Newspaper of Evening Star, July 24, 1857, Page 2

Newspaper of Evening Star dated July 24, 1857 Page 2
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EVENING STAR. U A Mi I N ?i T ? * i I T \ : ? it I DAY ? July 24, 1M|. srin trior ntn morning muss. The Union this morning publishes an able nr.d interesting address to the Richmond (Va.) Mechanics' Institute, by Gov. Wise, which, like e^ erything else from his pen. is interesting and chiquent; and announce? that ex-Gov. Wright, of Indiana, new here, leaves New York on Sat urday for his post as U. S. Minister to Prussia. The Union also replies to a charge of the Wilmington (N. C.) Journal, that it has in dulged in denunciations of the Slate* Kights wing of the Democracy of the South, in defend ing the course of Gov. Walker; denying, earn estly. that it has doue anything of the sort, and quoting a previous article from its owncolumns to shew that it expressly and designedly re frained from expressing au opinion with refer ence to the speeches and writings of Governor W. which proved offensive to so many of the States Kights newspapers. In the same arti cle, the Union defends the purposes and gen era! f iure of Gov Walker with earnestness mid zeal. The lntrlli%rncrr publishes the following list of the cases that have so far been disposed of by the Taval Courts of Inquiry now in session in this city. Viz: '? The following are ail the retired.furlonghed. mill diopfted cases whir Li h.tVe IrvH illVi'sli^trd :?nd di?|M?s**d of up to this date by ILe three Court-- ?>f Inquiry vidinw in this city, viz : ? ('.iplsinx -I Wilkinson, Jo*. Smith. Philip I* VoorIwfs. 'I'. M. Newell, Thomas Paine, \\ . K Latimer, Cbas. Hoaiiii.ni. J H. Graham, and William Ionian, Commanders?J. 1,. Paine, Henry Bruce. J S. Nicholas, Oscar Bnllus. J. M i n 't. M Mason. and \\ illiam S. OgdlB. The i .im> of Commander A K.Long is now pending in the third court. Lieutenant*?J. I,. Palmer,/? ?' Carter. R llandy, A II Kilty, Win Chan dler, J M. Gilliss, A. Gibson, Henry Walker, I C Bowers. A.S Baldwin, L. C. sadori, K. Slsnlf, J N Maltitt. II Kolando. T. A. Parker, >1 SiinuiLs, |{. MeArami, W. A. C. Karrajjul, L. Penning on. K. W. Meade, W. A. Bartiett, A. D. tlarrell. T. II. Stevens, Abner Read, A C. Rhind. The case of Lieutenant D. F. Dulanv is (^ending in the 11 r.-vt court. Mxsters?William W. .ow, VVilliam \ Brady. Peter Wager, and A. McLaughlin. Passed Midshipmen?K. C. Graf ton and J. S. Thornton From I'taii ?Salt Lake dates to the-id instai.t have be?*n received at St. Louis. The affairs of the Territory were In a peaceful condition and general prosperity prevailed Rumors of the I'tah expedition by the general government at tracted little attention. The emigrant trains were progressing rapidly. Grass was abundant on the plains and the Indians were friendly. Public charge* of official dishonesty were made against the surveyor geneial of the terri tory. Several statements of his assistants have l?ecn published, accusing him of reporting and pocketing the money for work never done; with holding the pay of his assistants and appropria ting it to himself; neglecting tomak the sur veys aad then reporting that the posts hail been removed by the Mormons, with oluer serious misdemeanor*. 1?7" The Western Excursionists we e expected to return to Baltimore this morning from their trip to Norfolk, Portsmouth. A.c. They were to have been met at Old Po:nt yesterday morning by the committees on the part of the common council a.nd citizens of Portsmouth, who were to accom pany them ro that town. On reaching Portsmouth they were to lie welcomed by Mayor Hodges, and then escorted by a military procession to the navy yard, United States ship Pennsylvania and other L'nited States vessels of war, and finally to the Macon House, to partake of the hospitalities of the town. Shooting Affair in North Cakolis*.? There was a shooting affair at Goldsboro". N . C.. on Wednesday. Dr. John W. Davis, a [immi nent citizen. was shot down by two German Jews named Odenhammer Davis is not expected to live, and one of the Odenhammer* had his skull fractured. Great excitement was produced and lynch law spoken of. Great Arrest or Gamblers.?We learn from the Chicago Democrat that on Thursday week '? one of the worst gambling dens that ever disgraced any city in the Tutted States" was en tered by the police of that city, and sixteen men and l?oys arrested. The establishment, it is said, Is frequented by some of the worst gamblers, thieves, pickpockets, and burglars in the Luited Siites. Naval. Tiie frigate Constitution. " Oid Iron *.d?*s. '?whirl* lets been lying at the Portsmouth Navy Yard f<>r about two years.?is to In- remod eled and rebuilt forthwith, orders having been received to take the ship iuto the dry dock for that purpose. Tne I". S. steam-frigate Colorado, built at Nor folk, will take a week's trial trip, commencing on the 21th inst. Tie Moos.?tome of the Boston papers are discussing the question whether the moon is in habited. The New York Erptess thinks that this is a refreshing change from abolitionism Tne t ansition from the madness of alxtlitionism to the nrnon is natural American Dental Convention.?The third annual meeting of the -''American Dental Con vent ion'r will l?e held in Boston on the 4th of August next As this convention is open to all practicing d"ntists, it is expected that the pro fession will I*- largely represented. Telegraph CompaniesConsolidated.?The Cape Cod Telegraph Company, whose wires ex tend to Nantucket, and the. Marine Telegraph Company, w-nrking to Provinceti-wn, have been consolidated and put under the superintendence of F II. Palmer, Ksrj.. A Mas and his Wife Committing Suicide lit Hanging ?The Buffalo Republic, of July H, learns by a gentleman from Erie, that a horrible affair occurred about eight miles south of that city, near Waterford, on Friday last. A German named Shuitz or S hutz. living near the old turn pike road, committed some slight misdemeanor, 1 ?r which he was threatened with an arrest by the over-olUrious constable of the town. The < unstable even went so far as to demand S^Wi of hutz. lo settle the mattei; otherise he Would be ? taken down the i iver"? i. e to the State Prison at I'lttsuurg Ignorant of the law. and of the jMiwers and duties of the constable, and knowing th it the amount Would absorb all his hard--artied property. Schutz expressed his determination to l?is wife to die rather than go to prison or pay the money The matter was talked over lietween them, arid she determined to follow his example Having no children of their own. Shultz entrusted his money ar.d valuables to an adopted son, at>out fif teen years of aye. on the evening of Friday, say ing that he and his wife were going out, and if they did not return to go to the orchard in the morning, where he. the boy, would tind them. The boy remained in the house all night, and in the morning, lindiiig they had not returned, pro ceeded as directed to the orchard, where the Iife t*-.