Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, August 15, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated August 15, 1856 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

BV GEO. W. IJOWWAX. NEW SERIES. Col Fremont—ls lie Ilouest—ls He Ca pable? The JcffVrsonian standard of qualification for otfic-' —honesty and capacity—should never be overlooked by the American people in select in' an occupant for the exalted position of the Presidency. So far as capacity is concerned defy Col. FRBMONT'S friends to point to a finale proof ol his possession of it. He J)as won no laurels in the of politics. HtKfc icade no speeches, written no letters, ndupvHl no measure? of importance. He \tyjjS*%e \y*rj looked to for advice or counsel by an# qojhder-l able bodv of the American peopie in* ical cooLest, or in the adjustment of any politi cal question. He has shown no talent as a statesman —no courage as a soldier— *io admin istrative ability as a Governor—given no proof ..fskill as a legislator. Up to the period ofhis nomination he was of no possible account in American politics. .\o man should be entrusted with an impor tant public duty without having first given in s ui,ordinate spheres proof of his qualifications. The idea of placing a man at the head of our arrrv, who had given no more proof of capaci ty tor that post than FREMONT has given of his capacity to properly discharge trie duties of the Presidency, would be regarded as absurd bv everyone. Who would tiust his healtti or life in the hands of a pretended physician who had never regularly studied medicine and received lie diploma of some Medical College. Who would trust an important suit to a lawyer who was not learned in law? Who would hire a mechanic that had not learned his business?— No one. And shall we adopt the idea that long training, experience and study, shall he deem ed necessary to qualify men for (lie discharge of all the ordinary duties of life—but that for the highest Nation on the earth no previous training or experience and no legitimate qualifications -hall t>e necessary. But there is another question connected with Col. FREMONT that should be inquired into. Is he honest ? For the credit of the country we w--h this question may lie answered atlinnative !v. The idea of any considerable bodv of the American people being so lost to all sense of propriety rml decency as to nominate for the Presidency a nmn of doubtful pecuniary integ rity is indeed humiliating. We turn to the subject with feelings of sadness and mortifica tion. But whew it is considered that th- Chief Magistrate of this Union controls in a great measure a treasury which receives many mil iims of the public money—that he appoints the agents who receive and disburse all the public hinds—surely there can be few topics of great er moment than the question, is he that "no- Ust WORK of Qod," an UONK*T MAX. Upon this suiject ue present to the people ao article from the Washington fnion, to which invite the calm and earnest attention of our r aUrs. We allude to the history of some of Fremont's financial transactions in California.— We hope the documents may yet be explained by himself or friends. But on their face they ~ bear the stamp of authenticity. They are the Liters of officers in the U. S. army, ac.cnmpa lieii by agreements, notes, &.C., bearing Fre mont's own signature. They were originally c 'I lee ted f.r the purpose of establishing against him the charge of speculation and fraud at the Inn" he was court-martialled, and convicted of mutiny, Kc., and the main facts were after wards communicat-d to the House of Repre sentatives, by Gen. TAYLOR —so (hat these doc ument* purport to form part of the archives of the country. IT untrue, thay can easily he disproved. If true. Col. FREEMO.NT is guilty of a series of acts of disgraceful fraud and specula tion. the history ofhis loan on the faith of the g f wernment, the proceeds of which, it is asserted he applied to the purchase of his famous ■Mariposa claim. Read the documents bearing lis own signature, connected with the CATTLE IUNSACTIOX, bv which on the one hand he purchases and gives a note as an officer of the government avowedly purchasing lor the use of '""government, a lot of cattle, and then gives birm in charge of ABEL STEARNS as hi* own private property with the understanding that he is to keep them year after year and give TRE NT a portion of their increase. It is difficult , G understand how the interests of the gov ernment could hav" been promoted by thus •mJeruking the catile raising business for a se ries of years. ihe worst feature of (his case as it stands at present is, that although these facts were made v'iulic and commented upon long since, the on iv answer FREMONT ever made to them was a THREAT TO KILL COL. MASON FOR EX POSING the IRA NSACTJO.V For the cred ■' of the