Washington J&tandaril. Ovr L. T FISIIEK. Now»p»prr .Vlvfrli*iin; Airrnt R.»oimlO»n<t 21 Mi'tvfiartlV Kxchßiijri* ulifTni* StrrH S»n Franciwo. ALBERT MEXET. Sn. 21 Park Row Sow York, and S. M PEITINGIM. * CO.. ST Park Riw, New York. OLVirn. NTI M.tf lORMNG. HI 24.1575. OUR RAILROAD PROSPECTS. It really appears as if the Railroad company had literally " hel<l the prom ise to the ear to break it to the under standing," if we accept the popular construction placed upon the recent acts of the company, and the corres pondence that has passed between the citizen's Committee through their agent, Mr. Williams and the magnates of the company in New York. Under date of the 24th ult., Mr. Williams writes that Mr. I "ass, the President of the com pany, ignored all prrsrnt inteutiou of connecting with tho Sound on Budd's Inlet; but says that tho company has not yet determined where the termini will be, that " local agents had no pow er to decide the locality of the road; that every one should know that the directors, at regular meetings, with full surveyors' reports before them, to gether with all other statistical and geo graphical facts bearing upon the case, alone treated the road and declared termini; that there was no shadow of a contract whatever on the part of the company, in which they promised to locate such, on Budd's Inlet." This language appears conclusive, and at first glance to shut out all hope of a favorable solution of our difficulties. When it is considered, however, that the terms of the charter are so worded as to absolutely terminate the grant soon as any point on Puget Sound is reached by the company's road, we can find some excuse and palliation for the reticence of the directors and the declaration of the President that the matter is still held in al>eyanee. The action of the agents of the Company in December, 1871, was doubtless regard ed by it as a virtual abandonment of the subsidy beyond the point selected by them, and the blunder could only be corrected by totally ignoring the contract—a choice of evils, which has led to our discomforture as a commu nity. What will be the ultimate action of the company, we can only infer from circumstances. If the bid of our citi zens was sufficient to induce the prom ise of railroad connection in 1871, it will doubtless be ample for that pur pose when the company is not ham pered by legal restraints. Then it was not only considered a liberal subsidy, but the agents of the company inti mated that independent action of our citizens, or the building of a branch rood under a Territorial charter would be considered inimical to the interests of the company, who reserved the right to build branches to all the available points along their line of road. It was this intimation that led to the dissolu tion of the company already incorpor ated and the abandonment of their project for a branch road. In conclusion, we must express our earnest conviction that the Northern Pacific Railroad Company will give us railroad connection soon as it suits its convenience to do so. It i 3 controlled by precisely the objects that govern all corporations, to make the most money possible out of the franchise, and to do it in the least given time. If our people pay for the whistle, they may confidently expect to have the privilege of blowing it, especially when they are willing to pay twice its value. MURDER AT SAN JUAN. —The Victoria Colonist gives the particulars of a hor rible murder, committed on San Juan Island, by some party or parties as yet unknown. The body of one of the victims, Capt. Dwyer, waf found in his field, where he had evidently been killed by a rifle shot. The second victim was the wife of the' murdered man, whose body was found in the house, riddled with buckshot. It was supposed that the murders were committed several days before the finding of the bodies in the condition described. Cnpt. Dwyer was a much respected citizen, and had been married but a few months. The Odd Fellows, the fireman, and otheT citizens of Victoria offer a reward of sdoo for the apprehension of the party or parties guilty of the horrible deed. ldtr~ Professor Fowler's examination of Mr. Munson's head sustains in every particular our oft-repeated estimate of his character. So he is not to blame, after all; if he is erratic, it's his bumps that are in fault. Bottxbary Lin it. —The Courier learns that the Secretary of the Interior has awarded to B. J. Reeves the contract for surveying the boundary line between Washington and Idaho Territories. tefc" It is estimated that Mr. Diggins, of this place will ship more than a mil lion hoop-poles this season. DEATH Of DR. BARCLAY. Forbes Barclay, M. D., died at Ore gon City, liin place of residence the past