Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 10, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 10, 1844 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

xtt fpte NOT TUB OLORT OP OJBSAK BUT THB W B I. r A B B O F H O m B , BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1844: BY H. B. STACY. VOL. XVII...Ao. 49. From the Philadelphia Saturday Courier. Til 13 SISTI3H9 DAVIDSONS. nv rnEsTO.v o'darreit. Sisters of song! Your life was in its freshness find its dcwi Its withering ami its blight were not for you, Nor held you long. "Tis ever thus I They fade the first our best hopoi centred in : To linger in a world of wo and sin Were perilous. Heller to die, Unknown earth's cares, iindrained its bitter cup, When immortality will swallow up Mortality : Than to live on Till wintry age cloud o'er youth's vernal sun, And its preen leaves have fallen, one by one, Till all are gone. No more ye thrill Our hearis wilh tour strange youthful melody; Hut have ye erased your artless minstrelsy, Or sing ye still 1 Full many lyres, Untouched on earth, have first in heaven been strung, The unsupectcd poet first hath sung, '.Mid seraph choirs. And shall your songs, Twin spirits I that so sweetly sans on earth, Be hushed amid the hymns of heavenly birth Of angel throngs? Dealh cannot bush The soul of song, tho rpirit's harmony; Attuned to heaven's own harps your strains shall be, And ever gusli. A holier spot Of earth but where no early thoughts are hrcd, Than that where sleep the pure and early dead. The world hath hot. Faiih, fervor, prayer, r.ovc,and hia hnpes.froin earth 'o heaven that bound--Thescare that ever tenant huly ground, And these are there. A writer in Blackwood tints dr-scrilics what lie terms the " pride, pomp an J cir., of glorious war." All the externals of war are splendid ; it is the intnrii-r, the consequences, the opera tion mighty tr.iinpler of man that are starting. This was my first sight of that most magnificent of all human evil an ar my. Tho forces of the two must wailike monarchies of Europe woio spread hefore me nearly a hiindied and fifty thousand troops, with all the niimheiless folloiveis of a host in the field, envoi ing a r.nijie of low hills which euciicled the horizon. While wo were still at a considerable distance a gun was fi red from the central hill and answered by others from the (l inks. The rolling of the drums set the vast line in motion ; and just at the moment when the sun was lying on (lie edges of tho west, the brigades tlescend itur each from its Itoigjit, balled on the slope. The whole vast manu!iivre was executed with the exactness of a sitiglo mind. The Maze) of the sun on the arms, the standards, and ilui lents crowning; tho brow of the bills wa magical. " Are tiiey marching to bat tle I" was my amazed question to my cnin p iiiiuii. (lis only answer was to check his charger, take off bis shako and bend bis head to his saihlle-liow. A hurst of universal har mony, richer than I had ever yet conceived, explained the (1'iussi m) niyslery. It was tlie eveuing prayer. The fn'io bands of the regiments joined the voices of the sohlierv, and I listened in unbroken rapture, and reve rence until its close. In court or cathedral, in concert or shrine, I had never before so much felt the power of sound. It finished in a solemn chorus; an acclamation of music; I could have almost imagined it ascending embodied to Heaven. The wav to sum. his iv.tin:.-Just be fore the declaration of independence a Yan kee pedlar starlcd down to New York to sell a parcel of liowls and dishes he made of ma ple. Jonathan travelled over tho city, ask ing every body to buy bis wares, but no one was disposed to buy wooden dishes. It hap pened that a British fleet was then lying in the harbor of New York, and Jonathan struck upon a plan of selling bis dishes. So he got a naval uniform, bv hook or by crook, (for history doesn't tell whom hu got it,) and strutting up town one morning, asked a mer chant if he. had any nice wooden ware, that the Commodore wanted a lot for the fleet. The merchant replied that ho had none on hand, but there was some in town, and if he would send in the afternoon, be could supply him. ' Very good," said our naval officer, and out he went, and cut for home ; and bo had scarcely doffed his borrowed plumago before down camo the merchant, who seeing that Jonathan ban sold noun of bis ware, of fered to lake tho whole if be would deduct 15 per rent ; but Jonathan said he would bo darned if he didn't l iko'eni home before he'd lake a cent less than his first price. So tho merchant paid him down in gold, his price for thn wooden ware.which laid on bis shelves for many a long day thereafter; and Jona than trolled Inline in high glee at tho success of his manojiivre, whilo thn merchant cursed British officers ever after that. Dow, Jr., closes a sermon on kissing wilii tho following quaint advice : " I want you, my young sinners, to kiss and get married ; and then devote your timo to moralily and money-making. Then let your homes bo well provided with such com forts and necessaries as piety, pickles, pots and kettles, brushes, brooms, benevolence, bread, charily, cheese, crackers, faiih, flour, affection, cider, sincerity, onions, integrity, virtue, wine, and wisdom. Have all these always on hand, and happiness will bn with you. Don't drink any thing intoxicating cat moderately go about business after breakfast louiige a lillle afier dinner rhat ofier tea, and kiss afier quarrelling ; and all the joy the peace and the bliss thn earlh can afford shall bo vours. till thn erave close nwr yon, and vour spirils are borne to a brighter worm, do motti il Ue." Uncle John,' said a lillle urchin to mi old gentleman wlm was silling with his head to ,t, f.rn I ..,1... .., . .. ,u ,, rl. Vnii nun :,n I iirliiin building his house? D'ye give it up? iucuusu you ar niuKiug your wig warm. A quarry of granite, apparently inexhaustible, , -uy wriniKIH "Nil in mJii"i j'.iitiny, is Fliua. 'd linn. tln la.ininallnn nf llin Pi le litrn r:i Ifaij state Utm, Mil. CLAY'S LETTER ON THI3 ANNEXATION Ol TEXAS. To the Editors of the National Intelligencer. ItAt.Eiair, April 17, 1814. Gentlemen : Subsequent to my departure from Ashland, in December last, I received vari ous communications from popular assemblages and privalo individual., requesting an expres sion of my opinion upon the question of the Annexation of Texas to the United States. I have forebnrno to reply to them, because it was nut very convenient, during the progress of my journey, to do so, and fur other reasons. I did not think it proper, unncccessarily, to introduce at present a new clement among the other ex citing subjects which agitate and engross the public mind. Tho rejection of the overture of lexns, some years ago, to become annexed to trio united states, nan met Willi general acqui escence. Nolhing had since occurred matcri ally to vary the question. I had seen no evi deuce of a desire being entertained, on the part of any considerable portion of the American people, that Texas should become an integral part of the United Stales. During my sojourn in New Orleans I had, indeed, been greatly surprised, by information which I received from Texas, that, in the course of last fall, a Volunta ry overture had proceeded from the Executive oi the United Slates lo the authorities of Texas, to conclude a treaty of Annexation ; and that, in order to overcome the repugnance felt by any of them to a negotiation