country, for the sake Col. FREMONT'S tair tame, we hope the matter may yet be ex- Ji'ained, ii it is possible to do so. Jfunexplain ' '• the American people w ill recoil from a can oi'tate implicated in such nefarious transactions 'tii a feeling of utter contempt. They will * rink with horror from the thought of elevating 'othe Presidency, one who has placed himself ,: I r, u the level of a common swindler. The '"'"fleet men of the nation, without distinction of Prtv, will rise up in their majesty to preserve '•he chair honored by the occupancy of such RIEN as WASHINGTON, JEFFERSON, MADISON and •'■it K*ON, from the polluting touch of a branded swindler, STARTLING DISCLOSURE! Freemen Read! Pause! and Reflect!! from the Washington Union of the 19th. 'Governor'' John F. Fremont in California. L I . Schenck, United States navy, in a an ar Tcle published in a Day ton, Ohio, paper, in ■ 'Rathe public Colonel Fremont did not Commander Schenck acted on shore as 1 "• aid-de-camp o| Commodore Stockton, whilst ' a, ter was in command in California, and cognizant of the history of events which JC curjed there. An extract from the letter of Mr. Schenck reads: '•I am prepared to prove that, so far from his being entitled to any credit for his participation in the conquest of California, that his having failed to co operate heartily and efficiently with Commodore Stockton, so tar from as-isting in the conquest, em- ! barrassed him (Stockton) in his operations, and ren- , dered The victory less complete than it would have been, had he received from Fremont that assistance we had a right to expect, mounted, armed, and e quipped as he was. lam further prepared to prove 1 thar in every engagement, and every rout of theene which took place in California, Fremont was in- BKraably too late to take part; and, to sum up all, 1 fM&r that during the whole of his service in Cali- he never was within hearing distance of the venemy's guns. The cause of his inefficiency 1 will not here discuss." After the statement of what he did not do, it j would be but aiWn'r of justice to the people <yf-' the country to inform them what the gallant i colonel or"governor" did do. Passing by lor j the time the "explorations" of Colonel or "Gov ernor" Fremont, which have been proven to be false in their geographical, chorographical, and historical character, we come to his financial operations in California, the statements of which are not onlv unquestionable, but, on the other hand, are susceptible of the most convincing and conclusive proofs a* to correctness. I quote from the correspondence of General R. B. Ma son, then Colonel First Dragoons, commanding in California, and Governor of that Territory, with Brigadier General R. Jones, Adjutant Gen eral United Slates Armv, Washington, D. C. HEADQUARTERS 10TH MILITARY DETAET.MENT, MONTEREY, CALA., June '2l, USI7. A claim ha* to-day been pre-ented to me against the t nited Slates of so extraordinary a nature that I deem jt proper to send it to you for the information of 'tie Depai t merit. You wilt perceive it is for money borrowed at an enormous rate of interest by Lieutenant Colonel Fremont from one Antonio Jose Cot, and, too, in the official (character) of "governor" of California, when he knew that Gen. Kearney, his superior and commanding officer, was iieie in the country. In the same manner, the Lieutenant Colonel gave orders and caii.-ed the collector of customs at San I'e dro to receive in payment of cn-tonr house dues a large amount—say one thou-and seven hundred dol lar—of depreciated paper signed by individuals in noway responsible to 1 he government. The object I now have in view is the request that Lieutenant Colonel Fremont may be required to re fund immediately the seventeen hundred dollars that the treasuiy of California has thus lost by his illegal i order. 1 am, N:c, R. R. MASON, Col. Ist Dragoons, Commanding. To Brig. Gen. R. JUNKS, A'tg. Gen. U. 8. Army, Washington city. Translation of the original obligation given ' bp Fremont to Cot, and now on Ji.'e in the Department. ANGELES, February 1, IS 17. I, the undersigned governor of California for the United States of North America, acknowledge that I have received from Don Antonio Jose Cot, mer chant of this city, two thousand dollar-, in hard cash, which he has furni-hed this government for the public service. And 1 hind myself, in the name of the United States Government, to return the said sum within the term of two months from this date, paying for interest three per cent, per montn, or one hundred and twenty dollars. But if, at the expira-' tion of this term, the Government should see tit still to make use of these two thousand dollar*, Mr. Cot agrees that the intere-t shall run four months longer at two per cent, per month,or one hundred and sixty dollars for tour months. AIM! lor the fulfilment of [ what ha- been stipulated, 1 bind myself, as g ovrmor of California. For $2,000. J.C. FREMONT. ANGELES, February 50, 1817. 