15 Aralık 1866 Tarihli The Washington Standard Gazetesi Sayfa 1

15 Aralık 1866 tarihli The Washington Standard Gazetesi Sayfa 1
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

tahittgfon <*s& T4 IU V % * <»» •• js HI ®- *"3 & ... * * » * * •>» I■■ ■! * * rr* mm mm. * r+ •*m rV • * tfcr • «*•* ft» • * A « «r •%r -* »** «h" » • l'f ll*-i - wrm* •- *•« - H * *-W* ' *' IJ* l«r«a •* «*- m i '"* ••»* • -"!#< Ir*e •* • • z If IH rnw •' • * * •• f*» f I? «» »!'* * * «" tfer «*- ur «f tw VtMil««T *% irHii«k». »»ii ¥i.«, f» i«, * * '<' |*rv r»r »**••. _ •-»- etc. riff«tr4 at ®H!r r .•» - OPriCß—rmn of S*-c-*4 a».«i Wa.h.tf n »trr*t«. ftrar the •tramb ■«! Uo4iu|. PKKSIDKNTS MI:SSA<;I:. Felluw-citizms of'the Simi/t and I'out? nj llr/n< seatativrs : Aft-r a brief intirval the t'ongre*s of the United States resumm it< annual leg isla ive labors. An all-wise an'! merciful Providence has abated the pestilence which visited our shores, leaving its ca lamitous traces upon s >me portions of our country. Pace, cwdr, trinquility and civil authority exist throughout the w >ole (•f the United States. Civil authority has superceded t'" l coercion of arms, and the people by voluntary aeiio i are maintain ing their government in full a tivity ami complete operation. The enforcement of, the laws is nn longer olutruccd in any place by combinations to i | owerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judi cial proceedings. The animosities engen der d by the war aie rapid > yielding to the beneficent intluciv es of o:r free insii tntl-ns and to the kindly elfl l" • oi' unre- • stiic ed sooial and eoninierci il intercourse. An entire restoration of fraternal feeling must ba the nariest wit.li nf ev.-iy patriot ic heart, aid we will have accomnlishi d our grea e t ua'ional aehieveincnt, when, firgettiiig tli- Rid events ot the pa-t and remembering on'y th.-ir ins ructive lessors, we ies itn<- oir o.iw-a d career as a tree, Pr • p-roiis i.nd united pi op e. In my ine-sag • o the 1 ho 1 Deeem'er, ISO >, C njreis was in'or nod of the meas ur s which ha i been i siiuited by th« ex ecutive wirh t view t> the gra In 1 restor ation of the S i > which the insnrree toioccirred, loiheirf rtn rr bttions with the Gener d CJovernmefit. Provisional Governors hid been appointed, Conven- j lions called, Governors elei t .d, legisla tures assem led a:id Senators and Repre sentatives cho cn to the Congress of the United States, and Courts had hern opened for the enforcement of laws long in abeyance. The blockade hid been re- 1 moved, custom houses re established, and the iirernd revenue laws put in force i:i order that the people in ylit contribute to th'j internal iueomc. l'o<tal operitims had bdrtn renewed an I efforts were being made to restore them to their former con dition and efficiency. Th« States them ■elves had been asked to take part in ihe high function of amending ilia Const tu tion and thus sanctioning the extinction ' of African slavery as one of the legitimate results of our struggle. Hiving iWogressed thus far, the Executive Head found thut it ' had accomplished neirly all that was with in 'he scope of its Co istitutio ml an hori ty. One thi"g, however, jet remained to be doie before ihe work of r-s'ora'ion could b* acc onplUhe l, an 1 that adntisii in to Congr-ss of loval S.n»to. •< •ad I(epwei»t»ti»e» f««r the Statin whr'e the people bad rebelled agai- »t th«* lawful authority i 4 th- Grtte<al G' IT This qiif-t un uev It d ap-ti lb- r»«p r i\- WW'S which. U the it»* »n. ar- Bs4r tW j-»d* «f liif ■•a itur*. wi < M< «/ *k »»1 ••-"■I saJ it, cvn m n-* m« «r i »*r-—. ! ■%« ■» *-! mo A* F.(r<«L» l-iaa Wm W •p • » . iNh MS «MMHi .