upon the subject, strong, and as I believe, erroneous representa tions had been made to them of a stale of opin ion in t tic Senale of the United Slates, favorable to the ratification of such a treaty. According to these representations, it had been accertain cd that a number of Senators, varying from thirty-five to forty-two, were ready lo sanction such a treaty. I was aware, too,- that holders of Texas lands and Texas scrip, and speculators in them, were actively engaged in promoting the object of annexation. Si ill, I did lint be lieve that any Hxeculive of the United Slates would venture upon so grave and momentous a proceeding, nut only without any general mani festation of public opinion in favor of it, hut in direct opposition to strong and decided cxpres- sains oi pniiiic disapprobation, liut it appears that I was mistaken. To the nstnni liincnt of the whole nation, we are now iiifoimed lliat a treaty of annexation lias been actually conclu ded, and is to be subedited to the Senate for its consideration. J lie motives fur mv silence, theicforc, no longer remain, and I feel it lo be mv dtilv to present an exposition of mv views and opinions upon the question, for wliat Ihey may bo worlh, to llio public consideration. I adopt I his method, as being more convenient than several replies to tho respective communi cations which I have received. I regret that I hate not the advantage of a view of the treaty itself, so as to enable me to adapt an expression of my opinion to the actual conditions and stipulations which it contains. Not possessing that opportunity, I am constrain, ed to treat the question according to what I pre sume to bo the terms of the treaty. If, without the loss of national character, without the haz ard of foreign war, with the general concurr enco of the nation, without any danger to the integrity of the Union, and without giving an unreasonable price for Texas, the question ol annexation were presented, it would appear in quite a different light from that in which, I ap- proucnu, n is now lo ue regarded. I lie United Slates acouircd a title to Texas. extending, as I behove, to the Rio del Norte, by the treaty of Louisiana. They ceded anil reliu quished that title loSpain bv the treity in 1819, by which the Sibino was substituted for tint Wn del Norte as our western boundary. This trea. tv was negotiated under the Administration of lr. .Monroe, and with the concurrence of his Cabinet, of which Messrs. Crawford, Calhoun, anil Wirt, being a majority, all Southern gen tlenion, composed a iiirt. When Ilia Iroitv laid bolnro the I Icmt-c of Representatives, bcimr a member of that body, I exnres.-cd the nniuiorT. which I then entertained, and still hold, that Texas was sacrificed lo the arqiiiMtion of Flor id i. We u anted Florida; but I thought it must, from its position, inevitably fall into our po-se--s on ; that (ho point of a few years, sooner or later, was of no sort of consequence, and iii.ii in giving nvo minions ol dollars and Tex as for it, wc gave more than a just equivalent. Hut if wo made a great sacrifice in the surrcn. der of Texas, wo ought to lake care not to mako too groat a sacrifice in the attempt to re-ac- quiro it. mv opinion of the inexnediencv of trip trnalv of 183!) did not prevail. The country and Con. gre.-s worn satisfied with it, appropriations wore mauo io carry u mm eltect, the line of the Sa. bine was recognised by us as our boumlarv. In negotiations both with Spain and .Mexico, after .Mexico became independent, and measures have been in actual progress to in irk the lino, from the Sabine to Red ruer, and thence to the I'acifiis ocean. We have thus furly alienated our title to Texas, by solemn national compact-, to the fulfilment of which we stand bound bv imml fnilli .til. I ..iin...l I . . .. 3 , , ,,uiior. ii is, inorelnrc, perfectly idle and ridiculous, if not dihlmnorable, to talk of resuming our title to Texas, as if wo had never pirted with it. We can no more do that than Spain can resume Florida, Franco Louisiana, or ureat Uritian the thirteen cnlo. nie, nuwroniposingapartof tho United States. During the administration of .Mr. Adam. Mi. I'oinsetl, Minister of llio United Stales in Mori. co, was instructed by me, with the President's authority, lo propo-e a repurchase of Texas ; but ho forbore even to mako an overture for that purpose. Upon his return to the United Slates, he informed me, at New Orleans, that ins reason ior not making it was, that ho know the purchase was wholly impracticable, and that he was persuaded thai, if ho made tho murium. it would have no other effect llian to aggravate irritations, already existing, upon matters of dif ference between to two countries. I ho events which have since transpired in Texas are well known. Sim revolted against the Government of Mi'vim. H..ur t.. or.,." ....a filially fought and won the inemnrablu battle of o,ni jacimo, annihilating a Mexican army, and making a captive of iho Mexican President. I llO Signal success tl.,..l...l y aided . not wholly achieved, by citizens of Uim o.aiiy. woo nau emigrated to Texas. I hesc succors, if they could not al ays be pre. veiilcil by the Government ol the United Slates woro furnished in a manner and to an extent which brought upon us some national reproach in tho eyes of an impartial world. Ami m opinion, they impose on us the obligation of -kruuiiiuuHiy avoiding mo imputation of having instigated and aided the Revolution with the ul. lunate view of territorial aggrandizement. Af. lor the halllo of San Jacinto, the United States recognised the independence of Tuxas, in con fornuty with the principle and practiro ivhich liiun a llilllD n.n.,.!l.. I .1 . ....... j ,ci,iiiuu iii uieir councils, of ro Logoiriiig ,o tinvernuiont "de facto," without legunnng mo question de jure. That reco-ni tinn did not affect or imnair thn -lulu r ivio.i co, or change tho relations which existed bo. tweon her and I' She, on the contrary, lias preserved all hor riL'hts. and !A4 emit imma to assert, and so far as 1 know vet ,i.,i. i. right to reduco Texas to obedience, as a part of the Republic of Mexico. According to late in. telligence, it is prcbablo that eho has agreed up on a temporary susponsioti of hostilities ; 'but, if that has been done, I presume it is vith the purpose, upon the termination of the armistic, of renewing tho war and enforcing her rights, as she considers them. This narrative shows the present actual con dition of Texas, as far as I have information about it. If it lie correct, Mexico has not aban doned, but perseveres in the assert'on of her rights by actual force of armr, which, if suspen ded are intended to be renewed. Under these circumstances, if the Government of the United States were to acquire Texas, it would acquire a'ong witn it all the incumbrances wnicn lex as is under, and among them the actual or sus ponded war between Mexico and Texas. Of that conscnuencc there cannot be a doubt. An ncxation and war with Mexico are identical. Now, for one. I certainly am not wilhnir to in volvo this country in a foreign war for the ob ject or acquiring Texas. I know there are loose who fregard such a war with indifference and as a trifling affair, on account of 'he weakness of Mexico and her inability to inflict serious injury upon tins country, lint I do no: looK upon i thus lightlv. I regard all wars as great calami tics,, to bo avoided, if possible, and honorable peace as the wisest and truest policy of this country, what