Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 7, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 7, 1845 Page 2
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3 ' - V - Ulk ' tf ' IM s a.- rir 1 aw. tv avi OONUKESS. .Satuijdav, Pub. 22. In the Sonilo, tn.ilay, Mr Huntington finished hi reuivks in opposition to tin- iiint resolution frimi the llnus". l.ij .ulunttjjij,' Tojias as a State into tlie fcilor.il Union, lit! couli iiftl hiu.selt evc1tiivoly tu tlia rxpuiliunry uf Ilia measure, arguing tint tin; .irqmvi inn nf III it country was not necessary fur nnv iurioe. connected' ivitli III" groat interests nf tin- gmcruuicut, or tlio happiness nf the iienp'c; t lint an extension ot o.ir torntnry vvis not roqnistto to give homes; to our people ur 4 i.l for their cultivation j nor was Mil increase nf tlio production-; of the earlh im. ccssary to supply their want-.; tint the measure w inexpedient, because it would lie i viol.it not of tlm taith of' tliiK government towards Hint ol Mnvico, by nil infraction nf treaty stipulations, mid IpihI to hostilities butvveou them, lie was followed successively by Mesis .lliloy and D rkitisnn in able speech" in favor of thp j nut resolution. Mr Dayton wilt nililrues the Ssuilo on Momliy mi this subj-ct. Ily a tact i.nlnr standitijf, tlio queotio'i will bo taken on Wed iicmI ty it p.m. The House was occupied nil diy with the amendments In the general apnropri ttion bil1, whuli were repotted yesterday by th" u.iuuii'l. tee of the Whole tin Hut state iif the Union. Al ter d spnsing of them, the in ij trity of them being concurred tn, th" lull was reul theoM time and pissed under tfiu operation ot tho previous question. Mr. MrKay, i hairman of t'ie rrun. of Ways mill Means, gave notice tl.ilhe would, on .Moii diy, move to take up the army and nay appro, priation bills. MonpaV, Feb. ai. In the Rente, the Tuvas lull wis resumed, mil Mr. McDuffie took the ll mr, Ho hid risen. In; raid, from a sirk-heil, and. though ingreu pint, tut was almoin to nay a few words before tlie question wai taken. Tito Senate uity judge it may of the e)b"t nf Ilia r-jjctiitn of this ino'sure, k'it I will predict, ami Air McDiffip, lint if He lose. Tcvat at lint juncture, wo -hall becom-, and justly sn, the laughing stock of all l.ilrnpe. Sir A'Ip'I tool; the fl ior for to.m irrnvv, and tho Senate ai!j uirned at litlf past seven. In the Units'', iificr s muo business of no gre it hnpurtumo, tli- House in tho I'd u.iiilteu of the Whole, Mr MVller in I' t: t;ii air, link on tho postage lull, and it was di'cie-'ed hy Messrs. loikins in opposition, and Mr Ralhhun in favor. 7'ho lull was lh"ii repirtc.l to the House, ami doting a discussion a to when ihe debitu on it should end, an adj nirniii.-nl was moved and carried. Tut-.'niv. IVb, 2". In the Senale, the Texas Resolutions were further debited, but no q ii-stnui taken. In Hip Untie, the IWi OtTim IMI pietl bv n vote nf to 74. to lake efi'vt 1-1 Jolv. i wns amended wo that the rateofpos ago -hall bo live cents for distances under !)!I0 miles and ten Mills oven 'MO iniicf, it liaa been sent to the Senate. Tiiur.snAV, Ivh. 27. In Ihe S:ncile, the Civil and Diplumiuc ap propriation expense-, passed with amendments. Thejoini residtilion for the aunexMtiou of Texas, came up fur consideration at 12 o'clock, Iipii tho Senate was addros.-od by Mr Crit tenden. In tlie lints:, tlio bill mikinj tho appropria tions for tho n ivi'Mlnui of ceilain riors, was takon up and diM-uud. It was refused lo h". eugrosspil for a third reading by a vn'e of S7 ye n to 91 iiiys. 'I'his vote wa sutisequ'tutly recoiu-idered by a vote of 102 tit 57 anil at the latest advice-, the House was busy at unil; up on the hill. This hill is intended for the improvement of Ihe navigation ot havauuah r.vpr, l'.u-iic r vor, the Su-q tchauiiah, the Ohio, and the llud-iiii. ' KiitDAV, Feb. 28. The Senate, this mnrniu', rol'u-cd lo take ujt the bill for Ihe adin ssion of ihe Hm!ps of Iowa und Kiornli into the Uuio-i all the Wliigh io lmj agiinst the motion, and all the democrats for it. The reimindir ot ihudt)' se-sioit wa-occupii-d in ilisp ningof tho civil and diploinitlc appropriation lull, which vxas orlered to he on er is-pil ; an. I the -Sen ite then adjo'irni'd. In the Hoiir, ilw lirsi in.Ms.ire acted tip'in vas the lull ins !; 1 1 1 ' approiriatious fur ciri.iii". hirhorsaud ruers, whuli has occupied the ai- tent" f I lit; lluti-c for the last two days Mr Tibbatt's substiluto was ullimitely adopted, with the exception of so much thereof as rola. led '( the Iviuisville canal, and in tint form the bill wn passed. 7'he Hoio went into C-mi luittoo ol tho-Wbole, an I took up thn army up piopriation In I. The bill was co-itiiiu-d t- the siil.j-ct of coin id-ration am) aiii"ndni".it till near Id o'clock; wh-n tlio cointntitee mse, and the llo.lsc; a Ijmirncil. .ITURU.W, March 1. In the Si-mte, to-diy. the p..nt.iii bill, kIi.i-Ii hid been returned from the llo i-e with amend, incuts, was disposed of. The llmi-c amend ineuts were coneurrfd in, winch lies Ihe rin- of postage at five and ten cents, instead of live cents to all parts of the Union. The Senate inido on" or two additional ameodnpoos, which rendered it neces-ary to return the b II lo the House lor concurrence therein. The bill from the House, for the ndmifsiou of the States ol Iowa and rioridi into the Union was taken up, nun oeniteu until the hour lor recess. Durinir the afternoon s"-ion, the hill tn ad init the Slates of In am and Florida, tulo th Uo ion was il sciisspiJ at length, and finally pissed nv a vote ol ail to J. At 111 o'clncli, l. M. the Senate was engaged in tho cousiderallun of th-.-Indian service appropriation till. which Ihishas iiio.ut-nintily Ibrewn over tie Pros prcls ol ihe Onittilry. and ihe lientls of Ihe Patfintic and tlaoj) amidsi the haiti-rcd frngincnlt of hiuh- wrought hopes and the chilling ilcprrssion of ilnrk forebodings of tbi- I'liliirc, when wen limit hrnrialiive q illicit, tiiid fid-lily lu-silattd and paused while li.nidilv nnd dinn",-ciion h'vesent. nbnulbe rnnksof t'ie ftillhful and Me trur, the Init ili'orcnilinjr cry of ih-sperat on mure qui ptuli amidst nil this, il is in deed encouraging to the heir I of Patriotism lo find, in The Voiinu Oiiard. the hiuh les live and n-ilile de trriuiiiation lo s'und ty Ibeir Principles, and the Flag lint represents llirin, while Ihcrs Is yet one ritibon lell of tint hnnnredi-mbleiii still (lii'huon ihehrrrzc. This i. indeed "a crccn spot in Jleinory'a wa lei" And yet it is riulu and liliinir lint this should be se I For upon the Vming .Men ttintp e penally repose Ihu future hope of ihe Country. In llirir bauds, under lleivcn, is her t'utuip Desl'iny. Theirs i espec allv Ihe duly of Keeping nhvetiuil hunting htluhl the si-cri-d Flic. In the rapid mm cesspm ,,f Gctierauons and the everclnne'ng ieis-ndes of I'nrlv, they wi'l soon ' e palled lo the discharge nf lite l.inhcst thi'ies of citizens to nil Ihe Legislative Hal s. ihe high ju. ilical sens, 1 lie Executive and administrative uflkts of (he Country Ills peculiarly fit anil becoming, therefore, tint they should firmlv resolve to cherish and su-tain those great Principles, in which areinvolvcd the hoti or(sn. ut'lfire of ihe (Tounlrv. Thftseare the true principles of Ihe WhigPar'y. These l'linciplessptnng fro-n a pure nnd p itnlie source. Thev (lnvet too, had