-, bodits of both husband and wife were found suspended by one ro|ie to the limb of a tree. It appeals that Shultz had fastened the rope first to the iiM k ?>i hiv wife, a ul then climbing Into ti.? tree he (cutwtl it over a limb, adjusted it to his own ne? k, and then jumped downward, the movement *us|?-ndin^ both, and causing, proba bly. instant strangulation. Our informant did not lcam ti?e n-stdt ot the coroner?s inquest. We should l?e loath to carry alsmt us the leaden weight cf fit lint; which must All the heart of the constable who was the author of this tragedy, if, indeed, such brutes are susceptible to human emot.ons XTJT A World's Temperance Convention is to be held In Chicago, Illinois, the p.esvnt Summer. The Germania Band gave their first con cert at Newport. R I., Monday evening. There have been g:i executions In the city of New York since IslO. Three of the number were women and two were hung for arson. (p* The Cleveland Plaindealer says that flf Utn deaths resulted from the lightning of the storm of Wednesday last, in Ohio. irr t he pony which Victoria gave to Tom Thumb, the smallest pony in the world, died at New Bedford on Tuesday, but his skin is to etuffed. (?7" Mrs. Delaney, the fat ladv. who weighs 650 pound*, was triarritd at Pittsburg, oil Sun day evening last, to Mr. O Neil, the agent for her exhibition. They started on Monday for Men phis. and on the same dav William Delaney tel egraphed from New York that he would arrive In *24 hours at Pittsburg to travel with his wife, it will U iL&cult for her to hide Hum him. WASHINGTON NIC IVS A ND GOSSIP Tim ArritEJiTR'K Svstem.?Yesterday, we took occasion to comuieueo the discussion of Britam'i very last schcme to deetroy our na tional prosperity baaed on our production and exportation of cotton, rice, and tobacco?the new-fangled African ApprcnticoJ system. We were then only able to show that it involves a ."weeping acknowledgment that the continuance of African slavery is. after all her labors and violations of all international law. right and justice to destroy it, absolutely necessary to the condition of civilized society?to supply wants of that society which long since became neces saries of life to it?cotton, coffee, rice, tobacco, sugar, Ac. The world yet unerased with abo litionism will, in due time, come properly to ap preciate this qitod erat demonstrandum of th? arguments of the London Times and all the recent English commercial publications; and when appreciated, we look forward to find com mon sense upon the subject of African slavery in our own country, again reasserting its empire over the minds of the masses of the non-slave holding States of this Union, who are prover bially shrewd of apprehension where their own material interests are directly concerned; as they are, in the preservation of the great export commerce of the United States, three-fourths of the profits of which eventually find their way into their pockets, through our system of duties on imports and laws regulating the coastwise trade of the United States, and also by and through the remarkable aptitude of our North ern imputation for trade and the mechanical art>\ which would have nothing to feed on. so as to make it accomplish much more than the sup ply of the home demand, but for the profits, op portunities, wants and inducements growing out of the fact that the Southern United States, by and through the facilities and advantages of the existence of slavery within them are well u'gh wholly aud exclusively engaged iu the production of the exports of the country. England, as we remarked yesterday, is al. ready engaged in u deep intrigue to compass the adoption of her new system* in the Spanish Weat India islands simultaneous with her con templated adoption of it in hers?France hav ing already contracted for the delivery in Mar tinique and tiuuibiloupc. of some thousands of savages from the interior of Africa, to be shipj>ed from the present so well known slave barracoons, and to cost the planter, landed in the West Indies, twelve francs a month for a period of twelve years; when they are to be -sent back to Africa if surviving, which will not be the case with five in a hundred of them. Two francs per month of their pay is to bo re served to pay the expenses of their obtainmcnt, voyage out, Ac. So, the actual pay to the negro (it ever realizing it) is to be two dollars per month?about one-third of the interest (at C per cent.) on tho average value of a grown male field hand in the United States. For centuries past, negroes have been ex ported from Afriea for laborers. In all that tune, if undisputed history tells the truth, not one has left his native land voluntarily. Here and there a Krooman has performed a voyage as a seaman. But the Kroomen are not one of the tribe? ever enslaved. Thevare all brought down to the coast as prisoners?slaves before coming into possession of the whites. Their condition, without the intervention of the slave trade with the whites, is precisely what it has been since Pharaoh's time?as far back as the knowledge of man extends. This is made man ifest in the records of the Pyramids, from which time to the present, nearly every African of the tribes in question taken prisoners in war by neighboring tribes or other peoples, has been enslaved when not massacred. Every effort of the philanthropy of this and every past age to gain a foothold in the region of Africa where the slaves shipped to America are taken in war, has proved abortive. A*this moment, as little has been done by English and American phi lanthropy towards changing the habits and cus toms of the tribes in the interior of Southern and Central Africa, in this and any other re spect whatever, as on the day after that on which the foolish idea of the regeneration of those i>or tions of that continent, sealed against such ef forts by physical disabilities, decreed by an all wise aud inscrutable l'rovidence. No more remarkable proof of the finite char acter and iin|x>tcncc of man, when compared v.ith the wisdom and j?ower of the Deity i* in existence, than the invariable failure of all efforts to change the characteristics and status of the negro race wherever it exists in numbers. We mention these facts by way of enforcing the truth of our declaration of yester day, that the proposed new scheme