO MlifOfwt tft noi atrict riffat, aa sanctioned by public lan I recommend that aa appropriate L made toaatiafy tka reaaoiiabU of the owners of the veaeel for bar fc. tentioo. I repeat the recommendation a# predecessor, in his annual kcnm* t» i Congress in December last, ia m to tlie disposition of the saralas «C will probably remain after 'TT the claims of American ehiaeas China, pursuant to the awar&oftfct Commissioners under Ike Aatsfths Sd of Hank, 1860. U, kowenrk should not be kwid advisable Is ry the recommendation into efset, I would suggest that authority be ghta for investing the surplus referred to is good securities, with a view to ths sst , ufaetion of sych other claims of oer citizens against China as arc likelj to arise hereafter in the course of oar at tentive trade with that empire. By Act of the sth of Angnst last, Congress anthorized the President to instruct the commanders of suitable vessels to defend themselves agaiait, and to capture pirates. This authority has been exercised in a single instance only. For the more effectual protection of our extensive and valuable commerce, iu the eastern seas especially, it seemi to me that it would also be advisable to authorize the commanders of sailing vessels to recapture any prizes which pirates may take, of United States ves sels and their cargoes. Consular Courts might be established by law in eastern countries to adjudicate these cases, in tho event that this shonld not beobjec ted to by local authorities. If any good reasou exists why we should persevere longer in withholding our recognition of the independence and sovereignty of Hayti and Liberia, lam unable to discern it. Unwilling, however, to inaugurate a new policy iu regard to them without the approbation of Congress, I submit for your consid eration the expediency of an appropri ation for maintaining a Charge d'Af faires near each of these States. It does not admit of doubt that important commercial advantages might be se cured by favorable treaties with them. FINANCES. The operations of the Treasury, da ring the period which has elapsed since your adjournment, have been conducted with great success. The patriotism of tho people has placed at the disposal of tho Government the large means de manded by the public exigencies. Much of the National Loan has been taken by citizens of the industrial classes, whoso confidence in their coun try's faith, and zeal for their country's deliverance from its present peril, have induced them to contribute to the sup port of the Government the whole of their limited acquisitions. This fact imposes peculiar obligations of econ omy in disbursement and energy in ac tion. The revenue from all sources, includ ing the loan, for the financial year end ing on the 30th of June, 1061, was eighty-six millions, eight hundred and thirty-five thousand, nine hundred 27- 100 dollars; and the expenditures for the same period, including payment on account of the public debt, were eigh ty-four millions, five hundred and sev entv-eight thousand, thirty-four 88-100 dollars, leaving a balance in the trsai ury, ou the Ist of July, of two milliooj. two hundred and fifty-seven thousand, eight hundred and sixty-five 89-100 do llars. For the flint quarter of the pre*- ent financial year, ending the 80th « September, 1861* the receipts fro* all sources, includiug the balance fr° a July Ist, were one hundred and two millions, five hundred and thirty-**? thousand, five hundred and nine fM* dollars; and the expeaditurea, aiastp eight millions, two nnndrad and thaw* nine thousand, seven hundred «as thirty-three 9-100 dollars, leaving ance, *m the let af October, 18ft« fonr two hwylrod a^wasg eaty-aix 10-100 deOan. . Itbyatfjiaf to —s himhii at Allies &£jJl tPTO'«2jj^ i» her af troops iwlinl • reed Lsl2H t he fcter which Ceaftes* Bet**""