1 have furthermore received from the said Mr. Cot the sum of one thousand dollars isi the terms express ed above. For SI,OOO. J. C. FREMONT. The word Governor is italicized by us, and needs no further comment. From the first in vasion of California by the American troops, a large portion of the leading citizens of Califor nia, aniong whom I might menti >n D-n Pedro C. Carrillo, Don Jose CarnlL), Pedrorena, Cot, and Celis, welcomed our troops with open arms, and willingly furnished material aid in es tablishing the supremacy of our Hag in the El Dorado of the West. In consequence of their sympathy in our success, any one projess ing to be tlie agent of our government, c >u!d have obtained th" last dollar that anv of those gentlemen possessed; hence the facility by which "our Governor" wa* enabled to borrow ; this and other sums from other individuals. Ths claim of Don Cot was riot allowed by the Treasury Department, and it was presented to the army board, organized under the (ith sec tion of the appropriation act passed August, 1H52, who on the 26th January, ISIH, recom mended the allowance in full, with two hund red and forty dollars additional for four months interest, at two per cent, per month. Congress having made the necessaiv appropriation, the! claim was allowed bv the accounting officers of the treasury on the 3lsf October, 185 I, and was paid on a power of attorney from Cot to Corco ran Riggs, into whose hands the claim had passed. The board was induced to allow the claim, not on account of its legality, but from the fact that Don Cot loaned the money believing that it was fdr tfie use of the government of the U nited States, and the hoard thought it unjust ttiat h u should thus he the victim of his own patriotism, though he must doubtless have suf fered considerable loss in having it discounted. Colonel Fremont was called upon ; but being unwilling or unable (or at least neglecting so to do) to show how the money thus borrowed by him was applied to the service of the govern ment, it was charged to him upon the hooks of the department, and has remained wholly unac counted for by him opto this time. On the 30th of January 1856, a claim was allowed i Colonel Fremont by the Secretary of the Treas- j ury, and it was placed to his credit upon the j before-mentioned debit against him, which, be ing deducted, leave a balance of §1,986 51 of the §3,000 (arid interest) still unaccounted for ! and standing against the "gallant" candidate for President on the books of the department. It is more than probable that the story current in California will account for the disbursement of the money borrowed of Don Cot, which is, that it went to pay fir lire celebrated humbug "Mar- FRIDAY MORNING, BEDFORD, PA. AUG. 15, 1856. i iposa claim," of and aliont which so much has been said and written within the past four ; months. Second and third financial operation of Col. or "(lovernor" Fremont in California. ; Below we give the letter of Col. Mason, Gov- j ernor of California, vv hich explains the nccom- j panving document, and places the "gallant co lonel" or "governor" in a rather unenviable j light among all right-thinking men. The ita- J lies are ours: HEADQUARTERS TENTH MJLUARY DEPARTMENT, \ .Monterey, California, Oct. 9, ISIT-.'" j SIR: 1 have the honor herewith to enclose to yffii } i the papers relating to a certain contract entered into i on the 3d day ot March. 1847, by Lieutenant Colonel Freinemf\ mounted riflemen, with a Don Eulogio it*' Cells, a resident of Cindad de los Angeles, Calitor- j ! nia. The paper marked Ais a_copy of this contract, j with Lieutenant Colonel Fremont's certificate, hear- j tug date April 21), IS 17, thai the rontraet Iwil hem ' complied with nu the part of Don Kuloeio rie Ceiis, : and that he, Fremont, had executed to him in pay ment a note tor the -nm of six thou-aml nine hund red and severity-tive dollars. Lieutenant Colonel Fremont Left California in the ' month of ./nine, ls!7. giving no notice to Gcneia! Kearney or myself of llie existence ol such a con tract, or that he had pledged the faith ot his govern ment for the redemption o! it by the payment ot the \ sum ot $0,97-3. Nor had I ttie least idea of this ob ligation until applied to by Col. Slevensou whether I would recognize the contract, anil redeem the bond iat maturity, 'i his letter wa- accompanied bv oth ers. which show th it in /net, imtwilhstamints: the rex i ttjira/r ot Lieutenant Colonel Fremont, Mr. Celis to the commi-s.iry o!" the California battalion one sill g!r head of href rattle tinder this eon- i trart, and- that not one of these six hundred head of, ! entile ire re slaughtered for the use of that halt ilion : hat, on the contrary, that they had hem delivered to a ' Mr. ft.' tens, of ]*os Angeie. <. J.: two parrels : one of ■ four hundred anA eighty-one. on the first day of May, I and another of one hundred and nineteen on the sixth day of .Tidy, 1847, loth of which dates are sii/iserinrtit to the discharge of the Calitornia battalion enmmand 'ed by Lieutenant COIOOPI J. C. Fremont. There is no doubt that thes-> cattle ore the same six hundred contracted for by Lieutenant Colonel Fremont on the 3d March. ISI7. Mr. Celis stated it positively in his letter marked D; and the receipt- for them by Stearns, marked B and F, specialv stafp that he ! (Stearns) receipts for them on behalf of Lieutenant Colonel Fremont. The-e deliveries orcurred at a time whin a carri sori was stationed in Los Angeles, with a commis i sioned agent of the commissary department of the army, Lieutenant Davidson, to take charge of sub sistence stores intended tor public use; vet These cat ! tie. fun :shed by a formal contract, are deliv red ton private individual upon a special agreement, (as he. i Stearns, sav?,) to hreetl on shares foe the tma of three years, f have endeavored foprocure from Mr. Steams • a copy of the agreement he has rr ade with Lieuten ' ant Colonel Fremont for taking care of these cattle, but his letters (marked 7 and 10) positively assert that he regard* those cattle as the private piojmty of Lieut. Col. Fremont, but that the agreement by which he holds them is a verbal one, witnessed by a Mr. Hensly and Lieutenant Gillespie, of :he I nited Slates Navy. Thus stand the facts, and I arn appli : ed to know whether payment will he made upon the papr marked 2. which a certificate that the sum : of 0.97-3 is due to Mr. Celis for supplies furnished the ' California battalion, which supplies arc clearly and. plainly the tot of six hundred hrrrdtng rows now :II the hands of a private individual, not one of which has been used for public purposes. This note be -1 come due on the 18th "lay of December, 1817, *ti<J i bears an interest of twenty-four per cent, per annum alter that dat. in connection with this subject, f call vonr aiten- I tion to the paper marked 3. wherein Lieutenant Co : lone] Fremont has bound himself and future govern ors of California to pay the sum of $2.300 at the ex ■ piration of eight months from the date of March 3, 1817, or in default 'hereof. That the rote -hall hear , an interest of twenty-four per cent, per annum; this, ' too, when far acting assistant quarter-.ter at Mon terey had hern more than a month in 'the ronvttry. with a supply of money appliruhle. to the proper expenses of . the urn'yiu California. Mr. Cells states that it was partly to secure this loan ot' money that Lieutenant Colonel Fremont made with him the libera* bargain for cattle, lor which the pi pe js about forty p°r cent, higher than the market price at the Time. Both of these notes are -oon due, anil Mr. Cells is going to make appli ' cation for payment, as he claims to hav° fulfilled h's part of a contract for the redemption of which the good faith of the Government of the United States is pledged by an officer thereof; but the whole trans action, as shown by the accompanying paper-, ap- j peat* to me of snrh n rharaetcr That I shall riot order payment of the money to Mr. C'elis. but refer all thi papers to the Department, for such action as they may consider proper in the case. I have the honor to be. &c., R. B. MASON. Col. Ist D-agoons. Commanding. To Gen. R. .TONES, Washington City. ; N3TS. 1 b:s is to certify that there i- due from the I ni ted States to Don F.ulojio de CHi- the sum ot s'x thousand nine hundred and seventy-five dollars, on account of supplies furnished by bim for subsisting . United States troops in service in this Territory and under my command. The above sum, for which this ! obligation is given, shall be subject to an interest o! two per cent, per month, after the expiration o' the term of eight months from the lS'h of April, 18 i7, until paid. .T. C. FRF.MONT. Lieut. Col. U. S. Army., California, April 20, Ul7. No. 3. Fight month* after date, 1, J. C. Fremont, gover nor of California, at ! thereby the 1-oa! agent ot the government of the United States of North America, • in consideration of the sum of two thousand five hnn- ; dnpri dollars being borrowed or advanced to ine, tor ; the United States, bv Fulojio de Celis, hereby prom- | ise and oblige myself, and mv successors in office, to pay to the said F.uloj o de Celis, his heirs, execu tors, administrators, and assign-, the aforesaid sum of 2,300 dollars without defalcation. It is a-i greed and understood that if the aforesaid sum of two Thousand five hundred dollar- i- not paid on or before maturity, it is to draw interest at the rate ol two per cent, per month from the lime it falls due. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and have caused the seal of the Territory To be atiix sd. at the city of de los Angeles, the capitol ot California, this 2d day of March in the vear 1817. .1. C. FRFMONT, Governor of Caliiornia. No. 7. ANGELES. August 12, ISI7. Dear Sir: In reply to your official letter ot yester j day, 1 would observe that I hold in my possession

