15 Şubat 1862 Tarihli The Washington Standard Gazetesi Sayfa 2

15 Şubat 1862 tarihli The Washington Standard Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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UmsBI\STHSTI\6.\W • • • I. - I HI I'L I <ri 3 F"l! 1 HI" LIFTMV^RV rir I nion--It Mmll I*- l*ri •>< i »««* A 3 eni» kr iL; St 7* ' t r; — :■ »• •!r* *' . I. ...... . . t«* I T \ • \K if T.. ft . . -n I . « ' I. \\ J .\r» \ n nnt«r M ; ALII rin *M.|I iw:, I: IV »•.. ~T. . y nxi.ti. .* t. Mm v. •t • • •* 1 •' * ■ T. - J t -»TI t. tir • ■ I!-!-' • r VJ. >. l .l-V -Lli. .! < ! .l • V . •#. i -. &'*■ . r. Ml k K rl. 'ln- . I!: ri - s,.jf . i"\ V. i r-" u !'• i V ■iun , ill Ml I V> i . T.-' 'liK.-... ILI . IHN. .it | < ». f-j ' HmMJ ■•« II i MM l!i:uu,u lilt Mil • •.ir ri-k. .•s.Vl'i 1 l.ltui Ala t>. Eej ly to a Letter Gf Inquiry. \» e j ui>lisiied two w' »•!;•< an'.» letter handed to n- hy Jos. ('ashman, !'- j.. ileeeiver (■!' I'uhliu Moneys, received hy hint from a gentleman in the States, a-!ii:i«f a groat variety of questions in regard to our Territory, with a view of making it his permanent home should the favorable impressions ho had ioriucd of the Territory be confirmed. We promised our friend, Mr. C'ushman, to answer his numerous questions through the columns of the iSr.Y.\'i>.u:i>, which we now propose to do to the best ot our abilitv. The first inquiry, of " what portion of the land west of the Cascades is tilla ble':" cannot be answered with any de gree of accuracy—we can make only a rough estimate. The proportion of prairie to the timbered land is about one-sixth of the whole. There is about one-third of the remainder that will make No. 1 farms when cleared of its timber, one-third of which is rich alluvial bottom land, the principal bodies ol which are on the Columbia; the Puyallup river, in the vicinity of Seattle, on the Sound ; the Chehalis river, emptying iuto Gray's llarb»r, and its tributaries emptying in from the north. There is more or less bot tom land, very rich and desirable for settlement, on all the streams empty ing into the Sound, the Columbia, and Shoalwater 15ay; most of which streams are navigable for a greater or less dis tance for vessels of light draught and small boats. A reference to the late map of Mr. Colton will give a better idea of our rivers than we could con vey by a description. The rich bottoms of the Columbia arc liable to bo overflowed by the June freshet, which reiulerss them less de sirable for cultivation than the land on the Cowlitz, Chehalis, &c„ that are never overflowed except in the winter months, and onlv then once in four or ' %/ live years. These bottom lands are composed of prairie and light timber. Xcar the month of the Columbia, on Shoal water Uav, Gray's Harbor, and on the Sound, we have largo bodies of, what are called tide praiiies, that fur-) nish a large amount of the best of graz-; for stock. Thev are i;eiierallv iirm, o » r » so that a wagon can p.i.-s over them safely, and most of them arc only over flowed by the winter and full moon • 1 tides of May and June. The soil is the richest in the world, and will pro duce anything that i> raised on the up-' lauds iu great perfection where the tides are kept oli* by cuibasikiueuls of from two t>> three feet in height. \\*c have seen the finest <>T timothy on th<'i», where the sce-d hud been left bv camper*. It is our op;itiou that a man can make a farm easier on our litutH-icd river l»ottom> than on our upland prai ries, and when made will produce four times us much: sixty budn-U ot wheat, eijrhtv of oats, eewntv or c-iitiitv of ~ • * • c • peas, live hundred of potatoes and ouious Uing :.o uncommon yield, lie eati build hi- cabin on the upland, back of the bottom, letting his farm run down to the river; the bottom* ln'tng from a fourth to three-fourths of a mile in width. For example: A man may go on to one of the*? bottom lurms in February, with provisions enough tur six months. (which he can tarn by a few -lavs' la- Inir in the settlements adjoining,) with nothing but his ixv and grubbing hoc, and he can clear and put in ground enough in two months to subport a family of ordinary size for a twelve month. When it is ready for market. he i ail load hi- - .rplu- i Istt» hi- «am>e. th.it he ha- in tin- IIKM'I time dug out "t al < i;ir tree. s»:»d t•.!