of supply ing the West Indies with African labor involves the renewal of the slave trade on a grander scale than it has ever been carried on, even when it was not piracy in the eye of the law, as at present; and also a continuation of African slavery under another name, an! accompanied by hardships and cruelties such as arc not in flicted on African slaves anywhere in America at the present time ; though some of them now practised and suffered, are bad enough in all conscience. Thus, the employers of the im ported "apprentices,? not being their owners in fee, will be utterly without inducement to care for their comfort, health, reproduction, Ac. Their policy will be to get as much out of them in the twelve years as poesiblc. \\ herever. as in some employments in some slaveholding countries, the labor of the negro for a few years forced to his utmost capacity, is worth more than the preservation of the capi tal invested in him and his reproduction, he is worked, literally, to death. That is to say, of every hundred children born among them, not five, or at most, ten, arc reared, and the stocks are kept up by new importations. We have seen this state of things under our own eyes, and know well that when all property in the negro shall be abolished in the West Indies, and it shall be lawful to renew the supply at will, the planter will, in the twelve years or less time, so work him as to unfit him for any profitable labor for his own sustenance there after ; if not into his grave long before his term is up?as Chinese "apprentices'' are now no toriously worked in the Chincha islands. So far as the relative philanthropy of the two systems of African slavery is concerned, our mind shrinks with horror from the contempla tion of this new devilish scheme by which Britain seeks to recover from the effects on her industrial interests of the abolishment of slavery in the West Indies, and at the same time to effect the object she aimed to accom plish through its abolishment in her West India possessions. That is, to destroy our com mercial advantages resulting from its exis tence in our southern United States in its mildest form known to the history of African slavery, from the days of the pyramids to this moment; in the only form and under the only combination of circumstances wherein the negro race has progressed in the scale of civilization? of moral, intellectual and physical advance ment. But we may not dwell too long on this branch of our subject?on the proof that the scheme involves a great increase of all the to be-deplored attributes and concomitants of African slavery as it now exists, and the re newal of what our laws and those of England proclaim to be piracy, on a greater scale than ikh<?s e\er been practiced?the slave trade. England seeks to enlist the planters of Cuba in favor of the change by appealing to their cupidity. By showing what is doubtless true, so far a* we can now perceive. Viz: that, under it, the slave will c<*t lew and yield a heavier 4 pmfit; for the planter well knows that if he can renew his supply at will, by an outlay of some tw.. dullard per mouth per hind (for wages) without investing a dollar of capital in pur chasing outright, he can make most money by so driving hi* hands as to work them to death ?is speedily aa possible. He knows well that no system of police over his plantation can he es tablished which will take from him the absolute control of hi? hands?ignorant savages, who do not speak the language of the country, and are from that cause and a thousand others utterly incompetent to make their bad treatment known to the authorities, in ninety-nine in every hundred eases where it will be practiced. By way of showing how England is appeal ing to the cupidity of the planters as mentioned above, we make the following extract from the London Timet; " Take first the interest of the planter, fairly considered. A slave costs X140; a free black em mrant could be landed in the West Indies for about ?7 10s., leaving a ditterence in the first price large enough to cover an infinity of minor expenses. In fact, ax regards outlay, there is no doubt that the balance would be in favor of free labor. At some of the seasons of urgency it is possible that a planter might miss that power of operation which an absolute command over the bvKlies of his slaves insured, but against this con sideration how many others may l>e set! There would be no fear of disturbances or insurrections, no smouldering fire under the surface of things readv at any moment to explode in devastation and havoc. There would be no danger of inter cepted supplies, such as the increased elficiency of the preventive squadron might at any time ? ?ring about, or the policy of the Supreme (iov eminent occasion. Alt would be lawful, regular, and certain ' " At present the Cuban planters must needs feel that they are under the perpetual risk of l??in<' those importations on which Ihev depend?in" deed, the proposed employment of the gunlxMts may perhaps go far toward producing such a re sult; whereas, when free emigration is once es tablished such perils will ?ease. In Africa the consequences of such a system might be lienetl rial in the extreme. As captives would no longer be saleable it is reasonable to expect they would 110 longer l?e made, and with the motives thus re moved would be removed also the print ipal causes of intentine war. Then, again, it would l?e scarcely possible to imagine proceedings letter calculated for the ultimate civilization and conver sion of the whole African race. The substitution of a lawful safe, and well frequented highway for the dreadful middle passage, the establish ment of recognized agencies on African territory, the return of free blacks to their country after in tercourse and familiarity with tno-e civilized races and habits?all these things would tend necessarily to bring the Africans out of their iso lation, and to open to missionaries and traders regions now visited only by muiderers. kidnap pers, or adventurous travelers. From this point of view, indeed, the prospects are as encouraging as they could be." We may not pursue this subject further to day. Our object is, if possible, to awaken American public attention to tho momentous conscqucnces to every American commercial or business interest to be involved in the succcss of this atrocious schcmc of the British Govern ment; and to do so, we must explain it in all its bearings?a labor of considerable extent. W e must accomplish this object, too. in a way to insure that what we write on the subject will be read and reflected on; or, in other words, in articles not of too great length to be