*ix hundred head of rattle, (the major part being cows.) received from Don Eulojio de Celi*, on ac count of Lieut. Col. J. C. Fremont. 1 hold these cattle by agreement, and lor the term of three years; to return the same number and class at the end of the ! term, with one-half the increase, except such as may be in any way whatever, and not lor want ot care on my part. I consider the cattle as the private property of Lieut. Col. J. C. Fremont, not being tn- > siructed by bim to the contrary. I have the honor Freedom of Thought and Opinion. to be, &c., A BF.L STEARNS. Col. .T. D. STEVENSON, Commanding Southern Military District, Cai. No. 10. ANC.KI.KS, Sept, 20, ISI7. SIR: —I have the honor to acknowledge the ■ receipt ot your otiiciul note ol The 17th instant, i with an extract of an official letter (torn \V. S. Sher j man, acting assistant adjutant general, requiring j further inlorrnation relative to a contiact by which I I hold a certain lot of cattle received from Don E. j Celis, for account of Lieutenant Colonel J. C. Fre : mont, and whether 1 have a written contract or a ' verbal one: if the lattei, to furnish you with the ev ! idetice to prove my right to the trust. In answer to which, 1 nave to observe that I hold the cattle by verbal contract ; witnessed to the same Mr. Samuel Hensly, captain in the late Caliiornia battalion, to ! whom 1 refer you particularly. He resides near j Neuva Helvetia, al-o to Midshipman John K. Wilson and Lieutenant A. H. Gillespie, United States ma , rines. Both, 1 think, were pre-ent ami knowing to the contract. As the above named gentlemen are not here. J rannot furnish you with their certificates relative to the contract. Very respectlully, ABEL STEVENS. To Col. S. D. Stevenson, Commanding Southern Military Division. A. This article of agreement, made and entered into ; This third day of March, in the year 1847, by and between Enlojio de Celis, a resident of the city de I los Ar.gele-, capital of Upper Caliiornia, of the first part, and J. C. Fremont, governor of California and legal representative of the Government oftlie United States ol North America, of the second part, wit nes-eth. that the said Eulojio tie Celis ha- sold to J. C. Fremont, Governot of Caliiornia aioresaid, a lot , of six hundred head ofcattie, of good merchantable kind, and suitable for beef, to be delivered to the' commissary of the troop- under The immediate com mand of Governor Fiemont in number corresponding with ihe requisition of the commissary; and the said Governor Fremont binds himself and his suc cessor- in office to pay to -aid Eulojidde Celts, hi* heirs, executors, administrators, or assigns, at the expiration of eight months, the sum of six thousand dollar-, without defalcation. It is expressly under stood between the above contracts." parties, that if the -aid F.ulojio de Celis fail- to deliver good mer chantable cattle, when required to do -o by the com missary, 11;e contract is to be considered t till and i void by the said Governor Fremont —he paying to Eulojio de Celis ten dollars per head for the cumber deiiveie ! ; and it is further understood that the hides ol the above cattle are to he delivered, on applica tion to the said Eulojio de Cell-, to whom they be long by agreement. In te-tunony of the above, the said paities hereun to set their hands and affixed their saals, at the city de los|e-, the capital of California, the day and year before written. EULOJIO DE CELIS, [i.. s.] J. C. FREMONT, [t.. s.j Governor Caft forma. Tin 1 loreg7ing agr. I'tiier.t !::is tlie f.Jlnwiiig cn I irs' tn* ut, tiie <l3le of which is important, us will be seen bv relerenrtr to Governor Mason's letter : I do hereby certify that Celis has corrqithed m ivit bin '-'obi git iou tutd contract on hi* part, by delivering the number of ml tie a- specified and" inpayment; therefore, 1 have th,- day executed to -a il Celts my nole lor the sum of six thousand nine hundred atul seventy-five dollars, including the hides of the whole number of cattle. J. C. FREMONT, l.,eut. Col. United States Army. At Of* liuv* a "Coventor." ami at anoth er simply a •' Lieutenant Colonel ( titled Slates .thirty ! " B, I have received from Don Eulojio de Celi* four hundred and eighty one head ot cattle on account of Mr. J. C. Fremont. Lieut. Col. oftlie at my of ihe United States, wtnch cattle exis' ■ n my pos-c--ion. ABEL STEARNS. ANGELES, May 1, 1547. F. I have received from Don Eulojio de Celis one hun dred and. nineteen head of cattle, on account ot Mr. J.C. Fiemont, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Army