Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 4, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 4, 1842 Page 2
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I'.tis air.Uoia made in Pennsylvania, 0.uo, nnd New-1 Vork, as well osin N. Knnland. Kemove the duty, and llio cheese sf Kngland and Germany would come into out seaboard cities, and drive the domestic atticle from tho market, or crcatly rcduco the price. My sympatlms arc with the agriculturists. Their calling nt once tho most ancient, healthy, and honorable, is llto foundation of every other. And if I believed that "K larilf was destructive of their interest, I would aban don it altogether. B it the preat value of manufactures to the firmer is the market which they open for his prod ice. Where Would tho South and West find n mirkol for their "yellow corn," of which tho gentleman from ir fiiiiin (Mr. Wise) so fiequetitly "-peaks, if we had no manufactures in tho North and Hast 7 Tho ports of ( llrita'ut are shut ngiiiist tho corn, tho Jiai tho flour, of the great grain-growing Stiles. These prcit s aples. together with the rico of tho South and ih pork of Ohio, fin I their lwt market at tho IWlh, anion our manufacture'. There wcro imported into the city of lloiton alone, during Hie year put, 4,000 000 bushels of corn, llio product of tho South nnd West, while tho quantity raised in llio State nmount f.1 M nnli-1 nn.i nnn i , The tlour brouiiht into ihesamocitv, amounted to -100,000 birrrli, nnd tho ricet i20,00'l casks. A snnllpottionofthis was sent into New Hampshire; but amuih greater amount hi in ilirou'-h other chinneK and onsiini- cd in the State. I van then address myself to the Brain-growing interest in every pirt of tho llotse, nnd say to them, tho subject is one in which you have n viini euutuiii imu u yua iiwi jum u..n ............ j mbT it-net inn ,1.1 ho North Will hi as dear to vnu as thev are to Northern men. And yet gentlemen on this floor will talk about manufac lures being hostile to tho public interest, aud especial lv to tho interest nf agriculture I The manufacturers, as such, arc no party in this casi. The great party interested is the laborers, the narliin? men of mewiote country, una u kchuc men insist upon prcsentim; thi as a suit, and will 1iavc pirtiesm the cas:. tho true parties are the la l,nrrr rs. llio Idler. None, as it seems to mo, can lis hostile to manufactures, or to tho production of American industry, unless it uo tliose who lean a 1110 of idicnes', and wish to livoupo.i the labors of others, ltnt. sir. I do not admit that there are any parties in tlnscise. The country, anJ tho whole country, has 11 direct interest in lb" succe-s of tho Ameriean sys tem, In tho encouragement ofiloniostto inuusiry. That wn nnv seo tho effect of manufactures upon our general prosperity, le! us sunpnso that they were nil destroyed, all struck down at a blow. Then llio 600,000 persons now engagM in this branch of indus try would nil bo turned luje upon the other calhn-'s, in the comni'iniiy. .Host oi ineiii wouin seen nu lieililiful pinDlovment of nt'ricullnre. and would na turallv settle in ilio fortib valley of the West. And whit would bo tho conseiuencol Those product of tho euth which aru now so iHiiidant t!i it llicywould b nhmst valueless, were it not for tho nitrkels fuuud in the minufaclunng districts, would become still mor" atiiiueunt. aim wnere wo-iiu tuey nnn a mir ket 7 Thov could not exchange them for the tinnu facturcs of Kaolin I, for her corn laws would operate as a prohibition. These 800,000 who nro now con sumers would be converted inloSOO.000 prolucers, m ilung a dtlierencn nt l,(iW,w'. vtoulel tins pro in j'e tho interest of nsriciillurc 7 Surelvno:: its pro diictp would be ercallv inuliinlic I, nnd its best iinr- Vct wo-ilil be destroyed. Sup io,-e tho nianufncliire of sugir should 1 o dosiroycd, what effect would thnt prolueci l lio sugar plantation-woum he convertcu into cotton fmlds. and the "eiillenian from South Cn- rili.n w-onld mid increased competition in th pro duction of his f ivority slap's, while his great North irn mirket, vvhiili now cnuumes otic-quirter of the whole crou. would I o lost. Mcanwhi'e. tho experi ments of Great llritalu in India would succeed, and she wou'il bo cnbled to o' tain her raw material from her own colonies. Thus would the policy ol the South spread de-olation over the country, and in voivo lut in me same common rum. The gentleimn from So ith Carolina has assumed lhat alfiiroleclive duties were a tax upon the people to bo paid as n bounty on tho manufacturers, lie has asserted, again ail J again, that prices will rise ins: in ni-onoitiou to the incrca-e oi uuiv. int, .nr, Speaker, is fir finin being tho fact. So far is this from hein ' the truth, that the opposite is more Ire ijienlly true. Tlu-re is, I admir, no absolute, nxrd rule in this case. What is Hue of one article miv not be true nf nnotlnr. Whit can he shown to be the rsuli of a duty at one time, may not bo projueed to the simoostent at au..t ler. .mini musielepeiul upon i;ini v mi i niiiM. it wi u n so no ounu trm tint a nnlld.nciency in the supply vvill raise lliepri e of the whole eominjility in the inirku far above llio value of the deli il. Aiid, :i ihe other hand. a sur plus though sma'l, wi 1 reduce the price of the w hole commodity far beyond the value of the surplus. A j surplus wurth 410,000 would frequently produce an egiegato re-Juc'ien of the whole (-mility in the market to the amount of SIG.OOO. This principle is s ) essential to tho right un lerstan ding of this part of oar subjocl, I trust I shall bo pardoned, if I nt a nurefull illustration. Wo will suppose that there ire ten shops in this city, owned by as many individual!, nnd thit 4100 per quarter is a fair rent for each of them. II it tho number of traders w ish ing to occupy these shops is b it nine, thereby leaving a surplus of one shop. Now, sir, what will le llio practical e.Tjct of this state of things 1 Nine shops will Is occupied, mi one will bo vacant. The owner of the vacant -hop seeing all his neighbors enjoying an iii'-oine of SI 00 per nuirtcr, while ho receives noth ing, oilers hia shop fr'330, on tho wisa principle that he hid better ti'.t that sum thin nothing. This offer induces one of the traders, who is paying .5100, to quit the sho.i he occupies, and take the o.ic ho can have for S30. This clianja leaves an ltlier shop emp ty; and this induces its owner to put that nt iDOper quarter j this induces another to remove, anil take n a shop at 4D0. And so ihoy will go through with each shop, till nil aro brought d mil to S'JO. Here has been a reduction ofilO upon e.ich shop, miking an agjrejntc of $100, I o ng just cqtnl to the of the surphi'. And how stands t tic matter ii iw I Why, sir, thro is one empty shop, as at the licir.niiig j an I the Mine process of reluetion will go on nil the price is brough' down si low n6 to induce s. 1 113 nerson toeiiibirk in trade, who. undot othei circumstances, would nut thmk of engaging in this kinl ot business. This principle, whichever)' practical man will rcad- rcajny acivnowieage, cuicrs largely nim uur tyiuiiier. cc. both foreign and do.neslie. and has nil a 1 -1 1 1 1 1 io r- taut bearing upon piiccs. Keeping this pimclpeiu vievr, let us inquire into the ciR-cl of a tarit upon prices. Suppose an article now paying '.20 per cent. i sunjecteu to -iu per cent. morouiny; accorumg to the geiitlemiu's doctrine, the price must risn "0 per ccni. in uur nnr'.ict., in fact, this wilt not be the case. The Amirican merchant, who hulccn in the lubit uf taking this article of an Kuglish house to the Hinu int of 4'.',000, writes to his correspondent in Ureal llriiain, lhat, in confqui iico ol the increase of duty, he can now i. ike I ut 41,000, unices the manu facturer will reduce his price. 