twenty-three years, on tlie 13tL inst. lie was a native of (tardisting, city of Lerw ick, Shetland Islands, and was born on Christmas day, 1812. When still a young man, he went on a cruise with Sir John Iloss to the Arctic regions, in search of a northwest pass age. The vessel being wrecked nearly all on board were lost. Several of the voyagers escaped, however, and after having been exposed to the hardships of the sea in that dreadful climate, they were picked up by the Esquimaux. Af terward they lived with the Danes, on the Island of Disco, for three months, when a vessel arriving they set sail and leturned to Scotland. The Doctor at once resumed his studies, and graduat ed at the Royal College of Surgeons in London, on the 4th day of July, 1838. In the year 1839 he left Scotland for this coast, as surgeon in the employ of tho Hudson Bay Co., arriving at Van couver in the Spring of 1840, which place wa9 then the company's head quarters. Some two years afterwards, he married Miss Maria Pambrun, daugh ter of the company's chief factor, whom he now leaves with a family of five child ren to mourn his death. He-served as Mayor of Oregon City for seven years, and nine years as Coun cilman, so that for sixteen years be Las been a prominent member of the city government. He served as Coroner of the county from 1855 to the time of his death,.a period of eighteen years. We join with the Enterprise, from which source we gather these particu lars, in extending to the bereaved fam ily assurances of the warm sympathy of the community in their sad affliction, and especially that of the pioneer set tlers, who surround his memory with the hallowed associations of a life of common danger and privation. PHRKNOLOGT. —Prof. 0. S. Fowler, the celebrated phrenologist and author, commenced a course of lectures in Co lumbia Hall, on Wednesday evening, to a fair and appreciative audience. The subject chosen, " Life, Health and Phrenology," was treated in the mas terly manner for which he is so univer sally noted. It is, we believe, impossi ble for anybody to follow his close rea soning from cause to effect, without ad mitting the great truths embraced in the science of phrenology. The second lecture, Thursday evening, oa " Love, Courtship and Marriage," was received with probably more favor than the first, as it was exceedingly practical and upon a subject which the mind can more readily grasp. The attendance was quite as large as on the former occasion, and all appeared to be delighted and amazed at the amount of valuable in formation which may be crowded into a single evening's discourse. After the lectures, examinations were made of the phrenological development of parties selected by the audience, and the pe culiar characteristics of each were de lineated with wonderful exactness. The third lecture will be for ladies only, this afternoon, at half-past two o'clock, on " Female Health and Beau ty, Maternity, and the fourth this evening to gentleman, upon "Man and Woman, and their Relations." It is hoped that every person in Olympia capable of understanding these lectures will be present. It seldom happens that our people have an opportunity of listening to a lecturer who has made the subject of bis discourse a life-long study, or one whose reputation extends over the civilized globe. Prof. Fowler will remain in this place until Tuesday morning, and may be consulted at the Pacific Hotel any time, until the day of his departure. FOB TENIKO. —Mr. Hicks has placed an excellent team and light-running stage on the road to Tenino, and carries passengers with more expedition and for less fare than either of the regular lines. He generally arrives in town from a quarter to half an hour in ad vance of all competitors. Tacoka Hotel.—This Louse has by far the best facilities for entertaining the traveling public, and we are glad to observe that its advantages are becom ing appreciated. An opposition stage leaves tho hotel every morning for Te nino, carrying passengers at reduced rates. S3T Mrs. Duniway recently lectured at Seattle on " Dr. Fowler and Human ity." She claims that his lectures and writings are a demand for the enfran chisement of women. Excavations for the foundation of the State Capitol at Salem, Oregon, have been commenced. The labor is done by convicts. 53C The Northern Pacific Railroad Company is a large purchaser of wheat in Walla Walla county. W" The total value of assessable property in Clarke county foots up 1688,812. tT7"We hope the .v: ministration will call home (lie tin. \ inn ( oinniiwiorMTii and nutke Ti i ritt ri.il < I"\ «■!nor* nr JIIIICIH of theinor li t Hk iii I* n tiiriu-d to IViTiirri-M from Itaiii «nl ilixtrii'tK. Their partv M-rrice*. of nmnu • »nt I*' ignored . »ut let them tie plao.il where tlit ir d>»erari'ful practices Hill n«»t be quite *«> prominent l-efore the world. The Credit Mol.ilier ««•< not no humiliating to America a* the Vienna dinfrrace.