of the United Mates, and aid cattle remain in my po scs-ion, according to agreement. ABEL STEARNS. ANGELES, July 7, ISI7. |l>-] The undersigned certifies that the governor and ! commandant of this Territory, Mr. J. C. Fremont, finding himself short ol resources lor the support of the armed tone which, under hi- command, co-ope , luted towards the pacification of the country, solici ted from various individuals a loan for the object in dicated ; am) the uudei signed having been requested, through the medium of Mr. Chailes Flugge, To fur nish provisions arnl cash, ihe accompanying contract look place, the cash having been delivered immedi ate',). with nit interest, for the term of eight months, and !in* oaltle were to he delivered when they might tie wanted : it being understood that the terms of payment should run oil from the day of the contract, on account of the caiiie being moveable pioperty, which could l ot be consumed in two or three months, and besides, was augmenting daily, it chiefly con sisting of cows. It is likewise added that the con tract was complied with on the part of the declarant to tlie satisfaction ol the -governor,' who not having time to consume -aid cattle on account ol having re ceived a superior order to deliver up the command and disband the force, he ordered -aid cattle to he ile iivered to Mr. Abel Stearns, a* I understand in the quality oS a deposite, until the government should d.spose of them. EULOJIO DE CELIS. Accompanying tin* above documents are the letters ami certificates of Col. J. D. Stevenson, colonel commanding the southern military dis tiict of California ; Dr. S. C. Foster, at present mayor of Los Angeles : J. M. Davidson, lieu tenant United Stales army : A. J. Smith, lieu tenant Ist dragons; IV. G. Sherman, 3d aitii lery : and a number of others, ai! tending to corroborate and establish the authenticity ol the papers, which I omit o:t account ol' the space they would occupy. That there is evidence of intention on the part of the "Governot" or Lieutenant Colonel Fremont to defraud the gov ernment must he clear to every unprejudiced person w(jo reads the chaiges, and the opinion ! is strengthened when it is known that the char ■ ges were known, to Colonel—no, " Governor" —Fremont, and he has never made any effort to disprove them. L'nless there was a con sciousness of guilt, would not any individual, however humble, have made an effort'to explain or disprove the charges! Ihe only effort on the part o f Governor Fremont that 1 ever lieatd of was threats in Washington city to kill Gov ernor Mason in California, who, in laying the facts before the department, was merely per forming n duty, which as an officer of the gov ernment, he was sworn to perform. As "Governor" Fremont is the candidate for the office of President of the Uniied Slates, his official acts are public property : if meritorious, they should be rewarded, and il discreditable they should be made public. I intend to fur nish additional proofs of the skill of the "Gov ernor" in financial aflaii/, though f fear they will only give him additional eclat with his paity, a leader of which (Ford, of Ohio,) lately bon*trd in a speech that "in case of a di\ ision of the Fnion, Ohio would steal all the negroes in the South." That, being a cardinal virtue with them, of course proofs of fraud on the part of their candidate would onlv elevate him in their estimation. At the date of the operations of Col. Fremont, Brigadier General Kearney was the only recog nised Governor of California—that is by the De partments at Washington. General Kearney arrested Colonel Fremont in August: and he was arraigned before a court martial, composed of the ablest < ificers in the United States army, on the 27th September, 181-7, at Washington city, to answer the fol lowing charges: Ist. Mutiny—ll specifica tion-. 2d. Disobedience of the lawful com mands of bis superior officers—7 specifications. 3d. Conduct to tfie prejudice of good order and military discipline—s specifications. The court, on the 31st of January, 1-SLB, found Colonel; ilremont guilty on each of the changes,and ev ery one oftlie specifications. On the 16th February, IS4B, President Polk, in pursuance of tiie finding of the court-martial, dismissed j Colonel Fremont the service. The charges made by General Mason, the successor ol Kear- ' n>'V, were received too late', or there would \ have been a fourth, and filth charge, for fraud j and peculation. A fitting sufject for a Presi dent ! A CALIFORNIA^. WASHINGTON, July, 1856. N. B.