'I he llrilish manufac turer, knowing full well that if SI, 000 worth of his fabric be thrown into his homo market, it will reduce the price, an I lessen the value of his whole stock on hand, immediately reduo s his price, and so supplies his o d customers with the usual quantity of the ar ticle. T'uu niiiount of the loduclion will depend upon the Mats of the market : sometimes it will be more and sometimes Ics3. The average, perhaps, would be one-half of the increased duty. Tho forilgn manu facturer, paying one-half of the additional duty, the actual duty paid by the importer wnuld he 30 percent, instead of 10. liut as tho increased duty would pro tect tho manufacturer, our eitiens would embark with Yankee zeal in this species of manufacture. This would produce competition at home, and 1 ho increased quan ity of fabric thrown into our maikct, would have a tendency to produce a Eurplu", mid this wujld bene to keep down the price. Hero would be n di.ublc competition : a competition between tho toreign an I the domestic manulacturcrs, ami a com petition between thu domestic manufacturers. The natural tendency of this would be to reduce prices Its operation would be more or less sudden, according io mo cnarucierui tiiemanuiaciurc. n u weicacosuy kind of minuf.ictme, or one which required great ex perience or skill, it would take lonrer to bung litis leduction about. I'ut if lite manufacture were of such a nature as to require but little capital or little txperience, the competition and consequent ! eduction wou a no more immediate, .liter inaKini nil m ow ances fur fluctuations, from various causes, we lay it down as a general principle, which will hold good, take a number of ve.irs in sucees'ion. that duties looking to protection, if they arc judiciously laid, will reduce prices, This not only appears evident from the naturo of toe ease, uui is susi.nncu uy mcis taunt inun uiucmi documents, i nes-tacts i win pte&cnuor me cons. a cration of the House. S 2 fj r. -1 ." 2 -- '-7.o'? coo; ; price more than one-half. 1 have taken these prices irom uocument8iurnisueuituin uik iiuunuij w-n-ment, and I have placed tho duly and tho prices in connexion, so as to show what each articlo sold for under each dutv. I have selected tho year I81G, to show the cost of tho article before the tariff of that year, nnd tho years lBiaand 18211, to show the el feels nf the tariffs of the vrecedini! years, and 1832 as the last contained in the documents referred to This table shows, most conclusively, tho wis lorn o 1 lie proii cuvu yviKy Nor is this principle illustrated by the manufacture of iron nlone. Other articles which have enjoyed protection have nlso fallen in priie. The tame -1-1 cotton sheetings which, in 191li, sold t Is. 3d. ster ling, count lio nouglilin ivii tor -iju. -nicniug per yard, rrnltil goo l costing in 1S10, 3Cs. per piece could be bought in 1832 Tor lrom IBs. to 23s. per piece. Common blue nnd white calico, costing in 1810, 3.s. per piece, could tieliad in last tor us. or lSr. nor n eco. Hroid-chiths costing in 1817. 20s. could be hud in 1S3Z for 7s. lOd. Theso facts aro all tnlutu from nflieial documents, and their correctness is viuchcd for by the names of David Hcinlnw, of Huston, nnd James N. llarker, or I'lnl.idelphia, col lectors of Ihoso ports, and Mr. Secretary Mcl.aiic. And wni;o l am upon tins snuject, i nave one lact more, lor the special consolation ol my iriemi irom South Carolina, who has u'tcred such doleful lamen tations over tho oppression of tho poor man, who was so heavily taxed by tho iiniiiif.iclurcrs, "on c(.ry Hiii7iicdrovointo his cabin." In 1S10 cut nails wcro selling at wholcsalo for II cents per pound. A duty of 3 cents per pound was imposed by the tariffof that year, and (ho my next year they went down to!) cjiits per pound. Tho duty was sul sequcntly raised to fi cents pe pound, and mo price oi nans nas uccn reduced In Q. 7. fi. S. audi behevn to 4 cents Per pound t liint is, loss than tho protecting duty. Ibis I-. the hardship of the poor man, whose cabin mil excile so much sympathy. I am asked, Mr. Speaker by a gentleman near me, wholhcr the nails which slum ioiuini ii icui were un wr.miiL uin, uiiu the nails which have since been so d for tho low niicism-ntioncri. wcro not cut nails. 1 will answer the gent'eman j they were all cut nails, nnd mil" ol t to sinio 1.1111 a penny nans and mis on mo authority of .Mr. David llenshaw. He places wmutjltl nails and rut nails in separate columns. Wrought nni s have not been manufactured to any considerable extent in this country, and lienre the price of lhat nrtlcle has not been miterially reduced. i.ut ii tiny tie suiu mat tuese leducnnns in prices are owing not to a piotectic tariff, but to the great iiiipruYciiicnis win -ii nave ne-eii lHiruouqpu imu un chiuerv. 1 liatcnodisiiositiun tndcnv that imprnvu- menls in inachinrrv havedonomncli to reduce prices, Hut whit has caused this improvement ? What has gUcn rise to Inhor-s.ivir. maihmrs" The very com petition wliirh protection has produced, has been the efficient producing cum of dicsoiinprine.nents. That inventive power which hishccu exerted in pcifecii.ig inachi icry, wiuld hivo slumbctcd fer ages to romp, as it has for ages pat, had not m imif.ictures been prosecute), and necessity, which is Ilia mother of invention, do nanded the employment of lahor-siving micliiiies. His to protection that we owe competi tion, and to competition thai wcowolhose inventions which have 'i led in tho reduction of prices So that, after nil, this reduction is mainly to he ascribed to protection, and to the industry whiMi it stimulate', and to the genius which itexciies. 1 re-'iet ihatthis who'c s lucct has been treated as if it were a local question, and is if New Ihig'nnd wa the only p irti in of the Union whirh wns interested hi the suhj-'ft. I hisis not a Mi".ichusctts uucstion no, ner a New Knjl md nucslion. The nnnufic lure of .Massas'iuso ts could stn id wlt'i lesi protection linn mot others. In some of our establishments a largj capital is inves'cd, nnd ueh capitalists are en gaged. 'I hey cm ride oul almost any gule they ran slaiul any ordinary slorm. In fact. uch establish ments as those at I.owill could perhaps do belter wiin a mwer rale oi duty : mse, m sucli an event. H e sin II 'oiep tilnrs worn ' fails the amount of mm ufait.irol goods would tlriiimsli; and. having lb nnr,.tt to ilieiii-clve-, they could command n higher price lor tiienr cottons, l'riiniylvauia au-l Virginia nrra iiTCteciion mure man .uassaeiiuclts. l.on'i ill llicir lion and eo.ilj thcio were iniporlcd into the city oi iiosioii iiioue, in lau, i,-;J'),sim nusticis ol loreign roil, lo the nii.ry of Hie c.ia! interest of ihose States, And I he same is true of nil the Middle Stales, where niaiiiinctiiring is carried on. Nay. all llio gr.