the tniled States most need arc union, peace and patience. Nor do I think that the weakness of a Power should form a motive, in any rase, for inducing us to engage in or to depreciate the evils of war. Honor and good faith and justice are equally due from this country towards the strong. And, if an act of injustice weie to be perpetrated toward any Power, it would bo more compatible with the dignity of the nation, and, in my judgment, less oisiinnoraDie, io inllict it upon a powerliu in stead of a wiak foreign nation. But are wo perfectly sure that we should bo free from in jury in a stale of war with Mexico 1 Have we any security that countless numbers of foreign vessels under the authority and flig of Mexico, would not prey upon our defenceless commerce in the Mexican gulf, on the Pacific ocean, and on every oilier sea and ocjanl What com mercc, i.n the other hand, docs Mexico offer, as an indemnity for our losses, to the gallantry and enterprise of our countrymen 1 This view of the subject supposes that "the war would bo confined to the United States and Mexico as the only belligerents. Hut havo we any certain guaranty lliat Mexico would obtain no allies among the great Kurnnean Powers t Suppose any such Powers, jealous of our increasing greatness, and disposed to check our growth and cripple us, wore to take part in behalf ofMex. ico in llio war, lioiv would the difjereut belliger ents present Ihemselvcs to Christendom and the enlightened world ! We have boon serious ly charged with an inordinate spirit of territori. al aggrandizement ; and, without admitting the justice of the charge, it must bo owned that we have made vast acquisitions nf territory within the last forty years. Suppose Great Britain and France, or one of them, were to lake part with Mexico, and, by a manifesto, were to proclaim that their objects were to assist a weak and helpless ally, to check the spirit of encroach inent and ambition of an already overgrown Re public, seeking still further acquisitions of ter ritory, to maintain the independence of Texas, disconnected with the United Stales, and to pre vent tho further propagation of slavery from the United States, what would be the ellbct of such allegations upon the judgment of an impartial and enlightened world ! Assuming that the annexation of Texas is war with Mexico, is it competent to the treaty making power to plunge this country into war, not only without the concurrence of, but with, out deigning to consult Congres, lo which by the Coii-tittitioii, belongs exclusively tho power of declaring war! I have hitherto considered tho question upon the supposition that the annexation is attempt, ed without the assent of Mexico. If she yields her consent, that would materially affect the foreign aspect of tho question, if it did not re move all foreign difficulties. On the assump tion of that assent, tho question would be con fined to the domestic considerations which be long to it, embracing tho terms and conditions upon which annexation is proposed. I do not think that Texas ought to he received into the Union, as an integral part of il, in opposition to the wishes of a considerable and respectable por tion of the Confederacy. I think it far more wise and important to enmnoso ami harmonize the prc-cut Confederary, as it now exists, than to introduce a now element of discord and dis. traction into it. In my humble opinion, it should be tho constant and earnest endeavor of Ameri. can statesmen to eradicate prejudices, to culti. vate and luster concord, and to produce general contentment anions all parts of our Confedera. cy. And true wisdom, it seems to me, points to the duty of rendering iis present members happy, pro-porous, and satisfied with each uihor, rather than lo attempt to introduce alien mem. bers, against the common consent, and with the certainly of deep dissatisfaction. Mr Jefferson expressed the opinion, and others believed, that It never was in the contemplation of the. Trainers ol the Constitution to add loreign territory to the Confederacy, out of which new Stales were to he formed. Tho acquisitions of Louisiana and Florida may be defended upon the peculiar ground of tho relation in which they stood to uiu oiaics oi uie union. Alter they were ad milled, we might well pause awhile, people our a.-i vtasies, oeveiope our resources, prepare the means of defending what wo possess, au". mcnt our strength, power, and greatness. If hereafter, fur'her territory should be wanted for an increased population, we need en'ertain no apprehensions but lhat it will bo acquired by means, il is to be hoped, fair, honorable, and constitutional. It is useless to disguise that thero are those, who espouse, and those who onooso the annnv." alion of Texas, upon the ground nf tho influence which it wuuid exert, in the balance of political power, between two great sections of the Union. I conceive that no motive for the acquisition of foreign territory would bo more unfortunate, or pregnant with more fatal conseqiieores, than thai of obtaining it for the purpose of strength. enmg one part against another part of the Com. moil Confederacy, Such a principle, put into practical operation, would menanre tho exist, cure, if it did not ccrlamlv sow the seeds of a dissolution of tho Union. It would bn to pro. claim to the world an insatiable and unqucuch. auiu inirei ior icireign conquest or acquisition o territory. For if Texas bo acquired to strengthen one part of tho Confederacy, to-morrow Canada may be required to add strength to another. And, after that might have been nb. tained, sti'l other'and further acquisition would become necessary, to equalize and adjust the balanco of political power. Finally, in tho pro. gress of this spirit of universal dominion, the part nf the Confederacy which is now weakest, would find itself still weaker, from tho iinpossi hility of securing new th.iatres for tin so pecu. liar institutions which it is charged with being dcrimus lo cxlood, But would Toxas, ultimately, rcal'y add strength to that which is now considered the woakest part of tho Confederacy ; If my infor. maliuii bo correct, it would not. According to that, the territory of Texas is susceptible of a division into fivo Slates of convenioi.t sizo and form. Of these, two only would be adapted lo those peculiar institutions to which I havo refer, red, and tho other three, Ivimr west and norlh of San Antonio, beinir mil adapted to farmimr and grazing purposop, from the nature of their soil, climate, and productions, would not admit of those institutions. In the end, therefore, there would be two slave and three free Stales probably added to the Union. It this view ol the soil and geography of Texas be correct, il might serve to diminish the zeal, both of those who oppose and those who arc urging annexa tion. Should Texas he annexed to the Union, the United States will assume and become respon sible for the debt of Texas, be its amount what it may. What it is, I do not know certainly ; but the least I have seen it stated at is thirteen millions of dollars. And this responsibility will exist, whether thero be a stipulation In the trea. ty or not expressly assuming the payment of the debt of Texas. For I suppose it to be undoni. able that, if one nation becomes incorporated in another, all the debts, and obligations, and in cumbrances, and wars of the incorporated na tion, become the debts, and obligations, and in cumbrances, and wars of the common nation created by the