-.t to inasket. I i !;< j.r.-i" r- i'i upland til in, covered with the fin. t timber in the w »rld, he t..;i t-i.t hi- iimWr up into m log* or *p:ir timber, UL THU« tv-ilize J:K :v than «-ui.ii \ t • i>».\ t* r tlic* elearing. at the j re«-1.» «»f luinVr: and wlnvi «!orr- 1 w ill j : 'luce al! tin- vari-fie- of t!.. tani» gra--« -. all kinds < i < < r. ;i!-. and v vj pie- and J ■<•:« -in uie.ilt «t | «n< ti ei—<n*c t.in' "< ■ '.i-i'i I-'.i _ I:IU>*!I ! • :t. r '•>r i< than our praii ie*. Jii -.t.* _ .t.ii un -.\lli < * ti.-* 'ii!- j•> v ] a:.m < .n- thinl «>l the hi;." MM- ri- li U«tt«>ni land, MC i >i li'.T i:iton«l t<> in' U!HK rstoiiil that the i - ''•luannUT was iintit for eultiva t in. On the «« atrary. :!»«• jivat »■ -»v ■ of the mount.tii.o.i* region make I • tt.-r farm* than the average of Nov. i. _Tia::-1 or \\ v - I .vl'li 1 *ei .* I. la. —— Indeed, Uhole that are now unoeeupied and regarded here as unfit for >ett!enu-nt. that would l-.e a- valuable for .-.tork raisin*; a- Old i Westmoreland. and would not l>e any more longli ami mountainous. If you deduct out the snow peaks of the Coast and Cascade llangcs, the h.ilanec of the hilly, ino'tiitainoii • region, composing more than one-half of the Territory west of the mountains, may ho set down as better land tor settlement than the best of the upland in New York or Pennsylvania. There are thousands of acres on the hills north of the Co lumbia, where the timber has been (leadened by (ire, that you have only to burn over in the lull, sow your timo thy or blue grass, and you have the finest and mo.>t productive pastures in the world, and the best watered. There is room enough on the Sound and the streams entering into it to sot tie a thousand families on first class bottom farms, that can be pre-empted and paid for at the rate of 2"> per acre, in money,(or on which a soldier's warrant can be laid, that can now be had here for SIBO to $110,) any time within the next five or six years.— There is room on the streams empty ing into Shoalwater Bay, and on the Bav, for as manv more. Tn the valley " * * of the Chehalis, on Cray's Harbor, and the streams entering into it from the north, there is room for four or five thousand families on land as good and easily cleared as any on the Cowlitz or Columbia, with a good outlet to tlie ocean, and ship and steamboat naviga tion up to their very doors. In reply to <(uoslioit 23d, "If a per son shouid go there without any means, could they earn enough to support a family for a twelve month'f'' we can better answer by giving him the price of labor in this vicinity at this time, and the price of provisions. Kir wood is worth $1 per cord, ami plenty of tim ber in the limits of the corporation for nothing to make it out of. All other products of labor in proportion. Flour is worth $S 50 per barrel. Pork $lO per hundred. Potatoes arc now $1 00 per bushel, owing to the cold winter that has destroyed a great many by freezing; usually .00 cents in the win ter months, but any (juautity can he had in the fall for -."