their ne and progress in pure an I patriotic limi s, nmidst stirring and trying etetils. They have been consecra'eit hv the lives and the iientti ot the pntrt-ilit and the gnn,. Thev ale f utnd-'d in Irulh nnd elernnl ruht; nnd must, therefore sooiur nr liter uniiersil I v prevail. Cireionsinnees, beyond human control, nnv, for the mono nt, delav nr postpone " a consinn. iniiin i sn dexnuily to I e wished." Hilt iis final nc cii'iiplishiuent ts ns sure as Truth its, If, nnd ns ccr Inn its the prngrissofTune, Trea'd.erv. Fnud. Ca- hiuiuv, inil lhe spirit of DUoranniziii' n ami M srnlp nnv, tor a lime, deprnc the I'oiinnls and the Public Service of the Cmmtrv of ihe benefit of her most dts. liugirslied tilents, neil most eininent worth nnd may withhold, rmm pu' lie renitc- nnd public lirluc,n great act of public jnsitee. II it ihere 19 one ihing. thinH tli-iven, ihrso cmnot do. Theycinnot bhit from Ihe htight Pages td our Cniinttv's Hi lory, lhe,eet and enduring record of those s-t v,cc an 1 of lint virtue. Thesp line nlrendy pissd hj.jh nn lo the scroll of Fattip, nnd are girne-r-d up smongst thndeire-t reco'letlimmofnnr hearts. There ihere Ihry are; nnd (there they xvill live, in their own radiant nnd en hiring hnght'ness, umhui uie, hv the hrei'h of ('aluiuny, and uuuhtiicrnted by lie- f.ioipnnts of Time. If, I lien, these ureal Whig Principles are founded in Truilit and if their nunc, Whig, truly represents their characler, shall we either nhindnn' Ihe one, or plunge the olher? I trust not. They are both ti lie honored. t.t b oh, therefore, endure. Lei our at tachment to ihp one ind o tr ndheren o to the other coii'imie nnslnkcii nitd un-hnnged tliroitsh nil future ton". Let our course, ns a P.trtv, be siendy nnd nn 'Vviung Lei ns turn neither to the rijhl, nor lo the 'eft. Let ns coquet neither ilh this siinngc light, nor uiih lhal. In the Progress nf Time, n new Principle inav'p started, or a new interest nnv oecasmiia'ty mist-, which nnv form the basis nf n Theory, met peihans 'l a temporary politico orginizition. inesewtii Inveth-irdiv II 0 thev will soon hiss niviv, and lie with ihe things thai hnre btrn. Nn -angle Piini i pic. however smind, nor nnv individual 1 -lere-t. h-iw. ever i-nporianl, can ever form a bisis soifTioieul I v liroid on which 'o tmihl tii ami Mistnin a grea nnd eudutiugPolitic.il Partv. History, cien in our own tale, is rich in its iMstruciiou upon ibis 9 .bject. Lcl lis l lien, profit hv her teielunsts, ThegreiMMnriplcs nf the Whig Party tiirni nplat firm siiffieientlv lironit for nil tn stand u ton, and snnd elect and free. In the recent palitieal contest, these Piinci-des have Inst none of their in.th, nor ihe Party professing them any --f 'Is strength .NiMlher evidence. It Is not enough for in lo know that the American 3 ry llinught Ihe criminal guilty. We nnght t" know llio grounds opun which they llinught mem Finny, itnni may conaiituieihe crimeoi mur der in Florida, may be very fnr from doing so nccnid ing to llritish law, ot even the laws nf lite Norlhern Slnlet nf Atntrica. By issuing a warrant, then, to nppiehend tho parties, in virtue of these indictments, e might be doing so on evllcnce which would not jnstifv their npprchen-ion bv ihe llti ish laws, and should thereby be prccccdcd against in direct viola tion of Ihe net." Mr. C.illtnun further says, llial llm Court mint have taken tlio ground that the fugitives, Items: slaves, (Mil not, in consequence, come within lliu provision nf the treaty. Tlio tienty, it is iillegt'tl, iiii'iins nil persons who lire quilly of the iifTetiei-s charued ; nnd, fur ther, lhal the criminality is In lie judged of hy (lie laws of the coilnlry where the oflence is rnminiilpil. Any oilier nureenient, il is said, would have been manifestly hIisuiiI, To the ultovii iirliiin of Hcreemenl lietwer n its and Grenl Biilnin, tliero is llio followiiifr proviso, which Str. Calhoun contends (Iocs nnl in tiny respect change (lie principle lie lias liiul down. "Ptnildel that this" thp delivery tip to justice sunn niuy ne done upon -11111 evioence 01 criininnu IV ns, according to ihe laws of I he nlace where I he ft' ghiveor person so charged shall It-found, would jus tify his nppieli, ii.iou and cominiintcnt for trial, if the viimi: ui uuente nun loere utcn ciioinniieu. " This," wiys Mr. Calhoun," it is loo plain lo rrqutro proof, relates to llio oviilencn on which tint fugitive is to ho given up to jus tire, exclusively, williout intending to re strict nr cliungo tho body of the ngrienienl. That having clearly specified who were to he delivered up to justice, on the requisition of either parly, il became necessary, in or der lo give i-tlerl to the agreement, to speci fy on what evidence il should ho done; and to do that, accordingly, is the sole object of tho proviso. It is explicitly specified that il shall he done on such evidenrc of ciin-i-11 a lily ns would justify his apprehension and couiiiiilnieiit for trial, by the laws uf tho pliru where the fugitivn is found, bad the crime charged been there committed ; that is, if tbu crime charged be murder or rob bery, (as in this case,) on such evidence ns would justify apprehension and commitment lor trial for murder or robbery lit tlni place." Mr. C illioun then returns to the charge, that the position iisstimi d by Great Dritaiu is from llio fuel that the fugitives are slaves. Had they not been, bo feels assured they would have been given up. I'lesuming this of niun'cr againit a fiee man might not establish It iijj', 1,11-1 11 flu , e. Lord Aberdeen a Imilled thnt this was a fair infer ence, as fnr ns the court was concerned I bin npeatcd inni 11 wns merely language of nrgumenl or illustra tion, fur which the government wns not responsible. Ilolhen temirlied ihnl ha thought, as fir ns the present enso was concerned, this might be considered n aaiisiociury reply 10 uie inquiry contsmeu in yo ir despatch. 'Ihe eurrcnler of the fugitives was relused because the application was not supported by the evi dence required by the stiluie and it would have been nt necessity, rciuseu, ior the sntno rrnson, nan ineap phcnlion lucii made in any pan nf the United King iloin, nnu nan nip ingittvis hem nee while men. He did not, hocer, menn lo say, Ihnl in no rase whatever, wlueh might arise hereafter, would the re sult of an npplieation for the surrenjbr of a fitiiiive, charged with mutilcr, depend In ni&degrec upon the question whether he was a slave, endeavoring to es, cape from his tins'er. Hv the hws of all counlrics, Ihe situeai't ofkillut't did. or did not. cnn-liliitc Ihp prime of inutder, according to llio circnm-tancis of tup case, wiiu.li were olien mitters nr very luce ins criuiinniion 1 nnl In, could very well conceoe thai in cases which ud.dil nrise, I lie firt, nf n person's being a a'axe might iiiaiertallv nllecl the que lion nf bis guilt, una chitge of hiving pominU'id murder ller Majest's CJ iveinmenl nus u-serve to icelt the lib erty ot dealing Willi casi s nf this kind, when they present llieuisi lv,s and of being governed bv f ir ciimstnnets, which cannol he fin seen. 1101 provided for, in nny gcuetnl regulations, lie was. honevcr. free lo siv, 1 hi I he did not simp the opini n of those wdio hold lint stives, ns sneb, cannot commii n prime. Hp regarded Ihein ns mural agents-- ind, nf course, to be regarded in ihit light, on a deiuind fir extradi tion leaiing