incorporation. If any European nation entertain any ambi tious designs upon Texas, such as that of colo nizing her, or in any way subjugating her, I should regard it as the imperative duty of the Government of the United States to oppose to such designs the most firm and determined re sistance, to the extent, if necessary, of appeal ing to arms, lo prevent the accomplishment of any such designs. The Executive of the United Slates ought to be informed as lo the aims and views of foreign Powers with regard to Texas, and I presume lhat, if there be any of the ex ceptionable character which I have indicated, the Executive will disclose to the co-ordinate departments of the Government, if not to the public, the evidence of ihcm. From what 1 have seen i.nd heard, I believe that Great Britain has recently formally and solemnly disavowed anv such aims or purposes has declared that she is ilciroiis only ol the independence of Texas, and that she has no intention to interfere in henlo mestic institution. If sho has made such dis avowal and declaration, I presume they are in the possession of t lie Executive. In tho future progress of events, it is probable that there will be a voluntary or forcible ppa. ration of the British Norlh American possessions from the parent country. I am stromrlv inclined to think that it will be best for the happiness of an parties, in thai event, they should be erected into a separate and independent Republic. With the Canadian Republic on one side, that of Texas on the other, and the United Stales, the friend of both, between them, each could ad. vance its own happiness by such constitutions, laws, and measures, as were best adapted to its peculiar condition. They would be natural al lies, ready, by co-operating, to repel any Euro, pean or foreign attack upon cither. Each would afford a secure refuge to the persecuted and op. pressed driven into exile by either of the others. 1 hey would emulate each oilier in improvements in free institutions, and in the science of self, government. Whilst Texas has adopted our Constitution as the model of hers, she has. in several important particulars, greatly improved upon ii. Although I have felt comne led. from the na. tore of the inquiries addressed to me, to extend this communication to a much greater longl'i than I could have wished, I could not do justice to the subject, and fairly and fully expose my own opinions, in a shorter space. In conclusion, they may he stated in a few words to be, lhat I con-ider the annexation of Texas, at this time. without the assent of Mexico, as a measure com- promising the national character, involving us certainly in war with Mexico, probably with other foreign Powers, dangerous lo the integrity mine union, inexpedient in (lie present financial condition of the country, and not called for by any general expression of public opinion. i am, respectiuliy, your obedient servant, H. CLAY. IK THE SENATE OB THE U.VlTFn Srxr Anrll 99 1844. Head llio first and second limes, referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, nnd nr.lernl m be primed in confidence for the use of the Senale. A TREATY OF ANNEXATION. Concluded between the Uniled Slates of .America nnd tne lupubiic ol leias, at Washinstun, the 12th day of April, IS44. ' The Deonle of Texas bavin?, nt th timo nfnitnnttnrr their Constilirion, exprcned bvannlmoet unanimous voie. their desire lo be incorporated inlo the Union of uie uniieu aiaies, anu being still desirous or the same with equal unanimity, in order lo provide more enec lually lor Ihcir security nnd prosperity ; nnd Ihj Uni ted Stiles, actuated solely by the desire to ndd lo their own security nnd prosperity, nnd In meet the wishes of lbs Government and people of Texas, have determined lo accomplish, by treaty, objects so im portant lo their mutual and permanent welfare. For Ihnt purpose, the President of the United Stnte9 has Given full powers lo John V. Cnlhoon. necreiary of Slate of tho United Sinles, and llie j're sulent of the Republic of Texas has appointed, with liko powers, sine Van Znndl nnd J. I'mckney Hen derson, citizens of ihe said Republic; nnd the said plenipotentiaries, after exchanging their full powers, . ...... ,...1 , luuowing amines ; .Art. 1. I lie Republic of Texas, acting in conform ity wuh Ihe wishes ot the people nnd every depart ment of iis Government, cedes lo the United Stales nil iis territories, to ha held by ihem in full property nnd sovereignly, nnd lo be annexed to the United Slales as one of iheir Territories, nubjVct to the same constitutional provisions with Iheii other territories, fhis cession includes nil public Iota nnd squares, vn cant lands, mines, minerals, sail lakes and springs, public edifices, forlificntioni, barracks, pons and har bors, navy and navy yard', docks, magazines, arms, armament", nnd ncoulrements, archives and public documents, public funds, debts, taxes and dues unpnid nt Ihe time of the exchange of the ratification of this treaty. Art. 2. The citizens of Texs shall ba incorpora ted into the Union of Ihe United Slaiei, maintained nnd protected in .the free enjoyment of iheir liberty nnd property, and admitted n soon os may be con sistent with llio principles of Ihe h'ederal Conslitu lion, io ihe enjoymeni ofnll ihcrhihis, privileges, nnd immunities of citizens of the United Stales. Art. 3. All lilies and claims to real estate, which are valid by the law of Texas, ahall be held lo be so by llic United States ana measures shall be adop ted for the speedy adjudication i f nil unsettled claims to land, nnd patents shall be granted to those found lo bo valid Art. 4. The public lands hereby ceded ahall be subject lo. the laws recnlaiing ihe public lands in Ihe enher territories of ihe Unued Slates, na far na

they may bo applicable i uihjrct, however, lo auch a. lerations and changes Conirresi may from lime lo lime think proper lo make. Il is underalood between the puiies, lhai, if in consequence of the mode in vthieh Inndahnve been surveyed in Texna, or from prewoun crania or locations, ihe sixteenth seciion cannot be applied for the purpose of education. Con Kress shall make, equal provision by gram of land elsewhere. And it is also further underalood, ihnt, hcrenrter, the hocka, papers and documents of the General Land Office nf 'IVxaa, shall be depoaiied and kepi nt such place n Texna, ta the Congress of the United Slates shall direct. Art. 5. The Uniiel Stales aaaume nnd agree lo pay the public debt nnd liabilities of Texas, however created, for which ihafaiih ni ,-rcHii at hc.,.. men! may be bound nt ihe lime of Ihe ext hance of mo luiiiitmiinis ui innireaiyi wtnen debts and lia biliiiea nre ejnmnled not lo exceed in Ihe whole, ten millions of dollars, to be ascertained and paid in the manner hereinafter staled. The payment of I h aum nt iktu h,,,l,.a .na r, thousand dollars shall be made at Ihe Treasury of ,.. . -n,.ri., w iimn ninety oaya aner me ex change of (he ratification of this treaty, aa follows t 1 wo hundred nnd fifiy thousand dnllara lo Frederick Dawson, nfllaliimore, or bii executora, on the deliv ery ot Ihnt nmount of ten per centbondaof Texas one li'imlred thousand dollars, if ao much be required, in Ihe redemption of the Exchrnurr bills whirn matf lo in circulilinn al Ihe lime of ihe exchanee ol Ihe raiirtcniiona of thia treaty. Cor the payment of the remainder ol Ihe debts and liabililUa of TiMl which. together with ihe amount already specified, ahall not exceed ten million! of dollar, the public lands herein 'icdid, nnd the net rcvenucfrom the aainc, nte heie by pledged. An. Ii. In order to ascertain ihe full amount of the debts and liabilities herein assumed, nnd Ihe legality nnu vauuiiy increoi, lour commissioners snail be ap pointed by Ihe President of Ihe Uniicd Stoles, by and with the ndvice nnd consent of ihu Senate, who shall meet nt Wnshinuton. 