<# iaki ■ 4 a- 9MM I is« ■» tr s r i- 4*r-« i«~*et ■urn. * iixm«ci »-... w. M»OKZ u. ML ■'• 4* **• a* ®* 3P** - * in —it i iti» » * * •••» <BMi SB* * |0" * • 4MUI 1t #■ '«* »' l*« t • •»■ jr« «< i»« una - %k * «*» ~» * * a ■«• »4 t ir » a • M W • tar" • * * * «-*• » »•> «•*• • - ar i •»-» » i*. x * * T "*.'%>* 4 a lau- . <4 «ta> ■•»■■«•. » ** - 4 • * r*'-a . * I -* « » , H- . - of 1. tumi at • *• t- fci* • ... I- ■- * .* i e it .i i » ' * Ik- ••■( t. t tf i ft {. »■ ul i' ft bat I* r- a • I a." •• "o *•-•{< :; t.r rJ •. J. 1.. r * . •*•?. it t» I« i K . » u i L.• i a *'i it >< U' !• toa i •!- ill-- it t»a >si •! r;b< u • f dj: rt!»- Inn- *» ■ n ]' '[> l :in ift lio« r 1 i »-i i< c« CIIIM. to «.i»i II c t< 11 li *> rt ol In u h ibi ;»*i" —o! tie » - ISt t' f. I' \\ 11. l i t:uv «• acc-r.ledwiththej.Te.it pincipl ennnei .ll c I in iln- I) • l.ir t i'ui of Amc: irau 1 id peudciicc. that nn j».'«i|»|i» ought to lie ir the burden "t tuxati'iii an;i yet b • ileVi. d f lie right of representation- Ii wo'.lil liave been in eo iso anre wi.li the rxiires* |no. visions of tliii C- uis i utiiin that each Sta'e shall have at least one leprcs-ntatixe, and that no S ate without i s ■ o is.-nt i-hall be deprive I ol its equalsuffrage in the .S -n itc. Tho-c pr >vi-ions wi re intended to sccure to everv Stale, 'hi* ii.j;li! »l representation in each house of Congress ; and so imp >r tant was it d-eiiicd by ilie framei's of the Cons'it ut'n in i hut ■ lie equ ility »f the Sta'cs should In- preserved. that not even bv ail iiineadineiit toyilie ('.m-titu io i rin any Slate without its eouse it be iienie.l a v lice in that branch ot lie X itio.ial It is triii-that it lias been n~au n<-<| that th'- e\i-t nee of St.ite.swa-* trrminited by rebellion and the their inhibit mis. »nd that tin- insti rectimi h i\ iug hei n sup pressed, the) - were llii'iicefurwaj-d to lie eons d ri d iivreiy ns conquered territory. The l 'ui-la'ive. executivi- and jinliciil de pal tment* ofthe G v. rninei.t have, howev er. Willi [ileal di tiuctness refused to sanc tion an ns-unip ion so incompatible \vi h the nature ot o. r republican sys eni and tie- p olessed objects of the war. Throughout the r< ccnt session < f Con gress the iindeni .hie fu-t make itself ap p ireitt that tin- ten politic..! communities nr.' ii •tiling 1 ss th ill Stati s <.f this I'tiion. At the very commencement of the rbllioi each liou-e d' i-1 .r> d with un tin nihility as remarkable a* ii wis signiHcant, thut tlio \vnr was not w iged upon our side in a i of oppression, nor lor nny purpose of conquest or tuibjuga ion, nor lor the pur pus • of overthrowing or interfering with the lights or established institutions of these Siates, hut 10 defend and maintain the supremacy of the Con.-tiiu*im and nil laws made in pursuance then of, nnd to preserve ihe Union, wiili all the dignity, •■qnali'y and ri/hts of the several States iinimp'iir d. nnd that as soon as thes» oh jt-cis are accomplished ihe war ought to cease. In pom.* instances, Sena tors were permitted to continue tl eir leg islitive functions, while in other instance Hspns ntatives wore • li-otcd iiiitl admitted to scats aft' r their Stats hud formally de. clai'i'd their r g'it to withdraw from the Union, and were endeavoring to maintain that right hy free of aims. All of ihe States whose people were in insurrection as Stales, Were included in the apportionment of direct tux ol twenty mil dim* of dollars annually 11id 111> >n the United Stats by an act approved on the jth of August, 1861. C'ongr-»s by the act nf Mui't h Itli. 1802 an I by the «pp r ii n in-lit of repr.f nta ion there und-i, also rccugitis d tl« ii pre> nee a« St.t ■ i < th«* l i.i ... »ii l tlt v h .vt lor j id i Ipupo-e* Ixtii liird tl iut i J.« Melt .i» al iiir HI IJV di\ ti i lor •int. Ift.f .1 11, r- t> ib r# it » it: « [■&»•*' »i.»4i r>drb k r-»'» tp * 'KW ft *fc »* 'WP fort.M •4 > *t> •>f- » « -ifi W} ifc. r«-4» wi. W ■ r-. ■ •*» -p4 . » :k« p m t^c ■ -I •*— »• afju .