— ifernUl. A prent truth is often uttered in jest, nnd it is to be regretted that we in our Territorial vassalage can realize the full force of the sarcastic utterencc of our contemporary. The Territories are re garded as political poor-houses, in which to place all superanuated party hacks, or the unprincipled scoundrels, whose fields of usefulness to the Administra tion are impaired by their glaring acts of villainy. These considerations have forced the people of several of the sparsely populated Territories to seek admission to the Union long before the requisite population was obtained. The evil is one from which we can expect no relief as long as the present party re mains in power. OVR HUMILIATION .AT VIENKA.— It Ap pears that our nation has been easily disgraced by the conduct of the Amer ican Commissioners at the Vienna "Ex hibition. The portion assigned to-our people in the grand international pal ace, presents a scene of confusion and disorder that has elicited the jeers and contempt of other nations. It appears that the Commissioners instituted a de minutive " Credit Mobilier," and sold positions for pea-nut stands, and " hash mills," in the space assigned for the ex hibition of the mechanical triumphs of our people, and this and other causes, led to the removal of the Commissioner Van Buren just as the Exhibition was about to open. It is hoped that order may yet be brought out of chaos, and the nation relieved from the stigma that has been brought upon our people by the manifestation of this mercenary spirit of their representative. PROF. CHANEY'S LECTURES.— Prof. Cha ney delivered four lectures in this place, closing the course on Monday evening, on the subject of " Astro-Theology." The attendunce was not large, but the interest of those who were present ap appears to have been fully enlisted. The lecturer illustrated his remarks by means of a planetarium and a dozen or more beautiful oil paintings. The Professor has been invited to repeat the course, and will probably do so, upon his return from down the Sound, some time next week. CHINA WAGES. —White men get but $1 75 a day for clearing, grubbing and grading on the rail road, and Chinamen sl, and all " find" themselves. With the munificent land grants, low price of construction and still lower valua tion for purposes of assessment, we don't see how the company can help " turn ing an honest penny" or two, before the enterprise is abandoned, or the company go into bankruptcy. TAXES. —The County Commissioners, at their recent session, reduced the county tax from seven to four mills, the taxes now stand: For Territorial purposes, four mills; county, four mills; school, four mills; road, three mills, and municipal, five mills— n total of two per cent.—and a poll tax of two and a road tax of four dollars. A WOMAN HUNG.—A young woman, named Susan Ebarharfc, aged 19 suffered the extreme penalty of the law at Pres ton, Georgia, on the 2d instant. She was convicted of being accessory to a murder committed about a year ago. she met her fate with more fortitude than many criminals of the sterner sex. S3C There appears to be no doubt of the intention of the Railroad Company to extend their operations beyond the forty miles already under construction, and the Dispatch reports upon reliable authority, that the track will be laid this season to some point on the Sno homish river—probably Uuckelteo. tGTlht Ditpatch says that Mr. Smith era has discovered a large and well de fined ledge of coal on Black river, more accessible than any other mine in the Territory. It is on the low bank where coal can be loaded upon barges and towed to Seattle without any further trouble. Or The stages now leave at 4 o'clock in the morning, and arrive at about 9 at night. The change does not give as perfect satisfaction as it was thought it would, a fid a decrease of business this far has been the only apparent result. Lewis BoysUm says that he has the Courier publishing eofiapany under his thumb. He must have extremely large digits, or else the company have been dwarfed considerably by the farce of recent circumstances. S3C There are now 36 patients in the Insane Asylum at Steilacoom, a greater number than-has ever been un der treatment before at one time, in this Territory. The American Bible Society sends out 8,000 Bibles a day. OrrnuL CHA3»(JI».— The office of As sessor of Internal Revenue ceased to exist on the SWlli inst., and Major Hay den immediately assumed the duties of Collector, to which position he had recently been appointed. We would be sorry to see Sam Cmilter go out, if to hold a Federal ofiefchad not become almost synonymous with consorting with thifctes. As it is, we welcome him to the fraternal band of Outs, who are honest from necessity and can claim to lie virtuous from choice. The toils, the cares, the responsibilities of