> cents. All other j kinds of provisions in proportion. If \ you are d'sposed to live on oysters and dams, you can have them for picking up from their beds. Cofloe is now seb ling for 30c; tea, best, §1 00; white , sugar, 10c; best brown sugar, 13c; salt, : common dome-dies. 12c. and other dry goods in proportion. The principal oyster beds on the Fa • cific const are on Shoalwater I lay. An inferior «jnality in fi/..» are found in ::reat abundance in the viciuity of ohuipia. but no where else on the Sound; but clam* of «!i varieties are abundant all over the Sound. All va riolic.-of ii«h abound, including cod fish; and game of a!l kinds is very plenty, fro'.i a parlridg-.- up to War ami ! elk. * You inquire jMUiculurly al>out Shoal watcr llav. W *-11. von can onlv <r«-t • • • r* there by water, unless you climb over the Coast Uanire of mountains, us there arc no roods leading to or from the set tlements on the bay. The oyster busi ness is now their main dependence, yielding them now an annual income of from seventy to eighty thousand dollars, >iinl will no doubt in ten years from now yield half a million or more. There is quite a ihuirishin<r agricultural (iertn.'Mi settlement on the Willopa, that empties into North Hay, who find a ready market for ail thoy produce on the Lay. There is the Iwst chance for lumbering, on the streams emptying into the hav, to be found in the Tcrri * * tory. There is the most bea'jtiful bench road. « Shoalwater liar with IJak.rs |;.«\ aii'! «snn's lJaihor, we Jjiivp 4\ • {■ M't'ii on the I .ifitic coa->. There i- a n-jr il.tr wet kly mail run u A'turiu ami that place. I>v way c. ?»hoal water Hay ami tin* Chehali*. There i- no j»l« a-antcr di !:ifiU' to 1 ■ found i:i tliU Territory. Tltc uiut.r mouth* arc stormy and rather unpleasant on the hut i it months ..r the year are tnort «le iL'htfnl. Those v.!i • want t» enjoy all j':,, - at»*l - «'t the *a . .•:i -f. without :;n\ <•! it- di ..<l> have « iily to ->tl!e ill Mlynij.ia or it vieiuity. A<a_'-nera! tl.ii.ir <»ir winters are rainy, will. Ihil lit I !«• -now «>r Ini-zin^ weal!. t. ami v\ i.> re tin* i_'ra-- is not i : • «•!>»*•• in the -u miner. stork will live without t fli'.'.ir ■'! all, hut i? is a ri-k\ hu-iue-* not to pro\hle thirty «.r fi.xtv dav* Hiil l«»r -Toek «very hill. .Ml \\ li<* have n< ;hvt« 1 t > <lo this la-! tail will tluir r-t>»< k thi- v.int« r. it hi-intr tin* ami most sovi-rt' that has oi-. inivil in the emtntry li»r the last thirty year-, th.* irronml hav in_' hcen eovereil with -iio'v fro in one t> > three feet ileeji -itiee Meeemher - M ti'l now. ami on two in in J;in tiary the thermometer v.n- dowti to two decrees hehnv zero. Finer was never had in any eotinlry than we have had for the last weeks, ami the weather lias jfencrnlly been just eohl enonch to keep the snow from melting until the last few days. It is now rapidly disappearing, and we ex pect to have ;i Fehniary and Mareh as warm and pleasant as an lowa May and >1 line, (ienerally, our worst months for musketoos are February and March, hut they arc by no means troublesome then. We anticipate a teniblo destriu lion of stock, especially east of the mount* ains, where we understand the winter has been very severe; and we fear we shall hear of threat suffering am.mo the miners, who rushed in late in the fall without proper provision lor the winter. The last questions our friend, Mr. (J. Ileal, asks: "Does fanning pay well " And wo'dd vou make it vour home •> •• from choice, after knowing what you do about itV*' are answered hy the prices current we have given, and the fact that we have no desire to live any where in the world but Olympin. Various other questions in relation to our productions, number of counties, &e., &e., are answered by the report of our Territorial Auditor, which we en close with our paper to Mr. Ileal, Wo hope lie will he satisfied with our an swers to his interrogatories, and that \vc shall next full or sooner have the pleasure of taking hint and his friends