«t uk « !»-' - •w U 1 M M. *n at ■*-■■ 'a t ■' ■— 1 *►■-» - ««• i - Ik m **»• m ate •-»"■' ■»- l» a % t—»■' ■■ ■» a* fc»— «M V 1 »- , pi » <4 tffe* •4T • « 4 4 k. *V- 9 «M*. 4Mk y WW «n M fl I "«■ !■ f4m *m TZi +»* + V mm ML 1 m mrnrm «■ *» <m %«r <*.. » ** * -**S " <A «6* 4M» * ~ % 4h» 4k •*, * <•* *«m» «a»r ft, a» «*«*'< Tv • «»« ft tr a^aix ai> •»> » *f~ • • ** * » %• ia «r » it W >■ »»*» <*m~ * r * k »—■in ■» »% ir?M « «■•- «ts mi a V .* 1 5 - r*' • I . «»> *•■*.» »<-»-• Wf f I - »*!- -♦ #«- a I r i Itm r tc Hm: | pth • •■rt-.'k-- a<wwaiaKl I - g »«i f-m • 'm* a. I# «. it j "» » • t • • »af ■ * .• »* .• **'. t. ' u-?i at-i k ! j» » r »1 J 1 f tf-a! : * I. t (rf «.■ r a f!.:- «f. t'.iili t\i -f I ii. 111-- lu'rr»«f -ol l«*«!• «■ !*• '|i» lioi't -lunrt •. J I.i '% to l! -• I* » i :i. IJ. n !i,ia ij «-t i"ii -»> >ljlt .t! I i tot I io i i! th - I'iiinn a'l flip -f.ii .nt-n yof on Pr s nt to n <>f giv Tirn • it, ITI v < o \si*- tin* It r. t> t u i \j> «'s»i il have under;: nc iiorlring , but on t!i- c ntrirv th- ii cor ivctees* has b en confirmed bv II flection an I 'ime. If ihe ad>nis-:on of I>v d mem bers t « sea's in the respective Houses of Collar—s h< wi«e and expedie.it ave ir tie-o, it is no less wis - nnii expedient now. 11': his .-in >m dons condition is light now, •mil if in the c.xict c mil tion* of thc»c Suites at the p:e.»ent time i: is lawful to cx c iiile them from representation, I do no! see thai the question will be changed by the efllux of time. Ten years lie.ice. if these Stall s n in.iiu as they are, ili<> light ol representation "-vill be 110 stronger, the right of exclusion will be no weaker. The Constitution of the I'n ted States makes ii the duly of the I'.csid nt to re— commend to tin- eonsid ra'io i of Co gress such measures us he shall judge necessary or «xp -ilient. 1 kn >\v ol no m.asu e more impe atively d•• iiiandcd y ever) co .s'.d o-ation ol na ion l in crest, sound policy and eiju I j istice thun the admission of loyal members fiom Ihe now unrepresented States. This would con-uin i ate the work of r> stomtioii and exert a mmt salutary ii.tlueuee in tile re-estublisinent ef | ei>ce, harinonv and fia tetual fei ling. It would tend Iv to re.icw the confidence of the Am. rican pco- 1 1 1 i i the vigor ot their institutions. It »iw d bind us more closely together as a n i tion ,ind enable us »o show to the wm'd ihn inherent and recupcr itive pow rof a Government based on the popular « ill and established ujioii the principles of lilt -rt v, justice and intelligence, it would itu r a-e our strength mid enhance oar prosperity. It would iirefragnbiy demonstrate the lal lacy of the arguments against tree in-titu t ons drawn from oi r re ent nn.iond lis. orders by the enemies i f ltcpuli i ,iu gov ernment. Tlii! admission of lo \al ii.cn - bers from these States n>w exel udid fr< tu Congress, allaying doubt and a prehen sions, Mould turn capiml now awuiting an opp.utuni y for investment into the chan nels of t-ade and industry. It wind I id l viat« the pr sent troubled co i litio i ol these S iites, and by inducing emigration aid iu the settlement of fertile legions now uncultivuii-d, and lend to an increased product vciiess of those staples which have ad led so greatly to the uc.ilth of the na tion and the commerce of the world. New fields of enterprise would be open d to our progressive people, and soon the devastations ot war would be repabel •ml all traces of our domestic difference* ef fieed fc- m the min>ls of our country. In onr etfor's 11 preserve tlic unity of the government wh cii cous t iitc* us ono peo ple, by le-tonnj; the S a'en to the cc di t :oii whn h they he! ! pi ior to the rebellion, M, should be can.ions iest having r> sni .! oii> natioi fiinn lie itciiU ofttir/aU-u-d d -iiites IU.I I, H<- turn to C'MMolida'i<4i an 1I . iii>* iiwi liud ali* liiit de*]Ot>'tn » t I'Xiil fw 1 rri -iir-tt- «»f »I«b I.r t T 't « r l.avib. ItrHtiMti 1 ■«-. auk it .ill l.» lk- ri i. %M ,<r» t *4 • ®«.vt*4 «■ i *• <ic*!irv. • - •L • . !