Ihe consnlutntioa due to their pnndition ns Slleh. to lie tL-elded hv llld 1 irciimslnnees ol eicb in 'i idail en-c. In reference to my nbsi rvation, that the legal crime of murder was the same under tho lawsnfhoth conn. tries. Lord .Mierd-eti and lint, in arranging ihc pro visions of the etlradui in treaty with Franee, thev bad experience-! jome diiricubvon llnl nnint. Il was found that the words "tiiurdei" nnd "merre," whrrc bo nave two courses with much tho same suc cess nsai ihe South. lie wns now urged by snmc gcnllemen n flnslnn, whom he met in Cincinnati, to mnkc n li-it to the ''Athens of Americnn." He roltnwed their advice. and his success has surpassed even his most singiiine expectation, while il tins nffirerd him the tnrnns, lo a grenl exteni.nl liquidating his pecuniary cngageitu nts. At the comnn nceuictit nf his fMlece life, Mr. Hud nn snys, bo finnlly resolved "In make j isl ns itiucli nfbim elfns pos ildc 1" nnd his subsequent course shows that thus lar he his not lost sight nf his de termination. He is now prepniing for one of the lenrncl profes.inns, nnd intends only lo continue his lectures until he shall have procured ihe mentis of de flaying his old atreata and of prosecuting his future studies. A Tnun I'iuturr. Tim following pic of H southern planter, us xvo often find hint, is fi utii tlin graphic pen of our friend Will suit, of ihe Planter's Banner. Them is n deuced sign! more truth than pnelry ill it.--Bv mill live nor planters will learn a little gumption, unil Iheu we shall bu happy In see lliu piciiirn reversed, hut until then' candor rnmpels us to acknowledge Its cut redness. A'. O. Tropic. "Now for the picture r.f the nontp. tit wouldn't sell a chii ken, nor a I'oirn nf eggs, nnr a bushel of peaches, nor a etlf, for nut cousiderallun. He is utote tliil I lie raises co.'on ie dois. He ride in n six bun 'red dollar earrnge, for whieh he is in debt. His ilniiuh era thrum a piano lint will never be paid for. He buys porn which he cool I rnise nt ten cents 0 b' shtl. nnd pays sixty cents lor it, afhr 5 per cent, advance lo bis commission merchant. He eouW raise Ins own tobacco, yet be pnvi S3 n pound fnr" Hub tuund eeenlid " lie idutd raise his own host vet he pilronis.'s Cincinnati, The consequences nredis. nsirnus ui ing 11 p nnssessnr ot ant staple, he iiuetu. in the i,e I,,, ,,... r ,-,.!!.. ,,..i,i ,.,,1,. ,i I me inir et ill llnl nriicip. lie lahrs the ... ... . ..... .... ., i,-,..., i nnner qiiauneat on, icci.ntenuy ilesctiue the same . .,, r... n(,u, ., .7 , .,. ruiiPi anu it nnu i een necessity lo ni ht I he wonts of j,., .,ih . , ,, , - lefiuitmn, "coinprehcnding llio crimes diMgnitcd in . 1 i t"7j ! ?, " "T 7 he )1 s po-lnge he gnhhles down to ne is "in xeu tin in eo Inn. nm Is n tramtilrr I nr-ni in. Meantime he wants inonev i drnfs on hi factor I He wanip cnltnn goods and chillies for his plantation, that he rotitil ni'-ke nl home, lie orders litem, nnd feels ''largo." Tun manufacturer, the insurtr. the sh'ppcr, the friighter, the drnyinnn, the warehouse :.: rr..: i .t.. ., linn, ine seiipr, nnu hnniiv Ihe com mission men Inni, . ? V .f i.:"iu i. I " bive a finger in pie nf profits, nnd the proud the French pcnnl code hy the terms assassination. pirrictrte, inlaiiiicide, nmt pnisnning." In ihe course nf ihe interview, I stated ti I nrd Aberdeen th U the United .Sntescuusidered thit nn in dictment, nr n duly authenticated cjpy nfi ne wns. by ine ircaiv, n iii'ieni groan I tor ilintnOdingthe extra . . ., ' . 'Tuples , .,..,, -., .. f..,,.,. . ... ..... ., . , T, .., .,, ,, :i. ! . ,i :?' "V. "n'i . ? "V up to his eVe-l row in .leh. ! Tin. i. H.p re. hL ...... . .. , ;t. , u. . " ','Z. sab of his not cilcnl.,ting" nor evrn irtiM.ing Ihe ' ,.,, ,. 1. ! . .1 j ! , ' ...I," I djlerence helwi-ett Jtirmtntrnnn rilantin , .1 ' , 1 1. uuieieuce iieiweeo.orniingnnn ruanrine. -jne sup. li.itiil nil Innt.1f.n1l 111 i..r..iw.A l.,..s rlrm.n frnin I FHID.W MORMXO, MAHCII 7, 1BI5. ANNEXATION CARRIED ! By tli inidniiilit niriil, wo !i;iv tlip r'tc nrrt2ri nf llnl ronlo-t. nor in its rt'nlif. ro- . fliiinrlion lu ImV( hcen niiidt. JMr. Ciillmnn pithrrm sink- our conHrlrncp. r.-l.ix our c lT.rt nr nuicludes his despatch lo our Mnmtur as p-i.tic o'ir hniiinn. O 1 the rotitnry, !n Im'ti thtri- follows : 11 much in slrpnjjilien llic onp, nml 16 slimulnle anil i ponfirin iliontlmr, "ThU I'lincs up two vprj crave question?. On In thnt pontes, Mi trim, we hive hrcn nvrrhornn ' wlnt prinnjile can wh n i!itnn;lii n In; mule? nnd In nuinliprs. Hut nlth.iii -!i inom'-n'arilv in anou 1 is lliu Uowrrun.-nt ! fSreat Hri n 111 nn ninil to unite parent minoritv. vip yrt firmly Im'Iii vp thu cur pnn tt 7 I fan imajr ne I til cine 1 fin.l ilmt jo, thnt tlie riptps, nnl I lie PuMp P.itiry we fiilvura'p. nre mil on firm of rtstrnint impliul nn-U'i lite tianie of iltuncejt.c Iv riLMit tn thpniflip-s, hut nre rl ilTplv ffJiteil in scr itiult' ihnl 1, nl niie ntnn Iniltlini tinnlhi'r uiulr-r th" fivoT-ildf rrsfiril and pnnfi Irnre ol' th lirgp ma - l-ji'L-iion, citiniiuimiini; Ins labor uihuut his enn j nitv of the rni7.n nf our rmriiiy. Virt'n. ptii p. still is i rpput'tmnt to ihe moral co lp, thai it can-! hive prpvi'tiinil a fair pxprppion anrl fri'p actum nf til he niaJi I ivfnl, nlllionnh sancimnptl by the laws tho pu1 lit' opinion. We arc thus Mnporari'v phrpil of ihc c. mniry where it rxi-ts. Hut il rnniiot he that in a f-.l-M po-siti'in. Hut, in tlii- poitinn, lei u itpither Orc.it lit it am, who is mure re pon?ilt!e ihan nny nth nhin'hm mir prinri'-h hrpak un our orpaniziU'in. nor er enuntry fnr ihe rxitnt of that form of servituile on relaT our rOVl. iV-'iihrr let 11a fill tntn ihe loo ptim- ( tins continent, ami whu h has bill m rt cently abol nion error of ailopiiri' nn'i netins np'n ihe mi-'aUfn ' ishetl 11, will: so little benefit to hercll'or ihuge li"ber principle llnl. ni o ir polincil opponen'! now have t atetl, in her own pot esion". i prpparcd to adopt nml th nowcr, sii iheiri i-i the rxc'nive rep'ini' iliiv of ' act on such a principle, and thereby plice, ns lar ns ptihhc mii.iirp(, Thi would b" as rcrpant in spirit us nperntion nny exienil, this co ntry, Russin, Spiin, a it wonl'l hp inrorrrci in principle. On ilipmn-rn Brazil, and all oilurs not prepared tn follow her ex rv, ii 1 tnlnnriiv e hip hi-.'h nnrt pairioi'p ihiii(' 10 ample, m a stale of naiinnal outlawry in reference to prtrf-inn. U'vlcr stir-h a G ivrrn'oent. and such inti- htrstlt, aninsi the authority of nil aes, and of the mi (.in-, as (hits, a veU-orynni7.,,d, wi II ptinciplrd, nrnl crent cxpoutidtrs of inttTn.itinnal laws, and, it may be wi-i iniuo'irv nnv ncroniptish miit-h cood f.r the added, of the U.ble iisulf, which, ns uftcn as it is men counirv. If thev cannot nrocurp ihe pa4ice of wiie iloned, runheie riiscoiirares siuh scrvi nde, or pro .nets, or the adnpiion of wie meanrrfi. Ihev mnv of- iMiineea it to be rcpiiynnnt lo morals or reln'inn. It ten priM eni ihe emelinent or ndttpiinn of hid on . cannot be that she in prcp.ired 10 ..dopt a principle, llYicilnconn i a firm and stndv ndlwrrncp in sound whith, il carried out in practice, wmilJ not on'y be prime pb'.