official position are his no more. A life of peace and tranquility will follow, as a delightful contrast to the troubles of the political maelstrom. We congratu late friend Coiilter on his happy release. He will hereafter, we trust; labor with us " for principles, not men." . YAKIMA COUNTY. —From a private let ter from Kittitass Valley, the Jteal Ex talc Record learns that quite a number of settlers have already located in that valley this Spring. Stock men are bus ily engaged in driving their stock from the lower Yakima in to the upper val leys. Crops of all kinds are looking splendid, and a large yield is antici pated. A sawmill has just been com pleted, and will soon be turning out lumber. Tne people of that valley are sadly in need of a flouring mill, and are offering lar<:e inducements for one. MORE CHINAMEN. —The steamship Japan arrived in San Francisco on the 14th inst., with another consignment of disease and crime from China. The number of coolies on board was 1,309, and that dreadful scourge the small-pox had broken out among them during the passage. The vessel was quarantined the requisite period of time, but this will not dispel the still greater calamity that is sure to follow their presence on the coast. It is said that the importa tions of Chinese laborers has averaged 5,000 per month for some time past. I®" The Seattle Intclligrrwcrexultant ly says, " there are only two papers in Washington Territory that take regular telegraphic dispatches, and they are lo cated in Seattle, viz:—the Dispatch and the Intelligencer." We are pleased to learn that our cotemporaries are happy in pursuit of knmcledge, but believe that when they have expended as much money on telegrams as some of the Olympia papers have done, they will materially modify their opinions of the value of the telegraph to country news papers. CENSUS RETURNS OF MASON COUNTY.— Sheriff Watkinson, of Mason county, has furnished us the following statis tical information: Number of white male inhabitants, 226; number of white female inhabitants, 84; number of col ored males, 22; number of colored fe males, 12; number of married persons, 81; number of families, 40; male citi zens over 21 years of age, 128; number of dwellings, 71. The total value of property assessed for the present year is $191,000. DEATH OF COUNTESS DE POURTAIJCS.— The Countess de Pourtales, the daugh ter of Ben. Holaday, died in Chicago, on the 15th inst., of an attack of inter mittent fever. The obsequies took place on the 18th inst., in the chapel of the family, on the Holaday estate, in Win chester county, N. Y. The funeral rites of the Catholic Church were observed and the remains deposited in the family vault. TRI-WEEKLY ASTORIAN. —This is the name of a new journal to be issued at Astoria, on the first week in July, by D. C. Ireland. The people of that city are fortunate in having secured the services of Mr. Ireland, as he brings to the aid of the enterprise great ability and long experience in all the details of the business. Jsf The last Echo copies a column article from the STANDARD, and it is a common remark that that issue con tains more common sense than usual. We are pleased to have our leading ar ticles appropriated when there is a pos sibility that they may result in bolster ing up our cold-water contemporary. ACCIDENTAL DEATH. —Mr. Chilson, who a few months ago conducted the Taco ma Hotel of this place, was instantly killed by the falling of a tree near Steilacoom, on Tuesday last. The re mains of the unfortunate man were taken to Steilacoom and finally interred, in the Garrison cemetery. S3T The Hawk Eye, is the title of • weekly newspaper soon to be estab lished at Eugene City, Oregon. It will be " independent" in politics. BP A national convention of Spirit ualists was to have met at New Albany, Indiana, yesterday. Ey L. Andrews has been appointed Postmaster at La Conner, Whatcom county. 