mastered and digested by the mass of busy (casual) Amer ican readers. ? Axothrk iRirxpu.?At a very recent trial of reapers and mowers, conducted under the auspices of the Vermont State Agricultural So ciety, the Manny machine with Wood's im provement carried off the prize with acclama tion. The advantages awarded to it. in the opinion of all the judges, are. lightness of draft, least liability to get out of order and to elog up while doing its work, capability to be moved from field to field without being taken to pieces, capability to be lifted (tilted so as to preserve the cutters from injury,; over obstructions twenty inches high, when cutting within three inches of tho ground, by working the lever within reach and under perfect management of the man who rakes on tho machine, and that, too, without requiring him to leave his position on it for an instant. It was also adjudged to do its work with more celerity than any other. Ac cording to tho report, credit fur such advan tages was awarded to it, not only by all the judges, but by every one of the large number of intelligent practical farmers present. These late great trials?in Maryland, New } ?rk and Vermont?have fully established the immeasurable superiority of tho Manny machine with Wood s improvement, over all other reap ers and mowers now in u?e. Governor Walksb in Kansas.?We have lately become possessed of much interesting in formation concerning matters in Kansas, which should be known by our friends of the South to enable them to unravel the mysteries of late oc currences there, and to appreciate the circum stances which give the political affairs of the lerritory their present phase. Our information is from as true a pro-slavery source as ever ex isted. From a gentleman whose sympathies and associations are entirely with the pro-slavery party of the Territory, who has aa earnestly contended in favor of making the new State slaveholding as any man living, while there ex isted the slightest hope that such labors might in the end prove successful. * I he gentleman to whom we refer informs us thai some time before Governor Walker reached the lerritory, the pro-slavery party had with great unanimity come to the conclusion that it was useless to continue tho struggle to make Kansas a slaveholding State; it being apparent, past peradventure, that a very large majority of those whose right to a vote on tho subject no one disputed, were opposed to the establishment of slavery as a permanent institution of the new State. On consultation, upon coming to this opinion, they very properlyconcluded that their best policy would be to secure Democratic as cendancy in the organization of the new State, under the auspices of tho old law and order party, and with such provisions as would secure to the present holders of slaves there and to the slaveholding Missouiians on tho borders of Kan sas. all their rights. Or, in other words, to place it, though a non-slaveholding State, in tho strictest and closest sympathy with all the posi tions of the national Democratic party upon all slavery questions. To this end it was determined long before the late Democratic Territorial Convention met that its nominee should be from a non-slave holding State, and some one who had been con spicuous as an active sympathizer with the law and order party throughout all their troubles, through not a pro-slavery man. This was to obtain for the new constitution, and, indeed for all points of their policy of making the State as thoroughly Democratic as possible from the start, the votes of as many free State settlers as pos sible. This is the secret of the nomination of ex-Gov. Hansom. This policy, so f?r, has suc ceeded even better than its most sanguine ad vocate anticipated, it being already evident that it will triumph in the end by a large ma jority. In pursuance of tho understanding to aban don further serious efforts to make the new State slaveholding, it was, that Free State men were permitted to become heavy owners in the four towns known as the pro-slavery cities! Leavenworth, Doniphan, Atchison, and Kicka poo. And also on account of it alone did Gen. Stringfellow sell out his Squatter Sovereign (newspaper,) to become an advocate of a non slaveholding but ultra Democratic State. On reaching the Territory, Governor Walker became aware that it would be utterly useless for him to endeavor to struggle against the pre vailing sentiment on the slavery quostion, and entered heartily into the plans to secure the as cendancy of the Democratic party in the affairs of the new btato, which had been previously 'wtiated, we describe above. He found, too. that the proportion in favor of submitting the constitution to the popular vole, was?as repre sented in the late Democratic Convention?a* forty to oDe . or. in other word*, that ail were in lavor ui it, than winch nothing could be more natural. Jle, therefore, to strengthen himself and the Democratic party, took vehement ground in faror of what all desired. Oar iaform.mt, in explaining the meaning of Governor Walker ? protest that unless theeon stitution be submitted to the popular vote, he would join the opposition to it. remarked that it amounted precisely to a declaration on his (our informant's) part, that if President Bucha nan shall make a Republican party administra tion, he would join the opposition to it; or. hi other words, that be would sustain the Demo cratic party?a truism, in which all coincided* concerning a contingency that could not possi bly occur. He informs us, further, that there is a question among Democrats there ns to whom the new constitution shall be submitted?as to what classes of settlers ; and that his belief is, that the convention will limit the right to vote upon it to such as are buna fidt settlers wheu the con vention shall terminate its labors and adjourn. Naval Courts op Ihqi irt.?In Court No. 1 to-day. the case of Commander Thorburn was concluded, except the reading of his defence, now being prepared. No witnesses were exam ined in it to-day. The case of ex-Lieut. DuLi ny wai then taken up. and Mr. Shorn, a citizen of Philadelphia, and Lieut. Davis Porter were examined in it on the Government's behalf. Before Court No. 2. at the appointed hour, the Hon. Iteverdy Johnson commenced the read ing of the defence of Lt. Kilty, which he con cluded ere the Star went to press. Before Court No. 3, in the caso of Com mander A. K. Lon'?, Commodore Storer, Capt. Van Brunt, and Win. M. Stuart. Esq., of Cali fornia were examined o"a his behalf. Tub U. S. brio or war Dolphin arrived at Boston, Mass., on the 22d inst., from the Coast ol Africa. The following is a list of the officers who returned in her, viz: Commander?E. R. Thompson; Lieutenants?N. H. Vaniant,0. F. Johnston. Austin Pendergrast; Passed Assist ant Surgeon?Edw'd Shippen; Master's Mate? 0. II. Henkle. These officers have each been granted three months leave of absence, and her crew are At once to be paid off and discharged. She left Norfolk, Va., on the 9th of May, 1855, and has been absent from the United States, therefore, over two years. All are well on board of her. Tue Coast Survey's Vessel Arctic ?Wo have a private dispatoh from St. John'i, New Brunswick, dated yesterday, announcing the arrival, on the day before, at that port, of this veisol, Commander Berryman. llerofficera and crew were all well,