( ihev nnv temper ihe insolrnce of P.tupr, fjuliverMve to Ihe rfohl of mie man holding to subjfc nv the nr.?rp. of CoTiipti m. and check ihrdowii- 1 tiun nnd comntnndinj: the labor of nnolher, without u-flrd nm ! ruluniia inmlinii nf ilin snlnl .if Mi-irnln. lm PuiiBont l but eO'J.lllv SO of line neoole nr nation Ij l u. then, he ever vi i!vit. Let 11. neither ot- t hi!dinr nnolher in fuljeclion, ind coiumandins its nnivilv aurrender, nor .ime!v coneed'1 nnv L'rnund labur without its consent. It cannot he but she must nf pri'iciple. Bui .m ii per, nnl fac'ioui'i hut Jim). j-ecthu the principle tends to 1 he complete Rubver y, mlviH-ifp llm rivht nnd re-i?( ihe vrontf. We sion of all human auihoriry nnd tint H coulninsuiih K'nll ihni. and llm- mile, in mv jndsjmnt, hchnrrrc 1 in iuelf the iierm of universal ntmchy ; and mu"!, if our duiv. nnd our whole tint v j and prove nurselves catried out in praciiee, react with destructive fury on true to our I'lineipb's our Iarlv and . ur Country. 1 her pnhtical iiisiitution, nnd hurst Hie bonds which Sui-h a course, too, is not more rccoinnipn 'ed bv Imld in scnilude, irndtr her subjrc:ion, so larye a por Principle than ii 1 ( y Ilxptftttnty Indrrd in Pd- , linn nf the human race. i't", ns in every thine clp, Ihe right is ever the erpt- Hut, be that ns it may, it nt least cerlain that she tliftit. " cannol but know that tho treaty never wouU have Let us ihen, with tiieriaed hope nnd renewed been ritified, bad wo heVvel tint she would nuopl ral, continue ever. a hereinfue, to eheii-t't nnd eii- j ihe principle, or so construe the 10ih nrlu le, as mi ex t'lin t'le-o rett Whi'i Pri teip'e, t.n ler a Whi or- , elude fioui its opo ntion fuyitive si ivi s. charged with cmiitiiin nnd n Whi. inutp. t,ei no nppnreui or the cume of munler, robbery, or nny other of ilmsc pro'idenl tempnrv v n UintnLe nfnliianep m ii Ii new euiuiKrated. who miiiht eek nn nsyluni ur be found or unirid Theorif. cer lempt ux nide from in ht r lerri nries. erinn it is, lint no Sermior from tin- strai2h1.forw-.rd course. Such lenip rarv nd. ihe sbivi holding Cat would Ikimj know inclv vote 1 v lniaae, on if fu'ly r'nli7ed. whu h. indeed, rarely fnr n treaty eiuhraeintr n principle which would stamp happens will ever be more than enuninlnlancpd by f 111 h n siluii un thtir consnti in's and inFlit"lifn 1I1 I m ofenernl clnneler and pnh'i r mfi.lenre. , nnd exclude llu ui from nlino&t nil the ndvamas ihey A- nnihinir nmre ei innirnds a IViticiI Pirlv to tlu j could hope lo derive from it. It miht be added, nor favorable resard and confidence of ihe public, linn i nny Semiior vo'efor it. who regarded ihc honor of his h'Town steidv, unifiirm, and persevprinz ndhprencp , coun ry. or ihe sairf-d obhyations of the consiiliifon, in li'-r own fhitinetiw name. oriranizTti-in nd prin-1 which makes tt lite duty of the federal ynvernuit ni 10 Mplp'-, so notbinj fo elpciually jro'nt-ds both n fic exttpd 1 qual prottctmn lo nil ihc members of iheUn klenpsi nd clnnjf in three c.ecntial pnriicularfl. ion. The sul jhc, indee I, wns not pised over with We have nilopted neither the pnneiplps nor ihe out notice, while the treaty wns belote Ihe Senate, name nf inv pinv without ibie coni'leration, nnd a Durintr the disi-uss on.it wns objected lo the nriiele, inv silence Such is ihe nihshncenf our conference on ihts stili ject; from which, tnken in connexion with what has f.illen from Lord Abt-rdten, on oecaions where it had been less formally alluded lo, I nm i'posed to infer that llic instructions I'hen 1 1 1113 colonial authori It'S. innference to slnves vvhos- snrrembr is de manded ns fiiL'iiive criu inaV, ate of n very cener.al na ture, nml such ns wool I require, m ensesnf nny diffi culty, a rpferenceio the hoin novtrnment for tls rie cis'on. That noin'triicuonshavebeen sent to ref ise the surrender of slaves, nssueli, is I thin'.", clearly im P'icii in nit,- rennrn 01 i.uni .oerocen inni, in ihh vi-w j t i; ... - . . . they nretobereijnrded ns morn! nirents, capable nf in"(lini intiili?rnrp uf fie passage of An cmnmmin! crimes, iipj nrcnmeutntivp. stntemenl crounds nf the statute nrovt renuire the pro 'iiciion oft hp evi linc laid Im fore Ihe 1 r t . . crandjurywhofindihciudiclmenl.unvbe consider-ur J"''- -'it! ilirci! M''ipss:iI cd ni prn if tint no invnirtiunt ha I be n stiit to the , Willis Juhnnn, of As it appears, from ihe .' 'vatinn-of Lord Ahfr deen, tint an indietmeni will, n no case, nf iielf. be considered a a sutTieient ernund of snrn ndi r. I shall, rB FQonm pwul.h. nddre$ a nntp to him (jn that sub ject, lam, sir. with cfeat re-sprpf, Your obedient Sfrvnnt. i:da aiui tivnunTT. J. C. ('alhol'?, Ef , h'ccrtlnry of Siaie. ; moral nceuts, capaiue u - in inc jtiMiigu vj lSliHtourr"a tr. ilin 1 "eXfll'1 I'1"!?' "tc SrntllC, by il Votn nf ton, which is a iippos.il lo 27 in t?.o every Lncnfocn entins ii the of. Mr. C.illintui rt'stoni!s i) ibis mm'-nr in a not her letter, il.iteil January 28, 1845, in which Im suys tlin rosnli nfiliu interview ij niisatiractory nnil Mi Everett i.s inlrnctci! In call "llio iitlenliiin of 1 1 1-r .Majesty's Gov. tirnniftit to tlio subject, nntl to urgn ti sprccly Jcctsioit, in strono and earnest l.ittstiag." Tlio corrnsponJcnce, liryoiul this, lias not cuino to light. nEKLKCTIO.N'S OVKll TIIK I-'IllH. Li., Ileoilersoii, if Mi., unil iMeiricli, tlio nircliisi'tl Ir.iilor nf Maryland. Tint tun fnrnii-r worn cnnstrHin ((I liy tin- p.ipnlir sentiment nf their ronslit nonls, hut Menick knuw that his cnnslitiit'iits thuiiaht lis hu tlnl Hhen h,. si'i-niftl to Im an liuni'st iwun, nml hail Just linen told tn hy lite LiMjislutiirc. Su hlacii a peifuly us his has not hei'ii fcnmvn sincn Tyler's. Mr. n.ijjjli y litis in. nlo n nii'lanchuly rxlii hilion of limiself. Who could have, anlici. piled snrli criiiiiiiig sof.s.imfici-? Lillh-hotii-r is it uiih Mr. Ttippan, who wns sti deadly in his hostility to Texas last winter that hr; p,iv; tint Treaty Id the public, in de funct! nf his solemn olilicatinn, whilu yet a secret in thu keeping nf thu Senate. Since lltt.Mi, Ohio has ilecl in d against Annexatinii hya popular majority of 14,000, nut the Legislature, has e.tpiessly iustiiicted htm and III collo.igi! lo npposo the project. Buth nf TEXAS ADMITTED. I fort, 01(1 many ,o re.( ,(i ,flie Tho llousn rcsolulionj passed tlin Srnntp, Lom-Focos of New llanipshire, arn mora on Tliursdiiy, 27 In 23. On ro-iisjumbliiig "eiiUhled and wrong-licatluil llian llinso of in llio nfiiTiinnn, tint question win upon llio any ollitr Slato, it is because, the Vhigi,to Biiieiidnient pniposetl hy Walker, atliling llio n Srl'nl 3tltil nro less f.iitlifnl and manly siihsliiuco of Mr. Denton's hill In the rendu- ,',H ,,lu Whis nf any oilier State, Soillh lions oT tin! Utilise. Mr. Foster nflored an C irtilinn cxcepltd. A parly which will not Rinentlnient lhal thero should ho no slavery s,,,ll(l nl' 'l!,s ni reason to complain if it is north of 30 tlej;. 