'IV.tns. within tho nenod of ix months after the exchange of the ratifications of this ircaiy, nnu may continue in session noi exceeding twelve months, unless llio Congress of Ihe United States shall prolong the time. They shall lake nn oath lor the faithful discharge of their duties, nnd that Ihcy arc not directly or indirectly interested in said crunis ai ine nine, nnn will not ue ouring uieir cun tinuance in offices and the said oath shall bo record ed with their prncecdini'S. In case ol lliedenth. sick' ness, or resignation of any of ihe commissioners, his or Iheir place or places may bu supplied by the ap pointment as aforesaid, or by the 'resident of the United Slates during the recess ot the Senate. They, or a majority oi mem, shall be autnonseu, unuer such regulations as the t'ongrtssof the United 6'lntes may prescribe, to hear, examine, and decide on all cues- lions touching the legality and validity of said claims, and shall, when a claim is allowed, issue a certificate lo tne claimant, slating the amount, distinguishing principal from interest. The certificates so issued shall be numbered, and cnlry made of the number, ihe name of the person lo whom issued, and the amount, in n book io be kept for lhat purpose. They snan transmit llio records ot Iheir proceedings, unu Ihe book in which Ihe certificates are enteral, with the vouchers and documents produced before them, relative lo the claims allowed or rejected, lo the Treas ury Department nl Hie United Stales, to bedeno.ited therein t and the Secretary of thcTreasur) shall, as soon as practicable alter the receipt oi llio same, as. certain ine aggregate amount of the debts mlhalili lies allowed; and if the suite, whin ndded lo the nmount to be pmd lo Frederick Dawson, nnd the sum which may be paid in the redemption of Ihe exche quer bills, shall not exceed the estimated sum of ten millionsof dollars, he shall, on the presentation of a certificate of the commissioner-, issue, at the option of the holder, n new certificate for the aniounl, dis tinguishing from interest, and payable lo him or order, out of the net procteds of the public lands hereby ceded, or stock of ihe United Stales, for uie amoiiniaiiowea, including principal anu interest, nnd bearing on interest of Ihreepcr cent, per annum, from ihe dale thereof which flock, in addition lobe ins made pat able out of the net proceeds of the public lands hereby ceded, Mini I also be receivable in pay ment of the same. In case the amount of ihedebls and liabilities allowed, vrnh Ihe funis afotcsaid io be paid to Frederick Dawson, and which may be paid in Ihe redemption of the exchequer bills, shall exceed the sai I sum of ten millions of dollars, ihe said Secretary, before issuing n new certificate, or stock, ns ihe case maybe, shall make in each case such proportionaldo nnd rateable reduction on its amount, as to reduce the aggregate to the said sum of ten millions of dollars, and he shall have power to make all ncedfol rules and regulations necessary to carry into effect the powers hereby vested in him. An. 7. Until further provision shall be made, the law of Texas, as now existing, shall remain in force, and nil executive and judicial officers of Texas, ex cept the President, Vice President, nnd heads of de partments, shall retain their offices, with all power nnd authority anncrtnininf thereto, and the courts nf justice shall remain in all respects as now established arm organized. Art. 8. Immediately after the exchange of the rat ifications of this treaty, the President of the United by nnd with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint n commissioner, who shall pro ceed to Texas nnd receive the transfer of the territory thereof, nnd all ihe archives and public property, ao'd oiher thtniis herein conveyed, in the name of the Uni ted Slates. He shall exercise all executive authority in said territory necessaty lo the ptoper execution of Ihe laws, until otherwise provide I. Art. 9. The present treaty shall be ratified by ihe contacting panics, and ihe ratifications exchanged al ihe city of Washington, in six months from ihe dole hereof, or sooner, if possible. In witness whereof, we, llio undersigned, plenipo tentiaries of the Uniicd States of America, and ofihe Republic of Texas, have sinned, by virtue of our pow ers, ihe present treaty of annexation, and have here unto alfixcd our -cals, respeciivelv. Done nt Washington, the twelfth day of April, ciguiccu nuiiuren ann loriy-iour. J. C. CALHOUN. Seal. Seal. Seal. ISAAC VAN ZANDT, J. 1'INCKNEV 1IU.SDERS0X, MKSS.AOR. To the Sesate or the United States i I transmit herewith for your approval and ratifica tion, a irraly, which I have caused to be negotiated between the Un'ue.1 Stales nnd Texas, whereby the latter, on the conditions therein set forth, has trans fers! and conveyed all its riiiht ol separate nnd inde pendent sovcriignty, and jurisdiction to the United States. In taking so important a step, I have been influenced by w hut appears lo me lo bo the most con trolling considerations of public policy and the general good ; and ill having accomplished il, should it meet with your approval, tho government will hate suc ceeded in reclaiming a territory uhi II formerly con stitu'ed a portion, ns il is confidently believed, of its domain, under ihe tieaty of cession oflS03, by France to the United Slates. The country thus proposed lo be annexed has been settled principally by person- from the Uniicd Slates, who emigrated on ihe invention of both Spain nnd Mexico, and who carried wuh them into tho wilder ness which they have parlnlly re-chiimed the laws, customs, and politic il ami domestic institutions of their native land. They nre deeply indoctrinated in nil Ihe principles of civil liberty, and will I ring along with them, in the act of re-ossociaiion, devotion lo our Union, and a firm and inflexible resolution in as sist in maintaining the public liberty unimpaired a consideration which, as il appears io me, is to be regar ded ns of no sinnll moment. Tne country itself, thus optnined, ts of incalculable value in an agricultural and commercial point of view. To a soil of inexhaustible fertility, il unites a genial and healthy climate, and is destined, nt n day not dis tant, to make large contributions to the commerce, of Ihe world Its territory is separated from tho United Slates, in pari, by an imaginnry line, nnd by Ihe ruer Sabine, for a distance of 310 miles i and its produc tions arc the same willi those of many of the conti guous Stales of Ihe Union. Such is the country, such are Us inhabitants, and s ich its capacities to ndd to the general wealth of the Union, As to the latter, it may be safely nsserted, that in the magnitude of its productions, it will equal, in a short time, under the protecting care of this Government, if it does not sur pass, ihe combined production- of many States of the Confederacy. A new and powerful impulse will thus be given' to the navigating interest of ihe country, which will be chiefly engrossed by our fellow citizens nf llio I'nslcrn nnd Mi Idle States, who have already attained a remarkable