by tho hand and welcomino them and their families to our Terri tory. Xext summer will he a most propi tious season for emigrants to come into the country. Labor of all kinds will be high, while living will be compara tively cheap, resulting from tho rush to our new gold fields and the large sur plus of bread si tills in California; and we advise all that have enough to raise an outfit to get here with to come. ['V We publish elsewhere a communication from our late Asst. Adjutant (ieln ial relative to an editorial in a recent niitnberof the Port land Adnrliurr, ridiculing Mr. .JohnsonV proclamation. Probably some ot our readers may consider the (icncraP* language rath er violent,ami slightly personal; but let Mich consider that l.'tirrv is not otilv abusive to (jeucral Johnson, but that that ivspect ed fe.aalc, the '• first born .aid finest offspring of bis been the lecipiciit ill a shari of bin malignant blander*. lien. Johusoii i.- ll'.t ■•lander* to go unrel ukid ; but while «e nl uiire his frank it, -A-, w,- MUST imjpwt thit the Ailrcriiwr Rutu or.!* mifi' hi* dignified «•.>ti tempt. r.l'iloKt 11. I'll\N.,Kv— We ll'li.-.' a fill great iiiiprovi mrut in the literary stvU; of th S)mmJ lUrutil siuci- our Su|M riuteiid ••lit of Indian Attairs lias taken rliaige of it. Mr. Ki-mlall is a well educated man. and ranks high ns a smooth, classicnl writer, but the taste dis|iLi\cd iu hi.l M livtioUs. i.» nut MI coUltiutMlaUc, lite |>a|ier still lieinj: liile.l with l.looii and thunder stories, lie i|iioti« jHieirv \ cry f ueutly, but it V-I-IIIS to U> imp-u-Mble for hiai to write an article, or make a ijuota tioti tl.a'.luis not for it« chief aim ridicule of the Chii.-tiau religiou, and thoM-w ho protest it. I bis is a veiy great fault in an editor, and if uot ret'inned. will <h<*troy his us< fiihiesd. t.t? We loaru that Agent liancmft has sitsj>eiidi>d Dr. llolierts as physician on the finicoe lb'servatiun. Information reccivwl from Washiugtou by last mail, reader it high ly probable that the ttcrvicus of u much more disiiuguished nriicial will IH> dispensed with, before many da\ s. ' # iV' Tho weather is pleasant and tlic snow nearly gone. Tbr vaioa X«s«2Kt}css Afaic H' /'"" «< tin* l»ih iu>i. TufaniirrT* aa a|»4«fry (•* it- 11 n:sr fr». t.. 1 - » L i.rf.-d a_-ai:i*l ( !i .a r- - Ju . in tlx lurt-. aa<l x—r* - |li - ;L«-ii *kr a;» tmrrntr rd ■■ ttMtaitt in ill - l^^n-ia:ar«lf iLr niilor btuh In :L.. iLj! m «■> »f tkr Mt lis n rom{*»in- lit.. 1.1 uk. Ii»- U»l j.nnl . hi k- 1. s **-r< - :.. !• ■ ih«- * «-t W 11<At ■. . or in any otli r |<uUu |-Un. Im* i- ft 4ui>i. r «rr> ;buit i« tair | *>— 'iit>- il,-*t th- 1 h.iv<- li-i-1 an nlj »■! »n Imdii: _• :L« ir • lit *« «• »t«—ill. r lltal lit' a- • I .-. iit ot ih < ■ •••. n.tu>«:. • k>\ « l» •.1 in .iut* 1. 111111 t i ri tu~ i«> muL ui .i I r lh" ir Nti ins, Tlrt iih*ut»il. k<«. • i. I 'th> a hat mi r f i w-u * ■ •-. aiml - ;i l • lit t-i ?h. < «»!iiSr-.- .-in' .6 jj.l ih- lara' «: • !»«•! with rll iL \ . t.l r.-jn-rt «lu< it •!■ ..!« ilirlvttii Ur nf in < l'i; ..t o ji

ii ..'«ii\i. *f a fm- jii.jili. thit iL \ tU mM -:i- iii lh' l'r.-i-!i-:ii iu hi- •f?>n - uuin t:.iu tin I ui -,i ali i - ;;-j.irr lit.- t V«o.lit*4ton; rl.it \\ ;i T.Ttit«r\ k:II T.. »t tnii t" ti.. •iit i :n;ii. iit v.Liih ur4> "tr 1• r ; ai. l • ,u.i!h :t ml !•■ iil'irui .liuii-. It ill. jri'iit h*lii«'U ha.i au;li irizisl litu i .int-r So pl.ail /: mtrnmrr ij' a hat tl»'\ win- «lii'ii tin y \ nt«*H tho n>s-4nti<ii)», \i i- will ! hoiiiiil ! i ar«i Jit tin' njMilojrv uinl ".iy tin niaiii .-il.niit tli. in. It i-liii£ Miro thut Ji -o jilc will n iiini Hiiintl I uioii uit'ii to tin- iif.\t lii>ohl.itiiri> who nn- rnji.ililr of <iini|iri-hi>ii<h that a r»-ltis rl to nijijn'it tin- (!o\ i rnnn iit. Ciin.-titutiiiii.'illy ailii.ini.