Tiie United States Naval Storeship Supply.?The Navy Department to-day re ceived advices of the arrival out of this vessel, at Rio Janeiro, on the 2>th of May last. Her officers and crew were ail well. Appointed.?The President has appointed Mr. Benedict Milburn to be a Justice of the Peace for this county and District. PERSONA L. Hon. \\ . H. Snecd, of Tennessee, is now at Browns'. .? Gen W m. Walker and Captain Fayssoux a-rived at New Orleans on the morning of the Hth inst. Haron de Stoeckel, the Itnssian Minister. hrt*?>een for several day* in New York, stop ping at theClarendon. He is en route for New port. .... Col. J. IV Taylor. U.S. A ; J. Kiceof Pa : v\ Moore and lady, of Egypt: Hon \V. W. Mr Kaig, ex-M. C.froin Md ; William F. Buchanan, Esq.,and ex-Gov. Porter,of Pa., are at Willards*. Rev. Henry Ward B?*echer writes that, within two weeks, three of his nephews have m?-t violent deaths; two by a railway accident in Ohio, and one by drowning in New Hampshire. .... We perceive that I)r. F. C. 11 runk, the editor of the (German) Daily Buffalo Democrat and Wellbuerger, who is also" a popular and suc cessful Democratic speaker, is :.t Willards' in this city. ? .The Louisville Journal announces the death of Stephen, the celebrated guide of the Mammoth Cave. He is pleasantly remeinliered by many thousands of persons in this country and in all portions of the civilized world. .... Mr. I.ouis Van nod, who some years since served the famous Miss Gamble in the capacity of '-courier," and who is made to figure in iio very creditable light in the Chevalier Wikott s " Courtship and Marriage'* book has commenced an action for libel against Wikott". and claims $10,(Ml damages. .... The Hon. Martin J Crawford of Georgia, of tlie hud House of Representatives of the Uni ted States, having declined a reuomination, has been renominated over his declension, and, we are happy to learn, consents to accept. We re gard his re-election as certain, and rejoice at it, because he is among the most Intelligent and use ful among his manv distinguished compeers in the Congress of the United States. |?7* Although the new Lighthouse at Minot's Ledge is hardly begun, the sum appropriated by Congress (*4i?U.UUU) is nearly exhausted, and it is believed tuat one million dollars will be neces sary to complete it. fp" Helen Mc Far land, 17 years old. was bath ing With three little girls, in Spurwinlt river, at Ca|H> Elizabeth, Maine, and saying she would show them liow she could swim on her back, threw herself into that position, sunk immediate ly, and was drowned, although the water was but two and a half feet deep. 10" A correspondent of the Petersburg Ex press. writing rrom Old Point, savs : "The Steamship Convention, which meets hereon the '2Vth and 3Uth of this month, will probably be one of the largest and most important gatherings that has ever been made South for a similar purpose." J0" The Scientific American says that cotton worn in the top of the hat is a protection from sunstroke, or evupde sol tel. It has been a tfirined that no one was ever known to l>e atl'vted with these tits who wore a thick bat of cottou over his head. A remedy so simple should be generally known. IP" An Irish girl who had recently landed in New York, and had been hired in "a splendid mansion of the Fifth avenue, was observed by the lady of the house to come down the staircase backward. Upon being asked the reason of this mode of retrogression, Biddy answered, 44 l.or' bless you, mum, we always came down that way aboard ship." 10" Messrs. Clark, Martin A; Sternburg, of Butlalo, have taken the contract for grading and building sixty miles of the Southwestern Kail road in Tennessee. Thecontract amounts to some ?9(10,0(10. When the road is completed, there will be a direct line of 1.500 miles from Mackinaw to Pensacola; in Florida, the axis of which will be Cincinnati. 10" In manv of the first class houses recently erected in England, fire-place shutters are provi ded. which, when partly arawndown, act as pow erful blowers, and when wholly drawn down, so as to touch the hearthstone, entirely close up the tire place, and Instantly extinguish the combus tion of the fuel in the grate, or that of the soot in the chimney, should lt accidentally take fire. Tiik Danger or Dentistry.?A young lady in Dayton, Ohio, came very near losing her life within the past week, in consequence of the ex traction of a tooth. The removal of the molar severed an artery, and the profuse bleeding con tinued, interrupted by but short Intervals, for nearly two days, until she was nearly exhausted. It was finally cheeked, but not until she had lost between one and two gallons of blood. Loss or a French Stramkr.?Sometime past a rej>ort has been circulated that a French frigate has been wrecked on the Newfoundland coast. This minor, received with incredulity at first, has been confirmed. The vessel is called Newton, and was making the coast at Port an Coix, twelve leagues from Blanes-Sablons. The Newton is an iron steamer, and 171 feet in length. M. Captain Sagot deVarmoux was commander. All the crew was saved. Mormonism in Massachusetts.?Win Wal ker is the name of the Mormon Elder who denies baptizing half a dozen Holyoke (Mas* ) girl* by moonlight. He is an Englishman, and almost as handsome as Mr. Sourgeon. the fancy preacher. He has seen the elepiiant in Utah, but is now do ing a pretty fair business in Mormonism in Green field and adjacent towns, nuMiy of the Scotch fac tory girls being members of his church. The laws of Massachusetts, though, do not allow the Elder to have more than one wife, but the Ingen ious Elder gets over this "disability" by having the wife without the "marrying." Though the Elde.'s name Is William Walker. It is but jus tice to him to say?he is no connection of the fa mous flllbuater pf that name, GEORGETOWN A I'FAIRS Ctrritfjndtmct of Tkt Stir GE??fp*oWii, July -?4. 