-iiu-crowing Stales have nn interest in thin question, as villi as Massieh sous herself. Indeed, if I were to elect a State which above all others would bo bene- hind lie the would In Vinnnm. Na'ure hns been mo 1 ample in her gifts to the Old Dominion. Tier b'.iutif d biy and her invisible rivers area linirably ail-ipted to commerce, llerhw binds produce the "yellow corn," which is a great favori e of theg"ntleniari before me, (Mr. Wise.) An I, wb.le nrr iuw lamia lurnisu ioou jor me support et manu facturers further up the country, she has water p jw er ample in drive machinery sufficient to man lic ture for a continent. Her mountains aio stnre-d with precious minerals, salt, and iron, in nhimdinee. Let her try iiianef ieiures, nnd she would soon find that tho interest of her wh' Ic people would be promoted. She would find thit the protective policy wasnonb- slractio:', but the most practical thing in the world : and her whole people would I e in f Ivor of those dis criminating duties which aredirectly rerom men-led in the President's Message. Here, the hour having Arrived, Mr. II. gave way for an adjournment. On Tuesday, when the subject came up for coos: leriti i, lu resumed llio subject and concluded his Fpcech.J question of priviloao c uf himself from the to be heard in dc- io attack of Mr. Ad- as a fence of ams. A conversation hy various wombem on points 01 orucr nere arose, aim M-as icrmiuaieu uy a iuw lion of Mr. Uottb to lay the wliolo suliject on tho table. Which motion was -earned, liv Yeas 101, 'Invs 78: and thus tho House refused Icavo lo botii these distinguished combatants on this sub ject to gratify their private animosity, at tho great expense ol the tnno ami ueiay ot me nusi- noes of tho nation. Air. Adams still pcrsevcrinc in his attempt to debate, moved the reference) of tho petition lo Il. fAH....lllAn ..n Wnr-n'.ntx Mniiryns It'llll til. v.utiiuiiiie;u ui, iuiuin iivniuiir, striicliuns to comply with tho icnucst of tho tioliliciners hv rlioos'ins another Chairman if they thought proper ; and demanding uouaie on the petition, it wan laid over. A further desultory ronvornalion aro'o, in which Messrs. Hopkins and Gilmer intimated their opinion that Mr. Adams was ilisqualified for this station : tho latter am a member of tho committee, (dated that tic should nut liositato to act on tho subject, whether the petition wa3 re- terrcd to them or tint. Mr. villains prcsoritctl several other petition?! amongst which was one from Haverhill, Mush, prayiii'' for a dissolution of tho Union, the re ference of which ho moved to a select commit- too with instructions to report the reasons why tho prayer s o lid not bo siranled. Mr. Hopkins asKoil H it was in order to more to burn the rctition before thu House. The question of tecnptiou was raised, and laid on the table, thus icjcctin;; llio petition. Mr. Gilmer, offered a resolution, iloclarin that, in priisenliii!; the last-inmad petition, Air. AeJ i.n.s linil justly incurred the censure ol the Smno convcrs-ilton arose a lo wlielliPr this resolution ivas in urtler, Mr. CJilmkp. insisting that it was as a prh it uljcd quo.-tion, in accor dance Willi vvh.clitli3 Hiiealt-er decided. Mr. Adams previous to the decision of the Spo liter, c.spres-scd his hope that the resolution would be received, and ho have tho privilege of debiting it. Alter further pmnls of order, and a call of the House, Mr. J. C. Clauk moved to lay tho subject on thu table. Ponding this motion, tho House aeljourrcd. CKNStmr. OP MR ,UI AMS, HP.PUAI.OP HANK KUl'ThAW, TltliASURY .OTK HII,I;Ac, Wasiiinotos, Jan. 2,". In tho House of Ilepicscntalivcs io-day, Mr. Fill more having asked unanimous consent to report from llio t'oinmiltee i.f Ways and Means the annual ap nropiialion lulls, and Messrs. 'l'lwmmun of Mi. and Miltoni o! iecting, on motion of Mr P. tho business befurc the House was suspended for one hour for lhi piiiposi'. Mr. Pilhnnro then rep'rted fiom tho Committee of Ways and Means the following bills, which wcro scy eially twice re-id, orde-icd to bo printed, and n feiml to the Committee of tho W'liuloon tho Stale of the Union : mi'.ing appropriations for Kit for the civil niiddiiloiuatic expenses of Government i for the sup port of the Army and Military Academy , for llio Na val Servico ; for the current expenses of the Indian Tribe ; and for Pensions. The Treasury Note Bill, yesterday returned fiom ilia .Senate with amendments, was then taken up nil motion uf .Mr P.llmorc, fur concurrence in tho amend ments, mid Mr. Cooper of Pa. muved to lay it on the table: which was negalived Yeas 112 Nays 107. Mr. Adams defendod his position, that the re solution was out or orde, because constitutionally beyond tho power of thp House to art tipon it, and to give him a snrodv fair and impartial trial. Ho had proceeded but a little way when ho was again inter rupted, and mis time hy no less e person man. .nr. nomiiius aaiiiulers, wno taueu nun iuuiuv.. What troubled him was not vcrynpparcnt, but it was made quito clear to his comprehension tint It was ho and not the gentleman from Massachusetts who was out of order and Mr. Ilomi'lus Saunders was forced to rrsumo his too-Iiastdy quitted seal. Mr. Adams piocccdcd. Ho had not made tins point of older at an earlier period of tho debate', be cause ho was willing the member from Accotuac (Mr. W'isM ulinlllfl linvnnii ntmnl tlltlilv r.f ndlllllg lllS llO- soiii of that perilous smfl with winch, for three years, it had been laboring, and to pour out the full blast of his gall upon him that had been so long struggling for utterance'. It was now disgotged. lie nopcu mo member was at Icilqlh satisfied. , In reply to it all, bo (.Mr. A.) should necin u worm whiln lo snv 1ml wti. l.llU tin would not go IlltO n history of bis whololifo fiom the cradle to tho present div, to examine all be bad done, good, uau "'i A,Y..rr.nt in ll,. .nnp.n f l1,nl tt lift was 1 1 0 1 Wll ling tiius to occupy tho House Willi mauerp umiuj personal to himself. Hut ho would ask tho House to recall some occurrences of pist years upon that floor. In ,.l it,,,,, II- .!... .11.1 .ntitnintipr llllt. WllCIl a man camo into that hall, his face and his hands recking with Ihe blool of a fellow member of that t ody, and apropo ition was made mat nc iro iiiuuyn tltftl llonr Tnr tl,. nrtulitli tin waSITUlltV.lie .'U. A V tln.i ii-:.i 7 TI...1 ,A..'ntiitn was referred to a committee who reported aiid rcconiincn led tho expulsion oi mo member who pad pnueei uiu uikb: t nll.l he. Ihn f ir innrn rrnillv nf ihn 1WO. who caillO III with blood-drippiiiglnnils to this hall -Willi stains upon him which nro vol visible to all, he was pro posed to bo tried; anil I, said Mr. A., opposed Ins trill on llio same grounds on which I now opjioe the ovtrn iltilii'il ttt-nfi.!l!!i!. ItrT.trft Its. "YtS. SIT, Slid Mr, Adams, "utroctous'us was hisenme, I contended that this was not the tribunal oeRno wnicn io try u j tnil li rti!v cli- tn .it. tilimti hn MOW detlOUnCCS, was it, in nil probability,' in a great degree nwinr that Ih.q btnilil-sl.'ititn.l tiorartn e-n mil expelled Willi 12110- mill V from thi3 body. There, sir, is a precedent for you in tho action of this boily, if it is n pro"cdeni you seek I Yc--, sir I Look nt the ro rsc liken upon that subject, p.nd then ask yourself how 1 am to ho put imnn niv trial nn tho nepusilinu befiiro VOU. Though tho hinds ot lhat member wers dripping with tho blood of a murdered brother" Mr. Wise here inleriupleJ Mr. Adans. Alt A. In.. (I Al.i 1 tl.n r.nl1rinntl IS UP. 13 hC I Mr. Wise said bo had always been willing to be tried fur the part ho look in the duel of Messrs. t -raves and Cillcy. IIo htd sought a trial, lie would vie d Inn It-ill ttnvev Hn w-!t nnt rpsnOllsible for a SinglO act connected with lhat affiir, except whin on the prouml it became vcccusan to ad in tlffcnce oj a friend's liTe, the friend with whom, vcr) reluctantly, 'be had gononui. And he would now lake tho oc casion to call the charge a black lie, and its utterer a black traitor. . . , Mr. Adams. "This is a characlensli.' nnd most harmless effusion, Mr. Spoikcr. 