-lin d, is hoth hgnl uuil Hi-mil /rr.i iUH. Our \ery lusttite, liaii-.-jilii fi ii-nil nf the tint none ol'niir ilcdiictions ;;re teiiiiMe, iiinl that nothing more is to he in leri'ed Iroia their voting the resolu tions tli.tn dimply ciliowinj; their (letinniua tion not to allow " outsider* to cram jmrtisttn resolutions down their throats." \v as the mt'iitltcr from Pacific (Mr. (Sris \vii](l) nil " outsider".' And will nny sensible man decide that those resolutions wore even remotely partisan in character I That, eili tor is exceedingly anxious that the public should sit understand the matter, hut he takes especial care, like his co-laborer of the Ihraltl, not to |,uhli,h the resolutions and allow the reader to judge as to the truth or falsity of his assertions. In one sense they ww strongly partisan, and they were intended as a plat form oil which all true I'nion men could stand shoul der to ,-houhh r in defense of the Const it lit ion and l uion. 'l'liev wen: so worded as to en able all true I'nion nieiito vote forthein with- out ignoring any principle or measure of par ty police, and it was intended and expected hy their mover that a vote upon tlieni oil the " yeas and nays" would indicate in a manner not hereafter to he mistaken, who of tlic mem bers of that House were for the I'nion as our fathers made it. and those who were willing to see it broken up, ill order that slavery nmv lie more certainly perpetuated for generations to come. Tlii 1 resolutions were not sprung upon tin* House suddenly and pressed to a vote, Imt ihcv had lici-n pending for «long portion of tin 1 session, mid all those who voted against tliciii had ample opportunities for examining into their naturo and tendency, and nniMt 1m» presumed to have mi'nnt. what they declared by their voti 1 , nanu'ly, that tiny were not willing to pledge tin 1 Administration their support in the efforts being made to maintain tin* I'nion and support thy Constitution. Wo long since canio to the l conclusion that the term Democrat was fusf becoming a syno iivsm for disunion, and that nil attempts to rally n party around the once honored name was a covert attempt on part of tlu> secession leaders to huild up a majority secession party on the I'acilic coast, with a view ot ultiunitely throwing us into the arms of the confederate States, or establishing an inde|H'iidont Pacific republic, and hence we can the more easily account for the "wiring ill and wiring out" that h.is been going on by the leaders of this treasonable scheme to defeat them 1 1 nion reso lutions in a way that would not either alarm their ilujM-s or subject those who should vote ng.uiiat them to that siorui of iudigaatioii they would be sure to provoke from their count it u cuts were ihev to openly o* their disuuiou intentions. We loiwi fully concur iu tin* opinion eX- by that old i-.am.li Democratic jour nal. the S/titrsmmm, th.it "it »» im possible ||"W, trill. Wtrnmy traitor* im tie L *i:r nf lirmorrati, to organise the lfc u*»- t uiit partx on any honorul le or UH tul basis." It u plain to the duli.»l comprehension that th' p. at li\ iug piinnplc w hi« b animal",-air I triixx-nlic wire-worker* i< a desiir to liiae tin in«b |N-«,u, iM-e of a S<Hjtheni C"tit,,«l rnrv, aud liniiv iln-ir s<h.iuing to avoid any direct i lulmtnunt of the (•overuuunt in the i tVorts la-lug made to »«tt In* supreiuavy. It is a matter of much surprise to as that our iicighlior, while lit* disclaims nil sympathy with the I>eumcratii' or,:.init.ition.should lend liiuinelf for the dUre|iuUlilc purjiom 1 of aiding ! them to rover up their disloyalty. lie well knew that he was creating a false ii.ipre*»ioii ' in the minds of his readers in asserting that I the resolutions were of a partisan character. | The intelligent reader will not fail to drtert tliefraud of the /'/<«*. If our frieud ia sin ' cere in his nroi. ssions of loyalty, (ami we ' would be sorrv *»» tltit be is not.) he 'will make no I'm her iffui* to excuse the treuaouable action of lho*e who deliberately voted agaii:-i Mr. t iriswold'a resolutions. The apology otlend tor the course of the Democracy bv the P. S. lit ml J is uiorvaillv nnd contemptible than that of the l'nu. It H'ivs the resolutions were gotten up li\ Dr. !!.