1857. The District readers of thtjjtet'' gc --rally, will dtoubtleas regret to l^arn thJt"tbe^*U''rable an<l esteemed J?tin Mounts, wlibka* sefted our Cor porntion aa clerk and treasurer, for sbbn* sixty-six veer*. and who ha* for many years has been clerk to tke Leyy Court, laeontlned to hlajbed. seriously afflicted. Mr. Mountz iesome eighty odd year* of aire, *nd betng a man of mora rtian ordinary ataady and abstemious habit*, baa enjoyed almo.?t uninterrupted good health, and probably there is no man in the land who both a* a public offlcer and private citizen has enjoyed in a greater de gree the confidence and esteem of hit Mlow-citl zens. Mr M.'s great age and the nature of hi* disease leave* us but little hope of hi* recover)-. The flr*t cargo of new wheat of the season ?tearbed our city on Wednesday, aad was put chawed by Charles Wilson, Esq., one of our ex tensive millers Tbe wheat waa white (abont 1,400 bushels) of a superior quality, and sold at ?1 -TO per bushel. It was taken Immediately into the mill, and n portion of it passed through the manufacturing process, turning out an article of flom^whlch when converted into bread would be sufficient to cause a hungry individual's mouth to water. Tbe ladies of Trinity Chnrch had a most de lightful time of it at their Tic Nic on Wednesday last The day was lovely, the company was very large, and everything paaaed oil'in a pleasant ana peaceable manner. We have ??eeii requested by some of the frnit and vegetable dealers in our market to call tbe at tention of the clerk to tbe fact that there are many short measures in use by parties similarly en gaged. We sincerely hope, for the sake of our citizens generally, that theoflVnce will be stopped at once. The prices consumers are required to pay for such articles is l?ad enough, but to have to pay th? exorbitant prices and lie cheated In the measures, is something too intolerable to be pa tiently snbrnitted to The water has been drawn off tbe lower or Georgetown level of tbe canal for tWe purpose cf cleaning out a number of sand bars which have lieen formed by the washing of the heavy tains during the spring and summer The work, it Is supposed, will ??e completed by to-morrow even ing, when the wafer will be let on again In time for the accommodation of the first run of boats from the upj>er towns. During this temporanr interruption to navigation the packet lioat M. C. Melg* was docked this morn n: for the purpose of receiving some temporary repairs. 8k will be ready to lesiitue her regular trips again on Monday. About as repulsive piece of humanity as we have looked upon for some time we saw lying upon the footway near tbe corner of Water and Potomac streets this morning. It was an indi vidual who seemed to be completely saturated with bad whisky or some of its kindred spirits ; two long cuts upon his face, doubtless caused by falling, and his eyes ludly black; his clothes filthy, and his face so completely covered by files that his head resembled somewhat a swarm of bees that had settled upon a post. Nothing of moment transpiring in the flour or grain market. The stock of the farmer 1? nearly entirely exhausted. The young man Moore, who was cut by Nich olson on Tuesday night, is still living. The fight, we learn, occurred about a pistol which they had forcibly taken from an individual on tbe night previous. Spectator. A Lofty Waterfall.?The waterfalls which surround the Valley of Zo Ilamite. in California, are believed to be the loftiest in the world. One of them is estimated at *2.000 feet. JET* The Toronto (Canada) Globe speaks in the most flowing terms of the abundant crops, of every description, promised. It mays:?"Not even a grumble is heard from the farmers." IHT* The Board of Aldermen, says tfle Boston Traveler, have voted to sell the steam Are engine "The boys'" have triumphed, sinews have beaten steam. Farewell to the - great squirt." On the 9th instant fire wasdiscovered pro ceeding from the west side of the dome of the Capitol, at St. Paul, Minnesota, but fortunately the citizens turned out tit and bv a liberal supply of water, the fire was soon subdued. Frogs for the East.?Saturday, a man who has i>een for two weeks past buying frogs in this vicinity for the Eastern market, shipped four thousand of them. Hind legs are getting scarce about here, and many Frenchmen, and others who assume French airs, talk of leaving on that account.? L'tica Tel. A Hail Storm i* Florida ?A letter from Belleville. Florida, gives an almost incredible account of a hail storm which occurred near that place on the 4th instant. The writer says the hail stones, which were from three to five inches in diameter, fell with fearful fury, entirely ruining some of the crops of corn and cotton. Fortunately for the country, it was one of those strange storm* confining its fury to a small extent of land Attempt to Revive theCoxsectictt Blck Laws.?A week ago last Sunday. I?. G. Sperry, proprietor of the hotel at South Windsor, Conn , had some hay out which had been once alre:udy wet by showers, and dried again. There were signs of rain, and Mr. Sperry, in order to save his hay, turned out with Lis 'men and got it in. For doing this, Mr. Clapp. a grand juror, had them all arrested, but the justice decided that they had a perfect right to save their property on the Sabbath.?Sprinaji'hl Republican. Pearls.?The Patterson Guardian contradicts the statements that the pearls recently found in that vicinity were of much less value than repre sented It says the greatest price received for anyone peailwas another brought $<JuU, another %-oo. One is still unsold, which is vai u**d at #1,100. The total amount of receipts has l?e*-n about !$I2,Uhi. I lower, the t'ist discoverer, has received ?4.'**'. the (.{uackenhunb family $5,500, a Bergen county farmer SUA). and other smaller amounts front *100 to $500 MISSIONARY?Tke second anniversary of L_5 the Juvenile Miseioiutry S-?ciety of Sixth Presbyterian Church, (corner o|' Mary land avenue and Sixth streets. Island.) will he celebrated on 5A 11 HATH AFTERNOON.27th inst.. at 4 o'clock. The address will ho delivered by Rev. Dr. Hamnek, of Baltimore. Tin* gentleman is oonceded to l>e one of the most eloquent, persuasive. ai?d powerful min isters of the gospel in the United States. A cordial invitation is extended to the people of Washington, to?<?me and listen and participate in the exercises. jy 23?31 ;y y" CACTI ON.? I hereby warn all persons f-oni L? harlsuing or hiring my son George Ward, as I will enloroe the law to the tallest extent. jt 22-3t* WILLIAM WARD. rr"5=?l. O. O. F.?Mageneuu Enoanipmeut, No.4. L? will hereafter hold its sessions at Navy Yard Hall on the second and fourth Friday evenings of each month. The next session will l>e held on FRI DAY EYKNING, the24th instant, at 8 o'clock, jy 22-3t* GEO. B ROW N, Scribe. " rY~S=M BALTIMORE ICE CREAM DEPOT. No. I < 3.