19" The recent Horticultural Fair held in San Francisco waa financially a failure. GATHERIHOB BY THE WAYSIDE. New York doctors rec commend figs for dyspepsia. Our Railroads use 1,000,000 acres of timber per annum. Lapland claims that its snow-banks rest on a rich gold deposit. Grace Greenwood is building a coun try residence on her California farm. Fifteen hundred singing birds have been turned loose in the suburbs of Cincinnati. Jamestown (Va.) has taken 2G5 years to grow to the dignity of having a Post office of its own. Boston newspapers are to receive their exchanges from the post office by means of pneumatic tubes. More than nine millions of brier-wood and other wooden tobacco pipes are made yearly in this country. A Danbury bride received among her wedding presents a receipted bill of eight dollars for gate binges, from her father. It cost $275,000 to furnish the Grand Hotel in Sun Francisco. The building cost $22,000. Monthly rent of the ho tel is $4,000. Gov. Salomon has been invited by the Grand Army of the Republic, of Portland, to deliver the Address on Decoration day, the 30th inst. The total aggregate assessment of Cowlitz Co. for 1873 foots up $713,911. In 1872 the total assessment was $628,- 266—a gain of $85,685 since last year. The high-school girls of Maiden (Mass.) have become very expert at foot-ball, and encouraged by their suc cess they propose to organize a base ball "nine." It is estimated that over $50,000,000 have been loaned on Chicago property since the fire. The money has been drawn mainly from New York, Boston and Hartford. The value of the manufactures of Washington Territory, as shown by the last census, is $2,851,052. She ranks second in point of manufacturing in dustry of all the Territories, Colorado beiug first. PERSONAL. —Mr. Samuels, the Port land advertising agent, called upon us a few days ago, and left n copy of his Directory of Portland and East Port land. We Hud Mr. Samuels a sociable gentleman, and his Directory a com prehensive and well-arranged index of the business community of the metrop olis of Oregon. Mr. Geo. H. Dill, n representative of the large stationary establishment of H. S. Crocker &Co., of San Francisco, visited the several towns on the Sound last week. NOMINATIONS FOR CHIEF JUSTICE. —The name of W. M. Evarts and Edward Pierrepont, are used in connection with the office of Chief Justice of the Su preme Court made vacant by the death of Mr. Chase. It is stated, however, that the President will make no nomi nation till the meeting of Congress. 9GP* The Secretary of the Interior has decided that the withdrawal of railroad lands took effect from the date of the filing at Washington by the company of a map of the general route, and not at the time order of withdrawal was received at tho local land offices. FROM THE EAST. —Mr. F. G. Morrow, who has just arrived from Kittitas val ley, informs us that the Indians are quiet and business dull in that county. He came across the Snoqualmie Pass, and represents the snow to be twelve feet deep on the summit. OUT or AND IN OFFICE. —Peter Cook, Justice of the Peace for Olympia pre cinct, resigned his office recently, and B. F. Yantis was appointed by the Com missioners his successor. F. Ticknor was appointed Constable of Tenino. PERSONAL.—D. C. Ireland Esq., for merly of the Oregon City Enterprise, and late of the Portland Bulletin, was in town a few days ago, on business connected with his new project—a try weekly newspaper at Astoria. The good Templar Lodge of this place has adopted a resolution re questing ministers of the Gospel to preach at least one sermon each month upon the evils of intemperance. 59C" The Pacific Base Ball Club, of Portland, beat the Bustlers, of Oregon City, at a match game played last Sat urday, in East Portland. The score stood 18 to 48. BP" Prof. Fowler will deliver a free lecture in Columbia Hall, to-morrow evening. Subject—" God and Immor tality." All are invited. C 7" The Tribune professes to have in formation that Mr Elder has been ap pointed Postmaster at this place, vice Mr. Burr, removed. 19* The construction of a steamer of 400 tons burden has been commenced at Port Madison for the Coos Bay Coal Co. Sff" The Portland papers say that Major Barter will soon take editorial charge of the Puget Sound Courier. A number of families have re cently arrived from Oregon intending 1 to settle on White river. TSJLEORAPHIC. UTHI WmOM TH ATLANTIC HTATEft. **• BipMitU* C1M11m1.,,,, Tk* Vmpm. VIEXHA, May 17.— The investigation against suspended American Commis sioners has been completed and the details forwarded to Washington. In quiry shows the Congressional appro priation to be nearly exhausted, and that $6,000 were charged as expended on the roof of the sewing-machine de partment, when the actual amount should not have been more than one tenth that sum. The charges of bribery are also proven. Goods are arriving rapidly and it is expected the Americnn Department will be ready by the 10th of June. ROME, May 17 —The health of the' Pope is improving rapidly. He gave a grand reception in the Vatican to-day. A large number of pilgrims is expected to-morrow from Florence. Disturb ances are feared, and the garrison has been reinforced. The Polaris Nfittrjr, CHICAGO, May 19.