— Bv reference to Executive Docu- ; meiits, Ist session 3lst Congress, 1549 and j ISSO, volume 5, Document No. 17. pages 329: ami 330, ami pages 363 t > 373 inclusive, it will be seen that the charges contained in the above , article were reported to the House ol Represen- ; tattv. s on the 21st January , 1850, by President j Z. Taylor, in answer to a resolution of the j House < f the 3]st December, IS 19. SERIOLS RAILROAD UUM'ST. SEVERAL PERSOXS WOI XDED. About ha'f past eleven o'clock last night a serious accident occurred on theßaltimore Rail- j r ad, some two and a half miles below Grey's; Ferry. When at that point the up train from j Baltimore encountered a cow and bull on the track, and the locomotive and tender were j thrown off the trnrk, find the mail car and twoj baggage cars considerably smashed. Oneoftbe; passengers was also injured. Tire locomotive fell down an embankment of about ten feet in , height, and now lies deeply imbedded in the earth. The tender fell on the other side. Tiie passengers all escaped uninjured, most . it irarulously as- it seems to us. The Mail Agent,, Mr. Joseph S. Ball, was considerably hurt.— His right !* g was crushed and hi* snine injured, j At an earlv hour this morning, Mr. Ball was; taken to his residence, Federal street above F urth, and attended by Dr. J- seph P. Mas- j grove. Mr. Abraham Schoreman, employed in j the office of the Evening flrftts, who was in ; company with Mr. Ball, v as injured quite seii ously. His back is hurt and his right ancle crushed. Mr. S. was taken to his residence in South Camden. The fireman had one of his legs broken. He was taken to his residence. The engineer arid I the baggage-master escaped uninjured. As soon as the news of the accident readied ; thi* city, the Company sent a car to the scene, and the injured, with the passengers, were ( brought on as early 3s possible. Among those! who reached the ground in time to render as sistance, was a posse of the first District Poiice, under Lieut. Gilbert. P. S.—Since the above was written we have learned that the name of the fireman is John Four. There were five passenger car*, one of which was much injured, The escape of some j of the passengers was most providential. One : man had the seat shivered under him, yet he i was not hurt. UNNATURAL AFFAIR AT BORDLNTOWN. — We ' have jost learned from a most reliable source,' the following particulars of a incut singular phase of "spiritualism," ami of the jvrforfuance of the marriage ceremony under horribly un natural c i rcumsta n ces. An individual residing in Bordentown, who! lias been for some time a believer in spiritualism ' and its accompanying delusion, had a son who returned from Albany in a dying condition with consumption, last week, and on Friday or Sai ni'day he died. The deceased had previously been engaged to a young ladv aged about 17, now residing in the house of her intended fath er-in-law-, and she too, is a firm believer in the spiritual notions as well as her lover and bis father. On Sunday morning last, with the consent of the young man's lather, this young ladv was married to the corpse by the "Spiritual ceremo ny," which was performed through a boy who; acted as medium ! The young lady was attired ' m all the usual bridal paraphernalia at the cer emony, and after it v. as over the funeral of the deceased took place. It was attended, we leam, by upwards of two thousand persons from Bor dentown and vicinity, who had been attracted to the spot by a morbid curiosity. The young lady acted at the grave like one really possessed with an evil spirit • she raved and flung herself into the grave, and was with great difficulty borne from the spot to the tesi dence of the madman whom she regards as her father-in-law. Since the funeral she lives at his house, and at meals a plate, cup, and a por tion of ajl the condiments of the table are set apart for the dead man, whose empty chair _ TERJSS, 82 YEAR. VOL XXIV, NO. 00. these victims ofidetiioiiisni suppose to be tenant ed by his spiritual tody. The unfortunate young lady is the daughter of respectable parents who formerly resided in Burlington, but who have removed to Calilbt nia, vvbitner she intends following them. ; W etalL of the "light of the nineteenth cen tury," but u e ask in all solemnity, could, the annals of middle African Fetish worship—could the darlust polutions of Oriental Devi! worship —couhi the gloomiest delusions of the middle ages. oy4he blackest Paganism of any age or country* uw a more horrible picture of human madness and hallucination '! He think not. Cheeked Perspiration. Checked perspiration is the fruitful cause of sickness, disease and death to multitudes every year. lieat is constantly generated within the human body, by the chemical disorganization, the combustion, ol tbe food we eat. There are seven millions ot tubes or pores on tiie surface ol the body, which in health are constantly open, con veying from the system by what is called in sensible perspiiation, this internal heat, which, havirg answered its purpose, is passed off like the jetsi i steam wfsii b are tiiiown from the es cape pipes in puffs of anv ordinary steam m -2ine: but this insensible perspiratiou carries witii it, in a dissolved form, very much oi the waste matter ni the system, to the i xtent of a pound or two or more every twenty-lour hours. It must be apparent, then, that li the pores of the skin are dosed, if the multitude of valves which are placed over the whole surface of the human body are shut down, tv. o things take place. First, the internal heat is prevented from passing off, it accumulates every moment, . I lie person expresses himself as hurtling up, and ; then large draughts of water are swallowed to quench the internal fire—this we call "fever?' When the warm is constantly escaping from the body in h< a'th, it keeps the skin moist, and there is a soft, pleasant f.