* 6th street, between G and H streets, the very best ICECREAM at $1.5u per gallon, deliver ed to any parts of the city. Furnishes Parties, Weddings, and Excursions. jy Il-2w* JOSEPH SCHAFFIELD. ry-5=?CENTRA~L ICE CREAM SALOON.-At [ ^ the Philadelphia Ice Cream Depot, comer of 12th and F streets, the beat in the city, at locents per plate. Ice Cream delivered to families at $1 JO per gallon. je3ft-lni^ CUMBERLAND COAL. Just arrived, two car loads supenoi CUMBER LAND COAL. Call early. II. C. PURDY A CO.. It First street, near the Capitol. HARPER'S MAGAZINE FOR AUGUST re ceived ai d for sale at SHILLINGTON'S file store. Putnam's Magazine for August tiodey's Lady s Book do Graham's Magazine do l.adias' National Magazine do Harper's Story Book do Arthur's Heme Magazine do Harper's Illuminated and New Pictorial Bible, Nos.land2. Burton's Cyclopedia of itand Humor, No. 9. Chnmt?ers''Journal for June just received. 1 juIt Glenly??n, or the Trials of a Flirt. Tbe Atheliugs, or the Three Gifts, by Mrs. Oli phant. Leonora D'Orco, a new novel, by G. P. R. James. the new Books, Magazines, and Newspapers received as soon as published; together with a choice selection of Stationery. For sale by JOS. SHILLINGTON, jy 24-3t Odeon Building, cor. 4S st. and Pa. av. THE PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COM PANY. One of the Steamships of this Company, carrying the United States Mails for ACAPULO, CALIFORNIA, and OREGON, leaves Panama twice each month, on the valol the United States Mails. S. Company's steam ers, which leave New Orleans and New York regu lirly o i 5th and 20th of each month with the mails, and passengers connecting via PA.NAMA RAIL ROADS. These steamships have l>*en inspected and ap proved by the Navy Department, and guaranty UMtt sa.fr19. The Panama Railroad (47 milos long) is now com pleted from ocean to ocean, and i? crossed in 3 or 4 hours. Thebaggageof passengers is checked in New York through to Svui Francisco, and passengers are embarked at Panama Wy steamer at the company's expense. The money paid in New York covers ad expenses of the trip. Reserve steamers are kept in port in Panama and San Francisco, to prevent detention in ea?e ol acci dent, so that the route is entirely relxatlt?no fail ure having occu.r d in eight years. Passengers leave Pauuuui the same day they ar rive at Aspiuwa.l. Conductors go through by each steamer, and take charge of wotuen and children without other pnrtec tors. For through tickets at the lowest rates apply at the agency, 177 West street. New York, to I. W. RAYMOND.?or to ARMSTRONG. HARRIS* CO., New Orleans,- or jy 34-tf C. L. BARTLF.TT. Boaton. /CLIMATOLOGY of THE UNITED *TAT?_S. Vy and of the temperate latitudes of the North Amenoau Continent, embracing a full oorapsrmiu of these with the Climatology of the temperate lati tudes of Europe and Asif^and especially in tmrd to Agriculture. Sanitary Investigations, and (Engi neering, with Isothermal and Rain Charts lor each season, the extreme months, aud the year. By Lo rin Blodget, I huge volume many Maps and Engrav injyiat5' f RANCK TAYLOR. EXCURSIONS, etc. I^IRST GRAND EXCt Rmok .1 ,W mi Jolly Rover Club. TO TtfF U HlTEUorSF rAVTLIOS, Oh MONDA>. J?ly 2M*. 1IK7. The J?lk Roeor Cluli Iiav ioi mt<l? all ti?oM?rf arrangements. take fff?l pleasure in announcing to their fri?w?ls and tt public In *eneral. U*at their brat An-^" iluu! EXCURSION AND PIC NIC will c~me off u aboeo. > The Committee pledge theiaaelvea th?l r,o effort will he spared to make thie the Excursion of the season. Wilson's Brass and Stntg Bend has been en*ar?vj for the ocension. A n ex penocieed aaterer has l?mi engaged, and will furnish meals end refreshments at the nana crty prices. The steamer George Washington will leare her wharf, at the foot of Hth street, st f>S o'clock* N?\f Yard at 9, end Alexandria at ?*%. The second Roat wilt leave the Citjr Wiiui at, sf o'c-ock, Navy Yard at 2H. end Alexandria of S p. m. Returning at C and liflkiti ONE DOLLAR?admitting a Gentle man and |.*dy ?to be bad of an) of the Committee or Members of the Club. Committer of Arrangement*, H. Middleton, \Vm. O. Drear, K. 6. |?orsfc, Wm. I.una ford. obLSauiJ^ jy?3t*_ The UNION GUARDS takk pleasure ib announcing to their lriemls and patrons, that. at the solicitation ' ofa numlwr of ladies and Gentlemen* ? who accompanied as on <>?r lest Ex out ton. that wa have oorne to the conclusion to give a no! her on TIT WHO AY, August Uth.to the White House Pa Yillion. Psruouiars in fntnre advertisement. jy 21-eoft* LOST AVD FOUND. IOST.?This morning, l?tvr?u the corner of Louisiana avenue an I r.th streets, and the Hark of the XctmHn, a CHPCK Biiok. oontaieing a numlter ol Letter*. and a Note r.gainst Bob ?ri I*. Lodge for A suitable iew.<rd will l?< eai.l lor its return to tlu> ? ffice, or to the sutisci il?er at No. I4'? West street Georgetown. jt M n THOMAS H>WN. STKAN EU AVAY.mthe Vthoi Jul*.a Whitish Colored (HIVr. with a leather strop, around her o?*ck. with a l?ell attached. Sh? gives milk from omj thrte tents. A re want will be paid for her return to Mrs. Fl.ANI GAN.Fetreet between MA and 10th streets, oppo site St. Pa) rick's Church. jjr2??4t* WAMT8. \%*AXTKl>-lt? ,r.'?p^ot.i>lr WOMAN,.fern t" at 1.hi u Wet Nurse. Address Box No. 12. at this offiee. It * Wants to exchange?improved city ? f PROPERTY for a FARM within U miles of this City. The Farm must be unproved. Address A. G., City Post t Hfloe. _ _ jy 24-41 UTANTKU.-A lilRh. front 12 to U sears ef age, ?? ( White tr Colored.) to take care of a una > child. Apply at No. 44C i3th street, between F ard fT . It* (MFTKEN OH TWENTY GOOD HANDS Wanted to Worn on a Tr'egrsph I.inc. For farther information inquire of G. W. DI'RITt , Magnetic Telegraph Otfioe, corner ol 6th sireet and Peiui. avenue. h g< Jt WANTED.?A SITUATION. I*y a respeotable person, a* Nurse or Chambermaid. and S-s ? ing. and lias no objection to make herself ser er*11\ useful in a respectable feini.y. Call at 4.56 9th street, between E nr 1 F. jy 23-?i* WANTED.?On the 9th Ausust next, a neat HOUSE or COTTAGE with jard nod shade trees, or part of a House with use of Kitchen. Be tweeu liith ?nd ai?th streets, or on Capi'o! Hi!f pre ferred. Address W. II., at this office, staling all particulars and rent. jy J3-2t* A PA RTM EN TS WA NTED.-Wat.ted, during the next session o| Congress, a SI iTE t?F FTRNISIIED ROOMS, 111 a genteel ueichbor IiikkI. not far from Pennsylvania arena*, owl st:ft cientlv near to a goo.1 restaurant, from which m??"ts coulr* W procured. The r<H>ms to consist of a IHir lor. two chaintters. and a servant's room?toi a gen tleman, his wife, child, and servaut. P?