1 ain used in these '.lungs. Ho then recommended Mr. ij In look at the journals of that lime, and observe bow the .Norm, cm 'democracy,' whom ho now so hghly eulogizes, vole-d upon those nueslions then. It would be an ed ifying review. Mr. Adams Ihcn alluded to the remarks made by Mr. Marshall, on introducing the resolution now be fore that body. He took occasion lo congratulate ll. nt ,.n,itt,-n,m nn tlin fnnnn I reform ill llIS IllbltS.aild hopeTl thai aftrr n short cxperii-nre of llio blc-sings (if leinperan-o no would learn to nr n-nipi-iiiiu in mi things, not only in tho use of the wine run, but in l ie di-ehargo i.f his duiies as a legislator. Mcan'mie, ho would volunteer a little advice to lhat gentleman j be would alviso him to go home, nnd go to school again, and stu ly law, and learn before be homes back the duties and ol ligations, tho rights and privileges of members or tint bo y, under the consti tution. He has talents lhat may one day ma'.c him an ornament to his country, but it was no proor that ancodouhtly sure, has committed the defence of Wales and Chester to a prince who lias not boon baptized at all. What will 8ir llobort In. glia say to 'this bestowal of ofliccHof high trust upon oiio who is not a member of llio Church i 1 lie reduplication of gold upon gold the gold ring upon tho cold rod ono 0MI10 (lolden letrenl of Miss KilmanscBn-. Ilia n dolicatn matter lo hint a doubt of tliu voracity ol the head or the Slate nnd the Church, lint the question will obtrudo itself did her Majesty really, truly, do all that she says she lias elono i Did she placi! a hard coronet, instead of a nice laco rap, on the littlo cottony hall, the head of tiiomianil Hid she tio Imu lo a sword lor that is the correct expression i In the history of lhat mirror of knighthood, Don Quixote, wo read mat ins spurs wcro buckled on at tno Baiiio limo lie was girt with his sword : who buckled on our l'rinco'a ppursl who made his doois ( (spectator. fiinaular cse nf binnmv. It is Ktntnd in the Free l'rcsr, published at Kllicutt's Mills-, .Mary land, that considerable excitement was nrodiic cd last week nt that place, among those acquain ted with ll.e parties tonic, by tho news that a man whoso death iiad long since been re ported, is about to return to liis wifo near that place, after a long absence at tho groat west. Strange &? it may seem, this information exci ted only consternation and grief in that bosom winch might have throbbed with joy I n I emotion, Alas ! tho canto of her sorrow 'remains to bo told. Unliko tlic constant Penelope, who mourned so long for the return of Ulysses from tho setae of Troy, and refused for twenty years to listen to a snilor, or to doubt tho probability of her hus band's return, tho Penelope of this story long since yielded to the solicitations oi another lov er, and her less fortunate Ulysses will return to find his wife's affections buried, and a rival seated upon tho throne ofllhaca. Under these circumstances, the result of the interview may bo anticipated. 1. i . iVin. 9 U ' . . . .1 -.. Mr. Spring f ICy., iheuobtiined ihe lloor. and s: o' e i nuused, w icn sucli a resolution as mis n nun - large on eciiLriilV.ibjens, as usual, vv hen mule r the in- "ucci1 "V 1110 Cpntlctmn-a resolution uispnymg sum 'tuineo of his notations to the great merriment of the ignorance ol llio constitutional rights of members on toA-u..rSeo'" 3311,1 IJ 15 IS 15 t 13 IJ 13 f. cn ci P OO SOOT lv W J 13 -1 -1 . -wic-usa?. t l3 -Ol tjl J. -1 1 2 . o f-- 85tiJ 5111(1 - Ol I, I S3- wis ,. j oau.j Here it a ,nt (,f articles jn tlc lrf, nnnufjclurc winch show- mosl i!iii,.'i,s,..l.. it... .i . j . t u-j n p..- r.) .irrri Mil. ChAY ON TIIK YK'l'O Mil. PltRS 'ION IX RKI'I.Y MR. ADAMS IN TIIK IIOUSK-DISSOhUTION OF TIIK UNION. Monday, January 21. In Sr.N'ATr. to-day. many petitions wcro nro- sented liy various Senators against the repeal of t tie Jiinnriipt l.avv ; in the presentation of which md private ) r-titions, and reiorts of private bills the morning hour was consumed. Tho resolution offered some time since by Mr. Clay, and made the special order to-day, proposing to to amend the Constitution as lo provide that no Senator or Representative !u riu?; the term fur which he was ulcrtcd, slnll accept civil oflien under lw United Siatus ; empowering a nnjority of both Houses to pass bills into laws after the Veto of the President : making it the duty of the President if received hy him within ten' days of the close ofa hession. and not then returned, to return them within tho first three days the next session, n'.henvise to become a law ; and providing for tho appoint ment of Ihe .Secretary of tho Tioastiry and tho 1 reasurer oftlio United State-, hy joint vote of tho two Houses ot Congress, wcro taken un. and gave rise to a debate of much interest, con- tinning over three hours and luteued to by an immense cro.vd of spectators Mr. Ci.av opened the debate in advocacy of iiiu iusuiuihiiij, uru witn particular roturencoto that restricting the Yolo. This power be con sidered a monarchical power, enabling the Pres- uieiii at ins caprice io eieieai any measure, how. ever urgently demanded by the necessities of me country or tno wishes ot the people ; to whose distresses his ears were loo often clo-ed. It gives tho President a power, in cases whore tho Yeto occured, equal to that of nine Senators and forty Representative.", a vestige of kingly sway which should n i longer bo continued in the Constitution. Ho would give his hearty support, for the hhort time lie expected to re' inain jn tho Senate, to any measure curtailing tho Kvccutivo power, with reference also to the appointment and removal of ollicers. These views were not in consequence of recent events but had been long entertained by him. Mr. Pnr.STON followed eloquently opposin" the ground taken by Mr. Clay, contending thai the Yeto was a Conservative power, beneficial in hb luiiuuucics as a remedy against unconstitu tional and hasty legislation, and a Democratic power, tho President being elected by the poo. pie. In connection with this, he instanced the tact, all the Presidents who have exercised it, havo been elected a second tnrm. ivbiln it,;.. had been the case with none who had not made use ot it. Mr. IIl'chanan intimated his desire to speak on tho subject; and at his motion it was post poned til! Monday j with a view, no doubt, to in- lermeiiiaie action on tno bill to repeal the Uank rupt Law. Mr. Kinu introduced a resolution for tho fi. uai adjournment ot the present Session of Con gress on thel'Oth Mav next. In Ihe House, Mr. Adams attempted to pro ceed hi ins remarks nn tlm n i.h. D. ,!,;. .Hi. ohtion, commented Satun av nndr Inm-n i,.n him by the House to defend himself as a mailer of privilege, from charges of disqualification imuKi ms hb vuairman oi mo committee on l'oreign Relations, nude in a petition presented by himself, purporting to havo come from Ha bersham county, Ha concerning vvj.ich Messrs lUiir.r.siu.M and Waiihi:x. from nn nennnin. tance in that county, and from an examination of ma jnsiHiuii mm sigiiniiires, nan declared thoir opinion that it was huax. TIio petition pray. ...v.!ii!ii in ,ur, a. irom inai stntion, and Ihe appointment of soma other member, ast irrn. ing as one among the many reasons, their be- i..