«n. ir «w A«» tiarir t—t ■[»! U kia an 4 iu» < ; (Win to rru ;bnn «i.i* a. Vi p<».Mi m—i i 111 tkr-tr i» l<mm *:» •iHr;n».>'MD>'Ui(4 W«r iW i»w Ittu-** mai lit li'uri. •€ mmy "(Im* 'nL i» kri«i ttmr i u .|«i4ri»M; «ad m t»a pa* tmmk tv ik /mt Lc L. %«tr !• Hf p>».- (hat mt- tt »m ran U iiir«r<4 In— tkr -T- at 4 at mm* Wa} p—l •» <44 fw Wr Hint i" th- Irrw t .l rv ' ib . *b» r fa*krr» «tf ii» •ir hta<l> it thrir raiit ia£ <ry » Wi!< Mni„vh»«£ i«rmUi- . •« a fcrwi l-«i>i.»M« tki» -a* vj.l U<cv . i- tu x* . A\.t *m« tkat tt» I 'Uixlji' t. a** l>v ilr o> uin. i* th> lit >4 1 • ut •mt*, it>> otla-r BSitr ni fi;H\ |*v(J \ to tlar- t •••> - . n>ii»-u; auj ;.>i. in\ tL « i.u.i u. aud W'Oi'l * hi. h bfn >«f ail ji.uiir* and rr>*~'.» rau rail;, v iiL -u! a nf jurtv f. . liu*. '* (Mfe«l(«rT, a* tkat id il 1 iiwati* fc-t Uty to tkr cum-#- «<f knuuin fiv»-«l«ni ami f-rj jxirl if t|»- I'ui.-n and ll»< t'< ii-iitliti.»ii —nothing t.. re i i:d t: ■•hiag l< i». The Press and Mr. Kendall I'« «>R La- a vcrr »■ -LU-iMr arlirlr «II «>ur (■whan Affiir- in tliin Titritnry. WV fully • onrnr with him, in the fnlkixt ing m iitiinmis, uhich we cli|i fnuu hin iirtit-le : It rmll) wtm« an if tin- Imlian IV|tnrtmrtit lia< put t<i In* a iori i'f |i> il it >• at |Mior-liounr fur lir.'ktu iloH ii |ioliti' .n! |iau|ii ri>. uliii nrt tun !a/v to wiTk unit to hon -t to ?tPill. * * * Tht> jrros< nre- !c< t of ii ri ii:i official*. in tlio linlmi Hrji irtmpnt in p irti- ul ir. wuuM germ In indii iito tL it ill? ex tent nf tboir ituti«s is In lull liieir lalaiir* mul lot the Iti'liu'j ■ I ike rare of themselves. We have INVII looking for something of IIIM kind from our linnept coteinjwirnry. The of ficial delinquencies of our Superintendent of Indian Affairs were becoming too notorious for Lint to remain silent longer. We [in hume, of course, that the quotation is intended to apply only HO fiir JIB tlie head of THE Indian department of tlio Territory if concerned, as it is well known that he is the only man who (to use the classic language of our coteuipora ry.) lias "Jubl/vd uny Hilary" and who did on the l!)tli day of September lust "fob" 519.G97 ">O. Tim fact that not one of Lis Republican Agents have received a dollar on salary or for any other purpose, justifies the opinion so generally entertained by the pub lie that the money is being used for "banking capital." We ijuite agree with our friend of tli uPrett, that the Superintendent is " too lazy to work," and he may bo " too honest to steal"; but it appears that he is not "too honest" to with hold from the laborer Ms just dues for months after earned, and thus compel them to sell their vouchers ut a discount of from twenty to thiiiy per cent., and for aught we know to thi» contrary, the very money which should h:ive been paid tluiu the moment the service MY,.; rendered, used for buying up the ae cs'nt. We are glnd that the Prex* has taken the delinquent in band. Jle has never taken our admonitions kindly, and we turn him over to our friend hoping that ho may have better success in reforming his morals and manna* than has attended our efforts. KKVKHK WKATIIKR AT DAI.I.KS.