3J mitt, anil lhal lint dolus of I rumpled on. Texas should he paid. Thu proviso rela- Soint! of tho Loco-Focns feol indignant al live to ihe lino nf slavery was rejected hy n , ,'IB crifico nl llteir plain-spunking Reprc- votn of 18 ayes tu 31 najs j that in relation tenliitive, Jov.v P. IIu.E, on the altar of lo the debts of Texas, hy u votu of ayes 20, denial and encroaching slavery. They will nays 30. Mr. Archer then offered nn ainnndiiiPiit In e fife rt niinexnlion hy treaty. It was reject ed, 2G to 2G. Ayes, iill Whigs ; Nays, 24 Locus, mid Henderson and Merrick. Thu question was then taken upon Mr, Walker's amendment and it prevailed hy tho santo vote hy whiih the resolutions weru fi nally passed, (seo below.) An nnieniliiienl ninved hy Mr. Miller, adiiptitig Mr. Benton's hill of lust session, providing for the assent of Mexico, &,:, was rejected hy a vole of 33 to 11 ; Mr. Benton saying " ho would kill it stone, dead." The resolutions wero then ordered lo he engrossed as 1'ullou.s: Do it Itcsiilt-oil bv tlio Senate and House of Rciresetit.itives of the United States ol Ameri ca In emigres assembled, Thai Congress ilotb consent that tlio Territory properly iucluiled wit bin, and righ fully belonging to, ihc Repub lic, of Texas, may be erected into a new state, lo be culled tbu state of Tcxti, with a republican torin of cnvnrnttietii, to be ailoptcil by the people of said Republic, by deputies in convention as. setnhleii, with the consent nf the evisiin e;ov ertiniPitt. in otilcr that thcramu may be athiiittjil .is one t f the slates of this Union. Sec. U. And be it lurlher refolieil, That the foregoittg con-cut r.f Congress is gucn upon ihe follow ing conditions, and with the follumtijj guarantee?, to wit . Fird. Sod state lube formed, subject tn 1 li adjustment by th.s government ol all questions ol boiiudar that may arise with other ttmerii- incut." ; and the constitution thereof, with the proper evidence of its adoption by the people of said llepubltc nf Te.vas shall lur tr.iitMiiitieil to tho I'lPtoileiit of the United States to bo laid hpforo t'onoress fnr in lin il action, on or before the Ut day of January, lhlO. Second. Sudt-t.ile w hen admitted ir.tn the Union af'er eed.n lo the United Slates all ionics mineral-, -altlakes, and i-pnngs; and al. so all public eddies formications birraeks ports and harbors n ny slid navy yards, docks, in loaziitps, arms aitnaineiits, ami all other prop,

erty and mean pertaining tol he public defence, belonging to saul Ueptililtc. of Tex is shall re tain all the puhhc luntls debts laves, and dues ol every kind, vv inch nny belong to, nr bo due or owiiio .-.ml Republic- ; ami .-hall l-o rouio all thu vacant and un ipprnprialed lauds lying vvnli. in Us Inn ts to ho applied to the payment of the debts and liab litics of .ihl Iteptiblie of Texas ; and lliu re-ulue ot a ml debN and Itabihtie-, to be d s nt-oil of as nit b ui d Male may d.recl; but in no event are t-aid debts ami liabilities tn hp come a charge upon the Government of the United States. 'I hint. New Statca of convenient fuze, and having sufficient population, may hereafter, by the consent of said stale, be loriticd nut of the territory thereof, which f-hall ho entitled to ad. mission under tin.' provision!, of lha Federal Con- slitutioit. And Fuch state as mnv hu loriticd nnl nf that portinu nl said territory lying south of 30 vote fur him, in spito of the little caucus which assembled at Conrord, and proscribed him for telling the Irulh ; and if all t ho vo ters in the Slato who appruvn his letter wero lo carry his nntne on their ballots fot Congress, he vionld piohahly ho elected, to lion thorn in the sides of llio Annexationists in llio next Congress. But wo can hardly hope for any such course in New Hampshire. THE cmsis. Tlie past week has heennn important ono nl Wiishinginu. it has witnessed ihe admis sion of Teza, Florida and Iowa into the Union Ine prostitution of Executive natron age and influence, to an extent never before conceived of and it records the disgraceful surrender of the U S. Senate to llm corrupt ing influences of official plunder. Polk lias openly and unhesitatingly sold his Cabinet and other appointments for Texas votes! and Senators, havii as shamelessly and corruplly""" soW their votes on this question lo securo places for themselves, or plunder for their friends, and thus has a fnreisrn territory, a land ofsl.ivery, been forced upon us, in open violation of both tlio spirit and thu letter of tho constitution. Let us talk no more of public virtue, patriotism, or the poor parch ment, that alouu remains of our once glorious cunsiilutmn. Wo have been called, eililnri.il v. to scissor out n greii inany fires, hoih.utall nit'l ureal, and have done so with cool philosophy, not K-n.-ctiiu lime touch, tu siime nno man. the lititc narntrraiih would uiosi as suredly mean. The late com dele and siiinninry iheui sot every obligation at defiance, and burnine up uf our office, licked up clean ns il was hy . . , , ,. , . ihc red ll lines, in a fit hours, hi. laujhl in a lea-on , "le 'or tlie spoils. I appall will claim and on this bead. Asido fnmi ntf-prrnntst y lo.-s, lion i r,.c,.:. . i In. n.u :,r,l ,.r li: tin. real is the suhvttng produced hy a file.' A hundred . t LATE II FROM CHINA. Two fast sailins ships, the Onedia, Capt. Tripp, nml Ann Mi-Kim, Capt. Vasmer, ar rived ut New Yin Ii on Monday, Fi b. 24tb, with advices from Canton to thu 20lh of November. Thev have thus made the pas sage in less than ono hundred days. The Celestials oppose the progress of the Enclish in their euip re, in every wav. They appear really lo halo them. The negncMtinns between the Frencli and Chinese cunlinued. There does not appear lo be any news of pariicuiar impnitanre. It is staled that tho market for green leas opened at a much higher point this season than la-.t. Tho American frigate Brandy wine was lo leave for homo on the 20ih of Dec, via the Pacific UI mils and Valparaiso. Tlin sloop of war St. Louis sailed on the 7lh Nov., also for Inline. Tim ship Paragon, dpi. Curtis, of New York, from Manilla for C.inton, with rice, degrees thirty minutes north latitude, comuionlv j was lost between the former placeand Amoy. Kiiuwti as ine .Missouri cotupriumso line, snail lie admitted into, the Union, vv till or nil bout slave. Known as ine .viisso on cotupr.me line, snail tie ; r f-. ..... !ln,i . Innl . ,,.;, im!. 1 ' Tillers. Dtx unil Oil kinsnn, of this Suic, unit article-, of nu u?c tu anv one nve the owutr, l. ll. .t .......LI f.1 .1-,., (.,-,1,.. ,,,,,1 fee noihmi! in. that ueoursrUc-J !nc contemilntid ! wrro viiltt.illy sent thi'ii. Uy lint BirtU'V alio Willi cuui lii'imert'iicc, n'M iuki ti.vy niv irrcv.-ciuiv ilestrnynl, comoup in llicfh.ipeof remini'cenu'i( nn-I seem na it they h;ul been worili their weight in atiM. We would not iii'luliie in ur.ncces.3iry foniimeut, btil ( veil the ohl desk ut whi' h vie it, the poihterous inkft-iml, the f.imi nr fnersof files of eitrrc-spond'-ni-e, the cluuce colleeti.iu nt ninnU'tst Ihr uiihiliticil ei. siy, the 1 huts by wliieh wo steernl cm ihey iill ry a tho pt-oplti of uach state, asking ud.nis. n picKrti tip in thrco dnys alter, by a fcinn, may deirr. Cl.incso fisliinn-tHi.it. Tlioy were couipel- im ne 11 limner upiuveu, i uai u ui? Ireiuleiit of :Jin United States -Inll in In- j'id j LETTER FllO.U3rR. URADISH. Trom Ihc Xtw Vork Tribune. Wo havo rarely lead a paper which roni mended obvious yet negh-cletl truth more forcibly lo hunest, earnest minds llian lint fulhiwiiig hnier from Htm, Lutiikh Biu dish, late Lieut. Governor of Now Vork, to tho Younc .Men's Henry Clay Asaoriaiiuii. Whiiisof tho Union ! Iheae aio hut ihe words i.. whicli yntir own hearts wero sei-king to clothe their sponi.inenus impulses and tleler mined reohiiious. Couiiiiend 1I11-01 10 your neighbors ! Seo that they art! every where cheiished and acted upon : Ntvv Vobic, No. 0 Hasi id, .ireei 1 Kclruary l th, 1815. Rear Sii I nm, this moniim.