degree of prosperity by ihe par tial monopoly Ihey have enjoyed of ihe carrying trade af Ihe I'moii, particularly tho coastwise trade, which ihis new ncquiilion is destined in time, and lhat not, to swell to n inagnltute which cannot easily be computed ; while the addition made to the boun daries of the home market, thus secured to their mining manufacturing and mechanical skill and indu-iry, will be of a character the most commanding and im portant. Such nre some of ihe mnny advantages which will accrue to the Eastern nnd Middle States by the rati fication of the treaty advantages, the extent of which il is impossible lo estimate with accuracy or properly lo appreciate. Texas being adapted to the culture of cot ion, sugnr, and lice, and devoting most of her en ergies lo ihe raising of these productions, will open nn extensive market in the Western Stales, in the important nrlicles of beef, poik, horses, mules, Ac, as well as in hrradstulTs. At tho same time, the Somhern nnd Southwestern Stales will find, in the fncl of annexation, protection nnd security to iheir peace and tranquility, as well acainsl all domestic, as loreign eft" iris io disturb ihenit ihua consecrating anew ihe Union of Ihe States, and holding out tho promise of its perpetual duration. Thus at ihe same linie.lhat tho lide of public pros, peiily is greatly swollen, an appeal, of wlm appears In the Executive to be of nn imposing, if not of a re Hslless characler, is made lo the interests of every K orlion of the country. Agriculture, which would ave a new nnd extenive market opened for in pro duce commerce, whose ships would be freighted with the rich productions of an extensive and fertile region) and the mechanical arts, in all ihrlr various ramification, would arrm in unite in one universal de mand for the ratification of ihe treaty. But important as these considerations miy appear, ihey are lo bo regarded as but secondary to others. Texas, for reasons deemed sufficient by herself threw off her dependence of Mexico as far back as IBJ6, nnd consummated her Independence by Ihe bajtln of Sin Jacinto, in the same yean .since whirh period Mexico has attempted nu serious invasion of her territory but the contest haa assumed features of mere border war, characterized by acts revolting lo humanity. In Ihe year 1936, Texas adopted her Constitution, under which the haa rXisle I aa a aoverrign Power ever ainre, hilnu been recognised aa auch bv many-of the nrin- cipal Powefi of (he world) and eonMnporaneous!y witn in aoopuon, oy a solemn ruie ui nrr propie, em bracing ill her population but ninety. three persons, declared her anxious desire to be ndmttted inlo nsso cialion with the United States, ns n pottion of iheir territory. This vote, thus solemnly inken, has never been reversed) and now, by the action of her consti tuted authorities, sustained ns it is by popular senti ment, she affirms her riesite for nnnexntion. This course Ins been adopted by her, without the employ ment of any sinister measures on the part of this Government. No intrigue has been set on fool lo nc- complish it. Texas herself wills il, nnd Ihe Executive ofihe United States, concurring with her, hasseen no suiuncni reason io avoid inc consummation oi an aci esteemed to bo so desirable hu hntli. Il r.snnnl be denied, lliat Texas is greatly depressed in her energies by her long-protracted war with Mexico. Under Ihesc circumsinnces, it is but natural that she should seek for safefy and repose under Ihe proteclton of some stronver Power) and it is equally so thai her people sHiMjiuuuii in me uniieu mates, me tana oi ineir birth, in the first instance, in pursuit of such protec tion. She has often beforo made known her wishes ! hut her ndvnnccs have, lo ibis lime, been repelled. The Executive of the United Sinles sees no lonaer nny cause for pursuing such a course. The hazard of now clctealing her wishes may be of Ihe most fatal tendency. It minht lead, and most probably would, to such nn entire alteration of sentiment nnd feeling, ns would inevitably induce her io look elsewhere for aid, and force her either lo enter into dangerous alli ances with other nnlions, who looking with more wisdom lo Iheir interests would, it is fairly lo be pre sumed, leadily adopt such expedients) or she would hold out the profiijr of discriminating duties in trade and commerce, in order to secure the necessary assis lancc. Whatever step she might adopt, looking lo this object, would prove disastrous, in the highest de gree, to the interests of the whole Union To say nothing of the impolicy of our permitting the carrying trade and home market ol such a country to pass out of our hands into those of n commercial rivnl, Ihe Government, in the first place, would be certain to suffer most disastrously In lis rpvenoe lit ihe Intro. duciionnfn system of smuggling, upon an extensive scale, which nn army of custom-house officers could not prevent, nnd which would opernle lo nfH-ct inju riously the interests of nil the industrial classes of this country. Hence would nrise constant collisions between the inhabitants ofihe two countries, which would evermore endanger their peace. A large in crease nl the military forcenf the l.'nilerl Stales would inevitably follow, thus devolving upon tho people new and extraordinary burdens, in order not only to pro tect ihem from the danger of daily collision with Tex ns herself, bin lo guard iheir border inhabitants ngainst tiosiue inroitH, so easily excitel on the pari of the numerous nnd Wnrlike lilbro nt lmli-n rlwrtlintr in their neighborhood. Texas would undoubtedly be un able, for many years Income, if nl any timr, to resist, unaided nnd alone, the military power of the United States; but it is not extravagant to suppose thai na tions reaping n rich harvest fiom her irade, secured to Ihem by advantageous treaties, wodd be induced to take part with her in any conflict wilh us, from Ihe strongest considerations of public policy. Such n stateof thinas might subject lo devastation the terri tory of contiguous States, nnd would cost the country, in n single campaign, more Irca-ure, thrice told over, than ts stipulated lo be paid nnd reimt ursed by the treaty now proposed for rrlifieitioL I will not per mit mysell In dwell on this view of the subject. Con- sentiences of n fatal charnetpr in ih. na. r tUm Union nnd CVen 'O llie nrpservntinn nl ll,n I Tninn nngnr ne uweii upon. They will now, however, fail lo occurr tn the mind of the Senate nnd of ihe coun try. ISor do I indlllce in nnu v-r.,, ;..,..,. r,k future. The documents now transmitted nlnnc. wiih the treaty lend to Ihe conclusion, ns inevitable, lhat if the boon now tendered be rejected, Texas will seek for the friendship of others. In COntCmnlntimr Slieb n Mntinnsnv it nnn t.. overlooked tint the UnileJ States are already almost -.itrrminiln.1 K. l.a ....... : . r ... j ,i.scsriuiis ol r.uropean rowers. I he Canmliis, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, the ISandsinlliR Alnerii-nn mfnm a.... n..Al III ,,,,,, , t,,p, UltMilCI' i irentles of nllnnce, or nf a commercial diame ter, dilTenne in policy from lhat ofihe United Stales, would complete the circle. Texas voluntar'ally steps lorth, upon terms of perfect honor nnd good faith io all nations, to nsk lo be nnnexed lo the Union. As nn independent sovereiinitv. her rmhi in Ho ilns unquestionable. In doins; so sho gives nn cause of umbrage lo nny other power) her people de-ire il. nnd e"" ehVt ?fi" "A1"' dependence. She has forpih independence against all efforis io subdue her.