—We have been permitted to make the following extract from a letter written by Rev. Jas. 11. Wilbur •» dated Jan. 24, IS<!2 : " The winter has been very severe here. I have no doubt but half, and I think from the best information 1 can get that three-fourth* of the cattle have and will die, in this upper country. Men that were rich in cattle in the fall are poor to-day. Mr. dagger, son-in-law of It. 1!. Thompson, froze to death between John Day's river and the station this way. Ten or twelve more men that started out have not been heard from, though diligent searli has been make (or them. Without doubt they hive perished. I fear for the men above .John Day's river who were OH their win to the mines. The presumption is that imiiii/, very many, have |HU°ished with cold. The mercury w as 30 degrees below aero, and tor days, varied but little." IMPIIOVKMKNTS AT CITY.—We learn from the Oregon Araut that a charter has been granted by the city council for the (uuMructiou of a railroad from the lower laud ing of < Oregon City to i'atxtnah—a distance <>f about two mile*, around the Willamette falls. From the MM pajier we Irani that auotluT company liun , burned a charier to Iniild a iH-ru r 14' lock* to cotu:ect the upper aud lower Willamette trade, and thus <uil4e Uials to run (turn Ar<iria to Ktigciw C'itv. Ki'hrr of the rouiimjihtnl jiroj<«etr» will be a p-tat iuipw\ enent npon firmer attempt to I-JUU tin- fail*. !?T Wo UTOFV MEN luo «• recent hr IHMI froseetodriuliiu th« I'pperC.>!auibL> euontiy. Their uaiuc» ni-ri 1 Alphiu aud IV iWrwuiirirr lias varirti troiu s*<ru to thirtv ill l»4ow sen». at MIUIW. A enrr<-»|tniid i-nt writing to the rrgoniam ways the river will not lin-ak up l*-f«re the fourth <»f July. Wood <ellr at #lO |»-r card. I'rw* Uiuor are plentiful. UTWe an- iudeirftd to U. A. JmLton. W. I'. Sc U.'» Agent, A* papers iu ad vance of the mail. We knru that Mr. Jml sou will aoon keep a eonataut supply of the late |M|h r» and periodical*. to In- received liv «>v«ery Victoria steamer. This will prove a grra: accomodation to the rowling pulJic. IV A large letter mail aud a few Portland paper* wcn received oveilaud mi Thur*lay evening. Xo mail was receivrd hist nipht. Ch w.K.—llr. 11. A..lutl*"ii idiiuw WtlL* F*rjr<> A: I'o.V lit llii» «*ilv lu j»Lw-u of Mr. INM«] »IIU IMUS nuigtM^l. l»ut«*a* to Jauuaiy Tk* Grrwt ('«<• Barmmai,', m «*' M ' 'II (Fraa. «to i*% U iiu ] to fKii« TW l»rfrl k> »a I. |iril «4 ;d fatiem*. n-prlni r\|v4b; ln» |l. !•« * %•<««• «rf al to aw. 11M- >4 a* iMMnfalr Wl», <«nr HUT fnwi I aim. IM* (TTOD AAR4 :Ln<tt~4»£tf ;kr W nt. l'Minafeb 't ix|*c4jt»ua »im«4 fcw l-ih l> >ati>> trrirnliv. Tfcr CaU *. A*', r'-'.ftm Hti fir |fMI J| n wiv i» *tart. Al rW »i£rr> np% bir r»:!alhrJ «■ iW MM «W «| k'3>r u «» ikr (f riran TW Am • ill tin T■ —i i iit rim. lab it* fy dnrtiiutM i» uukiMi u. X Lup Uj M rat alt\ « ill fctart tin <nw tMr fnaa r»iiH.iui<!jr> iLnwipL krnturkv, «krcr it ail join tin- luaiu Imdv >4 liw anav. C«l. Saiu. r.Jt. ibr n*vulvrr |a>4ul maa. 1 Wiitl at Hartford, Corni, hnkr at a J n'rlai (•ell. Sijfrl lia.- roijrncd lii* |>»ilina in tkr army. lit* complain* of ill ln-atmcnit fn«a (•<•■l. Hallifk. llciirv J. Kaviiioiul, editor of I!M> X. Y. Time*, iiHft Ixt-u elrrtrd Speaker of tlx.- Xft York Slate Assembly. , CHir.uin, .Fun. 11, A. M.—A Committee of tin* New \ ork 11,'IIIKN WIW IH'SKI I the commit- I toe of Ways and Menus yesterday ami pn>- ' posed a new system, providing fort be npjHtint [ ment of a Hoard of Kxcheqiier to consist of five Commissioner, to IK* appointed by the President, one of wlioin should be appointed I*. S. Treasurer nt New York, tho office to lie in that city, with agencies elsewhere, whose duties are to collect all Government funds and and revenues, negotiate all louu authorized by Congress, attend to transfer and payment of public debts, and discharge all duties, the- Treasurer at New York appointing subordin ate officers and attendants, subject to the ap proval of the Secretary of