-. faminl wiihyair note, internum: me lhal The Young Men's ll'urv Clay Anoiiaiioii of llo. City on.l (,'ouniy of Srw York, have done iiipiIih honor of ilccliuy ineanhon orarv uicoilier of their A.s.iciitiin. While I receive, Willi ihe Inchest ctntinYaiion, ihe anncunirmenl, nn te in your coiuriiiuuiniiou, I know not in wh il leroi. helin'uii.' ihc occasion, and expti.. nveof my own senunii nl. I can romry lo yinr As sociation the irnirliil senm I rntcrl nu of 1I11 rent nl insitncp of 11? rrfprri noil kin 'ncf. Il is pe u l aity tmilfviii!! lonn-10 lie llms plan-din so houofn- 'i 1 won uo o.-ficnnon, wiin whose princr thorouir1! conviction nf their irulh nnd propriety. If lie s- wire ri-jbl orisinnlly. Ihey nre riehl note. Let 's then adhere In ihein I.et our mono ever he i Tor Wulfl Partv. nnd Whig 1'uisciw rs i Wina IN 1770, Vma is IP1I. and Whig r.vrn. Ite pleisisl, Dear Sir, 10 receive for yourself an v stnnnceof inv personal lespecl nnd esieeni n il 10 cnriiniunicnte to ihe Ass- eiaii.in von irprcsenton ihit occasion, my warmest wishes fat lis prosperity nnd succcsi. Anu h'-hvc tne in tie, D-nr Sir, Vtry futhfii'Iv sod irntv, Your Ol ed'enl Si rvsni, I.. I1IIADISII. No. 6 I'.ast Sixteenth si. To Out-En S. Homr.K, n(., Si-c'y. FOREIGN DIPLOMATIC CORRES PONDENCE. The follow 1110 rorri'ipnndence, which we ropy from the New York Express, cannol fail to Im hblily iniereslinr; to our rentiers. Our Secretary of Slate, John C. Cai.iioun, is I'omitic to he rutisidered, all the world over, as tint oient t hanipiun of the riiiht ul man tu hold his fellow man in bondage. The Express says Wo have received a report of rotre.spnndence belwren the Stale Department, at Washington, and Mr. Eve rett, our Minister lo England, in reference lo seven liiilivit criminals, who, it is alleged, committed robbery, arson nod murder, in East Florida, and afterwards escaped to Nassau, New i'uiv idencp. Their surrender is claimed hy the General Government, un der llm following provision uf the Washing, ton treaty. " ll is nttned that ire Unliei) Stn'ei snd Her Brit. plrs I 1 cordially syutpalhize, nnd hose nalrmni! i nnnic Mninlv fhall. noon iniilnul nnuisilii.ni hv ipir I and m ine healing hue hi en niniler of so hiuh, thiui, or ilu ir uiinuirrs. oiricern, or nuilioriiies, rrs so jint. nnil soeeneinl ciunntnulaiion, as hate bien P'ciivi lj made, delnci up lo jiinice nil pusniis wlio, h.mi! 1 hntced Willi ihe crime of unirder, or sssaull, these, ortlie lenrv C ny A-soctolion of Ihe City nnd L'fliinly of NewYotk. In this craiifi. fltion, 100. tho biclierl pnhpc ennsi 1 irntions nnntile wiih private seniiniini. Jn lite pre. sent po i inn. ns well in the pax eonr.e and conduct of the Whin Yonna Mm of New York, iheru imiricli run roily lo exritc present ciuniiu ni'aiii.n, bio 10 fill Ihe Fuinre with encouragement and hope. In vour continued Association, under n nvne rliarncti italic of v'ur I'nni'if b s, ns well as in the poritinn mtin, and (eclarnii.inof purpose, ncentlv put forth, ihere is lurni bed llio 1110 t aratifvinit evhlenie of n nohle de- teruunihiin. on ihe pan of ihe WIiil' Ytaimi Meo of ,,ew iiiik, io conuuueio rneriMi ami susiain llio (rent p,.hiieal Priiuip'es a lincatid ly ihat'iTiiihi!;. fished Pairioi. in whose name vmi are astntin'cd Tiicsc nie irne Principles of ihe VVlua Piny, nnd, n we believe, rs.eniinlly mccsarv loilu- hijhesi honor snl welfarnf our Ooiiany, n this elevati il pur pose, nnrl hnnnrnhle course, ynn will hechieredbv li-esssuraneeof rrrrivinr, from ihe cnliBli'enci anil Ihe iinnd evrrv vvhi re, no enure, cordial nnd unoimli. fiiilspproKilnfyoiiriiohlenndpalrii licdeieruiinsiiun. 1 1 ihe iinlonked-i r re.ulmf iljeareni Polutcnl con trst out of u hull we lone recenllu e.irn.. ;., .1... xp-'led .hfcnl hi'h is a eieat Polutcal Parly, we r ."- i'.iii. "i 1 nnu 111 in,- "l with iuient lu ciunniil murder, or pirncy, or ars ui, or rohticry, or fotgery. or iiiiemnce of foicid papers, couiinulcd wilhin Ihe turi.iiie'ion of tither. .h.tl S...L an am Ii ot shall bv found within llio territories of the oilier." Thu ficls of the rase, 111 dated in a letter of Mr. Calhoun lo Mr. Everett, ure as fol lows : The Ornnd Jury of the .ludi' i d Disliirl, after full invefiitouiou, reuuniil bills of inihununt nsniiul en.Ji of them, f.o robbery. Itiqiesition uns made, in diit-'foriu. I'V ll.e S.creisiv of Smie. ihrinifhihi-ltiii- ih Mini. Hint Wnslunvtnn. nnd irsinnnt'td 10 tlie Mntshnll of 1 lii I portion of the lerriiory. vvtin wns nol-'urid to receive- the 1 riininnls. llo rrpnircd lo Nns-nu 1 nn I, on npplnniion, the Oovemor of ihe I nhsiuas ii neil Ins irnni ttion to ihe I hitf Just ce of ine Cnhinv, who, nciinp with the Associate Judff'S. in nneu Court, refuted lo I'ehver un In justice the fmiiiiies. pn the mound that ihe evidence was not such as wns reipnrrd hv the ncl 1 f Parliament for I ivine un criminals, fupjiivc frnm jusiice, in cerlain esses. Tbs Court remar nl. in deltverine its onitiion. " Ih il an in liciinciit, ;rr, inn nevtr be nrttud as have vituslod, never more to he seen 7 Tiulv v-air fira in ikes clean woik, and is of 1 1 esecnuve utriccrs super-euunenl. Perlnp that I i&t ill ucc hatch oflet- 'crs may hesontevvlureon me; we arcal'iiosi tempt nl to crv. Devil I find 11 un." Pj!i! ii is a mere cinder, now .- soino " I'alhnnis deep my Idler bos Of its lines is under i.iadc." IVo Arnbiin mlc enn crailcn wilder fiction, or show better how altoieiher tllusnry hie is. Those subd walls ofhtiik. 1 tl se stem ntel iline-iill -lnirs, the swumini! doors, the Sanctum, scene nf oianv n deep political drama, of omnv a p ittn tu-1 He, utierlv wini fed out, as one summarily sui 11 out a -p- rmaceti on retiring for ihe nh:hl. Aiid all per'eeily true. Ono ahvivs has some pnv.iH soislai tinn, in hi. own pariicnl ir misery. Con iibr wh it n uiuhi it was dial bllilil itsout, lb it we werer iniiueriil tiy'ltio tie menis, went ep in rtunes hernfftiu'v on llnl wildest, winiltcl, stormiest ni-ihl lllee iloz-at years, not hy nov fault of human cntcrnnsi'. Inn f iirlv c uiquered liv stress ol weuher Ihere was a great rluuti.li of trum pets, al an events. And consider nhnveall that Salamnnder safes how, after nil, the fire, nssisic I bv ihe elements, only came off second best, not heiui; ahle 10 reduce lhal safe into afles That is the sireak of sunshine throiwli the I n wreaths of tmoke. (he ciitnbaiof hiinnn inttenu ite ntrainst ttle desnerate eiic.nl Iter of h silethlTr heal. Mill ihose hiois, nnd W lister's Diclinnarv Weill we trt'f Inurlsiiinely vvirppeu there, we ac knowledge. ,Y. Y. Tribune, lilionisls, who ntijlii hivu .secured the return of two ileleritiine.l ami-annexationists, and thu tlefe.it of Annexation, now and ever more, hid they seen fit. Thev chosn rather to tr.ithii-1! ami malign iliusu uf their follow citizens wiin went diuno their best lo defeat tho Tt.