-i mav iiu ,va, anu nau been lor the last seven years, hlarini; umlcr monomania on tho subject watery, nir. swans having been arrested in Ins remark?, Saturday. Mr, w.. ' ... " "ow inovei mat .Mr. A. in a w. proceed, winch luutmil inns nt.r.ilirt.l : House, until the hour having cxpiied, the bill was laid over. Thu unfinished business was ihcn taken up, being on ihe resolution ollered by Mr. fiilmcr, to censure Mr. Adams for having prcsen'ed a petition proving for the devolution or the Unii u. The motion or Mr. . I. C. Clark lo lay this on the table, teas nct'aticcd : Yeas 91, Navs i0'.'. An immense crowd completely filled bo h rallcrics or the House, assembled in mill ipntion of n 'row' on the subiectol'Ab jlitiiin : much excite. nent wnq mini- feeted by the members, and ihe agitation or the ele ments on inc ujor pericnuen n coming -lorm. Mr Marsh-ill ofil-itd a subsiiiuio for Mr. Cldmcr's resolution buinqa long preamble uprn the sncredncss ol Ihe rjonsiiuuion, vvhieh forbade the iJea by tho-e worn to support il, o! propu-ius di.atu.i.m of the Union, uni only as perjury, bin us high treason, and pronouncing tho severest eensuro em ihe Hon. John U. Adams for having presented to tho House a petition for ibis purpose. Mr. M. spoke for half an hour concisely and forci ble, giving Ids v.ews upon llio highly important and sacre-d nature or the Constitution, under which 1I113 was the first attempt ever made to present a petition of this character, and expressing hissurprise thai any member should be found on tlu floor to iisume the It-spuiisibilitv of being ihcmover of a proposition tn dissolve the Union, which, disc'aiming all personal prejudices against Mr Adam-, ho con-idcrcd as merit ing ihe severest rebuke of the House. Mr. Adams held the unqu ilified right of the people 10 natitim Gniiizress for thu peicejble dissolution 'of llio Union as well as other purposes, in support of winch he called tor tie reaaing ny uie (.leiK ot the firit paiagraph of the djehiaiion of IiiJepcndenc. IIo rcplio I piingently to simoof tho grounds taken by Mr. M., and ghneing hrielly at thu causes of griev ance t'i ihe peoole mined i.s ono most prom nent, ihe suppression of thi right of peti'ion. He should ask of tho Hon.', whJiuver they ramo to act on this resolution, which lie did not behove they would en ler tiin, ano tp inanity to defetilhini elf, 111 vvhieh cae he would gointo detail of tho wliolo subject of the right or petition, sl-i very, Occ. Ilosiid there was a eoiiccrtcl plan 'O smuggle lliepenn'oof the free Stules into war vvit'i l!rcat Uriliin for tin I iro'cclion or.S!a cry, an 1 that the ground-taken by our Minister at Kngliin I vvilh respect to the right of search, were ut terly filiations and absurd, tho intention of which was the iniinlciiince of our slave system. Mr. r.verelt I rielly spoke or ibis resolution as an in it'ntory strp on which he looked vvilh alarm to consequences which he hardly dare contemplate. I'or the purpose or giving opportunity to deliberate action by the House, aud of defending liimseli to Mr Adams luniovel the printing of llio rcsolutiin and its post ponement till l-'rilay next. Mr. Wise, wi'hout allowing thu motion to bo put, look ihe fl ior and spoke at great length, ndvocaiing tho resilutio 1 and civing vent lo Iii3 well known feel ings if bitterness toward Mr. Adams. With out final action on the subject, the llouss ad journed. In the Senate, many petitions were presented agnfnsi the icpcal of the Bankrupt Law, and a few in in favor. Several resolutions, bills, ifv. were brought be fore the Senate, but without final action. T in In to reuei t ie innurii pi i aw was men it 11 nn and Mr lieriion spoke at great length in ablo nmwiitinn lo the bill, contending that llio aw si ben eficial in its design, was practicable, nnd should be permitted to go into operation, leaving to experience lOUl-covcr nun le-nieiy im unvia. Mr Huntington tool: the lloor, imu tne senate ad journed. FRIDAY MORNING. FKHRUARY I, 1S12 cd to that the duty, by I Vims 7(1 ; Nay 01 . a. hi. rHee-rd ,& .lr. ihi.n 'n l,t- tirn t la tip-d tho r hi Wasiunotos, Jan. 2fi, 1812. THE ATlEflPT TO CENSl'BE MB. APAMS, Mr. fiilmcr's resolution of censure, vvilh Mr. Mar shali's propiised subslilute, bemg in order, came up as u priMieru ijui-siunt, nun Mr Wise resumed ihe lloor, and went ofl'in tbosimo vein as tint in which he indulged, ail nauseam, yes- leu nv. Cnnsiderimr lhat hobeL'iti with the reman; that be had not risen to si y one word 011 the subject, ho has got on tolerably. He spoke some hours yes- terdiy,nnd,a 1 write this paragraph, bo has spoken an uoiir nun a nan io-u:iy, wiin no iiiiuie-umiu puis, peet of civing the House and ihe country uny relief. .Mr Wise liuished elf with n concentrated e lorl to denounce, vilify, degrade, and blackguard Mr. Adams .-.1 .'...l..? r.l.- 1 1 ... iu iiiu c.viliii ui 11m tnpauuy ui iiiv i.iiiisn luniuir, and afier ho had closed, a desperate struggle took place for the floor. Mr Marshall claimed it, nt the same time with Mr. underwood, wno 6in mat penllcmcn Had alreudyai dressed the House on that subject. .Mr. Adams, at ihe samu time, rose to order. He denied ihe right of that House to Irv lnm on the nc cus itions contained in those resolutions now beforo them. Ho denied that that Househad jurisdiction in thoinalter. Ho was interrupted hv The Speaker, who said that hcrcafier all points of uiiitj must m.' icuue-eci io wining, ior incuciicr unacr standing or tho chair nnd House. Mr. Adams said ho was g'ad lhat llio Sneaker had come to this decision at last. Hr could wish thnt his determination ha 1 been earlier adopted, especially 111 i-aR-s vv licro ho himself (Mr. Adams) had so often been interrupted by imestiins of order. He would re- (luce his point to writinrr. which wns thnt iln. Ilmtci. has no right to entertain the rcsolulion, as it charges imu wiiu crimes 01 vvtiicii unit uudv Had 110 jurisdic tion thus lending to deprive him tf rich Is guarante-d U MltT UIIIIDlllllllllll, 'Mr. Marshall here asked. ' What crimes. 1" Mr. Ad.uns responded, "subornation of pcijury and high treason." Mr. .ilarsliall laised Ins eyebrows incredulously Mr. Adams said (mutating Mr. Wise, who had yestctday said the same thing of him, "and now it is iiiogeniieman irom Kentucky vvlio is making faces." Mr, Marshall denied that ho was dnine so. "on the honor of a gentleman." If ho made a face it was proiiainy irom looking at Iho rngliiful 0110 piesciited to him by the gentleman from Mas-nchusetls. As be did noi iniicii lancy it, lie sliouid look at it no more. Whereupon be sat down in fiontnf Mr, Adams, and looked at him nlleiitively, imlil that (jcullcinan had closed his rental k. Tlic point of 1 ilirraiird by Mr Adams having been read by the clerk, the clia r ilrcidH Hi 11 it was 1 lor tin nueto !' ihe q-ieMton s '10 ' 1 "' 'hcrv'-'l"" 1 that 11 or a resolution vv liich was a positive disgrace to that body. Mr. Adams then demonstrated ill it he could not be inipirlially judged by tint IIoue on any charges made anamst him. constituted as it was, m a great degree, of slaveholders, vvhofo mind were made up. Ho challenged them ns inrnrs. He would not be tried by them." "1 rome," said he, "from Massachu setts, whoso sacred soil the fool of no slave pros es. I represent hero llio descendants of the - arvers, the Ilradfords mid Ihe Winslows of the old