*■•'« Uk i f kt 4 *t t IW a>*« 4<(M> |> -w .Wii tW r ft* B. »» «* i mil i« . '"tkf i»» - »*■ « »U. -4. 4V; u r» - *•» • • « f "f» »•» tv f A 4 '"*■?* 4 - * * ■%. »Uk f - m»4* •-«* * -"''lftMtt •* ■<* «}/ MM*" '*•- M* ttu '4HjfpMWv I '' : SMIR» -*9#v Mb**- AM*- #■ 4ft teglM* * <■»' %r* '""li* <Wip hi in- I|H* *N» •*»- «<r •» - ■!.— •» a ■ '■» • *-« ID* MWk, fßft- MHtf tf •* ** M* -* mmhwnmMMl fgt m W *mrr •» Wm v*W IMT CO -K<r *Tf NK^i % .-.Mt «r» *r «(!■«• • * • * if* • •* fli tfc* «. - »■■% trn ur»-- %• Cfc- . I I i '4- r *■■ » 1 «/ * fer "? fv«A « . *a ; f«i 'Mm lUfi HP* *ft «jf i jn • i 1 Ml# <r 'W»ii«S4k e " ul * Mwd !•:•»€ r«9 t * *. *• *2*. ft dl't tixr li« • TBI si . ] rJ»»fut U V frtA' 1 1 ff«^ ii. 1.1 »•... rotn t • 1 1' of lb. ruaiitn || .»i - tijMin tL- cirrn-T ai>d «.tb r- l-iti:ie to a prajK-r a ju»tm-nt of < ur m:..' t. in. lut. iu >l -t »• II I* ritif i al, an ft in n.nl.-ti <■» the careful C"ti*-d --tr 'ion . t I i my la-t annual m I i-xpie-»--il mv nernl views iti>-in these Hti'jjfCs. 1 need n'>w only c.ill attention to the ncceessity of carrying into every drp-iitmeut of the gcvernineut a sy-ieui <>f a rigid aceunn'ab lity, reircncli mcnt niul wis • ec in my with no excep tio.ial or unusual expenditure. Tlie op pressive burdens of taxation cin be les sened by such a mmliticati'in of our rev enue tax as will be consistent with the public f.ti h and in the legitimate and nec crssiry wants of the government. The r port picsents a much more sat efuctory condition ol our finances than one year ago the most sanguine cult have antici pated. During the fiscal year ending the 30th of June IHG.j, th« last year of th • war, the public d lit was increased 8'J41,902,- , r t:i7. and - n the .'list of October, 1865, it ;,moin ted to *2,<40.K.H.<50. On the 31st day of O. tober, 1566. it li.id been reduced to 52.5'»1,:i10.0U0. The diminution dur im; the | < r'n-d of fourteen months, couimen cing September, 15th, 1865, and endimr ()e ober, 31st, 1860, having been 820G,- 3 ?0.51)5. In the last annual report on the h'ate of ti c finances, it was estimated that on the 30th of June lust, the debt would be iner. us (5 8112.105.017. During the period, however, it was reduced 831.- 190,386. the receipts of the year having been 880,805.905 more,-find the expend! tures .^^00,520.245 less than the estimate. Nothing could more clearly indiiale than these statements th'- extent and av iila- I il tv of the national resources and the •a) idi'y and safety with which under our I riu of government grcst military and na v d estnll shments can be disbursed and expenses reduced from a to a peace looting. During the fis al year ending the 30 h of June, 1866. the receipts were 8558 032.620. nnd expenditure $220,750.- 940. le iving an available surplus ol 8327.- 281,ti80. It is estimated that receipts for tlu fiscal year ending 30th of June, 1867, will be 8175,061,386 and that ex penditure* will reach the sum of 8516,- 12^,07 "< leaving in the Treasury a surplus 815s 033 308. For the fiscal year end ing the 30th of June, 1808, it is esfi ni.it d the receipts will amount to 8136.- (100,000 and the expenditures will be 8350.21i7.641, show ing excess 0f885.752,- 359, hi favor of government. These esti mated icceip's tnay be diminished by a reduction of excess on import culics but after nil necessary reductions have been made the revenue of the present and of following years will doubtless be sufficient to cov. r legitimate charges on the trens and leave a l uge annual surplus to be applied to the moment of the principal of the debt. There seems now to I* no g iud re.