the Treasury, as the basis of a national currency. The Secre tary of the Treasury is to issue and deliver a bond of six per cent, stock, United States, in one thousand certificate, redeemable twenty years from date, oil receipt of which the hoard shall deliver to the Secretary eighty per cent, of the amount in exchequer liills, pay able in coin on demand, to bearer, and after July, receivable iu payment for does to (iovernment or in purchase of convertible stock. The board is also to issue in excheu uer bills and shall transfer funds as directed. It shall not engage in banking or loaning money, shall procure an amount in gold coin equal to six months interest on the whole United States debt, and pay tho same. The bill will soon be reported by the committee of Ways nud Means. Gen. Fremont yesterday read an eluborato paper before tho War Committee in vindica tion of his Missouri campaign. Tho great expedition has embarked from Cairo, Gens. McClernand and l'aino com maiuling the force from Cairo.and Gens. Smith and Wallace those from l'adueah, tho whole command under Gen. Grant. News from the South ria Cairo says the Federal trocqis landed at Hiloxi, Miss., Ifcc -31, and captured the place containing several hundred rebel troops, two cannon and muni tions of war. Butler was expected to capture all the towns on the coast. '1 he Confederates are much excited. Gov. Ramsay, of Minnesota, was inaugura ted .Tan.!), at St. Paul. An effort is to be inado at Washington to establish a bureau for supplying and inspect ing clothing for the army. Senators Johnson anil Polk, rebel United States Senators from Missouri, were expelled yesterday. The case of Senator Stark, of Oregon, came up in the Senate yesterday. After a warm discussion, there was a motion to amend the resolution so as to allow Stark to take the* oath. Ixi*i—ayes 9, uoes 31. A vote was then taken to send the credentials to the com mittee on Judiciary. Carried—ayes 38, noes 11. Latlinin and Xcoinith voted uay. It is reported tins gunboats Kttrx and St. Isouis went down the river this morning to wards Columbus, and were attacked by the rebel gnnWits. After a brief engagement the rcltel* retired behind the batteries of C«J umbus. The St. Ismis Rrpublican has I dispatch to-day from Holla saying that two roW cap tains and fift'.-n privates wen 1 tokoa in that neighborhood. A akinuish occurred at Silver Cwk, he tveeu ltolla and Springfield, in which • hip number >4 rebels were routed, and a camp i*- tinsly destroyed. Capt. UmwU. «f KeHryV brigade, had a skirmish with Geo. Jack*»»'s brigade day. «u llm Ptrtomat, at liath, and succeeded iu ntplwiif rlcTt* hone*, after kung seien HIS ML 18.-U. Cult .«<*>. Jan. 14-—The rvpart of ry Caim-ron's rwiyntiMi is trae; the J*"*"' U nut know n. bnt it is snppo«nl to he «*•■»- eiice of virws ar to thr csMMft **' Ed. M. Si ant 0:1. «f Pennsylvania, Ihyn—a* fornur Atttwnry-Gi mral, *iHhe Ms WW* nor. Cameron goes to St. I'etrtwberg- * sin* M. Clay * ill return and have a pnsS*» in tin- anuv. LSUM V joint resoluti«« introduced w**' ilay, em|»>wt-rs commander* while INMI ■'■f through Indian conutric* to master vice sut.li JKTXOOS as may prrseat TBCNWIVI*- Nothing is said ahnat eulnr. . _ The (Jem oftl* Snu. IVc. SI. ran i*" nine utiles north of Ge»*rgeto« a, S. l« **" trance and burned- . - llritish schooner Primer mf '** attempting to ran the blockade at Asp""* December 31, was captnied, aad erhwW lamd Utile, of laden with su*ar a m moLu*cs. Thr UmmJ Me w* W* * Charleston. but -*iW under thr British (ten. McKinstry is to be tried as «** * the Auditing Committee finishes its Fremont's dt bts alroady audited amomM t® ! nine millions. _ ' The Senate Foreign Afiurs Commit t.v » » soon report a bill rreognialng Havti. I I»r. Clieever |»n ached to an audience *•'