-el and warmth a ; bout it. But when the pores are closed, the ' shin feels harsh and hot and dry. But another result follows the closing of the pores of the skin, and more immediately dar.ger : oust a main outlet f,r the waste of the body is closed : it re-mingles with the blood, which, in | a few hours, b. conies impure, and begins to j generate disease in eveiv fibre-of the system — \ the whole machinery of the inan becomes at ; once disordered, and he expresses himself a< "feeling miserable." Tile terrible efn-cts of i checked persf iration of a <jOg, who sweats only hv his tongue, is evinced bv his becoming , "mad." The water runs in streams from a dog's mouth in summer, if exercising freely. Hit ceases to run, that is hydrophobic l. It has been asserted bv a French physician, that if a person I suffering under hydrophobia, tan only be made to perspire fre. lv. he is cured at once. It is familiar t<> the commonest observer, that in all ordinary forms of disease, the patient begins to get l etter the moment he begins to perspire, -imply because the internal heat is passing off, and there is an cutlet for the waste of the sys tem. Thus it is that one of the most important means for curing all sickness, is bodily cleanli ness, which is simply relieving the mouths of these little pores, of that gum and dust and oil which clogs them up. Thus it is also, that per sonal cleanliness is one of the main elements of . health—thus it is that filth arid disease habitu : ate together the world over. There are two kinds of perspiration, sensible and insensible. When we see drops of water on the surface of the body as the result of ex ercise subsidence of fever, that is "sensible per spiration," perspiration recognized hv the sense of sight. But when perspiration is so gentf* that it cannot he d.-lected in the shape of water . drops, when no moisture is felt, when it is known to us only hv a certain softness of the . skin, that is insensible perspiration, and is so gentle that it may he checked to a very consid ; erahle extent without special injury. But to use popular language, which cannot be mista ken. when a man is sweating freely, and it is i suddenly checked, and the sweat is not brought 1 out again in a very few moments, sudden and painful sickness is a very certain result. "What then checks perspiration ? A draft of air, while we are at rest, after exercise, or getting our . clothe? ivet and remaining at rest while it is so. Getting out of a warm bed and going to an op'-n door or window, has been the death of multi . ttides. A lady heard the cry of fire at mindiglit.— It was hitter cold: it was so near, the flames illuminated her chamber. She left the bed, hoisted the window, nnd the cold wind chilled her in a moment. From that hour until her death, a quarter ofa cenlurv later, she never saw a well dav. A young ladv went to an open window in her night-clothes to look at something in the street, leaning her unprotected arms on the stone window sill, which was damp and cold. She became an invalid, and will remain so for life. The great practical lesson which we wish to impress upon the mind of the render, is this:— When vou are perspiring freely, keep in mo tion until you get to a good lire, or to some place where vou are perfectly sheltered from any draft of air whatever.— H til's Journal of Health. Reeling aia C'olcrain. tPT" The Democrats of the lower end of Colerain Township wilt meet a' the School House at Barndol lar's Mill in aid Township on Tuesday evening 19th inst. at 7 o'clock. A large turn out is expected. GKO. H. Sr.YSG, Esq., and others, will address the Meeting. Pelf Raising in i uiu Township. ITT" The Committee of Vigilance for (.'mon Tow n ship have concluded to change the time for the Dem ocratic .Meeting in that Township from the 19lh to the .'.Oth of Augu-l—-ii,d meeting to he held at Lou isville, instead of Ake's Milt—with the view of ac commodating the largest number of people. A Lib erty Pole will be raised on the occasion, and several , speeches will be delivered. The public generally are re pectfuHv invited to attend,'ii;;to com mence ;.t 1 o'clock, I'. M.