liiUrim colo ny, the lnrdy freemen of the free North ; and 1 am to bo arrauned here, by slaveholders, for high treason beenuso vvhv? Herrinse I havo nrcseiitcel n Peti tion 10 this House! That is inv crime.' And these are my accusers, triers and punishers ! Slaveholders impartial !'' Mr. Wise here rose, and interrupted this glowing nnn iiiijiussiuik-u iniisi ui cjimiuuiivu wy siijin some tliiiiLT as to the icasons why he should not vote on ibis resolution 1 closing with a valorons expression of '-Iniihing, contempt and scorn for that man mean ing Mr. Adams'. Mr. Adims went on, calm and unruffled by this new nsau!t. Mr. Wise's opinion of him seemed lo give him 110 kind of imeasmo-s. He proceeded to protest against tin contemplated action 01 tlic House, and then admitted that he was in its power. Hit saw fit 10 rcn'ure. ihev must censure ; u" lo expel, ihev must expel; but, as for their lcfraining from llio latter course nut of "mercy and grace," as the rcsolulion declared, he wou'd spurn their proffer with di elain I lie defied them lo do their worst 11 this pretext. He had constituent", ho would remind llicm, to whom lie co dd go, and who would have a voice in Ihi- mat ter : and sooner than they might desire, his prcsiut denouncers would find him among them again! If, (he would add,) if be was 10 be by this par tial nnd prejudiced tribunal, however, one thing he woul I demand, and he warned them to take hee I how they refused him his demand. He claiuil lo bo heard liillvun tho merits of the accusation, and not to be mule to sit down, ns before, when coming to the mosi dtci ive proofs of bis propositions. Mr Marshall sill a few words. Ho was not so n-.m.l n lawyer, ho knew, as he ought to be. but he haJ law cno-.rgh to make him surprised at a portion of Mr. A.'s remarks. The resolution did not accuse him of crimes, but only the petitioners. A contempt of tbollousein me accusaiiun against mm, ur lending himself 11s the vehicle lo bring in this o lious nctilioii. During this explanation, Mr. .ilarsliall was handed a note by Judge Thruston ot llio District to irt, here, who occupied a member's sen dming llio eh hate. Mr. Marshall read the note, and it was to the follow ing effect: "Turn to the case of John Smith, Senator ol tho United .Mates, wno was expelled Irom the .se nate on Mr, Allium' resolution. How docs ibis com port with Mr. A.'spto.-cnt opinions as to the propriety of llns proceeding I" Mr. M. read the note. He Knew nothing 01 uie lacis. me genuenmn irom .Massachusetts proi amy utd. Mr. Adxms rose quickly nnd said: " So it seems, Mr. Kncal er. lhat tho combined and nccumiilalins talcnls and al ditics of gentlemen upon this lloor to crush and to ruin me, if possible, aro not enough j but they must resori to menu oiuiriy pimps an I llicir scurvy notes, handed in hy secret and anonymous slnnderrrs ! sir: i.ooiv ai eue case 01 jonn smim, 11 you please ! Take it as a precedent for your uciion in Iho case before you I I slnll he content!" And then ho went on to snow that Smith was not expelled at alii mat Having necii iiiiiiicaicu in uie nurr conspi racy, and shown, hv dm proem of laie. toboeuillv of inul-pracliees, his rate was investigated by the Se nate lie hid a long, piueni, t.ur trial nflus raso liy a comnullceot uie fteuaie, wiin testimony nnd conn set. Mr. AJ.inis being tho chiirmam of tho com luiltco reported a re-olulion lhat bo wns guilty. Hut lie was not expelled. The reii isile number wns wanting) an I the next day Mr. famuli resigned his scat, lie wis quilo willing mat tins caseot bmiih should bo taken ns n preccucni ncrc, Ana Here -nr. Adams re umed his scat. THE SPOILERS DEFEATED. It is with great satisfaction that we nro enabled to inform our readers that the Hill to repeal the Ilankrupt Law was iir.i'CA-rr.u in the Senate on Friday, tliu 2Stli of January. Thus this beneficent Law is suved harmless from the hands of tho spoilers. Thanks to a Whig Senate, thanks to tlic matchless elo quence of Ci.ay, whose powerful voice was raised to save it just before tho final vote. Tho following arc the yens and nays: Yr.As Messrs. Allen, Archer, llavard, lienton, llu- ehanaii, Calhoun, Ful'on, Graham, King, Linn, Mc- Hohcrts, Alortlicad, 1'icrco, I'rcntis-, itivcs, Sevier, Smith of Ct., Sturgeon, Tappau, Woodbury, Wright, and Young 22. Navs Messrs. Uariovv, Hales, Itcrrien, Choale, Clay, Clayton, l'.vans, Henderson, Huntington, Kcr, Mnnguin.'Mcriiek, .Miller, l'help, I'orlcr, Simmons, Smith or la., Si-uihard, Tallmadge, Walker, White, Williams and Weodbndgc 23. So llio hill was rejected. MR. THE CLAY'S SPEECH ON VETO I'OWER. A late number of the National Intelligen cer contains tho great speech of the peerless Senator from Kentucky on the Veto Power. It is in every respect worthy of this illus trious statesman. It is a calm, logical, wi ll reasoned production, conciliating in its spirit and conservative in its doctrines. It is not, as tho Cilobo and sonic other Tory papers have asserted, the offspring of a Jacobinical spirit a disappointed and desperate poli tician. On the contrary it exhibits the evi dence of mature reflection, a lofty genius,and devoted patriotism. Every paragraph con tains the proof of an honest heart, profound conviction, and n well poised judgment. It bears the true Republican stamp, abounds with sterling Whit; principles and adds new lustre to the fame of Ilnxitv Ci.av. He does not propose to abolish the veto power entirely, but urges such a modification of it ns will make it harmonize belter with our republican institutions. Hut the Tories are so strongly attached to this monarchical cle ment in our constitution that they will not submit quietly to such tt Republican innova tion as Mr. Ci.ay proposes. The Democ racy arc terribly distressed at the hare men tion of such a change. Wo shall take nn early opportunity to spread the speech before our readers. I. 4KTIIQUAKE IN KE.NTUCLV. Un tllO OVCn- in'' of the 'JOth ult. a very sevoro shock of an earthquake was experienced at .Mill's l'oint, Kentucky. 1 lie iivraiu siaies inai mo ircmu. liiiL'of tho earth commenced about ten minutes befoie midnight, and lasted about three minutes, It was accompanied by a hoarse, rumbling noise resembling distant thunder. Tho river was verv much atritnlcd during its continuance, al. though not a breath of air was stirring at tho time. Tho oldest inhabitants say that this wa-i tho hardest shock they can remember to have felt since tho memorable earthquake of 1311. Mr. Dutchmoscr says '-We must confess that wo wore somewhatalarmed, as tho house in which we dwell cracked and bIioo!;, as though it threatened to fall to pieces. Komo pictures hanging in our room dangled to and fn and a bottle standing on tho uiantlopieco was thrown down and broken. This seemed to us autlicient ground for apprehension, although our older and more experienced neighbors assure us that those Hhoclis art) nothing when ono gets used to tliciu!" JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. I'ho arrogant and haughty tono assumed hy tho slavcholding members of Congress towards their Northern brethren, especially on the subject of their "peculiar institu tions," has long been provetbial; but we do not rcoollect ever to havo seen it quite so fully exhibited as in thu proceedings of the House for the lust week or two. On Mon day the Mth nit., at the usual time of pre senting petitions, Ex-I'itr.swizNT Adams among others offered the following, signed hy some fifty or sixty citizens, pra