—A Washington special says the arrival here of the sur vivors of the Polaris disaster is looked for with much interest, because it is ex pected that they will be able to settle the question whether or not there was insubordination or mutiny on board the ship prior to as well as after the death of Captain Hall. Stories and explana tions already published are far from satisfactory to the Navy Department, and it is the purpose of the Secretary to put the survivors through a sharp examination. Old tinval officers are of the opinion that there may have been something like insubordination among the crew. Though the letter of in structions addressed by Secretary Rob inson to Captain Hall stated that the rules and regulations of the navy should be enforced on the Polaris, the crew, however, were not regularly in the naval service, and, of course, could not be subjected to the punishment visited upon refractory sailors in the navy. It is the opinion of the Secretary of the Navy that the Polaris is safe, and that she will be heard from toward the closo of the Summer. OTTAWA, May 15. —A correspondence has beeu brought to the attention of the House of Commons, implicating Sir Hugh Allen in charges in connec tion with the Canada Pacific Railroad. It is represented that letters have been discovered which passed between him and his associates, and which also for merly secured the Pacific Railroad con tract from the Government, by expend ing various sums of money, amounting in the aggregate to $360,000, in carry ing the election. The House to-day ordered the immediate reassembling of the Special Committee of Investigation into the affairs of tho Pacific Railroad, to receive and consider this correspond ence. Terrible Calamity la a Colliery. HALIFAX, May 13.—An explosion oc curred to-day in the Drummond mine in Pictou. ' The Company's manager, assistant manager and forty men are in the pit. The slope is on tire, and thero are no means of egress from tho mine. Great anxiety is folt for the safety of the men. The greatest excitement pre vails. Crowds of people for miles around cumo rushing to tho scene of disaster, mothers, wives, sisters, child ren and friends, crowded around the burning pit, moaning pitifully over the terrible fate of those below, their heart rending cries being heon) at a great distance. Every effort has been made to rescue the men, but so far 'without success, the fire up to this time (9 P. M.) is still raging. Assistance from Pictou and New Glasgow is at hand, nnd stren uous exertions are being made to sub due the conflagration and rescue the buried men. May 14.—News tro.x the Drunimonil Colliery this morning represents the tiro still raging in the shafts ami slopes. All hopes of rescuing the imprisoned men will be abandoned now. It is stated that there are sixty men i|i one pit. Another heavy explosion occurred in the mine about 2 o'clock this morn ing. It is thought to be almost impos sible that any of the rien in the pit can be living. Four or five got out before the explosion. The fire eaught from a flask of gunpowder, and the men re mained to put out the flames. One re port says Mr. Dunn and thirty men went down to assist in putting out the fire, about twenty minutes before the explosion occurred, at which time it is supposed that all the men were near the flames, and that many, if not all, were killed by the explosion. Tke S|n Obntnv HALIFAX, May 16.—At the inquest,, held yesterday, several important facts came out in the evidence, which show recklessness or carelessness in the work of the supervisor of the cjangerous parts of the mine. The first witness, Thomas Lawthier, testified that the mine was carefully attended during the time the miners were out on a strike, so that tl»ere could have been no accumu lation of gas when the miners returned to work on Tuesday. The second wit ness, James Dunston, who was in the mine when the fire occurred, testified that ho found nothing unusual in the mine when he descended; that when word was passed that the mine was on fire, all hands were requested to go and put it out. Those who refused to as assist were ordered to leave, as by re maining they would only impede the progress of others. Had the men obeyed the order, when it was fonnd impossible to stop the fire, there would! have been plenty of time to get out. The same level has been on fire before. A man was alwavß stationed in the cab in to give the miners information as to 1 the condition of their places and warn them of any danger there. These reg ulations were attended to, as were also the ventilators in the same level. A fund for the relief of the distressed widows and orphans will be raised. Relief meetings are to be held this even ing in New Glasgow and Westfield.