-She has been recognised as indrpendeui by mnny of the cognition, so fnrna Ihey are concerned, places her in n position without giving nny ju-t umbrage lo ihem, to surrender her sovereignty al her own will and plea sure. The United Slates nrli.,ll ,.n,n, I... . IU.I-.I i.iuiiuiieiii ui nc i.-ini v ni nnnnna nn.f I tnl ra. bsniril ofjusttce, have desired, bv the stipulations of me iicaiy, iu renuer justice lo all. I hey have mnde provision ior me payment of the public debt of Texas. e iook io ner ample anil reriile domain ns Ihecer lam means oi accomplishing this: but this is a mat' ter between Ihe United States and Texas, nnd with which other governmnts havn,, m , n,,. right to receive the rich grant ten dered by Texas is perfect) and this governmcnlshould not, having due respect cither to its own interests permit its course of ponty iuue inierrupiea py llio interference ot other The question is one purely American. In the acqui sition, while we abstain most carefully rmm all il,.i rrnci',rrii suLii interference wns tiirptitemxi could interrupt Ihe public peace, we clnirna right lo currt-isu a iiuo reg iru. ro our own. 1 his government cannot, consistently with its honor, permit any surh miuht the United States demand cf oilier enyernments ti , i r ii. . ..mi i-iiiihi ii,,. nrp,,., ni.niuii losnrreniier ineir numerous and valuable acquisitions, made in past lime, nl numberless nln pea nt, lltn enr. fice of the, whereby Ihey have ndded lo their power unu eunrgen uieir resources. To Mexico the Executive isdisnosed In niirsiiA n course conciliatory in its character, and ot the same nine iu renuer ner llie most nmn e inatn-e hu -nnvn. Hons nnd simulations mil inenn.taio,,, ,uiin .1.. .:..!.. and dignity of the government. It is actuated by nn ru ii ... uiijuii uL'sjrauuizemeni, nut loons only lo lis own security. It has made known lo Mexii-o, ai eerni perious. us extreme nnxiety lo witness Ihe terminal sn 01 hl.S I Hies helween i-nnnlru .nj Texas, lis wishes however have been entirely rflare. girded. It has over been rsi!v tnrn..n.; n.m of ihe dispiitrj upon terms mutually ndvanlageona to both. It will be ready al nil limes to hear nnd discuss nny claims Mexico may think she has on the justice . i ,uo unim i oi.ncs, nnu io nojtisi any mat nny be deemed lo be so on the most liberal terms. There is nouesireon llie pin of die Kxecutive to wound her pride, or nll'ecl injuriously her interesti but. al the same time, it cannot campromice by any delay in its .v u?9clli,.,, nnrieiHB ui iue'mieti amies. Mexico has no riiiht io nsk or expect of us we ileal rightfully wuh Texas na an inrlenenrleitt rn,trr The war which has been waged for eight years has resulted only in the conviction, wuh all other than her self, thai Tevns cannot he reconquered. I cannot I ul repeat Ihe opinion expressed in my message al Ihe opening of Cnngrss, that it is fme it had eeised. The r.xecuuve wmie u could noi look upon its longer con- iiiii.iiii.i.' muium iiirgreniesi uneasiness, Has never iheless, for nil nasi lime, rre.erve.l n ennr... ,,r airici neutrality. It could not be ignorant of Hie fact of ue i v naiisi M n wnien a wor nl so long a duration had produced. Least ofnll wns il ignornnt ofihe nnxiely ofoiher powers lo induce Mexico lo enier into terms oi reronciiiinon wilh Texas, which, affecting the do mesne iiisiiiiiiiiuis of I'exas, would operate most in Hirioiisly upon Ihe United Slates, nnd might most se riously threaten ihecistence of ibis happy Union. Nor could it bo unacquainted wilh Ihe fact, lhl nl though foreign governments might disavow all design lo disturb ihe relations which exist under Ihe Consti tution between thesa Slates, yet thai one, ihe most powerful amongst ihcm, had not failed lo declare ita marked nnd decided hostility to the chief features in those relations, nnd its niirpoaa, on all stiitahle occa sions, to urge, upon Mexico iho adopiion of auch a roursM tn negotiating wilh Texas as lo produce ihe ob literation ofihit feature from her domestic policy, as one of the conditions ofher recognition, by Mexico asnn indi pendent slate. The Executive was also nwareoflhe fact, thai formidable associations of per sons, ihe stihjecir of foreign powers, exisled, who were directing iheir utmost efforts to the accomplishment orihiaobjrr To ihese conclusiona it was inevita bly brought by Ihe documents now submitted lo lh Senale. I repeal, the F.teciltlve saw Texas in a slate nr almost hopeless exhaustion, and the question waa narrowed down lo ihe simple proposition, whether Iho United Slates should accept ihe boon of annexa tion upon fur and even lihuml imm, k. Ae...;n- to do so force Texan to seek refuge in the arms of .-..n ...ner power, rimer inmugha treaty of allance nllensive and defensive, ir thn adoption of some oth er expedient, which might virtually make her tributa ry lo auch power, nnd dependant upon il, for all future lime. The Executive has full reason lo believe thai itch would have I een ihe result without its interpo sition, nn I that such will be ihe result, in the event euher rf unnecessary delay in the ratification, or of lha rejection of the proposed treaty. In full view, then, of lha highest ruhlie rhnr, and aa Vt? are ,cu"'r "gainst evil . inea leulahl y (re a l, Ihe Kx-euliye haa entered into the negotiation, lha fruits nrwhleh are now anhmtfta m , h. cn... v.. dependent of ih urgent reasnna which axia'ol for Ihe 1 f'V iitiMi,k.n.l, "night anfrlrinroki lha fact, which , I it eontWently believe, thai there exist, no eivil.W ' joyarnment on eaith, having a voluntary lander made it of a dnmnin so I ich nnd fertile, So replete with all that can ndd to national grandeur arid wealth, and o necessary to iis pence nod snfety, ihnt would reject the ofier. ft'ur are other powers, Mexico included, likely, in ony degree, to be injuriously nflectedbv Ihe rntificolion of the ircaiy. The prosperity of Texas Will lw fn.inllw tlll.Fn.lini, tn all in thn in.lMI.nt tl.n Eenm commerce ofihe world'f lhat prosperity will h,e sccur(.j Uy But one view rift he snhiprf remain Itt he nrenl-rt. It grows out of Ihu proposed enlnrcement of our ter ritory. From Ibis, I nin free fo confess, I see no dan ger. Thefederativesyslem is susceptible of Ihe great est extension compatible with Ihe ability of fhc rep resentation of the most distant state or territory to reach Ihe city covernmcnt in lime lo participate in the functions of legislation, nnd to make tnown Ihe wants of the conliluent body. Our confederated Re public consisted originnlly of thirteen members. It now consists of twice tint number, while applications ore before Congress lo permit other addifioni. This oddition of new States has served to strength en rather than lo weaken the Union. New interests have sprung tip, which require Ihe united power of all through Ihe action of tho common Goternment, to protect nnd defend upon the high sens and In foreign parts. Ench Slate commits, with perfect security, lollte common Governmentlhnse great interests grow ing out ofour relntions with other nalioiiaof Ihe world and which equally involve Ihe good ofnll the Stales, lis domestic concerns arc left to its own exclusive nianngemcnt. Rut if ihere were any force in the ob jection, it would sem lo require nn immediate nbaa donmenl of lerrtlorial possessions which lie in Ihe dis tance, and stretch to a far-oil sen ( and yet no onn would be found, il is believed, ready lo recommend such nn