iug fur a dissolution nf the Union: To the ("osnnnsi op the United States. The undersigned, cilucns or Haverhill, in the Common- wealth or Massachusetts, pray that you will imme diately adopt measures peaceably to dissolve the Un ion of these States I'irst : Hccause no union can be agreeable or per manent which does not present prospects of rccijiro cal benefits. Second : Uccausea vast proportion of the rc-ourccs of one section if tho Union is annually drained to sustain the views and course of another section without any aderpntc return. Thirdi Hccause (judging from the history of past nations) that Union, if pei sUted in, in the present courso of things, will certainly overwhelm the wholo nation in utter destruction. After the reading of tho petition, Mr. Adams moved to refer it to a select com mittee, with instructions to report nn answer to tho petitioners, showing the reasons whtf their prayer ought not to be granted. The hare reading of tho petition, however, affect ed tho "Southern Chivalry" with such a " holy horror" of the thought, that sonio lit tle tiino elapsed, before they could rccovci breath to proceed. When they roused them selves from their slate of stupefaction, nil their wits wcro at once put in requisition for means to express their indignation. Not content with wreaking their vengeance on the senseless paper, which 0110 noblo Vir ginian, with a high sonso of propriety and dignily,demandeil to have burned in tho prcs- 011 en of tho House, they next proceeded to modes of expressing their fcolings to apply lynch law. Being unablo to ngreo as to tho punishment to he inflicted, the House finally adjourned, that tlic chivalrous slaveholders might meet in solemn conclave, and delib erate upon tho measures ivhich the exigency of the caso required. They accordingly met, tho samo evening, and the result was that the next day a rcsolulion was offered in tho House, dcclarintr that Jcm.v Qui.ncy Adams in piesenting thU petition had of fered the deepest indignity to the House, in sulted the people of tho United Suites, and disgraced hi3 country in the eyes of tho civilized world ; that for this act Mr. Ad ams richly merited expulsion from his seal 111 the national councils, nnd thnt the House deemed it an net of special grace and mercy that they only inflicted upon him their se verest censure, turning him over for further punishment lo his own conscience, and tho judgment oftlio peoplo of llto U. Stales! ! ! The consciences of llio Southern members of Congress appear to be mostly of the kind described hy Dickons as being put on and off 13 occasion requires, like a change of flannel. The slavcholding bullies, Illicit, Wise and IJyiuim, have shouted again and again on tho lloor of ihe House, " Look out, or we'll dis solve the Union," and no chivalrous South crnor was found to start with horror and shriek of "treason," "perjury," "insult." But lot a few citizens uf a little country town in Massachusetts modestly and pcaca biy petition Congress to tnko u step which in their opinion the interests of the country require; and let a venerable man who has spent more than threescore years in the ser vice of his country, and benefitted il more than any other living person, have the bold ness to present their petition, in the fulfil mcnt of his duty, and look for a momcut at the confusion it creates. For A7ri7 and Pickens to bluster and threaten to dissolve j the Union was all very well ; hut for Jott.v 1 Quincv Adams to present a respectful pe tition to that effect, at thu same time declar ing himself opposed to the prayer of thu petition, smacks so strongly of perjury and treason, that ho must consider il a special favor to he only scourged with the severest eensuro of Southern bullies and slaveholders. As to tho petition itsulf, wo have always supposed it to be settled, (except as far as the Athcrton gag and its fellows go,) that citizens oftlio United States have a right to petition their ucprcsentatives in Congress assembled for any measure they please, so long as their petitions aru freo from disre spect to the House. Foolish as all sensible men must consider the prayer of thu men nf Haverhill, no one can deny them the right of entertaining their own opinions, and of ask ing Congress also to entertain them. In presenting tho petition, Mr. A dims undoubt edly followed the dictates of his conscience and of common sense. Ifnnv bod v of citi zens requested him to presiint a respectful petition to the House of Ucprcsentatives, he considered it, as any honest man would have done, not merely his right, but his duty, to comply with their request. In tho manner in which tho "chivalry" met this advance on the part of the aboli tionists, thcro was certainly not a little of tho farcical. Their appearance when the words of thu petition fu st fell upon their oars, resembled that of the feathered inhabitants of tho f,iriu-yard when they hear at a dis tance the boding cry of the hen-hawk. In this case, however, they were most wofully deceived, for tho torribla cry that so alarm ed thoin, was but the faint shriek ofa punv wingless sparrow-hawk, a mere chick-a-biddy. Their proceedings in relation to Mr. Adams were marked by the good senso and judgment which usually characterize the measures emanating from theso illustrious blackguaids. To talk of czpelling from the House, the man who for years has been its very salt to preserve il from corruption, is a pretty fair specimen of the modest and amia ble disposition of Messrs. Ilhctl, Wise, Gil mer tJj Co. But to think of John Quincv Adams being ciiNsunun by such men, re minds us oftlio " Eagle towering in his pride ol place," who " was by a mousing owlet hawked and killed." However, we still have hope that though the mousing owlets may hawk at, they will not ;, .Mr. Adams, and that he may even survive the toirible con sequences of having been so judiciously handed over for further punishment, to his own conscience, nnd the peoplo of the Uni ted States. If for no other purpose, wo should hope tho venerable Ex-l'resident might live for the sake of giving Wise anoth er opportunity to test the viituesof that Wi of which the bully from Accomack has al ready had such "sweet cipr.riencc." lu conclusion, we will simply ask our Ab olition friends to mark well tho division of parties 011 the adoption of lliesc resolutions. The Northern Toties have already voted twice with Southern Slaveholders against laying them on tho (able, whiln tho Northorn Whigs, headed by Mr. Adams, havo voted unanimously in favor of it. Wo hopo the third party Abolitionists in this state will remember this fact till the next election day comes round. Aud we hope they will also remember that the only eject oj forming a third party will be to weaken the Whigs, who have been their constant friends, and strengthen the Tomus who have been their deadliest foes. that every man not only possessed tho right, but was in duty bound, lo chango his opin ion whenever lie perceived ho was in error t Was not tho whole article, in which wo en deavored to expose tho bad nolicv of rcpeal- !