-Mon whv taxes m iy not be reduced and the eouu rv advamvd in population an i wc Itlt. aifl Its debts l»e extinguished * ith'n i h ik it cjiarNr of a centnrj. Tin w\a |.| e*KTiii *t T it , t of the «f tTar f«r -- ui |e »3-l l ap .rt»»t ift» «nr«»»o% M i *r< •pr «H-4« tl-»i»J«ft wr i« a« <W p* »«• F* ■■*— t-V** ««• ■ tsr "*• . m ■ -i-wr<* * p"®** "■ r~t» -m • fiv>« k* m«<mi ■ * * »•■<» «m« f mV* f cai »*»*!' 20 nI • «• a *4 «l !'■ »* •-* 4 ww*-t —Htm* W X* inn a ***• ■« »*» ' Aa»- lttL • , -- libi » •* WMO HHI Mi » r 'fft Mfi ri»ri- «*. iiinw i 'IT* , _ ...... iMWMN 4MP** ■ WW ■MHP* **■# * <■» .*. • *-. -Jfc* d fk .♦'•"* MM'tftW <» r-« «r- *<■"* MM >•' l|[ I *•»» >n' a 4( »- p2* "4 -* ■»■«»»"<>•* a»4i '*»* ■«(' '« k." *-** _rinMi a*4 ' 4hr >■';' *r -.*'2 1 a* »*ri »• «•* at «mM V«* pi i« i<i« l«r-in* rm n ■> re* •r mt 111 -■» .- *»»'»;'>■ «■«■<! »r» **d tr» n « -*. «* •» •» aau: it» .r «m>r»» ■«< br r f **4 Mw-t mt iu «• *Ud #--r n at UI(K l»i»».!. ta tfcr »mm' J Oi'lli td .»>k *—» pI«T »k ifc ar.til 4c r»n> art on »Sal! W lik'i kv Comet-*-. m»% nl-rlril l.j tbr Nc'.un *•< tk* X«»j a* tin- iro-r • !igi 1- l<«ation for that rl«a« of > f«wl-. it I* imp rt'ti' that a suitable pit! he sta'io i b- provided fir the ironclad fleet. It is intended thit tlnse vessels shall be in pr.jvr condition f>r any emer gency, and it m de«irable that the bill nc ceptmg league Island for naval purposes, which pats, d the llou»c at its last session, sliou'd receive iu final action at nn early peiiod, in order that there may be a suit able public station for this class of vessels ns well as a navy yard of nn nrea sufficient for the wants of thn service in the Dele ware river. The naval position fund nmoiiutsto 811,750.000, having been in creased 82,750,000 during Ihe prestnt year. Tlic expenditures of the Depart ment for the fiscal year ending 30th of June Inst, were 813,324,526, and the estimates for the coming year amount to 823,508.- 436. Attention is directed tcfthe condi tion of our seaman and the importance of legislative measures for their relief and im provement. The suggestions iti behalf of this deserving cla-s of our fellow citiz-ns are earnestly recommended to tlie favora ble action olCongi ess. I'OST OFFICE DKrARTMF.NT. Tee report of the Postmaster Ociiernl pre sents n most satisfactory condition of the postal service, and submits recommenda tions which deserve the consideration of Congress. The receipts of the year ending June 30th, 18GG, were $14.386,986, and the expenditures 815,353.093. In antici pation of this deficiency, however a spccinl appropriation was made by Congress in the Act approved July 28th, ISO 6, includ ing the standing appropriation of $700,- 000 for fret* mail matters, which, as a legit ima c portion of revenue, yet remains unex pended. The actual deficiency for the past year is 8265,093, a sum within $51,- 141 of thennvmut estimated in the annual report of 1806. The decrease of revenue compared with the previous year, was one compHred with the previous jvnr, was one and one-fifth pi'r cent, and the increase of cspiMiJittir ■!>, o»ving principally to the en largement of the mail service in the South, «vas twelve per cent. On the 30th of June last there was in opiration 6,930 mail routes, with an aggregate length of 180,921 miles, with nn aggregate annual transposition of 7.183,794 miles, and an aggregate annual cos', including all expen ditures. of $8,401,184. The length of railroad routes is 32 092 miles, and the an nual transportation 3,000,967 miles. The length nf steamboat routes is 143,460 mile< and the nnuual transportation 3,411 - 962 miles. The mail service is rapidly in creasing throughout the whole country, and its steady extension in the Southern States indicates their constantly improv ing condition. The great importance of «h»t foreign service also merits attention. The Post Office Department of Great Hrita'n and our own have agreed upon a preliminary basis lor a Postal Convention which. »t i* believed, will prove eminently l<rnficial »«> the commercial interest* of the I'ni'ed !