>r^o: s desir ing to rent such rooms n?-xt Winter, will please ad dress box 15 Starortioe. stating location and numlier. that the advertiser may call and see them during his present visit to Washington. jy 2S-3t WO DRY GOODS SAI.KMKN. ACUl AlN TED WITH THE DISTRICT TRADE, WANTED.?Permanent situations and lilterai pay will he offered to competent young men. Address A. Z., City Post Office. jy Tt eoX W~ ANTF.D.-A FEMALE COOK, white or CO' ored. Also.a White GIRL as Waiter in the house. Both must bring entirely satisfactory reler ences. Apply in Franklin Row, next door east of the house tnerein occupied by Attorney General Black. ty g-4t WANTED?In a email Camilj, TWO WOMEN, one to do the Cooking. Washing, and Ironing, the other. Chamt>erwork. Aewmg. Ac. None need apply WThout evidence ol *.~h1 character. Apply at No. 43n 14th street, between H and I sts. jv tS-tf WANTED-ln the latr.ily ofa gentleman res.dmg tt two milee from the city, a good plain COOK. One who can Itring recommendation* for skill, hon esty. and cleanliness will find a rood situation atid regular wages. Appl? toi. P.CRUTCHETT. ??r ner of 6tb and D streets. jy IS ti DKI'G STt>R E FOR SALE-ln an exeetlent location, dnin a g<M?d t>u?iness. Satisfactory reasons civen lor at-lling. %rnu moderate. Ad dress Dnl:GGIST at this office. jy 14 Jawtf WANTKD? Botween lSthand ??h streets. rx?rth of K street, a small neatly furm?hed COT TAGE or HOI SK. with yard and shade trees, <ir part ol a House with use of Ki'chen. Reference given. Address Box 184 City Post Office stating terms and location. jsji tf FOR RENT AND SALE. For other'* For {lent ami Salt" nottrr* lag page. rpo LET.?A ttiree atoit KKK'K. situat.^1 >-? 1 tween ?th an.l i>th striK-is. on M ?treet. Ki^uira next dt*or. 2> 3t F^t >R HALE.?Will l?e sold a Itargain?'I hree n? w ami well arrargeit three-story BI'll-DINGS, situated 011 the ooruer of ?th and M stree s. Terms : Owe-fifth, casn; th" re^i.lue pa?eb!e in quarterly instalments ranging from three months to three >ears, Inquireol A. GLADMON.on the premises. j> 41 L^OR SALE.?A ver^ comfortable three-st?iry ? BRICK i>VVKI.LlNG, silnat?xl on the w?-st side of6th street west, lielwecii (1 ? id H t.oith. I'ricc 3f2,<??i: half m cash. Isi'ane.-i" 6. 12. and 1H months. Apply at No.SI2(2d Mors 17th street, jy 23 POLLARD WEBB, Agent. FOR SALE -One of the best located DAGUER REAN ROOMS in the city. The pr-sent pro prietor has and is niakinx money at it. and nothing out ill health would induce him to diM>oscof it. This is a chance that seldom offers. For particulars direct a note to **F. S. T.," City Poet Office, jy VERYDESIRABLE BRICK DWELLING AT PRIVATE SALE.? House No. 418, aituat -d onStli street, l?efw??eH G ami II ?tr?ets, immediate > in the rear of t he Patent < iffie^ Building, wi I lie so'd ou reasonable terms. The house m a well Imi, t three story brick, oontai rig twelve rooms, has a hue ei? tern in the yard, and vaults under the pavement, and is altogether a vcr> desirable residence. For terms, Ac.. app!r to J.C. McGUIRF.. Auc tioneer and Commission Merchant. jy 21?tot L^OR s a LI".?A n^w three-story F R A M K r HOUSE, c??ntaining 9 r<M ifis and Mde p<>roli. Also, a two-story stable aixl wood house on the rear of the lot, situated on O street, liet ween 81 h aisl mil street, opposite the fine residence of Tho. Lewis, Esq. It will isc sold low arid on accomiiiodatinc terms, il appited for soon, at the Real Kstate t *tlice. 4?> ?tl; street, liclow L street. jelH-bt _ FOX A VAN HOOK. l^OR SALE.?The FIXTURES .fa Confec r turnery Store is for sale and the Sutre for rent. It is situated at No.SM>6th street, lietween G am] H, and is doing a good business. For particulars in quire on the premise*. jy M-lw" F^OR SALE.?A valuable Bl lLUIM. LOT. No. 13. in Square N'o. HI. containing square |e? t, situated <hi south side F street mirth, l?-tw?*en 21 st and ?2if streets w? st. A ppl> to POI.I.A B U U KKH, No. 5127th street. jy 16 tl fi^'R SALE.?A Building LOT in the First Ward (near the Circle! ran k purchased Without a cash payment and on a long credit. A oplv to H. N. LANS DALE, jy S-lm 5C4 M at., or through the Post Ottice. A VALUABLE FARM FOR ~S a I.E. - For sale A FARM ?l 543 acres, in Cu!p<*per Coun ty. Virginia, one mile from Mitchell's Station on the Alexaiidria and Orange Rai!r<ied. The soil is natu rally excellent, and niai economically and easily tie unproved, so that it will produce as fine crops as are grown anywhere in the United States ; ll.iaores 111 heavy timlier, much of it suitable tor amp tuiilier. for which there are markets to fie reached by mean* of the railroad ; also a large quaiitit) ol ^ord wood that may be sold to the Kanroad Company at remu nerative prioes. The buildings areall ou a hill, and, with small repairs. ma? lie made comfortable for the residence ol a family The place is we I watered, and embraces every desirable convenience. As one of the joint owners of this Farm now resides is the West, and is determined lo sell it.it will l?e sold a great liargaiu.oti very ooi-omiiMMiatiuK tenns. Persona disposed to purchase iu:?* inquire lor fur ther particulars to \V. l>. WA LLAt'H, ?-dit??r ??f the Star. Washington City, a ho knows the pn-m ises. _ )y * tf LVIK RENT.?A modern liuilt Hoi SL, csmiain r ing 12 rooms. c*niiftirtab!y furnished, in a delight ful and airy location, fronting one of the put.be res ervations. and oominnnding an extensive vtea <4 the Citv, the river,and Georgetown. It has ras through out ; water and hath room. To a careful tenant the rent will lie moderate. Inquires! 404 I street, sec ond door from 12th street. je 24 tl BOARDING. BOARDING.? Mrs. BATES, at the ?-?irner of Peiius) Iv.-.nia avenue oik! !Hh street, haviin; had her house entirely re novated and its acooNine>da tn>ns greatly increased, is now prepared to oecom - modate a larger number of peruiai.. ni and transient boarders. Her location is the most ccutral in the city, and, as reerrnuced and improved, her house is now seoond to no other IsArding-lHKise in Wa?hing tou. Bissnlers by the month, week, or day, may rel* on receiving every attention. Terius moderate. Table Uiarders also token. je '/.i ff ^"bikXTi c~oiTi. ir coai,:" Jast recc.ved (in addition to a large quantity of RED. WHITE ASH.and FURNACEjasuperior article of COOKING COA L, suitalJe for summer uee. Also, Pine. Oak, and Hickory \VO<?U. all of which will be disposed of on the amst aoommisdat ma. GEO. L. SHERIFF. lac 1 . _ . ^ jjr *>-eo? YmU weat gide i>\ at,, at Caaai Bndge,