ibandonment. Texas lies at our very doors, and in our immediate vicinity. Under every view which I have been able to toks nf ihe subject, I think that the infereets of our crim mon constituents, the people of all Ihe Stales, and a love of the Union, left Ihe Executive no other nlternn ttve than lo neaoiiate Ihe treaty. The high and sol emn duly of ratifying or of r jrViins it is wisely de volved on Ihe Senate by the Constitution of the Uni icd Slates. John tvler. Wahington, April 22, 1944. The documents transmitted to the Senale, together with the Treaty, nre very Toluminrus, nnd would fill al least twelve columns of our sheet. They consist of some twenty letters from functionaries of this Government, of Texas, nnd Great Britain. A large portion of this correspondence is more or less, formal and uninteresting. We present below the letter of l.ord Aberdeen lo Mr. Pokenham, and ihe letter of Hnn. J. C. Calhoun to Mr. Pakehham, aa tht most important. Vr. Pakcnham to Mr. Upshur. Washington, February 26ih, 1843. Sin, In compliance wilh your request to that ef fect, 1 have the honor herewith lo iinnstnit to you a copy of the despatch from Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of Slate for Foreign Affairs, which I had Ihe honor lo read lo you on Saturday last. 1 hive the honor to be, with hiah consideration, your obedient servant. R. PAKENHAM. Hon. A. P. I.'i'siifii, &c. No. 9. FonEion Orrtcr, December 2(1, 1843. Sin; As much ngitn'ion appears lo have prevailed of late in the United Slates relative to the designs which Great Britain is supposed lo entertain with re gard to the Republic of Texas. Her Mnltf.iv's Gn. eminent deem it expedient lo lake measures for stop ping nt once the misrepresentations which have been circulated, nnd the errors inlo which ihe Government ofihe United Stales seems to have fallen nn the nh. ject of the pohcy of Great Britain with respect to Tex as, ma, puiitj is mar ana simple, anu may De sil led in a few words. Great Britain has recognised fhf t'nftnn,1..n Ms Texas, and, having do le so, she is desirous of seeing lhat independence finally nnd formnlly established, and generally recognized, especially by Mexico. But una ursire uoes noi nrise irom nnv niouve of ambi tion or of self-interest, beyond tha'l interest, atleasl, which attaches to the general extension of our com- dealings with oilier countries. ..We are convinced that Ihe recogni.ic lhat Ihe rernnnilinn nf T.ti. Mexico must conduce to the benefit of both lhe. countries, a s we laic an interest in the well-being of both, and in Iheir steady advance in power nnd wealth, we have put ourselves forward in pressing ih t.overninent nf Mexico to ncknowlcdge Texas as in dependent. Bui in thus acting we have no occult de sign, either with reference to nny peculiar interest which we might seek lo establish in Mexico or in Texas, or even with reference to the slavery which now exists, and which we desire to see; abolished in Texns. With regnrd to the latter point, it must be and is well known both to the United Slates nnd lo ihe whole world, lhat Great Britain desires, nnd is con stantly exerting herself lo procure the general aboli tion ol slavery throughout the world. Hut the mean which she h-a adopted, nnd will continue to adopt, for this humane and virtuous purpose, are open and undisguised. She will do nothing secretly or under hand. She desires that her motives may Le general ly undcistood, and her acts seen by all. With regard lo Texas, wc avow that we wish to see slavery abolished there, ns elsewhere, nnd we should rejoice if Ihe recognition of that country by the Mexican Government should be accompanied by nn engagement nn the part of Texns lo nbolish elnterr -ventually, nttd un 'er proper conditions, ihroughout the Republic. Hut nlihoughi we enrrusily desire and feel it lo be our duty to promote such n consumma tion, wcshnll not interfere un hilt, or with an impro pernssumaiion ofauihoiily, wilh either parly, in or der lo ensure the adoption of such a course. We shall coun-el, but we. shall not seek lo compel, or un duly control, either parly. So far as Great Britain is concerned, provided other Stales act with equal for bearance, those governments will be fully at liberty to make their own nnfeilered arrangements with each other, both in regard to the abolition of slavery and lo all other points. Great Britain, moreover, does not desire tn establish in Texas, whether partially dependent on Mexico or entirely independent, (which Intler alternative we con consider in every respect preferable) any dominant in fluence. She only desires lo share her influence equally wilh all oiher nations. Her objects are pure ly commercial, and she has no thought or inlenuon of seeking in ncl, directly or indirectly, in a political sense, on Ihe United Sinles through Texas. The British government, as Ihe United Siatea welt know, have never sought in any wny to s'ir up disaf laclion or excitement of any kind in the alnve holding Slatesof the American Union. Much ai we should wish to see Ihose Slates placed on Ihe firm and solid fooling which we conscientiously believe is lo be at tained by general freedom nlone, we have never in our treatment nf ihem made nny difference between Ihe alave holding and free Sinles of ihe Union. All nre, in our eyes, e milled, ns component members of (he Union, lo equol political rrspert, favur, and for benrnnce, on our pirl. To that wise and just policy we shall continue tn adhere ) nnd the government of the slave holding Stales may be assured lhat, although we shall nni desist from those open nnd honest efforts which we have constantly made for procuring the abolition of slavery ihroiighout Ihe world, we shall neiiher openly nor secretly resort to any measures which can tend lo disturb iheir internal mnquiliiv nr thereby to affect ihe prosperity of llie American Uni- , ou will communicate this dispatch lo the United Stales Secretary of Stale, and if he ahould desire il you will leave copy of il wilh him. ' I am, die. l. . n ABERDEEN. Right Hon. Richard Pakcnham, Ac. Mr. Calhoun lo Mr. Pakenham. ' I'resaTMtuT or State. Washington, April 18, 1614. The underaigned Secretary of Slate of the United Stiles, has laid before ihe Pii-airiVnt ih. .... .., ., . right honorable Mr Pakenham. enoy extraordinary and minister plenipolenliary of Her Briianin V.jeniy addressed w this t'epartmrnl on the 26:h FehiuarV last, together wuh the accompanying copy of a dea patch of Her Majesty's principal Secretary nf State for Foreign Affairs lo Mr Pokenham. In reply th undersigned ia .lirecied hy thn President lo inform lha right honorable Mr Pakenham, lhal while ha regards with pleasure ihe disavowal of Lord Aberdeen of any intention on the part of Her Mrjeaty'a Government "lo lesort lo nnv measures, either openly or nrreilv which can lend lo disluih ihe inlemal tranquility of Ihe alave holding Statea, (hereby a (Tee I the Iranqujlitr tv of this Union, he al ihe unii lima ,....A. L deep roncern Ihe nynnal, for thelirst lime mnde la thin government, "Ihnt Great Britain desires and ia constantly rxeriing herself lo procure ihe general abolition nf slavery throughout the world." So long as Great Britan confined her policy to lha belonged to her exclusively lo determine, aecordinr is her own news of policy, whether it should be don. mc, nu nnu cuunirr mma a iivni io complain her Milled poliey. and lhobWelnrhraUariaiJlt Hon, to aboli.h 'it lhr,hth. il the duly of all hr othrr csauatrlrt, wkoM aaaVrv or