*ta«e«. inasmuch a* it matewpUtea a rrdurtifl* ef the inter national ie'ter I oet • zr t* omr kt't the .*'«■irg r*tr«. «re tlur'wi «t wi*b «B #Wr • KfW m Hm«k ■■' Vi m m mmfc thi S «W k It*—. I* ki|rv«r <fa »»l ptof 4 -»0mm» Lm pra.- ><s bfectai «f psfci* W»i t- r«;«nt»u a* «f tfcc w»mrt>* r »4rW« m 4 «sfa- r :t.trrsai :Sf -4lfctt> M«U 'i.J» pJvt Uf*. «ftrr pret*iL •> it *'um£tuit prvrawM • fa: t-M r*twai »' tk» TW title t* (Jm U:ii* »faov'd mm pr«» fa* pa tat «r wfar-r » »•». fas' remain :■ tfac y.tvi r—>« ut «rxi »u)>jert to it» ccw.tr 1 nut il mme portion <f i Ik* road ha- Uc-n iduillr built. Por tion* of them might tbcu from tlnx. to time l e conveyed to the roi pnrators. but Brvcr iu a grtaitr ratio totbr whole quanti ty embraced by the grants than Ih<* com pleted pirts bear to the entire length of the pruje< ted improvement. Thi* restiic t ion would not operate to the pr< judice of any undertaking conceived in good faith and executed with rcasoablc energy. It is the settled practice to withdraw from the market the lands falling within the opera tion* of such grants nnd thus to exclude the inception nnd subsequent subversion of lights. A breach of the conditions lot which' Congress may deem it proper to impose upon such works n forfeiture 'of claim to the land withdrawn but union veyed, and of title to the lands couveyod which remain unsold. [This part ia unin telligible.—ED.] Operatons on the sev eral lines nf the l'acific Railroad have been prosecuted with unexampled vigor l nnd success. Should no unforeseen cause of delay occur, it is confidently anticipated that this great ther<>uglifare will be com* pleteti before the expiration of the peiiod designated by Congress. PENSIONS. Dining IIn; last fiscal yeaf tho amount paid to pensioner*, including the expMis.'s of disbursement, was $13,459,076, anil 50,177 names were added 1o the pension rolls. The entire number of pensioners in June, 1866, was 1t'6,822. These acts furnish a melancholy and striking proof of the sacrifices nvide, to vindicate the con stitutional authority of the Federal Gov ernment, and maintain inviolate the integ rity of the Union. They imp >s» upon u.t corresponding obligations. It is estimated thirty-three million will be required to meet the exigencies of this brunch of the service, during the next fiscnl year. HIE INDIANS. Treaties linve been conlitded with the Indians who entered into armed opposition to our Government at the outbreak of the rebellion. a id have unconditionally submit ted to our uuthority, and manifested a de sire for a renewal of friendly relational PATENTS. During the year ending Sept. 30ib,1866, 8,656 patents for useful inventions andde« signs were issue.l. At that ditto the balance in the Treasury to the ereriit of the paleut fund was $226,297. TUB MISSISSIPPI. As a subject upon which depend* an im« im nse amount of the productionary com merce of the country, I recommend to Congiess such legislation as may be nee* tssary for the preservation of the leveea of Mississippi river. It is a matter of na tional importance that every step should be taken, not only the eflciency of thee* barriers against destructive inaudalions, but tor the removal of all oUtructioaa. to the irxe and safe navigation of that great duaiKl of trade and commerce. 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