-x.is iuni'iily tn uss'-rt that .Mr Clay's! election would bu as foviiruhlo to Annex 1 tinii ns I'nlk's more likely to securu il, said James G. Girney himself, bucatiso CI iv is a m in of treat ability and can iutluenco his pirty, while I'ulk cinniit. Verily, they have their reward ! Hero is Annexation thiven thrnnch by llio tliiert persun.il inHuencu of Mr. Polk, wiin has, by nothing belter than that it was sn worded inienli-.tinl-y ns to exclude from i'e nperniuin casesof thisdescription. ll was replied, that ihe lioltion of the nriiele ol ieclcd towns copied rtrbutim friun Jay's lienly of 1791. made lonir liefop Kneland had contemplated Ihfititioluinn of slnverv in her po.set-ionst nnd when there coutd be no intention ofihekiod. ll wns ad 'ed lhal treaty had never re ceived nil inierptetniion ibni wonld wnrranl surh n conor ciioii. The renlv nuieied nil ntuirehensiou. nnd the trenly reetivi d the inteufn Inree innj-iriiy 1 f tlie s'avc ti i i.l 1 n tr niaie-. minoui tiicin, 11 wouiu not have been ratified. the nr.ri.v. Mr Everell, in 11 leltcr dated November last, acknowledges the receipt of Mr. Cal Ilium's despatch, frnm which tbe'abovo px tracts aie made. On the 20ili of November, Mr. Everett bad an official interview with Lord Aberdeen, at A rev lo I louse. As ibis letter is inioortant, and the subject interest inn tu all ( hisses nf nur readers, we give the full account of ibis interview : "I introduced ihesii'-iecl with a central statement nfl he facts of Ihe case, nsset foith in your instructions just inenitontu. j ciiieu i.onit aneriieen s ntieiiiinii to the nirumenl by which ihe indues nl Nassau de ft ndeit It 0 supposed rciuireinetiis nt ihe statute of 6 nnrj 7 vicli nn, cn. iu nnu in 1 lie interence iinlurnlly 10 he drnwn from ll tir lantrunr-e. I ohserved lo him ihnl I hnd bien ltd, by vnrious ennsidera ion, ludouhi whether ttieUourt, on Hits oecnsion. hnd nuhtly in. ternrettil I lie views nl her Maieslv's covernment Thnt, if it were 6", 1 wns instructed stronitly lo contest ihein; bill ibni, beiniMteBiruus of asceriainitii! the nrincinles ndonied bv her Matestv s government un litis su' iect. without ibedelnv incident to nn clah orate diens-ion, 1 had thought iijietttr lo Itrini Ihe que ion before him in his way, in the hope thnt he wouiu ne nine ioiurmu nie ni once wuu a sausiaciu ry esplanntion. I then rrad to t.nrd Aberdeen lhal portion of your desnntcb (No. 99) In whiih the facts of the enso nre rehlrd, nnd ihe interence nalurnliy lo be drnwn from 111" 1 1 UL'tin jjc- of the lout I nl Nnssnti is commented nn. As soon ns I had done ihis. Lord Aberdeen ohserv ed lhal be found no difficulty in snyimt. Ihnl, of the esltnci frnm ihe opinion of the court nl Nnssnu eivcn in (our despnich. Ihe only portion which he ndnpled ss ihe lamfiiaite nf ihc t?ovt rnment wns ihe first part, in which it is staled lhal nn indictment is noi, of il. sell, (miller llienel nf Parliament fnicnrrvinirihelren ly into tfl'rt t.) snfficienl cruiind fnr eiving up a fu-.-i-live. It.it the same nnswi r would hnve been iriven I y her Mnjesiy's nuiboiiiies, hnd 1 lie persons demanded been lice. The nrgiiment contnined 111 the olher art nfi be nnssniteaniiied in vnur instruction, wnsnndnuhl intended lo enforce ihc view taken bv the com I nfl he expediency of the provinons ol the slniutei hul ihe answer to the npphevion wns perfect without il nnd lie fill no hesitation in sayim; that ihe nrpuincnt or 'lustration of the court wns nm adopted by him. Con-rnnenilv. ns far ns ihsffovernmeni was concern ed, no inference like ihnl dwell upon 111 vi ur letter ! Al first they weie read before lew prrsnnsin llunl shou'd he drnwn from il. lille, some of whom s rfuciiiiiinaiint: Mounh to I lntd bun ihe nntniioua fact lhal Ihe leehmenl notiiei late l lcir lienillle. nnd tn induce Mr II. tu try rrunenf murder vvasilie same, in all psrisnfihelliii-' his fnrlunes ns n bona fide losturer. Thinkinp lo led Smie. and in Kneland, left liele ronni for dou1 1 1 cnnipnss los desirn of difchamini; Jiis l.'ulhte itiat wlien ihe coun slated thnt 'what mnv constitute deb's sooner by this cimtse than by continit the crime nfmurder in l-'loiida, may he very fir fiom ine as a teacher, he went In Mobile, diuina Ihc iloini! sn arrnrdinv la the lliiush laws, or even ihe winter of lc43 I, nnd ri.ltverrd ItisNiaHespcriin dis law. of ihe nnrihern Stales nf America.' ihev must course, befnre an audience .nlTicienllv Jirrce to defray have alluded in the rate of slaves, and haveintrndtd his ipenes. He now fill enennraved Jo visit a incumbent on us in ll is crisis .' 'I'ritittnc 10 say lhal evidence which would es'nblisb chars lg rrityi an I be acc nimbly went to Ciniinmli, j ' 000 is hereby iippiirtuuicd to dolrav the expun tei? of ttrssions and nei;oli.itious to nurue upon llm terms of said itdmisiou and cet-eiou, either by treaty or by articles to be submitted to lliu t.vo Houses ol Congress, as the 1'rcstdcnl may direct. The question llien coming up on tho re solutions ihey wero passed hy the following vote : Avrs .Messrs. Allen. Ashler. Atrhinsnn lltgrant bribery, obtained at least four votes J Ailierloo, RiL'by, llrtiiton, lliciie'c, Iluclian.iu for thu niiMSiire, in direct hostility in the (.'o'tpnu. Dickinson, Di, F.iir(ii'Id, Uanniyan, 1 . .1 c i- 11 liavwtioil, ll'ndtrsnn, linger, Juhnsnn, Lewis, judgii.ent, the feuliugs ami the consciences . Al .-'iJ.ilU . Merrick. Nile. Semple, Sevier, Slur- ge.111, 'r,ipnu. Walker, Woodbury 27. IN Ars .vlus-rs. Archer, Uirrnvv, lilies my. led (0 pay SGOO before thu rascals would re- tnent am! dicreruui tleem it m .-t udvisible, in-! Ies! them. lien on liuaril the fishing stead of proceeding to subint the furngoing res. ln ,t, ihev had lo protect wli.it lit llo properly olutnu, 10 the Republic o! Toy, an an overture ! , , (.j ,,rwn Uni They on tlio part of tbu Uiuteil hlatcs for adinu-sion, . .... . . . siilli-retl uitirli ny tip' sliipwreck, tin I sullereu still tiinrt! vvhilo in tho h.iruJs of those who rescued them. Wo regret to learn that Capt. Eagle, of thu Valparaiso, died soon after his arrival at Mucin. Tlin V. is in rhuigK of tho mate. Tint ship How qua, Capt. Palmer, of this rrmaitiniL' territory to tin: United Slates slnll 1 nri. was alt.icki-d hv nir.iti-s in ilu. Chinosp hu agreed upon hv llio Government nf Texts ti . 1 " n-i . 1 . ... . tn.i. 1 hoe were ilrivtoi .ill 111. 11 (tv clinl and Ihc Ui iteil Statcf. Anil tlio sum ol yilJU,. I - ' " to upgoKalo with that Republic; then ho it re solved Ih it a State tn be tunned out uf llio pre sent Republic nf I'l.'xas with .-intabli; extent and boundaries, and with two representatives in t'tuiL'resy, until the tio.xt apportionment of rep-re-cii'r.lion shall be admitted into the Union hy virtue of Ibis act, or oil .inerpsil footing with Ihe existing State-', as soon as ihe lurins and coudi timis ol siii-b adiiu-s nn and llm cession of the Punsurr of Knowledge under Diffi culties. Perhaps fuw more striking exam pies of this are given than that of a xoiiug American who has recently been attracting uitirli attention by a series of lectures on Sliakspearn nnd his plovs. Wo allude tu UcNnv Noiiman Hudson, a native of Corn wall, Vl.. who, though "born in poverty and hied in orpbanane," has by dint of reso'ulo application and natural strength of mind con trived to iillain eminence in a path struck out anil pursued without tiid, sss4 solely in reli ance upon bis own genius and industry, Tho Boston Transcript gives a narrative of Mr. Hudson's pursuit lo lliu present lime, from which wo abridge llio following : In you tli Mr. Hudson was sent tn b nm ihe black smith s trade, nl which be labored till ihe age of ciuhieen The individual with whom he passed ihose important years of his life entirely nculccied his cdu cation and afforded liimscarely the menus of ctnnf--ri Under such circumstances, the ynunii apprenliie was Irnn-ferred fioiu the shop of the ht icksuuilt lo Ilmt nl a cnaehmnker, 10 vvlitth new occupation