-..l I r. .... ing mis uciieiiconi measure, couched in tho most'i espoclful language towards Mr. Young I 1 utflercnco of opinion nierclv. in tho judgment of our neighbor, identical with " a disposition to condemn 1" Nay, can our respected brother point lo a single sen tence in our article which implies so sovcro eensuro of Mr. Young as llio following paragraph oi his own in tho same column in which he regrets to discover such a captious pint in us l "The spirit 0 loeofoicm fnnmm. The rcneal nf iho bankrupt net was carried in the House by the votes of the loco", almost en masse, for the bill i by a party role, enforced undoubtedly by party drill, and cithout the slightest regard to the public good." 1 1. itaictiman, Jan. Jl. In tho sentiment of this paragraph, wo iro happy to say, wo fully concur with tho Watchman. But how can tho Watch man reconcilo it witli tho following sentence in the preceding article of tho samo paper where ho regrets to seo us condemn Mr. Y'oung ? "Wo deem tho expediency of tlic act. (tho Bankrupt act) without amendment, so much a matter of doubt, as to ho umcillina lo con demn the vole of any man who has better means offorming a justerjudgment than our selves. Is it, in tho opinion of our cotemporary, no condemnation ofa Whig to say ho voted 111 favor of a measuro which was carried by Locofoco votes, hy a party vole, by party drill, without the slioiitest regard to the public good ? Will tiie Watchman be so kind as lo "define its position on this ques tion, and inform us, particularly, if he has not condemned Mr. Y'oung, by implication, how, in tho name of the King's English, ho can say we have. But the watchman winds un its curious strictures with the following paragraph which wc consider" the most tinkindest cul" of alt upon our Ilepresentative. "As well from on intimation thrown out by Mr. .Marshal of Ky., as from the fact that the judiciary committee have s.nce been instructed to report a new ban! rupt bill, wc infer thai some may have voted for Ihe repeal or tho present act wilh the expectation of gettinjr a better one. This may have been tho caso wilh Mr. Youhk. ' iovv wc aro Irco to confess that widely as wc differed from Mr.Y. as to the expediency of repealing this law, we never for a moment considered him green enough to bo influenced by such a motive, especially after the dem onstrations of deadly hostility to the meas uro which were made by its opponents du ring the progress of the Bill for its repeal. Wo fully coincide in the following opinion copied from a late number of the Nation al Intelligencer. " On the probable fate of the Bankrupt Bill, we have no remark, except one, sug gested by an intimation wo have somewhero scon, that, if tins existing law of Bankruptcy be repealed, an entirely new act, embodying desired amendments, may be passed by Congress to fill tho chasm caused by tho eradication of tho existing law from the statute book. Whereupon we say, let no man, who is a friend to an uniform bank rupt system, in any form, or under any mod ification, delude himself with the vain im agination that any other bankrupt law will ever be substituted for the present, nr that the system, now citablishnd by law, will ever be imju-aved upon in any other way than by amendments engrafted upon that slock." ftTOur neighbor of tho Montpelier Watch man says ho has no doubt that Mr. Young had good reasons, in his own judgment, tor changing his vote on tho Bankrupt Bill, and ho therefore regrets lo seo a disposition in us to condemn .Air. beforo his reasons arc given. Now if iho Watchman must inter fere between Mr. Young and his constituents Ciin-vr Deitnce or Nations. A patent, Is. . . .1.1 r ti fl r Hw 1'iM'vii iiiiivii wiiu liuuiu 1 I i - , e uui "l i s c hr it 1 day of December," informs . . , . . , I un that tho Queen has created her infant son l'rinco of Wales and Karl of Chester, "by girt, hit? him with a word, hv put'.iliL' a coronet on . . .. v Ills ncnei, anu a liujii rinir 011 ins uiitf, nine uisii 1 , . , , , ,, , t .... 1...1 r 1 hviiilivprimr a .mid rnd iiito his hiiu' tint l,Q ! inllict summary punishment on tho distin- wc desiro lnm lo be a little more careful in may preside there, ami may direct and defend guished and venerable man who presented , his statements. In what paragraph of our those parte." ll'itli a rulerof such inaturo age, ., uCI,jL.a hv tho notorious H7sc, whoso ' article did the Watchman discover a dispo "Ihoso parts," will doubtles bo well defended , , .,, ... ,, , , , , 1 and diiccted. It was the practice of thu an- ' hack still smarts under tho well-deserved and j sition to condemn Mr. Y oung I Did wo not rieni Hcandinavianr, when Christianity lira be-1 well-apple d lash of the Ex-l'rcsidoiit. ihev say expressly that wo were not inclined to Kiui to inoko way aiimni; them, to have the ,-, i,;, r,u-r. l,;..,,,,,!,: ..,,1 , .,.. r,..,n.,.nii.... ..,.,n f.n- 1 r, .( rri.i .:il,ll..,l .1 ,,n mi. II.M ,11,, . ,1 ,1..0 ll ' ""l"' ' l "'" """I ("- "'' ' r"re rrut.i t,i .eir ijii.-uii i t.m," iiwur. j were doithih's' prr'lMted iii the lack ol other chan;ing his vote en this question'? Andj MEDICINE FOR THE AFFLICTED. Our readers will recollect that tho Legis latures of the States of South Carolina and Alabama havu recently adopted a scries of resolutions declaring tho ' Land Distribution Law," which was passed at the late extra session of Congress, to bo "unconstitu tional," and refusing to receive their por tion of tho proceeds. Mr. Ci.av noticed these resolutions in a speech which he lately made in thu Senate, and expressed his re gret that the Stales in question should havo thought il necessary to take sucli a stand. But, if they wcro determined to continue thus refjctory, it would becomo tho duty of Congress to mako some disposition of that portion of the proceeds which theso two ca pricious sisters should refuse to receive. He accordingly introduced tho following resolu tion which we hopn will be satisfactory to those States which ate troubled with "con stitutional scruples" about receiving their share of the fund : flesohcd. That the Committee on Public Lands hn iiisirucled to inquire into tho expediency of providing by law lhat, whenever any .Stale or Sta-es shall re fuse their proportions of tho proceed- of the public land-, such proportion sliall bo distributed among tho residue of the assenting Slates. This medicine is well adapted to the dis- easo, and wc have no doubt it will provo nr efficacious remedy to our afflicted sisters. COMMUNICATION. To the inhabitants of tho town of Burlington. I shall make no apology for addressing you fce causo the subject is ono in which you aro all interested, and that subject is tcmperanco. Is there ono among you can say ho ia not interest ed ! No not one. In this communication I will onry mcntiou two ways in which you are intercsteel, viz. your pecun'ary interest, and tho sympathy you all have for tho friends and family of tho intcroper a'te. In a pecuniary view your are inti'rested just in proportlonto tho amount of yourproperty. Did you ever calculate how much more you would have been worth than you now are, if intoxica ting drinks had never been used in this town. If you have not, do it, and I aseure you that you will bo astonished at the result. Take your taxes for one item. You will all admit that tho poor rates has always been a grout burden to the town, and 1 think you will also admit, that three fourths of tho paupers have been made by in. temperance. Now take this case, and make your eotlinato from 1700 to 1841 and you will find lhat these paupers havo cost you a sum that would nearly pay for every public building in tho town. Take again the losses that you have sustain, cd by individuals whoto failure you know to have bec'l caused by intemperance, Und ihcrc is. not aiiv me hut Ins Mistamed some less in

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