tie applied himself dihpemly f.mr year- more Ihtce years as ap prentice nnd one ns j uirueyninn. Up lo ibis lime Ihe advnnlngca which he enjoved for unproviiiz bis iulcMeciunl cupaci ica vvcie very alight, and hy nn means satisfactory lo one alio had even an ordinary dearee of mental si if 1 a. He had fnr some lime felt ihe wanl of an education, and nl length resolved 10 obtain it 1 iirenattUL' lu'uisi-lf for n cultecj. ateenreer, lieenicrel die t'niversuy in Middlel-ury, Vl.. ndjoining his nntivc town, and graduated there in leMo. After his orndtialian, Mr. II. went South to engaie nsn teacher, lie spent ruin vear in Ken'urky nml suhsequemlv two vear s in lluntsvillc, Alabama I nnd while occupied in llua In lie leiircd luwii, he wrote fur Ins own enn icnnon nnu for ne purnoreoi nccuny. inn; nn ever trailrsa iiiiuil, bis lecture un Minkespenre. nf llmso who civil ihein. Messrs. Nil Dix, Dickinson, Toppati, Allen nnd Mer rick well knew that that they grossly misrep. res oiled thu Peoplo of their several Slates in voting for this tiniighteniis measure. Rut Power and P.ilrouasu wero loo strnnr; for llioir integrity, and tho evil bus liiumphed. Ye, the mischief is done, and wo are now involved in I liar We h ivo adopted a War ready initio, and lako upon ourselves its proseculiun lo the end. Wu urn to furnish llm bntlies to fill Iroiubes and tho rash lo de fray its enoriiioui expense. Mexico, de spoiled of one of her fairest provinces by our hypocrisy and nor rapacity, has no choice but to resist, however iiielli-ctively, tho con summation of our flagitious designs. If she should not resist now, on tho Rio Del Norle, slio will soon ho forced to striigelenguiust our marauders in Seuora and California. Al ready il is openly talked at Washington that we must and will have all North Ameiic.i in duo season that llio question is turn of time only. If, therefore, Great Rriluin should seo fit lo stand up for tho feuhlo anil unofTuntliiio Penplo on whom wo aio making war, she will ho but obeying tint instinct of self-pre servation. By our prnreediiiL's in gelling possession of Texas, we have declared our selves ihe enemies of tlio civilized world, nr only restrained ft tun becoming such hy thu Inwest considerations of elf-inteiest. Sure- Iv there must come 11 reckoning lor this. If those wiin ure driving us on to untold expen diture mid carnago weio themselves lo pay I he laxes nnd stop thu bullets, it would ho n different mailer Proplo of ihu United States! what shall yet he done to turn aside ibis slnrm of unjust War from our borders ? Say nnl that Mexi an', Demon, Clioite, Clayton, thntendeii, I)tv lon, Rv.ui?, Fos'cr, Francis, llutitiiigtt.it. J.irne gan, .Mauguiu, Mhler, Mnrelio.id.l'e.irce, l'iielp-, I'oi'er, Rives, Siiuinuns, Upbatii, While, Wuod- bridge lo. On Fiid.iy the Resolutions were snht lo tlin Iliitisi! where, us wo learn by llm Ex press and Herald, Ihey were concurred in hy a vote of 132 tn7G. So llm deed is done, ll is hardly worth while speculating on shut course President Polk will lake J as it is more than probable that his inaugural ud diess, which will rearh us in a fuw days, will enlighten us on lh.it point. If any credit is to ho derived from the passage of llteso resolutions we do not seo why tho Whigs aro not enliiled to il. It was by tho voto of Senator W ight that the tarifl' bill passed llio Senate, and .llio Locos claim ed all thu credit of tho measure on account oflh.it vote, Tho following paragraph may furnish snmu cluo lu llio course of Senator Dughy : " The Cabinet i partly arranged .Vr. Ilu. rbanaii is to bo Secretary of Slate; Air. Marcy Secretary of the Ttei.suryj A7r. Walker At torney General ; Mr, Cave Johnson Postmaster General. This is no cnnj-clurc. It was set. 1 led when tho compromise was arranged on V'liur.dav." NEW HAMPSHIRE. Tho annual election in ibis S'ato lakes place on the lllh ind,, when n Governor, four .Members of Congress, Slato Council- Inrs, (five,) Senalu (twelve,) nnd 11 Uuusu of Representatives, tiro to bit chosen. An ex cellent big Slato Ticket is in llio lleld, headed by Gen. Antiionv Coi.nv, of New London, for Governor, and such is tho un. coitfeitblo: the God of Justice is with her, popularity which Gov. Sleelo has contrived und wo havo proved how powerful is n just' t , , jncur ibat Culhv might ho elected if tho cause iiguiusi me fioiiL m uispuruy 01 pnysi- wings wouiu all 110 tlinir uuiy which one cul force. Uuglit wo not to hold public meolingt In consider and determine what is Pirates seem to abound in that part of the world. An opium schooner, commanded by nil Englishman, with 11 Lascar crew, was captured hy a Chinese rover, and tlie En glishman tossed inloiho sea. Atlas. FROM SOUTUa1TeRICA. We have files of ihe Rio tie Janeiro Jornal to the 31 of January inclusive, fur which we nre indebted tn Gilpin's Exchange reading room. Tlio paper of that date announces llm arrival uf the U. S. fiigale Ruritan, from Monte Viden,s.iile(l on llm 17lh nl' December. Tim ciiv was humbarded on tho 15th by General Orihe, hut iiiigri-.it harm was done, ll was repotted that Orihe intended In make a general attack on the lGlh, but that day passi-tl over without any hostile movements. The fiigale Congress sailed from Montis Video fur Rio 011 llm same day with the Ruritan, and was going into port when Ihe Mary Clinton c.ituo out. On the 1st of January the session nf the General Assembly was opened by the Em perur in peison.who read a short speech from the throne, Il merely announced ilmt Ihe failing liealih of 1 lie Princess Januaria had induced him to consent that she should pass a year in Europe lh.it quiet was restored in tho province of Alagoas and lhal a spce dy result of lilt! like nature was confidently hoped in refereuco lo llio province of Rio Grande. The Journals December 27lh chronicles tlin appearance of tho new comet. The U. S, biig B.iiuhridgn was at Rio on the 4lh of January. Spectator. gtoTxTgTcal SURVEY. Wc understand the Governor lias appointed Professor Charles 1). Aiums of Muldlebury College, lo be Slate Geologist, under the act providing for a Geological Survey of this State. We are grntih'ed that .Mr Adams is thus placed in a position in which his vigorous mind. Ins en. thusiastic devotiun lo the natural sciences, and his uncommon energy ami perseverance may bo nude available in this important survey. If he shall, as wo hope ho will, employ as his assis tants, working men like himself, we may hope to seo a good ami thorough survey nf the State within ihe three years ronlemplated in the law, ami at an expense not exceeding its appropria tion. ll is understood that an arrangement has been ijiade, by which the counsel and advice, and personal atlontion in Vermont, of Dr. Hilt henrk, rrcsuieni 01 Amherst College, and late Oeolo. gist of Massachusetts, are secured in runnexion with lies survey, sn far as may be necessary to give In it the benefit of his ample experience in conducting geological surveys. Galaxy, Arri.F.s fob Chi.w. Charles Willing ton, of West Cambridge, Mass., near Bos ton, has sold 2,500 barrels of winter apples from his orchard the past autumn. Of these 500 were packed for tho Canton, China, third of them will bu very c irnful not lo do. They aro content lo wonder why the peoplo . market each apple being sehtcted, and rol permit such mugovt rnmi'tit, without putting led up in paper, like Sicily oranges.